Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 224
Filter
1.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 809-816, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939794

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To evaluate the effect of echinacoside (ECH) on cognitive dysfunction in post cerebral stroke model rats.@*METHODS@#The post stroke cognitive impairment rat model was created by occlusion of the transient middle cerebral artery (MCAO). The rats were randomly divided into 3 groups by a random number table: the sham group (sham operation), the MCAO group (received operation for focal cerebral ischemia), and the ECH group (received operation for focal cerebral ischemia and ECH 50 mg/kg per day), with 6 rats in each group. The infarct volume and spatial learning were evaluated by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining and Morris water maze. The expression of α7nAChR in the hippocampus was detected by immunohistochemistry. The contents of acetylcholine (ACh), malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), activities of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), acetylcholinesterase (AChE), and catalase (CAT) were evaluated by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. The neural apoptosis and autophagy were determined by TUNEL staining and LC3 staining, respectively.@*RESULTS@#ECH significantly lessened the brain infarct volume and ameliorated neurological deficit in infarct volume and water content (both P<0.01). Compared with MCAO rats, administration of ECH revealed shorter escape latency and long retention time at 7, 14 and 28 days (all P<0.01), increased the α7nAChR protein expression, ACh content, and ChAT activity, and decreased AChE activity in MCAO rats (all P<0.01). ECH significantly decreased MDA content and increased the GSH content, SOD, and CAT activities compared with MCAO rats (all P<0.05). ECH suppressed neuronal apoptosis by reducing TUNEL-positive cells and also enhanced autophagy in MCAO rats (all P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#ECH treatment helped improve cognitive impairment by attenuating neurological damage and enhancing autophagy in MCAO rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Acetylcholinesterase , Autophagy , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Cerebral Infarction , Cognitive Dysfunction/drug therapy , Glutathione/metabolism , Glycosides , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/drug therapy , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Stroke/drug therapy , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , alpha7 Nicotinic Acetylcholine Receptor
2.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 603-611, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the protective effects of Schisandra chinensis oil (SCEO) against aristolochic acid I (AA I)-induced nephrotoxicity in vivo and in vitro and elucidate the underlying mechanism.@*METHODS@#C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into 5 groups according to a random number table, including control group, AA I group, and AA I +SCEO (0.25, 0.5 and 1 g/kg) groups (n=5 per group). Pretreatment with SCEO was done for 2 days by oral administration, while the control and AA I groups were treated with sodium carboxymethyl cellulose. Mice of all groups except for the control group were injected intraperitoneally with AA I (5 mg/kg) from day 3 until day 7. Histopathological examination and apoptosis of kidney tissue were observed by hematoxylin and eosin and TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL) staining, respectively. The levels of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and serum creatinine (SCr), as well as renal malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione, r-glutamyl cysteingl+glycine (GSH), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were analyzed using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Expressions of hepatic cytochrome P450 1A1 (CYP1A1), CYP1A2, and nad(p)hquinonedehydrogenase1 (NQO1) were analyzed using ELISA, quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) and Western blot, respectively. In vitro, SCEO (40 µ g/mL) was added 12 h before treatment with AA I (40 µ mol/mL for 48 h) in human renal proximal tubule cell line (HK-2), then apoptosis and reactive oxygen species (ROS) were analyzed by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#SCEO 0.5 and 1 g/kg ameliorated histopathological changes and TUNEL+ staining in the kidney tissues of mice with AA I-induced nephrotoxicity, and reduced serum levels of ALT, AST, BUN and SCr (P<0.01 or P<0.05). SCEO 0.5 and 1 g/kg alleviated the ROS generation in kidney, containing MDA, GSH and SOD (P<0.01 or P<0.05). SCEO 1 g/kg increased the expressions of CYP1A1 and CYP1A2 and decreased NQO1 level in the liver tissues (P<0.01 or P<0.05). Besides, in vitro studies also demonstrated that SCEO 40 µ g/mL inhibited apoptosis and ROS generation (P<0.05 or P<0.01).@*CONCLUSIONS@#SCEO can alleviate AA I-induced kidney damage both in vivo and in vitro. The protective mechanism may be closely related to the regulation of metabolic enzymes, thereby inhibiting apoptosis and ROS production.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Apoptosis , Aristolochic Acids/toxicity , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A1/metabolism , Cytochrome P-450 CYP1A2/metabolism , Glutathione/metabolism , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Oxidative Stress , Plant Oils/therapeutic use , Protective Agents/therapeutic use , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Schisandra , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
3.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 286-299, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929059

ABSTRACT

Breast cancer is one of the most malignant tumors and is associated with high mortality rates among women. Lycium barbarum polysaccharide (LBP) is an extract from the fruits of the traditional Chinese herb, L. barbarum. LBP is a promising anticancer drug, due to its high activity and low toxicity. Although it has anticancer properties, its mechanisms of action have not been fully established. Ferroptosis, which is a novel anticancer strategy, is a cell death mechanism that relies on iron-dependent lipid reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation. In this study, human breast cancer cells (Michigan Cancer Foundation-7 (MCF-7) and MD Anderson-Metastatic Breast-231 (MDA-MB-231)) were treated with LBP. LBP inhibited their viability and proliferation in association with high levels of ferroptosis. Therefore, we aimed to ascertain whether LBP reduced cell viability through ferroptosis. We found that the structure and function of mitochondria, lipid peroxidation, and expression of solute carrier family 7 member 11 (SLC7A11, also known as xCT, the light-chain subunit of cystine/glutamate antiporter system Xc-) and glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) were altered by LBP. Moreover, the ferroptosis inhibitor, Ferrostatin-1 (Fer-1), rescued LBP-induced ferroptosis-associated events including reduced cell viability and glutathione (GSH) production, accumulation of intracellular free divalent iron ions and malondialdehyde (MDA), and down-regulation of the expression of xCT and GPX4. Erastin (xCT inhibitor) and RSL3 (GPX4 inhibitor) inhibited the expression of xCT and GPX4, respectively, which was lower after the co-treatment of LBP with Erastin and RSL3. These results suggest that LBP effectively prevents breast cancer cell proliferation and promotes ferroptosis via the xCT/GPX4 pathway. Therefore, LBP exhibits novel anticancer properties by triggering ferroptosis, and may be a potential therapeutic option for breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Ferroptosis , Glutathione/metabolism , Iron/metabolism
4.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(7): e201900706, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038113

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the protective roles of pyracantha fortune fruit extract (PFE) on acute renal toxicity induced by cadmium chloride (CdCl2) in rats. Methods: Rats were pretreated with PFE and consecutively injected with CdCl2 (6.5 mg/kg) for 5 days. Results: The concentration of Cd, kidney weight, malondialdehyde (MDA), and nitric oxide (NO) production were remarkably increased in CdCl2 group as well as the levels of plasma uric acid, urea, and creatinine (P < 0.001). However, the body weight and glutathione (GSH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and glutathione peroxidase (GR) levels were markedly reduced by CdCl2 treatment (P < 0.001). Histological manifestations of renal tissue showed severely adverse changes. Moreover, CdCl2 treatment significantly decreased the B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) expression while increased the Bcl-2-Associated X Protein (Bax), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) expression (P < 0.001). Additionally, the expression of Nrf2/Keap 1 related proteins Keap-1 gained a significant increase (P < 0.001), whereas the Nrf2, HO-1, γ-GCS, GSH-Px and NQO1 expression decreased by CdCl2 treatment (P < 0.05). These rats were pretreated with PFE to improve the changes caused by CdCl2 treatment. Conclusion: PFE could protect the kidney against acute renal toxicity induced by CdCl2.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Cadmium Chloride/toxicity , Pyracantha/chemistry , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/prevention & control , Kidney/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Catalase/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Fruit/chemistry , Glutathione/metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Kidney/pathology
5.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 49(3): 513-521, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951812

ABSTRACT

Abstract Soil salinity is an important abiotic stress worldwide, and salt-induced oxidative stress can have detrimental effects on the biological nitrogen fixation. We hypothesized that co-inoculation of cowpea plants with Bradyrhizobium and plant growth-promoting bacteria would minimize the deleterious effects of salt stress via the induction of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidative protection. To test our hypothesis, cowpea seeds were inoculated with Bradyrhizobium or co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and plant growth-promoting bacteria and then submitted to salt stress. Afterward, the cowpea nodules were collected, and the levels of hydrogen peroxide; lipid peroxidation; total, reduced and oxidized forms of ascorbate and glutathione; and superoxide dismutase, catalase and phenol peroxidase activities were evaluated. The sodium and potassium ion concentrations were measured in shoot samples. Cowpea plants did not present significant differences in sodium and potassium levels when grown under non-saline conditions, but sodium content was strongly increased under salt stress conditions. Under non-saline and salt stress conditions, plants co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and Actinomadura or co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and Paenibacillus graminis showed lower hydrogen peroxide content in their nodules, whereas lipid peroxidation was increased by 31% in plants that were subjected to salt stress. Furthermore, cowpea nodules co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and plant growth-promoting bacteria and exposed to salt stress displayed significant alterations in the total, reduced and oxidized forms of ascorbate and glutathione. Inoculation with Bradyrhizobium and plant growth-promoting bacteria induced increased superoxide dismutase, catalase and phenol peroxidase activities in the nodules of cowpea plants exposed to salt stress. The catalase activity in plants co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and Streptomyces was 55% greater than in plants inoculated with Bradyrhizobium alone, and this value was remarkably greater than that in the other treatments. These results reinforce the beneficial effects of plant growth-promoting bacteria on the antioxidant system that detoxifies reactive oxygen species. We concluded that the combination of Bradyrhizobium and plant growth-promoting bacteria induces positive responses for coping with salt-induced oxidative stress in cowpea nodules, mainly in plants co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and P. graminis or co-inoculated with Bradyrhizobium and Bacillus.


Subject(s)
Sodium Chloride/metabolism , Bradyrhizobium/physiology , Agricultural Inoculants/physiology , Vigna/microbiology , Antioxidants/metabolism , Plant Proteins/metabolism , Stress, Physiological , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation , Catalase/metabolism , Peroxidase/metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Salinity , Vigna/growth & development , Vigna/metabolism , Glutathione/metabolism
6.
Biol. Res ; 51: 17, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950903

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Improper control on reactive oxygen species (ROS) elimination process and formation of free radicals causes tissue dysfunction. Pineal hormone melatonin is considered a potent regulator of such oxidative damage in different vertebrates. Aim of the current communication is to evaluate the levels of oxidative stress and ROS induced damage, and amelioration of oxidative status through melatonin induced activation of signaling pathways. Hepatocytes were isolated from adult Labeo rohita and exposed to H2O2 at three different doses (12.5, 25 and 50 µM) to observe peroxide induced damage in fish hepatocytes. Melatonin (25, 50 and 100 µg/ml) was administered against the highest dose of H2O2. Enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants such as malondialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione (GSH) was measured spectrophotometrically. Expression level of heat shock proteins (HSP70 and HSP90), HSPs-associated signaling molecules (Akt, ERK, cytosolic and nuclear NFkB), and melatonin receptor was also measured by western blotting analysis. RESULTS: H2O2 induced oxidative stress significantly altered (P < 0.05) MDA and GSH level, SOD and CAT activity, and up regulated HSP70 and HSP90 expression in carp hepatocytes. Signaling proteins exhibited differential modulation as revealed from their expression patterns in H2O2-exposed fish hepatocytes, in comparison with control hepatocytes. Melatonin treatment of H2O2-stressed fish hepatocytes restored basal cellular oxidative status in a dose dependent manner. Melatonin was observed to be inducer of signaling process by modulation of signaling molecules and melatonin receptor. CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that exogenous melatonin at the concentration of 100 µg/ml is required to improve oxidative status of the H2O2-stressed fish hepatocytes. In H2O2 exposed hepatocytes, melatonin modulates expression of HSP70 and HSP90 that enable the hepatocytes to become stress tolerant and survive by altering the actions of ERK, Akt, cytosolic and nuclear NFkB in the signal transduction pathways. Study also confirms that melatonin could act through melatonin receptor coupled to ERK/Akt signaling pathways. This understanding of the mechanism by which melatonin regulates oxidative status in the stressed hepatocytes may initiate the development of novel strategies for hepatic disease therapy in future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Hydrogen Peroxide/pharmacology , Melatonin/pharmacology , Spectrophotometry , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Catalase/drug effects , Catalase/metabolism , Blotting, Western , NF-kappa B/drug effects , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , Hepatocytes/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/drug effects , Fishes , Glutathione/drug effects , Glutathione/metabolism , Malondialdehyde/metabolism
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(8): 557-563, Aug. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-792413

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To determine the toxic effect of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) on reproductive system and the beneficial effects of Montelukast (ML) with histological and biochemical analysis. METHODS: Rats were randomly divided into four equal groups (control, TCDD, ML and TCDD+ML). Tissue samples were collected on day 60 and oxidative status and histological alterations were analyzed. RESULTS: The results showed a significant increase in oxidative and histological damage on uterine and ovarian tissues. Otherwise, the oxidative and histological damages caused by TCDD were prevented with ML treatment. CONCLUSION: The toxic effects of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin on female reproductive system were reversed with Montelukast treatment. Therefore, we claimed that ML treatment might be useful for TCDD toxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Ovary/drug effects , Quinolines/pharmacology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Polychlorinated Dibenzodioxins/toxicity , Acetates/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Ovary/pathology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Uterus/pathology , Catalase/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Glutathione/metabolism , Ovarian Follicle/drug effects
8.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(7): 456-462, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787264

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE: To investigate the protective effect of β-myrcene (MYR) on oxidative and histological damage in mice heart tissue caused global cerebral ischemia/reperfusion (IR) in C57BL/J6 mice. METHODS: Animals(n=40) were randomly divided into four groups: (1)control, (2)IR, (3)MYR and (4)MYR+IR. The control group was received 0.1% carboxymethyl cellulose as a vehicle following a medial incision without carotid occlusion. In the IR group, the bilateral carotid arteries were clipped for 15min, and treated with the vehicle intraperitoneally(ip) for 10 days. MYR (200mg/kg) was received dissolved in 0.1%CMC for 10 days. In the MYR+IR group, the IR model was applied exactly as in the IR group, and then they were treated with MYR 10 days. RESULTS: The cerebral IR caused oxidative damage (increase TBARS, decrease antioxidant parameters). Treatment of MYR was increased in GSH,GPx,CAT,SOD activity while TBARS level was decreased. In addition, degenerative changes in I/R group heart tissue were ameliorated by MYR administration. CONCLUSİON: The administration of β-myrcene protects oxidative and histological damage in the heart tissue after global ischemia-reperfusion and may be useful safe alternative treatment for cardiac tissue after ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Cardiotonic Agents/pharmacology , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Brain Ischemia/complications , Monoterpenes/pharmacology , Heart/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Catalase/metabolism , Random Allocation , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Models, Animal , Glutathione/metabolism , Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Myocardium/metabolism , Myocardium/pathology
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(3): 168-175, Mar. 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-777089

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To investigate the effects of thiamine pyrophosphate (TPP) against desflurane induced hepatotoxicity. METHODS : Thirty experimental animals were divided into groups as healthy (HG), desflurane control (DCG) , TPP and desflurane group (TDG). 20 mg/kg TPP was injected to intraperitoneally TDG. After one hour of TPP administration, desflurane was applied for two hours. After 24 hours, liver tissues of the animals killed with decapitation were removed. The oxidant/antioxidant levels and ALT, AST and LDH activities were measured. The histopathological examinations were performed in the liver tissues for all rats. RESULTS : Notwithstanding the levels of oxidants and liver enzymes were significantly increased (p<0.0001), antioxidant levels were significantly decreased in DCG (p<0.0001). On contrary to the antioxidant parameters were increased (p<0.05) the oxidant parameters and liver enzymes were decreased in TDG (p<0.0001). Whereas multiple prominent, congestion, hemorrhage and dilatation were observed in sinusoids and lymphocyte-rich inflammation results in the centrilobular and portal areas of liver tissue in DCG, these findings were observed less frequently in TDG. CONCLUSİON : Thiamine pyrophosphate prevented liver oxidative damage induced with desflurane and may be useful in prophylaxis of desflurane induced hepatotoxicity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Thiamine Pyrophosphate/therapeutic use , Anesthetics, Inhalation/adverse effects , Protective Agents/pharmacology , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/prevention & control , Isoflurane/analogs & derivatives , Aspartate Aminotransferases/drug effects , Aspartate Aminotransferases/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Peroxidase/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Alanine Transaminase/drug effects , Alanine Transaminase/metabolism , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/metabolism , Glutathione/drug effects , Glutathione/metabolism , Isoflurane , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/metabolism , Liver/enzymology , Liver/pathology , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
10.
Journal of Forensic Medicine ; (6): 81-85, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of hydrogen sulfide (H2S) in acute liver injury induced by crushing hind limbs of rats.@*METHODS@#The rats were randomly divided into the following groups: control, crushing, H2S donor sodium hydrosulfide (NaHS) + crushing, H2S inhibitor propargylglycine (PAG) + crushing group. The acute liver injury model was established by 'crushing the hind limbs of rats with standard weight. Rats were sacrificed at 30 min and 120 min after the crush. The activities of serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) were measured by colorimetric method, and the content of H2S in plasma and the contents of malondialdehyde (MDA), protein carbonyl, glutathione (GSH) in the liver and the activity of H2S generating enzyme (cystathionine y-lyase, CSE) were determined by chemical method. The expression of CSE mRNA in liver was detected by RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#For crush injury group, the levels of AST and ALT in serum, MDA and protein carbonyl in liver increased. The levels of GSH, CSE, CSE mRNA in liver and H2S in serum decreased. The administration of NaHS before limbs crush could attenuate the changes of liver injury, but the pre-treatment with PAG could exacerbate the changes.@*CONCLUSION@#The decrease of H2S production could involve in mediating the acute liver injury induced by traumatic stress in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Alkynes/pharmacology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Cystathionine gamma-Lyase/metabolism , Glutathione/metabolism , Glycine/pharmacology , Hydrogen Sulfide/pharmacology , Liver/injuries , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Protein Carbonylation , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Sulfides/pharmacology
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1252-1259, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-79766

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is a prevalent chronic microvascular complication of diabetes mellitus involving disturbances in electrolytes and the acid-base balance caused by a disorder of glucose metabolism. NHE1 is a Na+/H+ exchanger responsible for keeping intracellular pH (pHi) balance and cell growth. Our study aimed to investigate roles of NHE1 in high glucose (HG)-induced apoptosis in renal tubular epithelial cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal epithelial tubular cell line HK-2 was cultured in medium containing 5 mM or 30 mM glucose. Then, cell apoptosis, oxidative stress, NHE1 expression, and pHi were evaluated. NHE1 siRNA and inhibitor were used to evaluate its role in cell apoptosis. RESULTS: HG significantly increased cell apoptosis and the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and 8-OHdG (p<0.05). Meanwhile, we found that HG induced the expression of NHE1 and increased the pHi from 7.0 to 7.6 after 48 h of incubation. However, inhibiting NHE1 using its specific siRNA or antagonist DMA markedly reduced cell apoptosis stimulated by HG. In addition, suppressing cellular oxidative stress using antioxidants, such as glutathione and N-acetyl cysteine, significantly reduced the production of ROS, accompanied by a decrease in NHE1. We also found that activated cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase Type I (PKG) signaling promoted the production of ROS, which contributed to the regulation of NHE1 functions. CONCLUSION: Our study indicated that HG activates PKG signaling and elevates the production of ROS, which was responsible for the induction of NHE1 expression and dysfunction, as well as subsequent cell apoptosis, in renal tubular epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antioxidants/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Cation Transport Proteins/metabolism , Cell Cycle/drug effects , Cell Line , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Epithelial Cells/cytology , Glucose/pharmacology , Glutathione/metabolism , Kidney Tubules/cytology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Sodium-Hydrogen Exchangers/metabolism
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(9): 798-804, Sept. 2015. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-756403

ABSTRACT

Stroke is the third most common cause of death worldwide, and most stroke survivors present some functional impairment. We assessed the striatal oxidative balance and motor alterations resulting from stroke in a rat model to investigate the neuroprotective role of physical exercise. Forty male Wistar rats were assigned to 4 groups: a) control, b) ischemia, c) physical exercise, and d) physical exercise and ischemia. Physical exercise was conducted using a treadmill for 8 weeks. Ischemia-reperfusion surgery involved transient bilateral occlusion of the common carotid arteries for 30 min. Neuromotor performance (open-field and rotarod performance tests) and pain sensitivity were evaluated beginning at 24 h after the surgery. Rats were euthanized and the corpora striata was removed for assay of reactive oxygen species, lipoperoxidation activity, and antioxidant markers. Ischemia-reperfusion caused changes in motor activity. The ischemia-induced alterations observed in the open-field test were fully reversed, and those observed in the rotarod test were partially reversed, by physical exercise. Pain sensitivity was similar among all groups. Levels of reactive oxygen species and lipoperoxidation increased after ischemia; physical exercise decreased reactive oxygen species levels. None of the treatments altered the levels of antioxidant markers. In summary, ischemia-reperfusion resulted in motor impairment and altered striatal oxidative balance in this animal model, but those changes were moderated by physical exercise.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Brain Ischemia/complications , Corpus Striatum/metabolism , Motor Disorders/prevention & control , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Physical Conditioning, Animal/physiology , Reperfusion Injury/complications , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Catalase/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Glutathione/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation , Motor Disorders/etiology , Oxidation-Reduction , Pain/physiopathology , Rats, Wistar , Reactive Oxygen Species/analysis , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism
13.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 34(2): 168-186, abr.-jun. 2015. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: lil-769441

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Parkinson es una enfermedad neurodegenerativa crónica que afecta a las personas de la tercera edad. En una minoría de los casos la enfermedad es de origen genético pero en el resto, la causa es idiopática. En este sentido, la acumulación de los radicales libres y la pérdida de la homeostasis del glutatión se han señalado como posibles agentes causales. El presente texto se propuso revisar las evidencias experimentales que apoyan la participación de los radicales libres y la pérdida de la homeostasis del glutatión en el comienzo y la progresión de la degeneración de la substantianigrapars compacta. El estrés oxidativo en la enfermedad de Parkinson´s puede estar relacionado con las propiedades pro-oxidantes intrínsecas de la dopamina y elevadas concentraciones de hierro en la substantianigrapars compacta, que promueven la oxidación de la dopamina y la generación de especies reactivas del oxígeno. Cualquier evento que desencadene estos mecanismos, genera un daño celular. La disminución del glutatión es una de las alteraciones bioquímicas más tempranas, detectadas en asociación con la enfermedad de Parkinson y se ha relacionado con la inhibición del complejo I de la cadena de transporte mitocondrial, daño oxidativo, activación glial, entre otros que favorecen la neurodegeneración. Estas evidencias sugieren la necesidad de mantener la homeostasis del glutatión en el sistema dopaminérgico y su vínculo con la etiología de la degeneración nigro-estriatal, lo que tiene una potencial aplicación en la práctica clínica.


Parkinson's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative condition affecting elderly persons. In a minority of cases the disease has a genetic origin, but in most the cause is idiopathic. Accumulation of free radicals and loss of glutathione homeostasis have been pointed at as possible causal agents. The purpose of the study was to review experimental evidence supporting the involvement of free radicals and loss of glutathione homeostasis in the outset and progress of substantia nigra pars compacta degeneration. Oxidative stress in Parkinson's disease may be related to the intrinsic pro-oxidant properties of dopamine and high iron concentrations in the substantia nigra pars compacta, promoting dopamine oxidation and the generation of reactive oxygen species. Any event triggering these mechanisms will cause cell damage. Glutathione reduction is one of the earliest biochemical alterations detected in association with Parkinson's disease, and it has been related to the inhibition of complex I of the mitochondrial transport chain, oxidative damage and glial activation, among other factors leading to neurodegeneration. This evidence points to the need to maintain glutathione homeostasis in the dopaminergic system, as well as its relationship to the etiology of nigrostriatal degeneration, of potential application in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Parkinson Disease/ethnology , Oxidative Stress , Free Radicals/metabolism , Glutathione/metabolism , Homeostasis
14.
Clinics ; 70(5): 373-379, 05/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-748273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury occurs in several clinical conditions and after intestinal transplantation. The aim of the present study was to investigate the phenomena of apoptosis and cell proliferation in a previously described intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury autograft model using immunohistochemical markers. The molecular mechanisms involved in ischemia-reperfusion injury repair were also investigated by measuring the expression of the early activation genes c-fos and c-jun, which induce apoptosis and cell proliferation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty adult male Wistar rats were subjected to surgery for a previously described ischemia-reperfusion model that preserved the small intestine, the cecum and the ascending colon. Following reperfusion, the cecum was harvested at different time points as a representative segment of the intestine. The rats were allocated to the following four subgroups according to the reperfusion time: subgroup 1: 5 min; subgroup 2: 15 min; subgroup 3: 30 min; and subgroup 4: 60 min. A control group of cecum samples was also collected. The expression of c-fos, c-jun and immunohistochemical markers of cell proliferation and apoptosis (Ki67 and TUNEL, respectively) was studied. RESULTS: The expression of both c-fos and c-jun in the cecum was increased beginning at 5 min after ischemia-reperfusion compared with the control. The expression of c-fos began to increase at 5 min, peaked at 30 min, and exhibited a declining tendency at 60 min after reperfusion. A progressive increase in c-jun expression was observed. Immunohistochemical analyses confirmed these observations. CONCLUSION: The early activation of the c-fos and c-jun genes occurred after intestinal ischemia-reperfusion injury, and these genes can act together to trigger cell proliferation and apoptosis. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Rats , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Fatty Acids/metabolism , Hepatocytes/physiology , Unfolded Protein Response , Acetylcysteine/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cells, Cultured , Glutathione/metabolism , Hepatocytes/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Protein Folding
15.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet. (Impr.) ; 20(1): 199-208, jan. 2015.
Article in English, Portuguese | BDS, LILACS | ID: lil-733149

ABSTRACT

The present article investigates the role of Haitian community radios in strengthening social mobilization, with the aim of supporting the actions undertaken in the field of public health in Haiti, based on the development of the Workshop for community radios, as part of the Tripartite Cooperation Brazil-Cuba-Haiti. The qualitative methodology is justified because of the study content, an analysis of documents and direct observation, through a case study presented at the Workshop held in the department of Hinches, in Haiti. This meeting was held in the context of the Working Group on Tripartite Communication, under the responsibility of the Health Channel/Fiocruz, in partnership with the Department for Health Promotion and Environmental Prevention of the Ministry of Health and Population of Haiti (DPSPE/MSPP/Haiti), with a proposal to better structure a network of multipliers in health promotion.


O presente artigo investiga o papel das rádios comunitárias haitianas no fortalecimento da mobilização social com a finalidade de subsidiar as ações empreendidas no campo da saúde pública no Haiti a partir da construção e do desenvolvimento da Oficina para rádios comunitárias, no âmbito da Cooperação Tripartite Brasil-Cuba-Haiti. A metodologia de cunho qualitativo justifica-se pelo teor do estudo, de análise de documentos e da observação direta, mediante estudo de caso a partir da Oficina, realizada no departamento de Hinches, no Haiti. O encontro foi realizado no âmbito do Grupo de Trabalho de Comunicação da Tripartite, sob a responsabilidade do Canal Saúde/Fiocruz, em parceria com o Departamento de Promoção da Saúde e Prevenção do Meio Ambiente do Ministério da Saúde e População do Haiti (DPSPE/MSPP/Haiti), com a proposta de estruturar uma rede de multiplicadores de promoção da saúde.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Liver/pathology , Phosphoric Acids/pharmacology , Tungsten Compounds/pharmacology , Acute Disease , Administration, Oral , Carbon Tetrachloride , Disease Models, Animal , Glutathione/metabolism , Liver Function Tests , Liver/drug effects , Necrosis/chemically induced , Necrosis/drug therapy , Necrosis/physiopathology , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Rats, Wistar , Thioacetamide
16.
Experimental & Molecular Medicine ; : e142-2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42471

ABSTRACT

Bucillamine is used for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. This study investigated the protective effects of bucillamine against cisplatin-induced damage in auditory cells, the organ of Corti from postnatal rats (P2) and adult Balb/C mice. Cisplatin increases the catalytic activity of caspase-3 and caspase-8 proteases and the production of free radicals, which were significantly suppressed by pretreatment with bucillamine. Bucillamine induces the intranuclear translocation of Nrf2 and thereby increases the expression of gamma-glutamylcysteine synthetase (gamma-GCS) and glutathione synthetase (GSS), which further induces intracellular antioxidant glutathione (GSH), heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and superoxide dismutase 2 (SOD2). However, knockdown studies of HO-1 and SOD2 suggest that the protective effect of bucillamine against cisplatin is independent of the enzymatic activity of HO-1 and SOD. Furthermore, pretreatment with bucillamine protects sensory hair cells on organ of Corti explants from cisplatin-induced cytotoxicity concomitantly with inhibition of caspase-3 activation. The auditory-brainstem-evoked response of cisplatin-injected mice shows marked increases in hearing threshold shifts, which was markedly suppressed by pretreatment with bucillamine in vivo. Taken together, bucillamine protects sensory hair cells from cisplatin through a scavenging effect on itself, as well as the induction of intracellular GSH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Rats , Antioxidants/metabolism , Apoptosis/drug effects , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 8/metabolism , Cell Line , Cisplatin/toxicity , Cysteine/analogs & derivatives , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Glutathione/metabolism , Heme Oxygenase-1/genetics , Intracellular Space/metabolism , Metabolic Detoxication, Phase II/genetics , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/genetics , Nitric Oxide/biosynthesis , Organ of Corti/drug effects , RNA Interference , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/genetics
17.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 257-267, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common cancers worldwide, and it has a poor prognosis and few therapeutic options. Radiotherapy is one of the most effective forms of cancer treatment, and P53 protein is one of the key molecules determining how a cell responds to radiotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine the therapeutic efficacy of iodine-131 in three human HCC cell lines. METHODS: Western blotting was used to measure P53 expression. The effects of radiotherapy with iodine-131 were assessed by using the clonogenic assay to evaluate cell survival. Flow cytometry was carried out to examine the effects of iodine-131 on cell death, oxidative stress, reduced intracellular glutathione expression, the mitochondrial membrane potential, and the cell cycle. RESULTS: The P53 protein was not expressed in Hep3B2.1-7 cells, was expressed at normal levels in HepG2 cells, and was overexpressed in HuH7 cells. P53 expression in the HuH7 and HepG2 cell lines increased after internal and external irradiation with iodine-131. Irradiation induced a decrease in cell survival and led to a decrease in cell viability in all of the cell lines studied, accompanied by cell death via late apoptosis/necrosis and necrosis. Irradiation with 131-iodine induced mostly cell-cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that P53 plays a key role in the radiotherapy response of HCC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis/radiation effects , Blotting, Western , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Survival/drug effects , G1 Phase Cell Cycle Checkpoints/radiation effects , Gamma Rays , Glutathione/metabolism , Hep G2 Cells , Iodine Radioisotopes/chemistry , Liver Neoplasms/metabolism , Phosphorylation , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism
18.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 23(4): 428-434, Oct-Dec/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731249

ABSTRACT

Three hemoplasma species are recognized in domestic cats: Mycoplasma haemofelis, ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ and ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’. We report the prevalence and hematological abnormalities of hemoplasma infection in 369 domestic cats from three different populations (blood donors, hospitalized cats and shelter cats) from Southern Brazil. Complete blood counts were performed at the time of blood collection, and DNA was extracted and tested by conventional PCR for each hemoplasma species. A total of 79 samples (21.40%) were positive for at least one species. The most prevalent hemoplasma was ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’, with 50/369 (13.55%) positive cats, followed by ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’, 10/369 (2.71%), and Mycoplasma haemofelis, 8/369 (2.16%). Mycoplasma haemofelis and ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ coinfection was observed in 4/369 (1.08%), whereas ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ and ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’ in 5/369 (1.35%). Three cats (0.81%) were infected with all three hemoplasmas. There was no association between infection and the different populations. Anemia was associated with Mycoplasma haemofelis and ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’, but not with ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’. Male cats and cats with outdoor access were more likely to be infected. Although ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ is believed to cause minimal or no hematological alterations, the infected cats studied herein were more likely to be anemic.


Três espécies de hemoplasmas são reconhecidas em gatos domésticos: Mycoplasma haemofelis, ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ e ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’. A prevalência e alterações hematológicas associadas à infecção por hemoplasmas foi estudada, em 369 gatos domésticos de três populações distintas (doadores de sangue, hospitais e gatos de abrigo) do Sul do Brasil. Foram realizados hemogramas completos no momento da coleta de sangue e as amostras tiveram seu DNA extraído e testado por PCR convencional para cada espécie de hemoplasmas. Setenta e nove amostras (21,40%) foram positivas para pelo menos uma espécie. O mais prevalente foi ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ com 50/369 (13,55%) gatos positivos, seguidos por ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’ com 10/369 (2,71%) e Mycoplasma haemofelis com 8/369 (2,16%). Coinfecção por Mycoplasma haemofelis e ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ foi observada em 4/369 (1,08%), enquanto ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ e ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’ coinfectaram 5/369 (1,35%) gatos. Três (0,81%) gatos apresentaram infecção pelos três hemoplasmas. Não houve associação entre a infecção e as diferentes populações. Anemia foi associada com a infecção por Mycoplasma haemofelis e ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’, mas não com ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma turicensis’. Gatos machos e com acesso à rua apresentaram maior probabilidade de serem infectados. Embora se acredite que ‘Candidatus Mycoplasma haemominutum’ possa causar alterações hematológicas mínimas ou ausentes, gatos infectados encontrados neste estudo foram mais propensos à anemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Mitochondria, Liver/drug effects , NAD(P)H Dehydrogenase (Quinone)/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Ubiquinone/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Cytoprotection , Cell Membrane/drug effects , Cell Survival/drug effects , Glutathione/metabolism , Hepatocytes/enzymology , Membrane Potentials/drug effects , Mitochondria, Liver/enzymology , NAD , Oxidation-Reduction , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Rotenone/toxicity , Uncoupling Agents/toxicity , /pharmacology
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(11): 742-747, 11/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-728644

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the hypothesis that induced perioperative hypothermia (32 ± 1ºC) affects the redox balance in the tissue of colonic anastomosis in rats by modifying biochemical enzymatic and non-enzymatic markers related to oxidative stress. METHODS: Forty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly divided into eight experimental groups of six animals each and underwent laparotomy, sigmoid section and immediate anastomosis. Four groups were operated under normothermia (36 ± 1ºC), and the other four under hypothermia (32 ± 1ºC). The animals were reoperated on days 3, 7 and 14 postoperatively, and two groups underwent SHAM at 3 days. From the scar tissue samples, the activity of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) was evaluated, and the levels of non-enzymatic markers of oxidative stress, such as reduced glutathione (GSH) and lipid peroxidation, were measured by the thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) assay. The means were compared between groups corresponding to each day of sampling and euthanasia. RESULTS: The hypothermic groups showed a significant reduction on the activity of SOD on day 7 postoperatively, on the activity of CAT on days 7 and 14 postoperatively and on the levels of GSH on day 7 postoperatively. The level of lipid peroxidation was increased in the hypothermia group on day 7 postoperatively and decreased on day 14 compared with the normothermic groups. CONCLUSION: Perioperative hypothermia reduced the activity of the antioxidant enzymes catalase and superoxide dismutase, glutathione levels and increased lipid peroxidation in the scar tissue of colonic anastomoses in rats. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Colon/surgery , Hypothermia, Induced/adverse effects , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Wound Healing/physiology , Anastomosis, Surgical , Catalase/metabolism , Colon/enzymology , Glutathione/metabolism , Lipid Peroxidation , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress/physiology , Postoperative Period , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Superoxide Dismutase/metabolism , Time Factors
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL