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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3849-3862, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007998

ABSTRACT

This study was to develop a new method for detecting circulating tumor cells (CTCs) with high sensitivity and specificity, therefore to detect the colorectal cancer as early as possible for improving the detection rate of the disease. To this end, we prepared some micro-column structure microchips modified with graphite oxide-streptavidin (GO-SA) on the surface of microchips, further coupled with a broad-spectrum primary antibody (antibody1, Ab1), anti-epithelial cell adhesion molecule (anti-EpCAM) monoclonal antibody to capture CTCs. Besides, carboxylated multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs-COOH) were coupled with colorectal cancer related antibody as specific antibody 2 (Ab2) to prepare complex. The sandwich structure consisting of Ab1-CTCs-Ab2 was constructed by the microchip for capturing CTCs. And the electrochemical workstation was used to detect and verify its high sensitivity and specificity. Results showed that the combination of immunosensor and micro-nano technology has greatly improved the detection sensitivity and specificity of the immunosensor. And we also verified the feasibility of the immunosensor for clinical blood sample detection, and successfully recognitized detection and quantization of CTCs in peripheral blood of colorectal cancer patients by this immunosensor. In conclusion, the super sandwich immunosensor based on micro-nano technology provides a new way for the detection of CTCs, which has potential application value in clinical diagnosis and real-time monitoring of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Nanotubes, Carbon/chemistry , Neoplastic Cells, Circulating/pathology , Biosensing Techniques , Immunoassay/methods , Antibodies , Colorectal Neoplasms/diagnosis , Electrochemical Techniques/methods , Gold/chemistry
2.
Chinese Journal of Burns ; (6): 15-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971145

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the effects and mechanism of interleukin-4-modified gold nanoparticle (IL-4-AuNP) on the wound healing of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice. Methods: Experimental research methods were adopted. Gold nanoparticle (AuNP) and IL-4-AuNP were synthesized by improving the methods described in published literature. The morphology of those two particles were photographed by transmission electron microscopy, and their particle sizes were calculated. The surface potential and hydration particle size of the two particles were detected by nanoparticle potentiometer and particle size analyzer, respectively. The clearance rate of IL-4-AuNP to hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion was measured by hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion kits, respectively. Mouse fibroblast line 3T3 cells were used and divided into the following groups by the random number table (the same below): blank control group, hydrogen peroxide alone group treated with hydrogen peroxide only, hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group treated with IL-4-AuNP for 0.5 h and then treated with hydrogen peroxide. After 24 h of culture, the reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels of cells were detected by immunofluorescence method; cell count kit 8 was used to detect relative cell survival rate. The macrophage Raw264.7 mouse cells were then used and divided into blank control group and IL-4-AuNP group that treated with IL-4-AuNP. After 24 h of culture, the expression of arginase 1 (Arg-1) in cells was observed by immunofluorescence method. Twelve male BALB/c mice (mouse age, sex, and strain, the same below) aged 8 to 10 weeks were divided into IL-4-AuNP group and blank control group, treated accordingly. On the 16th day of treatment, whole blood samples were collected from mice for analysis of white blood cell count (WBC), red blood cell count (RBC), hemoglobin level, or platelet count and the level of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), urea, or creatinine. The inflammation, bleeding, or necrosis in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney tissue of mice were detected by hematoxylin-eosin (HE). Another 36 mice were selected to make diabetic model, and the full-thickness skin defect wounds were made on the back of these mice. The wounds were divided into blank control group, AuNP alone group, and IL-4-AuNP group, with 12 mice in each group, and treated accordingly. On the 0 (immediately), 4th, 9th, and 15th day of treatment, the wound condition was observed and the wound area was calculated. On the 9th day of treatment, HE staining was used to detect the length of neonatal epithelium and the thickness of granulation tissue in the wound. On the 15th day of treatment, immunofluorescence method was used to detect ROS level and the number of Arg-1 positive cells in the wound tissue. The number of samples was 6 in all cases. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample t test, corrected t test, Tukey test, or Dunnett T3 test. Results: The size of prepared AuNP and IL-4-AuNP were uniform. The particle size, surface potential, and hydration particle size of AuNP and IL-4-AuNP were (13.0±2.1) and (13.9±2.5) nm, (-45.8±3.2) and (-20.3±2.2) mV, (14±3) and (16±4) nm, respectively. For IL-4-AuNP, the clearance rate to hydrogen peroxide and superoxide anion were (69±4)% and (52±5)%, respectively. After 24 h of culture, the ROS level of 3T3 in hydrogen peroxide alone group was significantly higher than that in blank control group (q=26.12, P<0.05); the ROS level of hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group was significantly lower than that in hydrogen peroxide alone group (q=25.12, P<0.05) and close to that in blank control group (P>0.05). After 24 h of culture, the relative survival rate of 3T3 cells in hydrogen peroxide+IL-4-AuNP group was significantly higher than that in hydrogen peroxide alone group (t=51.44, P<0.05). After 24 h of culture, Arg-1 expression of Raw264.7 cells in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly higher than that in blank control group (t'=8.83, P<0.05).On the 16th day of treatment, there were no significant statistically differences in WBC, RBC, hemoglobin level, or platelet count and the level of AST, ALT, urea, or creatinine of mice between blank control group and IL-4-AuNP group (P>0.05). No obvious inflammation, bleeding or necrosis was observed in the heart, liver, spleen, lung, and kidney of important organs in IL-4-AuNP group, and no significant changes were observed compared with blank control group. On the 0 and 4th day of treatment, the wound area of diabetic mice in blank control group, AuNP alone group, and IL-4-AuNP group had no significant difference (P>0.05). On the 9th day of treatment, the wound areas both in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly smaller than that in blank control group (with q values of 9.45 and 14.87, respectively, P<0.05), the wound area in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly smaller than that in AuNP alone group (q=5.42, P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, the wound areas both in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly smaller than that in blank control group (with q values of 4.84 and 20.64, respectively, P<0.05), the wound area in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly smaller than that in AuNP alone group (q=15.80, P<0.05); moreover, inflammations such as redness and swelling were significantly reduced in IL-4-AuNP group compared with the other two groups. On the 9th day of treatment, compared with blank control group and AuNP alone group, the length of neonatal epithelium in the wound of diabetic mice in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly longer (all P<0.05), and the thickness of the granulation tissue in the wound was significantly increased (with q values of 11.33 and 9.65, respectively, all P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, compared with blank control group, ROS levels in wound tissue of diabetic mice in AuNP alone group and IL-4-AuNP group were significantly decreased (P<0.05). On the 15th day of treatment, the number of Arg-1 positive cells in the wounds of diabetic mice in IL-4-AuNP group was significantly more than that in blank control group and AuNP alone group, respectively (all P<0.05). Conclusions: IL-4-AuNP is safe in vivo, and can improve the oxidative microenvironment by removing ROS and induce macrophage polarization towards M2 phenotype, thus promote efficient diabetic wound healing and regeneration of full-thickness skin defects in diabetic mice.


Subject(s)
Mice , Male , Animals , Interleukin-4 , Gold/pharmacology , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Creatinine , Hydrogen Peroxide , Reactive Oxygen Species , Superoxides , Metal Nanoparticles , Soft Tissue Injuries , Antibodies , Inflammation , Necrosis , Hemoglobins
3.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 709-714, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980783

ABSTRACT

In addition to the well-known thirteen ghost points in Qianjin Fang (Important Formulas worth a Thousand Gold Pieces), "XU Qiu-fu's thirteen ghost points" is recorded in other medical books. The contents of "XU Qiu-fu's thirteen ghost points" are not exactly same among these medical books, which mainly focus on the nomination and selection of the ghost points. Even though, there are many similarity when compared with the thirteen ghost points in Qianjin Fang in terms of acupoint selection, acupoint location and the sequence of needle insertion, as well as the therapeutic methods. The authors believe that "XU Qiu-fu's thirteen ghost points" is actually adapted based on the framework of the thirteen ghost points in Qianjin Fang.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , Books , Gold , Needles , Records
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 333-338, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986857

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of various intracanal materials on the accuracy of oral maxillofacial cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) for the diagnosis of vertical root fracture (VRF).@*METHODS@#A total of twenty-four structurally intact single root canal dried and isolated teeth extracted for orthodontic treatment or periodontal disease were collected. The teeth were decrowned along the cemento-enamel junction (CEJ) and then used as samples for the study after conventional root canal preparation and post preparation. The 24 samples were divided into two groups with 12 samples in each group. Group A was the control group (no VRF group). According to intracanal materials, they were divided into five subgroups: blank group, fiber post group, gutta-percha point group, titanium post group and gold-palladium post group. Group B was the experimental group (VRF group), and subgroups were grouped as above. The VRF model was prepared by a unified method in the VRF group: the root was completely fractured in the buccolingual direction with a custom root canal nail and then cemented and reset. The control group was not subjected to the simulation of VRF. Titanium post and gold-palladium post were made according to the individuality of the root canal preparation, and the tightness of the post to the root canal wall was confirmed by X-ray radiograph. Then all the samples were scanned by CBCT in the isolate swine mandibular alveolar sockets. The diagnostic accuracy was statistically analyzed via blind interpretation by experienced endodontic specialists and oral and maxillofacial medical imaging specialists.@*RESULTS@#The accuracy of the diagnosis of VRF in the blank group, fiber post group, gutta-percha point group, titanium post group, and gold-palladium post group in CBCT was 95.83%, 91.67%, 87.50%, 79.17%, and 45.83%, respectively. Compared with the blank group, the differences were not statistically significant in the fiber post group (P>0.999), the gutta-percha point group (P=0.500) and the titanium post group (P=0.125). The lowest diagnostic accuracy of VRF was found in the gold-palladium post group, and the difference was statistically significant compared with all other groups (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#Various intracanal materials have different degrees of influence on the diagnostic accuracy of VRF diagnosis in CBCT. The influence of fiber post, gutta-percha point and titanium post was small, while the influence of gold-palladium post was significant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography/methods , Gold , Gutta-Percha , Palladium , Swine , Titanium , Tooth Fractures/diagnostic imaging , Tooth Root/injuries , Reproducibility of Results
5.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 973-981, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008923

ABSTRACT

Ultra-rapid cooling and rewarming rate is a critical technical approach to achieve ice-free cells during the freezing and melting process. A set of ultra-rapid solid surface freeze-thaw visualization system was developed based on a sapphire flim, and experiments on droplet freeze-thaw were carried out under different cryoprotectant components, volumes and laser energies. The results showed that the cooling rate of 1 μL mixed cryoprotectant [1.5 mol/L propylene glycol (PG) + 1.5 mol/L ethylene glycol (EG) + 0.5 mol/L trehalose (TRE)] could be 9.2×10 3 °C/min. The volume range of 1-8 μL droplets could be vitrified. After comparing the proportions of multiple cryoprotectants, the combination of equal proportion mixed permeability protectant and trehalose had the best vitrification freezing effect and more uniform crystallization characteristics. During the rewarming operation, the heating curve of glassy droplets containing gold nanoparticles was measured for the first time under the action of 400-1 200 W laser power, and the rewarming rate was up to the order of 10 6 °C/min. According to the droplet images of different power rewarming processes, the laser power range for ice-free rewarming with micron-level resolution was clarified to be 1 400-1 600 W. The work of this paper simultaneously realizes the ultra-high-speed temperature ramp-up, transient visual observation and temperature measurement of droplets, providing technical means for judging the ice free droplets during the freeze-thaw process. It is conducive to promoting the development of ultra-rapid freeze-thaw technology for biological cells and tissues.


Subject(s)
Freezing , Vitrification , Cryopreservation/methods , Trehalose , Gold , Rewarming , Metal Nanoparticles , Cryoprotective Agents , Lasers
6.
Biomedical and Environmental Sciences ; (12): 269-278, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Late 2019 witnessed the outbreak and widespread transmission of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), a new, highly contagious disease caused by novel severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). Consequently, considerable attention has been paid to the development of new diagnostic tools for the early detection of SARS-CoV-2.@*METHODS@#In this study, a new poly-N-isopropylacrylamide microgel-based electrochemical sensor was explored to detect the SARS-CoV-2 spike protein (S protein) in human saliva. The microgel was composed of a copolymer of N-isopropylacrylamide and acrylic acid, and gold nanoparticles were encapsulated within the microgel through facile and economical fabrication. The electrochemical performance of the sensor was evaluated through differential pulse voltammetry.@*RESULTS@#Under optimal experimental conditions, the linear range of the sensor was 10 -13-10 -9 mg/mL, whereas the detection limit was 9.55 fg/mL. Furthermore, the S protein was instilled in artificial saliva as the infected human saliva model, and the sensing platform showed satisfactory detection capability.@*CONCLUSION@#The sensing platform exhibited excellent specificity and sensitivity in detecting spike protein, indicating its potential application for the time-saving and inexpensive detection of SARS-CoV-2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Microgels , Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus , COVID-19/diagnosis , Gold , Metal Nanoparticles , SARS-CoV-2
7.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2022. 191 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1378632

ABSTRACT

The interaction of the organic ligands with metal nanoparticle has a very important role for applications in catalysis, as well as other processes involving ligands that can activate or poison the surface of metal nanoparticles. Very little has been studied so far on the role of organic ligands used either in the preparation of nanoparticles for applications in catalysis or addition in the reaction to activate the catalyst. In this thesis, we have studied strategies for the synthesis of metal nanoparticles, their use as components for the preparation of supported catalysts and activation and deactivation processes involving the ligands used as stabilizers or purposely added to the reaction medium or support for stimulate new reactivity and selectivity in reactions of industrial interest, such as hydrogenation. Here, the concept of frustrated Lewis pairs (FLPs) has been expanded to surface-FLP analogous formed by combining gold nanoparticles (NPs) and Lewis bases, such as amines or phosphines, creating a new channel for the heterolytic cleavage of H2, and thereby performing selective hydrogenation reactions with gold. A first approach to improve the catalytic activity of gold nanoparticles was to analyze the effect of nitrogen-containing bases. The starting inactive gold nanoparticles became highly active for the selective hydrogenation of alkyne into cis-alkenes. The hydrogenation proceeded smoothly and fully selective using H2 as the hydrogen source and under relatively mild conditions (80 °C, 6 bar H2). Our studies also have revealed that the presence of capping ligands blocks the adsorption of the amine to the gold surface, avoiding the FLPs interface and thereby leading to low catalytic activity. When the capping ligands were removed from the catalyst surface and an amine ligand was added, the FLPs interface is recovered and an enhanced catalytic activity was observed. Furthermore, we have demonstrated the successful use of simple organophosphorus ligands to boost the catalytic activity of Au NPs for a range of important reduction reactions, namely, epoxides, N-oxides, sulfoxides, and alkynes. Furthermore, the choice of phosphorus-containing ligands resulted in a decrease in the amount necessary to reach high conversion and selectivity in comparison with our previous study with N-containing ligands. The ligand-to-metal ratio decreased from 100 (amine/Au) to 1 (phosphite/Au). The synthesis of gold nanoparticles supported on N-doped carbon supports was used as an alternative method for the synthesis of a heterogeneous active gold catalyst for selective hydrogenations. The main advantage with respect to previous studies was to avoid the addition of external ligands, in large excess, for the activation of gold surfaces via FLP, making the whole process environmentally and economically attractive


A interação dos ligantes orgânicos com nanopartículas de metal certamente tem um papel muito importante para aplicações em catálise, bem como outros processos envolvendo ligantes que podem ativar ou envenenar a superfície de nanopartículas metálicas. Até agora, muito pouco foi estudado sobre o papel dos ligantes orgânicos utilizados na preparação de nanopartículas para aplicações em catálise ou adição na reação para ativar o catalisador. Nesta tese, foram estudadas estratégias para a síntese de nanopartículas metálicas, seu uso como componentes para a preparação de catalisadores suportados e processos de ativação e desativação envolvendo ligantes empregados como estabilizantes ou propositalmente adicionados ao meio de reação ou suporte para estimular novas reatividades e seletividade em reações de interesse industrial, como reações de hidrogenação. Aqui, o conceito de pares de Lewis frustrados (FLPs) foi expandido para o seu análogo de superfície formado pela combinação de nanopartículas (NPs) de ouro e bases de Lewis, como aminas ou fosfinas, criando um novo canal para a clivagem heterolítica de H2 e, assim, realizando reações seletivas de hidrogenação com ouro. Uma primeira abordagem para melhorar a atividade catalítica das nanopartículas de ouro foi analisar o efeito de bases contendo nitrogênio. As nanopartículas de ouro inicialmente inativas tornaram-se altamente ativas para a hidrogenação seletiva de alquino em cis-alquenos. A hidrogenação prosseguiu foi factível e totalmente seletiva usando H2 como fonte de hidrogênio e sob condições relativamente amenas (80 °C, 6 bar de H2). Nossos estudos também revelaram que a presença de estabilizantes pode bloquear a adsorção da base na superfície do ouro, impedindo a formação da interface FLPs e, portanto, levando a baixa atividade catalítica. Quando os estabilizantes foram removidos da superfície do catalisador e um ligante foi adicionado, o FLPs é formado sendo a atividade catalítica aprimorada. Além disso, demonstramos o uso bem-sucedido de ligantes organofosforados atuando como ativadores de Au NPs em uma série de importantes reações de redução, como, epóxidos, N-óxidos, sulfóxidos e alquinos. Além disso, a escolha do ligante fosforado resultou em uma diminuição na quantidade necessária para alcançar alta conversão mantendo a seletividade inalterada. A relação ligante/metal diminuiu de 100/1 (amina/Au) para 1/1 (fosfito/Au). A síntese de nanopartículas de ouro suportadas em carbono dopado com nitrogênio foi utilizada como método alternativo para a síntese de um catalisador heterogêneo de ouro ativo para hidrogenações seletivas. A principal vantagem em relação aos estudos anteriores foi evitar a adição de ligantes externos, em grande excesso, para a ativação de superfícies de ouro via FLP, tornando todo o processo ambiental e economicamente atraente


Subject(s)
Catalysis , Catalyzer , Lewis Bases/antagonists & inhibitors , Gold/agonists , Ligands , Carbon/agonists , Health Strategies , Alkenes/classification , Metal Nanoparticles , Occupational Groups
8.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e257622, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364492

ABSTRACT

Greeen synthesis has been introduced as an alternative to chemical synthesis due to the serious consequences. Metal nanoparticles synthesized through green approach have different pharmaceutical, medical and agricultural applications. The present study followed a green and simple route for the preparation of potentially bioactive gold nanoparticles (Au NPs). Au NPs were prepared via green synthesis approach using crude basic alkaloidal portion of the tuber of Delphinium chitralense. The green synthesized Au NPs were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and UV-Visible spectrophotometer. Morphological analysis shows that Au NPs have cubic geometry with different sizes. UV-Vis spectroscopic analysis confirmed the synthesis of Au NPs while XRD proved their pure crystalline phase. The Au NPs showed promising dose dependent inhibition of both AChE and BChE as compared to the crude as well as standard drug.


A síntese verde foi introduzida como uma alternativa à síntese química devido às graves consequências. As nanopartículas metálicas sintetizadas através da abordagem verde têm diferentes aplicações farmacêuticas, médicas e agrícolas. O presente estudo seguiu uma rota verde e simples para a preparação de nanopartículas de ouro potencialmente bioativas (Au NPs). As NPs de Au foram preparadas via abordagem de síntese verde usando a porção alcaloide básica bruta do tubérculo de Delphinium chitralense. As NPs de Au sintetizadas verdes foram caracterizadas por microscopia eletrônica de transmissão (TEM), microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV), difração de raios X (DRX), infravermelho com transformada de Fourier (FTIR) e espectrofotômetro UV-Visível. A análise morfológica mostra que as NPs de Au possuem geometria cúbica com tamanhos diferentes. A análise espectroscópica UV-Vis confirmou a síntese de Au NPs enquanto a XRD provou sua fase cristalina pura. O Au NPs mostrou inibição dependente da dose promissora de AChE e BChE em comparação com a droga bruta e padrão.


Subject(s)
Delphinium , Plant Tubers , Enzymes , Nanoparticles , Gold
9.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1197-1208, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927774

ABSTRACT

8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) is a sensitive and stable biomarker for evaluating DNA oxidative damage. A rapid and sensitive colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip was developed for 8-OHdG detection by a competitive method. The sample pad (glass cellulose film), bonding pad (glass cellulose film), nitrocellulose film and absorbent pad were pasted on the polyvinyl chloride (PVC) base plate to construct the test strip. Colloidal gold (AuNPs) was prepared by the reduction of chloroauric acid with sodium citrate. 8-OHdG antibody (Ab) was coated on the outer layer of AuNPs to form Ab@AuNPs as a probe. Bovine serum albumin (BSA) and 8-OHdG were conjugated with carbodiimide hydrochloride to prepare an artificial antigen, which was used as the coating antigen of detection line. Goat anti mouse polyclonal antibody IgG was used as the coating antibody of control line. The experimental parameters were optimized including the type of nitrocellulose membrane, the formula of loading solution, and the spraying amount of gold labeled antibody. The results showed that the appropriate nitrocellulose membrane was CN 95. The optimal loading solution included BSA (1%), Tween-20 (3%), sucrose (3%) and NaCl (0.9%). The optimal spraying amount of gold labeled antibody was 4 μL. 8-OHdG can be detected by the strip under visible light, and the level of 8-OHdG in urine can be preliminarily determined by comparing the color intensity of T line and C line. The 8-OHdG concentration in urine was further calculated by the gray value of T line and the threshold of detection was 2.55 μg/L. This colloidal gold immunochromatographic strip is simple, rapid and specific for detecting 8-OHdG in human urine to preliminarily evaluate the human status.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , 8-Hydroxy-2'-Deoxyguanosine , Antibodies, Monoclonal , Gold , Gold Colloid/chemistry , Metal Nanoparticles , Sensitivity and Specificity
10.
Itaituba; s.n; 2021. 64 p.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1413255

ABSTRACT

Uma das coisas mais bonitas em nossa cultura Munduruku e que nos foi passada por nossos ancestrais é de que nós fazemos parte do mundo e o mundo faz parte de cada um de nós. Tudo foi criado a partir da voz mágica de Karusakaibo usando os corpos dos nossos parentes-seres para fazer nascer todos os nossos alimentos, nossos remédios, nossas curas, nossas sabedorias. Em contrapartida, nós temos que nos esforçar para cuidar do mundo que ele nos deixou e no qual ele continua atuando. Enquanto continuarmos cuidando deste mundo, estaremos honrando a criação e o esforço de nossos avós que sempre lutaram com grande força para nos deixar este mundo bonito. O que se quer dizer com este livro é que nós fazemos parte da natureza e que é importante conhecer para entender quem somos e o que somos. A vida do planeta é a nossa própria vida. Devemos conhecer o mundo que a gente vive e cuidar dele, protegê-lo, pois é tão importante para nós a beleza de tudo que se encontra no ambiente e que está ao nosso redor. O valor da vida é primordial. Essa leitura é para nossas crianças, jovens e adultos para que apreciem e aprendam como se relacionar de forma saudável com a natureza, a fim de que se encantem com o passeio pelo mundo em que vivemos. Assim, imaginar como funciona o meio ambiente, a natureza, o seu ecossistema, assimilando o nosso modo de viver e como tudo está relacionado à nossa volta. Procuramos proporcionar uma leitura fácil, utilizando linguagem simples e acessível para que todos possamos entender o ciclo da vida e como nós nos encaixamos nele. Para compreender melhor, será preciso entrar e caminhar através da leitura. Vamos nos conscientizar, imaginar, olhar com uma visão mais humana, quão rico é ter respeito pelo que temos, que é a terra, uma herança de nosso criador Karusakaibo que entregou em nossas mãos um presente valiosíssimo, tão precioso para cuidarmos com muito carinho. Então, cabe a nós preservar o nosso território para que não seja destruído por nossas ações e pelas ações de pessoas que não conseguem entender nosso modo de vida. Somos responsáveis por cuidar, mas também ensinar aos outros que somos partes do mundo e não seus donos. Desejamos que esta leitura possa lhes ensinar a cuidar do mundo cuidando de si mesmos e das pessoas com quem convivem. Este material é a forma de dizermos NÃO à invasão de nossos territórios e NÃO ao uso de agrotóxicos e mercúrio em nosso alimento e em nossas águas. É nosso jeito de dizer SIM ao respeito ao espírito da natureza e ao bem-estar das futuras gerações. Desejamos a todos uma boa leitura e que ela seja capaz de lembrar a cada um de vocês que cada coisa que está na natureza também está dentro de nós; que a natureza é cíclica e que nós também somos; que alterar o ciclo da natureza afeta a nossa própria vida e empobrece nossa cultura porque mexe com nosso alimento, nossas crenças e nosso espírito.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Gold , Mercury , Sodium , Zinc , Metals, Heavy , Nature , Elements , Environment , Magnesium , Methylmercury Compounds
11.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e19040, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350239

ABSTRACT

Diabetes and its complications represent a major cause of morbidity and mortality in diabetes patients. This review is aimed to find the potential of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) to act as therapeutic agents for diabetes and its complications. Here, we outline the literature related to the self-therapeutic effects of AuNPs. The first goal of this review is to highlight and summarize some of the existing studies (10 years ago) in terms of several parameters such as the size of AuNPs, dose, administration route, experimental model, experimental analysis, and findings. The second goal is to describe the self-therapeutic effects of AuNPs against the pathogenesis determinants of diabetic complications. AuNPs have been found to have inhibitory effects on transforming growth factor-ß, antiglycation, antiangiogenic, anti-hyperglycemic, anti-inflammatory, and antioxidant effects. AuNPs treatment effectively disrupts multiple pathogenesis determinants in an animal model of diabetes and diabetic complications. The present review provides insight into the potential applications of AuNPs, which may help reduce the incidence of diabetes and its complications


Subject(s)
Therapeutic Uses , Diabetes Complications/drug therapy , Nanoparticles/metabolism , Gold/classification , Organization and Administration , Patients , Models, Animal , Models, Theoretical , Antioxidants/pharmacology
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3323-3333, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921428

ABSTRACT

Vibrio splendidus is an opportunistic pathogen in aquaculture. It can infect a variety of aquaculture animals and has caused huge losses to the aquaculture industry. In this study, a novel and efficient method for detecting V. splendidus was developed by combining the exonuclease Ⅲ amplification strategy with a nucleic acid test strip developed based on gold nanoparticles-labeled DNA probe. The results could be directly visualized by naked eyes, and this system overcame the difficulty in preparation of the monoclonal antibody used in conventional immunostrip. Upon optimization of experimental conditions, the detection limit of the strip was 5 ng/mL for the synthetic oligonucleotide DNA fragment and 10 ng/mL for the actual genomic DNA sample of V. splendidus. This test strip was more sensitive compared with the PCR method and was specific for the detection of V. splendidus. The rapid preparation of nucleic acid strip and the efficient detection of V. splendidus open a new way for the prevention and control of aquatic diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , DNA Probes , Gold , Metal Nanoparticles , Vibrio/genetics
13.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 181-196, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878247

ABSTRACT

Organoids are self-organized cellular clusters in three-dimensional culture, which can be derived from a single stem cell, progenitor or cell clusters of different lineages resembling in vivo tissue architecture of an organ. In the recent years, organoids technology has contributed to the revolutionary changes in stem cell and cancer fields. In this review, we have briefly overviewed the emerging landscape of prostate organoid technology (POT) in prostate research. In addition, we have also summarized the potential application of POT in the understanding of prostate stem cell and cancer biology and the discovery of novel therapeutic strategies for prostate cancer. Lastly, we have critically discussed key challenges that lie in the current state of POT and provided a future perspective on the second-generation of POT, which should better recapitulate cellular behaviors and drug responses of prostate cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Gold , Neoplasms , Organoids , Prostate , Stem Cells , Technology
14.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 46(3): 314-321, May-June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090624

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Vesicoureteral reflux, the retrograde flow of urine from the bladder into the upper urinary tract, is one of the most common urologic diagnoses in the pediatric population. Once detected, therapeutic options for urinary reflux are diverse, ranging from observation with or without continuous low-dose prophylactic antibiotics to a variety of operative interventions. While a standardized algorithm is lacking, it is generally accepted that management be tailored to individual patients based on various factors including age, likelihood of spontaneous resolution, risk of subsequent urinary tract infections with renal parenchymal injury, and parental preference. Anti-reflux surgery may be necessary in children with persistent reflux, renal scarring or recurrent pyelonephritis after optimization of bladder and bowel habits. Open, laparoscopic/robot-assisted and endoscopic approaches are all successful in correcting reflux and have been shown to reduce the incidence of febrile urinary tract infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Vesico-Ureteral Reflux/surgery , Replantation , Urinary Tract Infections , Gold
15.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 86(3): 294-299, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132593

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: South Africa has a high prevalence of co-existing tuberculosis and HIV. As ototoxicity linked to the treatments for these conditions occurs with concomitant exposure to other ear toxins such as hazardous noise exposure, it is important to investigate the combination impact of these toxins. Limited published evidence exists on the co-occurrence of these conditions within this population. Objectives: The objective of this study was to compare the hearing function of gold miners with (treatment group) and without (non-treatment group) the history of tuberculosis treatment, in order to determine which group had increased risk of noise induced hearing loss. Furthermore, possible influence of age and HIV in these two groups was examined. Methods: A retrospective record review of 102 miners' audiological records, divided into two groups, was conducted, with data analyzed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Results: Findings suggest that gold miners with a history of tuberculosis treatment have worse hearing thresholds in the high frequencies when compared to those without this history; with evidence of a noise induced hearing loss notch at 6000 Hz in both groups. Pearson's correlations showed values between 0 and 0.3 (0 and −0.3) which are indicative of a weak positive (negative) correlation between HIV and hearing loss, as well as between hearing loss and age in this population. Conclusions: Current findings highlight the importance of strategic hearing conservation programs, including ototoxicity monitoring, and the possible use of oto-protective/chemo-protective agents in this population.


Resumo Introdução: A África do Sul apresenta uma alta prevalência de coinfecção de tuberculose e HIV. Como a ototoxicidade associada aos tratamentos para essas condições é observada na exposição concomitante a outros agentes ototóxicos, como a exposição a ruídos perigosos, é importante investigar o impacto da combinação desses agentes. São poucas as evidências publicadas sobre a co-ocorrência dessas condições nessa população. Objetivo: Comparar a função auditiva de garimpeiros com (grupo tratamento) e sem (grupo sem tratamento) história de tratamento de tuberculose, a fim de determinar que grupo apresentava maior risco de perda auditiva induzida por ruído. Além disso, avaliou-se a possível influência da idade e do HIV nesses dois grupos. Método: Os registros audiológicos de 102 garimpeiros, divididos em dois grupos, foram revisados de forma retrospectiva; os dados foram qualitativa e quantitativamente analisados. Resultados: Os achados indicam os garimpeiros com histórico de tratamento de tuberculose apresentam piores limiares auditivos nas altas frequências quando comparados àqueles sem esse histórico; em ambos os grupos, observou-se perda auditiva induzida por ruído com entalhe audiométrico a 6.000 Hz. As correlações de Pearson mostraram valores entre 0 e 0,3 (0 e -0,3), que são indicativos de uma fraca correlação positiva (negativa) entre o HIV e a perda auditiva, bem como entre a perda auditiva e a idade nessa população. Conclusões: Os resultados atuais destacam a importância de programas estratégicos de conservação auditiva, inclusive monitoramento de ototoxicidade, e o possível uso de agentes oto-/quimioprotetores nessa população.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Tuberculosis/epidemiology , Occupational Exposure/adverse effects , Gold , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/epidemiology , Mining , Noise, Occupational/adverse effects , Occupational Diseases/epidemiology , South Africa/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Hearing Loss, Noise-Induced/diagnosis , Hearing Tests
16.
Hist. ciênc. saúde-Manguinhos ; 27(1): 181-198, jan.-mar. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090494

ABSTRACT

Resumo O artigo analisa, a partir de documento inédito, a "Carta que veio das minas", de 1727, como os conceitos de natureza e mineração foram utilizados para mobilizar preceitos morais e políticos na construção de uma interpretação sobre Minas Gerais. Em um primeiro momento, analisam-se o documento e suas convenções, de forma comparativa com outros escritos setecentistas. Em seguida, a partir da análise do enredo da carta, discute-se o uso simbólico da natureza e da mineração na construção de um discurso negativo das Minas que, por fim, é associado a um sentido regulador, que denuncia práticas abusivas de grupos de grande representatividade naquela sociedade: os magistrados e letrados.


Abstract An analysis is presented, based on an unpublished document dated 1727, entitled "Letter that came from the mines" ("Carta que veio das minas"), of how the concepts of nature and mining were used to mobilize moral and political precepts in the construction of an interpretation of Minas Gerais, Brazil. The document and its conventions are analyzed in comparison with other eighteenth century writings, then, based on an analysis of the letter's contents, the symbolic use of nature and mining in the construction of a negative discourse about the mines is discussed. This is associated with a regulatory meaning, whereby abusive practices of particularly representative groups from that society - magistrates and men of letters - are denounced.


Subject(s)
Gold , Mining , Morale , Brazil , Power, Psychological , History, 18th Century
17.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 56: e18171, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132034

ABSTRACT

Gold coated magnetite nanoparticles were prepared and coated with ranibizumab as an ocular drug delivery system. The surface morphologies of the nanoparticles were determined by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The size and surface charge were determined by using the dynamic light scattering (DLS) technique. Crystallographic properties of the gold coated Fe3O4 nanoparticles were recorded on X-ray diffractometer (XRD) the XRD pattern of nanoparticlees were shown to have uniqe Fe3O4 and gold peaks. Conjugation of ranibizumab onto nanoparticles was achieved using the physical adsorption method. The amount of ranibizumab on the surface of the nanoparticles was determined by thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). In the in vitro release studies performed using UV spectroscopy; it was found that almost 60% of antibodies were released within the first 30 minutes. Antibody activity after release studies was also proved with ELISA. Non-toxicity of gold coated Fe3O4 particles were proved with MTT. Results of the studies, showed that the antibody conjugated magnetic nanoparticle system could be a potential treatment system for ocular diseases.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques/instrumentation , Magnetite Nanoparticles/administration & dosage , Ranibizumab/adverse effects , Spectrum Analysis/instrumentation , X-Rays , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/instrumentation , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning/methods , Drug Delivery Systems , Dynamic Light Scattering/instrumentation , Gold , Methods
18.
Biol. Res ; 53: 26, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124211

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: There Is an emerging field to put Into practice new strategies for developing molecules with antimicrobial properties. In this line, several metals and metalloids are currently being used for these purposes, although their cellular effect(s) or target(s) in a particular organism are still unknown. Here we aimed to investigate and analyze Au3+ toxicity through a combination of biochemical and molecular approaches. RESULTS: We found that Au3+ triggers a major oxidative unbalance in Escherichia coli, characterized by decreased intracellular thiol levels, increased superoxide concentration, as well as by an augmented production of the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase and catalase. Because ROS production is, in some cases, associated with metal reduction and the concomitant generation of gold-containing nanostructures (AuNS), this possibility was evaluated in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: Au3+ is toxic for E. coli because it triggers an unbalance of the bacterium's oxidative status. This was demonstrated by using oxidative stress dyes and antioxidant chemicals as well as gene reporters, RSH concentrations and AuNS generation.


Subject(s)
Oxidation-Reduction/drug effects , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Escherichia coli/drug effects , Metal Nanoparticles/toxicity , Gold/toxicity
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5530-5536, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878790

ABSTRACT

A highly specific electrochemical biosensor based on T-Hg~(2+)-T structure for fast screening trace Hg~(2+) in complex animal drug matrix was constructed by cyclic voltammetry(CV) and differential pulse voltammetry(DPV). In the presence of Hg~(2+), it can be specifically binded to the T base of DNA sequence on the surface of modified gold electrode, which changes the conformation of DNA molecule and the electrochemical signal. The concentration ratio of EDC/NHS, the concentration ratio of FC-DNA and the reaction time of the biosensor were optimized by the index of sensitivity and reproducibility in CV. The results showed that the stability of the biosensor was good within 3 days(RSD≤1.3%), the difference between batches was low(RSD=4.7%), and the specificity of the biosensor was high in the presence of interfering ions(As~(3+), Cd~(2+), Cu~(2+), Pb~(2+), Zn~(2+) and Fe~(3+)). DPV results showed that the peak current signal value has a linear relationship with the lgC_((Hg)) over a concentration range from 0.1 nmol·L~(-1) to 1.0 μmol·L~(-1) with a detection limit of 0.066 nmol·L~(-1). Finally, the recovery rate tested in the matrix of animal medicine was satisfactory as 99.17%-101.3%, which can meet the needs of the determination of trace Hg~(2+) in the matrix of Bombyx Batryticatus, and provide a new idea for the rapid screening of trace heavy metals in the matrix of other types of complex traditional Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Animals , Biosensing Techniques , DNA/genetics , Electrochemical Techniques , Gold , Mercury , Reproducibility of Results
20.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 115: e200043, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1135250

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The number of malaria cases in Roraima nearly tripled from 2016 to 2018. The capital, Boa Vista, considered a low-risk area for malaria transmission, reported an increasing number of autochthonous and imported cases. OBJECTIVES This study describes a spatial analysis on malaria cases in an urban region of Boa Vista, which sought to identify the autochthonous and imported cases and associated them with Anopheles habitats and the potential risk of local transmission. METHODS In a cross-sectional study at the Polyclinic Cosme e Silva, 520 individuals were interviewed and diagnosed with malaria by microscopic examination. Using a global positional system, the locations of malaria cases by type and origin and the breeding sites of anopheline vectors were mapped and the risk of malaria transmission was evaluated by spatial point pattern analysis. FINDINGS Malaria was detected in 57.5% of the individuals and there was a disproportionate number of imported cases (90.6%) linked to Brazilian coming from gold mining sites in Venezuela and Guyana. MAIN CONCLUSIONS The increase in imported malaria cases circulating in the west region of Boa Vista, where there are positive breeding sites for the main vectors, may represent a potential condition for increased autochthonous malaria transmission in this space.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Adult , Plasmodium/isolation & purification , Travel , Miners/statistics & numerical data , Mosquito Vectors/parasitology , Malaria/diagnosis , Malaria/transmission , Anopheles/parasitology , Plasmodium/classification , Urban Population , Venezuela , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Geographic Information Systems , Spatial Analysis , Gold , Guyana , Malaria/parasitology , Malaria/epidemiology , Anopheles/classification , Middle Aged
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