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1.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(6): 319-324, June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1449745

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Reporting our experience of the management and treatment of Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) in a low-income country by describing patients characteristics and therapy with emphasis on conservative surgical excision and postoperative care as the cornerstone of treatment. Methods A retrospective cohort of women with histopathological diagnosis of IGM from 2014 to 2018 at Instituto Nacional Materno Perinatal in Lima, Peru. Patients' characteristics, clinical presentation, treatment, management, postoperative care, and follow-up were analyzed. Results Thirty-eight patients with histopathological diagnosis of IGM were identified. Their average age was 35.9 years and 23 (60.5%) reported previous use of hormonal contraceptives. Nine (23.7%) patients had chronic mastitis with previous treatment. The time from the onset of symptoms to the first clinic consult was 5.1 months on average. Twenty-one (55.3%) patients had the lesion in the right breast, with a mean size of 6.9 cm. Conservative surgical excision was performed in all patients. Additionally, 86.8% required corticosteroids and 78.9% were treated with antibiotics. Complete remission was obtained at 141 days on average (range 44 to 292 days). Six (15.8%) women reported ipsilateral recurrence and 5 (13.2%), contralateral. The latency time was 25.5 months on average. Conclusion The conservative surgical treatment demonstrated and close follow-up made for a high cure rate, but with recurrence similar to that reported in the literature. Use of gloves is an alternative to manage post operative wounds in a low-income country. The most frequent adverse effect was breast surgical scar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Recurrence , Breast Diseases , Breast Diseases/surgery , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Granulomatous Mastitis/therapy
2.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 878, 30 Diciembre 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415283

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una patología inflamatoria benigna de mama con clínica y hallazgos imagenológicos no específicos; usualmente confundida con cáncer de mama. El síntoma más frecuente es una masa mamaria palpable. El diagnóstico es histopatológico. OBJETIVO. Describir el perfil demográfico, presentación clínica y hallazgos radiográficos de pacientes con diagnóstico histopatológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Población de 1130 y muestra de 49 datos de historias clínicas electrónicas de pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática con el código CIE10 N61x Trastornos Inflamatorios de la mama, atendidas en la Unidad Técnica de Imagenología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en la ciudad de Quito entre enero 2019 hasta diciembre 2021. El criterio de inclusión fue la confirmación histopatológica de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. Los criterios de exclusión: antecedentes de neoplasia maligna de mama, antecedentes de HIV, patología inflamatoria sistémica como granulomatosis de Wegener, sarcoidosis, infecciones granulomatosas crónicas como tuberculosis, brucelosis, histoplasmosis, sífilis y reacciones a cuerpos extraños como material de implantes mamarios. Se analizaron datos demográficos, presentación clínica, hallazgos mamográficos, ecográficos y la categorización BIRADS. Se efectuó un análisis univarial; para las variables cualitativas se realizó frecuencias y porcentajes; para las variables cuantitativas se realizó medidas de tendencia central. La información recolectada fue analizada en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS La mediana de la edad fue 36 años. El 94,00% de pacientes tenían por lo menos un hijo; 77,50% presentaron con una masa palpable; 55,10% se acompañaron de signos inflamatorios; 16,00% asociaron fístulas y 24,40% presentaron secreción. Solo 1 caso presentó afectación bilateral. CONCLUSIÓN En este estudio, la mastitis granulomatosa idiopática afecta a mujeres en edad reproductiva sin antecedentes de malignidad quienes presentan una masa mamaria palpable que puede estar acompañada de signos inflamatorios, colecciones y fístulas. La realización de una biopsia core eco guiada, para confirmar su diagnóstico.


INTRODUCTION. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a benign inflammatory breast pathology with nonspecific clinical and imaging findings; usually mistaken for breast cancer. The most frequent symptom is a palpable breast mass. The diagnosis is histopathologic. OBJECTIVE. To describe the demographic profile, clinical presentation and radiographic findings of patients with histopathologic diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, descriptive, retrospective study. Population of 1130 and sample of 49 data from electronic medical records of patients with histological diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis with ICD10 code N61x Inflammatory disorders of the breast, attended at the Technical Imaging Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the city of Quito between January 2019 and December 2021. The inclusion criterion was histopathological confirmation of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. Exclusion criteria: history of malignant breast neoplasia, history of HIV, systemic inflammatory pathology such as Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, chronic granulomatous infections such as tuberculosis, brucellosis, histoplasmosis, syphilis and reactions to foreign bodies such as breast implant material. Demographic data, clinical presentation, mammographic and ultrasound findings and BIRADS categorization were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed; frequencies and percentages were used for qualitative variables; measures of central tendency were used for quantitative variables. RESULTS. The median age was 36 years. 94,00% of patients had at least one child; 77,50% presented with a palpable mass; 55,10% were accompanied by inflammatory signs; 16,00% were associated with fistulas and 24,40% presented with discharge. Only 1 case presented bilateral involvement. CONCLUSION. In this study, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis affects women of reproductive age with no history of malignancy who present with a palpable breast mass that may be accompanied by inflammatory signs, collections and fistulas. The performance of an echo-guided core biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Diseases , Mammography , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Granulomatous Mastitis , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Mastitis , Pathology , Hyperprolactinemia , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Breast Implantation , Ecuador , Edema , Erythema , Image-Guided Biopsy , Fistula , Hyperemia , Nipples
3.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 40(148): 117-146, dic. 2021. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1418072

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática (MGI) es una patología inflamatoria benigna que se presenta típicamente como tumoración dolorosa. Recientemente, un subconjunto con patrón histológico neutrofilico quístico (MGNQ) fue asociado al corynebacterium. Objetivo: Revisión bibliográfica y evaluación de nuestra casuística. Material y método: Se seleccionaron 24 mujeres con MGI diagnosticada entre 2000-2019. Variables analizadas: demográficas, antecedentes, clínica, imágenes, cultivos, patología, tratamientos y evolución. Resultados: Edad media: 40.7 años. 50% tuvo ≥4 gestas y 91.6% lactó. Presentación clínica: Tumor abscedado palpable 58.33%, Palpable asintomático 25%, Palpable doloroso 12.5%. Lesión no palpable 4.17%. Tamaño promedio de lesión: 3.5 cm. Imágenes BIRADS 4/5: 87.5% Cultivo de corynebacterium 25%. Patología: Polimorfonucleares intraductales (PMNID) 62.5%, Vacuolas quísticas 50% (2 casos con baci- los). Tratamiento: Antibióticoterapia 79.1%, Inmunosupresión 79.1%, Drenaje de abscesos 45.8%. Tumorectomía 41.6%. Tiempo de resolución: 5.5 meses Tiempo libre de enfermedad: 33.6 meses. Recurrencias: 31.%. Conclusiones: Debe sospecharse en toda mujer joven con tumor mamario asociado a abscesos, fistulas y/o úlceras. El diagnóstico de MGNQ y PM- NID tienen asociación estadísticamente significativa con recurrencia. Es esencial el abordaje multidisciplinario y el tratamiento multimodal


Introduction: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a benign inflammatory disease that typically presents as a painful mass. Recently, a subset with cystic neutrophilic histological pattern (CNGM) was related to corynebacterium. Objetive: Bibliographic review and evaluation of our casuistry. Material and method: During 2000-2019, 24 women diagnosed with IGM were selected. Variables analyzed: Demographic, background, clinical, images, cultures, pathology, treatment and evolution. Results: Average age: 40.7 years. 50% had ≥ 4 gestations and 91.6% lactated. Clinical presentation: Palpable abscessed tumor 58.33%, Palpable asymptomatic 25%, Palpable painful 12.5%. Non palpable lesion 4.17%. Average lesion size: 3.5 cm. BIRADS images 4/5: 87.5% Corynebacterium culture 25%. Findings: Intraductal polymorphonuclear cells (IDPMNC) (62.5% ), Cystic vacuoles (50%) (With bacilli in 2 cases). Treatment: Antibiotic therapy 79.1%, Immunosuppression 79.1%, Drainage of abscesses 45.8%. Lumpectomy 41.6%. Resolution time: 5.5 months Diseasefree time: 33.6 months. Recurrences: 31.8%. Conclusions: It should be suspected in any young woman with a breast tumor associated with abscesses, fistulas and/or ulcers. The diagnosis of CNGM and IDPMNC has statistically significant association with recurrence. A multidisciplinary approach and multimodal treatment is essential


Subject(s)
Female , Granulomatous Mastitis , Breast Neoplasms , Mastectomy, Segmental , Corynebacterium
4.
Rev. argent. reumatolg. (En línea) ; 32(3): 19-23, set. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1365497

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente con diagnóstico histológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática, enfermedad poco frecuente en la que se utilizan inmunosupresores como tratamiento descripto y puede confundirse con otras entidades atendidas en la especialidad. Se describe el caso y se realiza una revisión de la literatura.


The clinical case of a patient with a histological diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is described, a rare disease in which immunosuppressants are used as the described treatment and can be confused with other entities treated in the specialty. The case is described and a literature review is carried out.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Granulomatous Mastitis/diagnosis , Granulomatous Mastitis/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Granulomatous Mastitis/immunology
5.
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 55(3): 357-360, jul. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1374057

ABSTRACT

Resumen Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii es un bacilo gram positivo corineforme lipofílico, poco frecuente en la clínica humana. Forma parte de la microbiota cutánea de los seres humanos y, por esta razón, su interpretación clínica es compleja. La mastitis granulomatosa es una enfermedad inflamatoria de origen incierto con baja incidencia. Se presentan dos casos clínicos en los que se describe la asociación de C. kroppenstedtii con mastitis granulomatosa. El tejido mamario es rico en lípidos. El carácter lipofílico de este microorganismo podría explicar su presencia en dicho tejido.


Abstract Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii is a rare lipophilic coryneform gram-positive bacillus. It is part of the human skin microbiota and, for this reason, its clinical interpretation is complex. Granulomatous mastitis is an inflammatory disease of uncertain origin with a low incidence. The association of C. kroppenstedtii with granulomatous mastitis was described in two clinical case reports. The lipophilic characteristics of this microorganism explains why it can be found in lipid-rich breast tissue.


Resumo Corynebacterium kroppenstedtii é um bacilo gram-positivo corineforme lipofílico poco frecuente. Faz parte da microbiota do seres humanos, por isso sua interpretação clínica é complexa. A mastite granulomatosa é uma doença inflamatória de origem incerta com baixa incidência. Foram apresentados dois casos clínicos nos quais é descrita a associação de C. kroppenstedtii com mastite granulomatosa. O tecido mamário é rico em lipídios. O caráter lipofílico desse microrganismo pode explicar sua presença em tal tecido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Corynebacterium , Abscess , Granulomatous Mastitis/diagnosis , Pathology , Microbiota , Liquid Biopsy , Granuloma , Microbiology
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(3): 438-445, 20210000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254238

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La mastitis granulomatosa crónica es una enfermedad inflamatoria poco frecuente y con mayor incidencia en el sexo femenino. Su sintomatología y su presentación clínica causan gran ansiedad tanto en el paciente como en el personal médico, debido a su comportamiento similar al de la patología mamaria maligna. No hay una etiología clara ni un manejo terapéutico definido. El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las características clínico-patológicas, el tratamiento y la evolución de las pacientes con mastitis granulomatosa, durante el periodo de estudio. Métodos. Estudio retrospectivo en el que se revisaron las historias clínicas de pacientes con diagnóstico y manejo de trastorno inflamatorio de la mama no especificado (N61X), entre enero de 2010 y diciembre de 2019. Se encontraron 236 pacientes, se excluyeron 176 por no cumplir con el diagnóstico de mastitis granulomatosa crónica o por no tener un seguimiento adecuado. Se evaluaron las características sociodemográficas, clínicas y de evolución, comparando la respuesta que se obtuvo con cada tratamiento. Resultados. Se incluyeron 60 pacientes femeninas que presentaron manifestaciones variadas. El 38,3 % (n=23) recibieron manejo antibiótico, el 30 % (n=18) fue tratado con corticoides, el 8,3 % (n=5) recibió antibióticos más corticoides y se realizó manejo expectante en el 16,6 % (n=10). El 6,6 % (n=4) de los pacientes fueron llevados a cirugía. Discusión. La mejor respuesta y la menor tasa de recidiva se encontró en las pacientes que fueron sometidas a observación y en aquellas que recibieron corticoides


Introduction. Chronic granulomatous mastitis is a rare inflammatory disease with a higher incidence in females. Its symptoms and its clinical presentation cause great anxiety both in the patient and in the medical personnel, due to its behavior similar to that of malignant breast disease. There is no clear etiology or defined therapeutic management. The objective of this study was to determine the clinical-pathological characteristics, treatment and evolution of the patients with granulomatous mastitis, during the study period. Methods. Retrospective study in which the medical records of patients with diagnosis and management of unspecified inflammatory disorder of the breast (N61X) were reviewed, between January 2010 and December 2019. Two-hundred-thirty-six patients were found, 176 were excluded for not complying with the diagnosis of chronic granulomatous mastitis or for not having an adequate follow-up. The sociodemographic, clinical and evolution characteristics were evaluated, comparing the response obtained with each treatment. Results. Sixty female patients who presented varied manifestations were included, of which 38.3% (n=23) received antibiotic treatment, 30% (n=18) were treated with steroids, 8.3% (n=5) received antibiotics plus steroids, expectant management was performed in 16, 6% (n = 10), and 6.6% (n=4) of the patients were taken to surgery.Discussion. The best response and the lowest recurrence rate were found in patients who were observed and in those who received steroids


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Mastitis , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Granulomatous Mastitis , Fibrocystic Breast Disease , Anti-Bacterial Agents
7.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 86(2): 247-254, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388645

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: La mastitis granulomatosa es una patología mamaria benigna y crónica de baja incidencia, cuyo diagnóstico es complejo y su tratamiento no está del todo establecido. Se presenta un caso clínico con el objetivo de hacer una revisión de la bibliografía sobre esta patología, su diagnóstico y tratamiento. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se presenta el caso de una paciente de 30 años con una mastitis refractaria a tratamiento antibiótico a la que finalmente se diagnosticó una mastitis granulomatosa idiopática gracias a la biopsia excisional. El tratamiento con corticoides a dosis altas tuvo buenos resultados en este caso. Se realizó una búsqueda bibliográfica en las bases de datos Medline vía PubMed, EMBASE y SciELO y también en libros de texto en papel. RESULTADOS: Se hallaron 598 referencias, la mayoría de ellas revisiones sistemáticas y casos clínicos. CONCLUSIONES: La mastitis granulomatosa es una patología poco frecuente cuyo diagnóstico se logra mediante estudio histológico de la misma. No hay consenso sobre cuál es el tratamiento óptimo, pero la tendencia actual es el tratamiento conservador con corticoides a altas dosis. Cada vez es más frecuente el uso de metotrexato cuando no hay buena respuesta con el tratamiento con corticoides.


OBJECTIVE: Granulomatous mastitis is a benign and chronic breast pathology with a low incidence, whose diagnosis is complex and its treatment is not fully established. A case report is presented with the aim of reviewing the literature on this pathology, its diagnosis and its treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The patient is a 30-year-old woman with a mastitis refractory to antibiotic treatment. Finally, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis was diagnosed through excisional biopsy. Treatment with high-dose corticosteroids had good results in this patient. A literature search was performed in the Medline databases via PubMed, EMBASE and SciELO and also in paper textbooks. RESULTS: 598 references were found, most of them systematic reviews and case reports. CONCLUSIONS: Granulomatous mastitis is an uncommon pathology whose definitive diagnosis is achieved by histological study. Treatment is not fully established, but conservative treatment with high-dose corticosteroids is the current trend. The use of methotrexate has risen when there is no good evolution with corticosteroid treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Granulomatous Mastitis/drug therapy , Granulomatous Mastitis/diagnostic imaging , Adrenal Cortex Hormones/therapeutic use
9.
Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore ; : 598-605, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887541

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare, benign, chronic breast condition that can cause repeated abscesses or mass formation in bilateral breasts. The condition can severely impact the quality of life of affected women. This study aims to evaluate effective treatment modalities, as well as understand the demographics and clinical presentation of patients with IGM.@*METHODS@#An 11-year retrospective review was performed of patients diagnosed with IGM from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2018 at a tertiary breast unit.@*RESULTS@#A total of 77 patients were included in the study. The median age at presentation was 36 years old. IGM presented most commonly as a breast lump (98.1%). The median number of flares was 2 (1-12). Of the 77 patients, 68.8% (53) were treated with antibiotics, 50.6% (39) with steroids, and 44.2% (34) underwent surgery, in the course of their IGM treatment. Forty-five (59.2%) of the 76 patients with IGM required a multimodal treatment approach to achieve remission. There was no significant difference in the number of flares no matter the initial treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#IGM is a clinical diagnosis. It is a rare, relapsing breast inflammatory condition that affects young females with no superior treatment modality. Smoking is associated with higher number of flares of IGM and should be discouraged in IGM patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Granulomatous Mastitis/therapy , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
10.
Med. U.P.B ; 39(2): 41-48, 21/10/2020. Ilus
Article in Spanish | COLNAL, LILACS | ID: biblio-1123579

ABSTRACT

La mastitis granulomatosa es una enfermedad rara, de etiología desconocida y de diagnóstico de exclusión luego de descartar otras causas de mastitis, como las asociadas a infecciones bacterianas y a gérmenes atípicos como hongos y tuberculosis. La incidencia ha sido difícil de determinar, pero varia del 0.3% al 1.8%. Más frecuente en mujeres en edad reproductiva, la presentación clínica más común de este tipo de mastitis es una masa mamaria de consistencia dura, unilateral, asociada a dolor, eritema, calor e hinchazón, sin fiebre. Tiende a formar abscesos únicos o múltiples con fistulización, lo que hace que se confunda con carcinoma inflamatorio o localmente avanzado. Además, tiende a ser recurrente. El diagnóstico solo puede confirmarse por histopatología, en la que se evidencian granulomas no caseificantes concentrados en lobulillos mamarios, con infiltrado linfocitario crónico, necrosis y, con frecuencia, ectasia ductal. El tratamiento es controvertido, con opciones que van desde la observación, antibióticoterapia, terapia con corticosteroides, medicamentos inmunosupresores como el metotrexato, a la cirugía con escisión local amplia.


Granulomatous mastitis is a rare disease of unknown etiology, and the diagnosis is of exclusion after ruling out other causes of mastitis such as those associated with bacterial infectious diseases and by atypical germs such as fungi and tuberculosis. the incidence has been difficult to determine but varies from 0.3 to 1.8%. More common in women of reproductive age, the most common clinical presentation is a breast mass of hard, unilateral consistency, associated with pain, erythema, heat, swelling, and without fever. It tends to form single or multiple abscesses with fistulization, which makes it possible to be confused with an inflammatory or locally advanced carcinoma. Also with tendency to recurrence. The diagnosis can only be confirmed by histopathology, it is characterized by non-caseifying granulomas concentrated in breast lobules with chronic lymphocyte infiltrate, necrosis and often ductal ectasia. The treatment is controversial, with options ranging from observation, antibiotic therapy, corticosteroid therapy, immunosuppressive medications such as methotrexate, to surgery such as wide local excision.


A mastite granulomatosa é uma doença rara, de etiologia desconhecida e de diagnóstico de exclusão logo de descartar outras causas de mastite, como as associadas a infecções bacterianas e a germens atípicos como fungos e tuberculose. A incidência há sido difícil de determinar, mas varia de 0.3% a 1.8%. Mais frequente em mulheres em idade reprodutiva, a apresentação clínica mais comum deste tipo de mastite é uma massa mamária de consistência dura, unilateral, associada a dor, eritema, calor e inchaço, sem febre. Tende a formar abscessos únicos ou múltiplos com fistulização, o que faz confundir com carcinoma inflamatório ou localmente avançado. Além disso, tende a ser recorrente. O diagnóstico só se pode confirmar por histopatologia, na qual se evidenciam granulomas não caseificantes concentrados em lóbulos mamários, com infiltrado linfocitário crônico, necrose e, com frequência, extasia ductal. O tratamento é controvertido, com opções que vão desde a observação, antibióticoterapia, terapia com corticosteroides, medicamentos imunossupressores como o metotrexato, à cirurgia com incisão local ampla.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Granulomatous Mastitis , Women , Breast , Diagnosis , Abscess , Fever , Mastitis , Anti-Bacterial Agents
11.
Rev. cuba. reumatol ; 22(2): e797, mayo.-ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126815

ABSTRACT

La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una enfermedad inflamatoria crónica de causa desconocida y presentación infrecuente, que afecta a mujeres en edad reproductiva. Su presentación clínica similar al carcinoma de mama, sumada al desconocimiento de esta entidad, genera confusión, errores y retrasos en el diagnóstico en gran proporción de los casos, por lo que la histopatología es un requisito fundamental para el diagnóstico correcto de esta enfermedad. Presentamos dos casos de pacientes femeninas con cuadro clínico de mastitis crónica en quienes, tras descartar causas infecciosas y neoplásicas, se estableció el diagnóstico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. Se administró terapia inmunosupresora con prednisolona, metotrexate y ácido fólico. Las pacientes tuvieron una adecuada respuesta y se evidenció la resolución del cuadro clínico a las 3 semanas de tratamiento(AU)


Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology and infrequent presentation. Confusion, delayed and mistaken in diagnosis has been atribuided to the similar clinical manifestation with breast carcinoma, added to the ignorance of this entity, that's why histopathology is a fundamental requirement for the correct diagnosis of this disease. We present two cases of female patients with clinical symptoms of chronic mastitis, in whom a diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis was made after ruling out infectious and neoplastic causes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Prednisolone/therapeutic use , Granulomatous Mastitis/diagnosis , Granulomatous Mastitis/drug therapy , Peru , Treatment Outcome , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use
12.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 38(138): 45-54, jul 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116809

ABSTRACT

Introducción La mastitis granulomatosa es unaenfermedad infrecuente caracterizada por una inflamación granulomatosa crónica de los lobulillos mamarios. Las opciones de tratamiento siguen siendo controvertidas. Objetivo El objetivo del presente estudio fue analizar nuestra experiencia en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de las pacientes con mastitis granulomatosas, valorando la conveniencia de tratamientos quirúrgicos o tratamientos más conservadores. Material y método Se presenta un estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo de las pacientes diagnosticadas y tratadas en nuestro centro desde enero de 2010 hasta diciembre de 2018. Se analizaron las características clínicas y radiológicas de cada una, así como el tratamiento y su evolución. Resultados Los resultados del estudio fueron los siguientes: • El número de pacientes fue 10; el tiempo medio de seguimiento fue de 10,5 meses (rango 2-49 meses); la mediana de edad fue de 44,5 años (rango 31-81 años);ocho pacientes (80%)se manifestaron como tumoración palpable; el tiempo medio de duración de los síntomas fue de 6,8 meses (rango 2-24 meses); el tamaño medio de la lesión alcanzó los 23,6 mm (rango 12-40); una paciente se clasificó como bi-rads 2, 1 paciente como bi-rads 3, 1 paciente como bi-rads 4y 3 pacientes como bi-rads 5. • El tratamiento fue quirúrgico en 6 ocasiones (4 resecciones y 2 drenajes con biopsia) y médico en 4 ocasiones. Siete de las pacientes (70%) se curaron con el tratamiento efectuado (5 con cirugía y 2 con tratamiento conservador). Tres pacientes presentaron recurrencia o persistencia (1 con cirugía y 2 con tratamiento conservador). Conclusiones La mastitis granulomatosa es una enfermedad infrecuente y de causa desconocida, con tendencia a la recurrencia y cronicidad, cuyo tratamiento es todavía motivo de controversia


Introduction Granulomatous mastitis is an infrequent disease characterized by a chronic granulomatous inflammation of mammary lobules. Treatment options remain controversial. Objective The aim of the present study was to analyze our experience in the diagnosis and treatment of patients with granulomatous mastitis, assessing the convenience of surgical treatments or more conservative treatments. Materials and method This is a retrospective and descriptive study of the patients diagnosed and treated in our center from January 2010 to December 2018. We analyzed the clinical and radiological characteristics of each one, as well as the treatment and its evolution. Results • Number of patients 10; mean time of follow-up 10.5 months (range 2-49 months); median of age 44.5 years (range 31-81 years); eight patients (80%) manifested as a palpable tumor;mean duration of symptoms was 6.8 months (range 2-24 months); mean lesion size of 23.6mm (range 12-40); one patient was classified as bi-rads 2, 1 patient as bi-rads 3, 1 patient as bi-rads 4 and 3 patients as bi-rads 5. • The treatment was surgical 6 times (4 resections and 2 drainages with biopsy) and doctor on 4 occasions. Seven of the patients (70%) were cured with the treatment performed (5 with surgery and 2 with conservative treatment). Three patients presented recurrence or persistence (1 with surgery and 2 with conservative treatment). Conclusions Granulomatous mastitis is an infrequent disease of unknown cause, with a tendency to recurrence and chronicity, whose treatment is still controversial


Subject(s)
General Surgery , Granulomatous Mastitis , Mastitis
13.
Rev. chil. dermatol ; 35(1): 18-21, 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103304

ABSTRACT

La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática (IGM, por sus siglas en inglés) es una afección inflamatoria crónica infrecuente y benigna de los senos. Puede simular tres trastornos mamarios muy frecuentes: carcinoma de mama, mastitis y absceso mamario. La IGM se presenta típicamente como una masa mamaria unilateral y dolorosa. La etiología de la IGM no está bien definida, pero se ha propuesto que podría ser una reacción inmune localizada del tejido mamario.El diagnostico de IGM recurrente es complejo porque los hallazgos clínicos y radiológicos no son específicos, por lo que el estudio histopatológico es crucial. El cáncer de mama, la inflamación gra-nulomatosa infecciosa y no infecciosa deben des-cartarse. El tratamiento de la IGM es controver-tido, e incluye vigilancia estrecha, medicamentos inmunosupresores, antibióticos si hay evidencia de infección y escisión quirúrgica. Presentamos un caso de IGM recurrente tratada con dapsona, con buena respuesta a tratamiento, demostrando que este fármaco podría ser una buena alternativa terapéutica debido a su efecto inmunomodulador, antiinflamatorio y ahorrador de esteroides.


Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is an uncommon, non-malignant, chronic inflamma-tory breast condition. It can mimic three very fre-quent breast disorders: breast carcinoma, mastitis and breast abscess. IGM typically presents as a unilateral and painful breast mass. The etiology of IGM is not well defined, but it has been pro-posed that it could be localized immune reaction to breast tissue. The diagnosis of recurrent IGM is complex be-cause clinical and radiological findings are nons-pecific, therefore histopathologic evaluation is crucial. Breast cancer and infectious and nonin-fectious granulomatous inflammation should be discarded. Treatment of IGM is controversial, including close monitoring, immunosuppressive drugs, antibiotics if there is infection evidence and surgical excision. This is a case report of recurrent IGM treated with Dapsone, with good response to treatment, showing that this drug could be a good therapeutic alternative due to its immunomodulatory and anti-inflammatory and steroid sparing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Dapsone/therapeutic use , Dermatologic Agents/therapeutic use , Granulomatous Mastitis/drug therapy , Recurrence , Granulomatous Mastitis/diagnosis
14.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 82-88, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-648257

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare disease characterized by noncaseating granulomatous inflammation of unknown origin. Because its clinical features are similar to those of other type of mastitis or breast cancer, accurate diagnosis and adequate treatment are essential to ensuring a short symptom duration and improving the quality of life. METHODS: The clinical, radiologic, pathophysiologic, and treatment data for 43 patients diagnosed with IGM at the Breast Cancer Center of Gachon University Gil Medical Center between 2005 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Forty-one patients (95.34%) were of childbearing age, seven (16.27%) had a history of lactation, and five (11.62%) had a history of oral contraceptive use. In terms of radiologic findings, 30 patients (69.77%) were diagnosed with Breast Imaging-Reporting and Data System category ≥4A lesions. Corticosteroid therapy was administered to 36 patients (83.72%); overall, 18 patients (41.86%) did not require surgery and 25 patients (58.13%) underwent partial or total mastectomy. Twelve patients (27.90%) developed recurrence. CONCLUSION: IGM is a benign disease that can be misdiagnosed as breast cancer because of its similar clinical and radiologic findings. Proper diagnosis and treatment can be difficult, but delays may lead to prolonged pain and cosmetic and socioeconomic problems. Efforts should be aimed at establishing the cause of IGM and developing efficient protocols for its diagnosis and treatment.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Granulomatous Mastitis , Immunoglobulin M , Inflammation , Information Systems , Lactation , Mastectomy, Simple , Mastitis , Quality of Life , Rare Diseases , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Steroids
15.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 62(4): 303-306, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-787769

ABSTRACT

Summary Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a rare disorder of unknown etiology. This disease occurs mostly in young women and often after the lactation period. Women usually present with a fixed, painful mass, sparing the retroareolar region, associated with skin thickening and possible ulceration that mimics carcinoma. Nipple discharge can be present and bilateral involvement may occur in up to 25% of cases. In this case report, we present a typical case of histologically confirmed idiopathic granulomatous mastitis, highlighting the imaging findings, including magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), which may favor this diagnosis and enable better clinical management of these patients.


Resumo A mastite granulomatosa idiopática é uma afecção rara e de etiologia desconhecida. Essa doença ocorre principalmente em mulheres jovens e frequentemente após o período de lactação. As mulheres apresentam clinicamente massa endurecida, fixa, dolorosa, poupando a região retroareolar, associada a espessamento cutâneo, podendo ulcerar, simulando carcinoma. Descarga papilar pode estar presente e o envolvimento bilateral pode ocorrer em até 25% dos casos. Neste relato, apresentamos um caso típico de mastite granulomatosa idiopática, com confirmação histológica, destacando os aspectos de imagem, incluindo a ressonância magnética (RM), que possam favorecer o diagnóstico e possibilitar um melhor manejo clínico dessas pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Granulomatous Mastitis/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy, Needle , Breast Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mammography , Diagnosis, Differential
18.
Repert. med. cir ; 25(4): 235-240, 2016. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-849318

ABSTRACT

Este artículo hace la presentación clínica, imagenológica e histológica de pacientes con diagnóstico de mastitis ranulomatosa idiopática que consultan al Servicio de mastología de 2 hospitales universitarios. Es un estudio observacional descriptivo de serie de casos de pacientes que ingresaron a la consulta de seno en el Hospital de San José y en el Hospital Infantil Universitario de San José de la ciudad de Bogotá entre el 1 de octubre de 2008 y el 30 de septiembre de 2012. Se evaluó a 45 pacientes con diagnóstico de mastitis granulomatosa, con descripción de manifestaciones clínicas, imágenes diagnósticas y de los tratamientos empleados. El promedio de edad de estas pacientes fue de 39 anos. Se observa baja asociación con tabaquismo y con el uso de anticonceptivos orales. La categorización ecográfica más frecuente fue BIRADS 3. El manejo inicial antibiótico mostró complicaciones del 96%. El manejo quirúrgico inicial tuvo recaída del 20%. Complicaciones como fístulas y colecciones se manejaron con uadrantectomía y drenaje quirúrgico. La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una enfermedad crónica, su diagnóstico es histopatológico, tiene amplio espectro de características clínicas y puede simular enfermedad maligna. No hay un protocolo estándar de manejo. Los antibióticos, esteroides e inmunomoduladores no han mostrado evidencia para su recomendación. El tratamiento quirúrgico puede ser necesario.


Describe the clinical, imaging and histological features in patients diagnosed with idiopathic granulomatous mastitis that were seen in the Mastology Departments of 2 university hospitals. A descriptive observational study was conducted on a case series of patients that attended breast clinics in Hospital de San Jose and Hospital Infantil Universitario de San Jose in Bogota from October 1, 2008 to September 30, 2012. The study included 45 patients with diagnosis of ranulomatous mastitis, and provides a description of the clinical features, diagnostic images, and treatments given. The mean age was 39 years. There was a low association with smoking and the use of oral contraceptives. The most requent imaging categorization was BIRADS 3. Initial management with antibiotics showed complications in 96%. Surgical management had a relapse rate of 20%. Complications, such as fistula and collections were managed with quadrantectomy and surgical drainage. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a chronic disease, and its diagnosis is istopathological. It has a wide spectrum of clinical features, and can simulate malignant disease. There is no standard management protocol, and antibiotics, steroids, and immunomodulators have shown no evidence for their ecommendation. Surgical treatment may be required.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Granulomatous Mastitis , Biopsy , Breast
20.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol ; 80(2): 111-118, abr. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-747531

ABSTRACT

La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una patología inflamatoria de la mama poco frecuente, de etiología desconocida. Dado su forma de presentación clínica e imágenes puede simular tanto patología infecciosa como neoplásica, por lo que es importante sospecharla con el fin de realizar un diagnóstico adecuado y oportuno. La mayoría de los reportes en la literatura sobre esta patología corresponden a series de pocos casos. En este estudio se realizó un análisis retrospectivo de los aspectos clínicos, histopatológicos, ima-genológicos y de manejo de 36 casos diagnosticados mediante biopsia Core bajo ecografía en el Hospital Clínico de la Universidad de Chile entre los años 2004 y 2014. En este reporte, al igual que en la literatura, los hallazgos clínicos e imagenológicos de la mastitis granulomatosa se superponen con los de la patología maligna e infecciosa. Si bien no observamos hallazgos patognomónicos, existen signos que hacen sospechar esta patología. En nuestro estudio encontramos que la presentación clínica más frecuente fue la masa o nódulo palpable, seguida de fístulas a la piel y engrosamiento cutáneo. Imagenológicamente el hallazgo mamográfico más frecuente fue la asimetría y en ecografía fue el área irregular con extensiones tubulares hipoecogénicas. Se revisan además aspectos histológicos, fisiopatológicos y del manejo de esta patología.


Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is an infrequent inflammatory disease of the breast, with etiology still unknown. Clinical presentation and images can simulate both infectious and neoplastic disease so it's important to suspect it to make a proper and timely diagnosis. Most reports in the literature on this topic correspond to small case series. This study is a retrospective analysis of the clinical, histopathological and imaging features and its management of 36 cases diagnosed by core biopsy under ultrasound at the Clinical Hospital of the University of Chile between 2004 and 2014. In this report, as in the literature, clinical and imaging findings in idiopathic granulomatous mastitis overlap with malignant and infectious diseases. Although we observed no pathognomonic findings, there are signs that make you suspect this condition. In our study we found that the most common clinical presentation was a palpable mass or nodule, followed by cutaneous fistula. Radiologically the most common mammographic finding was lobulated or irregular area and in ultrasound the most frecuent is the distorted breast parenchyma with posterior acoustic shadowing. Histological, pathophysiological and management aspects of this pathology was also reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Granulomatous Mastitis/pathology , Granulomatous Mastitis/diagnostic imaging , Biopsy , Breast/pathology , Breast/diagnostic imaging , Mammography , Chile , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography
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