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1.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1710-1730, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981165

ABSTRACT

Heat shock proteins (HSPs) widely exist in all organisms, the structures of which are usually extraordinarily conservative. They are also well-known stress proteins that are involved in response to physical, chemical and biological stresses. HSP70 is an important member of the HSPs family. In order to study the roles of amphibians HSP70 during infection, the cDNA sequence of Rana amurensis hsp70 family genes were cloned by homologous cloning method. The sequence characteristics, three-dimensional structure and genetic relationship of Ra-hsp70s were analyzed by bioinformatics methods. The expression profiles under bacterial infection were also analyzed by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). Expression and localization of HSP70 protein were tested by immunohistochemical techniques. The results showed that three conservative tag sequences of HSP70 family, HSPA5, HSPA8 and HSPA13, were found in HSP70. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicated four members are distributed in four different branches, and members with the same subcellular localization motif are distributed in the same branch. The relative expression levels of the mRNA of four members were all significantly upregulated (P < 0.01) upon infection, but the time for up-regulating the expression levels were diverse in different tissues. The immunohistochemical analysis showed that HSP70 was expressed to different degrees in the cytoplasm of liver, kidney, skin and stomach tissue. The four members of Ra-hsp70 family have ability to respond bacterial infection to varying degrees. Therefore, it was proposed that they are involved in biological processes against pathogen and play different biological functions. The study provides a theoretical basis for functional studies of HSP70 gene in amphibians.


Subject(s)
Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Phylogeny , Amino Acid Sequence , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Stress, Physiological
2.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(4): 585-591, out.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1156247

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A sepse é uma infecção sistêmica que acarreta disfunção múltipla dos órgãos. A HSP70 é uma proteína responsiva ao estresse celular, assim como o estresse oxidativo. Esta revisão da literatura buscou investigar a HSP70 e o estresse oxidativo quanto à fisiopatologia da sepse e ao papel da HSP70 como possível alvo terapêutico. A HSP70 exerce efeito protetor quando localizada na célula (iHSP70), e sua diminuição, assim como seu aumento no ambiente extracelular (eHSP70) e o estresse oxidativo, é um biomarcador de gravidade na sepse. Além disso, terapias que aumentam a iHSP70 ou o próprio tratamento com HSP70 promovem a melhora na sepse.


Abstract Sepsis is a systemic infection that causes multiple organ dysfunction. HSP70 is a protein responsive to cell stress, in particular oxidative stress. Therefore, this literature review sought to investigate the roles of HSP70 and oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of sepsis and the possibility of HSP70 as a therapeutic target. HSP70 exerts a protective effect when located in cells (iHSP70), and its decrease, as well as its increase in the extracellular environment (eHSP70), under oxidative stress is a biomarker of sepsis severity. In addition, therapies that increase iHSP70 and treatment with HSP70 promote sepsis improvement.


Subject(s)
Humans , Sepsis , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Biomarkers/metabolism , Oxidative Stress
3.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(5): 378-382, Sept.-Oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131627

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: To measure humor heat-shock protein 70, periostin, and irisin levels in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome and cataract (without glaucoma), and compare them with those of patients with cataract but without pseudoexfoliation. Methods: We examined 31 eyes of 31 patients with pseudoexfoliation and cataract (without glaucoma) and 30 eyes of 30 patients with cataract. We collected aqueous humor samples from all patients at the time of cataract surgery through a limbal paracentesis via a 25-gauge cannula mounted on a tuberculin syringe that received 100 to 150 µL of aqueous humor. We measured levels of aqueous humor Heat shock protein 70, periostin, and irisin using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. Results: The age (p=0.221) and gender (p=0.530) means were similar between the pseudoexfoliation and control groups. The mean Heat shock protein 70 level (29.22 ± 9.46 ng/mL; 17.88-74.46) in the pseudoexfoliation group was significantly higher than that in the control group (19.03 ± 7.05 ng/mL; 9.93-35.52; p<0.0001). The mean periostin level was significantly higher (6017.32 ± 1271.79 pg/mL; 3787.50-10803.57) in the pseu doexfoliation group than that in the control group (4073.63 ± 1422.79 pg/mL; 2110.44-7490.64; p<0.0001). The mean irisin level (53.77 ± 10.19 ng/mL; 29.46-71.16) was significantly higher than that in the control group (39.29 ± 13.58 ng/mL; 19.41-70.56; p<0.0001). Conclusions: Heat shock protein 70, periostin, and irisin levels increase in the aqueous humor of patients with pseudoexfoliation without glaucoma.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70, de periostina e de irisina no humor aquoso de pacientes com pseudoexfoliação com catarata sem glaucoma e compará-los com pacientes com catarata sem pseudoexfoliação. Métodos: Trinta e um olhos de 31 pacientes com pseudoexfoliação com catarata sem glaucoma e 30 olhos de 30 indivíduos com catarata foram incluídos neste estudo. Amostras de humor aquoso foram coletadas de todos os pacientes no momento da cirurgia de catarata e obtidas através de uma paracentese límbica por meio de uma cânula de calibre 25 acoplada a uma seringa com tuberculina. Foram coletados 100 a 150 µL de humor aquoso. Os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70, de periostina e de irisina no humor aquoso foram medidos usando o método de ensaio imunossorvente ligado a enzima. Resultados: A média da idade (p=0,221) e sexo (p=0,530) foram semelhantes entre os grupos pseudoexfoliação e controle. Os níveis médios de proteína de choque térmico 70 foram 29,22 ± 9,46 ng/mL (17,88-74,46) e 19,03 ± 7,05 ng/ mL (9,93-35,52) nos grupos pseudoexfoliação e controle, respectivamente. Os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70 foram maiores no grupo pseudoexfoliação (p<0,0001). O nível médio de periostina foi de 6017,32 ± 1271,79 pg/mL (3787,50-10803,57) no grupo pseudoexfoliação e 4073,63 ± 1422,79 pg/mL (2110,44-7490,64) no grupo controle. O nível médio de periostina também foi maior no grupo pseudoexfoliação (p<0,0001). Os níveis médios de irisina foram 53,77 ± 10,19 ng/mL (29,46-71,16) e 39,29 ± 13,58 ng/mL (19,41-70,56) nos grupos pseudoexfoliação e controle, respectivamente. O nível médio de irisina foi maior no grupo pseudoexfoliação do que no grupo controle (p<0,0001). Conclusões: Os níveis de proteína de choque térmico 70, de periostina e de irisina aumentam no humor aquoso de pacientes com pseudoexfoliação sem glaucoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aqueous Humor , Cataract , Cell Adhesion Molecules , Glaucoma , Fibronectins , Exfoliation Syndrome , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Fibronectins/metabolism , Exfoliation Syndrome/metabolism , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 985-992, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1129704

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se com este trabalho avaliar a diversidade genética do gene HSP-70.1 e associar os polimorfismos encontrados com a performance de vacas leiteiras das raças Holandesa, Girolando (5/8H-G) e Sindi criadas em região do semiárido brasileiro. Os polimorfismos foram identificados e avaliados pela técnica de PCR-RFLP, usando-se a enzima de restrição EcoRII. Avaliou-se a variabilidade genética por meio do índice de diversidade padrão e da análise de variância molecular (AMOVA). Os polimorfismos identificados foram avaliados sobre as características de produção de leite. Foram identificados sete alelos, os quais demonstraram que houve polimorfismo para a região gênica analisada, e alguns alelos foram compartilhados entre os rebanhos. As raças bovinas Holandesa e Sindi foram similares geneticamente para o gene analisado. A AMOVA demonstrou que há variação genética entre os rebanhos e dentro deles, com a maior parte da variação ocorrendo dentro dos rebanhos para todos os grupos avaliados. Houve efeito dos alelos identificados sobre a produção de leite dos rebanhos das raças Holandesa (P<0,0001) e Girolando (P<0,0117). O gene HSP-70.1 foi polimórfico na população de bovinos leiteiros estudada, sendo, portanto, um marcador molecular promissor para avaliar a produção de leite de raças criadas em região semiárida.(AU)


The objective of this work was to evaluate the genetic diversity of the HSP-70.1 gene and to associate the polymorphisms found with the performance of Holstein, Girolando (5/8H-G) and Sindi dairy cows raised in region of the Brazilian semiarid. Polymorphisms were identified and evaluated using the PCR-RFLP technique using the EcoRII restriction enzyme. Genetic variability was evaluated using the standard diversity index and molecular variance analysis (AMOVA). The identified polymorphisms were evaluated on the characteristics of milk production. They were identified from the seven alleles, demonstrating that there was polymorphism for the analyzed gene region and some alleles were shared among the herds. The Holstein and Sindi bovine breeds were genetically like the analyzed gene. AMOVA demonstrated that there is genetic variation between and within the herds, with most of the variation occurring within the herds for all groups evaluated. There was effect of the alleles identified on the production of milk herds of Holstein and (P<0.0001) Girolando (P<0.0117) breeds. The HSP-70.1 gene was polymorphic in the population of dairy cattle studied, and therefore a promising molecular marker to evaluate milk production of breeds created in semiarid regions.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/analysis , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Heat Stress Disorders/veterinary , Polymerase Chain Reaction/veterinary , Analysis of Variance , Semi-Arid Zone , Thermotolerance
5.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(supl.2): 58-65, ago. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038828

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Mucosal leishmaniasis has a progressive course and can cause deformity and even mutilation in the affected areas. It is endemic in the American continent and it is mainly caused by Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis. Objective: To describe a series of mucosal leishmaniasis cases and the infectious Leishmania species. Materials and methods: We included 50 patients with a clinical diagnosis of mucosal leishmaniasis and parasitological confirmation, and we described their clinical and laboratory results. We performed species typing by PCR-RFLP using the miniexon sequence and hsp70 genes; confirmation was done by sequencing. Results: The median time of disease evolution was 2.9 years (range: 1 month to 16 years). The relevant clinical findings included mucosal infiltration (94%), cutaneous leishmaniasis scar (74%), total loss of the nasal septum (24%), nasal deformity (22%), and mucosal ulceration (38%). The symptoms reported included nasal obstruction (90%), epistaxis (72%), rhinorrhea (72%), dysphonia (28%), dysphagia (18%), and nasal pruritus (34%). The histopathological study revealed a pattern compatible with leishmaniasis in 86% of the biopsies, and amastigotes were identified in 14% of them. The Montenegro skin test was positive in 86% of patients, immunofluorescence in 84%, and culture in 8%. Leishmania (V.) braziliensis was identified in 88% of the samples, L. (V) panamensis in 8%, and L. (V.) guyanensis and L. (L.) amazonensis in 2% respectively. Conclusion: In this study, we found a severe nasal disease with destruction and deformity of the nasal septum in 25% of the cases, probably associated with late diagnosis. Leishmania (V.) braziliensis was the predominant species. We described a case of mucosal leishmaniasis in Colombia caused by L. (L.) amazonensis for the first time.


Resumen Introducción. La leishmaniasis mucosa tiene un curso progresivo y puede causar deformidad e incluso mutilación de las zonas afectadas. Es endémica en el continente americano y es causada principalmente por Leishmania (Viannia) brasiliensis. Objetivo. Describir una serie de casos de leishmaniasis mucosa y las especies de Leishmania infecciosas. Materiales y métodos. Se estudiaron 50 pacientes con diagnóstico clínico de leishmaniasis mucosa y confirmación parasitológica. Se describieron sus características clínicas y los resultados de laboratorio. La tipificación de especies se hizo mediante reacción en cadena de la polimerasa de los polimorfismos de la longitud de los fragmentos de restricción (Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Polymerase Chain Reaction, PCR-RFLP) en la secuencia del miniexon y el gen hsp70 y se confirmó por secuenciación. Resultados. La evolución de la enfermedad fue de un mes a dieciséis años (mediana de 2,8 años). Los hallazgos clínicos fueron los siguientes: infiltración mucosa (94 %), cicatriz de leishmaniasis cutánea (74 %), pérdida total del tabique nasal (24 %), deformidad nasal (22 %) y ulceración (38 %). Los síntomas reportados fueron: obstrucción nasal (90 %), epistaxis (72 %), rinorrea (72 %), disfonía (28 %), disfagia (18 %) y prurito nasal (34 %). La histopatología mostró un patrón compatible con leishmaniasis en 86 % de las biopsias y se identificaron amastigotes en 14 % de ellas. La prueba de Montenegro fue positiva en 86 % de los pacientes, la inmunofluorescencia en 84 %, y el cultivo en 8 %. Leishmania (V.) brasiliensis se identificó en 88 % de las muestras, L. (V) panamensis en 8 %, y L. (V.) guyanensis y L. (L.) amazonensis en 2 %, respectivamente. Conclusión. Se encontró enfermedad nasal grave con destrucción y deformidad del tabique nasal en una cuarta parte de los casos, probablemente debido a un diagnóstico tardío. Leishmania (V.) brasiliensis fue la especie predominante. Se describe por primera vez un caso de leishmaniasis mucosa causado por L. (L.) amazonensis en Colombia.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Leishmania braziliensis/isolation & purification , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/parasitology , Leishmania guyanensis/isolation & purification , Skin/parasitology , Species Specificity , Leishmania braziliensis/classification , Leishmania braziliensis/genetics , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/complications , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/pathology , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous/epidemiology , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , DNA, Protozoan/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Genes, Protozoan , Leishmania guyanensis/classification , Leishmania guyanensis/genetics , Colombia/epidemiology , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics
6.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 39(2): 252-264, ene.-jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011438

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The study of the interaction between the parasite, the vector and the mammalian hosts, including man, allows to understand the behavior of the leishmaniases. Objective: To determine the presence of Lutzomyia species and to detect the Leishmania infection in Didelphis marsupialis in an endemic area for visceral leishmaniasis. Materials and methods: Phlebotomine fauna and individuals of D. marsupialis were collected with CDC and Tomahawk™ traps, respectively. The species of Lutzomyia were identified using the Young and Duncan key (1994). Ear and tail biopsies and blood samples from D. marsupialis were taken to identify the Leishmania species by amplifying a fragment of the gene associated with the 70 kD heat shock protein. Results: Seven Lutzomyia species were identified: Lu. evansi, Lu. gomezi, Lu. panamensis, Lu. dubitans, Lu. cayennensis cayennensis, Lu. rangeliana and Lu. trinidadensis. The first three species have epidemiological importance in Colombia because of their implications in the transmission of the Leishmania parasite. Sixty-five tissue samples from 19 D. marsupialis individuals were negative for Leishmania spp. Conclusions: The presence of the Lutzomyia species that have been identified as vectors for Leishmania inside and around houses in the village of El Bledo, in El Carmen de Bolívar represents a risk of infection. Furthermore, the presence of Lu. panamensis is reported for first time in El Carmen de Bolívar in Colombia. Although the lack of detection of Leishmania spp. in D. marsupialis samples may suggest that D. marsupialis does not play an important role in the transmission cycle of Leishmania in this region, it is necessary to carry out further longitudinal studies to confirm this hypothesis.


Resumen Introducción. El estudio de la interacción entre el parásito, el vector y los huéspedes mamíferos, incluido el hombre, permite entender el comportamiento de la leishmaniasis. Objetivo. Determinar la presencia de especies del género Lutzomyia y detectar la infección por Leishmania spp. en Didelphis marsupialis en un área endémica de leishmaniasis visceral. Materiales y métodos. Se recolectaron flebotomíneos y D. marsupialis con trampas CDC y Tomahawk™, respectivamente. Las especies de Lutzomyia se identificaron usando la clave de Young y Duncan, 1994. Se tomaron biopsias de oreja, cola y muestras de sangre de D. marsupialis para diagnosticar Leishmania spp. mediante la amplificación de un fragmento del gen de la proteína de choque térmico de 70 kD. Resultados. Se identificaron siete especies de Lutzomyia: Lu. evansi, Lu. gomezi, Lu. panamensis, Lu. dubitans, Lu. cayennensis cayennensis, Lu. rangeliana y Lu. trinidadensis. Las tres primeras especies son reconocidas como vectores en el país por estar implicadas en la transmisión de Leishmania spp. En total, 65 muestras de tejidos de oreja, cola y de sangre provenientes de 19 D. marsupialis fueron negativas para Leishmania spp. en la PCR-HSP70. Conclusiones. La presencia de flebotomíneos con importancia epidemiológica en la zona evaluada representa un riesgo de transmisión. Asimismo, Lu. panamensis es reportada por primera vez en El Bledo (Carmen de Bolívar). La ausencia de Leishmania spp. en D. marsupialis podría sugerir que esta especie no tiene un papel importante en el ciclo de transmisión de Leishmania en la vereda El Bledo, por lo que es necesario profundizar en estudios longitudinales para corroborar esta hipótesis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Psychodidae , Disease Reservoirs/parasitology , Didelphis , Insect Vectors , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/epidemiology , Psychodidae/parasitology , Rural Population , Species Specificity , Tail/parasitology , Blood/parasitology , Colombia/epidemiology , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Endemic Diseases , Didelphis/parasitology , Ear, External/parasitology , Housing , Insect Vectors/parasitology , Leishmania/isolation & purification , Leishmania/classification , Leishmania/genetics , Leishmaniasis, Visceral/transmission
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(2): 156-164, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-990568

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objetive: Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) improved symptoms and increased survival and quality of life in patients with coronary artery disease. However, it should be the main cause of a complex organic systemic inflammatory response that greatly contributes to several postoperative adverse effects. Methods: We aimed to evaluate heat-shock protein 70 (HSP 70) expression as a morbimortality predictor in patients with preserved ventricular function undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and to determine their association with the lactate as a marker of tissue hypoperfusion and the EuroSCORE risk score. This is a prospective, observational study including 46 patients and occurring between May and July 2016. Patients without ventricular dysfunction undergoing myocardial revascularization with extracorporeal circulation were included. They were divided into (1) complicated and (2) uncomplicated postoperative evolution groups. EuroSCORE, lactate levels, and HSP 70 expression and their correlations were determined. Results: Statistical analysis showed that the group with complicated evolution had higher EuroSCORE values than the other group. HSP 70 protein levels were significantly increased in the group with uncomplicated evolution and showed similar results. According to our results, HSP family proteins may be independent predictors of uncomplicated evolution in patients without ventricular dysfunction undergoing CABG with CPB. Conclusion: HSP 70 should be a good discriminator and protection marker for complications in cardiac surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/mortality , Coronary Artery Bypass/mortality , Risk Assessment/methods , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/analysis , Lactic Acid/blood , Preoperative Period , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Biomarkers/analysis , Cardiopulmonary Bypass/methods , Logistic Models , Blotting, Western , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Statistics, Nonparametric , Myocardium/pathology
8.
Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives ; (6): 6-11, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741768

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Despite all the efforts and increased knowledge of rabies, the exact mechanisms of infection and mortality from the rabies virus are not well understood. To understand the mechanisms underlying the pathogenicity of rabies virus infection, it is crucial to study the tissue that the rabies virus naturally infects in humans. METHODS: Cerebellum brain tissue from 9 human post mortem cases from Iran, who had been infected with rabies virus, were examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically to evaluate the innate immune responses against the rabies virus. RESULTS: Histopathological examination revealed inflammation of the infected cerebellum and immunohistochemical analyses showed an increased immunoreactivity of heat shock protein 70, interleukin-6, interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, caspase-3, caspase-9, toll-like receptor3 and toll-like receptor4 in the infected brain tissue. CONCLUSION: These results indicated the involvement of innate immunity in rabies infected human brain tissue, which may aggravate the progression of this deadly disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Central Nervous System , Cerebellum , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Immunity, Innate , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Iran , Mortality , Pathology , Rabies virus , Rabies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Virulence
9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e272-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765123

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nanoparticle-mediated photothermal therapy (PTT) has been well studied as a treatment for cancer. However, the therapeutic outcome of PTT is often hindered by the penetration depth of laser light. In the tumor margin beyond the laser penetration limit, tumor recurrence often occurs, bypassing the immune response of the host. Accumulating evidence suggests the prominent role of tumor microenvironment (TME) and its interactions with the immune components contribute to an immunosuppressive milieu during the post-therapy period. Here, we explored the immunosuppressive cascade generated after PTT, which is responsible for tumor recurrence, and identified the potential targets to achieve an effective PTT period. METHODS: Here, we investigated the immunosuppressive cascade generated after PTT in a CT26 tumor bearing mouse. The liposomal system loaded with the indocyanine green (ICG) was utilized for the generation of PTT with high efficiency. Immunological factors such as cytokines and protein expressions post-therapy were investigated through enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, flow cytometry and western blot analysis. RESULTS: Our results suggested that PTT with ICG-loaded liposomes (Lipo-ICG) was effective for the first 5 days after treatment, resulting in tumor suppression. However, an immunosuppressive and pro-inflammatory environment developed thereafter, causing the recruitment and upregulation of the immune evasion factors of heat shock protein 70, programmed death ligand 1, indoleamine-dioxygenase, interleukin-6, transforming growth factor-β, regulatory T-cells, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells, to develop immunotolerance. CONCLUSION: Collectively, these findings have determined potential therapeutic targets to modulate the TME during PTT and achieve tumor ablation without remission.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blotting, Western , Cytokines , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Flow Cytometry , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Immune Evasion , Immunologic Factors , Immunosuppression Therapy , Indocyanine Green , Interleukin-6 , Liposomes , Recurrence , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Tumor Microenvironment , Up-Regulation
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 125-130, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771507

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the inhibitory effect of extract of Coptidis Rhizoma(ECR) on invasion of Candida albicans hyphae in vitro.XTT reduction method was used to evaluate the metabolic activity of C.albicans.The colony edge growth of C.albicans was observed by solid medium.The growth of C.albicans hyphae was determined on semi-solid medium.The morphology and viability changes of C.albicans hyphae were assessed by scanning electron microscope and fluorescence microscope.qRT-PCR method was used to detect the ALS3 and SSA1 expression of C.albicans invasin genes.The results showed that the metabolic viability by XTT method detected that the activity of C.albicans was gradually decreased under the intervention of 64,128 and 256 mg·L-1 of ECR respectively.128,256 mg·L-1 of ECR significantly inhibited colony folds and wrinkles on solid medium and the hyphal invasion in semi-solid medium.Scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence microscopy showed that 128,256 mg·L-1 of ECR could inhibit the formation of C.albicans hyphae.qRT-PCR results showed that the expression of invasin gene ALS3 and SSA1 was down-regulated,and especially 256 mg·L-1 of ECR could down-regulate the two genes expression by 4.8,1.68 times respectively.This study showed that ECR can affect the invasiveness of C.albicans by inhibiting the growth of hyphae and the expression of invasin.


Subject(s)
Adenosine Triphosphatases , Genetics , Candida albicans , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Fungal Proteins , Genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Fungal , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Genetics , Hyphae , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning
11.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 203-217, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761783

ABSTRACT

The present study was designed to examine the effect of heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) induction by cobalt protoporphyrin (CoPP) on the cardiac functions and morphology, electrocardiogram (ECG) changes, myocardial antioxidants (superoxide dismutase [SOD] and glutathione [GSH]), and expression of heat shock protein (Hsp) 70 and connexin 43 (Cx-43) in myocardial muscles in isoproterenol (ISO) induced myocardial infarction (MI). Thirty two adult male Sprague Dawely rats were divided into 4 groups (each 8 rats): normal control (NC) group, ISO group: received ISO at dose of 150 mg/kg body weight intraperitoneally (i.p.) for 2 successive days; ISO + Trizma group: received (ISO) and Trizma (solvent of CoPP) at dose of 5 mg/kg i.p. injection 2 days before injection of ISO, with ISO at day 0 and at day 2 after ISO injections; and ISO + CoPP group: received ISO and CoPP at a dose of 5 mg/kg dissolved in Trizma i.p. injection as Trizma. We found that, administration of ISO caused significant increase in heart rate, corrected QT interval, ST segment, cardiac enzymes (lactate dehydrogenase, creatine kinase-muscle/brain), cardiac HO-1, Hsp70 with significant attenuation in myocardial GSH, SOD, and Cx-43. On the other hand, administration of CoPP caused significant improvement in ECG parameters, cardiac enzymes, cardiac morphology; antioxidants induced by ISO with significant increase in HO-1, Cx-43, and Hsp70 expression in myocardium. In conclusions, we concluded that induction of HO-1 by CoPP ameliorates ISO-induced myocardial injury, which might be due to up-regulation of Hsp70 and gap junction protein (Cx-43).


Subject(s)
Adult , Animals , Humans , Male , Rats , Antioxidants , Body Weight , Cobalt , Connexin 43 , Connexins , Creatine , Electrocardiography , Glutathione , Hand , Heart Rate , Heat-Shock Proteins , Heme Oxygenase-1 , Heme , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Isoproterenol , Muscles , Myocardial Infarction , Myocardium , Oxidoreductases , Tromethamine , Up-Regulation
12.
Laboratory Animal Research ; : 154-164, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786408

ABSTRACT

In the present study, we investigated the effects of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) on novel object recognition, cell proliferation, and neuroblast differentiation in the hippocampus. To facilitate penetration into the blood–brain barrier and neuronal plasma membrane, we created a Tat-HSP70 fusion protein. Eight-week-old mice received intraperitoneal injections of vehicle (10% glycerol), control-HSP70, or Tat-HSP70 protein once a day for 21 days. To elucidate the delivery efficiency of HSP70 into the hippocampus, western blot analysis for polyhistidine was conducted. Polyhistidine protein levels were significantly increased in control-HSP70- and Tat-HSP70-treated groups compared to the control or vehicle-treated group. However, polyhistidine protein levels were significantly higher in the Tat-HSP70-treated group compared to that in the control-HSP70-treated group. In addition, immunohistochemical study for HSP70 showed direct evidences for induction of HSP70 immunoreactivity in the control-HSP70- and Tat-HSP70-treated groups. Administration of Tat-HSP70 increased the novel object recognition memory compared to untreated mice or mice treated with the vehicle. In addition, the administration of Tat-HSP70 significantly increased the populations of proliferating cells and differentiated neuroblasts in the dentate gyrus compared to those in the control or vehicle-treated group based on the Ki67 and doublecortin (DCX) immunostaining. Furthermore, the phosphorylation of cAMP response element-binding protein (pCREB) was significantly enhanced in the dentate gyrus of the Tat-HSP70-treated group compared to that in the control or vehicle-treated group. Western blot study also demonstrated the increases of DCX and pCREB protein levels in the Tat-HSP70-treated group compared to that in the control or vehicle-treated group. In contrast, administration of control-HSP70 moderately increased the novel object recognition memory, cell proliferation, and neuroblast differentiation in the dentate gyrus compared to that in the control or vehicle-treated group. These results suggest that Tat-HSP70 promoted hippocampal functions by increasing the pCREB in the hippocampus.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Blotting, Western , Cell Membrane , Cell Proliferation , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein , Dentate Gyrus , Heat-Shock Proteins , Hippocampus , Hot Temperature , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Injections, Intraperitoneal , Memory , Neurons , Phosphorylation
13.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 51(5): 584-590, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-957459

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The Mayaro virus (MAYV), which is an arbovirus closely related to the Chikungunya virus, causes a dengue-like acute illness that is endemic to Central and South America. We investigated the anti-MAYV activity of prostaglandin A1 (PGA1), a hormone which exhibits antiviral activity against both ribonucleic acid (RNA) and deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) viruses. Further, we examined the effects of inducting the stress protein HSP70 following PGA1 treatment. METHODS: Hep-2 cells infected with MAYV were treated with PGA1 (0.1-6μg/ml) 12h before infection and for different periods post-infection. Inhibition of viral replication inhibition was analyzed via viral titer determination, whereas the effect of PGA1 on viral morphogenesis was examined via transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Autoradiography (with 35S methionine labeling) and western blotting were used to assess the effect of PGA1 treatment on viral and cellular protein synthesis, and on HSP70 induction, respectively. RESULTS: PGA1 strongly reduced viral replication in Hep-2 cells, particularly when added during the early stages of viral replication. Although PGA1 treatment inhibited viral replication by 95% at 24 hours post-infection (hpi), viral structural protein synthesis was inhibited only by 15%. TEM analysis suggested that PGA1 inhibited replication before viral morphogenesis. Western blot and densitometry analyses showed that PGA1 treatment increased HSP70 protein levels, although this was not detectable via autoradiography. CONCLUSIONS: PGA1 inhibits MAYV replication in Hep-2 cells at early stages of viral replication, prior to production of viral structural proteins, possibly via HSP70 induction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Cattle , Prostaglandins A/pharmacology , Virus Replication/drug effects , Alphavirus/drug effects , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/pharmacology , Epithelial Cells/virology , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Cell Line , Blotting, Western , Alphavirus/ultrastructure , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Electrophoresis, Polyacrylamide Gel , Epithelial Cells/ultrastructure
14.
Int. j. morphol ; 36(1): 226-234, Mar. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-893215

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The experiment was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary supplemental chromium (Cr) on growth performance, meat quality, intestinal morphology, mucosa Hsp70 mRNA expression and antioxidant status of ducks reared under heat stress conditions. All ducks were randomly divided into three treatment groups, respectively, control group (Control, 23 ± 2 °C), heat stress group (HS, 32 ±2 °C), Cr picolinate group (CrPic, 32 ± 2 °C, 0.2 mg Cr/kg). Feed and distilled-deionized water were available ad libitum for an experimental phase of 35 days. Samples were collected on the day 14, 21 and 35 to determine biological and hematological values. Results showed that heat stress or dietary supplemental Cr both didn't have distinct influence on growth performance (P>0.05), compared to controls. Ducks fed 0.2 mg Cr/kg diet had greater ultimate pH (pHu)(P<0.05) than HS group. At day 14, the ratio of villus height to crypt depth (V/C) in CrPic group significantly increased (P<0.05) than that of HS group in jejunum. Heat stress remarkably increased Hsp70 mRNA expression in jejunum compared with controls (P<0.05). While the expression of Hsp70 mRNA in CrPic group was significantly decreased compared with HS (P<0.05). At day 21, the V/C of ileum in CrPic group significantly increased compared with HS group (P<0.05). Serum SOD levels in CrPic group were significantly higher than those in HS group (P<0.05). At day 35, Hsp70 mRNA expression and serum T-SOD levels in CrPic group significantly increased compared with controls (P<0.05). T-AOC in HS group significantly decreased compared with controls (P<0.05). Results indicate that dietary Cr supplementation doesn't influence ducks' growth performance, but has a positive effect on meat quality, small intestine morphology, also regulates Hsp70 mRNA expression under heat stress conditions, and enhances the antioxidant status.


RESUMEN: Se evaluó los efectos del cromo (Cr) dietético suplementario sobre el rendimiento del crecimiento, la calidad de la carne, la morfología intestinal, la expresión del ARNm Hsp70 en la mucosa y el estado antioxidante de los patos criados bajo condiciones de estrés por calor. Todos los patos se dividieron aleatoriamente en tres grupos: grupo control (control, 23 ± 2 °C), grupo de estrés térmico (HS, 32 ± 2 °C) y grupo de picolinato de Cr (CrPic, 32 ± 2 °C, 0,2 mg Cr / kg). El alimento y el agua desionizada destilada estuvieron disponibles ad libitum durante la fase experimental de 35 días. Las muestras se recogieron los días 14, 21 y 35 para determinar los valores biológicos y hematológicos. Los resultados mostraron que el estrés térmico o la suplementación dietética de Cr no tuvieron una influencia distinta en el rendimiento del crecimiento (P> 0,05), en comparación con los controles. Los patos alimentados con 0,2 mg de Cr / kg de dieta tuvieron un mayor pH final (pHu) (P <0,05) que el grupo HS. En el día 14, la relación de la altura de las vellosidades a la profundidad de la cripta (V / C) en el grupo CrPic aumentó significativamente (P <0,05) en relación a la del grupo de HS en el yeyuno. El estrés por calor incrementó notablemente la expresión del ARNm de Hsp70 en el yeyuno en comparación con los controles (P <0,05). Mientras que la expresión del ARNm de Hsp70 en el grupo CrPic se redujo significativamente en comparación con HS (P <0,05). En el día 21, la relación V / C del íleon en el grupo CrPic aumentó significativamente en comparación con el grupo HS (p <0,05). Los niveles séricos de SOD en el grupo CrPic fueron significativamente más altos que los del grupo HS (P <0,05). En el día 35, la expresión de ARNm de Hsp70 y los niveles séricos de T-SOD en el grupo CrPic aumentaron significativamente en comparación con los controles (P <0,05). T-AOC en el grupo HS disminuyó significativamente en comparación con los controles (P <0,05). Los resultados indican que la suplementación dietética de Cr no influye en el rendimiento de crecimiento de los patos, pero tiene un efecto positivo en la calidad de la carne, en la morfología del intestino delgado, y también regula la expresión de ARNm de Hsp70 en condiciones de estrés calórico y mejora el estado antioxidante.


Subject(s)
Animals , Picolinic Acids/administration & dosage , Ducks , Hot Temperature , Intestine, Small/drug effects , Stress, Physiological , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Dietary Supplements , Intestine, Small/growth & development , Antioxidants
15.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 38(1): 86-95, ene.-mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888551

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introduction: Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE) is the reference standard for the characterization of Leishmania species. The test is restricted to specialized laboratories due to its technical complexity, cost, and time required to obtain results. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) is used to identify Leishmania species. Objective: To establish the concordance between the two tests as identifying methods for circulating species in Colombia. Materials and methods: A total of 96 isolates from patients with cutaneous or mucosal leishmaniasis were selected and identified by MLEE and PCR-RFLP with miniexon and hsp70 as the molecular targets, which were used sequentially. Restriction enzymes HaeIII and BccI were similarly applied. Cohen's kappa coefficient and the 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated. Results: The kappa coefficient and the 95% CI between MLEE and PCR-RFLP displayed "very good" concordance with a coefficient of 0.98 (CI95%: 0.98 to 1.00). The identified species were Leishmania Viannia braziliensis, Leishmania Viannia panamensis, Leishmania Viannia guyanensis and Leishmania Leishmania amazonensis. A total of 80 of the 96 isolates were sequenced and the results obtained by PCR-RFLP were confirmed. Conclusion: Due to the concordance obtained between tests results with the amplification of the genes miniexon and hsp70, PCR-RFLP is proposed as an alternative for identifying circulating Leishmania species in Colombia.


Abstract Introducción. La electroforesis de enzimas multilocus (Multilocus Enzyme Electrophoresis, MLEE) es el estándar de referencia para la tipificación de las especies de Leishmania. La prueba está restringida a laboratorios especializados por su complejidad técnica, sus costos y el tiempo necesario para obtener resultados. La PCR-RFLP (Polymerase Chain Reaction-Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism) se utiliza para tipificar especies de Leishmania. Objetivo. Establecer la concordancia entre las dos pruebas como métodos de tipificación de las especies circulantes en Colombia. Materiales y métodos. Se seleccionaron 96 aislamientos de pacientes con leishmaniasis cutánea o mucocutánea y se tipificaron mediante MLEE y PCR-RFLP con los blancos moleculares miniexon y hsp70 usados en serie. Las enzimas de restricción aplicadas fueron la HaeIII y la BccI, respectivamente. Se calculó el coeficiente kappa y un intervalo de confianza (IC) de 95 %. Resultados. Se determinó que la concordancia fue "muy buena" al obtener un coeficiente de 0,98 (IC95%: 0,98-1,00). Las especies identificadas fueron: Leishmania Viannia braziliensis, L. (V.) panamensis, L. (V.) guyanensis y L. (L,) amazonensis. De los 96 aislamientos, 80 se enviaron a secuenciación y se confirmaron los resultados obtenidos mediante PCR-RFLP. Conclusión. Dada la concordancia obtenida con la PCR-RFLP amplificando los genes miniexon y hsp70, se propone esta prueba como alternativa para la tipificación de especies de Leishmania circulantes en Colombia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leishmania braziliensis/isolation & purification , Leishmaniasis, Mucocutaneous , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Leishmania guyanensis/genetics , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Skin , Administration, Cutaneous , Colombia , Molecular Typing , Leishmania
16.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(1): 41-46, Jan. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896422

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: To investigate the neuropsychological characteristics and changes in CRP, S100B, MBP, HSP-7, and NSE in serum. Method: Sixty-six (66) patients treated in our hospital as CCCI group were chosen for our study, and 90 patients with depression were selected as the depression group. The patients in both groups were examined with CT perfusion, depression, anxiety and cognition evaluation. Their serum CRP, S100B, MBP, HSP-70 and NSE levels were detected. Neuropsychological and serum markers characteristics were compared. Results: The CBF and CBV in bilateral basal ganglia, frontal lobes, greater oval center, brain stem, and left and right regions of occipital lobes of the patients in CCCI group were significantly lower than in the depression group. The HAMD and HAMA scores of CCCI group patients were significantly lower than in the depression group; CCCI group performed better regarding attention, memory, abstract terms and delayed recall. CCCI also had significantly higher total scores than the depression group. Serum CRP, S100B, MBP, HSP-70 and NSE levels in CCCI group were significantly higher than in the depression group. The differences reach statistical significance (p<0.05). Conclusion: CCCI patients who are accompanied by minor depressive disorder have different degrees of cognitive impairment and experience a significant rise in serum CRP, S100B, MBP, HSP-70 and NSE.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Anxiety/diagnosis , Biomarkers/blood , Cerebrovascular Circulation/physiology , Cerebrovascular Disorders/blood , Depressive Disorder/diagnosis , Phosphopyruvate Hydratase/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Cerebrovascular Disorders/diagnosis , Cerebrovascular Disorders/physiopathology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Chronic Disease , Risk Factors , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/blood , Myelin Basic Protein/blood , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit/blood , Middle Aged , Neuropsychological Tests
17.
Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine ; : 643-651, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717839

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the immediate effect of single exercise on physical performance and memory in the early stage of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in rats. METHODS: Ninety TBI rats were randomly assigned to T0 (sedentary), T10 (treadmill 10 m/min for 30 minutes), or T20 (treadmill 20 m/min for 30 minutes) groups, on day 3 (D3), D7, and D14 after TBI, respectively. Rotarod (RR), Barnes maze (BM), brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and MR spectroscopy were performed immediately before and 6 hours after exercise. Rats were sacrificed for immunohistochemistry with heat shock protein 70 (Hsp70) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). RESULTS: On D3, the T10 and T20 groups demonstrated significant improvement in RR (p < 0.05). On D7, only the T20 group showed significantly enhanced RR (p < 0.05). In BM on D3, the T20 group showed significant deterioration compared with the other groups (p < 0.05). Lesion volume did not significantly differ among the groups. MR spectroscopy on D3 showed that only the T20 group had significantly increased choline/creatine and 0.9/creatine (p < 0.05). In the perilesional area on D3, only T20 had a significantly higher Hsp70 and GFAP than the T0 group. On D7, Hsp70 was significantly higher in the T20 group than in the T0 group (p < 0.05). In the ipsilesional hippocampus on D3, the T20 group showed a significantly higher Hsp70 and GFAP than the T0 group (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: A single session of low-intensity exercise in the early period of TBI improves behavioral performance without inducing cognitive deficits. However, high-intensity exercise can exacerbate cognitive function in the early period after TBI. Therefore, the optimal timing of rehabilitation and exercise intensity are crucial in behavior and memory recovery after TBI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Brain , Brain Injuries , Cognition , Cognition Disorders , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein , Hippocampus , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Immunohistochemistry , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Memory , Rehabilitation
18.
Journal of Korean Neurosurgical Society ; : 548-558, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765294

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Diagnosing acute cerebral infarction is crucial in determining prognosis of stroke patients. Although many serologic tests for prompt diagnosis are available, the clinical application of serologic tests is currently limited. We investigated whether S100β, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), D-dimer, and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) can be used as biomarkers for acute cerebral infarction. METHODS: Focal cerebral ischemia was induced using the modified intraluminal filament technique. Mice were randomly assigned to 30-minute occlusion (n=10), 60-minute occlusion (n=10), or sham (n=5) groups. Four hours later, neurological deficits were evaluated and blood samples were obtained. Infarction volumes were calculated and plasma S100β, MMP-9, D-dimer, and HSP70 levels were measured using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. RESULTS: The average infarction volume was 12.32±2.31 mm³ and 46.9±7.43 mm³ in the 30- and 60-minute groups, respectively. The mean neurological score in the two ischemic groups was 1.6±0.55 and 3.2±0.70, respectively. S100β, MMP-9, and HSP70 expressions significantly increased after 4 hours of ischemia (p=0.001). Furthermore, S100β and MMP-9 expressions correlated with infarction volumes (p < 0.001) and neurological deficits (p < 0.001). There was no significant difference in D-dimer expression between groups (p=0.843). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) showed high sensitivity and specificity for MMP-9, HSP70 (AUC=1), and S100β (AUC=0.98). CONCLUSION: S100β, MMP-9, and HSP70 can complement current diagnostic tools to assess cerebral infarction, suggesting their use as potential biomarkers for acute cerebral infarction.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Biomarkers , Brain Ischemia , Cerebral Infarction , Complement System Proteins , Diagnosis , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Heat-Shock Proteins , Hot Temperature , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Infarction , Ischemia , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9 , Plasma , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Serologic Tests , Stroke
19.
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 40-40, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777665

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) exhibits protective effects against ultraviolet (UV)-induced premature skin aging. A standardized extract of Asparagus officinalis stem (EAS) is produced as a novel and unique functional food that induces HSP70 cellular expression. To elucidate the anti-photoaging potencies of EAS, we examined its effects on HSP70 expression levels in UV-B-irradiated normal human dermal fibroblasts (NHDFs).@*METHODS@#NHDFs were treated with 1 mg/mL of EAS or dextrin (vehicle control) prior to UV-B irradiation (20 mJ/cm). After culturing NHDFs for different time periods, HSP70 mRNA and protein levels were analyzed using real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blotting, respectively.@*RESULTS@#UV-B-irradiated NHDFs showed reduced HSP70 mRNA levels after 1-6 h of culture, which were recovered after 24 h of culture. Treatment with EAS alone for 24 h increased HSP70 mRNA levels in the NHDFs, but the increase was not reflected in its protein levels. On the other hand, pretreatment with EAS abolished the UV-B irradiation-induced reduction in HSP70 expression at both mRNA and protein levels. These results suggest that EAS is capable to preserve HSP70 quantity in UV-B-irradiated NHDFs.@*CONCLUSIONS@#EAS exhibits anti-photoaging potencies by preventing the reduction in HSP70 expression in UV-irradiated dermal fibroblasts.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Asparagus Plant , Cells, Cultured , Fibroblasts , Radiation Effects , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Skin , Radiation Effects , Skin Aging , Radiation Effects , Telomere , Metabolism , Ultraviolet Rays
20.
Biol. Res ; 51: 8, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888433

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Heat stress proteins are implicated in stabilizing and refolding denatured proteins in vertebrates and invertebrates. Members of the Hsp70 gene family comprise the cognate heat shock protein (Hsc70) and inducible heat shock protein (Hsp70). However, the cDNA sequence and the expression of Hsp70 in the Antarctic sea urchin are unknown. Methods: We amplified and cloned a transcript sequence of 1991 bp from the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri, experimentally exposed to heat stress (5 and 10 °C for 1, 24 and 48 h). RACE-PCR and qPCR were employed to determine Hsp70 gene expression, while western blot and ELISA methods were used to determine protein expression. Results: The sequence obtained from S. neumayeri showed high identity with Hsp70 members. Several Hsp70 family features were identified in the deduced amino acid sequence and they indicate that the isolated Hsp70 is related to the cognate heat shock protein type. The corresponding 70 kDa protein, called Sn-Hsp70, was immune detected in the coelomocytes and the digestive tract of S. neumayeri using a monospecific polyclonal antibody. We showed that S. neumayeri do not respond to acute heat stress by up-regulation of Sn-Hsp70 at transcript and protein level. Furthermore, the Sn-Hsp70 protein expression was not induced in the digestive tract. Conclusions: Our results provide the first molecular evidence that Sn-Hsp70 is expressed constitutively and is noninduced by heat stress in S. neumayeri.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sea Urchins/metabolism , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Heat-Shock Response/physiology , Phylogeny , Stress, Physiological/physiology , Up-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation/genetics , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Antarctic Regions
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