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1.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(6): 726-729, Nov.-Dec. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1355633

ABSTRACT

Abstract Carney complex is a rare genodermatosis characterized by cardiac and cutaneous myxomas, among other tumors. In the majority of cases, cutaneous myxomas precede the diagnosis of cardiac myxomas, which are the main cause of death in these patients. Despite the fact that the diagnosis of cutaneous myxomas is histopathological, high-frequency ultrasonography plays an essential role in the differential diagnosis with other cutaneous and subcutaneous tumors. The authors of the present study describe, for the first time in the literature, the ultrasonographic features of both variants of cutaneous myxomas, superficial and subcutaneous, in a patient with a Carney complex.


Subject(s)
Humans , Skin Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Carney Complex/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Myxoma/diagnostic imaging , Diagnosis, Differential
3.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(4): 637-640, ago. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346517

ABSTRACT

Resumen Las neoplasias cardíacas son entidades poco frecuentes en la práctica clínica cardiológica y dentro de éstas, la afectación metastásica es 20 a 40 veces más frecuente que la forma primaria, corres pondiendo al 95% de todos los tumores cardíacos; no obstante, debido a las características clínicas y oncológicas del tumor primario, los tumores cardíacos metastásicos son habitualmente subdiagnosticados. En este trabajo se presentan dos casos de pacientes con carcinoma anaplásico de tiroides, una mujer de 69 años con metástasis en ventrículo derecho y un varón de 61 años con metástasis en aurícula derecha. Ambos pacientes fallecieron durante la internación y a uno de ellos se le realizó autopsia.


Abstract Cardiac neoplasms are rare entities in the clinical practice. Cardiac metastatic involvement is 20 to 40 times more frequent than the primary form, representing 95% of all cardiac tumors; however, they are frequently underdiagnosed because of their clinical and oncologic features. In this report, we present two cases of cardiac metastasis from primary anaplastic thyroid carcinoma: a 69-years-old woman with right ventricular metastasis and a 61-years-old man with right atrial metastasis. Both patients died during their hospitalization and one of them underwent an autopsy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Skin Neoplasms , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroid Carcinoma, Anaplastic , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Melanoma
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(4): e349-e352, agosto 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1281786

ABSTRACT

El rabdomiosarcoma es el tumor maligno de partes blandas más frecuente en la edad pediátrica. Puede afectar cualquier localización anatómica. El subtipo histológico alveolar suele causar lesiones en las extremidades en niños de mayor edad. Los sitios metástasicos más frecuentes son el pulmón, la médula ósea, el hueso y los ganglios linfáticos. Describimos el caso de un paciente con rabdomiosarcoma alveolar (RA) con metástasis cardíaca, una presentación poco frecuente de la patología.


Rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common malignant soft tissue tumor in pediatric age. It can affect any anatomical location. Alveolar histological subtype usually presents lesions on the extremities in older children. The most common metastatic sites are the lung, bone marrow, bone and lymph node. We describe a case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma with cardiac metastasis in a pediatric patient, a rare presentation of the pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Soft Tissue Neoplasms/pathology , Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar/pathology , Foot Diseases/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/secondary , Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar/diagnosis , Rhabdomyosarcoma, Alveolar/therapy , Ventricular Septum , Foot Diseases/diagnosis , Foot Diseases/drug therapy , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Heart Neoplasms/drug therapy , Neoplasm Staging
5.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(1): e36108, abr. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1252493

ABSTRACT

Los linfomas cardíacos primarios son un subtipo muy poco frecuente de tumor en los cuales la lesión primaria se encuentra en el corazón. Los tumores suelen ser infiltrantes y se localizan en la aurícula derecha, seguidos del pericardio. Su mortalidad es notablemente alta y el diagnóstico tardío es el principal factor para su mal pronóstico. Describimos el caso de un paciente que presentó shock obstructivo por derrame pericárdico profuso causado por un tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primario, un linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.


Primary cardiac lymphomas are a rare subtype of lymphomas in which the primary lesion is in the heart. The tumors are usually located in the right atria, followed by the pericardium and are frequently infiltrative. Mortality is remarkably high in this group and the delayed diagnosis is the main factor for its poor prognosis. We describe the case of a patient that presented with obstructive shock due to profuse pericardial effuse caused by a rare kind of primary cardiac tumor, a T/NK cell pericardial lymphoma.


Os linfomas cardíacos primários são um subtipo de tumor muito raro, no qual a lesão primária está no coração. Os tumores geralmente são infiltrativos e localizam-se no átrio direito, seguidos pelo pericárdio. Sua mortalidade é notavelmente alta e o diagnóstico tardio é o principal fator que produz seu mau prognóstico. Descrevemos o caso de um paciente que apresentou choque obstrutivo devido a um derrame pericárdico profuso causado por um tipo raro de tumor cardíaco primário, um linfoma pericárdico de células T/NK.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Lymphoma, T-Cell/pathology , Lymphoma, T-Cell/drug therapy , Lymphoma, T-Cell/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/pathology , Heart Neoplasms/drug therapy , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Pericardial Effusion/therapy , Pericardial Effusion/diagnostic imaging , Pericardium/pathology , Cardiac Tamponade/therapy
6.
Arch. cardiol. Méx ; 91(1): 84-92, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152864

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: Los rabdomiomas son los tumores cardiacos benignos más prevalentes en la etapa fetal y durante la infancia. Objetivo: Nuestro objetivo es dar a conocer nuestra experiencia durante 39 años en pacientes pediátricos con rabdomioma en nuestra institución, así como enfatizar la importancia de su detección, estudio y control por la asociación que tiene con esclerosis tuberosa (ET). Material y métodos: Realizamos un estudio retrospectivo y descriptivo, de enero de 1980 a marzo del 2018. Veinticuatro cumplieron con nuestros criterios, recogimos información respecto a la clínica y estudios de gabinete, así como su evolución y el tratamiento dado. Se les llamó vía telefónica para conocer su evolución y estado actual. Resultados: Encontramos 51 pacientes con diagnóstico de tumor cardiaco, de los cuales 24 eran rabdomiomas. El diagnóstico se hizo prenatal en 8 pacientes, 5 al nacimiento y en 11 durante el primer año de vida. Las manifestaciones clínicas más frecuentes fueron la presencia de soplo, arritmias, cianosis, disnea y diaforesis. En 17 de ellos se hizo diagnóstico de ET. La mitad tuvo seguimiento por neurología, 10 por dermatología, 8 por oftalmología y 4 con genética. La mitad se dejó en vigilancia, a 7 se les dio tratamiento médico y 5 requirieron cirugía. En cuanto a la evolución, 17 pacientes se mantuvieron estables, 5 presentaron regresión espontánea y 2 fallecieron. Conclusiones: El rabdomioma es un tumor benigno poco frecuente, su evolución puede ser maligna y asociado a ET ensombrece el pronóstico.


Abstract Introduction: Rhabdomyomas are the most prevalent benign heart tumors in the fetal stage and during childhood. Objective: Our objective is to make known our experience over 39 years in pediatric patients with rhabdomyoma in our institution, as well as to emphasize the importance of its detection, study and control due to the association it has with tuberous sclerosis (TS). Material and methods: We conducted a retrospective, descriptive and cross-sectional study, from January 1980 to March 2018. Twenty-four met our criteria, we collected information regarding the clinic and cabinet studies, as well as their evolution and the treatment given. They were called by telephone to know their evolution and current status. Results: We found 51 patients with a diagnosis of cardiac tumor, of which 24 were rhabdomyomas. The diagnosis was made prenatal in 8 patients, 5 at birth and in 11 during the first year of life. The most frequent clinical manifestations were the presence of murmur, arrhythmias, cyanosis, dyspnea, and diaphoresis. In 17 of them a diagnosis of TS was made. Half had follow-up by neurology, 10 by dermatology, 8 by ophthalmology and 4 with genetics. Half were left under surveillance, 7 were given medical treatment and 5 required surgery. Regarding the clinical evolution 17 patients remained stable, 5 presented spontaneous regression and 2 died. Conclusions: Rhabdomyoma is a rare benign tumor, its evolution can be malignant and associated with TS, it darkens the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Rhabdomyoma/diagnosis , Rhabdomyoma/therapy , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Heart Neoplasms/therapy , Retrospective Studies
7.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 36(1): 112-115, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155784

ABSTRACT

Abstract A 71 year-old male with a history of multiple excisions of an initial Clark's level V melanoma of the breast followed by combined radiation and interferon treatment, as well as a recurrence, 3 years later, of a BRAF-positive tumor of the shoulder, with subsequent therapy with dabrafenib and trametinib, presented again with progressive intracardiac masses causing significant right ventricular outflow obstruction. Additionally, the patient complained of dyspnea and fatigue on exertion, thus he was scheduled for surgical resection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Skin Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Melanoma/surgery , Melanoma/drug therapy , Mutation , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
8.
Rev. urug. cardiol ; 36(3): e701, 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1367066

ABSTRACT

Los tumores cardíacos malignos son neoplasias poco frecuentes que pueden presentarse de diversas formas, lo que dificulta su diagnóstico. La ecocardiografía y la resonancia magnética cardíaca son técnicas fundamentales para el diagnóstico, la caracterización y la evaluación de su extensión tumoral. La identificación de la línea tumoral es esencial al iniciar un tratamiento oncológico dirigido. Si bien el "estándar de oro" para este fin es el estudio anatomopatológico (obtenido por biopsia o resección quirúrgica), en los casos en que esto no es posible, la resonancia magnética cardíaca es la técnica no invasiva que proporciona un mejor abordaje diagnóstico. El tratamiento de elección es la resección quirúrgica y el pronóstico, en general, es malo. Presentamos el caso de una paciente con un tumor cardíaco de presentación clínica atípica, en la que un abordaje imagenológico multimodal aporta información clave y complementaria para el diagnóstico y la caracterización tisular.


Malignant cardiac tumors are rare neoplasms that can present in various forms, making their diagnosis difficult. Echocardiography and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging are fundamental techniques for the diagnosis, characterization, and evaluation of tumor extension. Identification of the tumor line is essential when initiating targeted cancer therapy. Although the "gold standard" for this purpose is the pathological study (obtained by biopsy or surgical resection), in cases where this is not possible, cardiac resonance is the non-invasive technique that provides a better diagnostic approach. The treatment of choice is surgical resection and the prognosis is generally poor. We present the case of a patient with an atypical clinical presentation, in which a multimodal approach provides key and complementary information for tumor diagnosis and tissue characterization.


Os tumores cardíacos malignos são neoplasias raras que podem se apresentar de várias formas, dificultando seu diagnóstico. A ecocardiografia e a ressonância magnética cardíaca são técnicas fundamentais para o diagnóstico, caracterização e avaliação da extensão tumoral. A identificação da linha do tumor é essencial ao iniciar a terapia direcionada do câncer. Embora o "padrão ouro" para esse fim seja o estudo patológico (obtido por biópsia ou ressecção cirúrgica), nos casos em que isso não seja possível, a ressonância cardíaca é a técnica não invasiva que proporciona melhor abordagem diagnóstica. O tratamento de escolha é a ressecção cirúrgica e o pronóstico geralmente é ruim. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente com apresentação clínica atípica, em que a abordagem multimodal fornece informações essenciais e complementares para o diagnóstico do tumor e caracterização do tecido.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Heart Neoplasms/diagnosis , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Coronary Angiography , Electrocardiography , Multimodal Imaging
9.
Autops. Case Rep ; 11: e2020231, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153176

ABSTRACT

Cardiac lymphoma is a rare entity. In this setting, the secondary involvement of the heart is far more frequent than the primary cardiac lymphoma. Herein, we present an autopsy case of a disseminated anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma with a dominant mediastinal involvement. Extensive cardiac infiltration with the near replacement of the myocardial wall by the neoplastic cells was observed. A total of nine isolated case reports of anaplastic large cell lymphoma with cardiac involvement were found in the English-language literature, and a widespread cardiac and thymic infiltration by the systemic ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma has not been documented. An incidental regenerative nodule was also identified in the liver. The patient died of pulmonary thromboembolism and cardiac arrest.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphoma, Large-Cell, Anaplastic/pathology , Heart Neoplasms , Autopsy , Thromboembolism , Thymus Gland/pathology , Fatal Outcome , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase , Heart Arrest
13.
CorSalud ; 12(4): 472-476, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278966

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Las masas cardíacas constituyen un reto diagnóstico y terapéutico. Muchas veces se descubren casualmente y la evaluación confirma, finalmente, la presencia de un tumor cardíaco. Estos son neoplasias originadas en cualquier capa del corazón y se dividen en primarios y secundarios. Los primarios tienen una incidencia en autopsias de 0,001 - 0,03%, que contrasta con la frecuencia 20-40 veces mayor de los secundarios. Se presenta un paciente de 28 años de edad diagnosticado 1 año antes de adenocarcinoma de colon transverso infiltrante, en quien hace 3 meses se constató metástasis a cadena ganglionar intraabdominal y se realizó tratamiento quirúrgico más quimioterapia. Posteriormente comenzó con taquicardia y acudió a su centro de salud donde se le realizó un ecocardiograma transtorácico que constató una imagen de aspecto tumoral en ventrículo derecho. Por tomografía se demostró una masa tumoral compleja inoperable y el paciente falleció en su hogar, bajo cuidados paliativos, un mes y medio después del egreso.


ABSTRACT Cardiac masses are a diagnostic and therapeutic challenge. They are often found incidentally and assessment eventually confirms the presence of a heart tumor. They are neoplasms that originate in any layer of the heart and are divided into primary and secondary. The primary ones have a 0.001 - 0.03% incidence in autopsies, contrasting with the 20-40 times higher frequency of the secondary ones. We present the case of a 28-year-old patient diagnosed one year before with infiltrating transverse colon adenocarcinoma in whom intra-abdominal lymph node chain metastases were confirmed three months ago, receiving surgical treatment and chemotherapy. Later, he began with tachycardia and presented to his health care center where a transthoracic echocardiogram was performed, which showed a tumor-like image in the right ventricle. The CT-scan showed an unresectable complex tumor mass and the patient died at home, under palliative care, a month or so after discharge.


Subject(s)
Colonic Neoplasms , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Heart Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis
14.
CorSalud ; 12(4): 468-471, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1278965

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El fibroelastoma papilar es un tumor poco frecuente, con una prevalencia estimada entre el 1 y el 7,9% de todos los tumores cardíacos primarios, los que -a su vez- presentan una muy baja incidencia (entre 0,001 y 0,28%), pues la gran mayoría de ellos (casi un 90%) son benignos. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 41 años de edad que debutó con un accidente cerebrovascular. En el estudio ecocardiográfico se halló un tumor cardíaco en la valva anterior mitral sugerente de fibroelastoma papilar. Se decidió la intervención quirúrgica ante la posibilidad de complicaciones embólicas derivadas, con recurrencia de episodios isquémicos cerebrovasculares. Se realizó resección triangular de dicha tumoración y anuloplastia mitral con buen resultado. El estudio anatomopatológico confirmó el diagnóstico.


ABSTRACT Papillary fibroelastoma is an infrequent tumor, with a prevalence estimated between 1 and 7.9% of all primary cardiac tumors, which -at the same time- have a very low incidence (between 0.001 and 0.28%), because the great majority of them (almost a 90%) are benign. Here is presented the case of a 41-year-old man who had a stroke. A cardiac tumor in the anterior mitral valve suggestive of papillary fibroelastoma was found in the echocardiographic study. The surgical intervention was decided because of the possibility of resulting embolic complications with recurrence of cerebrovascular ischemic events. A triangular resection of the tumor and mitral annuloplasty were performed with good results. The pathological study confirmed the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Echocardiography , Stroke , Cardiac Papillary Fibroelastoma , Heart Neoplasms
15.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 27(6): 611-615, nov.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1289280

ABSTRACT

Resumen Hasta hace algunas décadas los tumores cardiacos tenían solo un interés académico dada su baja tasa de presentación; sin embargo, con el advenimiento del baipás cardiopulmonar, el manejo quirúrgico comienza a ser posible y, más recientemente, junto con la investigación farmacológica, contribuyen al desarrollo de nuevas estrategias de tratamiento para estos pacientes. La incidencia estimada de los tumores cardiacos es baja y tiene un comportamiento generalmente benigno y manifestaciones clínicas inespecíficas. Estos tumores en la edad pediátrica se asocian a esclerosis tuberosa, una enfermedad de patrón de herencia autosómica dominante que se caracteriza por una alteración en la diferenciación y multiplicación celular (hamartomas) en diferentes sistemas. Desde el punto de vista cardiaco, el grado de morbilidad está condicionado por el tamaño y la localización tumoral dentro de la cavidad, y tiene riesgo de obstruir los tractos de salida ventriculares, alterar la función valvular o producir trastornos de conducción. Algunos pacientes solo requieren seguimiento clínico durante el transcurso de su vida, pero existe la posibilidad de regresión tumoral; otros se benefician de una resección quirúrgica por su impacto hemodinámico o alteraciones del ritmo cardiaco. Sin embargo, no todos son candidatos quirúrgicos, en cuyo caso el manejo con inhibidores m-TOR ha surgido como una alternativa terapéutica. Se presenta el caso de tres neonatos con esclerosis tuberosa y rabdomioma cardiaco, diagnosticados en etapa prenatal, a quienes se les realizó un abordaje terapéutico individualizado, basado en las opciones actuales disponibles para este grupo de pacientes.


Abstract Up to a few decades ago, cardiac tumours were only of academic interest given their low presentation rate. However, with the advances in cardiopulmonary, surgical management began to be possible, and more recently, they contribute to the development of new treatment strategies for these patients. The estimated incidence of cardiac tumours is low and are generally benign with non-specific clinical signs and symptoms. In paediatrics, these tumours are associated with tuberous sclerosis, a disease with a dominant autosomal inheritance pattern, which is characterised by an alteration in cell differentiation and multiplication (hamartomas) in different systems. From a cardiac point of view, the morbidity level is determined by the size and location of the tumour within the cavity, the risk of obstructing ventricular outflow tracts, alterations in valvular function, and conduction disorders. Some patients only require clinical follow-up all their lives, as there is the risk of tumour regression. Others may benefit from surgical resection due to its haemodynamic impact or changes in cardiac rhythm. However, not everyone is a candidate for surgery, in which case, management with m-TOR inhibitors has emerged as a therapeutic alternative. The case is presented on three neonates with tuberous sclerosis and a cardiac rhabdomyoma, diagnosed in the prenatal stage. An individualised therapeutic approach was made based on the current options available for this group of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Heart Neoplasms , Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Rhabdomyoma , Infant, Newborn , Everolimus
16.
Rev. cuba. med. mil ; 49(4): e538, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156522

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El diagnóstico diferencial de una masa intracavitaria incluye las variantes normales, los trombos, las vegetaciones y las neoplasias. Los tumores cardíacos primarios son poco frecuentes, con una incidencia que varía del 0,0017 por ciento al 0,28 por ciento y las metástasis aparecen entre el 1,5 por ciento al 20,6 por ciento de las necropsias de los enfermos neoplásicos. Objetivo: Presentar una paciente con masa en ventrículo derecho y vértice pulmonar derecho, con diagnóstico de rabdomiosarcoma cardíaco con metástasis pulmonar. Caso clínico: Paciente femenina de 46 años sin enfermedad previa ni hábitos tóxicos, que ingresa en el servicio de Medicina Interna del Hospital Militar Dr. Carlos J. Finlay, por falta de aire y síntomas dispépticos. Evoluciona de forma tórpida en 48 días, con progresión de la disnea, asociada a hipotensión y taquicardia. Hubo una sospecha inicial de tromboeembolismo pulmonar y luego de enfermedad neoplásica, intracavitaria o pulmonar. Conclusiones: El rabdomiosarcoma cardíaco es poco frecuente y se caracteriza por su crecimiento rápido que conduce a la muerte en semanas o meses, a partir del momento de su presentación clínica(AU)


Introduction: The differential diagnosis of an intracavitary mass includes normal variants, thrombi, vegetations and neoplasms. Primary cardiac tumors are rare, with an incidence ranging from 0.0017 percent to 0.28 percent and metastases appear in 1.5 percent to 20.6 percent of necropsies in neoplastic patients. Objective: To present a patient with a right ventricular and right lung apex mass diagnosed with cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma with pulmonary metastases. Clinical case: A 46-year-old female patient with no previous illness or toxic habits was admitted to the Internal Medicine Service of Military Hospital Dr. Carlos J. Finlay due to lack of air and dyspeptic symptoms. Torpid evolution in 48 days with progression of dyspnea associated with hypotension and tachycardia. Initial suspicion of pulmonary thromboeembolism and then neoplastic, intracavitary or pulmonary disease. Conclusions: Cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma is rare and characterized by rapid growth leading to death within weeks or months from the time of clinical presentation(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Rhabdomyosarcoma/diagnosis , Heart Neoplasms , Neoplasm Metastasis
17.
Hajjar, Ludhmila Abrahão; Costa, Isabela Bispo Santos da Silva da; Lopes, Marcelo Antônio Cartaxo Queiroga; Hoff, Paulo Marcelo Gehm; Diz, Maria Del Pilar Estevez; Fonseca, Silvia Moulin Ribeiro; Bittar, Cristina Salvadori; Rehder, Marília Harumi Higuchi dos Santos; Rizk, Stephanie Itala; Almeida, Dirceu Rodrigues; Fernandes, Gustavo dos Santos; Beck-da-Silva, Luís; Campos, Carlos Augusto Homem de Magalhães; Montera, Marcelo Westerlund; Alves, Sílvia Marinho Martins; Fukushima, Júlia Tizue; Santos, Maria Verônica Câmara dos; Negrão, Carlos Eduardo; Silva, Thiago Liguori Feliciano da; Ferreira, Silvia Moreira Ayub; Malachias, Marcus Vinicius Bolivar; Moreira, Maria da Consolação Vieira; Valente Neto, Manuel Maria Ramos; Fonseca, Veronica Cristina Quiroga; Soeiro, Maria Carolina Feres de Almeida; Alves, Juliana Barbosa Sobral; Silva, Carolina Maria Pinto Domingues Carvalho; Sbano, João; Pavanello, Ricardo; Pinto, Ibraim Masciarelli F; Simão, Antônio Felipe; Dracoulakis, Marianna Deway Andrade; Hoff, Ana Oliveira; Assunção, Bruna Morhy Borges Leal; Novis, Yana; Testa, Laura; Alencar Filho, Aristóteles Comte de; Cruz, Cecília Beatriz Bittencourt Viana; Pereira, Juliana; Garcia, Diego Ribeiro; Nomura, Cesar Higa; Rochitte, Carlos Eduardo; Macedo, Ariane Vieira Scarlatelli; Marcatti, Patricia Tavares Felipe; Mathias Junior, Wilson; Wiermann, Evanius Garcia; Val, Renata do; Freitas, Helano; Coutinho, Anelisa; Mathias, Clarissa Maria de Cerqueira; Vieira, Fernando Meton de Alencar Camara; Sasse, André Deeke; Rocha, Vanderson; Ramires, José Antônio Franchini; Kalil Filho, Roberto.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 115(5): 1006-1043, nov. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP, CONASS, SESSP-IDPCPROD, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1142267
18.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 770-780, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137353

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To understand the current evidence and guidelines behind the appropriate management of cardiac tumours. Methods: A comprehensive electronic literature search has been performed in major databases - PubMed, Embase, Scopus, Ovid, and Google Scholar. All articles that discussed all different forms of cardiac tumours, their clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management methods have been critically appraised in this narrative review. Results: All relevant studies have been summarized in appropriate sections within our review. Cardiac tumours are rare but can be catastrophic and life-threatening if not identified and managed on timely manner. Utilization of all the available imaging methods can be of equivocal importance, relevant to each cardiac tumour. Surgical excision is the ultimate treatment method, however histopathological results can guide the adjunct treatment. Conclusion: Early detection of cardiac tumours has significant effect on planning the method of intervention. Technological advancements and increased availability of imaging modalities have enabled earlier and more accurate detection of these tumours. Novel medical therapies, recommendations for screening, and operative techniques have all contributed to overall improving knowledge of these tumours and ultimately patient outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Child , Middle Aged , Aged , Early Detection of Cancer , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
19.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(2): 147-153, ago. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138527

ABSTRACT

Abstract: A 49-year-old woman presented with dyspnea and palpitations, leading to Functional Class III.An echocardiogram showed a heterogeneous mass adhered to the right heart cavities. This was confirmed by NMR. A large right coronary artery was occluded in relation to the tumor, which was hyper vascularized. Resection of the tumor was performed; the right ventricular wall was sutured, and an atrial defect was closed using pericardial tissue. Post operative course was uneventful and she was asymptomatic 4 years after surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Paraganglioma/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Paraganglioma/complications , Paraganglioma/diagnostic imaging , Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Dyspnea/etiology , Heart Neoplasms/complications , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging
20.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(3): 399-401, May-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137256

ABSTRACT

Abstract Primary malignant neoplasms of the heart are rare. Cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma is the second most common primary sarcoma. We report a rare case of a 49-year-old woman with a huge biatrial cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma treated by performing surgical resection followed by salvage chemotherapy for local recurrence. Cardiac sarcoma that occupy both atria are extremely rare. Although the prognosis of cardiac rhabdomyosarcoma is dismal, surgical resection should be recommended as a first line therapy to clarify the diagnosis and to relieve symptoms associated with the tumor.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Rhabdomyosarcoma/surgery , Rhabdomyosarcoma/diagnostic imaging , Heart Neoplasms/surgery , Heart Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Heart Atria/surgery , Heart Atria/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
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