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1.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(4): 791-798, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1285265

ABSTRACT

The Nelore breed is the second largest bovine breed in the world and has actively participated in the expansion of new Brazilian agricultural frontiers. In this context, the purpose of this study was to determine the hematological and biochemical reference intervals of healthy Nelore matrices raised under an extensive regime without supplementation along southwest of Piauí state. Blood samples were collected from fifty-five multiparous female of the Nelore breed. Biochemical and hematological parameters were analyzed using a parametric statistical method with 95% CI of reference limits. The average values of red blood cells, hemoglobin as well as hematimetric indices showed reference ranges similar to reference standards. The hematocrit as well as granulocytes and agranulocytes presented alterations typical of animals raised in environments with higher temperatures. Mineral, enzymatic, protein and metabolic profiles were similar to other bovine breeds but with a narrower range of values. However, lower mean values were observed for levels of ionized calcium, total protein and urea. Nelore females present slightly different biochemical and hematological profiles from other breeds, which might result from the environmental and nutritional management applied and the natural deficiency of nitrogen, phosphorus and calcium in the region's pastures.(AU)


Nelore é a segunda maior raça bovina do mundo e tem participado ativamente da expansão das novas fronteiras agrícolas brasileiras. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente estudo foi determinar os intervalos de referência hematológicos e bioquímicos de matrizes Nelore criadas em regime extensivo sem suplementação, ao longo do sudoeste do estado do Piauí. Amostras de sangue foram coletadas de 55 fêmeas multíparas da raça Nelore. Os parâmetros bioquímicos e hematológicos foram analisados por método estatístico paramétrico com IC 95% para os limites de referência. Os valores médios de hemácias, hemoglobina e índices hematimétricos apresentaram intervalos de referência semelhantes aos padrões de referência. Tanto o hematócrito quanto os granulócitos e os agranulócitos apresentaram alterações típicas de animais criados em ambientes com temperaturas mais elevadas. Os perfis mineral, enzimático, proteico e metabólico foram semelhantes aos de outras raças bovinas, mas com uma faixa de valores mais estreita. No entanto, valores médios mais baixos foram observados para os níveis de cálcio ionizado, proteína total e ureia. Fêmeas Nelore apresentam perfis bioquímicos e hematológicos ligeiramente diferentes de outras raças, o que pode resultar dos manejos ambiental e nutricional aplicados e da deficiência natural de nitrogênio, fósforo e cálcio nas pastagens da região.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Blood Cell Count/veterinary , Blood Urea Nitrogen , Blood Proteins/analysis , Calcium/blood , Granulocytes , Hematocrit/veterinary , Reference Values , Brazil , Serum , Agranulocytosis/veterinary
2.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e05192020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155590

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Dengue presents with a variable clinical course, ranging from mild illness to potentially fatal hemorrhage and shock. We aimed to evaluate the capabilities of various hematological parameters observed early in the course of illness for predicting the clinical outcomes of illness. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of children admitted in the pediatric inpatient services of the institute with dengue between 2017 and 2019. We determined the relationships between the hematological parameters observed during the first evaluation and the various clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We evaluated data from 613 patients (age range, 26 days to 17 years). Of these, 29.85% exhibited fever with warning signs, and 8.97% had severe dengue. Lower values of hemoglobin, platelet count, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, and mean platelet volume, and higher values of total leukocyte count (TLC), hematocrit, and red cell distribution width variably correlated with numerous clinical outcomes-duration of hospital stay, development of complications, requirement of blood component transfusion, inotropic support, and mortality. Among the parameters, TLC ≥20,000/mL and initial platelet count ≤20,000/mL significantly associated with mortality, with odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of 11.81 (4.21-33.80) and 5.53 (1.90-16.09), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Hematological parameters observed early during dengue infection may predict its clinical outcomes in infected children. Initial high TLC and low platelet count are potential predictors of fatal outcomes in the course of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Severe Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Hematocrit , India/epidemiology , Leukocyte Count
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880166

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of hematocrit (HCT) on the parameters of thromboelastography (TEG) in healthy adults, so as to judge coagulation and fibrinolysis more accurately.@*METHODS@#Three hundred and ninety-three healthy adults examined in Chengdu 363 Hospital Affiliated to Southwest Medical University from May 2018 to May 2019 were selected. HCT and TEG were detected at the same time. The differences of TEG parameters between the high HCT group and the low HCT group were compared. The correlation between HCT and TEG parameters was analyzed. The differences of TEG parameters between the healthy adults in Plateau and plain areas were compared.@*RESULTS@#Among the parameters of TEG, R and K in high HCT group were significantly higher, and Angle, MA and CI were significantly lower than those in low HCT group, which showed statistically significance (P0.05). R and K positively correlated with HCT (r=0.112, 0.517, P=0.027, 0.000), and Angle, MA and CI negatively correlated with HCT (r=-0.490, -0.408, -0.414, P=0.000). LY30 and EPL not correlated with HCT (P>0.05). HCT in plateau area was significantly higher than that in plain area (P0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The difference of HCT may affect the values of R, K, Angle, MA and CI in TEG parameters. R and K positively correlate with HCT, while Angle, MA and CI negatively correlate with HCT. It is suggested that a suitable TEG reference range for the local population should be established, in plateau area especially K, Angle, MA and CI, which will be more conducive to the accurate evaluation of patients' coagulation and fibrinolysis status.


Subject(s)
Adult , Blood Coagulation , Hematocrit , Humans , Reference Values , Thrombelastography
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1618-1622, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134488

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The use of hematological counts for the prevention, diagnosis and follow-up of hematological diseases has increased. Indeed, the correct operation of a clinical laboratory is essential to producing comparable results. However, there is a paucity of validation and reproducibility studies among the different existing methods for clinical analysis. Therefore, our aim was to assess the commutability of the results provided by analyzers with different measuring systems. Sixty venous blood samples were obtained from patients, without discriminating for age or sex. Then, an automated hematological analysis was performed using the Cell-Dyn Ruby and HumaCount 5L instruments. The variables measured were: RBC, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH and MCHC. The data were compared by a one-way ANOVA and Pearson's correlation coefficient. Statistical significance was fixed at p < 0.05. There were no statistically significant differences for RBC, HCT, MCH or MCHC. In addition, with the exception of MCHC, all the analytes showed a good correlation coefficient between the two instruments. There is a variety of automated systems for the clinical laboratory and it is essential for the clinician to know the different methodologies used in hematological analyzers as well as their sensitivity and specificity. Therefore, our results are useful for demonstrating the importance of practical knowledge of the analyzers mentioned.


RESUMEN: El uso de recuentos de células sanguíneas para la prevención, diagnóstico y monitoreo de enfermedades hematológicas ha ido en aumento. Por ello, el funcionamiento correcto de un laboratorio clínico es indispensable para producir resultados comparables. Sin embargo, existen pocos estudios de validación y reproducibilidad de los diferentes métodos de análisis clínico existentes. Por lo tanto, nuestro objetivo fue evaluar la intercambiabilidad de los resultados entregados por los analizadores que utilizan diferentes sistemas de medición. Se obtuvieron sesenta muestras de sangre venosa de pacientes, sin discriminar por edad o sexo. Los eritrogramas fueron obtenidos utilizando los analizadores automatizados Cell-Dyn Ruby y HumaCount 5L. Las variables medidas fueron: RBC, Hb, HCT, MCV, MCH y MCHC. Los datos fueron comparados por ANOVA a una vía y la correlación de Pearson. La significación estadística se estableció en el nivel estándar p<0,05. No hubo diferencias estadísticamente sig- nificativas para RBC, HCT, MCH y MCHC. Con la excepción de la MCHC, todos los analitos presentaron un buen coeficiente de correlación entre los dos analizadores comparados. Existen varios sistemas de automatización para su uso en laboratorios clínicos. Por lo tanto, es primordial para el clínico estar familiarizado con las diferentes metodologías utilizadas en los analizadores de sangre, así como su sensibilidad y especificidad. Nuestros resultados son útiles para mostrar la importancia del conocimiento práctico de los diferentes sistemas de medidas comparados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hematologic Diseases/diagnosis , Hematologic Tests/methods , Blood Cell Count/methods , Blood Cells , Hemoglobins , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Sensitivity and Specificity , Erythrocyte Indices , Flow Cytometry , Hematocrit
5.
Acta amaz ; 50(3): 223-231, jul. - set. 2020.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118832

ABSTRACT

We assessed the effect of stocking density on physiological parameters (blood lactate, glucose, cortisol, hematocrit), water quality (temperature, dissolved oxygen, pH, unionized ammonia, carbon dioxide), and survival during the transportation of fingerling (24.5 ± 4.7 g) and juvenile (615.8 ± 122.2 g) pirarucu (Arapaima gigas) for six hours in plastic bags. The tested densities were 65, 80, 95, 110 and 125 g L-1 for fingerlings, and 50, 80, 110, 140 and 170 g L-1 for juveniles (three replicates each). Parameters were measured prior to and immediately after transportation, and at 24 and 96 hours recovery after transportation. No mortality was observed, except for fingerlings (< 3%) at densities of 110 and 125 g L-1 during recovery. All the water quality parameters were significantly altered after the transportation of fingerlings and juveniles. Water temperature, dissolved oxygen, carbon dioxide and unionized ammonia increased, but pH decreased. Only carbon dioxide and unionized ammonia differed among densities. Cortisol levels did not increase over time, except for the juveniles at 170 g L-1, which still had high cortisol after 96 hours. Glucose significantly increased after transportation for all the treatments and returned to the initial values during the recovery period. Conversely, the lactate values were still high after 96 hours. Hematocrit was assessed only for juveniles and was significantly lower after transportation. We conclude that fingerling and juvenile pirarucu can be safely transported at densities up to 95 g L-1 and 140 g L-1, respectively. (AU)


Subject(s)
Hydrocortisone , Lactic Acid , Glucose , Water Quality , Hematocrit
6.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 123-128, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127621

ABSTRACT

A obesidade pode influenciar no baixo desempenho da aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APCR), bem como colaborar com alterações nos níveis de indicadores hematológicos. Objetivo: Verificar se existe associação entre indicadores antropométricos, APCR e perfil hematológico de adolescentes no sul do Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 1 6 98 ado lescentes (742 do sexo masculino) com idade entre 10 e 17 anos, de escolas da rede pública e particular de Santa Cruz do Sul-RS. A avaliação antropométrica foi realizada, utilizando-se os seguintes parâmetros: IMC e circunferência da cintura (CC). Para o teste de APCR, foi utilizado o test e de co rrida/cam inha do s 6 minutos. Para reconhecimento do perfil hematológico, foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: leucócitos (WBC), eritrócitos (RBC), hemoglobina (HBC), hematócrito (HCT) e amplitude de distribuição dos glóbulos vermelhos (RDW). A associação entre as variáveis contínuas foi testada por meio da correlação de Pearson. Foram considerados significativos os valores de p<0,05. Resultados: Nos meninos, identificou-se relação fraca entre IMC com RBC (r=0,293; p<0,001) e com HCT (r=0,271; p <0,001 ). A CC também demonstrou associação fraca com estas duas variáveis hematológicas (RBC: r=0,311; p<0,001; HCT: r=0,291; p<0,001). Os níveis de APCR estiveram associados, também de fo rma fraca e direta, com HBC (r=0,224; p<0,001) e HCT (r=0,258; p<0,001). Para o sexo feminino, os níveis de W BC associaram-se, de forma fraca, com IMC (r=0,208; p<0,001) e com CC (r=0,185; <0,001). Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos no presente estudo evidenciam correlação positiva, porém fraca, entre o perfil hematológico dos adolescentes com as variáveis antropométricas e APCR...(AU)


Obesity might cause cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to underperform, as well as collaborate with changes in hematological parameters. Aim: To investigate the asso ciation between anthropometric indicators, CRF, and the hematological profiles of adolescents in Southern Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study of 1,698 adolescents (742 boys, 956 girls), aged between 10 and 17 from p ublic and private schools of Santa Cruz do Sul, State of Rio Grande do Sul, was conducted. Furt h ermore, an anthropometric evaluation of the following parameters was performed: body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). CRF was evaluated using the 6-minute run/walk test. Hematolo gical p rofile was evaluated based on the following parameters: leucocytes (WBC), erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), and red cell distribution width (RDW). The association of continuo us v ariables was tested through Pearson's correlation; p values lower than 0.05 were considered significant. Result s: The boys' BMI presented a weak correlation with RBC (r = 0.293; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.271; p < 0.001). Their WC also presented a weak correlation with both hematological variables (RBC: r = 0.311; p < 0.001; HCT: r = 0.291; p < 0.001). Their CRF levels exhibited a direct but weak asso ciatio n wit h HGB (r = 0.224; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.258; p < 0.001). The WBC levels of girls were fo un d t o be weak ly associated with BMI (r = 0.208; p < 0.001) and WC (r = 0.185; p < 0 .0 01 ). Co nclusio n: Th e result s highlight a positively weak correlation of the hematological profile of adolescents with an throp ometric variables and CRF...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Hemoglobins , Body Mass Index , Erythrocytes , Walk Test , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Hematocrit , Leukocytes , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Indices , Reference Parameters , Waist Circumference , Indicators and Reagents
7.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 24(1): 27-34, jan-abr. 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095822

ABSTRACT

O modelo de obesidade em ratos por meio de uma dieta hiperlipídica têm se consolidado, sendo relevante compreender os componentes da hereditariedade nesta enfermidade. Por meio do hemograma é possível avaliar os elementos sanguíneos e as células responsáveis pela defesa do organismo, incluindo sua morfologia, bem como interpretando-as. Compreender esses fatores em ratos descendentes de mães obesas poderia contribuir na compreensão dos mecanismos imuno-hematológicos envolvidos na obesidade e na hereditariedade. Com isso, o objetivo deste estudo é avaliar os parâmetros hematológicos e leucocitários de ratos alimentados com dieta hiperlipídica descendentes de mães obesas. Foram utilizadas 20 ratas Wistar (peso inicial 200g) alimentadas com dieta padrão (CT) ou com dieta hiperlipídica (HL). Posteriormente, alocou-se 3 fêmeas com 1 macho por 4 dias, certificando o cruzamento. Após 23 dias do nascimento da ninhada, foi feita a separação da prole em 4 grupos com 5 animais cada, e submetidos à dieta HL ou CT. Ficando então os grupos CT, CT+ HL, HL, HL + CT. Após 20 semanas de dieta, os animais foram anestesiados e tiveram peritônio exposto para coleta de sangue, que serviu para a realização e análise do hemograma, por diferenciação celular. Todos os procedimentos foram realizados de acordo com as diretrizes da utilização de animais para fins científicos (Lei 11.794/08), e protocolada no CEUA sob o n° 9062310117. As ratas HL tiveram um ganho de peso significativamente maior a partir da 10ª semana, comparando as ratas CT. Já em relação à prole, após 13 semanas, o grupo HL obteve um ganho de peso maior em relação aos demais grupos: CT: 144,8 ± 12,15 g; CT+HL (ratos descendentes de mães CT alimentados com ração HL): 138,6 ± 5,34 g; HL+CT (ratos descendentes de mães HL alimentados com ração CT): 152,2 ± 5,23 g; HL 161 ± 10,75 g. Nos parâmetros hematológicos da prole, foi observada diferença entre o grupo CT e experimental, os monócitos apresentaram uma redução significativa de 1,6± 0,89, hemoglobina 13,8 ± 1,07, hematócrito 37,9 ± 5,51 nos grupos que receberam dieta CT comparado à CT+HL, VCM apresentou aumento de 50,4 ± 0,55 no grupo CT e 53,5 ± 0,58 na dieta HL. Dentro das condições experimentais deste trabalho e com base nos resultados obtidos, conclui-se que a dieta hiperlipídica é capaz de induzir a obesidade, com capacidade de influenciar a proliferação e a diferenciação hematopoiética, porém a prole alimentada com ração padrão (CT) consegue adaptar a dieta independente do fator hereditário em relação à obesidade.


The obesity model in rats maintained by a hyper-lipidic diet is well known, and thus, there is a need to understand the components of heredity in this disease. Using HEM, it is possible to study the blood elements and cells involved in the defense of the organism, including cell morphology and its interpretation. Understanding these factors in rats descending from obese mothers may contribute to the comprehension of the immunity and hematologic mechanisms involved in both obesity and heredity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the hematologic and leukocyte parameters of rats fed with a hyper-lipidic diet descending from obese mothers. A total of twenty Wistar female rats (initial weight 200g) fed standard diet (SD) or hyperlipidic diet (HD) were used. Subsequently, 3 females were housed with a male for 4 days in order to get inseminated. Twenty-three days after born, the animals were separated into 4 groups, with 5 animals in each group. The groups were organized as follows: SD, SD+HD, HD, SD+HD. The animals were kept on a diet for 20 weeks. In the end of that period, animals were anesthetized and had their peritoneum exposed for the collection of blood, which was used for performing the erythrogram and leukogram analysis via cellular differentiation. All procedures were performed according the animal welfare guidelines (Law No. 11.794/08) and approved by CEUA (number 9062310117). After 10 weeks, HL mothers presented an increased body weight when compared with SD mothers. In relation to the offspring, after 13 weeks, the HD group presented greater weight gain when compared to the other groups, as follows: SD: 144.8 ± 12.15 g; SD+HD (rats from SD mothers fed with HD feed): 138.6 ± 5.34 g; HD + SD (offspring from HL mothers fed with SD feed): 152.2 ± 5.23 g; HD 161 ± 10.75 g. The offspring hematological parameters presented differences between the SD and the experimental group, where the monocytes presented a significant reduction (1.6 ± 0.89), hemoglobin (13.8 ± 1.07), hematocrit (37.9 ± 5.51) in the groups that received a SD diet compared with the SD + HD; the MCV presented an increase of 50.4 ± 0.55 in the SD group and 53.5 ± 0.58 in the group on HD diet. Conclusion: Based on the results, it can be concluded that a hyper-lipidic diet is capable of inducing obesity and may also influence hematopoietic proliferation and differentiation. However, the offspring fed with standard diet (SD) is able to adapt the diet regardless of the hereditary factor in relation to obesity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Hematologic Tests , Mothers/statistics & numerical data , Obesity , Body Weight , Hemoglobins , Weight Gain , Heredity , Diet, High-Fat , Hematocrit
8.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(3): e168582, 2020. mapas, tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1122183

ABSTRACT

It was provide a hematological profile of Artibeus lituratus (Phyllostomidae: Stenodermatinae). Animals were collected from October 2017 to February 2018 in an urban forest in the city of Rio de Janeiro, Southeastern Brazil. Males and females showed similar overall mean values for the parameters analyzed. Males had higher values for erythrocytes (RBC), hematocrit and basophils. Females had higher levels of eosinophils than males. The hematological values reported here will serve as reference for future research on health conditions of free-living and captive populations of Artibeus lituratus, as well as for research on pathogens associated with these bats.(AU)


O presente trabalho estabeleceu o perfil hematológico de morcegos frugívoros de vida livre, A. lituratus (Phyllostomidae: Stenodermatinae). As amostragens foram realizadas de outubro de 2017 a fevereiro de 2018 em uma floresta urbana na cidade do Rio de Janeiro, Sudeste do Brasil. Machos e fêmeas apresentaram valores médios gerais semelhantes para os parâmetros analisados. Os machos apresentaram valores de eritrócitos (RBC), hematócrito e basófilos mais altos. As fêmeas apresentaram níveis mais elevados de eosinófilos que os machos. Os valores hematológicos aqui reportados servirão de referência para pesquisas sobre condições de saúde de populações de Artibeus lituratus em vida livre e de cativeiro, assim como para pesquisas sobre patógenos associados a esses morcegos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Chiroptera/blood , Eosinophils , Erythrocytes , Hematocrit , Hematologic Tests/veterinary
10.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 33(1): e1484, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Hepatectomies promote considerable amount of blood loss and the need to administrate blood products, which are directly linked to higher morbimortality rates. The blood-conserving hepatectomy (BCH) is a modification of the selective vascular occlusion technique. It could be a surgical maneuver in order to avoid or to reduce the blood products utilization in the perioperative period. Aim: To evaluate in rats the BCH effects on the hematocrit (HT) variation, hemoglobin serum concentration (HB), and on liver regeneration. Methods: Twelve Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control (n=6) and intervention (n=6). The ones in the control group had their livers partially removed according to the Higgins and Anderson technique, while the rats in the treatment group were submitted to BCH technique. HT and HB levels were measured at day D0, D1 and D7. The rate between the liver and rat weights was calculated in D0 and D7. Liver regeneration was quantitatively and qualitatively evaluated. Results: The HT and HB levels were lower in the control group as of D1 onwards, reaching an 18% gap at D7 (p=0.01 and p=0.008, respectively); BCH resulted in the preservation of HT and HB levels to the intervention group rats. BCH did not alter liver regeneration in rats. Conclusion: The BCH led to beneficial effects over the postoperative HT and serum HB levels with no setbacks to liver regeneration. These data are the necessary proof of evidence for translational research into the surgical practice.


RESUMO Racional: As hepatectomias compreendem considerável perda sanguínea e utilização de hemoderivados, o que diretamente estão relacionados com maior morbimortalidade. A hepatectomia hemoconservadora (HH) é modificação da técnica de oclusão vascular seletiva em hepatectomia. Ela pode ser alternativa cirúrgica para evitar ou diminuir o uso de hemoderivados no perioperatório. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da HH sobre o volume globular (VG), concentração de hemoglobina (HB) e sobre a regeneração hepática em ratos. Métodos: Dois grupos de ratos Wistar foram constituídos: controle (n=6) e intervenção (n=6). Os do grupo controle foram submetidos à hepatectomia parcial de Higgins e Anderson e os do grupo Intervenção à HH. VG e HB foram medidos nos dias D0, D1 e D7. A relação peso do fígado/peso do rato foi calculada em D0 e D7. A regeneração hepática foi analisada qualitativamente e quantitativamente. Resultados: Houve diminuição dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo controle a partir de D1, atingindo decréscimo de 18% em D7 (p=0,01 e p=0,008 respectivamente); a HH permitiu a manutenção dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo intervenção. A HH não alterou a regeneração hepática. Conclusão: HH resultou em níveis maiores de VG e HB pós-operatórios sem alterar a regeneração hepática. Pode-se considerar estes dados como a prova necessária para a translação à pesquisa clinicocirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Veins/physiology , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Liver/blood supply , Liver Regeneration , Portal Vein/surgery , Postoperative Period , Blood Volume/physiology , Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease/physiopathology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Hematocrit
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826288

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Petrol is the non-specific term for petroleum which is used for inside combustion of engines. Petrol filling workers are highly vulnerable to occupational exposure to these harmful substances which lead to hemato-toxicity and blood disorders such as leukemia, aplastic anemia, and dysplastic bone marrow. Thus, this study was aimed to assess hematological parameters of petrol filling workers in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia.@*METHODS@#A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted from January to March 2019 in Gondar town, Northwest Ethiopia. A total of 110 study participants comprising 55 study groups and 55 controls group were recruited by a convenient sampling technique. Socio-demographic data were collected using a structured questionnaire, and 3 ml of venous blood was collected for the determination of hematological parameters. The data were entered into Epi info 7.2.0.1 and analyzed by SPSS version of 20. Mean, standard deviation, median, and interquartile ranges were used to present the data. Independent t test and Mann-Whitney U test were used to compare the mean or median difference between parametric and non-parametric hematological parameters, respectively. Moreover, Pearson product-moment and Spearman's rank-order bivariable correlations analyses were used to describe the correlation between hematological parameters and duration of exposure to petrol. A P value of ≤ 0.05 was considered statistically significant.@*RESULTS@#The study revealed that mean red blood cell count and hemoglobin level as well as the median hematocrit, mean cell hemoglobin concentration, platelet count, absolute lymphocytes count, and red cell distribution width values of petrol filling workers showed a significant increment compared with the control group. On the other hand, the mean cell hemoglobin value of petrol filling workers showed a significant decrement compared with healthy controls. Moreover, the duration of exposure to petrol showed a significant positive correlation with red blood cell count and mean cell hemoglobin concentration; however, a significant negative correlation was observed with mean cell volume.@*CONCLUSION@#This study showed that the majority of hematological parameters of petrol filling workers showed an increment compared with healthy controls which might be associated with exposure to petrol chemicals. However, further longitudinal study with a larger sample size should be conducted to explore the impact of petrol exposure on hematopoiesis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Count , Erythrocyte Indices , Ethiopia , Female , Hematocrit , Humans , Lymphocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Occupational Exposure , Oil and Gas Industry , Platelet Count , Time Factors , Young Adult
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 37(4): 1572-1577, Dec. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040171

ABSTRACT

Hypoxia hypobaric (HH) can cause alterations at testicular level, with temperature increase, intrascrotal alteration and deterioration of spermatogenesis. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ketoprofen have anti-angiogenic properties, and can decrease testicular abnormalities. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effect of ketoprofen on spermatogenesis of mice exposed to continuous hypobaric hypoxia. 78 Mus musculus CF-1 male mice 3 to 4 months old were used and subjected to HH in chamber at 4200 m. They were divided into 13 groups (G) of 6 animals: 10 with HH cycles (1, 2, 3, 4 and 8, lasting 8.3 days each cycle, two groups each) and 3 in normoxia (Nx). Intraperitoneal ketoprofen 25 mg/kg was administered every 4 days. Euthanasia of these animals was performed at the end of each cycle and in the case the Nx groups at the end of cycles 1, 4 and 8. Percentage of microhematocrit and reticulocytes were measured in blood smears and a morphometric and histopathological analysis of the height of the epithelium, the tubular diameter and the diameter of the tubular lumen was made. It was shown that hematocrit increases continuously up to 8 cycles, while reticulocytes increase up to 3 cycles. Continuous HH decreases the tubular diameter in a sustained manner and proportional to HH cycles, and the height increased only in the groups subjected to 8 cycles. The groups treated with ketoprofen saw a decrease in angiogenesis, presenting some degree of protection at the testicular level.


La hipoxia hipobárica (HH) puede provocar alteraciones a nivel testicular, con aumento de la temperatura, alteración intraescrotal y deterioro de la espermatogénesis. Los antiinflamatorios no esteroidales (AINEs) como el ketoprofeno tienen propiedades antiangiogénicas, pudiendo disminuir las alteraciones testiculares. El objetivo de estudio fue evaluar el efecto del ketoprofeno en la espermatogénesis de ratones expuestos a hipoxia hipobárica continua. Se utilizaron 78 ratones macho Mus musculus CF-1 de 3 a 4 meses de edad y se sometieron a HH en cámara a 4200 m. Se dividieron en 13 grupos (G) de 6 animales: 10 con ciclos de HH (1, 2, 3, 4 y 8, con duración de 8,3 días cada ciclo, dos grupos cada uno) y 3 en normoxia (Nx). Se administró ketoprofeno intraperitoneal 25 mg/kg cada 4 días. La eutanasia de estos animales se realizó al final de cada ciclo y en el caso los grupos Nx al final de los ciclos 1, 4 y 8. Se midió porcentaje de microhematocrito y reticulocitos en frotis de sangre y se hizo un análisis morfométrico e histopatológico de la altura del epitelio, el diámetro tubular y el diámetro de la luz tubular. Se evidenció que el hematocrito aumenta de manera continua hasta los 8 ciclos, en cambio los reticulocitos aumentan hasta los 3 ciclos. La HH continua disminuye el diámetro tubular de forma sostenida y proporcional a los ciclos de HH, y la altura aumentó sólo en los grupos sometidos a 8 ciclos. Los grupos tratados con ketoprofeno se vio una disminución de la angiogénesis, presentando algún grado de protección a nivel testicular.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Spermatogenesis/drug effects , Testis/drug effects , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , Ketoprofen/pharmacology , Hypoxia/physiopathology , Reticulocytes/drug effects , Seminiferous Tubules/drug effects , Testis/injuries , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/administration & dosage , Ketoprofen/administration & dosage , Hematocrit , Neovascularization, Pathologic
13.
Rev. chil. infectol ; 36(3): 299-303, jun. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013787

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La infección por hantavirus es una zoonosis emergente, endémica en Chile, generando el síndrome cardiopulmonar por hantavirus (SCPH), caracterizado por disfunción cardiopulmonar con falla respiratoria rápidamente progresiva y altamente letal. Para una orientación clínica precoz del SCPH, debido a su poca especificidad en síntomas y ayudar al diagnóstico diferencial, se han estudiado algunos parámetros de laboratorio que puedan ser de utilidad. Objetivo: Identificar criterios del laboratorio como factores predictores del diagnóstico de SCPH en pacientes con sospecha de enfermedad por hantavirus. Metodología. Estudio de cohorte retrospectiva de 71 pacientes que ingresaron a Urgencia del Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente. Se determinó la capacidad discriminativa de parámetros de laboratorio al momento de ingreso: recuento de plaquetas, hematocrito, inmunoblastos, TTPa y GOT. Resultados: Se encontraron diferencias significativas en los parámetros estudiados entre pacientes confirmados (n: 22) con respecto a los no confirmados (n: 49). Hematocrito, inmunoblastos, GOT y TTPa tuvieron un OR > 1 y las plaquetas un OR < 1. La mejor combinación para predecir SCPH fue hematocrito, plaquetas y GOT con sensibilidad 90,9% y especificidad 81,6%. Conclusión: Los cinco parámetros estudiados son buenos predictores de SCPH en pacientes con sospecha del mismo y podrían ser útiles en hospitales de baja complejidad para rápido traslado a centro que cuente con unidad de pacientes crítico.


Background. The hantavirus infection is an emerging zoonotic disease, endemic in Chile, generating the hantavirus cardiopulmonary syndrome (HCPS), characterized by cardiopulmonary dysfunction with rapidly progressive respiratory failure and high lethality. For an early clinical orientation of HCPS, due to its non-specificity in symptoms and to help the differential diagnosis, some laboratory parameter that may be useful have been studied. Aim: To identify laboratory criteria as predictive factors of HCPS in patients with suspected hantavirus infection. Methodology: Retrospective cohort study of 71 patients admitted to the Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente Emergency. We determined discriminative capacity of laboratory's parameters at the time of admission: platelets recount, hematocrit, inmunoblasts, activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST/GOT). Results: Were found significant differences in all parameters studied between confirmed patients (22) with respect to unconfirmed (49). Hematocrit, inmunoblasts, AST/GOT and aPTT had a OR > 1 and platelets count had a OR < 1. The best combination for predict HCPS was hematocrit, platelets count and AST/GOT with 90,01% sensibility and 81,63% specificity. Conclusion: The five parameters studied are good predictors of HCS in suspicious patients and they would may be useful in low complexity hospitals for quick transfer a center with critical care units.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/diagnosis , Clinical Laboratory Techniques/standards , Partial Thromboplastin Time/standards , Platelet Count/standards , Aspartate Aminotransferases/standards , Rural Population , Chile , Predictive Value of Tests , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Hantavirus Pulmonary Syndrome/blood , Hematocrit/standards
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-782460

ABSTRACT

5). Higher body mass index (BMI) percentile, waist circumference, hematocrit, insulin resistance, and lower insulin sensitivity index were significantly positively correlated with the grade of fatty liver. NAFLD activity score, amount of steatosis, and fibrosis significantly worsened as the fatty liver grade increased. Higher BMI, lower insulin sensitivity index, and boy were significantly positively correlated with the fatty pancreas grade.CONCLUSION: Altogether, ultrasonographic severity of fatty liver shows good correlation with that of clinical parameters and hepatic pathology.


Subject(s)
Academies and Institutes , Biopsy , Body Mass Index , Child , Fatty Liver , Female , Fibrosis , Hematocrit , Humans , Insulin Resistance , Liver , Male , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease , Pancreas , Parents , Pathology , Prevalence , Ultrasonography , Waist Circumference , Weights and Measures
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760187

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study compared the iron statuses of small for gestational age (SGA) and appropriate for gestational age (AGA) infants at birth. METHODS: The clinical data of 904 newborn infants admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit were reviewed. Blood samples were drawn from the infants within 24 hours after birth. Serum ferritin level was used as a marker of total iron status. RESULTS: In this study, 115 SGA (GA, 36.5±2.9 weeks; birth weight [BW], 1,975±594.5 g) and 717 AGA (GA, 35.1±3.5 weeks; BW, 2,420.3±768.7 g) infants were included. The SGA infants had higher hematocrit levels (50.6%±5.8% vs. 47.7%±5.7%, P<0.05) than the AGA infants. No difference in serum ferritin level (ng/mL) was found between the groups (mean [95% confidence interval]: SGA vs. AGA infants, 139.0 [70.0–237.0] vs. 141.0 [82.5–228.5]). After adjusting for gestational age, the SGA infants had lower ferritin levels (147.1 ng/mL [116.3–178.0 ng/mL] vs. 189.4 ng/mL [178.0–200.8 ng/ mL], P<0.05). Total body iron stores were also lower in the SGA infants than in the AGA infants (185.6 [153.4–211.7] vs 202.2 [168.7–241.9], P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The SGA infants had lower ferritin and total body iron stores than the AGA infants. The SGA infants affected by maternal hypertension who were born at late preterm had an additional risk of inadequate iron store. Iron deficiency should be monitored in these infants during follow-up.


Subject(s)
Birth Weight , Ferritins , Follow-Up Studies , Gestational Age , Hematocrit , Humans , Hypertension , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Iron , Parturition
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-765647

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transfusion in neonates and infants can be performed using an electromechanical infusion system that has appropriate accuracy in terms of flow rate, volume, and bolus. However, there are no infusion systems approved for transfusion in Korea. In this study, we evaluate the performance of two electromechanical infusion systems for transfusion in pediatric patients. METHODS: We tested two systems, Baxter and Terumo, using 9 units of leukocyte-filtered red blood cells. The blood samples were delivered through the systems at constant speeds of 10, 30, and 100 mL/hr, and the accuracy in terms of the delivered volume was estimated. Before and after infusion, hemoglobin, hematocrit, plasma hemoglobin, potassium, and lactate dehydrogenase levels were measured in each sample. The percentage of hemolysis (%Hemolysis) was calculated to evaluate the safety of the infusion systems. RESULTS: For Terumo, the mean error rate of the infused volume was less than 5%. We expect that Terumo can transfuse blood at a volume close to the set volume. Further, both infusion systems showed acceptable %Hemolysis levels (mean±standard deviation: Terumo, 0.14±0.04; Baxter, 0.17±0.06). CONCLUSIONS: Both infusion systems can be used safely for transfusion in pediatric patients.


Subject(s)
Erythrocyte Transfusion , Erythrocytes , Hematocrit , Hemolysis , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Korea , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Plasma , Potassium
17.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 82-86, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763967

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aims to determine whether preoperative temporary discontinuation of aspirin (100 mg/d) use is a safe procedure does not increase blood loss and the need for transfusion after total hip arthroplasty (THA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively reviewed 219 patients who underwent consecutive primary THA from January 2012 to December 2018. They were divided into the experimental group (42 cases) that discontinued aspirin intake 7 days before surgery and the control group (150 cases) that had no history of use of antiplatelet agents. To compare initial blood loss between the two groups, we analyzed the changes hemoglobin (Hb) levels and hematocrit values measured preoperatively and in lowest values measured during three days after surgery. In addition, transfusion rate was compared within the first two postoperative weeks between the two groups. A multiple logistic regression was performed to assess the association of transfusion with age, gender, use of antiplatelet agents, preoperative anesthetic risk, body weight and preoperative Hb. RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was found in the changes in lowest Hb level (P=0.30) and hematocrit value (P=0.14) measured preoperatively and for three days after surgery between the experimental group and the control group. There was no statistically significant association between transfusion and the use of antiplatelet agents, and preoperative Hb level was identified as a factor that affected the need for transfusion (odds ratio, 0.427; P=0.001). CONCLUSION: Preoperative temporary discontinuation of aspirin use for 7 days before surgery did not increase initial blood loss after THA and the need for transfusion in the first two postoperative weeks compared to patients with no history of use of antiplatelet agents.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Aspirin , Blood Transfusion , Body Weight , Hematocrit , Humans , Logistic Models , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Retrospective Studies
18.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180505, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041570

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: The microscopic examination of microhematocrit tubes (mHCT) has been proposed as the gold standard for acute and congenital Chagas disease diagnosis. We compared different mHCT methodologies detecting T. cruzi parasites in the blood. METHODS: The rotating method, water mount, and immersion oil methods were compared for their suitability, sensitivity, and specificity. RESULTS: The rotating method was easier, faster, and more sensitive than the others with 100% specificity. CONCLUSIONS: The rotating method is feasible for laboratory technicians with standard training in microscopic techniques and is recommended for the diagnosis of acute Chagas disease in primary health care facilities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Trypanosoma cruzi/isolation & purification , Centrifugation/methods , Chagas Disease/diagnosis , Parasitemia/diagnosis , Capillary Tubing , Hematocrit/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Chagas Disease/parasitology , Chagas Disease/blood , Parasitemia/parasitology , Clinical Laboratory Services
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-770049

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine if preoperative temporary discontinuation of antiplatelet medication (aspirin, clopidogrel, or cilostazol) is a safe procedure that does not increase early postoperative bleeding and allogenic blood transfusion after a total knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted among consecutive patients who underwent navigation assisted primary total knee arthroplasty performed by a single surgeon, from January 2013 to December 2016. A total of 369 patients enrolled in this study were divided into two groups, 271 patients with no history of antiplatelet therapy and 98 patients who underwent 7 days of temporary withdrawal of antiplatelet therapy. Comparative analysis between the two groups, on the variation of hemoglobin and hematocrit during the first and second postoperative days, was conducted to determine the amount of early postoperative bleeding and the frequency of allogenic blood transfusion during hospitalization. RESULTS: The variation of hemoglobin, hematocrit during the first and second postoperative days and the frequency of allogenic blood transfusion between no history of antiplatelet medication and discontinuation antiplatelet medication before 7 days from surgery were similar in both groups. Of the 369 patients, 149 patients received a blood transfusion during their hospitalization. Compared to patients who did not receive a blood transfusion, those who did received blood transfusion were significantly older in age, smaller in height, lighter in weight, and showed significantly lower preoperative hemoglobin and hematocrit values. No statistically significant differences in sex, preoperative American Society of Anesthesiologists scores, and the history of antiplatelet medication until 7 days prior to surgery were observed between the two groups according to blood transfusion. CONCLUSION: Compared to patients with no history of antiplatelet medication, the temporary discontinuation of antiplatelet medication 7 days prior to surgery in patients undergoing antiplatelet medication did not increase the amount of postoperative bleeding or the need for allogenic blood transfusion.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Blood Transfusion , Hematocrit , Hemorrhage , Hospitalization , Humans , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719402

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Information on biochemical changes following rapid transfusion of blood mixtures in liver transplantation patients is limited. METHODS: A blood mixture composed of red blood cells, fresh frozen plasma, and 0.9% saline was prepared in a ratio of 1 unit:1 unit:250 ml. During massive hemorrhage, 300 ml of the blood mixture was repeatedly transfused. A blood mixture sample as well as pre- and post-transfusion arterial blood samples were collected at the first, third, fifth, and seventh bolus transfusions. Changes in pH, hematocrit, electrolytes, and glucose were measured with a point-of-care analyzer. The biochemical changes were described, and the factors driving the changes were sought through linear mixed effects analysis. RESULTS: A total of 120 blood samples from 10 recipients were examined. Potassium and sodium levels became normalized during preservation. Biochemical changes in the blood mixture were significantly related to the duration of blood bank storage and reservoir preservation (average R2 = 0.41). Acute acidosis and hypocalcemia requiring immediate correction occurred with each transfusion. Both the pre-transfusion value of the patient and the blood mixture value were significant predictors of post-transfusion changes in the body (average R2 = 0.87); however, the former was more crucial. CONCLUSIONS: Rapid infusion of blood mixture is relatively safe because favorable biochemical changes occur during storage in the reservoir, and the composition of the blood mixture has little effect on the body during rapid transfusion in liver recipients. However, acute hypocalcemia and acidosis requiring immediate correction occurred frequently due to limited citrate metabolism in the liver recipients.


Subject(s)
Acidosis , Blood Banks , Blood Safety , Blood Transfusion , Citric Acid , Electrolytes , Erythrocytes , Glucose , Hematocrit , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Hypocalcemia , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Metabolism , Plasma , Point-of-Care Systems , Potassium , Sodium
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