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1.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 27(2): 1010-1026, Maio-Ago. 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425168

ABSTRACT

A Doença Renal Crônica (DRC) é uma importante redução da função renal que causa alterações no metabolismo dos indivíduos. Para acompanhar a progressão da DRC e prevenir possíveis complicações, foi realizada uma pesquisa para avaliar o perfil sociodemográfico, bioquímico e hematológico de pacientes com Insuficiência Renal Crônica (IRC) submetidos a hemodiálise. Esta pesquisa foi quantitativa, descritiva e transversal de caráter retrospectivo, realizada por meio da análise de dados secundários contidos nos prontuários dos pacientes. A coleta de dados ocorreu no Centro de Hemodiálise da cidade de Russas, no Ceará. A amostra foi constituída por 161 pacientes com DRC, sendo 63,35% do sexo masculino e 85,71% pardos, com uma idade média de 54,39 anos. Desses, 63,97% tinham entre 2 e 10 anos de tratamento e 57,76% possuíam ensino fundamental incompleto. 19,25% residiam em Russas. Resultados: Após a hemodiálise, os resultados mostraram 44 mg/dL de Ureia, 48,44% dos pacientes com valores normais. A hemoglobina e hematócrito médios foram 11,8 g/dL e 33,7%, respectivamente, sendo que 63,35% tiveram valores reduzidos. 85,10% dos pacientes tiveram contagem de plaquetas normal, 72,04% níveis adequados de ferro e albumina, 52,79% tiveram níveis elevados de ferritina, 23,61% redução de transferrina e níveis lipídicos satisfatórios. 79,50% apresentaram níveis séricos de potássio dentro da normalidade, 12,42% de fósforo acima do normal, 85,09% de cálcio dentro dos valores normais, 39,13% de PTHi normais e 86,33% de glicose dentro dos valores considerados normais. Com base nos resultados, concluiu-se que todos os pacientes em tratamento hemodialítico apresentam diversas alterações em decorrência da DRC e do próprio processo de tratamento. Portanto, a realização de exames para avaliar ou monitorar possíveis complicações da IRC é essencial para criar estratégias e intervenções mais eficazes, que melhorem a assistência prestada a esses pacientes e, consequentemente, da qualidade e expectativa de vida dos mesmos.


Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is an important reduction in kidney function that causes changes in the metabolism of individuals. To monitor the progression of CKD and prevent possible complications, a survey was carried out to assess the sociodemographic, biochemical and hematological profile of patients with Chronic Renal Failure (CRF) undergoing hemodialysis. This research was quantitative, descriptive and cross-sectional with a retrospective character, carried out through the analysis of secondary data contained in the patients' medical records. Data collection took place at the Hemodialysis Center in the city of Russas, Ceará. The sample consisted of 161 patients with CKD, 63.35% male and 85.71% brown, with an average age of 54.39 years. Of these, 63.97% had between 2 and 10 years of treatment and 57.76% had incomplete primary education. 19.25% resided in Russas. Results: After hemodialysis, the results showed 44 mg/dL of Urea, 48.44% of patients with normal values. Average hemoglobin and hematocrit were 11.8 g/dL and 33.7%, respectively, with 63.35% having reduced values. 85.10% of the patients had normal platelet counts, 72.04% had adequate levels of iron and albumin, 52.79% had high levels of ferritin, 23.61% had reduced transferrin and satisfactory lipid levels. 79.50% had serum levels of potassium within the normal range, 12.42% of phosphorus above normal, 85.09% of calcium within normal values, 39.13% of PTHi normal and 86.33% of glucose within the values considered normal. Based on the results, it was concluded that all patients on hemodialysis have several changes due to CKD and the treatment process itself. Therefore, carrying out tests to assess or monitor possible complications of CRF is essential to create more effective strategies and interventions that improve the care provided to these patients and, consequently, their quality and life expectancy.


La Enfermedad Renal Crónica (ERC) es una reducción importante de la función renal que provoca cambios en el metabolismo de los individuos. Para monitorizar la evolución de la ERC y prevenir posibles complicaciones, se realizó una encuesta para evaluar el perfil sociodemográfico, bioquímico y hematológico de los pacientes con Insuficiencia Renal Crónica (IRC) en hemodiálisis. Esta investigación fue cuantitativa, descriptiva y transversal con carácter retrospectivo, realizada a través del análisis de datos secundarios contenidos en las historias clínicas de los pacientes. La recolección de datos ocurrió en el Centro de Hemodiálisis de la ciudad de Russas, Ceará. La muestra estuvo constituida por 161 pacientes con ERC, 63,35% del sexo masculino y 85,71% pardos, con una edad media de 54,39 años. De estos, 63,97% tenían entre 2 y 10 años de tratamiento y 57,76% tenían primaria incompleta. El 19,25% residía en Russas. Resultados: Posterior a la hemodiálisis los resultados arrojaron 44 mg/dL de Urea, 48,44% de los pacientes con valores normales. La hemoglobina y el hematocrito medios fueron 11,8 g/dl y 33,7 %, respectivamente, con un 63,35 % con valores reducidos. El 85,10% de los pacientes presentaba plaquetas normales, el 72,04% presentaba niveles adecuados de hierro y albúmina, el 52,79% presentaba niveles elevados de ferritina, el 23,61% presentaba transferrina reducida y niveles satisfactorios de lípidos. El 79,50% presentaba niveles séricos de potasio dentro de la normalidad, el 12,42% de fósforo por encima de lo normal, el 85,09% de calcio dentro de los valores normales, el 39,13% de PTHi normal y el 86,33% de glucosa dentro de los valores considerados normales. Con base en los resultados, se concluyó que todos los pacientes en hemodiálisis tienen varios cambios debido a la ERC y al propio proceso de tratamiento. Por tanto, la realización de pruebas para evaluar o monitorizar las posibles complicaciones de la IRC es fundamental para crear estrategias e intervenciones más eficaces que mejoren la atención a estos pacientes y, en consecuencia, su calidad y esperanza de vida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Patients/statistics & numerical data , Health Profile , Renal Dialysis/statistics & numerical data , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/epidemiology , Kidney Diseases/epidemiology , Serology , Biochemistry , Medical Records/statistics & numerical data , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Creatinine , Data Analysis , Hematology
2.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(supl.2): S76-S84, July 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514203

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Although not mandatory, medical residency has become a sine qua non condition for practicing in most medical specialties in Brazil. Residency programs are hosted mainly by university accredited academic centers and hospitals in the national public healthcare system, under guidance and accreditation by a national commission. Despite the importance of these programs for the development of the hematology workforce, few studies have addressed their characteristics and impact on society. Methods: We performed a comprehensive cross-sectional survey of a 35-year alumni cohort from a hematology academic residency program in Brazil. Results: In total, 86/98 (87.8%) responded to the survey. The mean age at residency completion was 28.5 years, 60.5% of the alumni were women and sixty-four (74.4%) self-declared their skin color as white. Higher rates of parental education attainment and low rates of trainee financial dependence were observed and these patterns were stable over time. While the proportion of trainees from other states increased steadily, the number of hematologists practicing in other states remained stable. Approximately half of the alumni worked both in the private and public sectors, mainly in malignant hematology and in outpatient clinics. Twenty-five percent of the alumni reported prior leadership and teaching positions, mainly as directors of transfusion services. Conclusion: Our results provide data that can be potentially useful for policymakers and curricular development in the planning of strategies concerning the future workforce of hematologists.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Education, Medical , Career Choice , Hematology , Internship and Residency
3.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(1): 52-57, Jan.-Mar. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421550

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction During pregnancy, women are at an increased risk of developing iron-deficiency anemia. Objective The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic performance of the reticulocyte hemoglobin equivalent (RET-He) in the early detection of iron-deficiency anemia in a group of pregnant women and to establish a reference range for this parameter in a group of control individuals. Method: A total of 60 patients and 130 control subjects were included in the study. Blood samples collected from the subjects were submitted to a complete blood count and a serum ferritin test and the data were analyzed by comparing the groups and ROC curves. Results The reference range found for the RET-He was between 29.75pg and 38.24pg, with a median of 35pg. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis for the ferritin parameter showed an area under the curve of 0.732 for the RET-He, 0.586 for hemoglobin, 0.551 for the mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration and 0.482 for the mean corpuscular volume. Conclusion Early diagnosis of iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy is essential to prevent damage to both maternal and fetal health. The RET-He presents an excellent potential as an auxiliary tool for the diagnosis of iron deficiency in pregnant women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Pregnancy , Iron Deficiencies , Reticulocytes , Hemoglobins , Anemia, Iron-Deficiency , Hematology
5.
J. Health Biol. Sci. (Online) ; 11(1): 1-7, Jan. 2023. tab, fig, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426964

ABSTRACT

Objective: Evaluate the effects of alternative therapy on the hematological profiles of different families of captive snakes. Methodology: Captive snakes at NUROF-UFC were submitted to a clinical and hematological evaluation before and after applying an alternative treatment, including systematic sunbathing and hydration by soaking bathes twice a week for five weeks. The biometric, clinical, and hematological data were compared by multivariate analysis of variance and investigated for possible causal relationships by general linear models. Results: A significant difference was observed between erythrograms and global leukograms in the three families of snakes evaluated before and after treatment. The significant reduction in the heterophil: lymphocyte ratio in the Family Colubridae after treatment was noteworthy. Discussion: The results were most likely due to stress level reduction by improving thermoregulation and conversion of vitamin D during sunbathing, oral rehydration and refreshing in soaking baths, and general metabolic rates due to physical exercise. Conclusion: The results confirm the initial hypothesis, assuming that a simple but systematic treatment that included sunlight exposure and immersion hydration was efficient in reducing stress rates.


Objetivo: Avaliar a influência de banhos de sol e de imersão em água nos perfis hematológicos de serpentes cativas, antes e após a aplicação deste tratamento alternativo. Metodologia: Serpentes cativas no NUROF-UFC foram submetidas à avaliação clínica e hematológica, depois submetidas ao tratamento alternativo por cinco semanas, sendo novamente avaliadas após. Os dados obtidos foram submetidos à análise estatística multivariada (NPMANOVA e GLM) para investigação de possíveis relações causais entre o tratamento e os perfis hematológicos. Resultados: Foi observada diferença significativa entre os eritrogramas e leucogramas nas três famílias de serpentes avaliadas antes e após o tratamento. Ressalta-se a redução significativa na razão heterófilos:linfócitos na Família Colubridae após o tratamento. Discussão: A diferença estatística deveu-se provavelmente à redução nos níveis de estresse, possibilitada por aquecimento e aumento de conversão da vitamina D durante a exposição solar; reidratação oral e refrescância nos banhos de imersão, e ao recondicionamento pelo exercício físico. Conclusão: Os resultados confirmaram a hipótese inicial, admitindo que um tratamento alternativo, simples mas aplicado sistematicamente, que incluiu exposição à luz solar e hidratação por imersão em água foi eficiente em reduzir as taxas de estresse em serpentes cativas.


Subject(s)
Hematology , Reptiles , Snakes , Sunbathing , Fluid Therapy
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 568-574, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982096

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the distribution and drug sensitivity of pathogenic bacteria isolated from patients in hematology department, in order to provide evidence for rational use of antibiotics in clinic.@*METHODS@#The distribution of pathogenic bacteria and drug sensitivity data of patients in the hematology department of The First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University from 2015 to 2020 were retrospectively analyzed, and the pathogens isolated from different specimen types were compared.@*RESULTS@#A total of 2 029 strains of pathogenic bacteria were isolated from 1 501 patients in the hematology department from 2015 to 2020, and 62.2% of which were Gram-negative bacilli, mainly Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia and Acinetobacter baumannii. Gram-positive coccus accounted for 18.8%, mainly Coagulase-negative staphylococcus (CoNS) and Staphylococcus aureus. Fungi (17.4%) were mainly candida. The 2 029 strains were mainly isolated from respiratory tract (35.1%), blood (31.8%) and urine (19.2%) specimens. Gram-negative bacilli were the main pathogenic bacteria in different specimen types (>60%). K. pneumoniae, S. maltophilia and A. baumannii were the most common pathogens in respiratory specimens, E. coli, CoNS, K. pneumoniae and P. aeruginosa were common in blood samples, and E. coli and Enterococcus were most common in urine samples. Enterobacteriaceae had the highest susceptibility to amikacin and carbapenems (>90.0%), followed by piperacillin/tazobactam. P. aeruginosa strains had high sensitivity to antibiotics except aztreonam (<50.0%). The susceptibility of A. baumannii to multiple antibiotics was less than 70.0%. The antimicrobial resistance rates of E. coli and K. pneumoniae in respiratory tract specimens were higher than those in blood specimens and urine specimens.@*CONCLUSION@#Gram-negative bacilli are the main pathogenic bacteria isolated from patients in hematology department. The distribution of pathogens is different in different types of specimens, and the sensitivity of each strain to antibiotics is different. The rational use of antibiotics should be based on different parts of infection to prevent the occurrence of drug resistance.


Subject(s)
Humans , Escherichia coli , Retrospective Studies , Bacteria , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Drug Resistance , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Hematology
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21798, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439520

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the hematological and coagulation parameters according to the clinical outcomes of coronavirus disease (COVID-19). We analyzed the hematological and coagulation parameters of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 at admission, and two and three weeks during hospitalization. To assess the performance of these parameters in predicting poor outcomes, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created. We studied 128 patients with COVID-19 (59.2±17.7 years, 56% male). Non-survivors (n=54, 42%) presented significant alterations in hematological and coagulation parameters at admission, such as increased in white blood cells (WBC), neutrophil, and band cell counts, as well as elevated prothrombin time (PT), activated partial thromboplastin time, and D-dimer levels. During follow-up, the same group presented a gradual increase in D-dimer and PT levels, accompanied by a reduction in PT activity, hemoglobin, and red blood cell count (RBC). ROC curves showed that WBC, neutrophil, and band cell counts presented the best area under the curve (AUC) values with sensitivity and specificity of >70%; however, a logistic regression model combining all the parameters, except for RBC, presented an AUC of 0.89, sensitivity of 84.84%, and specificity of 77.41%. Our study shows that significant alterations in hematological and coagulation tests at admission could be useful predictors of disease severity and mortality in COVID-19.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients/classification , Blood Coagulation , Death , COVID-19/diagnosis , Hematology/instrumentation
8.
Philippine Journal of Pathology ; (2): 21-26, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984489

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Among patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML), the karyotype at diagnosis is an important prognostic indicator for predicting outcomes. Several studies have been done to identify the most common cytogenetic abnormalities seen in patients in other countries, however, limited studies have been done in our setting.@*OBJECTIVE@#The study aims to determine the most common abnormalities present among patients with AML referred for Fluorescence in situ Hybridization (FISH) at the National Kidney and Transplant Institute.@*METHODOLOGY@#The study included 131 adult patients with a mean age o 46. Fluorescence in situ Hybridization was used to identify the following cytogenetic abnormalities: t(8;21), 11q23 (MLL), 16q22 (CBFB-MYH11), t(15;17) (PML/RARA), t(9;22) (BCR/ABL), 7q31 deletion, and Monosomy 7.@*RESULTS@#FISH was negative in 40% (n=53) of patients. 7q31 deletion is the most frequently identified cytogenetic abnormality among patients with a single abnormality (n=17, 13%) present and is the most frequently identified abnormality among patients with multiple abnormalities (n=26). 7q31 deletion is more frequently observed among patients between the ages 51 to 60 years old and among patients with AML with monocytic differentiation. 22% (n=29) of patients have multiple abnormalities, with the most common abnormalities to occur together are 7q31 deletion and t(8;21) (n=20, 15%). Patients with negative results and patients with multiple cytogenetic abnormalities are commonly seen within the 41 to 50 age group.@*CONCLUSION@# The current study provides a single-institution view of the cytogenetic abnormalities among adult Filipino patients with AML using FISH. Further investigation on the clinical history of these patients, with correlation with other methods, as well as epidemiologic studies are needed to better understand the similarities and differences seen from previously reported incidences.


Subject(s)
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Cytogenetics , Hematology
9.
Philippine Journal of Pathology ; (2): 13-20, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984488

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Complete blood count (CBC) and cell population data (CPD) are hematologic parameters used in several clinical scenarios including infection and neoplastic processes. In the setting of COVID-19 infection, there is relative paucity of data in their use as possible prognostic markers.@*OBJECTIVE@#We aim to evaluate the utility of the baseline CBC and CPD as prognostic markers for in-hospital mortality among COVID-19 patients admitted in Philippine General Hospital from March 2020 to January 2022.@*METHODOLOGY@#This is a case-control study. Expired patients served as cases, and recovered patients served as controls. Data from eligible patients including age, sex, admitting COVID diagnosis with severity, final disposition, baseline CBC and CPD results were collected from the hospital medical records and hematology section of the Department of Laboratories. Statistical analyses were done to determine the prognostic value of these parameters for in-hospital mortality.@*RESULTS@#Among the different CBC and CPD parameters, the study shows total white blood cell (WBC) count, absolute neutrophil count (ANC), absolute eosinophil count (AEC), and neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) were statistically significant predictors for in-hospital mortality. For total WBC count, at a cut off 9.9 x 10 9 /L, the sensitivity and specificity is 70.9% and 66.2%, respectively. For ANC, at a cut off of 7.3 x 10 9 /L, the specificity is 76.4% and the specificity is 68.2%. At a cut off of 7.62, the NLR shows a sensitivity of 76.4% and specificity of 70.1%. For AEC, at a cut off of 0.006 x 10 9 /L, the sensitivity is 53.3% and the specificity is 87.3%. AEC predicts towards the direction of survival rather than to the direction of in-hospital mortality.@*CONCLUSION@#The total WBC count, ANC, and NLR were statistically significant predictors for in-hospital mortality, while AEC predicts towards the direction of survival. The sensitivities and specificities of the cut off for these parameters were less than ideal. Correlation with clinical and other laboratory parameters is still recommended. For future studies, the authors recommend monitoring CBC and CPD parameters at different time points during the patients’ hospital course.


Subject(s)
COVID-19 , Hematology , Blood Cell Count , Blood Cell Count , Prognosis
10.
Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 44(4): 567-573, Oct.-dec. 2022. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1421530

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: Early integration between palliative care and other medical specialties in the care of patients with serious illnesses is consolidating itself as good medical practice, based on scientific and ethical evidence. Despite this, palliative care is still not part of the routine care of patients with hematological diseases, even in specialized centers. Objective and method: In this article, we review the benefits and the main barriers described in the literature for early integration of hematology and palliative care. We also point out the challenges encountered in clinical practice, such as end-of-life prognosis assessment in patients with hematological diseases and management of the most common symptoms in hematology. Finally, we review models of integration between palliative care and oncology centers in outpatient and inpatient settings. Results and conclusion: Patients with hematological diseases can greatly benefit from early integration with palliative care, with improvement in symptom control, quality of life, reduction of emotional distress and the development of advanced care directives. It is necessary to make hematologists aware of the benefits of palliative care, provide adequate training for multidisciplinary teams and encourage specific studies of palliative care in patients with hematological diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Hematology , Quality of Life , Hematologic Neoplasms
11.
Rev. Ciênc. Plur ; 8(3): 28726, out. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1399489

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Ações de extensão podem contribuir para processos formativos críticos e reflexivos, mobilizadores de competências essenciais ao exercício do cuidado em saúde. Além disto, devem viabilizar relações transformadoras entre a universidade e a sociedade. O projeto "Blood" subsidiou um ciclo de pesquisa-ação para viabilizar oficinas sobre interpretação de hemogramas ministradas por estudantes de graduação em medicina e enfermagem. Objetivo: Descrever os desfechos do projeto "Blood" no processo de ensino-aprendizagem do conteúdo da hematologia. Metodologia: foram realizados, ao longo de 2017, encontros semanais sobre temas relacionados à hematologia (diagnóstico e manejo de anemias, distúrbios de coagulação, e neoplasias de origem hematológica; bem como critérios de encaminhamento em hematologia propostos pelo Ministério da Saúde), orientados pela estratégia da sala de aula invertida e mobilizados pelos próprios estudantes integrantes do projeto de extensão, na perspectiva do autogerenciamento. Assim, buscou-se compartilhar conhecimento e trabalhar habilidades relacionais e de comunicação. Resultados: Desenvolvimento, pelos participantes inseridos na graduação de medicina e enfermagem, de duas oficinas em eventos científicos de importância nacional sobre interpretação de hemogramas sob referencial pedagógico da problematização, a partir reuniões semanais autogerenciadas. Desenvolvimento de competência cognitiva e relacional para planejamento de oficina de educação permanente em saúde para profissionais da Atenção Básica. Conclusões: O "Blood" viabilizou trabalhar competências técnicas, intelectuais, interpessoais e intrapessoais pelos extensionistas, que tiverem como desfecho imediato dois momentos de educação continuada voltados à comunidade, cumprindo assim a essência da extensão universitária


Introduction:Community-aimed programs of universities can contribute to critical and reflexive training processes, mobilizing skills essential for healthcare. They must also enable transformative relationships between the university and society.The project "Blood" supportedan actionresearch cycle to facilitate the development of workshops on the interpretation of blood counttests.Objective:To describe the outcomes of the project "Blood" in the teaching-learning process of hematology content.Methodology:over the year 2017, topics related to hematology (diagnosis and management of anemia, clotting disorders, and hematological neoplasms; as well the criteria for referral to specialized care proposed by the Brazilian Ministry of Health) were addressed in weekly self-managed discussions, using a flipped classroom strategy implementedby the participating students. Thus, the goal was the sharingof knowledge and working on relational and communication skills.Results:two workshops on the interpretation of blood count tests were presented in national scientific events by students of medicine and nursing, usingapedagogical framework of problematization. Cognitive and relational competencesfor planning a continued education workshop for Primary Care professionals were also developed. Conclusions:The project "Blood" made it possible for the extensioniststudentsto work on technical, intellectual, interpersonal and intrapersonal skills, leading to an immediate outcome of two events of continuing education aimed at the community, thus fulfilling the essence of universitycommunity projects (AU).


Introducción: Lasacciones de extensión pueden contribuir a procesos de formación crítica y reflexiva, movilizando competencias esenciales para el ejercicio del cuidado de la salud. Además, deben posibilitar relaciones transformadoras entre la universidad y la sociedad. El proyecto "Blood" subvencionó un ciclo de investigación-acción para facilitar talleres de interpretación de hemogramas impartidos por estudiantes de pregrado de medicina y enfermería.Objetivo: Describir los resultados del proyecto "Blood"en el proceso de enseñanza-aprendizaje de contenidos de hematología.Metodología:A lo largo de 2017 se realizaron encuentros semanales sobre temas relacionados con hematología (diagnóstico y manejo de anemias, alteraciones de la coagulación y neoplasias de origen hematológico; así como criterios de derivación a hematología propuestos por el Ministerio de Saludde Brasil), guiados por la estrategia del aula invertida y movilizada por los estudiantes que forman parte del proyecto extensionista, desde la perspectiva de la autogestión. Así, se buscócompartir conocimientos y trabajar las habilidades relacionales y comunicativas.Resultados:Desarrollo, por parte de los participantes incluidos en la graduación de medicina y enfermería, de dos talleres en eventos científicos de importancia nacional sobre la interpretación de hemogramas bajo el marco pedagógico de problematización, a partir de encuentros autogestionados semanales. Desarrollo de la competencia cognitiva y relacional para la planificación de un taller de educación continua en salud para profesionales de Atención Primaria.Conclusiones: El proyecto "Blood" permitió trabajar las habilidades técnicas, intelectuales, interpersonales e intrapersonales de los estudiantes, lo que tuvo como resultado inmediato dos momentos de formación permanente dirigidos a la comunidad, cumpliendo así la esencia de la extensión universitaria (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Primary Health Care , Health Education , Community-Institutional Relations , Competency-Based Education , Hematology/education , Unified Health System , Education, Medical , Education, Nursing , Health Promotion
12.
Rev. epidemiol. controle infecç ; 12(3): 99-104, jul.-set. 2022. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1425558

ABSTRACT

Background and Objectives: Malnutrition is frequent in hospitalized older adults, favoring nutritional deficiencies, such as anemia. Several studies have associated anemia with reduced performance in daily activities, which may increase morbidity and mortality. This study aimed to assess the relation between anemia and older adults' nutritional status. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study with hospitalized older adults. Anemia was investigated via hemoglobin. The chosen outcome variables were anemia and hemoglobin and the exposure variables gender, age group, skin color, marital status, education, and nutritional status. Variables were described in absolute and relative frequencies. For statistical analysis, the Chi-square and ANOVA tests were used. Results: Overall, we evaluated 272 hospitalized older adults and fund a 65.1% prevalence of anemia. We associated anemia with age group, malnutrition, and decreased muscle mass. Hemoglobin levels decreased as participants' nutritional status worsened, with malnutrition showing the lowest average. Conclusion: Anemia was associated with nutritional status by the evaluated instruments and we observed a reduction in hemoglobin levels as volunteers' nutritional status worsened. Therefore, research must understand the factors associated with anemia, and healthcare providers should investigate anemic older adults' clinical history anemic to search for its basic cause.(AU)


Justificativa e Objetivos: A desnutrição é frequente em idosos hospitalizados, favorecendo deficiências nutricionais, como a anemia. Diversos estudos associaram a anemia com a redução do desempenho nas atividades diárias, podendo aumentar a morbidade e mortalidade. Este estudo objetivou avaliar a relação entre anemia e estado nutricional de idosos hospitalizados. Métodos: Estudo transversal com idosos hospitalizados. A anemia foi investigada através da hemoglobina. As variáveis desfecho foram a anemia e a hemoglobina; e as variáveis de exposição foram: gênero, faixa etária, cor da pele, situação conjugal, escolaridade e estado nutricional. As variáveis foram descritas em frequência absoluta e relativa. Para análise estatística, utilizou-se os Testes Qui-quadrado e Anova. Resultados: Foram avaliados 272 idosos hospitalizados, nos quais a prevalência de anemia foi de 65,1%. Verificou-se associação dessa condição com a faixa etária, desnutrição e massa muscular diminuída. Os níveis de hemoglobina diminuíram conforme a piora do estado nutricional, sendo que os desnutridos tiveram a menor média. Conclusão: A anemia foi associada com o estado nutricional pelos instrumentos avaliados, também se observou a redução dos níveis de hemoglobina conforme a piora do estado nutricional. Portanto, a compreensão dos fatores associados à anemia é necessária, sendo fundamental que os profissionais de saúde investiguem a história clínica do idoso anêmico em busca de sua causa básica.(AU)


Justificación y Objetivos: La desnutrición es frecuente en los adultos mayores hospitalizados, favoreciendo deficiencias nutricionales como la anemia. Varios estudios han asociado la anemia a un rendimiento reducido en las actividades diarias, lo que predispone a un aumento de la morbilidad y la mortalidad. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo evaluar la relación entre anemia y estado nutricional de los adultos mayores hospitalizados. Métodos: Estudio transversal con adultos mayores hospitalizados. La anemia se investigó a través de la hemoglobina. Las variables de resultado fueron la anemia y la hemoglobina; y las variables de exposición fueron sexo, grupo de edad, color de piel, estado civil, educación y estado nutricional. Las variables se describieron en frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Para el análisis estadístico se utilizaron las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado y ANOVA. Resultados: Se evaluaron a 272 adultos mayores hospitalizados, en los cuales la prevalencia de anemia fue del 65,1%. Se encontró que la anemia estaba asociada al grupo de edad, la desnutrición y la disminución de la masa muscular. Los niveles de hemoglobina disminuyeron a medida que empeoraba el estado nutricional, con un promedio más bajo en los desnutridos. Conclusión: La anemia se asoció al estado nutricional en los instrumentos evaluados, se observó también una reducción en los niveles de hemoglobina a medida que empeoraba el estado nutricional. Por tanto, es necesario conocer los factores asociados a la anemia, y los profesionales de la salud necesitan investigar la historia clínica del adulto mayor anémico en busca de su causa básica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Aged , Nutritional Status , Anemia , Health of the Elderly , Deficiency Diseases , Malnutrition , Hematology
13.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 57(2): 218-222, Mar.-Apr. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388004

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Several animal models have been used in fracture healing and bone graft studies, but hematological responses are seldom reported. Therefore, the present study reported the hematological changes observed in rabbits that underwent xenografting of caprine demineralized bone matrix (CDBM). Method Twenty-four (24) male rabbits (2.5 0.5kg) were acquired for the purpose of this study and were randomly assigned to three groups: autologous bone graft (ABG), unfilled (NC), and caprine demineralized bone matrix (CDBM). Blood samples were collected through cardiac puncture under xylazine-ketamine anesthesia on day 0 (baseline), and on days 28 and 56 postsurgery and were analyzed manually within 2hours of collection. Statistical analysis was performed using a two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) with repeated measures, and a p-value< 0.05 was considered significant. Result There was an overall significant difference in the values of total white blood cell count (p» 0.0043), neutrophil count (p< 0.0001), monocyte count (p» 0.0184), red blood cell count (p» 0.003), hemoglobin concentration (p< 0.0001) and packed cell volume (p< 0.0001) across the days and the treatment groups. There was, however, no overall significant difference in lymphocyte count (p» 0.4923), basophil count (p» 0.4183), and eosinophil count (0.4806) within days. Conclusion Response to CDBM grafting in rabbits could, therefore, be said to be characterized by marked leukocytosis with neutrophilia, lymphocytosis, and monocytosis by day 28 of postgrafting. This could form the basis with which hematology can be used to monitor body response of bone graft animal models.


Resumo Objetivo Diversos modelos animais têm sido usados em estudos sobre enxertos ósseos e o tratamento de fraturas, mas as respostas hematológicas são raramente relatadas. Este estudo descreveu as alterações hematológicas observadas em coelhos submetidos a xenoenxertos de matriz óssea desmineralizada caprina (MODC). Métodos Vinte e quatro (24) coelhos machos (2,5 0,5 kg) foram adquiridos para este estudo e divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos: enxerto ósseo autólogo (EOA); controle negativo sem preenchimento (SP) e matriz óssea desmineralizada caprina (MODC). Amostras de sangue foram coletadas por punção cardíaca sob anestesia com xilazina-quetamina no dia 0 (para estabelecimento dos valores basais) e aos dias 28 e 56 após a cirurgia; essas amostras foram submetidas à análise manual em até 2 horas após a coleta. A análise estatística foi composta por análise de variância (ANOVA) de dois fatores com medidas repetidas, e o valor de p< 0,05 foi considerado significativo. Resultados Houve uma diferença geral significativa nos números de leucócitos totais (p» 0,0043), neutrófilos (p< 0,0001), monócitos (p» 0,0184) e hemácias (p» 0,003), na concentração de hemoglobina (p< 0,0001) e no hematócrito (p< 0,0001) ao longo dos dias e entre os grupos de tratamento. No entanto, não houve diferença global significativa no número de linfócitos (p» 0,4923), basófilos (p» 0,4183) e eosinófilos (p» 0,4806) entre os dias. Conclusão A resposta ao enxerto de MODC em coelhos é, portanto, caracterizada por leucocitose intensa com neutrofilia, linfocitose e monocitose no 28° dia após o procedimento. Esses dados podem basear a utilização da hematologia no monitoramento da resposta corporal em modelos animais de enxerto ósseo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Bone Transplantation , Fracture Healing , Models, Animal , Heterografts , Hematology
14.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408437

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La drepanocitosis es la anemia hemolítica congénita más común del mundo. Entre el 5 y 15 por ciento de la población mundial es portadora de la hemoglobina S y en Cuba, la frecuencia es de 3,08 por ciento, lo que representa un problema de salud pública. Objetivo: Caracterizar el cuadro clínico, el perfil hematológico y la probabilidad de supervivencia de los pacientes con drepanocitosis en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología. Método: Se realizó estudio descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo, que incluyó todos los enfermos seguidos, al menos dos años, en la institución, entre enero de 1973 y diciembre del 2009. Resultados: Se incluyeron 599 pacientes (285 masculinos), 439 SS/Sβ0tal y 160 SC/Sβ+tal. El seguimiento medio fue de 17,6±9,5 años. Predominaron los pacientes entre 20 y 59 años. Los eventos clínicos más frecuentes fueron las crisis vasoclusivas dolorosas, las infecciones, el síndrome torácico agudo y las complicaciones hepáticas. Los valores de reticulocitos, plaquetas, leucocitos y hemoglobina fetal fueron significativamente mayores en los pacientes SS/Sβ0tal; no así la hemoglobina total que fue mayor en los SC/Sβ+tal. La probabilidad de supervivencia global de los pacientes a los 45 años fue de 69 por ciento. Los accidentes vasculares encefálicos (17,5 por ciento), las complicaciones hepáticas (17,5 por ciento) y las cardíacas (14,28 por ciento) fueron las principales causas de muerte. Conclusiones: La distribución demográfica y por hemoglobinopatías, el cuadro clínico, y el perfil hematológico fueron similares a los encontrados en pacientes de otras regiones geográficas, excepto la frecuencia de complicaciones hepáticas que fue mayor. La probabilidad de supervivencia fue similar con los mejores centros de atención en el mundo(AU)


Introduction: Sickle cell disease is the most common congenital hemolytic anemia in the world. Between 5 to 15 percent of the world population is a carrier of hemoglobin S and in Cuba, the frequency is 3.08 percent, which represents a public health problem. Objective: To characterize the clinical picture, the hematological profile, and the probability of survival of patients with sickle cell disease at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology. Method: A descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out, which included all patients followed up for at least two years at the institution between January 1973 and December 2009. Results: 599 patients (285 male), 439 SS/Sβ0tal and 160 SC/Sβ+tal, were included. The mean follow-up was 17.6±9.5 years. Patients between 20 and 59 years old predominated. The most frequent clinical events were painful vasocclusive crises, infections, acute chest syndrome, and liver complications. The reticulocytes, platelets, leukocytes and fetal hemoglobin values ​​were significantly higher in the SS/Sβ0tal patients, but not the total hemoglobin, which was higher in the SC/Sβ+tal. The overall survival probability of patients at 45 years was 70 percent. Stroke (17.5 percent), liver complications (17.5 percent), and cardiac complications (14.28 percent) were the main causes of death. Conclusions: The demographic distribution and by hemoglobinopathies, the clinical events, and the hematological profile were similar to those found in patients from other geographic regions, except the frequency of liver complications, which was higher. The probability of survival was comparable with the best care centers in the world(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Reticulocytes , Survival , Aftercare , Survivorship , Hematology , Hemoglobinopathies , Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408435

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los mapas microbiológicos se consideran un marcador epidemiológico pues resumen estadísticamente las bacterias circulantes y su comportamiento frente a los antibióticos en uso. Permiten establecer una política de antibióticos que garantiza el uso más racional de los antimicrobianos y disminuye el riesgo de resistencia bacteriana. Objetivos: Identificar las bacterias aisladas con mayor frecuencia a partir de cultivos microbiológicos de pacientes hospitalizados en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología durante el año 2020 y determinar la resistencia de las bacterias más frecuentes a los antimicrobianos ensayados, con vista a establecer el primer mapa microbiológico de la institución. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de corte transversal que incluyó los cultivos de pacientes hospitalizados durante el año 2020. La identificación bacteriana se realizó según métodos convencionales y para determinar los perfiles de resistencia se empleó el método de Bauer-Kirby. Resultados: El hemocultivo fue el estudio microbiológico más indicado con una positividad de 32,80 por ciento. Predominaron las bacterias Gram negativas (81,71 por ciento), siendo las más identificadas Pseudomonas spp., Enterobacter spp., Klebsiella spp. y Escherichia coli. Entre las bacterias Gram positivas predominó Staphylococcus spp. coagulasa negativa. Se obtuvieron elevados porcentajes de resistencia frente a casi todos los antimicrobianos evaluados. Conclusiones: La realización del mapa microbiológico de la institución permite actualizar la política de uso de los antimicrobianos al identificar a los bacilos Gram negativos, con elevados porcentajes de resistencia, como los principales agentes etiológicos de las infecciones registradas en este centro de salud durante el año 2020(AU)


Introduction: Microbiological maps are considered an epidemiological marker as statistically summarize circulating bacteria and their behavior against antibiotics in use. They allow establishing an antibiotic policy that guarantees the most rational use of antimicrobials and decreases the risk of bacterial resistance. Objectives: Identify the isolated bacteria with more frequency from microbiological crops of hospitalized patients in the Institute of Hematology and Immunology during the year 2020 and determine the resistance of the most frequent bacteria to the antimicrobials tested, with a view to establishing the first microbiological map of the institution. Methods: An observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study was performed that included cultures of patients hospitalized during the year 2020. Bacterial identification was carried out according to conventional methods and to determine the resistance profiles was used by the Bauer-Kirby method. Results: The blood culture was the most indicated microbiological study with 32.80 percent positivity. The Gram negative bacteria predominated (81.71percent), being the most identified Pseudomona spp., Enterobacter spp., Klebsiella spp. and Escherichia coli. Among the Gram positive bacteria predominate Staphylococcus spp. coagulase negative. High percentages of resistance were obtained in front of almost all antimicrobials evaluated. Conclusions: The completion of the institutional microbiological map allows updating the antimicrobial use policy by identifying the Gram negative bacilli, with high percentages of resistance, as the main etiological agents of the infections registered in this health center during 2020(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Health Centers , Allergy and Immunology , Gram-Negative Bacteria , Hematology , Anti-Infective Agents
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408427

ABSTRACT

Hace aproximadamente 20 años un grupo de médicos investigadores de Cuba reportaron el empleo de las mediciones del timo por ultrasonografía, como un arma valedera en la evaluación inmunológica de los niños menores de 7 años con cuadros de infecciones frecuentes, fundamentalmente respiratorias. El rango de normalidad propuesto del área de la silueta tímica, es entre 1010,6 - 1425,4 mm2, o sea, 1 218 ± 207,4 mm2. Por debajo y por encima de estos valores se hablaría de hipoplasia e hiperplasia, respectivamente. Se considera hipoplasia grave cuando el área tímica es menor de 500 mm2; moderada cuando se encuentra entre 500 y 799 mm2 y leve cuando se halla entre 800 y 999 mm2. Se propone un algoritmo de diagnóstico y tratamiento que engloba la experiencia clínica de 12 años de trabajo en inmunología clínica pediátrica en el Instituto de Hematología e Inmunología. Este puede constituir una herramienta útil en las manos de los inmunólogos clínicos pediátricos que adecuarían el tratamiento idóneo para llevar el órgano a su tamaño estándar con la consecuente disminución de los procesos infecciosos y la elevación de los niveles de inmunoglobulina A en los pacientes(AU)


About 20 years ago, a group of Cuban medical researchers reported to the literature the use of measurements of the thymus by ultrasonography, as a valid weapon in the immunological evaluation of children under 7 years of age with frequent infections, mainly respiratory. The range of normality proposed for the area of the thymic silhouette is between 1010.6 - 1425.4 mm2, that is, 1 218 ± 207.4 mm2. Below and above these values, we would speak of hypoplasia and hyperplasia, respectively. Severe hypoplasia is considered when the thymic area is less than 500 mm2; moderate when it is between 500 and 799 mm2 and mild when it is between 800 and 999 mm2. A diagnosis and treatment algorithm is proposed that encompasses the clinical experience of 12 years of work in pediatric clinical immunology at the Institute of Hematology and Immunology. It can be a useful tool in the hands of pediatric clinical immunologists who would adapt the ideal treatment to bring the organ to its standard size with the consequent decrease in infectious processes and the elevation of immunoglobulin A levels in patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Algorithms , Immunoglobulin A , Ultrasonography , Allergy and Immunology , Hematology
17.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408423

ABSTRACT

La ozonoterapia permite aprovechar las reacciones del ozono con moléculas del organismo para inducir efectos biológicos deseados facilitando su empleo en el tratamiento de diferentes afecciones, incluidas las sepsis y el cáncer. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir brevemente las acciones atribuidas al empleo terapéutico del Ozono medicinal para incorporarlo a nuestros esquemas de tratamiento. Mediante la revisión de trabajos recientes que tratan el tema, se recopiló esta información que nos condujo a concluir que el uso del ozono médico, en las dosis adecuadas, es ventajoso en el tratamiento de los pacientes que se atienden en la institución(AU)


The Ozone-therapy allows using the potential of ozone reactions with body molecules in order to obtain a desired biological effect treating diseases as cancer and infection. The aim of this work is to shortly describe the attributable actions of therapeutic use of medicinal ozone to put it into the treatment schemes. By means of reviewing recent issues about the topic there was compiled the information that permits to conclude that usage of medical ozone, in appropriated dose, is an advantage in treatment of patients in the institute(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Ozone Therapy , Hematology , Biological Products
18.
Rev. int. sci. méd. (Abidj.) ; 24(1): 46-52, 2022. figures, tables
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1397179

ABSTRACT

Contexte et Objectif. Déterminer l'infl uence des toxicités hématologiques induites par la chimiothérapie sur l'adhésion à une chimiothérapie anticancéreuse chez des patients traités pour un cancer à l'hôpital universitaire Yalgado Ouédraogo (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso). Méthodes. Il s'est agi d'une étude rétrospective ayant analysé les dossiers médicaux des patients cancéreux suivis par le service de cancérologie du CHU-YO. Tous les adultes ayant reçu six séances d'une première ligne de chimiothérapie ont été inclus. Pour chaque patient, nous avons analysé toutes les numérations formule sanguines effectuées environ 16 à 18 jours après la cure de chimiothérapie précédente et 3 à 5 jours avant la suivante. Ont été considérés comme observants, les patients ayant respecté tous les intervalles inter-cures. Résultats. Vingt-six patients (27,6%) ont présenté au moins un épisode d'anémie, 46 patients (48,9%) ont au moins un épisode de neutropénie et 9 patients (9,6%) ont au moins un épisode de thrombopénie. Les neutropénies de grade 3 et 4 représentaient de 67,9% à 87% des cas de neutropénie. Aucun cas de thrombopénie de grade 3 ou 4 n'a été observé. Vingt-deux patients ont respecté tous les intervalles intercures. Après ajustement sur les autres toxicités hématologiques en analyse multivariée, la neutropénie était associée de manière signifi cative au non-respect de la chimiothérapie (OR: 0,43). Conclusion. L'amélioration de la disponibilité et de l'accessibilité des moyens de prévention et de traitement des toxicités hématologiques pourraient permettre une amélioration de l'observance de la chimiothérapie anticancéreuse.


Aim and Objective. This study aims to identify the infl uence of chemotherapy induced haematological toxicities on adherence to anti-cancer chemotherapy in patients treated for cancer at Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital (Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso). Methods. This study was grounded on the analysis of the medical fi les of the patients, and the consultation and hospitalisation registers for the cancer patients who were monitored by the oncology department of CHU-YO. All adults having received six treatment sessions as fi rst-line chemotherapy were taken into account. For each patient, we analysed all the blood counts carried out approximately 16 to 18 days after the previous treatment session, and 3 to 5 days before the following one. Were considered adherent patients, the patients who complied with every intertreatment interval. Results. 26 patients (27.6%) presented with at least one episode of anaemia, 46 patients (48.9%) with at least one episode of neutropenia, and 9 patients (9.6%) with at least one episode of thrombocytopenia. Grade 3 and grade 4 neutropenia represented from 67.9% to 87% of neutropenia cases. No case of grade 3 and grade 4 thrombocytopenia was noticed. Twenty-two patients respected all the inter-treatment intervals. Adjusted on the other haematological toxicities as a multivariate analysis, neutropenia was significantly associated to non-adherence to chemotherapy (OR: 0.43). Conclusion. Improving availability and access to prevention and treatment for haematological toxicities could lead to improving adherence to anti-cancer chemotherapy


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Toxicity Tests , Hematology
19.
Braz. j. biol ; 82: e233780, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1153469

ABSTRACT

Hematological and blood biochemical reference information is important to establish physiological status of freshwater stingray populations and improve care and management protocols in artificial environments. Here, we used a commercial freshwater stingray with high mortality rates in the market (Potamotrygon magdalenae), as an example to understand how artificial environments and handling protocols influence physiological status of captive freshwater stingrays. To this purpose, blood from five adult males and six adult females was collected to perform complete blood counts and blood chemistry analyses. All sampled animals showed good body condition with no differences between sexes. Differences between sexes were only found for the differential count of lymphocytes. Red blood results were consistent with previously studied potamotrygonids while white blood results showed higher values of leukocytes, thrombocytes, heterophils and lymphocytes in P. magdalenae compared to other Potamotrygonids. All types of leukocytes described for elasmobranchs were found except neutrophils and basophils. Blood metabolites showed an influence of ex situ diet in total protein, triglycerides and cholesterol. Glucose results were consistent while urea showed lower levels than those recorded for other freshwater stingrays. These results highlight the importance of physical, physiological and health analysis in freshwater stingrays as a part of welfare assessment to improve monitoring protocols and survival rates in public or private aquaria.


A informação de referência hematológica e bioquímica do sangue é importante para estabelecer o estado fisiológico das populações de arraias de água doce e melhorar os protocolos de cuidado e manejo em ambientes artificiais. Aqui, usamos uma espécie comercial de arraia de água doce com elevadas taxas de mortalidade no mercado (Potamotrygon magdalenae) como espécie exemplo para compreender de que modo os ambientes artificiais e os protocolos de manipulação influenciam o estado fisiológico das arraias de água doce em cativeiro. Para este fim, foi coletado sangue de cinco machos adultos e seis fêmeas adultas para realizar contagens completas de células sanguíneas e análises bioquímicas de sangue. Todos os animais amostrados mostraram boa condição corpórea, sem diferenças entre os sexos. Diferenças entre os sexos foram encontradas só na contagem diferencial de linfócitos. Os resultados de células sanguíneas vermelhas foram consistentes com potamotrigonídeos previamente estudados, enquanto o leucograma revelou valores mais elevados de leucócitos, trombócitos, heterófilos e linfócitos em P. magdalenae, em comparação com outros potamotrigonídeos. Todos os tipos de leucócitos descritos para elasmobrânquios foram encontrados, exceto para neutrófilos e basófilos. Todos os tipos de leucócitos descritos para elasmobrânquios foram encontrados, exceto para neutrófilos e basófilos. Os metabólitos do sangue mostraram influência da dieta ex situ nas proteínas totais, triglicerídeos e colesterol. Os resultados da glicose foram consistentes, enquanto a ureia mostrou níveis mais baixos do que os registrados para outras espécies de arraias de água doce. Os resultados da glicose foram consistentes, enquanto a ureia mostrou níveis mais baixos em P. magdalenae. Estes resultados enfatizam a importância da análise física, fisiológica e de saúde em arraias de água doce como parte da avaliação do bem-estar para melhorar os protocolos de monitoramento e as taxas de sobrevivência em aquários públicos ou privados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Skates, Fish , Elasmobranchii , Hematology , Fresh Water
20.
Rev. Bras. Cancerol. (Online) ; 68(4)Out-Dez. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1451745

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Os avanços no tratamento relacionado ao câncer onco-hematológico têm resultado em um crescente número de pacientes submetidos ao transplante de células tronco-hematopoiéticas (TCTH) com êxito terapêutico, o que exige maior atenção com a qualidade de vida (QV) dos sobreviventes. Objetivo: Identificar a QV dos sobreviventes onco-hematológicos submetidos ao TCTH. Método: Revisão integrativa, entre 2011 a 2021, com busca nas bases de dados LILACS, MEDLINE, IBECS, SciELO e Biblioteca Cochrane. Utilizou-se a estratégia SPIDER para responder às questões norteadoras; e o nível de evidência foi classificado segundo o Instituto Joanna Briggs. Resultados: Vinte e seis artigos foram incluídos. Os instrumentos mais utilizados para medir a QV foram o Quality of Life Questionnare ­ Core 30 e o Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation. Variáveis biopsicossociais, educacionais e clínicas, como comorbidades, antecedentes, condições epidemiológicas e tipo de condicionamento não influenciaram significativamente a QV dos sobreviventes onco-hematológico submetidos ao TCTH. A QV apresentou comprometimento na vigência de problemas físicos crônicos, reinternações, encargos financeiros, doença do enxerto contra o hospedeiro, fadiga, sintomas psicológicos, infecções recorrentes, disfunções no funcionamento sexual e fértil, neoplasias secundárias e sintomas físicos como dor e distúrbios do sono. Conclusão: O sobrevivente do TCTH mantém demandas de cuidados biopsicossociais que influenciam negativamente a QV, evidenciando a necessidade de cuidado multidimensional


Introduction: Advances onco-hematological cancer-related treatment have resulted in an increasing number of patients undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation (HSCT) with therapeutic success, which requires more attention to the quality-of-life (QoL) of survivors. Objective: To identify the QoL of onco-hematologic survivors undergoing HSCT. Method: Integrative review, from 2011 to 2021 with search in the databases LILACS, MEDLINE, IBECS, SciELO and the Cochrane Library. The SPIDER strategy was used to answer the guiding questions; and the level of evidence was classified according to the Joanna Briggs Institute. Results: Twenty-six articles were included. The most used instruments to measure QoL were Quality of Life Questionnaire ­ Core 30 and Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation. Biopsychosocial, educational and clinical variables, such as comorbidities, history, epidemiological conditions and type of conditioning did not significantly influence the QoL of oncohematological survivors undergoing HSCT. Quality-of-life was impaired by chronic physical problems, readmissions, financial burdens, graftversus-host disease, fatigue, psychological symptoms, recurrent infections, dysfunctions in sexual and fertile functioning, secondary neoplasms and physical symptoms such as pain and sleep disorders. Conclusion: The HSCT survivor has continuous demands for biopsychosocial care which negatively impact the QoL and require multidimensional attention


Introducción: Los avances en el tratamiento relacionado con el cáncer oncohematológico han dado como resultado un número creciente de pacientes sometidos a trasplante de células progenitoras hematopoyéticas (TPH) con éxito terapéutico, lo que requiere una mayor atención a la calidad de vida (CV) de los sobrevivientes. Objetivo: Identificar la CV de sobrevivientes oncohematológicos sometidos a TPH. Método: Revisión integradora, entre 2011 y 2021 con búsqueda en las bases de datos LILACS, MEDLINE, IBECS, SciELO y Cochrane Library. Se utilizó la estrategia SPIDER para responder las preguntas orientadoras; y el nivel de evidencia se clasificó según el Instituto Joanna Briggs. Resultados: Se incluyeron veintiséis artículos. Los instrumentos más utilizados para medir la CV fueron Quality of Life Questionnare ­ Core 30 y Functional Assessment Cancer Therapy-Bone Marrow Transplantation. Variables biopsicosociales, educativas y clínicas, como comorbilidades, antecedentes, condiciones epidemiológicas y tipo de condicionamiento no influyeron significativamente en la CV de los sobrevivientes oncohematológicos sometidos a TPH. La calidad de vida se vio afectada en presencia de: problemas físicos crónicos, reingresos, cargas financieras, enfermedad de injerto contra huésped, fatiga, síntomas psicológicos, infecciones recurrentes, disfunciones en el funcionamiento sexual y fértil, neoplasias secundarias y síntomas físicos como dolor y trastornos del sueño. Conclusión: El sobreviviente del TPH mantiene demandas de atención biopsicosocial que influyen negativamente en la CV, evidenciando la necesidad de atención multidimensional


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Quality of Life , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Cancer Survivors , Hematology , Neoplasms
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