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1.
Rev. argent. cir ; 114(3): 262-268, set. 2022. graf, il
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1422936

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La impresión de modelos tridimensionales (M3D) implica obtener una estructura sólida y formada a partir de un modelo digital. Para la reconstrucción 3D se utilizó tomografía computarizada contrastada, realizándose impresión de modelos sobre la base de las principales estructuras anatómicas hepáticas. Se utilizaron M3D en dos pacientes con indicación quirúrgica, una mujer con trombocitopenia familiar y metástasis hepática de adenocarcinoma rectal, sin respuesta a quimioterapia, y un hombre con hepatopatía infecciosa crónica y diagnóstico de carcinoma hepatocelular. La aplicación de M3D resultó de gran utilidad, pues permitió un mejor entendimiento de la relación espacial de las estructuras anatómicas en ambos casos. En nuestra experiencia, la aplicación de M3D fue muy útil para planificar la cirugía y dar una aproximación más certera de los reparos anatómicos. El modelo se obtuvo en 7 días y costó 380 dólares, un valor elevado para nuestro medio.


ABSTRACT Three-dimensional (3D) printing is the construction of a solid structure from a digital model. 3D reconstruction was performed using contrast-enhanced computed tomography scan, and 3D-printed models were built based on the main anatomic structures of the liver. 3D-printed models were used in two patients with indication of surgery; one woman with inherited thrombocytopenia and liver metastases from colorectal adenocarcinoma with no response to chemotherapy, and one man with chronic liver infection and hepatocellular carcinoma. The implementation of 3D printing technology was very useful, as it facilitated the understanding of the spatial relationships among the anatomical structures in both cases. In our experience, the use of 3D-printed models was very useful for preoperative planning and for understanding the anatomic landmarks. The model was built in 7 days, with a cost of 380 dollars which is elevated in our environment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Image Processing, Computer-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Liver Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnostic imaging
2.
Cir. Urug ; 6(1): e201, jul. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1384405

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El control pedicular durante las resecciones hepáticas puede hacerse mediante disección hiliar extrahepática (DHE) o abordaje glissoniano (AG). El AG intrahepático (AGI) según técnica de Machado puede brindar ciertas ventajas, especialmente en disecciones difíciles. Sin embargo, es menos empleado que la DHE. Objetivo: Analizar las bases anatómicas del AGI y comunicar nuestra experiencia clínica inicial. Material y métodos : El AGI según técnica de Machado se practicó en seis (6) hígados cadavéricos. Luego se hizo la disección hepática para valorar la efectividad del cargado pedicular y medir la profundidad de los diferentes pedículos glissonianos. La aplicación clínica de la técnica fue gradual y selectiva, aplicándola cuando nos parecía factible y que aportaba alguna ventaja sobre la DHE. Resultados: en los 6 hígados cadavéricos fue posible realizar el cargado de todos los pedículos glissonianos (lobares y sectoriales bilateralmente, así como los segmentarios izquierdos). Estos se encuentran a una profundidad menor a 2 cm de la capsula hepática, siendo accesibles para su control mediante AGI. La principal excepción es el pedículo anterior derecho, cuyo nacimiento es más profundo, lo que asociado a su origen en sentido cefálico y a veces ramificado, puede hacer más difícil su cargado. La aplicación del AGI se llevo a cabo en 5 pacientes, en todos fue efectiva, insumió poco tiempo y no tuvo complicaciones intraoperatorias. Conclusiones: el AGI según técnica de Machado es un procedimiento sistematizado, reproducible, factible y seguro, aún en su aplicación clínica inicial. El conocimiento anatómico de los pedículos glissonianos es fundamental para llevarlo a cabo con éxito.


Introduction: Pedicle control during liver resections can be done by extrahepatic hilar dissection (EHD) or the Glissonian approach (GA). Intrahepatic GA (IGA) according to the Machado technique can offer certain advantages, especially in difficult dissections. However, it is used less than the DHE. Objective : to analyze the anatomical bases of the IGA and to communicate our initial clinical experience. Material and methods : IGA according to the Machado technique was performed on six (6) cadaveric livers. Liver dissection was then performed to assess the effectiveness of pedicle loading and measure the depth of the different Glissonian pedicles. The clinical application of the technique was gradual and selective, applying it when it seemed feasible and that it provided some advantage over DUS. Results : in the 6 cadaveric livers it was possible to load all the Glissonian pedicles (lobar and sectoral bilaterally, as well as the left segmental ones). These are found at a depth of less than 2 cm from the hepatic capsule, being accessible for control by IGA. The main exception is the right anterior pedicle, whose origin is deeper, which, associated with its cephalad and sometimes branched origin, can make it more difficult to load. The application of the IGA was carried out in 5 patients, in all of them it was effective, it took little time and there were no intraoperative complications. Conclusions: the IGA according to the Machado technique is a systematic, reproducible, feasible and safe procedure, even in its initial clinical application. The anatomical knowledge of the Glissonian pedicles is essential to carry it out successfully.


Introdução: o controle pedicular durante as ressecções hepáticas pode ser feito por dissecção hilar extra-hepática (DHE) ou abordagem Glissoniana (AG). A AG intra-hepática (AGI) segundo a técnica de Machado pode oferecer algumas vantagens, principalmente em dissecções difíceis. No entanto, é usado menos do que o DHE. Objetivo: Analisar as bases anatômicas da AGI e comunicar nossa experiência clínica inicial. Material e métodos : A AGI segundo a técnica de Machado foi realizada em seis (6) fígados cadavéricos. A dissecção do fígado foi então realizada para avaliar a eficácia da carga pedicular e medir a profundidade dos diferentes pedículos Glissonianos. A aplicação clínica da técnica foi gradativa e seletiva, aplicando-a quando parecia viável e que proporcionava alguma vantagem sobre o USD. Resultados: nos 6 fígados cadavéricos foi possível carregar todos os pedículos Glissonianos (lobares e setoriais bilateralmente, assim como os segmentares esquerdos). Estes são encontrados a menos de 2 cm da cápsula hepática, sendo acessíveis para controle por AGI. A principal exceção é o pedículo anterior direito, cuja origem é mais profunda, o que, associado à sua origem cefálica e por vezes ramificada, pode dificultar o carregamento. A aplicação da AGI foi realizada em 5 pacientes, em todos foi eficaz, em pouco tempo e sem complicações intraoperatórias. Conclusões : AGI segundo a técnica de Machado é um procedimento sistemático, reprodutível, factível e seguro, mesmo em sua aplicação clínica inicial. O conhecimento anatômico dos pedículos Glissonianos é essencial para realizá-lo com sucesso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatectomy/methods , Hepatic Veins/surgery , Liver/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Hepatectomy/adverse effects , Hepatic Veins/anatomy & histology , Intraoperative Complications , Liver/anatomy & histology
3.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 449-453, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935620

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical value of the bipolar tweezers-clamp for the hepatic parenchymal transection in the resection of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: From January 2020 to January 2021,63 patients with the hepatocellular carcinoma for hepatectomy at Department of Hepatopancreatobiliary Surgery,Yuebei People's Hospital Affiliated to Shantou University Medical College were analyzed retrospectively.According to the different instruments used in the hepatic parenchymal transection,the patients were divided into bipolar tweezers-clamp group and ultrasonic scalpel group.There were 32 patients in bipolar tweezers-clamp group,with age of (55.5±10.5)years(range:37 to 78 years),including 22 males and 10 females,tumor size was (6.0±3.4)cm(range:2.4 to 13.4 cm). There were 6 patients with portal vein tumor thrombus and 5 patients with portal hypertension. There were 31 patients in ultrasonic scalpel group,with aged(57.8±10.1)years(range:37 to 79 years),including 27males and 4 females,tumor size was(7.9±5.1)cm(range: 2.4 to 21.3 cm),3 patients with portal vein tumor thrombus and 2 patients with portal hypertension. The preoperative baseline data,operation time,blood loss,postoperative liver function and the complications were compared between two groups using t test,χ2 test and Fisher exact probabilityrespectively. Results: The operation was successfully completed in both groups.Compared with the ultrasonic scalpel group,the operation time was significantly shorter((219.3±76.4)minutes vs.(294.0±100.8)minutes,t=-3.322,P=0.002),the blood loss was less((250(475)ml vs. 500(1 050)ml,t=-2.307,P=0.026),the concentrate red blood cells transfusion volume was less(0.92(0.88)U vs. 2.32(4.00)U,Z=-1.987,P=0.047) in the bipolar tweezers-clamp group.The postoperative serum ALB level was higher in the bipolar tweezers-clamp group than that in the ultrasonic scalpel group((33.5±6.1)g/L vs. (29.5±4.2)g/L,t=3.226,P=0.020) on postoperative day 1;((35.7±4.5)g/L vs.(30.1±3.2)g/L,t=5.575,P<0.01) on postoperative day 3;((33.2±3.7)g/L vs. (31.0±4.4)g/L,t=3.020,P=0.004) on postoperative day 7. There was no significant difference in serum ALT,TBIL and PT level between the two groups(all P>0.05).No postoperative bile leakage occurred in both groups.The postoperative complications occurred in 8 cases(25.0%)in the bipolar tweezers-clamp group,including liver failure in one,and in 11 cases(35.5%)in the ultrasonic scalpel group,including liver failure in two(P>0.05). Conclusion: The bipolar tweezers-clamp is a safe and reliable method for the hepatic parenchymal transaction,which is quick and less bleeding during the hepatic resection.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Blood Loss, Surgical , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/surgery , Hemorrhage , Hepatectomy/methods , Hypertension, Portal/surgery , Liver Failure , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
4.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 249-256, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935608

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the application effect of augmented reality and mixed reality navigation technology in three-dimensional(3D) laparoscopic narrow right hepatectomy(LRH). Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 5 patients with hepatic malignancy admitted to the First Department of Hepatobiliary Surgery,Zhujiang Hospital,Southern Medical University from September 2020 to June 2021,all of whom were males,aged from 42 to 74 years.Preoperative evaluation was performed using the self-developed 3D abdominal medical image visualization system; if all the 5 patients were to receive right hemihepatectomy,the remnant liver volume would be insufficient,so LRH were planned.During the operation,the independently developed 3D laparoscopic augmented reality and mixed reality surgical navigation system was used to perform real-time multi-modal image fusion and interaction between the preoperative 3D model and 3D laparoscopic scene.Meanwhile,intraoperative ultrasound assisted indocyanine green fluorescence was used to determine the surgical path.In this way,the LRH under the guidance of augmented reality and mixed reality navigation was completed.The predicted liver resection volume was evaluated before surgery,actual resected liver volume,surgical indicators and postoperative complications were analyzed. Results: All the 5 patients completed LRH under the guidance of augmented reality and mixed reality navigation technology,with no conversion to laparotomy.The median operative time was 300 minutes(range:270 to 360 minutes),no intraoperative blood transfusion was performed,and the median postoperative hospital stay was 8 days(range:7 to 9 days).There were no perioperative deaths,or postoperative complications such as liver failure,bleeding,or biliary fistula. Conclusion: For patients who need to undergo LRH,the use of augmented and mixed reality navigation technology can safely and effectively guide the implementation of surgery,retain more functional liver volume,improve surgical safety,and reduce postoperative complications.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Augmented Reality , Hepatectomy/methods , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Laparoscopy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Technology
5.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(6): 1763-1768, dic. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385542

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Treatment of colonic cancer (CC) and synchronic liver metastasis (SLM) is still controversial in relation to how to act. The aim of this study was to analyze initial single center experience in simultaneous surgical approach of patients with CC and SLM, in terms of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS). Retrospective case series of patients with CC and SLM undergoing simultaneous surgery, consecutively, at Clínica RedSalud Mayor Temuco, between 2007 and 2021. Outcome variables were OS and DFS. Other variables of interest were postoperative morbidity (POM), surgical time, hospital stay and mortality. Descriptive statistics was used (measures of central tendency and dispersion), and survival analysis was estimated applying Kaplan Meier curves. Sixteen patients (10 female and 6 male) were operated, with a median age of 61 years. The most frequent localization was cecum and right colon (37.5 %). In all patients some type of liver resection was added (parenchymal-sparing hepatectomy or anatomical resection). Median surgical time and hospital stay were 150 min and 5 days respectively. POM was 31.2 % (5 cases), mainly Clavien & Dindo I and II (12.5 % of patients required a re-intervention). With a median follow-up of 52 months 1, 3 and 5-year OS were 100 %, 62.5 %, and 50.0 % respectively. On the other hand, DFS rates of 1, 3 and 5-year were 75.0 %, 43.8 %, and 25.0 % respectively. The series had no mortality. OS, DFS, POM and mortality, were like other series. Simultaneous resection of CC and SLM is an aggressive approach, but not compromise oncological outcomes.


RESUMEN: El tratamiento del cáncer de colon (CC) con metástasis hepática sincrónica (MHS), tiene un tratamiento controvertido aún. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la experiencia unicéntrica en el tratamiento de pacientes con CC y MHS simultáneo, en términos de supervivencia global (SG) y supervivencia libre de enfermedad (SLE). Serie de casos retrospectiva consecutiva, de pacientes con CC y MHS sometidos a cirugía simultánea, en Clínica RedSalud Mayor Temuco, entre 2007 y 2021. Las variables de resultado fueron SG y SLE. Otras variables de interés fueron la morbilidad postoperatoria (MPO), tiempo quirúrgico, estancia hospitalaria y mortalidad. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva (medidas de tendencia central y dispersión) y se estimó supervivencia aplicando curvas de Kaplan Meier. Se operaron 16 pacientes (10 mujeres y 6 hombres), con mediana de edad de 61 años. La localización más frecuente fue ciego-colon derecho (37,5 %). En todos los casos se practicó algún tipo de resección hepática (hepatectomía conservadora o resección anatómica). La mediana del tiempo quirúrgico y la estancia hospitalaria fueron de 150 min y 5 días respectivamente. La MPO fue del 31,2 % (5 casos), principalmente Clavien & Dindo I y II (hubo 12,5 % de reintervenciones). Con una mediana de seguimiento de 52 meses. La SG a 1, 3 y 5 años fue 100 %, 62,5 % y 50,0 %, respectivamente. Por otro lado, la SLE a 1, 3 y 5 años fue 75,0 %, 43,8 % y 25,0 %, respectivamente. La serie no tuvo mortalidad. La SG, SLE, MPO y la mortalidad fueron similares a otras series. La resección simultánea de CC y SLM es agresiva, pero no compromete los resultados oncológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonic Neoplasms/surgery , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/secondary , Postoperative Complications , Sigmoid Neoplasms/surgery , Survival Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatectomy/methods , Lymph Node Excision
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1248722

ABSTRACT

La mitad de los pacientes con cáncer de origen colorrectal desarrollan metástasis hepáticas durante el curso de su enfermedad y de esas el 80% son irresecables. La resecabilidad se define no por la extensión de la hepatectomía, sino por la función del hígado remanente, por lo que para pacientes con ciertos factores favorables se pueden realizar técnicas de remodelación hepática para aumentar el volumen del hígado remanente para que este sea suficiente. La hepatectomía en dos tiempos se basa en procedimientos secuenciales que buscan tratar metástasis hepáticas colorrectales consideradas inicialmente irresecables, logrando la resección completa de las mismas dejando un remanente hepático funcionante suficiente, lo cual no sería posible en un solo acto quirúrgico. El objetivo de este trabajo es presentar el caso clínico de un paciente portador de metástasis hepáticas sincrónicas de origen colorrectal irresecables, que luego de una quimioterapia de conversión, con el fin de aumentar el futuro remanente hepático y evitar falla hepática postoperatoria y realizar una resección oncológica, fue sometido a una hepatectomía en dos tiempos, técnica utilizada con baja frecuencia en nuestro medio, destacando una evolución favorable, con marcadores tumorales en valores normales y sin evidencia imagenológica de recaída local ni sistémica.


Half of colorectal cancer patients develop liver metastases during the course of their disease, 80% of which are unresectable. Resectability is defined not by the extent of the hepatectomy, but by the function of the liver remnant. Therefore, for patients with certain factors, liver remodeling techniques can be performed to increase volume of the remaining liver so that it is sufficient. Two-stage hepatectomy is performed on colorectal liver metastases which are initially considered unresectable in one stage resection procedures, in which sequential procedures are performed in order to achieve complete resection and preserve a sufficient functioning liver remnant. The objective of this paper is to present the case of a patient with unresectable synchronous colorectal liver metastases, in which after conversion chemotherapy, in order to increase the future liver remnant, avoid postoperative liver failure and perform an oncological resection underwent a two-stage hepatectomy, a technique used with low frequency in our setting, highlighting a favorable evolution, with tumor markers in normal values and without imaging evidence of local or systemic relapse.


Metade dos pacientes com câncer colorretal desenvolve metástases hepáticas durante o curso da doença e, desses, 80% são irressecáveis. A ressecabilidade é definida não pela extensão da hepatectomia, mas pela função do fígado remanescente; portanto, para pacientes com certos fatores favoráveis, técnicas de remodelação hepática podem ser realizadas para aumentar o volume do fígado remanescente de forma que seja suficiente. A hepatectomia em dois estágios é baseada em procedimentos sequenciais que buscam tratar metástases hepáticas colorretais inicialmente consideradas irressecáveis, obtendo ressecção completa, deixando um remanescente hepático funcional suficiente, o que não seria possível em um único ato cirúrgico. O objetivo deste trabalho é apresentar o caso clínico de um paciente com metástases hepáticas sincrônicas irressecáveis ​​de origem colorretal, que após quimioterapia de conversão, com o objetivo de aumentar o futuro remanescente hepático e evitar insuficiência hepática pós-operatória e realizar uma ressecção oncológica, foi submetido a dois Hepatectomia em estágio, técnica utilizada com baixa frequência em nosso meio, evidenciando evolução favorável, com marcadores tumorais em valores normais e sem evidências de imagem de recidiva local ou sistêmica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Induction Chemotherapy , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/drug therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Capecitabine/therapeutic use , Bevacizumab/therapeutic use , Oxaliplatin/therapeutic use
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(1): e1034, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289372

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La historia de la cirugía del hígado abarca 28 siglos, lo que ha permitido su evolución desde considerar al hígado como un órgano intocable hasta realizar hepatectomías complejas y trasplante hepático. Esta investigación representa el balance de 10 años en la actividad de un grupo de cirugía hepatobiliar. Objetivo: Caracterizar el tratamiento quirúrgico de los tumores hepáticos sólidos en el Centro de Investigaciones Médico-Quirúrgicas entre los años 2009 y 2019. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio de tipo observacional, descriptivo, longitudinal y retrospectivo en el que se analizaron 129 pacientes que fueron tributarios de tratamiento quirúrgico. Resultados: Los tumores malignos representaron el 73 por ciento del total, dentro de este grupo se destacan los metastásicos con 50 casos. La morbilidad de esta cirugía fue del 13 por ciento y la mortalidad operatoria del 2 por ciento. La causa de muerte identificada fue el shock séptico por peritonitis generalizada. Conclusiones: Los tumores malignos fueron los más frecuentes. Se presentó una baja morbilidad encontrándose el derrame pleural como la complicación más usual. Existe una mortalidad acorde a los valores reportados para este tipo de cirugía(AU)


Introduction: The history of liver surgery covers twenty-eight centuries, which has allowed its evolution from considering the liver as an untouchable organ to performing complex hepatectomies and hepatic transplantation. This research describes the ten years' balance in the activity developed by a hepatobiliary surgery team. Objective: To characterize the surgical management of solid hepatic tumors in the Center for Medical-Surgical Research between 2009 and 2019. Methods: An observational, descriptive, longitudinal and retrospective study was carried out, for which 129 patients who underwent surgical treatment were analyzed. Results: Malignant tumors accounted for 73 percent of the total; within this group, metastatic tumors stand out, accounting for fifty cases. Morbidity of this surgery type was 13 percent, while operative mortality was 2 percent. The cause of death identified was septic shock due to generalized peritonitis. Conclusions: Malignant tumors were the most frequent. There was low morbidity, with pleural effusion as the most common complication. Mortality is consistent with the values reported for this type of surgery(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Peritonitis/mortality , Shock, Septic/mortality , Liver Transplantation/methods , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/epidemiology , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
8.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 510-515, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388760

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La cirugía hepática laparoscópica ha presentado un desarrollo más lento debido a la complejidad que ésta posee, lo que determina una curva de aprendizaje prolongada. En relación a la hepatectomía laparoscópica para donante vivo en trasplante hepático (TH), ésta se ha retrasado aún más por las preocupaciones sobre la seguridad del donante, el resultado del injerto y la adquisición de las competencias técnicas de los cirujanos. El objetivo de este artículo, es exponer detalles técnicos de la hepatectomía izquierda laparoscópica de donantes vivos adultos para trasplante pediátrico y se presentan los resultados quirúrgicos de los casos realizados en este centro. Materiales y Método: Presentación de la técnica quirúrgica de la hepatectomía izquierda en donantes vivos para TH en receptores pediátricos, además, de realizar un estudio cohorte no concurrente de pacientes sometidos a esta cirugía en el Hospital Clínico de la Universidad Católica entre mayo de 2011 y noviembre de 2017. Resultados: La serie consta de 15 pacientes, 60% sexo femenino. Trece pacientes (86,6%) eran madre o padre del receptor. El 100% de pacientes fue sometido a hepatectomía izquierda laparoscópica sin necesidad de conversión. Morbilidad Clavien-Dindo >3,1 paciente requirió punción percutánea de bilioma. Mediana de hospitalización de 3 días (2-5). No hubo mortalidad. Conclusión: La hepatectomía izquierda por vía laparoscópica de donante vivo para TH pediátrico es un procedimiento seguro y factible de realizar en este centro, con excelentes resultados en términos de morbimortalidad y consideramos que esta técnica debe ser la vía de elección para donantes vivos adultos-pediátricos.


Introduction: Laparoscopic liver surgery has presented a slower development due to the complexity it has, which determines a prolonged learning curve. In relation to laparoscopic hepatectomy for a living donor liver transplantation (LT), this has been further delayed due to concerns about donor safety, graft results and the acquisition of the technical skills of surgeons. The objective of this article is to present technical details of the laparoscopic left hepatectomy of adult living donors for pediatric transplantation and the surgical results of the cases performed in this center. Materials and Method: Presentation of the surgical technique of left hepatectomy in living donors for LT in pediatric recipients in addition to conducting a non-concurrent cohort study of patients undergoing this surgery at the Hospital Clinico Universidad Catolica between May 2011 to November 2017. Results: The series consists of 15 patients, 60% female. Thirteen patients (86.6%) were mother or father of the recipient. 100% of patients underwent laparoscopic left hepatectomy without conversion. Clavien-Dindo Morbidity > 3, in 1 patient who required percutaneous drainage of biloma. Median hospitalization of 3 days (2-5). There was no mortality. Conclusión: Laparoscopic left hepatectomy of living donors for pediatric LT is a safe and feasible procedure to perform in this center, with excellent results in terms of morbidity and mortality and we consider that this technique should be the route of choice for adult-pediatric living donors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Liver Transplantation/methods , Laparoscopy/methods , Living Donors , Treatment Outcome , Tissue and Organ Harvesting , Hepatectomy/methods
9.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 835-840, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878273

ABSTRACT

Associating liver partition and portal vein ligation for staged hepatectomy (ALPPS) can speed up the regeneration of future liver remnant (FLR) in short period of time, and offer a chance for surgical resection for patients without sufficient FLR. However, ALPPS still remains controversy due to its high perioperative morbidity and mortality, as well as the uncertain long-term oncological benefits. How to solve these problems is the key to ensure the safety of surgery.This article focus on the indication selection, liver function reserve evaluation and timing to perform the second stage surgery, surgical mode evolution and comparison with portal venous embolization/portal venous ligation+two-stage hepatectomy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hepatectomy/methods , Ligation , Liver/surgery , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Liver Regeneration , Portal Vein/surgery , Treatment Outcome
10.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(1): e1484, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088501

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Hepatectomies promote considerable amount of blood loss and the need to administrate blood products, which are directly linked to higher morbimortality rates. The blood-conserving hepatectomy (BCH) is a modification of the selective vascular occlusion technique. It could be a surgical maneuver in order to avoid or to reduce the blood products utilization in the perioperative period. Aim: To evaluate in rats the BCH effects on the hematocrit (HT) variation, hemoglobin serum concentration (HB), and on liver regeneration. Methods: Twelve Wistar rats were divided into two groups: control (n=6) and intervention (n=6). The ones in the control group had their livers partially removed according to the Higgins and Anderson technique, while the rats in the treatment group were submitted to BCH technique. HT and HB levels were measured at day D0, D1 and D7. The rate between the liver and rat weights was calculated in D0 and D7. Liver regeneration was quantitatively and qualitatively evaluated. Results: The HT and HB levels were lower in the control group as of D1 onwards, reaching an 18% gap at D7 (p=0.01 and p=0.008, respectively); BCH resulted in the preservation of HT and HB levels to the intervention group rats. BCH did not alter liver regeneration in rats. Conclusion: The BCH led to beneficial effects over the postoperative HT and serum HB levels with no setbacks to liver regeneration. These data are the necessary proof of evidence for translational research into the surgical practice.


RESUMO Racional: As hepatectomias compreendem considerável perda sanguínea e utilização de hemoderivados, o que diretamente estão relacionados com maior morbimortalidade. A hepatectomia hemoconservadora (HH) é modificação da técnica de oclusão vascular seletiva em hepatectomia. Ela pode ser alternativa cirúrgica para evitar ou diminuir o uso de hemoderivados no perioperatório. Objetivo: Avaliar os efeitos da HH sobre o volume globular (VG), concentração de hemoglobina (HB) e sobre a regeneração hepática em ratos. Métodos: Dois grupos de ratos Wistar foram constituídos: controle (n=6) e intervenção (n=6). Os do grupo controle foram submetidos à hepatectomia parcial de Higgins e Anderson e os do grupo Intervenção à HH. VG e HB foram medidos nos dias D0, D1 e D7. A relação peso do fígado/peso do rato foi calculada em D0 e D7. A regeneração hepática foi analisada qualitativamente e quantitativamente. Resultados: Houve diminuição dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo controle a partir de D1, atingindo decréscimo de 18% em D7 (p=0,01 e p=0,008 respectivamente); a HH permitiu a manutenção dos níveis de VG e HB nos ratos do grupo intervenção. A HH não alterou a regeneração hepática. Conclusão: HH resultou em níveis maiores de VG e HB pós-operatórios sem alterar a regeneração hepática. Pode-se considerar estes dados como a prova necessária para a translação à pesquisa clinicocirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Veins/physiology , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/surgery , Liver/blood supply , Liver Regeneration , Portal Vein/surgery , Postoperative Period , Blood Volume/physiology , Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease/physiopathology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Hematocrit
11.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(1): e1494, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130514

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: There have been an increasing number of articles that demonstrate the potential benefits of minimally invasive liver surgery in recent years. Most of the available evidence, however, comes from retrospective observational studies susceptible to bias, especially selection bias. In addition, in many series, several modalities of minimally invasive surgery are included in the same comparison group. Aim: To compare the perioperative results (up to 90 days) of patients submitted to total laparoscopic liver resection with those submitted to open liver resection, matched by propensity score matching (PSM). Method: Consecutive adult patients submitted to liver resection were included. PSM model was constructed using the following variables: age, gender, diagnosis (benign vs. malignant), type of hepatectomy (minor vs. major), and presence of cirrhosis. After matching, the groups were redefined on a 1:1 ratio, by the nearest method. Results: After matching, 120 patients were included in each group. Those undergoing total laparoscopic surgery had shorter operative time (286.8±133.4 vs. 352.4±141.5 minutes, p<0.001), shorter ICU stay (1.9±1.2 vs. 2.5±2.2days, p=0.031), shorter hospital stay (5.8±3.9 vs. 9.9±9.3 days, p<0.001) and a 45% reduction in perioperative complications (19.2 vs. 35%, p=0.008). Conclusion: Total laparoscopic liver resections are safe, feasible and associated with shorter operative time, shorter ICU and hospital stay, and lower rate of perioperative complications.


RESUMO Racional: Com a disseminação da cirurgia hepática minimamente invasiva tem-se observado nos últimos anos número crescente de trabalhos que demonstram seus potencias benefícios. No entanto, a maior parte da evidência disponível provém de estudos observacionais retrospectivos sujeitos a vieses, em especial, os de seleção. Além disso, em muitas casuísticas são incluídas no mesmo grupo diversas modalidades de operações minimamente invasivas. Objetivo: Comparar os resultados perioperatórios (até 90 dias) de pacientes submetidos a ressecções hepáticas totalmente laparoscópicas com pacientes contemporâneos por cirurgias abertas, pareados por pontuação de propensão (propensity score matching PSM), submetidos a ressecções hepáticas convencionais. Método: Foram estudados pacientes adultos consecutivos submetidos à ressecção hepática. Para homogeneização dos grupos foi utilizado pareamento por pontuação de propensão, utilizando a variável idade, gênero, tipo de doença (benigna vs. maligna), tipo de hepatectomia (maior vs. menor) e presença de cirrose. A partir disto, os grupos foram redefinidos com proporção 1:1, pelo método nearest. Resultado: Após o pareamento foram incluídos 120 pacientes em cada grupo. Os submetidos à operação totalmente laparoscópica apresentaram menor tempo cirúrgico (286,8±133,4 vs. 352,4±141,5 min, p<0,001), menor tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva (1,9±1,2 vs. 2,5±2,2dias, p=0,031), menor tempo de internação hospitalar (5,8±3,9 vs. 9,9±9,3dias, p<0,001) e redução de 45% nas complicações perioperatórias (19,2 vs. 35%, p=0,008). Conclusão: As ressecções hepáticas totalmente laparoscópicas são exequíveis, seguras e associadas à menor tempo operatório, menor tempo de internação em unidade de terapia intensiva e internação hospitalar, além de diminuição nas complicações perioperatórias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Laparoscopy/methods , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Cholangiocarcinoma/surgery , Propensity Score , Perioperative Period , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
12.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 33(4): e1555, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152633

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Laparoscopic liver resection is performed worldwide. Hemorrhage is a major complication and bleeding control during hepatotomy is an important concern. Pringle maneuver remains the standard inflow occlusion technique. Aim: Describe an extracorporeal, efficient, fast, cheap and reproducible way to execute the Pringle maneuver in laparoscopic surgery, using a chest tube. Methods: From January 2014 to March 2020, our team performed 398 hepatectomies, 63 by laparoscopy. We systematically encircle the hepatoduodenal ligament and prepare a tourniquet to perform Pringle maneuver. In laparoscopy, we use a 24 Fr chest tube, which is inserted in the abdominal cavity through a small incision. We thread the cotton tape through the tube, pulling it out through the external end, outside the abdomen. To perform the tourniquet, we just need to push the tube as we hold the tape, clamping both with one forceps. Results: The 24 Fr chest tube is firm and works perfectly to occlude blood inflow as the cotton band is tightened. It has an internal diameter of 5,5 mm, sufficient for a laparoscopic grasper pass through it to catch the cotton band, and an external diameter of 8 mm, which allows to be inserted in the abdomen through a tiny incision. The cost of this tube and the cotton band is less than US$ 1. No complications related to the method were identified in our patients. Conclusions: The extracorporeal Pringle maneuver presented here is a safe, cheap and reproducible method, that can be used for bleeding control in laparoscopic liver surgery.


RESUMO Racional: Ressecções hepáticas laparoscópicas são realizadas em todo mundo. A hemorragia é complicação grave e o controle do sangramento durante a hepatotomia é preocupação importante. A manobra de Pringle continua sendo a técnica padrão de oclusão do influxo sanguíneo. Objetivo: Descrever uma maneira eficiente, rápida, barata e reproduzível de executar a manobra de Pringle extracorpórea, em operação laparoscópica, utilizando um dreno de tórax. Métodos: De janeiro/2014 a março/2020, realizamos 398 hepatectomias, 63 por laparoscopia. Nós sistematicamente laçamos o ligamento hepatoduodenal e preparamos um torniquete para a manobra de Pringle. Na laparoscopia, usamos um dreno de tórax 24 Fr, inserido na cavidade abdominal através de uma pequena incisão. Passamos a fita de algodão através do tubo, puxando-a pela extremidade externa, fora do abdome. Para apertar o torniquete, basta pressionar o tubo enquanto seguramos a fita, prendendo ambos com uma pinça. Resultados: O dreno de tórax 24 Fr é firme e funciona perfeitamente para ocluir influxo de sangue, à medida que apertamos o torniquete. Tem diâmetro interno de 5,5 mm, suficiente para passar uma pinça laparoscópica e puxar a fita de algodão, e um diâmetro externo de 8 mm, permitindo a inserção no abdome através de uma pequena incisão. O custo do tubo e fita é inferior a US$ 1, valor insignificante. Não foram identificadas complicações relacionadas ao método em nossos pacientes. Conclusões: A manobra extracorpórea de Pringle apresentada aqui é método seguro, barato e reproduzível, que pode ser utilizado para o controle do sangramento em hepatectomias laparoscópicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Laparoscopy/methods , Abdominal Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Constriction
14.
Rev. argent. cir ; 111(2): 99-103, jun. 2019. tab
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013352

ABSTRACT

Debido a la falta de órganos para trasplantes se han desarrollado diferentes alternativas quirúrgicas, como la bipartición hepática (BH) y los trasplantes hepáticos con donantes vivos. En la BH clásica, de la división de un hígado de donante cadavérico se obtienen dos injertos, uno correspondiente a los segmentos 2-3 y otro a los segmentos 1, 4-8. Para poder utilizar los injertos de una BH, en pacientes adultos, se puede realizar una BH derecha/izquierda típica, donde se obtienen un injerto derecho (segmentos 5-8) y otro izquierdo (segmentos 1-4). La BH se puede realizar en el momento de la ablación (BH in situ) o en la cirugía de banco (BH ex situ). En este trabajo informamos el primer caso de BH in situ derecha/izquierda típica de la Argentina, resaltando los detalles de la cirugía del donante y del receptor.


Due to the shortage of organs for transplantation, different surgical alternatives have been developed, as split liver transplantation (SLT) and living-donor liver transplantation. In classical SLT, the liver of a cadaveric donor is divided and two allografts are obtained, one corresponding to segments 2-3 and the other to segments 1, 4-8. In order to produce two grafts from one liver for two adult recipients, splitting of the liver can create a right graft including segments 5-8 and a left graft with segments 1-4. Splitting of the liver can be performed during procurement (in situ) or on the bench (ex situ). The aim of our study is to describe the first case of in situ full-right full-left split liver transplantation, with focus on donor and recipient surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Middle Aged , Liver Transplantation/instrumentation , Hepatectomy/methods , Cholangiography/methods , Neuroendocrine Tumors , Cystic Fibrosis/complications , Liver Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm Metastasis
15.
Rev. med. Rosario ; 85(1): 34-34, ene.-abr. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053022

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: When a major hepatic resection is necessary, sometimes the future liver remnant is not enough to maintain sufficient liver function and patients are more likely to develop liver failure after surgery. AIM: To test the hypothesis that performing a percutaneous radiofrecuency liver partition plus percutaneous portal vein embolization (PRALPPS) for stage hepatectomy in pigs is feasible. METHODS: Four pigs (Sus scrofa domesticus) both sexes with weights between 25 to 35 kg underwent percutaneous portal vein embolization with coils of the left portal vein. By contrasted CT, the difference between the liver parenchyma corresponding to the embolized zone and the normal one was identified. Immediately, using the fusion of images between ultrasound and CT as a guide, radiofrequency needles were placed percutaneouslyand then ablated until the liver partition was complete. Finally, hepatectomy was completed with a laparoscopic approach. RESULTS: All animals have survived the procedures, with no reported complications. The successful portal embolization process was confirmed both by portography and CT. In the macroscopic analysis of the pieces, the depth of the ablation was analyzed. The hepatic hilum was respected. On the other hand, the correct position of the embolization material on the left portal vein could be also observed. CONCLUSION: "Percutaneous radiofrequency assisted liver partition with portal vein embolization" (PRALLPS) is a feasible procedure (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Portal Vein , Catheter Ablation , Embolization, Therapeutic , Hepatectomy/methods , Swine , Radiofrequency Ablation
16.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 79(1): 64-66, feb. 2019. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002589

ABSTRACT

El adenoma pleomorfo es el tumor benigno más frecuente de las glándulas salivales. Puede sufrir transformación maligna y metastatizar a otros órganos distantes y, en otros casos, hacerlo como un tumor benigno. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 82 años con lesión hepática detectada por ecografía en estudio urológico de rutina. La tomografía computarizada reveló una imagen sólida en los segmentos V-VI-VII del hígado. Se efectuó biopsia de la lesión de cuyo examen se informó metástasis de adenoma pleomorfo salival. Se realizó hepatectomía derecha y la anatomía patológica describió un tumor de 10 cm de diámetro, con margen libre, compatible con adenoma pleomorfo salival, 32 años después de la cirugía de su tumor primario. Luego de 8 años, en el seguimiento se hallaron cuatro nódulos hepáticos y una nueva imagen ósea en la vértebra L4 sugerente de recurrencia de la enfermedad. Se decidió administrar radioterapia corporal estereotáctica a la lesión ósea y evaluar la respuesta para decidir el futuro tratamiento de los nódulos hepáticos, debido a su lento crecimiento.


Pleomorphic adenoma is the most benign tumor of the salivary glands. It can undergo a malignant transformation to carcinoma and metastasize to distant organs, sometimes it can metastasize as a benign tumor. We present the case of an 82 years old male with hepatic lesion detected by ultrasound in routine urologic follow-up. CT scan revealed a solid image placed in segments V-VI-VII of the liver. A CT guided fine needle biopsy was made. Pathologic analysis reported a pleomorphic salivary adenoma metastasizing in the liver. Right hepatectomy was performed. Pathology study described a 10 cm diameter tumor with free margin, compatible with pleomorphic salivary adenoma, 32 years after surgery for the primary tumor. After 8 years of follow up, four hepatic nodules and a bone image in L4 vertebra that seemed to be a disease recurrence were found. It was decided to administer stereotactic body radiotherapy to the bone lesion and evaluate the response to decide the future treatment of the hepatic nodules, due to its slow growth.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged, 80 and over , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/pathology , Liver Neoplasms/secondary , Adenoma, Pleomorphic/surgery , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Neoplasms/surgery
17.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 32(4): e1463, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054595

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Primary intrahepatic lithiasis is defined when the stones are formed in the liver and associated with local dilatation and biliary stricture. Liver resection is the ideal procedure. Aim: To evaluate the results of liver resection in the treatment of non-oriental intrahepatic lithiasis. Methods: Fifty-one patients with symptomatic benign non-oriental hepatolithiasis underwent surgical resection in six institutions in Brazil. Demography data, clinical symptoms, classification, diagnosis, management and postoperative course were analyzed. Results: Of the 51 patients, 28 were male (54.9%), with a mean age of 49.3 years. History of cholangitis was observed in 15 (29.4%). The types of intrahepatic lithiasis were type I in 39 (76.5%) and type IIb in 12 (23.5%), with additional type Ea in six (11.8%). Liver function test were normal in 42 patients (82.4%). Segmental atrophy was observed in 12 (23.5%). Treatments included left lateral sectionectomy in 24 (47.1%), left hepatectomy in 14 (27.5%) and right hepatectomy in eight (15.7%), with associated hepaticojejunostomy in four (7.8%). Laparoscopic liver resection was performed in eight (15.7%). Postoperative complications were observed in 20 (39.2%) with no mortality. Conclusion: Liver resection in patients with hepatolithiasis is the ideal procedure as it removes stones, stricture, atrophic parenchyma, and minimizes the risk of cholangiocarcinoma.


RESUMO Racional: Litíase intra-hepática primária é definida quando os cálculos são formados dentro do fígado, podendo estar associada à dilatação local e estenosa da via biliar. A ressecção hepática é considerada o procedimento ideal. Objetivo: Avaliar os resultados da ressecção hepática no tratamento da litíase intra-hepática não oriental. Métodos: Cinquenta e um pacientes com hepatolitíase benigna não oriental sintomática foram submetidos à ressecção hepática em seis instituições no Brazil. Os dados demográficos, sintomas clínicos, classificação, diagnóstico, tratamento e evolução pós-operatória foram analisados. Resultados: Dos 51 pacientes havia 28 homens (54,9%), e a idade média era de 49,3 anos. História de colangite foi observada em 15 pacientes (29,4%). Os tipos de litíase observados foram tipo I em 39 (76,5%) e tipo IIb em 12 (23,5%), com o tipo adicional Ea em seis pacientes (11,8%). Os testes de função hepática estavam normais em 42 (82,4%) e atrofia segmentar foi observada em 12 (23,5%). O tratamento incluiu setorectomia lateral esquerda em 24 (47,1%), hepatectomia esquerda em 14 (27,5%) e hepatectomia direita em oito pacientes (15,7%). A hepaticojejunostomia esteve associada ao procedimento inicial em quatro (7,8%). Hepatectomia por videolaparoscopia foi realizada em oito (15,7%). Complicações pós-operatórias foram observadas em 20 pacientes (39,2%) e não houve mortalidade. Conclusão: Ressecção hepática na hepatolitíase é o procedimento ideal, pois remove os cálculos, a estenose, o parênquima atrofiado e minimiza os riscos para colangiocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Lithiasis/surgery , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Diseases/surgery , Treatment Outcome
18.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 32(1): e1424, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983678

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: After the publication of the first recommendations of ERAS Society regarding colonic surgery, the proposal of surgical stress reduction, maintenance of physiological functions and optimized recovery was expanded to other surgical specialties, with minimal variations. Aim: To analyze the implementation of ERAS protocols for liver surgery in a tertiary center. Methods: Fifty patients that underwent elective hepatic surgery were retrospectively evaluated, using medical records data, from June 2014 to August 2016. After September 2016, 35 patients were prospectively evaluated and managed in accordance with ERAS protocol. Results: There was no difference in age, type of hepatectomy, laparoscopic surgery and postoperative complications between the groups. In ERAS group, it was observed a reduction in preoperative fasting and in the length of hospital stay by two days (p< 0.001). Carbohydrate loading, j-shaped incision, early oral feeding, postoperative prevention of nausea and vomiting and early mobilization were also significantly related to ERAS group. Oral bowel preparation, pre-anesthetic medication, sub-costal incision, prophylactic nasogastric intubation and abdominal drainage were more common in control group. Conclusion: Implementation of ERAS protocol is feasible and beneficial for health institutions and patients, without increasing morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Racional: Após a publicação das primeiras recomendações da Sociedade ERAS sobre a cirurgia do cólon, a proposta de redução do estresse cirúrgico, manutenção das funções fisiológicas e recuperação otimizada foi ampliada para outras especialidades cirúrgicas, com pequenas variações. Objetivo: Analisar a implementação dos protocolos ERAS para cirurgia hepática em um centro terciário. Métodos: Cinquenta pacientes submetidos à cirurgia hepática eletiva foram avaliados retrospectivamente, utilizando dados de prontuários, de junho de 2014 a agosto de 2016. Após setembro de 2016, 35 pacientes foram prospectivamente avaliados e manejados de acordo com o protocolo ERAS. Resultados: Não houve diferença de idade, tipos de hepatectomia, cirurgia laparoscópica e complicações pós-operatórias entre os grupos. No grupo ERAS, observou-se redução no jejum pré-operatório e no tempo de internação hospitalar de dois dias (p<0,001). A carga de carboidratos, a incisão em forma de J, a alimentação oral precoce, a prevenção pós-operatória de náuseas e vômitos e a mobilização precoce também foram significativamente relacionadas ao grupo ERAS. Preparo mecânico do cólon, medicação pré-anestésica, incisão subcostal, intubação nasogástrica profilática e drenagem abdominal foram mais comuns no grupo controle. Conclusão: A implementação do protocolo ERAS é viável e benéfica para instituições de saúde e pacientes, sem aumentar a morbidade e a mortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Clinical Protocols , Recovery of Function , Hepatectomy/methods , Retrospective Studies
19.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900607, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019264

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose Coleus forskohlii Briq., a medicinal plant originally from India, has been indicated against heart disease, expiratory disorders, convulsions, and hepatic changes, among others. In view of the broad pharmacological potential of the plant and the scarce information about its effects, the objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of its use for pretreatment of partially hepatectomized rats. Methods The animals were divided into two experimental groups: Control (CG) receiving physiological saline for 10 days before partial hepatetctomy, and Treated (TG) receiving 40 mg Coleus forskohlii/kg/day for 10 days before partial hepatectomy. The treatments were performed by gastric gavage. After the surgical procedure, treatment was continued according to the following groups: CG 24 h, CG 48 h, TG 24 h, and TG 48 hs, and liver tissue and intracardiac blood samples were obtained for histological and biochemical analysis, respectively. Results No significant differences were observed in mitotic or apoptotic index or in the concentrations of the enzymes AST, ALT and alkaline phosphatase, and no areas of fibrosis were detected. Conclusion Treatment with Coleus forskohlii did not interfere with the course of hepatic hyperplasia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/administration & dosage , Plectranthus/chemistry , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver/pathology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Hepatocytes/drug effects , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Alkaline Phosphatase/blood , Hyperplasia/drug therapy , Liver/surgery , Liver/drug effects
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900606, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019270

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose To investigate the effects of pine needle extract (PNE) on the expression of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) and Ki-67 during liver regeneration induced by 70% partial hepatectomy (PH) in rat. Methods Forty-eight male rats (SD, 7 weeks) had surgery (70% PH). They were randomly divided into two groups. PH + PNE group was only provided PNE diluted in water (10%) for drinking and PH group was provided water from 5 days before surgery to the time of sacrifice. PNE was made by pressing and filtering. Animals were sacrificed at 12h, 24h, 36h, 60h, 84h, 168h after PH, respectively. The expressions of PCNA and Ki-67 were determined as proliferation indices. Results Immunohistochemistry turned out to increase the expression of PCNA and Ki-67. PCNA expression of PH+PNE group increased up to twice of that of PH group. Western blot also seemed to increase the PCNA expression. These results indicated the promotion of cell proliferation in liver tissue and hepatic regeneration. Conclusions Pine needle extract stimulates the expression of some mitotic proteins during liver regeneration induced by 70% PH in rats. It suggests that administration of pine needle extract could accelerate the liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/drug effects , Ki-67 Antigen/adverse effects , Pinus/chemistry , Hepatectomy/methods , Liver Regeneration/drug effects , Time Factors , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Cell Proliferation , Mitotic Index
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