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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1160-1167, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878100

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) is a promising disease-monitoring marker for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). We investigated correlations between HBcrAg with antiviral efficacy and virological and histological variables.@*METHODS@#One hundred and forty-five CHB patients from the mainland of China between August 2013 and September 2016 who underwent liver biopsy received entecavir therapy and had paired liver biopsy at 78 weeks. We analyzed correlations between HBcrAg and virological and histological variables in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive and HBeAg-negative patients. We also explored the predictors of HBeAg loss after 78 weeks of antiviral therapy. Pearson correlation analysis and logistic forward stepwise regression were the main statistic methods.@*RESULTS@#HBeAg-positive patients (n = 93) had higher baseline HBcrAg (median 7.4 vs. 5.3 log10 U/mL P < 0.001) and greater HBcrAg declines (median 1.6 vs. 0.9 log10 U/mL P = 0.007) than HBeAg-negative patients after 78 weeks of therapy. At baseline, HBcrAg correlated with hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA in both HBeAg-positive (r = 0.641, P < 0.001) and -negative patients (r = 0.616, P < 0.001), with hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) in HBeAg-positive patients (r = 0.495, P < 0.001), but not with anti-hepatitis B virus core antibody (anti-HBc). Weak correlations existed between HBcrAg, histology activity index (HAI; r = 0.232, P = 0.025), and Ishak fibrosis score (r = -0.292, P = 0.005) in HBeAg-positive patients. At 78 weeks, significant correlations existed only between HBcrAg and anti-HBc in HBeAg-positive (r = -0.263, P = 0.014) and HBeAg-negative patients (r = -0.291, P = 0.045). Decreased HBcrAg significantly correlated with reduced HBV DNA (r = 0.366, P = 0.001; r = 0.626, P < 0.001) and HBsAg (r = 0.526, P = 0.001; r = 0.289, P = 0.044) in HBeAg-positive and -negative patients, respectively, and with reduced HAI in HBeAg-positive patients (r = 0.329, P = 0.001). Patients with HBeAg loss (n = 29) showed a larger reduction in HBcrAg than those without (median 2.3 vs. 1.3 log10 U/mL, P = 0.001). In multivariate analysis, decreased HBcrAg was an independent predictor of HBeAg loss (P = 0.005).@*CONCLUSIONS@#HBcrAg reflects viral replication and protein production. Decreased HBcrAg could predict HBeAg loss after antiviral therapy.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#Clinical Trials.gov: NCT01962155; https://www.clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01962155?term=NCT01962155&draw=2&rank=1.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Biomarkers , China , DNA, Viral , Hepatitis B Core Antigens/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Humans , Virus Replication
2.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 313-318, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879637

ABSTRACT

The World Health Organization (WHO) has set the goal of eliminating viral hepatitis as a threat to public health by 2030. Blocking mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the key step for eliminating viral hepatitis, at the same time, it is the hotspot in the field of hepatitis B prevention and control as well. The China Foundation of Hepatitis Prevention and Control (CFHPC) organized a team of specialists to develop an algorithm for preventing MTCT of HBV, based on the most recent hepatitis B guidelines and the latest evidence. The algorithm covers 10 continuous steps from pregnant management to follow-up postpartum. Among the 10 steps, screening, antiviral therapy during pregnancy, and infant's immunization are the core components in the algorithm.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Child , China , Female , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Humans , Infant , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical/prevention & control , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Complications, Infectious/prevention & control
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827465

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effects of a 48-week course of adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) plus Chinese medicine (CM) therapy, namely Tiaogan Jianpi Hexue () and Tiaogan Jiedu Huashi () fomulae, in hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive Chinese patients.@*METHODS@#A total of 605 HBeAg-positive Chinese CHB patients were screened and 590 eligible participants were randomly assigned to 2 groups in 1:1 ratio including experimental group (EG, received ADV plus CM) and control group (CG, received ADV plus CM-placebo) for 48 weeks. The major study outcomes were the rates of HBeAg and HBV-DNA loss on week 12, 24, 36, 48, respectively. Secondary endpoints including liver functions (enzymes and bilirubin readings) were evaluated every 4 weeks at the beginning of week 24, 36, and 48. Routine blood, urine, and stool analyses in addition to electrocardiogram and abdominal B scan were monitored as safety evaluations. Adverse events (AEs) were documented.@*RESULTS@#The combination therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg loss at 48 weeks, without additional AEs. The full analysis population was 560 and 280 in each group. In the EG, population achieved HBeAg loss on week 12, 24, 36, and 48 were 25 (8.90%), 34 (12.14%), 52 (18.57%), and 83 (29.64%), respectively; the equivalent numbers in the CG were 20 (7.14%), 41 (14.64%), 54 (19.29%), and 50 (17.86%), respectively. There was a statistically significant difference between these group values on week 48 (P<0.01). No additional AEs were found in EG. Subgroup analysis suggested different outcomes among treatment patterns.@*CONCLUSION@#Combination of CM and ADV therapy demonstrated superior HBeAg clearance compared with ADV monotherapy. The finding indicates that this combination therapy may provide an improved therapeutic effect and safety profile (ChiCTR-TRC-11001263).


Subject(s)
Adenine , Therapeutic Uses , Adult , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Double-Blind Method , Drug Therapy, Combination , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Female , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Male , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Organophosphonates , Therapeutic Uses , Young Adult
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719646

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: We examined changes in hepatitis B core-related antigen (HBcrAg) during the four sequential phases of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection: hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive chronic infection (EPCI) and hepatitis (EPCH), followed by HBeAg-negative chronic infection (ENCI) and hepatitis (ENCH). We compared the performance of serum HBcrAg, hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg), and HBV DNA in predicting EPCH and ENCH. METHODS: We enrolled 492 consecutive patients: 49 with EPCI, 243 with EPCH, 101 with ENCI, and 99 with ENCH. HBcrAg was detected by chemiluminescent enzyme immunoassays. HBsAg and HBeAg were detected by chemiluminescent microparticle immunoassays. HBV DNA was detected by real-time PCR. Predictive performance of HBcrAg, HBsAg, and HBV DNA was evaluated using ROC curves. RESULTS: Areas under ROC curves (AUCs) of HBcrAg, HBsAg, and HBV DNA for predicting EPCH were 0.738, 0.812, and 0.717, respectively; optimal cutoffs were ≤1.43×105 kU/mL, ≤1.89×104 IU/mL, and ≤3.97×107 IU/mL, with sensitivities and specificities of 66.3% and 77.6%, 65.0% and 93.9%, and 60.5% and 79.6%, respectively. AUCs of HBcrAg, HBsAg, and HBV DNA for predicting ENCH were 0.887, 0.581, and 0.978, respectively; optimal cutoffs were >26.8 kU/mL, >2.29×102 IU/mL, and >8.75×103 IU/mL, with sensitivities and specificities of 72.7% and 95.1%, 86.9% and 39.6%, and 89.9% and 92.1%, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: HBsAg and HBV DNA were the best predictors of EPCH and ENCH, respectively. HBcrAg is an important surrogate marker for predicting EPCH and ENCH.


Subject(s)
Area Under Curve , Biomarkers , DNA , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Immunoassay , Immunoenzyme Techniques , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , ROC Curve
5.
Laboratory Medicine Online ; : 210-217, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760516

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Discrepancies in the results between hepatitis B e-antigen (HBeAg) and hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA levels pose difficulties in the management of chronic hepatitis B (CHB). This study aims to better understand the different phases of CHB and to detect additional meaningful parameters for CHB patients. METHODS: We collected datasets of HBeAg and HBV DNA levels measured during 2016 and the follow-up results for CHB patients for past 3 years. We analyzed the collected data by applying the definitions of CHB clinical phase and compared the results of semi-quantitative and quantitative HBeAg assays. RESULTS: About 55% of 2,291 result pairs from CHB patients showed qualitative agreement between HBeAg and HBV DNA results. HBeAg (−) CHB was reported in 16.49%, while hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) loss occurred in 0.18% among 1,146 patients annually. HBeAg reversion occurred in 2.74% of 839 patients that experienced HBeAg seroconversion. Patients with HBeAg (+) and HBV DNA (−) showed statistically significant differences in the levels and percentage abnormality of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) based on whether HBV DNA was ‘Target not detected’ or ‘Detected,

Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Dataset , DNA , DNA, Viral , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Seroconversion
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763399

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The influence of hepatic steatosis (HS) on chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is unclear. We evaluated the influence of the degree of HS, assessed using the controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) of transient elastography (TE), on treatment outcomes in CHB patients initiated on antiviral therapy. METHODS: A total of 334 patients who were initiated on entecavir or tenofovir between 2007 and 2016 with available TE results were recruited. RESULTS: Of the total study population, 146 (43.7%) patients had HS (CAP > 238 dB/m). Three-hundred-three patients (90.7%) achieved complete virological response (CVR) (hepatitis B virus DNA<12 IU/L), and 25 patients (7.5%) developed hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Among hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg)-positive patients (n=172, 51.5%), 37 (21.5%) experienced HBeAg loss. On univariate analysis, CAP value was not associated with the probability of HCC development (P=0.380). However, lower CAP value was independently associated with higher probability of HBeAg loss among HBeAg-positive patients (hazard ratio [HR]=0.991, P=0.026) and with CVR achievement in the entire study population (HR=0.996, P=0.004). The cumulative incidence of HBeAg loss among HBeAg-positive patients was significantly higher in patients without HS than in those with HS (log-rank, P=0.022). CONCLUSIONS: CAP values were not correlated with HCC development in patients initiated on entecavir and tenofovir. However, CAP values were negatively correlated with the probability of HBeAg loss among HBeAg-positive patients and with CVR achievement.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Fatty Liver , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Herpesvirus 1, Cercopithecine , Humans , Incidence , Tenofovir
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773555

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the efficacy and safety of different antiviral and antifibrotic regimens in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and hepatic fibrosis and the incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) associated with these therapies.@*METHODS@#A total of 840 patients with CHB and concurrent hepatic fibrosis, who received antiviral therapy in Nanfang Hospital between June, 2010 and June, 2018, were enrolled in this follow-up cohort study. The patients were assigned to 3 cohorts matched for gender, age (difference≤5 years), HBeAg status and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) for treatment with one of the 3 antiviral drugs, namely entecavir, tenofovir dipivoxil and adefovir dipivoxil; each cohort was divided into 2 groups, with one of the groups having a combined treatment with Fufang Biejiaruangan tablet. The cumulative negative conversion rate of HBV DNA, normalization rate of ALT, hepatic fibrosis regression and the incidence of HCC were compared among the 3 cohorts and across the 6 groups at 144 weeks.@*RESULTS@#A total of 749 patients were available to follow-up at 144 weeks. Compared with the baseline data, the cumulative negative conversion rate of HBV DNA increased gradually and the abnormal rate of ALT decreased significantly over time during the treatment in all the 6 groups (all < 0.001). Compared with the any of the antiviral drugs used alone, the combined treatments all resulted in significantly better antifibrotic effects (χ=11.345, χ=10.160, χ=6.358; all < 0.05). At 144 weeks, the incidence of HCC were 2.2%, 1.7%, 1.7% and 3.3% in enecavir group, enecavir with Biejiaruangan tablet group, adefovir group, and adefovir with Biejiaruangan tablet group, respectively, showing no significant difference between the two cohorts (4 groups; χ=6.813, =0.138). None of the patients in the 2 groups with tenofovir treatment had HCC by the end of the observation.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Antiviral therapy combined with antifibrotic therapy can effectively reverse hepatic fibrosis and reduce the incidence of HCC in patients with CHB; among the 3 antiviral drugs, tenofovir dipivoxil can be a better option for reducing the incidence of HCC in these patients.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , DNA, Viral , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver Neoplasms , Prospective Studies
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773490

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To generate a new strain of HBeAg transgenic mice using CRISPR/Cas9 technique.@*METHODS@#Hepatitis B virus (HBV) HBeAg gene was cloned and inserted in the pliver-HBeAg expression frame at the site of Rosa26 gene using CRISPR/Cas9 and homologous recombination techniques to construct the pliver-HBeAg expression vector containing HBeAg gene. The linear DNA fragment containing HBeAg gene was obtained by enzyme digestion. Cas9 mRNA, gRNA and the donor vector were microinjected into fertilized eggs of C57BL/6J mice, which were then transplanted into the uterus of C57BL/6J female surrogate mice to obtain F0 generation mice. The F0 generation mice were identified by long fragment PCR to obtain F0 transgenic mice with HBeAg gene. The positive F0 generation mice were bred with wild-type C57BL/6J mice to produce the F1 mice, which were identified by PCR and sequencing. The positive F1 transgenic mice carrying HBeAg gene were backcrossed until the homozygous offspring transgenic mice were obtained. The genotypes of the offspring mice were identified. The expressions of HBeAg and HBeAb in the heterozygous and homozygous HBeAg transgenic mice were detected by automatic chemiluminescence immunoassay, immune colloidal gold technique and immunohistochemistry method.@*RESULTS@#A total of 56 F0 mice were obtained, and 2 of them carried homologous recombined HBeAg gene. Six positive F1 mice were obtained, from which 22 homozygous and 29 heterozygous F2 generation HBeAg transgenic mice were obtained. High concentration of HBeAg protein was detected in the peripheral blood of all the positive HBeAg transgenic mice without HBeAb expression. HBeAg expression was detected in the hepatocytes of HBeAg transgenic mice.@*CONCLUSIONS@#We obtained a new strain of HBeAg transgenic mice with stable expression of HBeAg in the hepatocytes and immune tolerance to HBeAg using CRISPR/Cas9 technique, which provide a new animal model for studying HBV.


Subject(s)
Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Female , Genetic Vectors , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Genetics , Hepatitis B virus , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Transgenic
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773411

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the relationship between maternal peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) hepatitis B virus (HBV) covalenty closed circular deoxyribonucleic acid (cccDNA) and other HBV serological markers and its effects on HBV intrauterine transmission.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 290 newborns and their hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) positive mothers. HBV cccDNA in PBMC and HBV DNA in serum were detected by a real-time PCR-TaqMan probe while HBV serological markers were detected with an electrochemiluminescence immunoassay.@*RESULTS@#There was a positive correlation between the levels of PBMC HBV cccDNA and serum HBV DNA and HBeAg (r = 0.436 and 0.403, P < 0.001). The detection rate of pattern A ['HBsAg (+), HBeAg (+), and anti-HBc (+)'] was significantly higher in the PBMC HBV cccDNA positive group than in the control group (χ2 = 48.48, P < 0.001). There was a significant association between HBV intrauterine transmission and PBMC HBV cccDNA (χ2 = 9.28, P = 0.002). In the presence of serum HBV DNA, HBeAg, and PBMC HBV cccDNA, the risk of HBV intrauterine transmission was three times higher (OR = 3.69, 95% CI: 1.30-10.42) than that observed in their absence. The risk of HBV intrauterine transmission was the greatest (OR = 5.89, 95% CI: 2.35-14.72) when both PBMC HBV cccDNA and pattern A were present. A Bayesian network model showed that maternal PBMC HBV cccDNA was directly related to HBV intrauterine transmission.@*CONCLUSION@#PBMC HBV cccDNA may be a direct risk factor for HBV intrauterine transmission. Our study suggests that serological markers could be combined with PBMC-related markers in prenatal testing.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , DNA, Viral , Blood , Disease Transmission, Infectious , Female , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Virology , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773249

ABSTRACT

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Gantaishu Capsules in the treatment of viral B hepatitis. The randomized controlled trials( RCT) retrieved from Cochrane Library,PubMed,Sino Med,CNKI,Wan Fang and VIP were enrolled. The methodology quality of the included studies was evaluated,and a Meta-analysis was performed using Rev Man 5. 3 software. A total of six randomized controlled trials were included. Meta-analysis results showed that the similarities in the negative conversion rate of HBe Ag( RR = 2. 09,95%CI[0. 90,4. 85],P = 0. 09,I2= 0%),the HBV-DNA negative rate( RR = 1. 49,95% CI[0. 56,3. 95],P = 0. 43,I2= 0%) and the changes in ALT levels before and after treatment( RR =-6. 28,95%CI[-72. 83,60. 27],P = 0. 85,I2= 99%),with no statistical difference. In terms of quality of life,Gantaishu Capsules can significantly alleviate the symptoms of hepatitis B patients,with less adverse reactions. Gantaishu Capsules and Dongbao Gantai Tablets were similar in antiviral effect. In this term,Gantaishu Capsules was superior to Dangfei Liganning Capsules. It can significantly alleviate the symptoms of chronic hepatitis B patients,with a good clinical safety.Therefore,it can be applied in the case of syndrome differentiation and treatment. In view of the low quality of the included studies,more high-quality clinical trials were required to confirm its efficacy.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Capsules , DNA, Viral , Blood , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Humans , Quality of Life
11.
Chinese Journal of Hepatology ; (12): 594-603, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773064

ABSTRACT

Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a major world public health problem. Current guidelines for the prevention and treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) have suggested clinical cure (also known as functional cure) as the ideal therapeutic goal, which is associated with decreased risk of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Clinical cure is defined as sustained, undetectable serum HBsAg, HBeAg and HBV DNA with or without seroconversion to anti-HBs, but with the persistence of residual cccDNA, accompanied by resolution of liver injury after the completion of a finite course of treatment. Accumulating data from a series of randomized controlled trials as well as clinical practice have confirmed certain clinical benefit of optimal sequential/ combination strategies of direct acting antiviral drugs (DAA) [such as nucleoside analogues (NA)] or immunomodulators (such as pegylated interferon alpha (Peg-IFN)] for appropriately selected CHB patients. This consensus provides an updated and comprehensive analysis of the data supporting the use of combination therapies and summarizes the roadmap towards clinical cure of CHB to guide decision-making in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Consensus , DNA, Viral , Blood , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Therapeutics , Humans , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787450

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to provide health screening for low-income people and early diagnosis and treatment for health risk factors and diseases for the promotion of the health of vulnerable people. This study was also aimed toward the implementation of a comprehensive cancer health screening system to improve quality of life.METHODS: This study was conducted in 1,546 subjects aged >40 years who underwent free cancer screening between February and December 2017 in the Jeollanam-do region. In the first, we performed a survey HBsAg, Anti-HBs, 54 peoples with hepatitis B abnormalities were checked to secondary screening, HBeAg/Anti-HBe, HBV DNA.RESULTS: The overall HBsAb total seropositivity rate was 59.8% (924/1,546), and the HBsAb total seronegativity rate was 40.2% (622/1,546). The HBsAg total seropositivity rate was 3.8% (58/1,546) overall, 1.7% (26/1,546) in the men, and 2.1% (32/1,546) in the women. The HBeAg seropositivity rate was 11.1% (6/54) in the second hepatitis B screening.CONCLUSION: We found that the positivity and negativity rates of HBsAb (Anti-HBs) were similar to those reported in other studies, but the positivity rate of HBeAg was slightly higher in the second hepatitis screening. In future surveys, factors must be analyzed, including an additional investigation of the related health risk factors to confirm the factors that affect diagnosis and initial evaluation results.


Subject(s)
Antigens, Surface , Diagnosis , DNA , Early Detection of Cancer , Early Diagnosis , Female , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis , Humans , Male , Mass Screening , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Vaccination
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772106

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the therapeutic effects of entecavir (ETV) and interferon- (IFN-) treatments for 48 weeks for chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in patients with different baseline alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the data of 369 CHB patients receiving ETV and IFN- treatments for 48 weeks. We compared the virological response rates, HBsAg clearance, and HBsAg reduction between the patients receiving ETV and IFN- treatments with different baseline ALT levels[≤ 5×upper limits of normal (ULN) level (subgroup 1), 5-10×ULN (subgroup 2), and > 10× ULN (subgroup 3)].@*RESULTS@#In patients receiving ETV treatment, the virological response rate was 83.3% in subgroup 1, 91.4% in subgroup 2, and 95.5% in subgroup 3, as compared with 19.7%, 40%, and 42.9% in the 3 subgroups with IFN- treatment, respectively, showing significantly differences both among different subgroups with the same treatment and between the same subgroup with different treatments ( < 0.05). HBeAg clearance rates in the 3 subgroups were 8.3%, 16.7% and 35.5% in patients with ETV treatment and were 1.8%, 41.9%, and 38.1% in patients with IFN- treatment, respectively, showing significant differences among the 3 subgroups with the same treatment ( < 0.05); in the same subgroups with different treatments, the rates differed significantly only between subgroups 2 ( < 0.05). In ETV group, the rate of HBsAg reduction to below 200 IU/ml was 2.5% in subgroup 1 and 13.8% in subgroup 2, showing no significant difference between the two subgroups; in IFN- group, the rates were also similar between subgroups 1 and 2 (30.6% 33.3%, > 0.05); but the rates differed significantly between the same subgroups with different treatments ( < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In all the subgroups with different baseline ALT levels, ETV treatment for 48 weeks results in significantly higher virological response rates than IFN- treatment in patients with CHB. In patients with a baseline ALT of 5-10 ×ULN, IFN- can result in a higher HBeAg clearance rate than ETV. In patients with comparable baseline ALT level, IFN- more effectively reduces HBsAg level than ETV. The patients with a relatively high baseline ALT level (> 5 × ULN) show better responses to both ETV and IFN- treatment than those with ALT level below 5×ULN. We thus recommend IFN- for patients with a baseline ALT of 5-10×ULN and ETV for patients with a baseline ALT either below 5 × ULN or beyond 10×ULN.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Antiviral Agents , Therapeutic Uses , DNA, Viral , Guanine , Therapeutic Uses , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Blood , Hepatitis B virus , Allergy and Immunology , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Drug Therapy , Allergy and Immunology , Virology , Humans , Interferon-alpha , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome , Viral Load
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718529

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The objective of our study was to determine the epidemiological, laboratory, and serological characteristics of patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and normal transaminases. The study also aimed to evaluate liver damage by measuring the liver fibrosis (LF) grade and to identify possible factors associated with the presence of fibrosis. METHODS: A retrospective observational study was conducted in patients with chronic HBV infection and classified as inactive carriers or immune-tolerant. Epidemiological variables of age, sex, immigrant, alcohol consumption, and body mass index (BMI), as well as virological variables (HBV DNA) and transaminase level were collected throughout the follow-up. The LF grade was evaluated by transient elastography. The cutoff value for significant fibrosis (SF) was liver stiffness ≥7.9 kPa. RESULTS: A total of 214 patients were included in the analysis, and 62% of them had a BMI ≥25 kg/m². During follow-up, 4% of patients showed transaminase elevation ( < 1.5 times normal). Most patients had a viral DNA level < 2,000 IU/mL (83%). Data on LF were available in 160 patients; of these, 14% had SF, 9% F3, and 6% F4. The variables associated with the presence of SF were transaminase alteration during follow-up, as 23% of patients with SF had elevated transaminases versus 3% of patients without SF (P < 0.005), and BMI, as the vast majority of patients with SF (88%) had a BMI ≥25 kg/m² versus 56% of patients without SF (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: In patients with chronic HBV infection and normal transaminases, liver damage does not seem to be related to DNA levels, alcohol consumption, or immigrant status. SF seems to be associated with transaminase alteration during follow-up and elevated BMI. It is therefore recommended to measure LF grade with validated non-invasive methods in such patients.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Body Mass Index , DNA , DNA, Viral , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Emigrants and Immigrants , Fibrosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Liver Cirrhosis , Liver , Observational Study , Retrospective Studies , Transaminases
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716144

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To improve Rh-related antigen negative blood supply effectively, the Korean Red Cross (KRC) blood centers have performed Rh phenotype screening tests of C, c, E and e antigens for all donors since April, 2013. Especially for rare ‘-D-/-D-’ blood supply and donor recruitment, we have implemented Rh phenotype confirmation test for all C, c, E and e antigen negative donors. In this study, we report the test results of 7 donors with ‘-D-/-D-’ phenotype. METHODS: All three KRC Blood Laboratory Centers performed Rh phenotype screening tests using the automatic machine, PK7300 (Beckman Coulter, Japan), for all 876,920 donors from January 1, 2018 to April 30, 2018. We then performed the Rh phenotype confirmation test using the tube method manually, at room temperature, 37℃ and antihuman globulin phase. RESULTS: Among 876,920 donors, 14 were Rh antigen C, c, E, e negative as results of Rh phenotype screening test. The results of Rh phenotype confirmation test of these 14 donors showed that 7 donors were Rh antigen C, c, E, e negative. The ratio of -D-/-D- phenotype for all donors was 0.000798%. CONCLUSION: Our data suggests that -D-/-D- phenotype is one of the rare blood groups among Koreans. Although ‘-D-/-D-’ phenotype was confirmed by serologic tests, it is necessary to re-confirm it by molecular genetic techniques.


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Humans , Mass Screening , Methods , Molecular Biology , Phenotype , Red Cross , Serologic Tests , Tissue Donors
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741857

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This prospective study aimed to investigate the therapeutic efficacy of lamivudine in children with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. METHODS: During July 2003 through October 2015, children with chronic hepatitis B who visited our institution were included in this study. Fifty-five patients, who received first-line treatment of lamivudine (3 mg/kg, 100 mg maximum) for over three months, were enrolled. After initiating lamivudine, alanine aminotransferase (ALT), HBV-DNA, and HBV markers were followed up at 1 month, 3 months, and every 3 months, thereafter. The treatment endpoint was determined as 1) normalization of ALT, 2) HBeAg seroconversion, and 3) anti-HBe positivity for twelve consecutive months. RESULTS: Thirty-one male (56.4%) and 24 female (43.6%) patients were included. The mean age at treatment initiation was 8.1 years. The mean duration of treatment was 23.4 months. ALT normalization was found in 98.2% (54 of 55). Anti-HBe seroconversion was found in 70.6% (36/51). Loss of HBsAg was found in 10.9% (6/55). All biochemical responses occurred under age seven. The rate of virologic response (defined as HBV-DNA <2,000 IU/mL) at six months after treatment initiation was 78.7% (37/47). At twelve months after reaching treatment endpoint, 87.2% (34/39) maintained their virologic response. Resistance to lamivudine was found in 16.4% (9/55). CONCLUSIONS: Lamivudine treatment in Korean pediatric patients with chronic hepatitis B showed better outcomes compared with other studies that implemented similar protocols in foreign populations. Further studies are needed to investigate the efficacy of newly recommended antiviral drugs on the Korean pediatric population.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Alanine Transaminase , Antiviral Agents , Child , Female , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Humans , Lamivudine , Male , Prospective Studies , Seroconversion
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1813-1818, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773971

ABSTRACT

Background@#Cytokines play an important role in occurrence and recovery of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection. The aim of this study was to investigate the changes of cytokines concentration and its correlation to alanine aminotransferase (ALT), HBV deoxyribonucleic acid (HBV-DNA), hepatitis B envelope antigen (HBeAg), and HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) in the development of chronic hepatitis B (CHB).@*Methods@#Thirteen healthy individuals (HI), 30 chronic HBV-infected patients in immune tolerant (IT) phase, and 55 CHB patients were enrolled between August 2015 and May 2017. The peripheral blood samples were collected from all individuals. The levels of interferon (IFN)-α2, interleukin (IL)-10, transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1, HBV-DNA, HBsAg, and HBeAg and liver function were measured. The quantitative determinations of cytokines levels, including IFN-α2, IL-10, and TGF-β1 were performed using Luminex multiplex technology. The correlation of cytokines to ALT, HBV-DNA, HBsAg, and HBeAg was analyzed by linear regression analysis.@*Results@#IFN-α2 levels were similar between HI and IT groups (15.35 [5.70, 67.65] pg/ml vs. 15.24 [4.07, 30.73] pg/ml, Z = -0.610, P = 0.542), while it elevated significantly in CHB group (35.29 [15.94, 70.15] pg/ml vs. 15.24 [4.07, 30.73] pg/ml; Z = -2.522, P = 0.012). Compared with HI group (3.73 [2.98, 11.92] pg/ml), IL-10 concentrations in IT group (5.02 [2.98, 10.11] pg/ml), and CHB group (7.48 [3.10, 18.00] pg/ml) slightly increased (χ = 2.015, P = 0.365), and there was no significant difference between IT and CHB group (Z = -1.419, P = 0.156). The TGF-β1 levels among HI (3.59 ± 0.20 pg/ml), IT (3.62 ± 0.55 pg/ml), and CHB groups (3.64 ± 0.30 pg/ml) were similar (χ = 2.739, P = 0.254). In all chronic HBV-infected patients (including patients in IT and CHB groups), the elevation of IFN-α2 level was significantly associated with ALT level (β= 0.389, t = 2.423, P = 0.018), and was also negatively correlated to HBV-DNA load (β = -0.358, t = -2.308, P = 0.024), HBsAg (β = -0.359, t = -2.288, P = 0.025), and HBeAg contents (β = -0.355, t = -2.258, P = 0.027). However, when both ALT level and cytokines were included as independent variable, HBV-DNA load, HBsAg, and HBeAg contents were only correlated to ALT level (β = -0.459, t = -4.225, P = 0.000; β = -0.616, t = -6.334, P = 0.000; and β = -0.290, t = -2.433, P = 0.018; respectively).@*Conclusions@#IFN-α2 elevation was associated with ALT level in patients with chronic HBV infection. However, in CHB patients, only ALT level was correlated to HBV-DNA, HBsAg and HBeAg contents.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Blood , Antigens, Surface , Case-Control Studies , Cytokines , Blood , DNA, Viral , Female , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Blood , Allergy and Immunology , Humans , Male , Young Adult
18.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(5): 525-529, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888904

ABSTRACT

Abstract Infection by hepatitis B virus (HBV) is a worldwide public health problem. Chronic HBV infection with high viral replication may lead to cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma. Mutant HBV strains, such as the HBV A1762T/G1764A double mutant, have been associated with poor prognosis and higher risk of the patient for developing cirrhosis and/or hepatocellular carcinoma. This study analyzed the presence of the HBV A1762T/G1764A double mutant in patients with chronic HBV and its association with clinical parameters such as viral load, aminotransferases, and HBV antigens. A total of 49 patients with chronic hepatitis B were included in the study, and the HBV A1762T/G1764A double mutant strain was detected in four samples (8.16%) by polymerase chain reaction followed by restriction fragment length analysis (PCR-RFLP). The viral load was not significantly different between patients with or without the double mutant strain (p = 0.43). On the other hand, carriers of the HBV A1762T/G1764A double mutant had higher levels of ALT (p = 0.0028), while AST levels did not differ between groups (p = 0.051). In this study, 75% of the samples with the HBV A1762T/G1764A double mutation were HBeAg negative and anti-HBe positive, reflecting seroconversion even though they still displayed high viral loads. Our study has shown that the HBV A1762T/G1764A double mutant strain circulates in Brazilian patients, and is associated with elevated levels of ALT and HBeAg seroconversion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , DNA, Viral/genetics , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/virology , Hepatitis B e Antigens/blood , Mutation/genetics , Brazil , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Genotype
19.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(3): 213-218, May-June 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839216

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims: To evaluate the HBeAg seroconversion rate in real clinical setting and explore its predictors in long-term nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Methods: 251 patients were recruited from January 2001 to September 2009 in four hospitals in Hebei province, China, for this retrospective study. Clinical and laboratory data before and after treatment with lamivudine (LAM, 100 mg daily), adefovir (ADV, 10 mg daily), telbivudine (LDT, 600 mg daily), entecavir (ETV, 0.5 mg daily), and LAM/ADV combination were compared among three groups according to treatment outcomes: synchronous HBeAg loss and HBeAg seroconversion, anti-HBe development after treatment, and no anti-HBe. Adherence was also evaluated. Results: In real clinical setting, cumulative HBeAg seroconversion rates were 14.3%, 32.7%, 43.0%, 46.9%, and 50.5% after 1, 2, 3, 5, and 8 years, respectively. 45 patients (17.9%) were non-adherent. Adherence (p < 0.001, Hazard Ratio (HR) = 2.203), elevated alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels (p < 0.001, HR = 2.049), and non-vertical transmission (p = 0.006, HR = 1.656) were predictors of HBeAg seroconversion. Conclusion: Adherence, elevated ALT, and non-vertical transmission are predictors of HBeAg seroconversion in CHB patients treated with NAs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepatitis B, Chronic/immunology , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis B e Antigens/blood , Time Factors , Case-Control Studies , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Hepatitis B, Chronic/enzymology , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Drug Therapy, Combination , Seroconversion/drug effects
20.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(3): 358-365, May.-Jun. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-887247

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction. Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is associated with high burden and healthcare costs. Virologic response achieved with antivirals is associated with progression avoidance. This study aimed to estimate the efficiency and clinical impact of antiviral strategies in CHB patients. Material and methods. A Markov model estimated lifetime complications and direct costs in both, HBeAg-positive and HBeAg-negative cohorts. Strategy 1 (71% of treated population) and strategy 2 (100%), both based on pegylated interferon (peg-IFN) followed by oral tenofovir or entecavir, were compared to no treatment. Progression was based on HBV-DNA levels. Rescue therapy with oral antivirals was applied for peg-IFN failure. Disease costs (€, 2014) and utilities were obtained from literature. Results. Compared to natural history, strategy 1 increased QALY (3.98 in HBeAg-positive, 2.16 in -negative cohort). With strategy 2, survival was up to 5.60 (HBeAg-positive) and 3.05 QALY (in HBeAg-negative). The model predicted avoidance of 128 and 86 carcinomas in HBeAg-positive and -negative patients with strategy 1, and up to 181 and 121 in HBeAg-positive and -negative for strategy 2. Total cost increased up to €102,841 (strategy 1) and €105,408 (strategy 2) in HBeAg-positive, and €85,858 and €93,754 in HBeAg-negative. A€1,581/QALY gained ratio was estimated versus the natural history for both strategies. In conclusion, increasing antiviral coverage would be efficient, reducing complications.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hepatitis B virus/drug effects , Drug Costs , Hepatitis B, Chronic/economics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/drug therapy , Hepatitis B e Antigens/blood , Computer Simulation , DNA, Viral/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Cost-Benefit Analysis , Models, Economic , Disease Progression , Viral Load , Drug Resistance, Viral , Drug Therapy, Combination
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