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1.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e904, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280360

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los profesionales de la salud están constantemente expuestos a situaciones estresantes. Particularmente, las enfermeras dedicadas al cuidado del paciente crítico resultan más afectadas por el estrés laboral lo que impacta negativamente en su salud mental y predispone a infecciones. Ello evidencia la estrecha interrelación psiconeuroinmunendocrina. Objetivo: Describir las consecuencias clínicas e inmunológicas del estrés laboral crónico en una enfermera intensivista. Presentación del caso: La paciente de 39 años presentó infecciones recurrentes por varicela zoster, así como forunculosis cutánea, infecciones urinarias, neumonía y candidiasis vaginal en un año. Se constató neutropenia marcada, monocitopenia e hipogammaglobulinemia. La citometría de flujo evidenció disminución de los linfocitos T cooperadores CD4+ y los B CD19+. Se diagnosticó inmunodeficiencia secundaria al estrés laboral crónico y depresión severa. La terapia inmunomoduladora con factor de transferencia (Hebertrans) subcutáneo y vitaminoterapia mejoró su inmunidad. Conclusiones: En trabajadores de la salud inmunocompetentes expuestos a altos niveles de estrés, la presencia de infecciones recurrentes o múltiples de etiología variada en breve tiempo puede estar asociado a inmunodeficiencia potencialmente reversible de controlarse o eliminar la causa(AU)


Introduction: Health professionals are constantly exposed to stressful situations. In particular, nurses, dedicated to the care of critical patients, are more affected by work stress, which negatively impacts their mental health and predisposes them to infections. This shows the close psychoneuroimmunendocrine interrelation. Objective: To describe the clinical and immunological consequences of chronic work stress in a intensivist nurse. Case report: The 39-year-old patient had recurrent varicella zoster infections as well as skin furunculosis, urinary tract infections, pneumonia, and vaginal candidiasis in one year. Marked neutropenia, monocytopenia, and hypogammaglobulinemia were noted. Flow cytometry showed a decrease in CD4 + T helper lymphocytes and CD19 + B lymphocytes. Immunodeficiency secondary to chronic work stress and severe depression was diagnosed. Immunomodulatory therapy with subcutaneous transfer factor (Hebertrans) and vitamin therapy improved her immunity. Conclusions: Immunocompetent health workers exposed to high levels of stress, the presence of recurrent or multiple infections of varied etiology in a short time may be associated with potentially reversible immunodeficiency if the cause is controlled or eliminated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Occupational Stress/etiology
2.
Geriatr., Gerontol. Aging (online) ; 15: 1-11, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344711

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical features of herpes zoster in adult patients treated at a large tertiary care hospital in Brazil over a 5-year period. METHODS: The medical records of suspected herpes zoster cases (based on ICD-10 codes) were identified for full review. Convenience sampling was used to select the medical records from a tertiary hospital in São Paulo. We collected data about co-existing medical conditions, medication use, herpes zoster-related clinical features and outcomes, and healthcare resource utilization. RESULTS: A total of 249 individuals whose first episode of herpes zoster occurred between 2010 and 2014 were included. The mean patient age was 55 years (range 18­96), and the majority were women (63.05%) and aged ≥ 50 years (63.86%). Medical comorbidities were reported in 92.77%, including diabetes (19.68%) and HIV infection (7.63%). Current/recent use of immunosuppressive agents was reported in 31.73%. A total of 65.86% of the patients were hospitalized: 102 patients (40.96%) were admitted for herpes zoster management, while 62 (24.90%) were already receiving inpatient care. The mean hospital length of stay was 16.60 days. One-third (34.14%) were managed as outpatients. Postherpetic neuralgia was reported as a complication in 18.07%. CONCLUSIONS: This retrospective descriptive study found a high frequency of herpes zoster episodes in older adults with comorbidities who sought medical care at a tertiary hospital. These results also underscore the importance of understanding the epidemiology of this disease and developing control strategies for these at-risk populations in Brazil.


OBJETIVO: Descrever as características clínicas do herpes zoster em pacientes adultos atendidos em um grande hospital terciário no Brasil por um período de cinco anos. METODOLOGIA: Os casos suspeitos de herpes zoster (com base nos códigos da CID-10) foram identificados para revisão completa dos prontuários. Foi realizada uma amostragem por conveniência para selecionar os prontuários de interesse em um hospital terciário em São Paulo. Foram coletadas informações de prontuários médicos sobre condições coexistentes, características clínicas e uso de medicamentos relacionados ao herpes zoster (como primeiro episódio ou episódio de herpes zoster recorrente) e uso de recursos de saúde. RESULTADOS: Entre 2010 e 2014, 249 indivíduos com um primeiro episódio de herpes zoster foram incluídos, com uma idade média de 55 anos (variando de 18 a 96 anos). A maioria era do sexo feminino (63,05%) e com idade ≥ 50 anos (63,86%). Comorbidades médicas foram relatadas em 92,77% dos pacientes, incluindo diabetes (19,68%) e infecção por HIV (7,63%); o uso atual / recente de agentes imunossupressores foi relatado em 31,73%. Hospitalização foi relatada em 65,86% dos casos; 102 pacientes (40,96%) foram admitidos para o tratamento do episódio de herpes zoster e 62 pacientes (24,90%) já estavam recebendo atendimento hospitalar. O tempo médio de permanência no hospital foi de 16,60 dias. Um terço (34,14%) de todos os casos foi tratado ambulatorialmente. A neuralgia pós-herpética foi relatada como complicação em 18,07% dos casos. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados do presente estudo descritivo retrospectivo demonstram alta frequência de episódios de herpes zoster em idosos com comorbidades, buscando atendimento médico em um hospital terciário. Esses resultados também ressaltam a importância de entender a epidemiologia dessa doença e considerar as estratégias de controle nas populações de risco no Brasil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Neuralgia, Postherpetic/diagnosis , Herpes Zoster/complications , Herpes Zoster/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Comorbidity , Herpesvirus 3, Human/pathogenicity , Hospitalization
3.
Acta otorrinolaringol. cir. cabeza cuello ; 49(1): 62-71, 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1152175

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Ramsay Hunt (SRH) corresponde a la asociación de la parálisis facial periférica con una erupción vesicular localizada en el pabellón auricular, causada por el compromiso del ganglio geniculado secundario a una infección por el virus de la varicela-zóster (VVZ). Este síndrome es la segunda causa más común de parálisis facial atraumática y representa aproximadamente el 10 %-12 % de las parálisis faciales agudas, con una incidencia anual de 5 por cada 100 000 habitantes en Estados Unidos. El diagnóstico es principalmente clínico y entre las manifestaciones más destacadas se encuentran síntomas neurológicos como otalgia, tinnitus, hipoacusia asociada con parálisis facial junto a lesiones herpéticas características. Dentro de las complicaciones que se pueden presentar en esta entidad se encuentra, principalmente, la neuralgia posherpética, seguida de otras menos frecuentes como la encefalitis, el herpes zóster oftálmico y la mielitis. El manejo actual del SRH se basa en la aplicación de terapias duales con corticosteroides asociados a terapia antiviral, lo cual ha demostrado que el inicio temprano del tratamiento mejora el pronóstico y disminuye la aparición de complicaciones. El pronóstico de esta patología es inferior en comparación a patologías menos severas que comprometen el nervio facial (como la parálisis de Bell) y se ve impactado por varios factores como el inicio oportuno de tratamiento, el grupo etario y la presencia de comorbilidades.


Ramsay Hunt syndrome corresponds to the association of peripheral facial paralysis with a vesicular eruption located in the pinna, caused by the involvement of the geniculate ganglion secondary to infection by the varicella zoster virus. This syndrome is the second causes of atraumatic facial paralysis, representing approximately 10 %-12 % of acute facial paralysis, with an annual incidence of 5 per 100,000 inhabitants. The diagnosis is mainly clinical and among the most prominent manifestations are neurological symptoms such as otalgia, tinnitus, hypoacusis associated with facial paralysis together with characteristic herpetic lesions. Among the complications that may occur in this entity is mainly postherpetic neuralgia, followed by less frequent ones such as encephalitis, ophthalmic herpes zoster and myelitis. Current management of Ramsay Hunt syndrome is based on the application of dual therapies consisting of corticosteroids associated with antiviral therapy, showing that early initiation of treatment improves prognosis and reduces the appearance of complications. The prognosis of this pathology is inferior compared to less severe pathologies that compromise the facial nerve (Bell's palsy) and is impacted by several factors such as the timely initiation of treatment, the age group, and the presence of comorbidities.


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpes Zoster Oticus/diagnosis , Prognosis , Herpes Zoster Oticus/complications , Herpes Zoster Oticus/drug therapy , Herpesvirus 3, Human/isolation & purification , Facial Paralysis/virology
4.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e20200012, 2021. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136924

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ramsay Hunt Syndrome (RHS), also known as herpes zoster oticus, is caused by the reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) in the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve. Herein, we report a case of Ramsey Hunt Syndrome in a patient after antimonial treatment for Cutaneous Leishmaniasis. The patient presented with microvesicles grouped on an erythematous base, starting in the neck and ascending towards the scalp margin on the right side of the head. The patient also developed grade V peripheral facial palsy the day after initiating the herpes zoster treatment, this outcome corroborated the assumption of Ramsey Hunt Syndrome.


Subject(s)
Humans , Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous/drug therapy , Herpes Zoster Oticus/therapy , Herpes Zoster , United States , Herpesvirus 3, Human
5.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 36(1): e00149119, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055626

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Varicella in adults and immunocompromised patients can be severe. The clinical diagnosis of varicella has high accuracy and the history of disease has a high positive predictive value for protection. A significant portion of adults, however, cannot remember if they have had varicella, especially older individuals. We conducted a cross-sectional study to determine the seroprevalence of varicella protective antibodies titers in adults with no clinical history of disease, attended at a Reference Center for Special Immunobiologicals and Travel Medicine in Rio de Janeiro (Brazil). Titration of immunoglobulin G (IgG) antibodies to varicella-zoster was determined by chemiluminescence immunoassay. Among 140 adults without history of varicella, 92% had protective antibody titers. We concluded that seroprevalence of varicella-zoster protection was very high in adults with negative history of disease and the use of serology before vaccination reduced significantly unnecessary vaccine and immunoglobulin use.


Resumo: A varicela é uma doença potencialmente grave em adultos e em pacientes imunocomprometidos. O diagnóstico clínico da varicela apresenta alta acurácia, e o relato da doença na história individual tem alto valor preditivo positivo para a proteção. Entretanto, uma proporção significativa de adultos, principalmente os mais idosos, não se lembra se já teve a doença. Realizamos um estudo transversal para determinar a soroprevalência de títulos protetores de anticorpos contra a varicela em adultos sem história clínica da doença, atendidos em um Centro de Referência para Imunobiológicos Especiais e Medicina de Viagem no Rio de Janeiro, Brasil. Os títulos da imunoglobulina G (IgG) contra varicela-zoster foram determinados por quimiluminescência. Entre 140 adultos sem história de varicela, 92% apresentaram títulos protetores de anticorpos. Concluímos que a soroprevalência de proteção contra varicela-zoster é muito alta em adultos sem história da doença, e que o uso de teste sorológico antes da vacinação reduziria significativamente a vacinação desnecessária e o uso de imunoglobulina.


Resumen: La varicela en adultos y pacientes inmunocomprometidos puede ser grave. El diagnóstico clínico de la varicela tiene una gran precisión y la historia de la enfermedad cuenta con un alto valor predictivo positivo para la protección contra ella. Sin embargo, un porcentaje significativo de adultos, no puede recordar si tuvieron varicela, especialmente las personas más viejas. Realizamos un estudio transversal para determinar la seroprevalencia de las concentraciones de anticuerpos protectores frente a la varicela, en adultos sin historia clínica de la enfermedad, que se llevó a cabo en un Centro de Referencia para Inmunobiología Especial y Medicina del Viajero en Río de Janeiro (Brasil). Se determinó la valoración de los anticuerpos de inmunoglobulina G (IgG) a la varicela-zoster mediante un ensayo inmunológico quimioluminiscente. Entre 140 adultos sin historial de varicela, un 92% tuvieron concentraciones de anticuerpos protectores. Concluimos que la seroprevalencia de la protección a la varicela-zoster fue muy alta en adultos con un historial negativo de la enfermedad y la utilización de la serología antes de la vacunación redujo de manera significativa la vacunación innecesaria y el uso de la inmunoglobulina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Chickenpox/epidemiology , Herpesvirus 3, Human/immunology , Measurements, Methods and Theories , Brazil/epidemiology , Chickenpox/prevention & control , Chickenpox/blood , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Chickenpox Vaccine , Luminescent Measurements , Antibodies, Viral/blood
6.
Clinics ; 75: e1498, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055886

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the role of intraocular fluid analysis as a diagnostic aid for uveitis. METHODS: Twenty-eight samples (27 patients including 3 HIV-infected patients) with active (n=24) or non-active (n=4) uveitis were submitted to aqueous (AH; n=12) or vitreous humor (VH) analysis (n=16). All samples were analyzed by quantitative PCR for herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster virus (VZV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) and Toxoplasma gondii. RESULTS: The positivity of the PCR in AH was 41.7% (5/12), with 50% (2/4) in immunocompetent and 67% (2/3) in HIV+ patients. The positivity of the PCR in VH was 31.2% (5/16), with 13% (1/8) in immunocompetent and 50% (4/8) in immunosuppressed HIV negative patients. The analysis was a determinant in the diagnostic definition in 58% of HA and 50% of VH. CONCLUSION: Even in posterior uveitis, initial AH analysis may be helpful. A careful formulation of possible clinical diagnosis seems to increase the chance of intraocular sample analysis being meaningful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aqueous Humor/microbiology , Aqueous Humor/parasitology , Aqueous Humor/virology , Uveitis/diagnosis , Vitreous Body/microbiology , Vitreous Body/parasitology , Toxoplasma , Uveitis/microbiology , Uveitis/parasitology , Uveitis/virology , Vitreous Body/virology , DNA, Viral/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction , HIV-1 , Immunocompromised Host , Simplexvirus/genetics , Simplexvirus/immunology , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Herpesvirus 3, Human/genetics , Herpesvirus 3, Human/immunology , Cytomegalovirus/genetics , Cytomegalovirus/immunology , Immunocompetence
7.
Biociencias ; 15(1): 79-89, jun.2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1122960

ABSTRACT

La varicela es una enfermedad infecto-contagiosa, producida por el virus varicela-zoster (VVZ); es un virus alfaherpes que se relaciona más estrechamente con el virus del herpes simple, se presenta cuando el virus entra en contacto con la mucosa del tracto respiratorio superior o la conjuntiva de una persona susceptible, la transmisión de persona a persona se puede presentar por contacto directo con lesiones de VZV o por propagación en el aire. La reinfección con VZV es rara. El período de incubación es de 10 a 21 días; los síntomas que generalmente se presentan son fiebre, malestar general, anorexia, dolor de cabeza y posteriormente vesículas claras, pruriginosas en las primeras etapas, llenas de líquido que evolucionan a costras. La complicación más común de la varicela es la sobreinfección bacteriana de las lesiones cutáneas causadas con mayor frecuencia por Staphylococcus aureus y Streptococcus del grupo A, pero también es posible encontrar linfadenitis y abscesos subcutáneos. Cuando la varicela se presenta durante los últimos días de gestación (<5 días) o 2 días después del parto, existe un riesgo aproximado de 20% de presentar varicela neonatal.


The Varicela is an infectious-contagious disease, caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV); It is an alphaherpes virus that is more closely related to the herpes simplex virus, it occurs when the virus comes into contact with the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract or the conjunctiva of a suscep-tible person, transmission from person to person can occur by contact Direct with VZV or airborne injuries. Reinfection with VZV is rare. The incubation period is from 10 to 21 days; The symptoms that generally appear are fever, general malaise, anorexia, headache and later clear, itchy vesicles in the early stages, filled with fluid that evolve to crusts. The most common complication of varicela is bacterial superinfection of the cutaneous lesions most frequently caused by group A Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus, but it is also possible to find lymphadenitis and subcutaneous abscesses. When chickenpox occurs during the last days of gestation (<5 days) or 2 days after delivery, there is an approximate 20% risk of developing neonatal varicela


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Population Characteristics , Chickenpox , Herpes Zoster
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882006

ABSTRACT

@#INTRODUCTION: Varicella or commonly known as chicken pox is caused by varicella-zoster virus (VZV) that is usually seen as a vesicular eruption in children. It is a highly contagious infection and is the result of exogenous primary infection of a susceptible individual. Immunocompromised individuals have impaired cell-mediated immunity and are prone to develop severe disease. They may have atypical presentations and lesions may sometimes appear hemorrhagic. CASE REPORT: We report two separate cases of HIV-AIDS patients presenting with erythematous umbilicated papules in which the initial clinical impression was molluscum contagiosum. Skin punch biopsy was done and revealed hemorrhagic varicella. Patients were started on intravenous acyclovir with noted remarkable improvement. CONCLUSION: This case report highlights the clinical and histopathologic features of hemorrhagic varicella. A skin biopsy is mandatory to establish the correct diagnosis and to initiate proper treatment.


Subject(s)
Chickenpox , Acyclovir , Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome , Herpesvirus 3, Human
9.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811303

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of retinal toxicity after an intravitreal ganciclovir injection to treat acute retinal necrosis in an eye filled with silicone oil.CASE SUMMARY: A 56-year-old male presented with ocular pain and visual loss in his right eye. His best-corrected visual acuity was 20/25, inflammatory cells in the anterior chamber, multiple retinitis lesions and retinal vessel occlusions in the peripheral retina and vitreous opacity were showed. Acute retinal necrosis was suspected, anterior chamber polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test was done. Aciclovir 2,400 mg/day intravenously and ganciclovir 2.0 mg were administered by intravitreal injection. After 4 days, retinitis was worsened and PCR test was positive for varicella zoster virus. Ganciclovir intravitreal injections were increased twice a week. After 16 days, retinal detachment occurred, so scleral encircling, vitrectomy, laser photocoagulation, and silicone oil tamponade were conducted. Ganciclovir 1.0 mg was injected at the end of surgery. The patient's visual acuity decreased to hand motion, and multiple crystal deposits with multiple retinal hemorrhages were observed in the right eye the next day. Visual acuity did not recover and optical coherent tomography showed that the macula was thinned.CONCLUSIONS: Visual loss seemed to be related with the retinal toxicity of ganciclovir. The increased local concentration due to the silicone oil tamponade is thought to have caused the toxicity.


Subject(s)
Acyclovir , Anterior Chamber , Ganciclovir , Hand , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Humans , Intravitreal Injections , Light Coagulation , Male , Middle Aged , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retina , Retinal Detachment , Retinal Hemorrhage , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute , Retinal Vessels , Retinaldehyde , Retinitis , Silicon , Silicones , Visual Acuity , Vitrectomy
11.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 52: e20180166, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041564

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Vaccination against varicella-zoster virus (VZV) has been effective and safe in countries that routinely administer the vaccine. Brazil began universal VZV vaccination in 2013. This study aimed to identify VZV genotypes present in Manaus, Brazil prior to widespread immunization. METHODS: Vesicular lesions or cerebral-spinal-fluid samples were collected from patients diagnosed with VZV, herpes zoster, or meningitis/encephalitis. DNA was extracted, amplified, and sequenced. RESULTS: Half the isolates were clade-5 viruses and the remaining were divided between the European clades 1 and 3. CONCLUSIONS: This study provides insights into the circulating VZV genotypes in Manaus prior to widespread vaccination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Herpesvirus 3, Human/genetics , Varicella Zoster Virus Infection/virology , Herpesvirus 3, Human/isolation & purification , Genotype , Middle Aged
12.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 659-663, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774773

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Herpes virus is considered to be the pathogen of acute retinal necrosis (ARN) infection. Previous studies have found that patients with ARN caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) are often older, and patients with herpes simplex virus (HSV) induced ARN are considerably younger. However, in our clinical work, we find that VZV is also a pathogen in younger ARN patients. We, therefore, aimed to analyze the common etiology of younger ARN patients.@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was made of 20 eyes (18 patients) diagnosed as having ARN in the Department of Ophthalmology of Peking Union Medical College Hospital from 2014 to 2016. All patients were reviewed for demographic data, clinical course, clinical manifestations, time from onset to initial physician visit, duration of follow-up, visual acuity at both presentation and final visit, and treatment strategies. A paired t test was used to compare visual acuity between the presenting vision and those of final follow-up. Vitreous or aqueous specimens from 18 eyes of 18 patients were analyzed with multiplex polymerase chain reaction (mPCR)/quantitative PCR (qPCR) and xTAG-liquid chip technology (xTAG-LCT) to determine the causative virus of ARN.@*RESULTS@#Final best visual acuity (BCVA) improved significantly from 1.36 ± 0.95 (median 20/400) to 0.95 ± 0.82 (median 20/100) (t = 2.714, P = 0.015) after systemic and intravitreal antiviral treatment combined with or without pars plana vitrectomy. PCR and xTAG-LCT results showed four of the five samples in the younger group (32.2 ± 5.2 years) and 12 of the 13 samples in the senior group (53.6 ± 4.9 years) were positive for VZV, and two of the five samples in the younger group were positive for HSV-1.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study demonstrates that VZV is also a common causative virus for ARN in younger patients. Considering this finding, a systemic antiviral treatment protocol should be immediately changed to intravenous ganciclovir when the patient does not respond to acyclovir before determining the causative virus, especially in younger patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Age Factors , Female , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Virulence , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retinal Necrosis Syndrome, Acute , Virology , Retrospective Studies , Varicella Zoster Virus Infection , Visual Acuity , Physiology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774100

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the level of IgG antibody to varicella in the healthy population aged 1-19 years in Harbin, China.@*METHODS@#Random sampling was performed to select 1 203 healthy individuals aged 1-19 years in Harbin. According to age, they were divided into ≥1 years group (n=240), ≥4 years group (n=396), ≥7 years group (n=364) and 14-19 years group (n=203). Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was used to measure the concentration of varicella-zoster virus (VZV)-IgG antibody in serum, and a concentration of VZV-IgG antibody of ≥100 mIU/mL was considered positive, suggesting that the subject had the ability to resist VZV infection.@*RESULTS@#The overall positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody was 71.49% (860/1 203), and the concentration of VZV-IgG antibody was 447±17 mIU/mL. The concentration of VZV-IgG antibody tended to increase with age (P<0.05). The positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody in the urban population was significantly higher than that in the rural population (P<0.05). There was significant difference in the positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody between the populations with different doses of varicella vaccination (P<0.05), and the population with 2 doses of vaccination had the highest positive rate of VZV-IgG antibody. There was a significant difference in the concentration of VZV-IgG antibody between the populations with different medical histories (P<0.05), and the population with a past history of varicella had the highest concentration.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Among the healthy population aged 1-19 years in Harbin, there is a significant difference in the level of VZV-IgG antibody between the urban and rural populations, as well as between different age groups. Varicella vaccination should be strengthened in areas with a low vaccination rate and the population aged <14 years.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Antibodies, Viral , Chickenpox , Epidemiology , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Epidemiology , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Humans , Immunoglobulin G , Infant , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Young Adult
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758516

ABSTRACT

Herpes zoster oticus is one of complication of varicella zoster virus (VZV) reactivation in the geniculate ganglion of the facial nerve, which is the most common presentation of herpes zoster in the head and neck region. However, VZV infection of the larynx has rarely been described in the literature compared with Herpes zoster oticus. Moreover, zoster laryngopharyngitis simultaneously occurred with recurred Herpes zoster oticus which has no newly developing motor dysfunction has not been reported yet. Therefore, these diseases are difficult to diagnose due to its rareness. However, distinctive appearances such as unilateral herpetic mucosal eruptions and vesicles are useful and essential in making a quick and accurate diagnosis. Thus, we report a characteristic case of zoster laryngopharyngitis simultaneously occurred with recurred Herpes zoster oticus not accompanied by any newly developing motor palsy.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Facial Nerve , Geniculate Ganglion , Head , Herpes Zoster Oticus , Herpes Zoster , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Larynx , Neck , Paralysis , Vocal Cord Paralysis , Vocal Cords
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740159

ABSTRACT

Ramsay Hunt syndrome with the complication of encephalitis or meningoencephalitis is rarely reported and uncommon in immunocompetent patients. The radiological manifestations of such cases usually involve the cerebellum and brainstem or exhibit the absence of any abnormality. We report a case of a 78-year-old immunocompetent man hospitalized with Ramsay Hunt syndrome, who later developed meningoencephalitis. The cerebrospinal fluid-study excluded other causes of meningoencephalitis, and the clinical diagnosis indicated varicella zoster virus meningoencephalitis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed increased signal intensities in the bilateral temporal lobe, midbrain, and pons on T2-weighted imaging, and T2 fluid attenuated inversion recovery and contralateral asymmetric pachymeningeal enhancement. Contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging revealed ipsilateral facial nerve enhancement.


Subject(s)
Aged , Brain Stem , Cerebellum , Diagnosis , Encephalitis , Facial Nerve , Herpes Zoster Oticus , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Meningoencephalitis , Mesencephalon , Pons , Temporal Lobe
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739564

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Herpes zoster (HZ) is caused by reactivation of the varicella zoster virus, which occurs frequently in liver transplant recipients with impaired cellular immunity. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors for HZ after adult liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: In our institution, 993 patients underwent adult LT from January 1997 to December 2013. We retrospectively analyzed the incidence rate of HZ and risk factors for HZ after LT. RESULTS: Of 993 LT recipients, 101 (10.2%) were diagnosed with HZ. The incidence of HZ at 1, 3, 5, and 10 years was 6.6%, 9.1%, 10.0%, and 11.9%, respectively. Therefore, we observed that the incidence of HZ after LT was 16.3 per 1,000 person-years. Older age (≥50 years) at LT and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) exposure were independent risk factors of HZ infection after adult LT. CONCLUSION: Patients older than 50 years or with MMF exposure are considered to be at high risk for HZ. Therefore, adult liver recipients with such factors should not be given strong immunosuppression treatments.


Subject(s)
Adult , Herpes Zoster , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Humans , Immunity, Cellular , Immunosuppression , Incidence , Liver Transplantation , Liver , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Transplant Recipients
17.
Rev. méd. hered ; 29(3): 201-202, jul. 2018. ilus
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1014320
19.
Rev. Hosp. Niños B.Aires ; 60(268): 78-84, 2018.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103551

ABSTRACT

La varicela es una infección viral aguda, con elevada transmisibilidad. Si bien en la mayor parte de los casos cursa como una infección benigna, puede presentar complicaciones en ciertos grupos de riesgo fundamentalmente en el ámbito hospitalario. El siguiente artículo resume los aspectos más importantes del abordaje de los pacientes expuestos a varicela, focalizando en el manejo epidemiológico de los contactos susceptibles en el ámbito de los servicios de salud


Chickenpox is an acute viral infection, with high transmissibility. Although, in most cases, it is a benign infection, it can cause complications in certain risk groups, mainly in the hospital setting. The following article summarizes the most important aspects of the management of patients exposed to varicella, focusing on the epidemiological management of susceptible contacts in the field of health care services


Subject(s)
Humans , gamma-Globulins , Chickenpox , Risk Groups , Herpesvirus 3, Human
20.
Clinical Pain ; (2): 36-40, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786701

ABSTRACT

Neuralgic amyotrophy (NA) is a peripheral neuropathy, primarily involving the brachial plexus. There is a relation between antecedent infection and NA. A few cases of NA after infections such as Epstein-Barr virus, herpes zoster virus, parvovirus, human immunodeficiency virus, Borrelia, and other infections have been reported. This case report describes a 26-year-old man with motor impairment after neuropathic pain with preceding mild flu-like symptoms whose laboratory studies revealed evidence of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. He was diagnosed with NA associated with CMV infection. In conclusion, CMV is a rare but possible pathogen of NA.


Subject(s)
Adult , Borrelia , Brachial Plexus , Brachial Plexus Neuritis , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Cytomegalovirus , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Herpesvirus 4, Human , HIV , Humans , Immunocompetence , Neuralgia , Parvovirus , Peripheral Nervous System Diseases
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