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1.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3861, ene.-dic. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1431832

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to evaluate nursing professionals and patient safety culture during the professional performance in the care of suspected or infected patients with COVID-19. Method: a cross-sectional study carried out with 90 professionals from critical care units of two teaching hospitals. An instrument for sociodemographic characterization and health conditions was used, in addition to the constructs "Nursing professional and patient safety" and the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. Univariate analyzes were performed between the diagnosis of COVID-19 and the characteristics of Nursing professionals, applying Kendell's correlation between the constructs. Results: the COVID-19 diagnosis presented a significant statistical difference between nursing professionals that worked for more than six years at the critical care unit (p=0.020) and the items of the construct "Nursing professional and patient safety" regarding the doubts about how to remove the personal protective equipment (p=0.013) and safety flow (p=0,021). The dimensions 2 (p=0.003), 3 (p=0.009), 4 (p=0.013), 6 (p<0.001), and 9 (p=0.024) of the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture were associated with the accomplishment of training. Conclusion: a higher professional nursing experience time was associated with non-infection by COVID-19. The perception of the safety culture of the patient was related to the accomplishment of training.


Resumo Objetivo: avaliar a segurança dos profissionais de enfermagem e a cultura de segurança do paciente durante a atuação profissional no atendimento de pacientes suspeitos ou com COVID-19. Método: estudo transversal realizado com 90 profissionais de unidades críticas de dois hospitais-escola. Foi utilizado um instrumento para caracterização sociodemográfica e condições de saúde, além dos constructos "Segurança do profissional e do paciente" e Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. Foram realizadas análises univariadas entre o diagnóstico de COVID-19 e as características dos profissionais, aplicando-se a correlação de Kendell entre os constructos. Resultados: o diagnóstico de COVID-19 apresentou diferença estatisticamente significativa entre os profissionais que trabalhavam há mais de seis anos na unidade (p=0,020) e os itens do constructo "Segurança do profissional e do paciente" referentes às dúvidas sobre como retirar o equipamento de proteção individual (p=0,013) e fluxo seguro (p=0,021). As dimensões 2 (p=0,003), 3 (p=0,009), 4 (p=0,013), 6 (p<0,001) e 9 (p=0,024) do Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture foram associadas à realização de treinamentos. Conclusão: maior tempo de experiência profissional do profissional de enfermagem esteve associado a não infecção por COVID-19. A percepção de cultura de segurança do paciente esteve relacionada à realização de treinamentos.


Resumen Objetivo: evaluar la seguridad de los profesionales de enfermería y la cultura de seguridad del paciente durante su actuación profesional en el cuidado de pacientes sospechosos o con COVID-19. Método: estudio transversal realizado con 90 profesionales de unidades críticas de dos hospitales universitarios. Se utilizó un instrumento de caracterización sociodemográfica y de condiciones de salud, además de los constructos "Seguridad del profesional y del paciente" y Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture. Se realizaron análisis univariados entre el diagnóstico de COVID-19 y las características de los profesionales y se aplicó la correlación de Kendell entre los constructos. Resultados: el diagnóstico de COVID-19 mostró diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre los profesionales que actuaron por más de seis años en la unidad (p=0,020) y los ítems del constructo "Seguridad del profesional y del paciente" referentes a dudas sobre cómo retirar el Equipo de Protección Personal (p=0,013) y flujo seguro (p=0,021). Las dimensiones 2 (p=0,003), 3 (p=0,009), 4 (p=0,013), 6 (p<0,001) y 9 (p=0,024) del Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture se asociaron a la realización de formación. Conclusión: mayor tiempo de experiencia profesional de enfermería se asoció con la no infección por COVID-19. La percepción de la cultura de seguridad del paciente se relacionó con la realización de entrenamiento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Risk Management , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Health , Critical Care , Patient Safety , Personal Protective Equipment , COVID-19/epidemiology , Hospitals, University , Nurse Practitioners , Nurses
2.
Actual. SIDA. infectol ; 31(113): 42-47, 20230000. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1527462

ABSTRACT

La emergencia de aislamientos de Klebsiella pneumoniaedoble productores de carbapenemasas (KPC y NDM) es una de las consecuencias de la pandemia causada por SARS-CoV-2 que ha causado un impacto significativo en las tasas de resistencia a los antimicrobianos en las infecciones intrahospitalarias por esta enterobacteria. Estos aislamientos representan un desafío para los servicios de salud, por su detección y caracterización y posterior tratamiento. En este trabajo se describen los aislamientos portadores de KPC y NDM recuperados durante 2022 aislados de distintas muestras clínicas de pacientes internados en un hospital universitario de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires, se los caracteriza fenotípicamente y genotípicamente como portadores de ambas carbapenemasas y se destaca la excelente actividad in vitro de la combinación ceftazidima-avibactam y aztreonam en el tratamiento de estas infecciones en donde las alternativas terapéuticas estarían limitadas a antibióticos no ß-lactámicos con porcentajes de resistencia que superan el 70%


The emergence of double-carbapenemase (KPC and NDM) producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates is one of the consequences derived from the SARS CoV-2 pandemic, which has caused significant impact on the antimicrobial resistance rates in hospital acquired infections. These isolates represent a real challenge for Health Services due to their difficult detection and characterization and subsequent treatment. In the present work we describe the double carbapenemase producing isolates recovered during the year 2022 from clinical samples belonging to hospitalized patients at a University Hospital in Buenos Aires city, we report their phenotypic and genotypic characterization and the excellent "in vitro" activity of the ceftazidime-avibactam-aztreonam combination in the treatment of infections in which the therapeutical options are restricted to non ß- lactamic antimicrobials which hold resistance rates higher than 70%


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patient Isolation , Carbapenems , Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae , Hospitals, University , Klebsiella pneumoniae/immunology
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3917, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1441985

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: investigar los factores asociados a la infección por SARSCoV-2 en los profesionales de la salud de hospitales universitarios. Método: estudio multicéntrico, con abordaje mixto con estrategia incorporada concomitante, realizado con 559 profesionales en la etapa cuantitativa, y 599 en la etapa cualitativa. Fueron utilizados cuatro instrumentos de recolección de datos, aplicados a través un formulario electrónico. El análisis cuantitativo se realizó mediante estadística descriptiva e inferencial y los datos cualitativos mediante análisis de contenido Resultados: los factores asociados a la infección fueron: realización de la prueba "RT-PCR" (p<0,001) y unidades que atienden a pacientes con COVID-19 (p=0,028). Tener síntomas aumentó la prevalencia de infección 5,63 veces y cumplir la mayor parte del tiempo con el distanciamiento social en la vida privada la redujo un 53,9%. Los datos cualitativos mostraron las dificultades que enfrentaron los profesionales: escasez y baja calidad de equipos de protección personal, sobrecarga de trabajo, distanciamiento físico en el trabajo, procesos y rutinas inadecuados y la ausencia de una política de triage y testeo masivos. Conclusión: los factores asociados a la infección por SARS-CoV-2 en los profesionales de la salud se relacionaron mayormente con cuestiones laborales.


Objective: to investigate factors associated with the SARS-CoV-2 infection among health professionals from university hospitals. Method: a multicenter, mixed approach study with concomitant incorporated strategy, carried out with 559 professionals in the quantitative stage, and 599 in the qualitative stage. Four data collection instruments were used, applied by means of an electronic form. The quantitative analysis was performed with descriptive and inferential statistics and the qualitative data were processed by means of content analysis. Results: the factors associated with the infection were as follows: performance of the RT-PCR test (p<0.001) and units offering care to COVID-19 patients (p=0.028). Having symptoms increased 5.63 times the prevalence of infection and adhering to social distancing most of the time in private life reduced it by 53.9%. The qualitative data evidenced difficulties faced by the professionals: scarcity and low quality of Personal Protective Equipment, work overload, physical distancing at work, inadequate processes and routines and lack of a mass screening and testing policy. Conclusion: the factors associated with the SARS-CoV-2 infection among health professionals were mostly related to occupational issues.


Objetivo: investigar fatores associados à infecção por SARS-CoV-2 entre profissionais da saúde de hospitais universitários. Método: estudo multicêntrico, de abordagem mista com estratégia incorporada concomitante, realizado com 559 profissionais na etapa quantitativa, e 599 na etapa qualitativa. Foram utilizados quatro instrumentos de coleta de dados, aplicados via formulário eletrônico. A análise quantitativa foi realizada com estatística descritiva e inferencial e os dados qualitativos por meio de análise de conteúdo. Resultados: os fatores associados à infeção foram: realização de teste "RT-PCR" (p<0,001) e unidades com atendimento a pacientes com COVID-19 (p=0,028). Ter sintomas aumentou em 5,63 vezes a prevalência de infeção e aderir ao distanciamento social na maior parte do tempo na vida particular reduziu em 53,9%. Dados qualitativos evidenciaram dificuldades enfrentadas pelos profissionais: escassez e baixa qualidade de equipamentos de proteção individual, sobrecarga de trabalho, distanciamento físico no trabalho, processos e rotinas inadequadas e ausência de uma política de triagem e testagem em massa. Conclusão: os fatores associados à infecção por SARS-CoV-2 entre profissionais da saúde foram em sua maioria relacionados a questões ocupacionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infection Control , Health Personnel , Coronavirus Infections/prevention & control , Personal Protective Equipment , Hospitals, University
4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3747, Jan.-Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1424041

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to analyze the association between moral distress and Burnout Syndrome among nurses in a university hospital. Method: descriptive, analytical study conducted with 269 nurses working in a university hospital located in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Data were collected in person in 2019 by previously trained collectors. A sociodemographic and employment questionnaire, the Brazilian Scale of Moral Distress in Nurses and the Maslach Burnout Inventory were applied. Descriptive and analytical statistical analysis was used. Results: an association was identified between moral distress intensity and frequency and its dimensions with Burnout Syndrome and its dimensions. Nurses with low professional achievement and high emotional exhaustion showed a higher prevalence of moral distress. Conclusion: an association between moral distress and Burnout Syndrome, as well as between their dimensions, was evidenced. The results suggest the need to investigate urgent interventions to mitigate the situations and manifestations of moral distress and Burnout Syndrome by developing strategies for workers' health.


Resumo Objetivo: analisar a associação entre sofrimento moral e síndrome de Burnout em enfermeiros de hospital universitário. Método: estudo descritivo-analítico, realizado com 269 enfermeiros atuantes em um hospital universitário localizado no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. A coleta de dados ocorreu de maneira presencial no ano de 2019 por coletadores previamente capacitados. Aplicaram-se questionário sociodemográfico e laboral, Escala Brasileira de Distresse Moral em Enfermeiros e o Inventário Maslach de Burnout. Empregou-se análise estatística descritiva e analítica. Resultados: identificou-se associação entre intensidade e frequência de sofrimento moral e suas dimensões com a síndrome de Burnout e suas dimensões. Enfermeiros em baixa realização profissional e alta exaustão emocional apresentaram prevalências mais elevadas para sofrimento moral. Conclusão: evidenciou-se a associação entre sofrimento moral e síndrome de Burnout bem como entre suas dimensões. Os resultados sinalizam a necessidade de investigar intervenções urgentes para amenizar as situações e as manifestações do sofrimento moral e a síndrome de Burnout, elaborando estratégias para a saúde dos trabalhadores.


Resumen Objetivo: analizar la asociación entre sufrimiento moral y síndrome de Burnout en enfermeros de un hospital universitario. Método: estudio descriptivo y analítico, realizado en 269 enfermeros que actuaban en un hospital universitario localizado en el estado de Rio Grande del Sur, en Brasil. La recogida de datos se realizó de manera presencial en el año de 2019 por colectores previamente capacitados. Se aplicaron el cuestionario sociodemográfico y laboral, la Escala Brasileña de Estrés Moral en Enfermeros y el Inventario Maslach de Burnout. Se empleó el análisis estadístico descriptivo y analítico. Resultados: se identificó asociación entre intensidad y frecuencia de sufrimiento moral y sus dimensiones con el síndrome de Burnout y sus dimensiones. Los enfermeros que tuvieron baja realización profesional y alta extenuación emocional, presentaron prevalencias más elevadas para el sufrimiento moral. Conclusión: se evidenció asociación entre sufrimiento moral y síndrome de Burnout así como entre sus dimensiones. Los resultados señalan la necesidad urgente de investigar intervenciones para amenizar las situaciones y las manifestaciones del sufrimiento moral y el síndrome de Burnout, elaborando estrategias para la salud de los trabajadores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Occupational Health , Burnout, Psychological , Psychological Distress , Hospitals, University , Nurses/psychology
5.
Prensa méd. argent ; 109(2): 42-47, 20230000. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1437005

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La mayor parte del manejo del paciente con insuficiencia cardíaca (IC) se logra de manera ambulatoria. La adhesión a los estándares de tratamiento recomendados y el acceso al sistema de salud determinan su evolución. Se describe nuestra experiencia en pacientes con IC ambulatoria en un Hospital Universitario. Material y métodos: Se incluyeron pacientes derivados para interconsulta al Laboratorio de IC entre los meses de enero de 2021 y octubre de 2022. Se realizó una intervención estructurada, que incluyó visitas presenciales y seguimiento por email y/o telefónico y asesoramiento nutricional. Resultados: Se incluyeron 98 pacientes. La media de edad fue 64,05 años. El promedio total de FEVI fue 36,26%. Se observó asociación significativa entre los mayores de 60 años (n=65; 66,33%) y dislipemia, hipertensión arterial, enfermedad oncológica y enfermedad coronaria, en comparación con los individuos más jóvenes. La FEVI baja se correlacionó con los portadores de enfermedad coronaria y oncológica. En ellos se observó mayor utilización de betabloqueantes, ARNI, iSGLT2 y ácido acetil salicílico. El sexo masculino, la FEVI disminuida y la edad, fueron predictores de peor pronóstico. Conclusión: La utilización del tratamiento farmacológico en la IC depende de múltiples factores. A pesar de ello, se observó una distribución de la terapéutica instaurada acorde a la recomendación de guía y registros nacionales e internaciones de pacientes con IC


Introduction: Most of the management of the patient with heart failure (HF) is accomplished on an outpatient basis. Adherence to the recommended treatment standards and access to the health system determine their evolution. We describe our experience in patients with ambulatory HF in a University Hospital. Material and methods: Patients referred for interconsultation to the HF Laboratory between the months of January 2021 and October 2022 were included. A structured intervention was carried out, which included face-to-face visits and follow-up by email and/or telephone and nutritional advice. Results: 98 patients were included. Mean age was 64.05 years. Total mean LVEF was 36.26%. A significant association was observed between those over 60 years of age (n=65; 66.33%) and dyslipidemia, arterial hypertension, oncological disease, and coronary disease, compared to younger individuals. The low LVEF was correlated with coronary and oncological disease. In them was observed greater use of beta-blockers, ARNI, iSGLT2 and acetylsalicylic acid. Male sex, decreased LVEF and age were predictors of worse prognosis. Conclusion: The use of pharmacological treatment in HF depends on multiple factors. Despite this, a distribution of the established therapy according to the guideline recommendation and national registries and hospitalizations of patients with HF was observed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Treatment Adherence and Compliance , Heart Failure/pathology , Hospitals, University
6.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 14: 1-6, mar. 20, 2023. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1442915

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar o processo de incorporação de tecnologias na Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares, com especial atenção às Comissões de Padronização de Produtos para a Saúde. Métodos: estudo transversal, descritivo, com pesquisa exploratória de campo e análise quanti-qualitativa para um diagnóstico situacional, realizado por meio de questionário eletrônico encaminhado às 36 filiais da Empresa, em todas as regiões do Brasil, de novembro de 2019 a agosto de 2020. Empregou-se a análise quantitativa por meio de estatística descritiva e a qualitativa a partir da análise de conteúdo e de Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats. Resultados: 44,4% dos hospitais possuem Núcleos de Avaliação de Tecnologias em Saúde, enquanto 91,7% deles dispõem de Comissão de Padronização de Produtos para a Saúde formalmente constituída. As variáveis observadas com maior frequência: ausência de processos documentados, fluxos não definidos e falta de infraestrutura. Conclusão: o processo de incorporação de tecnologias ocorre de maneira desigual. Os dados podem contribuir para que a Empresa Brasileira de Serviços Hospitalares (re)defina estratégias e implemente ações, no sentido de apoiar suas filiais na constituição e implantação dessas instâncias, fundamentais no processo de incorporação de tecnologias em âmbito hospitalar. (AU)


Objective: to identify the process of incorporating technologies at the Brazilian Hospital Services Company, specially to the Commission for the Standardization of Health Products. Methods: this is a cross-sectional and exploratory study, under a descriptive approach with quantitative and qualitative analysis, which sought to perform a situational diagnosis through an electronic research questionnaire sent to the 36 branches, in all regions of Brazil, from November 2019 to August 2020. Using quantitative analysis through of descriptive statistics and qualitative analysis based on content analysis and Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats. Results: 44.4% of hospitals have Health Technology Assessment Centers, while 91.7% of them have formally constituted a Commission for the Standardization of Health Products. The most frequently observed variables: absence of documented processes, undefined flows and lack of infrastructure. Conclusion: the process of incorporating technologies occurs unevenly. The data can contribute to the Brazilian Hospital Services Company defining strategies and implementing actions, in order to support its branches in the constitution and implantation of these instances, which are fundamental in the process of incorporating technologies in the hospital environment. (AU)


Objectivo: identificar el proceso de incorporación de tecnologias en la Empresa Brasileña de Servicios Hospitalarios, con especial atención a las comisiones de estandarización de productos de salud. Métodos: estudio descriptivo transversal, con investigación de campo exploratoria y análisis cuantitativo y cualitativo para um diagnóstico situacional realizado mediante um cuestionario electrónico enviado a las 36 filiales, em todas las regiones de Brasil, de noviembre de 2019 a agosto de 2020. Usado análisis cuantitativo utilizando estadística descriptiva y la análisis cualitativo basado en análisis de contenido y de la Fortalezas, Debilidades, Oportunidades, Amenazas. Resultados: el 44,4% de los hospitales cuenta con Centros de Evaluación de Tecnologías Sanitarias, mientras que el 91,7% de ellos tiene una Comisión de Estandarización de Productos de Salud formalmente constituída. Las variables observadas con mayor frecuencia: ausencia de procesos documentados, flujos indefinidos y falta de infraestructura. Conclusión: el proceso de incorporación de tecnologías ocurre de manera desigual. Los datos pueden contribuir a que la Empresa Brasileña de Servicios Hospitalarios reinicia estrategias e implemente acciones, a fin de apoyar a sus filiales en la constitución e implantación de estas instancias, fundamentales en el proceso de incorporación de tecnologías en el ámbito hospitalario. (AU)


Subject(s)
Biomedical Technology , Advisory Committees , Workflow , Hospitals, University
7.
Rev. Nutr. (Online) ; 36: e220215, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521580

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the relationship between nutritional parameters and clinical factors and the outcome of patients diagnosed with COVID-19. Methods This is a prospective longitudinal study involving patients with COVID-19 infection admitted to a University Hospital in Pernambuco. The sample consisted of individuals aged ≥20 years who tested positive for COVID-19 infection. Nutritional risk was assessed using the recommended screening procedure for this group and the nutritional status using the Body Mass Index. Demographic and clinical variables were transcribed from the medical records. Result There was a predominance of adult inpatients between 20 and 59 years of age (95% CI: 64.6-76.0); nutritional risk was observed in 91.6% of patients and overweight in 58.9% of patients. Age ≥60 years (p=0.03), presence of malignancies and inadequate nutrition (p<0.001) were independent risk factors for in-hospital death. It was also observed that only arterial hypertension (OR 2.34, 95% CI 1.32-4.13, p=0.003) and overweight (OR 1.84, 95% CI 1.05-3.21, p=0.032) were considered independent risk factors for admission of the patients in the Intensive Care Unit. Conclusion Although overweight is a risk factor for admission in the Intensive Care Unit, it was not possible to observe it as a factor for mortality, requiring further studies to determine the mechanisms that interfere in the association between obesity and mortality in those patients.


RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar a relação dos parâmetros nutricionais e fatores clínicos com o desfecho dos pacientes diagnosticados com COVID-19. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo longitudinal prospectivo envolvendo pacientes com infecção por COVID-19 internados em um Hospital Universitário de Pernambuco. A amostra foi constituída por indivíduos com idade ≥20 anos que tiveram resultado positivo para infecção por COVID-19. O risco nutricional foi avaliado por meio de triagem recomendada para este grupo e o estado nutricional por meio do Índice de Massa Corpórea. As variáveis demográficas e clínicas foram transcritas dos prontuários. Resultados Houve predomínio de pacientes adultos entre 20 e 59 anos (95% IC: 64,6-76,0) internados, o risco nutricional foi observado em 91,6% e o excesso de peso em 58,9% dos pacientes. A idade >60 anos (p=0,03), a presença de câncer e aporte nutricional inadequado (p<0,001) foram fatores de risco independente para morte hospitalar. Observou-se também que apenas a hipertensão arterial (OR 2,34, 95% IC 1,32-4,13, p=0,003) e o excesso de peso (OR 1,84, 95% IC 1,05-3,21, p=0,032) foram considerados fatores de risco independentes para a internação do paciente na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva. Conclusão Embora o excesso de peso seja um fator de risco para admissão na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva, não foi possível observá-la como um fator para mortalidade, se fazendo necessários estudos para determinar os mecanismos que interferem na associação entre a obesidade e letalidade desses pacientes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Nutritional Status , COVID-19/diagnosis , Body Mass Index , Diabetes Mellitus , Hospitals, University , Hypertension , Intensive Care Units , Neoplasms , Obesity
8.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431259

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives: to identify the sociodemographic, obstetric, and breastfeeding factors associated with early weaning in a human milk bank. Methods: data from maternal and child evaluation forms of women assisted at the human milk bank of the Federal University of Maranhão university hospital in 2016, 2017 and 2018 were compiled. Results: of the 1,276 forms evaluated, 1,275 (99.9%) had information about early weaning (outcome variable), which was identified in 30.6% of assisted pairs. The frequency of early weaning was higher among mothers who had already breastfed (169-31%) [p=0.0235, OR=4.03; CI95%=1.21-13.46] and among mothers who had "household" occupation (204-36%) [p<0.0001, OR=1.58, CI95%=1.24-2.00]. The other independent variables evaluated did not show significant association (p>0.05). Conclusions: among the evaluated characteristics, only maternal occupation and previous breastfeeding experience were associated with early weaning.


Resumo Objetivos: avaliar a associação de variáveis sociodemográficas, obstétricas e de aleitamento materno com o desmame precoce em um banco de leite humano. Métodos: foram compilados dados das fichas de avaliação materno-infantil de mulheres atendidas no banco de leite humano do hospital universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão em 2016, 2017 e 2018. Resultados: das 1.276 fichas avaliadas, 1.275 (99,9%) tinham informações sobre desmame precoce (variável de desfecho), que foi identificado em 30,6% dos pares atendidos. A frequência de desmame precoce foi maior entre as mães que já amamentaram (169-31%) [p=0,0235, OR=4,03; IC95%=1,21-13,46] e entre aquelas que tinham ocupação "do lar" (204-36%) [p<0,0001, OR:1,58, IC95%=1,24-2,00]. As demais variáveis independentes avaliadas não apresentaram associação significativa (p>0,05). Conclusões: entre as características avaliadas, apenas a ocupação da mãe e a experiência previa de amamentação associaram-se ao desmame precoce.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Weaning , Breast Feeding/statistics & numerical data , Milk Banks , Primary Health Care , Brazil , Continuity of Patient Care , Sociodemographic Factors , Hospitals, University
9.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2023. 172 f p. ilus..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1513111

ABSTRACT

Este trabalho analisa as Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde, com o objetivo de identificar de que maneira os programas financiados pelo Ministério da Saúde, a partir da Portaria Interministerial 1.077 de 2009, encontram-se distribuídos pelo país. Realizou-se uma pesquisa documental exploratória utilizando editais e portarias publicados pelo Ministério da Saúde, através da Secretaria de Gestão do Trabalho e da Educação em Saúde em conjunto com o Ministério da Educação, através da Secretaria de Educação Superior. A análise foi dividida em três momentos: distribuição dos programas de Residência Multiprofissional em Saúde de acordo com as regiões brasileiras, com as áreas de concentração consideradas pelo Ministério da Saúde como prioritárias para o Sistema Único de Saúde e com as instituições proponentes. Ao longo da escrita, os aspectos históricos das Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde são revisitados desde a década de 70, até sua configuração como parte integrante da Política Nacional de Gestão da Educação na Saúde. São discutidos os elementos que permeiam a implementação das Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde, como a concepção de atenção integral à saúde, o trabalho em equipe multiprofissional e a formação em serviço, além de questões relativas ao seu financiamento, à sua institucionalização e à sua inserção na Política Nacional de Educação Permanente em Saúde. As Residências Multiprofissionais em Saúde são consideradas como potenciais indutoras de transformação dos processos de educação e de trabalho vigentes na saúde, trazendo à discussão a importância de sua legitimação e consolidação como peça fundamental de uma política de formação voltada para o Sistema Único de Saúde. (AU)


The complex health demands of contemporary society require the construction of a professional profile and a more integrated health workforce. Interprofessional Education (IPE) for patient-centered collaborative practice has been globally recognized as a strategy capable of fostering changes in training and improving health outcomes. Guided by the teaching-service-community integration and training for teamwork, seeking to overcome the trend of isolated and fragmented professional performance, the Multiprofessional Residency in Health (RMS) constitutes a modality of in-service education that favors the development of interprofessionals collaborative skills. This thesis aimed to analyze the educational context of RMS programs from the perspective of EIP and collaborative practices in health. For this, a multi-method, exploratory and descriptive study of multiple cases was carried out between March and November 2020, with 86 actors from three RMS programs in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Data were collected through bibliographic research on the theme of EIP in the RMS; documentary analysis of the political-pedagogical projects (PPP) of the programs; online survey and application of the Jefferson Scale of Attitudes Related to Interprofessional Collaboration (EJARCI) to residents and tutors; and semi-structured online interviews with course coordinators. The analysis and combination of data were guided by the theoretical-methodological framework of the EIP. The publications found in the bibliographic research are mostly experience reports that evaluated the impacts of adopting EIP strategies, studies on the perception of residents about interprofessional performance, and PPP analyses. From the documental analysis, it was verified that the PPP of the three RMS programs are close to the EIP precepts, but they do not present a standardized structure oriented to the development of interprofessional competences. The EJARCI analysis showed a favorable attitude towards the interprofessional collaboration of all actors, with no statistical differences between the studied variables. The survey and interviews indicated that the RMS are configured as powerful educational scenarios for the acquisition of collaborative skills, as they promote communication and knowledge exchange between different professionals from integrative activities and contextual teaching methodologies that aim care integrality. The barriers that limit the success of EIP in the RMS could be mitigated through the qualification of teachers and tutors, reorganization of the workload of residents, deepening the use of interactive methodologies, greater interaction with medical residency, and diversification of scenarios and activities that promote interprofessional integration. (AU)


Subject(s)
Patient Care Team , Health Personnel , Education , Health Human Resource Training , Interprofessional Education , Hospitals, University , Primary Health Care , Unified Health System , Brazil
10.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; 2023. 74 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515994

ABSTRACT

Introdução: Em 2018, o Sistema Nacional de Saúde da Inglaterra (NHS) lançou o "Guia para reduzir as longas estadias hospitalares" com o objetivo de estimular ciclos de melhoria e reduzir o tempo de internação (lengh of stay, LOS) de pacientes nos hospitais daquele país. O SAFER flow bundle e a ferramenta Red2Green days foram descritos como estratégias a serem implementadas em unidades de internação para reduzir os atrasos para a alta dos pacientes. Objetivo: Verificar se a implementação do SAFER patient flow bundle e da ferramenta Red2Green days está associada à redução do LOS nas enfermarias da Unidade de Clínica Médica (UCM) de um hospital universitário no Brasil. Métodos: Neste estudo longitudinal de intervenção, comparamos o LOS dos pacientes que receberam alta das enfermarias da UCM em 2019, durante a implementação do SAFER flow bundle e da ferramenta Red2Green days, com o LOS dos pacientes que receberam alta no mesmo período em 2018. O algoritmo de Grupo de Diagnósticos Relacionados (Diagnosis Related Groups, DRG) Brasil comparou grupos de acordo com a complexidade e a necessidade de recursos. Também foram avaliadas a mortalidade intra-hospitalar, as taxas de readmissão, o número de eventos adversos e o número e causas de dias de internação inapropriados. Resultados: 208 pacientes de clínica médica tiveram alta em 2018 e 252 tiveram alta em 2019. A mediana de LOS hospitalar foi significativamente menor durante o período de intervenção [14,2 dias (IQR, 8-23) vs. 19 dias (IQR, 12-32); p <0,001]. A mortalidade intra-hospitalar, a readmissão em 30 dias e o número de eventos adversos foram os mesmos entre os grupos. Dos 3350 pacientes-dia analisados, 1482 (44,2%) foram classificados como verdes e 1868 (55,8%) como vermelhos. A ausência da avaliação presencial do preceptor foi a causa mais frequente de dias vermelhos (42,4%). Conclusões: A implementação do SAFER patient flow bundle e da ferramenta Red2Green days foi associada a uma diminuição significativa do tempo de internação na enfermaria de clínica médica de um hospital universitário sem impacto em desfechos negativos. A redução do tempo de internação hospitalar é possível com a mudança de atitude da equipe multidisciplinar através da utilização dessas estratégias.


Background: In 2018, the National Health System (NHS) released the "Guide to reducing long hospital stays" to stimulate improvement and decrease length of stay (LOS) in England hospitals. The SAFER patient flow bundle and Red2Green tool were described as strategies to be implemented in inpatient wards to reduce discharge delays. Objective: To verify if implementing the SAFER patient flow bundle and Red2Green days tool is associated with LOS reduction in the internal medicine unit (IMU) wards of a university hospital in Brazil. Methods: In this longitudinal interventional trial, we compared the LOS of patients discharged from the IMU wards in 2019, during the implementation of the SAFER bundle and Red2Green tool, to the LOS of patients discharged in the same period in 2018. The Diagnosis Related Groups (DRG) Brasil algorithm compared groups according to complexity and resource requirements. In-hospital mortality, readmission rates, the number of adverse events, and the number and causes of inappropriate hospital days were also evaluated. Results: 208 internal medicine patients were discharged in 2018, and 252 were discharged in 2019. The median hospital LOS was significantly lower during the intervention period [14.2 days (IQR, 8-23) vs. 19 days (IQR, 12-32); p <0.001]. In-hospital mortality, readmission in 30 days, and the number of adverse events were the same between groups. Of the 3350 patient days analyzed, 1482 (44.2%) were classified as green and 1868 (55.8%) as red. The lack of senior review was the most frequent cause of a red day (42.4%). Conclusion: SAFER patient flow bundle and Red2Green days tool implementation were associated with a significant decrease in hospital LOS in a university hospital IMU ward. There is a considerable improvement opportunity for hospital LOS reduction by changing the multidisciplinary team`s attitude during patient hospitalization using these strategies.


Subject(s)
Patient Discharge , Hospital Administration , Longitudinal Studies , Academic Dissertation , Hospitals, University
11.
Gastroenterol. latinoam ; 34(1): 8-14, 2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1524554

ABSTRACT

Background: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common disease. There is no information available on the costs of treatment in Chile. Aim: To obtain information on the cost of hospitalization for AP and identify the factors that influence the account, to analyze health insurance coverage and the economic charge for the patient. Patients and Method: Retrospective and descriptive study. Patients treated at the Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile with diagnosis of AP between May 1, 2014 and April 30, 2016 were included. The clinical records were reviewed after the patient's discharge. Demographic characteristics, clinical evolution, the account issued, the insurance payment and patient's copayment were registered. Results: In the period studied, 176 patients (90 women) were discharged with diagnosis of AP. The dominant etiology was biliary in 61%. According to the Atlanta 2013 classification, 78.4% of the cases were mild, 10.2% moderate, and 11.4% severe. 3 patients (1.7%) died. The median cost in Chilean pesos was $ 2,537,918 (1,383,151-3,897,673) (p25-75). The total sum of the accounts of 176 patients was $ 885,261,241, with an average of $ 5,029,893. The average coverage of the health system (FONASA or ISAPRE) was $ 4,293,113, leaving a copayment of $ 801,661. The final cost was related to the severity of the disease, the length of hospitalization and the need for a high-complexity bed. Discussion: Hospitalization costs for PA are high. It is advisable to rationalize the critical care bed indication.


Introducción: La pancreatitis aguda (PA) es una patología frecuente. No hay información disponible del costo de su tratamiento en Chile. Objetivo: Obtener información del costo de hospitalización por PA, identificar los factores que influyen en la cuenta, estudiar la cobertura por seguros de salud y el cargo económico para el paciente. Pacientes y Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo, descriptivo. Se incluyeron pacientes tratados en el Hospital Clínico Universidad de Chile con diagnóstico de PA entre 01 de mayo de 2014 y 30 de abril de 2016. Las fichas clínicas fueron revisadas después del alta del paciente, se registraron sus características demográficas, evolución clínica, la cuenta emitida, el pago del seguro y el copago del paciente. Resultados: En el periodo estudiado 176 pacientes (90 mujeres) fueron dados de alta con diagnóstico de PA. La etiología dominante fue biliar en 61% . Según la clasificación de Atlanta 2013, 78,4% de los casos fueron leves, 10,2% moderados y 11,4% severos. Fallecieron 3 pacientes (1,7%). La mediana de costos fue de $2.537.918 (1.383.151-3.897.673) (p25-75). La suma total de las cuentas de 176 pacientes fue de $ 885.261.241, con un promedio de $ 5.029.893. La cobertura promedio del sistema de salud (FONASA o ISAPRE) fue de $ 4.293.113 dejando un copago de $ 801.661. El costo final se correlacionó con la severidad de la enfermedad, la duración de la hospitalización y la necesidad de cama de alta complejidad. Discusión: Los costos de hospitalización por PA son elevados. Es recomendable racionalizar la indicación de cama crítica.


Subject(s)
Pancreatitis/economics , Cost of Illness , Pancreatitis/epidemiology , Chile , Health Care Costs , Hospitals, University
12.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e253403, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448955

ABSTRACT

O hospital constitui-se como um contexto em que a urgência subjetiva pode vir a se apresentar de forma frequente, instaurando, para cada sujeito, uma vivência de angústia. O objetivo desta pesquisa foi investigar as possibilidades para uma clínica das urgências subjetivas no contexto de um hospital universitário em Salvador, considerando as vivências em uma residência multiprofissional. Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa de caráter exploratório, em que se realizou revisão teórica sobre o tema e se construiu um caso clínico, sob orientação psicanalítica. A escolha do caso baseou-se na escuta clínica ao longo dos atendimentos e da atuação em equipe multiprofissional, considerando os impasses ao longo do tratamento. Foram utilizados registros documentais produzidos pela psicóloga residente ao longo dos atendimentos, que ocorreram durante três meses. Os resultados apontam para as contribuições da escuta psicanalítica no tratamento das urgências e na atuação em equipe multiprofissional no contexto hospitalar. A subjetivação da urgência permitiu, no caso em questão, um tratamento pela palavra do que havia incidido diretamente no corpo como fenômeno. Conclui-se pela relevância em discutir o tema da urgência e suscitar novas pesquisas, reintroduzindo no contexto hospitalar a questão sobre a subjetividade.(AU)


Hospitals are contexts in which subjective urgency can frequently materialize, triggering an experience of anguish for each subject. Hence, this research investigates the possibilities of establishing a subjective urgency clinic at a university hospital in Salvador, considering the experiences in a multidisciplinary residence. A qualitative, exploratory research was conducted by means of a theoretical review on the topic and construction of a clinical case, under psychoanalytical advisement. The case was chosen based on clinical listening during the sessions and performance in a multidisciplinary team, considering the obstacles for long-term treatment. Data were collected from documentary records produced by the resident psychologist during three months. Results point to the contributions of psychoanalytic listening to treating subjective urgencies and to the performance of a multidisciplinary team in the hospital context. In the case in question, subjectivation of urgency allowed a treatment through the word of affecting phenomenon. In conclusion, discussing urgency and conducting further research, are fundamental to reintroduce subjectivity in the hospital context.(AU)


El hospital es un contexto en el que frecuentemente se puede percibir una urgencia subjetiva, estableciendo una experiencia de angustia para cada sujeto. El objetivo de esta investigación fue investigar las posibilidades de una clínica de urgencia subjetiva en el contexto de un hospital universitario en Salvador (Brasil), considerando las experiencias en una Residencia Multiprofesional. Se trata de una investigación cualitativa, de carácter exploratorio, en la que se realizó una revisión teórica sobre el tema y construcción de un caso clínico, con orientación psicoanalítica. La elección del caso se basó en la escucha clínica a lo largo de las sesiones y actuación en un equipo multidisciplinar, considerando los impasses para el tratamiento a largo plazo. Se utilizaron registros documentales elaborados por el psicólogo residente, durante las atenciones, que se realizaron durante tres meses. Los resultados apuntan a las contribuciones de la escucha psicoanalítica en el tratamiento de urgencias y en la actuación de un equipo multidisciplinario en el contexto hospitalario. La subjetivación de la urgencia permitió, en el caso en cuestión, un tratamiento a través de la palabra de lo que había afectado directamente al cuerpo como fenómeno. Se concluye que es relevante discutir el tema de la urgencia y plantear nuevas investigaciones, reintroduciendo el tema de la subjetividad en el contexto hospitalario.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Personal Satisfaction , Psychoanalysis , Emergencies , Hospitals, University , Anxiety , Outcome and Process Assessment, Health Care , Pain , Parapsychology , Patient Discharge , Primary Health Care , Psychiatry , Psychology , Quality of Life , Rehabilitation , Religion , Safety , Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms , Teaching , Therapeutics , Universities , Wounds and Injuries , Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms , Unified Health System , Patients' Rooms , Health Infrastructure , Case Reports , Bereavement , Family , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Laboratory and Fieldwork Analytical Methods , Mental Health , Disease , Liability, Legal , Treatment Refusal , Occupational Therapy , Treatment Outcome , Patient Satisfaction , Long-Term Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Life , Benchmarking , Critical Care , Personal Autonomy , Patient Rights , Death , Delivery of Health Care , Information Dissemination , Qualitative Research , After-Hours Care , Diagnosis , Education, Medical, Continuing , Emotions , Empathy , Academic Medical Centers , Publications for Science Diffusion , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services , Electronic Health Records , Health Communication , Early Medical Intervention , Financial Management , Neurological Rehabilitation , Psychological Trauma , Mentoring , Universalization of Health , Psychological Distress , Patient Care , Diversity, Equity, Inclusion , Health Planning , Health Planning Guidelines , Health Policy , Hospital Administration , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Teaching , Human Rights , Accounting , Learning , Length of Stay , Life Change Events , Medical Assistance , Memory , Nursing Care
13.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e244244, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1448957

ABSTRACT

Com os avanços tecnológicos e o aprimoramento da prática médica via ultrassonografia, já é possível detectar possíveis problemas no feto desde a gestação. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a prática do psicólogo no contexto de gestações que envolvem riscos fetais. Trata-se de um estudo qualitativo sob formato de relato de experiência como psicólogo residente no Serviço de Medicina Fetal da Maternidade Escola da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Os registros, feitos por observação participante e diário de campo, foram analisados em dois eixos temáticos: 1) intervenções psicológicas no trabalho em equipe em consulta de pré-natal, exame de ultrassonografia e procedimento de amniocentese; e 2) intervenções psicológicas em casos de bebês incompatíveis com a vida. Os resultados indicaram que o psicólogo nesse serviço é essencial para atuar de forma multiprofissional na assistência pré-natal para gravidezes de alto risco fetal. Ademais, a preceptoria do residente é relevante para sua formação e treinamento para atuação profissional no campo da psicologia perinatal.(AU)


Face to the technological advances and the improvement of medical practice via ultrasound, it is already possible to detect possible problems in the fetus since pregnancy. The objective of this study was to analyze the psychologist's practice in the context of pregnancies which involve fetal risks. It is a qualitative study based on an experience report as a psychologist trainee at the Fetal Medicine Service of the Maternity School of UFRJ. The records, based on the participant observation and field diary, were analyzed in two thematic axes: 1) psychological interventions in the teamwork in the prenatal attendance, ultrasound examination and amniocentesis procedure; and 2) psychological interventions in cases of babies incompatible to the life. The results indicated that the psychologist in this service is essential to work in a multidisciplinary way at the prenatal care for high fetal risk pregnancies. Furthermore, the resident's preceptorship is relevant to their education and training for professional performance in the field of Perinatal Psychology.(AU)


Con los avances tecnológicos y la mejora de la práctica médica a través de la ecografía, ya se puede detectar posibles problemas en el feto desde el embarazo. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la práctica del psicólogo en el contexto de embarazos de riesgos fetal. Es un estudio cualitativo basado en un relato de experiencia como residente de psicología en el Servicio de Medicina Fetal de la Escuela de Maternidad de la Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Los registros, realizados en la observación participante y el diario de campo, se analizaron en dos ejes temáticos: 1) intervenciones psicológicas en el trabajo en equipo, en la consulta prenatal, ecografía y los procedimientos de amniocentesis; y 2) intervenciones psicológicas en casos de bebés incompatibles con la vida. Los resultados señalaron como fundamental la presencia del psicólogo en este servicio trabajando de forma multidisciplinar en la atención prenatal en el contexto de embarazos de alto riesgo fetal. Además, la tutela del residente es relevante para su educación y formación para el desempeño profesional en el campo de la Psicología Perinatal.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Prenatal Care , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Psychosocial Intervention , Heart Defects, Congenital , Anxiety , Orientation , Pain , Parent-Child Relations , Parents , Paternity , Patient Care Team , Patients , Pediatrics , Placenta , Placentation , Pregnancy Complications , Pregnancy Maintenance , Prognosis , Psychoanalytic Theory , Psychology , Puerperal Disorders , Quality of Life , Radiation , Religion , Reproduction , Reproductive and Urinary Physiological Phenomena , General Surgery , Syndrome , Congenital Abnormalities , Temperance , Therapeutics , Urogenital System , Bioethics , Physicians' Offices , Infant, Premature , Labor, Obstetric , Pregnancy , Pregnancy, Animal , Pregnancy Outcome , Adaptation, Psychological , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Echocardiography , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Family , Abortion, Spontaneous , Child Rearing , Child Welfare , Mental Health , Family Health , Survival Rate , Life Expectancy , Cause of Death , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Chromosome Mapping , Parental Leave , Mental Competency , Polycystic Kidney, Autosomal Recessive , Down Syndrome , Perinatal Care , Comprehensive Health Care , Chemical Compounds , Depression, Postpartum , Neurobehavioral Manifestations , Disabled Children , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Gravidity , Crisis Intervention , Affect , Cytogenetic Analysis , Spirituality , Complicity , Value of Life , Humanizing Delivery , Death , Decision Making , Defense Mechanisms , Abortion, Threatened , Delivery of Health Care , Dementia , Uncertainty , Organogenesis , Qualitative Research , Pregnant Women , Early Diagnosis , Premature Birth , Nuchal Translucency Measurement , Child Mortality , Depression , Depressive Disorder , Postpartum Period , Diagnosis , Diagnostic Techniques, Obstetrical and Gynecological , Ethanol , Ego , Emotions , Empathy , Environment , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Ethics, Professional , Cell Nucleus Shape , Prenatal Nutrition , Cervical Length Measurement , Family Conflict , Family Therapy , Resilience, Psychological , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena , Female Urogenital Diseases and Pregnancy Complications , Gestational Sac , Brief, Resolved, Unexplained Event , Fetal Death , Embryonic and Fetal Development , Multimodal Imaging , Mortality, Premature , Clinical Decision-Making , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Child, Foster , Freedom , Burnout, Psychological , Birth Setting , Frustration , Sadness , Respect , Psychological Distress , Genetics , Psychological Well-Being , Obstetricians , Guilt , Happiness , Health Occupations , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hospitals, University , Human Development , Human Rights , Imagination , Infections , Infertility , Anencephaly , Jurisprudence , Obstetric Labor Complications , Licensure , Life Change Events , Life Support Care , Loneliness , Love , Medical Staff, Hospital , Intellectual Disability , Morals , Mothers , Narcissism , Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities , Neonatology , Nervous System Malformations , Object Attachment
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e381223, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439111

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate the quality of breast reconstruction service at a university hospital, as assessed by the patients. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled adult women who underwent immediate or delayed breast reconstruction by any technique performed at a university hospital between 1 and 24 months before the assessment. The Brazilian version of the Health Service Quality Scale (HSQS) was self-applied to the participants. The HSQS produces percentage scores, which are expressed in values ranging from 0 to 10 for each domain of the scale, and into an overall percentage quality score. The management team was asked to establish a minimum satisfactory score for the breast reconstruction service. Results: Ninety patients were included. The management team considered 8.00 the minimum satisfactory score for the service. The overall percentage score was 93.3%. Only one domain, 'Support,' had an average score lower than that considered satisfactory (7.22 ± 3.0); while the others had higher scores. The domain that scored highest was 'Qualification' (9.94 ± 0.3), followed by 'Result' (9.86 ± 0.4). There was a positive correlation between 'type of oncologic surgery' and 'intentions of loyalty to the service' (ρ = 0.272; p = 0.009) and a negative correlation between 'education' and 'quality of the environment' (ρ = ­0.218; p = 0.039). The higher the patient's level of education, the higher the score attributed to 'relationship' (ρ = 0.261; p = 0.013) and the lower the score of 'aesthetics and functionality' (ρ = ­0.237; p = 0.024). Conclusion: The quality of the breast reconstruction service was considered satisfactory, but there is a demand for structural improvements, better interpersonal relationships, and a stronger support network for patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Health Services Administration/statistics & numerical data , Patient Satisfaction/statistics & numerical data , Mammaplasty , Breast Neoplasms , Hospitals, University
15.
Singapore medical journal ; : 302-306, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984218

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#In this study, we aimed to identify the differences in sociodemographic variables and reasons for termination of pregnancy (TOP) between married women and single/divorced women. We hope that this study can guide future policies and interventions to reduce the incidence of unsupported pregnancies in this profile group of women.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively evaluated the sociodemographic data of 802 women who underwent an abortion for social reasons at our institution in Singapore from January 2016 to September 2018. We compared the sociodemographic variables, reasons for and methods of TOP between married and single/divorced women.@*RESULTS@#We analysed data from 524 married women (65.3%) and 278 single/divorced women (34.7%). Married women were more likely to be of older age (29.5 years vs. 24.5 years, P < 0.001), had more living children and higher educational qualifications. The top two cited reason for abortions among married women were having enough children (42.0%) and the inability to afford another child (18.7%). Multivariate analysis showed that women aged >19 years and having more living children were independently associated with recurrent TOPs. Having a tertiary education was noted to be associated with less recurrent TOPs.@*CONCLUSION@#The most common reasons married women cited for having TOP include having enough children and the lack of financial capacity to afford another child. Recommendations to support women ought to be personalised and comprehensive in addressing their needs rather than offering a standardised support method. Greater emphasis should be placed on post-TOP family planning counselling to reduce repeated TOP.


Subject(s)
Pregnancy , Child , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , Singapore/epidemiology , Abortion, Induced , Hospitals, University , Educational Status
16.
Psicol. rev ; 35(2): 475-498, 22/12/2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1443334

ABSTRACT

O trabalho teve como objetivo apresentar estratégias e dificuldades que influenciam o processo de Comunicação de Notícias Difíceis por médicos em um hospital universitário. Trata-se de um estudo descritivo-exploratório, de orientação qualitativa, sobre as estratégias e dificuldades encontradas por residentes (R1, R2 ou R3) e staffs, dos quatro programas da área médica: Ginecologia e Obstetrícia (GO), Pediatria, Cirurgia Geral (CG) e Clínica Médica (CM). A partir de uma entrevista semiestruturada para a análise dos dados foi utilizado o método do Discurso do Sujeito Coletivo (DSC), que mostrou como é importante utilizar protocolos para subsidiar a melhor abordagem com o paciente. Além da formação profissional, para realizar a comunicação de notícias difíceis, foi citado o protocolo SPIKES, seus pontos estratégicos e como ele pode auxiliar o profissional a realizar a melhor conduta. No que tange às dificuldades, a falta de preparo foi um dos destaques, bem como a ausência de um local adequado para a comunicação e os aspectos emocionais envolvidos, tanto por parte dos pacientes quanto dos profissionais de saúde. (AU)


The aim of this study was to present the strategies and difficulties that influence the process of communicating difficult news by doctors in a university hospital. This is a descriptive-exploratory study with a qualitative orientation on the strategies and difficulties encountered by residents (R1, R2 or R3) and staff from the four medical programs: Obstetrics and Gynecology (O&G), Pediatrics, General Surgery (GS) and Internal Medicine (IM). Based on a semi-structured interview, the Collective Subject Discourse (CSD) method was used for data analysis, which showed the importance of using protocols to support the best approach to the patient. In addition to professional training for communicating difficult news, the SPIKES protocol and its strategic points were mentioned, as well as how it can help professionals to conduct themselves effectively. The lack of preparation was one of the main difficulties reported, as well as the absence of an appropriate location for communication and the emotional aspects involved for both patients and health professionals. (AU)


El objetivo de este trabajo fue presentar estrategias y dificultades que influyen en el proceso de Comunicación de Noticias Difíciles por parte de médicos en un hospital universitario. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo-exploratorio, con orientación cualitativa, sobre las estrategias y dificultades encontradas por los residentes (R1, R2 o R3) y personal, de los cuatro programas del área médica: Ginecología y Obstetricia (GO), Pediatría, General Cirugía (CG) y Medicina Interna (CM). A partir de una entrevista semiestructurada para el análisis de los datos, se utilizó el método del Discurso del Sujeto Colectivo (CSD), que mostró cuán importante es el uso de protocolos para apoyar el mejor abordaje del paciente. Además de la formación profesional, para comunicar noticias difíciles, se mencionó el protocolo SPIKES, sus puntos estratégicos y cómo puede ayudar a los profesionales a llevar a cabo la mejor conducta. En cuanto a las dificultades, la falta de preparación fue uno de los destaques, así como la ausencia de un lugar adecuado para la comunicación y los aspectos emocionales involucrados, tanto por parte de los pacientes como de los profe-sionales de la salud. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Physician-Patient Relations , Truth Disclosure/ethics , Emotions , Qualitative Research , Health Communication , Hospitals, University , Medical Staff, Hospital/psychology
17.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(11): 1477-1483, nov. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1442058

ABSTRACT

The mission of the University of Chile Clinical Hospital is to be the main University Hospital in the country. Along with training of health professionals in clinical practice and research, the Hospital provides comprehensive health solutions to the community. Since its foundation, it played an important role in the training of health professionals and specialists. To fulfill this mission, it is important to have outstanding academics and a system that allows their renewal and replacement. From January 25, 2001, the University of Chile approved the regulations that rule the Residents Program Fellowship, aimed to train the new generations of clinical academics. These regulations allow the financing of training programs in basic or primary specialties (such as internal medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, among others) or in specialties derived from them (such as cardiology, gastroenterology and reproductive medicine, among others.) The different clinical departments and the Hospital Direction define each year how many places will be offered and in which specialties. The Faculty of Medicine Graduate School carries out the formal selection of the applicants. This article reviews the results of this program between 2013 and 2021, analyzing in detail the traceability of each graduate over the years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Education, Medical, Graduate/economics , Fellowships and Scholarships , Hospitals, University , Internship and Residency/economics , Program Evaluation , Chile
18.
Arq. ciências saúde UNIPAR ; 26(3): 990-1001, set-dez. 2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399517

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A enfermagem é considerada uma das ocupações mais versáteis dentro da força de trabalho de saúde. A gestão dos serviços de enfermagem é essencial para o sucesso da instituição de saúde e para a qualidade e segurança da assistência ao paciente. O enfermeiro gestor precisa ser apto a trabalhar e conduzir com cooperação e dinamismo a sua equipe, com respaldo em conhecimento técnico e valores éticos. Objetivo: Investigar o conhecimento dos enfermeiros quanto às competências gerenciais. Método: Estudo descritivo, exploratório, de abordagem qualitativa, realizado com enfermeiros, de um hospital universitário de pequeno porte, situado na região noroeste do estado do Paraná. As entrevistas foram pautadas na seguinte questão norteadora "Fale-me sobre as competências gerenciais executadas pelo enfermeiro?", após coleta dos dados, os mesmos foram transcritos e analisados segundo análise de conteúdo de Bardin. Resultados: Participaram do estudo sete enfermeiros, com idades entre 22 a 35 anos, a maioria desses profissionais terminaram a graduação em menos de três anos e atuavam naquela unidade de saúde, há menos de menos de um ano. A partir da análise das entrevistas emergiram três categorias, sendo elas: Habilidades para gestão; Dificuldades para gerenciar; e, Potencialidades/Facilidades para gerenciar. Principais resultados: por meio deste estudo foi possível notar que as percepções acerca das atribuições dos enfermeiros foram bem esclarecidas, demonstrando que a gerência está ligada às questões técnicas e burocráticas, e da sua relevância na condução eficiente da equipe sob sua liderança. Conclusão: Observa-se que há a necessidade de os profissionais de enfermagem compreenderem que a formação teórica e prática das atividades de educação continuada devem ser buscadas com afinco e não devem somente aguardar que os serviços de saúde as ofereçam.


Objective: To investigate nurses' knowledge of managerial skills. Method: Descriptive, exploratory study, with a qualitative approach, carried out with nurses from a small university hospital, located in the northwest region of the state of Paraná. The interviews were guided by the following guiding question "Tell me about the managerial competences performed by the nurse?", after collecting the data, they were transcribed and analyzed according to Bardin's content analysis. Results: Seven nurses participated in the study, aged between 22 and 35 years, most of these professionals finished their graduation in less than three years and worked in that health unit for less than less than a year. From the analysis of the interviews, three categories emerged, namely: Management skills; Difficulties to manage; and, Potential/Facilities to manage. Main results: through this study, it was possible to notice that the perceptions about the nurses' attributions were well clarified, demonstrating that the management is linked to technical and bureaucratic issues, and their relevance in the efficient management of the team under their leadership. Conclusion: It is observed that there is a need for nursing professionals to understand that the theoretical and practical training of continuing education activities should be pursued diligently and should not just wait for the health services to offer them.


Introducción: La enfermería se considera una de las ocupaciones más versátiles dentro del personal sanitario. La gestión de los servicios de enfermería es esencial para el éxito de la institución sanitaria y para la calidad y seguridad de la atención al paciente. El enfermero gestor debe ser capaz de trabajar y dirigir a su equipo con cooperación y dinamismo, apoyándose en conocimientos técnicos y valores éticos. Objetivo: Investigar los conocimientos de las enfermeras sobre las competencias de gestión. Método: Estudio descriptivo, exploratorio, de abordaje cualitativo, realizado con enfermeros, de un hospital universitario de pequeño porte, situado en la región noroeste del estado de Paraná. Las entrevistas se basaron en la siguiente pregunta orientadora: "Háblame de las competencias directivas que desempeñan las enfermeras". Tras la recogida de datos, se transcribieron y analizaron según el análisis de contenido de Bardin. Resultados: Participaron en el estudio siete enfermeros, con edades comprendidas entre los 22 y los 35 años, la mayoría de estos profesionales terminaron el grado en menos de tres años y permanecieron en la unidad de salud, por lo menos un año. Del análisis de las entrevistas surgieron tres categorías, a saber Habilidades para la gestión; Dificultades para la gestión; y, Potencialidades/Facilidades para la gestión. Principales resultados: a través de este estudio se ha podido constatar que las percepciones sobre las atribuciones de los enfermeros se han esclarecido, demostrando que la gerencia está ligada a las cuestiones técnicas y brocráticas, y a su relevancia en la conducción eficiente del equipo bajo su liderazgo. Conclusión: Se observa que existe la necesidad de que los profesionales de la enfermería comprendan que la formación teórica y práctica de las actividades de educación continuada debe ser buscada con afán y no debe aguantar que los servicios de salud los ofrezcan.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Personnel Management , Health Services Administration/ethics , Knowledge , Nurses/organization & administration , Health Manager , Ethics, Professional , Hospitals, University/organization & administration , Nurse Practitioners/organization & administration
19.
Rev. Hosp. Ital. B. Aires (2004) ; 42(3): 152-157, sept. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1396878

ABSTRACT

En los últimos años surge el concepto de Una Sola Salud que reconoce la interdependencia sistémica al observar que los cambios en la salud humana se expresan de manera sincrónica e indivisible de la salud del ambiente. Nuevas enfermedades y daños crónicos inespecíficos ocurren a la par de la pérdida de biodiversidad y vitalidad. En las últimas décadas venimos observando el surgimiento de "adaptaciones sistémicas" que requieren un abordaje desde la clínica y la toxicología a nivel individual y desde la epidemiología de la complejidad a nivel poblacional. Luego de un largo recorrido de investigaciones, el Hospital Italiano formalizó el consultorio de Salud Ambiental con la intención de brindar respuesta a la demanda de pacientes que atribuyen síntomas y signos a la polución ambiental. (AU)


In recent years, the concept of One Health has emerged, recognizing the systemic interdependence and the changes in human health that are expressed synchronously and indivisible from the environment. New diseases and nonspecific chronic damage are occuring in parallel with the loss of biodiversity and vitality.In recent decades we have observed the appearance of "systemic adaptations" that require a clinical and toxicological approach at the individual level, and address the population level from an epidemiological and complexity science paradigm. After many years of research, the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires formalized the Environmental Health consulting office and the measurement of glyphosate levels, giving answer to the demand of patients who associate their signs and symptoms to environmental pollution. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Environmental Health/organization & administration , Impacts of Polution on Health , One Health , Hospitals, University/organization & administration , Environmental Health/methods , Public Health/methods , Bisphenol A-Glycidyl Methacrylate/toxicity , Environmental Exposure , Herbicides/toxicity
20.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 43(2): 243-250, jul./dez. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1426427

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: avaliar a associação entre os níveis de priorização para admissão na Unidade de Terapia Intensiva (UTI) e o prognóstico dos pacientes. Material e Método: estudo longitudinal retrospectivo que incluiu adultos internados na UTI de hospital universitário, ano de 2020. As variáveis, coletadas nos prontuários e banco de dados eletrônicos do hospital contemplam: identificação, data de entrada no hospital e de admissão na UTI, diagnósticos, antecedentes, data de alta, desfecho, cálculo do Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS 3) e nível de priorização da admissão. Resultados: o estudo avaliou 274 pacientes. As patologias respiratórias totalizaram 41,25% das admissões, sendo COVID-19 o diagnóstico mais frequente (65 casos confirmados e 2 suspeitos). Dentre as comorbidades, destacam-se hipertensão arterial sistêmica (64,32%), diabetes mellitus (25,82%) e tabagismo (18,78%). O SAPS 3 médio foi de 59,29 pontos, representando uma probabilidade de óbito de 39,00%. A respeito dos níveis de priorizações, 174 (63,50%) pacientes foram classificados como prioridade 1 (P1); 94 (34,31%) pacientes como prioridade 2 (P2); e 6 (2,19%) pacientes como prioridade 3 (P3). Comparando os grupos P1 e P2, a probabilidade de óbito foi, respectivamente, 51,95% e 13,75%. E o número de óbitos observado foi de 90 (60,81%) no grupo P1 e 19 no grupo P2 (25,30%; p<0,001)). Conclusão: os pacientes classificados como P1 foram mais frequentes na amostra de estudo. A classificação de prioridades identificou os pacientes mais graves e com maior taxa de mortalidade na primeira categoria, apesar de não haver diferença na idade, comorbidade e fragilidade.


Objective: to assess the association between levels of prioritization for admission to intensive care unit (ICU) and patients' prognosis. Material and Method: longitudinal retrospective study that included adult patients admitted to the ICU of a University Hospital during 2020. The data were collected from paper and electronic medical records, including identification, date of admission to the hospital, date of admission to ICU, diagnosis, medical history, date of hospital discharge, outcome, the Simplified Acute Physiology Score 3 (SAPS-3) and prioritization level. Results: the study evaluated 274 patients during 2020. Respiratory diseases represented 41.25% of admissions, COVID-19 being the most frequent diagnosis (totaling 65 confirmed and 2 suspected cases). Among the comorbidities, the following were highlighted: arterial hypertension (64.32%), diabetes mellitus (25.82%), and smoking (18.78%). The mean SAPS 3 score was 59.29 points, representing a probability of death of 39.00%. About prioritization levels, 174 (63.50%) patients were categorized as Priority 1 (P1); 94 (34.31%) patients as Priority 2 (P2) and 6 (2.19%) patients as Priority 3 (P3), which was not considered due to insufficient sample for testing. Comparing groups P1 and P2, the probability of death of each category was, respectively, 51.95% and 13.75%. During the study period, the number of deaths in each category was 90 (60.81%) for P1 and 19 (25.30%; p<0,001) for P2. Conclusion: the prioritization classification identified patients with more severity and with greater mortality rates in category P1 of prioritization to ICU admission, even though there was no difference on age, comorbidity and frailty.


Subject(s)
Patients , Prognosis , Association , Tobacco Use Disorder , Medical Records , Disease , Diabetes Mellitus , Diagnosis , Hospitals , Hospitals, University , Hypertension , Intensive Care Units
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