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1.
ABCS health sci ; 45: [1-5], 02 jun 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1097538

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: The current context of multiprofessional approach in health is based on quality of care and patient safety, with the key contribution of the dentist in the hospital team to improve the health of hospitalized patients. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the systemic and buccal profile of patients treated in a medical clinic of a University Hospital from the Brazilian Public Health System, aiming to provide information for guiding dental care in the multidisciplinary attendance in the hospital setting. METHODS: Retrospective observational study carried out on 104 clinical records with data collection about general characteristics, systemic alterations, habits, oral situation and dental treatments of hospitalized patients attended by the dentist. RESULTS: There was a high frequency of hypertensive patients (36.5%) and with cardiac problems (33.6%). A significant association between diabetes (60%) and hypertension (50%) in the age group from 60 to 75 years of age was observed. For most patients, the frequency of oral hygiene was less than three times a day (54.3%), without flossing (85.7%). Biofilm (73.3%), dental calculus (70.5%), prosthesis use (25.7%), with poor hygiene (14.3%) and prosthetic stomatitis (8.6%) were recorded. Among the treatments performed by dentist, basic periodontal therapy (71.4%) and exodontia (39%) were noteworthy. CONCLUSION: The high frequency of biofilm presence, dental calculus, prosthesis with poor hygiene and basic periodontal therapy performed during the hospitalization denote the need for dental care with preventive activities.


INTRODUÇÃO: O contexto atual de abordagem multiprofissional em saúde fundamenta-se na qualidade do atendimento e segurança ao paciente, com contribuição importante do cirurgião-dentista na equipe hospitalar para melhoria de saúde dos hospitalizados. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar o perfil sistêmico e bucal de pacientes atendidos em clínica médica de um Hospital Universitário do Sistema de Saúde Pública do Brasil, visando fornecer subsídios no direcionamento da assistência odontológica ao atendimento multidisciplinar em âmbito hospitalar. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo observacional retrospectivo em 104 fichas clínicas com coleta de dados sobre características gerais, alterações sistêmicas, hábitos, situação bucal e tratamentos odontológicos de pacientes internados, atendidos pelo odontólogo. RESULTADOS: Verificou-se alta frequência de pacientes hipertensos (36,5%) e com problemas cardíacos (33,6%). Observou-se associação significativa de diabetes (60%) e hipertensão (50%) na faixa etária de 60 a 75 anos de idade. Para a maioria dos pacientes, a higiene bucal foi realizada menos que três vezes ao dia (54,3%), sem uso de fio dental (85,7%). Biofilme (73,3%), cálculo dental (70,5%), uso de próteses (25,7%), com higiene deficiente (14,3%), e estomatite protética (8,6%) foram registradas. Dentre os tratamentos realizados, destacam-se a terapia básica periodontal (71,4%) e exodontias (39%). CONCLUSÃO: A alta frequência de presença de biofilme, cálculo dental, próteses com higiene deficiente e a terapia básica periodontal executada durante o período de internação denotam a necessidade de atuação odontológica com atividades preventivas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Health Profile , Oral Health , Comprehensive Dental Care , Hospitalization , Hospitals, University
2.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 24: e-1281, fev.2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1051331

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o desenvolvimento de competências individuais de enfermeiras líderes em sessões de peer coaching. Método: estudo qualitativo, descritivo e analítico, realizado em hospital universitário do Norte do Brasil. Participaram oito enfermeiras gerentes de unidades assistenciais e técnicas. Os dados foram coletados no decorrer e após as sessões de peer coaching, por meio de observação não participante, documentos e entrevista. Posteriormente, foram reunidos e analisados pela técnica de análise de conteúdo. Resultado: realizaram-se 25 sessões. A partir do estado atual, elegeram-se um estado desejado e a competência ou habilidade relacionada. Foram eleitas: resolução de conflitos, supervisão, organização, processo administrativo, delegação, liderança, trabalho em equipe, tomada de decisão, comunicação e educação permanente. As competências foram avaliadas com desenvolvimento ausente, parcial ou integral. Conclusão: os resultados sugerem que, independentemente de os dados objetivos e subjetivos poderem classificar o desenvolvimento de competências, o despertar da consciência, a conduta de responsabilização e o processo de reflexão da experiência são avanços individuais e, consequentemente, organizacionais. Ressalta-se que o desenvolvimento de competências e a implementação de mudanças são possíveis com coaching. O processo modificou a percepção das enfermeiras, motivou e foi positivo, mesmo em cenário adverso.(AU)


Objective: to analyze the development of individual skills of leading nurses in peer coaching sessions. Method: qualitative, descriptive and analytical study, carried out in a university hospital in Northern Brazil. Eight nurse managers of care and technical units participated. Data were collected during and after peer coaching sessions, through nonparticipant observation, documents and interviews. Subsequently, they were gathered and analyzed using the content analysis technique. Result: 25 sessions were held. From the current state, a desired state and the related competence or skill were chosen. They were elected: conflict resolution, supervision, organization, administrative process, delegation, leadership, teamwork, decision making, communication and permanent education. Competences were assessed with absent, partial or integral development. Conclusion: the results suggest that, regardless of whether objective and subjective data can classify the development of competences, the awakening of consciousness, the conduct of accountability and the process of reflection of the experience are individual and, consequently, organizational advances. It is emphasized that the development of skills and the implementation of changes are possible with coaching. The process changed the nurses' perception, motivated and was positive, even in an adverse scenario. (AU)


Objetivo: analizar el desarrollo de las habilidades individuales de enfermeras líderes en sesiones de peer coaching. Método: estudio cualitativo, descriptivo y analítico realizado en un hospital universitario del norte de Brasil. Participaron ocho enfermeras gerentes de unidades de atención y técnicas. Los datos se recogieron durante y después de las sesiones de peer coaching, a través de la observación no participante, documentos y entrevistas. Posteriormente, se reunieron y analizaron utilizando la técnica de análisis de contenido. Resultado: se realizaron 25 sesiones. Del estado actual, se eligió un estado deseado y la competencia o habilidad relacionada. Se eligieron: resolución de conflictos, supervisión, organización, proceso administrativo, delegación, liderazgo, trabajo en equipo, toma de decisiones, comunicación y educación permanente. Las competencias se evaluaron con desarrollo ausente, parcial o integral. Conclusión: los resultados sugieren que, independientemente de si los datos objetivos y subjetivos pueden clasificar el desarrollo de competencias, el despertar de la conciencia, la conducta de la responsabilidad y el proceso de reflexión de la experiencia son avances individuales y, en consecuencia, organizacionales. Se enfatiza que el desarrollo de habilidades y la implementación de cambios son posibles con el coaching. El proceso cambió la percepción de las enfermeras, motivó y fue positivo, incluso en un escenario adverso. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Personnel Administration, Hospital , Professional Competence , Professional Training , Mentoring , Nurse Administrators , Education, Nursing , Hospitals, University
3.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 447-453, jan.-dez. 2020. graf, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1052980

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: caracterizar as tentativas de suicídio notificadas em um hospital de ensino no estado do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Método: pesquisa quantitativa e retrospectiva, que foi realizada no Núcleo de Vigilância Epidemiológica de um hospital de ensino, a partir da análise de notificações de tentativa de suicídio registradas entre os anos de 2014 e 2016. Os dados foram analisados segundo estatística descritiva. Resultados: registraram-se 344 notificações de tentativa de suicídio, com uma tendência decrescente no período. As características foram predominantes para o sexo feminino (65,1%), faixa etária de 25 a 59 anos (67,7%), e meio de autoagressão por intoxicação exógena (61,6%). Para 93% das pessoas que tentaram suicídio registrou-se alguma deficiência ou transtorno associado. Conclusão: a tendência decrescente de notificações precisa ser esclarecida, uma vez que os números de suicídios ascendem em nível estadual e nacional. Dar visibilidade a esse panorama possibilita a instrumentalização da gestão


Objective: to characterize the suicide attempts reported in a teaching hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Method: a quantitative and retrospective study that was carried int the Center for Epidemiological Surveillance of a teaching hospital, based on the analysis of reports of attempted suicide recorded between the years 2014 and 2016. The analysis of the data occurred according to descriptive statistics. Results: there were 344 reports of attempted suicide, with a decreasing trend in the period. The characteristics were predominant for females (65,1%), aged between 25 and 59 years (67,7%), and self-harm due to exogenous intoxication (61,6%). For 93% of those who attempted suicide there was some associated disability or disorder. Conclusion: the declining trend of reporting needs to be clarified, as suicide numbers rise at the state and national levels. Giving visibility to this scenario enables the instrumentalization of management


Objetivos: caracterizar los intentos de suicidio notificados en un hospital de enseñanza en el estado del Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Método: investigación cuantitativa y retrospectiva, que fue realizada en el Núcleo de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de un hospital de enseñanza, por la análisis de notificaciones de intento de suicidio registradas entre los años 2014 y 2016. Los datos fueron analizados según estadística descriptiva. Resultados: se registraron 344 notificaciones de intento de suicidio, con una tendencia decreciente en el período. Las características fueron predominantes para el sexo femenino (65,1%), grupo de edad de 25 a 59 años (67,7%), y autoagresión por intoxicación exógena (61,6%). Para 93% de las personas que intentaron suicidio se registró alguna deficiencia o trastorno asociado. Conclusión: la tendencia decreciente de notificaciones debe ser aclarada, ya que los números de suicidios ascienden a nivel estatal y nacional. Dar visibilidad a ese panorama posibilita la instrumentalización de la gestión


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Suicide/statistics & numerical data , Suicide, Attempted/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiological Monitoring , Hospitals, University , Mental Health , Retrospective Studies , Disease Notification/statistics & numerical data
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811228

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To examine the effects of a smartphone application-based exercise program on self-efficacy expectations (SEE) and outcome expectations regarding exercise (OEE), physical fitness, activity level, physiological indices, and health-related quality of life in a sample of hemodialysis patients.METHODS: A quasi-experimental control group pre-test post-test design was used. Subjects were recruited from two university hospitals in G city. The subjects were assigned randomly by coin toss: 33 participants to the experimental group and 30 to the control group. A literature review and the self-efficacy theory were used to develop the smartphone program. Experts designed and verified the program to be userfriendly and in consideration of user interaction. Data were collected through a self-report pre-test post-test questionnaire and online medical records.RESULTS: In the experimental group, the levels of physical fitness and physical activity were significantly improved post-test, but the scores on health-related quality of life and the physical indices did not improve. In the experimental group, the SEE and OEE post-test scores were also significantly higher than the pre-test scores, but the control group's scores did not change.CONCLUSION: The smartphone application-based exercise program based on self-efficacy theory significantly improved the level of physical fitness and activity, SEE, and OEE for hemodialysis patients. The use of this application-based exercise program for hemodialysis patients might be an effective nursing intervention tool for improving SEE, OEE, level of physical fitness, and physical activity.


Subject(s)
Hospitals, University , Humans , Medical Records , Motor Activity , Numismatics , Nursing , Physical Fitness , Quality of Life , Renal Dialysis , Self Efficacy , Smartphone
5.
Annals of Dermatology ; : 38-46, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782142

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Data on the natural history and prognostic variables of chronic urticaria (CU) are rare and information about spontaneous remission of CU is limited.OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the natural history of CU and identified predictors for remission.METHODS: Total 329 Korean patients with CU, who had follow-ups more than 6 months after diagnosis during a 7-year period in the department of dermatology in three university hospitals were enrolled. Clinical data and laboratory findings obtained by medical records and telephone interviews were analyzed, retrospectively.RESULTS: The proportion recovered in 1, 3, and 5 years after the onset of CU was 10.8%, 18.8%, and 32.9%, respectively. The mean duration of CU was 6.3 years. There were no significant differences in median recovery time depending on sex, age group, severity of CU, and type of CU. The presence of angioedema was significantly related to CU severity. There were no differences in prognosis with respect to the presence of dermographism or angioedema. Patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) had a significantly worse prognosis than patients without a history of AD; but not in patients with the history of allergic rhinitis or asthma. Patients with abnormal laboratory findings did not differ significantly in prognosis.CONCLUSION: CU remission rate significantly differ according to the presence of AD. This study provides information about the natural course of CU of Korean patients.


Subject(s)
Angioedema , Asthma , Dermatitis, Atopic , Dermatology , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitals, University , Humans , Interviews as Topic , Korea , Medical Records , Natural History , Prognosis , Remission, Spontaneous , Retrospective Studies , Rhinitis, Allergic , Urticaria
6.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 103-109, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782116

ABSTRACT

Firefighters have a high risk of developing cardiovascular and mental disorders due to their physical and chemical environments. However, in Korea, few studies have been conducted on environmental risk of firefighters. The Firefighter Research on the Enhancement of Safety and Health (FRESH) study aimed to discover the risk factors for cardiovascular disease and mental disorders among firefighters. Former and current firefighters were recruited from three university hospitals. A total of 1022 participants completed baseline health examinations from 2016 to 2017. All participants were scheduled for follow-ups every 2 years. Baseline health survey, laboratory testing of blood and urine samples, blood heavy metal concentration, urine polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) metabolites, stress-related hormone test, natural killer cell activity, as well as physical and mental health examinations that focused on cardiovascular and mental disorders, were conducted. In addition, 3 Tesla (3T) brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and neuropsychological tests were also performed to investigate structural and functional changes in the brains of 352 firefighters aged >40 years or new hires with less than 1 year of service.


Subject(s)
Brain , Cardiovascular Diseases , Cohort Studies , Firefighters , Follow-Up Studies , Health Surveys , Hospitals, University , Humans , Killer Cells, Natural , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mental Disorders , Mental Health , Neuropsychological Tests , Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons , Prospective Studies , Republic of Korea , Risk Factors
7.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811183

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Alarm services in the Order Communication System improve awareness for related physicians including orthopaedic surgeons, internal medicine doctors, and other relevent doctors. This prospective observational multicenter study was to compare the diagnostic and treatment rates of osteoporosis between an alarm service group and a no alarm service group.METHODS: From January 2017 to december 2017, The subjects included patients aged 50 years or older with hip fractures from 16 hospital-based multicenter cohorts. Among the 16 hospitals, 5 university hospitals established an alarm service for osteoporosis management (i.e., Alarm group) and 11 university hospitals did not set-up alarm services (i.e., Control group). The rate of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) test and the initiation rate of antiosteoporosis medications between the 2 groups were compared at enrollment and at 6 months follow-up.RESULTS: During the study period, 1,405 patients were enrolled. The DXA examination rate and initiation rate of osteoporosis treatment between the Alarm group and the Control group were 484 patients (89.8%) vs. 642 patients (74.1%) (P<0.001) and 355 patients (65.9%) versus 294 patients (33.9%) (P<0.001), respectively. At 6 months follow-up, the rate of anti-osteoporosis management between the 2 groups decreased (57.8% vs. 29.4%).CONCLUSIONS: This prospective multicenter study demonstrates that alarm services can improve awareness of physicians, and it resulted in a significantly higher rate of examination of DXA and initiation of anti-osteoporosis medication in the Alram group. Therefore, alarm service is a simple and effective tool to increase anti-osteoporosis management as part of the fractuure liaison service in South Korea.


Subject(s)
Absorptiometry, Photon , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Hip Fractures , Hip , Hospitals, University , Humans , Internal Medicine , Korea , Osteoporosis , Prospective Studies , Surgeons
8.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811068

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The incidence of drug-induced liver injury (DILI) has been increasing; however, few algorithms are available to identify DILI in electronic health records (EHRs). We aimed to identify and evaluate DILI with an appropriate screening algorithm.METHODS: We collected data from 3 university hospitals between June 2015 and May 2016 using our newly developed algorithm for identifying DILI. Among patients with alanine transferase (ALT) ≤ 120 IU/L and total bilirubin (TB) ≤ 2.4 mg/dL in blood test results within 48 hours of admission, those who either had 1) ALT > 120 IU/L and TB > 2.4 mg/dL or 2) ALT > 200 IU/L at least once during hospitalization were identified. After excluding patients with liver disease-related diagnosis at discharge, medical records were retrospectively reviewed to evaluate epidemiological characteristics of DILI.RESULTS: The total number of inpatients was 256,598, of whom 1,100 (0.43%) were selected by the algorithm as suspected DILI. Subsequently, 365 cases (0.14% of total inpatients, 95% confidence interval, 0.13–0.16) were identified as DILI, yielding a positive predictive value of 33.1%. Antibiotics (n = 214, 47.2%) were the major class of causative drug followed by chemotherapeutic agents (n = 87, 19.2%). The most common causative drug was piperacillin-tazobactam (n = 38, 8.4%); the incidence of DILI by individual agent was highest for methotrexate (19.4 cases/1,000 patients administered the drug). Common reasons for excluding suspected DILI cases were ischemic hepatitis and postoperative liver dysfunction.CONCLUSIONS: Using our EHR-based algorithm, we identified that approximately 0.14% of patients developed DILI during hospitalization. Further studies are needed to modify criteria for more accurate identification of DILI.


Subject(s)
Alanine , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bilirubin , Diagnosis , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Electronic Health Records , Hematologic Tests , Hepatitis , Hospitalization , Hospitals, University , Humans , Incidence , Inpatients , Liver , Liver Diseases , Mass Screening , Medical Records , Methotrexate , Pharmacoepidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Transferases
9.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811063

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Anaphylaxis is an immediate allergic reaction characterized by potentially life-threatening, severe, systemic manifestations. While studies have evaluated links between serious illness and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), few have investigated PTSD after anaphylaxis in adults. We sought to investigate the psychosocial burden of recent anaphylaxis in Korean adults.METHODS: A total of 203 (mean age of 44 years, 120 females) patients with anaphylaxis were recruited from 15 university hospitals in Korea. Questionnaires, including the Impact of Event Scale-Revised-Korean version (IES-R-K), the Korean version of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (K-BAI), and the Korean version of the Beck Depression Inventory (K-BDI), were administered. Demographic characteristics, causes and clinical features of anaphylaxis, and serum inflammatory markers, including tryptase, platelet-activating factor, interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α, and C-reactive protein, were evaluated.RESULTS: PTSD (IES-R-K ≥ 25) was noted in 84 (41.4%) patients with anaphylaxis. Of them, 56.0% had severe PTSD (IES-R-K ≥ 40). Additionally, 23.2% and 28.1% of the patients had anxiety (K-BAI ≥ 22) and depression (K-BDI ≥ 17), respectively. IES-R-K was significantly correlated with both K-BAI (r = 0.609, P < 0.0001) and K-BDI (r = 0.550, P < 0.0001). Among the inflammatory mediators, tryptase levels were lower in patients exhibiting PTSD; meanwhile, platelet-activating factor levels were lower in patients exhibiting anxiety and depression while recovering from anaphylaxis. In multivariate analysis, K-BAI and K-BDI were identified as major predictive variables of PTSD in patients with anaphylaxis.CONCLUSIONS: In patients with anaphylaxis, we found a remarkably high prevalence of PTSD and associated psychological distresses, including anxiety and depression. Physicians ought to be aware of the potential for psychological distress in anaphylactic patients and to consider psychological evaluation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anaphylaxis , Anxiety , C-Reactive Protein , Depression , Hospitals, University , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-6 , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Necrosis , Prevalence , Prospective Studies , Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic , Tryptases
10.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 667-675, jan.-dez. 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1097520

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: verificar a associação entre o tempo de internação hospitalar de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca com as variáveis sociodemográficas e clínicas. Método: estudo transversal, retrospectivo a partir da análise de dados secundários de indivíduos que realizaram cirurgias cardíacas em um hospital universitário, na região Sudeste do Brasil. Resultados: foi identificada mediana de tempo de internação hospitalar maior nos pacientes com idade de 60 anos ou mais, sexo masculino, com comorbidades prévias. Além disso, a internação foi mais prolongada nos indivíduos que apresentaram complicações no pós-operatório como eventos neurológicos, arritmias cardíacas, insuficiência renal aguda, complicações pulmonares e infecção hospitalar. Conclusão: a associação das características e a identificação do perfil de pacientes que em geral permanecem mais tempo no leito poderão ser úteis na elaboração de protocolos e fluxos institucionais


Objectives: to verify the association between the length of hospital stay of patients undergoing cardiac surgery and the sociodemographic and clinical variables. Method: cross-sectional, retrospective study based on secondary data analysis of individuals who underwent cardiac surgery at a university hospital in the Southeast region of Brazil. Results: median length of hospital stay was identified higher in patients aged 60 years or older, male, with previous comorbidities. In addition, hospitalization was longer in individuals with postoperative complications such as neurological events, cardiac arrhythmias, acute renal failure, pulmonary complications, and nosocomial infection. Conclusion: the association of the characteristics and the identification of the profile of patients who usually stay longer in bed may be useful in the elaboration of protocols and institutional flows


Objetivos: verificar la asociación entre la duración de la estancia hospitalaria de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía cardíaca y las variables sociodemográficas y clínicas. Método: estudio transversal retrospectivo basado en el análisis de datos secundarios de individuos que se sometieron a una cirugía cardíaca en un hospital universitario en la región sudeste de Brasil. Resultados: la mediana de la duración de la estancia hospitalaria se identificó más alta en pacientes de 60 años o más, hombres, con comorbilidades previas. Además, la hospitalización fue más prolongada en individuos con complicaciones postoperatorias como eventos neurológicos, arritmias cardíacas, insuficiencia renal aguda, complicaciones pulmonares e infección nosocomial. Conclusión: la asociación de las características y la identificación del perfil de los pacientes que suelen permanecer más tiempo en la cama puede ser útil en la elaboración de protocolos y flujos institucionales


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications , Cardiovascular Surgical Procedures/statistics & numerical data , Length of Stay/statistics & numerical data , Socioeconomic Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cardiovascular Nursing , Hospitals, University
11.
Rev Rene (Online) ; 21: 43108, 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1087327

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar o perfil sociodemográfico, as condições de saúde e as características do trabalho de enfermeiros. Métodos: estudo transversal, realizado com 152 enfermeiros de um hospital universitário. Utilizou-se de instrumento estruturado, o qual foi analisado por estatística descritiva. Resultados: os enfermeiros consideraram a saúde como boa (50,7%), realizavam atividade física (53,3%), não fumavam (92,8%), não consumiam álcool (56,6%), apresentavam algum problema de saúde (63,2%) e utilizam medicamentos diariamente (54,6%). Observou-se maior quantitativo de profissionais do ambulatório (17,8%) e clínica médica (15,8%), que atuavam no hospital estudado por até cinco anos (61,2%), celetistas (74,3%), sem outro vínculo empregatício (54,6%), do turno diurno (56,6%), com escala de seis horas (36,2%), que referiram ausência do trabalho por até cinco dias (38,2%), devido a problemas de saúde (41,4%). Conclusão: percebeu-se presença de processos de adoecimento entre os profissionais, os quais podem interferir na qualidade e segurança do cuidado prestado


Objective: to analyze the sociodemographic profile, health conditions, and nurses' work characteristics. Methods: a cross-sectional study conducted with 152 nurses from a uni-versity hospital. We used a structured instrument analyzed using descriptive statistics. Results: nurses considered their health good (50.7%), performed physical activity (53.3%), did not smoke (92.8%), did not consume alcohol (56.6%), had some health problems (63.2%) and used medication daily (54.6%). There was a higher number of professionals working in the outpatient clinic (17.8%) and emergency medicine (15.8%), who worked in the studied hospital for up to five years (61.2%), were employees subject to the Con-solidation of Labor Laws (74.3%), without another employ-ment relationship (54.6%), day shift (56.6%), had a six-hour schedule (36.2%), reported absence from work for up to five days (38.2%), due to health problems (41.4%). Conclusion: we noticed the presence of illness processes among profes-sionals, which can interfere in the quality and safety of care


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Health Status , Occupational Health , Nurses , Cross-Sectional Studies , Absenteeism , Practice Patterns, Nurses' , Healthy Lifestyle , Hospitals, University
12.
Rev. Pesqui. (Univ. Fed. Estado Rio J., Online) ; 12: 710-715, jan.-dez. 2020. graf, ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1099591

ABSTRACT

Objective: The study's main goal has been to characterize eligible patients for palliative care admitted to a university hospital. Method: This is a descriptive, cross-sectional, and quantitative study. Population sample was adopted, selecting patients over 18 years old, diagnosed with chronic disease, admitted to a university hospital, from June to July, 2019. Results: 44 patients participated, 29 (65.9%) female, 21 (47.7%) age group above 60 years old, 28 (63.6%) not married, 36 (81.8%) living with family; 23 (52.3%) admitted to the medical clinic, 39 (88.6%) reporting previous hospitalizations; 21 (45.5%) had heart disease, cancer or diabetes, 37 (84.1%) with comorbidities, 40 (90.9%) with continuous use medications, 24 (54.5%) smokers and 18 (40.9%) alcoholics. 95.5% of the participants were eligible for palliative care, using the instrument "Palliative Care Screening Tool" and 4.5% were under clinical observation. Conclusion: The research found that most participants in this study, suffering from chronic diseases and hospitalized, were indicated as eligible for palliative care, according to the scale Palliative Care Screening Tool


Objetivo: Caracterizar pacientes elegíveis para cuidados paliativos internados em um hospital universitário Método: Estudo descritivo, transversal, quantitativo. Adotou-se amostra populacional, por conveniência, selecionando pacientes maiores de 18 anos, internados num hospital universitário, apresentando diagnóstico de doenças crônicas, no período de junho a julho de 2019. Resultados: Participaram 44 pacientes: 21 (47,7%) acima de 60 anos, 29 (65,9%) do sexo feminino, 28 (63,6%) não casados, 36 (81,8%) morando com familiares; 23 (52,3%) internados na clínica médica, 39 (88,6%) relataram internações anteriores, 20 (45,5%) apresentaram doença cardíaca, câncer ou diabetes, 37 (84,1%) com comorbidades, 40 (90,9%) com medicações de uso contínuo, 24 (54,5%) tabagistas e 18 (40,9%) etilistas. Foram elegíveis pela Palliative Care Screening Tool, 95,5% dos participantes para cuidados paliativos e 4,5% ficaram em observação clínica. Conclusão: O estudo verificou que a maioria dos participantes deste estudo, acometidos por doenças crônicas e internados no hospital, foi indicado como elegíveis para os cuidados paliativos, segundo a escala Palliative Care Screnning Tool


Objetivo: El propósito del trabajo es caracterizar a pacientes elegibles para cuidados paliativos internados en un hospital universitario. Método: Este es un estudio descriptivo, transversal, y cuantitativo, en el que se adoptó una muestra de población, seleccionando pacientes mayores 18 años, presentando diagnóstico de enfermedad crónica, internados en un hospital universitario, en el período de junio a julio de 2019. Resultados: Participaron 44 pacientes, 29 (65,9%) del sexo femenino, 21 (47,7%) franja de edad superior a 60 años, 28 (63,6%) no casados, 36 (81,8%) viviendo con familiares; 23 (52,3%) internados en la clínica médica, 39 (88,6%) relatando internaciones anteriores; 20 (45,5%) tenían enfermedad cardíaca, cáncer y diabetes, 37 (84,1%) con comorbilidades, 40 (90,9%) con medicaciones de uso continuo, 24 (54,5%) fumadores y 18 (40,9%) alcohólicos. Fueron elegibles por la Palliative Care Screening Tool, 95,5% de los participantes para cuidados paliativos y 4,5% estaban bajo observación clínica. Conclusión: La investigación encontró que la mayoría de los participantes en este estudio, que padecían enfermedades crónicas y estaban hospitalizados, estaban indicados como elegibles para cuidados paliativos, según la escala Palliative Care Screnning Tool


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Palliative Care , Chronic Disease/epidemiology , Surveys and Questionnaires/statistics & numerical data , Triage/methods , Quality of Life , Inpatient Care Units , Hospitals, University
13.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 54: e03550, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1091964

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the level and factors related to resilience in nursing workers in the hospital context. Method: A cross-sectional study conducted with nursing workers of a university hospital in the city of São Paulo. Data were collected through a questionnaire containing sociodemographic and labor variables and the Resilience Scale. Results: It was found that 45.3% of the 375 nursing workers investigated had a moderately low/moderate level of resilience, followed by a moderately high/high level (39.5%), and then a low level of resilience (15.2%). Age, working time in the institution, and working time in the profession showed a statistically significant correlation with resilience. The model showed that there is an increase of 0.289 points on the Resilience Scale for each year of age, regardless of the other variables. Conclusion: The resilience level of nursing workers is moderate to high. Age was determinant in resilience, as well as working time in the profession and institution.


Resumen Objetivo: Investigar el nivel y los factores relacionados con la resiliencia en trabajadores de enfermería en el marco hospitalario. Método: Estudio transversal, realizado con trabajadores de enfermería de un hospital universitario de la ciudad de São Paulo. Los datos fueron recogidos mediante un cuestionario conteniendo variables sociodemográficas y laborales y la Escala de Resiliencia. Resultados: De los 375 trabajadores de enfermería investigados, se observó que el 45,3% presentan nivel moderadamente bajo/moderado de resiliencia, seguido del nivel moderadamente alto/alto, el 39,5%, y bajo nivel de resiliencia, presentado por el 15,2%. La edad, el tiempo de trabajo en el centro y el tiempo de trabajo en la profesión presentaron correlación estadísticamente significativa con la resiliencia. Por el modelo, se evidenció que, para cada año de edad, ocurre incremento de 0,289 puntos en la Escala de Resiliencia, independientemente de las demás variables. Conclusión: El nivel de resiliencia de los trabajadores de enfermería se presenta moderado a elevado. La edad se mostró determinante en la resiliencia, así como el tiempo de trabajo en la profesión y el centro.


Resumo Objetivo: Investigar o nível e os fatores relacionados à resiliência em trabalhadores de enfermagem no contexto hospitalar. Método: Estudo transversal, realizado com trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital universitário da cidade de São Paulo. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário contendo variáveis sociodemográficas e laborais e da Escala de Resiliência. Resultados: Dos 375 trabalhadores de enfermagem investigados, observou-se que 45,3% apresentam nível moderadamente baixo/moderado de resiliência, seguido pelo nível moderadamente alto/alto, 39,5%, e baixo nível de resiliência, apresentado por 15,2%. A idade, o tempo de trabalho na instituição e o tempo de trabalho na profissão apresentaram correlação estatisticamente significativa com a resiliência. Pelo modelo, evidenciou-se que, para cada ano de idade, ocorre aumento de 0,289 pontos na Escala de Resiliência, independentemente das demais variáveis. Conclusão: O nível de resiliência dos trabalhadores de enfermagem se apresenta moderado a elevado. A idade mostrou-se determinante na resiliência, assim como o tempo de trabalho na profissão e na instituição.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Resilience, Psychological , Nursing Staff, Hospital/psychology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Occupational Health , Occupational Stress , Hospitals, University
14.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 53: e03486, Jan.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1020393

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Avaliar o impacto das Infecções Relacionadas à Assistência à Saúde no custo da hospitalização de crianças. Método Estudo de coorte, prospectivo, quantitativo, envolvendo crianças admitidas nas Unidades de Internação e de Terapia Intensiva Pediátrica de um hospital universitário público. Os dados foram analisados por meio do software SPSS por distribuição de frequências, medidas de tendência central e dispersão. Para todas as análises foi considerado o nível de significância estatística de p<0,05. Resultados A amostra foi composta de 173 crianças, destas, 18,5% desenvolveram infecção relacionada à assistência à saúde, que aumentou em 4,2 vezes (p<0,001) o custo da hospitalização. Maior impacto de custo foi observado entre pacientes com dois ou mais sítios infecciosos (R$ 81.037,57, p=0,010) e sepse (R$ 46.315,63 p<0,001). Crianças colonizadas por microrganismos multirresistentes, com prevalência de E. coli e A. baumannii ESBL, geraram custos maiores, R$ 35.206,15 e R$ 30.692,52, respectivamente. Conclusão As infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde aumentaram significativamente os custos da hospitalização de crianças, em especial entre aquelas com mais de dois sítios infecciosos, que desenvolveram sepse e colonizadas por microrganismos multirresistentes.


RESUMEN Objetivo Evaluar el impacto de las Infecciones Relacionadas con la Asistencia Sanitaria en el costo de la hospitalización de niños. Método Estudio de cohorte, prospectivo, cuantitativo, involucrando a niños ingresados en las Unidades de Hospitalización y de Cuidados Intensivos Pediátricos de un hospital universitario público. Los datos fueron analizados mediante el software SPSS por distribución de frecuencias, medidas de tendencia central y dispersión. Para todos los análisis, se consideró el nivel de significación estadística de p<0,05. Resultado La muestra estuvo compuesta de 173 niños, de estos el 18,5% desarrollaron infección relacionada con la asistencia sanitaria, que aumentó 4,2 veces (p<0,001) el costo de la estancia hospitalaria. Mayor impacto de costo fue observado entre pacientes con dos o más sitios infecciosos (R$ 81.037,57, p=0,010) y sepsis (R$ 46.315,63 p<0,001). Niños colonizados por microorganismos multirresistentes, con prevalencia de E. coli y A. baumannii ESBL, generaron costos mayores, R$ 35.206,15 y R$ 30.692,52, respectivamente. Conclusión Las infecciones relacionadas con la asistencia sanitaria aumentaron significativamente los costos de la hospitalización de niños, en especial entre los con más de dos sitios infecciosos, que desarrollaron sepsis y colonizados por microorganismos multirresistentes.


ABSTRACT Objective To evaluate the impact of Healthcare-Associated Infections on the hospitalization cost of children. Method A prospective, quantitative cohort study involving children admitted to the Inpatient and Pediatric Intensive Care Units of a public university hospital. The data were analyzed through SPSS software by frequency distribution, central tendency measures and dispersion. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05 for all analyzes. Results The sample consisted of 173 children, of whom 18.5% developed Healthcare-Associated Infections, which increased the hospitalization costs 4.2 times (p<0.001). A greater cost impact was observed among patients with two or more infectious sites (R$81,037.57; p=0.010) and sepsis (R$46,315.63; p<0.001). Children colonized by multiresistant microorganisms with a prevalence of E. coli and A. baumannii ESBL also generated higher costs of R$35,206.15 and R$30,692.52, respectively. Conclusion Healthcare-Associated Infections significantly increased the hospitalization costs for children, especially among those with more than two infectious sites, who developed sepsis or were colonized by multiresistant microorganisms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Child, Hospitalized , Cross Infection , Health Care Costs , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Cohort Studies , Hospitals, University
15.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 23(4): 403-407, Out.-Dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1024212

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common otolaryngology procedures performed worldwide. It is also one of the first procedures learnt by residents during their training period. Although tonsillectomy is viewed relatively as a low-risk procedure, it can be potentially harmful because of the chance of posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. Objective: The objective of the present study is to analyze the effects of peroperative factors and experience of the surgeon on the incidence and pattern of posttonsillectomy reactionary hemorrhage. Methods: A retrospective review of medical charts was performed from 2014 to 2017 in a tertiary care hospital. A total of 1,284 patients who underwent tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy were included in the study. The parameters assessed were experience of the surgeon, operating time, intraoperative blood loss, difference in mean arterial pressure (MAP) and pulse rate. Results: A total of 23 (1.79%) out of the 1,284 patients had reactionary hemorrhage. Out of those 23, 16 (69.5%) patients had been operated on by trainees, while 7 (30.5%) had been operated on by consultants (p = 0.033, odds ratio [OR] = 0.04). Operating time, intraoperative blood loss, difference in MAP and pulse rate were significantly higher in the reactionary hemorrhage group, and showed a positive association with risk of hemorrhage (p < 0.05; OR >1). Re-exploration to control the bleeding was required in 10 (76.9%) out of the 23 cases. Conclusion: The experience of the surgeon experience and peroperative factors have an association with posttonsillectomy hemorrhage. Close surveillance and monitoring of the aforementioned peroperative factors will help in the identification of patients at risk of hemorrhage (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Tonsillectomy/adverse effects , Postoperative Hemorrhage/etiology , Pulse , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Blood Loss, Surgical , Postoperative Hemorrhage/therapy , Operative Time , Arterial Pressure , Hospitals, University , Intraoperative Period
16.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e34127, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1010024

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar as principais dúvidas de gestantes com diagnóstico pré-natal do bebê de fissura de lábio e/ou palato. Método: estudo descritivo, retrospectivo, quantitativo. A amostra foi composta por 15 de gestantes atendidas na consulta de enfermagem, em 2016, numa instituição pública paulista. Para a coleta de dados, utilizou-se instrumento institucional após aprovação do projeto por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. As dúvidas foram categorizadas como alimentação, higiene, protocolo cirúrgico, hipótese diagnóstica, pós-operatório e sofrimento/bullying. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise estatística descritiva. Resultados: idade média materna de 30 anos (±5,9), paterna de 31 anos (±10,4). Predomínio das seguintes características: classificação socioeconômica média inferior ­ 8 (53%); escolaridade dos progenitores, ensino superior completo ­ 15 (52%); bebês do sexo masculino ­ 11 (73%); diagnósticos de Fissura Transforame Unilateral Esquerda ­ 7 (47%). Salientaram-se dúvidas sobre: alimentação ­ 15 (100%) e higiene ­ 9 (60%). Conclusão: as principais dúvidas das gestantes foram sobre alimentação e higiene. Identificá-las permitiu direcionar as orientações para as necessidades reais dessa clientela.


Objective: to identify pregnant women's main doubts at prenatal diagnosis of baby's cleft lip and/or palate. Method: this retrospective, quantitative, descriptive study considered a sample of 15 pregnant women attending nursing appointments in 2016 at a public institution in São Paulo. After the project was approved by the research ethics committee, data were collected using an institutional instrument. Doubts were categorized into feeding, hygiene, surgical protocol, diagnostic hypothesis, postoperative care and suffering/bullying. The results were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Results: the mothers' mean age was 30 (±5.9) years, the fathers' mean was 31 (±10.4) years. The following features predominated: low mean socioeconomic position ­ 8 (53%); higher education ­ 15 (52%); male babies ­ 11 (73%); left unilateral transforaminal cleft ­ 7 (47%). Doubts were raised on: food ­ 15 (100%) and hygiene ­ 9 (60%). Conclusion: the pregnant women's main doubts were about food and hygiene. Identifying them made it possible to adjust guidelines to this clientele's real needs.


Objetivo: identificar las principales dudas de mujeres embarazadas con diagnóstico prenatal del bebé de fisura de labio y/o palatina. Método: estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, cuantitativo. La muestra se compuso de 15 mujeres embarazadas atendidas en la consulta de enfermería, en 2016, en una institución pública de São Paulo. Para la recolección de datos se utilizó un instrumento institucional después de la aprobación del proyecto por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. Las dudas se categorizaron como alimentación, higiene, protocolo quirúrgico, hipótesis diagnóstica, postoperatorio y sufrimiento/bullying. Los resultados se sometieron al análisis estadístico descriptivo. Resultados: promedio de edad materna de 30 años (±5,9), paterna de 31 años (±10,4). Predominio de los siguientes aspectos: clasificación socioeconómica media inferior ­ 8 (53%); escolaridad de los progenitores, enseñanza universitaria completa ­ 15 (52%); bebés de sexo masculino ­ 11 (73%); diagnósticos de Fisura Transforamen Unilateral Izquierda ­ 7 (47%). Se destacaron dudas sobre: alimentación ­ 15 (100%) e higiene ­ 9 (60%). Conclusión: las principales dudas de las embarazadas se basaron en alimentación e higiene. Identificarlas permitió consucir las orientaciones hacia las necesidades reales de esa clientela.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Prenatal Care , Prenatal Diagnosis/psychology , Pregnancy , Cleft Lip/diagnosis , Cleft Lip/nursing , Brazil , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Cleft Lip/diagnostic imaging , Pregnant Women/education , Hospitals, University
17.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e38515, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1010087

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar a prevalência das técnicas de mensuração para inserção de cateter gástrico em recém-nascidos prematuros utilizadas pela equipe de enfermagem da unidade de terapia intensiva neonatal. Método: trata-se de uma pesquisa de corte transversal, realizada entre maio e agosto de 2018, em um hospital universitário da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, que contou com a participação de 52 profissionais, e a coleta de dados foi efetuada através do autopreenchimento de questionários pelos participantes do estudo. Foi utilizada estatística descritiva para a análise de dados. O estudo passou por aprovação de Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: foram encontradas seis técnicas distintas, que variaram de acordo com a via de inserção, oral e nasal. Metade delas não foi descrita na literatura. Conclusão: as técnicas mais prevalentes foram CEX (comissura labial-orelhaxifoide), NEX (nariz-orelha-xifoide) e ENX (orelha-nariz-xifoide), no entanto nenhuma delas foi validada para neonatologia, devido à escassez de pesquisas voltadas para os recém-nascidos


Objective: to identify the prevalence of measurement techniques used by the neonatal intensive care unit nursing team for gastric tube insertion in preterm newborns. Method: in this cross-sectional study, carried out between May and August 2018 at a university hospital in Rio de Janeiro City, the participants were 52 health professionals. Data were collected by selfcompleted questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study was approved by the research ethics committee. Results: six different techniques were found, which varied by route of insertion (oral or nasal). Half of these have not been described in the literature. Conclusion: the most prevalent techniques were CEX (labial commissure-earlobe-xiphoid), NEX (nose-earlobe-xiphoid) and ENX (earlobe-nose-xiphoid). However, none has been validated for neonatology due to the lack of research directed to newborns.


Objetivo: identificar la prevalencia de las técnicas de medición para inserción de catéter gástrico en neonatos prematuros utilizadas por el equipo de enfermería de la unidad de terapia intensiva neonatal. Método: se trata de una investigación de corte transversal, realizada entre mayo y agosto de 2018, en un hospital universitario de la ciudad de Río de Janeiro, que contó con la participación de 52 profesionales. La recolección de datos se efectuó a través del autollenado de cuestionarios por los participantes del estudio. Se utilizó estadística descriptiva para el análisis de datos. El estudio pasó por la aprobación del Comité de Ética en Investigación. Resultados: se encontraron seis técnicas distintas, que variaron de acuerdo con la vía de inserción, oral y nasal. La mitad de ellas no se encuentra en la literatura médica. Conclusión: las técnicas más prevalentes fueron CEX (comisura labial-oreja-xifoides), NEX (nariz-oreja-xifoides) y ENX (oreja-nariz-xifoides), sin embargo ninguna de ellas fue validada para neonatología, debido a la escasez de investigaciones volcadas hacia los neonatos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Infant, Premature , Catheterization , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Enteral Nutrition , Intubation, Gastrointestinal , Nursing Care , Brazil , Infant, Newborn , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, University
18.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e39165, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1024387

ABSTRACT

Objetivos: verificar a suspeição de transtornos mentais comuns (TMC) em residentes de enfermagem e analisar os fatores preditores. Método: estudo transversal com uma amostra de 130 residentes de um hospital universitário, situado no município do Rio de Janeiro, que responderam ao Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) e questões sociodemográficas, em 2018. Os dados foram analisados por meio da estatística descritiva. Estudo aprovado por Comitê de Ética em Pesquisa. Resultados: a amostra foi composta, em sua maioria, por jovens, solteiros e do sexo feminino, cuja suspeição de transtornos mentais comuns atingiu 52%. Dos fatores preditores mais frequentes, 87,53% afirmaram sentirem-se nervosos, tensos e preocupados, 60,7%, cansados o tempo todo e 57,7% dormem mal. Conclusão: a suspeição de TMC na amostra encontra-se bem acima de estudos realizados com profissionais da saúde e áreas afins, cujos fatores preditores evidenciam sofrimento psíquico e risco de evolução para quadros psiquiátricos severos.


Objective: to detect suspected common mental disorders (CMDs) in nursing residents, and identify related predictive factors. Method: this cross-sectional study examined a sample of 130 residents at a Rio de Janeiro city university hospital who answered the Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) and sociodemographic questions, in 2018. The resulting data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The study was approved by the research ethics committee. Results: the results revealed suspected CMDs in 52% of the sample, which was mainly young, single and female. Of the frequent predictors, 87.53% said they felt nervous, tense and worried, 60.7% felt tired all the time, and 57.7% slept poorly. Conclusion: the level of suspected CMDs in the sample was well above those found in studies of professionals of the health and related fields, and the predictors revealed psychological distress and risk of evolution to severe psychiatric conditions.


Objetivo: verificar la sospecha de trastornos mentales comunes (TMC) en residentes de enfermería y analizar los factores predictores. Método: estudio transversal con una muestra de 130 residentes de un hospital universitario, situado en el municipio de Río de Janeiro, que contestaron al Self Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) y cuestiones sociodemográficas, en 2018. Los datos fueron analizados por medio de la estadística descriptiva. El estudio fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética en Investigación. Resultados: la muestra estaba compuesta, en su mayoría, por jóvenes, solteros y del sexo femenino, siendo que del 52% se sospechaba trastornos mentales comunes. En cuanto a los factores predictores más frecuentes, un 87,53% afirmó sentirse nervioso, tenso y preocupado, el 60,7% sentirse cansado todo el tiempo y el 57,7% dormir mal. Conclusión: la sospecha de TMC en la muestra está muy por encima de los estudios realizados junto a profesionales de la salud y áreas relacionadas cuyos predictores evidencian sufrimiento psicológico y riesgo de evolución hacia cuadros psiquiátricos severos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Specialization , Occupational Health , Nursing , Internship, Nonmedical , Mental Disorders , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, University
19.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e37858, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1005084

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: descrever as características obstétricas das gestantes submetidas à cesariana segundo a Classificação de Robson em um hospital universitário. Método: descritivo, retrospectivo, com abordagem quantitativa, com dados secundários de 294 prontuários de gestantes submetidas à cesariana no Hospital Universitário da Universidade Federal do Maranhão, no período de janeiro a dezembro de 2015. Resultados: predominância de nulíparas (51,02%), submetidas à cesárea antes do início do trabalho de parto (57,15%), com gestação a termo (37,76%), com feto único (96,3%), em apresentação cefálica (90,82%). O grupo da Classificação de Robson com maior prevalência (28,23%), foi o grupo 5 (multíparas com pelo menos uma cesárea anterior, feto único, cefálico, ≥ 37 semanas). Conclusão: o hospital apresenta uma alta taxa de cesariana, totalizando 49,3%, mesmo se tratando de um estudo realizado em uma maternidade referência para gestantes de alto risco. A pesquisa permitiu conhecer o perfil sociodemográfico e as características obstétricas das usuárias, dados importantes para o planejamento da assistência.


Objective: to describe obstetric characteristics of pregnant women undergoing cesarean section at a University Hospital, by the Robson classification. Method: this quantitative, retrospective, descriptive study used secondary data from 294 medical records of pregnant women undergoing cesarean section at the hospital of Maranhão Federal University, from January to December 2015. Results: participants were predominantly nulliparous (51.02%), underwent caesarean section before onset of labor (57.15%), with term pregnancies (37.76%) and a single fetus (96.30%) in vertex presentation (90.82%). Robson Classification group 5 (multiparous with at least one previous cesarean section, single fetus, cephalic, ≥ 37 weeks ) was the most prevalent (28.23%). Conclusion: the caesarean section rate at this hospital is high (49.3%), even for a study at a referral maternity facility for high-risk pregnancies. The study revealed the users' sociodemographic profile and obstetric characteristics, which are important information for planning care.


Objetivo: describir las características obstétricas de las mujeres embarazadas sometidas a cesárea según la clasificación de Robson en un hospital universitario. Método: descriptivo, retrospectivo, con abordaje cuantitativo, con datos secundarios de 294 registros médicos de mujeres embarazadas sometidas a cesárea en el Hospital Universitario de la Universidad Federal de Maranhão, en el período de enero a diciembre de 2015. Resultados: predominio de nulíparas (51,02%) que se sometieron a cesárea antes del comienzo del trabajo de parto (57,15%), con embarazos a término (37,76%) con un solo feto (96,3%) en presentación cefálica de vértice (90,82%). El grupo de la Clasificación de Robson con mayor prevalencia (28,23%) fue el grupo 5 (multíparas con al menos una cesárea anterior, feto único, cefálico, ≥ 37 semanas). Conclusión: el hospital tiene una alta tasa de cesáreas, un total de 49,3%, incluso cuando se trata de un estudio realizado en un centro de maternidad de referencia mujeres embarazadas de alto riesgo. La investigación permitió conocer el perfil sociodemográfico y las características obstétricas de las pacientes, datos importantes para la planificación de la asistencia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Nursing Theory , Pregnancy , Cesarean Section , Classification , Delivery, Obstetric , Delivery, Obstetric/classification , Evaluation Studies as Topic , Cesarean Section/statistics & numerical data , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Hospitals, University , Obstetric Nursing
20.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 27: e38686, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS (Americas), BDENF | ID: biblio-1005435

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: analisar a prática da presença do acompanhante durante o processo de parturição. Método: estudo transversal, desenvolvido em hospital universitário com 586 puérperas. Para a coleta de dados, utilizaram-se questionário estruturado, prontuário e carteira pré-natal, no período de fevereiro a setembro de 2016. Para análise, utilizaram-se os Testes Qui-quadrado e de Cochran's. Resultados: 86% tiveram acompanhante. A informação sobre o direito do acompanhante foi mais frequente no Centro Obstétrico e Internação Obstétrica. Não houve relação significativa entre o conhecimento da Lei de Acompanhante e o número de consultas pré-natal. Onde houve menor frequência de acompanhante foi na sala de recuperação pós-parto, devido à ausência do acompanhante e à não permissão. O companheiro foi o acompanhante mais frequente. Não houve significância quanto à presença do acompanhante e realização de analgesia, o tipo de parto e o Apgar. Conclusão: a compreensão dos benefícios do acompanhante é primordial, bem como o incentivo e estímulo para a implementação de práticas baseadas em evidências.


Objective: to examine the practice of having a companion present during childbirth. Method: this cross-sectional study was conducted with 586 postpartum women at a university hospital. Data were collected, from February to September, 2016, using structured questionnaires, patient medical charts and antenatal records, and were analysed using Chi-square and Cochran's Tests. Results: 86% had a companion present. Being informed of the right to a companion was more frequent in the Obstetric Center and Obstetric Ward. No significant relationship was found between knowledge of the Companion Law and number of antenatal consultations. Companions were present least often in the postpartum recovery room, due to absence of the companion and to permission not being given. Companions were most often the women's partners. No significant relation was found between the presence of a companion and analgesia, delivery type or Apgar. Conclusion: understanding the benefits of having a companion is paramount, as are incentives and encouragement for implementing evidence-based practices.


Objetivo: analizar la práctica de la presencia del acompañante durante el proceso de parto. Método: estudio transversal, desarrollado en un hospital universitario con 586 puérperas. Para la recolección de datos, se utilizaron un cuestionario estructurado, un registro médico y libreta prenatal, en el período de febrero a septiembre de 2016. Para el análisis, se utilizaron Pruebas Chi-cuadrado y de Cochran's. Resultados: el 86% tuvo acompañante. La información sobre el derecho del acompañante fue más frecuente en el Centro Obstétrico e Internación Obstétrica. No hubo relación significativa entre el conocimiento de la Ley del Acompañante y el número de consultas prenatal. El sitio que presentó menor frecuencia de acompañante fue la sala de recuperación postparto, debido a la ausencia del acompañante y al no permiso. El compañero fue el acompañante más frecuente. No hubo significancia en cuanto a la presencia del acompañante y la realización de analgesia, el tipo de parto y el Apgar. Conclusión: la comprensión de los beneficios del acompañante es primordial, así como el incentivo y estímulo a la implementación de prácticas basadas en evidencias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Pregnancy , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Humanizing Delivery , Parturition/psychology , Humanization of Assistance , Medical Chaperones , Obstetric Nursing , Primary Health Care , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hospitals, University
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