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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1431753

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La placenta sintetiza y secreta varias hormonas que permiten la regulación del embarazo, el trabajo de parto y la adaptación metabólica materno-fetal. Su comportamiento asociado al tipo de parto puede dar información relevante sobre efectos epigenéticos. Objetivo: Describir el tipo de parto con los niveles de oxitocina, cortisol y hormonas tiroideas en plasma de cordón umbilical al nacer. Método: A 50 mujeres con embarazos principalmente normales se les cuantificaron los niveles neurohormonales en plasma de cordón umbilical, obtenido inmediatamente tras el periodo expulsivo. Los resultados se incorporaron a la base de datos clínicos de cada participante y se analizaron con Stata v.14.0. El protocolo fue aprobado por el comité de ética. Resultados: Hubo 33 partos vaginales (12 espontáneos, 13 acelerados y 8 inducidos) y 17 cesáreas (7 electivas y 10 de urgencia). Se observaron mayores niveles de cortisol en los partos vaginales acelerados; las cesáreas tuvieron menores niveles de cortisol y hormona estimulante de la tiroides. Las intervenciones clínicas, con altos o bajos niveles hormonales, están en directa relación con el tipo de parto. Conclusiones: El cortisol y la hormona estimulante de la tiroides medidos en plasma de cordón umbilical variaron según el tipo de parto. Esto es una primera cuantificación de hormonas en plasma de cordón umbilical y su posible regulación placentaria a propósito del tipo de parto.


Introduction: The placenta synthesizes and secretes several hormones allowing the regulation of pregnancy, labor and maternal-fetal metabolic adaptation. Their behavior associated with the type of delivery, may provide relevant information on epigenetic effects. Objective: To describe the type of delivery with the levels of oxytocin, cortisol and thyroid hormones in umbilical cord plasma at birth. Method: Neurohormonal levels from umbilical cord plasma obtained immediately post expulsion, were quantified in 50 women with mainly normal pregnancies. Results incorporated into the clinical database of each participant, statistically analyzed in Stata v.14.0. Protocol approved by ethics committee. Results: 33 were vaginal deliveries (12 spontaneous, 13 accelerated, 8 induced) and 17 cesarean sections (7 elective and 10 emergency). Higher cortisol levels were observed in accelerated vaginal deliveries, cesarean sections had lower cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone levels. While clinical interventions, with high or low hormone levels, were related to the type of delivery. Conclusions: Cortisol and thyroid stimulating hormone measured in umbilical cord plasma varied according to the type of delivery. This is a first quantification of hormones in umbilical cord plasma and their possible placental regulation in relation to the type of delivery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Placental Hormones/metabolism , Delivery, Obstetric , Fetal Blood/chemistry , Thyroid Hormones/analysis , Umbilical Cord/chemistry , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Oxytocin/analysis , Cesarean Section , Cross-Sectional Studies , Placental Circulation
2.
Arch. pediatr. Urug ; 94(2): e217, 2023. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1520117

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La relación entre producción de leche materna y la música ha sido reportada en diversas publicaciones científicas. No hay publicaciones en Uruguay que analicen esta relación. Este estudio fue realizado por el Instituto Universitario CEDIIAP junto a la Universidad ORT, el Banco de Leche Humana del Hospital Pereira Rossell (CHPR), de la Administración de los Servicios de Salud del Estado. Fue aprobado por el Comité de Ética del CHPR. Objetivo: evidenciar la relación entre el estímulo musical y la producción de leche de madres de recién nacidos pretérmino internados en Cuidados Intensivos del CHPR. Material y métodos: estudio cuasiexperimental, de corte longitudinal, prospectivo, diseño doble: intervención antes después y en paralelo (un grupo contra el otro) utilizando audición de canciones elegidas por las madres con andamiento modificado. Criterios de inclusión: cohorte de madres de recién nacidos ≤ 34 semanas de gestación, sin alimentación a pecho directo, medicación psiquiátrica o que afectara la producción de leche. Se analizó cortisol en saliva y volumen de leche. Como análisis multivariado final, se aplicó el modelo lineal general de medidas repetitivas. Resultados: el estudio se realizó entre marzo de 2017 y agosto de 2018 con 31 madres (15 intervención, 16 control). El grupo intervención presentó mayor producción láctea en los 2 primeros días y disminución del 57 % en niveles de cortisol frente al grupo control. Conclusiones: más allá de las limitaciones del trabajo, los resultados apuntan a que la musicoterapia podría colaborar en la disminución del estrés, el disfrute de la lactancia materna y, consecuentemente, en una mayor producción de leche.


Introduction: the relationship between breast milk production and music has been previously reported in several peer reviewed journals. There are no studies in Uruguay analyzing this relationship. The present study was performed by the CEDIIAP University Institute jointly with the ORT University, at the Pereira Rossell Hospital Human Milk Bank (CHPR) of the Administration of State Health Services (ASSE) in Montevideo. It has been approved by the CHPR's Ethics Committee. Objective: demonstrate the influence of musical stimulation on milk production of mothers with preterm newborns admitted in the CHPR Neonatology Intensive Care Unit. Material and Methods: longitudinal, prospective experimental study with double design: intervention before, simultaneous (one group against the other) and after the study. We used the music therapy technique of listening to songs chosen by the mothers and modified gait. Milk volume was quan- tified, and cortisol presence was analyzed in saliva. The General Linear Model of repetitive measures was applied. Inclusion criteria: cohort of mothers of newborns ≤ 34 weeks of gestation, without direct breastfeeding, psychiatric medication or affecting milk production. Saliva cortisol levels and milk volume were analyzed. As a final multivariate analysis, the General Linear Model of repetitive measures was applied. Results: the study was carried out from March 2017 till August 2018 with a total of 31 mothers (15 intervention, 16 control). Higher milk production in the first two days and a decrease of 57% in cortisol levels were observed in the intervention group compared to the control group. Conclusions: in spite of the limitations of this paper, our results suggest that music therapy can help to reduce the stress and increase the enjoyment of breastfeeding and consequently generate a higher milk production.


Introducion: a relação entre produção do leite materno e a música foi apontada com evidências científicas em vários jornais. Não existem publicações no Uruguai que analisem esta relação. Este estudo foi realizado pelo Instituto universitário CEDIIAP junto com a Universidade ORT, o Banco de Leite Humano do Hospital Pereira Rossell (CHPR) da Administração dos Serviços de Saúde do Estado. Foi aprovado pelo Comité de Ética do CHPR. Objetivo: evidenciar a relação entre o estímulo musical e a produção do leite de mães com recém nascidos prematuros internados na unidade de cuidados intensivos do CHPR. Material e metodo: estudo quase experimental de corte longitudinal, prospectivo com desenho duplo: intervenção antes, depois e em paralelo (um grupo contra o outro) utilizando a audição de canções escolhidas pelas mães e andamento modificado. Critérios de inclusão: coorte de mães de recém nascidos ≤ 34 semanas de gestação sem alimentação a peito direto, nem medicação psiquiátrica ou que afetara a produção de leite. Foi analisado o cortisol em saliva e o volumem de leite. Aplicouse o Modelo Linear General de medidas repetitivas como análise multivariado final. Resultados: o estudo foi realizado entre março 2017 e agosto 2018 com 31 mães (15 do grupo intervenção, 16 do grupo controle). Foi observada maior produção láctea no grupo de intervenção nos dois primeiros dias e diminuição de 57% nos níveis de cortisol em relação ao grupo controle. Conclusões: além das limitações do paper, os resultados apontam para que a musicoterapia poderia colaborar na diminuição do estresse, o desfrute da lactância materna e consequentemente poderiam resultar em uma maior produção de leite.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Acoustic Stimulation/psychology , Breast Feeding/psychology , Milk/statistics & numerical data , Mothers/psychology , Music Therapy , Infant, Premature , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Prospective Studies , Longitudinal Studies
3.
Int. j. high dilution res ; 21(2): 18-18, May 6, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS, HomeoIndex | ID: biblio-1396735

ABSTRACT

Hyperadrenocorticism is a common endocrinopathy in dogs, associated to an excessive production or administration of cortisol.Aims:Report the evolution of homeopathic treatment in spontaneous hyperadrenocorticism analyzing with basal and post-acth stimulation cortisol values of a yorkshire male dog with 10 years old, diagnosed from the suppression test with low dose of dexamethasone and stimulation with ACTH, as well as complementary tests.Methodology: Homeopathic treatment was chosen, based on the principle of similitude usingIgnatia amarabecause the patient presents repertorized mental symptoms such as separation anxiety syndrome, docility, annoyances and jealousy and also because it is efficient and less harmful. It was associated to cortisol biotherapy to inhibit cortisol production and adrenal biotherapy to control the response of excess of the cortisol producted by the gland. The exposed information is consented by the tutor.Results:The dog was in convencional treatment with trilostane but didn't response to the therapy, showing 5,41 µg/dL of basal result and 11,8 µg/dL of post-acth result and the symptoms were worst on 12/12/2021, presenting lethargic, panting, more evident alopecia and severe muscle weakness which the patient unable to stand. Therefore, the protocol was recommended for 3 months, included 3 globules ofIgnatia amara30cH orally, every 12 hours, 3 globules of cortisol biotherapy 30 cH and also of adrenal biotherapy 6 cH every 24 hours. On 03/28/2022 the basal and post-acth stimulation results was 3,71 µg/dL e 5,79 µg/dL respectively and the patient was more active, the skin was better and even with difficulty it was movingand having more independence.Conclusion: Homeopathic treatment with high dilution was effective, keeping the indices with the recommended range of post acth between 2.0 and 5.0, confirming an adequate therapeutic monitoring and symptomatic improvement.


Subject(s)
Dogs , Biological Therapy , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Adrenocortical Hyperfunction/therapy , Homeopathy
4.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(6): 1357-1360, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1355680

ABSTRACT

Cortisol is a steroid hormone, one of the glucocorticoids, made in the cortex of the adrenal glands and then released into the blood, which transports it in the entire body. Almost every cell contains receptors for cortisol and so cortisol can have lots of different actions depending on which sort of cells it is acting upon. These effects include controlling the body's blood sugar levels and thus regulating metabolism, acting as an anti-inflammatory product, controlling salt and water balance and influencing blood pressure. The study was conducted over a period of 3 months, between March-August 2020, in 2 swine farms in Iasi county, Romania, on a total of 46 pigs, 3 to 4 months old, both males and females, in order to investigate stress levels in finishing facilities. The study revealed higher levels of cortisol while eosinophil counts severely decreased, changes which are associated with a strong reaction to stress for individuals that were housed in finishing facilities.(AU)


O cortisol é um hormônio esteroide, um dos glicocorticoides, produzido no córtex das glândulas suprarrenais e, em seguida, liberado no sangue, que o transporta por todo o corpo. Quase todas as células contêm receptores para o cortisol e, portanto, ele pode ter muitas ações diferentes, dependendo do tipo de célula sobre a qual atua. Esses efeitos incluem controlar os níveis de açúcar no sangue do corpo e, assim, regular o metabolismo, atuando como um produto anti-inflamatório, controlando o equilíbrio de sal e água e influenciando a pressão arterial. O presente estudo foi realizado durante um período de três meses, entre março-agosto de 2020, em duas granjas de suínos no condado de Iasi, Romênia, em um número total de 46 porcos, de três a quatro meses de idade, machos e fêmeas, a fim de investigar níveis de estresse nas instalações de acabamento. O estudo revelou níveis mais elevados de cortisol, enquanto a contagem de eosinófilos diminuiu severamente, mudanças que são consideradas associadas a uma forte reação ao estresse para indivíduos que foram alojados em instalações de acabamento.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Stress, Psychological/diagnosis , Swine/physiology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Eosinophils , Leukocyte Count/veterinary , Romania , Farms
5.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 371-378, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1128217

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the metabolic, inflammatory, and hepatic aspects, as well as the milk yield in heifers submitted to protocol for induction of lactation compared to primiparous cows. Sixty Holstein heifers were selected and enrolled into two groups: Control (n= 30), pregnant heifers and Induction heifers (n= 30), non-pregnant femeales, submitted to a lactation induction protocol. Blood samples were collected at: pre-lactation period (weeks -3, -2 and -1) and post-lactation period (weeks 1, 2 and 3), aiming to evaluate glucose, non-esterified fatty acids, paraoxonase-1, albumin, ALT, GGT and cortisol. The protocol efficiently induced lactation in all the heifers, which produced 74.54% of the total production of milk from primiparous cows. In the pre-lactation period, induced animals presented higher concentrations of non-esterified fatty acids than the Control heifers, and the opposite was observed in the post lactation period. In both moments albumin and ALT were lower in the Induction group, and paraoxonase-1 activity and GGT concentrations were higher, compared to the Control. Thus, lactation induction protocol is efficient to initiate milk production in dairy heifers with no considerable changes in energetic, metabolic and hepatic profile when compared to heifers in physiological lactation.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar os perfis metabólico, inflamatório, hepático e a produção de leite de novilhas induzidas à lactação comparadas a primíparas. Sessenta novilhas da raça Holandês foram selecionadas e alocadas em grupos: controle (n=30), novilhas prenhas, e indução (n=30), novilhas vazias submetidas a um protocolo de indução de lactação. As amostras de sangue foram coletadas nas semanas -3, -2 e -1 (pré-lactação) e nas semanas 1, 2 e 3 (pós-início de lactação) para avaliação de glicose, ácidos graxos não esterificados, paraoxonase-1, albumina, ALT, GGT e cortisol. O protocolo induziu eficientemente a lactação em todas as novilhas, que produziram 74,54% da produção total de leite do controle. No período pré-lactação, o grupo indução apresentou maiores concentrações de ácidos graxos não esterificados que o controle, e o oposto foi observado pós-lactação. Em ambos os momentos, albumina e ALT foram menores no grupo indução, e a atividade da paraoxonase-1 e as concentrações de GGT foram maiores, em comparação ao controle. Assim, o protocolo de indução de lactação foi eficiente para iniciar a produção de leite em novilhas induzidas, além de terem sido observadas alterações nos perfis energético, metabólico e hepático em comparação a novilhas em lactação fisiológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Cattle , Lactation/physiology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Albumins/analysis , Fatty Acids, Nonesterified/analysis , gamma-Glutamyltransferase/analysis , Milk
6.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 118(1): 18-24, 2020-02-00. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1095334

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El cortisol salival es una herramienta útil como biomarcador de estrés en pediatría, ya que la obtención de muestras no es invasiva. Hay escasa información sobre su uso en niños, y no se reportaron valores de referencia en lactantes sanos en la Argentina. Es importante establecerlos en cada centro como base para realizar estudios posteriores en lactantes, en quienes parece ser la herramienta objetiva más relevante en la actualidad para evaluar estrés. Objetivo. Determinar los valores de referencia de cortisol salival en lactantes sanos de 0 a 12 meses de edad. Métodos. Estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal, que evaluó cortisol salival matutino de niños sanos de ambos sexos de 0 a 12 meses que concurrieron a control de salud en el Hospital Pirovano entre marzo de 2017 y marzo de 2018. Se tomaron muestras de saliva de 8 a 9 a. m. en ayunas y se procesaron con electroquimioluminiscencia. Los resultados se informaron como media y desvío estándar. Resultados. Se incluyeron 140 niños, y se obtuvieron 96 muestras. La media de cortisol salival matutino fue 5,46 nmol/l (intervalo de confianza del 95 %: 4,66-6,38), desvío estándar 2,15. No se observó correlación con la variable edad, por lo cual el intervalo de referencia no requirió el fraccionamiento por grupo etario. No se observaron diferencias significativas respecto a sexo, edad gestacional, peso al nacer, tipo de parto o tipo de alimentación. Conclusión. Se informó el intervalo de referencia de cortisol salival matutino en lactantes sanos de 0 a 12 meses.


Introduction. Salivary cortisol is a useful tool as a biomarker of stress in pediatrics because it allows for non-invasive sampling. There is little information about its use in children, and no reference values for healthy infants have been reported in Argentina. Reference values should be established at each site as the basis for subsequent tests in infants, for whom salivary cortisol appears to be the most relevant objective tool to assess stress at present. Objective. To determine reference values for salivary cortisol in healthy infants aged 0-12 months. Methods. Descriptive, cross-sectional study that assessed morning salivary cortisol levels in healthy male and female infants aged 0-12 months that attended Hospital Pirovano for a health checkup between March 2017 and March 2018. Fasting saliva samples were collected between 8 and 9 a.m. and were processed using electrochemiluminescence. Results were reported as mean and standard deviation. Results. A total of 140 infants were included, and 96 samples were collected. Mean morning salivary cortisol levels were 5.46 nmol/L (95 % confidence interval: 4.66-6.38), standard deviation: 2.15. No correlation to age was observed, so it was not necessary to divide the reference range into age groups. No significant differences were observed in terms of sex, gestational age, birth weight, type of delivery or type of feeding. Conclusion. The reference range of morning salivary cortisol levels in healthy infants aged 0-12 months was reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Saliva/chemistry , Stress, Psychological/metabolism , Hydrocortisone/metabolism , Reference Values , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Analysis of Variance , Luminescent Measurements
7.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 42(1): 54-62, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055351

ABSTRACT

Objective: Although studies have shown an association between poor sleep and chronotype with psychiatric problems in young adults, few have focused on identifying multiple concomitant risk factors. Methods: We assessed depressive symptoms (Beck Depression Inventory [BDI]), circadian typology (Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire [MEQ]), sleep quality (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index [PSQI]), perceived stress (Perceived Stress Scale [PSS]), social rhythm (Social Rhythm Metrics [SRM]), and salivary cortisol (morning, evening and night, n=37) in 236 men (all 18 years old). Separate analyses were conducted to understand how each PSQI domain was associated with depressive symptoms. Results: Depressive symptoms were more prevalent in individuals with higher perceived stress (prevalence ratio [PR] = 6.429, p < 0.001), evening types (PR = 2.58, p < 0.001) and poor sleepers (PR = 1.808, p = 0.046). Multivariate modeling showed that these three variables were independently associated with depressive symptoms (all p < 0.05). The PSQI items subjective sleep quality and sleep disturbances were significantly more prevalent in individuals with depressive symptoms (PR = 2.210, p = 0.009 and PR = 2.198, p = 0.008). Lower levels of morning cortisol were significantly associated with higher depressive scores (r = -0.335; p = 0.043). Conclusion: It is important to evaluate multiple factors related to sleep and chronotype in youth depression studies, since this can provide important tools for comprehending and managing mental health problems.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Sleep Wake Disorders/psychology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Chronobiology Disorders/psychology , Depression/etiology , Military Personnel/psychology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , Reference Values , Saliva/metabolism , Sleep/physiology , Time Factors , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Analysis of Variance , Statistics, Nonparametric , Depression/metabolism , Self Report
8.
Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. (Online) ; 57(3): e162908, 2020. tab
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1122194

ABSTRACT

Surgical procedures in pet animals are usually associated with some degree of stress and pain. Hospitalization is one stress-triggering factor. The present study aimed to evaluate the degree of stress and pain during hospitalization of female dogs submitted to elective ovariohysterectomy (OVH) and to investigate the influence of hospitalization on the stress of these animals. Fifteen young adult crossbreed female dogs were divided into two groups: eight animals without surgery (Group 1 - control) and seven animals submitted to surgery (Group 2 - OVH). Pain and stress were evaluated. Visual analogue scale (VAS), simple descriptive pain scale (SDS) and modified Glasgow pain scale (MGPS) were used. Serum cortisol (µg/dL) and glucose (mg/dl) were also measured. No statistical difference was observed for cortisol (µg/dL) between the two groups. Despite the absence of statistical difference between groups and times, mean serum cortisol (µg/dL) values exceeded the normal values for the canine species at various times evaluated. Hyperglycemia was only observed at T4 in the OVH group. It was concluded that the hospitalization of animals was more relevant in the establishment of stress than the surgical procedure and associated pain. The influence of stress was a relevant factor in the results of assessments carried out using the MGPS.(AU)


Os procedimentos cirúrgicos em animais de companhia são geralmente associados a algum grau de dor e estresse e a hospitalização é um dos fatores que predispõem ao estresse. O presente estudo teve o objetivo de avaliar o grau de estresse e dor durante a internação de cadelas submetidas à ovariohisterectomia eletiva (OVH) e investigar a influência da hospitalização sobre o estresse nestes animais. Quinze cadelas adultas jovens e mestiças foram divididas em dois grupos: oito animais não submetidos à cirurgia (Grupo 1 - controle) e sete animais submetidos à OVH (Grupo 2 - OVH). Dor e estresse foram avaliados. Foram utilizadas a escala visual analógica (EVA), escala descritiva simples (EDS) e escala de dor de Glasgow modificada (EDGM). A glicose (mg/dL) e o cortisol (µg/dL) séricos foram mensurados. Não houve diferença estatística do cortisol (µg/dL) entre os grupos. Entretanto, os valores médios de cortisol (µg/dL) excederam àqueles considerados normais para a espécie canina em vários períodos avaliados. A hiperglicemia foi observada em T4 no grupo OVH. Concluiu-se que a hospitalização dos animais foi mais relevante na ocorrência do estresse do que o procedimento cirúrgico e a dor associada a ele. Desta forma, a influência do estresse foi um fator relevante nos resultados das avaliações realizadas com a escala de dor de Glasgow modificada.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Stress, Psychological , Pain Measurement/veterinary , Hospitalization , Postoperative Period , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Hospitals, Animal , Hysterectomy/veterinary
9.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20190601, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134792

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The aim of this study was to compare the effects of music at 432 Hz, 440 Hz, and no music on the clinical perception of anxiety and salivary cortisol levels in patients undergoing tooth extraction. Methodology A parallel-group randomized clinical trial was conducted. Forty-two patients (average age: 23.8±7.8 years, 27 women) with a moderate level of anxiety were distributed in three groups: use of music for 15 minutes at a frequency of 432 Hz (n=15), at 440 Hz (n=15) and a control group without music (n=12). The CORAH Dental Anxiety Scale and salivary cortisol levels, estimated by the solid phase enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), were measured and compared before and after the music intervention between groups (two-way ANOVA-Tukey p<0.05, RStudio). Results Significantly lower anxiety level values were observed at 432 Hz (8.7±2.67) and 440 Hz (8.4±2.84) compared to the control group (17.2±4.60; p<0.05). The salivary cortisol level at 432 Hz (0.49±0.37 μg/dL) was significantly lower than 440 Hz (1.35±0.69 μg/dL) and the control group (1.59±0.7 μg/dL; p<0.05). Conclusion The use of music significantly decreased clinical anxiety levels, and the frequency of 432 Hz was effective in decreasing salivary cortisol levels before tooth extraction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Saliva/chemistry , Tooth Extraction/psychology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Dental Anxiety/therapy , Music/psychology , Music Therapy/methods , Stress, Psychological , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Surveys and Questionnaires , Reproducibility of Results , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Dental Anxiety/psychology , Statistics, Nonparametric
10.
Rev. chil. salud pública ; 24(1): 23-29, 2020. ilus, tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1121594

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Las desigualdades socioeconómicas y territoriales se relacionan con la salud de la población santiaguina; sin embargo, los mecanismos causales que generan las inequidades en salud no están del todo claros. En este trabajo, se cuantifica el estrés de individuos viviendo en diferentes comunas, y se lo discute como causa y consecuencia de procesos vinculados con inequidades en salud. EL OBJETIVO era relacionar el Índice de Calidad de Vida Urbana (ICVU) de la comuna de residencia de individuos en Santiago de Chile con las concentraciones de cortisol en pelo (CCP), un biomarcador de los niveles de estrés fisiológico crónico. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se exploró la relación entre CCP y la edad, el sexo y el ICVU de la comuna de residencia en 80 estudiantes de educación superior en Santiago de Chile. RESULTADOS: No se encontraron correlaciones significativas entre CCP y la edad o el sexo de los participantes. Se encontró una correlación significativa entre CCP y los valores del ICVU de la comuna de residencia, además de encontrar diferencias significativas entre CCP y los distintos rangos de ICVU (Superior, Promedio e Inferior).DISCUSIÓN: Los resultados sugieren considerar las diferencias individuales de CCP como resultado de desigualdades socio-territoriales y también como posible causa de inequidades en salud. Se recomienda incluir el rol del estrés en las políticas públicas de salud, ampliando las redes de apoyo y prevención de estrés en los sectores con bajo ICVU.


INTRODUCTION: Socioeconomic and urban inequalities are associated with health in Santiago; nonetheless, the causal mechanisms underlying health inequalities are not entirely clear. This article quantifies the stress of individuals living in different municipalities and discusses its role as cause and consequence in the generation of health inequalities. THE OBJECTIVE of this study was to determine the relationship between the Urban Quality of Life Index (UQoLI) of individuals' municipality of residence in Santiago, Chile with their hair cortisol concentrations (HCC), a biomarker of chronic physiological stress.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The relationship of HCC with age, sex and UQoLI was explored in a sample of 80 university students in Santiago, Chile. RESULTS: No significant correlations were found between HCC and age and sex. A significant correlation was found between HCC and UQoLI, and significant differences were found be-tween HCC at different levels of UQoLI (High, Average, and Low).DISCUSSION: Results suggest that HCC differences could be considered a result of urban in-equalities, as well as a possible cause of health inequalities. The role of stress should be inclu-ded in public health policies, to expand support networks and prevent stress, especially among people living in areas with low urban quality of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Quality of Life , Stress, Physiological , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Hair/chemistry , Urban Population , Biomarkers/analysis , Chile/epidemiology , Residence Characteristics , Cross-Sectional Studies , Health Status Disparities
11.
Braz. J. Psychiatry (São Paulo, 1999, Impr.) ; 41(4): 280-288, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011515

ABSTRACT

Objective: The incidence rate of major depression in adolescents reaches approximately 14%. This disorder is usually recurrent, without remission of symptoms even after pharmacological treatment, and persists throughout adult life. Since the effects of antidepressants take approximately 2 weeks to begin, new pharmacological therapies are under continuous exploration. Recent evidence suggests that psychedelics could produce rapid antidepressant effects. In this study, we evaluated the potential antidepressant effects of ayahuasca in a juvenile non-human primate model of depression. Methods: While living with their families, juvenile marmosets (8 males; 7 females) were observed on alternate days for four weeks during a baseline phase. This was followed by 8 weeks of an induced depressive state protocol, the social isolated context (IC), in which the animals were monitored in the first and last weeks. Subsequently, five males and four females were randomly selected for treatment, first with a single administration of saline vehicle (1.67 mL/300 g of body weight, via gavage), followed by a single dose of ayahuasca (1.67 mL/300 g of body weight, via gavage). Both phases lasted 1 week and the animals were monitored daily. A third week of sampling was called the tardive-pharmacological effects phase. In all phases the marmosets were assessed for behavior, fecal cortisol levels, and body weight. Results: After IC, the animals presented typical hypocortisolemia, but cortisol recovered to baseline levels 24 h after an acute dose of ayahuasca; this recovery was not observed in vehicle-treated animals. Additionally, in males, ayahuasca, but not the vehicle, reduced scratching, a stereotypic behavior, and increased feeding. Ayahuasca treatment also improved body weight to baseline levels in both sexes. The ayahuasca-induced behavioral response had long-term effects (14 days). Thus, in this translational juvenile animal model of depression, ayahuasca presented beneficial effects. Conclusions: These results can contribute to the validation of ayahuasca as an antidepressant drug and encourage new studies on psychedelic drugs as a tool for treating mood disorders, including for adolescents with early-onset depression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Banisteriopsis , Depressive Disorder, Major/drug therapy , Hallucinogens/administration & dosage , Antidepressive Agents/administration & dosage , Primates , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Callitrichinae , Disease Models, Animal , Feces/chemistry
12.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 90(3): 275-282, jun. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1013834

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: En Chile el sistema penitenciario cuenta con un programa que permite que las madres privadas de libertad vivan con sus hijos menores de 2 años. Esta modalidad podría implicar que los niños estén más expuestos a condiciones de estrés y a mayor riesgo de retraso en su desarrollo psicomotor (DSM). OBJETIVO: Comparar el DSM y la concentración de cortisol en saliva de los niños que viven en la cárcel junto a sus madres y comparar los resultados con los observados en niños que no están bajo este régimen. SUJETOS Y MÉTODO: Estudio transversal en 42 lactantes, 12 de ellos hijos de madres reclusas en el centro penitenciario de Santiago (CPF), y 30 controles provenientes de un Centro de Salud Familiar de Atención Primaria (CESFAM). Se evaluó DSM de los lactantes mediante la encuesta ASQ-3 y se realizó medición de cortisol salival mediante radioinmunoensayo a los lactantes y madres. RESULTADOS: La mediana de cortisol salival de los hijos de madres del CPF y CESFAM fue de 2,3 ng/ml (IQR 1,1 a 2,7) y de 2,1 ng/ml (IQR 1,6 a 2,9) respectivamente. El cortisol materno fue 4,6 ng/ml (IQR 3,8 a 7,3) en el CPF y 3,7 ng/ml (IQR 2,4 a 4,7) en el CESFAM. El déficit del DSM fue 2,3% y 28,5% para los niños del CPF y del CESFAM, respectivamente, sin diferencia estadística (p = 0,06). CONCLUSIONES: No hubo diferencia en el DSM y tampoco en el cortisol salival entre los niños de ambos grupos.


INTRODUCTION: In Chile, the prison system has a program that allows inmate mothers to live with their children un der two years of age. This could imply that these children are more exposed to stress conditions and a higher psychomotor developmental delay (PDD) risk. OBJECTIVE: To compare the PDD and salivary cortisol concentrations (SCC) of children living in prison with their mothers and to compare the results with control children. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Cross-sectional study in 42 infants, 12 of them are children of inmate mothers in the penitentiary center (CPF) of Santiago, and 30 controls from a Primary Care Family Health Center (CESFAM). PDD of infants was assessed through the ASQ-3 questionnaire and salivary cortisol was measured in infants and mothers using radioimmunoassay. RESULTS: The median salivary cortisol level of the children of CPF and CESFAM mothers was 2.3 ng/ ml (IQR 1.1 to 2.7) and 2.1 ng/ml (IQR 1.6 to 2, 9) respectively. Maternal cortisol was 4.6 ng/ml (IQR 3.8 to 7.3) in the CPF and 3.7 ng/ml (IQR 2.4 to 4.7) in the CESFAM. The PDD deficit was 2.3% and 28.5% for children from the CPF and the CESFAM respectively, without statistical difference (p = 0.06). CONCLUSIONS: There was no difference in the PDD and salivary cortisol between children of both groups.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adult , Young Adult , Prisons , Psychomotor Disorders/epidemiology , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Child Development/physiology , Mother-Child Relations/psychology , Prisoners/psychology , Psychomotor Disorders/diagnosis , Psychomotor Disorders/etiology , Saliva/metabolism , Stress, Psychological/etiology , Stress, Psychological/psychology , Chile , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Mothers
13.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19180494, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055395

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Mood disorder is one of the complications of stroke. The inability to cope with stress is also a prognosis of depression and anxiety. The aim of this study is to assess the response of stress system in the post stroke patients. Twelve healthy controls (HC) and twelve post-stroke patients after filling in the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory completed the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) which induces acute stress. Salivary samples were collected to determine salivary cortisol levels and ECG record were taken in four times (before, right after stress, after two recoveries: 20 and 40 minutes after stress). ECG was also recorded during TSST and then the linear and non-linear features of Heart Rate Variability (HRV) were analyzed. The results showed that trait anxiety score and baseline salivary cortisol level were higher in post stroke than HC group (P-value <0.05). The increase of cortisol level after stress was only observed in HC that returned to baseline after the second recovery time. The stress increased the relative low frequency of HRV in both groups, however it was significantly lower in the stroke than HC group (P-value < 0.005). There was also a significant difference between alpha 1 DFA measures in stroke group and HC group (P-value <0.05). It is concluded that the impairment of the hormonal axis of stress system in the post-stroke patients that until now was not reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Stress Disorders, Traumatic, Acute , Ischemic Stroke/psychology , Psychological Tests , Heart Rate
14.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 76(9): 622-634, Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973945

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a demyelinating, progressive and neurodegenerative disease. A disturbance on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis can be observed in patients with MS, showing altered cortisol levels. We aimed to identify basal cortisol levels and verify the relationship with clinical symptoms in patients with MS. A systematic search was conducted in the databases: Pubmed, Web of Science and SCOPUS. Both higher and lower cortisol levels were associated with MS. Higher cortisol levels were associated with depression and anxiety, while lower levels were associated with depression, fatigue and urinary dysfunction. Higher cortisol levels may be associated with the progression and severity of MS.


RESUMO A esclerose múltipla (EM) é uma doença desmielinizante, progressiva e neurodegenerativa. Um distúrbio no eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-adrenal pode ser observado em pacientes com EM, mostrando níveis alterados de cortisol. Nosso objetivo foi identificar os níveis basais de cortisol e verificar a relação com os sintomas clínicos em pacientes com EM. Uma busca sistemática foi realizada nas bases de dados: Pubmed, Web of Science e SCOPUS. Ambos os níveis de cortisol elevado e baixo foram associados com a EM. Níveis mais elevados de cortisol foram associados à depressão e ansiedade, enquanto níveis mais baixos foram associados à depressão, fadiga e disfunção urinária. Níveis altos de cortisol podem estar associados à progressão e gravidade da EM.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Multiple Sclerosis/diagnosis , Saliva/chemistry , Stress, Psychological , Hydrocortisone/urine , Hydrocortisone/blood , Disease Progression , Symptom Assessment , Hair/chemistry , Multiple Sclerosis/psychology
15.
Rev. cuba. estomatol ; 55(3): 1-12, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-991066

ABSTRACT

Introdução: devido às limitações inerentes do processo de envelhecimento, a institucionalização é uma realidade, podendo gerar impacto na saúde física e psicológica do individuo sênior. Objetivo: determinar as concentrações de cortisol salivar de idosos institucionalizados e não institucionalizados e verificar as condições de saúde bucal e dependência física. Métodos: estudo transversal, descritivo e analítico, com amostra composta por 80 indivíduos, sendo 45 institucionalizados e 35 não institucionalizados. Realizou-se exame clínico bucal para avaliação de uso e necessidade de prótese dentária nos arcos superior e inferior. Também foi realizada coleta salivar, para análise da concentração de cortisol, marcador biológico do nível de estresse. Resultados: a maioria dos idosos apresentou-se desdentado total, sendo 84,44 porcento no grupo institucionalizado e 71,43 porcento no grupo não institucionalizado. Os idosos institucionalizados apresentaram menor índice de uso de próteses, quando comparados ao grupo de idosos não institucionalizados (p= 0,0013). A análise das concentrações de cortisol salivar demonstrou diferenças significantes entre os grupos, com taxas mais elevadas no grupo institucionalizado (p= 0,0397). Maiores concentrações de cortisol salivar foram encontradas em indivíduos que possuíam necessidades protéticas, com diferença estatisticamente significante (p= 0,0454). Conclusão: os idosos institucionalizados apresentaram elevadas concentrações de cortisol salivar, maior necessidade de uso de próteses e apresentaram-se mais dependentes, quando comparados com o grupo não institucionalizado(AU)


Introducción: debido a las limitaciones inherentes del proceso de envejecimiento, la institucionalización es una realidad, lo que puede generar impacto en la salud física y psicológica del adulto mayor. Objetivo: determinar las concentraciones de cortisol salival de ancianos institucionalizados y no institucionalizados, y verificar variables como salud bucal y dependencia física. Métodos: estudio transversal, descriptivo y analítico, en el cual la muestra estuvo compuesta por 80 individuos, de estos 45 eran institucionalizados y 35 no institucionalizados. Se realizó examen clínico bucal para evaluar el uso y necesidad de prótesis en los arcos superior e inferior. También se realizó recolecta salivar, para análisis de la concentración de cortisol, marcador biológico del nivel de estrés. Resultados: la mayoría de los ancianos se presentaron desdentados totales, para el 84,44 por ciento en el grupo institucionalizado y 71,43 por ciento en el grupo no institucionalizado. Los ancianos institucionalizados presentaron menor índice de uso de prótesis, en comparación con el grupo de ancianos no institucionalizados (p= 0,0013). El análisis de las concentraciones de cortisol salival demostró diferencias significativas entre los grupos, con tasas más elevadas en el grupo institucionalizado (p= 0,0397). Mayores concentraciones de cortisol salivar fueron encontradas en individuos que poseían necesidades protésicas, con diferencia estadísticamente significante (p= 0,0454). Conclusiones: ancianos institucionalizados presentan elevadas concentraciones de cortisol salival, mayor necesidad de uso de prótesis y se presentan más dependientes, al ser comparados con el grupo no institucionalizado(AU)


Introduction: due to the limitations inherent to the process of aging, institutionalization is a reality which may have an impact on the physical and psychological health status of elderly people. Objectives: determine salivary cortisol concentrations in institutionalized and non-institutionalized elderly people, and verify variables such as oral health and physical dependence. Methods: a descriptive analytical cross-sectional study was conducted of a sample of 80 individuals, of whom 45 were institutionalized and 35 non-institutionalized. Oral clinical examination was performed to evaluate the use of and need for dental prostheses in the upper and lower arches. Saliva was collected to determine the concentration of cortisol, a biological marker of stress levels. Results: most of the sample were totally edentulous elderly people: 84.44 percent in the institutionalized group and 71.43 percent in the non-institutionalized group. A lower rate of prosthesis use was found in the institutionalized sample than in the non-institutionalized sample (p= 0.0013). Analysis of salivary cortisol concentrations revealed significant differences between the groups, with higher values in the institutionalized group (p= 0.0397). Higher salivary cortisol concentrations were found among individuals with prosthetic needs, the difference being statistically significant (p= 0.0454). Conclusions: institutionalized elderly people had higher salivary cortisol concentrations, greater prosthetic needs, and were more care dependent than the non-institutionalized group(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Salivary Proteins and Peptides/analysis , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Dental Health Surveys/statistics & numerical data , Denture Identification Marking/statistics & numerical data , Health of Institutionalized Elderly , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
16.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 62(3): 325-331, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950072

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The testosterone:cortisol ratio (T:C) is suggested to be used in order to examine whether physical exercise generates either a "catabolic environment" or an "anabolic environment". The present study aims to evaluate the acute time-course profile of cortisol and testosterone due to an episode of physical exercise. A biphasic profile in the T:C ratio response was hypothesized. Materials and methods: Morning sessions of treadmill running at two different intensities (Heart Rate at 65% and 80% of the maximum cardiac reserve) were performed by 6 male non-runners (NR) and 12 trained male runners (subdivided into trained runners T1 and T2). Cortisol and testosterone were measured in saliva. NR and T1 ran for 30 minutes at both intensities, and T2 ran for 46 minutes (± 4.1) at 65% and 42 minutes (± 3.5) at 80%. Results: In the 80% heart rate target, both groups of runners showed the biphasic time-profile, while the non-runners group did not. However, at the 65% level, none of the groups presented the hypothesized biphasic response. Conclusions: A biphasic time-profile in the testosterone:cortisol ratio can be seen in short-bout, high intensity exercise (treadmill running) during the morning in men trained for this specific physical activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Running/physiology , Saliva/chemistry , Testosterone/analysis , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Athletes , Heart Rate/physiology , Time Factors
17.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 32: e82, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952160

ABSTRACT

Abstract The etiopathogenesis of oral lichen planus (OLP) is still not fully elucidated, and it is believed that its development could involve a neuro-immune-endocrine profile. This systematic review investigated the relationship between cytokines, cortisol, and nitric oxide (NO) in the saliva of OLP patients. An electronic search was conducted in Pubmed/Medline, Scopus, LIVIVO, and Web of Science databases with no restriction of language to identify studies published up to December 2017. Data extraction was performed using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines. A total of 140 articles were retrieved, and 32 articles fulfilled the inclusion criteria (cytokines = 17; cortisol = 9; NO = 6). The most studied cytokines in the saliva of OLP patients were interleukins IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, IFN-ү, and TNF-α, which were higher in OLP patients than in healthy controls (HC). Salivary cortisol was found to be higher in OLP than in HC in most (55.5%) of the selected studies, and all studies related to NO found higher levels of this marker in OLP than in HC. Despite controversial results, our review suggests that OLP patients have an increased inflammatory response, as indicated by the proinflammatory profile of salivary cytokines. In addition, we conclude that salivary cytokine and NO measurements may have significant diagnostic and prognostic potential for monitoring disease activity and therapeutic responses in OLP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Saliva/chemistry , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Cytokines/analysis , Lichen Planus, Oral/diagnosis , Nitric Oxide/analysis , Reference Standards , Biomarkers/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Lichen Planus, Oral/metabolism
18.
Rev. bras. enferm ; 71(supl.3): 1358-1365, 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-958737

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: Analyze the influence of ear protectors on the baseline levels of salivary cortisol and response and total sleep time of preterm neonates during two periods of environmental management of a neonatal intermediate care unit. Method: A clinical, randomized, controlled and crossover study conducted with 12 preterm neonates. The use of ear protectors was randomized in two periods. Sleep evaluation was performed using one Alice 5 Polysomnography System and unstructured observation. Results: No significant difference was observed between the baseline levels of salivary cortisol and response in preterm neonates from the control and experimental groups, and no statistical significance was observed between the total sleep time of both groups. No relationship was observed between the baseline levels of cortisol and response and total sleep time. Conclusion: Ear protectors in preterm neonates did not influence the salivary cortisol level and total sleep time in the studied periods.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Certificar la influencia del uso de protectores auriculares en los niveles de cortisol salival basal y la respuesta y en el tiempo total de sueño de prematuros durante dos períodos de manejo del ambiente de una unidad de cuidado intermedio neonatal. Método: Ensayo clínico, aleatorio, controlado y cruzado conducido en 12 prematuros. El uso de protectores auriculares ha sido aleatorio en dos períodos. La evaluación del sueño ha sido realizada por medio del aparato de polisomnografía Alice 5 y de la observación no estructurada. Resultados: No ha habido diferencia significante entre los niveles de cortisol salival basal y la respuesta en los prematuros de los grupos control y experimental, no habiendo también significancia estadística entre el tiempo total de sueño de los dos grupos. No ha sido observada la relación entre los niveles de cortisol basal y la respuesta y el tiempo total de sueño. Conclusión: Los protectores auriculares en los prematuros no han influenciado el nivel de cortisol salival y el tiempo total de sueño en los períodos estudiados.


RESUMO Objetivo: Verificar a influência do uso de protetores auriculares nos níveis de cortisol salivar basal e resposta e no tempo total de sono de prematuros durante dois períodos de manejo do ambiente de uma unidade de cuidado intermediário neonatal. Método: Ensaio clínico, randomizado, controlado e cruzado conduzido em 12 prematuros. O uso de protetores auriculares foi randomizado em dois períodos. A avaliação do sono foi realizada por meio do polissonígrafo Alice 5 e da observação não estruturada. Resultados: Não houve diferença significante entre os níveis de cortisol salivar basal e resposta nos prematuros dos grupos controle e experimental, não havendo também significância estatística entre o tempo total de sono dos dois grupos. Não foi observada relação entre os níveis de cortisol basal e resposta e o tempo total de sono. Conclusão: Os protetores auriculares nos prematuros não influenciaram o nível de cortisol salivar e o tempo total de sono nos períodos estudados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Saliva/chemistry , Sleep/physiology , Infant, Premature/metabolism , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Cross-Over Studies
19.
ABCD (São Paulo, Impr.) ; 31(1): e1351, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949212

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Actually the lifestyle exposes the population to several risk factors related to alimentary habits and less physical activity that contributes to chronic diseases appearance worldwide. Aim: To analyze the association between salivary cortisol and the components of metabolic syndrome. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study. As part of it, 28 individuals aged 30-59 years presenting three or more of the following findings: CA: ≥88 cm for women and ≥102 cm for men; SBP>130 mmHg and DBP>85 mmHg; GL>100 mg/dl; TG>150 mg/dl; HDL<40 mg/dl for men and <50 mg/dl for women. Was performed analysis of salivary cortisol (by radioimmunoassay) from 25 salivary samples collected throughout the day, for evaluating changes in the circadian rhythm of this hormone (8AM, noon and 8PM). Results: 28 evaluated individuals had a mean age of 51.9±7.5 years, mostly women (64.3%) and a mean of BMI 33.6±3.2 kg/m². The cortisol level from the 8AM averaged 18.7±4.8 ng/dlL. Individuals with FPG>110mg/dl, have significantly lower average levels of cortisol than ones with FPG <110 (12.8±5,2 vs. 17.3±4.2). Significant correlations were HOMA vs. WC (r=0,465; p˂0,005) and TG (r=0,473; p˂0,005), WC vs. FG (r=0,446; p˂0,005) and BMI (r=0,730; p˂0.0001); TG vs. HDL (r=0,441 p˂0,005) and FG (r=0,440; p˂0,005). Conclusion: Morning salivary cortisol in subjects with chronically elevated blood glucose can represent a downregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal axis. This is an important finding not yet well investigated.


RESUMO Racional: Atualmente o estilo de vida expõe a população a diversos fatores de risco relacionados a hábitos alimentares e à inatividade física, contribuindo para o surgimento de doenças crônicas. Objetivo: Analisar a associação entre o cortisol salivar e os componentes da síndrome metabólica. Métodos: Estudo transversal com 28 indivíduos, idade entre 30 e 59 anos apresentando três ou mais dos seguintes achados: circunferência abdominal ≥88 cm (mulheres) e ≥102 cm (homens); pressão arterial sistólica >130 mmHg e pressão arterial diastólica >85 mmHg; glicemia >100 mg/dl; triglicerídeo >150 mg/dl; lipoproteína de alta densidade <40 mg/dl (homens) e <50 mg/dl (mulheres). Foram realizadas coletas do cortisol salivar nos seguintes horários 8 h, 12 h e 20 h e analisadas por radioimunoensaio. Resultados: A média de idade foi 51,9±7,5 anos, 64,3% eram mulheres e a média do índice de massa corporal foi 33,6±3,2 kg/m². O nível de cortisol salivar às 8 h teve média de 18,7±4,8 ng/dl. Os indivíduos com glicemia de jejum >110 mg/dl, apresentaram níveis médios de cortisol significativamente menores que os com glicemia de jejum <110 mg/dl (12,8±5,2 vs. 17,3±4,2). As correlações significativas foram HOMA vs. circunferência abdominal (r=0,465; p˂0,005) e triglicerídeos (r=0,473; p˂0,005), circunferência abdominal vs. glicemia de jejum (r=0,446; p˂0,005) e índice de massa corporal (r=0,730; p˂0,0001), triglicerídeos vs. lipoproteína de alta densidade (r=0,441 p˂0,005) e glicemia de jejum (r=0,440; p˂0,005). Conclusão: O cortisol salivar pela manhã, em indivíduos com glicemia cronicamente elevada, pode representar uma contraregulação do eixo hipotálamo-hipófise-adrenal, sendo achado importante e pouco investigado.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Saliva/chemistry , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Metabolic Syndrome/metabolism , Cross-Sectional Studies
20.
ImplantNewsPerio ; 2(6): 1100-1106, nov.-dez. 2017. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-880974

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: revisar o estresse como fator predisponente à instalação e desenvolvimento da doença periodontal, avaliando seus mecanismos biológicos e aspectos psicossociais. Material e métodos: uma revisão da literatura sobre o assunto foi realizada nas bases de dados PubMed e Scielo, utilizando as palavras-chave: estresse psicológico, doenças periodontais e cortisol. Resultados: a relação entre o estresse e a doença periodontal tem sido estudada desde a metade do século passado e apresenta-se de variadas formas clínicas, representando grandes impactos negativos em dimensões humanas e sociais. A maioria dos estudos publicados até o momento evidencia como os mecanismos do estresse influenciam a doença periodontal alterando a resposta inflamatória, imunológica e promovendo mudanças comportamentais. Conclusão: o estresse tem sido apontado como um possível fator de risco que infl uencia a instalação e a progressão das doenças periodontais. Contudo, os resultados obtidos ainda não estão defi nitivamente entendidos e estabelecidos.


Objective: to review stress as predisposing factor to installation and development of periodontal disease evaluating its biological mechanism and psychosocial aspects. Material and methods: a literature review about the subject was made through PubMed and Scielo databases using the keywords "psychological stress", "periodontal disease", and "cortisol". Results: the relation between stress and periodontal disease has been studied since the second half of the last century. The condition of stress is presented with various clinical forms and represent a negative impact in human and social dimension. It is discussed that the physiopathology mechanism of stress influences periodontal disease modifying infl ammatory and immunological responses and promote behavior changes. Conclusion: stress has been linked as the possible risk factor that infl uences installation and progression of periodontal disease. However the results are not yet definitively understood and established.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Burnout, Professional/complications , Hydrocortisone/analysis , Periodontal Diseases/etiology , Saliva , Stress, Psychological/complications
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