Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 384
Filter
1.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 83: e0009, 2024. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1535599

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito do colírio de brimonidina 0,2% na redução da hiperemia e do sangramento ocular durante as cirurgias de estrabismo, em comparação com o colírio de nafazolina 0,025% + feniramina 0,3%. Métodos: Foram avaliados 14 pacientes com estrabismo e indicação de correção cirúrgica bilateral. Foi instilado antes do procedimento, de forma aleatória, um colírio em cada olho dos pacientes avaliados. A análise subjetiva da hiperemia conjuntival e do sangramento perioperatório foi realizada de forma duplo-cega, por dois cirurgiões. A avaliação objetiva do nível de hiperemia conjuntival foi realizada por análise das imagens obtidas por meio do software ImageJ®. Resultados: A análise de modelos multivariados de efeito misto indicou diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre os grupos em relação à hiperemia (avaliador 2) e ao sangramento intraoperatório (avaliadores 1 e 2), com maiores escores nos casos tratados com colírio de nafazolina + feniramina. Entretanto, não houve diferença estatística na análise objetiva realizada por meio da saturação de cores obtidas pelo programa ImageJ®. Conclusão: O colírio de brimonidina pode ser superior ao colírio de nafazolina + feniramina na redução do sangramento, levando-se em conta apenas a análise subjetiva.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of 0.2% brimonidine eye drops in reducing hyperemia and ocular bleeding during strabismus surgeries, in comparison with 0.025% naphazoline + 0.3% pheniramine eye drops. Methods: Fourteen patients with strabismus and indication for bilateral surgical correction were evaluated. Before the procedure, the eye drops were instilled randomly in each eye of the evaluated patients. The subjective analysis of conjunctival hyperemia and perioperative bleeding was performed in a double-blind manner, by 02 surgeons. The objective assessment of the level of conjunctival hyperemia was performed by analyzing the images obtained using the ImageJ® software. Results: The analysis of multivariate mixed effect models indicated statistically significant differences between the groups in relation to hyperemia (rater 2) and intraoperative bleeding (raters 1 and 2) with higher scores in cases treated with naphazoline + pheniramine eye drops. However, there were no statistically significant differences in the objective analysis of color saturation obtained by the ImageJ® program. Conclusion: Brimonidine eye drops may be superior to naphazoline + pheniramine eye drops in reducing bleeding, taking into account the subjective analysis only.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Pheniramine/administration & dosage , Eye Hemorrhage/prevention & control , Strabismus/surgery , Brimonidine Tartrate/administration & dosage , Hyperemia/prevention & control , Intraoperative Complications/prevention & control , Naphazoline/administration & dosage , Ophthalmic Solutions/administration & dosage , Premedication , Ophthalmologic Surgical Procedures/methods , Vasoconstriction/drug effects , Photography , Double-Blind Method , Administration, Topical , Adrenergic alpha-2 Receptor Agonists/administration & dosage , Hemostasis, Surgical/methods
2.
Cambios rev med ; 21(2): 878, 30 Diciembre 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1415283

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. La mastitis granulomatosa idiopática es una patología inflamatoria benigna de mama con clínica y hallazgos imagenológicos no específicos; usualmente confundida con cáncer de mama. El síntoma más frecuente es una masa mamaria palpable. El diagnóstico es histopatológico. OBJETIVO. Describir el perfil demográfico, presentación clínica y hallazgos radiográficos de pacientes con diagnóstico histopatológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional, descriptivo, retrospectivo. Población de 1130 y muestra de 49 datos de historias clínicas electrónicas de pacientes con diagnóstico histológico de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática con el código CIE10 N61x Trastornos Inflamatorios de la mama, atendidas en la Unidad Técnica de Imagenología del Hospital de Especialidades Carlos Andrade Marín en la ciudad de Quito entre enero 2019 hasta diciembre 2021. El criterio de inclusión fue la confirmación histopatológica de mastitis granulomatosa idiopática. Los criterios de exclusión: antecedentes de neoplasia maligna de mama, antecedentes de HIV, patología inflamatoria sistémica como granulomatosis de Wegener, sarcoidosis, infecciones granulomatosas crónicas como tuberculosis, brucelosis, histoplasmosis, sífilis y reacciones a cuerpos extraños como material de implantes mamarios. Se analizaron datos demográficos, presentación clínica, hallazgos mamográficos, ecográficos y la categorización BIRADS. Se efectuó un análisis univarial; para las variables cualitativas se realizó frecuencias y porcentajes; para las variables cuantitativas se realizó medidas de tendencia central. La información recolectada fue analizada en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences. RESULTADOS La mediana de la edad fue 36 años. El 94,00% de pacientes tenían por lo menos un hijo; 77,50% presentaron con una masa palpable; 55,10% se acompañaron de signos inflamatorios; 16,00% asociaron fístulas y 24,40% presentaron secreción. Solo 1 caso presentó afectación bilateral. CONCLUSIÓN En este estudio, la mastitis granulomatosa idiopática afecta a mujeres en edad reproductiva sin antecedentes de malignidad quienes presentan una masa mamaria palpable que puede estar acompañada de signos inflamatorios, colecciones y fístulas. La realización de una biopsia core eco guiada, para confirmar su diagnóstico.


INTRODUCTION. Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis is a benign inflammatory breast pathology with nonspecific clinical and imaging findings; usually mistaken for breast cancer. The most frequent symptom is a palpable breast mass. The diagnosis is histopathologic. OBJECTIVE. To describe the demographic profile, clinical presentation and radiographic findings of patients with histopathologic diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Observational, descriptive, retrospective study. Population of 1130 and sample of 49 data from electronic medical records of patients with histological diagnosis of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis with ICD10 code N61x Inflammatory disorders of the breast, attended at the Technical Imaging Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Specialties Hospital in the city of Quito between January 2019 and December 2021. The inclusion criterion was histopathological confirmation of idiopathic granulomatous mastitis. Exclusion criteria: history of malignant breast neoplasia, history of HIV, systemic inflammatory pathology such as Wegener's granulomatosis, sarcoidosis, chronic granulomatous infections such as tuberculosis, brucellosis, histoplasmosis, syphilis and reactions to foreign bodies such as breast implant material. Demographic data, clinical presentation, mammographic and ultrasound findings and BIRADS categorization were analyzed. Univariate analysis was performed; frequencies and percentages were used for qualitative variables; measures of central tendency were used for quantitative variables. RESULTS. The median age was 36 years. 94,00% of patients had at least one child; 77,50% presented with a palpable mass; 55,10% were accompanied by inflammatory signs; 16,00% were associated with fistulas and 24,40% presented with discharge. Only 1 case presented bilateral involvement. CONCLUSION. In this study, idiopathic granulomatous mastitis affects women of reproductive age with no history of malignancy who present with a palpable breast mass that may be accompanied by inflammatory signs, collections and fistulas. The performance of an echo-guided core biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Breast Diseases , Mammography , Ultrasonography, Mammary , Granulomatous Mastitis , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Mastitis , Pathology , Hyperprolactinemia , Colony-Stimulating Factors , Breast Implantation , Ecuador , Edema , Erythema , Image-Guided Biopsy , Fistula , Hyperemia , Nipples
3.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 30: e3693, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1409615

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: to investigate the effect of using different agents (topical hyaluronidase, photobiomodulation, and the association of photobiomodulation with topical hyaluronidase) in preventing the formation of lesions caused by doxorubicin extravasation, as well as in the reduction of lesions formed by extravasation of this drug. Method: a quasi-experimental study conducted with 60 Wistar rats, randomized into four groups with 15 animals each. Group 1 (Control); Group 2 (Hyaluronidase); Group 3 (Photobiomodulation); and Group 4 (Hyaluronidase + Photobiomodulation). A wound was induced by applying 1 mg of doxorubicin to the subcutaneous tissue of the back of the animals. The concentration of topical hyaluronidase was 65 turbidity units/g and the energy employed was 1 joule of 100 mW red laser per square centimeter. With macroscopic evaluation every two days for 28 days, the following variables were observed: skin integrity, presence of blisters, hyperemia, exudate, bleeding, edema, crust, peeling and granulation tissue. Results: the animals from the groups subjected to photobiomodulation obtained better results in the assessment of the following variables: bleeding, hyperemia, exudate, intact skin and edema. Conclusion: it was evidenced that the association of photobiomodulation with topical hyaluronidase was effective in reducing the local effects and assisted in the wound healing process, and that PBM alone was able to prevent appearance of lesions.


Resumo Objetivo: investigar o efeito do uso de diferentes agentes (hialuronidase tópica, fotobiomodulação e da associação da fotobiomodulação com a hialuronidase tópica) na prevenção de formação de lesões causadas por extravasamento de doxorrubicina bem como na diminuição de lesões formadas pelo extravasamento desta droga. Método: estudo experimental com 60 ratos Wistar, randomizados em quatro grupos de 15 animais. Grupo 1 (Controle); Grupo 2 (Hialuronidase); Grupo 3 (Fotobiomodulação) e Grupo 4 (Hialuronidase + Fotobiomodulação). Induziu-se ferida aplicando 1 mg de doxorrubicina no subcutâneo do dorso dos animais. A concentração da hialuronidase tópica foi de 65 unidades de turbidez/g, a energia empregada foi de 1 joule de laser vermelho 100 mW por centímetro quadrado. Com avaliação macroscópica a cada dois dias por 28 dias, observou-se as variáveis: integridade da pele, presença de flictema, hiperemia, exsudato, sangramento, edema, crosta, descamação e tecido de granulação. Resultados: os animais dos grupos com fotobiomodulação obtiveram melhores resultados na avaliação das variáveis: sangramento, hiperemia, exsudato, pele íntegra e edema. Conclusão: evidenciou-se que a associação da fotobiomodulação com a hialuronidase tópica foi eficaz na diminuição dos efeitos locais e auxiliou no processo de cicatrização da ferida e que a FBM isolada foi capaz de prevenir o aparecimento de lesões.


Resumen Objetivo: investigar el efecto del uso de diferentes agentes (hialuronidasa tópica, fotobiomodulación y la combinación de fotobiomodulación y hialuronidasa tópica) en la prevención de la formación de lesiones causadas por la extravasación de doxorrubicina y en la reducción de las lesiones formadas por la extravasación de ese fármaco. Método: estudio experimental con 60 ratas Wistar, distribuidos aleatoriamente en cuatro grupos de 15 animales. Grupo 1 (Control); Grupo 2 (Hialuronidasa); Grupo 3 (Fotobiomodulación) y Grupo 4 (Hialuronidasa + Fotobiomodulación). La herida se indujo aplicando 1 mg de doxorrubicina por vía subcutánea en el lomo de los animales. La concentración de hialuronidasa tópica fue de 65 unidades de turbidez/g, la energía utilizada fue de 1 joule de láser rojo de 100 mW por centímetro cuadrado. En la evaluación macroscópica cada dos días durante 28 días se observaron las siguientes variables: piel intacta, presencia de flictena, hiperemia, exudado, sangrado, edema, costra, descamación y tejido de granulación. Resultados: los animales de los grupos con fotobiomodulación obtuvieron mejores resultados en la evaluación de las variables: sangrado, hiperemia, exudado, piel intacta y edema. Conclusión: se demostró que la combinación de fotobiomodulación y hialuronidasa tópica fue eficaz para reducir los efectos locales y ayudó en el proceso de cicatrización de heridas y que la FBM por sí sola previno la aparición de lesiones.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Doxorubicin , Rats, Wistar , Anthracyclines , Low-Level Light Therapy , Hyaluronoglucosaminidase/therapeutic use , Hyperemia , Lasers
4.
Rev. cienc. salud (Bogotá) ; 19(1): 74-87, ene.-abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289167

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Multipurpose solutions (MPS) for soft contact lenses (SCL) play an essential role in inhibiting potentially pathogenic agents. Their antimicrobial effectiveness is assessed in vitro and their safety in vivo, with clinical trials that include a combination of different solutions and lens materials. The objective is to assess the biocompatibility of a new SCL MPS produced in Colombia that contains polyhexamethylene biguanide (PHMB) and to determine its antimicrobial activity. Materials and Methods: This was a crossover study with 25 subjects who did not wear lens and who were fitted with different combinations of five SCL materials with either MPS or control physiological saline solution (CS). Corneal thickness, conjunctival hyperemia, corneal staining, and comfort were assessed after two hours of wearing SCL. Antimicrobial effectiveness was measured using ISO 14729 standard assays. Results: When considering SCL material, there was a statistically significant difference between the new MPS and the CS for Comfilcon A (p < 0.05). There was no statistical or clinically significant difference for corneal thickness or corneal staining between the combination of lens material and new MPS with the CS (p > 0.05). After two hours of lens insertion, comfort scores were higher than 7.8. The MPS reduced bacteria colony forming units (CFU) in over 3 log, and fungal CFU in over 1.0 log. Conclusions: The new MPS met the antimicrobial standards of ISO 14729, is considered safe and biocompatible with the ocular surface and retains high comfort levels.


Resumen Introducción: las soluciones multipropósito (SMP) para lentes de contacto blandos (LCB) desempeñan un papel esencial en la inhibición de agentes potencialmente patógenos. Su efectividad antimicrobiana se evalúa in vitro, y su seguridad, in vivo, con ensayos clínicos que incluyen una combinación de diferentes soluciones y materiales para lentes. El objetivo es evaluar la biocompatibilidad de una nueva SMP producida en Colombia que contiene polihexametileno biguanida (PHMB) y determinar su actividad antimicrobiana. Materiales y métodos: estudio cruzado con 25 sujetos no usuarios de lentes, que fueron adaptados con cinco combinaciones diferentes de materiales de LCB con una nueva SMP o solución salina fisiológica de control (CS). El grosor corneal, la hiperemia conjuntival, la tinción corneal y la comodidad se evaluaron después de dos horas de uso del LC. La efectividad antimicrobiana se midió utilizando ensayos estándar ISO 14729. Resultados: considerando el material del LCB, solo hubo una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre la nueva SMP y el CS para el Comfilcon A (p < 0.05). Tampoco hubo diferencias estadísticamente o clínicamente significativas para el grosor corneal o la tinción corneal, entre la combinación del material del lente y la nueva SMP con el CS (p > 0.05). Después de dos horas de uso del lente, las puntuaciones de confort fueron superiores a 7.8. La SMP redujo las unidades formadoras de colonias (UFC) de bacterias en más de 3 log, y las UFC fúngicas en más de 1.0 log. Conclusiones: la nueva SMP cumplió con los estándares antimicrobianos de ISO 14729, y se considera segura y biocompatible con la superficie ocular, con altos niveles de confort.


Resumo Introdução: as soluções multipropósito (SMP) para lentes de contato macias (LCM) apresentam um papel essencial na inibição de agentes potencialmente patógenos. Sua eficácia como agente antimicrobiano se valia in vitro, e sua segurança, in vivo, como ensaios clínicos que incluem uma combinação de diferentes soluções e materiais para lentes. O objetivo é avaliar a biocompatibilidade de uma nova SMP produzida na Colômbia a base de polihexametileno biguanida (PHMB) e determinar seu potencial antimicrobiano. Materiais e métodos: estudo cruzado com 25 indivíduos não usuários de lentes, que foram adaptados com cinco combinações diferentes de LCM como uma nova SMP ou solução salina fisiológica como controle (CS). A espessura da córnea, a hiperemia conjuntival, a coloração da córnea e a comodidade, foram avaliadas após duas horas de uso da LCB. A eficácia antimicrobiana foi medida com ensaios padrão ISO 14729. Resultados: considerando o material da LCB, houve apenas uma diferença estatisticamente significativa entre a nova SMP e o CS, paro o Comfilcon A (p <0.05). Não houve diferença estatisticamente ou clinicamente significativa para a espessura da córnea ou a coloração da córnea, entre a combinação do material da lente e a nova SMP com o controle CS (p > 0.05). Após duas horas de uso, as pontuações de conforto foram superiores a 7,8. A SMP reduziu as unidades formadoras de colônias (UFC) de bactérias em mais de 3 log, e as UFC fúngicas em mais de 1.0 log. Conclusões: a nova SMP cumpriu com os padrões antimicrobianos ISO 14729, é considerada segura e biocompatível com a superfície ocular, com altos níveis de conforto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Contact Lenses, Hydrophilic , Hyperemia , Stem Cells
5.
J. vasc. bras ; 20: e20200143, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250251

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background There is a spectrum of possibilities for analyzing muscle O2 resaturation parameters for measurement of reactive hyperemia in microvasculature. However, there is no consensus with respect to the responsiveness of these O2 resaturation parameters for assessing reactive hyperemia. Objectives This study investigates the responsiveness of the most utilized muscle O2 resaturation parameters to assess reactive hyperemia in the microvasculature of a clinical group known to exhibit impairments of tissue O2 saturation (StO2). Methods Twenty-three healthy young adults, twenty-nine healthy older adults, and thirty-five older adults at risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) were recruited. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) was used to assess StO2 after a 5-min arterial occlusion challenge and the following parameters were analyzed: StO2slope_10s, StO2slope_30s, and StO2slope_until_baseline (upslope of StO2 over 10s and 30s and until StO2 reaches the baseline value); time to StO2baseline and time to StO2max (time taken for StO2 to reach baseline and peak values, respectively); ∆StO2reperfusion (the difference between minimum and maximum StO2 values); total area under the curve (StO2AUCt); and AUC above the baseline value (StO2AUC_above_base). Results Only StO2slope_10s was significantly slower in older adults at risk for CVD compared to healthy young individuals (p < 0.001) and to healthy older adults (p < 0.001). Conversely, time to StO2max was significantly longer in healthy young individuals than in older adult at CVD risk. Conclusions Our findings suggest that StO2slope_10s may be a measure of reactive hyperemia, which provides clinical insight into microvascular function assessment.


Resumo Contexto Existe um espectro de possibilidades na análise dos parâmetros de ressaturação de O2 muscular como uma medida de hiperemia reativa na microvasculatura. No entanto, não há consenso com relação à responsividade desses parâmetros de ressaturação de O2 para avaliação de hiperemia reativa. Objetivos Este estudo investigou a capacidade de resposta dos parâmetros de ressaturação muscular de O2 mais utilizados para avaliar a hiperemia reativa na microvasculatura de um grupo clínico conhecido por apresentar comprometimento da saturação de O2 (StO2). Métodos Foram recrutados 23 jovens saudáveis, 29 idosos saudáveis e 35 idosos com risco para doença cardiovascular. A espectroscopia no infravermelho próximo foi usada para avaliar a StO2 após um teste de oclusão arterial de 5 minutos, no qual os seguintes parâmetros foram analisados: StO2slope_10s, StO2slope_30s e StO2slope_until_baseline (inclinação da StO2 em 10 s, 30 s e até StO2 atingir valores basais); tempo para StO2baseline e tempo para StO2máx (o tempo necessário para StO2 atingir os valores da linha de base e o máximo, respectivamente); ∆StO2reperfusão (a diferença entre o valor de StO2mínimo e StO2máximo); área total sob a curva (StO2AUCt); e área sob a curva acima do valor da linha de base (StO2AUC_above_base). Resultados Apenas StO2slope_10s foi significativamente mais lento em idosos em risco de doença cardiovascular comparados com indivíduos jovens saudáveis (p < 0,001) e idosos saudáveis (p < 0,001). Por outro lado, o tempo para StO2max foi significativamente maior em indivíduos jovens saudáveis do que em idosos em risco de doença cardiovascular. Conclusões Nossos achados sugerem que StO2slope_10s pode ser uma medida de hiperemia reativa, que fornece informações clínicas sobre a avaliação da função microvascular.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Oxygen Saturation , Hyperemia/diagnosis , Muscles/blood supply , Reference Values , Aging , Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena , Oxygen Level , Age Factors , Spectroscopy, Near-Infrared/methods , Microcirculation
6.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 32(3): 363-373, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138511

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Investigar se a hiperemia reativa correlaciona-se com marcadores de disfunção endotelial e pode ser utilizada para identificar sepse na doença crítica. Métodos: Trata-se de estudo prospectivo em uma coorte de pacientes críticos. A disfunção endotelial foi avaliada quando da admissão, por meio da quantificação de hiperemia por tonometria arterial periférica e níveis plasmáticos de endotelina 1, E-selectina solúvel, endocana e sindecano 1. Os pacientes sépticos foram comparados com pacientes sem evidência de infecção. Resultados: Cinquenta e oito pacientes sépticos foram comparados com 28 controle. O logaritmo natural da tonometria arterial periférica teve correlação negativa com comorbidades cardiovasculares, severidade da doença e níveis plasmáticos de E-selectina solúvel (p = 0,024) e sindecano 1 (p < 0,001). O logaritmo natural da tonometria arterial periférica foi mais baixo nos pacientes sépticos quando comparado com os de pacientes controle (0,53 ± 0,48 versus 0,69 ± 0,42, respectivamente) e, quando ajustado à idade, o modelo multivariado predisse que cada 0,1 de diminuição em unidades de logaritmo natural da tonometria arterial periférica levou a aumento de 14,6% na probabilidade de infecção. Conclusão: A hiperemia reativa avaliada por tonometria arterial periférica tem estreita relação com E-selectina solúvel e sindecano 1, o que sugere associação entre ativação endotelial, degradação de glicocálix e reatividade vascular. A hiperemia reativa por tonometria arterial periférica parece estar comprometida em pacientes críticos, especialmente os com sepse.


Abstract Objective: To investigate whether reactive hyperemia measured by peripheral arterial tonometry correlates with markers of endothelial dysfunction and may be used to identify sepsis in critical illness. Methods: A prospective study was performed using a cohort of critically ill patients. Endothelial dysfunction was assessed on admission by quantifying reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry and plasma levels of endothelin-1, soluble E-selectin, endocan and syndecan-1. Septic patients were compared to patients without evidence of infection. Results: Fifty-eight septic patients were compared to 28 controls. The natural logarithm of reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry was negatively correlated with cardiovascular comorbidities, disease severity and plasma levels of soluble E-selectin (p = 0.024) and syndecan-1 (p < 0.001). The natural logarithm of reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry was lower in septic patients than in controls (0.53 ± 0.48 versus 0.69 ± 0.42, respectively). When adjusted for age, the multivariable model predicted that each 0.1-unit decrease in natural logarithm of reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry increased the odds for infection by 14.6%. m. Conclusion: Reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry is closely related to soluble E-selectin and syndecan-1, suggesting an association between endothelial activation, glycocalyx degradation and vascular reactivity. Reactive hyperemia-peripheral arterial tonometry appears to be compromised in critically ill patients, especially those with sepsis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Sepsis/diagnosis , Glycocalyx/metabolism , Hyperemia/etiology , Severity of Illness Index , Endothelium, Vascular/physiopathology , Biomarkers/blood , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Critical Illness , Sepsis/blood , E-Selectin/metabolism , Syndecan-1/metabolism , Intensive Care Units , Manometry
7.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 18: eAO5227, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056054

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To investigate the efficacy of a behavior change program named Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde on cardiovascular parameters in hypertensive patients. Methods Ninety hypertensive patients aged over 40 years were randomly allocated to one of two groups: Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde or Control (n=45 respectively). Patients in the Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde group took part in a behavior change program aimed to encourage changes in physical activity levels and eating habits, according to the Social Cognitive Theory. The program consisted of 90-minute weekly group meetings conducted by a physical therapist and a dietitian. One chapter of the educational material (workbook) provided was discussed per meeting. Participants in the Control Group attended a single educative lecture on lifestyle changes. Brachial and central blood pressure, arterial stiffness and endothelial function parameters were measured pre- and post-intervention. Results Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde led to reduction of brachial (131.3±15.8mmHg to 125.1±17.3mmHg; p<0.01) and central (123.6±16.3mmHg to 119.0±20.6mmHg; p=0.02) systolic and brachial diastolic (123.6±16.3mmHg to 119.0±20.6mmHg; p<0.01) blood pressure values, and improvement of post-occlusive reactive hyperemia (from 5.7±2.5mL·100mL−1 to 6.5±2.1mL·100mL−1 tissue·min−1; p=0.04). No changes in body composition, heart rate and arterial stiffness parameters were detected in both groups (p>0.05). Conclusion Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde program improved blood pressure and microvascular reactivity in hypertensive patients. Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02257268


RESUMO Objetivo Analisar a eficácia do programa de mudança de comportamento Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde sobre parâmetros cardiovasculares em pacientes hipertensos. Métodos Noventa pacientes hipertensos ≥40 anos foram aleatoriamente randomizados em dois grupos: Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde (n=45) e Controle (n=45). O Grupo Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde participou de um programa de mudança de comportamento que objetiva motivar mudanças na atividade física e nos hábitos alimentares, de acordo com a teoria sociocognitiva. O programa foi conduzido em grupos, durante 12 semanas consecutivas, em encontros semanais (~90 minutos), conduzidos por um profissional de edução física e um nutricionista. Um capítulo do material didático era discutido em cada um desses encontros. O Grupo Controle participou de uma única palestra educativa sobre mudanças de estilo de vida. Medidas de pressão arterial braquial e central, rigidez arterial, e de função endotelial foram realizadas nos momentos pré e pós-intervenção. Resultados O Grupo Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde reduziu a pressão arterial sistólica braquial (de 131,3±15,8mmHg a 125,1±17,3mmHg; p<0,01) e central (de 123,6±16,3mmHg a 119,0±20,6mmHg; p=0,02) e a pressão arterial diastólica braquial (123,6±16,3mmHg a 119,0±20,6mmHg; p<0,01) e apresentou melhora na hiperemia reativa pós-oclusão (de 5,7±2,5mL·100mL−1a 6,5±2,1mL·100mL−1tecido·min−1; p=0,04). Não houve modificação na composição corporal, na frequência cardíaca e nem nos parâmetros de rigidez arterial em ambos os grupos (p>0,05). Conclusão O Programa Vida Ativa Melhorando a Saúde melhorou a pressão arterial e a reatividade microvascular em pacientes hipertensos. Registro do estudo: ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT02257268


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Health Behavior/physiology , Hypertension/physiopathology , Blood Pressure/physiology , Body Composition , Exercise/physiology , Program Evaluation , Treatment Outcome , Feeding Behavior/physiology , Vascular Stiffness/physiology , Heart Rate/physiology , Hyperemia/physiopathology , Hypertension/psychology , Life Style , Middle Aged
8.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 111-119, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787133

ABSTRACT

In vascular smooth muscle, K⁺ channels, such as voltage-gated K⁺ channels (Kv), inward-rectifier K⁺ channels (Kir), and big-conductance Ca²⁺-activated K⁺ channels (BK(Ca)), establish a hyperpolarized membrane potential and counterbalance the depolarizing vasoactive stimuli. Additionally, Kir mediates endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization and the active hyperemia response in various vessels, including the coronary artery. Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) induces right ventricular hypertrophy (RVH), thereby elevating the risk of ischemia and right heart failure. Here, using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique, we compared Kv and Kir current densities (I(Kv) and I(Kir)) in the left (LCSMCs), right (RCSMCs), and septal branches of coronary smooth muscle cells (SCSMCs) from control and monocrotaline (MCT)-induced PAH rats exhibiting RVH. In control rats, (1) I(Kv) was larger in RCSMCs than that in SCSMCs and LCSMCs, (2) I(Kv) inactivation occurred at more negative voltages in SCSMCs than those in RCSMCs and LCSMCs, (3) I(Kir) was smaller in SCSMCs than that in RCSMCs and LCSMCs, and (4) I(BKCa) did not differ between branches. Moreover, in PAH rats, I(Kir) and I(Kv) decreased in SCSMCs, but not in RCSMCs or LCSMCs, and I(BKCa) did not change in any of the branches. These results demonstrated that SCSMC-specific decreases in I(Kv) and I(Kir) occur in an MCT-induced PAH model, thereby offering insights into the potential pathophysiological implications of coronary blood flow regulation in right heart disease. Furthermore, the relatively smaller I(Kir) in SCSMCs suggested a less effective vasodilatory response in the septal region to the moderate increase in extracellular K⁺ concentration under increased activity of the myocardium.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Coronary Vessels , Heart Diseases , Heart Failure , Hyperemia , Hypertension , Hypertrophy, Right Ventricular , Ischemia , Membrane Potentials , Monocrotaline , Muscle, Smooth , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular , Myocardium , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle , Patch-Clamp Techniques , Potassium Channels , Septum of Brain
9.
Motriz (Online) ; 25(1): e101821, 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012691

ABSTRACT

Aims: To investigate the early and late ischemic preconditioning (IPC) effect on the trained cyclists' performance during incremental cycling test until exhaustion. Methods: Twenty-one male cyclists allocated to an IPC (2 x 5-min of blood flow occlusion at 50 mm Hg above systolic pressure followed + 5-min of deflation), SHAM (2 x 5-min at 20 mm Hg) or control (CON; no occlusion) interventions, performed three incremental cycling test (ICT) until exhaustion on separate days. The ICT were conducted pre interventions (baseline), 5-min and 24-h after interventions. The heart rate (HR) and power output (PO) were recorded during all ICT. Results: The IPC group increased ICT performance (4.4 ± 4.0 %; effect size (ES) = 0.27) 5-min post intervention, accompanied by HR mean reduction, compared to baseline (p < 0.05). However, there were no changes in SHAM (2.2 ± 4.2%; ES = 0.07) and CON (2.9 ± 5.0%; ES = 0.06) groups. In 24-h post intervention, SHAM (0.2 ± 4.7%; ES = 0.02) and CON (-1.0 ±1.6; ES = 0.03) maintained (p > 0.05) and IPC group decreased the performance (-4.6 ± 3.6 %; ES = 0.16) compared to 5-min post intervention (p < 0.05), but all groups were similar to baseline (p > 0.05). There were no difference (p > 0.05) among groups for PO peak, HR and ICT performance in all moments (baseline, 5-min and 24-h post intervention). Conclusion: The IPC increases early but not late incremental cycling test performance.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Bicycling , Athletic Performance , Heart Rate , Ischemia/physiopathology , Hyperemia
10.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 582-586, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766862

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of a Corynebacterium macginleyi-infected corneal ulcer of a patient who had been treated for conjunctivitis for more than 3 months. CASE SUMMARY: A 72-year-old female was transferred from a private ophthalmic clinic for evaluation of herpetic keratitis with progressive corneal edema and infiltration in the left eye. She had a history of conjunctival hyperemia and eyeball pain in her left eye 3 months prior to her visit. She was treated with levofloxacin eye drops and acyclovir ointment (Herpesid®, Samil, Co., Ltd. Seoul, Korea). On slit lamp examination, 5.4 × 4.0 mm corneal epithelial defects and stromal infiltrations were observed in the upper to central cornea, and endothelial keratic precipitates were found. Gram positive bacteria were detected on Gram staining and Corynebacterium macginleyi was identified on bacterial cultures from the conjunctiva and cornea. She was treated with topical vancomycin eye drops. After 3 months of treatment, the corneal ulcer was completely resolved, leaving mild superficial opacity on the cornea. CONCLUSIONS: While Corynebacterium macginleyi, normal flora of the conjunctiva, is considered a major causative agent for conjunctivitis and blepharitis, Corynebacterium macginleyi should also be considered a possible cause of slowly progressive keratitis in patients with chronic conjunctivitis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Acyclovir , Blepharitis , Conjunctiva , Conjunctivitis , Cornea , Corneal Edema , Corneal Ulcer , Corynebacterium , Gram-Positive Bacteria , Hyperemia , Keratitis , Keratitis, Herpetic , Levofloxacin , Ophthalmic Solutions , Seoul , Slit Lamp , Vancomycin
11.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 1006-1009, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766829

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report a case of anterior uveitis secondary to Listeria monocytogenes infection. CASE SUMMARY: A 57-year-old male presented to our clinic with ocular pain and decreased vision in the right eye for 2 days. The patient had a history of liver transplantation 2 years prior and used immunosuppressive agents. Listeria monocytogenes was identified in blood cultures 1 month before his visit. At presentation, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of the right eye was counting fingers at 20 cm and the intraocular pressure (IOP) was 50 mmHg. Conjunctival hyperemia, corneal edema, keratic precipitates, and cells in the anterior chamber were observed in the right eye. The patient was diagnosed as anterior uveitis in the right eye. Conventional uveitis treatment was initiated but clinical features did not improve and black hypopyon appeared. The possibility of anterior uveitis caused by Listeria monocytogenes infection was considered. An anterior chamber tap and culture were conducted to identify pathogens. Anterior chamber antibiotic injections and systemic antibiotic injections were performed. One week after injection, the BCVA of the right eye improved to 0.4 and the IOP decreased to 14 mmHg. One month after injection, the BCVA of the right eye improved to 1.0 and the IOP decreased to 16 mmHg. No inflammation of the anterior chamber was observed. CONCLUSIONS: When nonspecific uveitis occurs in immunosuppressed patients, cultures and appropriate antibiotics should be considered because of the possibility of infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Anterior Chamber , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Corneal Edema , Endophthalmitis , Fingers , Hyperemia , Immunosuppressive Agents , Inflammation , Intraocular Pressure , Listeria monocytogenes , Listeria , Liver Transplantation , Uveitis , Uveitis, Anterior , Visual Acuity
12.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 47-50, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766748

ABSTRACT

Hemodialysis patients rarely experience neurologic symptoms related to their vascular accesses. However, occlusion of venous drainage induces extreme venous hypertension and in rare cases cause intracranial venous congestion. We report a patient with cerebral venous infarction resulting from reflux flow into the cranium induced by an arteriovenous jump graft to the internal jugular vein. Clinicians should take into account the possibility of neurologic deficit related to intracranial venous hypertension in hemodialysis patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arteriovenous Fistula , Drainage , Hyperemia , Hypertension , Infarction , Jugular Veins , Neurologic Manifestations , Renal Dialysis , Skull , Transplants , Veins
13.
Intestinal Research ; : 227-236, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764136

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Consistently defining disease activity remains a critical challenge in the follow-up of patients with Crohn's disease (CD). We investigated the potential applicability of abdominal ultrasonography with color Doppler (USCD) analysis for the detection of morphological alterations and inflammatory activity in CD. METHODS: Forty-three patients with CD ileitis/ileocolitis were evaluated using USCD analysis with measurements obtained on the terminal ileum and right colon. Sonographic parameters included wall thickening, stricture, hyperemia, presence of intra-abdominal mass, and fistulas. Patients were evaluated for the clinical activity (Harvey-Bradshaw Index [HBI]), fecal calprotectin (FC) and C-reactive protein (CRP). The USCD performance was assessed using magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) as a criterion standard. RESULTS: Most measurements obtained with USCD matched the data generated with MRE; however, the agreement improved in clinically active patients where sensitivity, positive predictive value, and accuracy were >80%, considering wall thickening and hyperemia. Complications such as intestinal wall thickening, stricture formation, and hyperemia, were detected in the USCD analysis with moderate agreement with MRE. The best agreement with the USCD analysis was obtained in regard to FC, where the sensitivity, positive predictive value, and accuracy were >70%. The overall performance of USCD was superior to that of HBI, FC and CRP levels, particularly when considering thickening, stricture, and hyperemia parameters. CONCLUSIONS: USCD represents a practical noninvasive and low-cost tool for evaluating patients with ileal or ileocolonic disease, particularly in clinically active CD. Therefore, USCD might become a useful asset in the follow-up of patients with CD.


Subject(s)
Humans , C-Reactive Protein , Colon , Constriction, Pathologic , Crohn Disease , Fistula , Follow-Up Studies , Hyperemia , Ileitis , Ileum , Leukocyte L1 Antigen Complex , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Ultrasonography , Ultrasonography, Doppler, Color
14.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 98-101, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758876

ABSTRACT

An 8-year-old Shih Tzu, a 5-year-old Maltese, and a 10-year-old Maltese presented with conjunctival hyperemia and peripheral corneal edema. Severe conjunctival thickening with varying degrees of corneal extension was observed. Cytological examination showed many large lymphocytes with malignant changes in the conjunctiva which was consistent with findings in fine-needle aspiration samples taken from regional lymph nodes. They were diagnosed as having Stage V multicentric lymphoma. When conjunctival thickening is observed in canine patients with multicentric lymphoma, conjunctival metastasis with infiltration of neoplastic lymphoid cells should be included in the differential diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Child , Child, Preschool , Dogs , Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Conjunctiva , Cornea , Corneal Edema , Diagnosis, Differential , Hyperemia , Lymph Nodes , Lymphocytes , Lymphoma , Neoplasm Metastasis , Uvea
15.
Archives of Plastic Surgery ; : 84-87, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739377

ABSTRACT

With the recent development in microsurgery, the use of a perforator flap has been widely implemented. If the length of the ALT flap pedicle is insufficient despite adequate preoperative planning, pedicle length extension is necessary. We planned for a reverse ALT free flap using the distal vessel of the descending branch for pedicle length extension in the case of ALT perforator branch originating from the proximal portion of the descending branch. For the management of venous congestion, the distal venae comitantes were anastomosed to the proximal venous stump in an antegrade manner, successfully resolving the venous congestion. Modified reverse-flow ALT free flap, wherein the venae comitantes are anastomosed to the proximal vein stump, is a good option that allows for relatively simple pedicle extension within the same operative field when securing an adequate pedicle length is difficult because of the origin of the perforator from the proximal descending branch, unlike the initial surgical plan.


Subject(s)
Free Tissue Flaps , Hyperemia , Lower Extremity , Microsurgery , Perforator Flap , Surgical Flaps , Thigh , Veins
16.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 474-479, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738628

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To report polymicrobial keratitis involving Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi. CASE SUMMARY: A 53-year-old female complained of pain and secretion in her right eye, which started 6 weeks before her visit. She applied steroid ointment, which was received from the dermatologist, to her eyelid 7 days prior to her visit but this treatment worsened her symptoms. At the initial visit, the visual acuity of the right eye was light perception, and purulent secretions were observed. Using a slit lamp, severe conjunctival hyperemia, hypopyon, and a ring-shaped central corneal ulcer were observed. The anterior chamber and fundus were not observed due to corneal lesions but ultrasonography showed no intraocular inflammation. Infectious keratitis was suspected and cultured by corneal scraping. During the incubation period, 0.5% moxifloxacin, 2% voriconazole, and 1% cyclopentolate were administered. A total of 400 mg of moxifloxacin and 100 mg of doxycycline were given orally. In the primary culture, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii were identified so 5% ceftazidime, which was sensitive for the antibiotic susceptibility results was further instilled. Thereafter, the keratitis improved but the keratitis again worsened while maintaining the topical treatment. A secondary culture was positive for Ochrobactrum anthropi. Treatment with 1.4% gentamicin, which was sensitive for the antibiotic susceptibility test was added and the keratitis improved. A conjunctival flap was performed because of the increased risk of perforation. CONCLUSIONS: We report polymicrobial keratitis involving Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi for the first time in the Republic of Korea.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Acinetobacter baumannii , Acinetobacter , Anterior Chamber , Ceftazidime , Corneal Ulcer , Cyclopentolate , Doxycycline , Eyelids , Gentamicins , Hyperemia , Inflammation , Keratitis , Ochrobactrum anthropi , Ochrobactrum , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Pseudomonas , Republic of Korea , Slit Lamp , Ultrasonography , Visual Acuity , Voriconazole
17.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 190-194, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738596

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of toxic keratoconjunctivitis resulting from the self-application of human breast milk as a traditional folk remedy for allergic conjunctivitis. CASE SUMMARY: An 82-year-old woman presented with pain and conjunctival hyperemia in the right eye that had been worsening for three days. Two months previously, she was treated with antiallergic eye drops for allergic conjunctivitis at another eye clinic. However, the symptoms did not improve. She applied her daughter-in-law's breast milk into her right eye as a folk remedy for three days. The pain and conjunctival hyperemia worsened. At the initial visit, her corrected visual acuity was 0.3 in the right eye. Slit lamp examination demonstrated conjunctival hyperemia, punctate epithelial erosion at the central cornea, corneal keratic precipitates and white-colored deposits in the peripheral cornea combined with irregularly shaped small nodules. There was no anterior chamber inflammation. There was no medical history of rheumatoid arthritis or tuberculosis. Blood tests for serum and other infectious and inflammatory levels for infection and inflammatory markers were performed followed by application of topical steroids and antibiotics with artificial tears. After 3 weeks of treatment, conjunctival hyperemia and corneal deposits had almost resolved and best-corrected visual acuity improved to 1.0. CONCLUSIONS: The self-application of human breast milk may cause toxic keratoconjunctivitis. Therefore, efforts should be made, actively, to inform and educate the elderly in rural areas not to use human breast milk as a folk remedy.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Anterior Chamber , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Breast , Conjunctivitis, Allergic , Cornea , Hematologic Tests , Hyperemia , Inflammation , Keratoconjunctivitis , Lubricant Eye Drops , Medicine, Traditional , Milk, Human , Ophthalmic Solutions , Slit Lamp , Steroids , Tuberculosis , Visual Acuity
18.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 69-74, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738589

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report a case of acute dacryocystitis diagnosed with abscess and rupture of lacrimal sac and fistula to posterior orbit during the operation. CASE SUMMARY: A 71-year-old woman visited our clinic with edema and pain in the eyelid from three days ago. For past four months, there was viscous of the left eye and tears. The patient had severe conjunctival chemosis and hyperemia, compared with the left eyelid edema and redness. Orbital CT scan showed orbital cellulitis, which was followed by systemic antibiotics and steroid therapy. On the 4th day of therapy, orbital abscess formation was observed in orbit MRI and surgical drainage was planned. During surgery, we found rupture of the posterior part of lacrimal sac and fistula to posterior orbit. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was identified in the bacterial cultures, and after the administration of appropriate antibiotics, the disease showed improved progress, and then additional dacryocystorhinostomy was performed. CONCLUSIONS: In our case, acute dacryocystitis rarely spread in orbit, which may lead to delayed diagnosis, orbital cellulitis and abscess, resulting in serious complications of vision threat. So, we think that it is necessary to consider surgical treatment more actively in the stage of chronic dacryocysitis.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Abscess , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Dacryocystitis , Dacryocystorhinostomy , Delayed Diagnosis , Drainage , Edema , Eyelids , Fistula , Hyperemia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Nasolacrimal Duct , Orbit , Orbital Cellulitis , Pseudomonas aeruginosa , Rupture , Tears , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Journal of the Korean Ophthalmological Society ; : 96-101, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738584

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We report an unusual case of Leber hereditary optic neuropathy presenting with optic disc hyperfluorescence. CASE SUMMARY: A 17-year-old male with sequential painless visual loss 3 weeks apart affecting first the left and then the right eye presented to our neuro-ophthalmology clinic. His best-corrected visual acuity was counting fingers in the right eye and 0.32 in the left eye. Fundus examination showed mild optic disc edema and hyperemia in both eyes, which were worse in the right eye. Fluorescein angiography revealed dye leakage from the right optic disc in the late phase. The results of magnetic resonance imaging of the brain and spinal cord were normal, and lumbar puncture study was unremarkable. Mitochondrial DNA sequencing revealed a pathognomonic 11778 mutation for Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. His vision deteriorated to 0.03 in both eyes 6 months later, but slowly started to improve 11 months after onset. At 2 years, his corrected visual acuity was 0.2 in both eyes. CONCLUSIONS: To our knowledge, this is the first report of optic disc hyperfluorescence in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy. This finding suggests that this mitochondrial optic neuropathy can masquerade as optic neuritis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Humans , Male , Brain , DNA, Mitochondrial , Edema , Fingers , Fluorescein Angiography , Hyperemia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Optic Atrophy , Optic Atrophy, Hereditary, Leber , Optic Nerve Diseases , Optic Neuritis , Spinal Cord , Spinal Puncture , Visual Acuity
20.
Korean Journal of Radiology ; : 662-670, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741434

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: A developmental venous anomaly (DVA) is a vascular malformation of ambiguous clinical significance. We aimed to quantify the susceptibility of draining veins (χvein) in DVA and determine its significance with respect to oxygen metabolism using quantitative susceptibility mapping (QSM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brain magnetic resonance imaging of 27 consecutive patients with incidentally detected DVAs were retrospectively reviewed. Based on the presence of abnormal hyperintensity on T2-weighted images (T2WI) in the brain parenchyma adjacent to DVA, the patients were grouped into edema (E+, n = 9) and non-edema (E−, n = 18) groups. A 3T MR scanner was used to obtain fully flow-compensated gradient echo images for susceptibility-weighted imaging with source images used for QSM processing. The χvein was measured semi-automatically using QSM. The normalized χvein was also estimated. Clinical and MR measurements were compared between the E+ and E− groups using Student's t-test or Mann-Whitney U test. Correlations between the χvein and area of hyperintensity on T2WI and between χvein and diameter of the collecting veins were assessed. The correlation coefficient was also calculated using normalized veins. RESULTS: The DVAs of the E+ group had significantly higher χvein (196.5 ± 27.9 vs. 167.7 ± 33.6, p = 0.036) and larger diameter of the draining veins (p = 0.006), and patients were older (p = 0.006) than those in the E− group. The χvein was also linearly correlated with the hyperintense area on T2WI (r = 0.633, 95% confidence interval 0.333–0.817, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: DVAs with abnormal hyperintensity on T2WI have higher susceptibility values for draining veins, indicating an increased oxygen extraction fraction that might be associated with venous congestion.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Edema , Hyperemia , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Metabolism , Oxygen , Retrospective Studies , Vascular Malformations , Veins
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL