Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 879
Filter
1.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 26: 76948, 2024.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1537483

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Descrever o processo de construção e validação de um bundle para promoção da regulação da temperatura corporal de recém-nascidos maiores de 34 semanas. Métodos: Pesquisa metodológica executada em três etapas: revisão de escopo, construção da primeira versão do bundle e validação de conteúdo realizada por 15 experts, sendo nove enfermeiros e seis médicos, selecionados conforme critérios adaptados de referencial na área. O índice de validade de conteúdo acima de 0,80 foi considerado aceitável para a concordância entre os experts sobre cada cuidado. Foram necessárias duas rodadas de avaliação para a confecção da versão final. Resultados: O bundle foi estruturado em cuidados: na sala de parto, no transporte e no alojamento conjunto, com total de 15 itens, todos com concordância acima de 0,90 após a segunda rodada de avaliação. Conclusão: O bundle elaborado foi considerado válido quanto ao conteúdo e estabelece cuidados baseados em evidências científicas de maneira padronizada e segura para a equipe de assistência ao parto.


Objective: Describe the process of building and validating a bundle to promote body temperature regulation in newborns over 34 weeks of age. Methods: This methodological research was carried out in three stages: a scoping review, construction of the first version of the bundle, and content validation by 15 experts, nine nurses and six physicians, selected according to criteria adapted from references in the field. A content validity index above 0.80 was considered acceptable for the agreement among the experts on each type of care. Two rounds of evaluation were required to produce the final version. Results: The bundle was structured into care in the delivery room, during transportation, and in the rooming- in unit, with a total of 15 items, all with agreement above 0.90 after the second round of evaluation. Conclusion: The bundle developed was considered valid in terms of content and establishes care based on scientific evidence in a standardized and safe way for the childbirth care team.


Objetivo: Describir el proceso de creación y validación de un paquete para promover la regulación de la temperatura corporal en recién nacidos de más de 34 semanas de edad. Métodos: Investigación metodológica realizada en tres etapas: una revisión del alcance, la construcción de la primera versión del paquete y la validación del contenido llevada a cabo por 15 expertos, nueve enfermeras y seis médicos, seleccionados según criterios adaptados a partir de referencias en la materia. Se consideró aceptable un índice de validez de contenido superior a 0,80 para el acuerdo entre los expertos sobre cada tipo de atención. Fueron necesarias dos rondas de evaluación para elaborar la versión final. Resultados: El paquete se estructuró en cuidados: en la sala de partos, durante el transporte y en la unidad de alojamiento, con un total de 15 ítems, todos ellos con una concordancia superior a 0,90 tras la segunda ronda de evaluación. Conclusión: El paquete se consideró válido en cuanto a su contenido y establece una atención basada en pruebas científicas de forma estandarizada y segura para el equipo de atención al parto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Body Temperature Regulation , Infant, Newborn , Validation Study , Patient Care Bundles , Hypothermia/prevention & control
2.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 31: e3956, ene.-dic. 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1450109

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: describir el proceso de diseño e implementación de un protocolo de atención para la primera hora de vida del recién nacido prematuro. Método: investigación participativa, que utilizó el marco de la ciencia de la implementación y los dominios del Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. Estudio realizado en un hospital escuela del sureste de Brasil, con la participación del equipo multidisciplinario y de los gestores. El estudio se organizó en seis etapas, mediante del ciclo de mejora continua (Plan, Do, Check, Act): diagnóstico situacional; elaboración del protocolo; capacitaciones; implementación del protocolo; relevamiento de barreras y facilitadores; seguimiento y revisión del protocolo. Los datos fueron analizados mediante estadística descriptiva y análisis de contenido. Resultados: el primer protocolo de la Hora Dorada de la institución fue organizado por el equipo multidisciplinario a partir de un enfoque colectivo y dialógico. El protocolo priorizó la estabilidad cardiorrespiratoria, la prevención de hipotermia, hipoglucemia e infección. Después de cuatro meses de capacitación e implementación, el protocolo fue evaluado como una intervención de calidad, necesaria para el servicio, de bajo costo y de poca complejidad. La principal sugerencia de mejora fue realizar actividades educativas frecuentes. Conclusión: la implementación generó cambios e inició un proceso de mejora de la calidad de la atención neonatal, es necesario que la capacitación sea continua para lograr mayor adherencia y mejores resultados.


Objective: describe the process of designing and implementing a care protocol for the first hour of life of premature newborns. Method: a participatory research study using an implementation science framework, the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR) was employed to determine drivers and facilitators of implementation success of the Golden Hour protocol for newborns at a large university hospital in southeastern Brazil. A multi-professional team, including first line providers and managers participated in six stages of quality improvement: situational diagnosis; protocol elaboration; training protocol implementation; barrier and facilitator assessment; and protocol monitoring and review. Qualitative and monitoring data collected across these six stages were analyzed using descriptive statistics and content analysis. Results: the institution's Golden Hour protocol was organized by the multi-professional team based on a collective and dialogical approach. The protocol prioritized the infant's cardiopulmonary stability, as well as prevention of hypothermia, hypoglycemia and infection. After four months of implementation, the care team was evaluated the protocol as a good quality intervention, necessary for the service, low-cost and not very complex. One suggested improvement recommended was to carry out refresher training to address staff turnover. Conclusion: implementation of the Golden Hour protocol introduced an appropriate and feasible neonatal care quality improvement process, which requires periodic refresher training to ensure greater adherence and better neonatal results.


Objetivo: descrever o processo de elaboração e implementação de protocolo assistencial para a primeira hora de vida do recém-nascido prematuro. Método: pesquisa participativa, que utilizou referencial da ciência da implementação e os domínios do Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research. Estudo realizado em hospital universitário no sudeste do Brasil, com participação da equipe multiprofissional e gestores. O estudo foi organizado em seis etapas, por meio do ciclo de melhoria contínua (Plan, Do, Check, Act): diagnóstico situacional; elaboração do protocolo; treinamentos; implementação do protocolo; levantamento de barreiras e facilitadores; monitoramento e revisão do protocolo. Os dados foram analisados por estatística descritiva e análise de conteúdo. Resultados: o primeiro protocolo Hora Ouro da instituição foi organizado pela equipe multiprofissional a partir de uma abordagem coletiva e dialógica. O protocolo priorizou a estabilidade cardiorrespiratória, prevenção de hipotermia, de hipoglicemia e de infecção. Após treinamento e implementação por quatro meses, o protocolo foi avaliado como uma intervenção de qualidade, necessária ao serviço, de baixo custo e pouco complexa. A principal sugestão de melhoria foi realizar ações educativas frequentes. Conclusão: a implementação provocou mudanças e iniciou um processo de melhoria da qualidade da assistência neonatal, sendo necessária a manutenção dos treinamentos para maior adesão e melhores resultados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Brazil , Clinical Protocols , Neonatal Nursing , Implementation Science , Hypoglycemia , Hypothermia/prevention & control
3.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 86-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971044

ABSTRACT

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a common disease that affects brain function in neonates. At present, mild hypothermia and hyperbaric oxygen therapy are the main methods for the treatment of neonatal HIE; however, they are independent of each other and cannot be combined for synchronous treatment, without monitoring of brain function-related physiological information. In addition, parameter setting of hyperbaric oxygen chamber and mild hypothermia mattress relies on the experience of the medical practitioner, and the parameters remain unchanged throughout the medical process. This article proposes a new device for the treatment of neonatal HIE, which has the modules of hyperbaric oxygen chamber and mild hypothermic mattress, so that neonates can receive the treatment of hyperbaric oxygen chamber and/or mild hypothermic mattress based on their conditions. Meanwhile, it can realize the real-time monitoring of various physiological information, including amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram, and near-infrared spectrum, which can monitor brain function, heart rate, rhythm, myocardial blood supply, hemoglobin concentration in brain tissue, and blood oxygen saturation. In combination with an intelligent control algorithm, the device can intelligently regulate parameters according to the physiological information of neonates and give recommendations for subsequent treatment.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Hypothermia/therapy , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Brain , Electroencephalography , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy
4.
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery ; (12): 297-301, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982736

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of inflammation and immune function in children with chronic tonsillitis after tonsillotomy. Methods:Prospectively collected 60 children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) diagnosed as chronic tonsillitis with adenoids and tonsillar hypertrophy from January to June 2021. Two groups were divided, the experimental group (n=30) underwent bilateral partial tonsillectomy + adenoidectomy by hypothermia plasma ablation, and the control group (n=30) underwent adenoidectomy by using the same hypothermia plasma ablation method. The number of tonsillitis attacks before surgery and within one year after surgery was recorded, and the serum immunoglobulin IgM, IgG, IgA, complement C3 and complement C4 levels before operation, one month and three months after operation were measured. Results:The number of tonsillitis attacks in the experimental group and the control group at one year after surgery was lower than that before surgery(P<0.05); The number of inflammatory attacks in the experimental group was (0.50±0.63) times/year, which was lower than that of (1.33±0.80) times/year in the control group. There was no significant difference in the five immunization results of the two groups at one month and three months after operation compared with before operation, and there was also no significant difference between the experimental and the control groups. Conclusion:Partial tonsillectomy can be applied to children with chronic tonsillitis, which can effectively reduce the number of tonsillitis attacks and has no effect on the immune function of children.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Tonsillectomy/methods , Hypothermia , Tonsillitis/surgery , Adenoidectomy , Palatine Tonsil/surgery , Inflammation , Chronic Disease , Immunity
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 391-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982251

ABSTRACT

Mild hypothermia, as a common means of intraoperative nerve protection, has been used in clinical practice. Compared with the traditional methods such as freezing helmet and nasopharyngeal cooling, hypothermic blood perfusion is considered to be a promising treatment for mild hypothermia, but it lacks experimental and theoretical verification of its cooling effect. In this study, the commercial finite element simulation software COMSOL combined the Pennes equation with the cerebrovascular network model to construct a new simplified human brain model, which was further used to simulate the cooling process of cerebral hypothermic blood perfusion. When the hypothermic blood perfusion was 33 ℃, the human brain could enter the mild hypothermic state within 4 minutes. By comparing with helmet cooling, the feasibility and efficiency of the blood perfusion scheme were verified. By comparing with the calculation results based on Pennes equation, the rationality of the model constructed in this study were verified. This model can non-intrusively predict the changes of brain temperature during surgery, and provide a reference for the setting of treatment parameters such as blood temperature, so as to provide personalized realization of safer and more effective mild hypothermia neuro protection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Hypothermia , Hemoperfusion , Brain/physiology , Body Temperature
6.
Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae ; (6): 213-220, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981255

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effect of systematic graded rewarming pattern on all-cause mortality of hypothermic trauma patients in different time periods. Methods A prospective case-control study was carried out for 236 hypothermic trauma patients with modified trauma score<12 in the Emergency Department of the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January 2020 to December 2021.The patients were randomly assigned into a systematic graded rewarming group (n=118) and a traditional rewarming group (n=118).The main outcome event was all-cause death within 15 days after trauma,and the secondary outcome event was all-cause death within 3,7,and 30 days after trauma. Results Overall,13.98%(33/236) and 14.83%(35/236) of the patients died within 15 and 30 days after trauma,respectively,and the median survival time of all dead patients was 6 (4,10) days.The systematic graded rewarming group had higher temperature after rewarming for 2 h (P=0.001) and larger temperature change after rewarming intervention (P=0.047) than the traditional rewarming group.The all-cause mortality within 15 days (27.3%vs.72.7%,P=0.005) and 30 days (25.7%vs.74.3%,P=0.002) in the systematic graded rewarming group was lower than that in the traditional rewarming group.Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that the survival time of the patients in the systematic graded rewarming group was longer than that in the traditional rewarming group (P=0.003).Multivariate cox regression analysis indicated that systematic graded rewarming was a strong protective factor for survival time after trauma (HR=0.450, P=0.042).Further Logistic regression analysis for the occurrence of all-cause death in each time period showed that the OR of systematic graded rewarming pattern to all-cause death within 15 days and 30 days after trauma were 0.289 and 0.286,respectively,after adjusting the covariates(P=0.008,P=0.005).The temperature after rewarming for 2 h had a negative correlation with all-cause mortality within 30 days after trauma (OR=0.670, P=0.049). Conclusions Systematic graded rewarming is a protective factor for the survival time of patients with traumatic hypothermia and an independent factor affecting the risk of all-cause death within 15 days and 30 days after trauma.The temperature after rewarming for 2 h is expected to be an independent predictor of all-cause mortality of 30 days after trauma in the patients with hypothermia.The systematic graded rewarming pattern could reduce the mortality of hypothermic trauma patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothermia , Rewarming , Case-Control Studies
7.
Psicol. ciênc. prof ; 43: e255195, 2023.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, INDEXPSI | ID: biblio-1529228

ABSTRACT

A pandemia de covid-19 provocou intensas mudanças no contexto do cuidado neonatal, exigindo dos profissionais de saúde a reformulação de práticas e o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias para a manutenção da atenção integral e humanizada ao recém-nascido. O objetivo deste artigo é relatar a atuação da Psicologia nas Unidades Neonatais de um hospital público de Fortaleza (CE), Brasil, durante o período de distanciamento físico da pandemia de covid-19. Trata-se de estudo descritivo, do tipo relato de experiência, que ocorreu no período de março a agosto de 2020. No contexto pandêmico, o serviço de Psicologia desenvolveu novas condutas assistenciais para atender às demandas emergentes do momento, como: atendimento remoto; registro e envio on-line de imagens do recém-nascido a seus familiares; visitas virtuais; e reprodução de mensagens de áudio da família para o neonato. Apesar dos desafios encontrados, as ações contribuíram para a manutenção do cuidado centrado no recém-nascido e sua família, o que demonstra a potencialidade do fazer psicológico.(AU)


The COVID-19 pandemic brought intense changes to neonatal care and required health professionals to reformulate practices and develop new strategies to ensure comprehensive and humanized care for newborn. This study aims to report the experience of the Psychology Service in the Neonatal Units of a public hospital in Fortaleza, in the state of Ceará, Brazil, during the social distancing period of the COVID-19 pandemic. This descriptive experience report study was conducted from March to August 2020. During the pandemic, the Psychology Service developed new care practices to meet the emerging demands of that moment, such as remote care, recordings and online submission of newborns' pictures and video images for their family, virtual tours, and reproduction of family audio messages for the newborns. Despite the challenges, the actions contributed to the maintenance of a care that is centered on the newborns and their families, which shows the potential of psychological practices.(AU)


La pandemia de la COVID-19 ha traído cambios intensos en el contexto de la atención neonatal, que requieren de los profesionales de la salud una reformulación de sus prácticas y el desarrollo de nuevas estrategias para asegurar una atención integral y humanizada al recién nacido. El objetivo de este artículo es reportar la experiencia del Servicio de Psicología en las Unidades Neonatales de un hospital público de Fortaleza, en Ceará, Brasil, durante el periodo de distanciamiento físico en la pandemia de la COVID-19. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, un reporte de experiencia, que se llevó a cabo de marzo a agosto de 2020. En el contexto pandémico, el servicio de Psicología desarrolló nuevas conductas asistenciales para atender a las demandas emergentes del momento, tales como: atención remota; grabación y envío em línea de imágenes del recién nacido; visitas virtuales; y reproducción de mensajes de audio de la familia para el recién nacido. A pesar de los desafíos encontrados, las acciones contribuyeron al mantenimiento de la atención centrada en el recién nacido y su familia, lo que demuestra el potencial de la práctica psicológica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Infant , Psychology , Teleworking , COVID-19 , Neonatology , Anxiety , Oxygen Inhalation Therapy , Apgar Score , Patient Care Team , Patient Discharge , Pediatrics , Perinatology , Phototherapy , Prenatal Care , Quality of Health Care , Respiration, Artificial , Skilled Nursing Facilities , Survival , Congenital Abnormalities , Unconscious, Psychology , Visitors to Patients , Obstetrics and Gynecology Department, Hospital , Health Care Levels , Brazil , Breast Feeding , Case Reports , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Cardiotocography , Health Behavior , Intensive Care Units, Pediatric , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Child Development , Child Health Services , Infant Mortality , Maternal Mortality , Cross Infection , Risk , Probability , Vital Statistics , Health Status Indicators , Life Expectancy , Women's Health , Neonatal Screening , Nursing , Enteral Nutrition , Long-Term Care , Parenteral Nutrition , Pregnancy, High-Risk , Pliability , Comprehensive Health Care , Low Cost Technology , Pregnancy Rate , Life , Creativity , Critical Care , Affect , Crying , Humanizing Delivery , Uncertainty , Pregnant Women , Continuous Positive Airway Pressure , Disease Prevention , Humanization of Assistance , User Embracement , Information Technology , Child Nutrition , Perinatal Mortality , Resilience, Psychological , Fear , Feeding Methods , Fetal Monitoring , Patient Handoff , Microbiota , Integrality in Health , Ambulatory Care , Neurodevelopmental Disorders , Maternal Health , Neonatal Sepsis , Pediatric Emergency Medicine , Psychosocial Support Systems , Survivorship , Mental Status and Dementia Tests , Access to Essential Medicines and Health Technologies , Family Support , Gynecology , Hospitalization , Hospitals, Maternity , Hyperbilirubinemia , Hypothermia , Immune System , Incubators , Infant, Newborn, Diseases , Length of Stay , Life Change Events , Love , Maternal Behavior , Maternal Welfare , Medicine , Methods , Nervous System Diseases , Object Attachment , Obstetrics
8.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 24(2): 2428, mayo.-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404909

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: El trauma complejo es un problema de salud a nivel mundial y cuando es de tipo hemorrágico la mortalidad es superior a los otros tipos de traumas complejos. Objetivo: Determinar las variables predictoras de mortalidad precoz en pacientes hospitalizados con trauma complejo hemorrágico en una institución hospitalaria del segundo nivel de atención en Cuba. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio transversal en el Hospital General Provincial Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus, durante 6 años. Se incluyeron 207 pacientes. Las variables se agruparon en sociodemográficas, enfermedades crónicas asociadas, mecanismo lesional, tipo de trauma, localización topográfica, tiempo entre admisión hospitalaria, diagnóstico y tratamiento, complicaciones precoces, tratamiento médico y quirúrgico, y mortalidad precoz. Se elaboró un árbol de decisión mediante el método Chaid exhaustivo, la variable dependiente fue la mortalidad por trauma complejo hemorrágico. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino (85 %), con 60 años y menos (83 %), con trauma contuso (57.5 %) y politraumatizados (42.5 %). Predominaron también los que presentaron acidosis metabólica (66.7 %), coagulopatía aguda (44.4 %), hipotermia (41.5 %). El 30 % de los pacientes falleció precozmente. El árbol de decisión tuvo una sensibilidad de 82.3 %, una especificidad de 97.2 % y un porcentaje global de pronóstico correcto del 92.8 %. Se identificaron 4 variables predictores de mortalidad: hipotermia, acidosis metabólica, coagulopatía aguda y trauma penetrante. Conclusiones: La probabilidad más alta de fallecer precozmente durante un trauma complejo hemorrágico se da entre pacientes con hipotermia, acidosis metabólica, coagulopatía aguda y trauma penetrante.


ABSTRACT Background: Complex trauma is a worldwide health problem and when hemorrhagic, mortality is higher than other types of complex trauma. Objective: To determine predictive variables of early mortality in hospitalized patients with complex hemorrhagic trauma in a second care level hospital in Cuba. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Camilo Cienfuegos Provincial General Hospital in Sancti Spíritus, for 6 years. 207 patients were included. The variables were grouped into sociodemographic, associated chronic diseases, injury mechanism, type of trauma, topographic location, time between hospital admission, diagnosis and treatment, early complications, medical and surgical treatment, and early mortality. A decision tree was developed using the exhaustive Chaid method, the dependent variable was mortality due to complex hemorrhagic trauma. Results: Male patients (85 %), 60 years and younger (83 %), with blunt trauma (57.5 %) and polytraumatized patients (42.5 %) predominated. Those who presented metabolic acidosis (66.7 %), acute coagulopathy (44.4 %), and hypothermia (41.5 %) also predominated. 30 % of patients died early. The decision tree had a sensitivity of 82.3 %, a specificity of 97.2 % and an overall percentage of correct forecast of 92.8 %. Four variables that predicted mortality were identified: hypothermia, metabolic acidosis, acute coagulopathy, and penetrating trauma. Conclusions: The highest probability of early dying during a complex hemorrhagic trauma occurs among patients with hypothermia, metabolic acidosis, acute coagulopathy and penetrating trauma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Shock, Hemorrhagic/surgery , Shock, Traumatic/surgery , Acidosis/mortality , Hypothermia/mortality
9.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1453, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1406462

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: desenvolver um protocolo de prevenção e tratamento da hipotermia perioperatória. Método: pesquisa do tipo desenvolvimento tecnológico em saúde, realizada em três etapas: i) revisão de diretrizes clínicas sobre fatores de risco para desenvolvimento de hipotermia perioperatória; ii) identificação da ocorrência de hipotermia perioperatória e dos fatores de risco associados ao seu desenvolvimento em um centro cirúrgico; e iii) elaboração do protocolo de prevenção de hipotermia perioperatória. Resultados: os fatores de risco identificados nas diretrizes foram categorizados em características clínicas (idade, Índice de Massa Corporal, comorbidades e temperatura corporal) e anestésico-cirúrgicas (tipo e duração da anestesia e da cirurgia e temperatura da sala cirúrgica). Na segunda etapa, 90 pacientes cirúrgicos foram avaliados. A ocorrência de hipotermia foi de 28,9% na admissão cirúrgica, 77,8% na admissão da Sala de Recuperação Pós-Anestésica e 45,6% na alta do centro cirúrgico. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre ocorrência de hipotermia e índice ASA (p = 0,049), idade (p = 0,037), comorbidades (p = 0,031) e hipotermia pré-operatória (p = 0,015). Conclusão: para elaboração do protocolo, foram considerados os fatores de risco descritos na literatura, os resultados de estudo local e o acesso às tecnologias disponíveis na instituição. As ações incluíram os seguintes aspectos: avaliação de fatores de risco e de situações desencadeantes; monitorização e registro da temperatura e outros parâmetros; aquecimento passivo para pacientes normotérmicos; aquecimento ativo para pacientes hipotérmicos; infusão de soluções endovenosas aquecidas; suporte de oxigênio para pacientes hipotérmicos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: de sarrollar un protocolo paralaprevención y el tratamiento de la hipotermia perioperatoria. Método: una investigación de desarrollo tecnológico sanitario, desarrollada en tres etapas: Revisión de las directrices clínicas sobre los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de la hipotermia perioperatoria; Identificación de la ocurrencia de la hipotermia perioperatoria y de los factores de riesgo asociados a su desarrollo en un centro quirúrgico y Elaboración de un protocolo de pre vención de la hipotermia perioperatoria. Resultados: los factores de r iesgo identificados en las directrices se clasificaron en caracterí st icas clínica s (edad, Índice de Masa Corporal, comorbilidades, temperatura corporal) y anestésico-quirúrgicas (tipo y duración de la anestesia y la cirugía, temperatura del quirófano). En la segunda etapa, se evaluaron 90 pacientes quirúrgicos. La apar ición de hipotermia fue del 28,9% al ingreso quirúrgico, del 77,8% al ingreso en la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica y del 45,6% al alta del quirófano. Se encontró una a sociación estadísticamente significativa entre la aparición de hipoter mia y el índice ASA (p = 0,049), la edad (p = 0,037), las comorbilidades (p = 0,031), la hipotermia preoperatoria (p = 0,015). Conclusión: para desarrollar el protocolo, se consideraron los factores de r iesgo descritos en el documento, los resultados de un estudio local y el acceso a las tecnologías disponibles en la institución. Las acciones incluían la evaluación de los factores de rie sgo y las situaciones desencadenantes, la monitorización y el registro de la temperatura y otros parámetros, el calentamiento pasivo para los pacientes normotérmicos, el calentamiento act ivo para los pacientes hipotérmicos, la infusión de soluciones intravenosas calentadas y el apoyo de oxígeno para los pacientes hipotérmicos.


ABSTRACT Objective: to develop a protocol for the prevention and treatment of perioperative hypothermia. Method: research of the technological development in health type, carried out in three stages: i) review of clinical g uidelines on risk factors for the development of perioperative hypothermia; ii) identification of the occur rence of perioperative hypothermia and the risk factors a ssociated with its development in a surgical center; and iii) development of a protocol for the prevention of perioperative hypothermia. Results: the risk factors identified in the guidelines were categorized into clinical characteristics (age, Body Mass Index, comorbidities and body temperature) and anesthetic-surgical characteristics (type and duration of anesthesia and surgery and operat ing room temperature). In the second stage, 90 surgical patients were evaluated. The occurrence of hypothermia was 28.9% at surgical admission, 77.8% at admission to the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit and 45.6% at discharge from the operating room. There was a statistically significant association bet ween the occurrence of hypothermia and ASA index (p = 0.049), age (p = 0.037), comorbidities (p = 0.031) and preoperative hy pothermia (p = 0.015). Conclusion: for the elaboration of the protocol, the risk factors described in the literat ure, the results of a local study and the access to the technologies available in the instit ution were considered. The actions included the following aspects: a ssessment of risk factors and triggering situations; monitoring and recording of temperature and other parameters; passive warming for normothermic patients; active warming for hypothermic patients; infusion of war med intravenou s solutions; oxygen support for hypothermic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Protocols , Risk Factors , Hypothermia/prevention & control , Perioperative Nursing , Body Temperature
10.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1467, abr.2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1422454

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: analisar a perspectiva das enfermeiras sobre as repercussões da hipotermia na saúde de recém-nascidos cirúrgicos. Método: estudo descritivo, exploratório, com abordagem qualitativa. Desenvolvido no período de setembro de 2020 a fevereiro de 2021, tendo como participantes 13 enfermeiras assistenciais de uma unidade neonatal localizada na capital baiana. Os dados foram coletados por meio da entrevista semiestruturada e investigados pela técnica de análise de conteúdo temática, à luz da teoria ambientalista e evidências científicas atuais. Resultados: na percepção das enfermeiras, a hipotermia tem repercussões sistêmicas na saúde do neonato, devido ao estresse compensatório causado, interferindo, assim, desfavoravelmente no pré, no transoperatório e no retardo e complicação da recuperação cirúrgica; repercutindo, sobretudo, na morbimortalidade do recém-nascido cirúrgico. Conclusão: a hipotermia no recém-nascido cirúrgico se caracteriza como um evento adverso grave, por apresentar riscos, danos e agravos à saúde, o que favorece a elevação dos índices de morbimortalidade neonatal. Além disso, a partir da discussão dos resultados, foi possível refletir sobre a importância da aplicabilidade da teoria ambientalista no gerenciamento e na assistência ao quadro hipotérmico.


RESUMEN Objetivo: analizar el punto de vista de las enfermeras sobre las repercusiones de la hipotermia en la salud de los recién nacidos quirúrgicos. Método: estudio descriptivo y exploratorio con un enfoque cualitativo. Desarrollado en el período de septiembre de 2020 a febrero de 2021, con la participación de 13 enfermeras de cuidados de una unidad neonatal, ubicada en la capital de Bahía. Los datos se recopilaron mediante una entrevista semiestructurada y se investigaron con la técnica de análisis del contenido temático a la luz de la teoría ambientalista y las pruebas científicas actuales. Resultados: según la percepción del personal de enfermería, la hipotermia tiene repercusiones sistémicas en la salud del recién nacido, debido al estrés compensatorio que provoca, interfiriendo desfavorablemente en los periodos preoperatorio y transoperatorio, y en el retraso y las complicaciones de la recuperación quirúrgica, afectando especialmente a la morbilidad y mortalidad de los recién nacidos quirúrgicos. Conclusión: la hipotermia en los recién nacidos quirúrgicos se caracteriza por ser un evento adverso grave, ya que supone riesgos, daños y empeoramiento de la salud, lo que favorece el aumento de las tasas de morbilidad y mortalidad neonatal. Además, a partir de la discusión de los resultados, se pudo reflexionar sobre la importancia de la aplicación de la teoría ambiental en el manejo y asistencia de la hipotermia.


ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the nurses' perspective on the repercussions of hypothermia on the health of surgical newborns. Method: descriptive, exploratory study with a qualitative approach. Developed from September 2020 to February 2021, with the participation of 13 nurses from a neonatal unit located in the capital of Bahia, Brazil. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews and investigated using thematic content analysis technique, in the light of environmental theory and current scientific evidence. Results: in the nurses' perception, hypothermia has systemic repercussions on the health of the neonate, due to the compensatory stress caused, thus interfering unfavorably in the preoperative, intraoperative period and in the delay and complication of surgical recovery; impacting, above all, on the morbidity and mortality of the surgical newborn. Conclusion: hypothermia in surgical newborns is characterized as a serious adverse event, as it presents risks, damages, and health problems, which favors an increase in neonatal morbidity and mortality rates. In addition, from the discussion of the results, it was possible to reflect on the importance of the applicability of the environmental theory in the management and assistance to the hypothermic condition.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Risk Factors , Neonatal Nursing , Hypothermia , Nursing Staff, Hospital , Perception , Surgical Procedures, Operative/adverse effects , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Intraoperative Period
11.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-7, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1410462

ABSTRACT

Analisar a correlação entre hipotermia intraoperatória e ocorrência de infecção de sítio cirúrgico em pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva com dados extraídos do prontuário eletrônico de 79 pacientes entre 2014 e 2015. Todos os preceitos éticos foram cumpridos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desenvolveram infecção de sítio cirúrgico, sendo 12 (66,66%) durante a internação e 6 (33,33%) após a alta. A infecção do sítio cirúrgico apresentou correlação significativa com diabetes mellitus, transfusão intraoperatória, tipo de cirurgia proposta, tempo de permanência em Unidade de Internação ou de Terapia Intensiva, reabordagem cirúrgica e readmissão hospitalar. Verificou-se que cada episódio de hipotermia menor ou igual a 35,5°C aumentou a chance de infecção do sítio cirúrgico em 6,2%.


To analyze the correlation between intraoperative hypothermia and the occurrence of surgical site infection in patients with cancer. Method: Retrospective cohort study with data extracted from the electronic medical records of 79 patients between 2014 and 2015. All ethical precepts were complied with. Results: Of 79 patients, 18 (22.79%) developed surgical site infection, 12 (66.66%) during hospitalization and 6 (33.33%) after hospital discharge. Surgical site infection was significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus, intraoperative transfusion, type of surgery proposed, length of stay in an Inpatient or Intensive Care Unit, surgical re-approach and hospital readmission. Each episode of hypothermia lower than or equal to 35.5 °C increased the chance of surgical site infection by 6.2%.


: Analizar la correlación entre la hipotermia intraoperatoria y la ocurrencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico en pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos extraídos de la historia clínica electrónica de 79 pacientes entre 2014 y 2015. Se cumplieron todos los preceptos éticos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desarrollaron infección del sitio quirúrgico, 12 (66,66%) durante la hospitalización y 6 (33,33%) después del alta. La infección del sitio quirúrgico se correlacionó significativamente con la diabetes mellitus, la transfusión intraoperatoria, el tipo de cirugía propuesta, la estancia hospitalaria o en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, la reintervención quirúrgica y el reingreso hospitalario. Se encontró que cada episodio de hipotermia menor o igual a 35,5°C aumentó la probabilidad de infección del sitio quirúrgico en un 6,2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Hypothermia , Medical Oncology , General Surgery , Cohort Studies , Infections
12.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-9, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1399711

ABSTRACT

: Objetivo: Mapear e validar as intervenções/atividades aplicadas ao paciente com diagnóstico de enfermagem de risco de hipotermia perioperatória. Método: Trata-se de estudo metodológico, com foco na construção e na validação de atividades/intervenções de enfermagem específicas para o diagnóstico de risco de hipotermia perioperatória da NANDA-I, realizado de agosto de 2020 a setembro de 2021. O processo envolveu três etapas: levantamento das atividades na literatura, mapeamento cruzado com as intervenções/atividades da Classificação das intervenções de enfermagem (NIC) e validação por especialistas, considerando válidos os itens com índice de validade de conteúdo>0,79. Resultados: Na revisão de literatura, foram elencados 12 artigos, que geraram 57 atividades, agrupadas em métodos ativos e passivos de aquecimento, além de medidas de monitoramento; em relação às intervenções de enfermagem, na NIC, foram mapeadas 3 intervenções, englobando 96 atividades. Por meio do mapeamento cruzado, foi possível construir 17 atividades de enfermagem a serem propostas para o perioperatório, sendo 15 validadas pelos 8 especialistas. Conclusão: Foram mapeadas e validadas 15 intervenções/atividades advindas do diagnóstico risco de hipotermia para serem desenvolvidas no período perioperatório, a fim de favorecer a qualidade assistencial.


Objective: To map and validate the interventions/activities applied to patients with a nursing diagnosis of risk of perioperative hypothermia. Method: This is a methodological study focusing on the construction and validation of specific nursing activities/interventions for the NANDA-I risk diagnosis of perioperative hypothermia, carried out from August 2020 to September 2021. The process had three steps: search of activities in the literature, cross-mapping with interventions/activities of the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) and validation by specialists, considering items with content validity index>0.79 as valid. Results: Twelve articles were listed after literature review, which generated 57 activities grouped into active and passive heating methods, in addition to monitoring measures; as for nursing interventions, 3 interventions in NIC were mapped, encompassing 96 activities. Through cross-mapping, 17 nursing activities to be proposed for the perioperative period could be created, 15 of which were validated by 8 specialists. Conclusion: Fifteen interventions/activities arising from the diagnosis of risk of hypothermia were mapped and validated for applciation in the perioperative period, in order to favor quality of care


Objetivo: Mapear y validar las intervenciones/actividades aplicadas a pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermería de Riesgo de Hipotermia Perioperatoria. Método: Se trata de un estudio metodológico, con foco en la construcción y validación de actividades/intervenciones de enfermería específicas para el diagnóstico de Riesgo de Hipotermia Perioperatoria de la NANDA-I, realizado de agosto de 2020 a septiembre de 2021. El proceso involucró tres etapas: levantamiento de actividades en la literatura, mapeo cruzado con intervenciones/actividades de la Clasificación Internacional de Intervenciones de Enfermería y validación por especialistas, considerando ítems válidos con índice de validez de contenido >0,79. Resultados: En la revisión de la literatura, se enumeraron 12 artículos, que generaron 57 actividades, agrupadas en métodos de calentamiento activo y pasivo, y medidas de seguimiento; en relación a las intervenciones de enfermería en la Clasificación Internacional, fueron mapeadas 03 intervenciones que abarcan 96 actividades. A través del mapeo cruzado, fue posible construir 17 actividades de enfermería a ser propuestas para el período perioperatorio, 15 de las cuales fueron validadas por los 8 especialistas. Conclusión: 15 intervenciones/actividades derivadas del diagnóstico Riesgo de hipotermia fueron mapeadas y validadas para ser desarrolladas en el perioperatorio con el fin de favorecer la calidad de la atención


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Diagnosis , Perioperative Period , Hypothermia , Patients , Surgicenters , Nursing
13.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181053, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360163

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effect of hypothermia treatment on white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values as an indicator of inflammation was evaluated in newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The study was performed that the before-therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and after-TH WBC, lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and NLR, LMR and PLR values of the complete blood cell count were retrospectively evaluated. The results of the patient group were compared with the results of healthy newborns. A total of 78 patients who underwent TH were evaluated in our study. Mean values before and after TH were NLR3.8/2.7, LMR 5.6/8.6, and PLR 60.3/67.1 respectively. A statistical significance was present for NLR values before and after TH in those with seizure in our study (4.15±2.95/3.01±2.54) but no statistical significance was found for LMR or PLR. In neonates with HIE, effect of TH on complete blood cell count and inflammatory mechanisms (mediated neutrophil and lymphocyte) may be minimal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/pathology , Hypothermia/pathology , Blood Cell Count/methods , Hypothermia/classification , Inflammation
14.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 203 p. ilus., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1518681

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A hipotermia terapêutica é o tratamento indicado para encefalopatia moderada a grave em recém-nascidos. A terapia requer uma equipe de enfermagem capacitada e integrada, visando um cuidado qualificado, efetivo e seguro. Modelos teóricos têm sido desenvolvidos para auxiliar a incorporação de evidências científicas à prática dos enfermeiros, representando um desafio na área da saúde. A implementação de uma intervenção educativa, guiada pela estrutura i-PARIHS (Estrutura Integrada de Promoção da Ação na Implementação de Pesquisa em Serviços de Saúde), poderá preencher a lacuna entre a teoria e a prática, beneficiando a assistência e tornando os sujeitos ativos no manejo do recém-nascido em hipotermia terapêutica. Objetivo geral: avaliar o impacto de uma intervenção educativa, guiada pelo referencial teórico i-PARIHS, sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal no conhecimento, atitudes e práticas de enfermeiros. Objetivos específicos: analisar o conhecimento, atitude e prática dos enfermeiros sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica pré e pós-intervenção educativa; identificar as barreiras e facilitadores percebidos pelos enfermeiros sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal; implementar uma intervenção educativa, guiada pelo referencial i-PARIHS, para melhorar o conhecimento, a atitude e a prática dos enfermeiros sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal; comparar o conhecimento, atitude e prática dos enfermeiros após a intervenção educativa e os indicadores quanto ao manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica. Método: trata-se de um estudo de intervenção, do tipo quase-experimental, realizado com 29 enfermeiros de uma unidade intensiva neonatal, referência no Rio de Janeiro. O desfecho principal: conhecimento, atitudes e práticas dos enfermeiros no manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal A intervenção compreendeu três fases: pré-intervenção - intervenção educativa- pós-intervenção. A intervenção educativa contou com cinco encontros: "Asfixia Perinatal x Hipotermia Terapêutica", "Controle da temperatura", "Cuidados de enfermagem na HT: avaliação de dor", "Monitoramento neurológico" e "Cuidado Centrado na Família". Para a análise estatística utilizou-se de análise descritiva e aplicação dos testes Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney e Mc Nemar, sendo o nível de significância adotado de 0,05. Resultados: a análise dos resultados do pré e pós-teste demonstrou um incremento no escore de acertos das questões sobre conhecimento, atitude e prática dos enfermeiros no manejo do recém-nascido submetido à hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal, apresentando significância estatística para a maioria dos itens. Para a inovação foram construídos lembretes, fluxo de admissão para recém-nascido da instituição e uma cartilha para os pais como produto da intervenção com os enfermeiros. Conclusão: O resultado das auditorias realizadas, após a implementação das evidências, constatou uma transformação positiva da prática dos enfermeiros. A utilização da estrutura i-PARIHS evidenciou a necessidade e o valor de investir no engajamento das partes interessadas, na avaliação colaborativa do contexto e na cocriação de inovação usando facilitação qualificada. A intervenção educativa, guiada pela estrutura i-PARIHS, mostrou ter impacto no manejo do recém-nascido submetido à hipotermia terapêutica por enfermeiros.


Introduction: Therapeutic hypothermia is the currently indicated treatment for moderate to severe encephalopathy in newborns. Therapy requires a trained and integrated nursing team, aiming at qualified, effective and safe care. Theoretical models have been developed to help the incorporation of scientific evidence into nurses' practice, representing a challenge in the health area. The implementation of an educational intervention, guided by the i-PARIHS (Integrated Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services Framework) framework, can fill the gap between theory and professional practice, benefiting care and making subjects active in the management of newborns with therapeutic hypothermia. General objective: to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention guided by the theoretical framework i-PARIHS, on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of nurses. Specific objectives: to analyze the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in pre- and post-educational therapeutic hypothermia; to identify barriers and facilitators perceived by nurses on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit; implement an educational intervention, guided by the i-PARIHS framework, to improve nurses' knowledge, attitude and practice on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit and compare the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses after the participatory educational intervention program and indicators regarding the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia. Method: this is a quasi-experimental intervention study carried out with 29 nurses from a neonatal intensive care unit, a reference in Rio de Janeiro. The main outcome: knowledge, attitudes and practices of nurses in the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive unit The intervention comprised three phases: pre-intervention - educational intervention - post-intervention. The educational intervention had five meetings: "Perinatal Asphyxia x Therapeutic Hypothermia", "Temperature control", "Nursing care in HT: pain assessment", "Neurological monitoring" and "Family-Centered Care". For the statistical analysis, descriptive analysis and application of the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney and Mc Nemar tests were used, with the adopted significance level of 0.05. Results: the analysis of pre- and post-test results showed an increase in the correct score of questions about nurses' knowledge and practices in the management of newborns submitted to therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit, showing statistical significance for most items. For innovation, reminders, admission flow for newborns at the institution and a booklet for parents were created as a product of the intervention with nurses. Conclusion: The result of the audits carried out, after the implementation of the evidence, found a positive transformation of the nurses' practice. Using the i-PARIHS framework highlighted the need and value of investing in stakeholder engagement, collaborative context assessment, and co-creation of innovation using qualified facilitation. The educational intervention guided by the i-PARIHS framework was shown to have an impact on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia by nurses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Asphyxia Neonatorum/therapy , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Hypothermia/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced , Asphyxia Neonatorum/nursing , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/nursing , Hypothermia/nursing , Nurse Practitioners
15.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378016

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión traumática de la médula espinal es la principal causa de discapacidad motora en el mundo, y representa una prioridad para la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Se estudió, a nivel estructural y bioquímico, el efecto de la hipotermia sobre la expresión de la CIRBP (proteína activada por frío) en el asta anterior de la médula de ratas Sprague-Dawley albinas macho de 60 días, planteándola como terapéutica posible. Materiales y Métodos:Se dividió a 24 ratas en dos grupos: normotermia a 24 °C (n = 6) e hipotermia a 8 °C (n = 18), durante 180 min, sacrificadas a las 12, 24 y 48 h después del tratamiento. Se utilizó Western blot e inmunohistoquímica para la CIRBP. Resultados:Se observó un aumento progresivo de la expresión de la CIRBP de 12 a 48 h en las motoneuronas del asta anterior. Los valores fueron estadísticamente significativos entre los grupos de 24 h y 48 h comparados con los de los controles. Conclusiones: Este modelo experimental resultó eficaz, accesible y económico para generar hipotermia sistémica y abre un abanico de estrategias terapéuticas. El aumento en la expresión de las proteínas inducibles por frío en la médula espinal de ratas permite, por primera vez, estudiar el beneficio que aporta la hipotermia a nivel molecular, lo que resulta de suma importancia para estudios de terapéuticas en las lesiones medulares. Nivel de Evidencia: I


Introduction: Traumatic spinal cord injury is the main cause of motor disability in developed and underdeveloped countries, being a priority interest to the WHO. The effect of hypothermia on the expression of CIRBP (cold-activated protein) in the anterior grey column of 60-day-old male albino Sprague-Dawley rats was studied at the structural and biochemical levels and proposed as a possible therapeutic approach. Materials and Methods: 24 rats were randomly divided into two groups; normothermia (n = 6), at 24° C, and hypothermia, (n = 18) at 8° C for 180 minutes and euthanized at 12, 24, and 48 h post-treatment. Western blot and immunohistochemistry for CIRBP were used. Results: A progressive increase in the expression of CIRBP was observed from 12 to 48 hours, with statistically significant values after 24 and 48 hours compared to controls. Conclusion: This experimental model demonstrated efficacy, accessibility, and economy to generate systemic hypothermia, which provides a novel range of therapeutic strategies. The increase in the expression of cold-inducible proteins in the rats' spinal cords allows us to study the benefit of hypothermia at the molecular level for the first time, being of utmost importance for therapeutic studies in spinal cord injuries. Level of Evidence: I


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins , Hypothermia
16.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358110

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los ensayos de hipotermia sistémica en murinos son costosos, debido a la complejidad de los sistemas. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar si el modelo de hipotermia sistémica exógena utilizado en nuestro laboratorio para la hipotermia ocular es útil para reducir significativamente la temperatura de la médula espinal en ratas adultas. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron 36 ratas Sprague-Dawley albinas macho de 60 días, distribuidas en dos grupos: grupo normotermia a 24 °C (n = 18) y grupo hipotermia (n = 18) en cámara fría a 8 °C durante 180 minutos. Resultados: La temperatura rectal promedio fue de 37,71 ± 0,572 °C en el grupo normotermia y 34,03 ± 0,250 °C en el grupo hipotermia (p <0,0001). La temperatura medular promedio fue de 38,8 ± 0,468 °C en el grupo normotermia y de 36,4 ± 0,290 °C en el grupo hipotermia (p <0,0001). Conclusiones: El uso de hipotermia sistémica en ratas de laboratorio parece ser un método prometedor para evaluar los mecanismos fisiológicos y patológicos que se desencadenan en la médula espinal. La exposición al frío en cámara genera hipotermia medular significativa en ratas adultas. Los resultados sugieren que podría ser un modelo adecuado de hipotermia medular de bajo costo. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Given the complexity of hypothermal trial systems in murines, they are expensive. Our objective was to evaluate if the exogenous hypothermal model used in our laboratory for ocular hypothermia was useful for a significant reduction in medullar spine temperature in adult murines. Materials and methods: 36 60-day-old adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. They were separated into two groups: a normal temperature group at 24 °C (n=18) and a hypothermia group in a cold chamber at 8 °C for 180 minutes (n=18). Results: The mean rectal temperature was 37.71 °C ± 0.572 in the normothermia group and 34.03°C ± 0.250 in the hypothermia group (p <0.0001). The mean medullar temperature was 38.8 ± 0.468 °C in the normothermia group and 36.4 ± 0.290 °C in the hypothermia group (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Using systematic hypothermia in lab rats seems to be promising to evaluate physiologic and pathological mechanisms triggered in the medullar spine. Exposure to cold in the external chamber produces significant medullar hypothermia in adult rats. Results suggest this might be an adequate and inexpensive medullar hypothermal model. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord , Disease Models, Animal , Hypothermia
17.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1058-1066, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345256

ABSTRACT

Reducing the mortality rate is of a great economic importance for pig farming. Therefore, it is necessary to define the conditions in the farrowing unit based on the performance of the piglets, and specific hematological and biochemical parameters. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to examine the importance of using skin moisture absorbent and its influence in preventing hypothermia, which causes great economic losses in pig production. The experiment was set up on a commercial farm in Serbia and included 92 pigs divided into the experimental and control group. Body temperature values, body weight and blood parameters were monitored. The obtained values indicate that there is a significantly positive correlation of body temperature change and body weight values, and body temperature showed a significantly higher increase in the experimental group compared to the control group. The results obtained from hematological and biochemical parameters provide a clearer picture of the metabolic processes in piglets in the farrowing unit and can be used to further improve pig production and as a complement to genetic enhancement.(AU)


A redução da taxa de mortalidade é de grande importância econômica para a suinocultura. Portanto, é necessário definir as condições na unidade de parto com base no desempenho dos leitões, para serem parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos específicos. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho é examinar a importância do uso de absorvente de umidade na pele e sua influência na prevenção da hipotermia, que causa grandes perdas econômicas na produção de suínos. A experiência foi montada em uma fazenda comercial na Sérvia, e incluiu 92 porcos divididos no grupo experimental e de controle. Os valores de temperatura corporal, pesos corporais e parâmetros sanguíneos foram monitorados. Os valores obtidos indicam que existe uma correlação significativamente positiva entre os valores da temperatura corporal e dos pesos corporais, e a temperatura corporal mostrou um aumento significativamente maior no grupo experimental em comparação com o grupo de controle. Os resultados obtidos a partir de parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos fornecem uma imagem mais clara dos processos metabólicos em leitões na unidade de parto e podem ser usados para melhorar ainda mais a produção de suínos e como um complemento ao melhoramento genético.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Sus scrofa/blood , Hygroscopic Agents/therapeutic use , Humidity/prevention & control , Hypothermia/diagnosis , Hypothermia/prevention & control , Serbia
19.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 64-69, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280494

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El shock hemorrágico es una de las causas más comunes de muerte en pacientes con trauma debido a que pone en marcha un círculo vicioso de mecanismos que incluyen hipotermia, acidosis y coagulopatía. Para mitigar estos efectos, se han propuesto estrategias de control de daños, incluido el aporte controlado de líquidos con hipotensión permisiva contemplando metas en la presión arterial sistólica para mantener una adecuada perfusión de los tejidos. Objetivo: Conocer información actualizada acerca del manejo de la hipotensión permisiva en pacientes con trauma. Metodología: Se buscó información en las bases de datos Web-of-Science y Scopus de los últimos cinco años. El resultado arrojó un total de 118 artículos de los cuales se tomaron 30, según los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: Todos los artículos consideran el uso de la hipotensión permisiva como una buena opción para el manejo de los pacientes con trauma e hipotensión, sin embargo, difieren en qué momento es adecuado utilizarlo y en qué condiciones se debe realizar. Conclusiones: Si bien la hipotensión permisiva se ha convertido en uno de los pilares fundamentales en el manejo prehospitalario del paciente con trauma, se requieren estudios investigativos en humanos para soportar cuándo y cómo debe utilizarse.


Abstract Introduction: Hemorrhagic shock is one of the most common causes of death in trauma patients, because it sets in motion a vicious cycle of mechanisms, including hypothermia, acidosis, and coagulopathy. To mitigate these effects, damage control strategies have been proposed, including the controlled intake of fluids with permissive hypotension, contemplating goals in systolic blood pressure, and thus, maintaining adequate tissue perfusion. Objective: The present research aimed to review the literature in search of updated information about the management of permissive hypotension in patients with trauma. Methodology: Information was searched in the Web-of-Science and Scopus databases in the last five years. The result yielded a total of 118 articles, of which 30 were taken according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: All the articles consider the use of permissive hypotension as a good option for the management of patients with trauma and hypotension, however, they differ when it is appropriate to use it and under what conditions it should be performed. Conclusions: Although permissive hypotension has become one of the fundamental pillars in the prehospital management of the patient with trauma, research studies in humans are required to support when and how it should be used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Wounds and Injuries , Hypotension , Hypothermia , Tissues , Acidosis , Blood Pressure , Cause of Death , Health Strategies , Alkalies , Arterial Pressure
20.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(1): 60-67, 31-03-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223950

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar a ocorrência e os fatores de risco determinantes para o desenvolvimento do diagnóstico de enfermagem risco de hipotermia perioperatória. Método: Revisão integrativa, usando o acrônimo PIO (pacientes, intervenção, outcomes/desfecho), em que P=pacientes adultos e idosos; I=cirurgias eletivas; O=fatores de risco associados à hipotermia perioperatória. A revisão foi conduzida e reportada com base no Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), seguindo-se as sete etapas propostas pelo método PRISMA. Resultados: A busca gerou 854 artigos, sendo retirados os duplicados e os sem relevância. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, 13 artigos foram submetidos à análise final. Índice de massa corporal baixo, idade avançada e tempo cirúrgico prolongado foram os fatores mais relacionados ao desenvolvimento de hipotermia nos pacientes cirúrgicos. O manejo da hipotermia colabora para diminuição dos riscos de eventos adversos cardíacos, complicações infecciosas, sangramentos e traz maior conforto para o paciente. Conclusão: O enfermeiro precisa agir antes do quadro hipotérmico se instalar, reconhecendo os fatores de risco inerentes ao paciente e identificando quais tecnologias do cuidado aplicar.


Objective: To identify the occurrence and the risk factors that determine the development of the nursing diagnosis 'risk for perioperative hypothermia'. Method: Integrative review, using the acronym PIO (patients, intervention, outcomes), in which P=adult and older adults; I=elective surgeries; O=risk factors associated with perioperative hypothermia. The review was conducted and reported based on the Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA), following the seven steps proposed by the PRISMA method. Results: The search generated 854 articles, excluding duplicates and non-relevant titles. After applying the exclusion criteria, 13 articles were submitted to the final analysis. Low body mass index, advanced age and prolonged surgical time were the factors most related to the development of hypothermia in surgical patients. The management of hypothermia helps to reduce the risk of adverse cardiac events, infectious complications, and bleeding, besides bringing greater comfort to patients. Conclusion: Nurses need to act before the hypothermic condition sets in, recognizing the risk factors inherent to each patient and identifying which care technologies to apply.


Objetivo: Identificar la ocurrencia y los factores de riesgo que determinan el desarrollo del Diagnóstico de Enfermería Riesgo de Hipotermia Perioperatoria. Método: Revisión integrativa, utilizando el acrónimo PIO (Pacientes, Intervención, Outcomes/Resultado), donde P=pacientes adultos y ancianos; I=cirugías electivas; O=factores de riesgo asociados a hipotermia perioperatoria. La revisión se llevó a cabo y se informó utilizando los elementos de informe preferidos de la lista de verificación para revisiones sistemáticas y metaanálisis (Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses ­ PRISMA), siguiendo los siete pasos propuestos por el método PRISMA. Resultados: La búsqueda generó 854 artículos, eliminando los duplicados y los no relevantes. Tras aplicar los criterios de exclusión, se sometieron 13 artículos al análisis final. El bajo índice de masa corporal, la edad avanzada y el tiempo quirúrgico prolongado fueron los factores más relacionados con el desarrollo de hipotermia en los pacientes quirúrgicos. El manejo de la hipotermia ayuda a reducir los riesgos de eventos cardíacos adversos, complicaciones infecciosas, hemorragias y brinda mayor comodidad al paciente. Conclusión: La enfermera debe actuar antes de que se presente la condición hipotérmica, reconociendo los factores de riesgo inherentes al paciente e identificando qué tecnologías de atención aplicar.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Perioperative Nursing , Hypothermia , Diagnosis , Infections , Intraoperative Care
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL