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1.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 24(2): 2428, mayo.-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404909

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamento: El trauma complejo es un problema de salud a nivel mundial y cuando es de tipo hemorrágico la mortalidad es superior a los otros tipos de traumas complejos. Objetivo: Determinar las variables predictoras de mortalidad precoz en pacientes hospitalizados con trauma complejo hemorrágico en una institución hospitalaria del segundo nivel de atención en Cuba. Metodología: Se realizó un estudio transversal en el Hospital General Provincial Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus, durante 6 años. Se incluyeron 207 pacientes. Las variables se agruparon en sociodemográficas, enfermedades crónicas asociadas, mecanismo lesional, tipo de trauma, localización topográfica, tiempo entre admisión hospitalaria, diagnóstico y tratamiento, complicaciones precoces, tratamiento médico y quirúrgico, y mortalidad precoz. Se elaboró un árbol de decisión mediante el método Chaid exhaustivo, la variable dependiente fue la mortalidad por trauma complejo hemorrágico. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino (85 %), con 60 años y menos (83 %), con trauma contuso (57.5 %) y politraumatizados (42.5 %). Predominaron también los que presentaron acidosis metabólica (66.7 %), coagulopatía aguda (44.4 %), hipotermia (41.5 %). El 30 % de los pacientes falleció precozmente. El árbol de decisión tuvo una sensibilidad de 82.3 %, una especificidad de 97.2 % y un porcentaje global de pronóstico correcto del 92.8 %. Se identificaron 4 variables predictores de mortalidad: hipotermia, acidosis metabólica, coagulopatía aguda y trauma penetrante. Conclusiones: La probabilidad más alta de fallecer precozmente durante un trauma complejo hemorrágico se da entre pacientes con hipotermia, acidosis metabólica, coagulopatía aguda y trauma penetrante.


ABSTRACT Background: Complex trauma is a worldwide health problem and when hemorrhagic, mortality is higher than other types of complex trauma. Objective: To determine predictive variables of early mortality in hospitalized patients with complex hemorrhagic trauma in a second care level hospital in Cuba. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Camilo Cienfuegos Provincial General Hospital in Sancti Spíritus, for 6 years. 207 patients were included. The variables were grouped into sociodemographic, associated chronic diseases, injury mechanism, type of trauma, topographic location, time between hospital admission, diagnosis and treatment, early complications, medical and surgical treatment, and early mortality. A decision tree was developed using the exhaustive Chaid method, the dependent variable was mortality due to complex hemorrhagic trauma. Results: Male patients (85 %), 60 years and younger (83 %), with blunt trauma (57.5 %) and polytraumatized patients (42.5 %) predominated. Those who presented metabolic acidosis (66.7 %), acute coagulopathy (44.4 %), and hypothermia (41.5 %) also predominated. 30 % of patients died early. The decision tree had a sensitivity of 82.3 %, a specificity of 97.2 % and an overall percentage of correct forecast of 92.8 %. Four variables that predicted mortality were identified: hypothermia, metabolic acidosis, acute coagulopathy, and penetrating trauma. Conclusions: The highest probability of early dying during a complex hemorrhagic trauma occurs among patients with hypothermia, metabolic acidosis, acute coagulopathy and penetrating trauma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Shock, Hemorrhagic/surgery , Shock, Traumatic/surgery , Acidosis/mortality , Hypothermia/mortality
2.
REME rev. min. enferm ; 26: e1453, abr.2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1406462

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: desenvolver um protocolo de prevenção e tratamento da hipotermia perioperatória. Método: pesquisa do tipo desenvolvimento tecnológico em saúde, realizada em três etapas: i) revisão de diretrizes clínicas sobre fatores de risco para desenvolvimento de hipotermia perioperatória; ii) identificação da ocorrência de hipotermia perioperatória e dos fatores de risco associados ao seu desenvolvimento em um centro cirúrgico; e iii) elaboração do protocolo de prevenção de hipotermia perioperatória. Resultados: os fatores de risco identificados nas diretrizes foram categorizados em características clínicas (idade, Índice de Massa Corporal, comorbidades e temperatura corporal) e anestésico-cirúrgicas (tipo e duração da anestesia e da cirurgia e temperatura da sala cirúrgica). Na segunda etapa, 90 pacientes cirúrgicos foram avaliados. A ocorrência de hipotermia foi de 28,9% na admissão cirúrgica, 77,8% na admissão da Sala de Recuperação Pós-Anestésica e 45,6% na alta do centro cirúrgico. Houve associação estatisticamente significativa entre ocorrência de hipotermia e índice ASA (p = 0,049), idade (p = 0,037), comorbidades (p = 0,031) e hipotermia pré-operatória (p = 0,015). Conclusão: para elaboração do protocolo, foram considerados os fatores de risco descritos na literatura, os resultados de estudo local e o acesso às tecnologias disponíveis na instituição. As ações incluíram os seguintes aspectos: avaliação de fatores de risco e de situações desencadeantes; monitorização e registro da temperatura e outros parâmetros; aquecimento passivo para pacientes normotérmicos; aquecimento ativo para pacientes hipotérmicos; infusão de soluções endovenosas aquecidas; suporte de oxigênio para pacientes hipotérmicos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: de sarrollar un protocolo paralaprevención y el tratamiento de la hipotermia perioperatoria. Método: una investigación de desarrollo tecnológico sanitario, desarrollada en tres etapas: Revisión de las directrices clínicas sobre los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de la hipotermia perioperatoria; Identificación de la ocurrencia de la hipotermia perioperatoria y de los factores de riesgo asociados a su desarrollo en un centro quirúrgico y Elaboración de un protocolo de pre vención de la hipotermia perioperatoria. Resultados: los factores de r iesgo identificados en las directrices se clasificaron en caracterí st icas clínica s (edad, Índice de Masa Corporal, comorbilidades, temperatura corporal) y anestésico-quirúrgicas (tipo y duración de la anestesia y la cirugía, temperatura del quirófano). En la segunda etapa, se evaluaron 90 pacientes quirúrgicos. La apar ición de hipotermia fue del 28,9% al ingreso quirúrgico, del 77,8% al ingreso en la Sala de Recuperación Postanestésica y del 45,6% al alta del quirófano. Se encontró una a sociación estadísticamente significativa entre la aparición de hipoter mia y el índice ASA (p = 0,049), la edad (p = 0,037), las comorbilidades (p = 0,031), la hipotermia preoperatoria (p = 0,015). Conclusión: para desarrollar el protocolo, se consideraron los factores de r iesgo descritos en el documento, los resultados de un estudio local y el acceso a las tecnologías disponibles en la institución. Las acciones incluían la evaluación de los factores de rie sgo y las situaciones desencadenantes, la monitorización y el registro de la temperatura y otros parámetros, el calentamiento pasivo para los pacientes normotérmicos, el calentamiento act ivo para los pacientes hipotérmicos, la infusión de soluciones intravenosas calentadas y el apoyo de oxígeno para los pacientes hipotérmicos.


ABSTRACT Objective: to develop a protocol for the prevention and treatment of perioperative hypothermia. Method: research of the technological development in health type, carried out in three stages: i) review of clinical g uidelines on risk factors for the development of perioperative hypothermia; ii) identification of the occur rence of perioperative hypothermia and the risk factors a ssociated with its development in a surgical center; and iii) development of a protocol for the prevention of perioperative hypothermia. Results: the risk factors identified in the guidelines were categorized into clinical characteristics (age, Body Mass Index, comorbidities and body temperature) and anesthetic-surgical characteristics (type and duration of anesthesia and surgery and operat ing room temperature). In the second stage, 90 surgical patients were evaluated. The occurrence of hypothermia was 28.9% at surgical admission, 77.8% at admission to the Post-Anesthesia Care Unit and 45.6% at discharge from the operating room. There was a statistically significant association bet ween the occurrence of hypothermia and ASA index (p = 0.049), age (p = 0.037), comorbidities (p = 0.031) and preoperative hy pothermia (p = 0.015). Conclusion: for the elaboration of the protocol, the risk factors described in the literat ure, the results of a local study and the access to the technologies available in the instit ution were considered. The actions included the following aspects: a ssessment of risk factors and triggering situations; monitoring and recording of temperature and other parameters; passive warming for normothermic patients; active warming for hypothermic patients; infusion of war med intravenou s solutions; oxygen support for hypothermic patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Clinical Protocols , Risk Factors , Hypothermia/prevention & control , Perioperative Nursing , Body Temperature
3.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-9, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1399711

ABSTRACT

: Objetivo: Mapear e validar as intervenções/atividades aplicadas ao paciente com diagnóstico de enfermagem de risco de hipotermia perioperatória. Método: Trata-se de estudo metodológico, com foco na construção e na validação de atividades/intervenções de enfermagem específicas para o diagnóstico de risco de hipotermia perioperatória da NANDA-I, realizado de agosto de 2020 a setembro de 2021. O processo envolveu três etapas: levantamento das atividades na literatura, mapeamento cruzado com as intervenções/atividades da Classificação das intervenções de enfermagem (NIC) e validação por especialistas, considerando válidos os itens com índice de validade de conteúdo>0,79. Resultados: Na revisão de literatura, foram elencados 12 artigos, que geraram 57 atividades, agrupadas em métodos ativos e passivos de aquecimento, além de medidas de monitoramento; em relação às intervenções de enfermagem, na NIC, foram mapeadas 3 intervenções, englobando 96 atividades. Por meio do mapeamento cruzado, foi possível construir 17 atividades de enfermagem a serem propostas para o perioperatório, sendo 15 validadas pelos 8 especialistas. Conclusão: Foram mapeadas e validadas 15 intervenções/atividades advindas do diagnóstico risco de hipotermia para serem desenvolvidas no período perioperatório, a fim de favorecer a qualidade assistencial.


Objective: To map and validate the interventions/activities applied to patients with a nursing diagnosis of risk of perioperative hypothermia. Method: This is a methodological study focusing on the construction and validation of specific nursing activities/interventions for the NANDA-I risk diagnosis of perioperative hypothermia, carried out from August 2020 to September 2021. The process had three steps: search of activities in the literature, cross-mapping with interventions/activities of the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) and validation by specialists, considering items with content validity index>0.79 as valid. Results: Twelve articles were listed after literature review, which generated 57 activities grouped into active and passive heating methods, in addition to monitoring measures; as for nursing interventions, 3 interventions in NIC were mapped, encompassing 96 activities. Through cross-mapping, 17 nursing activities to be proposed for the perioperative period could be created, 15 of which were validated by 8 specialists. Conclusion: Fifteen interventions/activities arising from the diagnosis of risk of hypothermia were mapped and validated for applciation in the perioperative period, in order to favor quality of care


Objetivo: Mapear y validar las intervenciones/actividades aplicadas a pacientes con diagnóstico de enfermería de Riesgo de Hipotermia Perioperatoria. Método: Se trata de un estudio metodológico, con foco en la construcción y validación de actividades/intervenciones de enfermería específicas para el diagnóstico de Riesgo de Hipotermia Perioperatoria de la NANDA-I, realizado de agosto de 2020 a septiembre de 2021. El proceso involucró tres etapas: levantamiento de actividades en la literatura, mapeo cruzado con intervenciones/actividades de la Clasificación Internacional de Intervenciones de Enfermería y validación por especialistas, considerando ítems válidos con índice de validez de contenido >0,79. Resultados: En la revisión de la literatura, se enumeraron 12 artículos, que generaron 57 actividades, agrupadas en métodos de calentamiento activo y pasivo, y medidas de seguimiento; en relación a las intervenciones de enfermería en la Clasificación Internacional, fueron mapeadas 03 intervenciones que abarcan 96 actividades. A través del mapeo cruzado, fue posible construir 17 actividades de enfermería a ser propuestas para el período perioperatorio, 15 de las cuales fueron validadas por los 8 especialistas. Conclusión: 15 intervenciones/actividades derivadas del diagnóstico Riesgo de hipotermia fueron mapeadas y validadas para ser desarrolladas en el perioperatorio con el fin de favorecer la calidad de la atención


Subject(s)
Humans , Nursing Diagnosis , Perioperative Period , Hypothermia , Patients , Surgicenters , Nursing
4.
Rev. SOBECC (Online) ; 27: 1-7, 01-01-2022.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1410462

ABSTRACT

Analisar a correlação entre hipotermia intraoperatória e ocorrência de infecção de sítio cirúrgico em pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudo de coorte retrospectiva com dados extraídos do prontuário eletrônico de 79 pacientes entre 2014 e 2015. Todos os preceitos éticos foram cumpridos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desenvolveram infecção de sítio cirúrgico, sendo 12 (66,66%) durante a internação e 6 (33,33%) após a alta. A infecção do sítio cirúrgico apresentou correlação significativa com diabetes mellitus, transfusão intraoperatória, tipo de cirurgia proposta, tempo de permanência em Unidade de Internação ou de Terapia Intensiva, reabordagem cirúrgica e readmissão hospitalar. Verificou-se que cada episódio de hipotermia menor ou igual a 35,5°C aumentou a chance de infecção do sítio cirúrgico em 6,2%.


To analyze the correlation between intraoperative hypothermia and the occurrence of surgical site infection in patients with cancer. Method: Retrospective cohort study with data extracted from the electronic medical records of 79 patients between 2014 and 2015. All ethical precepts were complied with. Results: Of 79 patients, 18 (22.79%) developed surgical site infection, 12 (66.66%) during hospitalization and 6 (33.33%) after hospital discharge. Surgical site infection was significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus, intraoperative transfusion, type of surgery proposed, length of stay in an Inpatient or Intensive Care Unit, surgical re-approach and hospital readmission. Each episode of hypothermia lower than or equal to 35.5 °C increased the chance of surgical site infection by 6.2%.


: Analizar la correlación entre la hipotermia intraoperatoria y la ocurrencia de infección del sitio quirúrgico en pacientes oncológicos. Método: Estudio de cohorte retrospectivo con datos extraídos de la historia clínica electrónica de 79 pacientes entre 2014 y 2015. Se cumplieron todos los preceptos éticos. Resultados: De 79 pacientes, 18 (22,79%) desarrollaron infección del sitio quirúrgico, 12 (66,66%) durante la hospitalización y 6 (33,33%) después del alta. La infección del sitio quirúrgico se correlacionó significativamente con la diabetes mellitus, la transfusión intraoperatoria, el tipo de cirugía propuesta, la estancia hospitalaria o en la Unidad de Cuidados Intensivos, la reintervención quirúrgica y el reingreso hospitalario. Se encontró que cada episodio de hipotermia menor o igual a 35,5°C aumentó la probabilidad de infección del sitio quirúrgico en un 6,2%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Monitoring, Intraoperative , Hypothermia , Medical Oncology , General Surgery , Cohort Studies , Infections
5.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1358110

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los ensayos de hipotermia sistémica en murinos son costosos, debido a la complejidad de los sistemas. El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar si el modelo de hipotermia sistémica exógena utilizado en nuestro laboratorio para la hipotermia ocular es útil para reducir significativamente la temperatura de la médula espinal en ratas adultas. Materiales y métodos: Se utilizaron 36 ratas Sprague-Dawley albinas macho de 60 días, distribuidas en dos grupos: grupo normotermia a 24 °C (n = 18) y grupo hipotermia (n = 18) en cámara fría a 8 °C durante 180 minutos. Resultados: La temperatura rectal promedio fue de 37,71 ± 0,572 °C en el grupo normotermia y 34,03 ± 0,250 °C en el grupo hipotermia (p <0,0001). La temperatura medular promedio fue de 38,8 ± 0,468 °C en el grupo normotermia y de 36,4 ± 0,290 °C en el grupo hipotermia (p <0,0001). Conclusiones: El uso de hipotermia sistémica en ratas de laboratorio parece ser un método prometedor para evaluar los mecanismos fisiológicos y patológicos que se desencadenan en la médula espinal. La exposición al frío en cámara genera hipotermia medular significativa en ratas adultas. Los resultados sugieren que podría ser un modelo adecuado de hipotermia medular de bajo costo. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Given the complexity of hypothermal trial systems in murines, they are expensive. Our objective was to evaluate if the exogenous hypothermal model used in our laboratory for ocular hypothermia was useful for a significant reduction in medullar spine temperature in adult murines. Materials and methods: 36 60-day-old adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. They were separated into two groups: a normal temperature group at 24 °C (n=18) and a hypothermia group in a cold chamber at 8 °C for 180 minutes (n=18). Results: The mean rectal temperature was 37.71 °C ± 0.572 in the normothermia group and 34.03°C ± 0.250 in the hypothermia group (p <0.0001). The mean medullar temperature was 38.8 ± 0.468 °C in the normothermia group and 36.4 ± 0.290 °C in the hypothermia group (p <0.0001). Conclusion: Using systematic hypothermia in lab rats seems to be promising to evaluate physiologic and pathological mechanisms triggered in the medullar spine. Exposure to cold in the external chamber produces significant medullar hypothermia in adult rats. Results suggest this might be an adequate and inexpensive medullar hypothermal model. Level of Evidence: III


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord , Disease Models, Animal , Hypothermia
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1378016

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La lesión traumática de la médula espinal es la principal causa de discapacidad motora en el mundo, y representa una prioridad para la Organización Mundial de la Salud. Se estudió, a nivel estructural y bioquímico, el efecto de la hipotermia sobre la expresión de la CIRBP (proteína activada por frío) en el asta anterior de la médula de ratas Sprague-Dawley albinas macho de 60 días, planteándola como terapéutica posible. Materiales y Métodos:Se dividió a 24 ratas en dos grupos: normotermia a 24 °C (n = 6) e hipotermia a 8 °C (n = 18), durante 180 min, sacrificadas a las 12, 24 y 48 h después del tratamiento. Se utilizó Western blot e inmunohistoquímica para la CIRBP. Resultados:Se observó un aumento progresivo de la expresión de la CIRBP de 12 a 48 h en las motoneuronas del asta anterior. Los valores fueron estadísticamente significativos entre los grupos de 24 h y 48 h comparados con los de los controles. Conclusiones: Este modelo experimental resultó eficaz, accesible y económico para generar hipotermia sistémica y abre un abanico de estrategias terapéuticas. El aumento en la expresión de las proteínas inducibles por frío en la médula espinal de ratas permite, por primera vez, estudiar el beneficio que aporta la hipotermia a nivel molecular, lo que resulta de suma importancia para estudios de terapéuticas en las lesiones medulares. Nivel de Evidencia: I


Introduction: Traumatic spinal cord injury is the main cause of motor disability in developed and underdeveloped countries, being a priority interest to the WHO. The effect of hypothermia on the expression of CIRBP (cold-activated protein) in the anterior grey column of 60-day-old male albino Sprague-Dawley rats was studied at the structural and biochemical levels and proposed as a possible therapeutic approach. Materials and Methods: 24 rats were randomly divided into two groups; normothermia (n = 6), at 24° C, and hypothermia, (n = 18) at 8° C for 180 minutes and euthanized at 12, 24, and 48 h post-treatment. Western blot and immunohistochemistry for CIRBP were used. Results: A progressive increase in the expression of CIRBP was observed from 12 to 48 hours, with statistically significant values after 24 and 48 hours compared to controls. Conclusion: This experimental model demonstrated efficacy, accessibility, and economy to generate systemic hypothermia, which provides a novel range of therapeutic strategies. The increase in the expression of cold-inducible proteins in the rats' spinal cords allows us to study the benefit of hypothermia at the molecular level for the first time, being of utmost importance for therapeutic studies in spinal cord injuries. Level of Evidence: I


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Injuries , Heterogeneous-Nuclear Ribonucleoproteins , Hypothermia
7.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e181053, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360163

ABSTRACT

Abstract The effect of hypothermia treatment on white blood cell (WBC), neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) values as an indicator of inflammation was evaluated in newborns with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE). The study was performed that the before-therapeutic hypothermia (TH) and after-TH WBC, lymphocytes, neutrophils, monocytes and NLR, LMR and PLR values of the complete blood cell count were retrospectively evaluated. The results of the patient group were compared with the results of healthy newborns. A total of 78 patients who underwent TH were evaluated in our study. Mean values before and after TH were NLR3.8/2.7, LMR 5.6/8.6, and PLR 60.3/67.1 respectively. A statistical significance was present for NLR values before and after TH in those with seizure in our study (4.15±2.95/3.01±2.54) but no statistical significance was found for LMR or PLR. In neonates with HIE, effect of TH on complete blood cell count and inflammatory mechanisms (mediated neutrophil and lymphocyte) may be minimal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/pathology , Hypothermia/pathology , Blood Cell Count/methods , Hypothermia/classification , Inflammation
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 73(5): 1058-1066, Sept.-Oct. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1345256

ABSTRACT

Reducing the mortality rate is of a great economic importance for pig farming. Therefore, it is necessary to define the conditions in the farrowing unit based on the performance of the piglets, and specific hematological and biochemical parameters. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to examine the importance of using skin moisture absorbent and its influence in preventing hypothermia, which causes great economic losses in pig production. The experiment was set up on a commercial farm in Serbia and included 92 pigs divided into the experimental and control group. Body temperature values, body weight and blood parameters were monitored. The obtained values indicate that there is a significantly positive correlation of body temperature change and body weight values, and body temperature showed a significantly higher increase in the experimental group compared to the control group. The results obtained from hematological and biochemical parameters provide a clearer picture of the metabolic processes in piglets in the farrowing unit and can be used to further improve pig production and as a complement to genetic enhancement.(AU)


A redução da taxa de mortalidade é de grande importância econômica para a suinocultura. Portanto, é necessário definir as condições na unidade de parto com base no desempenho dos leitões, para serem parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos específicos. Portanto, o objetivo deste trabalho é examinar a importância do uso de absorvente de umidade na pele e sua influência na prevenção da hipotermia, que causa grandes perdas econômicas na produção de suínos. A experiência foi montada em uma fazenda comercial na Sérvia, e incluiu 92 porcos divididos no grupo experimental e de controle. Os valores de temperatura corporal, pesos corporais e parâmetros sanguíneos foram monitorados. Os valores obtidos indicam que existe uma correlação significativamente positiva entre os valores da temperatura corporal e dos pesos corporais, e a temperatura corporal mostrou um aumento significativamente maior no grupo experimental em comparação com o grupo de controle. Os resultados obtidos a partir de parâmetros hematológicos e bioquímicos fornecem uma imagem mais clara dos processos metabólicos em leitões na unidade de parto e podem ser usados para melhorar ainda mais a produção de suínos e como um complemento ao melhoramento genético.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Sus scrofa/blood , Hygroscopic Agents/therapeutic use , Humidity/prevention & control , Hypothermia/diagnosis , Hypothermia/prevention & control , Serbia
10.
Rev. med. Risaralda ; 27(1): 64-69, ene.-jun. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1280494

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: El shock hemorrágico es una de las causas más comunes de muerte en pacientes con trauma debido a que pone en marcha un círculo vicioso de mecanismos que incluyen hipotermia, acidosis y coagulopatía. Para mitigar estos efectos, se han propuesto estrategias de control de daños, incluido el aporte controlado de líquidos con hipotensión permisiva contemplando metas en la presión arterial sistólica para mantener una adecuada perfusión de los tejidos. Objetivo: Conocer información actualizada acerca del manejo de la hipotensión permisiva en pacientes con trauma. Metodología: Se buscó información en las bases de datos Web-of-Science y Scopus de los últimos cinco años. El resultado arrojó un total de 118 artículos de los cuales se tomaron 30, según los criterios de inclusión y exclusión. Resultados: Todos los artículos consideran el uso de la hipotensión permisiva como una buena opción para el manejo de los pacientes con trauma e hipotensión, sin embargo, difieren en qué momento es adecuado utilizarlo y en qué condiciones se debe realizar. Conclusiones: Si bien la hipotensión permisiva se ha convertido en uno de los pilares fundamentales en el manejo prehospitalario del paciente con trauma, se requieren estudios investigativos en humanos para soportar cuándo y cómo debe utilizarse.


Abstract Introduction: Hemorrhagic shock is one of the most common causes of death in trauma patients, because it sets in motion a vicious cycle of mechanisms, including hypothermia, acidosis, and coagulopathy. To mitigate these effects, damage control strategies have been proposed, including the controlled intake of fluids with permissive hypotension, contemplating goals in systolic blood pressure, and thus, maintaining adequate tissue perfusion. Objective: The present research aimed to review the literature in search of updated information about the management of permissive hypotension in patients with trauma. Methodology: Information was searched in the Web-of-Science and Scopus databases in the last five years. The result yielded a total of 118 articles, of which 30 were taken according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Results: All the articles consider the use of permissive hypotension as a good option for the management of patients with trauma and hypotension, however, they differ when it is appropriate to use it and under what conditions it should be performed. Conclusions: Although permissive hypotension has become one of the fundamental pillars in the prehospital management of the patient with trauma, research studies in humans are required to support when and how it should be used.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shock, Hemorrhagic , Wounds and Injuries , Hypotension , Hypothermia , Tissues , Acidosis , Blood Pressure , Cause of Death , Health Strategies , Alkalies , Arterial Pressure
11.
Rev. SOBECC ; 26(1): 60-67, 31-03-2021.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1223950

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Identificar a ocorrência e os fatores de risco determinantes para o desenvolvimento do diagnóstico de enfermagem risco de hipotermia perioperatória. Método: Revisão integrativa, usando o acrônimo PIO (pacientes, intervenção, outcomes/desfecho), em que P=pacientes adultos e idosos; I=cirurgias eletivas; O=fatores de risco associados à hipotermia perioperatória. A revisão foi conduzida e reportada com base no Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), seguindo-se as sete etapas propostas pelo método PRISMA. Resultados: A busca gerou 854 artigos, sendo retirados os duplicados e os sem relevância. Após aplicação dos critérios de exclusão, 13 artigos foram submetidos à análise final. Índice de massa corporal baixo, idade avançada e tempo cirúrgico prolongado foram os fatores mais relacionados ao desenvolvimento de hipotermia nos pacientes cirúrgicos. O manejo da hipotermia colabora para diminuição dos riscos de eventos adversos cardíacos, complicações infecciosas, sangramentos e traz maior conforto para o paciente. Conclusão: O enfermeiro precisa agir antes do quadro hipotérmico se instalar, reconhecendo os fatores de risco inerentes ao paciente e identificando quais tecnologias do cuidado aplicar.


Objective: To identify the occurrence and the risk factors that determine the development of the nursing diagnosis 'risk for perioperative hypothermia'. Method: Integrative review, using the acronym PIO (patients, intervention, outcomes), in which P=adult and older adults; I=elective surgeries; O=risk factors associated with perioperative hypothermia. The review was conducted and reported based on the Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyzes (PRISMA), following the seven steps proposed by the PRISMA method. Results: The search generated 854 articles, excluding duplicates and non-relevant titles. After applying the exclusion criteria, 13 articles were submitted to the final analysis. Low body mass index, advanced age and prolonged surgical time were the factors most related to the development of hypothermia in surgical patients. The management of hypothermia helps to reduce the risk of adverse cardiac events, infectious complications, and bleeding, besides bringing greater comfort to patients. Conclusion: Nurses need to act before the hypothermic condition sets in, recognizing the risk factors inherent to each patient and identifying which care technologies to apply.


Objetivo: Identificar la ocurrencia y los factores de riesgo que determinan el desarrollo del Diagnóstico de Enfermería Riesgo de Hipotermia Perioperatoria. Método: Revisión integrativa, utilizando el acrónimo PIO (Pacientes, Intervención, Outcomes/Resultado), donde P=pacientes adultos y ancianos; I=cirugías electivas; O=factores de riesgo asociados a hipotermia perioperatoria. La revisión se llevó a cabo y se informó utilizando los elementos de informe preferidos de la lista de verificación para revisiones sistemáticas y metaanálisis (Check-list Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses ­ PRISMA), siguiendo los siete pasos propuestos por el método PRISMA. Resultados: La búsqueda generó 854 artículos, eliminando los duplicados y los no relevantes. Tras aplicar los criterios de exclusión, se sometieron 13 artículos al análisis final. El bajo índice de masa corporal, la edad avanzada y el tiempo quirúrgico prolongado fueron los factores más relacionados con el desarrollo de hipotermia en los pacientes quirúrgicos. El manejo de la hipotermia ayuda a reducir los riesgos de eventos cardíacos adversos, complicaciones infecciosas, hemorragias y brinda mayor comodidad al paciente. Conclusión: La enfermera debe actuar antes de que se presente la condición hipotérmica, reconociendo los factores de riesgo inherentes al paciente e identificando qué tecnologías de atención aplicar.


Subject(s)
Humans , General Surgery , Perioperative Nursing , Hypothermia , Diagnosis , Infections , Intraoperative Care
12.
Rev. bras. ter. intensiva ; 33(1): 111-118, jan.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1289050

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a incidência de hipotermia em pacientes em terapia renal substitutiva contínua na unidade de terapia intensiva. Como objetivos secundários, determinar fatores associados e comparar a ocorrência de hipotermia entre duas modalidades de terapia renal substitutiva contínua. Métodos: Estudo de coorte, prospectivo, realizado com pacientes adultos internados em uma unidade de terapia intensiva clínico-cirúrgica, que realizaram terapia renal substitutiva contínua em um hospital universitário público de alta complexidade do Sul do Brasil, de abril de 2017 a julho de 2018. A hipotermia foi definida como queda da temperatura corporal ≤ 35ºC. Os pacientes incluídos no estudo foram acompanhados nas 48 horas iniciais de terapia renal substitutiva contínua. Os dados foram coletados pelos pesquisadores por meio da consulta aos prontuários e às fichas de registro das terapias renais substitutivas contínuas. Resultados: Foram avaliados 186 pacientes distribuídos igualmente entre dois tipos de terapia renal substitutiva contínua: hemodiálise e hemodiafiltração. A incidência de hipotermia foi de 52,7%, sendo maior nos pacientes que internaram por choque (risco relativo de 2,11; IC95% 1,21 - 3,69; p = 0,009) e nos que fizeram hemodiafiltração com aquecimento por mangueira na linha de retorno (risco relativo de 1,50; IC95% 1,13 - 1,99; p = 0,005). Conclusão: A hipotermia em pacientes críticos com terapia renal substitutiva contínua é frequente, e a equipe intensivista deve estar atenta, em especial quando há fatores de risco associados.


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the incidence of hypothermia in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy in the intensive care unit. As secondary objectives, we determined associated factors and compared the occurrence of hypothermia between two modalities of continuous renal replacement therapy. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted with adult patients who were admitted to a clinical-surgical intensive care unit and underwent continuous renal replacement therapy in a high-complexity public university hospital in southern Brazil from April 2017 to July 2018. Hypothermia was defined as a body temperature ≤ 35ºC. The patients included in the study were followed for the first 48 hours of continuous renal replacement therapy. The researchers collected data from medical records and continuous renal replacement therapy records. Results: A total of 186 patients were equally distributed between two types of continuous renal replacement therapy: hemodialysis and hemodiafiltration. The incidence of hypothermia was 52.7% and was higher in patients admitted for shock (relative risk of 2.11; 95%CI 1.21 - 3.69; p = 0.009) and in those who underwent hemodiafiltration with heating in the return line (relative risk of 1.50; 95%CI 1.13 - 1.99; p = 0.005). Conclusion: Hypothermia in critically ill patients with continuous renal replacement therapy is frequent, and the intensive care team should be attentive, especially when there are associated risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adult , Hemodiafiltration , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Acute Kidney Injury/epidemiology , Continuous Renal Replacement Therapy , Hypothermia/etiology , Hypothermia/epidemiology , Incidence , Prospective Studies , Critical Illness , Renal Replacement Therapy
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880665

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with radiation-induced rat lung injury, and to reveal the protective mechanism for mild hypothermia in the radiation-induced lung injury in rats at the transcriptome level.@*METHODS@#A total of 10 male SD rats aged 6-8 weeks were randomly divided into 2 groups to establish a rat model of radiation-induced lung injury, and one group was treated with mild hypothermia. RNA was extracted from left lung tissue of each group, and sequenced by BGISEQ-500 platform. Significance analysis of DEGs was carried out by edgeR software. Gene ontology (GO) function enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis were used to analyze the gene function. Then 5 key DEGs were verified by real-time reverse transcription PCR (real-time RT-PCR).@*RESULTS@#There were 2 790 DEGs (false discovery rate<0.001, |log@*CONCLUSIONS@#The DEGs and pathways related to mild hypothermia protection against radiation-induced lung injury in rats are obtained, which provides an experimental basis for the protection of mild hypothermia against radiation-induced lung injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Gene Expression Profiling , Hypothermia , Lung Injury , Male , RNA-Seq , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Transcriptome
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879822

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the changes in hemodynamics during the induction stage of systemic mild hypothermia therapy in neonates with moderate to severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).@*METHODS@#A total of 21 neonates with HIE who underwent systemic mild hypothermia therapy in the Department of Neonatology, Dongguan Children's Hospital Affiliated to Guangdong Medical University, from July 2017 to April 2020 were enrolled. The rectal temperature of the neonates was lowered to 34℃ after 1-2 hours of induction and maintained at this level for 72 hours using a hypothermia blanket. The impedance method was used for noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring, and the changes in heart rate (HR), mean arterial pressure (MAP), stroke volume (SV), cardiac output (CO), cardiac index (CI), and total peripheral resistance (TPR) from the start of hypothermia induction to the achievement of target rectal temperature (34℃). Blood lactic acid (LAC) and resistance index (RI) of the middle cerebral artery were recorded simultaneously.@*RESULTS@#The 21 neonates with HIE had a mean gestational age of (39.6±1.1) weeks, a mean birth weight of (3 439±517) g, and a mean 5-minute Apgar score of 6.8±2.0. From the start of hypothermia induction to the achievement of target rectal temperature (34℃), there were significant reductions in HR, CO, and CI (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The systemic mild hypothermia therapy may have a significant impact on hemodynamics in neonates with moderate to severe HIE, and continuous hemodynamic monitoring is required during the treatment.


Subject(s)
Cardiac Output , Child , Hemodynamics , Humans , Hypothermia , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Vascular Resistance
15.
Belo Horizonte; s.n; s.n; 2021. 109 p. ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1369659

ABSTRACT

Hypothermia is one of the main events and consequently nursing diagnoses found in patients undergoing anesthetic-surgical procedures. The consequences caused by hypothermia directly interfere with the individual's recovery after the surgical anesthetic procedure, which can cause an increase in cardiac and respiratory morbidity, an increase in the rate of infections and an increase in the hospital stay. It aimed to evaluate the patient's warm-up using the Forced Air Heating System, during the post-anesthetic recovery period. The method used was a clinical trial, randomized-controlled, without blinding, following the recommendations of the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials, carried out from August to October 2020, in a large, public Municipal Hospital in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais. The sample consisted of 66 patients, 33 belonging to the Control Group (standard care of the Institution) and 33 to the Experimental Group (heating intervention by Forced Air Heating System), allocated by systematic probabilistic sampling technique, associated with random sampling simple. Data were collected with sociodemographic, clinical, surgical aspects and parameters evaluated in the post-anesthetic recovery period. The research project followed all ethical principles and was submitted to the Brazilian Registry of Clinical Trials. The Chi-square test, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney test and the Generalized Equations Estimating method were used. The software used in the analyzes was R (version 4.0.2). The results demonstrate that the patient heating as a forced air system was not efficient and did not reestablish the normothermic state, but other benefits related to the heating were evidenced. The mean temperature of the patients at the exit of the post-anesthetic recovery room was higher for the experimental group (35.78ºC) than for the control group (35.60ºC), but this difference was not significant (p = 0.274); the experimental group shows a higher mean time of permanence in the post-anesthetic recovery room (96.97 minutes) than the control group (82.67 minutes) (p = 0.011); the mean body temperature of the patient's entry into the post-anesthetic recovery room was higher in patients in the control group (34.91ºC) than in the experimental group (34.57ºC), this difference being significant (p = 0.003); the mean difference in body temperature in and out of the post-anesthetic recovery room was higher in the experimental group (1.21ºC) than in the control group (0.69ºC); the control group patients present a higher mean systolic blood pressure in the 15 minutes (p = 0.043) and 90 minutes (p = 0.007) of anesthetic recovery and more episodes of hypertension and hypotension (p <0.001) than the patients in the experimental group; the patients of the control group present more episodes of mild and moderate hypoxemia (p <0.001) than the patients of the experimental group; and only the patients in the experimental group presented reports of improvement in the sensation of cold and tremors.


Subject(s)
Postanesthesia Nursing , Perioperative Care , Hypothermia , Recovery Room , Randomized Controlled Trial , Academic Dissertation , Vital Signs , Hospitals, Public
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 36(3): e360307, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248537

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose To probe the mechanism of mild hypothermia combined with rutin in the treatment of spinal cord injury (SCI). Methods Thirty rats were randomized into the following groups: control, sham, model, mild hypothermia (MH), and mild hypothermia plus rutin (MH+Rutin). We used modified Allen's method to injure the spinal cord (T10) in rats, and then treated it with MH or/and rutin immediately. BBB scores were performed on all rats. We used HE staining for observing the injured spinal cord tissue; ELISA for assaying TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-8, Myeloperoxidase (MPO), and Malondialdehyde (MDA) contents; Dihydroethidium (DHE) for measuring the reactive oxygen species (ROS) content; flow cytometry for detecting apoptosis; and both RT-qPCR and Western blot for determining the expression levels of TGF-β/Smad pathway related proteins (TGF-β, Smad2, and Smad3). Results In comparison with model group, the BBB score of MH increased to a certain extent and MH+Rutin group increased more than MH group (p < 0.05). After treatment with MH and MH+Rutin, the inflammatory infiltration diminished. MH and MH+Rutin tellingly dwindled TNF-β, MDA and ROS contents (p < 0.01), and minified spinal cord cell apoptosis. MH and MH+Rutin could patently diminished TGF-β1, Smad2, and Smad3 expression (p < 0.01). Conclusions MH+Rutin can suppress the activation of TGF-β/Smad pathway, hence repressing the cellular inflammatory response after SCI.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spinal Cord Injuries/therapy , Hypothermia , Rutin/therapeutic use , Spinal Cord , Transforming Growth Factor beta , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
17.
West Indian med. j ; 69(2): 96-102, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341880

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate autopsy findings in hypothermia-related deaths in Van Province, Turkey, a city near the Turkey-Iran border. Methods: Autopsy reports on 43 hypothermia fatalities were retrospectively reviewed. Data regarding age, gender, nationality of the cases, seasonality of the deaths, crime scene findings, autopsy findings, manner of deaths, risk factors for hypothermia, other traumatic lesions, and toxicology were obtained from autopsy records and scene investigation records. Results: There were 36 males and 7 females. The mean age was 20.5 years. More than half of the cases died or were found dead in the spring months. All but one of the cases was found dead outdoors. There were common red-coloured livor mortis in 33 cases (76.7%), antemortem traumas in 16 cases (37.2%), cold erythema in 26 cases (60.5%), myxedema in 1 case, bloody discolouration in the synovial fluid in 11 (84.6%) cases, and Wischnewski spots in 32 cases (74.4%). Conclusion: The study showed that illegal refugees are an important social problem in Turkey. Hypothermia should be considered as a cause of death for refugees when they are found, especially in the cold provinces. In the diagnosis of hypothermia, bloody discolouration of the synovial fluid is confirmed to be a valuable finding. Wischnewski spots remain valuable for positive identification.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Hypothermia/mortality , Seasons , Autopsy , Turkey/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies
18.
Texto & contexto enferm ; 30: e20200463, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1341727

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objectives: to map the Nursing prescriptions for patients with diagnoses related to hypothermia in the intraoperative period with the activities proposed by the Nursing Interventions Classification, and to characterize the sample based on the risk factors for the development of this discomfort. Method: a descriptive, documentary and retrospective study, with a quantitative approach that followed three stages: cataloging of the interventions, documentary analysis, and cross-mapping. The following variables were analyzed: patient's age and gender; surgery duration; minimum, mean and maximum temperatures, and variation of the surgery room and patient temperatures; and whether or not the type of surgery involved opening a body cavity, in a sample of 138 medical charts evaluated from August to September 2019 by using a checklist composed of identification data and diagnosis components from the NANDA-International diagnoses: risk of perioperative hypothermia and hypothermia. Absolute and percentage frequency analyses, mean, standard deviation, and the R software were employed. Results: 419 activities incorporated in 12 interventions were verified that were related to hypothermia in the corresponding taxonomy; as well as 13 Nursing care measures prescribed and five interventions mapped. The variables which reached significance were surgery duration and cavity opening. Conclusion: by means of cross-mapping, it can be asserted that the care measures prescribed are based on the standardized language, thus contributing to unification of the Nursing practice.


RESUMEN Objetivos: mapear las prescripciones de enfermería para pacientes con diagnósticos relacionados con hipotermia en el período intraoperatorio con las actividades propuestas por la Clasificación de Intervenciones de Enfermería y caracterizar la muestra sobre la base de los factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de este malestar. Método: estudio descriptivo, documental, retrospectivo con enfoque cuantitativo, realizado en tres etapas: catálogo de intervenciones, análisis documental y mapeo cruzado. Se evaluaron las siguientes variables: edad y sexo del paciente; tiempo de cirugía; temperatura mínima, media y máxima; variación de temperatura del quirófano y del paciente; tipo de cirugía que implique o no apertura de la cavidad corporal, en una muestra de 138 historias clínicas evaluadas de agosto a septiembre de 2019 por intermedio de un checklist compuesto por datos de identificación y componentes de los diagnósticos NANDA-International: riesgo de hipotermia e hipotermia perioperatoria. Se utilizaron análisis de frecuencias absolutas y porcentuales, media, desviación estándar y software R. Resultados: se incluyeron 419 actividades en 12 intervenciones relacionadas con la hipotermia en la taxonomía correspondiente; 13 cuidados de enfermería prescritos y cinco intervenciones mapeadas. Entre las variables, el tiempo de cirugía y la apertura de la cavidad fueron significativos. Conclusión: a través del mapeo cruzado, se puede afirmar que la atención prescrita se basa en un lenguaje estandarizado, que contribuye a la unificación de la práctica de enfermería.


RESUMO Objetivos: mapear as prescrições de enfermagem para pacientes com diagnósticos relacionados à hipotermia no período intraoperatório com as atividades propostas pela Classificação das Intervenções de Enfermagem e caracterizar a amostra a partir dos fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento desse desconforto. Método: estudo descritivo, do tipo documental, retrospectivo, com abordagem quantitativa, que seguiu três etapas: catalogação das intervenções, análise documental e mapeamento cruzado. Foram avaliadas as variáveis: idade e sexo do paciente; tempo de cirurgia; temperaturas mínima, média, máxima e variação da temperatura da sala de operação e do paciente; e tipo de cirurgia envolvendo abertura de cavidade corporal ou não, em uma amostra de 138 prontuários avaliados de agosto a setembro de 2019 através da utilização de um checklist composto por dados de identificação e componentes dos diagnósticos NANDA-International: risco de hipotermia perioperatória e hipotermia. Empregou-se análises de frequências absoluta e percentual, média, desvio padrão e software R. Resultados: verificou-se 419 atividades inseridas em 12 intervenções relacionadas à hipotermia na taxonomia correspondente; 13 cuidados de enfermagem prescritos e cinco intervenções mapeadas. Das variáveis, obtiveram significância o tempo da cirurgia e abertura da cavidade. Conclusão: por meio do mapeamento cruzado, pode se afirmar que os cuidados prescritos são embasados na linguagem padronizada contribuindo para a unificação da prática da enfermagem.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Nursing , Nursing Records , Standardized Nursing Terminology , Hypothermia , Intraoperative Period , Nursing Care
19.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(7): 924-930, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136325

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE To explore the feasibility of health competence cultivation on the prevention and control of Inadvertent Perioperative Hypothermia (IPH). METHODS Patients with expected spinal surgery were divided into group A and group B by the random number method. Group B followed routine IPH management, and health training measures for performance and ability were implemented in Group A. The scores of the health competence questionnaire, the temperature at different times, IPH complications, and hospitalization for the two groups were observed and compared. RESULTS The main evaluation indexes, such as the health competence questionnaire score, temperature fluctuations, and IPH complications, during the perioperative period in group A were significantly better than those in group B (p < 0.05). The indexes of anesthesia, total hospital expenses, and health service satisfaction in group A were also significantly better than those in group B, which shows the advantages of cultivating health capabilities in both doctors and patients. CONCLUSION Through health competence cultivation and feasible health management measures, the medical staff can improve the quality of IPH prevention and management.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Explorar a viabilidade do cultivo da competência em saúde na prevenção e controle da hipotermia perioperativa inadvertida (IPH). MÉTODOS Pacientes com cirurgia espinhal marcada foram divididos em dois grupos, A e B, pelo método de números aleatórios. O grupo B foi conduzido com base na gestão rotineira para prevenção de IPH; já no grupo A, foram implementadas medidas de treinamento em competência de saúde. As pontuações do questionário sobre competência em saúde, a temperatura aferida em diferentes momentos, complicações relacionadas à IPH e hospitalização dos dois grupos foram observadas e comparadas. RESULTADOS Os principais índices de avaliação, como a pontuação do questionário sobre competência em saúde, a variação de temperatura e as complicações relacionadas à IPH durante o período perioperatório foram significativamente melhores no grupo A do que no grupo B (p<0,05). Os índices de anestesia, despesas hospitalares totais e satisfação com o serviço de saúde também foram significativamente melhores no grupo A do que no B, o que demonstra as vantagens do cultivo da competência de saúde tanto em médicos como em pacientes. CONCLUSÃO Por meio do cultivo de competências de saúde e de medidas viáveis de gestão da saúde, a equipe médica pode melhorar a qualidade da prevenção e gestão da IPH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Perioperative Period , Hypothermia , Anesthesia/adverse effects , Temperature , Intraoperative Complications
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