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1.
ABCS health sci ; 48: e023301, 14 fev. 2023. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1414637

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Experimental evidence, as well as improved clinical studies of the reduction of brain injury and, improves the neurological outcome, in newborns with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) occurring in therapeutic hypothermia (TH). OBJECTIVE: To verify the potential of hypothermic hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) therapy in neonatal asphyxia, based on literature data, comparing the benefits between selective head cooling (SHC) and whole-body cooling (WBC), see that the use of TH as a standard treatment in newborns with moderate or severe HIE has been adopted. METHODS: A search was performed in the PubMed and SciELO databases of human studies, using the keywords "Therapeutic Hypothermia", "Induced Hypothermia", and "Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy", "Selective cooling of the head", "Total body cooling" and its variables. RESULTS: Eleven articles were selected to compose the review, after detailed reading. There is a consensus, that the reduction of the risk of death or disability at 18 months of life in neonates with moderate to severe HIE, occurs to TH through the techniques of WBC or SHC. It was found in the studies that there is no difference in terms of adverse effects between the two methods. As for radiological changes, such as hypoxic-ischemic injuries and the incidence of seizures after cooling, they are more frequent with SHC. CONCLUSION: Both WBC and SHC demonstrated neuroprotective properties, although WBC provides a broader area of brain protection. However, no significant differences were found between the methods in terms of adverse effects and beneficial short or long-term results.


INTRODUÇÃO: Evidências experimentais, assim como estudos clínicos, sugerem a redução da lesão cerebral e melhora do desfecho neurológico, em recém-nascidos com encefalopatia isquêmica hipóxica (EHI) submetidos à hipotermia terapêutica (HT). OBJETIVO: Verificar a potencialidade da terapia hipotérmica de encefalopatia hipóxico-isquêmica (EHI) na asfixia neonatal, com base em dados da literatura, comparando os benefícios entre o resfriamento seletivo da cabeça (RSC) e o resfriamento de corpo inteiro (RCI), visto que o uso de hipotermia terapêutica (HT) como tratamento padrão em recém-nascidos com EHI moderada ou grave tem sido amplamente adotada. MÉTODOS: Foi realizada uma busca nas bases de dados PubMed e SciELO de estudos em humanos, utilizando-se as palavras-chave "Therapeutic Hypothermia", "Induced Hypothermia", "Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy", "selective head cooling", "whole body cooling" e suas respectivas variáveis. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 11 artigos para compor a revisão, após leitura detalhada. É consenso, a redução do risco de morte ou incapacidade aos 18 meses de vida nos neonatos com EHI moderado a grave, submetidos à HT através das técnicas de RCI ou RSC. Constatou-se diante dos estudos que não há diferença em termos de efeitos adversos entre os dois métodos. Quanto às alterações radiológicas, as lesões hipóxico-isquêmicas e incidência de convulsões após o resfriamento são mais frequentes com o RSC. CONCLUSÃO: Tanto RCI quanto o RSC demonstraram propriedades neuroprotetoras, embora o RCI proporcione uma área de proteção cerebral mais ampla. No entanto, não foram constatadas diferenças significativas entre os métodos quanto a efeitos adversos e a resultados benéficos em curto e longo prazo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Asphyxia Neonatorum , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/complications , Multiple Organ Failure
2.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 86-90, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971044

ABSTRACT

Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) is a common disease that affects brain function in neonates. At present, mild hypothermia and hyperbaric oxygen therapy are the main methods for the treatment of neonatal HIE; however, they are independent of each other and cannot be combined for synchronous treatment, without monitoring of brain function-related physiological information. In addition, parameter setting of hyperbaric oxygen chamber and mild hypothermia mattress relies on the experience of the medical practitioner, and the parameters remain unchanged throughout the medical process. This article proposes a new device for the treatment of neonatal HIE, which has the modules of hyperbaric oxygen chamber and mild hypothermic mattress, so that neonates can receive the treatment of hyperbaric oxygen chamber and/or mild hypothermic mattress based on their conditions. Meanwhile, it can realize the real-time monitoring of various physiological information, including amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram, and near-infrared spectrum, which can monitor brain function, heart rate, rhythm, myocardial blood supply, hemoglobin concentration in brain tissue, and blood oxygen saturation. In combination with an intelligent control algorithm, the device can intelligently regulate parameters according to the physiological information of neonates and give recommendations for subsequent treatment.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Humans , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Hypothermia/therapy , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Brain , Electroencephalography , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy
3.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 773-776, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982673

ABSTRACT

Targeted temperature management (TTM) has been partially applied in patients with restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) after cardiac arrest (CA). In the 2020 American Heart Association (AHA) cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) guidelines, TTM is used as advanced life support after ROSC for the treatment of patients with CPR. TTM has a protective effect on cardiac function after CA, but the specific mechanism of its protective effect on cardiac function remains unclear. In this paper, the basic experimental progress, clinical trial progress and development prospect of TTM on the protective mechanism of cardiac function after CA are reviewed.


Subject(s)
Humans , United States , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation/methods , Temperature , Heart Arrest/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Body Temperature
4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 554-557, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982632

ABSTRACT

Compared with conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CCPR), extracorporeal cardiopulmonary resuscitation (ECPR) can improve the survival rate of patients with cardiac arrest, and reduce the risk of reperfusion injury. However, it is still difficult to avoid the risk of secondary brain damage. Low temperature management has good neuroprotective potential for ECPR patients, which minimizes brain damage. However, unlike CCPR, ECPR has no clear prognostic indicator. The relationship between ECPR combined with hypothermia management-related treatment measure and neurological prognosis is not clear. This article reviews the effect of ECPR combined with different therapeutic hypothermia on brain protection and provides a reference for the prevention and treatment of neurological injury in patients with ECPR.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain , Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation , Brain Injuries , Hypothermia, Induced , Heart Arrest
5.
Chinese Journal of Medical Instrumentation ; (6): 391-395, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982251

ABSTRACT

Mild hypothermia, as a common means of intraoperative nerve protection, has been used in clinical practice. Compared with the traditional methods such as freezing helmet and nasopharyngeal cooling, hypothermic blood perfusion is considered to be a promising treatment for mild hypothermia, but it lacks experimental and theoretical verification of its cooling effect. In this study, the commercial finite element simulation software COMSOL combined the Pennes equation with the cerebrovascular network model to construct a new simplified human brain model, which was further used to simulate the cooling process of cerebral hypothermic blood perfusion. When the hypothermic blood perfusion was 33 ℃, the human brain could enter the mild hypothermic state within 4 minutes. By comparing with helmet cooling, the feasibility and efficiency of the blood perfusion scheme were verified. By comparing with the calculation results based on Pennes equation, the rationality of the model constructed in this study were verified. This model can non-intrusively predict the changes of brain temperature during surgery, and provide a reference for the setting of treatment parameters such as blood temperature, so as to provide personalized realization of safer and more effective mild hypothermia neuro protection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Hypothermia , Hemoperfusion , Brain/physiology , Body Temperature
6.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 350-356, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981962

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the clinical efficacy of mild therapeutic hypothermia (MTH) with different rewarming time on neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE).@*METHODS@#A prospective study was performed on 101 neonates with HIE who were born and received MTH in Zhongshan Hospital, Xiamen University, from January 2018 to January 2022. These neonates were randomly divided into two groups: MTH1 group (n=50; rewarming for 10 hours at a rate of 0.25°C/h) and MTH2 group (n=51; rewarming for 25 hours at a rate of 0.10°C/h). The clinical features and the clinical efficacy were compared between the two groups. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to identify the factors influencing the occurrence of normal sleep-wake cycle (SWC) on amplitude-integrated electroencephalogram (aEEG) at 25 hours of rewarming.@*RESULTS@#There were no significant differences between the MTH1 and MTH2 groups in gestational age, 5-minute Apgar score, and proportion of neonates with moderate/severe HIE (P>0.05). Compared with the MTH2 group, the MTH1 group tended to have a normal arterial blood pH value at the end of rewarming, a significantly shorter duration of oxygen dependence, a significantly higher proportion of neonates with normal SWC on aEEG at 10 and 25 hours of rewarming, and a significantly higher Neonatal Behavioral Neurological Assessment score on days 5, 12, and 28 after birth (P<0.05), while there was no significant difference in the incidence rate of rewarming-related seizures between the two groups (P>0.05). There were no significant differences between the two groups in the incidence rate of neurological disability at 6 months of age and the score of Bayley Scale of Infant Development at 3 and 6 months of age (P>0.05). The binary logistic regression analysis showed that prolonged rewarming time (25 hours) was not conducive to the occurrence of normal SWC (OR=3.423, 95%CI: 1.237-9.469, P=0.018).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Rewarming for 10 hours has a better short-term clinical efficacy than rewarming for 25 hours. Prolonging rewarming time has limited clinical benefits on neonates with moderate/severe HIE and is not conducive to the occurrence of normal SWC, and therefore, it is not recommended as a routine treatment method.


Subject(s)
Infant, Newborn , Infant , Child , Humans , Child, Preschool , Prospective Studies , Rewarming , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Treatment Outcome , Electroencephalography/methods
7.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2022. 203 p. ilus., tab..
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1518681

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A hipotermia terapêutica é o tratamento indicado para encefalopatia moderada a grave em recém-nascidos. A terapia requer uma equipe de enfermagem capacitada e integrada, visando um cuidado qualificado, efetivo e seguro. Modelos teóricos têm sido desenvolvidos para auxiliar a incorporação de evidências científicas à prática dos enfermeiros, representando um desafio na área da saúde. A implementação de uma intervenção educativa, guiada pela estrutura i-PARIHS (Estrutura Integrada de Promoção da Ação na Implementação de Pesquisa em Serviços de Saúde), poderá preencher a lacuna entre a teoria e a prática, beneficiando a assistência e tornando os sujeitos ativos no manejo do recém-nascido em hipotermia terapêutica. Objetivo geral: avaliar o impacto de uma intervenção educativa, guiada pelo referencial teórico i-PARIHS, sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal no conhecimento, atitudes e práticas de enfermeiros. Objetivos específicos: analisar o conhecimento, atitude e prática dos enfermeiros sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica pré e pós-intervenção educativa; identificar as barreiras e facilitadores percebidos pelos enfermeiros sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal; implementar uma intervenção educativa, guiada pelo referencial i-PARIHS, para melhorar o conhecimento, a atitude e a prática dos enfermeiros sobre o manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal; comparar o conhecimento, atitude e prática dos enfermeiros após a intervenção educativa e os indicadores quanto ao manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica. Método: trata-se de um estudo de intervenção, do tipo quase-experimental, realizado com 29 enfermeiros de uma unidade intensiva neonatal, referência no Rio de Janeiro. O desfecho principal: conhecimento, atitudes e práticas dos enfermeiros no manejo do recém-nascido com asfixia perinatal em hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal A intervenção compreendeu três fases: pré-intervenção - intervenção educativa- pós-intervenção. A intervenção educativa contou com cinco encontros: "Asfixia Perinatal x Hipotermia Terapêutica", "Controle da temperatura", "Cuidados de enfermagem na HT: avaliação de dor", "Monitoramento neurológico" e "Cuidado Centrado na Família". Para a análise estatística utilizou-se de análise descritiva e aplicação dos testes Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney e Mc Nemar, sendo o nível de significância adotado de 0,05. Resultados: a análise dos resultados do pré e pós-teste demonstrou um incremento no escore de acertos das questões sobre conhecimento, atitude e prática dos enfermeiros no manejo do recém-nascido submetido à hipotermia terapêutica na unidade intensiva neonatal, apresentando significância estatística para a maioria dos itens. Para a inovação foram construídos lembretes, fluxo de admissão para recém-nascido da instituição e uma cartilha para os pais como produto da intervenção com os enfermeiros. Conclusão: O resultado das auditorias realizadas, após a implementação das evidências, constatou uma transformação positiva da prática dos enfermeiros. A utilização da estrutura i-PARIHS evidenciou a necessidade e o valor de investir no engajamento das partes interessadas, na avaliação colaborativa do contexto e na cocriação de inovação usando facilitação qualificada. A intervenção educativa, guiada pela estrutura i-PARIHS, mostrou ter impacto no manejo do recém-nascido submetido à hipotermia terapêutica por enfermeiros.


Introduction: Therapeutic hypothermia is the currently indicated treatment for moderate to severe encephalopathy in newborns. Therapy requires a trained and integrated nursing team, aiming at qualified, effective and safe care. Theoretical models have been developed to help the incorporation of scientific evidence into nurses' practice, representing a challenge in the health area. The implementation of an educational intervention, guided by the i-PARIHS (Integrated Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services Framework) framework, can fill the gap between theory and professional practice, benefiting care and making subjects active in the management of newborns with therapeutic hypothermia. General objective: to evaluate the impact of an educational intervention guided by the theoretical framework i-PARIHS, on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit on the knowledge, attitudes and practices of nurses. Specific objectives: to analyze the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in pre- and post-educational therapeutic hypothermia; to identify barriers and facilitators perceived by nurses on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit; implement an educational intervention, guided by the i-PARIHS framework, to improve nurses' knowledge, attitude and practice on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit and compare the knowledge, attitude and practice of nurses after the participatory educational intervention program and indicators regarding the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia. Method: this is a quasi-experimental intervention study carried out with 29 nurses from a neonatal intensive care unit, a reference in Rio de Janeiro. The main outcome: knowledge, attitudes and practices of nurses in the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive unit The intervention comprised three phases: pre-intervention - educational intervention - post-intervention. The educational intervention had five meetings: "Perinatal Asphyxia x Therapeutic Hypothermia", "Temperature control", "Nursing care in HT: pain assessment", "Neurological monitoring" and "Family-Centered Care". For the statistical analysis, descriptive analysis and application of the Wilcoxon-Mann-Whitney and Mc Nemar tests were used, with the adopted significance level of 0.05. Results: the analysis of pre- and post-test results showed an increase in the correct score of questions about nurses' knowledge and practices in the management of newborns submitted to therapeutic hypothermia in the neonatal intensive care unit, showing statistical significance for most items. For innovation, reminders, admission flow for newborns at the institution and a booklet for parents were created as a product of the intervention with nurses. Conclusion: The result of the audits carried out, after the implementation of the evidence, found a positive transformation of the nurses' practice. Using the i-PARIHS framework highlighted the need and value of investing in stakeholder engagement, collaborative context assessment, and co-creation of innovation using qualified facilitation. The educational intervention guided by the i-PARIHS framework was shown to have an impact on the management of newborns with perinatal asphyxia in therapeutic hypothermia by nurses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Adult , Asphyxia Neonatorum/therapy , Intensive Care, Neonatal , Hypothermia/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced , Asphyxia Neonatorum/nursing , Intensive Care Units, Neonatal , Intervention Studies , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/nursing , Hypothermia/nursing , Nurse Practitioners
8.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 40(1): 11-19, abr. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388073

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Antecedentes: El daño neurológico es una complicación devastadora de la cirugía con paro circulatorio del cayado aórtico y aorta ascendente. La perfusión anterógrada del encéfalo permite disminuir la incidencia de esta complicación, pero es un procedimiento engorroso que interfiere el campo quirúrgico. Para procedimientos más simples que requieran de paro circulatorio de menor duración, la Perfusión Cerebral Retrógrada (PCR) es una alternativa válida. Objetivo: Evaluar nuestros resultados en la cirugía del reemplazo total de la aorta ascendente tubular con paro circulatorio con hipotermia sistémica moderada y PCR. Material y Método: Entre enero de 2015 y enero de 2020 se identificaron los pacientes en la Base de Datos del Servicio de Cirugía Cardiaca de nuestra institución, se revisaron los protocolos operatorios, registros de perfusión y epicrisis, para obtener datos demográficos, clínicos y quirúrgicos pertinentes. La supervivencia alejada se certificó a través del "Servicio Registro Civil e Identificación de Chile". Resultados: En el periodo en estudio, 27 pacientes (21 hombres) tuvieron un reemplazo total de la aorta ascendente tubular con paro circulatorio con hipotermia moderada y PCR. Ocho pacientes tenían una cirugía previa; 7 de estos un reemplazo valvular aórtico. El 75% de los otros 20 pacientes tenía una válvula aórtica bicúspide. El diámetro máximo de la aorta ascendente fue en promedio 53,7 mm (45 a 67), y fue reemplazada en el 52% de los casos con un tubo protésico de 34 mm (promedio:32,4 mm; margen:30 a 34 mm). En 20 pacientes se efectuó un reemplazo valvular aórtico (15 con prótesis biológica). El tiempo promedio de circulación extracorpórea fue 174,6 min (97 a 243) y la temperatura sistémica mínima promedio fue 21ºC (18 a 25). El tiempo promedio de paro circulatorio fue 22,3 min (12 a 40) y de PCR 13 min (6 a 27). No hubo mortalidad operatoria. La morbilidad más frecuente fue la fibrilación auricular (33%). Una paciente presentó un episodio convulsivo aislado y otro fue reoperado por hemorragia postoperatoria. Una paciente falleció a los 48 meses de su operación. Conclusión: El paro circulatorio con hipotermia sistémica moderada y PCR para la cirugía de reemplazo total de la aorta ascendente facilitó la operación, con baja mortalidad y morbilidad en este grupo de pacientes.


Abstract: Background. Neurological damage is a devastating complication of aortic arch and ascending aorta surgery with deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Antegrade cerebral perfusion significantly decreases the incidence of this complication, but it is a cumbersome procedure that interfere the surgical field. For more simple procedures, requiring a shorter period of circulatory arrest, retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP) would be a valid alternative. Objective. To evaluate the results of total surgical replacement of the tubular ascending aorta with moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest and retrograde cerebral perfusion (RCP). Methods. Patients operated between January 2015 and January 2020 were included.Demographic, clinical and surgical information was obtained from the operatives notes, perfusion registry and discharge reports. Long-term survival was certified by the "Chilean Civil and Identification Registry". Results. 27 patients (21 men) underwent a total replacement of the tubular ascending aorta with circulatory arrest with moderate hypothermia and RCP. Eight patients had been previously operated on;7 of them had a previous aortic valve replacement. Of the remaining 20 patients, 75% had a bicuspid aortic valve. Average maximum diameter of the ascending aorta was 53.7 mm (45 - 67). Average size of the ascending aorta replacement graft was 32.4 mm (30 -34). In 20 patients a concomitant aortic valve replacement was performed (15 with a biological valve). Mean extracorporeal circulation time was 174.6 min (97 - 243) and mean minimal systemic temperature was 21ºC (18 - 25). Mean circulatory arrest time was 22.3 min (12 - 40) and mean RCP time was 13 min (6 - 27), There was no operative mortality. Atrial fibrillation was the most frequent post-operative morbidity (33%). One patient presented an isolated convulsive episode and another was re-operated due to postoperative hemorrhage. One patient died, 48 months after her operation. Conclusion. Moderate hypothermic circulatory arrest with RCP simplifies total tubular ascending aorta replacement, with low mortality and morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Perfusion/methods , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Circulatory Arrest, Deep Hypothermia Induced , Aneurysm, Ascending Aorta/surgery , Aortic Aneurysm/physiopathology , Postoperative Complications , Treatment Outcome , Extracorporeal Circulation , Heart Arrest, Induced , Hypothermia, Induced
9.
Biomédica (Bogotá) ; 41(1): 8-16, ene.-mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249054

ABSTRACT

Resumen. La encefalopatía hipóxico-isquémica es una causa frecuente e importante de daño neurológico en recién nacidos a término y prematuros. Un evento centinela de esta condición es la vasa previa, específicamente cuando existe anormalidad de la placenta como la inserción "velamentosa" del cordón umbilical. Algunos reportes evidencian la asociación entre estas dos condiciones, pero son escasos los que dan cuenta del proceso de recuperación y del pronóstico neurológico de los niños afectados por ellas. Se presenta el caso de un paciente, con antecedentes de inserción "velamentosa" del cordón umbilical y encefalopatía hipóxico-isquémica, que recibió hipotermia terapéutica (cool cap). Se describe su proceso de rehabilitación neurológica y se calculó el porcentaje de probabilidad de presentar esta condición frente a la población sin estos factores. El niño tenía cinco años y el puntaje en su prueba de Apgar fue de 0 al minuto y de 2 a los 15 minutos. Desarrolló encefalopatía hipóxico-isquémica grave secundaria a una inserción "velamentosa" del cordón umbilical sin diagnóstico prenatal, con gran compromiso neurológico y multisistémico inicial. El proceso de recuperación incluyó el manejo inicial multidisciplinario en la unidad de cuidados intensivos neonatales y el inicio temprano de habilitación neurológica. Hoy el niño está escolarizado y en terapia integral, no presenta deficiencias motoras ni sensoriales en el examen físico, aunque la prueba neuropsicológica sugiere un riesgo de trastorno por déficit de atención e hiperactividad. Habitualmente, los niños con encefalopatía hipóxico-isquémica grave presentan discapacidad por deficiencias motoras, cognitivas o conductuales. El haber recibido hipotermia terapéutica y un manejo estructurado de rehabilitación redujo en gran medida las deficiencias esperadas y ha promovido un satisfactorio desarrollo físico y neurológico.


Abstract. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy is a frequent and important cause of neurological problems in term and preterm newborns. A sentinel event of this entity is the vasa previa, specifically when there is an abnormality of the placenta such as a velamentous cord insertion. Some reports have shown the association between these two entities, but those regarding the recovery process and the neurological prognosis of children with both conditions are scarce. We present the case of a patient with a history of velamentous cord insertion and hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy who received therapeutic hypothermia (cool cap). We describe his neurological rehabilitation process and we calculated the percentage of probability of presenting this condition compared to the population without these factors. The patient was a five-year-old boy with an Apgar index at birth equal to zero at one minute and equal to two at fifteen minutes who developed severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy secondary to a velamentous cord insertion without prenatal diagnosis and a marked initial neurological and multisystemic compromise. The recovery process included early multidisciplinary management in the neonatal intensive care unit and a focus on early neurological habilitation. The patient is currently in school and he undergoes comprehensive therapies; on physical examination, he presents no motor or sensory deficiencies. His neuropsychological test suggests the risk of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder. Children with severe hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy usually have disabilities due to motor, cognitive, and/or behavioral deficiencies. Having received therapeutic hypothermia and a structured rehabilitation process greatly reduced the expected deficiencies according to prognosis and have promoted satisfactory physical and neurological development.


Subject(s)
Umbilical Cord , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Hypothermia, Induced , Neurological Rehabilitation
10.
Rev. enferm. UERJ ; 28: 42281, jan.-dez. 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1094844

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar evidências acerca do uso seguro da hipotermia terapêutica em recém-nascidos. Método: revisão integrativa realizada entre junho e julho de 2018, em fontes eletrônicas da Biblioteca Virtual de Saúde e PubMed, por meio da pergunta:"Que evidências podem subsidiar o cuidado de enfermagem voltado para a redução de sequelas em recém-nascidos submetidos à hipotermia terapêutica?".Foram eleitos nove artigos para análise, sendo oito internacionais e um nacional. Resultados:o resfriamento deve acontecer por 72 horas, com hipotermia leve. As indicações para inclusão no protocolo foram: primeiras seis horas de vida, idade gestacional maior que 35 semanas e acidose na primeira hora de vida.São cuidados essenciais: monitoração hemodinâmica, observação da pele, controle térmico retal, vigilância do Eletroencefalograma de Amplitude Integrada. Conclusão: a terapêutica apresenta benefícios, porém sua aplicação depende de protocolo institucional e treinamento das equipes com foco nas potenciais complicações.


Objective: to identify the evidence on safe use of therapeutic hypothermia in newborns. Method: integrative review of the literature, conducted between June and July of 2018, in electronic sources from the Virtual Health Library and PubMed, through the question: "What evidence can support nursing care aimed at reducing sequelae in newborns undergoing therapeutic hypothermia?". Analysis was conducted for nine selected article, being eight from international literature and one from Brazilian national literature. Results: cooling should occur for 72 hours with mild hypothermia. Indications for inclusion in the protocol were: first six hours of life, gestational age greater than 35 weeks and acidosis in the first hour of life. Essential care includes hemodynamic monitoring, skin observation, rectal thermal control, Integrated Amplitude Electroencephalogram surveillance. Conclusion: the therapy has benefits, but its application depends on institutional protocol and team training focusing on potential complications.


Objetivo: identificar la evidencia sobre el uso seguro de la hipotermia terapéutica en recién nacidos. Método: revisión integradora de la literatura, realizada entre junio y julio de 2018, en fuentes electrónicas de la Biblioteca Virtual de Salud y PubMed, a través de la pregunta: "¿Qué evidencia puede apoyar la atención de enfermería dirigida a reducir las secuelas en los recién nacidos que sufren hipotermia terapéutica?". Se realizaron análisis para nueve artículos seleccionados, ocho de literatura internacional y uno de literatura nacional brasileña. Resultados: el enfriamiento debe ocurrir durante 72 horas con hipotermia leve. Las indicaciones para la inclusión en el protocolo fueron: primeras seis horas de vida, edad gestacional mayor de 35 semanas y acidosis en la primera hora de vida. El cuidado esencial incluye monitoreo hemodinámico, observación de la piel, control térmico rectal, vigilancia integrada de electroencefalograma de amplitud. Conclusión: la terapia tiene beneficios, pero su aplicación depende del protocolo institucional y del entrenamiento del equipo, enfocándose en posibles complicaciones.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Clinical Protocols/standards , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Patient Safety/standards , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Hypothermia, Induced/standards , Asphyxia Neonatorum/complications , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/etiology , Hypothermia, Induced/adverse effects , Hypothermia, Induced/nursing
11.
An. bras. dermatol ; 95(5): 631-637, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1130955

ABSTRACT

Abstract Chemotherapy-induced alopecia causes an important impact on cancer patients and its risk of persistence is currently a considerable issue in cancer survivors. Of the various interventions proposed for the prevention of chemotherapy-induced alopecia, scalp cooling has emerged as an effective and safe strategy. This paper aims to provide an overview on scalp cooling and chemotherapy-induced alopecia prevention.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Hypothermia, Induced , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Scalp , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Alopecia/chemically induced , Alopecia/prevention & control
12.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 523-529, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098282

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the morphometric and the pattern of protein and gene expression related to the extrinsic apoptotic pathway in experimental focal cerebral ischemia and the hole of neuroprotection with hypothermia and ketoprofen. For this analysis, 120 rats were randomly divided into 3 groups (20 animals each): control - no surgery (20 animals); sham - simulation of surgery (20 animals); ischemic - focal ischemia for 1 hour, without reperfusion (80 animals) and divided into four subgroups with 20 animals each: ischemic + intraischemic hypothermia; ischemic + previous intravenous ketoprofen, and ischemic + hypothermia and ketoprofen. The infarct volume was measured using morphometric analysis of infarct areas defined by triphenyl tetrazolium chloride and the patterns of expression of the apoptosis genes (Fas, c-Flip, caspase-8 and caspase-3) and the apoptosis protein caspase-3 were evaluated by quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry, respectively. Hypo expression of genes of extrinsic pathway of apoptosis was observed: Fas receptor, c-Flip and caspase-8 in the ischemics areas. Increases in the gene and protein caspase-3 in the ischemic areas were also observed, and these increases were reduced by hypothermia and ketoprofen, also noted in the morphometric study. The caspases-3 increase suggests that this gene plays an important role in apoptosis, probably culminating in cell death and that the neuroprotective effect of hypothermia and ketoprofen is involved.


Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar la morfometría y el patrón de expresión de proteínas y genes relacionados con la vía apoptótica extrínseca en la isquemia cerebral focal experimental y el agujero de neuroprotección con hipotermia y ketoprofeno. Se dividieron aleatoriamente 120 ratas en 3 grupos (20 animales cada uno): control - sin cirugía (20 animales); simulación - simulación de cirugía (20 animales); isquemia isquemia focal durante 1 hora, sin reperfusión (80 animales) y dividida en cuatro subgrupos con 20 animales cada uno: isquemia + hipotermia intraisquémica; isquemia + ketoprofeno intravenoso previo, e isquemia + hipotermia y ketoprofeno. El volumen del infarto se midió utilizando un análisis morfométrico de áreas de infarto definidas por cloruro de trifenil tetrazolio y los patrones de expresión de los genes de apoptosis (Fas, c-Flip, caspase-8 y caspase-3) y la proteína de apoptosis caspase-3 fueron evaluados por PCR cuantitativa en tiempo real e inmunohistoquímica, respectivamente. Se observó hipoexpresión de genes de la vía extrínseca de la apoptosis: receptor Fas, c-Flip y caspasa-8 en las áreas isquémicas. También se observaron aumentos en el gen y la proteína caspasa-3 en las áreas isquémicas y estos aumentos se redujeron por hipotermia y ketoprofeno, también observado por estudio morfométrico. El aumento de caspasas-3 sugiere que este gen tiene un papel importante en la apoptosis, y probable causa de muerte celular, involucrando el efecto neuroprotector de la hipotermia y el ketoprofeno.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Brain Ischemia/genetics , Brain Ischemia/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Brain Ischemia/pathology , Brain Ischemia/therapy , Ketoprofen/pharmacology , Apoptosis/genetics , Neuroprotective Agents/pharmacology , Disease Models, Animal , Caspase 3/genetics , Caspase 8/genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hypothermia, Induced
13.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(1): 43-48, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115449

ABSTRACT

A nivel mundial, la tercera causa de muerte por causa cardiovascular es el Tromboembolismo Pulmonar (TEP), después del Infarto agudo de Miocardio y el Accidente cerebrovascular, con una incidencia anual estimada de 40 casos por cada 100.000 habitantes. Se comunica el caso clínico de un paciente de 44 años con diagnóstico de TEP recurrente con Hipertensión pulmonar tromboembólica crónica (CTPH) que fue sometido a tromboendarterectomía pulmonar bilateral (PTE) bajo paro circulatorio con hipotermia profunda. Se informa de los resultados de los medios de diagnóstico y del tratamiento quirúrgico mediante la tromboendarterectomía. Se discute el tema en el contexto de la experiencia internacional y nacional.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Pulmonary Embolism/surgery , Endarterectomy/methods , Hypertension, Pulmonary/surgery , Pulmonary Embolism/diagnosis , Hypertension, Pulmonary/diagnosis , Hypothermia, Induced
14.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 91(1): 116-121, feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092796

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Introducción: En recién nacidos (RN) con encefalopatía hipóxico isquémica (EHI) en hipotermia se describen alte raciones metabólicas que se asocian a pronóstico neurológico. La hipomagnesemia ha sido reportada en la literatura, pero no es medida ni corregida en todos los centros de atención neonatal. Objeti vo: Evaluar la frecuencia de hipomagnesemia e hipocalcemia en RN con EHI en tratamiento con hipotermia corporal total y evaluar la respuesta al aporte de sulfato de magnesio. Pacientes y Méto do: Estudio prospectivo, observational y descriptivo en RN con EHI sometidos a hipotermia corporal total, hospitalizados entre los años 2016-2017. Se realizó medición seriada en sangre de magnesemia (Mg) y calcemia (Ca). Con Mg menor o igual de 1,8 mg/dl se administró suplemento como sulfato de Mg para mantener niveles entre 1,9 y 2,8 mg/dl. Se describió la frecuencia de hipomagnesemia e hipocalcemia y su presentación en el tiempo. Se realizó registro prospectivo de evolución clínica. Se hizo un análisis estadístico descriptivo, con medidas de tendencia central. Resultados: Se incluyeron 16 pacientes. Presentaron hipomagnesemia 13/16 (81,3%), la que fue precoz (6-36 h de vida), nor malizándose con aporte de sulfato de magnesio, requiriendo 2a dosis 4 de ellos. Presentaron hipo- calcemia 6/16 (37,5%). Conclusiones: La hipomagnesemia es frecuente (80%), similar a lo descrito en la literatura. Dado su importancia fisiológica debe controlarse y corregirse, de igual manera que el calcio.


Abstract: Introduction: In newborns with the diagnosis of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) treated with hypother mia, metabolic alterations are observed, which are associated with neurological prognosis. Hypo magnesemia has been reported frequently in the literature in these patients, but it is not measured or corrected in all neonatal healthcare centers. Objective: To evaluate the frequency of hypomag nesemia and hypocalcemia in newborns with HIE treated with whole-body hypothermia and to evaluate the response to the magnesium sulfate administration. Patients and Method: Prospective, observational and descriptive study in hospitalized newborns with the diagnosis of HIE and trea ted with whole-body hypothermia between the years 2016 and 2017. Serial blood measurement of magnesemia (Mg) and calcemia (Ca) was performed. When presenting an Mg level < 1.8 mg/dl, supplementation with magnesium sulfate was administered to maintain levels between 1.9 and 2.8 mg/dl. The frecuency of hypomagnesemia, hypocalcemia and clinical evolution was registered. A descriptive statistical analysis was performed, with central tendency measures. Results: Sixteen ca ses were included, 13 of them presented hypomagnesemia (81.3%), with early-onset (6-36 hours of life), which was normalized with magnesium sulfate treatment, receiving a second dose 4 patients. Six of 16 patients presented hypocalcemia (37.5 %). Conclusions: Hypomagnesemia is frequent (80%), similar to that described in the literature, and should be controlled and corrected early, given its physiological role, in the same way that calcium is controlled.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/complications , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain/therapy , Hypocalcemia/etiology , Hypothermia, Induced , Magnesium Deficiency/etiology , Biomarkers/blood , Prospective Studies , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome , Hypocalcemia/diagnosis , Hypocalcemia/drug therapy , Hypocalcemia/epidemiology , Magnesium/blood , Magnesium Deficiency/diagnosis , Magnesium Deficiency/drug therapy , Magnesium Deficiency/epidemiology , Magnesium Sulfate/therapeutic use
15.
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 23(4): e002101, 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1141414

ABSTRACT

Uno de los efectos adversos que generan mayor impacto psicosocial en los pacientes que se someten a quimioterapia es la pérdida de cabello. El uso de los cascos fríos podría representar una alternativa para prevenir la alopecia. Estos dispositivos producen vasoconstricción en los vasos sanguíneos del cuero cabelludo provocando que los quimioterápicos lleguen en menores concentraciones a los folículos pilosos, y por consiguiente, evitando que los citotóxicos alcancen el metabolismo de las células foliculares. Se propone que este proceso permita prevenir la alopecia, aunque existe una preocupación que es la posibilidad de metástasis en cuero cabelludo si la quimioterapia no llega a este tejido. Partiendo de la consulta de una paciente con diagnóstico reciente de cáncer de mama, surge el interrogante si en pacientes en tratamiento con quimioterapia el uso de cascos fríos en comparación con su no utilización, disminuye la caída del cabello y si aumenta el riesgo de metástasis en cuero cabelludo. Luego de realizar una búsqueda, se analizaron los resultados de tres artículos pertinentes. Se concluye que el uso de cascos fríos en pacientes que reciben quimioterapia representaría una opción válida para prevenir la alopecia sin indicios de problemas de seguridad y se realiza una reseña acerca de la disponibilidad de los cascos fríos en Argentina. (AU)


One of the adverse effects that generate greater psychosocial impact in patients undergoing chemotherapy is hair loss. The use of cold caps could represent an alternative to prevent alopecia. These devices produce vasoconstriction in the blood vessels of the scalp, causing chemotherapeutic agents to reach the hair follicles in lower concentrations, and there forepreventing toxins from being metabolized by the follicular cells. Thus, alopecia could be prevented but, there is a concern that is the possibility of metastasis to the scalp if the therapy does not reach this tissue. Based on a consultation of a patient recently diagnosed with breast cancer, the question arises whether in patients undergoing chemotherapy the useof cold caps compared to their non-use reduces hair loss and whether it in creases the risk of metastasis to the scalp. After performing a search, the results of three relevant articles were analyzed. It is concluded that the use of cold helmets in patients receiving chemotherapy would represent a valid option to prevent alopecia without indications of safety problems. Finally, a review is made about the availability of scalp-cooling devices in Argentina.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Alopecia/prevention & control , Head Protective Devices , Hypothermia, Induced/instrumentation , Argentina , Scalp , Breast Neoplasms/complications , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Alopecia/chemically induced , Systematic Reviews as Topic , Neoplasm Metastasis , Antineoplastic Agents/adverse effects , Antineoplastic Agents/toxicity , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 35(2): e202000205, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1130618

ABSTRACT

Purpose To investigate the effects of induction of selective liver hypothermia in a rodent model. Methods Seven male Wistar rats were subjected to 90 minutes of partial 70% liver ischemia and topic liver 26°C hypothermia (H group). Other seven male Wistar rats were subjected to 90 minutes of partial 70% normothermic liver ischemia (N group). Five additional rats underwent a midline incision and section of liver ligaments under normothermic conditions and without any liver ischemia (sham group). All animals were sacrificed 24-h after reperfusion, and livers were sampled for analyses. Pathology sections were scored for sinusoidal congestion, ballooning, hepatocelllular necrosis and the presence of neutrophilic infiltrates. Results At the end of the experiment, liver tissue expressions of TNF-ɑ, IL-1β, iNOS and TNF-ɑ/IL-10 ratio were significantly reduced in the H group compared to N group, whereas IL-10 and eNOS were significantly increased in H group. Histopathological injury scores revealed a significant decrease in ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injuries in H group. Conclusion Selective liver hypothermia prevented I/R injury by inhibiting the release of inflammatory cytokines, preserves microcirculation, prevents hepatocellular necrosis and leukocyte infiltration, allowing maintenance of the liver architecture.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Liver/blood supply , Body Temperature , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Cytokines/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Rats, Wistar , Inflammation Mediators/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Acute Lung Injury/pathology , Ischemia/pathology , Liver/pathology , Necrosis/pathology , Nitric Oxide/metabolism
18.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 87(2): 63-70, abr.-dic. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BIMENA | ID: biblio-1097496

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: La asixia perinatal, producida al feto/neonato por hipoxia y/o hipoperfusión tisular, puede llevar a ence-falopatía hipóxico-isquémica (EHI). La hipotermia terapéutica (HT) es eicaz para tratar EHI moderada/severa. Objetivo: Determinar conocimientos y actitudes sobre EHI e HT del personal sanitario y estudiantes antes y después de una intervención educativa, Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Escuela (HE), Tegucigalpa, 2019. Métodos: Estudio cuasi experimental. Médicos, enfermeras, estudiantes de grado y posgrado fueron invitados a participar mediante consentimiento informado. El ensayo consistió en evaluación pre-intervención (Fase 1), seguida de intervención educativa, video y documento enviados por aplicación WhatsApp, y evaluación post-intervención (Fase 2). Se registraron características sociodemográicas. Se evaluó conocimientos (Excelente, Muy bueno, Bue-no, Deiciente) y actitudes (Buena, Regular, Mala, Muy mala). Se midió el cambio (Delta Porcentaje) entre proporción de participantes de acuerdo a conocimientos y actitudes pre y post-intervención. Resultados: De 181 potenciales participantes, en Fase 1 participaron 147 (81.2%) y en Fase 2, 127 (70.2%). Inicialmente, 93.2% (137) demostró un conocimiento deiciente y actitud buena 38.0% (56), regular 28.0% (41), mala 32.0% (47). El conocimiento bueno aumentó en 561.2% (3.1% versus 20.5%), conocimiento muy bueno aumentó en 185.1% (4.7% versus 13.4%), conocimiento deiciente disminuyó en 35.9% (92.2% versus 59.1%). La actitud regular au-mentó en 37.0% (27.0% versus 37.0%), actitud mala disminuyó 30.4% (32.8% versus 22.8%). Discusión: La intervención educativa mejoró conocimiento y actitud en relación a HT y EHI. La HT disponible en HE puede mejorar el desenlace de EHI. Se recomienda fortalecer las medidas educativas institucionales sobre el protocolo de HT...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Brain Ischemia/diagnosis , Hypoxia-Ischemia, Brain , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Asphyxia Neonatorum/complications , Education, Professional
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(6): 1283-1284, Nov.-Dec. 2019.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056351

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective & Introduction: To show the feasibility of a combined transperitoneal (TP) and retroperitoneal (RP) laparoscopic approach in a Von Hipple-Lindau (VHL) patient with multiple kidney tumors. VHL is an autosomal dominant inherited syndrome characterized by a high incidence of benign and malignant tumors and cysts in many organs. Renal cell carcinoma is one of the most common and a leading cause of mortality (1). Surgical approach is usually complex because of its multiplicity and the need of maximum kidney function preservation due to the risk of future recurrences (2, 3). Intracorporeal renal hypothermia may be useful in these cases to prevent permanent renal function loss (4). Materials and Methods: A 40 years old male was being monitored for multiple bilateral renal masses. Family history included a VHL syndrome affecting his mother and sister. Past medical history included a VHL syndrome with multiple cerebellar and medular hemangioblastomas, a pancreatic cystoadenoma and bilateral kidney tumors which had significantly grown up during follow-up. The patient was scheduled for laparoscopic multiple partial nephrectomy. A combined TP and RP approach with intracorporeal hypothermia was chosen. Results: A total of six right kidney tumors were removed. Operative time was 240 min. Cold ischemia time was 50 min. Average kidney temperature was 23.7°C. Blood losses were negligible. The patient was discharged after 72 hours. No major changes in serum creatinine were found during the follow-up. Final pathology revealed a clear cell renal cell carcinoma, pT1a, ISUP grade 2 in most of the tumors but one ISUP grade 3. Surgical margins were negative. Conclusions: Combined TP and RP is a feasible alternative for the treatment of multiple renal tumors. It's safe and effective, allowing the use of intracorporeal hypothermia which may improve postoperative renal function. Consistent experience is needed before embarking on this surgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , von Hippel-Lindau Disease/surgery , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Nephrectomy/methods , Peritoneal Cavity/surgery , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome
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