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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the quantitative expression of immunophenotype of CD34@*METHODS@#Multi-parameter flow cytometry (FCM) was used to detect the proportion and mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of each antigen of bone marrow CD34@*RESULTS@#Bone marrow blast cell proportion (P<0.01), RBC level (P<0.01), and Hb level (P<0.05) of high-risk MDS patients were higher, while EPO level (P<0.05) was lower than those of low-risk patients. The proportion of CD34@*CONCLUSION@#The immunophenotype of CD34


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD34 , Bone Marrow , Bone Marrow Cells , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Myelodysplastic Syndromes
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(6): 1742-1750, Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134507

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Mesenchymal stem cells are present in adult tissues such as the human dental pulp. They are pluripotent and can differentiate into various specialized cell types in vitro through appropriate stimuli. Ameloblasts produce human tooth enamel only during embryonic development before tooth eruption, so endogenous regeneration is not possible. Various efforts have been aimed at generating natural or artificial substitutes for dental enamel with properties similar to the specific components of said tissue. The purpose of this study was to induce human dental pulp stem cells to produce enamel proteins using extracellular matrix derived from the rat tail tendon and pigskin. Primary cultures of human dental pulp stem cells were established and characterized by RT-PCR and immunofluorescence, using mesenchymal cell markers such as CD14, CD40, CD44, CD105, and STRO-1. The cells were then incubated with the extracellular matrix for fourteen days and labeled with specific antibodies to detect the expression of dental enamel proteins such as amelogenin, ameloblastin, enamelisin, tuftelin, and parvalbumin, characteristics of the phenotype of ameloblasts. This work demonstrated a positive effect of the extracellular matrix to induce the expression of enamel proteins in the stem cells of the human dental pulp.


RESUMEN: Las células madre mesenquimales están presentes en los tejidos adultos como la pulpa dental humana. Son pluripotentes y pueden diferenciarse en varios tipos de células especializadas in vitro a través de estímulos adecuados. Los ameloblastos producen esmalte dental humano sólo durante el desarrollo embrionario antes de la erupción dental, por lo que no es posible su regeneración endógena. Varios esfuerzos se han orientado a generar sustitutos naturales o artificiales de esmalte dental con propiedades similares a los componentes específicos de este tejido. El propósito de este estudio fue inducir células madre de pulpa dental humana para producir proteínas del esmalte dental a través del estímulo de matriz extracelular derivada del tendón de la cola de rata y piel de cerdo. Se establecieron cultivos primarios de células madre de pulpa dental humana y se caracterizaron por RT-PCR e inmunofluorescencia utilizando marcadores de células mesenquimales como CD14, CD40, CD44, CD105 y STRO-1. Posteriormente, las células se incubaron con matriz extracelular durante un período de catorce días y se marcaron con anticuerpos específicos para detectar la expresión de proteínas de esmalte dental como amelogenina, ameloblastina, enamelisina, tuftelina y parvalbúmina, las cuales son características del fenotipo de ameloblastos. Este trabajo demostró el efecto positivo que tiene el empleo de la matriz extracelular para inducir la expresión de proteínas de esmalte en las células pluripotenciales de la pulpa dental humana.


Subject(s)
Humans , Stem Cells , Dental Enamel Proteins , Dental Pulp , Extracellular Matrix , Immunophenotyping , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Cell Culture Techniques , Tissue Engineering
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(5): 1412-1420, oct. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134457

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Mesenchymal stem cells are characterized by in vitro high proliferation and multilineage potential maintenance. This study aimed to isolate and characterize equine YS mesenchymal stem cells and compare these with amniotic membranes. The yolk sac (YS) and amniotic membranes (AM) were obtained from 20 pregnant mares with gestational age around 30 days. Cells were cultured in α-MEM supplemented with 15 % FBS, 1 % antibiotic solution, 1 % L-glutamine and 1 % nonessential amino acids. To cell characterization we used cytogenetic analysis, fibroblast colony-forming unit assays, cell growth curves, immunophenotyping, flow cytometry, differentiation assays and teratoma formation. Results: Both cell sources presented fibroblastoid and epithelioid-like format. The YS cells have lower colony formation potential then AM ones, 3 versus 8 colonies per 103 plated cells. However, YS cells grew progressively while AM cells showed steady. Both, the YS and amnion cells immunolabeled for Oct-4, Nanog, SSEA-3, cytokeratin 18, PCNA, and vimentin. In addition, presented mesenchymal, hematopoietic, endothelial and pluripotency markers in flow cytometry. Discussion: Both cell sources presented high plasticity and differed into osteogenic, adipogenic, and chondrogenic lineages, and no tumor formation in nude mice was observed. The results suggest that horse YS may be useful for cell therapy such as amnion-derived cells.


RESUMEN: Las células madre mesenquimales se caracterizan por una alta proliferación in vitro y un mantenimiento potencial de múltiples líneas. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo aislar y caracterizar las células madre mesenquimales del saco vitelino equinas y compararlas con las membranas amnióticas. Se obtuvo el saco vitelino (SV) y las membranas amnióticas (MA) de 20 yeguas preñadas con edad gestacional de aproximadamente 30 días. Las células se cultivaron en α -MEM suplementado con 15 % de FBS, 1 % de solución antibiótica, 1 % de L-glutamina y 1 % de aminoácidos no esenciales. Para la caracterización celular utilizamos análisis citogenéticos, ensayos de unidades de colonias de fibroblastos, curvas de crecimiento celular, inmunofenotipaje, citometría de flujo, ensayos de diferenciación y formación de teratomas. Ambas fuentes celulares presentaron formato fibroblastoideo y epitelioide. Las células SV tienen un potencial de formación de colonias más bajo que las de MA, 3 versus 8 colonias por 103 células en placa. Sin embargo, las células SV crecieron progresivamente mientras que las células MA se mostraron estables. Tanto las células YS como las células amnios están inmunomarcadas para Oct-4, Nanog, SSEA-3, citoqueratina 18, PCNA y vimentina. Además, presentó marcadores mesenquimales, hematopoyéticos, endoteliales y pluripotenciales en citometría de flujo. Ambas fuentes celulares presentaron alta plasticidad y diferían en linajes osteogénicos, adipogénicos y condrogénicos, y no se observó formación de tumores en ratones. Los resultados sugieren que el SV de caballo puede ser útil para la terapia celular, como las células derivadas de amnios.


Subject(s)
Animals , Yolk Sac/cytology , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , Horses , Yolk Sac/embryology , In Vitro Techniques , Cells, Cultured , Immunophenotyping , Regenerative Medicine , Embryonic Development , Flow Cytometry , Amnion
4.
Autops. Case Rep ; 10(2): e2020170, Apr.-June 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131812

ABSTRACT

Histiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare hematolymphoid malignant neoplasm with an aggressive clinical course. It can arise de novo or from low-grade B-cell lymphoma. We describe the case of a 16-year-old boy referred to our hospital with generalized lymphadenopathy, weight loss, and decreased appetite for one month. The patient died undiagnosed on the 7th day of hospitalization. Lymph node and bone marrow biopsies were performed one day before the patient died. The lymph node biopsy revealed an architectural effacement with a diffuse proliferation of large pleomorphic neoplastic cells containing large, multilobulated nuclei, coarse vesicular chromatin, prominent nucleoli, and a moderate amount of eosinophilic cytoplasm. The bone marrow aspiration smears and biopsy also showed evidence of infiltration by these above-mentioned cells. Based on the morphology, along with the exclusion of many differential diagnoses by an extensive panel of immunohistochemical markers, a diagnosis of HS was made. This case report aims at evaluating all the clinical and immunophenotypic features of a case of HS with multifocal presentation and an aggressive clinical course in order to give a correct and definite diagnosis at the proper time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Histiocytic Sarcoma/pathology , Autopsy , Immunophenotyping , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Fatal Outcome , Diagnosis, Differential , Lymphadenopathy
5.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(2): e1187, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149900

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La determinación de los inmunofenotipos linfocitarios en sangre periférica forma parte de la evaluación del estado general del sistema inmunitario. Estos exámenes ofrecen informaciones sobre la distribución, concentración y funcionabilidad de las células inmunitarias, lo cual contribuye a establecer pronósticos en el cáncer y predicciones a las respuestas terapéuticas. Objetivo: Evaluar la distribución de las concentraciones linfocitarias circulantes en sangre periférica de pacientes con cáncer. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico en 154 pacientes con cáncer, atendidos en el Instituto de Oncología y Radiobiología de La Habana, durante los años 2017 a 2019. Se empleó la citometría de flujo multiparamétrica para identificar los inmunofenotipos linfocitarios. Este procedimiento se realizó antes de comenzar cualquier tratamiento inmunoterapéutico. Resultados: Los pacientes con cáncer mostraron mayor heterogeneidad en la distribución de las poblaciones linfocitarias respecto a los controles. En los pacientes la mediana de los linfocitos totales y de las subpoblaciones linfocitarias CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ y CD19+ fueron significativamente menores. Los linfocitos T dobles positivos (CD4/CD8) se encontraron elevados significativamente. No se hallaron diferencias entre sexos. La edad se asoció negativamente con las concentraciones de las poblaciones T en tumores sólidos, y con T y B en los linfomas. En el cáncer de próstata se obtuvieron los valores más bajos de poblaciones linfocitarias. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con cáncer tienen menor concentración de linfocitos en sangre periférica que los controles sanos. Las células más afectadas fueron las subpoblaciones T y los linfocitos B. La edad se asoció negativamente con las concentraciones sanguíneas de linfocitos, lo cual pudiera estar en relación con la inmunosenescencia(AU)


Introduction: Determination of lymphocytic immunophenotypes in peripheral blood is part of the evaluation of the general state of the immune system. These tests provide information about the distribution, concentration, and functionality of immune cells, which helps establish prognoses in cancer and predictions of therapeutic responses. Objective: To evaluate the distribution of circulating lymphocyte concentrations in peripheral blood of cancer patients. Methods: An analytical study was carried out with 154 cancer patients treated at the Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology in Havana, from 2017 to 2019. Multiparametric flow cytometry was used to identify lymphocyte immunophenotypes. This procedure was performed before beginning any immunotherapeutic treatment. Results: Cancer patients showed greater heterogeneity in the distribution of lymphocyte populations compared to control patients. The median for total lymphocytes and the lymphocyte subpopulations of CD3+, CD4+, CD8+ and CD19+ were significantly lower in patients. CD4+ CD8+ double-positive T lymphocytes were found to be significantly elevated. No sex differences were found. Age was negatively associated with the concentrations of T-cells populations in solid tumors, and with T- and B-cells populations in lymphomas. In prostate cancer, the lowest values ​​of lymphocyte populations were obtained. Conclusions: Cancer patients have a lower concentration of lymphocytes in peripheral blood than healthy patients in the control group. The most affected ones were the T-cells subpopulations and B lymphocytes. Age was negatively associated with blood levels of lymphocytes, which could be related to immunosenescence(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunophenotyping/methods , Flow Cytometry/methods , Medical Oncology/methods
6.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 787-793, May-June, 2020. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1129177

ABSTRACT

The immunophenotype is regarded as an independent prognostic factor in high-grade lymphomas, seeing that lymphomas of T-cell origin are associated with shorter survival time. Although a number of studies have evaluated the immunophenotypical profile of lymphoma in the USA and Europe, Brazilian research on the matter remains scarce. Exact characterization of the histopathological type is crucial to establish proper treatment and prognosis. This study evaluated the database of immunohistochemistry laboratories that perform immunophenotyping of canine lymphoma in Brazil. A total of 203 cases of multicentric lymphoma were classified according to the WHO classification. Immunophenotyping was able to identify 71.4% lymphomas of B-cell line, 27.1% of T-cell line and 1.5% of non-B cells and non-T cell lines. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the most common with 59.1% of the cases. Among T-cell lymphomas, lymphoblastic was the most common (11.33% of the cases). Even though canine lymphomas tend to be high-grade, indolent lymphomas comprised 11.82% of the cases and T-zone lymphoma was the most prevalent (8.86%). The immunophenotype of multicentric lymphoma in Brazil is similar to those in other parts of the world, which suggests similar etiologic factors to the development of this disease.(AU)


O imunofenótipo é considerado um fator prognóstico independente em linfomas de alto grau, visto que os linfomas de origem de células T estão associados a menor tempo de sobrevida. Apesar de vários estudos terem avaliado o perfil imunofenotípico do linfoma nos EUA e na Europa, a pesquisa brasileira sobre o assunto ainda é escassa. A caracterização exata do tipo histopatológico é crucial para estabelecer o tratamento e o prognóstico adequados. Este estudo avaliou a base de dados de laboratórios de imuno-histoquímica que realizam imunofenotipagem do linfoma canino no Brasil. Um total de 203 casos de linfoma multicêntrico foi classificado de acordo com a classificação da OMS. A imunofenotipagem foi capaz de identificar 71,4% dos linfomas da linhagem de células B, 27,1% da linhagem de células T e 1,5% das linhagens de células não B e não T. O linfoma difuso de grandes células B foi o mais comum em 59,1% dos casos. Entre os linfomas de células T, o linfoblástico foi o mais comum (11, 33% dos casos). Embora os linfomas caninos tendam a ser de alto grau, os linfomas indolentes representaram 11,82% dos casos e o linfoma da zona T foi o mais prevalente (8,86%). O imunofenótipo do linfoma multicêntrico no Brasil é semelhante ao de outras partes do mundo, o que sugere fatores etiológicos semelhantes ao desenvolvimento dessa doença.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Lymphoma, B-Cell/classification , Lymphoma, T-Cell/classification , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/classification , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/classification , Brazil
7.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 36(1): e1137, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126539

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La citometría de flujo es una técnica de avanzada, objetiva y altamente sensible que permite el análisis y la cuantificación simultánea de múltiples parámetros celulares; es muy utilizada en el estudio de las hemopatías malignas. En los últimos años, ha demostrado ser de gran utilidad en la identificación y la caracterización inmunofenotípica de los síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos. Estos constituyen un grupo heterogéneo de enfermedades caracterizadas por la expansión monoclonal de células linfoides de aspecto maduro. Objetivos: Analizar los aspectos generales de la aplicación de la técnica de citometría de flujo al estudio y clasificación inmunofenotípica de los síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos. Métodos: Se realizó una investigación bibliográfica-documental acerca del tema. Se consultaron las bases de datos de SciELO y Pubmed. Análisis y síntesis de la información: Se describen los aspectos técnicos de la citometría de flujo, desde la obtención y procesamiento de las muestras hasta la generación del informe por el citómetro; así como la aplicación de la técnica a la caracterización inmunofenotípica de los síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos. La citometría de flujo multiparamétrica se ha convertido en uno más de los métodos diagnósticos de este síndrome. Uno de los principales objetivos del estudio inmunofenotípico por citometría de flujo consiste en descartar si esa población de células B es clonal o no. Conclusiones: La citometría de flujo permite el análisis, la interpretación y la clasificación inmunofenotípica de los síndromes linfoproliferativos crónicos. Es una herramienta útil en las que se apoya el diagnóstico y el seguimiento de estos pacientes(AU)


Introduction: Flow cytometry is an advanced, objective and highly sensitive technique that allows simultaneous quantification and analysis of multiple cellular parameters. It is widely used in the study of malignant hemopathies. In recent years, it has proved very useful in the identification and immunophenotypic characterization of chronic lymphoproliferative syndromes. These conditions belong to a heterogeneous group of diseases characterized by monoclonal expansion of mature lymphoid cells. Objectives: To analyze the general aspects of flow cytometry application to the study and immunophenotypic classification of chronic lymphoproliferative syndromes. Methods: A bibliographic-documentary research about the topic was carried out. We consulted the SciELO and Pubmed databases. Information analysis and synthesis: The technical aspects of the flow cytometry are described, from obtaining and processing the samples to the cytometer's generating the report; as well as the technique's application to the immunophenotypic characterization of chronic lymphoproliferative syndromes. Multiparametric flow cytometry has become one of the diagnostic methods for this syndrome. One of the main objectives of the immunophenotypic study by flow cytometry is to rule out whether this population of B cells is clonal or not. Conclusions: Flow cytometry allows the analysis, interpretation and immunophenotypic classification of chronic lymphoproliferative syndromes. It is a useful tool that supports the diagnosis and monitoring of these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Immunophenotyping/methods , Flow Cytometry/methods , Lymphoproliferative Disorders/diagnostic imaging
8.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1264304

ABSTRACT

La leucémie à tricholeucocytes est une hémopathie lymphoïde B rare. Le diagnostic repose sur l'identification morphologique des cellules tumorales sanguines et/ou médullaires puis la mise en evidence de certains marqueurs à l'immunophénotypage. Le diagnostic reste difficile en Afrique subsaharienne du fait du plateau technique limité. En Afrique noire, très peu d'études ont été réalisées. Nous rapportons un cas documenté de leucémie à tricholeucocytes chez un jeune homme de 25 ans dans notre service


Subject(s)
Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Hairy Cell , Leukemia, Lymphoid
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785401

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Waldenström macroglobulinemia (WM) is a subset of lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL) with bone marrow (BM) involvement and an IgM monoclonal gammopathy of any level. We aimed to identify the clinical, laboratory, and BM findings of patients with WM and to evaluate the usefulness of CD154 for the diagnosis and prognosis of WM.METHODS: We reviewed the medical records and BM studies and/or flow cytometric immunotyping of 31 patients with untreated WM. Semiquantitative immunohistochemistry (CD20, CD138, tryptase, and CD154) of BM was performed.RESULTS: Only six patients presented with symptoms of hyperviscosity syndrome. Eleven patients had solid cancer and/or another hematologic malignancy. Mast cells (MC) increased in all samples, with some in close contact with tumor cells. Tryptase-positive MC (17.1/ high-power fields [HPF], 1.2–72.0/HPF) and CD154-positive MC (8.6/HPF, 0.1–31.1/HPF) were observed. The high CD154-positive MC (≥8.6/HPF) group showed a lower overall five-year survival rate than the low CD154-positive MC (<8.6/HPF) group (71.9% vs. 100.0%; P=0.012). Flow cytometric immunophenotyping of BM aspirates showed increased B lymphocytes and plasma cells with a normal phenotype (CD138⁺/CD38⁺/CD19⁺/CD45⁺/CD56⁻).CONCLUSIONS: Approximately one third of WM patients showed other malignancies and all patients had increased MC. Immunohistochemistry and flow cytometric immunophenotyping are useful for diagnosing WM, and increased CD154-positive MC can indicate poor prognosis.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Bone Marrow , Diagnosis , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Immunohistochemistry , Immunophenotyping , Lymphoma , Mast Cells , Medical Records , Paraproteinemias , Phenotype , Plasma Cells , Prognosis , Survival Rate , Tryptases , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785340

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While there is an urgent need for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs), current genetic tests have drawbacks. We retrospectively reviewed the usefulness of flow cytometry (FCM) as a quick tool for immunophenotyping and functional assays in patients suspected to have PIDs at a single tertiary care institute.METHODS: Between January 2001 and June 2018, patients suspected of having PIDs were subjected to FCM tests, including lymphocyte subset analysis, detection of surface- or intracellular-target proteins, and functional analysis of immune cells, at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. The genetic diagnosis was performed using Sanger or diagnostic exome sequencing.RESULTS: Of 60 patients diagnosed with definite or probable PID according to the European Society of Immune Deficiencies criteria, 24 patients were provided with useful information about immunological dysfunction after initial FCM testing. In 10 patients, the PID diagnosis was based on abnormal findings in FCM testing without genetic tests. The FCM findings provided strong evidence for the diagnosis of severe combined immunodeficiency (n = 6), X-linked chronic granulomatous diseases (CGD) (n = 6), leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (n = 3), X-linked agammaglobulinemia (n = 11), autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome-FASLG (n = 1), and familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 2 (n = 1), and probable evidence for autosomal recessive-CGD (n = 2), autosomal dominant-hyper-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-syndrome (n = 1), and STAT1 gain-of-function mutation (n = 1). In PIDs derived from PIK3CD (n = 2), LRBA (n = 2), and CTLA4 mutations (n = 3), the FCM test provided useful evidence of immune abnormalities and a tool for treatment monitoring.CONCLUSIONS: The initial application of FCM, particularly with known protein targets on immune cells, would facilitate the timely diagnosis of PIDs and thus would support clinical decisions and improve the clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia , Diagnosis , Exome , Flow Cytometry , Genetic Testing , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Korea , Leukocytes , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Tertiary Healthcare
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880795

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the characteristics of immunophenotypes and expressions of non-myeloid differentiation antigens in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and their value in diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of AML.@*METHODS@#We examined the immunophenotypes of 109 patients with AML using BD FACSCalibur flow cytometry and analyzed the association of the immunophenotypes and expressions of non-myeloid differentiation antigens with the prognosis and complete remission (CR) rate of the patients.@*RESULTS@#Immunophenotype analysis showed that the positivity rates of the myeloid differentiation antigens of AML cells decreased in the order of CD13, CD117, CD33, MPO and CD15; the positivity rates of CD117, CD13, CD33 and MPO did not differ significantly (@*CONCLUSIONS@#Immunophenotyping and analysis of non-myeloid differentiation antigens can be of great clinical significance for the diagnosis and prognostic evaluation of AML, and serve also as one of the important bases for the diagnosis and treatment of AML.


Subject(s)
Cell Count , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis
12.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(4): e1123, oct.-dic. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093297

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer epitelial de ovario (CEO) ocupa el sexto lugar en incidencia y mortalidad a nivel mundial yen Cuba, el quinto en incidencia. Este cáncer es inmunogénicoy sus células malignas crecen en interacción conlas células inmunitarias. Su curso clínico depende del infiltrado inflamatorio acompañante del tumor. La citología e histopatología son los métodos diagnóstico de elección. Sin embargo, la citometría de flujo emerge como una tecnología de mayor sensibilidad, objetividad y rapidez. Objetivo: Diseñar un panel multicolor de citometría de flujo para inmunofenotipar el infiltrado linfocitario de tres tipos de muestras de pacientes con CEO. Métodos: Se realizó un diseño experimental, para la creación y evaluación de un panel multicolor de citometríade flujo, en el laboratorio de Inmunología del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología. El panel se diseñó en sangre de 3 sujetos sanos y se optimizó para sangreperiférica en 33 sujetos sanos y, en sangreperiférica, ascitis y tejido tumoral ovárico de tres pacientes con CEO. En cada muestra se inmunofenotiparon varias poblaciones linfocitarias. Resultados: Se seleccionaron 11 marcadores antigénicos para el inmunofenotipo, el panel quedó conformado por 4 tubos de citometría. La metodología se pudo aplicar a las muestras de ascitis y tejido tumoral sin interferencias, se obtuvieron porcentajes de las subpoblaciones linfocitarias dentro de los valores esperados. Conclusiones: El panel diseñado permitió inmunofenotipar linfocitos en distintos tipos de muestras de pacientes con CEO, con resultados confiables y reproducibles. Esta metodología puede extenderse a la realización de inmunofenotipaje en otras enfermedades(AU)


Introduction: Epithelial ovarian cancer occupies the 6th place in incidence and mortality in women worldwide. In Cuba, it occupies the 5th place in incidence in females. This cancer is immunogenic and its malignant cells grow in interaction with multiple cells from immune system. Its clinical course depends largely on the type of inflammatory infiltrate accompanying the tumor. Cytology and histopathology are gold standard as diagnostic methods. However, flow cytometry emerges as a technology with greater sensitivity, objectivity and speed. Objective: To design a multicolored flow cytometry panel to immunophenotype the lymphocytic infiltrate of three types of samples for patients with ovarian cancer. Methods: An experimental design was carried out in vitro for the creation and evaluation of a multicolored flow cytometry panel in the Immunology laboratory of the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Cuba. The panel was designed in the blood of three healthy subjects; then it was optimized for blood in 33 healthy volunteers and blood, ascites and ovarian tumor tissue, from three patients with epithelial ovarian cancer. Several lymphocytes lineages were immunophenotypedin each sample. Results: Eleven markers were selected for the immunophenotype and the panel was made up of four multiparameter cytometry tubes. The methodology created could be applied to the samples of ascites and tumor tissue without interferences and percentages of different lymphocyte subpopulations were obtained within the expected values. Conclusions: The designed panel allowed immunophenotyping of lymphocytes in different types of ovarian cancer patient samples and reliable and reproducible results were obtained. This methodology could be employed for others diseases(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Flow Cytometry/methods , Immunophenotyping/methods , Equipment Design/methods , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial/diagnosis
13.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 71(5): 1571-1581, set.-out. 2019. graf, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1038673

ABSTRACT

There is a growing interest in the study of unspecialized mesenchymal stem cells, for there are still some discussions about their in vitro behavior. Regenerative medicine is a science undergoing improvement which develops treatments as cell therapy using somatic stem cells. In several studies, adipose tissue is presented as a source of multipotent adult cells that has several advantages over other tissue sources. This study aimed to characterize and evaluate the tagging of mesenchymal stem cells from the agoutis adipose tissue (Dasyprocta prymonolopha), with fluorescent intracytoplasmic nanocrystals. Fibroblast cells were observed, plastic adherent, with extended self-renewal, ability to form colonies, multipotency by differentiation into three lineages, population CD90 + and CD45 - expression, which issued high red fluorescence after the tagging with fluorescent nanocrystals by different paths and cryopreserved for future use. It is possible to conclude that mesenchymal stem cells from agouti adipose tissue have biological characteristics and in vitro behavior that demonstrate its potential for use in clinical tests.(AU)


Há um interesse crescente no estudo das células estaminais mesenquimais, não especializadas, pois ainda existem algumas discussões sobre seu comportamento in vitro. A medicina regenerativa é uma ciência em fase de crescimento que desenvolve tratamentos como terapia celular utilizando células estaminais somáticas. Em vários estudos, o tecido adiposo é apresentado como uma fonte de células adultas multipotentes que tem várias vantagens em relação a outras fontes de tecido. Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar e avaliar a marcação de células estaminais mesenquimais do tecido adiposo de cutias (Dasyprocta prymnolopha) com nanocristais intracitoplasmáticos fluorescentes. Observaram-se células fibroblásticas, aderentes ao plástico, com autorrenovação prolongada, capacidade de formar colônias, diferenciação em três linhagens, população CD90 + e expressão CD45, que emitiram alta fluorescência vermelha após a marcação com nanocristais fluorescentes por diferentes vias, e criopreservadas para uso futuro. É possível concluir que as células estaminais mesenquimais do tecido adiposo de cutias têm características biológicas e comportamentos in vitro que demonstram seu potencial para uso em testes clínicos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Adipose Tissue/cytology , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Regenerative Medicine/methods , Nanoparticles , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Dasyproctidae/genetics
14.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(3): e1068, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093281

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los linfomas no-Hodgkin pueden infiltrar el sistema nervioso central y producir síntomas neurológicos, lo cual incrementa la mortalidad. El diagnóstico de esta infiltración se puede realizar mediante el estudio del líquido cefalorraquídeo por la técnica de citometría de flujo, con una mayor sensibilidad que la citología convencional. Objetivo: Estimar la supervivencia global de pacientes con Linfoma no-Hodgkin y síntomas neurológicos según el inmunofenotipo celular del líquido cefalorraquídeo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio analítico y prospectivo en 15 pacientes con diagnóstico confirmado de linfoma no-Hodgkin y síntomas neurológicos, con citología negativa del líquido cefalorraquídeo, tratados en el servicio de oncología del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología, durante los años 2017 y 2018. El inmunofenotipo fue caracterizado mediante citometría de flujo multiparamétrica. Resultados: El 60,0 por ciento de los pacientes fue del sexo femenino y el 53,4 por ciento mayor de 60 años. Hubo una mortalidad del 26,7 por ciento. Se realizaron 17 inmunofenotipos, el 58,9 por ciento fue normal, el 23,4 por ciento reactivo y el 17,7 por ciento sospechoso de malignidad. La supervivencia global fue mayor en pacientes con líquido cefalorraquídeo con inmunofenotipo normal (HR. 0.04). Conclusiones: La citometría de flujo pudo discriminar células sospechosas de malignidad, en pacientes cuyas citologías fueron negativas. La presencia en el líquido cefalorraquídeo de células atípicas, de pleocitosis y de un índice de linfocito-monocito alto se asoció con una supervivencia global menor(AU)


Introduction: When non-Hodgkin lymphomas infiltrate the central nervous system increases mortality. The diagnosis of this infiltration can be made by the study of cerebrospinal fluid using flow cytometry, with a higher sensitivity than conventional cytology. Objective: To estimate the relationship between the cellular immunophenotype of the cerebrospinal fluid and the overall survival of patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma and neurological symptoms. Methods: An analytical and prospective study was conducted in 15 patients with confirmed diagnosis of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and neurological symptoms, with negative cytology of the cerebrospinal fluid. Patients cared at Oncology Department of the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology, during the years 2017-2018. The immunophenotype was characterized by multiparametric flow cytometry. Results: 60.0 percent of the patients was female and 53.4 percent older than 60 years. There was an overall mortality of 26.7 percent 17 immunophenotypes were found, 58.9 percent of them was normal, 23.4 percent reactive and 17.7 percent suspected of malignancy. Overall survival advantage was obtained in patients with cerebrospinal fluid with normal immunophenotype (HR 0.04). Conclusions: Flow cytometry could discriminate cells suspected of malignancy, in patients whose cytologies were negative. The presence in the cerebrospinal fluid of atypical cells, pleocytosis and a high lymphocyte-monocyte index were associated with a lower overall survival(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/cerebrospinal fluid , Immunophenotyping/methods , Flow Cytometry/methods , Survival Analysis , Analytical Methods/methods , Nervous System Diseases/complications
15.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(3): e973, jul.-set. 2019. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1093278

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El CD45 se expresa en las células hematopoyéticas, su determinación es indispensable para la clasificación inmunofenotípica de la leucemia linfoide aguda (LLA). Objetivo: Evaluar la expresión del antígeno CD45 en los blastos de pacientes pediátricos con LLA y su relación con las características biológicas, morfológicas y clínicas al inicio de la enfermedad, la respuesta al tratamiento y la supervivencia global (SG) de los enfermos. Métodos: Se estudiaron 160 pacientes con LLA entre diciembre del 2012 y diciembre del 2017, tratados con el protocolo ALL-IC BFM-SG 2009. El inmunofenotipaje celular de la médula ósea se realizó por citometría de flujo. Resultados: El fenotipo B CD45+ predominó en los menores de seis años de edad y en los mayores de diez, el fenotipo T CD45+. Se encontró diferencia significativa entre la ausencia de adenopatías mediastínicas, el fenotipo leucémico y la ausencia de CD45 (p=0.004); entre la respuesta a la prednisona en sangre periférica al día ocho, el fenotipo leucémico y la ausencia de CD45 (p=0.001). Se encontraron diferencias significativas entre la respuesta a la prednisona en sangre periférica el día ocho y la respuesta en médula ósea el día 33, según fenotipo leucémico (p=0.009) y la presencia en los blastos del antígeno CD45 (p=0.02). Se encontró diferencia significativa entre la SG de los enfermos, según fenotipo leucémico y la ausencia del antígeno CD45 (p=0.017). Conclusión: La expresión o ausencia del antígeno de CD45 en los blastos tiene relación con la respuesta al tratamiento y la SG de pacientes pediátricos con LLA(AU)


Introduction: CD45 is expressed in hematopoietic cells, its determination is essential for the immunophenotypic classification of acute lymphoid leukemia (ALL). Objective: To evaluate the expression of the CD45 antigen in the blasts of pediatric patients with ALL and its relationship with the biological, morphological and clinical characteristics at the onset of the disease, the response to treatment and the overall survival (OS) of the patients. Methods: 160 patients with ALL were studied between December 2012 and December 2017, treated with the ALL-IC BFM-SG 2009 protocol. Bone marrow cellular immunophenotyping was performed by flow cytometry. Results: Patients with the CD45 + B phenotype predominated in those under six years of age, while those with a CD45 + T phenotype in those older than ten. A significant difference was found between the absence of mediastinal lymph nodes, the leukemic phenotype and the absence of CD45 (p = 0.004). A significant difference was found between the response to prednisone in peripheral blood at day eight, the leukemic phenotype and the absence of CD45, p = 0.001. Significant differences were found between the response to prednisone in peripheral blood on day eight and the response in bone marrow on day 33, according to leukemic phenotype and the presence in blasts of the CD45 antigen (p = 0.009 and p = 0.02, respectively). A significant difference was found between the OS of patients, according to leukemic phenotype and the absence of the CD45 antigen, p = 0.017. Conclusion: The expression or absence of the CD45 antigen in blasts is related to the response to treatment and OS of pediatric patients with ALL(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Immunophenotyping/methods , Leukocyte Common Antigens/therapeutic use , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma/epidemiology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Phenotype , Survival Analysis
16.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 39(7): 492-498, July 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1040704

ABSTRACT

Lymphoma is a neoplasm that originates from solid hematopoietic tissues and is one of the most common tumors in dogs. The goal of the present study was to perform a retrospective study of canine lymphomas diagnosed at the "Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico", at the "Faculdade de Veterinária" of the "Universidade Federal de Pelotas" (LRD-UFPel) from 2000 to 2017, to determine the epidemiology and anatomical distribution, and to evaluate the histopathological and immunohistochemical aspects of each case according to the adapted Kiel classification. The protocols for necropsies and biopsies in the laboratory were reviewed. Lymphoma was diagnosed in 77 dogs. Approximately 37.7% (29/77) of affected dogs had no defined breed, while dogs with defined breeds accounted for 58.4% (45/77) of the diagnoses. The occurrence in males (40/77) was slightly higher than that in females (36/77), and the mean age was 8.1 years (1.4-17 years). The most affected age group was between six and 10 years of age with 31 cases (40.2%). Regarding the anatomical classification, the multicentric form was the most prevalent, accounting for 71.4% (55/77) of the diagnoses. In 40 cases that immunophenotyping was performed, B-cell lymphomas represented 62.5% of the diagnoses (25/40), while T-cell lymphomas corresponded to 37.5% of the diagnoses (15/40). The degree of malignancy according to the modified Kiel classification was low in 35% of lymphomas (14/40) and high in 65% of cases (26/40). The multicentric form was more frequent in the region of influence of the LRD-UFPel. Identification of the immunophenotype can improve the quality of life and survival in affected dogs since it allows the most appropriate treatment for each patient.(AU)


O linfoma é uma neoplasia com origem nos tecidos hematopoiéticos sólidos e é um dos tumores mais frequentes em cães. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi efetuar um estudo retrospectivo dos linfomas caninos recebidos no Laboratório Regional de Diagnóstico, da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal de Pelotas (LRD-UFPel) de 2000 a 2017, determinando a epidemiologia e a distribuição anatômica, bem como os aspectos histopatológicos e imuno-histoquímicos de cada caso de acordo com a classificação de Kiel adaptada. Foram revisados os protocolos de necropsias e biópsias recebidos no laboratório identificando-se 77 casos de cães com diagnóstico de linfoma. A doença afetou cães sem raça definida em 37,7% (29/77) dos casos, enquanto os cães com raças definidas tiveram 58,4% (45/77) dos diagnósticos. A ocorrência em machos (40/77) foi discretamente maior do que em fêmeas (36/77) e a idade média foi de 8,1 anos (1,4-17 anos). A faixa etária mais acometida foi entre seis e 10 anos de idade com 31 casos (40,2%). Quanto à classificação anatômica a forma multicêntrica foi a mais prevalente atingindo 71,4% (55/77) dos diagnósticos. Em 40 casos em que a imunofenotipagem foi realizada, os linfomas de células B representaram 62,5% dos casos (25/40), enquanto os linfomas de células T equivaleram a 37,5% dos diagnósticos (15/40). O grau de malignidade de acordo com a classificação de Kiel modificada foi baixo em 35% dos linfomas (14/40) e alto em 65% dos casos (26/40). Conclui-se que a forma multicêntrica é mais frequente na região de influência do LRD-UFPel e que a identificação do imunofenótipo pode melhorar a qualidade de vida e dar maior sobrevida aos cães afetados uma vez que permite o tratamento mais adequado para cada caso.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Immunophenotyping/veterinary , Lymphoma/veterinary , Brazil , Lymphoma/epidemiology
17.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 23(3): 151-159, May-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019551

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: HIV infection harms adaptive cellular immunity mechanisms. Long-term virological control by combined antiretroviral therapy (cART) reduces the risk of mycobacterial infections. Thus, we aimed to study cellular responses to mycobacterial antigens in 20 HIV-infected adolescents with at least one year of virological control (HIV-RNA <40 copies/mL) and 20 healthy adolescents. Methods: We evaluated CD8 and γδ T-cell degranulation by measurement of CD107a membrane expression after stimulation with lysates from BCG (10 µg/mL) and H37RA Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb, 10 µg/mL). Immune activation and antigen-presenting ability were also assessed by determination of HLA-DR, CD80, and CD86 markers. Results: TCR γδ T-cell CD107a expression was similar between groups in response to mycobacterial antigens, and lower in the HIV-infected group in response to mitogen. Higher baseline HLA-DR expression and lower mycobacterial-stimulated expression was found within the HIV-infected group. Conclusions: Similar degranulation in stimulated CD8+ and TCR γδ T-cells from HIV-infected adolescents, when compared to healthy controls suggests long-term immunological preservation with immune reconstitution under successful cART. However, differences in HLA-DR expression may represent ongoing inflammation and lower specific responses in HIV-infected youth. These features may be relevant in the context of the precocity and severity of vertically acquired HIV infection.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Young Adult , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell, alpha-beta/immunology , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/immunology , CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Anti-HIV Agents/therapeutic use , Mycobacterium tuberculosis/immunology , Antigens, Bacterial/immunology , Tuberculosis/immunology , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies , Immunophenotyping , Antigen Presentation/immunology , Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical , Antigens, Bacterial/drug effects
18.
Rev. cuba. hematol. inmunol. hemoter ; 35(1): e927, ene.-mar. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1003884

ABSTRACT

La leucemia linfoide crónica (LLC) es una neoplasia maligna que afecta principalmente a pacientes de mediana edad y ancianos. Se caracteriza por la proliferación de linfocitos morfológicamente maduros pero inmunoincompetentes que se acumulan en sangre periférica, médula ósea y tejido linfático. Presenta gran heterogeneidad clínica. Se describen diversos fenotipos, aunque predomina la expansión clonal de células B CD5+CD23+. Los factores pronósticos en la LLC incluyen el subgrupo citogenético, estado mutacional de inmunoglobulina, la expresión de ZAP-70, CD38 y CD49d. El tratamiento se basa en usar modernos algoritmos terapéuticos aprobados, que produzcan mayores respuestas y menores eventos secundarios, en lograr la remisión clínica completa y mejorar la calidad de vida de estos pacientes(AU)


Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) is a malignancy that mainly affects middle-aged and elderly patients. It is characterized by the proliferation of morphologically mature but immunoincompetent lymphocytes that accumulate in blood, bone marrow and lymphatic tissue. It presents great clinical heterogeneity. Several phenotypes are described, although the clonal expansion of CD5 + CD23 + B cells predominates. Prognostic factors include the cytogenetic subgroup, immunoglobulin mutational status, expression of ZAP-70, CD38, and CD49d. The treatment is based on using modern approved therapeutic algorithms that produce greater responses and minor secondary events, to achieve complete clinical remission and to improve the quality of life of these patients(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Leukemia, Lymphoid/genetics , Immunophenotyping/methods , Prognosis , Leukemia, Lymphoid/etiology , Flow Cytometry/methods , Antigens/metabolism
19.
Blood Research ; : 63-73, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739432

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Acute leukemia (AL), not clearly assigned to myeloid, B-lymphoid, or T-lymphoid lineage, is classified as either biphenotypic acute leukemia (BAL) based on the European Group for Immunological Classification of Leukemias (EGIL) or acute leukemia of ambiguous lineage (ALAL) encompassing acute undifferentiated leukemia (AUL) and mixed-phenotype acute leukemia (MPAL) based on the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria. METHODS: Medical records of children newly diagnosed with BAL or ALAL, based on the EGIL or the 2008/2016 WHO criteria, respectively, admitted at Chonnam National University Hospital in 2001–2017 were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: Twelve (3.2%) of 377 AL patients satisfied the BAL or ALAL definitions based on the EGIL or the WHO criteria, respectively. Among 12 patients including 11 with BAL and another with undefined case based on the EGIL criteria, 7 (1.9%) had ALAL based on more stringent 2016 WHO criteria (AUL, 2; MPAL, 5). One patient had MPAL with t(9;22)(q34;q11.2), BCR-ABL+, and two had MLL gene abnormality. ALL-directed regimen was associated with better complete remission rate compared with AML-directed regimen (100.0% vs. 16.7%; P=0.015). The 5-year overall survival (OS) and event-free survival (EFS) were 51.1±15.8% and 51.9±15.7%, respectively. AUL was associated with poor OS and EFS compared with MPAL (0.0% vs. 75.0±21.7%; P=0.008). CONCLUSION: Due to the rarity of the cases, future multicenter, prospective studies incorporating large number of cases are urgently warranted to identify the clinical, biologic, and molecular markers for the prediction of prognosis and determine the best tailored therapy for each patient.


Subject(s)
Child , Classification , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia , Leukemia, Biphenotypic, Acute , Medical Records , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , World Health Organization
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1806-1811, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781536

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the diagnostic value of cytomorphology (including cytochemical staining) in newly diagnosed acute leukemia, so as to improve the importance of cytomorphology.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 119 cases of acute leukemia diagnosed in our hospital from April 2016 to June 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. According to morphologic and immunological typing, accordance rate to final diagnosis was compared.@*RESULTS@#The diagnostic accordance rate of simple morphological typing was 76.5%, and the diagnostic accordance rate of simple immunological typing was 79.8%, the difference of diagnostic coincidence rate was not significant between the two groups of acute leukemia.@*CONCLUSION@#Cytomorphology is the cornerstone of the diagnosis of acute leukemia, it has similar value to immunological classification in the diagnosis of leukemia and should pay enough attention. MICM comprehensive diagnosis can improve the final diagnosis rate, showing a guidance significance for the treatment and prognosis of patients with acute leukemia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunophenotyping , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
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