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1.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 74(4): 426-431, ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407931

ABSTRACT

Resumen El verde de indocianina es un tinte que se ha utilizado en medicina durante varias décadas. Tiene una serie de aplicaciones, incluida la cirugía reconstructiva y las quemaduras. Permite detectar áreas de tejido con perfusión reducida, lo que reduce el riesgo de complicaciones posoperatorias en forma de procesos de cicatrización alterados y necrosis. La técnica de imágenes que utiliza este tinte, permite observar los cambios en la fluorescencia en tiempo real y que, se ha demostrado, ocurren entre las capas superficiales y profundas en las quemaduras. Esto permite un diagnóstico cualitativo y cuantitativo de la profundidad de la quemadura, lo que se traduce en la elección de un tratamiento adicional. Se aprecia la importancia particular de este método en la prevención de la necrosis cutánea con el complejo areola-pezón durante la reconstrucción mamaria simultánea. Se necesitan más ensayos controlados aleatorios prospectivos para considerarlo el "método de elección" en la práctica clínica.


Indocyanine green is a dye that has been used in medicine for several decades. It has a number of applications, including reconstructive surgery and burns. It allows the detection of areas of tissue with reduced perfusion, which reduces the risk of postoperative complications in the form of altered healing processes and necrosis. The imaging technique that uses this dye allows us to observe the changes in fluorescence in real time that have been shown to occur between the superficial and deep layers in burns. This allows a qualitative and quantitative diagnosis of the depth of the burn, which results in the choice of additional treatment. The particular importance of this method in the prevention of skin necrosis with the areolanipple complex is appreciate during simultaneous breast reconstruction. More prospective randomized controlled trials are needed to consider it the 'method of choice' in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Humans , Burns/diagnosis , Coloring Agents/therapeutic use , Indocyanine Green/therapeutic use , Wound Healing , Fluorescence , Mastectomy
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936078

ABSTRACT

Gastric cancer is one of the most common gastrointestinal malignancies, and the incidence and mortality of gastric cancer remain high in China. In recent years, with the rapid popularization of laparoscopic technology, fluorescent laparoscopic technology is increasingly getting mature, providing a new method for accurate clinical tracing of lymph nodes and prediction of tumor metastasis lymph nodes. A large number of scientific research experiments and clinical trials have shown that, laparoscopic lymph node diagnosis technology based on the fluorescent indocyanine green (ICG) can significantly improve the efficiency of lymphadenectomy and prediction accuracy of lymph node metastasis, and can reveal a more accurate scope of lymphadenectomy in gastric cancer for surgeons, so as to avoid excessive adenectomy as well as iatrogenic injuries on patients. Although the status of the technology in gastric cancer surgery mentioned above continues improving, the overall operation process details of ICG fluorescence imaging, standardized fluorescence detecting equipment, and postoperative pathological examination process still need to be further optimized.


Subject(s)
Coloring Agents , Gastrectomy , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision/methods , Lymph Nodes/pathology , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy/methods , Stomach Neoplasms/surgery
5.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 450-454, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935236

ABSTRACT

Objective: Local recurrence is the main cause of treatment failure in patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). This study was proposed to investigate the feasibility of near infrared fluorescence (NIF) via indocyanine green (ICG) for monitoring surgical marginal in operation for OSCC patients. Methods: In 35 patients with OSCC treated surgically in the Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Nanjing University School of Medicine, from January 2019 to June 2020, ICG (0.75 mg/kg) was administered intravenously via elbow vein at (12±1) hours before surgery, and NIF was performed intraoperatively on the surgical field and the cut edge of the surgically excised specimen, and fluorescence intensity was measured for OSCC tissue and normal oral mucosa, abnormal fluorescence signals were taken and subjected to rapid cryopathological examination. Correlation between NIF tumor boundary grading and pathological tumor boundary grading was analyzed by Spearman correlation analysis. Results: Clear ICG NIF was obtained for tumor lesions in all 35 patients, with a positive rate of 100%. The fluorescence intensity of OSCC tissue was (412.73±146.56) au, which was higher than that of normal oral mucosa tissue [(279.38±82.56) au, P<0.01]. Abnormal fluorescence signals were detected at the tumor bed and the cut edge of the surgical resection specimen in 4 patients, of which 2 cases were pathologically confirmed as cancer cell residue and 2 cases as inflammatory cell infiltration. The rate of positive detection of cut margins using ICG NIF technique in OSCC was 5.7% (2/35). Twenty of the 35 OSCC patients had grade 1, 11 of grade 2, and 4 of grade 3 tumor borders revealed by NIF of surgical resection specimens, which was positively correlated with pathological tumor border (r=0.809, P<0.001). Conclusions: ICG NIF technique can effectively detect the residual cancer cells at the incision margin, which is of great clinical value in reducing local recurrence of OSCC after surgery due to intraoperative cancer residue.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/surgery , Head and Neck Neoplasms , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Margins of Excision , Mouth Neoplasms/surgery , Neoplasm, Residual , Optical Imaging/methods , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/surgery
6.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 97-101, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928516

ABSTRACT

To efficiently remove all recurrent lymph nodes (rLNs) and minimize complications, we developed a combination approach that consisted of 68Gallium prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) ligand positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT) and integrated indocyanine green (ICG)-guided salvage lymph node dissection (sLND) for rLNs after radical prostatectomy (RP). Nineteen patients were enrolled to receive such treatment. 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT was used to identify rLNs, and 5 mg of ICG was injected into the space between the rectum and bladder before surgery. Fluorescent laparoscopy was used to perform sLND. While extensive LN dissection was performed at level I, another 5 mg of ICG was injected via the intravenous route to intensify the fluorescent signal, and laparoscopy was introduced to intensively target stained LNs along levels I and II, specifically around suspicious LNs, with 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT. Next, both lateral peritonea were exposed longitudinally to facilitate the removal of fluorescently stained LNs at levels III and IV. In total, pathological analysis confirmed that 42 nodes were rLNs. Among 145 positive LNs stained with ICG, 24 suspicious LNs identified with 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT were included. The sensitivity and specificity of 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT for detecting rLNs were 42.9% and 96.6%, respectively. For ICG, the sensitivity was 92.8% and the specificity was 39.1%. At a median follow-up of 15 (interquartile range [IQR]: 6-31) months, 15 patients experienced complete biochemical remission (BR, prostate-specific antigen [PSA] <0.2 ng ml-1), and 4 patients had a decline in the PSA level, but it remained >0.2 ng ml-1. Therefore, 68Ga-PSMA ligand PET/CT integrating ICG-guided sLND provides efficient sLND with few complications for patients with rLNs after RP.


Subject(s)
Gallium Isotopes , Gallium Radioisotopes , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Ligands , Lymph Node Excision , Lymphatic Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Male , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/surgery , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms/surgery , Salvage Therapy
7.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1039-1049, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927761

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus core protein (HBc) has become a hot spot in drug carrier protein research due to its natural particle self-assembly ability and ease of modification. The truncation of the C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD, aa 151-183) of HBc does not affect the self-assembly of the particles. However, it does affect the internal and external charges of the particles, which may subsequently affect drug encapsulation. Thus, the truncated C-terminal polyarginine domain (CTD) of HBc and the inserted RGD peptide were selected to construct and express three HBc variants (RH) encapsulated with ICG (RH/ICG) with different C-terminal lengths to compare the stability and drug activity of their nanoformulations. RH160/ICG was found to have a great advantages in encapsulation efficiency and biological imaging. Compared with other HBc variants, RH160/ICG significantly improved encapsulation efficiency, up to 32.77%±1.23%. Cytotoxicity and hemolysis assays further demonstrated the good biocompatibility of RH160/ICG. Cell uptake and in vivo imaging experiments in mice showed that RH160/ICG could efficiently deliver ICG in tumor cells and tumor sites with good imaging effect. This research provides a new direction for further expanding the diagnosis and treatment application of ICG and development of HBc-based nanoparticle drug carrier platform.


Subject(s)
Animals , Hepatitis B/drug therapy , Hepatitis B Core Antigens , Indocyanine Green/chemistry , Mice , Nanoparticles/chemistry , Viral Core Proteins
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 58(1): 61-70, Jan.-Mar. 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1248985

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Fluorescent imaging with indocyanine green is an emerging technology whose benefits are put in perspective. OBJECTIVE: This article reports essential principles and approaches of intraoperative fluorescence in general surgery bringing familiarity to its practical usage. Our group describes possible pitfalls and provides tips and tricks for training surgeons making their attempts easier and reproducible during practice. METHODS: This study overviews the most structured concepts, practical applications and its tricks in robotic fluorescence guided imaging surgery with indocyanine green. Possible pitfalls are emphasized and emerging fields of application are put in a perspective. RESULTS: Guided information and practical applications in several surgical fields are described for a safe and reproducible indocyanine green fluorescence imaging use. CONCLUSION: Robotic assisted surgery combined to fluorescence imaging technology represents a logical evolution in image guided surgery and technology familiarity with guided information may represent a wider and safer spectrum of use in surgeons' hands.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A imagem fluorescente com verde de indocianina (VI) é uma técnica cirúrgica emergente na cirurgia robótica. OBJETIVO: Este artigo relata princípios e abordagens essenciais da fluorescência intraoperatória para sua prática em cirurgia geral. Nosso grupo descreve possíveis armadilhas e apresenta dicas e truques para treinar cirurgiões, tornando o uso do VI reprodutível. MÉTODOS: Este estudo apresenta uma visão geral dos conceitos e aplicações práticas da imagem guiada por fluorescência com VI na cirurgia robótica. As possíveis armadilhas são enfatizadas e os campos de aplicação emergentes são colocados em perspectiva. RESULTADOS: Aplicações práticas em vários campos cirúrgicos são descritas para um uso seguro e reprodutível de imagens de fluorescência com VI. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia assistida por robótica combinada à tecnologia de imagem de fluorescência representa uma evolução lógica na cirurgia guiada por imagem e a familiaridade desta técnica pode representar um ganho da qualidade cirúrgica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Coloring Agents , Optical Imaging , Indocyanine Green
9.
Clinics ; 76: e2573, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1286089

ABSTRACT

This meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the value of indocyanine green (ICG) in guiding sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) for patients with oral cavity cancer. An electronic database search (PubMed, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, Embase, and Web of Science) was performed from their inception to June 2020 to retrieve clinical studies of ICG applied to SLNB for oral cavity cancer. Data were extracted from 14 relevant articles (226 patients), and 9 studies (134 patients) were finally included in the meta-analysis according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. The pooled sentinel lymph node (SLN) sensitivity, specificity, positive likelihood ratio, negative likelihood ratio, and diagnostic odds ratio were 88.0% (95% confidence interval [CI], 74.0-96.0), 64.0% (95% CI, 61.0-66.0), 2.45 (95% CI, 1.31-4.60), 0.40 (95% CI, 0.17-0.90), and 7.30 (95% CI, 1.74-30.68), respectively. The area under the summary receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.8805. In conclusion, ICG applied to SLNB can effectively predict the status of regional lymph nodes in oral cavity cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mouth Neoplasms , Sentinel Lymph Node/diagnostic imaging , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Indocyanine Green
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942921

ABSTRACT

Anastomotic leak is one of the most severe complications following right hemicolectomy but rarely happens, which should be diagnosed based on clinical manifestations, laboratory and radiographic examinations. Influencing factors of anastomotic leak after right hemicolectomy include bowel preparation, emergency surgery, anastomotic procedure (side-to-side anastomosis vs. end-to-side anastomosis, instrument anastomosis vs. manual technigue and intracorporeal vs. extracorporeal anastomosis), surgical resection range and patient's characteristics. The occurrence of anastomotic leak might be avoided by standardized operations and indocyanine green fluorescence imaging. Active treatment is recommended once anastomotic leak is diagnosed. Most patients can be cured by non-surgical treatments such as adequate drainage and anti-infection therapy. When severe sepsis happens or non-surgical treatment fails, surgical treatment should be carried out in time.


Subject(s)
Anastomosis, Surgical/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Colectomy , Colon/surgery , Humans , Indocyanine Green
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 756-763, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922143

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Segmentectomy has gradually become one of the standard surgical methods for small pulmonary nodules with early lung cancer on imaging. This study aimed to investigate the perioperative outcomes of patients who underwent uniport video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) segmentectomy for identifying the intersegmental boundary line (IBL) by the near-infrared fluorescence imaging with intravenous indocyanine green (ICG) method or the modified inflation-deflation (MID) method and assess the feasibility and effectiveness of the ICG fluorescence (ICGF)-based method.@*METHODS@#We retrospectively analyzed the perioperative data in total 198 consecutive patients who underwent uniport VATS segmentectomy between February 2018 and August 2020. With the guidance of preoperative intelligent/interactive qualitative and quantitative analysis-three dimensional (IQQA-3D), the targeted segment structures could be precisely identified and dissected, and then the IBL was confirmed by ICGF-based method or MID method. Clinical effectiveness and postoperative complications of the two methods were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#An IBL was visible in 98% of patients by the ICGF-based group, even with the low-doses of ICG. The ICGF-based group was significantly associated with the shorter IBL clear presentation time [(23.59±4.47) s vs (1,026.80±318.34) s] (P0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The ICGF-based method could highly accurately identify the IBL and make anatomical segmentectomy easier and faster, and therefore has the potential to be a feasible and effective technique to facilitate the quality of uniport VATS segmentectomy.


Subject(s)
Feasibility Studies , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Ion Transport , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Pneumonectomy , Postoperative Complications , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887894

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the application value of indocyanine green(ICG)in the localization of small pulmonary nodules in video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery(VATS). Methods We retrospectively analyzed the clinical data of 45 patients with small nodules(diameter<1 cm)who received preoperative localization with ICG and underwent VATS wedge resection from October 2020 to February 2021.The data for analysis included patients age,nodule diameter,distance from the parietal pleura,nodule density,success rate of localization,time of localization,incidence of complications,and pathological findings. Results The success rate of localization was 100%.The average nodule size was 6.3 mm,and the nodules were(10±11)mm from the parietal pleura.After localization of 59 nodules,13(22.0%)cases were found to have mild pneumothorax,and 4(6.7%)cases were found to have mild hemorrhage.The success rate of operation was 100%,and 43(72.9%)cases were confirmed adenocarcinoma by postoperative pathology. Conclusion ICG has a high success rate and good safety in the localization of small pulmonary nodules in VATS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule/surgery , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880661

ABSTRACT

The preliminary screening of oral cancer mostly depends on the experience of clinicians, The surgical margin of tumor is mostly based on physical examination and preoperative imaging examination. It lacks real-time and objective intraoperative evaluation methods. Indocyanine green (ICG), as a safe and pollution-free organic fluorescent pigments, combined with near-infrared fluorescence imaging can be applied in the screening of early oral cancer, the determination of tumor resection margins, sentinel lymph node biopsy, cervical lymph node dissection, targeted chemotherapy, and other aspects. Near-infrared fluorescence imaging may become a key link in the early diagnosis and accurate treatment for oral cancer in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Nodes , Mouth Neoplasms/therapy , Optical Imaging , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
14.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(4): 427-435, July-Aug. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131116

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective The most vital complications of thyroidectomy are recurrent nerve damage and hypocalcaemia. We aimed to compare the tissue perfusion scores (PS) of IG fluorescence angiography (IGFA) and visual examination by the surgeon after total thyroidectomy. Subjects and methods Forty-three patients were accepted into the study. Localisation of the parathyroid gland (PG) was determined by the naked eye and scored in terms of tissue perfusion. The averages of fluorescent light intensities for each IGFA were calculated, the perfusions were scored and compared with the PS given by the surgeon. Biochemical parameters were noted. Results 37.2% of patients had autotransplanted PGs, according to their visual scores. The means of IGFA-PS for PGs scored as 0, 1 or 2 on visual inspection were 48.58 ± 4.49 [30-70], 89.65 ± 8.93 [36-144] and 158.76 ± 8.93 [70-253], respectively, which correlated with the visual PSs in a statistically significant manner (P < 0.0001). The predictive cut-off value for IGFA-PS was determined to be 70, given a visual PS of 0 (95% CI [0.72-0.85]), and this was interpreted to be a candidate cut-off point for the autotransplantation of PGs. Conclusion IGFA scoring may be considered as an operative predictor, providing objective criteria to evaluate the tissue and blood perfusion of PGs after thyroidectomy. IGFA scoring may be considered to have value in minimising postoperative permanent hypoparathyroidism in patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Parathyroid Glands , Thyroid Gland/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Thyroidectomy , Fluorescein Angiography , Hypoparathyroidism , Indocyanine Green
15.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(3): 189-194, jun. 2020. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115541

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo La dehiscencia anastomótica (DA) en cirugía colorrectal es una de las complicaciones más devastadoras. El empleo de la angiografía de fluorescencia con verde de indocianina, se ha introducido en este campo como una herramienta prometedora para reducir la incidencia de DA. El objetivo de este estudio es valorar en nuestro medio, los resultados de la introducción de esta técnica en cuanto a prevención de DA. Materiales y Método: Se llevó a cabo un estudio prospectivo, incluyendo 59 pacientes sometidos a cirugía colorrectal resectiva a los que se les realizó una evaluación mediante angiografía con verde de indocianina intraoperatoria de la vascularización anastomótica. Resultados: Tras la aplicación de la técnica, se modificó el punto de sección en 9 pacientes (15,25%); en los cuales no se registró ninguna DA. La tasa de complicaciones global fue de 35,59% (n = 21) objetivando 3 dehiscencias anastomóticas en la serie. Conclusión: Esta técnica se perfila como una estrategia adicional en la prevención de la aparición de DA. Serán necesarios estudios randomizados con inclusión de mayor número de pacientes para obtener resultados concluyentes.


Aim: Anastomotic leakage (AL) following colorectal surgery is one of the most devastating complication. The use of indocyanine green fluorescence angiography has been developed as a promising tool to reduce the incidence of AL. The aim of this study is to evaluate the impact of this technique on the prevention of AL. Materials and Method: A prospective study was carried out, including 59 patients undergoing resective colorectal surgery. It was performed intraoperatively indocyanine green angiography evaluation of the anastomotic perfusión in all of then. Results: The section point was modified in 9 patients (15.25%); in which no AL was registered. The overall complication rate was 35.59% (n = 21), founding 3 anastomotic dehiscences in the serie. Conclusion: In conclusion, in our experience this technique is an additional strategy in the prevention of the AL. Randomized control trial including more patients will be necessary to obtain conclusive results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/prevention & control , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/therapy , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Colorectal Surgery/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/prevention & control , Indocyanine Green/therapeutic use , Spain , Surgical Wound Dehiscence/complications , Fluorescein Angiography/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Anastomotic Leak/mortality , Anastomotic Leak/therapy
17.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 79(2): 138-140, Mar.-Apr. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1137948

ABSTRACT

Abstract The purpose is to report the management of multiple retinal epithelial detachments (PEDs) in a 50-year-old male with bilateral PEDs not associated with chorioretinal or systemic pathologies after a complete study. Idiopathic multiple PEDs could be a variation of central serous chorioretinopathy, but other causes as well as other pathological conditions which could produce similar images, are required to be ruled out.


Resumo O objetivo é relatar o manejo de múltiplos descolamentos epiteliais da retina (DEPs) em um homem de 50 anos de idade com DEPs bilaterais não associado a patologias coriorretinianas ou sistêmicas após um estudo completo. PEDs idiopáticos múltiplos podem ser uma variação da coriorretinopatia serosa central, mas precisam excluir outras causas, bem como outras condições patológicas que podem produzir imagens semelhantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Retinal Detachment/diagnostic imaging , Fluorescein Angiography/methods , Tomography, Optical Coherence/methods , Coloring Agents , Central Serous Chorioretinopathy/diagnostic imaging , Indocyanine Green
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785435

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The risk of posthepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) after right hepatectomy remains substantial. Additional parameters such as computed tomography volumetry, liver stiffness measurement by FibroScan, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and platelet count used to properly assess future liver remnant volume quality and quantity are of the utmost importance. Thus, we compared the usefulness of these modalities for predicting PHLF among patients with hepatocellular carcinoma after right hepatectomy.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent right hepatectomy for hepatocellular carcinoma between 2007 and 2013. PHLF was determined according to International Study Group of Liver Surgery consensus definition and severity grading. Grades B and C were defined as clinically relevant posthepatectomy liver failure (CRPHLF). The results were internally validated using a cohort of 97 patients.RESULTS: Among the 90 included patients, 15 (16.7%) had CRPHLF. Multivariate analysis confirmed that platelet count < 140 (109/L) (hazard ratio [HR], 24.231; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.623–161.693; P = 0.001) and remnant liver volume-to-body weight (RVL/BW) ratio < 0.55 (HR, 25.600; 95% CI, 4.185–156.590; P < 0.001) were independent predictors of CRPHLF. Among the 12 patients with a platelet count < 140 (109/L) and RLV/BW ratio < 0.55, 9 (75%) had CRPHLF. Likewise, 5 of 38 (13.2%) with only one risk factor developed CRPHL versus 1 of 40 (2.5%) with no risk factors. These findings were confirmed by the validation cohort.CONCLUSION: RLV/BW ratio and platelet count are more important than the conventional RLV/TFLV, indocyanine green retention rate at 15 minutes, and liver stiffness measurement in the preoperative risk assessment for CRPHLF.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Cohort Studies , Consensus , Hepatectomy , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Liver Failure , Liver , Multivariate Analysis , Platelet Count , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942054

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detail a novel technique for marking renal tumors with intravenous indocyanine green (ICG) during laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, and to investigate the feasibility and safety of this technique with the use of near-infrared fluorescence imaging.@*METHODS@#Between July 2019 and January 2020, 25 consecutive cases with renal masses underwent intraoperative ICG tumor marking laparoscopic partial nephrectomy, at the department of urology in Peking University Third Hospital by the same surgeon. The key benefits included quick intraoperative identification of the mass with improved visualization and real-time control of resection margins by the ICG Immunofluorescence imaging technique. Clinical data were prospectively collected in our institutional database. Perioperative, pathological, and clinical outcomes of the partial nephrectomy were assessed. Measurement data with normal distribution and count data were respectively described as M(range) and percentage. Among these cases, 16 cases were male and 9 cases female, The median body mass index was 25.4 (20.0-35.4) kg/m2. The average age was 54 (29-77) years. The maximum tumor diameter was 2.75(1.30-5.20) cm. The R.E.N.A.L score was 7.5 (5.0-10.0).The tumor locations were distributed with upper pole (11, 42%), middle (6, 23%), and lower pole (9, 35%).The clinical stages of the tumor were described as follows: T1aN0M0 (23, 88.5%), T1bN0M0(2, 7.7%), T2aN0M0 (1, 3.8%).@*RESULTS@#All the 25 cases were performed 26 times with intraoperative ICG tumor marking laparoscopic partial nephrectomy. There were no allergy, infection and other complications with intravenous indocyanine green. The surgical procedure was successful in all the patients. No conversion and blood transfusion were needed. All the cases of the surgical margin were negative. Overall the operative time was 136 (50-247) min and warm ischemia time was 14 (7-30) min.The estimated blood loss was 50 (10-400) mL and the hospital stay was 5.5 (3.0-31.0) days. One case with perirenal hematoma, one case with urine leak, one with respiratory failure and deep venous thrombosis. All of these cases were cured by the corresponding treatment. The others had no severe complications. There was no tumor recurrence and metastasis during the follow up with 4 to 10 months.@*CONCLUSION@#ICG marking and near-infrared fluorescence imaging technology has now emerged as a safe, feasible and useful tool that may facilitate laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Kidney Neoplasms , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Nephrectomy , Retrospective Studies
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942053

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the clinical application of indocyanine green (ICG) visualization by near infrared fluorescence laparoscopy (NIFL) in complex upper urinary tract reconstructions surgery.@*METHODS@#This was a retrospective study of 7 patients who underwent complex surgeries of ureteral reconstruction between May 2019 and October 2019. There were 6 males and 1 female with the age ranging from 24 to 57 years (median age was 47 years). There were 5 cases of right ureteral strictures, of which 3 were proximal ureteral strictures and 2 were multiple and long ureteral strictures caused by radiotherapy. There were 2 cases of left ureteral strictures, of which 1 was ureteropelvic junction stricture and 1 was proximal ureteral stricture. There were 4 cases of secondary repair operations and 3 cases of primary operations. All the patients underwent laparoscopic surgery via the abdominal approach. ICG was injected into the ureter via nephrostomy tube during the operations, and the diseased ureter was identified by NIFL. Among the patients, 2 cases underwent IUPU (Institute of Urology, Peking University) modified ileal ureter replacement, 2 cases underwent ureteroureterostomy, 2 cases underwent appendiceal onlay flap ureteroplasty, and 1 case underwent lingual mucosa onlay flap ureteroplasty.@*RESULTS@#All the operations were successfully completed without open conversion. The localization and separation of ureteral lesions were completed under NIFL. The mean operative time was 187 (135-300) min. The duration of ureteral separation was 15-27 min, and the mean time was 18 min. The estimated blood loss was 15-200 mL, the mean estimated blood loss was 50 mL. There was one patient with ileal ureter replacement who had fever after surgery and responded well to antibiotics. The mean (range) length of postoperative hospital stay was 7 (6-10) days and no postoperative complications of a high grade (Clavien-Dindo Ⅲ and Ⅳ) occurred. Up to now, the mean follow-up duration was 9 (6-11) months, and no indocyanine green toxicity occurred. All D-J stents and nephrostomy were removed successfully 2 months after the operation. Ultrasound showed no obvious hydronephrosis, and CTU (computed tomography urography) showed that the urinary tract was unobstructed and the kidney function was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#The application of ICG in the complex upper urinary tract reconstructive surgery is a safe and easy method to help surgeon to identify the ureter which may reduce the risk of iatrogenic damage and protect the ureteral blood supply.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Laparoscopy , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Ureter/surgery , Ureteral Obstruction , Urologic Surgical Procedures , Young Adult
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