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1.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 183-192, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928796

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the sixth leading cause of death worldwide and one of the leading cause of death from malignant tumors. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene mutation is a common mutation in NSCLC. For advanced NSCLC patients with EGFR mutations, EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs), such as Gefitinib, Afatinib, Oxitinib and other targeted therapies have become the first-line treatment recommended by many guidelines, but many patients develop acquired drug resistance after about 1 year of medication. Patients with drug resistance will have earlier disease progression than patients without drug resistance, which has an important impact on the prognosis of patients. At present, the main treatment for patients with acquired resistance is new target inhibition for resistant mutation. For example, if patients with T790M mutation are resistant to the first or second generation drugs such as Gefitinb and Afatinib, they can be treated with the third generation drugs (Osimertinib or Almonertinib), which can delay the progression of the disease. Therefore, the study of drug resistance mechanism and treatment of drug resistance patients are essential. This paper mainly reviews targeted therapy and drug resistance mechanism of EGFR-mutant NSCLC patients, in order to provide reference for clinical application of EGFR-TKIs.
.


Subject(s)
Acrylamides , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Genes, erbB-1 , Humans , Indoles , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Pyrimidines
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878694

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effect of methylprednisolone sodium succinate combined with tropisetron on postoperative nausea and vomiting(PONV)under microvascular decompression of hemifacial spasm.Methods From January to June 2019,485 patients undergoing microvascular decompression for facial spasm at Department of Neurosurgery,Peking University People's Hospital were randomly assigned into two groups with random number table method.For group A(n=242),2 ml saline was administrated by intravenous drip before induction and 5 mg tropisetron after operation.For group B(n=243),40 mg methylprednisolone sodium succinate was administrated by intravenous drip before induction and 5 mg tropisetron after operation.The anesthesia time,operation time,and incidence of PONV in 0-24 h and 24-48 h were recorded for the comparison of the remedial treatment rate of nausea and vomiting between the two groups.Results There was no significant difference in age,gender,smoking history,body mass index value,American Society of Anesthesiologists score,medical history,surgical side,PONV history,operation time or anesthesia time between the two groups(all P > 0.05).The incidence of PONV in group A was 35.5% and 18.2% during 0-24 h and 24-48 h,respectively,which was significantly higher than that(18.5%,χ


Subject(s)
Antiemetics , Double-Blind Method , Hemifacial Spasm/surgery , Humans , Indoles , Methylprednisolone Hemisuccinate/therapeutic use , Microvascular Decompression Surgery , Tropisetron
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922583

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Lung cancer is one of the most common malignant tumors in the world, and its lethality ranks the first among many malignant tumors. For non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients, due to the high mortality rate, the overall 5-year survival rate is less than 15%. When NSCLC undergoes local invasion, the 5-year survival rate is only 20%, and it is even lower when distant metastasis occurs up to 4%. Almonertinib is an innovative drug independently researched and developed by China with independent intellectual property rights. As an epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, almonertinib is mainly used for locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) T790M mutation. This study aims to investigate the effects of almonertinib on the proliferation, invasion and migration of NSCLC cells in vitro.@*METHODS@#NSCLC cells H1975 and PC-9 were cultured in vitro. The effects of almonertinib on the proliferation, apoptosis, invasion, and migration of H1975 and PC-9 cells were detected by CCK-8 assay, apoptotic assay and Transwell assay. The expression of invasion and migration related proteins was detected by Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The CCK-8 experiment showed that almonertinib inhibited the proliferation of H1975 and PC-9 cells in a time- and dose-dependent manner. The IC@*CONCLUSIONS@#Almonertinib can inhibit the proliferation, invasion, and migration of NSCLCH1975 and PC-9 cells in vitro and vivo, and promote the apoptosis of H1975 and PC-9 cells. The underlying mechanism may be related to the inhibition of tumor cell epithelial mesenchymal transformation and metalloproteinase expression.


Subject(s)
Acrylamides , Animals , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Indoles , Lung Neoplasms , Mice , Mice, Nude , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Pyrimidines
4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 739-742, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922241

ABSTRACT

45.7% of Chinese patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma were reported to harbour sensitizing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. Limited therapeutic options are left for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbouring sensitizing EGFR mutations after failure of EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy and chemotherapy, finding effective options for them is an unmet clinic need. Herein we reported a case that till January 12, 2021, an 82-year-old female with sensitizing EGFR-mutant advanced lung adenocarcinoma received a surprising progression-free survival (PFS) benefit of over 21 months from the combination therapy of pembrolizumab and anlotinib after her failure of treatments of osimertinib, chemotherapy and anlotinib-monotherapy.
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Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Female , Humans , Indoles , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Quinolines
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888788

ABSTRACT

Terpenoid indole (TIAs) and β-carboline alkaloids (BCAs), such as suppressant reserpine, vasodilatory yohimbine, and antimalarial quinine, are natural compounds derived from strictosidine. These compounds can exert powerful pharmacological effects but be obtained from limited source in nature. the whole biosynthetic pathway of TIAs and BCAs, The Pictet-Spengler reaction catalyzed by strictosidine synthase (STR; EC: 4.3.3.2) is the rate-limiting step. Therefore, it is necessary to investigate their biosynthesis pathways, especially the role of STR, and related findings will support the biosynthetic generation of natural and unnatural compounds. This review summarizes the latest studies concerning the function of STR in TIA and BCA biosynthesis, and illustrates the compounds derived from strictosidine. The substrate specificity of STR based on its structure is also summarized. Proteins that contain six-bladed four-stranded β-propeller folds in many organisms, other than plants, are listed. The presence of these folds may lead to similar functions among organisms. The expression of STR gene can greatly influence the production of many compounds. STR is mainly applied to product various valuable drugs in plant cell suspension culture and biosynthesis in other carriers.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids/biosynthesis , Carbolines/metabolism , Carbon-Nitrogen Lyases , Indoles/metabolism , Terpenes/metabolism
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888704

ABSTRACT

Nanomaterial-based drug sustainable release systems have been tentatively applied to bone regeneration. They, however, still face disadvantages of high toxicity, low biocompatibility, and low drug-load capacity. In view of the low toxicity and high biocompatibility of polymer nanomaterials and the excellent load capacity of hollow nanomaterials with high specific surface area, we evaluated the hollow polydopamine nanoparticles (HPDA NPs), in order to find an optimal system to effectively deliver the osteogenic drugs to improve treatment of bone defect. Data demonstrated that the HPDA NPs synthesized herein could efficiently load four types of osteogenic drugs and the drugs can effectively release from the HPDA NPs for a relatively longer time in vitro and in vivo with low toxicity and high biocompatibility. Results of qRT-PCR, ALP, and alizarin red S staining showed that drugs released from the HPDA NPs could promote osteogenic differentiation and proliferation of rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) in vitro. Image data from micro-CT and H&E staining showed that all four osteogenic drugs released from the HPDA NPs effectively promoted bone regeneration in the defect of tooth extraction fossa in vivo, especially tacrolimus. These results suggest that the HPDA NPs, the biodegradable hollow polymer nanoparticles with high drug load rate and sustainable release ability, have good prospect to treat the bone defect in future clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Regeneration , Indoles , Nanoparticles , Osteogenesis , Pharmaceutical Preparations , Polymers , Rats
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888689

ABSTRACT

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has occasioned worldwide alarm. Globally, the number of reported confirmed cases has exceeded 84.3 million as of this writing (January 2, 2021). Since there are no targeted therapies for COVID-19, the current focus is the repurposing of drugs approved for other uses. In some clinical trials, antiviral drugs such as remdesivir (Grein et al., 2020), lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) (Cao et al., 2020), chloroquine (Gao et al., 2020), hydroxychloroquine (Gautret et al., 2020), arbidol (Wang et al., 2020), and favipiravir (Cai et al., 2020b) have shown efficacy in COVID-19 patients. LPV/r combined with arbidol, which is the basic regimen in some regional hospitals in China including Zhejiiang Province, has shown antiviral effects in COVID-19 patients (Guo et al., 2020; Xu et al., 2020). A retrospective cohort study also reported that this combination therapy showed better efficacy than LPV/r alone for the treatment of COVID-19 patients (Deng et al., 2020).


Subject(s)
Animals , COVID-19/drug therapy , Drug Interactions , Drug Therapy, Combination , Female , Indoles/pharmacokinetics , Lopinavir/pharmacokinetics , Male , Rats , Retrospective Studies , Ritonavir/pharmacokinetics , SARS-CoV-2
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887965

ABSTRACT

The soaking and fermentation of Baphicacanthus cusia( Nees),the important intermediate link of Indigo Naturalis processing,facilitates the synthesis of indigo and indirubin precursors and the dissolution of endogenous enzymes and other effective components,while the role of microorganisms in the fermentation is ignored. The present study investigated the changes of microbial community structure in Indigo Naturalis processing based on 16 S amplicon sequencing and bioinformatics. Meanwhile,the contents of indigo,indirubin,isatin,tryptanthrin,indole glycoside,etc. were determined to explore the correlation between the microorganisms and the alterations of the main components. As demonstrated by the results,the microbial diversity decreased gradually with the fermentation,which bottomed out after the addition of lime. Proteobacteria,Bacteroidetes,and Firmicutes were the main dominant communities in the fermentation. The relative abundance of Proteobacteria declined gradually with the prolongation of fermentation time,and to the lowest level after the addition of lime. The relative abundance of Firmicutes increased,and that of Bacteroidetes decreased first and then increased. The contents of effective substances in Indigo Naturalis also showed different variation tendencies. As fermentation went on,indole glycoside decreased gradually; indigo first increased and then decreased; indirubin and isatin first decreased and then increased; tryptanthrin gradually increased. Those changes were presumedly related to the roles of microorganisms in the synthesis of different components. This study preliminarily clarified the important role of microorganisms in the soaking and fermentation and provided a scientific basis for the control of Indigo Naturalis processing and the preparation of high-quality Indigo Naturalis.


Subject(s)
Fermentation , Indigo Carmine , Indigofera , Indoles , Microbiota
9.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 807-816, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877492

ABSTRACT

Anlotinib hydrochloride is the only anti-angiogenic, multi-targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor, which has been approved for non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer in China. In order to provide guidance for clinical practitioners to use anlotinib hydrochloride safely and efficiently, the Chinese Association for Clinical Oncologists, the Expert Committee of Vascular Targeted Therapy of Chinese Society of Clincal Oncology and the Cancer Targeted Therapy Professional Committee of China Anti-Cancer Association co-organized experts and integrated multiple evidences of Anlotinib Hydrochloride, from both clinical trial, post-marketed clinical data and the associated experiences of experts accumulated in clinical practice, etc. The present consensus covers the clinical data of anlotinib hydrochloride applied in advanced non-small cell lung cancer and small cell lung cancer, and the safety management recommendations.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , China , Consensus , Humans , Indoles/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Quinolines/therapeutic use
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827415

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate whether necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) can protect islet cells from the damage induced by TNF-α.@*METHODS@#After isolation and purification, the neonatal porcine islet cell clusters (NICCs) were divided into 3 groups (islets 10 000 IEQ/group): a Nec-1 group (Nec-1+TNF-α was added to the culture medium), a TNF-α group (TNF-α was added to the culture medium), and a control group (pure medium). The number of cells was observed after 48 h of co-culture. The cell death was evaluated by AO/EB staining. Insulin secretion and DNA of islets were detected by chemiluminescence and nucleic acid quantitative analysis. RT-PCR assay was used to examine the mRNA expressions of insulin gene, glueogan gene and somatostatin gene. Flow cytometry analysis was used to detect the viability of B cells.@*RESULTS@#The number of islets in Nec-1 group, TNF-α group and the control group were (8 425±2 187), (4 325±778), and (7 122±1 558) IEQ, respectively. Compared to the other two groups, the number of dead cells in TNF-α group was greatly increased. The insulin/DNA values in the Nec-1 group, TNF-α group and blank control group were (13.21±3.15), (2.47±0.45), and (7.44±0.97) mIU/mg, respectively. Compared to the TNF-α group and the control group, the mRNA relative expression levels of insulin gene (6.73±1.07), glucagon gene (10.13±1.98), somatostatin gene (8.57±1.11) were significantly increased in the Nec-1 group (all <0.05), the rate of live cells (97.32±1.87)% and live B cells (90.86±3.68)% were increased significantly in the Nec-1 group (all <0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#TNF-α can induce neonatal porcine islet cells damage, which is attenuated in the presence of Nec-1. Nec-1 can increase the content of endocrine cells in NICCs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Imidazoles , Indoles , Insulin , Islets of Langerhans , Swine , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Genetics
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880736

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety of an antiviral regimen of protease inhibitors combined with Arbidol (umifenovir) for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia patients. The genomic sequence of SARS-CoV-2 is highly homologous to that of SARS-CoV (Zhou et al., 2020). Previously published basic and clinical research on anti-SARS-CoV treatment found that lopinavir/ritonavir (LPV/r) could improve the prognosis of SARS patients (Chan et al., 2003; Chu et al., 2004). Darunavir (DRV) is another protease inhibitor that blocks the binding of SARS-CoV-2 to human angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (Omotuyi et al., 2020). The broad-spectrum antiviral drug Arbidol (umifenovir) also shows in vitro anti-SARS-CoV activity (Khamitov et al., 2008).


Subject(s)
Adult , COVID-19/drug therapy , China , Darunavir , Drug Combinations , Female , Humans , Indoles/therapeutic use , Lipid Metabolism , Lopinavir , Male , Middle Aged , Protease Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Ritonavir , SARS-CoV-2/genetics
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2039-2045, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the effect of Sheng-Xue-Xiao-Ban Capsule (SXXBC) and indirubin to the peripheral platelets of the Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) model mouse.@*METHODS@#The ITP mouse model was established by the method of passive immunization. SXXBC and indirubin were used for intervention treatment. Then the hemorrhagic phenomena of ITP mice were observed and the numbers of peripheral platelets, hemoglobin and white blood cells, bone marrow megakaryocytes and their classification and coagulation function were detected and compared.@*RESULTS@#The improvement rate of hemorrhage in SXXBC group was 40% for small dose, 60% for medium dose and 80% for high dose, while the improvement rate of hemorrhage in indirubin group was 30% for small dose, 50% for medium dose and 60% for high dose. There was no statistically significant difference in the improvement rate of hemorrhage between the two groups (P>0.05). Compared with the model control group, PLT and Hb increased in different doses of SXXBC and indirubin group 4th-8th day after drug intervention (P<0.05, 0.01). However, there was no significant difference between the different doses of SXXBC group and indirubin group (P>0.05). Compared with the model control group, the WBC in each group was significantly lower (P<0.05, 0.01) on the 4th-8th day after drug intervention; However, there was no statistical significance between the two groups of SXXBC and indirubin (P>0.05). Compared with the model control group, the total number of megakaryocytes in each treatment group were decreased (P<0.05, P<0.01), in which the number of primary megakaryocytes in the large and medium dose groups of SXXBC and indirubin were decreased (P<0.05, 0.01), and the number of juvenile megakaryocytes in the large dose group of SXXBC and indirubin were also decreased (P<0.05). The number of granular megakaryocytes were decreased in each intervention groups (P<0.05, 0.01), and the number of thromocytogenic megakaryocyte was increased in the high and medium dose groups of SXXBC and indirubin (P<0.01). The time of prothrombin was shortened in the high and medium dose groups of SXXBC and indirubin (P<0.05), and the fibrinogen (FIB) content in the high and medium dose groups of SXXBC was close to that of the normal control group.@*CONCLUSION@#Both of the SXXBC and the indirubin standard all show good hemostatic effects. Indirubin shows a positive effect on increasing the peripheral platelet and hemoglobin in ITP model mice, regulating the immune response, reducing the total number of bone marrow megakaryocytes, increasing the thromocytogenic megakaryocyte, and increasing coagulation function.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Platelets , Capsules , Indoles , Megakaryocytes , Mice , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic/drug therapy
13.
J. bras. pneumol ; 46(2): e20190423, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090804

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a form of chronic interstitial lung disease of unknown cause, which predominantly affects elderly men who are current or former smokers. Even though it is an uncommon disease, it is of great importance because of its severity and poor prognosis. In recent decades, several pharmacological treatment modalities have been investigated for the treatment of this disease, and the classic concepts have therefore been revised. The purpose of these guidelines was to define evidence-based recommendations regarding the use of pharmacological agents in the treatment of IPF in Brazil. We sought to provide guidance on the practical issues faced by clinicians in their daily lives. Patients of interest, Intervention to be studied, Comparison of intervention and Outcome of interest (PICO)-style questions were formulated to address aspects related to the use of corticosteroids, N-acetylcysteine, gastroesophageal reflux medications, endothelin-receptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, pirfenidone, and nintedanib. To formulate the PICO questions, a group of Brazilian specialists working in the area was assembled and an extensive review of the literature on the subject was carried out. Previously published systematic reviews with meta-analyses were analyzed for the strength of the compiled evidence, and, on that basis, recommendations were developed by employing the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. The authors believe that the present document represents an important advance to be incorporated in the approach to patients with IPF, aiming mainly to improve its management, and can become an auxiliary tool for defining public policies related to IPF.


RESUMO A fibrose pulmonar idiopática (FPI) é uma forma de pneumopatia intersticial crônica fibrosante de causa desconhecida, que acomete preferencialmente homens idosos, com história atual ou pregressa de tabagismo. Mesmo sendo uma doença incomum, ela assume grande importância devido a sua gravidade e prognóstico reservado. Nas últimas décadas, diversas modalidades terapêuticas farmacológicas foram investigadas para o tratamento dessa doença, de tal modo que conceitos clássicos vêm sendo revisados. O objetivo destas diretrizes foi definir recomendações brasileiras baseadas em evidências em relação ao emprego de agentes farmacológicos no tratamento da FPI. Procurou-se fornecer orientações a questões de ordem prática, enfrentadas pelos clínicos no seu cotidiano. As perguntas PICO (acrônimo baseado em perguntas referentes aos Pacientes de interesse, Intervenção a ser estudada, Comparação da intervenção e Outcome [desfecho] de interesse) abordaram aspectos relativos ao uso de corticosteroides, N-acetilcisteína, tratamento medicamentoso do refluxo gastroesofágico, inibidores dos receptores da endotelina, inibidores da fosfodiesterase-5, pirfenidona e nintedanibe. Para a formulação das perguntas PICO, um grupo de especialistas brasileiros atuantes na área foi reunido, sendo realizada uma extensa revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema. As revisões sistemáticas com meta-análises previamente publicadas foram analisadas quanto à força das evidências compiladas e, a partir daí, foram concebidas recomendações seguindo a metodologia Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation. Os autores acreditam que o presente documento represente um importante avanço a ser incorporado na abordagem de pacientes com FPI, objetivando principalmente favorecer seu manejo, e pode se tornar uma ferramenta auxiliar na definição de políticas públicas relacionadas à FPI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Pyridones/therapeutic use , Brazil , Indoles/therapeutic use , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use
14.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 35(4): 287-292, dic. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092709

ABSTRACT

La historia natural de la fibrosis pulmonar idiopática (FPI) es heterogénea e impredecible. Aunque el curso de la enfermedad, sin tratamiento, es inevitablemente progresiva y de mal pronóstico. Los tratamientos históricos han variado desde corticosteroides e inmunosupresores (azatioprina, ciclofosfamida), hasta colchicina y N-acetilcisteína. En las últimas décadas se han realizado múltiples ensayos terapéuticos fallidos. Sin embargo, desde el año 2014 en los Estados Unidos, Europa y otros países, dos drogas, denominadas terapia antifibrótica o modificadoras de la enfermedad, están aprobadas para el tratamiento de la FPI: nintedanib y pirfenidona. La terapia antifibrótica, tiene como objetivo enlentecer en hasta 50% la declinación de la función pulmonar en pacientes con FPI.


The natural history of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is heterogeneous and unpredictable. The course of the disease without treatment, is inevitably progressive, with a poor prognosis. Historical treatments have varied from corticosteroids and immunosuppressants (azathioprine, cyclophosphamide), to colchicine and N-acetylcysteine. In the last decades, multiple failed therapeutic trials have been carried out. However, since 2014 in the United States, Europe and other countries, two drugs, called antifibrotic therapy or disease modifiers, are approved for the treatment of IPF: nintedanib and pirfenidone. The purpose of antifibrotic therapy is to slow down the decline in lung function in patients with IPF up to 50%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pyridones/therapeutic use , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Immunosuppressive Agents/therapeutic use , Indoles/therapeutic use
15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7715, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974276

ABSTRACT

Photodynamic therapy, by reducing pain and inflammation and promoting the proliferation of healthy cells, can be used to treat recurrent lesions, such as diabetic foot ulcers. Studies using the photosensitizer phthalocyanine, together with the nanostructured copolymeric matrix of Pluronic® and Carbopol® for the treatment of diabetic foot ulcers and leishmaniosis lesions, are showing promising outcomes. Despite their topical or subcutaneous administration, these molecules are absorbed and their systemic effects are unknown. Therefore, we investigated the effect of the subcutaneous administration of the hydroxy-aluminum phthalocyanine hydrogel without illumination on systemic parameters, markers of liver injury, and liver energy metabolism in type 1 diabetic Swiss mice. Both the hydrogel and the different doses of phthalocyanine changed the levels of injury markers and the liver glucose release, sometimes aggravating the alterations caused by the diabetic condition itself. However, the dose of 2.23 µg/mL caused less marked plasmatic and metabolic changes and did not change glucose tolerance or insulin sensitivity of the diabetic mice. These results are indicative that the use of hydroxy-aluminum phthalocyanine hydrogel for the treatment of cutaneous ulcers in diabetic patients is systemically safe.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rabbits , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Aluminum Hydroxide/pharmacology , Glucose/analysis , Indoles/pharmacology , Liver/drug effects , Liver/metabolism , Insulin Resistance , Biomarkers/analysis , Nanoparticles
16.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7844, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974274

ABSTRACT

Necroptosis is a regulated cell death mechanism. However, it is unknown whether necroptosis is involved in the death of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α)-treated osteoblasts. Therefore, we conducted the study with TNF-α, Nec-1 (a specific inhibitor of necroptosis), and Z-IETD-FMK (a specific inhibitor of apoptosis) to determine whether necroptosis plays a role in the death of TNF-α-treated osteoblast cell line MC3T3-E1. Cell viability, cell death, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) release were assayed to evaluate cytotoxicity. Specific marker proteins receptor interacting protein kinase (RIPK3) and phosphorylated mixed lineage kinase domain-like protein (p-MLKL) for necroptosis, and cleaved caspase 3 for apoptosis were detected by western blot, and mRNA was measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). We found that TNF-α inhibited cell proliferation in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Nec-1 plus Z-IETD-FMK restored cell viability and significantly decreased LDH release. In addition, TNF-α alone increased the cell population of AV+PI−, while Z-IETD-FMK caused a shift in the cell population from AV+PI− to AV+PI+. Furthermore, TNF-α significantly increased protein cleaved caspase 3. TNF-α plus Z-IETD-FMK significantly increased the proteins RIPK3 and MLKL phosphorylation in MC3T3-E1 cells, while the changes in mRNA levels of RIPK3, MLKL, and caspase 3 were not consistent with the changes in the corresponding protein expression levels. In conclusion, TNF-α induced preferentially apoptosis in osteoblast cell line and necroptosis played a decisive role when TNF-α-induced death was inhibited by the inhibitor of apoptosis. Combined treatment with Nec-1 and Z-IETD-FMK protected mouse osteoblasts from death induced by TNF-α.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Osteoblasts/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology , Caspase 8/drug effects , Caspase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Necrosis/pathology , Oligopeptides/pharmacology , Osteoblasts/drug effects , Phosphorylation , Cell Survival/drug effects , Imidazoles/pharmacology , Indoles/pharmacology , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/pharmacology
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776898

ABSTRACT

Two new isomeric modified tripeptides, aspergillamides C and D (compounds 1 and 2), together with fifteen known compounds (compounds 3-17), were obtained from the marine sponge-derived fungus Aspergillus terreus SCSIO 41008. The structures of the new compounds, including absolute configurations, were determined by extensive analyses of spectroscopic data (NMR, MS, UV, and IR) and comparisons between the calculated and experimental electronic circular dichroism (ECD) spectra. Butyrolactone I (compound 11) exhibited strong inhibitory effects against Mycobacterium tuberculosis protein tyrosine phosphatase B (MptpB) with the IC being 5.11 ± 0.53 μmol·L, and acted as a noncompetitive inhibitor based on kinetic analysis.


Subject(s)
4-Butyrolactone , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Animals , Aspergillus , Chemistry , Chemistry Techniques, Analytical , Dipeptides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Enzyme Inhibitors , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Indoles , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Molecular Structure , Mycobacterium tuberculosis , Peptides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Polyketides , Chemistry , Pharmacology , Porifera , Microbiology , Protein Tyrosine Phosphatases , Chemistry
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773230

ABSTRACT

According to drug design flattening principle,a series of novel indole podophyllotoxin derivatives which were introduced different indole substituents in C-4 position on the basis of podophyllotoxin nucleus were synthesized with the starting material podophyllotoxin and 1 H-indole-5-carboxylic acid. Its anti-tumor activity in vitro was tested in order to screen for high-efficiency and low-toxic compounds. Six target compounds were synthesized,and were confirmed by~1 H-NMR,~(13)C-NMR,HR-ESI-MS and melting point determination analysis. All these target compounds were not reported by previous literature. Using etoposide as positive control drug,all the target compounds were screened for cytotoxicity against He La cells,K562 cells and K562/A02 cell in vitro by MTT method. The antitumor activity screening results showed that compounds 4 b,4 e,4 f exhibited higher inhibitory rate against He La cells and K562 cells than those of control drug VP-16. This route has the advantages on simple operation and reasonable design,provides some practical reference value for the further development on the structure modification of podophyllotoxin and study on anti-tumor activity.


Subject(s)
Antineoplastic Agents , Pharmacology , Drug Screening Assays, Antitumor , HeLa Cells , Humans , Indoles , Pharmacology , K562 Cells , Podophyllotoxin , Pharmacology , Structure-Activity Relationship
19.
J. bras. pneumol ; 45(5): e20180414, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040274

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo Ensaios clínicos mostraram que 150 mg de Nintedanibe duas vezes ao dia reduzem a progressão da doença em pacientes com Fibrose Pulmonar Idiopática (FPI), com um perfil de efeitos adversos que é controlável para a maioria dos pacientes. Antes da aprovação do Nintedanibe como tratamento para a FPI no Brasil, um Programa de Acesso Expandido (PEA) foi iniciado para fornecer acesso precoce ao tratamento e avaliar a segurança e a tolerância do Nintedanibe para este grupo de pacientes. Métodos Foram elegíveis para participar da PEA pacientes com diagnóstico de FPI nos últimos 5 anos, com capacidade vital forçada (CVF) ≥ 50% do previsto e capacidade de difusão dos pulmões para monóxido de carbono (DLco) 30%-79% do previsto. Os pacientes receberam Nintedanibe 150 mg, 2 vezes ao dia (bid). As avaliações de segurança incluíram eventos adversos que levaram à suspensão permanente do Nintedanibe e eventos adversos graves. Resultados O PEA envolveu 57 pacientes em 8 centros. A maioria dos pacientes era do sexo masculino (77,2%) e brancos (87,7%). No início do estudo, a média de idade foi de 70,7 (7,5) anos e a CVF foi de 70,7 (12,5%) do previsto. A média de exposição ao Nintedanibe foi de 14,4 (6,2) meses; a exposição máxima foi de 22,0 meses. Os eventos adversos frequentemente relatados pelo pesquisador como relacionados ao tratamento com Nintedanibe foram diarreia (45 pacientes, 78,9%) e náusea (25 pacientes, 43,9%). Os eventos adversos levaram à suspensão permanente do Nintedanibe em 16 pacientes (28,1%) que passaram por um evento adverso grave. Conclusões No PEA brasileiro, o Nintedanibe apresentou um perfil aceitável de segurança e tolerância em pacientes com FPI, condizendo com dados de ensaios clínicos.


ABSTRACT Objective Clinical trials have shown that nintedanib 150 mg twice daily (bid) reduces disease progression in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), with an adverse event profile that is manageable for most patients. Prior to the approval of nintedanib as a treatment for IPF in Brazil, an expanded access program (EAP) was initiated to provide early access to treatment and to evaluate the safety and tolerability of nintedanib in this patient population. Methods Patients with a diagnosis of IPF within the previous five years, forced vital capacity (FVC) ≥ 50% predicted and diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLco) 30% to 79% predicted were eligible to participate in the EAP. Patients received nintedanib 150 mg bid open-label. Safety assessments included adverse events leading to permanent discontinuation of nintedanib and serious adverse events. Results The EAP involved 57 patients at eight centers. Most patients were male (77.2%) and white (87.7%). At baseline, mean (SD) age was 70.7 (7.5) years and FVC was 70.7 (12.5) % predicted. Mean (SD) exposure to nintedanib was 14.4 (6.2) months; maximum exposure was 22.0 months. The most frequently reported adverse events considered by the investigator to be related to nintedanib treatment were diarrhea (45 patients, 78.9%) and nausea (25 patients, 43.9%). Adverse events led to permanent discontinuation of nintedanib in 16 patients (28.1%). Sixteen patients (28.1%) had a serious adverse event. Conclusion In the Brazilian EAP, nintedanib had an acceptable safety and tolerability profile in patients with IPF, consistent with data from clinical trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/drug therapy , Indoles/administration & dosage , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Time Factors , Vomiting/chemically induced , Algorithms , Brazil , Vital Capacity/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/administration & dosage , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Diarrhea/chemically induced , Drug Tolerance , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/etiology , Transaminases/analysis , Indoles/adverse effects , Nausea/chemically induced
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