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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880344

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#There is little data on the association between the lower nutrition represented by serum albumin levels and related factors in a general population. The present study aimed to determine whether the albumin level positioned as some kind of biomarker with frailty measures, trace elements, and an inflammation marker.@*METHODS@#In 2018, we performed an epidemiological survey in 1368 subjects who resided in Tanushimaru, Japan, in which we examined the blood chemistry including albumin, trace elements, hormone levels, and carotid ultrasonography. Albumin levels were categorized into 4 groups (G1 [3.2-3.9 mg/dL], G2 [4.0-4.3 mg/dL], G3 [4.4-4.6 mg/dL], and G4 [4.7-5.3 mg/dL]). The participants underwent measurements of handgrip strength and were tested by asking to walk 5 m. Their cognitive functions were evaluated by the mini-mental state examination (MMSE).@*RESULTS@#Multiple stepwise regression analysis demonstrated that albumin levels were significantly and independently associated with age (inversely), systolic blood pressures, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), MMSE score, frailty measures (handgrip strength), an inflammation marker (high-sensitivity C-reactive protein), hormones (growth hormone (inversely) and insulin-like growth factor-1), and trace elements (calcium, magnesium, iron, and zinc), with a linear trend.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Lower albumin levels, even in the normal range, were found to be related factors of frailty measures, trace elements, and an inflammation marker in a general population.


Subject(s)
Aged , Albumins/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Female , Frailty/physiopathology , Hand Strength/physiology , Humans , Inflammation/blood , Japan , Male , Trace Elements/blood
2.
Actual. osteol ; 17(1): 8-17, 2021. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, BINACIS, UNISALUD | ID: biblio-1291888

ABSTRACT

Objective: The main purpose of this study was to evaluate serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) levels and its association with in"ammatory markers in patients with rheumatologic diseases (RD). Methods: A cross-sectional study in 154 women with RD (rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis and other connective tissue diseases) and 112 healthy individuals as a control group (CG) was carried out. Results: No differences in serum and urine calcium, serum phosphate, and urinary deoxypyridinoline were found. RD group had lower 25OHD and higher PTH compared to CG. RD group had higher C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) compared to CG. The overall mean level of 25OHD (ng/ml) was 26.3±12.0 in the CG and 19.4±6.8 in the RD group (p<0.0001). Moreover, CG had lower percentage of individuals with 25OHD de!ciency compared to RD (29.9% vs 53.2%). The femoral neck BMD was signi!cantly lower in postmenopausal RD women compared to CG. 25OHD levels signi!cantly correlated with ESR and CRP as in"ammatory markers. Age, BMI, presence of RD, and CRP were signi!cantly and negatively associated with 25OHD levels through linear regression analysis. According to univariate logistic regression analysis for 25OHD deficiency (<20 ng/ml), a significant and negative association with BMI, presence of RD, ESR and CRP were found. Conclusion: Patients with RD had lower 25OHD levels than controls and the presence of a RD increases by 2.66 the risk of vitamin D de!ciency. In addition, 25OHD has a negative correlation with ESR and CRP as in"ammatory markers. (AU)


Objetivo El objetivo principal de este estudio fue evaluar los niveles séricos de 25-hidroxivitamina D (25OHD) y su asociación con marcadores inflamatorios en enfermedades reumatológicas. Materiales y métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal en 154 mujeres con enfermedades reumatológicas (artritis reumatoide, espondiloartritis y otras enfermedades del tejido conectivo) y 112 individuos sanos como grupo control (GC). Resultados: No se encontraron diferencias en el calcio sérico y urinario, el fosfato sérico y la desoxipiridinolina urinaria entre el GC y los sujetos con enfermedades reumatológicas. El grupo de pacientes con enfermedades reumatológicas tenía 25OHD más bajo y PTH más alto en comparación con el GC. Asimismo, el grupo de individuos con enfermedades reumatológicas tenía proteína C reactiva (PCR) y velocidad de eritrosedimentación (VES) más altas en comparación con el GC. El nivel de 25OHD (ng/ml) fue 26,3±12,0 en el GC y 19,4±6,8 en el grupo con enfermedades reumatológicas (p<0,0001). Además, el GC presentó un porcentaje menor de deficiencia de 25OHD en comparación con el grupo con enfermedades reumatológicas (29,9% vs 53,2%). La DMO del cuello femoral fue significativamente menor en las mujeres posmenopáusicas con enfermedades reumatológicas en comparación con el GC. La 25OHD correlacionó significativamente con la VES y la PCR como marcadores inflamatorios. El análisis de regresión lineal mostró que la edad, el IMC, la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica y la PCR se asociaron significativa y negativamente con los niveles de 25OHD. Mientras que el análisis de regresión logística univariada mostró que la deficiencia de 25OHD (<20 ng/ml), se asoció significativa y negativamente con el IMC, la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica, la VES y los niveles de PCR. Conclusiones: Los pacientes con enfermedades reumatológicas tenían niveles de 25OHD más bajos que los controles y la presencia de una enfermedad reumatológica aumenta en 2.66 el riesgo de deficiencia de vitamina D. Además, la 25OHD mostró correlación negativa con la VES y la PCR como marcadores inflamatorios. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Vitamin D/analogs & derivatives , Vitamin D/blood , Vitamin D Deficiency/etiology , Biomarkers , Rheumatic Diseases/complications , Inflammation/blood , Phosphates/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Body Mass Index , Bone Density , Logistic Models , Calcium/urine , Calcium/blood , Rheumatic Diseases/blood , Risk , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postmenopause , Amino Acids/urine
3.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 64(1): 38-44, Jan.-Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1088772

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective Activated macrophages (M1-type macrophages) in adipose tissue secrete many proinflammatory cytokines that induce insulin resistance (IR). Oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the interleukin-6 (IL-6) family of Gp130 cytokines, plays an important role in a variety of biological functions, including the regulation of inflammatory responses. Proinflammatory cytokines released in patients with IR trigger a chronic, low-grade inflammatory reaction in blood vessel walls. This inflammator response leads to endothelial damage, which is the main mechanism for atherosclerosis and many cardiovascular diseases. Animal studies have reported a relationship between OSM and IR. To the best of our knowledge, however, few clinical studies have examined this topic. Therefore, we studied the relationship between serum levels of OSM and IR. Subjects and methods This prospective cross-sectional case-control study enrolled 50 people with IR (according to the HOMA-IR and QUICKI indices) and 34 healthy controls. The fasting blood concentrations of insulin, glucose, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglyceride, total cholesterol, C-reactive protein (CRP), and OSM were determined. Results There were no significant differences between the two groups in age, sex, and HbA1c levels. Univariate analyses showed that waist circumference (WC) and levels of fasting glucose, insulin, CRP, HDL-C, OSM, HOMA-IR, and QUICKI differed between the two study groups. In multivariate analyses, both IR indices (QUICKI and HOMA) and OSM differed between the two groups. Conclusion OSM was correlated with the IR indices (QUICKI and HOMA). For simplicity, it might replace the other IR indices in the future. Further detailed studies are needed to confirm this.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Insulin Resistance/physiology , Oncostatin M/blood , Inflammation/blood , Case-Control Studies , Pilot Projects , Chronic Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Prospective Studies
4.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 114(1): 90-97, Jan. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055103

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: People living with HIV are at increased risk of cardiovascular disease and carotid thickness, due to the inflammation caused by the virus, the antiretroviral therapy, and other risk factors. However, few studies have observed the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and carotid thickness in HIV-positive population at low cardiovascular risk and with undetectable viral load. Objectives: To evaluate the association between levels of inflammatory markers and carotid thickness in people living with HIV, under antiretroviral therapy and at low cardiovascular risk. Methods: To determine low cardiovascular risk in both groups (HIV infected and non-infected individuals), the Framingham Risk Score was used. Inflammatory markers (IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, sVCAM-1, and sICAM-1) were assessed using flow cytometry. Carotid thickness (mm) was measured using Doppler ultrasound. Level of significance was p < 0.05. Results: In People living with HIV, age and smoking status were associated with carotid thickness alterations. In the non-HIV group, age, higher total cholesterol, and LDL levels were associated with increased carotid thickness. Using the multivariate analysis, a significant association between TNF-α and IL- 1( levels, and a higher chance of atherosclerosis development in HIV group were observed. Conclusions: Both groups have a similar risk for developing cardiovascular disease, therefore our study demonstrates that HIV-positive individuals with undetectable viral load in antiretroviral therapy without protease inhibitors and with low cardiovascular risk do not present differences in carotid thickness in relation to uninfected individuals.


Resumo Fundamento: As pessoas que vivem com HIV têm um risco aumentado de doença cardiovascular e espessamento da carótida, devido à inflamação causada pelo vírus, à terapia antirretroviral e a outros fatores de risco. No entanto, poucos estudos observaram a ocorrência de doenças cardiovasculares e espessamento carotídeo na população soropositiva com baixo risco cardiovascular e carga viral indetectável. Objetivos: Avaliar a associação entre níveis de marcadores inflamatórios e espessura da carótida em pessoas vivendo com HIV, sob terapia antirretroviral e com baixo risco cardiovascular. Métodos: Para determinar o baixo risco cardiovascular em ambos os grupos (indivíduos infectados e não-infectados pelo HIV), foi utilizado o Escore de Risco de Framingham. Os marcadores inflamatórios (IFN-γ, TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6, sVCAM-1 e sICAM-1) foram avaliados por citometria de fluxo. A espessura da carótida (mm) foi mensurada por meio de ultrassom com Doppler. O nível de significância foi de p < 0,05. Resultados: Em pessoas vivendo com HIV, a idade e o tabagismo foram associados a alterações da espessura da carótida. No grupo não-HIV, idade e níveis mais altos de colesterol total e LDL foram associados ao aumento da espessura da carótida. Utilizando a análise multivariada, observou-se associação significativa entre os níveis de TNF-α e IL-1β e maior chance de desenvolvimento de aterosclerose no grupo com HIV. Conclusão: Ambos os grupos têm risco semelhante de desenvolver doença cardiovascular, portanto, nosso estudo demonstra que indivíduos HIV-positivos com carga viral indetectável em terapia antirretroviral sem inibidores de protease e com baixo risco cardiovascular não apresentam diferenças na espessura da carótida em relação aos indivíduos não-infectados.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Cardiovascular Diseases/blood , HIV Infections/blood , Carotid Intima-Media Thickness , Inflammation/blood , HIV Infections/complications , HIV Infections/drug therapy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Viral Load , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , Anti-Retroviral Agents/administration & dosage
5.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(6): e9031, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132523

ABSTRACT

Malnutrition is still considered endemic in many developing countries. Malnutrition-enteric infections may cause lasting deleterious effects on lipid metabolism, especially in children living in poor settings. The regional basic diet (RBD), produced to mimic the Brazilian northeastern dietary characteristics (rich in carbohydrate and low in protein) has been used in experimental malnutrition models, but few studies have explored the effect of chronic RBD on liver function, a central organ involved in cholesterol metabolism. This study aimed to investigate whether RBD leads to liver inflammatory changes and altered reverse cholesterol metabolism in C57BL6/J mice compared to the control group, receiving a standard chow diet. To evaluate liver inflammation, ionized calcium-binding adapter protein-1 (IBA-1) positive cell counting, interleukin (IL)-1β immunohistochemistry, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and IL-10 transcription levels were analyzed. In addition, we assessed reverse cholesterol transport by measuring liver apolipoprotein (Apo)E, ApoA-I, and lecithin-cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) by RT-PCR. Furthermore, serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was measured to assess liver function. RBD markedly impaired body weight gain compared with the control group (P<0.05). Higher hepatic TNF-α (P<0.0001) and IL-10 (P=0.001) mRNA levels were found in RBD-challenged mice, although without detectable non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Marked IBA-1 immunolabeling and increased number of positive-IBA-1 cells were found in the undernourished group. No statistical difference in serum ALT was found. There was also a significant increase in ApoA mRNA expression in the undernourished group, but not ApoE and LCAT, compared with the control. Altogether our findings suggested that chronic RBD-induced malnutrition leads to liver inflammation with increased ApoA-I activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Rabbits , Rats , Apolipoprotein A-I/blood , Malnutrition/metabolism , Diet/adverse effects , Inflammation/metabolism , Brazil , Chronic Disease , Apolipoprotein A-I/metabolism , Malnutrition/pathology , Malnutrition/blood , Inflammation/pathology , Inflammation/blood , Liver/metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL
6.
Arch. Clin. Psychiatry (Impr.) ; 46(5): 137-140, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1054909

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background Inflammation is involved in the pathophysiology of depression, and circulating inflammatory cytokines have been associated with depressive symptoms. However, measuring circulating cytokines have inherent methodological limitations. In vitro lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated intracellular cytokines (ICCs) overcome these limitations. Furthermore, because psychosocial and physiological stressors activate inflammatory responses and LPS-stimulated ICCs reflect the inflammatory responsivity of monocytes to such stressors, ICCs may reflect individual stress responsivity. Methods This cross-sectional study examined whether LPS-stimulated expression of ICCs in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) is a sensitive inflammation measure correlated with depressive symptoms in 180 community-dwelling older adults. We tested correlations of not only intracellular but also circulating inflammatory markers with depressive symptoms assessed using the 10-item Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). Intracellular markers included expression of interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), and both in PBMCs. Circulating markers included IL-6, TNF-α, and C-reactive protein (CRP) in plasma. Results None of the correlations were statistically significant. However, in contrast to circulating markers, the correlations of ICCs were consistently in the expected direction, i.e., higher ICC expression correlating with higher depression severity. Discussion Despite the non-significant findings, further research is required for the evaluation of LPS-stimulated ICC expression as biomarkers of depressive symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Lipopolysaccharides , Cytokines/blood , Depression/physiopathology , Inflammation/physiopathology , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales , In Vitro Techniques , C-Reactive Protein , Monocytes/metabolism , Biomarkers/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Depression/blood , Inflammation/blood
7.
J. bras. nefrol ; 41(3): 384-392, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040258

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a high prevalence and is a worldwide public health problem. Reuse of dialyzers is a cost reduction strategy used in many countries. There is controversy over its effects on clinical parameters and microbiological safety. Methods: In this clinical crossover study, 10 patients performed consecutive hemodialysis (HD) sessions divided in two phases: "single use" sessions (N = 10 HD sessions) followed by "dialyzer reuse" sessions (N = 30 HD sessions). Clinical, laboratory, and microbiological parameters were collected in the following time points: "single use", 1st, 6th, and 12th sessions with reuse of dialyzers, including bacterial cultures, endotoxins quantification in serum and dialyzer blood chamber, and detection of hemoglobin and protein residues in dialyzers. Results: Mean age of the sample was 37 ± 16 years, 6 (60%) were men, and 5 (50%) were white. CKD and HD vintage were 169 ± 108 and 47 (23-111) months, respectively. Serum C-reactive protein (CRP) [4.9 (2.1) mg/mL], ferritin (454 ± 223 ng/mL), and endotoxin levels [0.76 (0.61-0.91) EU/mL] were high at baseline. Comparison of pre- and post-HD variations of serum levels of CRP and endotoxins in the "single use" versus "reuse" phases did not result in differences (p = 0.8 and 0.4, respectively). Samples of liquid in the dialyzer inner chamber were negative for the growth of bacteria or endotoxins. There was no significant clinical manifestation within and between the phases. Conclusion: Dialyzers reuse was safe from a clinical, microbiological, and inflammatory point of view. The dialyzer performance remained adequate until the 12th reuse.


Resumo Introdução: A doença renal crônica (DRC) é um problema de saúde pública mundial de alta prevalência. O reúso de dialisadores é uma estratégia de redução de custos empregada em muitos países. Seus efeitos sobre parâmetros clínicos e de segurança microbiológica são alvo de controvérsia. Métodos: No presente estudo clínico cruzado, 10 pacientes realizaram sessões consecutivas de hemodiálise (HD) divididas em duas fases: a primeira com sessões de "uso único" (N = 10 sessões de HD) e a segunda com sessões com "reúso de dialisadores" (N = 30 sessões de HD). Parâmetros clínicos, laboratoriais e microbiológicos foram registrados nos seguintes momentos: "uso único", 1a, 6a e 12a sessões com reúso de dialisadores, incluindo culturas bacterianas, quantificação de endotoxinas no soro e na câmara interna do dialisador e detecção de hemoglobina e resíduos de proteína nos dialisadores. Resultados: A idade média da amostra foi de 37 ± 16 anos seis (60%) eram homens e cinco (50%) eram brancos. Os tempos com DRC e em HD foram de 169 ± 108 e 47 (23-111) meses, respectivamente. Os níveis séricos de proteína C-reativa (PCR) [4,9 (2,1) mg/mL], ferritina (454 ± 223 ng/mL) e endotoxinas [0,76 (0,61-0,91) UE/mL] estavam elevados no início do estudo. A diferença dos níveis séricos de PCR e endotoxinas pré e pós-HD nas fases de "uso único" e "reúso" não foi significativa (p = 0,8 e 0,4, respectivamente). As amostras de líquido retiradas da câmara interna do dialisador foram negativas para crescimento de bactérias e endotoxinas. Não houve registro de manifestações clínicas significativas nas fases do estudo. Conclusão: O reúso de dialisadores foi seguro dos pontos de vista clínico, microbiológico e inflamatório. O desempenho do dialisador permaneceu adequado até o 12º reuso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Renal Dialysis/instrumentation , Equipment Reuse , Kidneys, Artificial/adverse effects , Kidneys, Artificial/microbiology , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Pilot Projects , Follow-Up Studies , Cross-Over Studies , Endotoxins/blood , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/therapy , Ferritins/blood , Inflammation/blood
8.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(2): 369-375, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002201

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The pathophysiology of urethral stricture and its recurrence remains vague and one of the important causes is progressive inflammation. It has been shown in recent years that the neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio is a marker of systemic inflammation and is associated with prognosis in many cardiovascular diseases, malignancies and chronic inflammatory diseases. We assessed simple systemic inflammation markers preoperatively and surgical techniques for urethral stricture recurrence after urethroplasty. Patients and Methods: After exclusion criteria applied, a total of 117 male cases operated with urethroplasty in our clinic between January 2012 and June 2017 were included in the study and analyzed retrospectively. Localization and length of the strictures of the patients, neutrophil counts and percentages, lymphocyte counts and percentages, and neutrophil / lymphocyte ratios in preoperative peripheral blood samples were statistically analyzed. Recurrent stricture during first 12 months follow-up after the surgery has been assessed as recurrence. Results: The mean age of the patients was 54.12 ± 16.35 and the mean urethral stricture length was 3.44 ± 1.83 cm. Recurrence was observed in 30.1% of cases who received buccal graft, 30% in penile skin applied cases and 26.1% of cases treated with end-to-end anastomosis and there was no statistically significant difference between neutrophil, lymphocyte, neutrophil / lymphocyte ratio and average stricture segment length between recurrent and non-recurrent cases (p > 0.005). Conclusions: We consider that neutrophil, lymphocyte counts and their ratio prior to urethroplasty and the technique performed are not parameters that can be used to predict stricture recurrence. Prospective and randomized new trials with larger patient populations are needed to make more accurate judgments about the role of these inflammatory parameters.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Urologic Surgical Procedures, Male/methods , Urethra/surgery , Urethral Stricture/surgery , Inflammation/blood , Neutrophils/metabolism , Prognosis , Biomarkers/blood , Retrospective Studies , Lymphocyte Count , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Middle Aged
9.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(2): 101-105, Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983887

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Cerebral vein thrombosis (CVT) is a rare but serious cause of acute stroke. Inflammation is a hypothetical etiological factor in CVT. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate inflammatory marker levels in CVT patients and compare these with healthy individuals. Methods: This prospective case-control study was conducted with 36 newly-diagnosed CVT patients age- and sex-matched with 40 healthy individuals. The laboratory investigations included a serum hemogram, full biochemistry profiles, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR). Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and monocyte-to-HDL cholesterol ratio (MHR) values were calculated and compared between the patients and healthy participants. Results: The mean age was 41.4 ± 11.8 years for patients, and 39.3 ± 12.5 for controls. Lymphocyte, total bilirubin, indirect bilirubin, and HDL levels were significantly lower in CVT patients (p < 0.05), while CRP, and ESR values were significantly higher. In the CVT patients the mean NLR and PLR values were significantly higher than in the control individuals. Smoking rates, alcohol consumption, white blood cell, neutrophil, platelet, and MHR values were similar in both groups (p > 0.05). Conclusions: We suggest that NLR, PLR, CRP, ESR, and bilirubin can be used in clinical practice for prediction of CVT in suspected patients as they are inexpensive parameters and widely available. However, further large-scale studies are required to confirm this relationship.


RESUMEN la trombosis de la vena cerebral (CVT) es una causa rara pero grave de accidente cerebrovascular agudo. La inflamación es un factor etiológico hipotético en CVT. Objetivo: El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar los niveles de marcadores inflamatorios en pacientes con CVT y compararlos con los sujetos sanos. Métodos: Este estudio prospectivo de casos y controles se realizó con 36 pacientes con TVC recién diagnosticados y 40 sujetos sanos con edad y sexo similares. Las investigaciones de laboratorio incluyeron hemograma sérico, perfiles bioquímicos completos, proteína C-reactiva (CRP) de alta sensibilidad y velocidad de sedimentación eritrocitaria (ESR). Se calculó la relación de neutrófilos a linfocitos (NLR), relación de plaquetas a linfocitos (PLR) y monocitos a HDL-colesterol (MHR) y se compararon entre pacientes y sujetos sanos. Resultados: La edad media fue de 41,4 ± 11,8 años para los pacientes y de 39,3 ± 12,5 para los controles. Los niveles de linfocitos, bilirrubina total, bilirrubina indirecta y HDL fueron significativamente más bajos en pacientes con CVT (p ≤ 0.05), mientras que los valores de CRP y ESR fueron significativamente más altos. En los pacientes con CVT, los valores medios de NLR y PLR fueron significativamente más altos que en los sujetos control. Las tasas de tabaquismo, consumo de alcohol, glóbulos blancos, neutrófilos, plaquetas y MHR fueron similares en ambos grupos (p > 0.05). Conclusiones: Sugerimos que la NLR, la PLR, la CRP, la ESR y la bilirrubina se pueden usar en la práctica clínica para la predicción de la CVT en pacientes sospechosos, ya que son parámetros económicos y están ampliamente disponibles. Sin embargo, se requieren más estudios a gran escala para confirmar esta relación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Cerebral Veins , Venous Thrombosis/blood , Inflammation/blood , Platelet Count , Reference Values , Bilirubin/blood , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Logistic Models , Prospective Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lymphocyte Count , Mean Platelet Volume , Cholesterol, HDL/blood , Neutrophils
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8392, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011613

ABSTRACT

The term inflammaging is now widely used to designate the inflammatory process of natural aging. During this process, cytokine balance is altered, presumably due to the loss of homeostasis, thus contributing to a greater predisposition to disease and exacerbation of chronic diseases. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between pro-inflammatory markers and age in the natural aging process of healthy individuals. One hundred and ten subjects were divided into 5 groups according to age (22 subjects/group). Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) were quantified using the ELISA method. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP) was analyzed by turbidimetry according to laboratory procedures. The main findings of this study were: a positive correlation between hsCRP and IL-6 as a function of age (110 subjects); women showed stronger correlations; the 51-60 age group had the highest values for hsCRP and IL-6; women presented higher values for hsCRP in the 51-60 age group and higher values for IL-6 in the 61-70 age group; and men showed higher values in the 51-60 age group for hsCRP and IL-6. In conclusion, the natural aging process increased IL-6 and hsCRP levels, which is consistent with the inflammaging theory; however, women presented stronger correlations compared to men (IL-6 and hsCRP) and the 51-60 age range seems to be a key point for these increases. These findings are important because they indicate that early preventive measures may minimize the increase in these inflammatory markers in natural human aging.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Aging/physiology , Immunosenescence/physiology , Inflammation/blood , Oxygen Consumption/physiology , Triglycerides/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/analysis , Sex Factors , Cholesterol/blood , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood
11.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22: e190039, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003492

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Introdução: A inflamação exerce um importante papel no processo de envelhecimento. Objetivo: Este estudo transversal objetiva examinar a associação entre marcadores inflamatórios e a ocorrência de hospitalizações entre idosos, considerando fatores predisponentes e facilitadores do uso de serviços de saúde e condições de saúde como potenciais fatores de confusão. Métodos: Foram utilizados dados de 1.393 participantes (≥ 60 anos) da linha de base da coorte de Bambuí. Os marcadores considerados foram dez citocinas e quimiocinas (interleucina (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, fator de necrose tumoral (TNF), CCL2, CCL5, CXCL8, CXCL9 e CXCL10). A variável de desfecho foi a ocorrência de uma ou mais hospitalizações nos 12 meses precedentes. Resultados: Níveis séricos elevados da IL-6 apresentaram associações significantes com a ocorrência de hospitalizações (razão de prevalência - RP = 1,38; intervalo de confiança - IC95% 1,01 - 1,87; e RP = 1,38; IC95% 1,01 - 1,88, para os tercis intermediário e superior, respectivamente). Níveis elevados da CXCL9 também apresentaram associações independentes com o desfecho (RP = 1,38; IC95% 1,02 - 1,89 e RP = 1,46; IC95% 1,07 - 2,00, respectivamente). Os demais marcadores não apresentaram associações estatisticamente significantes com a ocorrência de hospitalizações. Conclusão: Entre os 10 marcadores examinados, IL-6 e CXCL9 apresentaram associação com a ocorrência de hospitalizações.


ABSTRACT: Introduction: Inflammation plays an important role in the aging process. Objective: This cross-sectional study aims to examine the association between inflammatory markers and hospitalizations among older adults, considering as potential confounding factors the predisposing and enabling factors for the use of health services and health conditions. Methods: We used data from 1,393 participants (≥ 60 years) in the baseline cohort from Bambuí. The markers assessed were ten cytokines and chemokines [interleukin (IL)-1, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12, tumor necrosis factor (TNF), CCL2, CCL5, CXCL8, CXCL9, and CXCL10]. The outcome variable was one or more hospitalizations in the preceding 12 months. Results: Elevated serum levels of IL-6 were significantly associated with hospitalizations [prevalence ratio (PR) = 1.38; confidence interval of 95% (95%CI) 1.02 - 1.87 and PR = 1.38; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.88 for the intermediate and highest tertiles, respectively]. High levels of CXCL9 were also independently associated with the outcome (PR = 1.38; 95%CI 1.01 - 1.89 and PR = 1.46; 95%CI 1.07 - 2.00, respectively). Other markers showed no statistically significant association with hospitalizations. Conclusion: Among the ten markers analyzed, only IL-6 and CXCL9 were associated with hospitalizations.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cytokines/blood , Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data , Reference Values , Time Factors , Brazil , Biomarkers/blood , Logistic Models , Sex Factors , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric , Inflammation/blood , Middle Aged
12.
Clinics ; 74: e938, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039559

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The inflammatory response is a key mechanism of neuronal damage and loss during acute ischemic stroke. Hypothermia has shown promise as a treatment for ischemic stroke. In this study, we investigated the molecular signaling pathways in ischemic stroke after hypothermia treatment. METHODS: Cyclin-dependent kinase 5 (CDK5) was overexpressed or silenced in cultured cells. Nuclear transcription factor-κB (NF-κB) activity was assessed by measurement of the luciferase reporter gene. An ischemic stroke model was established in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats using the suture-occluded method. Animals were assigned to three groups: sham operation control, ischemic stroke, and ischemic stroke + hypothermia treatment groups. Interleukin 1β (IL-1β) levels in the culture supernatant and blood samples were assessed by ELISA. Protein expression was measured by Western blotting. RESULTS: In HEK293 cells and primary cortical neuronal cultures exposed to hypothermia, CDK5 overexpression was associated with increased IL-1β, caspase 1, and NF-κB levels. In both a murine model of stroke and in patients, increased IL-1β levels were observed after stroke, and hypothermia treatment was associated with lower IL-1β levels. Furthermore, hypothermia-treated patients showed significant improvement in neurophysiological functional outcome. CONCLUSIONS: Overall, hypothermia offers clinical benefit, most likely through its effects on the inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Brain Ischemia/therapy , NF-kappa B/blood , Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5/blood , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Inflammation/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Biomarkers/blood , Brain Ischemia/blood , Blotting, Western , Acute Disease , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Disease Models, Animal
13.
Clinics ; 74: e890, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001829

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: We aimed to explore the effects of diet on the inflammatory response in middle-aged and elderly people with hypertension. METHODS: Thirty overweight or obese patients with stage one hypertension (age range, 45-75 years) were allocated to either the intervention or control group (n=15 per group; age- and sex-matched). Patients in the intervention group consumed a food powder supplement (100 g) instead of a regular meal. The control group maintained their normal dietary habits. This study lasted for six weeks. Blood pressure, inflammatory marker levels, and energy intake were measured before and after the study. RESULTS: After 6 weeks, the diet composition of the intervention group changed significantly (p<0.05). The intake of proteins, dietary fibre, monounsaturated fat, and polyunsaturated fat increased significantly (p<0.05), while the total energy intake trended towards an increase (p>0.05). In the control group, the total energy intake decreased significantly (p<0.05). The levels of nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1) and high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) decreased, and adiponectin increased significantly in the intervention group (p<0.05); however, no significant changes were observed in the inflammatory marker levels of the control group. In the intervention group, systolic blood pressure decreased significantly (p<0.05), and diastolic blood pressure also exhibited a decreasing trend. No significant change in blood pressure was observed in the control group. CONCLUSION: The consumption of a food powder supplement can improve diet composition, decrease blood pressure and reduce inflammation in middle-aged and elderly overweight or obese hypertensive patients. The food powder supplement may also have an anti-atherosclerotic effect in hypertensive patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Blood Pressure/drug effects , Dietary Supplements/analysis , Overweight/blood , Hypertension/blood , Inflammation/blood , Powders/therapeutic use , Rural Population , Energy Intake , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Biomarkers/blood , China , Nutrition Surveys/statistics & numerical data , NF-kappa B/blood , Intercellular Adhesion Molecule-1/blood , Adiponectin/blood
14.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 35(3): e00129918, 2019. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-989524

ABSTRACT

O objetivo do trabalho foi identificar os pontos de corte dos marcadores inflamatórios que melhor discriminassem a ocorrência da síndrome metabólica entre idosos residentes na comunidade. Foram utilizados os dados da linha de base da coorte de idosos conduzida na cidade de Bambuí, Minas Gerais, Brasil. A exposição de interesse foi a presença da síndrome metabólica, definida pelo critério Adult Treatment Panel III, e os desfechos incluíram os seguintes marcadores inflamatórios: citocinas (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 e TNF), quimiocinas (CXCL8, CXCL9, CCL2, CXCL10 e CCL5) e proteína C-reativa (PCR). A definição dos pontos de corte dos marcadores inflamatórios foi baseada no método Classification and Regression Tree (CART). As associações entre esses marcadores e a síndrome metabólica foram estimadas por modelos de regressão logística, obtendo-se odds ratio e intervalos de 95% de confiança (IC95%), considerando o ajustamento por fatores de confusão. A prevalência da síndrome metabólica foi de 49,1%, e os níveis de IL-1β, IL-12 e TNF não se mostraram associados a essa exposição. Após ajustamento, a presença da síndrome metabólica foi associada a maiores valores de IL-6 e PCR e a menores valores de CXCL8 e CCL5. Associações significativas ainda foram observadas com níveis séricos intermediários de CXCL9 e CXCL10. Além disso, a combinação dos marcadores apresentou associação significativa e consistente com a síndrome metabólica. Além de demonstrar associação entre síndrome metabólica e uma ampla gama de biomarcadores, alguns ainda não descritos na literatura, os resultados ressaltam que essa associação ocorre em níveis muito inferiores aos já demonstrados, sugerindo que a síndrome metabólica desempenha importante papel no perfil inflamatório dos idosos.


El objetivo del trabajo fue identificar los puntos de corte de los marcadores inflamatorios que mejor discriminaran la ocurrencia del síndrome metabólico entre ancianos residentes en comunidades. Se utilizaron datos de referencia de una cohorte de ancianos, realizada en la ciudad de Bambuí, Minas Gerais, Brasil. La exposición de interés fue la presencia del síndrome metabólico, definida por el criterio Adult Treatment Panel III, y los desenlaces incluyeron los siguientes marcadores inflamatorios: citocinas (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 e TNF), quimiocinas (CXCL8, CXCL9, CCL2, CXCL10 y CCL5) y proteína C-reactiva (PCR). La definición de los puntos de corte de los marcadores inflamatorios se basó en el método Classification and Regression Tree (CART). Las asociaciones entre esos marcadores y el síndrome metabólico se estimaron mediante modelos de regresión logística, obteniéndose odds ratio e intervalos con 95% de confianza, considerando el ajuste por factores de confusión. La prevalencia del síndrome metabólico fue de 49,1%, y los niveles de IL-1β, IL12 y TNF no se mostraron asociados a esa exposición. Tras el ajuste, la presencia del síndrome metabólico se asoció a mayores valores de IL-6 y PCR y a menores valores de CXCL8 y CCL5. Las asociaciones significativas se observaron incluso con niveles séricos intermedios de CXCL9 y CXCL10. Asimismo, la combinación de los marcadores presentó una asociación significativa y consistente con el síndrome metabólico. Además de demostrar asociación entre el síndrome metabólico y una amplia gama de biomarcadores, algunos todavía no descritos en la literatura, los resultados resaltan que esa asociación ocurre en niveles muy inferiores a los ya demostrados, sugiriendo que el síndrome metabólico desempeña un importante papel en el perfil inflamatorio de los ancianos.


The study aimed to identify the cutoff points for inflammatory markers that best discriminate the occurrence of metabolic syndrome in community-dwelling older adults. Baseline data were used from the elderly cohort in the city of Bambuí, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. The target exposure was presence of metabolic syndrome, defined according to the Adult Treatment Panel III criterion, and the outcomes included the following inflammatory markers: cytokines (IL-1β, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12 e TNF), chemokines (CXCL8, CXCL9, CCL2, CXCL10, and CCL5), and C-reactive protein (CRP). Definition of the cutoff points for the inflammatory markers was based on the Classification and Regression Tree (CART) method. The associations between these markers and metabolic syndrome were estimated by logistic regression models, obtaining odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals, considering adjustment for confounding factors. Prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 49.1%, and IL-1β, IL-12, and TNF levels were not associated statistically with this exposure. After adjustment, presence of metabolic syndrome was associated with higher IL-6 and CRP levels and lower CXCL8 and CCL5. Significant associations were also observed with intermediate serum CXCL9 and CXCL10 levels. The combination of markers also showed a significant and consistent association with metabolic syndrome. In addition to demonstrating an association between metabolic syndrome and a wide range of biomarkers (some not previously described in the literature), the results highlight that this association occurs at much lower levels than previously demonstrated, suggesting that metabolic syndrome plays an important role in the inflammatory profile of the older adults.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Biomarkers/blood , Chemokines/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/diagnosis , Brazil , C-Reactive Protein , Prospective Studies , Chemokines/classification , Inflammation/blood
15.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 17(1): eAO4403, 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-975109

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To compare the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios as possible parameters of systemic inflammation in hyperglycemic and normoglycemic subjects. Methods: A retrospective, cross-sectional study of data collected from patients tested for fasting blood glucose, glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and blood count on the same day, between July and December 2016. Patients were divided into hyperglycemic and normoglycemic, and matched by age and sex. The data were analyzed using Epi Info™, version 7.2.1.0, for the Windows® platform. Results: We enrolled 278 subjects, 139 hyperglycemic and 139 normoglycemic. The absolute number of leukocytes and neutrophils was higher in the Hyperglycemic Group (p=0.006 and p=0.004, respectively). There was no difference in the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio between the Hyperglycemic Group and the Normoglycemic Group (2.1 versus 2.0; p=0.264), and both neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios showed no differences between those with HbA1c ≥7% (n=127, p=0.778) and those with HbA1c <7% (n=12, p=0.490). In contrast, the platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio was lower in the Hyperglycemic Group (117.8 versus 129.6; p=0.007). Conclusion: Hyperglycemic subjects had a neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio similar to that of normoglycemic subjects, but had a lower platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio. Future prospective studies will be useful to determine the importance and prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios in the hyperglycemic state.


RESUMO Objetivo: Comparar a razão neutrófilo-linfócito e a razão plaqueta-linfócito como possíveis parâmetros de inflamação sistêmica em indivíduos hiperglicêmicos e normoglicêmicos. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo, em que foram coletados dados dos pacientes que realizaram glicemia em jejum, hemoglobina glicada (HbA1c) e hemograma na mesma data, entre julho e dezembro de 2016. Os pacientes foram divididos em um Grupo Hiperglicêmico e um Grupo Normoglicêmico, pareados por idade e sexo. Os dados foram analisados no Epi Info™, versão 7.2.1.0, em plataforma Windows®. Resultados: Foram incluídos 278 indivíduos, sendo 139 hiperglicêmicos e 139 normoglicêmicos. O número absoluto de leucócitos e neutrófilos foi maior no Grupo Hiperglicêmico (p=0,006 e p=0,004, respectivamente). Não houve diferença da razão neutrófilo-linfócito entre o Grupo Hiperglicêmico e o Grupo Normoglicêmico (2,1 versus 2,0; p=0,264), assim como a razão neutrófilo-linfócito e razão plaqueta-linfócito não apresentou diferença entre aqueles com HbA1c ≥7% (n=127) e com HbA1c <7% (n=12; p=0,778 e p=0,490). Contrariamente, a razão plaqueta-linfócito mostrou-se menor no Grupo Hiperglicêmico (117,8 versus 129,6; p=0,007). Conclusão: Indivíduos hiperglicêmicos apresentaram razão neutrófilo-linfócito semelhante a dos normoglicêmicos, mas tiveram razão plaqueta-linfócito menor. Pesquisas futuras, de modo prospectivo, seriam úteis para analisar a importância e o valor prognóstico da razão neutrófilo-linfócito e da razão plaqueta-linfócito no estado hiperglicêmico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Blood Platelets , Lymphocytes , Hyperglycemia/blood , Neutrophils , Platelet Count , Reference Values , Blood Glucose/analysis , Glycated Hemoglobin A/analysis , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Fasting/blood , Statistics, Nonparametric , Lymphocyte Count , Inflammation/blood , Middle Aged
17.
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 111(6): 833-840, Dec. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973814

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Observational studies have highlighted an association between serum uric acid (SUA) levels and cardiovascular risk factors. Despite the growing body of evidences, several studies were conducted in older individuals or in carriers of diseases susceptible to affect SUA levels and cardiometabolic risk markers. Objective: To evaluate the relationship of SUA with body adiposity, metabolic profile, oxidative stress, inflammatory biomarkers, blood pressure and endothelial function in healthy young and middle-aged adults. Methods: 149 Brazilian adults aged 20-55 years, both sexes, underwent evaluation of body adiposity, SUA, fasting glucose and insulin, lipid profile, malondialdehyde (MDA), high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), adiponectin, blood pressure and endothelial function. Endothelial function was assessed by the reactive hyperemia index (RHI) derived from peripheral arterial tonometry method. Participants were allocated in two groups according to SUA levels: control group (CG; n = 130; men ≤ 7 mg/dL, women ≤ 6 mg/dL) and hyperuricemia group (HG; n = 19; men > 7 mg/dL, women > 6 mg/dL). A P-value < 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: After adjustment for confounders, participants in HG compared with those in CG displayed higher body mass index (BMI): 34.15(33.36-37.19) vs.31.80 (26.26-34.42) kg/m2,p = 0.008, higher MDA: 4.67(4.03-5.30) vs. 3.53(3.10-4.07) ng/mL, p < 0.0001 and lower RHI: 1.68 ± 0.30 vs. 2.05 ± 0.46, p = 0.03). In correlation analysis adjusted for confounders, SUA was positively associated (p < 0.05) with BMI, waist circumference, LDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and MDA, and negatively associated (p < 0.05) with HDL-cholesterol, adiponectin and RHI. Conclusions: This study suggests that in healthy young and middle-aged adults higher SUA levels are associated with higher body adiposity, unfavorable lipid and inflammatory phenotype, higher oxidative stress and impaired endothelial function.


Resumo Fundamento: Estudos observacionais têm destacado uma associação entre níveis de ácido úrico sérico (AUS) e fatores de risco cardiovascular. Apesar do crescente conjunto de evidências, vários estudos foram realizados em indivíduos mais velhos ou em portadores de doenças passíveis de influenciar os níveis de AUS e marcadores de risco cardiometabólico. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação do AUS com adiposidade corporal, perfil metabólico, estresse oxidativo, biomarcadores de inflamação, pressão arterial e função endotelial em adultos jovens e de meia-idade saudáveis. Métodos: 149 adultos, brasileiros, com idades entre 20 e 55 anos, de ambos os sexos, foram submetidos a avaliação de adiposidade corporal, AUS, glicose e insulina de jejum, perfil lipídico, malondialdeído (MDA), proteína C-reativa ultra-sensível (PCR-us), adiponectina, pressão arterial e função endotelial. A função endotelial foi avaliada pelo índice de hiperemia reativa (RHI) derivado do método de tonometria arterial periférica. Os participantes foram divididos em dois grupos de acordo com os níveis de AUS: grupo de controle (GC; n = 130; homens ≤ 7 mg/dL, mulheres ≤ 6mg/dL) e grupo de hiperuricemia (GH; n = 19; homens > 7mg/dL, mulheres > 6mg/dL). Valor de p < 0,05 foi considerado estatisticamente significativo. Resultados: Após ajuste para fatores de confundimento, os participantes do GH comparados aos do GC apresentaram índice de massa corporal (IMC) mais alto: 34,15 (33,36-37,19) vs. 31,80 (26,26-34,42) kg/m2, p = 0,008, MDA mais alto: 4,67(4,03-5,30) vs. 3,53(3,10-4,07) ng/mL, p < 0,0001 e RHI mais baixo: 1,68 ± 0,30 vs. 2,05 ± 0,46, p = 0,03. Na análise de correlação ajustada para fatores de confundimento, o AUS se associou positivamente (p < 0,05) com IMC, circunferência da cintura, LDL colesterol, triglicérides e MDA, e se associou negativamente (p < 0,05) com HDL colesterol, adiponectina e RHI. Conclusões: Este estudo sugere que, em adultos jovens e de meia-idade saudáveis, níveis mais altos de AUS estão associados a maior adiposidade corporal, fenótipo inflamatório e de lipídios desfavorável, maior estresse oxidativo e função endotelial comprometida.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Uric Acid/blood , Metabolic Syndrome/blood , Hyperuricemia/blood , Blood Pressure , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Diet Surveys , Cholesterol/blood , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Oxidative Stress , Metabolic Syndrome/complications , Hyperuricemia/complications , Adiposity , Hyperemia/blood , Inflammation/blood , Malondialdehyde/blood
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 38(11): 2124-2128, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-976403

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate and to compare the possible inflammatory changes by screening acute phase proteins concentrations in healthy bitches subjected to ovariohysterectomy. Minimally invasive and conventional (laparotomy) ovariohysterectomies were performed in 17 client-owned adult female mixed breed dogs. Nine animals were subjected to minimally invasive and eight animals to conventional ovariohysterectomy. Blood samples were taken before surgery, 24, 48 hours, and seven days postoperatively. Serum C-reactive concentration was determined by a commercial ELISA kit and serum haptoglobin concentration was measured via hemoglobin binding assay, both previously validated for use in dogs. As the data did not meet the normal distribution criteria, the nonparametric Kruskall-Wallis was performed to compare quantitative variables between groups. One-way ANOVA and the Friedman test were used for multiple comparisons between time points, with a P<0.05 considered significant. C-reactive protein concentration was significantly different (P<0.0001) at 24 hours postoperatively between groups. There was no significant difference in haptoglobin concentration between groups. C-reactive protein and haptoglobin concentrations were significantly different at 24 and 48 hours postoperatively for minimally invasive and conventional ovariohisterectomies. These findings provided an overview of the short-term inflammatory effects produced by minimally invasive and conventional ovariohysterectomies.(AU)


O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar e comparar o efeito inflamatório, por meio da determinação de proteínas de fase aguda, produzido por dois protocolos cirúrgicos distintos de ovariohisterectomia em cadelas. Para tanto, foram determinadas as concentrações de proteína C reativa (CRP) e haptoglobina (Hp) de 17 cadelas, sem raça definida, adultas, sendo nove animais submetidos à ovariohisterectomia pela técnica convencional por laparotomia e oito a ovariohisterectomia pela técnica minimamente invasiva. Para avaliar a resposta de fase aguda causada pelo trauma cirúrgico, amostras de sangue foram obtidas antes dos procedimentos cirúrgicos e em quatro momentos distintos após as cirurgias (24, 48 horas e sete dias) para as dosagens de CRP e Hp, com kit comercial ELISA e via ensaio de ligação com a hemoglobina, respectivamente, validados para o uso em cães. Como não houve distribuição normal dos dados, utilizou-se o teste de Kruskall-Wallis para comparação das variáveis quantitativas entre os dois grupos. Os testes de Friedman e One-way ANOVA foram usados para comparações múltiplas entre os momentos avaliados, sendo considerado P<0,05 como significante. Houve diferença significativa (P<0,0001) para as concentrações de CRP 24 horas após o procedimento cirúrgico entre os dois protocolos utilizados. Não houve diferença significativa para as concentrações de Hp entre os dois protocolos cirúrgicos. Foram evidenciadas alterações significativas para as concentrações de CRP e Hp 24 e 48 horas após as ovariohisterectomias, independentemente da técnica cirúrgica utilizada. As concentrações de CRP e Hp demonstraram o efeito inflamatório imediato induzido pela ovariohisterectomia convencional e minimamente invasiva.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , Haptoglobins/metabolism , Ovariectomy/veterinary , Dogs/surgery , Hysterectomy/veterinary , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Haptoglobins/analysis , Inflammation/metabolism , Inflammation/blood
19.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 89(3): 346-351, jun. 2018. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-959532

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: La presencia de un estado de inflamación de bajo grado en niños obesos, se debería, entre otros factores, a que el tejido adiposo de los obesos produce moléculas proinflamatorias que contribuyen al desarrollo de aterosclerosis. OBJETIVO: Determinar en una población de niños obesos los niveles séricos de ligando CD-40 soluble (sCD40L), proteína quimioatractante de monocitos 1 (MCP-1), interleuquina 6 (IL-6), Factor de Necrosis tumoral a (TNF-a) y Proteína C Reactiva ultrasensible (PCR-us), comparados con un grupo control y analizar la correlación de estas moléculas con las variables antropométricas y metabólicas. PACIENTES Y MÉTODO: Estudio transversal de 37 niños obesos de 8 a 12 años y 20 niños con peso normal. A todos los pacientes se les realizó una historia clínica consignando edad, peso, talla, IMC, circunferencia de cintura, estadios de Tanner y antecedentes familiares. Se determinaron los niveles séricos de sCD40L, MCP-1, IL-6, TNF-a y PCR-us mediante ELISA, PCR-us por quimioluminiscencia, glucemia, insulina plasmática, perfil lipídico y se calculó el índice HOMA. Los datos se expresaron como la mediana y rango intercuartil y se utilizó el coeficiente de Spearman para investigar las correlaciones entre variables. RESULTADOS: Los niños obesos presentaron valores significativamente mayores de sCD40L, MCP-1, IL-6, TNF-a, PCR-us que los niños controles. El índice de masa corporal y la circunferencia de cintura se correlacionaron positivamente con sCD40L y MCP-1. CONCLUSIÓN: Los niveles elevados de las moléculas estudiadas sugieren la presencia de inflamación de bajo grado asociada a obesidad en esta población.


INTRODUCTION: Obesity is a chronic disease that affects adults as well as children and is associated with insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease. One of the reasons for the presence of low-grade inflammation in these patients could be that adipose tissue of the obese produces proin flammatory molecules that favor the development of atherosclerosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine serum levels of soluble CD40 ligand (sCD40L), monocyte chemoattractant protein 1 (MCP-1), interleukin 6 (IL-6), Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha (TNF-Α) and high sensitivity CRP (hsCRP), in an obese chil dren population compared to a control group, also to analyze the correlation of these molecules with the anthropometric and metabolic variables. PATIENTS AND METHOD: A cross-sectional, observational study was carried out on 37 obese children, aged 8 to 12 years, and 20 children with normal weight. Serum levels of sCD40L, MCP-1, IL-6, TNF-Α and hsCRP were determined. Data were expressed as the median and interquartil range and Spearman coefficient was used to investigate correlations between variables. RESULTS: Compared to the control group, obese children presented significantly higher values of sCD40L, MCP-1, IL-6, TNF-Α, and hsCRP than control group. Body mass index and waist circumference correlated positively with sCD40L and MCP-1. CONCLUSION: Elevated levels of the studied molecules studied suggest the presence of low-grade inflammation associated with obesity in this population.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Pediatric Obesity/physiopathology , Inflammation/etiology , Biomarkers/blood , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Pediatric Obesity/blood , Inflammation/diagnosis , Inflammation/blood
20.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 84(2): 206-211, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889365

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction To manage the complications of irradiation of head and neck tissue is a challenging issue for the otolaryngologist. Definitive treatment of these complications is still controversial. Recently, hyperbaric oxygen therapy is promising option for these complications. Objective In this study, we used biochemical and histopathological methods to investigate the efficacy of hyperbaric oxygen against the inflammatory effects of radiotherapy in blood and laryngeal tissues when radiotherapy and hyperbaric oxygen are administered on the same day. Methods Thirty-two Wistar Albino rats were divided into four groups. The control group was given no treatment, the hyperbaric oxygen group was given only hyperbaric oxygen therapy, the radiotherapy group was given only radiotherapy, and the radiotherapy plus hyperbaric oxygen group was given both treatments on the same day. Results Histopathological and biochemical evaluations of specimens were performed. Serum tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1β, and tissue inflammation levels were significantly higher in the radiotherapy group than in the radiotherapy plus hyperbaric oxygen group, whereas interleukin-10 was higher in the radiotherapy plus hyperbaric oxygen group. Conclusion When radiotherapy and hyperbaric oxygen are administered on the same day, inflammatory cytokines and tissue inflammation can be reduced in an early period of radiation injury.


Resumo Introdução O manejo das complicações da irradiação do tecido da cabeça e pescoço é uma questão desafiadora para o otorrinolaringologista. O tratamento definitivo dessas complicações ainda é controverso. Recentemente, a oxigenoterapia hiperbárica tem sido uma opção promissora para essas complicações. Objetivo Nesse estudo foram usados métodos bioquímicos e histopatológicos para investigar a eficácia do oxigênio hiperbárico contra os efeitos inflamatórios da radioterapia no sangue e nos tecidos laríngeos, quando a radioterapia e oxigênio hiperbárico são administrados no mesmo dia. Métodos Trinta e dois ratos Wistar albinos foram divididos em quatro grupos. O grupo controle nao recebeu tratamento, o grupo de oxigenio hiperbarico recebeu apenas oxigenoterapia hiperbarica, o grupo de radioterapia recebeu apenas radioterapia e o grupo de radioterapia com oxigenio hiperbarico recebeu ambos os tratamentos no mesmo dia. Resultados Foram realizadas avaliaçoes histopatologicas e bioquimicas dos especimes. Os niveis sericos de fator de necrose tumoral-α, interleucina-1β e inflamaçao tecidual foram significativamente maiores no grupo de radioterapia do que no grupo de radioterapia mais oxigenio hiperbarico, enquanto que a interleucina-10 foi maior no grupo de radioterapia mais oxigenio hiperbarico. Conclusão Quando a radioterapia e o oxigênio hiperbárico são administrados no mesmo dia, as citocinas inflamatórias e a inflamação tecidual podem ser reduzidas no período inicial da radiação.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/prevention & control , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Inflammation/prevention & control , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/pathology , Radiation Injuries, Experimental/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Interleukin-10/blood , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Inflammation/pathology , Inflammation/blood , Neck
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