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1.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1536339

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El carcinoma basocelular es un tumor de invasión local de crecimiento; se origina en las células epidérmicas de los folículos pilosos o las células basales de la epidermis, cuando se localizan en zona de alto riesgo en la cara tienen un mayor índice de recurrencia tumoral y de invasión a estructuras adyacentes y subyacentes. Objetivo: Evaluar los resultados de la aplicación del HeberFERON en pacientes con carcinoma basocelular en zona de alto riesgo. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, descriptivo y prospectivo en pacientes con diagnóstico clínico, dermatoscópico e histopatológico de carcinoma basocelular en zona de alto riesgo, tratados con HeberFERON en la consulta del Policlínico Centro de Sancti Spíritus desde el 12 de enero de 2016 hasta el 25 de marzo de 2022. La muestra quedó conformada por 62 pacientes Las principales variables estudiadas fueron la respuesta al tratamiento y los eventos adversos. Resultados: Predominó el sexo masculino, el área urbana, fototipocutáneo III y la edad mayor de 40 años. La localización más frecuente fue la nasal; el subtipo clínico el nódulo ulcerativo; el histológico, el sólido; el tumor primitivo y menor de 2 cm; la respuesta al tratamiento fue completa en la mayoría de los pacientes. Los eventos adversos más comunes fueron dolor y ardor en el sitio de inyección, edema y eritema perilesional, fiebre y cefalea. Conclusiones: La mayoría de los pacientes tratados con HeberFERON tuvieron una respuesta completa, los eventos adversos fueron los descritos en la literatura por el uso de interferones, sin cambio en la actitud farmacológica(AU)


Introduction: Basal cell carcinoma is a growing and locally invasive tumor; it originates in the epidermal cells of hair follicles or the basal cells of the epidermis. When located in a high-risk facial zone, they present a higher rate of tumor recurrence and invasion to adjacent and underlying structures. Objective: To evaluate the results of HeberFERON application in patients with basal cell carcinoma on a high-risk zone. Methods: An observational, descriptive and prospective study was conducted in patients with a clinical, dermatoscopic and histopathological diagnosis of basal cell carcinoma on a high-risk zone, treated with HeberFERON in the consultation of Policlínico Centro of Sancti Spíritus, from January 12, 2016 to March 25, 2022. The sample was made up of 62 patients. The main variables studied were response to treatment and adverse events. Results: There was a predominance of the male sex, the urban area, skin phototype III and age over 40 years. The most frequent localization was nasal; the clinical subtype, ulcerative nodule; the histological subtype, solid. The response to treatment was complete in most patients. The most common adverse events were pain and burning at the injection site, perilesional erythema and edema, fever and headache. Conclusions: Most patients treated with HeberFERON had a complete response; the adverse events were those described in the literature due to the use of interferons, with no change in pharmacological behavior(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Skin Neoplasms/epidemiology , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/diagnosis , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/drug therapy , Interferons/therapeutic use , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Prospective Studies , Observational Study
2.
Actual. osteol ; 19(3): 211-220, Sept - Dic 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1555794

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad de Erdheim-Chester (EEC) es una patología poco frecuente, caracterizada por presentar infiltración xantogranulomatosa sistémica, con afección de diversos sistemas incluido el óseo. La EEC se encuentra descripta dentro de las enfermedades osteocon-densantes (EO), las cuales se reconocen por presentar aumento de la masa ósea y compromiso tanto de huesos largos como planos. La presentación clínica de la EEC es variada: puede presentar desde un curso indolente hasta manifestaciones multisistémicas. Las características radiológicas son de gran importancia para establecer su diagnóstico. Presentamos una paciente con EEC, con esclerosis bilateral de huesos largos, que exhibe algunas características diferenciales con relación a otros casos reportados: a) afectación exclusivamente ósea a 10 años de evolución, b) compromiso bilateral y simétrico de distinta magnitud, c) esclerosis cortical endóstica y perióstica, d) signos radiológicos sugestivos de periostitis, d) ausencia de compromiso metafisario, e) ausencia de actividad metabólica de las lesiones en las imágenes de 18F-FDG PET/CT.Conclusión: la presencia de lesiones osteocondensantes bilaterales exclusivamente en huesos largos deben hacer sospechar EEC. La ausencia de compromiso metafisario y de actividad metabólica en 18F-FDG PET/CT ha sido raramente descripta. (AU)


Erdheim - Chester disease (ECD) is a rare disease, characterized by systemic xanthogranulomatous infiltration, with involvement of various organs including bone. ECD is described within the sclerosing bone disorders, which are recognized for presenting increased bone mass and involvement of both long and flat bones. The clinical presentation of ECD is diverse, ranging from an asymptomatic course to multisystemic manifestations. Radiological features are of great importance to establish the diagnosis. We describe here a patient with ECD, with bilateral sclerosis of long bones that presents some differential characteristics in relation to other reported cases: a) exclusively bone involvement at 10 years of evolution, b) bilateral and symmetric involvement of different magnitude, c) endosteal and periosteal cortical sclerosis d) radiological signs suggestive of periostitis, d) absence of metaphyseal involvement, e) absence of metabolic activity of the lesions in 18F-FDG PET/CT.Conclusion: the presence of bilateral osteosclerosis exclusively in long bones should lead to suspect ECD. The absence of metaphyseal involvement and metabolic activity in 18F-FDG PET/CT have been rarely described. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Sclerosis/etiology , Erdheim-Chester Disease/diagnostic imaging , Femur/pathology , Humerus/pathology , Vinblastine/adverse effects , Biopsy, Needle , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Radiography , Radionuclide Imaging , Interferons/adverse effects , Erdheim-Chester Disease/drug therapy , Positron-Emission Tomography , Pain Management , Zoledronic Acid/administration & dosage
3.
Rev. ANACEM (Impresa) ; 17(1): 13-21, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1525884

ABSTRACT

La presente es una revisión bibliográfica actualizada sobre el manejo de la Esclerosis Múltiple (EM), enfermedad neurológica progresiva de tipo desmielinizante más frecuente a nivel mundial. En Chile, su presentación remitente-recurrente (RRMS) es patología GES, por lo que se vuelve relevante para el médico general y estudiantes del área de la salud reconocer e identificar las terapias disponibles para el control de esta patología. Si bien la EM no es un cuadro frecuente, su sintomatología es alarmante e incapacitante, por lo que, con frecuencia, el primer acercamiento del paciente es a los servicios de urgencia, tornándose necesario contar con nociones básicas sobre el tratamiento y manejo. La presente revisión recopiló artículos publicados entre 2019 y 2023 de distintos motores de búsqueda con énfasis en el tratamiento farmacológico y no farmacológico de esta enfermedad. Además de describir el tratamiento convencional como la inmunomodulación, las terapias biológicas, el soporte con glucocorticoides y los fármacos remielinizantes, se abordan nuevas líneas de investigación prometedoras, como el rol inmunogénico de la microbiota intestinal, la capacidad epigenética de la dieta, estrategias de rehabilitación cognitiva y el potencial uso de cannabinoides para el manejo paliativo del dolor. Se concluye que un tratamiento oportuno con fármacos modificadores de la enfermedad, tanto de primera línea como de segunda, son imprescindibles para el manejo de la EM, sin embargo, la calidad de vida puede verse significativamente acrecentada por la incorporación de estrategias que se encuentran al alcance del médico general y que no requieren de derivación a nivel secundario.


This is an updated bibliographical review on the management of Multiple Sclerosis (MS), the most common progressive neurological disease of demyelinating disorders worldwide. In Chile, its relapsing-remitting presentation (RRMS) is a state-covered illness pathology, so it becomes relevant for the general practitioner and med students to recognize and identify therapies available for the control of this desease. Although MS is not a frequent condition, its symptoms are alarming and disabling, which is why, frequently, the first approach of the patient is to the emergency services, making it necessary to have basic knowledge about treatment and management. The present review compiled articles published between 2019 and 2023 from different search engines with an emphasis on the pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatment of the MS. In addition to describing conventional treatment such as immunomodulation, biological therapies, glucocorticoid support and remyelinating drugs, new promising lines of research are addressed, such as the immunogenic role of the intestinal microbiota, the epigenetic capacity of the diet, strategies on cognition rehabilitation and the potential use of cannabinoids for the palliative management of pain. It is concluded that the classic treatment with disease-modifying drugs, both first-line and second-line, are essential for the management of MS; however, quality of life can be significantly increased by incorporating strategies found at the reach of the general practitioner and do not require referral at a greater complexity center.


Subject(s)
Humans , Multiple Sclerosis/therapy , Vitamin D/therapeutic use , Interferons/therapeutic use , Demyelinating Diseases , Immunomodulation , Medical Marijuana/therapeutic use , Fingolimod Hydrochloride/therapeutic use , Dimethyl Fumarate/therapeutic use , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Glucocorticoids , Multiple Sclerosis/diagnosis
4.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 496-508, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010954

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This work explores the impact of electroacupuncture (EA) on acute postoperative pain (APP) and the role of stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon (STING/IFN-1) signaling pathway modulation in the analgesic effect of EA in APP rats.@*METHODS@#The APP rat model was initiated through abdominal surgery and the animals received two 30 min sessions of EA at bilateral ST36 (Zusanli) and SP6 (Sanyinjiao) acupoints. Mechanical, thermal and cold sensitivity tests were performed to measure the pain threshold, and electroencephalograms were recorded in the primary somatosensory cortex to identify the effects of EA treatment on APP. Western blotting and immunofluorescence were used to examine the expression and distribution of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway as well as neuroinflammation. A STING inhibitor (C-176) was administered intrathecally to verify its role in EA.@*RESULTS@#APP rats displayed mechanical and thermal hypersensitivities compared to the control group (P < 0.05). APP significantly reduced the amplitude of θ, α and γ oscillations compared to their baseline values (P < 0.05). Interestingly, expression levels of proteins in the STING/IFN-1 pathway were downregulated after inducing APP (P < 0.05). Further, APP increased pro-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-6, tumor necrosis factor-α and inducible nitric oxide synthase, and downregulated anti-inflammatory factors, including interleukin-10 and arginase-1 (P < 0.05). EA effectively attenuated APP-induced painful hypersensitivities (P < 0.05) and restored the θ, α and γ power in APP rats (P < 0.05). Meanwhile, EA distinctly activated the STING/IFN-1 pathway and mitigated the neuroinflammatory response (P < 0.05). Furthermore, STING/IFN-1 was predominantly expressed in isolectin-B4- or calcitonin-gene-related-peptide-labeled dorsal root ganglion neurons and superficial laminae of the spinal dorsal horn. Inhibition of the STING/IFN-1 pathway by intrathecal injection of C-176 weakened the analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects of EA on APP (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#EA can generate robust analgesic and anti-inflammatory effects on APP, and these effects may be linked to activating the STING/IFN-1 pathway, suggesting that STING/IFN-1 may be a target for relieving APP. Please cite this article as: Ding YY, Xu F, Wang YF, Han LL, Huang SQ, Zhao S, Ma LL, Zhang TH, Zhao WJ, Chen XD. Electroacupuncture alleviates postoperative pain through inhibiting neuroinflammation via stimulator of interferon genes/type-1 interferon pathway. J Integr Med. 2023; 21(5): 496-508.


Subject(s)
Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Neuroinflammatory Diseases , Electroacupuncture , Pain, Postoperative , Interferons
5.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: 1-6, 2023. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1469016

ABSTRACT

Although increased response rates concomitant in hepatitis C virus but relapse after treatment is threatened. Therefore, it is terrible requirement to evaluate the response of Pegylated interferon and direct acting antivirals in Punjab Pakistan. The study was conducted to find the rate of recurrence of HCV infection after treatment with Pegylated Interferon and Direct Acting Antivirals in Punjab Pakistan. This study was conducted at Department of Pathology, Nawaz Sharif Medical College Gujrat, while treatment effects monitored in different Government and Private Hospitals of Punjab, Pakistan. Total 973 patients who administered the recommended dose and divided in two groups (i) Interferon based therapy (ii) direct acting antivirals (DAAs).Other parameters like ALT and viral load studied. The rate of recurrence was higher in female infected with genotype 2b and in male with mixed genotype 3a/2b after six month of antiviral therapy. Genotype 3a showed significant response to therapy after three month. 32 among 374 (8.5%) were positive after 24 weeks of treatment with interferon, 29 (7.7%) patients have same genotype while 3 patients were re-infected with different HCV strains. With DAAs, only 27 (4.8%) patients were positive among 558 after 2 weeks and one patient re-infected with different genotype. Early and sustained virological response noted in DAAs. ALT and viral load decreased faster with DAAs that not achieved after 4 weeks with pegylated interferon. Sustained virological response appears in DAAs and recurrence rate is high in interferon therapy compared to DAAs. Therefore, reinfection has implications for correct treatment efficiency and to select strategies for retreatment cases.


Embora aumentem as taxas de resposta concomitantes no vírus da hepatite C (HCV), há risco de recidiva após o tratamento. Portanto, é um requisito terrível avaliar a resposta do interferon peguilado e antivirais de ação direta em Punjab, Paquistão. O estudo foi conduzido para encontrar a taxa de recorrência da infecção por HCV após o tratamento com interferon peguilado e antivirais de ação direta em Punjab, Paquistão. Este estudo foi conduzido no Departamento de Patologia Nawaz Sharif Medical College Gujrat, enquanto os efeitos do tratamento foram monitorados em diferentes hospitais públicos e privados de Punjab, Paquistão. Total de 973 pacientes que administraram a dose recomendada foram divididos em dois grupos: (i) Terapia baseada em interferon, (ii) antivirais de ação direta (DAAs). Outros parâmetros como ALT e carga viral foram estudados. A taxa de recorrência foi maior em mulheres infectadas com o genótipo 2b e em homens com genótipo misto 3a / 2b após seis meses de terapia antiviral. O genótipo 3a mostrou resposta significativa à terapia após três meses. 32 entre 374 (8,5%) foram positivos após 24 semanas de tratamento com interferon, 29 (7,7%) pacientes têm o mesmo genótipo, enquanto 3 pacientes foram reinfectados com diferentes cepas de HCV. Com DAAs, apenas 27 (4,8%) pacientes foram positivos entre 558 após duas semanas e um paciente reinfectado com genótipo diferente. Resposta virológica precoce e sustentada observada em DAAs. ALT e carga viral diminuíram mais rapidamente com DAAs, que não alcançou após 4 semanas com interferon peguilado. A resposta virológica sustentada aparece em DAAs, e a taxa de recorrência é alta na terapia com interferon em comparação com DAAs. Portanto, a reinfecção tem implicações para a eficiência do tratamento correto e para selecionar estratégias para casos de retratamento.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Antiviral Agents/administration & dosage , Hepatitis C/drug therapy , Hepatitis C/virology , Interferons/administration & dosage , Recurrence
6.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 268-273, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971135

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the cytokine/chemokine profile in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), and assess the prognostic value of survival.@*METHODS@#Serum levels of thirty-eight cytokines/chemokines were measured by multiple cytokine assay kit in EBV-related HLH patients, EBV-infected patients, and controls. The expression profile of cytokines/chemokines was compared among groups. The changes of cytokine/chemokine expression in active and remission stage of EBV-related HLH patients were also compared, and the prognostic values for survival were evaluated.@*RESULTS@#Serum levels of interferon-α2 (IFN-α2), interleukin (IL)-6, and IL-7 in EBV-related HLH patients were 33.67(23.23-68.78) pg/ml, (74.95±25.53) pg/ml, and 35.35(19.50-63.55) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in EBV-infected patients[IFN-α2: 16.07(9.87-29.63); IL-6: 55.91±20.29; IL-7: 20.40(13.35-31.40)] and controls [IFN-α2: 11.02(4.67-21.25); IL-6:42.64±13.41; IL-7: 16.95(14.95-33.78)](all P<0.05). Serum levels of IL-8, IL-9, and marcophage-derived chemokine (MDC) in EBV-related HLH patients were 11.00(7.50-15.27) pg/ml, 81.30(40.79-111.0) pg/ml, and (512.6±128.7) pg/ml, respectively, which were significantly higher than those in controls [IL-8: 6.80(5.56-8.38); IL-9: 41.30(29.82-67.91); MDC: 384.1±156.6](all P<0.05), but there was no remarkable differences compared with EBV-infected patients (P>0.05). Serum IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC in survival and death groups of EBV-related HLH patients were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic curve with area under curve of 0.781, 0.778, 0.633, 0.805, 0.562, and 0.657, respectively (P=0.019, 0.021, 0.269, 0.015, 0.607, and 0.190). IFN-α2, IL-6, and IL-8 had good predictive effect on survival. Serum level of IFN-α2, IL-6, and MDC of EBV-related HLH patients in remission stage were significantly lower than those in active stage (P<0.05), while IL-7, IL-8, and IL-9 were not different (P>0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#IFN-α2, IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-9, and MDC may take part in the pathogenesis of EBV-related HLH.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic/complications , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Cytokines/metabolism , Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/complications , Interleukin-6 , Clinical Relevance , Interleukin-7 , Interleukin-8 , Interleukin-9 , Chemokines , Interferons
7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 416-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985940

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate the clinical characteristics, treatment response, and outcomes in patients with classical hairy cell leukemia (cHCL) and HCL variant (HCL-V). Methods: This is a retrospective case series study. Between January 2011 and December 2021, clinical data of 30 patients newly with diagnosed HCL at Peking Union Medical College Hospital were analyzed. The main outcome measures include clinical characteristics, treatment efficacy and survival. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis. Results: Twenty-one cases of cHCL and 9 cases of HCL-v were included. The median age at diagnosis was 55.5 (range, 30-86) years, with the ratio of male to female 2.75∶1. The main clinical manifestations included fatigue in 11 cases (36.7%), abdominal distension in 7 cases (23.3%), and infection in 4 cases, while 8 cases were asymptomatic. Splenomegaly was reported in 24 cases (80.0%), including 7 (23.3%) with megalosplenia. The white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, and the proportion of peripheral hairy cells in HCL-v group were significantly higher than those in cHCL group, whereas the development of anemia, thrombocytopenia, and monocytopenia in cHCL group was more remarkable than that in HCL-v group (all P<0.05). The BRAF-V600E gene mutation was detected only in cHCL patients (11/14 vs. 0/9, P<0.001). In terms of immunophenotype, the expression of CD25, CD103, CD123 and CD200 in cHCL group (20/20, 20/20, 4/7, 7/17) were all stronger than those in HCL-v group (3/9, 7/9, 0/4, 2/8). Twenty-two patients were treated, of which 13 cases (12 cases of cHCL and 1 case of HCL-v) with cladribine, and 9 cases (4 cHCL and 5 HCL-v) with interferon. Complete remission rate and overall response rate were comparable between cladribine and interferon treatment groups (both P<0.05). The median follow-up time was 31 (range, 1-125) months, and the median overall survival (OS) of the entire group was 125 months. The 5-year OS rate in HCL-v patients represented a trend of inferior (50.0% vs. 95.0%, P=0.207). Conclusions: The clinical features of HCL are unspecific, which includes fatigue, splenomegaly and recurrent infection. The clinical features, immunophenotype, treatment response and prognosis of HCL-v are different from those of cHCL. BRAF-V600E gene mutation is suggested as a key marker for differential diagnosis. Cladribine is recommended as front-line regimen of cHCL patients with satisfactory efficacy and prognosis. Conversely, response and clinical outcome in HCL-v patients still need to be improved.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Leukemia, Hairy Cell/drug therapy , Cladribine/therapeutic use , Splenomegaly/drug therapy , Retrospective Studies , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Interferons/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use
8.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 548-553, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982631

ABSTRACT

Human bocavirus is a novel pathogen first detected in respiratory tract samples in 2005. People of different ages can be infected by human bocavirus. Children are the susceptible population, especially the infants aged from 6-24 months old. The epidemic season varies in different regions due to the differences in climate and geographical location, and it mainly occurs in autumn and winter. It's demonstrated that human bocavirus-1 is closely related to respiratory system diseases and even causes life-threatening critical illness. Also, the severity of symptom is positively correlated with viral load. Co-infections between human bocavirus-1 and other viruses often present high frequency occurrence. Human bocavirus-1 interferes immune function of host by inhibiting interferon secrete pathway. Currently, it remains limited knowledge and understanding of the roles of human bocavirus 2-4 in diseases, but the gastrointestinal diseases should be paid more attention. Detection of human bocavirus DNA by traditional polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay shouldn't be regarded as conclusive diagnostic basis. Instead, combined with mRNA and specific antigen detection, it is beneficial to improve the accuracy of diagnosis. Till now, the knowledge of human bocavirus remains poorly studied, which is deserved to further progress.


Subject(s)
Infant , Humans , Child , Child, Preschool , Human bocavirus , Climate , Coinfection , Epidemics , Interferons
9.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 649-653, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982111

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, and interferon regimen as maintenance therapy for blast phase chronic myeloid leukemia (CML-BP).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of CML-BP patients who received the first major hematological response after induction therapy at The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University from June 2015 to December 2021 were analyzed retrospectively. The event-free survival, duration of remission, and overall survival of patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group(n=18) and TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group(n=10) were compared by log-rank test.@*RESULTS@#A total of 28 patients were included, with a median age of 46 (24-58) years old. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that patients in TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine, interferon group had longer event-free survival (7.4 vs 4.3 months, P=0.043, HR=0.44, 95% CI: 0.17-1.14), duration of overall remission (16.1 vs 6.6 months, P=0.005, HR=0.32, 95% CI: 0.11-0.89), overall survival (34.3 vs 13.5 months, P=0.006, HR=0.29, 95% CI: 0.10-0.82) compared with patients in TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy group.@*CONCLUSION@#The TKI combined with decitabine, homoharringtonine and interferon regimen can significantly prolong the survival of CML-BP patients who obtained the major hematological response compared with TKI combined with conventional chemotherapy regimen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Blast Crisis/drug therapy , Homoharringtonine/therapeutic use , Decitabine/therapeutic use , Interferons/therapeutic use , Inhibitors, Tyrosine Kinase , Retrospective Studies , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
10.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 79-86, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970676

ABSTRACT

This study aims to clarify host factors of IFN treatment in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients by screening the differentially expressed genes of IFN pathway CHB patients with different response to interferon (IFN) therapy. Three cases were randomly selected in IFN-responding CHB patients (Rs), non-responding CHB patients (NRs) and healthy participants, respectively. The human type I IFN response RT 2 profiler PCR array was used to detect the expression levels of IFN-related genes in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) from healthy participants and CHB patients before and after Peg-IFN-α 2a treatment. The results showed that more differentially expressed genes appeared in Rs group than NRs group after IFN treatment. Comparing with healthy participants, IFNG, IL7R, IRF1, and IRF8 were downregulated in both Rs and NRs group before IFN treatment; CXCL10, IFIT1, and IFITM1 were upregulated in the Rs; IL13RA1 and IFI35 were upregulated in the NRs, while IFRD2, IL11RA, IL4R, IRF3, IRF4, PYHIN1, and ADAR were downregulated. The expression of IL15, IFI35 and IFI44 was downregulated by 4.09 ( t = 10.58, P < 0.001), 5.59 ( t = 3.37, P = 0.028) and 10.83 ( t = 2.8, P = 0.049) fold in the Rs group compared with the NRs group, respectively. In conclusion, IFN-response-related gene array is able to evaluate IFN treatment response by detecting IFN-related genes levels in PBMC. High expression of CXCL10, IFIT1 and IFITM1 before treatment may suggest satisfied IFN efficacy, while high expression of IL13RA1, IL15, IFI35 and IFI44 molecules and low expression of IFRD2, IL11RA, IL4R, IRF3, IRF4, PYHIN1 and ADAR molecules may be associated with poor IFN efficacy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Healthy Volunteers , Hepatitis B, Chronic/genetics , Immunotherapy , Interleukin-15 , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Nuclear Proteins , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis/methods , Interferons/therapeutic use , Treatment Outcome
12.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 893-902, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927752

ABSTRACT

Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is one of the most serious public health problems. HBV infection could lead to hepatitis B, and even further develop into hepatic cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. Interferon lambda (IFN-λ) is a member of the interferon (IFN) family and an important cytokine for antiviral defense. There are four members in IFN-λ family, including IFN-λ1, IFN-λ2, IFN-λ3, and IFN-λ4. The genetic polymorphisms in the IFN-λ genes are associated with HBV replication and treatment response of HBV patients. In this review, we summarized the roles of genetic polymorphisms of the IFN-λ genes played in HBV infection, disease progression and treatment, with the aim to better understand their function. This review could serve as a reference for the HBV prevention and treatment of HBV patients, as well as for future clinical usage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antiviral Agents/pharmacology , Hepatitis B/genetics , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Interferons/pharmacology , Liver Neoplasms , Polymorphism, Genetic , Virus Replication/genetics
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 97(6): 617-622, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350978

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To investigate the impact of recombinant human interferon α1b (rhIFNα1b) treatment in infants hospitalized with lower respiratory tract infections on subsequent wheezing. Methods: The clinical data of infants (n = 540) with viral pneumonia, wheezy bronchitis, or bronchiolitis hospitalized in 19 Chinese hospitals from June 2009 to June 2015 were retrospectively analyzed. The parameters relevant to wheezing episodes within the last year were collected by telephone and questionnaires. The rhIFNα1b treatment group (n = 253) and control group (n = 287) were compared in terms of wheezing episodes within the last year. Moreover, the wheezing group (95 cases) and non-wheezing group (445 cases) were compared. Results: Out of 540 cases, 95 (17.6%) experienced wheezing episodes, 13.8% (35/253) cases treated with rhIFNα1b, and 20.9% (60/287) cases without rhIFNα1b experienced wheezing episodes within the last year. The rhIFNα1b treatment significantly improved wheezing episodes within the last year, compared with the control peers (p = 0.031). Single-factor regression showed statistically significant differences between the wheezing and non-wheezing groups in terms of age, rhIFNα1b use, childhood and family history of allergy, housing situation, and feeding history (p < 0.05). Binary logistic regression showed a childhood history of allergy (OR = 2.14, p = 0.004), no rhIFNα1b use (OR = 1.70, p = 0.028), and living in a crowded house (OR = 1.92, p = 0.012) might be risk factors of subsequent wheezing. Accordingly, breastfeeding (OR = 0.44, p = 0.008) and hospitalization age of 1-year-old (OR = 0.58, p = 0.024) were protective factors. Conclusions: Early use of rhIFNα1b in infants hospitalized with lower respiratory tract infections and breastfeeding could prevent subsequent wheezing. Living in a crowded house could promote subsequent wheezing.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Infant , Respiratory Tract Infections/drug therapy , Bronchiolitis , Respiratory Sounds , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Interferons
15.
An. bras. dermatol ; 96(4): 416-421, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285085

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background: Interferon (IFN)-λ1, also named Interleukin (IL)-29, is a new member of the Type III IFN or IFN-λ family. IL-29 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many types of autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. Objective: To study the role of IL-29 in the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris. Methods: The authors detected the serum levels of IL-29 in forty-one patients with psoriasis vulgaris, twenty-three patients with atopic dermatitis and thirty-eight age and gender-matched controls by sandwich Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The effects of IL-29 on the expression of cytokines, such as IL-6, IL-17, IL-8, IL-4, IL10, Interferon (IFN-γ) and Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), in PBMCs and HaCat cells were determined by real-time quantitative PCR. Results: Our data indicated that serum IL-29 levels were significantly elevated in patients with psoriasis vulgaris when compared with atopic dermatitis patients and the control group. Moreover, Serum levels of IL-29 were closely associated with the severity of psoriasis vulgaris. Furthermore, IL-29 up-regulated the mRNA expression levels of IL-6, IL-17 and TNF-α in PBMCs from psoriasis vulgaris patients. In addition, IL-29 enhanced the IL-6 and IL-8 expression from the HaCat cells. Conclusion: This study provides the first observations on the association of IL-29 and psoriasis vulgaris and showed elevated IL-29 serum levels. The authors suggest that IL-29 may play a role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis vulgaris.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis , Interferon-gamma , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Cytokines , Interleukins , Interferons
16.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e1131, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289530

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar la seguridad del HeberFERON( en el tratamiento del carcinoma basal palpebral. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en pacientes con carcinoma basal palpebral, a quienes se les aplicó HeberFERON( perilesional, de enero del año 2013 a enero de 2018. La muestra quedó constituida por 20 pacientes que cumplieron los criterios de inclusión. La dosis protocolizada fue de 3,5 x 106 UI, perilesional, dos veces a la semana por 5 semanas consecutivas. Las variables del estudio fueron: edad, sexo, color de la piel, localización del tumor, así como tipo y grado de evento adverso. Para todas las variables del estudio fueron calculadas las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: La población estudiada con carcinoma basal palpebral mostró mayor frecuencia entre los 60 y 79 años de edad (80 por ciento) y las lesiones se presentaron fundamentalmente en el párpado inferior (60 (). El eritema palpebral y el dolor en el sitio de la inyección constituyeron los eventos adversos oculares más frecuentes (95,0 y 70,0 por ciento respectivamente) y se presentaron en el 95 por ciento de los pacientes investigados. Los eventos adversos sistémicos (fiebre, artralgia y la cefalea) prevalecieron en el 100 por ciento de los casos, en quienes el grado de severidad fue leve. Conclusiones: El HeberFERON( en el tratamiento del carcinoma basal palpebral es una buena alternativa no quirúrgica; es seguro y bien tolerado(AU)


Objective: Evaluate the safety of HeberFERON in the treatment of basal cell eyelid carcinoma. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted of patients with basal cell eyelid carcinoma undergoing perilesional HeberFERON therapy from January 2013 to January 2018. The sample was composed of 20 patients meeting the inclusion criteria. The protocol dose was 3.5 x 106 UI perilesional twice a week for five consecutive weeks. The variables analyzed were age, sex, skin color and tumor location, as well as adverse event type and degree. Absolute and relative frequencies were estimated for all the study variables. Results: The prevailing age group in the study basal cell eyelid carcinoma population was 60-79 years (80 percent). The most common lesion site was the lower eyelid (60 percent). Eyelid erythema and injection site pain were the most frequent ocular adverse events (95.0 percent and 70.0 percent, respectively), presenting in 95 percent of the study subjects. Systemic adverse events (fever, arthralgia and headache) prevailed in 100 percent of the cases studied, among whom the degree of severity was mild. Conclusions: HeberFERON is a good non-surgical alternative for basal cell eyelid carcinoma. It is safe and well tolerated(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/drug therapy , Interferons/therapeutic use , Eyelid Neoplasms/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions
17.
Rev. cuba. oftalmol ; 34(1): e1139, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289532

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Determinar la respuesta clínica en pacientes con carcinoma basal palpebral tratados con HeberFERON. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo en pacientes con carcinoma basal palpebral, a quienes se les aplicó HeberFERON( perilesional en el Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología "Ramón Pando Ferer", de enero del año 2013 a enero de 2015. La muestra quedó constituida por 10 pacientes que cumplieron con los criterios de inclusión. Las variables del estudio fueron: edad, sexo, color de la piel, forma clínica, diámetro tumoral, subtipo histológico del tumor, así como la respuesta clínica después del tratamiento de los casos estudiados. Para todas las variables del estudio fueron calculadas las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: Predominaron el género masculino y los sujetos de piel blanca. En los pacientes estudiados se presentaron la forma clínica nódulo ulcerativo, el subtipo histológico tumoral poco diferenciado y la respuesta clínica objetiva. Conclusiones: En la mayoría de los pacientes se logró una buena respuesta clínica al tratamiento con HeberFERON(, por lo que este tratamiento se convierte una nueva alternativa no quirúrgica(AU)


Objective: To determine the clinical response in patients with basal palpebral carcinoma treated with HeberFERON(. Methods: A descriptive study was carried out in patients with eyelid cell basal carcinoma tried with HeberFERON in the Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology "Ramón Pando Ferrer" from January 2013 to January 2015. The sample consisted of 10 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria. The study variables were: age, sex, skin color, clinical form, tumor diameter, histological subtype of the tumor, as well as the clinical response after treatment of the cases studied. In all the variables, absolute and relative frequencies were calculated. Results: Male gender and white-skinned subjects predominated. The clinical form ulcerative nodule, poorly differentiated histological tumor subtype, and objective clinical response were present in the patients studied. Conclusions: In most of the patients a good clinical answer was achieved to the treatment with HeberFERON, which becomes a new non surgical alternative(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Basal Cell/therapy , Interferons/therapeutic use , Eyelid Neoplasms/therapy , Epidemiology, Descriptive
18.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06880, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1287517

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to assess liver damage and interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15) blood expression as a consequence of embryonic signaling on maternal recognition of pregnancy in beef cattle presenting natural ingestion of Senecio spp. Epidemiological aspects, as the presence of the plant, associated to gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) activity can be used as Senecio spp. poisoning diagnosis. Maternal recognition of pregnancy period occurs when the embryo secretes interferon tau (IFNT) to signal its presence to the mother and eventually extend corpus luteum (CL) lifespan. In our study, liver damage was determined by concentration serum GGT, cytological and histopathological examinations. Reproductive status was evaluated by concentration of progesterone, CL diameter and ISG15 mRNA expression on Day 19 following fixed-time artificial insemination (FTAI). Cows were categorized into two groups based on concentration of GGT: Group 1 (GGT<30U/L) and 2 (GGT>31U/L). No difference on body condition scores was observed. All the cows presented liver damage based on cytology and histopathological exams. Cows from the Group 1 had higher pregnancy rate, presenting larger CL diameter and greater concentration of progesterone. Interestingly, ISG15 mRNA expression had no difference between Groups 1 and 2, even presenting difference in pregnancy status. These findings suggest embryonic loss beyond Day 19. It suggests late embryonic mortality may be associated to liver insufficiency. In conclusion, liver injury and/or concentration of GGT does not alter ISG15 expression on blood neutrophils, however cows presenting lower concentration of GGT (<30U/L) had increased pregnancy status. Therefore, the concentration of GGT allow us to screen liver status and foresee a successful pregnancy in beef cattle.(AU)


O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a lesão hepática e a expressão sanguínea do gene estimulado por interferon 15 (ISG15) durante a sinalização embrionária, no reconhecimento materno da gestação, em bovinos de corte apresentando ingestão natural de Senecio spp. Fatores epidemiológicos, como a presença da planta, associados à atividade da gama glutamil transferase (GGT) podem ser utilizados como diagnóstico da intoxicação por Senecio spp. O reconhecimento materno da gestação ocorre quando o embrião secreta interferon tau (IFNT) para sinalizar sua presença à mãe. Em nosso estudo, a lesão hepática foi determinada pela concentração sérica de GGT, pelos exames citológicos e histopatológicos. O estado reprodutivo foi avaliado pela concentração de progesterona, diâmetro de corpo lúteo (CL) e expressão de mRNA ISG15 no Dia 19 após a inseminação artificial em tempo fixo (IATF). As vacas foram separadas em dois grupos com base na concentração de GGT sanguíneo: Grupo 1 (GGT<30U/L) e Grupo 2 (GGT>31U/L). Não foi observada nenhuma diferença no escore de condição corporal entre os grupos. Na citologia e nos exames histopatológicos todas as vacas apresentaram lesão hepática. As vacas do Grupo 1 apresentaram maior taxa de prenhez, maior diâmetro do CL e maior concentração de progesterona. Diferente do esperado, a expressão do mRNA ISG15 não foi diferente entre os Grupos 1 e 2, mesmo apresentando diferença na taxa de prenhez. Esses achados sugerem perda embrionária após o Ddia 19. Isso demonstra que a mortalidade embrionária tardia pode estar associada à insuficiência hepática. Dessa forma, conclui-se que a lesão hepática e/ou concentração de GGT não altera a expressão de ISG15 nos neutrófilos sanguíneos, porém vacas com menor concentração de GGT (<30U/L) apresentaram maiores taxas de prenhez. Assim, a concentração de GGT nos permite avaliar a saúde hepática e prever uma gestação bem-sucedida em bovinos de corte.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Plants , Poisoning , Progesterone , Senecio , Cattle/blood , Insemination, Artificial , Gene Expression , Interferons , Neutrophils , Mortality , Corpus Luteum
19.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 333-346, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888732

ABSTRACT

RNA viruses cause a multitude of human diseases, including several pandemic events in the past century. Upon viral invasion, the innate immune system responds rapidly and plays a key role in activating the adaptive immune system. In the innate immune system, the interactions between pathogen-associated molecular patterns and host pattern recognition receptors activate multiple signaling pathways in immune cells and induce the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and interferons to elicit antiviral responses. Macrophages, dendritic cells, and natural killer cells are the principal innate immune components that exert antiviral activities. In this review, the current understanding of innate immunity contributing to the restriction of RNA viral infections was briefly summarized. Besides the main role of immune cells in combating viral infection, the intercellular transfer of pathogen and host-derived materials and their epigenetic and metabolic interactions associated with innate immunity was discussed. This knowledge provides an enhanced understanding of the innate immune response to RNA viral infections in general and aids in the preparation for the existing and next emerging viral infections.


Subject(s)
Humans , Immunity, Innate , Interferons , RNA , RNA Viruses , Virus Diseases
20.
Rev. cuba. med. trop ; 72(3): e584, sept.-dic. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156537

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En pacientes infectados con el virus de la hepatitis C se demostró que los polimorfismos de un simple nucleótido del gen de la interleucina 10 (IL10), influyen en la respuesta virológica sostenida al tratamiento con interferón y ribavirina, y en la inmunopatogénesis de la enfermedad. Objetivo: Determinar la frecuencia de los polimorfismos de un simple nucleótido de la región promotora del gen de la interleucina 10, según respuesta virológica sostenida y grado de lesión hepática. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, de corte transversal y se determinó la carga del virus de la hepatitis C por RT-PCR en tiempo real. Se estudiaron 25 pacientes cubanos con virus de inmunodeficiencia humana coinfectados con VHC, 24 semanas después del tratamiento con interferón y ribavirina. Para evaluar la variabilidad genética de la interleucina 10, los polimorfismos de un simple nucleótido se identificaron por secuenciación nucleotídica, -592 (A>C) y -819 (T>C). El grado de fibrosis hepática se calculó por el índice aspartato aminotransferasa/plaquetas. Resultados: El 44,0 por ciento (11/25) de los pacientes lograron respuesta virológica sostenida, y en el 56,0 por ciento (14/25) restante no se obtuvo esta. En los individuos en que se dio la respuesta predominaron los genotipos bajos productores de la interleucina 10, -592AA (36,3 por ciento vs. 21,4 por ciento) y -819TT (54,5 por ciento vs. 21,4 por ciento). En estos casos, el análisis de la frecuencia alélica mostró mayor frecuencia del alelo T para el SNP -819 (p= 0,0470). El índice aspartato aminotransferasa/plaquetas fue compatible con fibrosis hepática sin cirrosis en pacientes sin respuesta virológica sostenida, mientras que en los coinfectados que tuvieron respuesta indicó ausencia de lesión hepática. Conclusiones: Los resultados sugieren que las variantes de los polimorfismos de un simple nucleótido del gen de la interleucina 10 evaluados, podrían estar relacionados con la respuesta virológica sostenida y la patogénesis de la hepatitis C en los pacientes estudiados(AU)


Introduction: The study of patients infected with hepatitis C virus revealed that polymorphisms of a single nucleotide of the interleukin-10 (IL10) gene influence the sustained virological response to the treatment with interferon and ribavirin, and the immunopathogenesis of the disease. Objective: Determine the frequency of single-nucleotide polymorphisms from the interleukin-10 gene promoter region according to the sustained virological response and the degree of liver injury. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted and hepatitis C viral load was determined by RT-PCR. A sample of 25 Cuban HIV/HCV coinfected patients were studied 24 weeks after treatment with interferon and ribavirin. To evaluate the genetic variability of interleukin 10, the single-nucleotide polymorphisms were identified by nucleotide sequencing, -592 (A>C) and -819 (T>C). The degree of liver fibrosis was estimated by the aspartate aminotransferase / platelet index. Results: Of the patients studied, 44.0 percent (11/25) achieved a sustained virological response and 56.0 percent (14/25) did not. In individuals displaying the response, a predominance was found of low interleukin-10 producing genotypes, -592AA (36.3 percent vs. 21.4 percent) and -819TT (54.5 percent vs. 21.4 percent). In those cases, allele frequency analysis showed a greater allele T frequency for SNP -819 (p= 0.0470). The aspartate aminotransferase / platelet index was compatible with kidney fibrosis without cirrhosis in patients without a sustained virological response, and indicated an absence of liver injury in coinfected patients displaying a response. Conclusions: Results suggest that the variants evaluated of single-nucleotide polymorphisms of the interleukin-10 gene could be related to the sustained virological response and the pathogenesis of hepatitis C in the patients studied(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , HIV , Interferons/therapeutic use , Hepatitis C, Chronic/drug therapy , Interleukin-10 Receptor beta Subunit , Sustained Virologic Response , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies
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