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1.
Ciencia Tecnología y Salud ; 8(2): 166-183, 2021. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1353093

ABSTRACT

El cáncer gástrico (CG) es la neoplasia del tubo digestivo más prevalente en el mundo, asociada a factores genéticos del hospedero y externos, como infección por Helicobacter pylori. La patogénesis incluye inflamación crónica mediada por citocinas del microambiente tumoral, detectables sistémicamente. Estudios previos reportan niveles séricos de citocinas y su contribución al diagnóstico de CG. El presente estudio analiza el perfil de citocinas del tipo de Th1(IFNγ), Th2(IL-4 e IL-10), Th17(Th-17A) y otras pro inflamatorias: IL-1ß, IL-6 y TNF-α, en plasma de 70 casos de pacientes con CG comparándolos con 132 sujetos sanos equiparables en edad y sexo. Los casos provinieron del Hospital Roosevelt e Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Guatemala (Incan) y formaron parte de un estudio previo. Se analizó la base de datos clínicos, patológicos y epidemiológicos. Se midieron los niveles de citocinas utilizando el sistema "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". La edad promedio de los casos fue 59.5 años, (DE 13.0), 51%, eran positivos para IgG anti H. pylori. Un 71% presentó adenocarcinoma grado III (Borrman), según clasificación de Lauren 55% tenían tipo intestinal. Las siete citocinas cuantificadas se encontraron significativamente elevadas (p < .05) en el plasma de los casos respecto a sus controles. Los casos de CG tipo difuso presentaron niveles de IFNγ significativa-mente elevados. Por regresión logística, las citocinas IL-6 e IL-10, están asociadas significativamente a CG (p < .05) independientemente del estatus de infección por H. pylori. Se destacan la IL-6 e IL-10 como las principales citocinas asociadas a la presencia de CG.


Gastric cancer (GC) is the most prevalent gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, associated with host and external genetic factors, such as Helicobacter pylori infection. The pathogenesis includes chronic inflammation mediated by cytokines of the tumor microenvironment, systemically detectable. Previous studies report serum levels of cyto-kines and their contribution to the diagnosis of GC. The present study analyzes the profile of cytokines of the type Th1 (IFNγ), Th2 (IL-4 and IL-10), Th17 (Th-17A) and other pro-inflammatory: IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α, in plasma of 70 cases of patients with GC compared with 132 healthy subjects comparable in age and sex. The cases came from the Roosevelt Hospital and the National Cancer Institute of Guatemala -Incan- and were part of a previous study. The clinical, pathological and epidemiological databases were analyzed. Cytokine levels were measured using the "MSD MULTI-SPOT Assay System". The average age of the cases was 59.5 years, (SD 13.0), 51% were positive for IgG anti H. pylori, 71% had grade III adenocarcinoma (Borrman), according to Laurenís classification, 55% had intestinal type. The seven cytokines quantified were found to be significantly elevated (p < .05) in the plasma of the cases compared to their controls. The diffuse GC cases presented significantly elevated IFNγ levels. By logistic regression, the cytokines IL-6 and IL-10 are significantly associated with GC (p < .05) regardless of the H. pylori infection status. IL-6 and IL-10 stand out as the main cytokines associated with the presence of GC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Plasma/chemistry , Stomach Neoplasms/complications , Cytokines/analysis , Interleukin-6/analysis , Interleukin-1/analysis , Interleukin-10/analysis , Th2 Cells , Th17 Cells , Immunoglobulin G/analysis , Adenocarcinoma/complications , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Helicobacter Infections/complications , Th1 Cells , Gastrointestinal Tract/pathology , Tumor Microenvironment , Neoplasms/complications
2.
Brasília; s.n; 27 abr. 2020.
Non-conventional in Portuguese | LILACS, BRISA, PIE | ID: biblio-1097410

ABSTRACT

Essa é uma produção do Departamento de Ciência e Tecnologia (Decit) da Secretaria de Ciência, Tecnologia, Inovação e Insumos Estratégicos em Saúde (SCTIE) do Ministério da Saúde (Decit/SCTIE/MS), que tem como missão promover a ciência e tecnologia e o uso de evidências científicas para a tomada de decisão do SUS, tendo como principal atribuição o incentivo ao desenvolvimento de pesquisas em saúde no Brasil, de modo a direcionar os investimentos realizados em pesquisa pelo Governo Federal às necessidades de saúde pública. Informar sobre as principais evidências científicas descritas na literatura internacional sobre tratamento farmacológico para a COVID-19. Além de resumir cada estudo identificado, o informe apresenta também uma avaliação da qualidade metodológica e a quantidade de artigos publicados, de acordo com a sua classificação metodológica (revisões sistemáticas, ensaios clínicos randomizados, entre outros). Foram encontrados 9 artigos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Betacoronavirus/drug effects , Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Chloroquine/therapeutic use , Interleukin-6/therapeutic use , Interleukin-1/therapeutic use , Clarithromycin/therapeutic use , Obesity Management/organization & administration , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 40(3): 181-187, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1135607

ABSTRACT

We aimed to determine the concentration of MMP-2 and IL-1ß in the aqueous humor of dogs with healthy eyes (n=8) and in those with mature (n=8) and hyper mature cataracts (n=8). Correlations between cytokines, cytokines, and intraocular pressure (IOP), as well as cytokines with ages of patients of each group, were also assessed. In patients with cataract, aqueous humor was collected at the end of the electroretinographic procedure. In healthy dogs, aqueous humor was collected before elective surgeries. Cytokine levels were determined using ELISA. IOP was assessed by applanation tonometry. IOP of patients with mature and hyper mature cataracts were lower than the ones measured in normal eyes (P=0.158). MMP-2 aqueous humor concentration was higher in patients with hyper mature cataracts, in comparisons with healthy patients (P=0.04). Average IL-1 ß aqueous concentration was higher in patients with cataracts (P<0.0001). Significant higher values of IL-1 ß were observed in patients with hyper mature, than in the ones with mature cataracts (P=0.0085). Correlations between MMP-2 and IL-1 ß (r=-0.38, P=0.06), MMP-2 and IOP (r=-0.149, P=0.484), and IL-1 ß and the ages of patients were not observed (P>0.05). IL-1 ß and IOP correlated negatively (r=-0.42, P=0.04). MMP-2 and the ages of patients correlated only in dogs with mature cataracts (r=0.772, P=0.02). It can be concluded that the increment in the aqueous humor concentration of IL-1 ß found in dogs with mature and hyper mature cataracts, in addition to the negative relationship of this cytokine with IOP, suggests that IL-1 ß is involved in the pathogenesis of LIU. Despite dogs with hypermature cataracts presented significant higher concentrations of MMP-2 in the aqueous humor, such cytokine did not correlate with IL-1 ß and IOP. In our study, a relationship between aqueous humor cytokines and the ages of patients was only confirmed between MMP-2 and the ages of dogs with mature cataracts.(AU)


Objetivou-se determinar as concentrações da metalloprotease-2 (MMP-2) e de interleucina-1 ß (IL-1 ß) em cães com olhos saudáveis (n=8) e naqueles com catarata madura (n=8) e hipermatura (n=8). Correlações entre ambas as citocinas, entre as citocinas e a pressão intraocular (PIO), assim como entre as citocinas e a idade dos pacientes dentro de cada grupo foram averiguadas. Nos pacientes com catarata, o humor aquoso foi colhido ao final da eletrorretinografia. Nos cães saudáveis, o humor aquoso foi colhido antes do início de cirurgias eletivas. Os níveis das citocinas foram determinados por ELISA e a PIO por tonometria de aplanação. A PIO dos pacientes com catarata madura e hipermadura foram mais baixas que aquelas dos pacientes controle (P=0.158). A concentração de MMP-2 no humor aquoso foi maior nos pacientes com catarata hipermtura, comparativamente aos pacientes saudáveis (P=0.04). A concentração de IL-1 ß no humor aquoso foi mais elevada nos cães com catarata (P<0.0001). Nos pacientes com catarata hipermatura, os valores de IL-1 ß foram significativamente mais altos que aqueles dosados nos pacientes com catarata madura (P=0.0085). Correlações entre MMP-2 e IL-1 ß (r=-0.38, P=0.06), MMP-2 e PIO (r=-0.149, P=0.484) e IL-1 ß e as idades dos pacientes não foram observadas (P>0.05). A IL-1 ß se correlacionou negativamente com a PIO (r=-0.42, P=0.04). Correlação entre MMP-2 e a idades dos pacientes foi observada apenas nos cães com catarata madura (r=0.772, P=0.02). Conclui-se que o aumento na concentração de IL-1 ß no humor aquoso de cães com catarata madura e hipermatura, associado à correlação negativa entre essa citocina e a PIO, sugerem que a mesma está envolvida na patogênese da uveíte induzida pela lente. Apesar dos cães com catarata hipermadura apresentarem concentrações significativamente maiores de MMP-2 no humor aquoso, essa citocina não se correlacionou com a IL-1 ß e a PIO. Em nosso estudo, correlação entre as citocinas dosadas no humor aquoso e a idade dos pacientes foi confirmada apenas entre MMP-2 e a idade dos cães com catarata madura.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Uveitis/veterinary , Cataract/veterinary , Interleukin-1/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Intraocular Pressure
4.
Int. j. morphol ; 38(1): 83-90, Feb. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1056402

ABSTRACT

We sought to determine whether the combined polyphenolic compounds, resveratrol and quercetin can substantially protect against modulation of hepatic biomarkers of apoptosis and survival, p53-Bax axis and B-cell lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) in an animal model of acetaminophen-induced acute liver injury via the association of oxidative stress and interleukin-11 (IL-11). The model group of rats received a single dose of acetaminophen (2 g/kg), whereas the protective group of rats was pre-treated for 7 days with combined doses of resveratrol (30 mg/kg) and quercetin (50 mg/kg) before being given a single dose of acetaminophen. All rats were then sacrificed 24 hours post acetaminophen ingestion. Acetaminophen overdose induced acute liver injury as demonstrated by profound liver parenchymal damage and increased levels of the liver injury enzymes, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST). Acetaminophen significantly (p<0.05) modulated malondialdehyde (MDA), p53, apoptosis regulator Bax, Bcl-2, IL-11, interleukin-6 (IL-6), ALT, AST, superoxide dismutase (SOD), and glutathione peroxidase (GPx), which were significantly protected by resveratrol plus quercetin. We further demonstrated a significant (p<0.01) correlation between IL-11 scoring and the levels of p53, Bax, Bcl-2, and MDA. Thus, resveratrol plus quercetin effectively protect against acetaminophen-induced apoptosis, which is associated with the inhibition of oxidative stress and IL-11.


En el estudio se intentó determinar si los compuestos polifenólicos combinados, el resveratrol y la quercetina pueden proteger sustancialmente contra la modulación de los biomarcadores hepáticos de apoptosis y supervivencia, el eje p53-Bax y el linfoma de células B 2 (Bcl-2) en un modelo animal de lesión hepática aguda inducida por acetaminofén, a través de la asociación del estrés oxidativo y la interleucina-11 (IL-11). El grupo modelo de ratas recibió una dosis única de acetaminofén (2 g / kg), mientras que el grupo protector de ratas fue tratado durante 7 días con dosis combinadas de resveratrol (30 mg / kg) y quercetina (50 mg / kg) antes de recibir una dosis única de acetaminofén. Todas los animales fueron sacrificados 24 horas después de la ingestión de acetaminofén. La sobredosis de acetaminofén indujo una lesión hepática aguda, como se observó en el daño profundo del parénquima hepático y el aumento de los niveles de las enzimas en la lesión hepática, alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y aspartato aminotransferasa (AST). Acetaminofén moduló significativamente (p <0.05) malondialdehído (MDA), p53, regulador de apoptosis Bax, Bcl2, IL-11, interleucina-6 (IL-6), ALT, AST, superóxido dismutasa (SOD) y glutatión peroxidasa ( GPx), los que se encontraron significativamente protegidos por el resveratrol y quercetina. Además se determinó una correlación significativa (p <0.01) entre la puntuación de IL-11 y los niveles de p53, Bax, Bcl-2 y MDA. En conclusión, el resveratrol más la quercetina protegen de manera efectiva contra la apoptosis inducida por acetaminofén, asociada con la inhibición del estrés oxidativo y la IL-11.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Quercetin/administration & dosage , Apoptosis/drug effects , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury, Chronic/pathology , Resveratrol/administration & dosage , Acetaminophen/toxicity , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Quercetin/pharmacology , Aspartate Aminotransferases/analysis , Biomarkers , Interleukin-1 , Oxidative Stress , Alanine Transaminase/analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/enzymology , Resveratrol/pharmacology , Antioxidants/pharmacology
5.
Cienc. tecnol. salud ; 7(2): 236-250, 2020. il 27 c
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA, DIGIUSAC | ID: biblio-1348233

ABSTRACT

El cáncer gástrico (CG) es un problema prevalente a nivel mundial, presentándose aproximadamente 18 millones de casos nuevos en el año 2018, representa el 5.7% del total de cánceres, siendo la quinta neoplasia maligna más común en el mundo. En Guatemala se sitúa entre los primeros cinco cánceres respecto a morbilidad y mor-talidad. El CG se ha asociado de manera contundente a infección por Helicobacter pylori el cual desencadena un proceso inflamatorio crónico; adicionalmente algunas cepas de H. pylori producen toxinas bacterianas capaces de inducir cambios celulares que conllevan al desarrollo del proceso neoplásico. La alta mortalidad por CG en parte, se relaciona con la etapa tardía en la que se diagnostica ya que se requiere el uso de métodos invasivos, lo que dificulta su detección temprana. El objetivo de la presente revisión, fue realizar una narrativa de los estudios y las evidencias científicas, respecto de la identificación de biomarcadores séricos en la detección temprana del cáncer gástrico. Se revisaron dos tipos de biomarcadores, la proteína soluble uPAR (suPAR) que es el receptor del activador del plasminógeno (uroquinasa) y promotora de angiogénesis y por otro lado, la detección sérica de las citocinas IL-1ß, IL-6, TNFα, IL-10, IFNγ, IL-4 e IL-17 en el CG así como su potencial utilidad en su detección temprana. Estos biomarcadores fueron seleccionados por la ventaja que tendrían de ser métodos no invasivos que podrían mejorar la detección, tratamiento y pronóstico de esta enfermedad.


Gastric cancer (GC) is a prevalent problem worldwide, presenting approximately 18 million new cases in 2018, representing 5.7% of all cancers, being the fifth most common malignancy in the world. In Guatemala it is among the first five cancers in terms of morbidity and mortality. CG has been strongly associated with Helicobacter pylori infection, which triggers a chronic inflammatory process; additionally, some strains of H. pylori produce bacterial toxins capable of inducing cellular changes that lead to the development of cancer. The high mortality due to GC in part is related to the late stage in which it is diagnosed since the use of invasive methods is required, making it difficult to detect it early. The objective of this review was to make a narrative of the studies carried out and the scientific evidence regarding the identification of serum biomarkers in the early detection of gastric cancer. Two types of biomarkers were reviewed, the soluble protein uPAR (suPAR) which is the receptor for plasminogen activator (urokinase) and promoter of angiogenesis and, on the other hand, serum detection of cytokines IL-1ß, IL-6, TNFα, IL-10, IFNγ, IL-4 and IL-17 in the CG as well as its potential usefulness in its early detection. These biomarkers were selected for the advantage they would have of being non-invasive methods that could improve the detection, treatment and prognosis of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Stomach Neoplasms/drug therapy , Biomarkers , Receptors, Urokinase Plasminogen Activator , Stomach Neoplasms/mortality , Mortality , Helicobacter pylori , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135504

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the levels of TNF-α and IL-1β in the gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) during early leveling stage of orthodontic treatment. Material and Methods: This study was carried out on 20 orthodontic patients, including 10 teenagers and 10 adults. Before bonding, GCF was collected with a paper strip in gingival sulcus of maxillary right central incisor on the disto labial aspect for 60 seconds, followed by bonding and insertion of initial 14 NiTi archwire. GCF collection was repeated 24 hours, 7 days, and 28 days after bonding. Measurement of TNF-α and IL-1β levels was done utilizing Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Data were analyzed in SPSS using repeated measurement test. Results: Concentration of TNF-α and IL-1β increased after treatment. There was no significant relationship between TNF-α and IL-1β concentrations subsequent to bonding in comparison to the baseline. There was no significant relationship in TNF-α and IL-1β level changes in the two age groups and between males and females. Conclusion: Concentration of TNF-α and IL-1β increased after treatment. Age and sex had no statically significant effect on the concentration of TNF-α and IL-1β.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Orthodontics , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Gingival Crevicular Fluid , Adolescent , Interleukin-1 , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Iran/epidemiology
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180734, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132202

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fibromyalgia (FM) is a nonarticular rheumatic syndrome that leads to diffuse myalgia, sleep disturbances and morning stiffness. Balneotherapy has been shown an effective strategy to improve the health conditions of patients; however, the treatment follow-up is based on patient report due to the lack of biomarkers. Thus, this study evaluated the application of cytokines and phosphoglycerate mutase I (PGAM-I) to monitoring FM patient underwent to balneotherapy treatment. Eleven healthy and eleven women with FM were submitted to daily sessions of balneotherapy during 10 days. Clinical and quality of life parameters were assessed through a FIQ questionnaire. Blood levels of TNF-(, interleukins (IL-1, IL-2 and IL-10) and PGAM-I expression in patients' saliva were also evaluated. Patients with FM showed significant improvements in their clinical status after treatment. Also, FM patients has IL-10 levels lower than healthy women and the balneotherapy increased the expression of this cytokine in both groups, concomitantly to pain relief. Although inflammatory cytokines (IL-1, IL-2 and TNF-() were more expressed in FM patients than healthy patients their levels did not reduce after treatment. A slight increase of PGAM-I expression was observed. In conclusion, IL-10 levels could be a useful biomarker to balneotherapy follow-up of FM patients. However, these findings must be analyzed in a larger number of patients in order to validate IL-10 as an effective biomarker.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Biomarkers , Fibromyalgia/diagnosis , Interleukin-10/blood , Quality of Life , Saliva , Balneology , Fibromyalgia/therapy , Case-Control Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Interleukin-1/blood , Interleukin-2/blood , Phosphoglycerate Mutase/blood
8.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 29(3): 268-271, jul.-set. 2019. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1023051

ABSTRACT

Os estudos com estatinas envolvendo desfechos clínicos mostraram que, mesmo atingindo as metas lipídicas, os pacientes que persistem com níveis aumentados de proteína C-reativa, têm maior risco de eventos cardiovasculares. A doença aterosclerótica das coronárias também apresentou maior regressão nos estudos com estatinas, quando ocorreu além de redução efetiva de LDL-colesterol, redução da proteína-C reativa. Nos últimos anos, dois importantes estudos com terapias anti-inflamatórias mostraram resultados divergentes. O estudo CANTOS, com o anticorpo monoclonal canaquinumabe, mostrou redução do eventocombinado de morte cardiovascular, infarto ou acidente vascular cerebral não fatais, e a magnitude do benefício foi associada ao grau de diminuição de marcadores inflamatórios, como proteína C-reativa ou interleucina 6. No estudo CIRT, os pacientes que receberam o anti-inflamatório metotrexato não tiveram redução de desfechos cardiovasculares, mas tampouco tiveram redução dos mencionados marcadores inflamatórios. Esses resultados, em conjunto, sugerem que o bloqueio específico de uma via inflamatória, como a citocina, pode ser mais relevante do que efeito anti-inflamatório per se e revela um caminho para diminuição do risco inflamatório residual


Studies with statins involving clinical endpoints have shown that, in spite of achieving lipid goals, patients with high levels of C-reactive protein are at higher risk for cardiovascular events. Atherosclerotic coronary artery disease has also presented greater regression in studies with statins when, in addition to an effective reduction in LDL cholesterol, a reduction in C-reactive protein was achieved. In recent years, two important studies involving anti-inflammatory therapies reported divergent results. The CANTOS study, with the human monoclonal antibody canakinumab, showed a decrease in combined cardiovascular death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or non-fatal stroke events and the magnitude of that benefit was associated with the degree of reduction in the inflammatory markers, such as C-reactive protein and interleukin-6. In the CIRT study, patients who received the anti-inflammatory methotrexate did not have a decrease in cardiovascular outcomes, but neither was there a reduction in the inflammatory markers mentioned. Taken together, these results suggest that the specific blockade of an inflammatory pathway, such as that of cytokine,may be more relevant than the antiinflammatory effect per se and reveal a promising way to reduce the residual inflammatory risk


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Coronary Artery Disease , Evidence-Based Practice , Inflammation , Renin-Angiotensin System , Cardiovascular Diseases , Methotrexate , Risk Factors , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-1 , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors , Anti-Inflammatory Agents
9.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(1): 39-44, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004743

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Up to 5% of familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) cases are unresponsive to colchicine, through resistance, side effects and toxicity. Anakinra is an alternative treatment for FMF patients whose disease remains uncontrolled with colchicine. We aimed to evaluate anti-interleukin-1 treatment regarding clinical findings, laboratory parameters and quality of life (QoL) among FMF patients presenting resistance and toxicity towards colchicine. DESIGN AND SETTING: Descriptive observational study at the rheumatology clinic, Adnan Menderes University Medical School, Aydın, Turkey. METHODS: Among the patients included, age, sex, MEFV genotypes, acute-phase reactants, hepatic/renal function tests, average colchicine dose, disease duration, attack frequency, attack duration, disease severity, proteinuria, amyloidosis and QoL were evaluated. Colchicine resistance was defined as > 6 typical episodes/year or > 3 per 4-6 months. Kolmogorov-Smirnov, Friedman and two-way analysis of variance tests were used for statistical analyses. RESULTS: Between 2015 and 2017, 14 FMF patients receiving anakinra were enrolled. The mean colchicine dose was 1.7 ± 0.3 mg/day before use of anakinra. Ten patients were attack-free after treatment, while three showed reductions of at least 50% in attack frequency, attack duration and disease severity. Proteinuria levels in all patients with renal amyloidosis decreased after treatment. QoL among patients with renal amyloidosis differed significantly from QoL among non-amyloidosis patients. Mean visual analogue scale scores significantly improved in both groups after use of anakinra. CONCLUSIONS: Use of anakinra reduced attack frequency and proteinuria and acute-phase reactant levels, and improved QoL, with only a few uncomplicated side effects among colchicine-resistant or intolerant FMF patients. Injection-site reactions of severity insufficient to require discontinuation of treatment were seen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Familial Mediterranean Fever/drug therapy , Quality of Life , Drug Resistance/drug effects , Colchicine/therapeutic use , Interleukin-1/antagonists & inhibitors , Antirheumatic Agents/therapeutic use , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein/therapeutic use , Familial Mediterranean Fever/physiopathology , Proteinuria/urine , Reference Values , Time Factors , Turkey , Severity of Illness Index , Blood Sedimentation , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Visual Analog Scale , Amyloidosis/physiopathology , Amyloidosis/drug therapy , Kidney Diseases/physiopathology , Kidney Diseases/drug therapy
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764360

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Febrile seizure (FS) is a unique type of seizure that only occurs during childhood. Genelized epilepsy with febrile seizure plus (GEFS+) is a familial epilepsy syndrome associated with FS and afebrile seizure (AFS). Both seizure types are related to fever, but whether genetic susceptibility to inflammation is implicated in them is still unclear. To analyze the associations between postictal serum cytokine levels and genetic variants in the cytokine genes interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1) in FS and GEFS+. METHODS: Genotyping was performed in 208 subjects (57 patients with FS, 43 patients with GEFS+, and 108 controls) with the SNaPshot assay for IL-1β-31 (rs1143627), IL-1β-511 (rs16944), IL-6-572 (rs1800796), and HMGB1 3814 (rs2249825). Serum IL-1β, IL-6, and HMGB1 levels were analyzed within 2 hours after seizure attacks using the ELISA in only 68 patients (38 FS, 10 GEFS+, and 20 controls). The allele distribution, genotype distribution, and correlations with serum cytokine levels were analyzed. RESULTS: Near-complete linkage disequilibrium exists between IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 variants. CT genotypes of these variants were associated with significantly higher postictal serum IL-1β levels than were CC+TT genotypes in FS (both p<0.05). CT genotypes of IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 variants were more strongly associated with FS than were CC+TT genotypes (odds ratio=1.691 and 1.731, respectively). For GEFS+, serum IL-1β levels after AFS for CT genotypes of IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 were also higher than for CC+TT genotypes. No significant associations were found for IL-6 and HMGB1. CONCLUSIONS: Genetic variants located in IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 promotor regions are correlated with higher postictal IL-1β levels in FS. These results suggest that IL-1 gene cluster variants in IL-1β-31 and IL-1β-511 are a host genetic factor for provoking FS in Korean children.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Child , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Epilepsy , Epilepsy, Generalized , Fever , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genotype , HMGB1 Protein , Humans , Inflammation , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukins , Linkage Disequilibrium , Multigene Family , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Seizures , Seizures, Febrile
11.
Immune Network ; : e32-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764028

ABSTRACT

Pellino-1 is a ubiquitin (Ub) E3 ligase that plays a role in M1, but not M2a polarization of macrophages. However, it is unknown whether Pellino-1 regulates IL-10-mediated M2c polarization of macrophages. Here, we found that Pellino-1 attenuated tumor growth by inhibiting M2c polarization of macrophages. Upon IL-10 stimulation, Pellino-1-deificient bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs) showed higher expression of M2c markers, but not M2a, and M2b markers than wild-type (WT) BMDMs, indicating that Pellino-1 inhibits M2c polarization of macrophages. Pellino-1-deficient BMDMs exhibited a defect in mitochondria respiration, but enhancement of glycolysis during M2c polarization. During M2c polarization of macrophages, Pellino-1 increased STAT1 phosphorylation via K63-linked ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor associated kinase 1 (IRAK1). Furthermore, Lysm-CrePellino-1(fl/fl) mice showed enhancement of tumor growth via regulating M2c polarization of tumor-associated macrophages. These results demonstrate that Pellino-1 inhibits IL-10-induced M2c macrophage polarization via K63-linked ubiquitination of IRAK1 and activation of STAT1, thereby inhibiting tumor growth in vivo.


Subject(s)
Animals , Glycolysis , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-10 , Macrophages , Mice , Mitochondria , Phosphorylation , Phosphotransferases , Respiration , Ubiquitin , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases , Ubiquitination
12.
Psychiatry Investigation ; : 177-184, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760920

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia is a disabling disorder of unknown aetiology, lacking definite diagnostic method and cure. A reliable biological marker of schizophrenia is highly demanded, for which traceable immune mediators in blood could be promising candidates. We aimed to gather the best findings of neuroinflammatory markers for first-episode psychosis (FEP). METHODS: We performed an extensive narrative review of online literature on inflammation-related markers found in human FEP patients only. RESULTS: Changes to cytokine levels have been increasingly reported in schizophrenia. The peripheral levels of IL-1 (or its receptor antagonist), soluble IL-2 receptor, IL-4, IL-6, IL-8, and TNF-α have been frequently reported as increased in FEP, in a suggestive continuum from high-risk stages for psychosis. Microglia and astrocytes establish the link between this immune signalling and the synthesis of noxious tryptophan catabolism products, that cause structural damage and directly hamper normal neurotransmission. Amongst these, only 3-hydroxykynurenine has been consistently described in the blood of FEP patients. CONCLUSION: Peripheral molecules stemming from brain inflammation might provide insightful biomarkers of schizophrenia, as early as FEP or even prodromal phases, although more time- and clinically-adjusted studies are essential for their validation.


Subject(s)
Astrocytes , Biomarkers , Encephalitis , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-4 , Interleukin-6 , Interleukin-8 , Metabolism , Methods , Microglia , Polytetrafluoroethylene , Psychotic Disorders , Receptors, Interleukin-2 , Schizophrenia , Synaptic Transmission , Tryptophan
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1201-1207, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775741

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation of IL-37 with T lymphocytes subsets and NK cells in ITP patients, and to explore its possible mechanisms involved in the pathogenesis of ITP.@*METHODS@#Forty-five patients with newly diagnosed ITP(newly diagnosed group), 32 patients of complete remission (remission group) and 22 healthy persons(control group) were selected. The serum level of IL-37 in 3 groups was determined by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The mRNA expression of IL-37, IL-17 and IL-18 in peripheral blood mononuclear cells(PBMNC) in 3 groups was measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The number of IL-18RαCD4 T cells and Tim-3NK cells in the peripheral blood in 3 groups was detected by flow cytometry (FCM).@*RESULTS@#The serum level of IL-37 in the peripheral blood of ITP patients in the newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0.01) . The expression level of IL-37 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 05). The expression level of IL-17 and IL-18 in PBMNC of the ITP patients in newly diagnosed group was higher than that in the control group and the remission group(P<0. 01); the expression of IL-18Rα in CD4 T cells in newly diagnosed group was significantly higher than that in both the control and the remission group(P<0.01).The expression of Tim-3 in NK cells in ITP patients was significantly lower than that in the control group (P<0. 01). In ITP patients, the serum IL-37 level and IL-18RαCD4T cells ratio both negatively correlated with Plt count (r=-0.58, r=-0.48) moreo-ver the serum IL-37 level also negatively correlated with amount of CD4 T cells and NK cells (r=-0.29, r=-0.28), but positively correlated with amount of CD8 T cells (r=0.329).@*CONCLUSION@#The IL-37 and its receptors may play an immunoregulatory role in CD4 T cells and NK cells, the IL-37 may be a therapeutic target for ITP patients.


Subject(s)
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Interleukin-1 , Allergy and Immunology , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Purpura, Thrombocytopenic, Idiopathic , T-Lymphocyte Subsets
14.
Asia Pacific Allergy ; (4): e22-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750189

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is one of the most common and complex chronic inflammatory disease of sinonasal mucosa. Even though the pathogenesis of CRS is multifactorial and still unclear, the role of cytokines especially interleukin-1 (IL-1) is being investigated worldwide in different population because of varying results obtained. OBJECTIVE: To study the association of IL-1 (A and B) gene polymorphisms with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP) and without nasal polyp (CRSsNP), and other factors related. METHODS: This is a case-controlled study which include a total of 138 subjects recruited from Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery clinic in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia. Genotyping of the IL-1A (+4845G, +4845T) and IL-1B (−511C, −511T) were performed with restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis. RESULTS: There was a statistical significant association between IL-1B (−511C, −511T) polymorphism with CRSwNP and CRSsNP (p 0.95, and 0.254, respectively). CONCLUSION: This study indicates an association of IL-1B (−511C, −511T) polymorphism with CRSwNP and CRSsNP in our population, hence there is a possibility of IL-1B involvement in modulating pathogenesis of CRS. There was no significant association of IL-1A (+4845G, +4845T) polymorphism with CRSwNP and CRSsNP, and other factors related.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Asthma , Case-Control Studies , Cytokines , Genotype , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Interleukin-1 , Malaysia , Mucous Membrane , Nasal Polyps , Neck , Polymorphism, Restriction Fragment Length , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741768

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Despite all the efforts and increased knowledge of rabies, the exact mechanisms of infection and mortality from the rabies virus are not well understood. To understand the mechanisms underlying the pathogenicity of rabies virus infection, it is crucial to study the tissue that the rabies virus naturally infects in humans. METHODS: Cerebellum brain tissue from 9 human post mortem cases from Iran, who had been infected with rabies virus, were examined histopathologically and immunohistochemically to evaluate the innate immune responses against the rabies virus. RESULTS: Histopathological examination revealed inflammation of the infected cerebellum and immunohistochemical analyses showed an increased immunoreactivity of heat shock protein 70, interleukin-6, interleukin-1, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, caspase-3, caspase-9, toll-like receptor3 and toll-like receptor4 in the infected brain tissue. CONCLUSION: These results indicated the involvement of innate immunity in rabies infected human brain tissue, which may aggravate the progression of this deadly disease.


Subject(s)
Brain , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Central Nervous System , Cerebellum , HSP70 Heat-Shock Proteins , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-6 , Iran , Mortality , Pathology , Rabies virus , Rabies , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha , Virulence
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777532

ABSTRACT

To compare the blood-cooling and hemostasis effects of Rehmanniae Radix before and after carbonizing on rats with blood heat and hemorrhage syndrome. The blood heat and hemorrhage syndrome rat model was established. Indexes including rectal temperature,whole blood viscosity,plasma viscosity,thrombin time(TT),activated partial thromboplastin time(APTT),prothrombin time(PT),fibrinogen content(FIB),red blood cell(RBC),hemoglobin(Hb),hematocrit(HCT),blood platelet count(PLT),mean platelet volume(MPV),serum IL-1,serum IL-6 and lung histopathology were detected to investigate the blood-cooling and hemostasis effects of Rehmanniae Radix and its carbonized products. Compared with the blank control group,the rectal temperature was significantly increased with rise of the high,middle and low whole blood viscosities and plasma viscosity(P<0.05); both the high and low whole blood restore viscosity and the high and low whole blood relative viscosity were increased significantly(P< 0.05); TT,APTT and PT were notably prolonged with the increase in FIB content(P<0.05); RBC,Hb and HCT increased significantly(P< 0.05); concentrations of serum IL-1 and IL-6 were also increased(P< 0.05) in model group. Additionally,obvious hemorrhages in lung and stomach were observed in rats of the model group. Rehmanniae Radix and its carbonized products can significantly reduce rectal temperature,high middle and low whole blood viscosities and plasma viscosity(P<0.05). TT and APTT were shortened,with lower expression of FIB in group of Rehmannia Radix and its carbonized products. Hemorrhages of lung and stomach were improved by Rehmannia Radix and its carbonized products. The results indicated that Rehmannia Radix before and after carbonizing had the hemostasis and blood-cooling effects by promoting coagulation,improving blood rheology and inhibiting expressions of IL-1 and IL-6.


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Coagulation , Blood Viscosity , Body Temperature , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Hemorrhage , Drug Therapy , Hemostasis , Interleukin-1 , Metabolism , Interleukin-6 , Metabolism , Partial Thromboplastin Time , Plant Roots , Rats , Rehmannia , Chemistry , Thrombin Time
17.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(11): 1012-1016, Nov. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-976795

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to investigate the clinical efficacy of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) on elder choledocholithiasis and its effects on the levels of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6. METHODS: Elder patients with choledocholithiasis were enrolled in this study, and according to the surgical methods, they were divided into the ERCP group and the surgical group. After treatment, we compared the efficacy of these two methods on patients, inflammatory responses indicated by the levels of TNF-α, IL-1, and IL-6, and the complications. RESULTS: No statistical significance was identified in the difference of the success rate in removal between the two groups (98% vs. 94%), but indicators of the ERCP group, including the surgical duration (28.5±12.8) min, remission duration of abdominal pain (1.2±0.2) d, recession time of jaundice (2.0±0.3) d, postoperative bedridden time (1.4±0.2) d, treatment time of the anti-infection (1.5±0.2) d, length of stay in hospital (6.5±0.3) d, levels of TNF-α (2.1±0.2) μg/L, IL-1 (6.3±0.8) μg/L, IL-6 (2.8±0.3) μg/L, and the incidence rate of complications (1.8%), were all significantly lower than those in the surgical group (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: In the treatment of choledocholithiasis, ERCP is excellent in controlling the trauma, accelerating the recovery duration, reducing the occurrence of complications and ameliorating the inflammatory responses. Thus, it is an ideal choice for choledocholithiasis.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Realizamos este estudo para investigar a eficácia clínica da colangiopancreatografia retrógrada endoscópica (ERCP) na coledocolitíase idosa e seus efeitos nos níveis de TNF-α, IL-1 e IL-6. MÉTODOS: Pacientes idosos com coledocolitíase foram matriculados neste estudo. De acordo com os métodos cirúrgicos, eles foram divididos em grupo ERCP e grupo cirúrgico. Após o tratamento, comparamos a eficácia desses dois métodos em pacientes, respostas inflamatórias indicadas pelos níveis de TNF-α, IL-1 e IL-6 e as complicações. RESULTADOS: Não houve significância estatística na diferença da taxa de sucesso na remoção entre os dois grupos (98% versus 94%), mas indicadores do grupo ERCP, incluindo a duração cirúrgica (28,5 ± 12,8) min, duração da remissão da dor abdominal (1,2 ± 0,2) d, tempo de recessão de icterícia (2,0 ± 0,3) d, tempo pós-operatório (1,4 ± 0,2) d, tempo de tratamento da infecção (1,5 ± 0,2) d, duração da internação (6,5 ± 0,3) d, níveis de TNF-α (2,1 ± 0,2) μg / L, IL-1 (6,3 ± 0,8) μg / L, IL-6 (2,8 ± 0,3) μg / L e a taxa de incidência de complicações (1,8 %) foram todos significativamente inferiores aos do grupo cirúrgico (p<0,05). CONCLUSÃO: No tratamento da coledocolitíase, a ERCP é excelente no controle do trauma, acelerando a duração da recuperação, reduzindo a ocorrência de complicações e melhorando as respostas inflamatórias. Assim, é uma escolha ideal para a coledocolitíase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-1/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Common Bile Duct/surgery , Choledocholithiasis/surgery , Postoperative Period , Treatment Outcome , Choledocholithiasis/blood , Choledocholithiasis/diagnostic imaging , Length of Stay , Middle Aged
18.
Rev. colomb. psiquiatr ; 47(3): 177-186, jul.-set. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-978319

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To highlight the inflammatory and immunological mechanisms involved in depression and psoriasis. Methods: A comprehensive literature search was performed in various databases, in total 145 studies were selected. Results: Depression and psoriasis have an association. Immune mechanisms -the actions of tumor necrosis factor-a, interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-2, IL-10, IL-22, IL-17, interferon-7, IL-1ß, prostaglandin E2, C-reactive protein, IL-6, and IL-8 etc.-, and some genetic changes are involved. Conclusions: A possible bidirectional relationship of psoriasis and major depression exists; i.e. the depression leads to psoriasis, and psoriasis leads to depression. We recommend more studies in the future to get a deeper and better understanding about this relationship.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Poner de relieve los mecanismos inflamatorios e inmunológicos involucrados en la depresión y la psoriasis. Métodos: Se realizó en varias bases de datos una búsqueda bibliográfica completa; en total se incluyeron 145 estudios. Resultados: Hay asociación entre depresión y psoriasis y están involucrados mecanismos inmunitarios -las acciones del factor de necrosis tumoral alfa, las interleucinas (IL) 1, 2, 10, 22 y 17, el interferón gamma, la IL-1ß, la prostaglandina E2, la proteína C reactiva, la IL-6 y la IL-8, etc. - y algunos cambios genéticos. Conclusiones: Hay una posible relación bidireccional entre psoriasis y depresión, es decir, la depresión lleva a psoriasis y la psoriasis lleva a depresión. Se recomiendan más estudios en el futuro para obtener una comprensión más profunda y mejor sobre esta relación.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biomarkers , Cytokines , Genetics , Protein C , Interferon-gamma , Interleukin-1 , Interleukin-2 , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , Depression , Immune System
19.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 44(4): 819-825, July-Aug. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954082

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Aims and Objectives: Polypropylene meshes have been increasingly adopted for correction of pelvic organ prolapse due to its lower recurrence rate when compared to surgeries without meshes. The study of the interaction of these materials with the host tissue may contribute to the development of materials with best biocompatibility and, consequently, less complication rates. Materials and Methods: The present study compares the inflammatory reaction of standard-weight (SW) and lightweight (LW) meshes (72 g/m216g/m2 respectively), implanted in the abdomen of 20 adult rats, which were euthanized in four or 30 days. Quantification of pro-inflammatory markers, IL-1 and TNF-α, and of metalloproteinases, MMP2 and MMP3, were carried out through immunohistochemistry with AxioVision® software. Results: There were no significant differences in the quantification of IL-1 and TNF-α in LW versus SW meshes. However, IL-1 quantification increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.0269). Also, MMP-2 quantification was similar to SW and LW and both presented a significant increase along time (30 days >4 days, p <0.0001). MMP-3 quantification also showed no difference between the SW and LW groups, but increased along time (30 days >4 days, p=0.02). Conclusions: Mesh's density did not influence the quantification of pro-inflammatory cytokines IL-1 and TNF-α and metalloproteinases 2 and 3. The increased expression of IL-1, MMP-2 and MMP-3 over time could represent a longstanding inflammatory response after PP mesh implantation. Possibly, the occurrence of adverse events following PP prosthetic implants can be influenced by other factors, not solely related to the amount of implanted material.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Polypropylenes/adverse effects , Surgical Mesh/adverse effects , Interleukin-1/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/analysis , Subcutaneous Tissue/pathology , Time Factors , Wound Healing , Biocompatible Materials/adverse effects , Materials Testing , Immunohistochemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Foreign-Body Reaction/chemically induced , Foreign-Body Reaction/pathology , Collagen/analysis , Abdominal Wall/pathology , Subcutaneous Tissue/drug effects
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(7): 556-564, July 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949368

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the effects of baicalin on inflammatory reaction, oxidative stress and protein kinase D1 (PKD1) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) protein expressions in severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) rats. Methods: Sixty rats were divided into sham operation, model, and low-, medium- and high-dose baicalin group. SAP model was established in later 4 groups. The later 3 groups were injected with 0.1, 0.2 and 0.4 ml/100 g 5% baicalin injection, respectively. At 12 h, the serum SAP related indexes and inflammatory factors, peripheral blood CD3 and γδT cell percentages, wet/dry ratio and pancreas ascites volume, oxidative stress indexes and PKD1 and NF-κB protein expressions in pancreatic tissue were determined. Results: Compared with model group, in high-dose baicalin group the wet/dry ratio and ascites volume, serum amylase level, phospholipase A2 activity, TNF-α, IL-1 and IL-6 levels, and pancreatic malondialdehyde level and PKD1 and NF-κB protein expression were significantly decreased (P < 0.05), and peripheral blood CD3 and γδT cell percentages and pancreatic superoxide dismutase and glutathione peroxidase levels were significantly increased (P < 0.05). Conclusion: Baicalin can resist the inflammatory reaction and oxidative stress, and down-regulate protein kinase D1 and nuclear factor-kappa B protein expressions, thus exerting the protective effects on severe acute pancreatitis in rats.


Subject(s)
Animals , Pancreatitis/drug therapy , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Protein Kinase C/metabolism , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal/pharmacology , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Pancreatitis/metabolism , Superoxide Dismutase/drug effects , Protein Kinase C/drug effects , Random Allocation , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Reproducibility of Results , NF-kappa B/drug effects , Interleukin-6/blood , Interleukin-1/blood , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , CD3 Complex/drug effects , CD3 Complex/blood , Glutathione Peroxidase/drug effects , Glutathione Peroxidase/metabolism , Amylases/drug effects , Amylases/blood , Malondialdehyde/metabolism
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