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1.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 78(5): 255-261, May 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131702

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Co-morbid diabetes and depression are prevalent chronic conditions negatively affecting quality of life (QoL). Inflammation has been considered as an integral mechanism in patients with both diabetes and depression. Objective: The aim of the present study was to investigate depression and its association with interleukins (IL)-1β and IL-9 in type 2 diabetic patients (T2DM) and controls. The QoL in diabetic patient was also assessed. Methods: Eighty subjects were included, distributed among three groups: Group 1 - Healthy controls; Group 2 - T2DM patients without depression; Group 3 - T2DM patients with depression. Depression and QoL were assessed using Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and The Audit of Diabetes-Dependent QoL (ADDQoL), respectively. IL-1β and IL-9 were measured in serum samples of all the patients using ELISA kit. Results: The PHQ score in the Group 3 was significantly higher as compared to Group 1. The ADDQoL scores in the Group 3 were significantly higher as compared to Group 2. Levels of IL-9 and IL-1β were elevated in Group 3, as compared to the other groups. Conclusion: This study showed positive association between depression and IL-1β, IL-9 in T2DM patients. Additionally, the diabetic patients have poorer quality of life, which is further worsened by the presence of depression. Thus, routine assessment for the presence of depression is suggested in T2DM patients.


RESUMO Introdução: O diabetes e a depressão comórbidas são condições crônicas prevalentes que afetam negativamente a qualidade de vida (QdV). A inflamação tem sido considerada como um mecanismo integral em pacientes com diabetes e depressão. Objetivo: Investigar a depressão e sua associação com interleucinas (IL)-1β e IL-9 em pacientes diabéticos tipo 2 (DM2) e controles. A QdV em diabéticos também foi avaliada. Métodos: Foram incluídos 80 indivíduos, divididos em três grupos: Grupo 1 - controles saudáveis; Grupo 2 - pacientes com DM2 sem depressão; Grupo 3 - pacientes com DM2 com depressão. A depressão e a QdV foram avaliadas usando o Questionário de Saúde do Paciente (Patient Health Questionnaire - PHQ-9) e a auditoria de QdV dependente de diabetes (Audit of Diabetes-Dependent Quality of Life - ADDQoL), respectivamente. IL-1β e IL-9 foram medidas em amostras de soro de todos os pacientes utilizando kit de ELISA. Resultados: O escore do PHQ no grupo 3 foi significativamente maior em comparação ao grupo 1. Os escores de ADDQoL no grupo 3 foram significativamente maiores em comparação ao grupo 2. Os níveis de IL-9 e IL-1β foram elevados no grupo 3, como em comparação com os outros grupos. Conclusão: Este estudo mostrou associação positiva entre depressão e IL-1β, IL-9 em pacientes com DM2. Além disso, os pacientes diabéticos têm pior QdV, o que é ainda piorado pela presença de depressão. Assim, a avaliação rotineira da presença de depressão é sugerida em pacientes com DM2.


Subject(s)
Humans , Interleukin-9 , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Quality of Life , Depression , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism
2.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(12): e9949, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132509

ABSTRACT

Acne is a kind of common, chronic skin condition caused by the inflammation of the sebaceous glands in hair follicles. Recent studies have demonstrated that baicalin (BA) possesses potential anti-inflammatory properties. In this study, we evaluated the anti-inflammatory activity of BA in vitro and in vivo. Heat-killed Propionibacterium acnes-induced THP-1 cells and live P. acnes-injected male Sprague Dawley rats were used for establishing the acne model. The rate of ear swelling was calculated, and the severity was determined by hematoxylin and eosin staining. The production of cytokines [interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF-α)] in the cell supernatant and ear tissue homogenates was measured by ELISA. Protein levels of JNK, ERK, P38, IκBα, P65, Nod-like receptor pyrin domain-containing 3 (NLRP3), pro-caspase-1, and IL-1β in THP-1 cells and ear tissues were detected by western blotting. NLRP3 and IL-1β were detected by immunohistochemistry, and the NLRP3, IL-1β and pro-caspase-1 mRNAs were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The results showed that BA decreased the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines in vitro and in vivo. Moreover, BA down-regulated the phosphorylation of JNK, ERK1/2, and κBα and inhibited the nuclear translocation of p65. Furthermore, BA inhibited the activation of NLRP3 inflammasome, at both the gene and protein levels. Taken together, the results demonstrated that BA might exert its anti-inflammatory activity by inhibiting NF-κB/MAPK signaling pathways and consequently suppressing the activation of the NLRP3 inflammasome both in vivo and in vitro.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Dermatitis/drug therapy , Inflammasomes , Propionibacterium acnes/metabolism , Flavonoids , Signal Transduction , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Inflammation/chemically induced , Inflammation/drug therapy
3.
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200033, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134805

ABSTRACT

Abstract Aim To evaluate the cytotoxicity, biocompatibility and mineralization capacity of BIO-C PULPO, and MTA. Methodology L929 fibroblasts were cultured and MTT assay was used to determine the material cytotoxicity on 6, 24, and 48 h. A total of 30 male rats (Wistar) aged between 4 and 6 months, weighing between 250 and 300 g were used. Polyethylene tubes containing BIO-C PULPO, MTA, and empty tubes were implanted into dorsal connective tissue. After the experimental periods (7, 15, 30, 60, and 90 days) the tubes were histologically analyzed using hematoxylin-eosin (H&E), immunolabeling of IL-1β and TNF-α, and von Kossa staining, or without staining for polarized light analysis. The average number of inflammatory cells was quantified; the mineralization assessment was determined by the area marked in μm2 and semiquantitative immunolabeling analyses of IL-1β and TNF-α were performed. Then, data underwent statistical analysis with a 5% significance level. Results It was observed that BIO-C PULPO and MTA presented cytocompatibility at 6, 24, and 48 similar or higher than control for all evaluated period. On periods 7 and 15 days, BIO-C PULPO was the material with the highest number of inflammatory cells (p<0.05). On periods 30, 60, and 90 days, BIO-C PULPO and MTA presented similar inflammatory reactions (p>0.05). No statistical differences were found between Control, BIO-C PULPO, and MTA for immunolabeling of IL-1β and TNF-α in the different periods of analysis (p<0.05). Positive von Kossa staining and birefringent structures under polarized light were observed in all analyzed periods in contact with both materials, but larger mineralization area was found with BIO-C PULPO on day 90 (p<0.05). Conclusion BIO-C PULPO was biocompatible and induced mineralization similar to MTA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Root Canal Filling Materials , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Dental Cements , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Biomineralization , Oxides , Biocompatible Materials , Rats, Wistar , Silicates , Calcium Compounds , Aluminum Compounds , Subcutaneous Tissue , Drug Combinations , Inflammation
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(9): e8525, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011614

ABSTRACT

Many compounds of ginsenosides show anti-inflammatory properties. However, their anti-inflammatory effects in intervertebral chondrocytes in the presence of inflammatory factors have never been shown. Increased levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines are generally associated with the degradation and death of chondrocytes; therefore, finding an effective and nontoxic substance that attenuates the inflammation is worthwhile. In this study, chondrocytes were isolated from the nucleus pulposus tissues, and the cells were treated with ginsenoside compounds and IL-1β, alone and in combination. Cell viability and death rate were assessed by CCK-8 and flow cytometry methods, respectively. PCR, western blot, and immunoprecipitation assays were performed to determine the mRNA and protein expression, and the interactions between proteins, respectively. Monomeric component of ginsenoside Rd had no toxicity at the tested range of concentrations. Furthermore, Rd suppressed the inflammatory response of chondrocytes to interleukin (IL)-1β by suppressing the increase in IL-1β, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-6, COX-2, and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression, and retarding IL-1β-induced degradation of chondrocytes by improving cell proliferation characteristics and expression of aggrecan and COL2A1. These protective effects of Rd were associated with ubiquitination of IL-1 receptor accessory protein (IL1RAP), blocking the stimulation of IL-1β to NF-κB. Bioinformatics analysis showed that NEDD4, CBL, CBLB, CBLC, and ITCH most likely target IL1RAP. Rd increased intracellular ITCH level and the amount of ITCH attaching to IL1RAP. Thus, IL1RAP ubiquitination promoted by Rd is likely to occur by up-regulation of ITCH. In summary, Rd inhibited IL-1β-induced inflammation and degradation of intervertebral disc chondrocytes by increasing IL1RAP ubiquitination.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Ginsenosides/pharmacology , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1 Receptor Accessory Protein/metabolism , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/metabolism , Dinoprostone/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Low Back Pain/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase/metabolism , Chondrocytes/cytology , Chondrocytes/metabolism , Ginsenosides/metabolism , Cyclooxygenase 2/metabolism , Aggrecans/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Ubiquitination , Nucleus Pulposus/cytology , Nucleus Pulposus/drug effects , Nucleus Pulposus/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900609, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019266

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose The research is intended for clarification of the efficacy as well as the underlying mechanism of GSK-3β inhibitors on the advancement of acute lung injuries in acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP) in rats. Methods Seventy-two rats were randomly divided into 6 groups: (1)ANP-vehicle; (2)ANP-TDZD-8;(3)ANP-SB216763;(4)Sham-vehicle;(5)Sham-TDZD-8;(6)Sham-SB216763; Blood biochemical test, histopathological examination and immunohistochemical analysis of rats pancreas and lung tissues were performed. The protein expression of GSK-3β, phospho-GSK-3β (Ser9), iNOS, ICAM-1, TNF-α, and IL-10 were detected in lung tissues by Western-blot. Results The outcomes revealed that the intervention of GSK-3β inhibitors alleviated the pathological damage of pancreas and lung (P<0.01), reduced serum amylase, lipase, hydrothorax and lung Wet-to-Dry Ratio, attenuated serum concentrations of IL-1β and IL-6 (P<0.01), inhibited the activation of NF-κB, and abated expression of iNOS, ICAM-1 and TNF-α protein, but up-regulated IL-10 expression in lung of ANP rats (P<0.01). The inflammatory response and various indicators in ANP-TDZD-8 groups were lower than those in ANP-SB216763 groups. Conclusions Inhibition of GSK-3β weakens acute lung injury related to ANP via the inhibitory function of NF-κB signaling pathway. Different kinds of GSK-3β inhibitors have different effects to ANP acute lung injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/complications , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 beta/antagonists & inhibitors , Phosphorylation , Immunohistochemistry , Signal Transduction , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/pathology , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Acute Lung Injury/metabolism , Acute Lung Injury/pathology
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 34(6): e201900604, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019261

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose In view of the principal role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in mediating sterile inflammatory response contributing to osteoarthritis (OA) pathogenesis, we used lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a known TLR4 activator, to clarify whether modulation of TLR4 contributed to the protective actions of intra-articular administration of curcumin in a classical rat OA model surgically induced by anterior cruciate ligament transection (ACLT). Methods The rats underwent ACLT and received 50μl of curcumin at the concentration of 1 mg mL-1 and 10 μg LPS by intra-articular injection once a week for 8 weeks. Morphological changes of the cartilage and synovial tissues were observed. Apoptotic chondrocytes were detected using TUNEL assay. The concentrations of IL-1β and TNF-ɑ in synovial fluid were determined using ELISA kits. The mRNA and protein expression levels of TLR4 and NF-κB p65 were detected by real-time PCR and Western blotting, respectively. Results Intra-articular administration of curcumin significantly improved articular cartilage injury, suppressed synovial inflammation and down-regulated the overexpression of TLR4 and its downstream NF-κB caused by LPS-induced TLR4 activation in rat osteoarthritic knees. Conclusion The data suggested that the inhibition of TLR4 signal might be an important mechanism underlying a protective effect of local curcumin administration on OA.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Osteoarthritis/prevention & control , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/surgery , Curcumin/pharmacology , Osteoarthritis/chemically induced , Osteoarthritis/metabolism , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Lipopolysaccharides , Blotting, Western , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Anterior Cruciate Ligament/pathology , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Lymphotoxin-alpha/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Toll-Like Receptor 4/drug effects , Toll-Like Receptor 4/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Injections, Intra-Arterial
7.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 483-490, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949354

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the effects of hypothermia treatment on meconium-induced inflammation. Methods: Fifteen rats were instilled with human meconium (MEC, 1.5 mL/kg, 65 mg/mL) intratracheally and ventilated for 3 hours. Eight rats that were ventilated and not instilled with meconium served as a sham group. In MEC-hypothermia group, the body temperature was lowered to 33±0.5°C. Analysis of the blood gases, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, IL-8, and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α in bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid samples, and histological analyses of the lungs were performed. Results: The BAL fluid TNF-α, IL-1β, IL-6 and IL-8 concentrations were significantly higher in the MEC-hypothermia group than in the MEC-normothermia (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p = 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively) and sham-controlled groups (p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, p < 0.001, respectively). Conclusion: Meconium-induced inflammatory cytokine production is affected by the body temperature control.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Pneumonia/pathology , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome/pathology , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome/therapy , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Pneumonia/metabolism , Pneumonia/therapy , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid/chemistry , Meconium Aspiration Syndrome/metabolism , Reproducibility of Results , Interleukin-8/metabolism , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Luminescent Measurements/methods , Lung/pathology
8.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 51(9): e7602, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-951757

ABSTRACT

The NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is the most frequently studied in the central nervous system and has been linked to neuropathic pain. In this study, a post-translational mechanism of microRNA (miR)-186 via regulating the expression of NLRP3 in the complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA)-treated mice was investigated. The injection of CFA was used to induce trigeminal neuropathic pain in mice. miRs microarray chip assay was performed in trigeminal ganglions (TGs). CFA treatment significantly increased the mRNA expression of NLRP3, interleukin (IL)-1β, and IL-18 in TGs compared to the control group. Moreover, 26 miRs were differentially expressed in TGs from trigeminal neuropathic pain mice, and the expression of miR-186 showed the lowest level of all the miRs. Further examination revealed that NLRP3 was a candidate target gene of miR-186. We delivered miR-186 mimics to CFA-treated mice. The head withdrawal thresholds of the CFA-treated mice were significantly increased by miR-186 mimics injection compared with CFA single treatment. The mRNA and protein expression of NLRP3, IL-1β, and IL-18 in TGs from trigeminal neuropathic pain mice were significantly inhibited by miR-186 mimics treatment compared to the CFA group. miR-186 was able to suppress the neuropathic pain via regulating the NLRP3 inflammasome signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Trigeminal Neuralgia/drug therapy , MicroRNAs/pharmacology , Inflammasomes/physiology , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/metabolism , Reference Values , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Random Allocation , Freund's Adjuvant , Blotting, Western , Interleukin-18/analysis , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Microarray Analysis , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Genetic Association Studies , Inflammasomes/analysis , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein/analysis , Luciferases , Mice, Inbred C57BL
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 32(1): 28-37, Jan. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-837666

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate whether modulating NRG1 could attenuate diabetic neuropathic pain and analyze the underlying mechanism. Methods: Male SD rats were randomly divided into control group, diabetic group, NRG1 intervention group. After STZ-induced 2 weeks, NRG1 intervention daily for consecutive 7 days. 4 weeks after NRG1 intervention, both the mechanical withdrawal threshold and the morphological changes of the dorsal root ganglion and sural nerve were observed. Meanwhile, the expression of NGF, IL-1β, TNF-α in spinal cord were determined. Results: Compared with the diabetic group, NRG1 treatment improved the mechanical withdrawal threshold in diabetic rats, pathological changes of dorsal root ganglion and sural nerve were alleviated by NRG1 treatment with electron microscopy imagine. Moreover, compared with the control group, the expression of NGF was significantly decreased and the production of IL-1β, TNF-α were markedly induced in diabetic group. Furthermore, NRG1 treatment could normalized the above effect as compared to diabetic group. Conclusion: NRG1 exerted positive effects on the behavioral and pathological changes of rats with STZ-induced diabetic neuropathic pain, the underlying mechanism might be related to the promotion of NGF excretion and the inhibition of inflammatory cytokines excretion.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Neuregulin-1/therapeutic use , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/drug therapy , Diabetic Neuropathies/drug therapy , Neuralgia/drug therapy , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Random Allocation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Streptozocin , Nerve Growth Factor/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Neuralgia/etiology
10.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(4): e5714, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839285

ABSTRACT

Inflammation of cartilage is a primary symptom for knee-joint osteoarthritis. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are known to play an important role in the articular cartilage destruction related to osteoarthritis. Naringenin is a plant-derived flavonoid known for its anti-inflammatory properties. We studied the effect of naringenin on the transcriptional expression, secretion and enzymatic activity of MMP-3 in vivo in the murine monosodium iodoacetate (MIA) osteoarthritis model. The assessment of pain behavior was also performed in the MIA rats. The destruction of knee-joint tissues was analyzed microscopically. Moreover, the effect of naringenin was also studied in vitro in IL-1β activated articular chondrocytes. The transcriptional expression of MMP-3, MMP-1, MMP-13, thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS-4) and ADAMTS-5 was also studied in primary cultured chondrocytes of rats. Naringenin caused significant reduction in pain behavior and showed marked improvement in the tissue morphology of MIA rats. Moreover, a significant inhibition of MMP-3 expression in MIA rats was observed upon treatment with naringenin. In the in vitro tests, naringenin caused a significant reduction in the transcriptional expression, secretion and enzymatic activity of the studied degradative enzymes. The NF-κB pathway was also found to be inhibited upon treatment with naringenin in vitro. Overall, the study suggests that naringenin alleviated pain and regulated the production of matrix-metalloproteinases via regulation of NF-κB pathway. Thus, naringenin could be a potent therapeutic option for the treatment of osteoarthritis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Arthralgia/enzymology , Chondrocytes/enzymology , Flavanones/pharmacology , Knee Joint/enzymology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/biosynthesis , Osteoarthritis, Knee/enzymology , Arthralgia/drug therapy , Blotting, Western , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression , Interleukin-1beta/analysis , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Knee Joint/pathology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 3/analysis , NF-kappa B/analysis , NF-kappa B/drug effects , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/analysis , NF-KappaB Inhibitor alpha/drug effects , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Osteoarthritis, Knee/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Time Factors , Treatment Outcome
11.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 31: e63, 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-952122

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study was conducted to investigate the roles of different Toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling in Porphyromonas gingivalis (P. gingivalis)-induced and ligature-induced experimental periodontal bone resorption in mice. Wild-type (WT), TLR2 knockout (KO), TLR4KO, and TLR2&4 KO mice with C57/BL6 background were divided into three groups: control, P. gingivalis infection, and ligation. Live P. gingivalis or silk ligatures were placed in the sulcus around maxillary second molars over a 2-week period. Images were captured by digital stereomicroscopy, and the bone resorption area was measured with ImageJ software. The protein expression level of gingival RANKL was measured by ELISA. The gingival mRNA levels of RANKL, IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-10 were detected by RT-qPCR. The results showed that P. gingivalis induced significant periodontal bone resorption in WT mice and TLR2 KO mice but not in TLR4 KO mice or TLR2&4 KO mice. For all four types of mice, ligation induced significant bone loss compared with that in control groups, and this bone loss was significantly higher than that in the P. gingivalis infection group. RANKL protein expression was significantly increased in the ligation group compared with that in the control group for all four types of mice, and in the P. gingivalis infection group of WT, TLR2 KO, and TLR4 KO mice. Expression patterns of RANKL, IL-1β, TNF-α, and IL-10 mRNA were different in the P. gingivalis infection group and the ligation group in different types of mice. In summary, P. gingivalis-induced periodontal bone resorption is TLR4-dependent, whereas ligation-induced periodontal bone resorption is neither TLR2- nor TLR4-dependent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Periodontitis/microbiology , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Porphyromonas gingivalis/pathogenicity , Disease Models, Animal , Toll-Like Receptor 2/physiology , Toll-Like Receptor 2/genetics , Toll-Like Receptor 4/physiology , Time Factors , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Reproducibility of Results , Alveolar Bone Loss/microbiology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Mice, Knockout , Toll-Like Receptor 2/analysis , Toll-Like Receptor 4/analysis , Toll-Like Receptor 4/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Ligation , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL
12.
Biol. Res ; 50: 42, 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950888

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fresh frozen plasma (FFP) administration may increase the risk of nosocomial infections in parallel with the development of immune modulation. This could be driven by soluble mediators, possibly influencing the in vitro activation of human U937 monocyte cells, in a manner dependent on the age of the donors. METHODS: FFP donors were stratified into groups of 19-30 years, 31-40 years or 41-50 years, and U937 cells were cultured with FFP (alone or plus lipopolysaccharide-LPS) for 24 h. Both in FFP and supernatants, TNF, IL-1ß, IL-6, and IL-10 levels were measured by ELISA. Additionally, CD11B, TLR2, and CASP3 gene expression were measured by qtPCR in U937 cells. Total phagocytic activity was also assayed. RESULTS: Elevated IL-10, but low TNF and IL-1ß levels were measured in FFP from individuals aged 19-40 years, whereas in individuals aged 41-50 years FFP were characterized by equalized TNF and IL-10 levels. Elevated IL-6 levels were found in all FFP samples, especially in those from the oldest individuals. FFP stimulation was associated with striking modifications in cytokine production in an age-dependent way. Exposure to FFP attenuates the response to LPS. TLR2 and CD11B expression were enhanced regardless of the age of plasma donors, although CASP3 expression was increased only when FFP from individuals aged 19-40 years were tested. Phagocytosis decreased after exposure to FFP regardless of donor age. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that soluble mediators in FFP may modulate the functioning of monocytes. Interestingly, this effect appears to be partially influenced by the age of donors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Plasma/immunology , Blood Donors , Monocytes/immunology , Cytokines/immunology , U937 Cells/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Monocytes/physiology , Age Factors , Interleukin-6/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism
13.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 49(9): e5287, 2016. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-788941

ABSTRACT

Inflammation plays a pivotal role in ischemic stroke, when activated microglia release excessive pro-inflammatory mediators. The inhibition of integrin αvβ3 improves outcomes in rat focal cerebral ischemia models. However, the mechanisms by which microglia are neuroprotective remain unclear. This study evaluated whether post-ischemic treatment with another integrin αvβ3 inhibitor, the cyclic arginine-glycine-aspartic acid (RGD) peptide-cGRGDdvc (LXW7), alleviates cerebral ischemic injury. The anti-inflammatory effect of LXW7 in activated microglia within rat focal cerebral ischemia models was examined. A total of 108 Sprague-Dawley rats (250–280 g) were subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). After 2 h, the rats were given an intravenous injection of LXW7 (100 μg/kg) or phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Neurological scores, infarct volumes, brain water content (BWC) and histology alterations were determined. The expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines [tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1β)], and Iba1-positive activated microglia, within peri-ischemic brain tissue, were assessed with ELISA, western blot and immunofluorescence staining. Infarct volumes and BWC were significantly lower in LXW7-treated rats compared to those in the MCAO + PBS (control) group. The LXW7 treatment lowered the expression of pro-inflammatory cytokines. There was a reduction of Iba1-positive activated microglia, and the TNF-α and IL-1β expressions were attenuated. However, there was no difference in the Zea Longa scores between the ischemia and LXW7 groups. The results suggest that LXW7 protected against focal cerebral ischemia and attenuated inflammation in activated microglia. LXW7 may be neuroprotective during acute MCAO-induced brain damage and microglia-related neurodegenerative diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Brain Ischemia/drug therapy , Infarction, Middle Cerebral Artery/complications , Inflammation/drug therapy , Neuroprotective Agents/therapeutic use , Peptides, Cyclic/therapeutic use , Brain Ischemia/etiology , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Microglia/drug effects , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 30(7): 445-451, 07/2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-754978

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate whether topical renal hypothermia (TRH) at different levels of temperature has protective effects on lung tissue after renal I/R, through an analysis of organ histology and inflammatory markers in lung tissue. METHODS: Twenty-eight male Wistar rats were randomly allocated across four groups and subjected to renal ischemia at different levels of topical renal temperature: normothermia (no cooling, 37°C), mild hypothermia (26°C), moderate hypothermia (15°C), and deep hypothermia (4°C). To induce I/R, the vessels supplying the left kidney of each animal were clamped for 40 minutes, followed by reperfusion. After four hours, another procedure was performed to harvest the tissues of interest. TNF-α, IL-1β and myeloperoxidase activity were measured in lung tissue. Histological analysis was performed in hematoxylin and eosin-stained lung specimens. RESULTS: Induction of renal I/R under deep topical hypothermia resulted in a significant decrease in lung concentrations of TNF-α compared with normothermic I/R (p<0.05). A trend toward significant correlation was found between lung IL-1β concentration and intensity of hypothermia (Spearman r=−0.37; p=0.055). No difference was found in myeloperoxidase activity or histologic injury between groups. CONCLUSION: Topical renal hypothermia reduces activation of the inflammatory cascade in the lung parenchyma. However, tissue-protective effects were not observed. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Hypothermia, Induced/methods , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Kidney/blood supply , Lung/blood supply , Peroxidase/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Cold Temperature , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Kidney/pathology , Lung/pathology , Random Allocation , Rats, Wistar , Reproducibility of Results , Reperfusion Injury/etiology , Time Factors
15.
Biol. Res ; 48: 1-8, 2015. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950773

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Various health benefits have been attributed to Er-Miao-San (EMS), a traditional Chinese herbal formulation that contains equal amounts of cortex phellodendri (Phellodendron amurense Ruprecht) and rhizoma atractylodis (Atractylodes lancea D.C). However, its effect on the anti-inflammatory activity in human dermal fibroblasts (HDFs) and the mechanism underlying this effect are unknown. RESULTS: This study investigated the effects of EMS on TNF-α-induced MMP-1 expression in HDFs. Our data show that EMS inhibited TNF-α-induced MMP-1 expression in a concentration-dependent manner. Interestingly, EMS maintained IkB content without inhibiting the phosphorylation of MAPKs, which are well-established upstream kinases of NF-kB. Moreover, EMS reduced the level of nuclear p65 protein in HDFs. Luciferase assay revealed that EMS inhibits the transcriptional activity of NF-kBbystabilizing IkB. Our results show that EMS exerts its anti-inflammatory effect by inhibiting NF-kB-regulated genes such as IL-1ß and IL-8. Moreover, EMS effectively inhibited TNF-α-induced expression of MMP-1 via the NF-kBpathway. CONCLUSIONS: Taken together, our data suggest that EMS could potentially be used as an anti-inflammatory and anti-aging treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aging/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Dermis/cytology , Matrix Metalloproteinase 1/biosynthesis , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Signal Transduction/drug effects , Cell Line , Cell Survival/drug effects , Enzyme Induction/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation/drug effects , Interleukin-8/drug effects , Interleukin-8/metabolism , NF-kappa B/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Fibroblasts/enzymology , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/administration & dosage
16.
Acta cir. bras ; 29(12): 787-793, 12/2014. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731031

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To study the anti-inflammatory actions of electroacupuncture (EAc) on an experimental colitis model in mice. METHODS: Thirty-eight male Swiss mice, divided in five groups, were subjected to induction of colitis by TNBS in 50% ethanol. Saline (SAL) and ethanol (ETNL) groups served as controls. TNBS+EAc and TNBS+ dexamethasone subgroups were treated with EAc 100Hz and dexamethasone (DEXA) 1 mg/Kg/day, respectively. After three days, a colon segment was obtained for quantification of myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, immunohistochemistry for iNOS, malondialdehyde (MDA) and cytokines (IL-1β and IL-10). RESULTS: Neutrophilic activity, assayed as MPO activity, was significantly higher in the TNBS colitis group than that in the saline control group. TNBS+EAc group showed suppression of IL-10 in the colon. EAc treatment significantly reduced the concentration of MDA and the expression of iNOS, as compared to the other groups. CONCLUSION: Electroacupuncture 100Hz applied to acupoint ST-36 promotes an anti-inflammatory action on the TNBS-induced colitis, mediated by increase of IL-10 and decrease of iNOS expression. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/therapeutic use , Colitis/therapy , Electroacupuncture/methods , /metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/metabolism , Peroxidase/metabolism , Acupuncture Points , Colitis/chemically induced , Colon/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/drug therapy , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases/therapy , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Malondialdehyde/metabolism , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II/antagonists & inhibitors , Random Allocation , Trinitrobenzenesulfonic Acid
17.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 90(5): 493-499, Sep-Oct/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-723171

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect of erythromycin on hyperoxia-induced lung injury. Methods: One-day-old preterm offspring Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups: group 1, air + sodium chloride; group 2, air + erythromycin;group 3, hyperoxia + sodium chloride; and group 4, hyperoxia + erythromycin. At one, seven, and 14 days of exposure, glutathione (GSH) and interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) were detected by double-antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and bicinchoninic acid (BCA) was used to detect GSH protein. γ-glutamine-cysteine synthetase (γ-GCS) mRNA was detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Results: Compared with group 1, expressions of GSH and γ-GCS mRNA in group 3 were significantly increased at one and seven days of exposure (p < 0.05), but expression of γ-GCS mRNA was significantly reduced at 14 days; expression of IL-1 beta in group 3 was significantly increased at seven days of exposure (p < 0.05), and was significantly reduced at 14 days. Compared with group 3, expressions of GSH and γ-GCS mRNA in group 4 were significantly increased at one, seven, and 14 days of exposure (p < 0.05), but expressions of GSH showed a downward trend at 14 days; expression of IL-1 beta in group 4 was significantly reduced at one and seven days of exposure (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Changes in oxidant-mediated IL-1 beta and GSH are involved in the development of hyperoxia-induced lung injury. Erythromycin may up-regulate the activity of γ-GCS, increasing the expression of GSH, inhibiting the levels of oxidant-mediated IL-1 beta and alleviating hyperoxia-induced lung injury via an antioxidant effect. .


Objetivo: Explorar o efeito da eritromicina sobre lesões pulmonares induzidas por hiperóxia. Métodos: Uma prole de ratos Sprague-Dawley (SD) prematuros com um dia de vida foi dividida aleatoriamente em quatro grupos: grupo 1 ar + cloreto de sódio, grupo 2 ar + eritromicina, grupo 3 hiperóxia + cloreto de sódio e grupo 4 hiperóxia + eritromicina. Com um, sete e 14 dias de exposição, foram detectadas Glutationa (GSH) e Interleucina-1 beta (IL-1 beta) pelo ensaio imunossorvente ligado à enzima (ELISA), e o ácido bicinconinico (BCA) foi utilizado para detectar a proteína GSH. O mRNA da γ-glutamil-cisteina-sintetase (γ-GCS) foi detectado por reação em cadeia da polimerase via transcriptase reversa (RT-PCR). Resultados: Comparadas ao grupo 1, as expressões do mRNA da GSH e da γ-GCS no grupo 3 aumentaram significativamente com um e sete dias de exposição (p < 0,05), porém a expressão de mRNA da γ-GCS diminuiu significativamente aos 14 dias; a expressão de IL-1 beta no grupo 3 aumentou significativamente aos 7 dias de exposição (p < 0,05) e diminuiu significativamente aos 14 dias. Comparadas ao grupo 3, as expressões do mRNA da GSH e da γ-GCS no grupo 4 aumentaram significativamente com um, sete e 14 dias de exposição (p < 0,05), porém as expressões de GSH mostraram uma tendência de queda aos 14 dias; a expressão de IL-1 beta no grupo 4 foi reduzida significativamente com um e sete dias de exposição (p < 0,05). Conclusões: As variações de IL-1 beta e GSH mediadas por oxidantes estão envolvidas no desenvolvimento de lesão pulmonar induzida por hiperóxia. A eritromicina poderá regular positivamente a atividade da γ-GCS, aumentando a expressão de GSH, inibindo os níveis de interleucina-1beta mediada por ...


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Erythromycin/pharmacology , Glutamate-Cysteine Ligase/drug effects , Hyperoxia/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/drug effects , Lung/drug effects , Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/pharmacology , Animals, Newborn , Disease Models, Animal , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Glutathione/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Lung Injury/metabolism , Oxygen/metabolism , Oxygen/pharmacology , Protein Synthesis Inhibitors/metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108336

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: SKI306X, a mixed extract of three herbs, Clematis mandshurica (CM), Prunella vulgaris (PV), and Trichosanthes kirilowii (TK), is chondroprotective in animal models of osteoarthritis (OA). The objectives of this study were to investigate its effect on interleukin (IL)-1beta-induced degradation of glycosaminoglycan (GAG) and the basis of its action in human OA cartilage, as well as to screen for the presence of inhibitors of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-13 and a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin motifs (ADAMTS)-4 in SKI306X and its component herbs, as well as in fractions from SKI306X. METHODS: Human OA chondrocytes and cartilage explants were obtained during total knee replacements and incubated with IL-1beta +/- oncostatin M with or without SKI306X or its component herb extracts. GAG degradation was assayed in cartilage explants using a commercial kit. Expression of genes involved in cartilage destruction was measured by real-time polymerase chain reaction using chondrocyte RNA. SKI306X was fractionated by preparative liquid chromatography to test for the presence of inhibitors of MMP-13 and ADAMTS-4. RESULTS: SKI306X and PV inhibited IL-1beta-induced GAG release from cartilage explants, and SKI306X, CM, PV, and TK inhibited IL-1beta-induced MMP gene expression. Unexpectedly, SKI306X greatly stimulated IL-1beta + oncostatin M-induced ADAMTS-4 gene expression, probably due to its TK component. Some fractions of SKI306X also inhibited ADAMTS-4 activity. CONCLUSIONS: SKI306X and its herbal components inhibit GAG degradation and catabolic gene expression in human OA chondrocytes and cartilage explants. SKI306X likely also contains one or more ADAMTS-4 inhibitor.


Subject(s)
ADAM Proteins/antagonists & inhibitors , Cartilage, Articular/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Chondrocytes/drug effects , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Glycosaminoglycans/metabolism , Humans , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 13/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Oncostatin M/metabolism , Osteoarthritis, Knee/drug therapy , Procollagen N-Endopeptidase/antagonists & inhibitors
19.
Indian J Exp Biol ; 2013 Apr; 51(4): 292-302
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147595

ABSTRACT

A significant increase in serum lipase, amylase, capase-1 and myeloperoxidase activities, oxidative stress index (OSI), IL-1β and IL-18 was observed in rats receiving ethanol (EtOH) and high fat diet (HFD). Thymoquinone (TQ) supplementation along with EtOH and HFD significantly decreased the levels of serum lipase, amylase, capase-1, myeloperoxidase, OSI and maintained the antioxidant status when compared to untreated EtOH and HFD fed rats. Among the 4 doses, 100 mg of TQ/kg body weight was found to provide optimum protective effect on pancreas against EtOH and HFD induced abnormal changes. Histological observations added more evidence for the anti-inflammatory effect of TQ.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antioxidants/metabolism , Benzoquinones/pharmacology , Body Weight , Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Ethanol/adverse effects , Glutathione/metabolism , Inflammation , Interleukin-18/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Lipase/blood , Lipid Peroxides/chemistry , Male , Oxidative Stress , Pancreatitis, Chronic/chemically induced , Pancreatitis, Chronic/drug therapy , Peroxidase/metabolism , Rats , Rats, Wistar
20.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 39(2): 276-285, Mar-Apr/2013. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-676272

ABSTRACT

Purpose Evidence shows that adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is involved in the transmission of multiple chronic pain via P2X7 receptor. This study was to investigate the P2X7 and microglial cells in the chronic prostatitis pain. Materials and Methods Rats were divided into control group and chronic prostatitis group (n = 24 per group). A chronic prostatitis animal model was established by injecting complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) to the prostate of rats, and the thermal withdrawal latency (TWL) was detected on days 0, 4, 12 and 24 (n = 6 at each time point in each group). Animals were sacrificed and the pathological examination of the prostate, detection of mRNA expression of P2X7 and ionized calcium binding adaptor molecule 1 (IBA-1) and measurement of content of tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in the dorsal horn of L5-S2 spinal cord were performed on days 0, 4, 12 and 24. In addition, the content of TNF-α and IL-1β in the dorsal horn of L5-S2 spinal cord was measured after intrathecal injection of inhibitors of microglial cells and/or P2X7 for 5 days. Results The chronic prostatitis was confirmed by pathological examination. The expression of P2X7 and IBA-1 and the content of TNF-α and IL-1β in rats with chronic prostatitis were significantly higher than those in the control group. On day 4, the expressions of pro-inflammatory cytokines became to increase, reaching a maximal level on day 12 and started to reduce on day 24, but remained higher than that in the control group. Following suppression of microglial cells and P2X7 receptor, the secretion of TNF-α and IL-1β was markedly reduced. Conclusion In chronic prostatitis pain, the microglial cells and P2X7 receptor are activated resulting in the increased expression of TNF-α and IL-1β in the L5-S2 spinal cord, which might attribute to the maintenance and intensification of pain in chronic prostatitis. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Microglia/cytology , Microglia/metabolism , Prostate/metabolism , Prostatitis/metabolism , /physiology , Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism , Calcium-Binding Proteins/metabolism , Chronic Pain/metabolism , Interleukin-1beta/metabolism , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Pain Measurement , Prostate/pathology , Prostatitis/pathology , Random Allocation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/analysis , Spinal Cord/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
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