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1.
Actual. osteol ; 18(2): 60-74, oct. 2022. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1437640

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los GOS son prebióticos naturales presentes en la leche materna que pue-den obtenerse enzimáticamente a partir de la lactosa de leche de vaca durante la fabricación de yogur. El producto lácteo resultante será reducido en lactosa y contendrá prebióticos y bacterias potencialmente probióticas. Sin embargo, mantendrá la baja relación Ca/Pi que aporta la leche de vaca, lo que podría alterar el remodelamiento óseo y la mineralización. Objetivo: comparar si un yogur reducido en lactosa que contiene GOS (YE) ofrece ventajas adicionales respecto de un yogur regular sin GOS (YR) sobre las absorciones (Abs) de Ca y Pi, retención y calidad ósea durante el crecimiento normal. Al destete, ratas machos fueron divididas en 3 grupos alimentados con AIN ́93-G (C), YE o YR durante 28 días. Resultados: YE mostró el mayor aumento de lactobacilos fecales; producción de ácidos grasos de cadena corta especialmente p, profundidad de las criptas colónicas y menor pH cecal. El %AbsCa y %AbsPi aumentó en el siguiente órden: YE> YR> C (p < 0,05). El contenido de Ca y Pi en fémur, la densidad y contenido mineral óseos y los parámetros biomecánicos fueron similares en YE y C, mientras que YR mostró valores significativa-mente menores (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: YE aumentó las Abs y biodisponibilidad de minerales, alcanzando la retención y calidad ósea de C. El aumento en las Abs observado en YR no logró obtener la retención y calidad ósea de C. Conclusión: YE habría contrarrestado el efecto negativo del mayor aporte de Pi de la leche de vaca y sería una buena estrategia para lograr el pico de masa ósea y calidad del hueso adecuados, especialmente en individuos intolerantes a la lactosa. (AU)


Breast milk contains an optimal calcium/phosphate (Ca/Pi) ratio and GOS. These natural prebiotics can be enzymatically produced via cow's milk lactose inyogurt manufacture. This milk product is low in lactose and contains prebiotics and potentially probiotic bacteria but maintains a low Ca/Pi ratio that could alter bone remodeling and mineralization. We evaluated if a lactose-reduced yogurt containing GOS (YE) offers additional advantages over regular yogurt without GOS (YR) on Ca and Pi absorption (Abs), bone retention and quality during normal growth. Weaning male rats were divided into 3 groups fed AIN'93-G (C), YE or YR for 28 days. Results: YE showed the highest increase in fecal lactobacilli; short-chain fatty acids production, especially propionate and butyrate; intestine crypt depth, and the lowest cecal pH. AbsCa% and AbsPi% increased in this order: YE> YR> C (p <0.05). Ca and Pi content in femur, bone density and mineral content, and biomechanical parameters were similar in YE and C, while YR showed the significantly lowest value (p < 0.05). Conclusions: YE increased mineral Abs reaching the retention and bone quality of C. Although YR increased Abs, bone retention and quality did not achieve C values. Seemingly, YE compensated for the negative effect of the higher Pi supply and would be a good strategy to achieve adequate peak bone mass and bone quality, especially in lactose intolerant individuals. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Oligosaccharides/metabolism , Osteogenesis/physiology , Calcium, Dietary/pharmacokinetics , Phosphorus, Dietary/pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption/physiology , Lactose/metabolism , Magnesium/pharmacokinetics , Tibia/anatomy & histology , Yogurt/analysis , Calcium, Dietary/metabolism , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Phosphorus, Dietary/metabolism , beta-Galactosidase/chemical synthesis , Rats, Wistar , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/isolation & purification , Femur/anatomy & histology , Intestine, Large/anatomy & histology , Magnesium/metabolism , Nutritive Value
2.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 95-102, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927915

ABSTRACT

In this experiment, Panax notoginseng saponins chitosan nanoparticles(PNS-NPs) were prepared by self-assembly and their appearance, particle size, encapsulation efficiency, drug loading, polydispersity index(PDI), Zeta potential, and microstructure were characterized. The prepared PNS-NPs were intact in structure, with an average particle size of(209±0.258) nm, encapsulation efficiency of 42.34%±0.28%, a drug loading of 37.63%±0.85%, and a Zeta potential of(39.8±3.122) mV. The intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs in rats was further studied. The established HPLC method of PNS was employed to investigate the effects of pH, perfusion rate, and different drugs(PNS raw materials, Xuesaitong Capsules, and PNS-NPs). The absorption rate constant(K_a) and apparent permeability coefficient(P_(app)) in the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and colon were calculated and analyzed. As illustrated by the results, the intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs was increased in the perfusion solution at pH 6.8(P<0.05), and perfusion rate had no significant effect on the K_a and P_(app) of PNS-NPs. The intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs was significantly different from that of PNS raw materials and Xuesaitong Capsules(P<0.05), and the intestinal absorption of PNS-NPs was significantly improved.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chitosan/pharmacology , Intestinal Absorption , Nanoparticles , Panax notoginseng/chemistry , Saponins/pharmacology
3.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 6271-6277, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921785

ABSTRACT

The present study investigated the differences in pharmacokinetics and intestinal absorption of six alkaloids in Sanmiao Pills and Simiao Pills in rats and explored the different efficacies of the two formulae. After oral administration of Sanmiao Pills and Simiao Pills in rats, blood samples were collected at different time points. Samples were prepared for the determination of six alkaloids in plasma by UPLC-MS/MS. The chromatography was performed on an ACE Excel 3 C_(18 )column with acetonitrile-0.1% formic acid in water as the mobile phase for gradient elution. Analytes were detected in the positive ion mode. Plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated. Intestinal absorption of alkaloids was investigated by single-pass intestinal perfusion and absorption parameters of ingredients were calculated. The results showed that the UPLC-MS/MS method for simultaneous determination of concentrations of six alkaloids in plasma was developed and validated by methodological investigations, such as specificity, calibration curves, precision, accuracy, recovery, matrix effect, and stability. The results of the pharmacokinetic assay revealed that C_(max) and AUC values of phellodendrine, berberine, magnoflorine, berberrubine, and jatrorrhizine in Simiao Pills were significantly increased, and CL/F values were reduced as compared with those in Sanmiao Pills, which indicated the increase in plasma concentrations of alkaloids. The intestinal absorption parameters K_(a )and P_(eff) values of phellodendrine, berberine, and jatrorrhizine in Simiao Pills were higher than those in Sanmiao Pills. The intestinal absorption and plasma concentrations of alkaloids in Simiao Pills were significantly higher than those in Sanmiao Pills, suggesting that the composition of Simiao Pills was more conducive to the alkaloids into the blood to resist inflammation and lower uric acid.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Alkaloids , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Chromatography, Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Intestinal Absorption , Reproducibility of Results , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
4.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2190-2196, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879177

ABSTRACT

To study the effect of self-assembled nanoparticles from Shaoyao Gancao Decoction(SGD-SAN) on the encapsulation, in vitro release and intestinal absorption of the main components of Baishao. Particle size analysis and morphological observation were used to verify the formation of SGD-SAN in the decoction. The entrapment efficiency(EE) of SGD-SAN on the main components of Baishao was determined by ultrafiltration centrifugation. The dialysis bag method was used to study the in vitro release of the main components of Baishao with pH 6.8 phosphate buffer solution as the release media. Single-pass intestinal perfusion study was performed to investigate the effect of SGD-SAN on the absorption of the main components of Baishao. The results showed that there were nanoparticles in the SGD, and the particle sizes and PDI of SGD-SAN were about 200 nm and 0.38, respectively. SGD-SAN was irregularly spherical under transmission electron microscope(TEM). The EEs of albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin in SGD-SAN were 33.78%±1.03%,33.61%±0.90%,88.53%±0.58%, respectively. The release characteristics of albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin from SGD-SAN showed a slow-release effect on pH 6.8 phosphate buffer solution media. SGD-SAN could significantly enhance the absorption of albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin in the ileum. The results of this study indicated that SAN could be formed during the mixed decoction of Baishao and Gancao, and SGD-SAN could encapsulate the components of Baishao, with a certain slow-release effect, and the formation of SAN facilitated the absorption of drugs in the ileum.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Nanoparticles
5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2094-2103, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879135

ABSTRACT

The absorption is the key to the resulted efficacy of orally administered drugs and the small intestine is the main site to absorb the orally administered drug. In this paper, internationally recognized human colon adenocarcinoma cell line(Caco-2) monola-yer model which can simulate small intestinal epithelial cell was used to comparatively study the absorption and transportation diffe-rences of total coumarins and main individual coumarin in Angelica dahurica 'Yubaizhi' by separately using 6-and 12-well plates. It was found that apparent permeability coefficient(P_(app)) values of oxypeucedanin hydrate, byakangelicin and phellopterin were at the quantitative degree of 1 × 10~(-5) cm·s~(-1) when the individual administration was conducted independently, indicating that they were well-absorbed compounds. P_(app) ratio of their bi-directional transportation was close to 1, indicating that they can be absorbed across Caco-2 monolayer by passive diffusion mechanism without carrier mediation during the transportation. The similar trend of transportation was also observed for imperatorin, isoimperatorin and bergapten. The P_(app) values of oxypeucedanin hydrate, byakangelicin and bergapten were at quantitative degree of 1 × 10~(-5) cm·s~(-1) when the administration of total coumarins in Angelica dahurica 'Yubaizhi' was conducted, indicating that they were well-absorbed compounds. The results were consistent with those of independent administration of individual coumarins. Whereas, the P_(app) values of imperatorin, phellopterin and isoimperatorin in the total coumarins decreased, indicating that the interaction between compounds may exist although the P_(app) value ratio of bi-directional transportation was between 0.5 and 1.5. The results laid the foundation for intestinal absorption study of Angelica dahurica 'Yubaizhi' coumarins in compound Chinese medicine.


Subject(s)
Humans , Angelica , Caco-2 Cells , Coumarins , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Intestinal Absorption , Plant Roots
6.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1490-1497, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879055

ABSTRACT

The rat everted intestinal sac model was adopted to investigate the absorption of total flavonoids from Coreopsis tinctoria in different intestinal segments. Cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, iso-okanin, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid which as the major chemical components of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria were selec-ted as the study objects to evaluate the absorption characteristics of each component in different intestinal segments. The results showed that the absorption of seven components of total flavonoids at different intestinal segments was in consistent with zero order absorption rate. The K_a of chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, isookanin and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid increased with increasing of concentration of total flavonoids(P<0.05), indicating that the intestinal absorption of these five components was passive transport. The K_a of cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside and marein showed a weak concentration dependence, suggesting that the absorption of them may be an positive and passive co-existing mode. The result of absorption in different intestinal segments showed that cyaniding-3-O-β-D-glucoside, chlorogenic acid, flavanomarein, quercetagetin-7-O-β-D-glucoside, marein and 3,5-dicaffeoylquinic acid were mainly absorbed in ileum, while isookanin was mainly absorbed in jejunum. The total flavonoids of C. tinctoria are selectively absorbed in intestinal tract, the rat everted intestinal sac model can be used to evaluate the multi-component intestinal absorption characteristics of total flavonoids from C. tinctoria.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chlorogenic Acid , Coreopsis , Flavonoids , Intestinal Absorption , Plant Extracts
7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 196-205, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878930

ABSTRACT

The present study is to investigate the absorption characteristics of the main components in Polygonum orientale extract in normal and isoproterenol-induced myocardial ischemia model rats with everted intestinal sac models. Intestinal sac fluid samples were collected in different part of intestine(duodenum, jejunum, ileum, colon) at different time after administration of different concentration of P. orientale extract(5.0,10.0, 20.0 mg·mL~(-1)). An UPLC-TQD method was employed for the determination of six components including orientin, isoorientin, vitexin, protocatechuic acid, kaempferol-3-O-β-D-glucoside and quercitrin in the intestinal sac samples. The absorption rate and cumulative absorption were calculated to analyze the intestinal absorption characteristics of six components in normal and myocardial ischemia model rats. The P-glycoprotein(P-gp) inhibitor was applied to investigate influence of intestinal absorption of six components in P. orientale extract. The results showed that the main absorption sites were concentrated on the duodenum at low concentration, while they were the colon at the medium concentration and the ileum at high concentration in control groups. In the condition of myocardial ischemia model, the main absorption sites focus on the ileum and jejunum at low concentration; the main absorption sites were in the ileum at the medium concentration and main absorption sites were the duodenum and ileum at high concentration. Compared with the normal group, the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of the six components significantly decreased in the model group. P-gp inhibitor markedly increased the absorption rate and cumulative absorption of six components in the model group, inferring that the 6 components may be the substrates of P-gp, and the mechanism needs further study. In this study, it is revealed that the six components of P. orientale extract can be absorbed into the intestinal sac, and it is an effective method to assess the intestinal absorption characteristics of P. orientale extract through everted intestinal sac model, providing data support for the clinical application and further development of P. orientale.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Isoproterenol , Myocardial Ischemia/chemically induced , Polygonum , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
8.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 67(3): 239-252, sep.-dic. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1251919

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Este trabajo describe los efectos del probiótico Saccharomyces cerevisiae sobre el área, número de criptas de Lieberkühn en duodeno y yeyuno, y producción de moco en ambas secciones intestinales de pollos de engorde. Fueron empleados los tejidos de un total de 27 individuos clasificados en un grupo control GC (n=12) y un grupo suplementado con probióticos GP (n=15). Los resultados revelaron que los grupos suplementados con el S. cerevisiae presentaron una mayor amplitud del área de las criptas en duodeno (p= 0,0119) y yeyuno (p= 0,0355), menor número de criptas por milímetro en duodeno (p= 0,0420) y mayor producción de moco en duodeno respecto al grupo control (p= 0,0185), mientras que en yeyuno no se observaron diferencias significativas. Se concluyó que el uso de Saccharomyces cerevisiae aumentó el tamaño del área de las criptas en ambas secciones intestinales y aumentó la producción de moco en duodeno; lo cual, al aumentar la superficie de absorción intestinal, seguramente podría resultar en mejoras de los parámetros productivos.


ABSTRACT This work describes the effects of the probiotic Saccharomyces cerevisiae on the area, number of Lieberkühn crypts in the duodenum and jejunum, and mucus production in both intestinal sections. Tissues from a total of 27 individuals were used, classified in control group - GC (n = 12) and group supplemented with probiotics - GP (n = 15). The results revealed that the group supplemented with S. cerevisiae presented a greater area of the crypts in the duodenum (p = 0.0119) and jejunum (p = 0.0355), less number of crypts per millimeter in the duodenum (p = 0.0420) and higher mucus production in the duodenum compared to the control group (p = 0.0185), while in the jejunum no significant differences were observed. It was concluded that the use of Saccharomyces cerevisiae increased the size of the crypt area in both intestinal sections and increased mucus production in the duodenum; which by increasing the intestinal absorption surface could surely result in improvements in the productive parameters.


Subject(s)
Saccharomyces , Tissues , Chickens , Probiotics , Intestine, Small , Periodic Acid-Schiff Reaction , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Duodenum , Photograph , Hematoxylin , Intestinal Absorption
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 179-187, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008454

ABSTRACT

This study is to study the absorption properties of different particle size of Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder in rats. In vivo circulation pass perfusion model combined with ultra high performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry(UPLC-MS/MS) method was used to determine the cumulative absorption of each component in different particle size of Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder, and the effect of different particle size, different concentrations, different intestine segments and bile on the intestine absorption of gastrodin and other compositions in Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder was investigated to illuminate the absorption properties and compare the absorption difference of gastrodin and other compositions in Gastrodiae Rhizoma powder in different particle size. The results showed that the absorption of gastrodin in each intestinal segment has no significant difference, pointing out that gastrodin may be passive absorption and the absorption of barrison glycosides may be active absorption; the absorption of gastrodin in ultrafine powder was better than that of common powder and superfine powder of Gastrodiae Rhizoma; the absorption of these barrison glycosides was good in ultrafine powder of Gastrodiae Rhizoma under the high concentration. However, an appropriate degree of superfine grinding can promote the absorption of active ingredients of Gastrodiae Rhizoma. This test can provide information for the deep development of Gastrodiae Rhizoma.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Gastrodia , Intestinal Absorption , Particle Size , Powders , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 169-178, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008453

ABSTRACT

The study aimed to compare the difference in intestinal absorption of the components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction between normal rats and those with large intestinal damp-heat syndrome in the pathological state, in order to explore the rational application of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in the treatment of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome. Puerarin, daidzin, liquiritin, scutellarin, baicalin, wogonoside, coptisine, jatrorrhizine, berberine and palmatine were used as the detection indexes in the in vitro everted gut sacs absorption experiment. The cumulative absorption amount(Q/μg) and the absorption rate(K_a) of each component in each intestine segment were calculated and compared. It was found that the absorption of each component in different intestinal segments were linear absorption, with R~2 greater than 0.9, which conformed to the zero-order absorption rate. There were differences between normal rats and model rats in the absorption of the components in Gegen Qinlian Decoction with the same concentration. Intestinal absorption of most components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction in the model of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome increased to some extent. The components of Gegen Qinlian Decoction with the concentration of 200 g·L~(-1) had the highest absorption in the jejunum of the model rats, and the absorption in the ileum, duodenum and colon successively decreased except daidzin and baicalin. In terms of the absorption rate constant, the absorption in the duodenum and jejunum were significantly increased(P<0.01) compared with normal rats, and the absorption in the ileum was significantly decreased(P<0.01) compared with normal rats. In addition, the absorption of puerarin, daidzin, glycyrrhizin, coptisine and berberine increased selectivity in the colon. Therefore, pathological model animals were recommended in the study of the components relating to absorption effect, in order to really lay a research foundation for the symptomatic treatment of large intestinal damp-heat syndrome.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Glycyrrhizic Acid , Intestinal Absorption , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 405-411, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008351

ABSTRACT

This work aimed to investigate the intestinal absorption characteristics of Laportea bulbifera extract in normal and rheumatoid arthritis model rats. The contents of neochlorogenic acid, chlorogenic acid, cryptochlorogenic acid, rutin, kaempferol-3-O-rutinoside, galuteolin, quercetin and isoquercetin in intestinal absorption solution samples were detected by UPLC-MS/MS with 5.0 g·L~(-1) as the absorption concentration. The cumulative absorption(Q) and absorption rate constant(K_a) were calculated, and the absorption characteristics of different components of L. bulbifera in intestinal absorption solution of normal rats and rheumatoid arthritis rats were compared. The results showed that all the eight index components in the extract of L. bulbifera could be absorbed into the intestinal capsule, the cumulative absorption-time curve of each component showed an upward trend without saturation, and the correlation regression coefficient(R~2) was greater than 0.92, which is consistent with the zero-order absorption rate process. It was speculated that the possible absorption mode of each component was passive diffusion. In normal condition, the absorption of ileum was the best(except chlorogenic acid), and in pathological condition, duodenum was the best. The total absorption of 8 components in each intestinal segment of RA rats was better than that of normal rats, which speculated that rheumatoid arthritis may change the specific site of drug absorption. The experimental results showed that rheumatoid arthritis could change the intestinal absorption of the extract of L. bulbifera, and its mechanism needs further study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines/drug effects , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Tandem Mass Spectrometry , Urticaceae/chemistry
12.
Horiz. méd. (Impresa) ; 19(3): 40-48, Set. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LIPECS, LILACS | ID: biblio-1022378

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Evaluar el potencial antihiperglicémico de la infusión de Gentianella gilgiana (Reimers) Fabris ex J.S. Pringle en la absorción intestinal de glucosa in vitro en Rattus norvegicus cepa Holtzman con diabetes inducida químicamente. Materiales y métodos: Estudio de tipo experimental y analítico. Se realizó el tamizaje fitoquímico de la planta. Para el estudio in vitro se utilizaron veinte ratas albinas machos, a las que se les indujo diabetes utilizando aloxano monohidratado (Sigma-Aldrich, Saint Louis, MO, EE. UU.) en dosis de 120 mg/kg p.c, vía intraperitoneal, y luego fueron distribuidas al azar en dos grupos de diez ratas albinas cada uno. Luego de diez días fueron sacrificados para extraerles un segmento intestinal con la técnica del saco intestinal evertido, y medir el transporte y absorción de glucosa. En el grupo control (intestinos evertidos incubados en solución Krebs-Henseleit glucosado) y en el grupo experimental (intestinos incubados en solución Krebs Henseleit glucosado más la infusión de Gentianella gilgiana al 10% p/v), se tomaron muestras basales de los líquidos de incubación, luego otras muestras a los 15, 30, 45 y 60 minutos para cuantificar la glucosa de los compartimentos mucoso y seroso mediante el método enzimático de la glucosa oxidasa. Resultados: Se evidenciaron menores concentraciones de glucosa absorbida en compartimento seroso intestinal del grupo experimental (G. gilgiana) con diferencia estadísticamente significativa respecto al control (p< 0,05). Conclusiones: La infusión de Gentianella gilgiana (Reimers) Fabris ex J.S. Pringle presenta potencial antihiperglicémico significativo que disminuye la absorción intestinal de glucosa in vitro en ratas albinas diabéticas.


Objective: To evaluate the antihyperglycemic potential of the Gentianella gilgiana (Reimers) Fabris ex J.S. Pringle infusion for in vitro intestinal glucose absorption in Rattus norvegicus of the Holtzman strain with chemically-induced diabetes. Materials and methods: The study had an experimental and analytical design. A phytochemical screening of the whole plant was carried out. For the in vitro study, twenty male albino rats were induced with diabetes using alloxan monohydrate (Sigma-Aldrich, Saint Louis, MO, USA) at a dose of 120 mg/kg bw administered by intraperitoneal route, and then randomly distributed into two groups of ten albino rats each. After ten days, they were sacrificed to extract an intestinal segment using the everted intestinal sac technique, and measure the glucose transport and absorption. In the control group (everted intestines incubated in Krebs-Henseleit solution containing glucose) and the experimental group (intestines incubated in Krebs-Henseleit solution containing glucose plus the Gentianella gilgiana (Reimers) Fabris ex J.S. Pringle infusion at 10% w/v), basal samples of fluids were taken from incubation, and then other samples were taken at 15, 30, 45 and 60 minutes to quantify the glucose from the mucous and serous compartments using the glucose oxidase enzymatic method. Results: Lower concentrations of absorbed glucose were observed in the intestinal serous compartment of the experimental group (G. gilgiana) with a statistically significant difference compared to the control group (p <0.05). Conclusions: The Gentianella gilgiana (Reimers) Fabris ex J.S. Pringle infusion exhibits a significant antihyperglycemic potential by decreasing the in vitro intestinal glucose absorption in diabetic albino rats.


Subject(s)
Rats , Hyperglycemia , Gentianella , Diabetes Mellitus , Intestinal Absorption
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 5143-5150, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1008377

ABSTRACT

The fried method with suet oil,which can strengthen the effect of Epimedium in warming kidney and enhancing Yang,has been widely used in the processing of Epimedium in traditional Chinese medicine. Based on the formation mechanism of Epimedium flavonoids self-assembled micelles in vivo,the synergistic mechanism of processing excipient suet oil was investigated in this paper from the perspective of pharmaceutics. Baohuoside Ⅰ,as representative component of processed Epimedium,was selected as model drug.Average size and zeta potential were measured and the morphology of micelles was observed under transmission electron microscopy. Caco-2 monolayer cell model,rat intestinal perfusion model and in vivo serum drug concentration method were established to investigate the effect of suet oil on the formation and absorption of the baohuosideⅠ bile salt self-assembled micelles. Baohuoside Ⅰ can form selfassembled micelles under the action of sodium deoxycholate. While,adding suet oil into the baohuoside Ⅰ-bile salt micelles( BSDOC) can make it form a more stable system with a smaller average size,higher Zeta potential,lower polydispersity index( PDI) value,significantly improved encapsulation efficiency and drug loading,indicating that suet oil could significantly improve the micelle formation in vivo. In addition,the permeability coefficient of baohuoside Ⅰ in Caco-2 monolayer cells and the four intestinal organs( duodenum,jejunum,ileum and colon) was increased and the oral bioavailability was also improved after adding the suet oil to BS-DOC.All the results demonstrated that the suet oil can promote the formation and absorption of baohuoside Ⅰ self-assembled micelles,so as to enhance its synergistic effects.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Caco-2 Cells , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacokinetics , Epimedium/chemistry , Excipients/chemistry , Flavonoids/pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Micelles , Oils/chemistry
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 167-174, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771502

ABSTRACT

To investigate the active fraction from Bletilla striata in Caco-2 cell monolayer,so as to explore its absorption mechanism of oral administration preliminarily.Active fraction from B.striata in Caco-2 cell monolayer was analyzed by UPLC-Q-TOF and detected by UPLC-MS/MS,and the effects of different concentrations,pH and P-glycoprotein inhibitors on Caco-2 cells Monolayer were investigated.Six compounds were isolated from the active fraction of B.striata in Caco-2 cell monolayer by UPLC-Q-TOF,and identified as B6,B12,B14,B17,B19 and B23,with concentration dependence.Within the 0-180 min,the uptake of B12 and B14 had a time dependence,while B6,B17,B19 and B23 tended to saturate after 60 min.All of the components had a good absorption in an acidic environment.B6 had a good absorption at pH 6.0,while the other components B12,B14,B17,B19 and B23 had a good absorption at pH4.0.The absorption of the 6 main components of B.striata were not be affected by P-glycoprotein inhibitors(verapamil/cyclosporin A).Compared with the control group,there was no difference in the absorption of B6 and B12,and the absorption of B14,B17,B19 and B23 increased,but with no significant difference.The absorption characteristic of B.striata extract across the Caco-2 cell monolayer is probably passive diffusion,and the absorption process was not affected by P-glycoprotein.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biological Transport , Caco-2 Cells , Chromatography, Liquid , Intestinal Absorption , Orchidaceae , Chemistry , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
15.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3170-3177, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773736

ABSTRACT

The intestinal absorption characteristics of ten iridoid glycosides and phenolic acids in the Pterocephali Herba were evaluated via rat intestinal valgus model. The intestinal sac fluids at different time after administration of high,medium and low concentrations of Pterocephali Herba extract were collected and ten chemical components in fluid samples were detected by UPLC-PDA. Accumulative absorbed doses( Q) and absorption rate constants( Ka) of ten chemical constituents were calculated,while proportions between Pterocephali Herba extract and intestinal absorption liquid were compared. The results showed that the intestinal absorption of 10 chemical components was linear absorption( R2>0. 9) at different concentrations,which accorded with the zero-order absorption rate. The absorption rate constant was related to the concentration of the drug and the intestinal site,which indicated that intestinal adsorption mechanism of the components were passive diffusion and active transport. Proportions of chemical constituents in intestinal sac fluid were different from those in Pterocephali Herba extract. Therefore,those ten chemical components in Pterocephali Herba extract can be absorbed in whole intestine. Everted intestinal sac model can be used to evaluate intestinal absorption characteristics of ingredients in Pterocephali Herba extract effectively.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Caprifoliaceae , Chemistry , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Plant Extracts , Pharmacokinetics , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3645-3652, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773669

ABSTRACT

Single-pass intestinal perfusion( SPIP) is the common carrier of biopharmaceutics classification system( BCS) to study compound permeability. With the application and deepening study of BCS in the field of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM),SPIP model is becoming more and more common to study the intestinal absorption of TCM ingredients. Based on the limitations of the SPIP model in some researches on TCM permeability,it was speculated in this study that aglycone may be more suitable than the glycoside to study the intestinal absorption problem by using SPIP model. Furthermore,applicability of aglycone components was analyzed and evaluated. In this study,with quercetin,daidzein,formononetin,genistein and glycyrrhetinic acid used as research objects,the quantitative study of SPIP was used to evaluate the intestinal permeability of these aglycones and to predict the effective permeability coefficient( Peff) and absorption fraction( Fa) in human body. By combining studies comparison and analysis on multiple permeability research methods and prediction of human body absorption of aglycones in physiological-based pharmacokinetic models,this paper can further illustrate that the SPIP model is a good tool for studying the permeability of aglycones and predicting human absorption,which can provide data foundation and theoretical reference for researches on SPIP technique and BCS in intestinal absorption of TCM ingredients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopharmaceutics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Perfusion , Permeability
17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3653-3661, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773668

ABSTRACT

For the effects of multi-component environment on the solubility and permeability of single components,and the problems of biopharmaceutical attribute classification of single components in the compound prescriptions environment,baicalein was used as the research object in this study to investigate the biopharmaceutic attributes of single-component and their traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) biopharmaceutic attributes in the multi-component environment of Gegen Qilian Decoction. Shaking flask method,intrinsic dissolution rate test and HPLC were used to determine solubility of baicalein. Markers specified by FDA were utilized as permeable boundary reference materials to verify the applicability of the single-pass intestinal perfusion method( SPIP),and the quantitative research on the permeability of baicalein was also conducted. It is concluded that baicalein could be categorized as BCS-Ⅱ drug based on its low solubility and high intestinal permeability values,and it may be categorized into CMMBCS-I in the multi-component environment of Gegen Qilian Decoction due to its poor solubility but enhanced solubility and permeability in compound environment. This study could provide verification ideas for clinical determination of the best human oral dose of baicalein,and provide the data basis for the study of biopharmaceutics classification system of Chinese materia medica( CMMBCS).


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopharmaceutics , Classification , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Flavanones , Chemistry , Intestinal Absorption , Materia Medica , Classification , Permeability , Solubility
18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2163-2170, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773113

ABSTRACT

To study the compatibility rule of Simao Yongan Decoction,the rat single pass intestinal perfusion model in situ was used in this study. On the basis of early research,the five kinds of anti-inflammatory active ingredients,i.e. chlorogenic acid,liquiritin,hyperoside,angoroside C and isochlorogenic acid C in Simao Yongan Decoction were selected as research objects. The contents of the above five actives compounds with various compatibility combinations and in different intestinal segment perfusates were determined by using the method of ultra-performance liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry( UPLC-MSn). The kinetic parameters of intestinal absorption of the five anti-inflammatory active ingredients were calculated,which could be used to evaluate the intestinal absorption of each component in different combinations. The results showed that the absorption parameters of liquiritin in ileum were highest in Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma single herb,while the absorption parameters of other four components in ileum and duodenum were highest in the compatible combinations. Among them,the absorption parameters of chlorogenic acid in ileum and duodenum were highest in the whole prescription compatibility; ischlorogenic acid C showed higher absorption levels in the whole prescription and the herb compatibility of Lonicerae Japonicae Flos-Scrophulariae Radix-Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma. However,the absorption levels of hyperoside and angoroside C in different compatibilities were quite different in ileum and duodenum. In this study,the intestinal absorption of five anti-inflammatory active ingredients in Simiao Yongan Decoction with different compatibility combinations was investigated,revealing that the absorption of active ingredients varied with the different compatibility combinations and different intestinal segments. At the same time,the above research also indicated that the absorption of active ingredients could be obviously promoted by the compatibility of compound prescriptions,laying a foundation for the research on the compatibility rule of Simiao Yongan Detection from the biological point of view.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption , Intestines , Phytochemicals , Pharmacokinetics
19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2373-2378, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773084

ABSTRACT

The intestinal absorption properties of four main effective components(gallic acid, ocinolglucoside, ethyl gallate and penta-O-galloyl-β-D-glucose) in Rhus chinensis extracts were investigated by in situ single-pass intestinal perfusion model in rats. The liquid accumulation of perfusion was corrected by gravimetry. The HPLC method was established to determine the concentration of the four effective components in the intestinal perfusion. It showed significant differences(Pethyl gallate>gallic acid>ocinolglucoside, with significant differences between them(P<0.05). In conclusion, gallic acid, orpheolglucoside, ethyl gallate and pentacyl-glucose could be absorbed in the whole intestine. Their absorption rate and permeation ability were related to the intestinal section and the perfusate concentration. These results indicated potential active transport or facilitated diffusion in the intestinal transport process of the four effective components.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Hydroxybenzoates , Metabolism , Intestinal Absorption , Perfusion , Phytochemicals , Metabolism , Rhus , Chemistry
20.
Nutrition Research and Practice ; : 295-301, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760619

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Consumption of cholesterol-rich foods, such as eggs, has a minimal effect on circulating cholesterol levels in healthy humans. To gain insight, we investigated whether phospholipids rich in eggs (EPL) interfere with intestinal cholesterol absorption in vivo. MATERIALS/METHODS: To investigate the acute effect of EPL on intestinal cholesterol absorption, male C57BL/6J mice were orally administered with 6, 11, or 19 mg of EPL for three days. We also tested the effect of chronic EPL consumption on cholesterol metabolism in the small intestine and the liver in mice with diet-induced hypercholesterolemia. Male C57BL/6J mice were fed a high fat/high cholesterol (HF/HC; 35% fat, 0.25% cholesterol, w/w) diet for 4 weeks to induce hypercholesterolemia, and subsequently the mice were either fed 0, 0.4 or 0.8% (w/w) of EPL for 6 weeks. RESULTS: Intestinal cholesterol absorption was significantly decreased by the highest dose of acute EPL administration compared to control. Chronic EPL supplementation did not significantly alter intestinal cholesterol absorption nor plasma levels of total cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In the small intestine and the liver, EPL supplementation minimally altered the expression of genes which regulate cellular cholesterol levels. CONCLUSION: Although chronic EPL consumption was not able to counteract hypercholesterolemia in HF/HC-fed mice, acute EPL administration decreased intestinal cholesterol absorption. This study provides in vivo evidence that acute administration of PLs in eggs prevent cholesterol absorption in the intestine, suggesting a mechanism for a minimal effect of egg consumption on circulating cholesterol levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Male , Mice , Absorption , Cholesterol , Diet , Eggs , Hypercholesterolemia , Intestinal Absorption , Intestine, Small , Intestines , Lipoproteins , Liver , Metabolism , Ovum , Phosphatidylcholines , Phospholipids , Plasma
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