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1.
Prensa méd. argent ; 108(9): 423-427, 20220000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1413367

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los tumores apendiculares representan aproximadamente 1% de los tumores malignos del intestino grueso. Más del 50% de las neoplasias primarias del apéndice se manifiestan inicialmente como apendicitis aguda. Métodos: Se reporta caso de paciente masculino que presentó adenocarcinoma invasor en biopsia de pieza quirúrgica de apéndice cecal tras apendicectomía, tomando la decisión de realizar hemicolectomía derecha laparoscópica diferida. Discusión: En este caso y como en la mayoría de los reportes de la bibliografía mundial, el adenocarcinoma simula un cuadro de AA. En un metaanálisis y una revisión sistemática de 2.771 pacientes diagnosticados de masa apendicular inflamatoria (flemón o absceso), Andersson et al. encontró 31 con tumores malignos. Estas lesiones se detectan en el 0,9% al 1,4% de las apendicectomías realizadas para tratar la AA. Conclusión: Este subtipo histológico presenta mayor incidencia de metástasis en los ganglios linfáticos y la supervivencia global era del 47,5%. Es por ello por lo que abogamos por la resección colónica como tratamiento definitivo del adenocarcinoma de apéndice cecal.


INTRODUCTION: Appendulular tumors represent approximately 1% of malignant tumors of the large intestine. More than 50% of the primary neoplasms of the appendix initially manifest as acute appendicitis. Methods: Men's patient who presented invading adenocarcinoma in Cecal Appendix Surgical Party Biopsy after appendectomy, making the decision to perform deferred laparoscopic right hemicolectomy, is reported. Discussion: In this case and as in most world literature reports, adenocarcinoma simulates an AA picture. In a meta -analysis and a systematic review of 2,771 diagnosed patients of inflammatory appendicular mass (phlegmon or abscess), Andersson et al. He found 31 with malignant tumors. These lesions are detected at 0.9% to 1.4% of appendectomies made to treat the AA. Conclusion: This histological subtype has a greater incidence of metastasis in lymph nodes and global survival was 47.5%. That is why we advocate colonic resection as a definitive treatment of cecal appendix adenocarcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Appendectomy , Appendicitis/surgery , Abdominal Abscess/diagnosis , Intestine, Large
2.
Actual. osteol ; 18(2): 60-74, oct. 2022. graf, ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1437640

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los GOS son prebióticos naturales presentes en la leche materna que pue-den obtenerse enzimáticamente a partir de la lactosa de leche de vaca durante la fabricación de yogur. El producto lácteo resultante será reducido en lactosa y contendrá prebióticos y bacterias potencialmente probióticas. Sin embargo, mantendrá la baja relación Ca/Pi que aporta la leche de vaca, lo que podría alterar el remodelamiento óseo y la mineralización. Objetivo: comparar si un yogur reducido en lactosa que contiene GOS (YE) ofrece ventajas adicionales respecto de un yogur regular sin GOS (YR) sobre las absorciones (Abs) de Ca y Pi, retención y calidad ósea durante el crecimiento normal. Al destete, ratas machos fueron divididas en 3 grupos alimentados con AIN ́93-G (C), YE o YR durante 28 días. Resultados: YE mostró el mayor aumento de lactobacilos fecales; producción de ácidos grasos de cadena corta especialmente p, profundidad de las criptas colónicas y menor pH cecal. El %AbsCa y %AbsPi aumentó en el siguiente órden: YE> YR> C (p < 0,05). El contenido de Ca y Pi en fémur, la densidad y contenido mineral óseos y los parámetros biomecánicos fueron similares en YE y C, mientras que YR mostró valores significativa-mente menores (p < 0,05). Conclusiones: YE aumentó las Abs y biodisponibilidad de minerales, alcanzando la retención y calidad ósea de C. El aumento en las Abs observado en YR no logró obtener la retención y calidad ósea de C. Conclusión: YE habría contrarrestado el efecto negativo del mayor aporte de Pi de la leche de vaca y sería una buena estrategia para lograr el pico de masa ósea y calidad del hueso adecuados, especialmente en individuos intolerantes a la lactosa. (AU)


Breast milk contains an optimal calcium/phosphate (Ca/Pi) ratio and GOS. These natural prebiotics can be enzymatically produced via cow's milk lactose inyogurt manufacture. This milk product is low in lactose and contains prebiotics and potentially probiotic bacteria but maintains a low Ca/Pi ratio that could alter bone remodeling and mineralization. We evaluated if a lactose-reduced yogurt containing GOS (YE) offers additional advantages over regular yogurt without GOS (YR) on Ca and Pi absorption (Abs), bone retention and quality during normal growth. Weaning male rats were divided into 3 groups fed AIN'93-G (C), YE or YR for 28 days. Results: YE showed the highest increase in fecal lactobacilli; short-chain fatty acids production, especially propionate and butyrate; intestine crypt depth, and the lowest cecal pH. AbsCa% and AbsPi% increased in this order: YE> YR> C (p <0.05). Ca and Pi content in femur, bone density and mineral content, and biomechanical parameters were similar in YE and C, while YR showed the significantly lowest value (p < 0.05). Conclusions: YE increased mineral Abs reaching the retention and bone quality of C. Although YR increased Abs, bone retention and quality did not achieve C values. Seemingly, YE compensated for the negative effect of the higher Pi supply and would be a good strategy to achieve adequate peak bone mass and bone quality, especially in lactose intolerant individuals. (AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Oligosaccharides/metabolism , Osteogenesis/physiology , Calcium, Dietary/pharmacokinetics , Phosphorus, Dietary/pharmacokinetics , Intestinal Absorption/physiology , Lactose/metabolism , Magnesium/pharmacokinetics , Tibia/anatomy & histology , Yogurt/analysis , Calcium, Dietary/metabolism , Absorptiometry, Photon , Bone Density , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Phosphorus, Dietary/metabolism , beta-Galactosidase/chemical synthesis , Rats, Wistar , Lactobacillus delbrueckii/isolation & purification , Femur/anatomy & histology , Intestine, Large/anatomy & histology , Magnesium/metabolism , Nutritive Value
3.
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(2): 129-142, mayo-ago. 2022. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1395016

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Dientamoeba fragilis es un protozoário que parasita el intestino grueso del hombre y animales domésticos. Hasta el momento, aún no son claros aspectos de su ciclo de vida, como el rango de hospedadores, reservorios, mecanismo de infección, entre otros. Se postula que el cerdo es un hospedador natural para este protozoario y que, debido a su cercanía con el humano, podría facilitar una transmisión zoonótica. En Colombia no existen a la fecha estudios sobre la presencia de D. fragilis en hospedadores animales, incluidos los cerdos, y los datos sobre la prevalencia de otros protozoarios intestinales en estos animales son escasos. El objetivo fue determinar la frecuencia de protozoarios intestinales, incluyendo D. fragilis, en cerdos de una granja tecnificada de una zona rural de Medellín (región Andina de Colombia). Se recolectaron muestras de materia fecal de 70 cerdos en etapa de preceba, que fueron evaluadas mediante examen directo, tinción tricrómica y Ziehl-Neelsen modificado. Se realizaron análisis univariados con medidas de frecuencia relativa y tendencia central y análisis bivariados para la exploración de factores de riesgo. Se detectó la presencia de D. fragilis en un 13% de las muestras y de otros parásitos como Entamoeba spp. (66%), Blastocystis spp. (64%), Balantioides coli (36%), Cryptosporidium spp. (36%), Iodamoeba butschlii (17%), coccidias (4%) y Giardia spp. (1,4%). En este primer reporte de D. fragilis en cerdos en Colombia se observó la alta prevalencia de otros protozoarios patógenos, lo que corrobora el papel de los cerdos como importantes reservorios de infecciones humanas. Estudios sobre la presencia de este protozoario tanto en cerdos como en el personal encargado de su manejo contribuirían al conocimiento sobre su dinámica de transmisión.


ABSTRACT Dientamoeba fragilis is a protozoan that parasitizes the large intestine of humans and domestic animals. To date, some aspects regarding D. fragilis life cycle, including hosts, reservoirs, infection mechanism, among others, are not yet clear. Swine are considered natural hosts for this protozoan, therefore their close contact with humans promotes its zoonotic transmission. In Colombia there are no studies on the presence of D. fragilis in animal hosts, including pigs, and data about other intestinal protozoa are scarce. The objective was to determine the prevalence of intestinal protozoan, including D. fragilis, in pigs raised in a farm from a rural area of Medellin (Andean region of Colombia). Fecal samples from 70 pigs in prefattening stage were collected. Direct fecal smear examination, trichrome and modified Ziehl-Neelsen stain were used in the study. Univariate analysis (frequency distribution and central tendency measures) and bivariate analysis were used to explore risk factors. Dientamoeba fragilis was found in 13% of the evaluated fecal samples. Other parasites detected included: Entamoeba spp. (66%), Blastocystis spp. (64%), Balantioides coli (36%), Cryptosporidium spp. (36%), Iodamoeba butschlii (17%), coccidias (4%), and Giardia spp. (1,4%). This is the first report of D. fragilis in swine in Colombia, and the high prevalence of other pathogen protozoa was also observed, which corroborates the role of pigs as important reservoirs for human infections. Studies focused on the evaluation of both swine and swine-exposed farm workers should be done in order to know the dynamics of transmission of this parasite.


Subject(s)
Animals , Parasites , Protozoan Infections, Animal , Swine , Disease Reservoirs , Zoonoses , Risk Factors , Dientamoeba , Intestine, Large , Animals, Domestic , Water Reservoirs , Entamoeba , Infections
4.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e191086, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394042

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fluoroquinolones are an important class of antimicrobial agents to manage infectious diseases. However, knowledge about how host bile acids are modified by fluoroquinolones is limited. We investigated and compared the impact of fluoroquinolones on circulating bile acid profiles and gut microbiota from in vivo studies. We administered ciprofloxacin (100 mg/kg/day) or moxifloxacin (40 mg/kg/day) orally to male Wistar rats for seven days. Fifteen bile acids (BAs) from the serum and large intestine were quantified by HPLC-MS/MS. The diversity of gut microbiota after ciprofloxacin and moxifloxacin treatment was analyzed using high-throughput, next-generation sequencing technology. The two fluoroquinolone-treated groups had different BA profiles. Ciprofloxacin significantly reduced the hydrophobicity index of the BA pool, reduced secondary BAs, and increased taurine-conjugated primary BAs in both the serum and large intestine as compared with moxifloxacin. Besides, ciprofloxacin treatment altered intestinal microbiota with a remarkable increase in Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes ratio, while moxifloxacin exerted no effect. What we found suggests that different fluoroquinolones have a distinct effect on the host BAs metabolism and intestinal bacteria, and therefore provide guidance on the selection of fluoroquinolones to treat infectious diseases.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Bile Acids and Salts , Comparative Study , Ciprofloxacin/analysis , Rats, Wistar , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Moxifloxacin/analysis , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid/methods , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Intestine, Large/abnormalities , Anti-Infective Agents/pharmacology
5.
J. coloproctol. (Rio J., Impr.) ; 41(4): 430-437, Out.-Dec. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1356440

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Introduction Colorectal carcinoma (CRC) is the most common gastrointestinal neoplasm in the world, accounting for 15% of cancer-related deaths. This condition is related to different molecular pathways, among them the recently described serrated pathway, whose characteristic entities, serrated lesions, have undergone important changes in their names and diagnostic criteria in the past thirty years. The multiplicity of denominations and criteria over the last years may be responsible for the low interobserver concordance (IOC) described in the literature. Objectives: The present study aims to describe the evolution in classification of serrated lesions, based on the last three publications of theWorld Health Organization (WHO) and the reproducibility of these criteria by pathologists, based on the evaluation of the IOC. Methods: A search was conducted in the PubMed, ResearchGate and Portal Capes databases, with the following terms: sessile serrated lesion; serrated lesions; serrated adenoma; interobserver concordance; andreproducibility.Articlespublished since 1990were researched. Results and Discussion: The classification of serrated lesions in the past thirty years showed different denominations and diagnostic criteria. The reproducibility and IOC of these criteria in the literature, based on the kappa coefficient, varied in most studies, from very poor to moderate. Conclusions: Interobserver concordance and the reproducibility of microscopic criteria may represent a limitation for the diagnosis andappropriatemanagementof these lesions. It is necessary to investigate diagnostic tools to improve the performance of the pathologist's evaluation, for better concordance, and, consequently, adequate diagnosis and treatment. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Wounds and Injuries/diagnosis , Intestine, Large/injuries , Polyps/classification , Colorectal Neoplasms/surgery , Adenoma/classification
6.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(supl.1): 47-51, abr. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251546

ABSTRACT

Resumen La neumatosis quística intestinal se refiere a la presencia de gas dentro de la pared del intestino delgado o grueso, puede ser asintomática y potencialmente mortal cuando se presentan complicaciones. Las causas de esta entidad incluyen enfermedades pulmonares, sistémicas, intestinales, medicamentosas, causas iatrogénicas y traumáticas. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 35 años de edad sin antecedentes de importancia que consultó por dolor en el hemiabdomen inferior, con un diagnóstico imagenológico de neumatosis quística intestinal, neumoperitoneo y peritonitis, complicación secundaria a esta patología, por lo que se realizó el manejo quirúrgico, laparotomía y resección de segmento colónico, que se analizó histopatológicamente y se confirmó el diagnostico; finalmente, fue dado de alta después de finalizar el tratamiento antibiótico.


Abstract Cystic intestinal pneumatosis refers to the presence of gas within the wall of the small or large intestine. It can be asymptomatic and life-threatening when complications occur. The causes of this entity include pulmonary, systemic, intestinal, drug, iatrogenic and traumatic factors. The following is the case of a 35-year-old man who presented with pain in his lower hemiabdomen and had no previous medical history. Imaging scans showed intestinal cystic pneumatosis and secondary pneumoperitoneum and peritonitis. The patient was taken to laparotomy, and a colonic segment was resected and sent to pathology. The diagnosis was confirmed by a biopsy. The patient was discharged after completing antibiotic treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Peritonitis , Pneumatosis Cystoides Intestinalis , Gases , Intestine, Large , Intestine, Small
7.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06741, 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1250489

ABSTRACT

Colonoscopy is a minimally invasive technique used to assess the large intestine through direct inspection of the intestinal mucosa. When associated with histopathological examination of fragments collected from the intestine, the definitive diagnosis can be obtained. This retrospective study evaluated colonoscopy and histopathological exams of the large intestine and ileum of dogs with gastrointestinal disorders admitted at the Veterinary Hospital of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG) and the Veterinary Hospital São Francisco de Assis to determine the frequency of injuries, their distribution in the intestinal segments, and the relationship of the findings observed in these two analyzes. The colonoscopy and histopathological findings of the case series were described using absolute and relative frequencies, as well as nature and intensity classification of the findings. Cohen's Kappa coefficient was obtained to assess the concordance of nature and intensity classifications between colonoscopy and histopathology, and its 95% confidence interval constructed. The analyses were performed using the Software SAS University Edition. It was observed a moderate agreement between the classification of the nature of the findings by endoscopy and histopathology (Kappa coefficient = 0.39, CI = 0.20-0.59). This can also be observed when assessing the frequency of similar diagnoses between the methods, since only 39 (72.22%) were consistent, i.e., 15 (22.78%) diagnoses differed depending on the nature of the finding, which could have a great influence on the final diagnosis if histopathology was disregarded. For the intensity of the injuries, little agreement was observed between the methods (Kappa coefficient = 0.1243, C = -0.05-0.30). This was even more evident in the frequency of similar diagnoses in terms of intensity, of which 20 (37.04%) were similar and 34 (62.96%) were different. Inflammatory affections are the most frequently observed alterations in the large intestine and ileum of dogs. The most common finding that reveals inflammatory changes is the lymphoplasmacytic infiltrate. As for the proliferative and neoplastic lesions, adenomatous polyps and lymphoma were common. The most affected sites of the large intestine were the descending colon and the rectum. Findings such as edema and reddening of the mucosa were frequent by macroscopy. Although the changes observed by colonoscopy and histopathology may not be similar, these techniques are complementary, which makes biopsies mandatory for a diagnostic conclusion.(AU)


A colonoscopia é uma técnica pouco invasiva utilizada para avaliação do intestino grosso por meio de inspeção direta da mucosa intestinal. Quando associada ao exame histopatológico, com a coleta de fragmentos do intestino, o diagnóstico definitivo pode ser obtido. O objetivo desse estudo retrospectivo foi associar os achados de exames de colonoscopia e histopatologia do intestino grosso e íleo em 54 cães com distúrbios gastrointestinais dos Hospitais Veterinários da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG) e São Francisco de Assis. Na colonoscopia, as alterações mais frequentemente observadas foram edema, friabilidade e avermelhamento de mucosa. Quanto à distribuição de lesões por segmento intestinal, houve maior incidência de alterações inflamatórias, das quais foram as mais frequentes, com o infiltrado linfoplasmocitário sendo o mais comum em todos segmentos analisados (i.e. reto, cólon, ceco e íleo). O cólon ascendente e o reto foram os locais de alterações mais frequentes na colonoscopia e na histopatologia. Os pólipos hiperplásicos e o linfoma foram as lesões proliferativas de ocorrência mais comum. Houve baixa concordância entre as classificações por natureza e intensidade dos achados na colonoscopia e histopatologia. Assim, não foi possível associar alterações descritas nos exames histopatológicos quanto à natureza e intensidade das lesões utilizando a colonoscopia, o que leva à conclusão de que é essencial a realização de biópsias em todos os exames para conclusão diagnóstica.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Colonoscopy , Dogs/anatomy & histology , Endoscopy , Intestine, Large , Hospitals, Animal , Intestinal Mucosa
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(6): 2165-2174, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1142295

ABSTRACT

Xenarthras (Mammalia, Dasypodidae) das espécies Dasypus novemcinctus e Euphractus sexcinctus tiveram sua anatomia científica estudada em relação à topografia dos intestinos delgado e grosso, suas relações peritoniais, morfologia externa e irrigação. Medidas dos diferentes segmentos intestinais e do número de vasos a eles destinados foram tomadas para fins comparativos. O método previu: fixação (formol 7%); injeção de látex; dissecação e fotodocumentação. Espacialmente, embora os intestinos sejam fixados por dupla membrana peritoneal, como em outros vertebrados, nestes a serosa conectou o duodeno, o jejuno, o íleo e os cólons em um único ligamento fixado no dorso do animal. Duodeno e pâncreas, intraperitoniais, como o reto, fixaram-se nas pelves maior e menor, respectivamente e dorsalmente. Vasos derivados do tronco celíaco mesentérico e da aorta percorreram o interior do mesoduodeno, do mesentério comum, do mesocólon e do mesorreto, estando estes, ao longo de seus trajetos, relacionados às cadeias linfonodulares intestinais. O modelo de rotação peritoneal, a morfologia externa, bem como o modelo de vascularização intestinal, foram interpretados como basais, diferindo dos vertebrados recentes, conforme o suporte literário.(AU)


Xenarthras (Mammalia, Dasypodidae) of the species Dasypus novemcinctus and Euphractus sexcinctus had their scientific anatomy studied in relation to the topography of the small and large intestines, their peritoneal relationships, external morphology and irrigation. Measurements of the different intestinal segments and the number of vessels destined for them were taken for comparative purposes. The method predicted: fixation (7% formaldehyde); latex injection; dissection and photo documentation. Spatially, the intestines, although fixed by a double peritoneal membrane, as in other vertebrates, in these, the serosa connected the duodenum, jejunum, ileum, and the colon in a single ligament fixed to the animal's back. Duodenum and pancreas, intraperitoneal, like the rectum, were fixed in the major and minor pelvis respectively and dorsally. Vessels derived from the mesenteric celiac trunk and the aorta traveled through the interior of the mesoduodenum, common mesentery, mesocolon and mesoride, being related to the lymph node chains along their pathways. The peritoneal rotation model, the external morphology as well as the model of intestinal vascularization were interpreted as basal, differing from recent vertebrates, according to literary support.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritoneum/blood supply , Serous Membrane/blood supply , Xenarthra/anatomy & histology , Intestine, Large/anatomy & histology , Intestine, Small/anatomy & histology , Mesenteric Arteries
9.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 665-678, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879928

ABSTRACT

The "lung and large intestine being interior-exteriorly related" is one of the classical theories in traditional Chinese medicine, which indicates a close correlation between the lung and large intestine in physiology and pathology, and plays a pivotal role in guiding the treatment of the lung and bowel diseases. Modern medicine has revealed some connections between the lung and large intestine in tissue origin and mucosal immunity, and preliminarily illuminated the material basis and possible regulatory mechanism of the theory. Recently, this theory has been applied to guide the treatment of refractory lung and intestine diseases such as COVID-19 and ulcerative colitis and has obtained reliable efficacy. Existing research results show that the anatomical homogeneity of lung and large intestine promotes the correlation between lung-bowel mucosal immunity, and mucosal immunity and migration and homing of innate lymphocytes are one of the physiological and pathological mechanisms for lung and large intestine to share. Under the guidance of this theory, Chinese medicines with heat-clearing and detoxifying or tonic effects are commonly used in the treatment of the lung and intestinal diseases by regulating lung-bowel mucosal immunity and they can be candidate drugs to treat lung/intestinal diseases simultaneously. However, the existing studies on immune regulation are mainly focused on the expression levels of sIgA and cytokines, as well as the changes in the number of immune cells such as innate lymphocytes and B lymphocytes. While the following aspects need further investigation: the airway/intestinal mucous hypersecretion, the functional changes of pulmonary and intestinal mucosal barrier immune cells, the dynamic process of lung/intestinal mucosal immune interaction, the intervention effect of local pulmonary/intestinal microecology, the correlation and biological basis between the heat-clearing and detoxifying effect and the tonic effect, and its regulation of pulmonary/intestinal mucosal immunity. In this paper, we try to analyze the internal relationship between lung and intestine related diseases from the point of view of the common mucosal immune system of lung and intestine, and summarize the characteristics and rules of traditional Chinese medicine compound and its active ingredients, which have regulatory effect on lung and intestine mucosal immune system, so as to further explain the theoretical connotation of "lung and large intestine being interior-exteriorly related" and provide reference for the research and development of drugs for related diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , COVID-19/immunology , Colitis, Ulcerative/immunology , Intestine, Large/immunology , Lung/immunology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
10.
MedUNAB ; 23(2): 261-269, 22-07-2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1118170

ABSTRACT

Introducción. La colonoscopia es una exploración visual de la mucosa del colon, la cual consiste en la introducción de una sonda óptica flexible por el ano. Dentro de sus objetivos está la localización de lesiones de una manera muy precisa, obtener biopsias para su análisis al microscopio, realizar diversos procedimientos terapéuticos o diagnosticar lesiones pequeñas no detectables por métodos imagenológicos tradicionales. El objetivo del presente artículo es describir los hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes adultos de una institución prestadora de servicios de salud. Metodología. Estudio observacional, transversal con componente analítico, la información se recolectó de manera retrospectiva, en pacientes mayores de 18 años en ambos sexos, a los cuales se les realizó colonoscopia en una institución prestadora de servicios de salud de segundo nivel. Resultados. Se practicaron 521 procedimientos colonoscópicos en 291 mujeres y 230 hombres con mediana de edad de 63 años (rango 18-99), la proporción fue bastante superior en las personas mayores de 50 años, la frecuencia del procedimiento en mujeres fue superior con un 57.0% vs. el 43% de los hombres. El número de colonoscopias con resultado normal, fue más frecuente en las personas menores de 50 años (54.8%) contra 45.2% del total de los de 50 años en adelante. Conclusiones. La colonoscopia es un instrumento de gran utilidad al momento de diagnóstico, seguimiento y tratamiento de una gran variedad de patologías gastrointestinales, ya que, a través de esta importante herramienta diagnóstica es posible determinar y descartar otro tipo de patologías que afectan el sistema gastrointestinal. Cómo citar: Rodriguez NH, Logreira JD, Sanabria DF, Uribe JC. Hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes atendidos en una institución de salud del municipio de Barrancabermeja, Santander. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 261-269. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3834


Introduction. Colonoscopy is a visual exploration of the colonic mucosa, which consists of the insertion of a flexible optic catheter through the anus. Its objectives include to locate lesions very precisely, to obtain biopsies for their microscopic analysis, to carry out different therapeutic procedures and to diagnose small lesions that cannot be detected by traditional imaging techniques. The aim of this article is to describe the colonoscopy findings in adult patients of a health care institution. Methodology. Observational, cross-sectional study with an analytical component. The information was collected retrospectively from patients aged over 18 years, of both sexes, on which a colonoscopy was performed in a secondary health care institution. Results. A total of 521 colonoscopy procedures were conducted on 291 women and 230 men with an average age of 63 years (age range: 18-99 years). The proportion was greater among people aged over 50 years. The frequency of the procedure in women was higher with 57.0%, compared to 43% in men. The number of colonoscopies with a normal result was more frequent in people aged under 50 years (54.8%) compared to 45.2% of the total of those aged 50 years and over. Conclusion. Colonoscopy is a very useful instrument when diagnosing, monitoring and treating a great variety of gastrointestinal pathologies, because through this important diagnostic tool, it is possible to determine the existence of or rule out other kinds of pathologies that affect the gastrointestinal system. Cómo citar: Rodriguez NH, Logreira JD, Sanabria DF, Uribe JC. Hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes atendidos en una institución de salud del municipio de Barrancabermeja, Santander. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 261-269. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3834


Introdução. A colonoscopia é uma exploração visual da mucosa do cólon, que consiste na introdução de uma sonda óptica flexível através do ânus. Entre seus objetivos está a localização de lesões de maneira muito precisa, a obtenção de biópsias para análise ao microscópio, a realização de vários procedimentos terapêuticos ou o diagnóstico de pequenas lesões não detectáveis pelos métodos tradicionais de imagem. O objetivo deste artigo é descrever os achados de colonoscopia em pacientes adultos de uma instituição prestadora de serviços de saúde. Metodologia. Em estudo observacional, transversal, com componente analítico, as informações foram coletadas retrospectivamente em pacientes acima de 18 anos de ambos os sexos, submetidos à colonoscopia em instituição prestadora de serviços de saúde de segundo nível. Resultados. Foram realizados 521 procedimentos de colonoscopia em 291 mulheres e 230 homens com mediana de idade de 63 anos (variação de 18 a 99), a proporção foi muito maior em pessoas acima de 50 anos, a frequência do procedimento em mulheres foi maior em 57% vs. 43% nos homens. O número de colonoscopias com resultado normal foi mais frequente em pessoas com menos de 50 anos (54.8%) versus 45.2% do total das pessoas com 50 anos ou mais. Conclusão. A colonoscopia é um instrumento muito útil no diagnóstico, monitoramento e tratamento de uma ampla variedade de patologias gastrointestinais, pois, por meio desta importante ferramenta de diagnóstico, é possível determinar e descartar outros tipos de patologias que afetam o sistema gastrointestinal. Cómo citar: Rodriguez NH, Logreira JD, Sanabria DF, Uribe JC. Hallazgos colonoscópicos en pacientes atendidos en una institución de salud del municipio de Barrancabermeja, Santander. MedUNAB. 2020;23(2): 261-269. doi: 10.29375/01237047.3834


Subject(s)
Colonoscopy , Mass Screening , Gastroenterology , Intestinal Neoplasms , Intestine, Large , Intestine, Small
11.
Rev. colomb. radiol. ; 31(4): 5466-5468, dic. 2020. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1343716

ABSTRACT

Los lipomas son tumores benignos derivados de adipocitos maduros, ubicados con mayor frecuencia en el colon. Los pacientes generalmente son asintomáticos, por lo que en su mayoría se diagnostican de maneraa incidental; sin embargo, en muy pocas ocasiones pueden generar síntomas por complicaciones, como hemorragia digestiva por ulceración, obstrucción intestinal o dolor crónico. Este artículo tiene como objetivo informar el caso de una paciente de 60 años de edad, con dolor abdominal crónico, quien recibió manejo médico con antiespasmódicos. Ante la falta de mejoría, se le realizó tomografía axial computarizada (TAC) de abdomen, como parte de los estudios diagnósticos, en la que se evidenció un lipoma gigante de colon transverso, al cual se le atribuyó el dolor. Por ello, es importante considerar las lesiones tumorales benignas no epiteliales del colon como causas de dolor abdominal y por tal motivo una evaluación cuidadosa del tracto gastrointestinal en los estudios de imagen, por parte del médico radiólogo.


Lipomas are benign tumors derived from mature adipocytes, most frequently located in the colon. Patients are generally asymptomatic, so they are mostly diagnosed incidentally; however, in very few occasions they can generate symptoms due to complications, such as digestive hemorrhage due to ulceration, intestinal obstruction or chronic pain. This article aims to report the case of a 60-year-old patient with chronic abdominal pain, who received medical management with antispasmodics. without achieving improvement of the condition, Due to the lack of improvement, an abdominal computed tomography was performed as part of the diagnostic studies, where the presence of a giant transverse colon lipoma was evidenced, to which the etiology of the pain was attributed. For this reason, it is important to consider benign non-epithelial colon tumor lesions as causes of abdominal pain and therefore a careful evaluation of the gastrointestinal tract in imaging studies by the radiologist.


Subject(s)
Lipoma , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Intestine, Large , Intussusception
12.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 31(1): 5289-5293, mar, 2020. ilus, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292792

ABSTRACT

Los lipomas constituyen la segunda causa de neoplasias benignas del colon, suelen ser asintomáticos, pero pueden manifestarse con úlceras que llevan a hemorragias o anemia ferropénica; también pueden manifestarse como obstrucción intestinal a través de una invaginación intestinal. Esta última condición rara en adultos, representa el 1 % de las causas de obstrucción intestinal en este grupo de edad; al menos el 90 % son secundarios a una condición que sirve como cabeza de invaginación o punto de partida. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 64 años de edad con dolor abdominal, en quien los estudios de imagen establecieron el diagnóstico de invaginación ileocólica ocasionada por un lipoma colónico. Se le practicó una hemicolectomía y anastomosis ileotransversa. El estudio histopatológico confirmó el hallazgo de un lipoma colónico como punto de inicio de una invaginación.


Lipomas are the second cause of benign neoplasms of the colon. They are usually asymptomatic, but can manifest as cases of ulcers that have hemorrhages or iron deficiency anemia. They can also manifest as bowel obstruction through intussusception. This last condition is rare in adults, representing 1% of the causes of bowel obstruction in this group. Of the cases that occur, at least 90% are secondary to a condition that serves as the head of the intussusception or starting point. We present the case of a 64-year-old man with abdominal pain, in whom imaging studies established the diagnosis of ileocolic intussusception in relation to a possible colonic lipoma. He underwent surgery where a hemicolectomy and ileo-transverse anastomosis were performed. The histopathological study confirmed the finding of a colonic lipoma as the starting point of the intussusception.


Subject(s)
Lipoma , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Intestine, Large , Intussusception
13.
J. pediatr. (Rio J.) ; 94(3): 320-324, May-June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-954617

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives To evaluate if there are differences regarding disease location and mortality of necrotizing enterocolitis, according to the gestational age at birth, in newborns submitted to surgery due to enterocolite. Methods A historical cohort study of 198 newborns submitted to surgery due to necrotizing enterecolitis in a tertiary hospital, from November 1991 to December 2012. The newborns were divided into different categories according to gestational age (<30 weeks, 30-33 weeks and 6 days, 34-36 weeks and 6 days, and ≥37 weeks), and were followed for 60 days after surgery. The inclusion criterion was the presence of histological findings of necrotizing enterocolitis in the pathology. Patients with single intestinal perforation were excluded. Results The jejunum was the most commonly affected site in extremely premature infants (p = 0.01), whereas the ileum was the most commonly affected site in premature infants (p = 0.002), and the colon in infants born at term (p < 0.001). With the increasing gestational age, it was observed that intestinal involvement decreased for the ileum and the jejunum (decreasing from 45% to 0% and from 5% to 0%, respectively), with a progressive increase in colon involvement (0% to 84%). Total mortality rate was 45.5%, and no statistical difference was observed in the mortality at different gestational ages (p = 0.287). Conclusions In newborns submitted to surgery due to necrotizing enterocolitis, the disease in extremely preterm infants was more common in the jejunum, whereas in preterm infants, the most affected site was the ileum, and in newborns born close to term, it was the colon. No difference in mortality was observed according to the gestational age at birth.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar se há diferença de localização e de mortalidade da enterocolite necrosante de acordo com a idade gestacional ao nascimento, em neonatos operados por enterocolite. Métodos Coorte histórica de 198 neonatos operados por enterocolite necrosante em hospital terciário, de novembro de 1991 a dezembro de 2012. Os recém-nascidos operados foram divididos em diferentes categorias de acordo com a idade gestacional (< 30 semanas, 30 a 33 semanas e seis dias, 34 a 36 semanas e seis dias e ≥ 37 semanas) e foram seguidos por 60 dias depois da cirurgia. O critério de inclusão foi a presença de achados histológicos de enterocolite necrosante no anatomopatológico e o de exclusão foi a presença de perfuração intestinal única. Resultados O jejuno foi mais acometido pela ECN nos prematuros extremos (p = 0,01); o íleo mais afetado nos recém-nascidos prematuros (p = 0,002) e o cólon nos recém-nascidos a termo ou próximos ao termo (p < 0,001). Com o aumento da idade gestacional, observam-se redução do acometimento do jejuno e do íleo (regrediu de 45% para 0% e de 5% para 0%, respectivamente) e aumento progressivo do acometimento do cólon (0% para 84%). A mortalidade total das crianças operadas por ECN foi de 45,5%; não existiu diferença estatística na mortalidade nas diferentes idades gestacionais (p = 0,287). Conclusões Em recém-nascidos operados por enterocolite necrosante, a doença no jejuno foi mais comum no prematuro extremo, no íleo no prematuro, e a doença no cólon nos recém-nascidos próximos ao termo. Não foi observada diferença de mortalidade de acordo com a idade gestacional ao nascimento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Gestational Age , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/pathology , Intestine, Large/pathology , Intestine, Small/pathology , Cohort Studies , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/surgery , Enterocolitis, Necrotizing/mortality , Laparotomy
14.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 213-216, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717436

ABSTRACT

The occurrence of heterotopic tissue in the large intestine is unusual. The most common heterotopic tissue type described is gastric-type mucosa. On the other hand, heterotopic salivary gland tissue in the large intestine is extremely rare. To the best of the authors' knowledge, only five cases of heterotopic salivary gland in the large intestine have been reported, and all cases arose in the left colon. One out of five cases arose in the sigmoid colon, and the four other cases were found in the rectum-anal canal region. Endoscopically, they usually appeared as a polyp. The presentation of the patients was rectal bleeding or asymptomatic. Heterotopic salivary gland tissue in the colon has not been reported in Korea. This paper reports a case of heterotopic salivary gland tissue at the hepatic flexure of the colon and reviews the literature on similar cases. A 55-year-old male underwent large bowel endoscopy for colorectal carcinoma screening. The colonoscopy revealed five polyps. A sessile polyp at the hepatic flexure, 0.6 cm in size, was resected in a piecemeal manner. The histopathologic findings revealed a salivary gland with mixed mucinous-serous features and ducts. The other four polyps all were diagnosed as tubular adenoma with low-grade dysplasia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma , Choristoma , Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Endoscopy , Hand , Hemorrhage , Intestine, Large , Korea , Mass Screening , Mucous Membrane , Polyps , Salivary Glands
15.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 141-146, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716858

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Spontaneous gastrointestinal perforations (SGIPs; not associated with injury or disease) occur rarely in pediatric patients. This study aimed to define age-specific features associated with SGIPs in pediatric patients. METHODS: Retrospectively reviewed the clinical data of children (before adolescence) who received surgery due to a SGIP at a single institution. Thirty-nine patients were enrolled. Characteristics were compared between the 2 age groups: neonates (group A) and beyond neonates (group B). RESULTS: Group A included 24 patients (61.5%) an group B included 15 patients (38.5%). Thirteen perforations occurred in the stomach (33.3%), 12 in the small intestine (30.8%), and 14 in the large intestine (35.9%). A significantly higher proportion of perforations occurred in the stomach and small intestine in group A, while more perforations occurred in the large intestine in group B (P = 0.01). Several associated conditions during the preoperative period were identified in both groups. The overall mortality rate was 15.4% (6 of 39). Mortality was relatively high in group A (5 of 24, 20.8%) and for perforations of stomach (3 of 13, 23.1%) and small intestine (3 of 12, 25.0%); however, there were no significant differences with regard to age or perforation site (P = 0.244, P = 0.122, respectively). CONCLUSION: SGIPs in pediatric patients had diverse clinical features and different perforation patterns according to age group. However, no significant group differences in mortality were found. Thus, favorable results regardless of age can be expected with prompt recognition, medical resuscitation, and adequate surgical management.


Subject(s)
Child , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Intestine, Large , Intestine, Small , Mortality , Preoperative Period , Resuscitation , Retrospective Studies , Stomach
16.
Rev. argent. coloproctología ; 28(2): 158-162, Dic. 2017. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1008633

ABSTRACT

Introduccion: La videocolonoscopía es el principal método de diagnóstico, tratamiento y seguimiento en patologías colorectales. La perforación colónica en endoscopía terapeútica es una complicación infrecuente pero debe ser evaluada y tratada rapidamente cuando aparece ya que puede presentar una morbimortalidad elevada. Objetivo: Valorar resultado de tratamiento conservador no quirúrgico en perforaciones colónicas post polipectomía endoscópica. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo observacional descriptivo sobre base de datos prospectiva en el Sanatorio del Salvador y en el centro privado Unidad Digestiva Baistrocchi de la ciudad de Córdoba, desde enero del año 2012 a diciembre del 2017. Resultados: Sobre un total de 1606 procedimientos intervencionistas, se presentaron 9 perforaciones. El síntoma más frecuente fue el dolor abdominal, seguido de distensión, defensa muscular, reacción peritoneal y fiebre. Se realizaron radiografía de abdomen y tomografía computada a todos los casos con diagnóstico presuntivo para corroborar los hallazgos clínicos. Se realizó internación, reposo gástrico, control estricto de parámetros clínicos y antibioticoterapia para flora colónica. Se analizó diariamente evolución decidiendo conducta a seguir. El tratamiento conservador fue satisfactorio en un 87% de los casos. Conclusión: La perforación colónica postpolipectomía es una complicación inevitable, de menor incidencia en especialistas entrenados. Conociendo los síntomas de presentación, realizando un correcto examen físico y seguimiento clínico puede realizarse tratamiento conservador exitoso en aquellos pacientes clínicamente estables y de riesgo moderado. (AU)


Background: Videocolonoscopy has become the main tool for diagnostic and treatment of colorrectal diseases. Perforation after therapeutic colonoscopy is an uncommon complication but it must be treated quickly beacause of it´s high rate of morbidity and mortality. Aims: To evaluate rate of success of non quirurgical treatment in postpolipectomy perforations. Methods: A retrospective observational study was performed over a prospective database of 11062 colonoscopy fulfilled between january 2012 and december 2017. Results: We had 9 perforations. The most common symptom was abdominal pain, followed by distension, peritonism and fever. All pacients with presumpitve diagnoses were studied with computed tomography and plain chest radiography. The management was conservative in all cases. The standard treatment was endovenous antibiotics, nil-by-mouth regimen, fluids and hospitalization in common floor. Conservative treatment was successful in 87% of our cases. Conclusions: postpolipectomy perforation is inevitable, nevertheless, has lower incidence in specialized physicians. Knowledge about symptoms and having a close follow up of potencial patients may allow us to improve rates of success in conservative management. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Colonoscopy/methods , Colon/injuries , Conservative Treatment , Iatrogenic Disease , Intraoperative Complications , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Intestinal Perforation , Intestine, Large/injuries , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use
17.
Rev. Hosp. El Cruce ; (20): 13-17, 20170711.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-916578

ABSTRACT

La mucosa gástrica heterotópica es una alteración caracterizada por la presencia de mucosa gástrica fuera del estómago siendo la ubicación más frecuente en esófago. La heterotopía gástrica del recto es un hallazgo infrecuente, con sólo 50 casos reportados hasta el momento, descripta por primera vez en 1939. A continuación, describimos un caso de heterotopía gástrica en recto haciendo una breve actualización de las manifestaciones, posibles etiologías y opciones terapéuticas.


Heterotopic gastric mucosa is an anomaly that is characterized by the appearance of gastric mucosa out of the stomach, usually in the esophagus. The gastric heterotopia in rectum is a rare finding -of which only 50 cases reported so far- that was first described in 1939. Below, we describe a case of gastric heterotopia in rectum briefly updating the manifestations, possible causes and therapeutic options.


Subject(s)
Case Reports , Rectal Fistula , Lower Gastrointestinal Tract , Gastric Mucosa , Intestine, Large
18.
J. vasc. bras ; 16(1): f:52-l:55, Jan.-Mar. 2017. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-841409

ABSTRACT

Abstract In this article we present a rare variant in which the large intestine was vascularized by the inferior mesenteric artery. It was encountered during macro and microscopic dissection of the cadaver of a 63-year-old woman at a university department of human anatomy. In this case, the ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid colon and rectum were vascularized by the inferior mesenteric artery, whereas the small intestine, cecum and appendix were supplied by the superior mesenteric artery.


Resumo Neste artigo apresentamos uma variação rara em que o intestino grosso era vascularizado pela artéria mesentérica inferior. A variação foi descoberta durante a dissecção macro e microscópia de um cadáver do sexo feminino, 63 anos de idade, em um departamento universitário de anatomia humana. Neste caso, o cólon ascendente, transverso, descendente e sigmoide e também o reto eram vascularizados pela artéria mesentérica inferior, ao passo que o intestino delgado, ceco e apêndice eram vascularizados pela artéria mesentéria superior.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Intestine, Large/anatomy & histology , Mesenteric Artery, Inferior/anatomy & histology , Anatomy , Colon, Ascending/anatomy & histology , Dissection/methods , Intestine, Small/anatomy & histology , Mesenteric Artery, Superior/anatomy & histology
19.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 366-371, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211170

ABSTRACT

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a common, chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder affecting the large intestine, and presents as abdominal pain and/or discomfort, bloating, gas retention, diarrhea, and constipation. IBS impairs quality-of-life and requires long-term management. In 2016, the Rome Foundation introduced new IBS diagnostic criteria (the Rome IV criteria), and also revised the diagnostic algorithms for, and the multidimensional clinical profile (MDCP) of, functional gastrointestinal disorders. The IBS MDCP includes clinical data, the extent to which normal daily activities are affected, and psychosocial and physiological measures. The criteria seek to aid physicians in choosing appropriate treatment for IBS patients. Herein, we seek to provide evidence- based practical information on IBS and functional diarrhea. We review the new Rome diagnostic IV criteria, the MDCP, and the various IBS treatment options. We suggest that, in clinical practice, combination therapies may be useful to treat patients with IBS of various grades.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abdominal Pain , Constipation , Diarrhea , Gastrointestinal Diseases , Intestine, Large , Irritable Bowel Syndrome
20.
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2017; 67 (1): 314-321
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189182

ABSTRACT

Aim of the work: The present study aims to describe and compare between the different parts of the alimentary canal of Spur-winged lapwing Vanellus spinosus from the histological and histochemical reviews


Materials and methods: This animal was caught from its natural habitat [Nile Delta in Egypt]; dissected and the alimentary canal was fixed in the suitable fixatives for histological and histochemical investigations


Results: Histological findings revealed that the alimentary canal wall in different parts under investigation is consisted of four main layers which are; serosa, muscularis, submucosa and mucosa. The serosa is composed of simple squamous epithelium. The muscularis is formed of outer circular and inner longitudinal muscle fibers. The submucosa is showing green colour with Masson's stain due to its content of connective tissue. The mucosal folds of oesophagus are characterized by stratified squamous epithelium. At the base of these folds, oesophageal glands which secrete acid mucopolysacchride are located. The stomach composed of two parts; cardiac [glandular] and pyloric [muscular]. The gastric glands of glanular portion are differentiated into deep and superficial gastric glands. The deep gastric glands are of compound-branched alveolar and have neutral mucopolysacchride secrections. While, the superficial gastric glands are of compound tubular type and secreting acid and neutral mucopolysacchride since they give blue and red colours with Alcian PAS stain. The gastric glands in muscular portion of stomach, are compound tubular type and have acid and neutral mucopolysaccharides. The mucosal villi of duodenum and ileum are characterized by tubular glands [crypts of Leiberkhun], which contain acid and neutral mucopolysaccharides. The mucosal layer of rectum is covered by simple columnar epithelium containing goblet cells in addition to the rectal glands. This layer nature is acid and neutral mucopolysaccharides. The histochemical results showed differences in the stainability and distribution of polysaccharides, acid and neutral mucopolysaccharides in different parts of alimentary canal of investigated animal


Subject(s)
Animals , Charadriiformes , Digestive System/anatomy & histology , Esophagus , Stomach , Intestine, Small , Intestine, Large
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