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1.
Article in English | AIM, AIM | ID: biblio-1366935

ABSTRACT

Primary cardiac tumors are very rare, accounting for 0,001 ­0,03% in autopsy series, cardiac myxoma (CM) account for approximately 50% of them. Association between CM and cerebral aneurysm is well documented in this condition but the occurrence of cerebral aneurysm after resection of CM is very rare, with only 40 reports in medical literature. We present a case of a 45 years old female patient with multiple cerebral aneurysms 2 years after a successful resection of cardiac myxoma, submitted to radiosurgery for 2 bigger aneurysms with good results. This report ads to literature new clinical findings and a hypothesis of radiosurgery as an effective option of treatment for cerebral aneurysms with origin in CM. Keywords: Cardiac Myxoma; Cerebral aneurysm; Radiosurgery; Neurosurgery.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Radiosurgery , Myxoma , Neurosurgery
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880644

ABSTRACT

In recent years, in the absence of venous component, dilated, overlapping, and tortuous arteries forming a mass of arterial loops with a coil-like appearance have been defined as pure arterial malformation (PAM). It is extremely rare, and its etiology and treatment have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we reported 2 cases of PAM with associated aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage in this paper. Both patients had severe headache as the first symptom. Subarachnoid hemorrhage was found by CT and computed tomography angiography (CTA) and PAM with associated aneurysm was found by digital subtraction angiography (DSA). In view of the distribution of blood and the location of aneurysms, the aneurysm rupture was the most likely to be considered. Based on the involvement of the lesion in the distal blood supply, only the aneurysm was clamped during the operation. It used to be consider that PAM is safety, because of the presentation and natural history of previously reported cases. Through the cases we reported, we have doubted about "the benign natural history" and discussed its treatment. PAM can promote the formation of aneurysms and should be reviewed regularly. The surgical indications for PAM patients with aneurysm formation need to be further clarified. Management of PAM patients with ruptured aneurysm is the same as that of ruptured aneurysm. Whether there are indications needed to treat simple arterial malformations remains to be further elucidated with the multicenter, randomized controlled studies on this disease.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/etiology
3.
Rev. bras. neurol ; 56(4): 35-38, out.-dez. 2020. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140817

ABSTRACT

A persistência e a falha da involução das comunicações embrionárias entre a circulação cerebral anterior e posterior contribuem para anomalias vasculares em adultos. Esta variação é comumente detectada de forma incidental, causando sintomas muito raramente. Sua proximidade com os nervos oculomotor, troclear e abducente podem levar a paresia muscular ocular. Em alguns casos pode causar tinnitus pulsátil e ao espasmo de hemiface. Muitos casos de artéria trigeminal foram relatados como associados a aneurismas intracranianos.


The persistence and failure of the involution of embryonic communications between the anterior and posterior cerebral circulation contribute to vascular anomalies in adults. This variation is commonly detected incidentally, rarely causing symptoms. Its proximity to the oculomotor, trochlear, and abducent nerves can lead to ocular muscle paresis. Sometimes it can cause pulsatile tinnitus and hemiface spasm. Many cases of trigeminal artery have been reported to be associated with intracranial aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/surgery , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Arteries/abnormalities , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome , Vascular Malformations , Computed Tomography Angiography
4.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(2): 145-148, jun. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1123387

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los aneurismas cerebrales de la circulación posterior, representan solo del 8 al 10 % del total de los aneurismas cerebrales, y de estos los de la arteria cerebelosa anteroinferior (AICA) son muy poco frecuentes, por lo que no hay algoritmo de manejo para estas lesiones, se requieren conocimientos anatómicos de vascular y de base de cráneo para el tratamiento de estos, hablando del abordaje quirúrgico, podemos mencionar, el extremo lateral, retrosigmoideo, orbitozigomatico y presigmoideo, que depende del tamaño y localización del aneurisma, ya sea distal o proximal. Presentamos este caso, que tratamos mediante un abordaje retrosigmoideo convencional, el cual nos ofreció un corredor quirúrgico suficiente, sin necesidad de un abordaje mas amplio, en este caso fue un aneurisma distal de la AICA, localizado en el segmento meatal, que se encontró en el complejo neurovascular medio del ángulo pontocerebeloso, muy próximo a los nervios craneales V, VII y VIII. Objetivos: Demostrar que los aneurismas distales de la AICA se pueden manejar mediante un abordaje retrosigmodeo convencional con éxito. Materiales y métodos: El paciente se colocó en posición park bench, bajo fijación esquelética de 3 puntos, con el asterion como punto mas elevado. Se realizo una incisión en forma de C en la mastoides y se realizo un abordaje dirigido hacia el ángulo pontocerebeloso. Resultados: Se logró realizar el clipaje del aneurisma de forma satisfactoria, con un buen resultado clínico del paciente, quien fue egresada a los 4 días sin déficit neurológico. Conclusión: El abordaje retrosigmoideo es una opción terapéutica para el manejo de los aneurismas ubicados en el ángulo pontocerebeloso, específicamente del AICA distal y también se puede usar incluso para los aneurismas distales del PICA.


Background: Cerebral aneurysms of the posterior circulation, representing only 8 to 10% of the total cerebral aneurysms, but the aneurysms of the anteroinferior cerebellar artery (AICA) are very rare, so there is no management algorithm for these lesions, anatomical knowledge of vascular and skull base are known for the treatment of these lesions, in relation of the surgical approach, we can identify, the far lateral, retrosigmoid, orbitozigmatic or presigmoid approaches, which depends on the size and location of aneurysm, either distal or proximal. We present this case, which we treated through a conventional retrosigmoid approach, which offers us a sufficient surgical corridor, without the need for a broader approach, in this case it was a distal AICA aneurysm, located in the meatal segment, which was found in the middle neurovascular complex of the pontocerebellar angle, very close to the cranial nerves V, VII and VIII. Objective: Demonstrate that distal aneurysms of AICA can be managed using a successful conventional retrosigmoid approach. Results: The clipping of the aneurysm was achieved satisfactorily, with a good clinical result of the patient, who was discharged at 4 days without neurological deficit. Conclusion: The retrosigmoid approach is a therapeutic option for the management of aneurysms located in the pontocerebellar angle, specifically of the distal AICA and can also be used even for distal aneurysms of the PICA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aneurysm , Arteries , Intracranial Aneurysm , Cranial Nerves
5.
An. Fac. Cienc. Méd. (Asunción) ; 53(1): 59-70, 20200401.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1095646

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La Hemorragia Subaracnoidea es el sangrado en el espacio subaracnoideo. La causa espontánea en la mayoría de las veces se debe a ruptura de un aneurisma cerebral. Objetivo: Describir la casuística, manejo y resultados de los aneurismas cerebrales en el Hospital de Clínicas. Pacientes y método: Estudio observacional, descriptivo, transversal, incluyendo pacientes operados de aneurismas cerebrales, mayores de 17 años, en el Hospital de Clínicas del 2011 al 2019. Las variables descriptas fueron: edad, sexo, motivo de consulta, estudios radiológicos, escala de Glasgow y Hunt y Hess, localización, segmento, cantidad, fase, clipado temporario, vasoespasmo e hidrocefalia. Resultados: Se incluyó 249 pacientes; 45% masculino, 65% femenino, con edad promedio de 47,5 años. El motivo de consulta más frecuente fue cefalea. Al ingreso tuvieron predominantemente Hunt y Hess 2, y, Glasgow 15. El 43,2% eran Fisher 4. El Glasgow de egreso fue mayor o igual a 14 en 82,1%. Se diagnosticó el 51,7% con arteriografía; el 50,9% de los aneurismas en la carótida interna y, fueron múltiples en 10,84%. Se operaron en fase aguda 28,3%, 65% en fase tardía y, el 6,7% de los aneurismas fue de hallazgo casual. En 36,44% de los casos se realizó clipado temporario y, en el 70,4% se perforó la lámina terminalis. La mortalidad fue de 4,2%. Presentaron vasoespasmo radiológico en un 46% y, vasoespasmo clínico en 24,5 %. El 11% fue sometido a craniectomía descompresiva y, 5,5% desarrolló hidrocefalia dependiente de VDVP. Conclusión: El clipado de los aneurismas cerebrales es una técnica con buenos resultados y la única accesible en el sector público.


Introduction: Subarachnoid hemorrhage is bleeding in the subarachnoid space. The spontaneous is caused most of the time by rupture of a cerebral aneurysm. Objective: Describe the casuistry, management and results of cerebral aneurysms at the Hospital de Clínicas. Patients and methods: Observational, descriptive, cross-sectional study including patients operated for cerebral aneurysms, older than 17 years, at the Hospital de Clínicas from 2011 to 2019. The variables described were: age, sex, reason for consultation, radiological studies, Glasgow and Hunt and Hess scale, location, segment, quantity, phase, temporary clipping, vasospasm and hydrocephalus. Results: 249 patients were included; 45% male, 65% female, average age 47.5 years. The most frequent reason for consultation was headache. At admission they had predominantly Hunt and Hess 2, and Glasgow 15. 43.2% were Fisher 4. The Glasgow of discharge was greater than or equal to 14 in 82.1%. 51.7% were diagnosed with arteriography; 50.9% internal carotid aneurysms, multiple 10.84%. 28.3% were operated in acute phase, 65% late phase, 6.7% were a casually found. In 36.44% of cases a temporary clipping was performed and in 70.4% the lamina terminalis was perforated. Mortality was 4.2%, radiological vasospasm 46%, clinical vasospasm 24.5%, 11% underwent decompressive craniectomy and 5.5% developed VDVP-dependent hydrocephalus. Conclusion: The clipping of cerebral aneurysms is a technique with good results and the only one in the public sector.


Subject(s)
Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology
6.
Int. arch. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 24(1): 38-46, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1090545

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction The clinical relevance of the anatomy and variations of the anterior ethmoidal artery (AEA) is outstanding, considering its role as a landmark in endoscopic surgery, its importance in the therapy of epistaxis, and the high risks related to iatrogenic injuries. Objective To provide an anatomical description of the course and relationships of the AEA, based on direct computed-tomography (CT)-based 3D volume rendering. Methods Direct volume rendering was performed on 18 subjects who underwent (CT) with contrast medium for suspected cerebral aneurism. Results The topographical location of 36 AEAs was assessed as shown: 10 dehiscent (27.8%), 20 intracanal (55.5%), 6 incomplete canals (16.7%). Distances from important topographic landmarks are reported. Conclusion This work demonstrates that direct 3D volume rendering is a valid imaging technique for a detailed description of the anterior ethmoidal artery thus representing a useful tool for head pre-operatory assessments.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Arteries/anatomy & histology , Arteries/diagnostic imaging , Ethmoid Sinus/blood supply , Ethmoid Sinus/diagnostic imaging , Multidetector Computed Tomography/methods , Tomography, X-Ray Computed/methods , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Retrospective Studies , Skull Base/anatomy & histology , Skull Base/blood supply , Skull Base/diagnostic imaging , Contrast Media , Imaging, Three-Dimensional
7.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(1): 6-14, mar. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151242

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los aneurismas del segmento comunicante posterior representan aproximadamente 25% de todos los aneurismas intracraneales, y el 50% de los aneurismas de la arteria carótida interna. El objetivo fue evaluar la eficacia del tratamiento quirúrgico y endovascular en el manejo de aneurismas de esta localización. Material y Métodos: Estudio comparativo retrospectivo. Se revisó las historias clínicas de pacientes con aneurisma del segmento comunicante posterior que ingresaron al departamento de Neurocirugía del Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara durante el periodo 2010-2017. Se comparó estancia hospitalaria, complicaciones, mortalidad y estado funcional a los 12 meses, en relación al tratamiento recibido, microquirúrgico o endovascular. Resultados: Se evaluaron 256 pacientes, 111 (43,36%) recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico, y 145 (56,64%) endovascular. En el caso de aneurismas rotos, el estado de independencia funcional fue alcanzado por 68 (66,7%) y 69 (70,4%) pacientes que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico y endovascular, respectivamente (OR:0.84, IC 95%: 0.46­1.53; p=0.505). Se presentaron complicaciones neurológicas en 37 (36,3%) y 34 (34.7%) pacientes sometidos a tratamiento microquirúrgico y endovascular, respectivamente (OR: 1.07, IC 95%: 0.60­1.91; p=0.912). La estancia hospitalaria promedio fue 19,55±13.85 y 14.06±14.97 días, para pacientes con tratamiento quirúrgico y endovascular, respectivamente (p<0.008). La mortalidad fue 11,8% y 11,2%, con ligera predominancia en el grupo tratado quirúrgicamente (OR: 1.05, IC 95%: 0.44­2.52; p=0.904). Conclusiones: No existe diferencia significativa respecto al resultado funcional a los 12 meses, complicaciones y mortalidad entre ambos tipos de tratamiento en el caso de aneurismas rotos. Los pacientes sometidos a terapia endovascular tuvieron de forma significativa menor estancia hospitalaria


Background: Posterior communicating segment aneurysms represent about the 25% of all intracranial aneurysms and the 50% of the internal carotid artery aneurysms. The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of the surgical and endovascular treatments in the management of the aneurysms of this localization. Methods: Comparative and retrospective study. Clinical charts of patients with aneurysms of the posterior communicating segment were reviewed during the period from 2010 to 2017 in the Guillermo Almenara Hospital. Hospital stay, complications, mortality and functional status at 12 months were compared among endovascular and surgical treatment. Results: Two hundred and fifty-six patients were evaluated, 111 (43,36%) were treated with surgery and 145 (54,64%) with endovascular therapy. Among ruptured aneurysms, functional independence status was reached in 68 (66,7%) and 69 (70,4%) of the patients who were treated with surgery and embolization respectively (OR:0.84, IC 95%: 0.46­1.53; p=0.505). Neurological complications were found in 37 (36,3%) and 34 (34,7%) patients treated with surgery and embolization respectively (OR: 1.07, IC 95%: 0.60­1.91; p=0.912). The mean hospital stay was 19,55±13.85 and 14.06±14.97 days of the patients treated with surgery and embolization respectively. Mortality was 11,8% and 11,2%, with a slight predominance in the surgically treated group (OR: 1.05, IC 95%: 0.44­2.52; p=0.904). Conclusions: There is no significant difference according to functional status at 12 months, complications and mortality among both type of treatments in the group of ruptured aneurysms. Patients treated with endovascular therapy had lower hospital stay with statistical difference


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Therapeutics , Intracranial Aneurysm , Neurosurgery
8.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 34(1): 62-62, mar. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1151254

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Presentar la resolución quirúrgica de un aneurisma gigante de arteria cerebral media mediante técnica de Trapping y By-Pass. Introducción: La tasa de mortalidad a 5 años de pacientes con aneurismas gigantes es del 80%. Debido a su cuello ancho en ocasiones el clipado directo no es posible, requiriendo realizar Trapping del aneurisma seguido de revascularización mediante By-Pass. Material y Método: Se analizaron datos de historia clínica, imágenes complementarias pre y postquirúrgicas, así como imágenes de video intraoperatorias de un paciente portador de aneurisma gigante de arteria cerebral media intervenido en nuestro centro. Resultados: Mediante abordaje Pterional se localizó arteria temporal superficial y sus ramos. Luego de una cuidadosa disección del saco aneurismático se intentó el clipado primario, debido a su cuello ancho, aterosclerosis asociada y trombo intrasacular, el flujo en la rama temporal de arteria cerebral media era comprometido por el clip. Se decidió la oclusión del aneurisma mediante técnica de trapping y, en mismo tiempo quirúrgico, realización de By Pass extra-intracraneano de arteria temporal superficial a rama temporal de arteria cerebral media. A su vez se secciono el aneurisma y se removió el trombo contenido en su interior, logrando disminuir el efecto de masa ejercido por el mismo. Se corroboro permeabilidad intraquirurgica mediante Doppler y en el postoperatorio alejado mediante angiotomografía con reconstrucción 3D. El paciente evoluciono sin complicaciones asociadas con un Rankin modificado de 1. Conclusión: Se presentó resolución quirúrgica de aneurisma gigante de arteria cerebral media mediante técnica de Trapping seguida de By-Pass extra-intra craneano temporo-silviano


Objective: To present the surgical resolution of a giant aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery using Trapping and By-Pass technique. Introduction: The 5-year mortality rate of patients with giant aneurysms is 80%. Due to its wide neck, sometimes-direct clipping is not possible, requiring trapping of the aneu-rysm followed by bypass revascularization. Material and Method: Clinical history data and intraoperative video images of a pa-tient with a giant aneurysm of the middle cerebral artery were analyzed. Results: The superficial temporal artery and its branches were identified through a Pterional approach. After careful aneurysm dissection, primary clipping was attempted, but the flow in the temporal branch of the middle cerebral artery was compromised. Due to its wide neck, associated atherosclerosis and intrasaccular thrombus, an Extra-intracranial bypass was performed from superficial temporal artery to temporal branch of middle cerebral artery, followed by trapping technique of the aneurysm. Then the aneu-rysm was sectioned and the thrombus contained inside was removed, decreasing the mass effect exerted by it. A Doppler probe was used to corroborate bypass permeability, as well as 3D reconstruction angiotomography during the postoperative period. The pa-tient was discharged without associated complications and a modified Rankin scale of 1. Conclusion: Surgical resolution of a giant middle cerebral artery aneurysm was present-ed by Trapping technique followed by extra-intra-cranial temporo-Silvian bypass


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Intracranial Aneurysm , Middle Cerebral Artery
9.
Rev. colomb. radiol ; 31(1): 5283-5288, mar, 2020. ilus, GRAF
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1292789

ABSTRACT

Introducción: En el manejo de los aneurismas intracraneales la tendencia ha sido realizar procedimientos endovasculares mínimamente invasivos. Nuevas herramientas en imágenes, como la angiografía por sustracción digital en 3D (ASD 3D), sumadas a la experiencia de los radiólogos neurointervencionistas, han llevado a una mayor definición y precisión en el estudio del aneurisma intracraneal. Objetivo: Describir la utilidad de la técnica de angiografía por sustracción digital tridimensional para el abordaje pre y postembolización de los aneurismas intracraneales. Metodología: Estudio de corte transversal entre enero de 2016 y abril de 2017 en pacientes diagnosticados con aneurisma de arterias cerebrales, en el Hospital Infantil Universitario San José, en Bogotá, Colombia. Resultados: Se incluyeron 32 pacientes, de los cuales 71,8 % (n = 23) fueron mujeres. Entre los factores de riesgo para ruptura del aneurisma, el más frecuente fue edad mayor a 40 años (81,8 %). La localización más usual fue en la arteria cerebral media (ACM) derecha (30,3 %). Todos los casos correspondieron a aneurismas saculares. En el control angiográfico postembolización inmediato se evidenció que 16 casos (48,5 %) presentaron saco residual. Conclusiones: La realización de proyecciones multiplanares con reconstrucción angiográfica 3D brinda información adicional para una mejor caracterización del aneurisma y evaluación de las estructuras anatómicas adyacentes, por lo que es de gran utilidad para planear el procedimiento y para el seguimiento.


Introduction: The trend in management of intracranial aneurysms has shifted during the last decades to minimally invasive endovascular procedures. The usefulness of new imaging tools such as digital subtraction angiography in 3D (3D DSA), added to the experience of neurointerventional radiologists, have led to greater definition and accuracy in the study of intracranial aneurysms. Objective: To describe the usefulness of three-dimensional digital subtraction angiography for pre and post embolization approach of intracranial aneurysms. Methodology: A cross-sectional study between January 2016 and April 2017 in patients diagnosed with arterial cerebral aneurysms at the Hospital Infantil Universitario San José in Bogota, Colombia. Results: 32 patients were included, 71.8% (n = 23) were women. Among the risk factors for aneurysm rupture, the most frequent was age above 40 years (81.8%). The most frequent location was in the Right Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA) (30.3%). All cases corresponded to saccular aneurysms. In the immediate post-embolization angiographic control it was evidence that 16 cases (48.5%) presented residual sac. Conclusions: The realization of multiplanar projections with 3D angiographic reconstruction allows for a better characterization of the aneurysm and evaluation of the adjacent anatomical structures, being very useful for the planning of the procedure and in the follow-up.


Subject(s)
Intracranial Aneurysm , Embolization, Therapeutic , Endovascular Procedures
10.
Clinics ; 75: e1973, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to analyze the incidence and epidemiological, angiographic, and surgical aspects associated with incomplete clipping of brain aneurysms in a cohort of patients undergoing microsurgical treatment. METHODS: The medical record data of patients who underwent microsurgery for cerebral aneurysm treatment and postoperative digital subtraction angiography, treated at the same teaching hospital between 2014 and 2019, were retrospectively analyzed. The studied variables involved epidemiological and clinical data, as well as neurological status and findings on neuroimaging. The time elapsed between hemorrhage and microsurgical treatment, data on the neurosurgical procedure employed for aneurysm occlusion, and factors associated with the treated aneurysm, specifically location and size, were also evaluated. RESULTS: One hundred and seventeen patients were submitted to 139 neurosurgical procedures, in which 167 aneurysms were clipped. The overall rate of residual injury was 23%. Smoking (odds ratio [OR]: 3.38, 95% confidence interval [CI95%]: 1.372-8.300, p=0.008), lesion size >10 mm (OR: 5.136, CI95%: 2.240-11.779, p<0.001) and surgery duration >6 h (OR: 8.667, CI95%: 2.713-27.681, p<0.001) were found to significantly impact incomplete aneurysm occlusion in the univariate analyses. CONCLUSION: Incomplete microsurgical aneurysm occlusion is associated with aneurysm size, complexity, and current smoking status. Currently, there is no consensus on postoperative assessment of clipped aneurysms, hindering the correct assessment of treatment outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Aneurysm, Ruptured/surgery , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Neurosurgical Procedures , Microsurgery
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880610

ABSTRACT

The traditional classification, diagnosis, and treatment of intracranial aneurysms are based on the characteristics of their vascular lumen. However, in the past few years, some advances in MRI technology with high-resolution imaging can assess the pathology of intracranial vascular walls. Compared with traditional methods of computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiograhpy, and digital subtraction angiography, high resolution magnetic resonance imaging technology can help us to newly understand the disease by directly evaluating the characteristics of vascular wall, such as aneurysm wall thickness, inflammation, enhancement, permeability and hemodynamics. At present, high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging is increasingly used in clinic to assess the rupture risk of intracranial aneurysms, which is of great significance for guiding the diagnosis and treatment of intracranial aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Angiography , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Risk Assessment , Technology
12.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 701-705, 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136270

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Microsurgical clipping is currently the main method of treating cerebral aneurysms, even with the improvement of endovascular therapy techniques in recent years. Treatment aims at complete occlusion of the lesion, which is not always feasible. Although appearing superior to endovascular treatment, microsurgical clipping may present varying percentages of incomplete occlusion. Such incidence may be reduced with the use of intraoperative vascular study. Some classifications were elaborated in an attempt to standardize the characteristics of residual lesions, but the classification criteria and terminology used in the studies remain vague and poorly documented, and there is no consensus for a uniform classification. Thus, there is also no agrément on which residual aneurysms should be treated. The aim of this study is to review the literature on residual lesions after microsurgery to treat cerebral aneurysms and how to proceed with them.


RESUMO A clipagem microcirúrgica é, atualmente, o principal método de tratamento dos aneurismas cerebrais, mesmo com o aprimoramento das técnicas de terapia endovascular nos últimos anos. O tratamento visa à oclusão completa da lesão, o que nem sempre é factível. Apesar de parecer superior ao tratamento endovascular, a clipagem microcirúrgica pode apresentar porcentagens variadas de oclusão incompleta. Tal incidência pode ser reduzida com utilização de estudo vascular intraoperatório. Algumas classificações foram elaboradas na tentativa de padronizar as características das lesões residuais, mas os critérios de classificação e a terminologia utilizados nos trabalhos mantêm-se vagos e pobremente documentados, não havendo consenso para uma classificação uniforme. Dessa forma, não há também concordância sobre quais aneurismas residuais devam ser submetidos a tratamento. O objetivo do presente estudo é realizar uma revisão da literatura a respeito das lesões residuais após microcirurgia para tratamento dos aneurismas cerebrais e como proceder diante dessas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Endovascular Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disease Progression , Microsurgery
13.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 33(4): 188-194, dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152271

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El tratamiento microquirúrgico de los aneurismas cerebrales no rotos, ha demostrado ser seguro en distintas series, la indicación quirúrgica en estos casos es discutible y generalmente esta en relación a su riesgo de sangrado por características morfológicas y ubicación del aneurisma. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo, determinar si en nuestra región, el tratamiento microquirúrgico de los aneurismas cerebrales no rotos es seguro y así poder dar una recomendación de tratamiento a nuestros pacientes. Materiales y métodos: Treinta y un pacientes, 33 aneurismas cerebrales no rotos fueron tratados, En clínica Elqui y Hospital San Pablo de la Región de Coquimbo, entre mayo del 2017 y marzo del 2019, se hizo un seguimiento al total de los pacientes y se evaluó su resultado neurológico según la escala de Rankin modificado. Resultado: 97% de los pacientes obtuvieron un resultado neurológico favorable (Rankin < 3), solo un 3% de los pacientes, un caso, obtuvo un resultado desfavorable (Rankin > 2). Conclusión: El tratamiento microquirúrgico de los aneurismas cerebrales no rotos en nuestra región es seguro, obteniendo una muy baja morbilidad y 0% de mortalidad


Introduction: The microsurgical treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms has been shown to be safe in different series, the surgical indication in these cases is debatable and is generally related to the risk of bleeding due to morphological characteristics and location of the aneurysm. The objective of this work is to determine if in our region the microsurgical treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms is safe and thus be able to give a recommendation of treatment to our patients. Materials and methods: 31 patients, 33 unruptured cerebral aneurysms were treated. At the Elqui clinic and San Pablo Hospital in the Coquimbo Region, between may 2017 and March 2019, the total number of patients was monitored and their Neurological outcome according to the modified Rankin scale. Result: 97% of the patients obtained a favorable neurological outcome (Rankin <3), only 3% of the patients, one case, obtained an unfavorable outcome (Rankin> 2). Conclusion: The microsurgical treatment of unruptured cerebral aneurysms in our region is safe, obtaining a very low morbidity and 0% mortality


Subject(s)
Intracranial Aneurysm , Therapeutics , Morbidity , Hospitals , Aneurysm
14.
Rev. Eugenio Espejo ; 13(1): 19-27, Ene-Jul. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1006735

ABSTRACT

La hemorragia subaracnoidea puede producirse por un traumatismo cráneo encefálico o cuando el denominado aneurisma (defecto en la estructura de la pared de un vaso sanguíneo) se rompe produciendo flujo de sangre en el espacio subaracnoideo. Al respecto, se desarrolló un estudio con enfoque mixto, de tipo no experimental, descriptivo, longitudinal prospectivo; cuyo fin fue describir la hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática en pacientes atendidos en la unidad de cuidados intensivos del Hospital Luis Vernaza, en la ciudad de Santiago de Guayaquil, Ecuador, durante el período comprendido desde enero hasta septiembre de 2016. En el mismo participa-ron 31 pacientes con diagnóstico de hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática, los que fueron atendidos en ese servicio de la institución en cuestión. Entre los resultados observados se puede destacar que: 24 de los 31 involucrados eran de género femenino, más del 90% de la población de estudio tenían más de 40 años de edad; la arteria comunicante posterior resultó la más afecta-da en los pacientes estudiados (32,26 %); el 58,33% de los casos tuvo compromiso cerebral con distintos grados de afectación; el 38,71% de la población de estudio desarrolló isquemia cere-bral tardía; se estableció una relación estadísticamente significativa entre esa última complica-ción y la administración de ácido tranexámico como parte del tratamiento para evitar resangra-do, el que se presentó solamente en el 16,13% de los pacientes participantes.


Subarachnoid hemorrhage can be caused by a traumatic brain injury or when the so-called aneu-rysm (defect in the structure of the wall of a blood vessel) ruptures causing blood flow in the subarachnoid space. Based on this, it was developed a study with a mixed approach, of a non-ex-perimental, descriptive, longitudinal, prospective type in order to describe aneurysmal subara-chnoid hemorrhage in patients treated in the intensive care unit of Luis Vernaza Hospital, in the city of Santiago de Guayaquil, Ecuador, during the period from January to September 2016. The study population was constituted by 31 patients diagnosed with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemo-rrhage and treated at the service mentioned above. The results were: 24 of the 31 patients were female, more than 90% of the study population were over 40 years of age. The posterior commu-nicating artery was the most affected in the patients representing 32.26%, 58.33% of the cases had cerebral involvement with different degrees of involvement, 38.71% of the patients develo-ped late cerebral ischemia. A statistically significant relationship was established between this last complication and the administration of tranexamic acid as part of the treatment to avoid rebleeding, which occurred only in 16.13% of the participating patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Tranexamic Acid , Cerebral Hemorrhage, Traumatic , Signs and Symptoms , Intracranial Aneurysm , Neurology
15.
Rev. colomb. anestesiol ; 47(2): 124-127, Apr.-June 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1003827

ABSTRACT

Abstract Adenosine-induced asystole is a technique that prevents and controls the intraoperative rupture of cerebral aneurysm, facilitating temporary, and/or definitive clipping of the aneurysm. This is the case of a 58-year-old woman who underwent clipping of 7 intracranial aneurysms, who was induced asystole with adeno-sine 3 times and developed atrial fibrillation with hemodynamic instability after the last dose. Adenosine has been shown to be useful and safe, however, its use should be planned and possible cardiological complications should be considered.


Resumen La asistolia inducida por adenosina es una técnica que previene y controla la ruptura intraoperatoria de aneurisma cerebral, facilitando el clipaje temporal y/o definitivo del mismo. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 58 años intervenida para clipaje de 7 aneurismas intracraneales, a quien se le indujo asistolia con adenosina en 3 oportunidades y desarrolló fibrilación auricular con inestabilidad hemodinámica tras la última dosis. La adenosina ha demostrado ser útil y segura, sin embargo, debe planificarse su uso y considerar eventuales complicaciones cardiológicas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation , Adenosine , Heart Arrest/chemically induced , Intracranial Aneurysm , Neurosurgery
16.
Arq. neuropsiquiatr ; 77(5): 300-309, Jun. 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011345

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Large multicenter studies have shown that small intracranial aneurysms are associated with a minimal risk of bleeding. Nevertheless, other large series have shown that most ruptured aneurysms are, in fact, the smaller ones. In the present study, we questioned whether small aneurysms are indeed not dangerous. Methods: We enrolled 290 patients with newly-diagnosed aneurysms at our institution over a six-year period (43.7% ruptured). We performed multivariate analyses addressing epidemiological issues, cardiovascular diseases, and three angiographic parameters (largest aneurysm diameter, neck diameter and diameter of the nutrition vessel). Risk estimates were calculated using a logistic regression model. Aneurysm size parameters were stratified according to receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves. Finally, we calculated odds ratios for rupture based on the ROC analysis. Results: The mean largest diameter for the ruptured versus unruptured groups was 13.3 ± 1.7 mm versus 22.2 ± 2.2 mm (p < 0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed a positive correlation between rupture and arterial hypertension (p < 0.001) and an inverse correlation with all three angiographic measurements (all p < 0.01). Aneurysms from the anterior cerebral artery bled more often (p < 0.05). According to the ROC curves, at the largest diameter of 15 mm, the sensitivity and specificity to predict rupture were 83% and 36%, respectively. Based on this stratification, we calculated the chance of rupture for aneurysms smaller than 15 mm as 46%, which dropped to 25% for larger aneurysms. Conclusion: In the population studied at our institution, small aneurysms were more prone to bleeding. Therefore, the need for intervention for small aneurysms should not be overlooked.


RESUMO Grandes estudos multicêntricos demostram que aneurismas intracranianos pequenos são associados a risco de sangramento mínimo. Outras grandes séries têm evidenciado que aneurismas rotos são em sua maioria os pequenos. Neste estudo questionamos até que ponto os aneurismas pequenos não são perigosos. Métodos: Avaliamos 290 novos casos de aneurismas tratados em nossa instituição durante 6 anos (43,7% rotos). Realizamos análises multivariadas com aspectos epidemiológicos dos pacientes, doenças cardiovasculares e três parâmetros angiográficos: maior diâmetro, diâmetro do colo e diâmetro do vaso nutridor do aneurisma. Estimativas de risco foram calculadas utilizando-se modelo de regressão logística. Parâmetros do tamanho aneurismático foram estratificados de acordo com curvas ROC. Também calculamos a razão de chances (odds ratios) de ruptura baseadas nas análises das curvas ROC. Resultados: O maior diâmetro médio para os grupos de aneurismas rotos e não-rotos foi 13.3 ± 1.7mm e 22.2 ± 2.2 (p < 0.001). Análises multivariadas revelaram uma correlação positiva entre ruptura aneurismática e hipertensão arterial (p < 0.001) e uma correlação inversa entre ruptura e as três medidas angiográficas (p < 0.01). Aneurismas da artéria cerebral anterior foram os que mais sangraram (p < 0.05). Análises das curvas ROC demonstram que no maior diâmetro de 15mm, a sensibilidade e especificidade para se predizer ruptura são de 83% e 36%. Baseando-se nessas estratificações, calculamos uma chance de ruptura para aneurismas menores de 15mm de 46% e de 25% para aneurismas maiores. Conclusão: Na população estudada, aneurismas pequenos são mais propensos a romper. Desta forma, a necessidade de intervenção para aneurismas pequenos não deve ser relevada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Aneurysm, Ruptured/complications , Intracranial Hemorrhages/etiology , Reference Values , Time Factors , Cerebral Angiography , Logistic Models , Intracranial Aneurysm/pathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , ROC Curve , Aneurysm, Ruptured/pathology , Aneurysm, Ruptured/diagnostic imaging , Risk Assessment/methods , Intracranial Hemorrhages/diagnostic imaging , Hypertension/complications , Neck/pathology
17.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(1): 92-95, Jan.-Feb. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1004738

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Presence of an arachnoid cyst and a non-ruptured intracystic brain aneurysm is extremely rare. The aim of this paper was to describe a case of a patient with an arachnoid cyst and a non-ruptured aneurysm inside it. Clinical, surgical and radiological data were analyzed and the literature was reviewed. CASE REPORT: A patient complained of chronic headache. She was diagnosed as having a temporal arachnoid cyst and a non-ruptured middle cerebral artery aneurysm inside it. Surgery was performed to clip the aneurysm and fenestrate the cyst. CONCLUSIONS: This report raises awareness about the importance of intracranial vascular investigation in patients with arachnoid cysts and brain hemorrhage.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Arachnoid Cysts/diagnostic imaging , Middle Cerebral Artery/diagnostic imaging , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Cerebral Angiography , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Arachnoid Cysts/surgery , Middle Cerebral Artery/surgery
18.
Neurointervention ; : 35-42, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741675

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report the authors’ experience with external ventricular drainage (EVD) before endovascular treatment (EVT) in patients with acute aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) and to investigate its relation to hemorrhagic complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between March 2010 and December 2017, a total of 122 patients were recruited who had an aSAH, underwent EVT to secure the ruptured aneurysm, and had EVD performed within 72 hours of rupture. The pre-embo EVD group (n=67) comprised patients who underwent EVD before EVT, and the post-embo EVD group (n=55) comprised those who underwent EVD after EVT. RESULTS: Overall, EVD-related hemorrhage occurred in 18 patients (14.8%): six (8.9%) in the pre-embo EVD group and 12 (21.8%) in the post-embo EVD group (P=0.065). No rebleeding occurred between EVD and EVT in the pre-embo EVD group. Clinical outcomes at discharge did not differ significantly between groups (P=0.384). At discharge, the final modified Rankin Scale score in patients who experienced pre-embo rebleeding was better in the pre-embo EVD group than in the post-embo EVD group (P=0.041). Current use of an antiplatelet agent or anticoagulant on admission (odds ratio [OR], 2.928; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.234–7.439; P=0.042) and stent use (OR, 2.430; 95% CI, 1.524–7.613; P=0.047) remained independent risk factors for EVD-related hemorrhagic complications. CONCLUSION: EVD before EVT in patients with aSAH in acute period did not increase the rate of rebleeding as well as EVD-related hemorrhagic complications. Thus, performing EVD before EVT may be beneficial by normalizing increased intracranial pressure. Especially in patients with rebleeding before the ruptured aneurysm is secured, pre-embo EVD may improve clinical outcomes at discharge.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Drainage , Hemorrhage , Humans , Hydrocephalus , Intracranial Aneurysm , Intracranial Pressure , Risk Factors , Rupture , Stents , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741413

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: We report the results of a pilot clinical study that evaluated the safety and efficacy of a newly-developed, retrievable flow diverter (FloWise; Taewoong Medical) for the treatment of internal carotid artery (ICA) aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 10 patients were enrolled. Inclusion criteria were 1) unruptured aneurysm with a dome size of ≥ 8 mm and a neck size of ≥ 4 mm at the ICA, or 2) two or more unruptured aneurysms of any size able to be spanned by a single FloWise at the ICA. Co-primary effectiveness end points were technical success of FloWise placement, and a 50% or greater decrease in aneurysm volume at the 6-month follow-up angiogram. The primary safety end point was the new development of neurological deficits persisting for more than 1-month post-treatment. RESULTS: Ten patients harboring 14 ICA aneurysms (median diameter, 9.4 mm; range, 2.3–31.0 mm) were enrolled between January 2016 and July 2017. FloWise placement was successful in all patients. There were no newly-developed neurological deficits during the 6-month clinical follow-up period. One patient did not receive follow-up imaging due to pregnancy. Nine patients with 12 aneurysms received a 6-month angiographic follow-up. Ten aneurysms (83.3%) showed decreases in volume greater than 50% (mean volume decrease, 82.8 ± 32.9%), of which 8 (66.7%, 95% confidence interval, 35.4–98.0%) showed complete occlusion. One patient was retreated due to mass symptom aggravation. CONCLUSIONS: In this pilot study, FloWise appeared to be safe and effective for ICA aneurysm treatment. A prospective multicenter study to validate the effectiveness and safety of FloWise would be worthwhile.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Carotid Artery, Internal , Clinical Study , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Neck , Pilot Projects , Pregnancy , Prospective Studies
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