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1.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(3)sept. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1514500

ABSTRACT

Los aneurismas asociados a las malformaciones arteriovenosas son lesiones vasculares que suelen encontrarse hasta en el 15 % de los pacientes que las presentan, lo que incrementa el riesgo global de hemorragia. Se presenta una paciente de 53 años de edad que sufrió un cuadro agudo de hemorragia subaracnoidea; en el estudio se evidenció la presencia de un aneurisma de comunicante anterior y malformación arteriovenosa distal de la arteria cerebral anterior izquierda, el cual requirió procedimiento quirúrgico debido al sangramiento. La evolución de la paciente fue satisfactoria y sin complicaciones.


Aneurysms associated with arteriovenous malformations are vascular lesions that are usually found in up to 15% of the patients who present them, which increases the overall risk of bleeding. We present a 53-year-old female patient who suffered from an acute subarachnoid hemorrhage; the study revealed the presence of an anterior communicating aneurysm and a distal arteriovenous malformation of the left anterior cerebral artery, which required surgical procedure due to bleeding. The evolution of the patient was satisfactory and without complications.


Subject(s)
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Intracranial Aneurysm , Vascular System Injuries
2.
Rev. neuro-psiquiatr. (Impr.) ; 86(1): 62-67, ene. 2023. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIPECS | ID: biblio-1442085

ABSTRACT

Introducción : Los aneurismas intracraneales representan el 85% de casos de hemorragias subaracnoideas, dentro de las cuales las no traumáticas tienen una alta tasa de mortalidad (40-60%). En el manejo endovascular y microquirúrgico de esta enfermedad, el debate ha sido siempre intenso respecto a si el tratamiento temprano produce un beneficioso resultado funcional y reduce la morbi-mortalidad del paciente. Caso Clínico : Paciente mujer de 54 años, admitida con cefalea súbita y cuadro neurológico que cursó con rápido deterioro. La tomografía mostró hemorragia subaracnoidea por ruptura aneurísmica del complejo comunicante anterior; fue sometida a microcirugía dentro de las primeras 24 horas y transferida luego a UCI, sin complicaciones. Discusión : El tiempo de resolución, sea mediante clipaje microquirúrgico o tratamiento endovascular es tema de intensos debates. Las guías actuales señalan la necesidad del manejo más temprano posible de la patología. Conclusión : En nuestro caso, se obtuvo un buen resultado funcional debido a varios factores uno de ellos el ingreso precoz a cirugía. La actualización de las guías y nuevos estudios ayudarán a mejorar el conocimiento de la enfermedad y protocolos hospitalarios adecuados a la realidad clínica ayudarán a reducir su tiempo de resolución.


SUMMARY Introduction : Intracranial aneurysms account for 85% of all subarachnoid hemorrhages. Non-traumatic SAH has a high mortality rate (40-60%). Regarding the microsurgical and endovascular management for this pathology, there has been intense debate on whether early action is beneficial in terms of functional outcome and reduction of morbi-mortality. Clinical case : A 54-year-old woman admitted with a sudden, severe headache and a rapidly deteriorating neurological state at baseline, and with deterioration at the next hour. Tomography showed a subarachnoid hemorrhage due to ruptured aneurysm of the anterior communicating artery; the patient underwent surgery within the first 24 hours, with subsequent ICU management without complications. Discussion : The resolution time of this condition, either by micosurgery or endovascular management is a matter of intense debate. International guidelines point out the need of an earliest possible treatment. Conclusion : In our case, a good functional result was obtained due to several factors, one of which was early admission to surgery. The updating of guidelines and new studies will help to better understand the pathophysiology of SAH, and the creation of hospital protocols adapted to clinical realities will assist to reduce the resolution time of this pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Case Reports , Intracranial Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Tomography , Mortality , Microsurgery
4.
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1530751

ABSTRACT

Objectif : Décrire la prise en charge anesthésiologique de l'anévrisme cérébral au Mali. Patients et Méthodes : étude descriptive à recueil historique de 8 ans (Novembre 2012 à Octobre 2020) au CHU « Hôpital du Mali ¼ des patients opérés pour anévrisme cérébral avec un dossier médical complet. La saisie et l'analyse ont été effectuées par SSPS version 25. Résultats : Durant la période d'étude, 32 patients répondaient à nos critères soit une prévalence de 2,1%. L'âge moyen était de 45,2 ± 12,5 ans. Le ratio femme-homme était de 2,55. Les patients résidaient à Bamako dans 71,9 %. L'HTA était l'antécédent médical le plus fréquent. Les patients étaient de grade I de WFNS dans 87,5%. La classe ASA II représentait 84,4%. Une prémédication a été faite dans 96,9%. Une anesthésie générale a été faite chez tous les patients. Une antibioprophylaxie a été faite chez tous les patients. La perte sanguine moyenne était de 737,3 ± 460,5 ml. Une transfusion per opératoire a été prescrite dans 46,8%. L'évènement indésirable per opératoire était cardiovasculaire dans 96,9 %. La durée moyenne de la chirurgie était de 267,1±77,1 minute. Celle de l'anesthésie était de 427,9 minutes. En réanimation, une complication a été observée dans 34,4%. La mortalité était de 25%. La durée moyenne de séjour était de 6,3 jours. Conclusion: Au Mali la prise en charge de l'anévrysme cérébral est en progrès malgré une mortalité encore élevée.


Objective: To Describe the anesthesiological management of cerebral aneurysm in Mali. Patients and Methods: This was an observational study, descriptive with historical collection of 8 years (November 2012 to October 2020) at the department of the university hospital "Hôpital du Mali" concerning 32 patients operated for cerebral aneurysm with a complete medical file. Input and analysis were performed by SSPS version 25. Results: During the study period, 32 patients met our criteria, a prevalence of 2.1%. The median age was 45.2 ± 12.5 years. The female-to-male ratio was 2.55. Patients resided in Bamako in 71.9%. High blood pressure was the most common medical history. Patients were grade I WFNS in 87.5o_ièvg%. ASA class II accounted for 84.4%. Premedication was done in 96.9%. General anesthesia was applied to all patients. Antibiotic prophylaxis was given to all patients. The average blood loss was 737.3 ± 460.5 ml. An intraoperative transfusion was prescribed in 46.8%. The intraoperative adverse event was cardiovascular in 96.9%. The average duration of surgery was 267.1±77.1 minutes. That of anesthesia was 427.9 minutes. In intensive care, a complication was observed in 34.4%. Mortality was 25%. The average length of stay was 6.3 days. Conclusion: In Mali, the management of cerebral aneurysm is progressing despite still high mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Patients , Intracranial Aneurysm , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Hospitals , Disease Management
5.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 139-143, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971286

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the safety and efficacy of Neuroform Atlas stent used in treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of 62 patients with unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms undergoing Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling from August 2020 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 64 aneurysms in those 62 patients. Among them, 25 aneurysms were located at the bifurcation of M1 segment on middle cerebral artery, 16 at the anterior communicating artery, 10 at the C7 segment of internal carotid artery, 5 at the C6 segment of internal carotid artery, 4 at the apex of basilar artery, 3 at the A3 segment of anterior cerebral artery, and 1 at the M2 segment of middle cerebral artery. All the patients underwent Neuroform Atlas stent-assisted coiling, including 49 patients with single stent assisted coiling and 15 patients with dual stents assisted coiling (14"Y"style and 1"X"style). After the procedure, the immediate DSA was performed to evaluate the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency. The clinical follow-up was performed 3 months after the operation and evaluated based on the modified Rankin Scale(mRS).DSA image was reviewed at 6 months after operation and Raymond grading scale was used to assess the status of aneurysm occlusion and the parent artery patency.@*RESULTS@#A total of 62 patients with 64 aneurysms were all achieved technical success(100%).The immediate post-procedural Raymond scale was assessed, including Raymond Ⅰ in 57 aneurysms(89.1%, 57/64), Raymond Ⅱ in 6 aneurysms(9.3%, 6/64) and Raymond Ⅲ in 1 aneurysm(1.6%, 1/64). The peri-procedural complications rate was 4.8%(3/62), 2 patients developed intraoperative thrombosis and 1 patient suffered from local subarachnoid hemorrhage. Among them, 55 patients obtained 3 months clinical follow-up after operation and all the patients had good outcomes (mRS≤2), 50 patients with 52 aneurysms were followed up with DSA 6 months after operation, including Raymond Ⅰ in 45 aneurysms(86.5%, 45/52), Raymond Ⅱ in 4 aneurysms(7.7%, 4/52) and Raymond Ⅲ in 3 aneurysms(5.8%, 3/52).@*CONCLUSION@#Neuroform Atlas stent for the treatment of unruptured wide-neck intracranial aneurysms has high safety and good efficacy, and has its advantages over other traditional stents.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/etiology , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Stents/adverse effects , Cerebral Angiography
6.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e387923, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1527593

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Temporary arterial occlusion (TAO) is a widespread practice in the surgical treatment of intracranial aneurysms. This study aimed to investigate TAO's role during ruptured aneurysm clipping as an independent prognostic factor on short- and long-term outcomes. Methods: This prospective cohort included 180 patients with ruptured intracranial aneurysms and an indication of microsurgical treatment. Patients who died in the first 12 hours after admission were excluded. Results: TAO was associated with intraoperative rupture (IOR) (odds ratio ­ OR = 10.54; 95% confidence interval ­ 95%CI 4.72­23.55; p < 0.001) and surgical complications (OR = 2.14; 95%CI 1.11­4.07; p = 0.01). The group with TAO and IOR had no significant difference in clinical (p = 0.06) and surgical (p = 0.94) complications compared to the group that had TAO, but no IOR. Among the 111 patients followed six months after treatment, IOR, number of occlusions, and total time of occlusion were not associated with Glasgow Outcome Scale (GOS) in the follow-up (respectively, p = 0.18, p = 0.30, and p = 0.73). Among patients who underwent TAO, IOR was also not associated with GOS in the follow-up (p = 0.29). Conclusions: TAO was associated with IOR and surgical complications, being the latter independent of IOR occurrence. In long-term analysis, neither TAO nor IOR were associated with poor clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Arterial Occlusive Diseases , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intraoperative Complications
8.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 24(3): [12], dic. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440154

ABSTRACT

Fundamento: Los aneurismas intracraneales cuando se fisuran provocan una hemorragia subaracnoidea. No obstante, no todos se rompen y algunos pueden ser encontrados de manera casual en un estudio imaginológico y se les denomina incidentales o asintomáticos según el paciente presente, o no, historia previa de otro saco que se haya roto con anterioridad. Tratar un aneurisma intracraneal no roto es un desafío para líderes clínicos y quirúrgicos. Objetivo: Describir las características y evolución de una serie de 91 aneurismas intracraneales incidentales y asintomáticos en pacientes atendidos en el Hospital General Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus entre los años 2010 y 2020. Metodología: Estudio descriptivo y cuantitativo con una muestra no probabilística de 91 aneurismas incidentales y asintomáticos encontrados en 72 pacientes mediante estudios imaginológicos. Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, dimensiones, forma irregular, sitio de localización, método de tratamientos empleados, mortalidad y morbilidad. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes con edad entre 45 y 65 años y hubo un predominio del sexo femenino. Fue mayoritario el aneurisma de mediano tamaño y la localización más frecuente fue la comunicante anterior. Se detectaron variables clínicas y morfológicas predictivas de complicaciones. Los pacientes no intervenidos quirúrgicamente evolucionaron mejor. Se detectaron varios pacientes con familiares de primer y segundo grado afectados por aneurismas intracraneales. Conclusiones: Los aneurismas intracraneales no rotos predominan en mujeres de la quinta y sexta década de la vida. Factores morfológicos como el tamaño del saco, la altura máxima del domo y la razón de aspecto se relacionaron con la aparición de complicaciones en los pacientes operados. El síndrome de aneurisma intracraneal familiar debe tenerse en cuenta en pacientes con antecedentes de familiares de primer y segundo grado con aneurismas intracraneales.


Background: Intracranial aneurysms when ruptured cause subarachnoid hemorrhage. However, not always they rupture and some may be found by chance in an imaging study and they are called incidental or asymptomatic depending on whether or not the patient has a prior event of additional ruptured sac formerly. Treating a non-ruptured intracranial aneurysm is a challenge for foremost clinical physicians and surgeons. Objective: To describe the characteristics and evolution of a series of 91 incidental and asymptomatic intracranial aneurysms in patients treated at the General Hospital Camilo Cienfuegos in Sancti Spíritus between 2010 and 2020. Methodology: Descriptive and quantitative study with a non-probabilistic sample of 91 incidental and asymptomatic aneurysms found in 72 patients through imaging studies. The variables studied were: age, sex, dimensions, irregular shape, site of location, method of treatment used, mortality and morbidity. Results: Patients aged between 45 and 65 years predominated with a predominance of female sex. The majority were medium-sized aneurysms and the most frequent location was the anterior connecting aneurysm. Clinical and morphological variables predictive of complications were detected. Patients who did not undergo surgery had a better evolution. Several patients with first and second relatives' degree affected by intracranial aneurysms were detected. Conclusions: Non-ruptured intracranial aneurysms predominate in women in the fifth and sixth decade of life. Morphological factors such as sac size, maximum dome height and aspect ratio were related to the happening of complications in operated patients. Family intracranial aneurysm syndrome should be considered in patients with a history of first and second relatives' degree affected by intracranial aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology
9.
Rev. Bras. Neurol. (Online) ; 58(2): 5-10, abr.-jun. 2022. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395434

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION: Rehabilitation has recently been discussed in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) caused by a ruptured aneurysm. OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical and functional outcomes of surviving and non-surviving patients with aneurysmal SAH in a neurosurgical ICU. METHODS: This is a retrospective documentary study. Medical records of patients with SAH admitted to the neurosurgical ICU of a teaching hospital between July 2014 and July 2019 were analyzed. Data were divided according to the outcomes into survivors group (SG) and non-survivors group (NG). RESULTS: 103 patients were analyzed, 72% female, mean age 55 years, 62% had high ICU outcome. The SG had significantly lower age, SAPS III score, Fisher and Hunt-Hess scales and time on mechanical ventilation (MV) than the NG, in addition, they had a Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS), on admission and discharge from the ICU and length of hospital stay, significantly higher (p≤0.05) than NG. The SG showed significantly higher functionality (p≤0.05) than the NG on admission and a significant increase (p≤0.05) in functionality between admission and discharge from the ICU. CONCLUSION: Surviving patients with aneurysmal SAH had lower age, SAPS III score, neurological scales and time on MV, higher GCS scores at ICU admission and discharge, and longer hospital stay than non-survivors. Surviving patients had better functionality than non-survivors on admission, and, evolved with functional improvement from admission to discharge from the ICU.


INTRODUÇÃO: Recentemente tem sido discutido quanto à reabilitação em pacientes com hemorragia subaracnóidea (HSA) causada pelo rompimento de um aneurisma. OBJETIVO: Comparar desfechos clínicos e funcionais de pacientes com HSA aneurismática, sobreviventes e não sobreviventes em uma UTI neurocirúrgica. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo documental retrospectivo. Foram analisados prontuários de pacientes com HSA internados na UTI neurocirúrgica de um hospital escola, entre julho de 2014 e julho de 2019. Os dados foram divididos de acordo com os desfechos em grupo sobreviventes (GS) e grupo não sobreviventes (GN). RESULTADOS: Foram analisados 103 pacientes, 72% do sexo feminino, idade média de 55 anos, 62% apresentaram alta da UTI como desfecho. O GS apresentou idade, escore SAPS III, escalas de Fisher e Hunt-Hess e tempo de ventilação mecânica (VM) significativamente menores (p≤0,05) que o GN, além disso, apresentaram escala de coma de Glasgow (ECG), na admissão e na alta da UTI e tempo de internação hospitalar, significativamente maiores (p≤0,05) que o GN. O GS apresentou funcionalidade significativamente maior (p≤0,05) que o GN na admissão e incremento significativo (p≤0,05) da funcionalidade entre a admissão e alta da UTI. CONCLUSÃO: Pacientes com HSA aneurismática sobreviventes apresentaram menores idades, escore SAPS III, escalas neurológicas e tempo de VM, maiores escores de ECG, na admissão e na alta da UTI e maior tempo de internação hospitalar que os não sobreviventes. Os pacientes sobreviventes apresentaram melhor funcionalidade que os não sobreviventes na admissão, e, evoluíram com melhora funcional da admissão até a alta da UTI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/diagnosis , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/etiology , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/rehabilitation , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Mortality , Intensive Care Units , Length of Stay
10.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 41(1): 43-50, 07/03/2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362077

ABSTRACT

Introduction Intracranial aneurysm (IA) is a major healthcare concern. The use of statin to reduce serum cholesterol has shown evidence to reduce cardiovascular risk in various diseases, but the impact on IA has not been described. This study aims to determine whether statin use, and serum cholesterol levels interfere with outcomes after IA event. Methods A cohort of patients with IA was analyzed. Patients social and demographics data were collected.Modified Rankin scale (mRS) score after 6months of follow-up was the endpoint. The data regarding statins use, presence or not of atherosclerotic plaque in radiological images and serum cholesterol of 35 patients were included in our study. Linear regression models were used to determine the influence of those 6 variables in the clinical outcome. Results The prevalence of atherosclerotic plaque, high cholesterol and use of statins was 34.3%, 48.5%, and 14.2%, respectively. Statins and serum cholesterol did not impact the overall outcome,measured by mRS after 6 months (p>0.05), but did show different tendencies when separated by IA rupture status. Serum cholesterol shows na important association with rupture of aneurysm (p»0.0382). High cholesterol and use of statins show a tendency for worse outcome with ruptured aneurysm, and the opposite is true for unruptured aneurysm. The presence of atherosclerotic plaques was not related with worse outcomes. Conclusions Multiple and opposite mechanisms might be involved in the pathophysiology of IA. Ruptured aneurysms are associated with higher levels of serum cholesterol. Serum cholesterol and statins use were not correlated with worse outcomes, but further studies are important to clarify these relationships.


Introdução Aneurisma intracranial (AI) é uma grande preocupação para a saúde. Evidências apontam que o uso de estatina para reduzir o colesterol sérico diminui o risco cardiovascular em diversas doenças, mas o impacto em AI ainda não foi descrito. Este estudo almeja determinar se o uso de estatina e o nível sérico de colesterol interferem no desfecho clínico após a ocorrência de AIs. Métodos Uma coorte de pacientes com AI foi analisada. Os dados sociodemográficos dos pacientes foram coletados. Ao final de 6 meses de acompanhamento, aplicou-se a escala modificada de Rankin (mRS). Os dados sobre uso de estatina, existência de placa aterosclerótica em imagens radiológicas, e colesterol sérico de 35 pacientes foram incluídos no estudo. Modelos de regressão linear foram usados para determinar a influência dessas 6 variáveis nos desfechos clínicos. Resultados A prevalência de placa aterosclerótica, colesterol elevado, e uso de estatina foram respectivamente 34,3%, 48,5% e 14,2%. Estatina e colesterol sérico não impactaram nos desfechos medidos pela mRS em 6 meses (p > 0,05), mas mostraram diferentes tendências quando separados pelo estado de ruptura do AI. Colesterol sérico apresenta uma importante associação com ruptura de aneurisma (p » 0,0382). Colesterol elevado e uso de estatinas representam uma tendência a piores desfechos para aneurismas rompidos, e o oposto é verdade para os não rompidos. A presença de placa aterosclerótica não está relacionada com piores resultados. Conclusões Mecanismos múltiplos e opostos podem estar envolvidos na patofisio logia do AI. Aneurismas rompidos estão associados com maiores níveis de colesterol sérico. Colesterol sérico e estatinas não foram correlacionados com piores desfechos, mas mais estudos são importantes para clarificar a relação entre esses fatores


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Intracranial Aneurysm , Cholesterol/analysis , Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors/analysis , Plaque, Atherosclerotic/epidemiology , Linear Models , Cohort Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 1095-1099, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941047

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the impact of postoperative serious cardiovascular adverse events (CAE) on outcomes of patients undergoing craniotomy for intracranial aneurysm clipping.@*METHODS@#This retrospective cohort study was conducted among the patients undergoing craniotomy for intracranial aneurysm clipping during the period from December, 2016 to December, 2017, who were divided into CAE group and non-CAE group according to the occurrence of Clavien-Dindo grade ≥II CAEs after the surgery. The perioperative clinical characteristics of the patients, complications and neurological functions during hospitalization, and mortality and neurological functions at 1 year postoperatively were evaluated. The primary outcome was mortality within 1 year after the surgery. The secondary outcomes were Glasgow outcome scale (GOS) score at 1 year, lengths of postoperative hospital and intensive care unit (ICU) stay, and Glasgow coma scale (GCS) score at discharge.@*RESULTS@#A total of 361 patients were enrolled in the final analysis, including 20 (5.5%) patients in CAE group and 341 in the non-CAE group. No significant differences were found in the patients' demographic characteristics, clinical history, or other postoperative adverse events between the two groups. The 1-year mortality was significantly higher in CAE group than in the non-CAE group (20.0% vs 5.6%, P=0.01). Logistics regression analysis showed that when adjusted for age, gender, emergency hospitalization, subarachnoid hemorrhage, volume of bleeding, duration of operation, aneurysm location, and preoperative history of cardiovascular disease, postoperative CAEs of Clavien-Dindo grade≥II was independently correlated with 1-year mortality rate of the patients with an adjusted odds ratio of 3.670 (95% CI: 1.037-12.992, P=0.04). The patients with CEA also had a lower GOS score at 1 year after surgery than those without CEA (P=0.002). No significant differences were found in the occurrence of other adverse events, postoperative hospital stay, ICU stay, or GCS scores at discharge between the two groups (P > 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Postoperative CAEs may be a risk factor for increased 1-year mortality and disability in patients undergoing craniotomy for intracranial aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Craniotomy/adverse effects , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Postoperative Period , Retrospective Studies , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/surgery , Treatment Outcome
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(1): e370107, 2022. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1413349

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To analyze the role of serum creatinine levels as a biomarker of intracranial aneurysm outcomes. Methods: This is a prospective analysis of outcomes of patients with intracranial aneurysm. One hundred forty-seven patients with serum creatinine at admission and 6 months follow up were included. Linear and logistic regressions were used to analyze the data. Modified Rankin scale (mRS) was used to assess outcome. Results: Creatinine level was not directly related to aneurysm outcome nor aneurysm rupture (p > 0.05). However, patients with a glomerular filtration rate (GFR) lower than 72.50 mL·min­1 had an odds ratio (OR) of 3.049 (p = 0.006) for worse outcome. Similarly, aneurysm rupture had an OR of 2.957 (p = 0.014) for worse outcomes. Stepwise selection model selected 4 variables for outcomes prediction: serum creatinine, sex, hypertension and treatment. Hypertensive patients had, on average, an increase in 0.588 in mRS (p = 0.022), while treatment with microsurgery had a decrease in 0.555 (p = 0.038). Conclusions: Patients with higher GFR had better outcomes after 6 months. Patients with higher GFR had better outcomes after 6 months. Creatinine presented an indirect role in GFR values and should be included in models for outcome prediction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/prevention & control , Creatinine/analysis , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Linear Models
13.
Rev. bras. oftalmol ; 81: e0065, 2022. graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1407669

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Os aneurismas intracranianos são dilatações em segmentos arteriais que irrigam o sistema nervoso central. Acometem 2% da população e as alterações oftalmológicas podem ser as primeiras manifestações do quadro. O objetivo deste relato foi descrever um caso de aneurisma de artéria carótida interna que cursou com restrição da movimentação ocular, alteração do reflexo fotomotor, ptose palpebral, dor facial e cervical. O diagnóstico foi confirmado pela identificação do aneurisma por meio do exame de angiografia cerebral. Foi realizado teste de oclusão por balão, cujo resultado positivo possibilitou a oclusão total da artéria carótida interna por meio de ligadura cirúrgica, procedimento este realizado com sucesso.


ABSTRACT Intracranial aneurysms are dilations in segments of the arteries that irrigate the central nervous system. They affect 2% of the population and the ophthalmologic disorders may be the first evidence in the clinical examination. The aim of the report is to describe a case of an internal carotid artery aneurysm that showed restrictions of ocular movements, change of pupillary light reflex, palpebral ptosis, facial, and cervical pain. This diagnosis was confirmed by the identification of the aneurysm through angiography. A balloon occlusion test was performed, and its positive result made a complete occlusion of the Internal Carotid Artery possible through surgery ligation, procedure that was successful.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Blepharoptosis/etiology , Carotid Artery Diseases/complications , Carotid Artery, Internal/pathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Ophthalmoplegia/etiology , Facial Pain/etiology , Cerebral Angiography , Carotid Artery Diseases/surgery , Carotid Artery Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Carotid Artery, Internal/surgery , Carotid Artery, Internal/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Neck Pain/etiology , Balloon Occlusion
14.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 31(2): e20211122, 2022. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1404726

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: Analisar internações para tratamento de aneurismas cerebrais rotos e não rotos com realização de embolização e de microcirurgia cerebral no Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS), Brasil, 2009-2018. Métodos: Estudo descritivo, utilizando dados do Sistema de Informações Hospitalares do SUS. Descreveu-se a frequência das internações, procedimentos, utilização de unidade de tratamento intensivo (UTI), letalidade e gastos. Resultados: Das 43.927 internações, 22.622 (51,5%) resultaram em microcirurgia. Embolização e microcirurgia foram mais frequentes no sexo feminino. A duração das internações com embolização foi de 7,7 dias (±9,0), e com microcirurgia, 16,2 (±14,2) dias, a frequência de admissão em UTI, 58,6% e 85,3%, e a letalidade, 5,9% e 10,9%, respectivamente. Do gasto total, US$ 240 milhões, 66,3% corresponderam às internações com embolização. Conclusão: As internações com embolização para tratamento de aneurismas cerebrais no SUS apresentaram menor duração, menor frequência de utilização de UTI e menor letalidade, porém maior gasto em relação à microcirurgia cerebral.


Objetivo: Analizar las internaciones para tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales rotos y no rotos en cuanto a embolización y microcirugía cerebral en el Sistema Único de Salud (SUS), Brasil, de 2009 a 2018. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo utilizando datos del Sistema de Información Hospitalaria (SIH)/SUS relacionados con la frecuencia de hospitalizaciones, procedimientos, uso de la unidad de cuidados intensivos (UCI), letalidad y gastos. Resultados: De los 43.927 ingresos, 22.622 (51,5%) correspondieron a microcirugía. Hubo una mayor frecuencia de procedimientos de embolización y microcirugía entre las personas del sexo femenino. De las hospitalizaciones con embolización y microcirugía, respectivamente, la duración de la estadía fue de 7,7 (±9,0) y 16,2 (±14,2) días, la frecuencia de ingreso en la UCI fue del 58,6% y el 85,3% y la letalidad del 5,9% y el 10,9%. El gasto total fue de US$ 240 millones, de los cuales el 66,3% correspondió a hospitalizaciones con embolización. Conclusión: Las hospitalizaciones con embolización, para el tratamiento de aneurismas cerebrales en el SUS, tuvieron menor tiempo de estadía, menor frecuencia de uso de la UCI y menor letalidad, pero mayores gastos en relación a la microcirugía cerebral.


Objective: To analyze hospital admissions for treatment of ruptured and unruptured cerebral aneurysms with embolization and brain microsurgery performed within the Brazilian National Health System (SUS), 2009-2018. Methods: This was a descriptive study, using data from the SUS's Hospital Information System. Frequency of hospital admissions, procedures, use of intensive care unit (ICU), case fatality ratio and expenditures were described. Results: Of the 43,927 hospital admissions, 22,622 (51.5%) resulted in microsurgery. Embolization and cerebral microsurgery were more frequent among females. Length of hospital stay with embolization procedure was 7.7 days (±9.0), and with microsurgery, 16.2 (±14.2) days, frequency of ICU admission, 58.6% and 85.3%, and case fatality ratio, 5.9% and 10.9% respectively. Of the total expenditure, USD 240 million, 66.3% corresponded to hospitalizations with embolization procedure. Conclusion: Hospital admissions with embolization procedure for treatment of cerebral aneurysms within the SUS showed a shorter length of stay, less frequent use of ICU and lower case fatality ratio, but higher expenditure when compared to brain microsurgery.


Subject(s)
Subarachnoid Hemorrhage/therapy , Intracranial Aneurysm , Intracranial Aneurysm/therapy , Unified Health System , Brazil , Hospitalization
16.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 339-348, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362079

ABSTRACT

Introduction The middle meningeal artery (MMA) is an important artery in neurosurgery. As the largest branch of the maxillary artery, it provides nutrition to the meninges and to the frontal and parietal regions. Diseases, including dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF), pseudoaneurysm, true aneurysm, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (TAVF), Moya-Moya disease (MMD), recurrent chronic subdural hematoma (CSDH), migraine, and meningioma,may be related to the MMA. The aim of the present study is to describe the anatomy of the MMA and to correlate it with brain diseases. Methods A literature review was performed using the PubMed, Scielo, Scientific Direct, Ebsco, LILACS, TripDataBase and Cochrane databases, with the following descriptors: neurosurgery, neuroanatomy, meninges and blood supply. Discussion The MMA is embedded in a cranial groove, and traumatic or iatrogenic factors can result in MMA-associated pseudoaneurysms or arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs). In hemodynamic stress, true aneurysms can develop. Arteriovenous fistulas, pseudoaneurysms, and true aneurysms can be effectively treated by endovascular or surgical removal. In MMD, the MMA plays a role in the development and in the improvement of collateral circulation. Finally, in cases of CSDH, when standard surgery and drainage fail, MMA embolization can constitute a great alternative. Conclusion The MMA is a relevant structure for the understanding of neurosurgical diseases. In conclusion, every neurosurgeon must know the anatomy of the MMA sufficiently to correlate it with the diagnosed pathology, thus obtaining treatment effectiveness and preventing brain lesion.


Subject(s)
Craniocerebral Trauma/surgery , Meningeal Arteries/anatomy & histology , Meningeal Arteries/physiopathology , Intracranial Aneurysm/complications , Arteriovenous Fistula/surgery , Aneurysm, False/surgery , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods
17.
Arq. bras. neurocir ; 40(4): 374-379, 26/11/2021.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362107

ABSTRACT

Objective To report three cases of vein of Galen aneurysmalmalformation (VGAM) in pediatric patients treated at the hemodynamics lab of Hospital Santa Isabel (HSI) in Blumenau, state of Santa Catarina, Brazil, from 2006 to 2020. Clinical presentation, endovascular treatment, and postprocedure evolution to date are included. Case description Three children aged 5 to 12 months with cardiac, respiratory, or neurological damage in the neonatal stage, were referred to the neurosurgery service and diagnosed with VGAM. The three patients underwent endovascular embolization of themalformation, with different clinical evolution throughout outpatient follow-up. Conclusion Vein of Galen aneurysmal malformations are uncommon vascular abnormalities that, until the advent of endovascular embolization, were associated with high morbidity and mortality rates. Its prognosis is linked with initial clinic, early diagnosis, and timely surgical correction.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Infant , Intracranial Aneurysm/surgery , Vein of Galen Malformations/surgery , Vein of Galen Malformations/physiopathology , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Prognosis , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnostic imaging , Treatment Outcome , Embolization, Therapeutic/methods , Vein of Galen Malformations/diagnostic imaging
18.
Cambios rev. méd ; 20(2): 5-11, 30 Diciembre 2021. tabs.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1368176

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN. En Ecuador, las enfermedades cerebrovasculares son la tercera causa de muerte en la población general; existen pocos datos en la literatura médica sobre la hemorragia subaracnoidea aneurismática y aneurismas no rotos, por lo que fue fundamental describir un perfil clínico. OBJETIVO. Caracterizar la clínica de los pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma cerebral. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS. Estudio observacional descriptivo. Población de 450 y muestra de 447 pacientes con diagnóstico de aneurisma cerebral atendidos en la Unidad de Neurología del Hospital Carlos Andrade Marín, periodo enero 2010 a diciembre 2018. Los datos clínicos e imagenológicos fueron recolectados a través de la revisión de historias clínicas digitales obtenidas del sistema informático MIS/AS400, y se analizaron en el programa estadístico International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, versión 23. RESULTADOS. Se identificaron 605 aneurismas en 447 pacientes. El 80,5% (360; 447) presentó aneurismas rotos, de éstos el 81,4% (293; 360) tuvo un solo aneurisma. El factor de riesgo más frecuente fue la hipertensión arterial con el 44,3% (198; 447), las manifestaciones observadas fueron: hemorragia subaracnoidea con el 98,9% (356; 360) en aneurismas rotos; y cefalea con el 65,5% (57; 87) en aneurismas no rotos. DISCUSIÓN. Se encontró datos relevantes no coincidentes con la literatura científica mundial, como el bajo número de aneurismas asintomáticos y no rotos, comparados con su contraparte. CONCLUSIÓN. Se evidenció que los aneurismas intracraneales produjeron una amplia gama de manifestaciones clínicas, que fluctuaron desde la hemorragia subaracnoidea como la más frecuente en el grupo de aneurismas rotos, hasta pacientes completamente asintomáticos en el grupo de aneurismas no rotos.


INTRODUCTION. In Ecuador, cerebrovascular diseases are the third leading cause of death in the general population; there are few data in the medical literature on aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage and unruptured aneurysms, so it was essential to describe a clinical profile. OBJECTIVE. To characterize the clinical profile of patients diagnosed with cerebral aneurysm. MATERIALS AND METHODS. Descriptive observational study. Population of 450 and sample of 447 patients with a diagnosis of cerebral aneurysm seen in the Neurology Unit of the Carlos Andrade Marín Hospital, period January 2010 to December 2018. Clinical and imaging data were collected through the review of digital medical records obtained from the MIS/AS400 computer system, and were analyzed in the statistical program International Business Machines Statistical Package for the Social Sciences, version 23. RESULTS. A total of 605 aneurysms were identified in 447 patients. A total of 80,5% (360; 447) had ruptured aneurysms, of which 81,4% (293; 360) had a single aneurysm. The most common risk factor was hypertension with 44,3% (198; 447), the manifestations observed were: subarachnoid hemorrhage with 98,9% (356; 360) in ruptured aneurysms; and headache with 65,5% (57; 87) in unruptured aneurysms. DISCUSSION. We found relevant data not consistent with the world scientific literature, such as the low number of asymptomatic and unruptured aneurysms, compared with its counterpart. CONCLUSION. It was evidenced that intracranial aneurysms produced a wide range of clinical manifestations, ranging from subarachnoid hemorrhage as the most frequent in the group of ruptured aneurysms, to completely asymptomatic patients in the group of unruptured aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Intracranial Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Headache , Aneurysm , Neurology , Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Cerebral Arterial Diseases , Statistics, Nonparametric , Ecuador , Hemorrhagic Stroke , Hypertension
20.
Rev. argent. neurocir ; 35(3): 290-291, sept. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1427072

ABSTRACT

La amable invitación a escribir este artículo me llevó al interesante ejercicio de reflexionar sobre qué hago y cómo enfrento a un paciente que llega a la consulta derivado con un aneurisma cerebral incidental: día normal en el consultorio, tratar de resolver en forma simple problemas que son com-plejos.Como en toda consulta primero hay que escuchar y hacerse la idea de cómo viene el paciente, si está asustado, si muestra buena predisposición ¿Pregunta tranquilo qué hacer después de un hallazgo inesperado o llega desconfiado, de consulta en consulta, buscando definiciones u opiniones acerca de un aneurisma que le han encontrado en un estudio por una cefalea poco clara?Comprendo la ansiedad y la incertidumbre que genera la noticia. Ponerlo en contexto general a veces ayuda: 3 al 5% de la población tiene aneurismas cerebrales, la mayoría pequeños y la posibilidad de un sangrado es del 1% anual o menos


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Patients , Intracranial Aneurysm , Neurosurgeons
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