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1.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(3): 609-618, ago.2021. ilus tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254064

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O pré-condicionamento isquêmico remoto (PCIR) é uma intervenção cardioprotetora não invasiva que atenua a lesão celular sofrida por uma isquemia prolongada. Seus efeitos de proteção sobre o coração, quando aplicado ao esporte, pode melhorar o desempenho do exercício. OBJETIVO: Investigar o efeito do pré-condicionamento isquêmico remoto no consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2máx) e potência máxima (Wmáx) em corredores e ciclistas. METODOLOGIA: Revisão sistemática e metanálise, com ensaios clínicos randomizados. Baseado no PRISMA e avaliado pelo repositório de projetos de revisões sistemática PROSPERO; entretanto, não obteve o registro por se tratar de um desfecho de performance esportiva. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados Medline/PubMed, SciELO, Periódicos CAPES. A seleção dos estudos foi realizada em duas etapas: leitura do título e resumo, e leitura completa dos artigos. A extração dos dados foi realizada pela transcrição das informações. A qualidade metodológica foi avaliada pela escala risco de viés através da ferramenta Cochrane. Excluíram-se estudos que investigaram variáveis diferentes dos desfechos selecionados para esta revisão. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos oito ensaios clínicos. Verificou-se que nos itens geração de sequência aleatória, ocultação de alocação e cegamento de avaliadores de desfecho em quase todos os estudos tiveram alto risco de viés. Os resultados da metanálise não mostraram diferenças significativas no VO2máx e Wmáx. CONCLUSÃO: O pré-condicionamento isquêmico remoto não se mostrou eficaz para aumentar o VO2máx e a Wmáx em corredores e ciclistas.


INTRODUCTION: Remote ischemic preconditioning (PIRC) is a non-invasive cardioprotective intervention that attenuates cell damage suffered by prolonged ischemia. Its protective effects on the heart, when applied to sport, can improve exercise performance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning on maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) and maximum power (Wmax) in runners and cyclists. METHODOLOGY: Systematic review and metaanalysis, with randomized clinical trials. Based on PRISMA and evaluated by the PROSPERO systematic review project repository; however, it did not obtain registration because it is an outcome of sports performance. The searches were carried out in the Medline / PubMed, SciELO, Capes Periodicals databases. The selection of studies was carried out in two stages: reading the title and summary and reading the articles in full. Data extraction was performed by transcribing the information. Methodological quality was assessed by the risk of bias scale using the Cochrane tool. Studies that investigated variables other than the outcomes selected for this review were excluded. RESULTS: Eight clinical trials were included. In the generation of the item of random sequence, concealment of allocation and blinding of outcome evaluators in almost all studies had a high risk of bias. The analysis of the risk of bias was high risk. The results of the meta-analysis did not show significant differences in VO2max and Wmax. CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic preconditioning was not effective in increasing VO2max and Wmax in runners and cyclists.


Subject(s)
Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Exercise , Ischemia
2.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 289-292, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287283

ABSTRACT

Resumen El presente caso corresponde a una mujer con antecedentes de tres abortos de menos de 10 semanas y cáncer de mama, que desarrolló isquemia digital grave luego del segundo ciclo de capecitabina. Se determinó la presencia de anticuerpos antifosfolipídicos positivos. Dado que las pacientes con síndrome antifosfolipídico obstétrico tienen incremento del riesgo de desarrollar neoplasia y que la isquemia digital grave puede ser la forma de presentación del síndrome antifosfolipídico en los pacientes con cáncer, se presenta el caso para remarcar el beneficio de pesquisar y realizar un diagnóstico temprano de estas características de la enfermedad.


Abstract The present case corresponds to a woman with history of three miscarrieges less than10 weeks and breast cancer, who develops severe digital ischemia after the second cycle of capecitabine. Positive antiphospholipid antibodies were determined. Patients with obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome have an increased risk of developing cancer, and severe digital ischemia could be an unusual form of presentation of the antiphospholipid syndrome in patients with cancer. This case is presented to highlight the benefit of researching and making an early diagnosis of these characteristics of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Ischemia/etiology
3.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(3): 284-288, mayo-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341297

ABSTRACT

Resumen La rubeola es una enfermedad exantemática que se produce en la infancia. En caso de que se presente durante la gestación y hubiera afectación del producto, este puede desarrollar el síndrome de rubeola congénita, el cual incluye malformaciones cardiacas que se presentan en el 67% de los pacientes, de las cuales la más común es la persistencia del conducto arterioso, seguida de la estenosis valvular pulmonar y la comunicación interauricular. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 20 años con diagnóstico de síndrome de rubeola congénita, quien desarrolló glaucoma congénito, insuficiencia aórtica grave, insuficiencia mitral grave y enfermedad miocárdica isquémica. Se realizó procedimiento quirúrgico de revascularización coronaria y recambio valvular mitral y aórtico. Los estudios encontrados durante el proceso de investigación mencionan el daño de los vasos sanguíneos y del miocardio producido por el virus. Con los datos obtenidos se corrobora la baja incidencia de presentación con compromiso coronario y valvular, por lo cual se hace énfasis en la importancia de este caso.


Abstract Rubella is an exanthematous disease that occurs in childhood. If it occurs during pregnancy and there is an effect on the product, it can develop congenital rubella syndrome. The congenital rubella syndrome includes cardiac malformations, which occur in 67% of patients, of which the most common is patent ductus arteriosus, followed by pulmonary valvular stenosis and atrial septal defect. We present the case of a 20-year-old man with a diagnosis of congenital rubella syndrome, presenting with congenital glaucoma, severe aortic insufficiency, severe mitral regurgitation and ischemic myocardial disease. In which a surgical procedure is performed by a coronary revascularization and mitral and aortic valve replacement. Studies found during the research process mention the damage to the blood vessels and myocardium produced by the virus. With the required data, the low incidence of presentation with coronary and valvular involvement is corroborated, which is why the importance of the present case is emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Rubella Syndrome, Congenital , Aortic Valve Insufficiency , Ischemia , Mitral Valve Insufficiency
4.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-9, jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284417

ABSTRACT

Background:Lumbar sympathectomy through radio ablation is a useful treatment of peripheral ischemia. However, clinical efficacy with respect to lower limb ulcers is not adequately established in the Indian population. The study was conducted to evaluate the role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the lumbar sympathetic ganglia in healing of ischemic ulcers of the lower limb.Method:The prospective study with 63 patients registered in the General surgery department with lower limb ischemic ulcers between December 2017­ July2019 were treated with RFA. Patients with cardiopulmonary disease, pregnant, congenital malformation, or skin infection at the site of intervention, or suffering from bleeding disorders, were excluded from the study. Clinical investigation of the wound was performed, and demographic data was collected. Comparative reduction in wound size was assessed through Friedman`s ANOVA (P<0.001). Difference in pain score, hospital stay, and walking distance were evaluated using Wilcoxon matched pair test (P<0.001), Unpaired t-test, and Paired t-test (P<0.05).Result:Majority of the patients were male (n=40) with a mean age of 60.93 SD14.34 years. Significant reduction in wound size, pain scores and hospital stay were observed post procedure(P<0.001). Number of RFA sessions was significantly associated with the size of the ulcer and Fontaine's classification 2 and 3 (P<0.0001).Conclusion:RFA of lumbar sympathetic ganglia is a potential treatment modality for lower limb ischemic ulcers.


Antecedentes: La simpatectomía lumbar a través de la ablación por radiofrecuencia es un tratamiento útil de la isquemia periférica. Sin embargo, la eficacia clínica con respecto a las úlceras en las extremidades inferiores no está adecuadamente establecida en la población india. El estudio se llevó a cabo para evaluar el papel de la ablación por radiofrecuencia (RFA) de los ganglios simpáticos lumbares en la curación de las úlceras isquémicas de la extremidad inferior. Método: El estudio prospectivo con 63 pacientes registrados en el departamento de cirugía general con úlceras isquémicas de las extremidades inferiores entre diciembre de 2017 y julio de 2019 fueron tratados con RFA. Los pacientes con enfermedad cardiopulmonar, malformación embarazada, congénita o infección de la piel en el lugar de la intervención, o que sufren de trastornos hemorrágicos, fueron excluidos del estudio. Se realizó una investigación clínica de la herida y se recopilaron datos demográficos. La reducción comparativa en el tamaño de la herida se evaluó a través del ANOVA de Friedman (P<0.001).Resultado: La diferencia en la puntuación del dolor, la estancia en el hospital y la distancia a pie se evaluaron mediante la prueba de par coincidente de Wilcoxon (P<0.001), la prueba t no emparejada y la prueba t emparejada (P<0.05). La mayoría de los pacientes eran varones (n-40) con una edad media de 60,93 SD14,34 años. Se observó una reducción significativa en el tamaño de la herida, las puntuaciones de dolor y la estancia hospitalaria (P<0.001). El número de sesiones de RFA se asoció significativamente con el tamaño de la úlcera y las clasificaciones 2 y 3 de Fontaine (P<0.0001).Conclusión: LA RFA de los ganglios simpáticos lumbares puede constituir una opción terapéutica para las úlceras isquémicas de las extremidades inferiores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ulcer/therapy , Lower Extremity , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Ganglia, Sympathetic , Ischemia/therapy , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , India
5.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 132-143, 20210000. fig, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150527

ABSTRACT

El síndrome compartimental agudo del miembro inferior es una urgencia médica, que puede conllevar una importante morbilidad para el paciente y que puede tener implicaciones medico legales para el personal médico. Afecta cerca de 3,1 por 100.000 habitantes en el mundo occidental, con predominio de hombres y jóvenes. Debido a una alteración de la perfusión tisular, por la disposición de los músculos de las extremidades en compartimientos compactos, con poca tolerancia a variaciones en la presión, puede causar isquemia, con cambios irreversibles a nivel muscular y nervioso, falla multiorgánica y la muerte, de no tratarse oportunamente. El trauma de la extremidad inferior asociado a fractura es la principal causa del síndrome compartimental agudo. El diagnóstico puede realizarse por evaluación clínica, mediante las clásicas seis "P" de la isquemia, o de manera objetiva, al medir la presión intracompartimental con dispositivos especializados. La fasciotomía descompresiva es un procedimiento quirúrgico mediante el cual se inciden las fascias de los compartimientos musculares, permitiendo la disminución de las presiones a ese nivel, y se constituye en el único tratamiento eficaz para el síndrome compartimental agudo. Las complicaciones posquirúrgicas no son infrecuentes, siendo la perdida de la extremidad la más grave de todas. Un correcto conocimiento y aplicación de la técnica quirúrgica evitará procedimientos inadecuados, que impliquen mayor riesgo de resultados adversos. Presentamos una revisión de los aspectos fundamentales de esta patología potencialmente catastrófica


Acute compartment syndrome of the lower limb is a medical emergency, which can entail significant morbidity for the patient and which may have medico-legal implications for medical personnel. It affects about 3.1 per 100,000 inhabitants in the Western world, with a predominance of men and young people. Ischemia can be caused after an alteration of tissue perfusion, due to the arrangement of the muscles of the extremities in compact compartments, with little tolerance to variations in pressure, with irreversible changes at the muscular and nervous level, and multiorgan failure and death if not treated promptly. Trauma to the lower extremity associated with fracture is the main cause of acute compartment syndrome. Diagnosis can be made by clinical evaluation, using the classic six "P" of ischemia, or objectively by measuring intracompartmental pressure with specialized devices. Decompressive fasciotomy is a surgical procedure by which the fasciae of the muscle compartments are incised, allowing the pressure to be reduced at that level, and it is the only effective treatment for acute compartment syndrome. Postoperative complications are not uncommon, limb loss being the most serious of all. A correct knowledge and application of the surgical technique will avoid inappropriate procedures, which imply a greater risk of adverse results. We present a review of the fundamental aspects of this potentially catastrophic pathology


Subject(s)
Humans , Compartment Syndromes , Fasciotomy , Amputation , Ischemia
6.
Rev. colomb. cir ; 36(1): 161-164, 20210000. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150547

ABSTRACT

Introducción. El síndrome de atrapamiento poplíteo es una entidad infrecuente, cuya incidencia oscila entre 0,17 y 3,5 %, representando una de las principales causas de isquemia en miembros inferiores en adultos jóvenes. Suele manifestarse con claudicación intermitente (69 %) o isquemia aguda (26 %), siendo muy rara su presentación con isquemia crítica de miembros inferiores. Caso clínico. Paciente de 30 años quien presentó úlcera subungueal en primer dedo de pie derecho con dolor intenso. En la exploración física no se palpaban pulsos distales y se observó palidez cutánea intensa y frialdad. Se realizó arteriografía donde se observó defecto de repleción de bordes regulares y desplazamiento medial de la arteria poplítea. La resonancia magnética mostró una inserción anómala del gastrocnemio medial, con lo que se hizo diagnóstico de síndrome de atrapamiento poplíteo tipo I. Mediante abordaje posterior se realizó reconstrucción vascular con injerto venoso y sección tendinosa del gastrocnemio medial. En el postoperatorio inmediato el paciente recupera pulso pedio y en el seguimiento a un año el paciente no presenta clínica de isquemia de miembros inferiores, encontrándose el baipás permeable. Discusión. A pesar de su baja incidencia, es importante incluir el síndrome de atrapamiento poplíteo en el diagnóstico diferencial de isquemia en miembros inferiores en adultos jóvenes. Su presentación con isquemia crítica es excepcional, encontrando muy pocos casos publicados en la literatura. La reconstrucción arterial precoz mediante injerto o plastia con material autólogo constituye el tratamiento de elección


Introduction. The popliteal entrapment syndrome is an infrequent entity, whose incidence ranges between 0.17 and 3.5%, representing one of the main causes of lower limb ischemia in young adults. It usually manifests with intermittent claudication (69%) or acute ischemia (26%), being very rare its presentation with critical ischemia of the lower limbs.Clinical case. A 30-year-old patient with a history of smoking, with no other risk factors, who presented with a subungual ulcer on the first right toe. On physical examination, distal pulses are not palpated, intense skin paleness and coldness are observed. Magnetic resonance imaging showed an anomalous insertion of the medial gastrocnemius with extrinsic compression of the popliteal artery, confirming a diagnosis of popliteal entrapment syndrome type I. Vascular reconstruction with venous graft and tendon section of the medial gastrocnemius was performed through a posterior approach. In the immediate postoperative period, the patient recovers a pediatric pulse and in the one-year follow-up the patient does not present symptoms of lower limb ischemia, finding the bypass patent. Discussion. Despite its low incidence, it is important to include popliteal impingement syndrome in the differential diagnosis of lower limb ischemia in young adults. Its presentation with critical ischemia is exceptional, finding very few cases published in the literature. Early arterial reconstruction by graft or plasty with autologous material is the treatment of choice


Subject(s)
Humans , Ischemia , Popliteal Artery , Vascular Surgical Procedures , Lower Extremity
7.
Clinics ; 76: e2683, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249591

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) in the intestine could lead to severe endothelial injury, compromising intestinal motility. Reportedly, estradiol can control local and systemic inflammation induced by I/R injury. Thus, we investigated the effects of estradiol treatment on local repercussions in an intestinal I/R model. METHODS: Rats were subjected to ischemia via the occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery (45 min) followed by reperfusion (2h). Thirty minutes after ischemia induction (E30), 17β-estradiol (E2) was administered as a single dose (280 μg/kg, intravenous). Sham-operated animals were used as controls. RESULTS: I/R injury decreased intestinal motility and increased intestinal permeability, accompanied by reduced mesenteric endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) and endothelin (ET) protein expression. Additionally, the levels of serum injury markers and inflammatory mediators were elevated. Estradiol treatment improved intestinal motility, reduced intestinal permeability, and increased eNOS and ET expression. Levels of injury markers and inflammatory mediators were also reduced following estradiol treatment. CONCLUSION: Collectively, our findings indicate that estradiol treatment can modulate the deleterious intestinal effects of I/R injury. Thus, estradiol mediates the improvement in gut barrier functions and prevents intestinal dysfunction, which may reduce the systemic inflammatory response.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Estradiol/pharmacology , Permeability , Reperfusion , Estrogens , Intestines , Ischemia
8.
Clinics ; 76: e2513, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249580

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The current study compared the impact of pretreatment with melatonin and N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the prevention of rat lung damage following intestinal ischemia-reperfusion (iIR). METHODS: Twenty-eight Wistar rats were subjected to intestinal ischemia induced by a 60 min occlusion of the superior mesenteric artery, followed by reperfusion for 120 min. Animals were divided into the following groups (n=7 per group): sham, only abdominal incision; SS+iIR, pretreated with saline solution and iIR; NAC+iIR, pretreated with NAC (20 mg/kg) and iIR; MEL+iIR, pretreated with melatonin (20 mg/kg) and iIR. Oxidative stress and inflammatory mediators were measured and histological analyses were performed in the lung tissues. RESULTS: Data showed a reduction in malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), and TNF-alpha in the animals pretreated with NAC or MEL when compared to those treated with SS+iIR (p<0.05). An increase in superoxide dismutase (SOD) levels in the NAC- and MEL-pretreated animals as compared to the SS+iIR group (34±8 U/g of tissue; p<0.05) was also observed. TNF-α levels were lower in the MEL+iIR group (91±5 pg/mL) than in the NAC+iIR group (101±6 pg/mL). Histological analysis demonstrated a higher lung lesion score in the SS+iIR group than in the pretreated groups. CONCLUSION: Both agents individually provided tissue protective effect against intestinal IR-induced lung injury, but melatonin was more effective in ameliorating the parameters analyzed in this study.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Acute Lung Injury/etiology , Acute Lung Injury/prevention & control , Melatonin/therapeutic use , Acetylcysteine/therapeutic use , Reperfusion , Rats, Wistar , Ischemia
9.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 109-116, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877177

ABSTRACT

@#Background and Objectives. Neuroprotection agents may help improve the outcomes of large vessel ischemic stroke. This study aims to explore the role of Virgin Coconut Oil (VCO), with its well-documented anti-oxidant properties, in neuroprotection after transient occlusion of the extracranial internal carotid artery in a rat model of stroke. Methods. Twenty-three Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into two groups: 1) control group (n=11) given distilled water, and 2) treatment group (n=12) given virgin coconut oil at 5.15 ml/kg body weight for seven days. Subsequently, the rats underwent transient right extracranial internal carotid artery occlusion (EICAO) for 5 minutes using non-traumatic aneurysm clips. At 4 and 24 hours after EICAO, the animals were examined for neurologic deficits by an observer blinded to treatment groups, then sacrificed. Eight brain specimens (4 from each group) were subjected to histopathologic examination (H & E staining) while the rest of the specimens were processed using triphenyltetrazolium chloride (TTC) staining to determine infarct size and area of hemispheric edema. Results. VCO treatment significantly improved the severity of neurologic deficit (1.42 ± 2.31) compared to the control distilled water group (4.09 ± 2.59) 24 hours after EICAO. Whereas, infarct size and percent hemispheric edema did not significantly differ between the two groups. Conclusion. Prophylactic treatment of VCO is protective against EICAO-induced neurologic deficits in a rat model. VCO shows great potential as a neuroprotective agent for large vessel ischemic stroke. However, more studies are necessary to elucidate the neuroprotective mechanisms of VCO therapy in ischemic stroke.


Subject(s)
Palm Oil , Oxidants , Antioxidants , Neuroprotection , Ischemia , Stroke
10.
Arq. bras. oftalmol ; 83(6): 543-546, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153071

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Central giant cell granuloma is a rare osseous tumor affecting young patients with anatomical and functional compromise of the maxilla and mandible. Steroid injection therapy constitutes a less invasive treatment modality for disease control in selected cases. Retinal ischemia is a reported complication of multiple medical procedures, including dental interventions, and may lead to loss of vision with poor prognosis. We report a case of retinal arteriolar ischemic disease following central giant cell granuloma management with local injected corticosteroids.


RESUMO O granuloma central de células gigantes é um tumor ósseo raro que afeta pacientes jovens com comprometimento anatômico e funcional da maxila e mandíbula. A terapia com injeção de esteroides constitui uma modalidade de tratamento menos invasiva para o controle da doença em casos selecionados. A isquemia retiniana é uma complicação relatada em vários procedimentos médicos, incluindo intervenções odontológicas, e pode levar à perda da visão com mau prognóstico. Relatamos um caso de doença isquêmica arteriolar da retina após o tratamento com granuloma central de células gigantes com corticosteroides injetados locais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Bone Neoplasms , Adrenal Cortex Hormones , Ischemia/chemically induced , Bone Neoplasms/drug therapy , Granuloma, Giant Cell , Granuloma, Giant Cell/drug therapy , Mandible
11.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(5): 607-613, Sept.-Oct. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1137336

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To describe our experience of nine patients with extra-anatomical bypass for clinically ischemic distal limb during repair of acute Type A aortic dissection (ATAAD). Methods: We retrospectively examined a series of nine patients who underwent surgery for ATAAD. We identified a subset of the patients who presented with concomitant radiographic and clinical signs of lower limb ischemia. All but one patient (axillobifemoral bypass) underwent femorofemoral crossover grafting by the cardiac surgeon during cooling. Results: One hundred eighty-one cases of ATAAD underwent surgery during the study period with a mortality of 19.3%. Nine patients had persistent clinical evidence of lower limb ischemia (4.9%) and underwent extra-anatomical bypass during cooling. Two patients underwent additional fasciotomies. Mean delay from symptoms to surgery in these nine patients was 9.5 hours. Two patients had bilateral amputations despite revascularisation and, of note, had long delays in presentation for surgery (> 12 hours). There were no mortalities during these inpatient episodes. Outpatient radiographic follow-up at the first opportunity demonstrated 100% patency. Conclusion: Our experience suggests that, during complicated aortic dissection, limb ischemia may have a devastating outcome including amputation when diagnosis and referral are delayed. Early diagnosis and surgery are crucial in preventing this potentially devastating complication.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Peripheral Vascular Diseases , Aneurysm, Dissecting/surgery , Aneurysm, Dissecting/diagnostic imaging , Stroke Volume , Vascular Patency , Retrospective Studies , Ventricular Function, Left , Treatment Outcome , Ischemia/surgery , Ischemia/etiology , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging
12.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(2): e128, mayo.-ago. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126376

ABSTRACT

El pronóstico de la enfermedad arterial periférica, especialmente la isquemia crítica de las extremidades (CLI, por sus siglas en inglés) es malo, a pesar de la terapia endovascular, y muchos pacientes requieren la amputación del miembro inferior. En los estudios de los últimos años se ha propuesto la terapia con el factor de crecimiento de hepatocitos (HGF, también por sus siglas en inglés) en pacientes con CLI. Un factor que promueve la angiogénesis, regula la inflamación, inhibe la fibrosis y activa la regeneración de los tejidos es HGF(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Regeneration , Lower Extremity , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Ischemia
13.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(2): e126, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126379

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El pie diabético es una alteración clínica inducida por la hiperglucemia mantenida, con o sin isquemia y previo traumatismo, lesión y/o ulceración del pie. La hiperglucemia favorece las infecciones, pero no potencia el crecimiento bacteriano, lo que sugiere la participación del sistema inmune en esta susceptibilidad. Objetivo: Caracterizar el estado inmunometabólico de los pacientes con diagnóstico pie diabético. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en 25 pacientes ingresados con diagnóstico de pie diabético, entre septiembre y diciembre de 2018 en el Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenéch". Las variables estudiadas fueron: edad, sexo, formas clínicas de presentación del pie diabético, complementos 3 y 4, inmunoglobulinas G y A, y hemoglobina glucosilada. Se empleó la estadística descriptiva para el análisis de los datos. Resultados: El sexo femenino representó el 60 por ciento y los pacientes con más de 70 años el 40 por ciento. La inmunoglobulina G sérica se encontró disminuida en un 28 por ciento de los pacientes con pie diabético y aumentada en otro 28 por ciento. La hemoglobina glucosilada reflejó un desbalance en el 48 por ciento de los casos. De los pacientes con descontrol metabólico, 8 (32 por ciento) mostraron alteraciones de la inmunoglobulina G y 2 del componente C3. Conclusiones: Existió un grupo de pacientes con pie diabético que presentaron alteraciones inmunológicas variables y/o descontrol metabólico. Estos podrían beneficiarse con un manejo integral a partir del uso de inmunoterapia y la prevención de complicaciones infecciosas del pie diabético(AU)


Introduction: Diabetic foot is a clinic alteration induced by persistent hyperglycemias, with or without ischemia and previous trauma, lesion and/or ulceration of the foot. Hyperglycemia favours infections, but it does not increase the bacterial growth which suggests the participation of the immune system in this sensitivity. Objective: To characterize the immunometabolic status of patients with diagnosis of diabetic foot. Methods: It was carried out a descriptive, cross-sectional study in 25 patients hospitalized with diagnosis of diabetic foot among September and December, 2018 in "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" University Hospital. The studied variables were: age, sex, clinical forms of diabetic foot, complement 3 and 4, G and A, immunoglobulins and glycosylated hemoglobine. It was used descriptive statistic for data analysis. Results: Females represented the 60 percent and patients older than 70 years were the 40 percet. Seric G immunoglobulin was found as decreased in 28 percent of the patients with diabetic foot and increased in the 28 percent. Glycosylated hemoglobine presented unbalanced in 48 percent of the cases. From the patients with metabolic decontrol, 8 (32 percent) showed alterations of G immunoglobulin and 2 in the component C3. Conclusions: There was a group of patients with diabetic foot who presented variable immunological alterations and/or metabolic decontrol. Those patients can benefit with an integral management using immunotherapy and the prevention of infectious complications of the diabetic foot(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Bacterial Growth , Cross-Sectional Studies , Diabetic Foot , Ischemia
14.
Rev. cuba. angiol. cir. vasc ; 21(2): e157, mayo.-ago. 2020. tab, fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126384

ABSTRACT

Considerar al pie diabético como "la infección, ulceración y/o destrucción de los tejidos profundos asociados a desórdenes neurológicos y varios grados de trastorno vascular periférico en la extremidad inferior", es apropiado, ya que incluye todos los aspectos que lo definen: neuropatía, isquemia y diferentes niveles de interacción bacteria/huésped. El presente artículo tuvo como objetivo exponer los principios que deberán tenerse en cuenta para planificar la cirugía en el paciente con pie diabético neuropático, según la experiencia de nuestro grupo de trabajo. De este modo, se establecieron 10 principios básicos que deben observarse en el tratamiento quirúrgico de un paciente con un pie diabético neuropático y que permitirán obtener resultados más satisfactorios(AU)


To consider the diabetic foot as "the infection, ulceration and/or destruction of deep tissues associated with neurological disorders and several degrees of peripheral vascular disorder in lower limbs" is appropriate, since it includes all the aspects that define it: neuropathy, ischemia, and different levels of bacteria-host interaction. The objective of this article was to expose the principles that must be taken into account when planning surgery on the patient with neuropathic diabetic foot, according to the experience of our work group. In this way, 10 basic principles were established that must be observed in the surgical treatment of a patient with a neuropathic diabetic foot and that will allow obtaining more satisfactory outcomes(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Diabetic Foot/surgery , Lower Extremity , Ischemia , Nervous System Diseases
15.
Rev. argent. radiol ; 84(3): 93-106, ago. 2020. tab, graf, il.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1143921

ABSTRACT

Resumen El objetivo de este artículo es realizar una revisión de las localizaciones, causas y hallazgos radiológicos específicos de los procesos avasculares óseos. Se define como isquemia ósea a las alteraciones ocasionadas por déficit de irrigación, llevando a la destrucción del hueso. Existen diferencias entre necrosis isquémica e infarto óseo, en base al sitio óseo de afectación. La etiología traumática es la más frecuente y suele ser unilateral. Los sitios de presentación más frecuentes son: cabeza femoral y humeral, rodilla y semilunar. La resonancia magnética (RM) es considerada la modalidad de imagen más sensible y específica, tanto para el diagnóstico temprano como estadificación y control. El conocimiento de las causas, características radiológicas y sus diferentes fases evitan el diagnóstico erróneo de otras etiologías, como las primarias o infecciosas, facilitando un correcto algoritmo terapéutico.


Abstract The aim of this article is to review the locations, causes and specific radiological findings of avascular bone processes. Bone ischemia is defined as the alterations caused by irrigation deficit, leading into the bone destruction. However, there are differences between ischemic necrosis and bone infarction, based on the bone site of involvement. The most frequent etiology is traumatic and is usually unilateral. The most frequent sites of presentation are: femoral and humeral head, knee, and lunate. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is considered the most sensitive and specific imaging modality for early diagnosis, staging and control. The knowledge of the causes, radiological findings and their different phases avoid the erroneous diagnosis of other lesions, such as primary or infectious, facilitating a correct therapeutic algorithm.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Bone and Bones/diagnostic imaging , Bone Diseases/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy/methods , Osteonecrosis/diagnostic imaging , Bone Diseases/classification , Bone Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Ischemia/diagnostic imaging
16.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(4): 1321-1328, July-Aug. 2020. ilus
Article in English | ID: biblio-1131480

ABSTRACT

Fifteen New Zealand adult rabbits were randomly allocated into three groups: Sham-operated (group A), Ischemia and Reperfusion (group B) and Carolina Rinse Solution (CRS) (group C). Groups B and C were subjected to one hour of ischemia and two hours of reperfusion. In group C, ten minutes before reperfusion, the bowel lumen was filled with CRS, and the segment immersed in CRS. Necrosis and loss of integrity of the villi were visible in groups B and C. Edema of the submucosa and circular muscle was observed in all groups. Hemorrhage was observed in different layers for groups B and C, but group C showed more severe hemorrhage in different layers during reperfusion. All groups showed polymorphonuclear leukocyte infiltration on the base of the mucosa, submucosa, and longitudinal muscle, in addition to polymorphonuclear leukocytes margination in the mucosal and submucosal vessels. Necrosis of enterocytes, muscles, crypts of Lieberkühn and myenteric plexus was observed in groups B and C during reperfusion. Topical and intraluminal Carolina Rinse Solution did not attenuate the effects of ischemia and reperfusion in the small intestine of rabbits.(AU)


Quinze coelhos da raça Nova Zelândia foram alocados em três grupos: instrumentado (grupo A), isquemia e reperfusão (grupo B) e solução de Carolina rinse (CRS) (grupo C). Os grupos B e C foram submetidos a uma hora de isquemia e a duas horas de reperfusão. No grupo C, 10 minutos antes da reperfusão, o segmento isolado foi imerso e teve seu lúmen preenchido com CRS. Os grupos B e C apresentaram necrose e perda progressiva da integridade das vilosidades. Foi observado edema na submucosa e na camada muscular circular em todos os grupos. Nos grupos B e C, foi observada hemorragia em diferentes camadas, mas, no grupo C, a hemorragia foi mais intensa durante a reperfusão. Todos os grupos apresentaram infiltrado de PMN na base da mucosa, na submucosa e na camada muscular longitudinal e marginação de PMN nos vasos da mucosa e da submucosa. Durante a reperfusão, foi observada necrose dos enterócitos, das camadas musculares, das criptas de Lieberkühn e do plexo mioentérico nos grupos B e C. O uso tópico e intraluminal de CRS não atenuou os efeitos da isquemia e da reperfusão no intestino delgado de coelhos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Reperfusion/veterinary , Allopurinol/administration & dosage , Deferoxamine/administration & dosage , Glutathione/administration & dosage , Ischemia/veterinary , Jejunum/surgery
17.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 39(1): 24-33, abr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115446

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCCIÓN: Los ratones SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h que son alimentados con una dieta rica en grasas saturadas, desarrollan enfermedad coronaria aterosclerótica severa, complicaciones isquémicas e insuficiencia cardíaca, con alta mortalidad. Los estudios con este modelo se han enfocado fundamentalmente en la enfermedad coronaria y menos en el remodelado cardíaco. El OBJETIVO del trabajo ha sido caracterizar el remodelado miocárdico, evaluar la evolución temporal de la función ventricular izquierda y la sobrevida asociada a enfermedad cardíaca por ateromatosis. MÉTODO: Ratones homocigotos SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h fueron alimentados por 8 semanas con dieta aterogénica o dieta normal y se comparó la sobrevida en ambos grupos. A las 4 semanas se realizó un ecocardiograma bidimensional. En los ratones eutanasiados se evaluó en la pared cardíaca fibrosis miocárdica y tamaño de los cardiomiocitos por morfometría, apoptosis con técnica de TUNEL e infiltración por células inflamatorias mononucleares (ED1) por inmunohistoquímica. RESULTADOS: En el grupo que recibió dieta aterogénica la sobrevida se redujo en 46,7% (p < 0.001), debido a muerte súbita y a falla cardíaca progresiva. En este grupo, a las 4 semanas se observó dilatación de cavidades izquierdas y disminución de la fracción de eyección del ventrículo izquierdo en comparación con el grupo control (79,3 ± 1,3% vs 66 ± 3,7%, p<0,01). También se observó aumento de la masa cardíaca relativa de 2.1 veces (p<0,001) y del peso pulmonar relativo en 80% (p<0,001), sin cambios en las dimensiones de los cardiomiocitos. En el miocardio de los ratones que recibieron dieta aterogénica hubo un aumento de la fibrosis cardíaca de 7.9 veces (p < 0.01) y del número de cardiomiocitos apoptóticos en 55.9 veces (p < 0.01), junto a un aumento del número de células inflamatorias mononucleares ED1. CONCLUSIONES: En el modelo de falla cardíaca severa de etiología isquémica con alta mortalidad en el ratón homocigoto SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h sometido a una dieta aterogénica, con falla cardíaca izquierda por disfunción sistólica, el remodelado patológico del miocardio está dado fundamentalmente por apoptosis y fibrosis. También se observa un aumento discreto de macrófagos en la pared cardíaca. Es posible que el edema parietal también pueda ser un mecanismo de remodelado relevante en este modelo.


Abstract: SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h mice fed a high saturated fat diet develop severe coronary atheromatosis, and cardiac failure with a high mortality rate. Cardiac remodeling under these conditions has not been well studied. AIM: To evaluate the time course of left ventricular function, cardiac remodeling and survival associated to the administration of an atherogenic diet. METHOD: Homozygote SR-B1 KO/ApoER6 1h/h mice received an atherogenic diet for 8 weeks. Mice receiving a normal diet served as controls. Survival rate, myocardial fibrosis, cardiomyocyte size, apoptosis and infiltration by inflammatory or mononuclear cells were compared between groups. A TUNEL technique was used to evaluate apoptosis. RESULTS: A 46.7% survival reduction compared to controls was observed in the experimental group (p<0.01), due to left ventricular and atrial dilatation associated to a decrease in ejection fraction (79,3 ± 1,3% vs 66 ± 3,7%, p<0,01, respectively). Also, an increased cardiac weight, 2.6 times greater was observed in the experimental group, compared to controls. Mice receiving the atherogenic diet showed an 80% increased lung weight. There was no evident change in cardiomyocytes, but there was more (7.9 times) cardiac fibrosis (p<0.01) and 55.9 times more apoptotic cells. (p<0.01), along with a greater number of inflammatory cells and ED1 mononuclear cells. CONCLUSION: Mice receiving an atherogenic diet develop heart failure and reduced survival rate. This is associated with cardiac remodeling with underlying apoptosis an ventricular wall fibrosis. It is posible that wall edema might contribute to the observed cardiac remodeling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Ventricular Remodeling , Diet, Atherogenic , Heart Failure/etiology , Hyperlipidemias/pathology , Ischemia/etiology , Fibrosis , Survival Analysis , Ventricular Function, Left , Apoptosis , Mice, Knockout , Ventricular Dysfunction , Disease Models, Animal , Heart Failure/physiopathology , Heart Failure/mortality , Heart Failure/pathology , Ischemia/physiopathology , Ischemia/mortality , Ischemia/pathology
18.
CorSalud ; 12(1): 104-108, ene.-mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124649

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN La ateroesclerosis es una enfermedad sistémica que afecta múltiples lechos vasculares. Después de períodos prolongados de progresión comienzan las manifestaciones clínicas, de forma aguda o crónica (infarto agudo de miocardio, angina estable, claudicación intermitente, enfermedad cerebrovascular, entre otras); por lo que puede cursar de manera subclínica en pacientes con enfermedad arterial coronaria. Lo interesante de esta forma de presentación es que dentro de una serie de casos con enfermedad multivaso, asociado a un índice tobillo-brazo (ITB) < 0,9, después de un síndrome coronario agudo, hemos encontrado, como hallazgo angiográfico, la presencia de una fístula coronaria a ventrículo derecho en un paciente con ITB muy bajo y clínica de claudicación intermitente. Esta fístula es la causa de los síntomas que interrumpieron la rehabilitación cardiovascular; es una enfermedad poco frecuente y causa de dolor torácico, que se informa solo de 0,3 a 0,8%, como hallazgo incidental en angiografías coronarias.


ABSTRACT Atherosclerosis is a systemic disease that affects a number of vascular beds. Clinical manifestations whether acute or chronic (acute myocardial infarction, stable angina, intermittent claudication, cerebrovascular disease, among others) start after long periods of progression; so it may present subclinically in patients with coronary artery disease. What is particularly interesting about this form of presentation is that within a series of cases with multivessel disease, associated with an ankle-brachial index (ABI)<0.9, after an acute coronary syndrome, we have identified, as an angiographic finding, the presence of a coronary artery fistula to the right ventricle in a patient with very low ABI and clinical intermittent claudication. This fistula led to the symptoms that hampered cardiovascular rehabilitation. It is an infrequent disease characterized by chest pain; with low reporting (0.3 to 0.8%), as an incidental finding in coronary angiographies.


Subject(s)
Rehabilitation , Arterio-Arterial Fistula , Coronary Angiography , Ankle Brachial Index , Peripheral Arterial Disease , Ischemia
19.
Dement. neuropsychol ; 14(1): 41-46, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1089810

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT A few studies have shown that serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level in post-stroke depression is highly correlated with memory and neuropsychiatric disturbances. Objective: This study aimed to elucidate the relationship of serum BDNF, malondialdehyde (MDA), and 8-Hydroxy 2-Deoxyguanosine (8-OhdG) levels in acute stroke cases with one-month post-stroke depression. Methods: An observational study was conducted of 72 post-ischemic stroke patients in the Neurology ward of the Dr. M. Djamil Hospital, Padang, West Sumatra, Indonesia. Acute stroke (< 48 hours) serum BDNF, MDA, and 8-OhdG levels were measured using ELISA. Based on observations using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale conducted one month after stroke, respondents were divided into two groups: with and without depression. The mean serum level was analyzed using the t-test and Mann-Whitney test, while differences in basic characteristics were analyzed using the Chi-square test. Multivariate analysis was conducted to determine the most significant factor associated with post-stroke depression. The error rate was set at 5%. Results: BDNF levels in acute stroke were significantly lower in the depression group than in the non-depression group (p < 0.05). MDA and 8-OhdG levels in acute stroke were higher in the depression group (p < 0.05). BDNF level during acute stroke was negatively correlated with post-stroke depression, while, conversely, acute stroke MDA and 8-OhdG levels were positively correlated with depression. Conclusion: BDNF had a negative correlation, while MDA and 8-OhdG had a positive correlation, with depression one-month post-stroke. 8-OhdG was the most influential factor in post-stroke depression.


RESUMO Alguns estudos mostraram que o nível sérico de fator neurotrófico derivado do cérebro (BDNF) na depressão pós-AVC está altamente correlacionado com a memória e com os distúrbios neuropsiquiátricos. Objetivo: Este estudo teve como objetivo elucidar a relação entre os níveis séricos de BDNF, malondialdeído (MDA) e 8-hidroxi 2-desoxiganosanos (8 OhdG) em casos de AVC agudo com depressão pós-AVC de um mês. Métodos: Um estudo observacional foi realizado em 72 pacientes com AVC pós-isquêmico na enfermaria de Neurologia do Hospital Dr. M. Djamil, Padang, Sumatra Ocidental, Indonésia. Os níveis séricos de BDNF, MDA e 8-OhdG no AVC agudo (< 48 horas) foram medidos usando ELISA. Com base nas observações da Hamilton Depression Rating Scale realizada um mês após o AVC, os entrevistados foram divididos em dois grupos: com e sem depressão. O nível sérico médio foi analisado pelo teste T e Mann-Whitney, enquanto as diferenças nas características básicas foram analisadas pelo teste do qui-quadrado. A análise multivariada foi realizada para determinar o fator mais significativo associado à depressão pós-AVC. A taxa de erro foi fixada em 5%. Resultados: O nível de BDNF no AVC agudo foi significativamente menor na depressão do que no grupo sem depressão (p < 0,05). Os níveis de MDA e 8-OhdG no AVC agudo foram maiores no grupo de depressão (p < 0,05). O nível de BDNF durante o AVC agudo foi negativamente correlacionado com os casos de depressão pós-AVC, enquanto, inversamente, os níveis de MDA e 8-OhdG do AVC agudo foram positivamente correlacionados com os casos de depressão. Conclusão: O BDNF tem uma correlação negativa, enquanto o MDA e o 8-OhdG tiveram uma correlação positiva com a depressão um mês após o AVC. 8-OhdG foi o fator mais influente na depressão pós-AVC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Stroke , Depression , Ischemia , Malondialdehyde
20.
Rev. argent. dermatol ; 101(1): 1-10, mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092404

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN El embolismo por cristales de colesterol (ECC) es una complicación de la enfermedad arterioesclerótica en la que el desprendimiento de fragmentos de placa de ateroma, principalmente de grandes arterias, provoca oclusión de pequeños vasos. Esta entidad, también llamada ateroembolia o síndrome de los dedos del pie azules, es más frecuente en pacientes de edad avanzada y después de procedimientos invasivos intravasculares. Se manifiesta con cianosis, livedo reticularis, necrosis y úlceras asociado a manifestaciones renales y gastrointestinales. Se presenta un paciente trasplantado renal y portador de fístula arteriovenosa trombosada izquierda con ateroembolia localizada en mano homolateral.


ABSTRACT The cholesterol crystal embolism (ECC) is a complication of arteriosclerotic disease in which the detachment of fragments of atheromatous plaque mainly from large arteries, causes occlusion of small vessels. This entity, also called atheroembolism or blue toe syndrome, is more common in elderly patients and after intravascular invasive procedures. It manifests with cyanosis, livedo reticularis, necrosis and ulcers associated with renal and gastrointestinal manifestations. We present a renal transplant patient with a left thrombosed arteriovenous fistula with atheroembolism located in homolateral hand.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Cholesterol/adverse effects , Arteriovenous Fistula/complications , Embolism, Cholesterol/physiopathology , Upper Extremity/blood supply , Skin Manifestations , Embolism, Cholesterol/diagnosis , Renal Insufficiency/complications , Ischemia/complications , Necrosis/complications
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