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1.
Acta cir. bras ; 39: e390224, 2024. graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1533355

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the protective effect of breviscapine on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury (MIRI) in diabetes rats. Methods: Forty rats were divided into control, diabetes, MIRI of diabetes, and treatment groups. The MIRI of diabetes model was established in the latter two groups. Then, the treatment group was treated with 100 mg/kg breviscapine by intraperitoneal injection for 14 consecutive days. Results: After treatment, compared with MIRI of diabetes group, in treatment group the serum fasting blood glucose, fasting insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance, and glycosylated hemoglobin levels decreased, the serum total cholesterol, triacylglycerol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels decreased, the serum high-density lipoprotein cholesterol level increased, the heart rate decreased, the mean arterial pressure, left ventricular ejection fraction, and fractional shortening increased, the serum cardiac troponin I, and creatine kinase-MB levels decreased, the myocardial tumor necrosis factor α and interleukin-6 levels decreased, the myocardial superoxide dismutase level increased, and the myocardial malondialdehyde level decreased (all P < 0.05). Conclusions: For treating MIRI of diabetes in rats, the breviscapine can reduce the blood glucose and lipid levels, improve the cardiac function, reduce the myocardial injury, and decrease the inflammatory response and oxidative stress, thus exerting the alleviating effect.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury , Oxidative Stress , Diabetes Mellitus , Inflammation , Ischemia
2.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 45(12): 754-763, Dec. 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529908

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective The serum ischemia modified albumin (IMA), biglycan, and decorin levels of pregnant women who were hospitalized for threatened preterm labor were measured. Methods Fifty-one consecutive pregnant women with a single pregnancy between the 24th and 36th weeks with a diagnosis of threatened preterm labor were included in the present prospective cohort study. Results As a result of multivariate logistic regression analysis for predicting preterm delivery within 24 hours, 48 hours, 7 days, 14 days, ≤ 35 gestational weeks, and ≤ 37 gestational weeks after admission, area under the curve (AUC) (95% confidence interval [CI[) values were 0.95 (0.89-1.00), 0.93 (0.86-0.99), 0.91 (0.83-0.98), 0.92 (0.85-0.99), 0.82 (0.69-0.96), and 0.89 (0.80-0.98), respectively. In the present study, IMA and biglycan levels were found to be higher and decorin levels lower in women admitted to the hospital with threatened preterm labor and who gave preterm birth within 48 hours compared with those who gave birth after 48 hours. Conclusion In pregnant women admitted to the hospital with threatened preterm labor, the prediction preterm delivery of the combined model created by adding IMA, decorin, and biglycan in addition to the TVS CL measurement was higher than the TVS CL measurement alone. Clinical trial registration The present trial was registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT04451928.


Resumo Objetivo Medir os níveis séricos de albumina modificada por isquemia (IMA), biglicano e decorina de gestantes hospitalizadas por ameaça de parto prematuro. Métodos Cinquenta e uma mulheres grávidas consecutivas com uma única gravidez entre a 24ᵃ e a 36ᵃ semanas com diagnóstico de ameaça de trabalho de parto prematuro foram incluídas no presente estudo de corte prospectivo. Resultados Como resultado da análise de regressão logística multivariada para prever parto prematuro dentro de 24 horas, 48 horas, 7 dias, 14 dias, ≤ 35 semanas gestacionais e ≤ 37 semanas gestacionais após a admissão, área sob a curva (AUC) (95% de confiança os valores de intervalo [CI[) foram 0,95 (0,89-1,00), 0,93 (0,86-0,99), 0,91 (0,83-0,98), 0,92 (0,85-0,99), 0,82 (0,69-0,96) e 0,89 (0,80-0,98), respectivamente. No presente estudo, os níveis de IMA e biglican foram maiores e os níveis de decorin menores em mulheres admitidas no hospital com ameaça de trabalho de parto prematuro e que tiveram parto prematuro em 48 horas em comparação com aquelas que deram à luz após 48 horas. Conclusão Em gestantes admitidas no hospital com ameaça de trabalho de parto prematuro, a predição de parto prematuro do modelo combinado criado pela adição de IMA, decorin e biglican, além da medição do TVS CL, foi maior do que a medição do TVS CL isoladamente. Registro do ensaio clínico O presente ensaio foi registrado em ClinicalTrials.gov, número NCT04451928.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Ischemia , Obstetric Labor, Premature
3.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 58(5): 771-780, Sept.-Oct. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1529954

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Testing an experimental model for ischemic necrosis of the femoral head in Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease by evaluating gait, imaging and morphohistology. Methods The operation was done in 11 piglets. Necrosis by cerclage in the right femoral neck was induced. Piglets were divided into group A, with 8 animals, euthanizing two in the 2nd, 4th, 6th, and 8th weeks, respectively; and group B, with 2 animals (sham), submitted to the surgical procedure without cerclage of the right femoral neck. The gait classification used was that of Etterlin. The frozen femurs were submitted to digital radiography and computed tomography. The height and width of the epiphysis and epiphysary coefficient were measured at study times. Light microscopy and immunohistochemistry with TGF-β1 were performed. Results One animal died of sepsis in Group A. In this group, claudication was observed in all animals. On digital radiography and computed tomography, bone sclerosis, enlargement of the right femoral neck, flattening, collapse, and fragmentation of the right femoral head were observed. All epiphysis height and epiphysary coefficient values of the right femoral head were lower than the contralateral ones, in which were observed chondrocytes disordered and separated by gaps. A reduction in TGF-β1 expression was observed at 2 and 6 weeks in the right femoral head and at eight in the left. In group B, there were no signs of necrosis and gait was normal. Conclusions The model presented reproduced macroscopic necrosis on digital radiography, computed tomography, and microscopy. Gait evaluation showed a good correlation with other ischemia findings. Level of EvidenceV. Diagnostic studies.


Resumo Objetivo Testar um modelo experimental para necrose isquêmica da cabeça femoral na doença de Legg-Calvé-Perthes avaliando a marcha, exames de imagens e morfohistologia. Métodos Operaram-se 11 leitões. Induziu-se a necrose por cerclagem no colo femoral direito. Dividiram-se os leitões em grupo A com 8 animais, sacrificando-se dois na 2ª, 4ª, 6ª e 8ª semanas, respectivamente; e grupo B, com 2 animais (sham), submetidos ao procedimento cirúrgico sem a cerclagem do colo femoral direito. A classificação da marcha utilizada foi a de Etterlin. Os fêmures congelados foram submetidos à radiografia digital e tomografia computadorizada. Mediram-se a altura e largura da epífise e o coeficiente epifisário nos tempos de estudo. Realizou-se, microscopia de luz e imunohistoquímica com TGF-β1. Resultados Um animal morreu por sepse no grupo A. Neste grupo, observou-se claudicação em todos os animais. Na radiografia digital e tomografia computadorizada observaram-se: esclerose óssea, alargamento do colo femoral direito, achatamento, colapso e fragmentação da cabeça femoral direita. Todos os valores da altura da epífise e coeficiente epifisário da cabeça femoral direita foram menores que os contralaterais, nos quais observaram-se condrócitos desordenados e separados por lacunas. Observou-se redução da expressão do TGF-β1 com 2 e 6 semanas nas cabeças femorais direitas e nas esquerdas com oito. No grupo B, não ocorreram sinais de necrose e a marcha foi normal. Conclusões O modelo apresentado reproduziu a necrose macroscopicamente, na radiografia digital, tomografia computadorizada e microscopia. A avaliação da marcha demonstrou boa correlação com os demais achados de isquemia. Nível de EvidênciaV. Estudos diagnósticos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Femur Head Necrosis , Ischemia , Legg-Calve-Perthes Disease
4.
Femina ; 51(7): 423-435, 20230730. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512450

ABSTRACT

PONTOS-CHAVE Quando utilizados na técnica correta, fórcipes e vácuo-extratores apresentam baixos índices de complicações. Para o feto com sinais de hipóxia no período expulsivo, o parto vaginal operatório tem potencial para reduzir a exposição aos fatores intraparto que promovem a encefalopatia hipóxico-isquêmica. Fórcipes médios e/ou rotacionais são opções apropriadas em circunstâncias selecionadas e exigem habilidade e experiência. Os fórcipes são mais resolutivos do que os vácuo-extratores para o parto vaginal operatório, porém são mais associados a lacerações perineais graves. Céfalo-hematoma é mais provável de ocorrer com o aumento na duração da vácuo-extração. Os vácuo-extratores de campânulas flexíveis apresentam taxas maiores de falha, porém apresentam menores incidências de trauma no couro cabeludo do neonato. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Infant, Newborn , Labor, Obstetric , Extraction, Obstetrical/methods , Vacuum Extraction, Obstetrical/adverse effects , Infant, Newborn/cerebrospinal fluid , Cesarean Section , Ultrasonography, Prenatal , Ischemia , Hypoxia , Obstetrical Forceps/adverse effects
5.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e381023, 2023. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1439116

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the role of cyanidin-3-O-glucoside (C3G) in renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury and the potential mechanisms. Methods: Mouse models were established by clamping the left renal vessels, and in vitro cellular models were established by hypoxic reoxygenation. Results: Renal dysfunction and tissue structural damage were significantly higher in the I/R group. After treatment with different concentrations of C3G, the levels of renal dysfunction and tissue structural damage decreased at different levels. And its protective effect was most pronounced at 200 mg/kg. The use of C3G reduced apoptosis as well as the expression of endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS)-related proteins. Hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-induced apoptosis and ERS are dependent on oxidative stress in vitro. In addition, both AG490 and C3G inhibited the activation of JAK/STAT pathway and attenuated oxidative stress, ischemia-induced apoptosis and ERS. Conclusions: The results demonstrated that C3G blocked renal apoptosis and ERS protein expression by preventing reactive oxygen species (ROS) production after I/R via the JAK/STAT pathway, suggesting that C3G may be a potential therapeutic agent for renal I/R injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Reperfusion Injury , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Janus Kinases , Acute Kidney Injury/physiopathology , Ischemia , Anthocyanins/analysis
6.
Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery ; (12): 668-674, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986835

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate anatomical morphology and classification of persistent descending mesocolon (PDM) in patients with left-sided colorectal cancer, as well as the safety of laparoscopic radical surgery for these patients. Methods: This is a descriptive study of case series. Relevant clinical data of 995 patients with left colon and rectal cancer who had undergone radical surgery in Fujian Medical University Union Hospital from July 2021 to September 2022 were extracted from the colorectal surgery database of our institution and retrospectively analyzed. Twenty-four (2.4%) were identified as PDM and their imaging data and intra-operative videos were reviewed. We determined the distribution and morphology of the descending colon and mesocolon, and evaluated the feasibility and complications of laparoscopic surgery. We classified PDM according to its anatomical characteristics as follows: Type 0: PDM combined with malrotation of the midgut or persistent ascending mesocolon; Type 1: unfixed mesocolon at the junction between transverse and descending colon; Type 2: PDM with descending colon shifted medially (Type 2A) or to the right side (Type 2B) of the abdominal aorta at the level of the origin of the inferior mesentery artery (IMA); and Type 3: the mesocolon of the descending-sigmoid junction unfixed and the descending colon shifted medially and caudally to the origin of IMA. Results: The diagnosis of PDM was determined based on preoperative imaging findings in 9 of the 24 patients (37.5%) with left-sided colorectal cancer, while the remaining diagnoses were made during intraoperative assessment. Among 24 patients, 22 were male and 2 were female. The mean age was (63±9) years. We classified PDM as follows: Type 0 accounted for 4.2% (1/24); Type 1 for 8.3% (2/24); Types 2A and 2B for 37.5% (9/24) and 25.0% (6/24), respectively; and Type 3 accounted for 25.0% (6/24). All patients with PDM had adhesions of the mesocolon that required adhesiolysis. Additionally, 20 (83.3%) of them had adhesions between the mesentery of the ileum and colon. Twelve patients (50.0%) required mobilization of the splenic flexure. The inferior mesenteric artery branches had a common trunk in 14 patients (58.3%). Twenty-four patients underwent D3 surgery without conversion to laparotomy; the origin of the IMA being preserved in 22 (91.7%) of them. Proximal colon ischemia occurred intraoperatively in two patients (8.3%) who had undergone high ligation at the origin of the IMA. One of these patients had a juxta-anal low rectal cancer and underwent intersphincteric abdominoperineal resection because of poor preoperative anal function. Laparoscopic subtotal colectomy was considered necessary for the other patient. The duration of surgery was (260±100) minutes and the median estimated blood loss was 50 (20-200) mL. The median number of No. 253 lymph nodes harvested was 3 (0-20), and one patient (4.2%) had No.253 nodal metastases. The median postoperative hospital stay was 8 (4-23) days, and the incidence of complications 16.7% (4/24). There were no instances of postoperative colon ischemia or necrosis observed. One patient (4.2%) with stage IIA rectal cancer developed Grade B (Clavien-Dindo III) anastomotic leak and underwent elective ileostomy. The other complications were Grade I-II. Conclusions: PDM is frequently associated with mesenteric adhesions. Our proposed classification can assist surgeons in identifying the descending colon and mesocolon during adhesion lysis in laparoscopic surgery. It is crucial to protect the colorectal blood supply at the resection margin to minimize the need for unplanned extended colectomy, the Hartmann procedure, or permanent stomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Mesocolon/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Laparoscopy/methods , Rectal Neoplasms/surgery , Colectomy/methods , Ischemia
7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 639-646, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-981051

ABSTRACT

Colon ischemia is relatively common in the aging population, but standardized diagnosis and treatment recommendations for this disease are still lacking. A board of experts was convened by the Committee of Geriatric Gastroenterology, Chinese Society of Gastroenterology, to discuss and elaborate on a guideline for colon ischemia management in the elderly in China based on its experts' experience during clinical practice and recent remarkable global progress regarding colon ischemia. The purpose of this guideline is to establish standardized management of colonic ischemia lesions in the elderly and improve their clinical outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , China , Colon , Ischemia
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1177-1187, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980908

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Ischemic acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common syndrome associated with considerable mortality and healthcare costs. Up to now, the underlying pathogenesis of ischemic AKI remains incompletely understood, and specific strategies for early diagnosis and treatment of ischemic AKI are still lacking. Here, this study aimed to define the transcriptomic landscape of AKI patients through single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) analysis in kidneys.@*METHODS@#In this study, scRNA-seq technology was applied to kidneys from two ischemic AKI patients, and three human public scRNA-seq datasets were collected as controls. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) and cell clusters of kidneys were determined. Gene ontology (GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway enrichment analysis, as well as the ligand-receptor interaction between cells, were performed. We also validated several DEGs expression in kidneys from human ischemic AKI and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury induced AKI mice through immunohistochemistry staining.@*RESULTS@#15 distinct cell clusters were determined in kidney from subjects of ischemic AKI and control. The injured proximal tubules (PT) displayed a proapoptotic and proinflammatory phenotype. PT cells of ischemic AKI had up-regulation of novel pro-apoptotic genes including USP47 , RASSF4 , EBAG9 , IER3 , SASH1 , SEPTIN7 , and NUB1 , which have not been reported in ischemic AKI previously. Several hub genes were validated in kidneys from human AKI and renal I/R injury mice, respectively. Furthermore, PT highly expressed DEGs enriched in endoplasmic reticulum stress, autophagy, and retinoic acid-inducible gene I (RIG-I) signaling. DEGs overexpressed in other tubular cells were primarily enriched in nucleotide-binding and oligomerization domain (NOD)-like receptor signaling, estrogen signaling, interleukin (IL)-12 signaling, and IL-17 signaling. Overexpressed genes in kidney-resident immune cells including macrophages, natural killer T (NKT) cells, monocytes, and dendritic cells were associated with leukocyte activation, chemotaxis, cell adhesion, and complement activation. In addition, the ligand-receptor interactions analysis revealed prominent communications between macrophages and monocytes with other cells in the process of ischemic AKI.@*CONCLUSION@#Together, this study reveals distinct cell-specific transcriptomic atlas of kidney in ischemic AKI patients, altered signaling pathways, and potential cell-cell crosstalk in the development of AKI. These data reveal new insights into the pathogenesis and potential therapeutic strategies in ischemic AKI.


Subject(s)
Humans , Mice , Animals , Transcriptome/genetics , Ligands , Kidney/metabolism , Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Ischemia/metabolism , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , Sequence Analysis, RNA , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism
9.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 150-158, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970068

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Long-term remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) has been proven to be beneficial in multiple diseases, such as cerebral and cardiovascular diseases. However, the hyperacute and acute effects of a single RIC stimulus are still not clear. Quantitative proteomic analyses of plasma proteins following RIC application have been conducted in preclinical and clinical studies but exhibit high heterogeneity in results due to wide variations in experimental setups and sampling procedures. Hence, this study aimed to explore the immediate effects of RIC on plasma proteome in healthy young adults to exclude confounding factors of disease entity, such as medications and gender.@*METHODS@#Young healthy male participants were enrolled after a systematic physical examination and 6-month lifestyle observation. Individual RIC sessions included five cycles of alternative ischemia and reperfusion, each lasting for 5 min in bilateral forearms. Blood samples were collected at baseline, 5 min after RIC, and 2 h after RIC, and then samples were processed for proteomic analysis using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry method.@*RESULTS@#Proteins related to lipid metabolism (e.g., Apolipoprotein F), coagulation factors (hepatocyte growth factor activator preproprotein), members of complement cascades (mannan-binding lectin serine protease 1 isoform 2 precursor), and inflammatory responses (carboxypeptidase N catalytic chain precursor) were differentially altered at their serum levels following the RIC intervention. The most enriched pathways were protein glycosylation and complement/coagulation cascades.@*CONCLUSIONS@#One-time RIC stimulus may induce instant cellular responses like anti-inflammation, coagulation, and fibrinolysis balancing, and lipid metabolism regulation which are protective in different perspectives. Protective effects of single RIC in hyperacute and acute phases may be exploited in clinical emergency settings due to apparently beneficial alterations in plasma proteome profile. Furthermore, the beneficial effects of long-term (repeated) RIC interventions in preventing chronic cardiovascular diseases among general populations can also be expected based on our study findings.


Subject(s)
Young Adult , Humans , Male , Proteome , Cardiovascular Diseases , Proteomics , Ischemia , Blood Coagulation
10.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 604-609, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982640

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To clarify the preparation methods of four rat models of liver ischemia/reperfusion injury (IRI) and to determine a liver IRI animal model that is consistent with clinical conditions, has stable pathological and physiological injury, and is easy to operate.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into four groups using an interval grouping method: 70% IRI (group A), 100% IRI (group B), 70% IRI with 30% hepatectomy (group C), and 100% IRI with 30% hepatectomy (group D), with 40 rats in each group. Each model was further divided into sham operation group (S group) and ischemia groups of 30, 60, and 90 minutes, with 10 rats in each group. After surgery, the survival status and awakening time of the rats were observed, and the liver lobectomy weight, bleeding volume, and hemostasis time of groups C and D were recorded. Blood samples were collected by cardiac puncture after 6 hours of reperfusion for determination the levels of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (SCr), and γ-glutamyl transpeptidase (γ-GT) in the serum to assess liver and kidney function. Hematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining and immunohistochemical staining of macrophages were performed to analyze the liver tissue structure damage from a pathological perspective.@*RESULTS@#Rats in group A exhibited earlier awakening and acceptable mental status, while rats in the other groups showed delayed awakening and poor mental status. The hemostasis time in group D was approximately 1 second longer than that in group C. The mortality of rats subjected to 60 minutes of 70% hepatic ischemia was 0. Compared to the sham operation group, rats in each experimental group showed significant increases in serum levels of AST, ALT, ALP, BUN, SCr, and γ-GT, indicating impaired liver and kidney function in the rat models of liver IRI. In groups A, B, and C, the 90-minute ischemia subgroup exhibited more pronounced elevation in AST, ALT, ALP, BUN, SCr, and γ-GT levels compared to the 30-minute ischemia subgroup [AST (U/L): group A, 834.94±56.73 vs. 258.74±18.33; group B, 547.63±217.40 vs. 277.67±57.92; group C, 930.38±75.48 vs. 640.51±194.20; ALT (U/L): group A, 346.78±25.47 vs. 156.58±13.25; group B, 408.40±138.25 vs. 196.80±58.60; group C, 596.41±193.32 vs. 173.76±72.43; ALP (U/L): group A, 431.21±34.30 vs. 315.95±15.64; group B, 525.88±62.13 vs. 215.63±17.31; group C, 487.53±112.37 vs. 272.46±92.33; BUN (U/L): group A, 18.35±5.63 vs. 14.32±2.30; group B, 30.21±4.55 vs. 17.41±8.14; group C, 20.50±3.64 vs. 15.93±3.22; SCr (U/L): group A, 27.47±8.91 vs. 22.37±5.66; group B, 43.60±15.57 vs. 36.80±7.95; group C, 63.81±20.24 vs. 42.47±7.03; γ-GT (U/L): group A, 15.64±3.57 vs. 6.82±1.48; group B, 9.28±1.91 vs. 5.62±1.21; group C, 10.98±3.18 vs. 5.67±1.10; all P < 0.05]. The 100% IRI 90-minute group and 100% IRI 90-minute group with 30% hepatectomy exhibited more pronounced increases in the above-mentioned indicators compared to the corresponding 70% IRI control group, indicating increased liver and kidney damage in rats subjected to combined blood flow occlusion and hepatectomy. HE staining showed clear liver tissue structure with intact and orderly arranged cells in the sham operation group, while the experimental groups exhibited cell structure damage, including cell rupture or collapse, cell swelling, nuclear pyknosis, deep cytoplasm staining, cell shedding, and necrosis. The interstitium showed infiltration of inflammatory cells. Immunohistochemical staining revealed a higher number of macrophages in the experimental groups compared to the sham operation group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Four models of liver IRI in rat were successfully established. As the duration and severity of hepatic ischemia increased, liver cell ischemia worsened, leading to increased hepatocellular necrosis and exhibiting characteristic features of liver IRI. These models can effectively simulate liver IRI following liver trauma, with the group subjected to 100% ischemia and 30% hepatectomy showing the most severe liver injury. The designed models are reasonable, easy to perform, and exhibit good reproducibility. They can be used for investigating the mechanisms, therapeutic efficacy, and diagnostic methods related to clinical liver IRI.


Subject(s)
Rats , Male , Animals , Reproducibility of Results , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Liver , Reperfusion Injury/drug therapy , Ischemia , Disease Models, Animal , Necrosis
11.
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 73(4): 503-505, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1447623

ABSTRACT

Abstract Spinal cord infarction is an uncommon phenomenon, which can be caused by different etiologies, constituting a real diagnostic challenge which can lead to devastating consequences. General anesthesia in beach chair positioning with intraoperative hypotension in order to avoid surgical bleeding are associated with hypoperfusion and potential neurological ischemia-related complications. We present a case of spinal cord ischemia in the context of shoulder surgery in a beach chair position.


Subject(s)
Humans , Shoulder Joint/surgery , Spinal Cord Ischemia/complications , Arthroscopy/adverse effects , Shoulder/surgery , Patient Positioning/adverse effects , Intraoperative Complications/etiology , Ischemia/complications
12.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e384723, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1519880

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To evaluate local and systemic effects of 24-hour fasting in liver ischemia and reperfusion injury. Methods: Twenty-one adult male Wistar rats (330-390 g) were submitted to 60 minutes of hepatic ischemia followed by 24 hours of reperfusion. Before the day of the experiment, the animals fasted, but free access to water was allowed. Two groups were constituted: Control: non-fasted, that is, feeding ad libitum before surgical procedure; Fasting: rats underwent previous fasting of 24 hours. Hepatic ischemia was performed using vascular clamp in hepatic pedicle. At 24 hours after liver reperfusion, blood and tissue samples were collected. To analysis, liver lobes submitted to ischemia was identified as ischemic liver and paracaval non-ischemic lobes as non-ischemic liver. We evaluated: malondialdehyde levels, hepatocellular function (alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase activities, and both ratio), cytokines (interleukins-6, -10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha), hepatic ischemia and reperfusion injury (histology). Results: Malondialdehyde measured in non-ischemic and ischemic liver samples, hepatocellular function and cytokines were comparable between groups. Histological findings were distinct in three regions evaluated. Microvesicular steatosis was comparable between 24-hour fasting and non-fasted control groups in periportal region of hepatic lobe. In contrast, steatosis was more pronounced in zones 2 and 3 of ischemic liver samples of fasting compared to control groups. Conclusions: These data indicates that fasting does not protect, but it can be also detrimental to liver submitted to ischemia/reperfusion damage. At that time, using long fasting before liver surgery in the real world may be contraindicated.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Reperfusion Injury , Fasting , Ischemia , Liver
13.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e387723, 2023. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1519877

ABSTRACT

Purpose: As clinical liver perfusion systems use portal vein and artery flow, dual perfusion techniques are required even in small animal models in order to reproduce clinical setting. The aim of this study was to construct a new dual-flow perfusion system in rat model and optimized the oxygen supply to ensure the aerobic metabolization. Methods: The dual-flow circuit was fabricated using rat liver and whole blood samples as perfusates. The oxygen supply was controlled according to the amount of dissolved oxygen in the perfusate. Perfusate parameters and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) levels were analyzed to evaluate organ function and metabolic energy state. Stored whole blood also tested the suitability as perfusate. Results: Stored blood showed decrease oxygen delivery and liver function compared to fresh blood. Using fresh blood as perfusate with air only, the dissolved oxygen levels remained low and anaerobic metabolism increased. In contrast, with oxygen control at living body level, anaerobic metabolism was well suppressed, and tissue ATP content was increased. Conclusions: We developed a new dual-flow system that enable to reproduce the clinical settings. The perfusion system showed the possibility to improve the energy metabolic state of the perfused organ under appropriate partial pressure of oxygen.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Perfusion , Oxygenation , Ischemia , Liver
14.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e384423, 2023. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1519872

ABSTRACT

Purpose: Our aim was to investigate protective effects of daidzein treatment on ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury-induced ovarian tissue by immunohistochemical techniques. Methods: Thirty Sprague Dawley female rats were categorized into three groups as sham, I/R group, and I/R+daidzein groups. Bloods were analyzed for malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione peroxidase (GSH), and myeloperoxidase (MPO), and ovaries were processed for histological tissue protocol. Results: Both MDA and MPO values were increased in I/R group compared to sham and I/R+daidzein groups. GSH content was increased in I/R+daidzein group compared to I/R groups. In I/R group, theca and follicular cells were degenerated with apoptosis and dilatation and congestion, edema. In I/R+daidzein group, daidzein improved pathologies. In the I/R group, Bax expression was positive with follicular cells, granulosa cells and inflammatory cells. In the I/R+daidzein group, positive Bax reaction was observed in the epithelial, antral, and inflammatory cells. In I/R group, Bcl-2 reaction was in germinative epithelial cells, cells of antral follicle. In the I/R+daidzein group, Bcl-2 expression level was reduced after daidzein treatment. Conclusions: After the I/R procedure, ovarian cells and follicles were degenerated with apoptosis and inflammation. After daidzein treatment, Bax and Bcl-2 signal were decreased. It was observed that daidzein stopped the apoptotic process.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Ovary/drug effects , Immunohistochemistry , Reperfusion , Ischemia , Isoflavones
15.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 493-497, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985789

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the factors influencing small intestinal ischemia in elderly patients with incarcerated hernia. Methods: The clinical data of 105 elderly patients admitted for surgical procedures of incarcerated hernia at Department of General Surgery, Huadong Hospital between January 2014 and December 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. There were 60 males and 45 females, aged (86.1±4.3) years (range: 80 to 96 years). They were divided into normal group (n=55) and ischemic group (n=50) according to intraoperative intestinal canal condition. The t test, χ2 test and Fisher's exact probability method were used for the univariate analysis of the factors that influence intestinal ischemia in patients, and Logistic regression was used for multifactorial analysis. Results: In all patients, 18 patients (17.1%) had irreversible intestinal ischemia with bowel resection. Six patients died within 30 days, 3 cases from severe abdominal infection, 2 cases from postoperative exacerbation of underlying cardiac disease, and 1 case from respiratory failure due to severe pulmonary infection. The results of the univariate analysis showed that there were differences in gender, history of intussusception, duration of previous hernia, white blood cell count, neutrophil percentage, C-reactive protein, type of incarcerated hernia, and preoperative intestinal obstruction between the two groups (all P<0.05). The Logistic regression results showed that the short time to the previous hernia (OR=0.892, 95%CI 0.872 to 0.962, P=0.003), high C-reactive protein (OR=1.022, 95%CI 1.007 to 1.037, P=0.003), non-indirect incarcerated hernia (OR=10.571, 95%CI 3.711 to 30.114, P<0.01) and preoperative intestinal obstruction (OR=6.438, 95%CI 1.762 to 23.522, P=0.005) were independent risk factors for the development of intestinal ischemia in elderly patients with incarcerated hernia. Conclusions: The short duration of the previous hernia, the high values of C-reactive proteins, the non-indirect incarcerated hernia, and the preoperative bowel obstruction are influencing factors for bowel ischemia in elderly patients with incarcerated hernia. A timely operation is necessary to reduce the incidence of intestinal necrosis and improve the prognosis.


Subject(s)
Male , Aged , Female , Humans , Retrospective Studies , C-Reactive Protein , Intestinal Obstruction/etiology , Hernia, Inguinal/surgery , Mesenteric Ischemia/surgery , Ischemia/surgery , Herniorrhaphy/adverse effects
16.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 158-163, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969758

ABSTRACT

Objective: To analyze the risk factors of coronary artery occlusion in female patients with ischemic angina pectoris. Methods: Clinical data of 1 600 patients (666 females and 934 males) who underwent coronary angiography from January 2013 to December 2015 due to angina pectoris in 6 major coronary intervention centers in China were retrospectively analyzed. The clinical characteristics were compared between the female and male groups, and between the non-obstructive coronary artery disease (INOCA) and ischemic obstructive coronary artery disease (IOCA) subgroups of female subjects with angina pectoris. The risk factors related to the degree of coronary artery occlusion in female patients were analyzed. Results: In the enrolled patients who underwent coronary angiography for angina pectoris, female group was older than the male group, and the proportion of patients with hypertension, diabetes and ischemia accompanied by IOCA was significantly higher than that of the male group (P<0.05). Univariate analysis showed that age≥65 years, hypertension, diabetes, and typical angina symptoms were associated with an increased risk of IOCA in female patients with angina pectoris. Multivariate regression analysis showed that age≥65 years old (OR=1.784, 95%CI: 1.146-2.776, P=0.010), hypertension (OR=1.782, 95%CI: 1.201-2.644, P=0.004) and typical angina symptoms (OR=1.642, 95%CI: 1.127-2.393, P=0.010) were independent risk factors for female patients with angina pectoris diagnosed as IOCA. The correlation analysis between the number of risk factors and the type of coronary artery disease obstruction showed that the incidence of INOCA decreased significantly with the increase of the number of risk factors, from 45.5% to 14.2%. The incidence of IOCA increased significantly with the number of risk factors, from 54.5% to 85.8% (P for trend<0.001). Conclusion: The incidence of INOCA in female patients with angina pectoris suspected of coronary heart disease is higher than that of male. The incidence of IOCA increased significantly, and the incidence of INOCA decreased significantly in proportion to the increase of the number of combined risk factors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Coronary Artery Disease/complications , Retrospective Studies , Angina Pectoris/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Coronary Angiography , Hypertension/complications , Coronary Occlusion/complications , Ischemia/complications
17.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e21371, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1439539

ABSTRACT

Abstract Ischemia/reperfusion injury (I/R) is commonly related to acute kidney injury (AKI) and oxidative stress. Antioxidant agents are used to treat this condition. Lippia sidoides is a brazillian shrub with anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative properties. Thus, the aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of Lippia sidoides ethanolic extract (LSEE) on in vivo and in vitro models of AKI induced by I/R. Male Wistar rats were submitted to unilateral nephrectomy and ischemia on contralateral kidney for 60 min via clamping followed by reperfusion for 48 h. They were divided into four groups: Sham, LSEE (sham-operated rats pre-treated with LSEE), I/R (rats submitted to ischemia) and I/R-LSEE (rats treated with LSEE before ischemia). Kidney tissues homogenates were used to determine stress parameters and nephrin expression. Plasma and urine samples were collected for biochemical analysis. I/R in vitro assays were evaluated by 3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-Diphenyltetrazolium Bromide (MTT) and flow cytometry assays in Rhesus Monkey Kidney Epithelial Cells (LLC-MK2). The LSEE treatment prevented biochemical and nephrin expression alterations, as well as oxidative stress parameters. In the in vitro assay, LSEE protected against cell death, reduced the reactive oxygen species and increased mitochondrial transmembrane potential. LSEE showed biotechnological potential for a new phytomedicine as a nephroprotective agent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Hypericum/adverse effects , Acute Kidney Injury/chemically induced , Ischemia/classification , Herbal Medicine/instrumentation , Acute Kidney Injury/complications , Flow Cytometry/methods , Macaca mulatta , Antioxidants/administration & dosage
18.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 59: e211035, 2023. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505835

ABSTRACT

Abstract Compound Danshen Dripping Pills (CDDPs) have been used in clinical treatment to protect the heart from ischemia/reperfusion (IR) injury for many years. However, the underlying mechanism implicated in the protective effects remains to be explored. Here, we determined the effects of CDDPs in Sprague-Dawley rats with the IR model. Cardiac function in vivo was assessed by echocardiography. Transmission electron microscopy, histological and immunohistochemical techniques, Western blotting and recombinant adeno-associated virus 9 transfection were used to illustrate the effects of CDDPs on IR and autophagy. Our results showed that pretreatment with CDDPs decreased the level of serum myocardial enzymes and infarct size in rats after IR. Apoptosis evaluation showed that CDDPs significantly ameliorated the cardiac apoptosis level after IR. Meanwhile, CDDPs pretreatment increased myocardial autophagic flux, with upregulation of LC3B, downregulation of p62, and increased autophagosomes and autolysosomes. Moreover, the autophagic flux inhibitor chloroquine could increase IR injury, while CDDPs could partially reverse the effects. Furthermore, our results showed that the activation of AMPK/mTOR was involved in the cardioprotective effect exerted by CDDPs. Herein, we suggest that CDDPs partially protect the heart from IR injury by enhancing autophagic flux through the activation of AMPK/mTOR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Reperfusion/classification , Reperfusion Injury/classification , Blotting, Western/instrumentation , Heart/physiopathology , Ischemia/classification , Echocardiography/methods , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission/methods , Infarction/pathology
19.
Montevideo; s.n; 2023. 108 p. ilus, graf, tab.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1518948

ABSTRACT

Introducción: CD38 es una glicoproteína transmembrana de 300 aminoácidos y 45 kDa expresada de forma ubicua en el organismo que cumple importantes funciones en el metabolismo del cofactor NAD+ y en la regulación del movimiento del calcio celular. Uno de los productos enzimáticos de CD38 es el adenosín difosfato ribosa cíclico o ADP-ribosil cíclico (ADPRc), que actúa como segundo mensajero sensibilizando la liberación de calcio inducida por calcio (CICR por su sigla en inglés). En las últimas 3 décadas se han hecho esfuerzos en la investigación del papel de esta enzima en el sistema cardiovascular, sin embargo aún resta mucho por saber. Antecedentes: Los primeros estudios sobre el papel de CD38/ADPRc a nivel miocárdico mostraron un efecto potenciador del transitorio del calcio por parte del ADPRc. Además se ha descrito un papel arritmogénico utilizando distintas técnicas tanto en modelos reduccionistas como en organismos de mamíferos in vivo. Entre ellos se encuentran modelos de ratones Knock Out para CD38 (CD38KO). La enzima forma parte de la vía de señalización adrenérgica a través de la producción de ADPRc, y se la ha vinculado también a procesos patológicos relacionados con hipertrofia ventricular e isquemia miocárdica. Por ejemplo, la inhibición de la actividad de CD38 protegería al corazón contra la injuria por isquemia y reperfusión (I-R) in vivo e in vitro, disminuyendo el área de infarto. Nuestro grupo ha estado estudiando el rol de CD38 en la actividad cardíaca. Hemos reportado alteraciones en el manejo del Ca++ en miocitos ventriculares aislados de ratones CD38KO, y, en ratones CD38KO in vivo, menor frecuencia cardíaca (FC), marcada variabilidad de la FC, así como menor incidencia de arritmias ventriculares ante un estímulo suprafisiológico de cafeína/adrenalina. No obstante, no se ha investigado su papel en las arritmias por isquemia y reperfusión (I-R) teniendo en cuenta la conocida sobrecarga celular de calcio en este contexto y sabiendo que es la principal causa de muerte súbita en la población general. Tampoco sabemos cómo contribuye a la electrofisiología miocárdica en condiciones fisiológicas, específicamente a la morfología del potencial de acción miocárdico (PA) o a la morfología del trazado electrocardiográfico (ECG). Objetivo: Analizar el papel de CD38 en la actividad eléctrica miocárdica estudiando desde el PA celular hasta el ECG de superficie y su posible impacto en arritmias ventriculares producidas por isquemia y reperfusión. Estrategia: Para el desarrollo de la tesis trabajé con modelos de ratones salvajes (wild type, WT) y CD38KO tanto in vivo como in vitro. Estudié el corazón aislado y perfundido mediante el sistema Langendorff realizando registro extracelular (EMG) e intracelular (potencial de acción, PA). Realicé una caracterización de la morfología del PA midiendo la duración al 30% (APD30) y al 90% (APD90) de la repolarización. Comparé entre las cepas WT y CD38KO con y sin estimulo adrenérgico y en la cepa WT entre estado control y ante la inhibición de CD38 con 78c, un fármaco inhibidor de la actividad enzimática de CD38. Para comparar el potencial arritmogénico de los corazones de ambas cepas a la injuria provocada por I-R registré la actividad eléctrica espontánea mediante EMG, en condiciones basales, durante isquemia global y reperfusión. En el modelo in vivo analicé el ECG de ratones WT y CD38KO anestesiados y comparé la actividad basal y la respuesta arrítmica ante un modelo de infarto de miocardio por sobrecarga adrenérgica con isoproterenol. Resultados y discusión: Describí por primera vez la morfología del PA en la cepa CD38KO y no fue distinta a la de los ratones salvajes en condiciones basales. Esta falta de diferencias podría deberse a compensaciones fisiológicas que ocurren ante la carencia de la enzima como el aumento en la expresión de la bomba SERCA2a. Por lo contrario, cuando sometí el preparado a un desequilibrio homeostático estimulando con un agonista beta adrenérgico, la APD90 de los corazones CD38KO no disminuyó como la de los WT. En concordancia, la inhibición aguda de CD38 en el PA miocárdico de corazones WT perfundidos con 78c aumentó la APD90 significativamente sin cambios en el APD30. Cuando sometí a los corazones CD38KO aislados a un medio arritmogénico con alto contenido de calcio y bajo en potasio, la FC en estos no aumentó a diferencia de lo que ocurrió marcadamente en los WT. La respuesta arrítmica ante la isquemia global en el corazón aislado no fue menor en la cepa CD38KO a diferencia de lo esperado, mostrando una incidencia de 57 % en los WT y 75 % en los CD38KO (valor p = 0.61). En el modelo in vivo describí por primera vez el trazado electrocardiográfico (DII) de animales carentes de CD38. No hubo diferencias en la FC, intervalo PR, intervalo QT, amplitud de onda S, ni amplitud de onda T. Sin embargo la duración del QRS fue menor, mientras que la amplitud de la onda R fue mayor en los ratones CD38KO, probablemente secundario a una mayor velocidad de conducción. Estas diferencias se perdieron en la etapa aguda de la isquemia por sobrecarga adrenérgica. En la cepa CD38KO como era esperado vi mayor proporción de pausas sinusales, que se hicieron más evidentes ante la injuria por isoproterenol, lo que podría estar evidenciando una mayor refractariedad del CICR por disminución del contenido de calcio reticular. No se demostró la protección ante arritmias generadas por isquemia en la cepa CD38KO ya que el incremento de la carga arrítmica fue similar en ambas cepas. No hubo diferencias significativas en la proporción de ratones afectados ni en la suma total de extrasístoles ventriculares registradas pero la mortalidad que generó la sobrecarga adrenérgica en el grupo WT fue de 1/3 mientras que la totalidad de los ratones CD38KO sobrevivieron. Conclusiones: En esta tesis presento una caracterización electrofisiológica de CD38 desde el PA en corazón entero hasta la manifestación electrocardiográfica de superficie, con una evaluación especial de su papel en arritmias por I-R y desarrollando técnicas innovadoras a nivel nacional. Las principales conclusiones son: CD38: rol en la electrofisiología cardíaca normal y en arritmias por isquemia y reperfusión 12 - CD38 contribuye a la repolarización tardía disminuyendo el APD90. - La ausencia de la enzima evita el aumento de la FC en un medio arritmogénico con sobrecarga de Ca++ . - CD38 contribuye con un enlentecimiento en la velocidad de conducción miocárdica manifiesta en un descenso de la duración y aumento del voltaje del QRS en los corazones de ratones que no expresan CD38La deleción de CD38 genera un aumento marcado de pausas sinusales ante la isquemia. - No hay evidencia de una protección ante arritmias malignas por I-R in vitro mediante la deleción de CD38. - No se vio una contribución de CD38 a arritmias malignas por isquemia in vivo aunque la ausencia de la enzima parece mejorar el perfil de supervivencia.


Subject(s)
Arrhythmias, Cardiac , Reperfusion , ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Cardiac Electrophysiology , Ischemia
20.
Acta cir. bras ; 38: e386023, 2023. graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1527584

ABSTRACT

Purpose: After partial hepatectomy (PH), the remaining liver (RL) undergoes regenerative response proportional to the host. Limited literature exists on hepatic viability after tissue injury during hypothermic preservation. Spectroscopy measures cellular fluorescence and is explored for tissue characterization and parameter investigation. This study aimed to assess fluorescence analysis (spectroscopy) in evaluating liver viability and its relationship with hepatic tissue regeneration 24 hours after PH. Additionally, we analyzed liver regeneration in RL after 70% partial hepatectomy under hypothermic conditions with laser irradiation. Methods: Fifty-six Wistar rats were divided into four groups: total non-perfused liver (control), total perfused liver, partial hepatectomy "in situ", and partial hepatectomy "ex situ". Tissue analysis was performed at 0 and 24 hours using spectroscopy with laser devices emitting at 532 (green) and 405 nm (violet). Results: Spectroscopy identified tissue viability based on consistent results with Ki67 staining. The fluorescence spectra and Ki67 analysis displayed similar patterns, linking proliferative activity and absorption intensity. Conclusions: Fluorescence spectroscopy proves to be promising for real-time analysis of cellular activity and viability. Metabolic activity was observed in groups of live animals and hypothermically preserved samples, indicating cellular function even under blood deprivation and hypothermic conditions.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Spectrometry, Fluorescence , Ischemia , Lasers , Liver/injuries
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