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2.
Rev. méd. Maule ; 37(1): 105-113, jun. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1397776

ABSTRACT

Antiplatelet therapy and percutaneous coronary intervention are two of the most important interventions in the management of coronary artery disease. In the last 20 years there has been groundbreaking advances in the pharmacotherapy and stent technology. Bleeding is the most feared complication of antiplatelet therapy, mainly due to the increase in major adverse cardiovascular events besides the bleeding itself. Different clinical decision tools have developed with the aim to define which patients have a high ischemic or bleeding risk, thus individualizing treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Drug Therapy, Combination/methods , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/trends , Stents , Dual Anti-Platelet Therapy , Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Ischemia , Anticoagulants/therapeutic use
3.
Rev. chil. obstet. ginecol. (En línea) ; 87(2): 152-157, abr. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1388721

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los miomas uterinos, también conocidos como fibromas o leiomiomas, son los tumores uterinos benignos más prevalentes. Afectan a las mujeres principalmente durante sus años reproductivos y se diagnostican hasta en un 70% de las mujeres blancas y en más del 80% de las mujeres de ascendencia africana durante su vida, con una prevalencia durante el embarazo del 2% al 10%. Pueden ser asintomáticos hasta en un 70% de las pacientes, y se estima que pueden ocurrir complicaciones en aproximadamente una de cada 10 mujeres embarazadas. Se han asociado a complicaciones y resultados adversos del embarazo, según su tamaño y ubicación en el útero, y pueden manifestarse de diferentes formas. Presentamos el caso de una mujer de 30 años, con embarazo en el tercer trimestre, quien consultó por dolor abdominal, con ecografías obstétricas durante su control prenatal que reportaban miomatosis uterina, quien presentó isquemia intestinal por un vólvulo de intestino delgado versus compresión extrínseca.


Abstract Uterine fibroids, also known as fibroids or leiomyomas, are the most prevalent benign uterine tumors, affecting women mainly during their reproductive years and are diagnosed in up to 70% of white women and more than 80% of women of African descent during their lifetime, with a prevalence during pregnancy of 2% to 10%; they may be asymptomatic in up to 70% of patients, and it is estimated that complications may occur in approximately one in 10 pregnant women. They have been associated with complications and adverse pregnancy outcomes, depending on their size and location in the uterus, they can manifest in different ways. We present the case of a 30-year-old woman, pregnant in the third trimester, who consulted for abdominal pain, with obstetric ultrasound scans during her prenatal check-up reporting uterine myomatosis, who presented intestinal ischemia due to small bowel volvulus versus extrinsic compression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Uterine Neoplasms/complications , Intestines/blood supply , Ischemia/complications , Leiomyoma/complications , Pregnancy Complications, Neoplastic , Intestinal Volvulus/etiology
5.
Acta sci., Health sci ; 44: e55845, Jan. 14, 2022.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1366721

ABSTRACT

The effects of the aqueous extract of Ilex paraguariensis (Ip)and the flavonoid quercetin were tested during the induction of in vivomyocardial ischemia/ reperfusion in Rattus norvegicus. The antioxidant power of the extract and quercetin were chemically determined. The experimental groups were: control, ischemia/reperfusion induction, Iporal treatment, Iporal treatment and ischemia /reperfusion, quercetin oral treatment, and quercetin oral treatment and ischemia/reperfusion. Rats were anesthetized with sodium thiopental and xylazine via intraperitoneal injection and subsequently underwent 15 minutes of ischemia followed by 15 minutes of reperfusion. Ischemia was promoted by tying the left anterior descending coronary artery. Areas of risk and infarction were stained by intravenous Evans blue and triphenyl tetrazolium chloride. Reactive oxygen species (ROS), antioxidant capacity against peroxylradicals, and lipid peroxidation of the myocardium were quantified. A significant reduction in areas of risk and infarction was detected in the ischemic myocardium treated with Ipand quercetin; ROS generation and lipid peroxidation were significantly reduced, and the antioxidant capacity was elevated. Oral administration of Ippromoted antioxidant benefits in the myocardium during ischemia and reperfusion, which reduced infarction. We suggest that Mate (a hot drink made from steeped dried leaves of Ip) consumption is a potential cardioprotective habit of indigenous people from southern South American countries, which must be better understood scientifically and ethnographically.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Flavonoids , Ilex paraguariensis/adverse effects , Ischemia/drug therapy , Antioxidants , Quercetin/analysis , Rats , Reperfusion , Administration, Oral , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Teas, Medicinal/adverse effects , Myocardial Infarction/drug therapy
6.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 28-38, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927578

ABSTRACT

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common critical clinical disease characterized by a sharp decline of renal function. Ischemia-reperfusion (IR) is one of the main causes of AKI. The mortality of AKI remains high due to the lack of early diagnosis and cause specific treatment. IR rapidly initiates innate immune responses, activates complement and innate immune cells, releasing a large number of injury-related molecules such as high mobility group box-1 (HMGB1), inflammatory mediators such as caspase-3, and then recruits immune inflammatory cells including M1 macrophages (Mϕ) to the microenvironment of injury, causing apoptosis and necrosis of renal tubular epithelial cells (TECs). Dead cells and associated inflammation further activate the adaptive immune system, which not only aggravates tissue damage, but also initiates M2 Mϕ participated inflammatory clearance, tissue repair and regeneration. Mϕ, professional phagocytes, and TECs, semi-professional phagocytes, can phagocytose around damaged cells including apoptotic Mϕ and TECs, which are key innate immune cells to regulate the outcome of injury, repair or fibrosis. In recent years, it has been found that erythropoietin (EPO) not only binds to the homodimeric receptor (EPOR)2 to induce erythropoiesis, but also binds to the heterodimeric receptor EPOR/βcR, also known as innate repair receptor, which plays renoprotective roles. Properdin is the only positive regulator in the complement activation of alternative pathway. It also can effectively identify and bind to early apoptotic T cells and facilitate phagocytic clearing by Mϕ through a non-complement activation-dependent mechanism. Our previous studies have shown that Mϕ and TECs associated with EPO and its receptors and properdin are involved in IR injury and repair, but the underlying mechanism needs to be further explored. As an important carrier of cell-to-cell signal transmission, exosomes participate in the occurrence and development of a variety of renal diseases. The role of exosomes involved in the interaction between Mϕ and TECs in IR-induced AKI is not fully defined. Based on the available results in the role of Mϕ and TECs in renal IR-induced AKI, this review discussed the role of Mϕ polarization and interaction with TECs in renal IR injury, as well as the participation of EPO and its receptors, properdin and exosomes.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury/metabolism , Animals , Epithelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , Ischemia/metabolism , Kidney , Macrophages/physiology , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Reperfusion , Reperfusion Injury
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927265

ABSTRACT

INTRODUCTION@#Percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) is commonly used to treat patients with chronic limb-threatening ischaemia (CLTI). This study aimed to examine the mortality and functional outcomes of patients with CLTI who predominantly had diabetes mellitus in a multi-ethnic Asian population in Singapore.@*METHODS@#Patients with CLTI who underwent PTA between January 2015 and March 2017 at the Vascular Unit at Singapore General Hospital, Singapore, were studied. Primary outcome measures were 30-day unplanned readmission, two-year major lower extremity amputation (LEA), mortality rates, and ambulation status at one, six and 12 months.@*RESULTS@#A total of 221 procedures were performed on 207 patients, of whom 184 (88.9%) were diabetics. The one-, six- and 12-month mortality rate was 7.7%, 16.4% and 21.7%, respectively. The two-year LEA rate was 30.0%. At six and 12 months, only 96 (46.4%) and 93 (44.9%) patients were ambulant, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that preoperative ambulatory status, haemoglobin, Wound Ischaemia and foot Infection (WIfI) score, and end-stage renal failure (ESRF) were independent predictors of one-year ambulatory status. Predictors of mortality at one, six and 12 months were ESRF, preoperative albumin level, impaired functional status and employment status.@*CONCLUSION@#PTA for CLTI was associated with low one-year mortality and two-year LEA rates but did not significantly improve ambulation status. ESRF and hypoalbuminaemia were independent predictors of mortality. ESRF/CKD and WIfI score were independent predictors of loss of ambulation at six months and one year. We need better risk stratification for patients with CLTI to decide between initial revascularisation and an immediate LEA policy.


Subject(s)
Amputation , Chronic Disease , Chronic Limb-Threatening Ischemia , Humans , Ischemia/surgery , Limb Salvage/methods , Lower Extremity/surgery , Peripheral Arterial Disease/surgery , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Singapore , Treatment Outcome
8.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e191062, 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1394040

ABSTRACT

Abstract The aim of this study was to assess the effects of methanol extract of G. verum on redox status of isolated heart of spontaneously hypertensive rats after ischemia. Twenty-four Wistar albino rats were divided into three groups: untreated control rats and rats that received 125 and 250 mg/kg G. verum extract for 4 weeks per os. Index of lipid peroxidation (measured as TBARS) and parameters of antioxidative defence system such as level of reduced glutathione (GSH) and activities of catalase (CAT) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) were spectrophotometrically determined in heart homogenate. The index of lipid peroxidation in heart tissue was lower in both treated groups compared to the control group. On the other hand, the activity of SOD was significantly higher after consumption of both doses, while the activity of CAT was significantly higher only after treatment with a higher dose of extract. Based on our results we might conclude that 4-week treatment with methanol extracts of G. verum has the potential to modulate myocardial redox signaling after ischemia, thus significantly alleviating cardiac oxidative stress and exerting dose-dependent antioxidant properties. Future studies are certainly necessary to fully clarify the role of this plant species in myocardial I-R injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Rats, Inbred SHR , Plant Extracts/adverse effects , Galium/adverse effects , Wounds and Injuries/classification , Oxidative Stress/immunology , Heart , Ischemia/pathology , Antioxidants/adverse effects
9.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 20: eRB6181, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364795

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Ischemia-reperfusion injury is a pathophysiological event occuring after abdominal organ transplantation, and has a significant influence on prognosis and survival of the graft. It is involved in delaying the primary function or non-functioning of the graft. The objective of this study was to provide information on heat shock protein mechanisms in ischemia-reperfusion injuries in abdominal organ transplantations, and to indicate the possible factors involved that may influence the graft outcome. Several classes of heat shock proteins are part of the ischemia and reperfusion process, both as inflammatory agonists and in protecting the process. Studies involving heat shock proteins enhance knowledge on ischemia-reperfusion injury mitigation processes and the mechanisms involved in the survival of abdominal grafts, and open space to support therapeutic future clinical studies, minimizing ischemia and reperfusion injuries in abdominal organ transplantations. Expression of heat shock proteins is associated with inflammatory manifestations and ischemia-reperfusion injuries in abdominal organ transplantations and may influence graft outcomes.


Subject(s)
Reperfusion Injury , Organ Transplantation , Heat-Shock Proteins/metabolism , Ischemia
10.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e20561, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1403739

ABSTRACT

Abstract Liver ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury is a major clinical trouble encountered in clinical practice. This study aimed to examine the therapeutic effects of silymarin (SM) plus glutathione (GSH) on hepatic IR injury using a rat model of liver IR. Fifty male rats were randomly divided into five groups, each consisting of 10 rats as follows: Sham, IR, SM-IR, GSH-IR and SM plus GSH-IR. All groups except sham were subjected to 30-min ischemia and 24-h reperfusion. The treated groups received 100 mg/kg of SM, GSH and a mixture of SM plus GSH, 60 min prior to the IR. After a period of 24 h, blood and liver samples were collected for biochemical and histopathological evaluations. Pretreatment with SM, GSH and SM plus GSH before hepatic IR significantly decreased IR-induced elevations of aminotransferases, and significantly reduced the histopathological damage scores of the liver in the late phase of IR injury. Moreover, SM plus GSH treatment prior to liver IR significantly suppressed inflammatory process and oxidative stress as demonstrated by attenuations in tumor necrosis factor-α, myeloperoxidase and the thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances. These findings suggest that administration of SM plus GSH prior to liver IR may protect the liver parenchyma from the effects of an IR injury


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Silymarin/adverse effects , Reperfusion Injury/pathology , Disease Prevention , Glutathione/adverse effects , Ischemia/pathology , Wounds and Injuries , Therapeutic Uses
11.
Acta cir. bras ; 37(1): e370101, 2022. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1413330

ABSTRACT

Purpose: To investigate the role of peptidyl-prolyl cis/trans isomerase 1 (Pin1) on renal ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury and underlying mechanism. Methods: By establishing the in vitro and in vivo models of renal I/R, the role of Pin1 was explored by using molecular assays. Results: In renal I/R, endogenous Pin1 level was up-regulated in I/R-impaired kidney. Suppression of Pin1 with juglone afforded protection against I/R-mediated kidney dysfunction, and reduced I/R-induced endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in vivo. Consistent with the in vivo results, repression of Pin1 with juglone or gene knockdown with si-Pin1 conferred cytoprotection and restricted hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R)-driven ER stress in HK-2 cells. Simultaneously, further study uncovered that Nrf-2/HO-1 signals was the association between Pin1 and ER stress in response to renal I/R. In addition, Nrf-2/HO-1 signal pathway was inactivated after kidney exposed to I/R, as indicated by the down-regulation of Nrf-2/HO-1 levels. Furthermore, inhibition of Pin1 remarkably rescued the inactivation ofNrf-2/HO-1. Conclusions: Pin1 modulated I/R-mediated kidney injury in ER stress manner dependent on Nrf2-HO-1 pathway in I/R injury.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Heme Oxygenase-1 , NF-E2-Related Factor 2/analysis , NIMA-Interacting Peptidylprolyl Isomerase/analysis , Ischemia/veterinary , Reperfusion/veterinary , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
12.
Bol. malariol. salud ambient ; 62(2): 162-170, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIVECS | ID: biblio-1378955

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad COVID-19 se caracteriza principalmente por manifestaciones clínicas respiratorias, que pueden ser leves hasta muy severas, sin embargo, hay un grupo de pacientes que pueden cursar con eventos tromboembólicos en cualquier parte del cuerpo. Se realizó una búsqueda de información científica en tres bases de datos PubMed, Scopus y Web of Science, con el objetivo de describir y analizar las potenciales causas de la trombosis mesentérica asociada a la infección por SARS-CoV-2, así como los resultados clínicos, de los pacientes que presentaron y fueron tratados por trombosis mesentérica durante el curso de la enfermedad. Se han reportado diferentes mecanismos fisiopatológicos de eventos tromboembólicos asociados a la COVID-19, dentro de ellos se mencionan el estado de hipercoagulabilidad, una mayor producción de factor Von Willebrand, la expresión de la enzima convertidora de angiotensina 2 en los enterocitos del intestino delgado, que como respuesta a la infección pueden liberar mediadores inflamatorios y el estado de shock presente en las dos terceras partes de los pacientes críticos. Los pacientes con la COVID-19 y sobre todo aquellos que cursan con estadios graves pueden tener diferentes mecanismos que confluyen o exacerban un estado de hipercoagulación, que puede puede afectar cualquier parte del cuerpo como los vasos mesentéricos y llevar a una isquemia gastrointestinal que comprometa su viabilidad y termine en una resección intestinal por necrosis(AU)


COVID-19 disease is mainly characterized by respiratory clinical manifestations, which can be light to very severe; however, there is a group of patients who can present with thromboembolic events in any part of the body. A search of scientific information in three databases, PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science, was carried out with the aim of describing and analyzing the potential causes of mesenteric thrombosis associated with SARS-CoV-2 infection, as well as the clinical outcomes of patients who presented and were treated for mesenteric thrombosis during the course of the disease. Different pathophysiological mechanisms of thromboembolic events associated with COVID-19 have been reported, among them the hyper-coagulable state, an increased production of Von Willebrand factor, the expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 in small intestinal enterocytes, which in response to infection can release inflammatory mediators, and the state of shock present in two thirds of critically ill patients. Patients with COVID-19 and especially those with severe stages may have different mechanisms that converge or exacerbate a state of hyper-coagulation, which can affect any part of the body such as the mesenteric vessels and lead to gastrointestinal ischemia that compromises its viability and ends in intestinal resection due to necrosis(AU)


Subject(s)
Thrombosis/physiopathology , COVID-19/physiopathology , Intestine, Small , Signs and Symptoms , Risk Factors , Ischemia
13.
Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP ; 56(spe): e20210440, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1387301

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the effect of curcumin on renal function, hemodynamics, and renal oxidative profile of rats with chronic kidney disease (CKD) subjected to renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). Methods: Wistar rats, 250-300 g, distributed in four groups: Sham (n = 5), CKD simulation; CKD (n = 5), 5/6 renal ablation for CKD induction; CKD + IRI (n = 5), CKD and renal pedicle clamping for 30 minutes; and CKD + IRI+curcumin (n = 5), CKD + IRI, curcumin administration 30 mg/kg/day, orally, for 10 days. Renal function (inulin clearance, urine flow, plasma creatinine), hemodynamics (blood pressure), and oxidative profile (peroxides, TBARS, and urine nitrate, non-protein soluble thiols in renal tissue) were evaluated. Results: The CKD + IRI + curcumin group showed increased inulin clearance and reduced plasma creatinine, decreased RVR and increased RBF, decreased oxidative metabolites in urine and increased thiols in renal tissue when compared with the CKD + IRI group. Conclusion: The treatment with curcumin preserved renal function and hemodynamics of animals with acute CKD, improving oxidative profile, with reduction of oxidants and preservation of antioxidant reserve.


RESUMEN Objetivo: Evaluar el efecto de la curcumina sobre la función renal, hemodinámica y el perfil oxidativo renal en ratas con enfermedad renal crónica (ERC) sometidas a isquemia-reperfusión renal (I/R). Métodos: Ratas Wistar, entre 250-300 g, divididas en cuatro grupos: Sham (n = 5), simulación de ERC; ERC (n = 5), ablación de 5/6 de los riñones para inducción de ERC; ERC + I/R (n = 5), ERC y pinzamiento del pedículo renal durante 30 minutos; y ERC + I/R + curcumina (n = 5) y ERC + I/R, administración de curcumina 30 mg/kg/día, vía oral, durante 10 días. Se evaluaron la función renal (clearance de inulina, flujo urinario, creatinina plasmática), hemodinámica (presión arterial) y el perfil oxidativo (peróxidos, TBARS y nitrato urinario, tioles solubles no proteicos en tejido renal). Resultados: El grupo ERC + I/R + curcumina tuvo un aumento en el clearance de inulina y disminución de creatinina plasmática, disminución de la RVR y aumento del FSR, disminución de metabolitos oxidativos en orina y aumento de tioles en el tejido renal en comparación con el grupo ERC + I/R. Conclusión: El tratamiento con curcumina preservó la función renal y la hemodinámica de los animales con ERC agravada, promoviendo una mejora en el perfil oxidativo, con reducción de oxidantes y preservación de la reserva antioxidante.


RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar o efeito da curcumina na função renal, hemodinâmica e perfil oxidativo renal de ratos com doença renal crônica (DRC) submetidos a isquemia-reperfusão renal (I/R). Métodos: Ratos Wistar, 250-300 g, distribuídos em quatro grupos: Sham (n = 5), simulação da DRC; DRC (n = 5), ablação de 5/6 dos rins para indução de DRC; DRC + I/R (n = 5), DRC e clampeamento do pedículo renal por 30 minutos; DRC + I/R + curcumina (n = 5) e DRC + I/R, administração de curcumina 30 mg/kg/dia, via oral, por 10 dias. Foram avaliadas a função renal (clearance de inulina, fluxo urinário, creatinina plasmática), hemodinâmica (pressão arterial) e perfil oxidativo (peróxidos, TBARS e nitrato urinário, tióis solúveis não proteicos no tecido renal). Resultados: O grupo DRC + I/R + curcumina apresentou elevação do clearance de inulina e redução da creatinina plasmática, diminuição da RVR e aumento do FSR, diminuição de metabólitos oxidativos na urina e aumento dos tióis no tecido renal quando comparado ao grupo DRC + I/R. Conclusão: O tratamento com curcumina preservou a função e hemodinâmica renal dos animais com DRC agudizada, promovendo melhora no perfil oxidativo, com redução de oxidantes e preservação de reserva antioxidante.


Subject(s)
Curcumin , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Reperfusion , Ischemia
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929000

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Acute kidney injury (AKI) can be caused by ischemia/reperfusion (I/R), nephrotoxin, and sepsis, with poor prognosis and high mortality. Leptin is a protein molecule that regulates the body's energy metabolism and reproductive activities via binding to its specific receptor. Leptin can inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis caused by I/R, but its effect on I/R kidney injury and the underlying mechanisms are still unclear. This study aims to investigate the effect and mechanisms of leptin on renal function, renal histopathology, apoptosis, and autophagy during acute I/R kidney injury.@*METHODS@#Healthy adult male mice were randomly divided into 4 groups: a sham+wild-type mice (ob/+) group, a sham+leptin gene-deficient mice (ob/ob) group, an I/R+ob/+ group, and an I/R+ob/ob group (n=8 per group). For sham operation, a longitudinal incision was made on the back of the mice to expose and separate the bilateral kidneys and renal arteries, and no subsequent treatment was performed. I/R treatment was ischemia for 30 min and reperfusion for 48 h. The levels of BUN and SCr were detected to evaluate renal function; HE staining was used to observe the pathological changes of renal tissue; TUNEL staining was used to observe cell apoptosis, and apoptosis-positive cells were counted; Western blotting was used to detect levels of apoptosis-related proteins (caspase 3, caspase 9), autophagy-related proteins [mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), phosphorylated mTOR (p-mTOR), LC3 I, LC3 II], mTOR-dependent signaling pathway proteins [phosphate and tension homology (PTEN), adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK), protein kinase B (AKT), extracellular regulated protein kinase (ERK), phosphorylated PTEN (p-PTEN), phosphorylated AMPK (p-AMPK), phosphorylated AKT (p-AKT), phosphorylated ERK (p-ERK)].@*RESULTS@#There was no significant difference in the levels of BUN and SCr between the sham+ob/+ group and the sham+ob/ob group (both P>0.05). The levels of BUN and SCr in the I/R+ob/+ group were significantly higher than those in the sham+ob/+ group (both P<0.05). Compared with the mice in the sham+ob/ob group or the I/R+ob/+ group, the levels of BUN and SCr in the I/R+ob/ob group were significantly increased (all P<0.05). There was no obvious damage to the renal tubules in the sham+ob/+ group and the sham+ob/ob group. Compared with sham+ob/+ group and sham+ob/ob group, both the I/R+ob/+ group and the I/R+ob/ob group had cell damage such as brush border shedding, vacuolar degeneration, and cast formation. Compared with the I/R+ob/+ group, the renal tubules of the mice in the I/R+ob/ob group were more severely damaged. The pathological score of renal tubular injury showed that the renal tubular injury was the most serious in the I/R+ob/ob group (P<0.05). Compared with the sham+ob/+ group, the protein levels of caspase 3, caspase 9, PTEN, and LC3 II were significantly up-regulated, the ratio of LC3 II to LC3 I was significantly increased, and the protein levels of p-mTOR, p-PTEN, p-AMPK, p-AKT, and p-ERK were significantly down-regulated in the I/R+ob/+ group (all P<0.05). Compared with the sham+ob/ob group, the protein levels of caspase 3, caspase 9, PTEN, and LC3 II were significantly up-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 II to LC3 I was significantly increased, while the protein levels of p-mTOR, p-PTEN, p-AMPK, p-AKT, and p-ERK were significantly down-regulated in the I/R+ob/ob group (all P<0.05). Compared with the I/R+ob/+ group, the levels of p-mTOR, p-PTEN, p-AMPK, p-AKT were more significantly down-regulated, while the levels of caspase 3, caspase 9, PTEN, and LC3 II were more significantly up-regulated, and the ratio of LC3 II to LC3 I was more significantly increase in the I/R+ob/ob group (all P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Renal function and tubular damage, and elevated levels of apoptosis and autophagy are observed in mice kidneys after acute I/R. Leptin might relieve I/R induced AKI by inhibiting apoptosis and autophagy that through a complex network of interactions between mTOR-dependent signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
AMP-Activated Protein Kinases/metabolism , Acute Kidney Injury/pathology , Animals , Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins/pharmacology , Autophagy , Caspase 3/metabolism , Caspase 9/metabolism , Female , Humans , Ischemia , Kidney/pathology , Leptin/pharmacology , Male , Mammals/metabolism , Mice , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Reperfusion/adverse effects , Reperfusion Injury/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Renal cancer is a common malignancy of the urinary system, and the partial nephrectomy is a common surgical modality for early renal cancer. 3D printing technology can create a visual three-dimensional model by using 3D digital models of the patient's imaging data. With this model, surgeons can perform preoperative assessment to clarify the location, depth, and blood supply of the tumor, which helps to develop preoperative plans and achieve better surgical outcomes. In this study, the R.E.N.A.L scoring system was used to stratify patients with renal tumors and to explore the clinical application value of 3D printing technology in laparoscopic partial nephrectomy.@*METHODS@#A total of 114 renal cancer patients who received laparoscopic partial nephrectomy in Xiangya Hospital from June 2019 to December 2020 were enrolled. The patients were assigned into an experimental group (n=52) and a control group (n=62) according to whether 3D printing technology was performed, and the differences in perioperative parameters between the 2 groups were compared. Thirty-nine patients were assigned into a low-complexity group (4-6 points), 32 into a moderate-complexity group (7-9 points), and 43 into a high-complexity group (10-12 points) according to R.E.N.A.L score, and the differences in perioperative parameters between the experimental group and the control group in each score group were compared.@*RESULTS@#The experimental group had shorter operative time, renal ischemia time, and postoperative hospital stay (all P<0.05), less intraoperative blood loss (P=0.047), and smaller postoperative blood creatinine change (P=0.032) compared with the control group. In the low-complexity group, there were no statistically significant differences between the experimental group and the control group in operation time, renal ischemia time, intraoperative blood loss, postoperative blood creatinine changes, and postoperative hospital stay (all P>0.05). In the moderate- and high- complexity groups, the experimental group had shorter operative time, renal ischemia time, and postoperative hospital stay (P<0.05 or P<0.001), less intraoperative blood loss (P=0.022 and P<0.001, respectively), and smaller postoperative blood creatinine changes (P<0.05 and P<0.001, respectively) compared with the control group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Compared with renal tumor patients with R.E.N.A.L score<7, renal cancer patients with R.E.N.A.L score≥7 may benefit more from 3D printing assessment before undergoing partial nephrectomy.


Subject(s)
Blood Loss, Surgical , Creatinine , Female , Humans , Ischemia , Kidney Neoplasms/surgery , Laparoscopy/methods , Male , Nephrectomy/methods , Printing, Three-Dimensional , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
16.
Rev. argent. cir ; 113(4): 487-491, dic. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1356960

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Los pseudoaneurismas de la arteria humeral son infrecuentes, pero pueden asociarse a complicaciones de alta morbilidad como la isquemia de miembro superior. Comunicamos un caso de pseudoaneurisma humeral en el pliegue del codo, que se presentó como tumor pulsátil con leve disminución de la temperatura y parestesias en la mano homolateral de un año de evolución, debido a una punción arterial inadvertida durante la venopunción para extracción de sangre. Se trató con éxito mediante resección quirúrgica más reconstrucción vascular con bypass húmero-cubital y bypass húmero-radial ambos con vena safena. Se discuten las diversas opciones terapéuticas disponibles para los pseudoaneurismas humerales considerando las características anatómicas y la sintomatología del paciente.


ABSTRACT Brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are rare but can be associated with severe complications as ischemia of the upper extremity. We report a case of a brachial artery pseudoaneurysm in the crease of the elbow presenting as a pulsating mass with progressive growth over the past year. The ipsilateral hand was sightly cold and presented paresthesia. The lesion was due to inadvertent arterial puncture during venipuncture. The pseudoaneurysm was successfully treated with surgical resection and vascular reconstruction with a brachial to ulnar artery bypass and brachial to radial artery bypass with saphenous vein graft. The different therapeutic options available for brachial artery pseudoaneurysms are discussed, considering the anatomic characteristics and patients' symptoms.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Aneurysm, False/diagnosis , Ischemia , Paresthesia , Saphenous Vein , Therapeutics , Brachial Artery , Ulnar Artery , Phlebotomy , Upper Extremity , Iatrogenic Disease
17.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(3): 609-618, ago.2021. ilus tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1254064

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O pré-condicionamento isquêmico remoto (PCIR) é uma intervenção cardioprotetora não invasiva que atenua a lesão celular sofrida por uma isquemia prolongada. Seus efeitos de proteção sobre o coração, quando aplicado ao esporte, pode melhorar o desempenho do exercício. OBJETIVO: Investigar o efeito do pré-condicionamento isquêmico remoto no consumo máximo de oxigênio (VO2máx) e potência máxima (Wmáx) em corredores e ciclistas. METODOLOGIA: Revisão sistemática e metanálise, com ensaios clínicos randomizados. Baseado no PRISMA e avaliado pelo repositório de projetos de revisões sistemática PROSPERO; entretanto, não obteve o registro por se tratar de um desfecho de performance esportiva. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados Medline/PubMed, SciELO, Periódicos CAPES. A seleção dos estudos foi realizada em duas etapas: leitura do título e resumo, e leitura completa dos artigos. A extração dos dados foi realizada pela transcrição das informações. A qualidade metodológica foi avaliada pela escala risco de viés através da ferramenta Cochrane. Excluíram-se estudos que investigaram variáveis diferentes dos desfechos selecionados para esta revisão. RESULTADOS: Foram incluídos oito ensaios clínicos. Verificou-se que nos itens geração de sequência aleatória, ocultação de alocação e cegamento de avaliadores de desfecho em quase todos os estudos tiveram alto risco de viés. Os resultados da metanálise não mostraram diferenças significativas no VO2máx e Wmáx. CONCLUSÃO: O pré-condicionamento isquêmico remoto não se mostrou eficaz para aumentar o VO2máx e a Wmáx em corredores e ciclistas.


INTRODUCTION: Remote ischemic preconditioning (PIRC) is a non-invasive cardioprotective intervention that attenuates cell damage suffered by prolonged ischemia. Its protective effects on the heart, when applied to sport, can improve exercise performance. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of remote ischemic preconditioning on maximum oxygen consumption (VO2max) and maximum power (Wmax) in runners and cyclists. METHODOLOGY: Systematic review and metaanalysis, with randomized clinical trials. Based on PRISMA and evaluated by the PROSPERO systematic review project repository; however, it did not obtain registration because it is an outcome of sports performance. The searches were carried out in the Medline / PubMed, SciELO, Capes Periodicals databases. The selection of studies was carried out in two stages: reading the title and summary and reading the articles in full. Data extraction was performed by transcribing the information. Methodological quality was assessed by the risk of bias scale using the Cochrane tool. Studies that investigated variables other than the outcomes selected for this review were excluded. RESULTS: Eight clinical trials were included. In the generation of the item of random sequence, concealment of allocation and blinding of outcome evaluators in almost all studies had a high risk of bias. The analysis of the risk of bias was high risk. The results of the meta-analysis did not show significant differences in VO2max and Wmax. CONCLUSION: Remote ischemic preconditioning was not effective in increasing VO2max and Wmax in runners and cyclists.


Subject(s)
Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Exercise , Ischemia
18.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(2): 1-9, jun. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284417

ABSTRACT

Background:Lumbar sympathectomy through radio ablation is a useful treatment of peripheral ischemia. However, clinical efficacy with respect to lower limb ulcers is not adequately established in the Indian population. The study was conducted to evaluate the role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) of the lumbar sympathetic ganglia in healing of ischemic ulcers of the lower limb.Method:The prospective study with 63 patients registered in the General surgery department with lower limb ischemic ulcers between December 2017­ July2019 were treated with RFA. Patients with cardiopulmonary disease, pregnant, congenital malformation, or skin infection at the site of intervention, or suffering from bleeding disorders, were excluded from the study. Clinical investigation of the wound was performed, and demographic data was collected. Comparative reduction in wound size was assessed through Friedman`s ANOVA (P<0.001). Difference in pain score, hospital stay, and walking distance were evaluated using Wilcoxon matched pair test (P<0.001), Unpaired t-test, and Paired t-test (P<0.05).Result:Majority of the patients were male (n=40) with a mean age of 60.93 SD14.34 years. Significant reduction in wound size, pain scores and hospital stay were observed post procedure(P<0.001). Number of RFA sessions was significantly associated with the size of the ulcer and Fontaine's classification 2 and 3 (P<0.0001).Conclusion:RFA of lumbar sympathetic ganglia is a potential treatment modality for lower limb ischemic ulcers.


Antecedentes: La simpatectomía lumbar a través de la ablación por radiofrecuencia es un tratamiento útil de la isquemia periférica. Sin embargo, la eficacia clínica con respecto a las úlceras en las extremidades inferiores no está adecuadamente establecida en la población india. El estudio se llevó a cabo para evaluar el papel de la ablación por radiofrecuencia (RFA) de los ganglios simpáticos lumbares en la curación de las úlceras isquémicas de la extremidad inferior. Método: El estudio prospectivo con 63 pacientes registrados en el departamento de cirugía general con úlceras isquémicas de las extremidades inferiores entre diciembre de 2017 y julio de 2019 fueron tratados con RFA. Los pacientes con enfermedad cardiopulmonar, malformación embarazada, congénita o infección de la piel en el lugar de la intervención, o que sufren de trastornos hemorrágicos, fueron excluidos del estudio. Se realizó una investigación clínica de la herida y se recopilaron datos demográficos. La reducción comparativa en el tamaño de la herida se evaluó a través del ANOVA de Friedman (P<0.001).Resultado: La diferencia en la puntuación del dolor, la estancia en el hospital y la distancia a pie se evaluaron mediante la prueba de par coincidente de Wilcoxon (P<0.001), la prueba t no emparejada y la prueba t emparejada (P<0.05). La mayoría de los pacientes eran varones (n-40) con una edad media de 60,93 SD14,34 años. Se observó una reducción significativa en el tamaño de la herida, las puntuaciones de dolor y la estancia hospitalaria (P<0.001). El número de sesiones de RFA se asoció significativamente con el tamaño de la úlcera y las clasificaciones 2 y 3 de Fontaine (P<0.0001).Conclusión: LA RFA de los ganglios simpáticos lumbares puede constituir una opción terapéutica para las úlceras isquémicas de las extremidades inferiores.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Ulcer/therapy , Lower Extremity , Radiofrequency Ablation/methods , Ganglia, Sympathetic , Ischemia/therapy , Prospective Studies , Analysis of Variance , India
19.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(2): 289-292, June 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287283

ABSTRACT

Resumen El presente caso corresponde a una mujer con antecedentes de tres abortos de menos de 10 semanas y cáncer de mama, que desarrolló isquemia digital grave luego del segundo ciclo de capecitabina. Se determinó la presencia de anticuerpos antifosfolipídicos positivos. Dado que las pacientes con síndrome antifosfolipídico obstétrico tienen incremento del riesgo de desarrollar neoplasia y que la isquemia digital grave puede ser la forma de presentación del síndrome antifosfolipídico en los pacientes con cáncer, se presenta el caso para remarcar el beneficio de pesquisar y realizar un diagnóstico temprano de estas características de la enfermedad.


Abstract The present case corresponds to a woman with history of three miscarrieges less than10 weeks and breast cancer, who develops severe digital ischemia after the second cycle of capecitabine. Positive antiphospholipid antibodies were determined. Patients with obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome have an increased risk of developing cancer, and severe digital ischemia could be an unusual form of presentation of the antiphospholipid syndrome in patients with cancer. This case is presented to highlight the benefit of researching and making an early diagnosis of these characteristics of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Antiphospholipid Syndrome , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Ischemia/etiology
20.
Rev. colomb. cardiol ; 28(3): 284-288, mayo-jun. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1341297

ABSTRACT

Resumen La rubeola es una enfermedad exantemática que se produce en la infancia. En caso de que se presente durante la gestación y hubiera afectación del producto, este puede desarrollar el síndrome de rubeola congénita, el cual incluye malformaciones cardiacas que se presentan en el 67% de los pacientes, de las cuales la más común es la persistencia del conducto arterioso, seguida de la estenosis valvular pulmonar y la comunicación interauricular. Se presenta el caso de un hombre de 20 años con diagnóstico de síndrome de rubeola congénita, quien desarrolló glaucoma congénito, insuficiencia aórtica grave, insuficiencia mitral grave y enfermedad miocárdica isquémica. Se realizó procedimiento quirúrgico de revascularización coronaria y recambio valvular mitral y aórtico. Los estudios encontrados durante el proceso de investigación mencionan el daño de los vasos sanguíneos y del miocardio producido por el virus. Con los datos obtenidos se corrobora la baja incidencia de presentación con compromiso coronario y valvular, por lo cual se hace énfasis en la importancia de este caso.


Abstract Rubella is an exanthematous disease that occurs in childhood. If it occurs during pregnancy and there is an effect on the product, it can develop congenital rubella syndrome. The congenital rubella syndrome includes cardiac malformations, which occur in 67% of patients, of which the most common is patent ductus arteriosus, followed by pulmonary valvular stenosis and atrial septal defect. We present the case of a 20-year-old man with a diagnosis of congenital rubella syndrome, presenting with congenital glaucoma, severe aortic insufficiency, severe mitral regurgitation and ischemic myocardial disease. In which a surgical procedure is performed by a coronary revascularization and mitral and aortic valve replacement. Studies found during the research process mention the damage to the blood vessels and myocardium produced by the virus. With the required data, the low incidence of presentation with coronary and valvular involvement is corroborated, which is why the importance of the present case is emphasized.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Congenital Abnormalities , Rubella Syndrome, Congenital , Aortic Valve Insufficiency , Ischemia , Mitral Valve Insufficiency
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