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1.
Rev. Odontol. Araçatuba (Online) ; 43(2): 29-34, maio-ago. 2022. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1362016

ABSTRACT

A articulação temporomandibular está vunerável a várias condições de anormalidades já bastante conhecidas, dentre elas, o deslocamento do disco articular sem redução, considerado pela literatura o mais comum das patologias desta região. A deterioração do quadro pode ser um indicativo da necessidade cirúrgica. Em específico, no deslocamento de disco sem redução, o reposicionamento definitivo pode ser adquirido através de discopexia e artrocentese. O presente trabalho tem como objetivo relatar um caso clínico de deslocamento de disco articular bilateral sem redução, apresentando a importância da fisioterapia associada à abordagem cirúrgia na recuperação da função mandibular, bem como, reforçar a importância de uma abordagem conjunta entre análise clínica e imaginológica para resolução de casos. Paciente feminino cursando com diversos sintomas em face e pescoço de forma progressiva ao longo de dois anos foi submetida a cirurgia na articulação temporo-mandibular, onde foi feita a discopexia através de ancoragem dos discos articulares com parafusos. A avaliação física, assim como, a imaginológica, ajudaram na confirmação do diagnóstico. A abordagem cirurgica adotada no tratamento deste caso foi descrita na literatura desde o final do século XIX. Conclui-se que, o método utilizado no tratamento do deslocamento de disco sem redução deve ser baseado nos sinais e sintomas do paciente, cuja abordagem deve ser readequada de acordo com as mudanças do quadro apresentado. Nesta análise, a abordagem cirúrgica associada à fisioterapia específica para as estruturas musculoesquelética da face trouxeram resultados positivos(AU)


The temporomandibular joint is responsible for several well-known conditions of abnormalities, among them, the joint disc displacement without reduction, considered by the literature the most common pathology of this region. Deterioration of the condition may be indicative of surgical need. Specifically, in displacement disc without reduction, definitive repositioning can be achieved through discopexy and arthrocentesis. The aim of the present study is to report a case of unilateral articular disc displacement without reduction, as well the importance of physiotherapy associated with the surgical approach in the recovery of mandibular function, as well as reinforcing the importance of a joint approach between clinical and imaging analysis for case resolution. Female patient with several symptoms in the face and neck progressively over two years, underwent surgery in the temporomandibular joint, where discopexy was performed by anchoring the articular discs with screws. The physical assessment, as well as the imaging, helped to confirm the diagnosis. The surgical approach adopted in the treatment of this case has been described in the literature since the end of the 19th century. In conclusion, the method used to treat articular disc displacement without reduction should be based on the patient's signs and symptoms, whose approach should be readjusted according to the changes in the presented picture. In this analysis, the surgical approach associated with specific physiotherapy for the musculoskeletal structures of the face brought positive results(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Temporomandibular Joint Disc/injuries , Joint Dislocations , Temporomandibular Joint/injuries , Physical Therapy Modalities , Temporomandibular Joint Disc/surgery , Temporomandibular Joint Disc/diagnostic imaging , Arthrocentesis
2.
Acta odontol. Colomb. (En linea) ; 12(1): 58-71, 2022. tab Causas comunes de luxación de articulación temporomandibular, ilus 1 A: Fotografía extraoral del paciente B: Fotografía intraoral, ilus 2 A: Radiografía postero-anterior de cráneo B: Ortopantomografía, ilus 3 Tomografía computarizada de ATM derecha e izquierda con mala posición de cóndilos y ausencia de zonas hiperdensas compatibles con anquilosis de ATM, ilus 4 A: marcaje de abordaje preauricular con extensión temporal B: incisión inicial en piel y tejido subcutáneo, ilus 5 A: localización de eminencia articular B: eminectomía C: posición adecuada de cóndilo mandibular derecho D: posición adecuada de cóndilo mandibular izquierdo, ilus 6 A: fotografía frontal B: distancia interincisal máxima C: ortopantomografía en la que se observa la correcta posición de los cóndilos mandibulares
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1353794

ABSTRACT

Introducción: la luxación de la articulación temporomandibular es un desplazamiento del cóndilo fuera de sus posiciones funcionales dentro de la fosa articular y la eminencia articular, la cual ocasiona una pérdida completa de la función articular. La luxación crónica es toda luxación aguda que progresa sin un tratamiento específico y que puede ser de carácter recurrente. La eminectomía es un tratamiento quirúrgico definitivo contra la luxación crónica de articulación temporomandibular. Objetivo: reportar el caso clínico de un paciente masculino, de la tercera década de su vida, con diagnóstico de luxación crónica de la articulación temporomandibular de cinco meses de evolución y presentar una revisión actualizada de la literatura sobre este procedimiento quirúrgico. Caso clínico: el paciente fue tratado quirúrgicamente con eminectomía bilateral. Discusión: la eminectomía es un procedimiento quirúrgico controversial; sin embargo, recientes investigaciones lo catalogan como seguro y efectivo. Conclusión: el caso clínico presentado muestra un buen resultado.


Background: Temporo-mandibular joint dislocation is a displacement of the condyle, out of its functional positions within the articular fossa and articular eminence, causing a complete loss of joint function. Chronic dislocation is any acute dislocation that progresses without specific treatment and that can be recurrent. Eminectomy is a definitive surgical treatment for chronic temporomandibular joint dislocation. Objective: To report the clinical case of a male patient in the third decade of his life with a diagnosis of chronic dislocation of the temporomandibular joint of 5 months of evolution and to carry out an updated review of the literature on this surgical procedure. Case Report: The patient was treated surgically with bilateral eminectomy. Discussion: Eminectomy is a controversial surgical procedure; recent research classifies it as safe and effective. Conclusion: The presented clinical case shows a good result.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Joint Dislocations , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders
3.
Rev. cuba. ortop. traumatol ; 35(2): e344, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1341469

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La luxación de la prótesis total de cadera puede afectar los resultados del implante, la calidad de vida del paciente, y el costo del proceso. Su etiología es multifactorial. Objetivos: Identificar posibles factores de riesgo relacionados con la aparición de luxación en prótesis total de cadera en una serie de casos. Métodos: En una serie de 2732 prótesis total de cadera, en la que hubo 92 luxaciones (3,4 por ciento), se compararon factores relacionados con el paciente, el implante, y la técnica quirúrgica uilizada en el Hospital La Paz-IDIPaz de Madrid entre los años 2000 y 2016. Se utilizó el análisis de regresión para la significación de dichos factores. Resultados: De las 92 luxaciones, 62 fueron tratadas de manera conservadora (67,4 por ciento) y 30 pacientes precisaron de cirugía de revisión (32,6 por ciento). El estudio multivariado mostró significación estadística en los siguientes factores de riesgo: estado de la columna lumbar (p < 0,001), y una pobre reconstrucción del centro de rotación de la cadera (p= 0,035), y cúpulas posicionadas fuera de las ventanas de Lewinnek (p < 0,001) y del mecanismo abductor (p < 0,001) en relación con la técnica quirúrgica. No hubo factores significativos en relación con el tipo de implante, diámetro de la cabeza femoral o par de fricción. Conclusiones: La patología lumbar aumenta el riesgo de luxación en la prótesis total de cadera. Una adecuada reconstrucción de la cadera, que incluya la posición de la cúpula y el centro de rotación de la cadera, así como del mecanismo abductor ayudaría a mejorar la tasa de inestabilidad(AU)


Introduction: The dislocation of the total hip replacement can affect the results of the implant, the quality of life of the patient, and the cost of the process. Its etiology is multifactorial. Objectives: To identify possible risk factors related to the appearance of dislocation in total hip replacement in a series of cases. Methods: In a series of 2732 total hip prostheses, in which there were 92 dislocations (3.4percent), factors related to the patient, the implant, and the surgical technique used at La Paz-IDIPaz Hospital in Madrid were compared, from 2000 to 2016. Regression analysis was used for the significance of these factors. Results: Out of 92 dislocations, 62 were treated conservatively (67.4 percent) and 30 patients required revision surgery (32.6 pecent). The multivariate study showed statistical significance in the following risk factors: state of the lumbar spine (p <0.001), and poor reconstruction of the center of rotation of the hip (p = 0.035), and domes positioned outside Lewinnek windows (p <0.001) and the abductor mechanism (p <0.001) in relation to the surgical technique. There were no significant factors in relation to the type of implant, diameter of the femoral head or friction torque. Conclusions: Lumbar pathology increases the risk of dislocation in total hip replacement. Proper hip reconstruction, including the position of the dome and the center of rotation of the hip, as well as the abductor mechanism, would help to improve the rate of instability(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Risk Factors , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/methods , Joint Dislocations/etiology
4.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(6): 777-783, Nov.-Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1357133

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective To study the anatomy of the medial coracoclavicular ligament and assess the contribution of the acromioclavicular, coracoclavicular and medial coracoclavicular ligaments to the stability of the acromioclavicular joint. Methods Twenty-six shoulders from 16 fresh cadavers were dissected after placement in dorsal recumbency with a 15-cm cushion between the shoulder blades. An extended deltopectoral approach was performed proximally and medially, followed by plane dissection and ligament identification. The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances were measured using points previously marked with a millimeter caliper. Six of these specimens were submitted to a biomechanical study. The acromioclavicular ligament, the coracoclavicular ligament and the medial coracoclavicular ligament were sectioned sequentially, and a cephalic force of 20 N was applied to the lateral clavicle. The acromioclavicular and coracoclavicular distances were measured in each of the ligament section stages. Results The right medial coracoclavicular ligament presented, on average, 48.9 mm in length and 18.3 mm in width. On the left side, its mean length was 48.65 mm, with a mean width of 17.3 mm. Acromioclavicular, coracoclavicular and medial coracoclavicular ligament section resulted in a statistically significant increase in the coracoclavicular distance and posterior scapular displacement. Conclusion The medial coracoclavicular ligament is a true ligamentous structure found in all dissected shoulders. Our results showed that the scapular protraction relaxed the medial coracoclavicular ligament, while scapular retraction tensioned it; in addition, our findings demonstrate that this ligament contributes to the vertical and horizontal stability of the acromioclavicular joint.


Resumo Objetivo Estudar a anatomia do ligamento coracoclavicular medial e avaliar a contribuição do ligamento acromioclavicular, coracoclaviculares e coracoclavicular medial na estabilidade da articulação acromioclavicular. Métodos Foram dissecados 26 ombros de 16 cadáveres frescos, posicionados em decúbito dorso-horizontal, com um coxim de 15 cm de altura entre as escápulas. Realizou-se uma via deltopeitoral estendida proximal e medialmente. Realizou-se dissecção por planos e identificação dos ligamentos. Realizou a medida da distância acromio-clavicular e coracoclavicular usando pontos previamente demarcados com paquímetro milimetrado. Em seis dessas amostras foi realizado estudo biomecânico. Seccionando, nesta ordem, o ligamento acromioclavicular, os coracoclaviculares e o ligamento coracoclavicular medial com uma força cefálica de 20N foi aplicada na clavícula lateral. Foi medida a distância acromio-clavicular e coracoclavicular em cada uma das etapas de secção dos ligamentos. Resultados A média de comprimento do ligamento coracoclavicular medial foi de 48,9mm e a média de largura, de 18,3mm no lado direito. No esquerdo, a média de comprimento foi de 48,65mm e a média da largura, 17,3mm. Após a secção dos ligamentos acromioclaviculares, coracoclaviculares, com a secção do ligamento coracoclavicular medial houve aumento estatisticamente significativo da distância córaco-clavicular e um deslocamento posterior da escápula. Conclusão O ligamento coracoclavicular medial é uma estrutura ligamentar verdadeira, presente em todos os ombros dissecados. Nossos resultados demonstraram que o ligamento coracoclavicular medial encontra-se relaxado com a escápula em protração e tenso com a escápula em retração e segundo nossos resultados participa tanto da estabilidade vertical quanto da estabilidade horizontal da articulação acromioclavicular.


Subject(s)
Scapula , Shoulder , Acromioclavicular Joint/anatomy & histology , Cadaver , Clavicle , Joint Dislocations , Dissection
5.
Int. j. med. surg. sci. (Print) ; 8(3): 1-7, sept. 2021. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292580

ABSTRACT

Hip femoral head fractures are extremely uncommon, but likely associated with traumatic hip dislocations. Both lesions require emergent treatment to avoid further complications.19-year-old male patient was received after a high-energy motor vehicle accident with severe brain and thoraco-abdominal trauma and a displaced femoral head fracture with posterior hip dislocation with no acetabular fracture. An emergent open reduction and internal fixation with 2 headless screws was performed, as well as posterior capsule repair. After 1 month as an inpatient in Intensive Care Unit, he sustained a new episode of posterior hip dislocation. Consequently, a second successful surgical reduction was obtained, and hip stability was achieved by posterior reconstruction with iliac crest autograft fixed with cannulated screw and posterior structure repair. Two years later, he was able to walk independently and he does not present any signs of degenerative joint disease nor avascular necrosis.


Las fracturas de la cabeza femoral son extremadamente raras y están asociadas comúnmente con una luxación de cadera traumática. Ambas lesiones requieren tratamiento urgente con el objetivo de evitar complicaciones posteriores. Un paciente varón de 19 años fue trasladado tras un accidente de tráfico de alta energía en el que sufrió un traumatismo craneoencefálico y toracoabdominal grave, además de una fractura de cabeza femoral desplazada junto a una luxación posterior de cadera sin afectación acetabular. De manera urgente, fue intervenido mediante una reducción abierta y fijación interna de la fractura con dos tornillos canulados sin cabeza y reparación de la cápsula articular posterior. Tras un mes de ingreso en la unidad de cuidados intensivos, sufrió un nuevo episodio de luxación posterior de cadera. Debido a ello, se realiza una segunda intervención quirúrgica con reducción abierta y en la que se obtiene una adecuada estabilidad de la cadera mediante reconstrucción posterior con la adición de autoinjerto tricortical de cresta ilíaca y reparación capsular posterior. Después de dos años de seguimiento, el paciente deambula de manera independiente, sin dolor y sin signos degenerativos ni de necrosis avascular en las pruebas de imagen.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Young Adult , Transplantation, Autologous/methods , Femoral Fractures/surgery , Femur Head/injuries , Joint Dislocations/complications , Ilium/surgery
6.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(4): 528-532, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341177

ABSTRACT

Abstract Isolated thumb carpometacarpal joint dislocation is a rare lesion that accounts for less than 1% of all hand lesions. The authors present two cases of traumatic isolated thumb carpometacarpal joint dislocation. One of them was treated with closed reduction and cast immobilization, and the other was treated with closed reduction, Kirschner-wires pinning, and cast immobilization. The first patient had a good functional outcome and showed no signs of thumb carpometacarpal instability. The patient treated with Kirschner wires presented signs of clinical instability and radiological subluxation. Isolated thumb carpometacarpal dislocation is a rare lesion that can cause joint instability, which interferes with the normal function of the hand and can lead to articular degenerative changes. The best management of this lesion is still controversial, since there is lack of evidence in the literature showing superiority of one treatment over the other.


Resumo A luxação traumática isolada da articulação trapézio-metacárpica é uma lesão rara que faz parte de menos de 1% de todas as lesões de mãos. Os autores apresentam dois casos de luxação traumática isolada da articulação trapézio-metacárpica. Um dos casos foi tratado com redução fechada e imobilização com gesso, e o outro foi tratado com redução fechada, fixação com fios Kirschner, e imobilização com gesso. O primeiro paciente teve um bom resultado funcional e não mostrou sinais de instabilidade trapeziometacarpal. O paciente tratado com fios Kirschner apresentou sinais de instabilidade clínica e subluxação radiológica. A luxação isolada da articulação trapeziometacarpal é uma lesão rara que pode causar instabilidade articular que interfere com a funcionalidade normal da mão e pode resultar em mudanças articulares degenerativas. O melhor manejo dessa lesão ainda é controverso, já que ainda faltam evidências na literatura que mostrem a superioridade de um tratamento em relação ao outro.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Thumb/injuries , Joint Dislocations/therapy , Hand Injuries
7.
Coluna/Columna ; 20(2): 144-148, Apr.-June 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249661

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: The treatment of C1-C2 rotatory dislocation remains controversial and surgery is rare. Surgical treatment is indicated when the injury satisfies the instability criteria or when it cannot be reduced. The objective of this study is to analyze the principles and the adaptations necessary for treating these injuries in the pediatric population. Methods: A retrospective case series study. Three cases of patients diagnosed with traumatic C1-C2 rotatory dislocation and treated surgically in our hospital were studied. Through critical analysis of the available literature, a practical guide was proposed to establish the principles and competencies for the treatment of these injuries. Results: The operated cases were female patients between 8 and 16 years of age, with a diagnosis of traumatic atlantoaxial dislocation. Two patients required preoperative skeletal traction with halo. All patients underwent posterior instrumented arthrodesis, two with a transarticular screw technique and one with mass and C2 isthmic (Göel-Harms) screws. Conclusion:. It is essential to determine if the injury is stable and reducible. We recommend treating this type of injury keeping the criteria and competencies related to the stability, alignment, biology and function of the spine in mind. Level of evidence IV; Case series.


RESUMO Objetivo: O tratamento da luxação rotacional de C1-C2 permanece controverso, e a cirurgia é rara. O tratamento cirúrgico é indicado quando a lesão satisfaz os critérios de instabilidade ou quando não pode ser reduzida. O objetivo deste estudo é analisar os princípios e a adequação necessários para tratar essas lesões na população pediátrica. Métodos: Estudo retrospectivo de série de casos. Foram estudados três casos em pacientes tratados cirurgicamente em nosso hospital com diagnóstico de luxação rotacional traumática de C1-C2. Por meio de análise crítica da literatura disponível, foi proposto um guia prático para estabelecer os princípios e a adequação do tratamento dessas lesões. Resultados: Os casos submetidos à cirurgia foram pacientes do sexo feminino, entre 8 e 16 anos de idade, com diagnóstico de luxação atlantoaxial traumática. Duas pacientes precisaram de tração esquelética pré-operatória com halo. Todas as pacientes foram submetidas à artrodese instrumentada por via posterior, duas com técnica de parafuso transarticular e uma com parafusos de massa e pedículo e lâmina em C2 (técnica de Göel-Harms). Conclusões: É essencial determinar se a lesão é estável e se pode ser reduzida. Recomenda-se tratar esse tipo de lesão tendo em mente os critérios e a adequação relacionados com estabilidade, alinhamento, biologia e função da coluna vertebral. Nível de evidência IV; Série de casos.


RESUMEN Objetivo: El tratamiento de la luxación rotatoria de C1-C2 permanece controversial y la cirugía es rara. Se indica tratamiento quirúrgico cuándo la lesión cumple criterios de inestabilidad o cuándo es considerada irreductible. El objetivo de este estudio es revisar los principios y competencias necesarios para tratar esas lesiones en la población pediátrica. Métodos: Estudio retrospectivo de serie de casos. Se estudian tres casos en pacientes tratados quirúrgicamente en nuestro hospital con diagnóstico de luxación rotatoria de C1-C2 traumática. A través del análisis crítico de la literatura disponible se elabora un esquema práctico para establecer los principios y competencias para el abordaje de estas lesiones. Resultados: Los casos intervenidos fueron pacientes de sexo femenino entre 8 y 16 años, con diagnóstico de luxación atlantoaxoidea traumática. Dos pacientes requirieron tracción esquelética preoperatoria con halo. A todas las pacientes se les practicó artrodesis instrumentada por vía posterior, dos con técnica de tornillos transarticulares y una con tornillos de masa e ístmicos de C2 (Göel-Harms). Conclusiones: Resulta imprescindible determinar si la lesión es estable y reductible. Siempre abordar este tipo de lesiones teniendo presentes los criterios y competencias relacionados con la estabilidad, alineación, biología y función de la columna vertebral. Nivel de Evidencia IV; Serie de casos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations , Cervical Atlas , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Torticollis
8.
Odontol. Clín.-Cient ; 20(3): 93-97, jul.-set. 2021. ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1372544

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A articulação temporomandibular (ATM) é uma estrutura especializada e excepcional, relacionada com funções estomatognáticas e propensa à disfunções associadas ao sistema maxilo-mandibular. Dentre essas alterações, a luxação é uma entidade patológica importante. Possui patogênese multifatorial e pode se manifestar de modo recidivante. Diversos tratamentos são propostos, dentre eles, a criação de anteparos aloplásticos. Paciente do sexo feminino, 22 anos com história de luxação mandibular recidivante com sintomatologia congruente ao quadro. Realizou-se tratamento cirúrgico com instalação de miniplacas de titânio do sistema 2.0 mm em forma de duplo T com curvatura de aproximadamente 90°, na região de eminencia articular. Após 1 ano e 6 meses, a paciente segue assintomática, sem lesões nervosas e sem luxações. A luxação da ATM é um quadro clínico angustiante, sendo a segunda luxação mais frequente e incidente em mulheres. Caracteriza-se por: incapacidade de fechar a boca, depressão cutânea pré-auricular, ptialismo e musculatura mastigatória tensa. A paciente apresentava severas luxações recidivantes, juntamente com ansiedade e angústia social. A utilização de placas evitou a hiperexcussão e remissão do quadro. É um procedimento menos agressivo e reversível. A técnica utilizada demonstrou bom prognóstico e, dentre as opções cirúrgicas, é uma técnica mais conservadora... (AU)


Introduction: TMJ dislocation is a multifactorial joint pathology that occurs when the mandibular condyle exceeds the articular eminence and cannot return to its original anatomical position, making it impossible for the patient to close the mouth. A 22-year-old female patient complaining of succes sive episodes of mandibular dislocation, characterizing the condition of dislocation redicivant TMJ. Surgical treatment was performed with the installation of 2.0 mm double T-shaped titanium miniplates with approximately 90° curvature in the region of articular eminence. After 8 months, the patient has no complaints, no signs of facial nerve damage and no episodes of dislocation. TMJ dislocation is a socially and psychologically distressing clinical condition, being the second most frequent dislocation in the body and with higher incidence in female patients. Key features are inability to close the mouth, pre auricular cutaneous depression, excessive salivation, and tense and spasmodic masticatory muscles. In this case, the patient presented severe relapsing dislocations, along with anxiety and social anguish. The use of plates acts as a mechanical barrier for condylar movements, avoiding hyperexcussion, being a less aggressive and reversible procedure, having only the disadvantage of the possibility of plate frac ture. The technique used with the objective of limiting condyle movement, among the surgical options, is a more conservative technique... (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Dysfunction Syndrome , Joint Dislocations , Joint Dislocations/complications , Mandibular Condyle , Masticatory Muscles
9.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(3): 340-345, May-June 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288673

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study aimed to evaluate the diagnostic failure rate in detecting perilunate fractures and dislocations using plain wrist radiographs by orthopedists and orthopedic residents. A secondary objective was to identify possible groups with a greater or lesser chance of establishing a correct diagnosis. Methods An online questionnaire was sent to several orthopedists through e-mail, social networks, and smartphone-based communication applications to assess the rate of diagnostic failure in detecting perilunate fractures and dislocations using plain radiographs. Results A total of 511 responses was obtained, with a diagnostic error rate of 8.81% for simple dislocations and 1.76% for trans-scaphoid perilunate fractures. Group stratification showed that residents presented the highest error rates in simple perilunate dislocations (23.91%), whereas hand surgeons presented the lowest error rates (1.74%). Conclusion Compared with the literature, the failure rates found were lower, suggesting that plain radiography is effective and that the error rate may not be as high as reported.


Resumo Objetivos O presente estude teve como objetivo avaliar o índice de falha diagnóstica na detecção de fraturas e luxações perilunares do carpo utilizando radiografias simples do punho por ortopedistas e residentes de ortopedia. Secundariamente, identificar possíveis grupos que apresentem maior ou menor chance de acerto diagnóstico. Métodos Foi aplicado um questionário online a diversos ortopedistas através de e-mail, redes sociais e aplicativos de comunicação via smartphone, para avaliar o índice de falha diagnóstica na detecção de fraturas e luxações perilunares utilizando radiografias simples. Resultados Foram obtidas 511 respostas e observado um índice de erro diagnóstico de 8,81% para as luxações simples e 1,76% para fratura transescafoperilunar. Ao estratificar por grupos, os médicos residentes obtiveram os maiores índices de erro nas luxações perilunares simples (23,91%), já os cirurgiões de mão obtiveram os índices mais baixos (1,74%). Conclusão Ao comparar com a literatura, os índices de falha encontrados foram menores, sugerindo que a radiografia simples é eficaz e que o índice de erro pode não ser tão elevado quanto o relatado na literatura.


Subject(s)
Humans , Wrist Injuries , Carpal Bones/injuries , Joint Dislocations , Fractures, Bone , Orthopedic Surgeons
10.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 119(2): e133-e137, abril 2021. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1152033

ABSTRACT

Si bien el codo es la articulación más frecuentemente luxada en niños, representa el 3-6 % de las lesiones en ese sitio. Las luxaciones sin fracturas asociadas son muy raras y son producto de una caída con el codo en extensión. El paciente consulta por dolor, impotencia funcional y deformidad evidente. La finalidad del tratamiento es restaurar la congruencia articular, lograr estabilidad y minimizar los riesgos de posibles lesiones neurovasculares.Se presentan 4 pacientes tratados con manejo conservador con excelentes resultados funcionales, incluso aquel que presentó una neuropraxia del mediano con restitución ad integrum.Según nuestra experiencia, suelen ser lesiones con buena evolución. Se destaca la importancia de un rápido y preciso examen neurovascular, optando, de ser posible, por una conducta expectante ante las lesiones nerviosas. Se resalta la indicación de una inmovilización acotada con movilización temprana que evite rigidez del codo.


Even though the elbow is the most often dislocated joint in children, this injury accounts for 3-6 % of elbow pathology. Dislocations without associated fractures are extremely rare. They result from a fall onto an outstretched hand. The patient is always referred with a painful joint, movement impairment and even clinical deformity. Acute treatment aims to achieve quick reduction and adequate joint stability, avoiding neurovascular injuries.We sought to analyze the functional outcomes and the complications after non-operative treatment. Our 4 patien had excellent functional results at the latest follow-up, and one of them suffered from a median nerve palsy without further consequences.In our experience, these injuries presented excellent outcomes and we would like to highlight the importance of a quick and precise neurovascular examination with the possibility of non-surgical management of nerve injuries. A short period of immobilization with early rehabilitation should be indicated to avoid joint stiffness


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Joint Dislocations/therapy , Joint Dislocations/diagnostic imaging , Aftercare , Joint Dislocations/complications , Elbow
11.
Rev. bras. ortop ; 56(1): 98-103, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288649

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objectives The present study evaluates and compares the surgical treatment of acute and chronic acromioclavicular dislocations (ACDs) to define the most effective therapeutic plan. Methods A retrospective study consisting of 30 patients submitted to the surgical treatment of types III and V ACDs between 2011 and 2018; the subjects were separated according to a temporal classification in acute (< 3 weeks; subgroup I) and chronic (> 3 weeks; subgroup II) subgroups. All patients underwent a postsurgical evaluation with a standardized protocol containing epidemiological, functional, and radiological data. Results Subgroup I presented a visual analog scale (VAS) score of 1.10, a Constant-Murley score of 92.3, and a University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Shoulder Rating score of 33.5. The coracoclavicular (CC) distance was of 11.0 mm, and the average increase in CC space was lower than 8.9% compared to the contralateral shoulder. In subgroup II, the VAS score was of 1.11, the Constant-Murley score was of 94.2, and the UCLA score was of 32.4. The CC distance was of 13.8 mm, with a 22.9% increase in CC space compared to the contralateral side. Conclusion Although there was no significant difference between the evaluated items, subgroup I tended to present a lower CC distance (p = 0.098) and a lower percentage increase in CC distance (p = 0.095) compared to subgroup II. Thus, the surgical treatment must be performed within three weeks after the trauma to try to avoid such trend. If the acute treatment is not possible, the modified Weaver Dunn technique has good clinical and functional outcomes.


Resumo Objetivos Avaliar e comparar os resultados do tratamento cirúrgico das luxações acromioclaviculares (LACs) aguda e crônica, definindo o plano terapêutico mais eficaz. Métodos Estudo retrospectivo realizado com 30 pacientes operados entre 2011 e 2018 para LAC tipos III e V, separados de acordo com a classificação temporal em subgrupo agudo (< 3 semanas; subgrupo I) e subgrupo crônico (> 3 semanas; subgrupo II). Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a avaliação pós-cirúrgica com protocolo padronizado composto por dados epidemiológicos, funcionais e radiográficos. Resultados No subgrupo I, a pontuação na escala visual analógica (EVA) foi de 1,10, o escore de Constant-Murley foi de 92,3, e o escore da University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) foi de 33,5. A distância coracoclavicular (CC) foi de 11,0 mm, e o aumento do espaço CC foi em média menor do que 8,9% em relação ao ombro contralateral. No subgrupo II, a EVA foi de 1,11, o escore de Constant-Murley foi de 94,2, e o da UCLA, 32,4. A distância CC foi de 13,8 mm, sendo o aumento do espaço CC de 22,9% em relação ao contralateral. Conclusão Apesar de não ter havido diferença significativa entre os quesitos avaliados, houve uma tendência de o subgrupo agudo apresentar distância CC (p = 0,098) e percentual de aumento da distância CC (p = 0,095) menor do que o subgrupo crônico. Assim, é interessante que o tratamento cirúrgico seja realizado nas primeiras três semanas após o trauma, para tentar evitar essa tendência. Nos casos em que não for possível realizar o tratamento na fase aguda, a técnica de Weaver Dunn modificada apresenta bons resultados clínicos e funcionais.


Subject(s)
Humans , Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Acromioclavicular Joint/injuries , Joint Dislocations , Ligaments, Articular
12.
Rev. bras. ciênc. vet ; 28(1): 14-19, jan./mar. 2021. il.
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1368321

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to report a long term follow up of a congenital luxation of the radial head (CLRH) case of a young Bulldog treated by radio head ostectomy (RHO). CLRH is an uncommon condition in dogs, but it is the most commom form of elbow dislocation (grade I). An English Bulldog, male, 6 months, 14 kilograms, was suspected of elbow dislocation. Physical examination revealed a lateral proeminence on the lateral surface of the right elbow, as well as grade I lameness and mild pain. Range of motion was normal. Previous radiographs and tomography confirmed CLHR. RHO was chosen instead of corrective techniques, due to the age of the animal at the time of the procedure and the difficulty in repositioning the radial head in the joint. Three and a half years after surgery, new clinical and radiographic examaminations were performed. The patient had no pain, good limb support and good range of motion, allowing good elbow movement. There was a partial regrowth of the proximal segment of the radial head causing better readjustment of it in the joint. Mild signs of joint degeneration were present. RHO proved to be effective in this case, proving to be a good technique to be used in cases of CLRH when conservative treatment or reduction techniques can no longer be used.


O objetivo deste relato foi o de apresentar o acompanhamento tardio de um caso de luxação congênita de cabeça de rádio (LCCR) em um Buldog Inglês jovem, tratada por ostectomia da cabeça radial (OCR). A LCCR é uma condição incomum nos cães, mas é a forma mais comum de luxação de cotovelo nos mesmos (grau I). Um Bulldog Inglês, macho, 6 meses, 14 quilos, foi atendido com suspeita de luxação do cotovelo. Exame físico revelou uma proeminência na superfície lateral do cotovelo direito, além de claudicação grau I e dor leve. Amplitude de movimento apresentava-se normal. Radiografias e tomografia prévias confirmaram LCCR. Optou-se pela OCR ao invés de técnicas corretivas, devido à idade do animal à época do procedimento e à dificuldade no reposicionamento do rádio na articulação. Após 3 anos e meio de pós-operatório, foram realizados novos exames clínicos e radiográficos. O paciente não apresentava dor, apresentava bom apoio do membro e boa amplitude de movimento, permitindo bom movimento do cotovelo. Houve um novo crescimento parcial do segmento proximal da cabeça do rádio ocasionando melhor readequamento do mesmo na articulação. Sinais leves de degeneração articular estavam presentes. A OCR se mostrou efetiva neste caso, provando ser uma boa técnica a ser utilizada nos casos de LCCR quando tratamento conservativo ou técnicas de redução já não podem ser mais utilizados.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Joint Dislocations/veterinary , Dogs/injuries , Elbow/surgery , Radius Fractures/veterinary , Surgery, Veterinary/methods , Continuity of Patient Care , Upper Extremity/surgery
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888316

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the efficacy of a novel sternoclavicular hook-plate for treatment of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint.@*METHODS@#Retrospective analysis of 13 cases of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint treated with sternoclavicular hook-plate from June 2011 to January 2019 in our department. There were 9 males and 4 females, aged 26 to 78 years old, with an average age of (54.08±13.91) years old. All the patients had closed injuries without damage of blood vessels and nerves. The patient's operation time, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay time, and postoperative complications were recorded. Fracture healing and reduction were evaluated according to X-ray and CT after operation. Constant-Murley score and Rockwood sternoclavicular joint score were used to evaluate limb function at 12 months after operation.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were treated with sternoclavicular hook-plate. The operation time ranged from 50 to 76 min, with a mean of (54.08±13.91) min. The intraoperative blood loss ranged from 20 to 56 ml, with a mean of (46.08±11.15) ml. The hospital stay time ranged from 6 to 14 d, with a mean of (8.31±2.32) d. X-ray and CT examination on the second day after operation showed that all fractures and dislocations were anatomically reduced, and shoulder joint function exercise was performed early. All patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 12 to 24 months, with a mean of (16.77±4.63) months. The healing time ranged from 9 to 13 d, with a mean of (11.00±1.75) d;and the bone healing time ranged from 3 to 4 months, with a mean of (3.65±0.46) months. There were no complications such as infection, internal fixation failure and nerve injury. At 12 months follow-up, the constant Murley score ranged from 78 to 100, with a mean of 87.83± 11.26; and Rockwood score ranged from 9 to 15, with a mean of 13.70±1.85. Among them, 11 cases were excellent, 1 case was good, and 1 case was general.@*CONCLUSION@#The use of the novel sternoclavicular hook-plate for treatment of proximal clavicle fracture with dislocation of sternoclavicular joint is an effectively internal fixation with high safety, allowing early functional exercise for patients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Clavicle , Female , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Sternoclavicular Joint , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 397-400, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922707

ABSTRACT

We reported two cases of jockeys who sustained fracture/dislocation of the mid-thoracic spine due to traumatic falls during horse racing. We examined the injury mechanism based upon the patients' diagnostic images and video footage of races, in which the accidents occurred. Admission imaging of patient 1 (a 42 years old male) revealed T5 burst fracture with bony retropulsion of 7 mm causing complete paralysis below T5/6. There existed 22° focal kyphosis at T5/6, anterolisthesis of T5 relative to T6, T5/6 disc herniation, cord edema and epidural hemorrhage from T4 through T6, and cord injury from C3 through C6. Admission imaging of patient 2 (a 23 years old male) revealed T4/5 fracture/dislocation causing incomplete paralysis below spinal level. There existed compression fractures at T5, T6, and T7; 4 mm anterior subluxation of T4 on T5; diffuse cord swelling from T3 through T5; comminuted fracture of the C1 right lateral mass; right frontal traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage; and extensive diffuse axonal injury. The injuries were caused by high energy flexion-compression of the mid-thoracic spine with a flexed posture upon impact. Our results suggest that substantially greater cord compression occurred transiently during trauma as compared to that documented from admission imaging. Video footage of the accidents indicated that the spine buckled and failed due to abrupt pocketing and deceleration of the head, neck and shoulders upon impact with the ground combined with continued forward and downward momentum of the torso and lower extremities. While a similar mechanism is well known to cause fracture/dislocation of the cervical spine, it is less common and less understood for mid-thoracic spine injuries. Our study provides insight into the etiology of fracture/dislocation patterns of the mid-thoracic spine due to falls during horse racing.


Subject(s)
Accidental Falls , Animals , Horses , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Male , Spinal Cord Injuries/etiology , Spinal Fractures/etiology , Spinal Injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921941

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the clinical efficacy and complications of Endobutton titanium plate and clavicle hook plate in the treatment of acromioclavicular dislocation.@*METHODS@#Total 48 patients with Rockwood Ⅲ to Ⅴ acromioclavicular joint dislocation from March 2015 to May 2019 were retrospectively divided into two groups according to different surgical methods. Among the patients, 23 patients were treated with Endobutton loop titanium plate fixation (observation group), including 15 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 23 to 59 years old, with an average of(36.2±8.1) years old;Rockwood type Ⅲ in 6 cases, type Ⅳ in 11 cases and type Ⅴ in 6 cases. Twenty-five patients were treated with clavicular hook plate(control group), including 17 males and 8 females, ranging in age from 22 to 54 years old, with an average of (34.7±6.4) years old; Rockwood type Ⅲ in 6 cases, type Ⅳ in 14 cases and type Ⅴ in 5 cases. The operation time, intraoperative bleeding, hospitalization time, visual analogue scale (VAS) of pain, Constant-Murley score of shoulder function and postoperative complications were compared between the two groups.@*RESULTS@#All the patients were followed up, and the duration ranged from 24 to 51 months, with a mean of (30.5±6.5) months. The amountof bleeding and hospitalization time in the observation group were (71.9±4.0) ml and(8.2±1.6) d respectively;and those in the control group were (97.6±13.4) ml and (12.8±1.2) d respectively. There was significant difference between the two groups (@*CONCLUSION@#Compared with clavicular hook plate internal fixation in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation, Endobutton loop titanium plate internal fixation technology has the advantages of less surgical bleeding, shorter hospitalization time, less postoperative pain, good recovery of shoulder joint function and less complications.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Adult , Bone Plates , Case-Control Studies , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887897

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate lateral pterygoid muscle(LPM)contraction in the patients with temporomandibular disorders(TMD)based on 3D-T2 weighted imaging(3D-T2WI).Multiplanar reconstruction(MPR)was employed to measure the length of LPM in the images taken in closed-and open-mouth positions. Methods Seventeen TMD patients [age of(29.82±10.70)years,males/females=8/9] and 13 normal volunteers [control,age of(23.54±3.31)years,males/females=6/7] received 3D-T2WI of the temporomandibular joints in closed-and open-mouth positions from November 2019 to April 2020 in Department of Radiology,Hainan Hospital of Chinese PLA General Hospital.According to the position of the discs,the subjects were classified into the following groups:TMD with disc displacement without reduction(TMD-DDwoR),TMD with disc displacement with reduction(TMD-DDwR),TMD without disc displacement(TMDwoDD),and normal control without disc displacement(NCwoDD).MPR was employed to measure the maximal length of the superior belly of LPM.One-way analysis of variance,receiver operating characteristic curve,and permutation test were employed for the statistical analyses. Results The contraction of LPM was significantly shorter in TMD-DDwoR group [(3.36±1.96)mm] than in TMDwoDD group [(7.90±3.95)mm],NCwoDD group [(8.77±3.13)mm](


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Muscle Contraction , Pterygoid Muscles/diagnostic imaging , Temporomandibular Joint Disc , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders/diagnostic imaging , Young Adult
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879436

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the treatment strategy and clinical efficacy for os odontoideum complicated with atlantoaxial dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 17 patients with os odontoideum complicated with atlantoaxial dislocation surgically treated from January 2006 to January 2015 were retrospectively analyzed, including 7 males and 10 females, aged 17 to 53 (43.1±11.3) years old;course of disease was 3 to 27(10.2±6.9) months. All patients received cranial traction before operation, 12 of 14 patients with reducible dislocation were treated by posterior atlantoaxial fixation and fusion, and 2 patients with atlantooccipital deformity were treated by posterior occipitocervical fixation and fusion;3 patients with irreducible alantoaxial dislocation were treated by transoral approach decompression combined with posterior atlantoaxial fixation and fusion. The operation time, intraoperative blood loss and perioperative complications were recorded. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score were used to evaluate the change of neck pain and neurological function. Atlantoaxial joint fusion rate was evaluated by CT scan.@*RESULTS@#The operation time of posterior fixation and fusion ranged from 86 to 170 (92.2±27.5) min, and the intraoperative blood loss was 200-350 (250.7±65.2) ml. No vertebral artery injury and spinal cord injury were recorded. Among the patients underwent atlantoaxial fixation and fusion, 1 patient with reducible dislocation fixed by C@*CONCLUSION@#Surgical treatment of os odontoideum complicated with atlantoaxial dislocation can achieve satisfactory results, improve the patient's neurological function and improve the quality of life, however the surgical options needs to be individualized.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Atlanto-Axial Joint/surgery , Axis, Cervical Vertebra , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Quality of Life , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Fusion , Treatment Outcome , Young Adult
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879422

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the clinical efficacy of titanium cable biomimetic reconstruction of coracoclavicular ligament and clavicular hook plate in the treatment of acromioclavicular joint dislocation.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 39 patients with severe acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation from January 2017 to December 2018 were retrospectively analyzed, 19 patients in double strand titanium cable group, including 13 males and 6 females, aged from 26 to 67 years old; Rockwood classification:10 cases of type Ⅲ, 4 cases of type Ⅳ and 5 cases of type Ⅴ;8 cases of traffic injury and 11 cases of fall injury;the time from injury to operation was 3 to 6 days. There were 20 patients in steel plate group, including 15 males and 5 females, aged from 25 to 71 years old. Rockwood classification:11 cases of type Ⅲ, 4 cases of typeⅣ, 5 cases of type Ⅴ;7 cases of traffic injury, 13 cases of fall injury;the time from injury to operation was 2 to 7 days. The length of incision, operation time, intraoperative blood loss, cost, VAS score before and after operation, and Constant-Murley score before and after operation were compared between two groups. Postoperative X-ray films were taken to observe the reduction and maintenance of acromioclavicular joint dislocation. Complications were recorded.@*RESULTS@#Thirty-six patients were followed up for 12 to 14 months. The amount of intraoperative blood loss in the two groups was basically the same. The operation incision in double strand titanium cable group was shorter, the operation time in steel plate group was shorter, and the operation cost in double strand titanium cable group was less. One week and one year after operation, the pain of double strand titanium cable group was less than that of steel plate group. One year after operation, the Constant-Murley score of double strand titanium cable group was higher than that of steel plate group. The postoperative X-ray showed that the acromioclavicular joint in double strand titanium cable group was well reduced, and there was 1 case with slight reduction loss. In the plate group, there was no reduction loss after removal of the clavicular hook plate, and 8 patients had distal clavicular bone atrophy or acromion bone resorption. In steel plate group, 4 cases had long-term postoperative pain, postoperative dysfunction and other complications.@*CONCLUSION@#The clinical effect of coracoclavicular ligament reconstruction with double strand titanium cable is better than that of clavicular hook plate in the treatment of severe acute acromioclavicular joint dislocation, with less trauma (no secondary operation) and lower cost.


Subject(s)
Acromioclavicular Joint/surgery , Adult , Aged , Bone Plates , Female , Humans , Joint Dislocations/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Titanium , Treatment Outcome
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878431

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the differences in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs) between patients with anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR) and asymptomatic subjects by using 3D morphometric measurements.@*METHODS@#A total of 15 patients with ADDwR and 10 asymptomatic subjects were enrolled. Then, 3D models of the maxilla and mandible were reconstructed using MIMICS 20.0. Nine morphologic parameters of TMJs on both sides were measured on the 3D solid model. The differences in the parameters were analyzed between the patients and the asymptomatic subjects and between the left and right sides of each group.@*RESULTS@#The horizontal and coronal condylar angles on the ipsilateral side of the patients were significantly greater than those of the asymptomatic subjects (@*CONCLUSIONS@#ADDwR will increase the condylar angles to be significantly greater than the normal level and decrease SRA and articular spaces to be significantly smaller than the normal level. The condyles will be displaced upward, closer to the fossa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Joint Dislocations , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mandible , Mandibular Condyle , Maxilla , Temporomandibular Joint , Temporomandibular Joint Disorders , Tooth
20.
Rev. Asoc. Argent. Ortop. Traumatol ; 86(4) (Nro Esp - ACARO Asociación Argentina para el Estudio de la Cadera y Rodilla): 463-474, 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1353947

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades degenerativas de la cadera y la columna vertebral son causas comunes de discapacidad y dolor y los síntomas suelen superponerse. Cuando algún parámetro se altera, otro debe modificarse para evitar el choque femoroacetabular y una posible luxación. Se piensa que la fijación lumbar afectaría la adaptación de la unidad espino-pélvica en las diferentes posturas. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar el comportamiento espino-pélvico en pacientes con artroplastia total de cadera y artrodesis lumbar. Materiales y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio no aleatorizado, retrospectivo, de casos y controles en pacientes con artroplastia total de cadera evaluados con radiografía lumbopélvica de frente y de perfil en posición erecta y en sedestación, divididos en dos grupos: con artrodesis lumbar o sin ella. Se midieron parámetros espino-pélvicos y femoroacetabulares. Resultados: La muestra tenía 50 pacientes: 25 en cada grupo. Quince tenían artroplastia total de cadera bilateral y el nivel de fijación lumbar más frecuente era L5-S1. No hubo diferencia estadísticamente significativa en la edad y el sexo entre ambos grupos. Los pacientes con artrodesis lumbar necesitaron más flexión de cadera para sentarse, sin un aumento significativo asociado en la tasa de luxación. Conclusiones: La composición ideal de los componentes aún es difícil de alcanzar. La reconsideración de las "zonas seguras" de los componentes ha comenzado a alejarse de los valores del plano coronal de Lewinnek. Se ha propuesto un nuevo enfoque en las zonas seguras del plano sagital más apropiadas y precisas en pacientes seleccionados con enfermedad espino-pélvica grave. Nivel de Evidencia: III


Introduction: Degenerative diseases of the hip and spine are common causes of disability and pain, and the symptoms usually overlap. When a parameter is altered, another one should be modified to avoid femoroacetabular impingement and a potential dislocation. It is believed that lumbar fixation would affect the adaptation of the spinopelvic unit in different postures. This article aims to analyze the spinopelvic behavior in patients with Total Hip Arthroplasty (THA) and lumbar arthrodesis. Materials and Methods: A non-randomized retrospective study of cases and controls was carried out in patients with THA, who were assessed using anterior and lateral X-ray views in functional sitting and standing postures, divided into two groups depending on the presence or absence of lumbar arthrodesis. Spinopelvic parameters as well as femoroacetabular parameters were measured. Results: A sample of 50 patients was selected, 25 in each group. In total, 15 patients had bilateral THA, and the most common level of lumbar fixation was L5-S1. There was no statistically significant difference in gender and age between both groups. Lumbar arthrodesis patients required more hip flexion to sit, without being associated with a significant increase in the rate of dislocation. Conclusion: The ideal composition of the components is still difficult to achieve. The review of the "safe zones" of the components has started to depart from the values of the body plane proposed by Lewinnek. A new approach has been proposed to the safe zones of the sagittal plane, which are more appropriate and accurate in selected patients with severe spinopelvic pathology. Level of Evidence: IIII


Subject(s)
Aged , Pelvis , Spinal Fusion , Range of Motion, Articular , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Joint Dislocations
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