Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 803
Filter
1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880136

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the regulatory effects of RBM47 on HMGA2 and the function of RBM47 in human chronic myeloid leukemia cell K562.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were transduction by the overexpressed and knockdown RBM47 lentiviral vector. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the proliferation of K562 cells. Flow cytometry assay was used to detect the effect of RBM47 on the cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RNA immunoprecipitation assay was used to detect the association between RBM47 and HMGA2 mRNA. RT-qPCR was used to detect the effects of RBM47 on the stability of HMGA2 mRNA. Western blot was used to evaluate the effect of RBM47 on HMGA2 protein expression.@*RESULTS@#The overexpressed RBM47 could inhibit the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. However, the inhibitation of RBM47 could improve the proliferation and cell cycle progression of K562 cells. RBM47 combined with HMGA2 mRNA could promote the degradation of HMGA2 mRNA. Thus, the overexpressed RBM47 could decrease the expression of HMGA2 protein in K562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#RNA binding protein RBM47 can inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells by regulating HMGA2 expression.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , HMGA2 Protein/genetics , Humans , K562 Cells , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880091

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of tumor necrosis factor death receptor (DR) 4 demethylation to the proliferation and apoptosis of myeloid leukemia K562 cells.@*METHODS@#The logarithmic phase of K562 cells were treated by desitabine (DCA) at 0, 0.8, 1.6 and 3.2 μmol/L, and the cells were divided into control group, DCA low dose group, DCA medium dose group and DCA high dose group respectively. The cells in control group were treated by tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and the cells were divided into TRAIL group. The cells in DCA high dose group were treated by TRAIL 0.5 μg/ml for 24 h, and were divided into DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Methylation-specific polymerase chain reaction (MS-PCR) was used to measure the methylation status of the DR4 gene promoter in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Real-time fluorescent quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) and Western blot were used to determine the relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group and DCA low, medium and high dose groups. Dime- thylthiazole (MTT) method was used to determine the inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group. Flow cytometry was used to determine the apoptotic rate of the cells in control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group.@*RESULTS@#The cells in the control group were methylation-positive, the brightness of the methylation bands of the cells in the DCA low, medium, and high dose groups was gradually decreased to disappear, and the DCA high dose group showed negative for methylation. The relative expression of DR4 mRNA and protein in the control group, DCA low, medium and high dose groups was increased sequentially (r=0.624, 0.704). The inhibition rate of cell proliferation of the cells in the control group, DCA high dose group, TRAIL group, DCA high dose + TRAIL group was increased sequentially (r=0.653, 0.754, 0.709, 0.725) at 24, 48 and 72 h.@*CONCLUSION@#DCA can reverse the methylation level of DR4 gene promoter in ML K562 cells and up-regulate the expression of DR4, which may enhance the proliferation inhibition and apoptosis promotion effects of TRAIL on K562 cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Demethylation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Receptors, TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism , TNF-Related Apoptosis-Inducing Ligand/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#The present study was to evaluate the anti-tumor effects of acidic RNA protein complex (FA-2-b-β) extracted from the wild edible Qinba mushroom in inducing of apoptosis and immunoregulation of tumor cell.@*METHODS@#Cell proliferation inducing rate of FA-2-b-β to K562 cell was measured using CCK-8. Apoptosis rate was detected by using flow cytometry. Chronic myeloid leukemia model was developed by tail vein injection/subcutaneous inoculation of K562 cells in NCG mice. The tumor burden of mice was observed. The general condition of the mice was monitored twice daily. The peripherivcal full blood counts of mice was tested daily. RT-qPCR and Western blot was FA-2-b-β performed to determine involvement of apoptotic-related gene and protenin, Immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry was used to detected the expression of CD3, CD4 and CD8.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation and apoptosis of K562 cell could be inhibitied and induced by FA-2-b-β, there was 100% successful in the tumor formation in vivo, after treated by drug for 21 days there were significantly increased peripheral leucocytes, but decreased hemoglobin of mice treated by FA-2-b-β as compared with those in control group. The CD3, CD4 and CD8 showed positive in mice, and the propotation was imbalance, but it showed reserved after treated by FA-2-b-β.@*CONCLUSION@#FA-2-b-β is strong anti-leukemia effect in vitro and in vivo, suggesting the traditional Chinese medicine maybe contribute to the anti-cancer and immunoregulation research.


Subject(s)
Agaricales , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Mice
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880076

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct an acute myeloid leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123-CLL1 so as to provide an "in vitro" model for studying the role of CD123 and CLL-1 in leukemia and the treatment targeting CD123 and CLL-1.@*METHODS@#The recombinant plasmid of lentivirus was constructed by synthesizing CD123 and CLL-1 sequences and PCR homologous recombination. The lentivirus vector was packaged by three-plasmid packaging system. After collecting the supernatant of lentivirus, the virus titer was determined by quantitative PCR. K562 leukemia cells were collected and transtected with virus supernatant. Leukemia cell line stably expressing the target gene were screened by purinomycin. The expression levels of CD123 and CLL-1 were detected by RT-PCR and flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The lentiviral vector was successfully constructed, and identified by agarose gel electrophoresis and gene sequencing, then the virus titer of the supernatant was up to 5.81×10@*CONCLUSION@#Lentiviral vector expressing CD123-CLL1 has been successfully constructed, and K562 leukemia cell line stably expressing CD123 and CLL-1 has been successfully obtained.


Subject(s)
Cell Line, Tumor , Genetic Vectors , Humans , Interleukin-3 Receptor alpha Subunit , K562 Cells , Lentivirus/genetics , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/genetics , Plasmids , Transfection
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880033

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effects of costunolide on the proliferation and apoptosis of human chronic myeloid leukemia drug resisitant cell line K562/ADR and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The proliferation of the cells was assessed by CCK-8 assay, while flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of the cells. The related-proteins were detected by using Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proliferation of K526/ADR cells was significantly inhibited by costunolide in a dose-dependent manner (r=0.9886) after treated by 0.01, 0.1, 0.25, 0.5, 1, 2.5, 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 μmol/L costunolide for 72 h, and IC@*CONCLUSION@#Costunolide could inhibit the proliferation and apoptosis of K562/ADR cells through regulation of PI3K/AKT pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Sesquiterpenes
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829052

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of apoptotic drug Navitoclax (NTX) combined with chemotherapy drug Daunorubicin (DNR) on apoptosis of erythroleukemia cells.@*METHODS@#K562, HEL and TF-1 cells in logarithmic growth phase were treated with NTX, DNR and combination of the two drugs. CCK-8 test, Annexin V-DAPI double-staining flow cytometry, real-time RT-PCR were used to detect cell growth, cell apoptosis and expression of BAX, BAK, BCL-2, BCL-xl and BIM respectively. The effects of NTX, DNR and combination of the two drugs on apoptosis of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells were compared and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#NTX combined with DNR could significantly inhibit the growth of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells; Apoptosis detection results showed that the apoptotic rate of K562, HEL and TF-1 cells in combination group was significantly higher than that in NTX and DNR single group; the expression level of apoptosis-related genes BAK and BAX in K562 cells in combination group was significantly higher than that in two single drug groups, and the expression level of anti-apoptotic protein genes BCL-2 and BCL-xl was significantly lower than that in two single drug groups (P<0.05); the expression level of BAK in HEL cells treated with combined drugs for 24 hours was higher than that in DNR group (P < 0.05); the expression level of BCL-2 in TF-1 cells treated with combined drugs for 24 hours was lower than that in two single drugs groups while the expression level of BAK in 48 hours was the highest in combined drugs group, and the expression level of BCL-2 and BCL-xl in combined drugs group was lower than that in NTX group (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#NTX combined with DNR can significantly promote the apoptosis of erythroleukemia cell lines K562, HEL and TF-1, and induce the expression of apoptosis-related genes. This study provides a new scheme for the clinical treatment of erythroleukemia.


Subject(s)
Aniline Compounds , Apoptosis , Daunorubicin , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Erythroblastic, Acute , Sulfonamides
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of Bmi-1 gene silencing on drug resistance of leukemia cell K562/ADR and to explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#After two sequences of Bmi-1-siRNA were transfected into drug-resistant K562/ADR cells, the mRNA and protein expressions of Bmi-1 gene were detected. After Bmi-1 gene silencing the expression of P-gp and MDR1 were detected and the accumulation of doxorubicin in K562/ADR cells were detected by flow cytometry to determine the effect of Bmi-1 gene silencing on drug resistance of K562/ADR cells. The protein expression of NF-κB was analyzed after Bmi-1 gene silencing. Then after K562/ADR cells were treated with NF-κB inhibitor PDTC, the protein expression of P-gp and its functional changes were analyzed to determine the effect of NF-κB on drug resistance of leukemia cells. The protein expressions of PTEN, AKT and p-AKT after Bmi-1 gene silencing were detected and the effect of Bmi-1 gene silencing on PTEN/PI3K/AKT signaling pathway in drug-resistant cells was determined. After K562/ADR cells were treated with PI3K/AKT pathway inhibitor LY294002, the protein expressions of NF-κB and P-gp were analyzed to determine the regulation of AKT on the expression of NF-κB and P-gp. The protein expressions of AKT, p-AKT, NF-κB and P-gp were detected after the Bmi-1-siRNA transfected cells were treated by PTEN inhibitor BPV. Above-mentioned expression of mRNA was detected by RT-PCR, and the protein expression was detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The expression of Bmi-1 gene in K562/ADR cells decreased at both mRNA and protein levels and the doxorubicin accumulation increased after Bmi-1 gene silencing. The expression of MDR1/P-gp in Bmi-1-siRNA transfected cells was lower than that in K562/ADR cells (P<0.05). After Bmi-1 gene silencing, the activity of NF-κB decreased. The activity of NF-κB and P-gp expression was inhibited and the function of P-gp in K562/ADR cells was reduced by using NF-κB inhibitor (PDTC). The protein expression of PTEN increased while the protein expression of p-AKT decreased after Bmi-1 gene silencing (P<0.05). The protein expressions of p-AKT, P-gp and the activity of NF-κB were inhibited significantly by using PI3K/AKT inhibitor LY294002 (P<0.05). After the Bmi-1-siRNA transfected cells were treated by PTEN inhibitor BPV, the activity of NF-κB and the protein expressions of P-gp were restored.@*CONCLUSION@#Bmi-1 plays a key role in MDR-mediated multidrug resistance in K562/ADR cells, which may be mediated by activating PTEN/AKT pathway to regulate NF-κB.


Subject(s)
Doxorubicin , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , K562 Cells , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 7
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829042

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and mechanism of miR-124-3p-targeing regulating ABCA2 on chronic myelogenous leukemia cell K562-R.@*METHODS@#CML cells with miR-124-3p-overexpression and ABCA2-over-expression as well as subcutaneoustrans planted tumor nude mice were used as study objects. And the CML cells were divided into four groups: K562-R blank control, miR-124-3p mimic control, ABCA2-overexpression and mimic+PC ABCA2. The effects of miR-124-3p and ABCA2 on CML cells were analyzed. The levels of proliferation-, apoptosis- and autophagy- related protein were determined by Western blot. qRT-PCR was employed to detect the levels of miR-124-3p and ABCA2 in K562-R cells. The relationship between miR-124-3p and ABCA2 was validated by luciferase reporter system assays and bioinformatics. Hoechst/immunohistochemical staining and CCK-8 assay were performed to investigate the function involved.@*RESULTS@#miR-124-3p highly expressed in K562-S cells and lowly expressed in K562-R cells, however, ABCA2 lowly expressed in K562-S cells and highly expressed in K562-R cells. Over-expression of miR-124-3p significantly decreased ABCA2 level and cell growth, but increased autophagy and apoptosis in K562-R cells (P<0.01). When ABCA2 was over-expressed, the K562-R cell growth was promoted and autophagy and apoptosis were inhibited (P<0.01). The miR-124-3p promoted cell autophagy and apoptosis but inhibited cell growth in nude mice transplant tumor model (P<0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#miR-124-3p can target ABCA2 to inhibit the growth of CML cells and promote the cell autophagy and apoptosis of CML cells.


Subject(s)
ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Mice , Mice, Nude , MicroRNAs
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829040

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the function and mechanism of transcription factor of MEIS1 and miR-425 to the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cell K562.@*METHODS@#Bioinformatic prediction was used to analyze the binding of MEIS1 in miR-425 promoter region. ChIP-qPCR coupled with dual luciferase assay was used to detect the combination of MEIS1 and the transcription activity of miR-425, and its regulative role in the transcription activity miR-425. CCK-8 was used to detect the effect of MEIS1 and miR-425 on cell proliferation. Flow cytometry with PI staining was used to detected the effect of MEIS1 and miR-425 on K562 cell cycle progression. Western blot was used to examine the effect of miR-452 on the expression level of MEIS1.@*RESULTS@#MEIS1 could bind the promoter of miR-425 and repressed its transcription. After K562 was transfected by shRNA, the K562 cell proliferation and cell cycle progression was significantly inhibitied. Moreover, after K562 cells were transfected by miR-425 mimic, cell proliferation and cell cycle was inhibited. The expression level of MEIS1 could be inhibited by the combination of miR-425 and MEIS1 3'UTR.@*CONCLUSION@#MEIS1 can inhibit the activity of miR-425 in transcriptional level, while the miR-425 can suppress the expression of MEIS1 protein in post-transnational level. Therefore, a regulatory circuit comprising from MEIS1 and miR-425 regulates K562 cell proliferation.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Genetics , MicroRNAs , Genetics , Myeloid Ecotropic Viral Integration Site 1 Protein , Genetics
10.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1081-1085, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor 2 (S1PR2) specific antagonist JTE-013 on the proliferation of human chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) cell line K562.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were treated with JTE-013 (0, 0.5, 1, 5, 10, 20 μmol/L) for 24 and 48 hours respectively, CCK8 assay was used to detect the cell viability. K562 cells were treated with JTE-013 (0, 5, 10, 20 μmol/L) for 24 hours, propidium iodide (PI) DNA staining was used to analyze the cell cycle, Western blot was used to determine the levels of P21 and Cyclin D1 protein expression.@*RESULTS@#JTE-013 inhibited the proliferation of CML cell line K562 in a dose dependent manner (r=-0.971). The proliferation rate of CML cells showed that the activity of CML cells decreased gradually with the increase of JTE-013 concentration (r=-0.971). The detection demonstrated that JTE-013 suppressed tumor cell proliferation through cell cycle arrest in G/G phase. Further detection of the protein expressions of G phase regulators showed that level of P21 increased, and expression of Cyclin D1 decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#JTE-013, a S1PR2 antagonist, can inhibit the proliferation of human CML K562 cells, which may be achieved by arresting the cells in G/G phase.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Pyrazoles , Pyridines , Receptors, Lysosphingolipid , Sphingosine-1-Phosphate Receptors
11.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1096-1104, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827155

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To compare the expression of miR-199a-5p between ADM-resistant AML cell (K562/ADM)and ADM-sensitive AML cell (K562), and to investigate the effect of miR-199a-5p on regulating AML drug resistance as well as its molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#MTT method was used to detect the proliferation inhibition effect of ADM on K562 and K562/ADM cells, the IC was calculated. miR-199a-5p expression in cell lines (K562 and K562/ADM) and bone marrow sample (refractory/relapsed AML patients and complete remission AML patients) was detected by RT-qPCR. K562/ADM and K562 cells were transfected by miR-199a-5p mimic and miR-199a-5p inhibitor respectively to ensure that miR-199a-5p expression in K562/ADM cells was increased and that in K562 cells was decreased. Then proliferation inhibition effect of ADM on both cells was detected by CCK-8 and mRNA and protein DRAM1 expression in both cells was measured by real time RT-PCR and Western blot respectively. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to detect wether there were direct binding sites between miR-199a-5p and DRAM1 3' UTR. CCK-8 was used to measure the proliferation inhibition effect of ADM on K562/ADM cells when DRAM1 was downregulated by siRNA.@*RESULTS@#The IC of ADM for K562/ADM and K562 cells was 146.14±0.079 and 3.08±0.056 μg/ml respectively. As compared with patients in complete remission group, MiR-199a-5p expression in refractory/ relapsed AML patients significantly decreased, and the MiR-199a-5p expression in K562/ADM cells was also dramatically downregulated, compared with K562 cells (P<0.05). When the expression of miR-199a-5p was upregulated in K562/ADM cells, the proliferation inhibition effect of ADM on cells elevated and both DRAM1 mRNA and protein expressions decreased. Conversely, when miR-199a-5p expression was downregulated in K562 cells, the proliferation inhibition effect of ADM on cells obviously reduced and both DRAM1 mRNA and protein expression increased (P<0.05). Dual luciferase reporter Assay showed a direct interaction between miR-199a-5p and its binding site within DRAM1 mRNA. Both DRAM1 mRNA and protein expression in K562/ADM were markedly higher than those in K562 cells (P<0.05). The ADM chemosensitivity of K562/ADM cells was improved significantly when DRAM1 expression was downregulated (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#miR-199a-5p is downregulated in chemoresistant AML cells. miR-199a-5p expression plays an important role in regulating the sensitivity of AML cells to ADM treatment. DRAM1 is a functional target gene for miR-199a-5p modulating AML chemoresistance.


Subject(s)
Animals , Doxorubicin , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Male , MicroRNAs , RNA, Messenger
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1137-1143, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827150

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of CPEB4 on the migration and cycle of K562 cells and the changes of protein molecules that may be involved in the regulatory mechanism.@*METHODS@#Western blot was used to detect the expression of CPEB4 in normal leukocytes and K562 cells. The overexpression plasmid pcDNA3.1(+)-His-CPEB4, silencing plasmid pPLK+Puro-CPEB4 shRNA were transfected into K562 cells by electroporation so as to change CPEB4. The transfection efficiency was detected by Western blot. Finally, the migration and cycle of different cells were detected by Transwell chamber and flow cytometry.Western blot was used to detect the expression changes of MMP2, MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 and P21 proteins.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal white blood cells, the expression of CPEB4 protein in K562 cells was significantly enhanced (P<0.01); Compared with the control group, CPEB4-silenced K562 cells showed that the cell migration ability was significantly enhanced (P<0.01); G/G phase cell ratio reduced, G/M phase cell ratio increased, and cell cycle progression accelerated(P<0.01), The expression levels of MMP2 (P<0.05), MMP9 (P<0.05), CDK4 (P<0.01), CyclinD1 (P<0.01) proteins increased significantly. The expression level of P21 protein significantly decreased (P<0.01). The migration ability of K562 cells after CPEB4 overexpression was decreased (P<0.01), the cell ratio of G/G phase in the cell cycle increased, the cell proportion of S phase decreased and the cell cycle progression was arrested at G/G phase (P<0.01). The expression of P21 protein increased, MMP2 , MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 protein expression decreased significantly(P<0.05-0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#CPEB4 can inhibit the migration of K562 cells and arrest cell cycle progression at G/G phase. Its mechanism may be related with regulating the exprossion of MMP2, MMP9, CDK4, CyclinD1 and P21 proteins.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , RNA-Binding Proteins
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1167-1170, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of chidamide on the killing activity of NK (Natural killer cell, NK) cells targeting K562 cells and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were pretreated with chidamide at different concentrations and cocultured with NK cells at different effect-target ratios. The killing effect of chidamide on K562 cells by NK cells, the expression of natural killer group 2 member D (NKG2D) ligands and apoptosis rate of K562 cells were detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The killing sensitivity of NK cells to K562 cells could be enhanced by chidamide. The expression of ULBP2 on K562 cell surface could be up-regulate, however, the expression of ULBP1 and MICA/MICB showed no statistically difference as compared with control group. Chidamide showed no obvious cytotoxicity to K562 cells.@*CONCLUSION@#Chidamide can significantly improve killing efficiency of NK cells on K562 cells, which may be related to the up-regulation of ULBP2 expression.


Subject(s)
Aminopyridines , Benzamides , GPI-Linked Proteins , Histocompatibility Antigens Class I , Humans , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins , K562 Cells , Killer Cells, Natural , Allergy and Immunology , NK Cell Lectin-Like Receptor Subfamily K
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880597

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To investigate the effect of adriamycin (ADM), idelalisib or ADM and their combination on cell proliferation and intracellular concentration of ADM, and to explore the reversal effect of idelalisib on drug resistance to ADM.@*METHODS@#The K562 and K562/ADM cells were respectively treated with ADM and idelalisib at different concentrations. The 50% inhibitory concentration (IC@*RESULTS@#The cell survival rates were significantly decreased in a dose-dependent manner when the cells were treated with different doses of ADM (0.001-10.000 mg/L ). The IC@*CONCLUSIONS@#Idelalisib exerts effect on inhibition of the proliferation in myeloid leukemia K562 and K562/ADM cells, which may partially reverse the drug resistance of K562/ADM cells to ADM. The mechanisms for the effect of idelalisib may be related to increasing the accumulation of ADM and inducing the cell apoptosis in the K562 and K562/ADM cells.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily B, Member 1 , Cell Proliferation , Doxorubicin/pharmacology , Drug Resistance, Multiple , Drug Resistance, Neoplasm , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myeloid , Purines , Quinazolinones
15.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 2071-2078, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880017

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the changes of GATA-1 protein expression during erythroid differentiation of K562 cells under hypoxia and how GATA-1 can regulate erythroid differentiation by up-regulating the expression of miR-451a and inhibiting the expression of 14-3-3ζ.@*METHODS@#K562 cells were divided into 2 groups: the normoxia group and the hypoxia group, after the induction of hemin for 96 h, the positive cells rate of the benzidine staining, the mRNA expression of γ-globin and the expression of CD235a were detected, and the success of the model was verified. The changes of GATA-1 and miR-451a expression in the above-mentioned 2 groups, the changes of miR-451a expression after over-expressed GATA-1 were detected by Western blot and qRT-PCR. The cells in normoxic group and hypoxia group were divided into negative control group (NC group) and miR-451a over-expression group respectively, and the degree of erythroid differentiation in the four groups was judged according to the corresponding erythroid differentiation indexes, and the expression of 14-3-3ζ was detected by Western blot after over-expressed miR-451a.@*RESULTS@#The positive cell rate of benzidine staining, mRNA expression of γ-globin and the expression of CD235a after 96 h induction by K562 cells under hypoxia were significantly higher than 0 h, suggesting that the erythroid differentiation model of K562 cells under hypoxia was replicated successfully. The expression levels of GATA-1 protein and miR-451a in the hypoxic group were significantly higher than that in the normoxic group (P<0.05). The expression level of miR-451a in hypoxia group was significantly higher than that in NC group after overexpressed GATA-1 (P<0.05). After over-expressed of miR-451a under hypoxia, the positive cell rate of benzidine staining, the mRNA expression level of γ-globin and the expression of CD235a were significantly higher than those in NC group (P<0.05). The expression level of 14-3-3ζ protein in miR-451a over-expressed group was lower than that in NC group under hypoxia (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Hypoxia can significantly increase the expression of GATA-1 protein, and the increase of GATA-1 expression can up-regulate the expression of miR-451a, thereby inhibiting the expression of 14-3-3ζ protein, which hinders the cell proliferation in erythroid differentiation model of K562 cells and plays an important role in promoting erythroid differentiation.


Subject(s)
14-3-3 Proteins , Cell Differentiation , Erythroid Cells/metabolism , GATA1 Transcription Factor/metabolism , Humans , Hypoxia , K562 Cells , MicroRNAs/genetics
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1892-1898, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the effect of 5-aminoimidazole-4-formamide ribonucleotide (AICAR) combined with interferon (IFN-α-2b) on the proliferation and apoptosis of chronic myeloid leukemia K562 cells, and explore its possible mechanism.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 method was used to detect the inhibition of cell proliferation. Wright Giemsa method was used to stain and cell morphology was observed by light microscopy. FITC Annexin V/PI double staining method was used to analyze the change of apoptosis rate. Immunocytochemistry method was used to detect the expression of wild-type P53 protein.@*RESULTS@#Different concentration of AICAR was inhibitory effect on K562 cells at different time point of action for 24 h, 48 h, and 72 h, and the inhibition was time and dose-dependent (r=0.71, r=0.84). The combination of AICAR and IFN-α-2b could effectively inhibit the proliferation and promote apoptosis of K562 cells. The inhibition rate of K562 cells was (45.26±2.54)%, and the early apoptosis rate was (33.72±0.23)%, which was statistically significantly different from the control group, AICAR or IFN-ɑ-2b alone (P<0.05). The combination of two drugs promoted the expression of wild-type p53 protein.@*CONCLUSION@#AICAR and/or IFN-ɑ-2b can inhibit the cell proliferation and promote the apoptosis of K562 cells. The combination of two drugs shows synergistic antitumor effect, and its mechanism may be related to the promotion of high expression of wild-type p53 protein.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Formamides , Humans , Imidazoles , Interferons , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Ribonucleotides/pharmacology
17.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1885-1891, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879988

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigated the anti-tumor in vivo effect and mechanism of the acid RNA protein complex (FA-2-b-β) of Agaricus blazei Murrill extract.@*METHODS@#CCK-8 method was used to detected the inhibitory effect of FA-2-b-β on proliferation of primary CML cells from newly diagnosed CML patients, the CML mouse model was established by trail-venous injection of primary CML cells, and the survival time, blood cell count and body weight were observed, the immunoflouresence and immunehistochemistry analysis, RT-qPCR, Western bolt were used to detemine the expression of caspase-3 signal pathway-related apoptosis genes and proteins.@*RESULTS@#The experiments in vitro showed that the proliferative inhibitory rate in drug-treated group increased with concentration- and time-dependent manner (r@*CONCLUSION@#The FA-2-b-β can induce apoptosis of primary CML cells and prolong the survival time of CML model mouse, which may be related with the caspase-3 signal pathway related genes and proteins.


Subject(s)
Agaricus , Animals , Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Imatinib Mesylate , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Mice
18.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1842-1847, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879981

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of GÖ6976 on the proliferation of chronic myeloid leukemia cells and its toxic effect on normal cells and mice, so as to provide experimental basis for the effectiveness and safety of its clinical application.@*METHODS@#Different concentrations of GÖ6976 were applied to the K562 cells, human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMNC) and normal BaF3 cells, MTT assay was used to detect the effect on cell proliferation. BALB/C mice were used to investigate the toxicity in vivo. The general situation, body weight and the number of white blood cells in peripheral blood were monitored during administration, the blood collected from eyeballs before and after administration was used for biochemical examination, at the same time, the liver, kidney and femurs were examined pathologically.@*RESULTS@#GÖ6976 could significantly inhibit the proliferation of K562 cells, inhibition effect increased with increasing dose (r=0.9623). However, there was no significant change in the inhibitory effect on PBMNC and BaF3 cells. The pathological examination of organs in each group showed no abnormal manifestations such as inflammatory infiltration, while the change rate of leukocyte count in peripheral blood of high dose group fluctuated greatly (P<0.05), which might be related to the inhibition of intracellular protein kinase C, and no abnormality was observed in blood biochemical indexes. In the low dose group, there was no significant difference in peripheral blood leukocyte count, blood biochemical index and histopathology during administration drug as compared with the control group.@*CONCLUSION@#GÖ6976 possesses a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of K562 cells, and the inhibitory effect increases with increasing dose. Long-term application of 5.0 μmol/L and below concentrations of GÖ6976 shows no obvious inhibitory effect on PBMNC, BaF3 cells. Long-term application of 10 mg/kg and below concentrations of GÖ6976 shows no obvious toxic effect on BALB/c mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Carbazoles , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1796-1803, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879974

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the mechanisms of anti-apoptosis and immune evasion in drug-resistant leukemia cells mediated by STAT3, further to explore the possible mechanism of leukemia relapse caused by minimal residual.@*METHODS@#Drug-resistance leukemia cell line was established by transfecting pcDNA3.1-STAT3 into K562 cells (K562/STAT3). The expression of STAT3, BAX and NKG2D ligands (MICA and ULBP1) in K562/-cells, K562/STAT3 were detected by Western blot and/or RQ-PCR. Cells apoptosis and the killing effect of NK cells on leukemia cells were detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The expression of the total STAT3, STAT3 phosphorylation in K562/STAT3 was significantly increased, and P-gp mRNA expression was increased also significantly (P<0.005). In K562/STAT3 cells, the expression of pro-apoptotic BAX (P=0.005) was significantly lower, and the number of apoptotic cells (P=0.002) induced by adriamycin was significantly decreased as compared with those in K562/- cells. After K562/STAT3 cells were treated by STAT3 inhibitor (SH-4-54), the expression of BAX mRNA (P=0.017) was significantly higher and the number of apoptotic cells (P=0.005) was significantly increased. The MICA and ULBP1 mRNA expression in K562/STAT3 cells was significantly lower than that in K562/- cells, and also for MICA and ULBP1 protein (MICA and ULPB1 mRNA: P<0.0001, MICA protein: P=0.001, ULPB1 protein: P=0.022). After K562/STAT3 cells were treated with STAT3 inhibitor (SH-4-54), the expression of MICA mRNA and protein was increased (mRNA: P=0.001, protein: P=0.002), but ULBP1 mRNA and protein showed no significantly change (mRNA: P=0.137, protein: P=0.1905). The cytotoxicity of NK cells to K562/STAT3 cells was susceptible as compared with K562/- (P=0.002), but the cytotoxicity of K562/STAT3 cells to NK cell could be recovered by STAT3 inhibitor (P=0.006).@*CONCLUSION@#STAT3 phosphorylation can inhibits cell apoptosis and promotes cell immune escape. STAT3 inhibitors can promote the apoptosis of leukemia cells and increase their sensitivity to NK cells.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Humans , Immune Evasion , K562 Cells , Killer Cells, Natural , Leukemia , Pharmaceutical Preparations , STAT3 Transcription Factor
20.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1779-1785, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781397

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of CPEB4 in K562 cells, the biological activity and its possible molecular mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Western blot was used to detect the expression of CPEB4 in normal leukocytes and K562 cells. The overexpression plasmid pcDNA3.1(+)-His-CPEB4 and the silencing plasmid pPLK+Puro-CPEB4 shRNA were transfected into K562 cells to change the expression of CPEB4 in K562 cells, and the transfection efficiency was detected by Western blot. Finally, CCK-8 and flow cytometry were used to detect the proliferation and apoptosis of differently treated cells, and the expression changes of proliferation and apoptosis marker proteins (AKT, p-AKT, caspase-3, BCL-2) were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#Compared with normal leukocytes, the expression of CPEB4 protein in K562 cells was higher (P<0.01). Compared with the control group, the proliferation of CPEB4-silenced K562 cells significantly increased (P<0.01), the number of apoptotic cell significantly decreased, and expression of AKT, p-AKT and BCL-2 was significantly increased, the protein expression of caspase-3 was significantly reduced. The proliferation of K562 cells after CPEB4 overexpression was slowed down (P<0.05), the number of apoptotic cells significantly increased,the expressions of AKT, p-AKT and BCL-2 were significantly down-regulated, and the expression of caspase-3 was up-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#CPEB4 can inhibit the proliferation and promote the apoptosis of K562 cells, the AKT, p-AKT, BCL-2 and caspase-3 are involved in the regulation mechanism.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Proliferation , Humans , K562 Cells , Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive , RNA-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Transfection
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL