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Hematol., Transfus. Cell Ther. (Impr.) ; 45(2): 259-265, Apr.-June 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1448341


Abstract Introduction Multiple myeloma is characterized by proliferation of clonal plasma cells. The identification of prognostics factors to identify patient's risk is important. Among the studied factors, it was identified of relevant importance the lactic dehydrogenase. Objectives To evaluate the impact of the value of DHL in combination with the score ISS in the medium patients overall survival (OS). Methods It is a retrospective cohort with 252 patients with MM recently-diagnosed that attendance in the institution of the study. Results To evaluate the association between DHL and ISS, we found 6 new groups to be analyzed: ISS I and normal DHL with medium overall survival not reached, and with DHL loud with medium OS of 69,8 months, ISS II and normal DHL with medium overall survival of 78,8 months and with DHL loud with medium OS of 73,9 months, ISS III and normal DHL with medium overall survival of 46,7 months and with DHL loud with medium OS of 45,5 months. Conclusion Through the association of ISS I and normal DHL, ISS III and high DHL and others combinations, we build a new score with superior impact prognostic in our population treated in real life.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Multiple Myeloma , Prognosis , Injury Severity Score , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 317-321, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985869


Objective: To investigate the predictive factors for bronchitis obliterans in refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia (RMPP). Methods: A restrospective case summary was conducted 230 patients with RMPP admitted to the Department of No.2 Respiratory Medicine of Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University from January 2013 to June 2017 were recruited. Clinical data, laboratory results, imaging results and follow-up data were collected. Based on bronchoscopy and imaging findings 1 year after discharge, all patients were divided into two groups: one group had sequelae of bronchitis obliterans (sequelae group) and the other group had not bronchitis obliterans (control group), independent sample t-test and nonparametric test were used to compare the differences in clinical features between the two groups. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve to explore the predictive value of Bronchitis Obliterans in RMPP. Results: Among 230 RMPP children, there were 115 males and 115 females, 95 cases had sequelae group, the age of disease onset was (7.1±2.8) years;135 cases had control group, the age of disease onset was (6.8±2.7) years. The duration of fever, C-reative protein (CRP) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) levels, the proportion of ≥2/3 lobe consolidation, pleural effusion and the proportion of airway mucus plug and mucosal necrosis were longer or higher in the sequelae group than those in the control group ((17±9) vs. (12±3) d, (193±59) vs. (98±42) mg/L,730 (660, 814) vs. 486 (452, 522) U/L, 89 cases (93.7%) vs. 73 cases (54.1%), 73 cases (76.8%) vs.59 cases (43.7%), 81 cases (85.3%) vs. 20 cases (14.8%), 67 cases (70.5%) vs. 9 cases (6.7%), t=5.76, 13.35, Z=-6.41, χ2=14.64, 25.04, 22.85, 102.78, all P<0.001). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the duration of fever ≥10 days (OR=1.200, 95%CI 1.014-1.419), CRP levels increased (OR=1.033, 95%CI 1.022-1.044) and LDH levels increased (OR=1.001, 95%CI 1.000-1.003) were the risk factors for sequelae of bronchitis obliterans in RMPP. ROC curve analysis showed that CRP 137 mg/L had a sensitivity of 82.1% and a specificity of 80.1%; LDH 471 U/L had a sensitivity of 62.7% and a specificity of 60.3% for predicting the development of bronchitis obliterans. Conclusions: The long duration of fever (≥10 d), CRP increase (≥137 mg/L) may be used to predict the occurrence of sequelae of bronchitis obliterans in RMPP. It is helpful for early recognition of risk children.

Child , Male , Female , Humans , Child, Preschool , Mycoplasma pneumoniae , Retrospective Studies , Pneumonia, Mycoplasma/complications , Disease Progression , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Fever
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 469-475, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982616


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanisms of large-conductance calcium-activated potassium channel (BKCa) involved in inflammatory response in sepsis.@*METHODS@#The serum levels of BKCa were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) in patients with sepsis (28 cases), patients with common infection (25 cases) and healthy people (25 cases). The relationship between levels of BKCa and acute physiology and chronic health evaluation II (APACHE II) were analyzed. Cultured RAW 264.7 cells were stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). In some experiments, a cell model of sepsis was constructed using Nigericin as the second stimulus signal. The mRNA and protein expressions of BKCa in RAW 264.7 cells stimulated with LPS (0, 50, 100, 1 000 μg/L) were measured by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and Western blotting. RAW 264.7 cells were transfected with small interfering RNA of BKCa (siRNA-BKCa), and the levels of caspase-1 precursor (pro-caspase-1), interleukin-1β precursor (pro-IL-1β) in cell, and the levels of caspase-1 p20, IL-1β p17 of cell culture medium, and NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NLRP3), nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) were measured by Western blotting. The apoptosis were detected by staining with propidium iodide (PI), the release rate of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were measured, and the expression of apoptotic protein Gasdermin D (GSDMD) was measured by Western blotting to evaluate the effect of silencing BKCa on cell pyrosis.@*RESULTS@#The level of serum BKCa in patients with sepsis was significantly higher than that in patients with common infection and health peoples (ng/L: 165.2±25.9 vs. 102.5±25.9, 98.8±20.0, both P < 0.05). In addition, the level of serum BKCa in patients with sepsis was significantly positively correlated with APACHE II score (r = 0.453, P = 0.013). LPS could construct a sepsis cell model by which LPS could promote BKCa expression in mRNA and protein with a concentration-dependent manner. The mRNA and protein expressions of BKCa in the cells stimulated by 1 000 μg/L LPS were significantly higher than that in the blank group (0 μg/L) [BKCa mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 3.00±0.36 vs. 1.00±0.16, BKCa/β-actin: 1.30±0.16 vs. 0.37±0.09, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group, the ratios of caspase-1 p20/pro-caspase-1 and IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β in the model group were significantly increased (caspase-1 p20/pro-caspase-1: 0.83±0.12 vs. 0.27±0.05, IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β: 0.77±0.12 vs. 0.23±0.12, both P < 0.05), however, transfection of siRNA-BKCa induced the decrease both of them (caspase-1 p20/pro-capase-1: 0.23±0.12 vs. 0.83±0.12, IL-1β p17/pro-IL-1β: 0.13±0.05 vs. 0.77±0.12, both P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the number of apoptotic cells, LDH release rate and GSDMD expression in the model group were significantly increased [LDH release rate: (30.60±8.40)% vs. (15.20±7.10)%, GSDMD-N/GSDMD-FL: 2.10±0.16 vs. 1.00±0.16, both P < 0.05], however, transfection of siRNA-BKCa induced the decrease both of them [LDH release rate: (15.60±7.30)% vs. (30.60±8.40)%, GSDMD-N/GSDMD-FL: 1.13±0.17 vs. 2.10±0.16, both P < 0.05]. The mRNA and protein expressions of NLRP3 in sepsis cells were significantly higher than those in the control group [NLRP3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 2.06±0.17 vs. 1.00±0.24, NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.46±0.05 vs. 0.15±0.04, both P < 0.05]. However, the expression of NLRP3 after siRNA-BKCa transfection was significantly lower than that in model group [NLRP3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 1.57±0.09 vs. 2.06±0.17, NLRP3/GAPDH: 0.19±0.02 vs. 0.46±0.05, both P < 0.05]. Compared with the control group, the NF-κB p65 nuclear transfer of sepsis cell were significantly increased (NF-κB p65/Histone: 0.73±0.12 vs. 0.23±0.09, P < 0.05). However, the NF-κB p65 expression in the nucleus were decreased after siRNA-BKCa transfection (NF-κB p65/Histone: 0.20±0.03 vs. 0.73±0.12, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#BKCa is involved in the pathogenesis of sepsis, and its possible mechanism is to activate NF-κB/NLRP3/caspase-1 signaling pathway to induce inflammatory factor production and cell death.

Humans , Histones , Caspase 1 , Large-Conductance Calcium-Activated Potassium Channels , Lipopolysaccharides , NF-kappa B , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Sepsis , RNA, Small Interfering , Caspases
Rev. med. vet. zoot ; 69(1): 40-45, ene.-abr. 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1389166


RESUMEN Se analizaron los niveles séricos de creatina quinasa-MB (CK-MB) y lactato deshidrogenasa (LDH) en 10 perros diagnosticados con enfermedad valvular degenerativa y en seis perros clinicamente sanos, con el objetivo de evaluar si sus niveles séricos indican daño miocárdico. Las muestras de suero se analizaron mediante el método UV. Se utilizó la prueba de diferenciación de medias para determinar diferencias entre medias, y la prueba de correlación de Pearson para determinar si existe correlación entre los niveles séricos de ambas enzimas. Los valores de CK-MB y de LDH fueron significativamente diferentes entre los dos grupos de pacientes. Los niveles de CK-MB y LDH tuvieron correlación positiva, pero no significativa.

ABSTRACT Serum levels of creatine kinase-MB (CK-MB) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) were analyzed in 10 dogs diagnosed with degenerative valvular disease and in six clinically healthy dogs with the objective of evaluating whether their serum levels indicate myocardial damage. Serum samples were analyzed by UV method. The mean differentiation test was used to determine differences between means and the Pearson correlation test was performed to determine if there was a correlation between the serum levels of both enzymes. The CK-MB and LDH values were significantly different between the two groups of patients. The levels of CK-MB and LDH had a positive but not significant correlation.

Animals , Dogs , Biomarkers , Creatine Kinase , Dogs , Heart Diseases , Isoenzymes , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Ultraviolet Rays , Blood , Pyruvic Acid , Serum , Jugular Veins
Med. lab ; 26(3): 237-259, 2022. Tabs, ilus, Grafs
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1412320


La enfermedad COVID­19 es causada por el virus SARS-CoV-2, descrito por primera vez en diciembre del 2019 en Wuhan, China, y declarada en marzo del 2020 como una pandemia mundial. Actualmente existen diversos métodos diagnósticos para COVID-19, siendo el estándar de oro la detección del material genético mediante la reacción en cadena de la polimerasa (PCR), en su variante, la RT-PCR, que detecta el material genético de tipo ARN presente en el virus. Sin embargo, es necesario disponer de pruebas rápidas con alta sensibilidad y precisión para realizarlas a gran escala y brindar un diagnóstico oportuno. Adicionalmente, se debe disponer de otras herramientas que, si bien no van a establecer un diagnóstico, le van a permitir al profesional brindar un mejor manejo clínico y epidemiológico que ayuden a predecir el agravamiento del paciente y su posible ingreso a UCI, destacando entre estas los niveles de dímero D, linfocitos, ferritina, urea y creatinina, entre otras. En esta revisión se evalúa la utilidad y limitaciones de los diferentes métodos diagnósticos para COVID-19, al igual que las características, fisiopatología y respuesta inmune al SARS-CoV-2, así como algunos aspectos preanalíticos de importancia que ayudan a minimizar errores en el diagnóstico como consecuencia de procedimientos incorrectos en la toma, transporte y conservación de la muestra, y que permiten al profesional emitir resultados veraces y confiables. Lo anterior se realizó basado en artículos originales, revisiones y guías clínicas

COVID­19 is caused by the SARS-CoV-2 virus, first described in December 2019 in Wuhan, China, and declared a global pandemic in March 2020. Currently there are various diagnostic methods for COVID-19, the gold standard is the detection of genetic material through polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in its variant, RT-PCR, which detects RNA-type genetic material present in the virus. However, it is necessary to have rapid tests with high sensitivity and precision to be performed on a large scale and provide timely diagnosis. Furthermore, other tools must be available, and although they will not establish the diagnosis, will allow the professional to provide better clinical and epidemiological management that will help predict the worsening of the patient and possible admission to the ICU. Among these, levels of D-dimer, lymphocytes, ferritin, urea and creatinine. In this review, the usefulness and limitations of the different diagnostic methods for COVID-19 are evaluated, as well as the characteristics, pathophysiology and immune response to SARS-CoV-2, and some important preanalytical aspects that allow minimizing diagnostic errors as a consequence of incorrect procedures in the collection, transport and conservation of the sample, that allow the professional to yield accurate and reliable results. This article was completed based on original articles, reviews and clinical guidelines

SARS-CoV-2 , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Inflammation Mediators , Containment of Biohazards , Diagnosis , Ferritins , COVID-19 , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Methods
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 760-764, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939685


OBJECTIVE@#To analyze clinical response of the Rituximab-based chemotherapy and prognostic features in patients with primary gastric diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGDLBCL).@*METHODS@#From June 2008 to December 2020, the data of 53 PGDLBCL patients were analyzed retrospectively.@*RESULTS@#The median age was 46(25-77) years old in 53 patients including 35 males and 18 females. Stomachache is the most common symptom. The diagnosis were confirmed in 47 patients by endoscopic biopsy and 6 patients by surgery. Twenty-six patients had Ⅰ/Ⅱ1 stage (Lugano staging system) disease and 27 cases had II2/IV stage disease. All patients were treated with chemotherapy, including RCHOP (25/53) and R-DA-EPOCH (28/53). Complete remission rate was 79.2%(42/53). The 3-year and 5-year overall survival (OS) rates were 77.4% and 69.8%. Univariate analysis showed that lactate dehydrogenase(LDH), Lugano stage and lesion size affected OS. Multivariate Cox regression analysis revealed that IPI score and Lugano stage were independent prognosis risk factors affecting OS. The patients in the R-DA-EPOCH group presented better survival outcomes than those in the RCHOP group with late stage (P5-year OS=0.035).@*CONCLUSION@#Rituximab in combination with chemotherapy is the backbone of therapy for PGDLBCL. IPI score and Lugano stage are independent prognosis risk factors affecting OS of PGDLBCL. R-DA-EPOCH can be superior to R-CHOP as a first-line regimen in PGDLBCL patients with late stage.

Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse/pathology , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine/therapeutic use
Int. j. morphol ; 39(1): 102-108, feb. 2021. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385283


SUMMARY: Acute pancreatitis is a frequent life-threatening inflammatory disease of the pancreas characterized by severe abdominal pain that lasts for days to weeks. We sought to determine whether the antidiabetic and anti-inflammatory drug, metformin can substantially protect against acute pancreatitis in an animal model of L-arginine-induced acute pancreatitis, and whether this is associated with the augmentation of the anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin-10 (IL-10) and inhibition of the enzyme that promotes tissue damage, myeloperoxidase (MPO). Rats were either injected with two doses of the amino acid L-arginine (2.5 gm/kg; i.p., at one-hour intervals) before being sacrificed after 48 hours (model group) or were pretreated with metformin (50 mg/kg) daily for two weeks prior to L- arginine injections and continued receiving metformin until the end of the experiment (protective group). Using microscopic examination of the pancreas and blood chemistry, we observed that L-arginine induced acute pancreatic injury. This is demonstrated by an enlarged pancreas with patchy areas of haemorrhage, vacuolated cytoplasm and pyknotic nuclei in the acini, disorganized lobular architecture with infiltration of inflammatory cells within the interlobular connective tissue (CT) septa, and the presence of congested blood vessels that were substantially ameliorated by metformin. Metformin also significantly (p<0.05) inhibited L-arginine-induced MPO, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and the inflammatory biomarker tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α). Whereas, metformin significantly (p<0.05) increased IL-10 levels that were inhibited by pancreatitis induction. We further demonstrated a significant (p<0.001) correlation between the scoring of the degree of pancreatic lobules damage tissue damage and the blood levels of TNF-α, IL-10, LDH, and MPO. Thus, metformin effectively protects against L-arginine-induced acute pancreatitis, which is associated with the inhibition of MPO and augmentation of IL-10.

RESUMEN: La pancreatitis aguda es una enfermedad inflamatoria del páncreas que amenaza la vida y se caracteriza por un dolor abdominal intenso que dura de días a semanas. Buscamos determinar si la metformina, fármaco antidiabético y antiinflamatorio, puede proteger contra la pancreatitis aguda en un modelo animal de pancreatitis aguda inducida por L-arginina. Además se estudió la asociación con el aumento de la citocina antiinflamatoria interleucina-10. (IL-10) e inhibición de la enzima que promueve el daño tisular, mieloperoxidasa (MPO). Las ratas se inyectaron con dos dosis del aminoácido L-arginina (2,5 g / kg; ip, a intervalos de una hora) antes de ser sacrificadas des- pués de 48 horas (grupo modelo) o se pre trataron con metformina (50 mg / kg) durante dos semanas antes del tratamiento de L- arginina y continuaron recibiendo metformina hasta el final del experimento (grupo protector). Mediante el examen microscópico del páncreas y la química sanguínea, se observó que la L- arginina inducía una lesión pancreática aguda. Se observó un aumento significativo de tamaño del páncreas con áreas hemorrágicas, citoplasma vacuolado y núcleos picnóticos en los acinos, arquitectura desorganizada con infiltración de células inflamatorias dentro de los tabiques del tejido conjuntivo interlobulillar (TC) y la presencia de vasos sanguíneos congestionados mejorados por metformina. Se observó que la metformina inhibió significativamente (p <0,05) la MPO inducida por L- arginina, la lactato deshidrogenasa (LDH) y el factor de necrosis tumoral alfa (TNF-α). Además, demostramos una correlación significativa (p <0,001) entre la puntuación del grado de daño tisular de los lóbulos pancreáticos y los niveles sanguíneos de TNF-α, IL-10, LDH y MPO. Por tanto, la metformina protege eficazmente contra la pancreatitis aguda inducida por L-arginina, que se asocia con la inhibición de MPO y el aumento de IL-10.

Animals , Rats , Arginine/toxicity , Interleukin-10/metabolism , Peroxidase/antagonists & inhibitors , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/chemically induced , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/drug therapy , Metformin/administration & dosage , Pancreas/drug effects , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/antagonists & inhibitors , Interleukin-10 , Rats, Wistar , Protective Agents , Disease Models, Animal , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/antagonists & inhibitors
J. bras. pneumol ; 47(2): e20200558, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1250201


ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of determining the adenosine deaminase (ADA) level, the 2'-deoxyadenosine/ADA ratio, and the LDH/ADA ratio in pleural fluid for the diagnosis of pleural tuberculosis (PT) in children and adolescents. Methods: This was a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted at a tertiary hospital in a high-tuberculosis-incidence area, between 2001 and 2018. All patients with ADA in pleural fluid and a confirmed diagnosis of PT (cPT) or parapneumonic effusion (PPE) were included. Results: The cPT and PPE groups comprised 25 and 68 individuals, respectively. At a cutoff of 40 U/L, ADA measurement showed the following: sensitivity, 88%; specificity, 31%; positive predictive value (PPV), 32%; negative predictive value (NPV), 88%; and overall accuracy, 46%. The best cutoffs were an ADA level of 125 U/L, a 2'-deoxyadenosine/ADA ratio of 0.5, and an LDH/ADA ratio of 8.3, with AUC of 0.67, 0.75, and 0.82, respectively. The sensitivity, specificity, PPV, NPV, and overall accuracy of the 125 U/L ADA cutoff were 84%, 65%, 47%, 92%, and 70%, respectively, compared with 79%, 79%, 59%, 91%, and 79%, respectively, for the 8.3 LDH/ADA ratio cutoff. Changing the LDH/ADA ratio cutoff to 3.0 increased the specificity to 98%. Conclusions: The ADA level and the 2'-deoxyadenosine/ADA ratio are not good biomarkers for the diagnosis of PT in pediatric patients. Determination of the LDH/ADA ratio provides the best overall accuracy for the diagnosis of PT in such patients.

RESUMO Objetivo: Avaliar a acurácia da determinação do nível de adenosina desaminase (ADA), da relação 2'-desoxiadenosina/ADA e da relação LDH/ADA no líquido pleural para o diagnóstico de tuberculose pleural (TP) em crianças e adolescentes. Métodos: Estudo transversal retrospectivo realizado em um hospital terciário em uma área de alta incidência de tuberculose entre 2001 e 2018. Todos os pacientes com determinação de ADA no líquido pleural e com diagnóstico confirmado de TP (TPc) ou de derrame parapneumônico (DPP) foram incluídos. Resultados: Os grupos TPc e DPP foram compostos por 25 e 68 indivíduos, respectivamente. Num ponto de corte de 40 U/L, a medida de ADA mostrou o seguinte: sensibilidade, 88%; especificidade, 31%; valor preditivo positivo (VPP), 32%; valor preditivo negativo (VPN), 88%; e acurácia geral, 46%. Os melhores pontos de corte foram ADA de 125 U/L, relação 2'-desoxiadenosina/ADA de 0,5 e relação LDH/ADA de 8,3, com ASC de 0,67, 0,75 e 0,82, respectivamente. A sensibilidade, especificidade, VPP, VPN e acurácia geral do ponto de corte de 125 U/L para ADA foram de 84%, 65%, 47%, 92% e 70%, respectivamente, em comparação com 79%, 79%, 59%, 91% e 79%, respectivamente, para o ponto de corte de 8,3 para a relação LDH/ADA. Ao alterar o ponto de corte da relação LDH/ADA para 3,0 a especificidade aumentou para 98%. Conclusões: O nível de ADA e a relação 2'-desoxiadenosina/ADA não são bons biomarcadores para o diagnóstico de PT em pacientes pediátricos. A determinação da relação LDH/ADA fornece a melhor acurácia geral para o diagnóstico de PT nesses pacientes.

Humans , Child , Adolescent , Pleural Effusion/diagnosis , Tuberculosis, Pleural/diagnosis , Adenosine Deaminase , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1119-1122, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888526


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the auxiliary diagnostic value of serum adenosine deaminase (ADA) in acute leukemia (AL) at clinical test.@*METHODS@#123 AL patients hospitalized in Zhejiang hospital from November 2018 to March 2020 were enrolled as the observation group, and 98 healthy people in the same period were randomly enrolled as the control group. AL patients were divided into two groups: 77 acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients for AML group and 46 acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) patients for ALL group. The levels of adenosine deaminase (ADA), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), glutamyl transpeptidase (GGT), lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and homocysteine (Hcy) in serum of the patients were detected, and the correlation of ADA with these items was analyzed. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to analyze the clinical diagnostic value of ADA, Yoden index was used to confirm the best cut-off point.@*RESULTS@#The serum ADA level in AL patients was significant higher than that in control group (P < 0.05). The results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that there was a significant positive correlation of ADA with Hcy, ALT, AST, GGT, LDH in AML group (r = 0.47, r = 0.28, r = 0.37, r = 0.22, r = 0.55); and also there was a significant positive correlation of ADA with GGT in ALL group (r = 0.54). In AML group, the maximum area under ROC curve was 0.761 (P = 0.00), 95% confidence interval was 0.682-0.841, sensitivity was 54.50%, specificity was 98.90%, and the best cut-off point was 17.1 U/L. In ALL group, the maximum area under ROC curve was 0.785, 95% confidence interval was 0.694-0.877, sensitivity was 65.90%, specificity was 84.00%, and the best cut-off point was 13.45 U/L.@*CONCLUSION@#The detection of ADA in serum can be used as an auxiliary examination in patients with AL, which can provide a certain value for the diagnosis of the disease.

Humans , Adenosine Deaminase , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies
Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine ; : 103-103, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922197


BACKGROUND@#Exposure to the ionizing radiation (IR) encountered outside the magnetic field of the Earth poses a persistent threat to the reproductive functions of astronauts. The potential effects of space IR on the circadian rhythms of male reproductive functions have not been well characterized so far.@*METHODS@#Here, we investigated the circadian effects of IR exposure (3 Gy X-rays) on reproductive functional markers in mouse testicular tissue and epididymis at regular intervals over a 24-h day. For each animal, epididymis was tested for sperm motility, and the testis tissue was used for daily sperm production (DSP), testosterone levels, and activities of testicular enzymes (glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PDH), sorbitol dehydrogenase (SDH), lactic dehydrogenase (LDH), and acid phosphatase (ACP)), and the clock genes mRNA expression such as Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ.@*RESULTS@#Mice exposed to IR exhibited a disruption in circadian rhythms of reproductive markers, as indicated by decreased sperm motility, increased daily sperm production (DSP), and reduced activities of testis enzymes such as G6PDH, SDH, LDH, and ACP. Moreover, IR exposure also decreased mRNA expression of five clock genes (Clock, Bmal1, Ror-α, Ror-β, or Ror-γ) in testis, with alteration in the rhythm parameters.@*CONCLUSION@#These findings suggested potential health effects of IR exposure on reproductive functions of male astronauts, in terms of both the daily overall level as well as the circadian rhythmicity.

Animals , Male , Mice , ARNTL Transcription Factors/genetics , Acid Phosphatase , CLOCK Proteins/genetics , Circadian Rhythm/radiation effects , Epididymis/radiation effects , Gene Expression/radiation effects , Genitalia, Male/radiation effects , Glucosephosphate Dehydrogenase , L-Iditol 2-Dehydrogenase , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Models, Animal , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 1/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 2/genetics , Nuclear Receptor Subfamily 1, Group F, Member 3/genetics , RNA, Messenger/genetics , Radiation Exposure , Radiation, Ionizing , Reproductive Physiological Phenomena/radiation effects , Sperm Motility/radiation effects , Spermatozoa/radiation effects , Testis/radiation effects
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1078-1082, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942300


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical and immunological features of cardiac involvement in patients with anti-synthetase syndrome (ASS).@*METHODS@#In the study, 96 patients diagnosed with ASS hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, Peking University People's Hospital from April 2003 to November 2020 were included. The patients were divided into two groups according to whether they were accompanied with cardiac involvement. Demographic features, clinical characteristics (Gottron's sign/papules, muscle damage, etc.), comorbidities, laboratory indices (creatine kinase, inflammatory indicators, immunoglobulin, complement, lymphocyte subset, autoantibodies, etc.) were collected and the differences between the two groups were analyzed statistically.@*RESULTS@#The prevalence of cardiac involvement in the patients with ASS was 25.0% (24/96). The ASS patients complicated with cardiac involvement presented with elevated cardiac troponin I (cTnI, 75.0%, 18/24), pericardial effusion (33.3%, 8/24), reduction of left ventricular function (33.3%, 8/24) and valves regurgitation (33.3%, 8/24). The age of onset of the patients with cardiac involvement was older than that of the patients without cardiac involvement [(54.58±10.58) years vs. (48.47±13.22) years, P=0.043). Arthritis was observed less frequently in the patients with cardiac involvement than those without cardiac involvement (37.5% vs. 61.1%, P=0.044). In addition, rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease (54.2% vs. 30.6%, P=0.037) was observed more frequently in the patients with cardiac involvement than those without cardiac involvement. As compared with the ASS patients without cardiac involvement, C-reactive protein (CRP) [(13.55 (8.96, 38.35) mg/L vs. 4.60 (1.37, 17.40) mg/L, P=0.001], and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) [408.0 (255.0, 587.0) U/L vs. 259.5 (189.8, 393.8) U/L, P=0.007] were significantly higher in the patients with cardiac involvement. Anti-Ro-52 antibody was detected more commonly in the ASS patients with cardiac involvement compared with the patients without cardiac involvement (91.7% vs. 69.4%, P=0.029). No significant differences were found in the comorbidities, alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), creatine kinase (CK), erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), ferritin (Fer), immunoglobulin G (IgG), complement 3 (C3), complement 4 (C4), lymphocyte subset between the two groups.@*CONCLUSION@#Cardiac involvement is common in ASS, mainly manifested as myocardial damage. It is necessary to be aware of cardiac complications in patients with elevated CRP, elevated LDH and positive anti-Ro-52 antibody.

Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Autoantibodies , Blood Sedimentation , C-Reactive Protein , Heart Diseases/complications , Immunoglobulin G , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Myositis/diagnosis
Int. j. morphol ; 38(3): 530-535, June 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1098283


Dysregulated autophagy, whether excessive or downregulated, has been thought to be associated with neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease. Accordingly, the present study was carried out to investigate whether 3-methyladenine, an autophagy inhibitor, can modulate the effects of rotenone on dopaminergic neurons in primary mesencephalic cell culture. Cultures were prepared from embryonic mouse mesencephala at gestation day 14. Four groups of cultures were treated on the 10th DIV for 48 h as follows: the first was kept as an untreated control, the second was treated with 3-methyladenine alone (1, 10, 100, 200 mM), the third was treated with 20 nM rotenone and the fourth was co-treated with 20 nM rotenone and 3-methyladenine (1, 10, 100, 200 mM). On the 12th DIV, cultured cells were stained immunohistochemically against tyrosine hydroxylase and culture media were used to measure the levels of lactate dehydrogenase. 3methyladenine had no effects on both the survival of dopaminergic neurons and the release of lactate dehydrogenase. Rotenone significantly decreased the number of dopaminergic neurons and increased the levels of lactate dehydrogenase in the culture media. When cultures concomitantly treated with 3-methyladenine and rotenone, 3-methyladenine had no effect against rotenone-induced dopaminergic cell damage and lactate dehydrogenase release into the culture medium. In conclusion, the autophagy inhibitor 3-methyladenine could not modulate rotenone-induced dopaminergic cell damage in primary mesencephalic cell culture.

Se estima que la autofagia desregulada, ya sea excesiva o con baja regulación, está asociada con trastornos neurodegenerativos, incluyendo la enfermedad de Parkinson. En consecuencia, el se realizó este estudio para investigar si la 3metiladenina, un inhibidor de la autofagia,puede modular los efectos de la rotenona en las neuronas dopaminérgicas en el cultivo primario de células mesencefálicas. Los cultivos se prepararon a partir de mesencéfalo de ratón embrionario el día 14 de gestación. Cuatro grupos de cultivos se trataron en el 10º DIV durante 48 h de la siguiente manera: el primer grupo se mantuvo como un control no tratado, el segundo se trató con 3-metiladenina sola (1, 10, 100, 200 mM), el tercer grupo se trató con rotenona 20 nM y el cuarto se trató conjuntamente con rotenona 20 nM y 3-metiladenina (1, 10, 100, 200 mM). En el 12º DIV; las células cultivadas fueron tratadas mediante tinción inmunohistoquímica en tirosina hidroxilasa y se usaron medios de cultivo para medir los niveles de lactato deshidrogenasa. La 3-metiladenina no tuvo efectos tanto en la supervivencia de las neuronas dopaminérgicas como en la liberación de lactato deshidrogenasa. La rotenona disminuyó significativamente el número de neuronas dopaminérgicas y se observó un aumento de los niveles de lactato deshidrogenasa en los medios de cultivo. Cuando los cultivos tratados concomitantemente con 3-metiladenina y rotenona, la 3metiladenina no tuvo efecto contra el daño celular dopaminérgico inducido por la rotenona y la liberación de lactato deshidrogenasa en el medio de cultivo. En conclusión, el inhibidor de la autofagia 3-metiladenina no moduló el daño celular dopaminérgico inducido por la rotenona en el cultivo celular mesencefálico primario.

Animals , Mice , Parkinson Disease , Rotenone/toxicity , Adenine/analogs & derivatives , Autophagy , Mesencephalon , Adenine/pharmacology , Cells, Cultured , Cell Death/drug effects , Dopaminergic Neurons/drug effects , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/analysis
Braz. dent. sci ; 23(1): 1-8, 2020. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1049962


Objective: Dental composites developed by using nanotechnology in the field of dentistry are widely used in the treatment of anterior and posterior teeth. This study aimed to investigate the cytotoxic effects of dental composites of different particle size on L929 mouse fibroblast cell line by extract test method in vitro. Material and Methods: Composite samples of 8 x 2 mm diameter were prepared by polymerizing with led light device by using glass mod in a sterile cabinet. Composite samples of which surface areas were calculated according to ISO standards (3 cm2 / ml), were incubated for 24 and 72 hours, at 37 o C. cell viability was assessed by 3-[4,5-dimethylthiazole-2- yl]-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and cell death was evaluated by the lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) leakage assay. Results: The 1:1 extracts of the composites at the end of 24 hours (except for nanoceramic composite) showed no toxic effect. When the cell viability results of the 1:1 extracts of the composite samples at the end of 72 hours were statistically analyzed, significant differences were found comparing to the control group (p < 0.05). Conclusion: It was observed that the type and size of the filler were effective on the toxicity of the composites, and the composites containing Bis-GMA, TEGDMA, UDMA and Bis EMA monomers in their organic matrix showed acceptable cell viability (70%) as specified by ISO. However, the composites with PEGDMA and BPA monomers in their organic matrix showed poor cell viability, which is below the acceptable level of 70%, and were found to have a toxic effect. (AU)

Objetivo: As resinas compostas desenvolvidas pela nanotecnologia no campo da odontologia são amplamente utilizadas no tratamento de dentes anteriores e posteriores. Este estudo teve como objetivo investigar os efeitos citotóxicos de resinas compostas de diferentes tamanhos de partículas na linha celular de fibroblastos de camundongos L929 pelo método de teste de extrato in vitro. Material e Métodos: Amostras compostas de 8 x 2 mm de diâmetro foram preparadas por polimerização com dispositivo de luz led usando um molde de vidro em um gabinete estéril. Amostras de resinas cujas áreas de superfície foram calculadas de acordo com os padrões ISO (3 cm2 / ml), foram incubadas por 24 e 72 horas, a 37 o C. A viabilidade celular foi avaliada pelo ensaio de brometo de 3- [4,5-dimetiltiazol-2- il] -2,5-difeniltetrazólio (MTT) e a morte celular foi avaliada pelo ensaio de infiltração de lactato desidrogenase (LDH). Resultados: Os extratos 1: 1 dos compósitos ao final de 24 horas (exceto o composto nanocerâmico) não apresentaram efeito tóxico. Quando os resultados de viabilidade celular dos extratos 1: 1 das amostras compostas ao final de 72 horas foram analisados, estatisticamente, foram encontradas diferenças significativas em relação ao grupo controle (p < 0,05). Conclusão: Observou-se que o tipo e tamanho da carga foram eficazes na toxicidade dos compósitos, e os compósitos contendo os monômeros Bis-GMA, TEGDMA, UDMA e Bis EMA em sua matriz orgânica apresentaram viabilidade celular aceitável (70%) como especificado pela ISO. No entanto, os compósitos com monômeros PEGDMA e BPA em sua matriz orgânica apresentaram baixa viabilidade celular, que está abaixo do nível aceitável de 70%, e foram encontrados como tendo um efeito tóxico. (AU)

Animals , Mice , Composite Resins/toxicity , Esthetics, Dental , Fibroblasts , In Vitro Techniques , Cell Line , Cell Survival , Nanoparticles , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/toxicity
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 861-865, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827195


OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the significance of antinuclear antibody and antinuclear antibody spectrum in the stage and prognosis of lymphoma patients.@*METHODS@#79 cases of lymphoma (lymphoma group) treated in the Second Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University and 50 cases of healthy people (control group) were selected. Antinuclear antibodies (ANA) were detected by indirect innmunofluorescence and ANA spectrums were detected by linear Western blot, the expression level of ANA and ANA spectrum in the two groups were analyzed. The lymphoma group was divided into the positive and the negative group according to ANA level, the levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), white blood cell (WBC), disease type, stage and prognosis of the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#In the lymphoma group, the positive rate of ANA was 48.1%, while the positive rate was 8.0% in the health control group, both of them showed statistically significant (χ=22.42, P<0.05). ANA fluorescence karyotype in lymphoma group was mainly speckle type. In the Lymphoma group, the positive rate of ANA spectrum was 29.1%, while the positive rate in the control group was 4.0%, both of them showed statistically significant (χ=12.36, P<0.05). The target antigen distribution of ANA spectrum in the lymphoma group was relatively complex, mainly RO52 and SSA, while that in the control group was simple. The positive rate of ANA in lymphoma patients showed increased with age, the titer was mainly 1∶100 low titer positive, the positive rate of ANA in female patients was higher than that in male patients; The average count±standard deviation of LDH and WBC in the ANA positive and negative group were (253.67±255.85) U/L, (218.18±208.34) U/L, (6.34±3.31)×10/L and (6.81±3.91)×10/L respectively, which showed no statistical significance between the two groups (t=0.59 P>0.05; t=0.57 P>0.05); B-cell lymphoma was the main disease in both groups, which accounted for 81.6% (31/38) and 68.3% (28/41) respectively; while in B-cell lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the main lymphoma. For the patients with B-cell lymphoma, the patients at stage IV in ANA positive group was 58.1% (18/31), while that in the ANA negative group was 28.6% (8 / 28), and both of them showed statistically significant (χ=5.19, P<0.05). Follow-up showed that the survival rate of the patients in ANA negative group was higher than that in ANA positive group, which showed statistically significant difference (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The postive rate of antinuclear antibody and antinuclear antibody spectrum are higher in lymphoma patients, which have considerable significance for the stage and prognosis of lymphoma treatment.

Female , Humans , Male , Antibodies, Antinuclear , Blotting, Western , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Lymphoma , Prognosis
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 959-968, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826880


To improve the productivity of L-phenyllactic acid (L-PLA), L-LcLDH1(Q88A/I229A), a Lactobacillus casei L-lactate dehydrogenase mutant, was successfully expressed in Pichia pastoris GS115. An NADH regeneration system in vitro was then constructed by coupling the recombinant (re) LcLDH1(Q88A/I229A) with a glucose 1-dehydrogenase for the asymmetric reduction of phenylpyruvate (PPA) to L-PLA. SDS-PAGE analysis showed that the apparent molecular weight of reLcLDH1(Q88A/I229A) was 36.8 kDa. And its specific activity was 270.5 U/mg, 42.9-fold higher than that of LcLDH1 (6.3 U/mg). The asymmetric reduction of PPA (100 mmol/L) was performed at 40 °C and pH 5.0 in an optimal biocatalytic system, containing 10 U/mL reLcLDH1(Q88A/I229A), 1 U/mL SyGDH, 2 mmol/L NAD⁺ and 120 mmol/L D-glucose, producing L-PLA with 99.8% yield and over 99% enantiomeric excess (ee). In addition, the space-time yield (STY) and average turnover frequency (aTOF) were as high as 9.5 g/(L·h) and 257.0 g/(g·h), respectively. The high productivity of reLcLDH1(Q88A/I229A) in the asymmetric reduction of PPA makes it a promising biocatalyst in the preparation of L-PLA.

L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Lacticaseibacillus casei , Genetics , Phenylpyruvic Acids , Metabolism , Pichia , Genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 369-377, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826629


BACKGROUND@#A novel coronavirus called severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), first identified in Wuhan, China, has been rapidly spreading around the world. This study investigates the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) patients in Zhejiang Province who did or did not have a history of Wuhan exposure.@*METHODS@#We collected data from medical records of confirmed COVID-19 patients in Zhejiang Province from Jan. 17 to Feb. 7, 2020 and analyzed epidemiological, clinical, and treatment data of those with and without recorded recent exposure in Wuhan.@*RESULTS@#Patients in the control group were older than those in the exposure group ((48.19±16.13) years vs. (43.47±13.12) years, P<0.001), and more were over 65 years old (15.95% control vs. 5.60% exposure, P<0.001). The rate of clustered onset was also significantly higher in the control group than in the exposure group (31.39% vs. 18.66%, P<0.001). The symptom of a sore throat in patients in the exposure group was significantly higher than that in the control group (17.30% vs. 10.89%, P=0.01); however, headache in the exposure group was significantly lower than that in the control group (6.87% vs. 12.15%, P=0.015). More patients in the exposure group had a significantly lower level of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) than those in the control group. There was no significant difference in any degree of COVID-19 including mild, severe, and critical between the two groups.@*CONCLUSIONS@#From the perspective of epidemiological and clinical characteristics, there was no significant difference between COVID-19 patients with and without Wuhan exposure history.

Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Blood , Betacoronavirus , Case-Control Studies , China , Epidemiology , Coronavirus Infections , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Epidemiology , Therapeutics , Retrospective Studies
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 378-387, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826628


OBJECTIVE@#This study summarizes and compares clinical and laboratory characteristics of 34 patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) for complications from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) at the First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China from Jan. 22 to Mar. 5, 2020.@*METHODS@#A total of 34 patients were divided into two groups, including those who required noninvasive ventilation (NIV) and invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) with additional extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) in 11 patients. Clinical features of COVID-19 patients were described and the parameters of clinical characteristics between the two groups were compared.@*RESULTS@#The rates of the acute cardiac and kidney complications were higher in IMV cases than those in NIV cases. Most patients had lymphocytopenia on admission, with lymphocyte levels dropping progressively on the following days, and the more severe lymphopenia developed in the IMV group. In both groups, T lymphocyte counts were below typical lower limit norms compared to B lymphocytes. On admission, both groups had higher than expected amounts of plasma interleukin-6 (IL-6), which over time declined more in NIV patients. The prothrombin time was increased and the levels of platelet, hemoglobin, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), D-dimer, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), and IL-6 were higher in IMV cases compared with NIV cases during hospitalization.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Data showed that the rates of complications, dynamics of lymphocytopenia, and changes in levels of platelet, hemoglobin, BUN, D-dimer, LDH and IL-6, and prothrombin time in these ICU patients were significantly different between IMV and NIV cases.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Acute Kidney Injury , Virology , Betacoronavirus , Blood Urea Nitrogen , China , Coronavirus Infections , Therapeutics , Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation , Fibrin Fibrinogen Degradation Products , Heart Diseases , Virology , Hemoglobins , Hospitalization , Intensive Care Units , Interleukin-6 , Blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Blood , Lymphopenia , Virology , Noninvasive Ventilation , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Therapeutics , Positive-Pressure Respiration , Prothrombin Time , Retrospective Studies
Evid. actual. práct. ambul ; 23(2): e002042, 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1103530


Este artículo resume las diferentes formas de presentación clínica de la enfermedad COVID-19 causada por el virus SARS-Co-2 documentadas fundamentalmente en las tres principales revisiones sistemáticas disponibles. Entre las manifestaciones clínicas de frecuente aparición se destacan la fiebre (83 %), la tos (60 %) y la fatiga (38 %), seguidas por las mialgias (29 %), el aumento de la producción del esputo (27 %) y la disnea (25 %). Entre los hallazgos de laboratorio,predominan el aumento de los valores de proteína C reactiva (69 %), la linfopenia (57 %) y el aumento de los niveles de lactato-deshidrogenasa (52 %). Respecto de las manifestaciones radiológicas, tienen especial importancia las opacificaciones en vidrio esmerilado (80 %), la neumonía bilateral (73 %) y la afectación de tres lóbulos pulmonares o más (57 %).Si bien la evidencia sintetizada tiene limitaciones, permite una aproximación actualizada a los conocimientos disponibles sobre la clínica de esta nueva enfermedad en la población adulta. (AU)

This article summarizes the different forms of clinical presentation of COVID-19, caused by the SARS-Co-2 virus, synthesizing the information collected mainly by three published systematic reviews. Frequent clinical manifestations include fever(83 %), cough (60 %), and fatigue (38 %), followed by myalgia (29 %), increased sputum production (27 %) and dyspnea(25 %). Among the laboratory findings, the most common are the increase in C-reactive protein values (69 %), lymphopenia (57 %) and the increase in lactate dehydrogenase levels (52 %).. Most remarkable radiological features include ground glass opacifications (80 %), bilateral pneumonia (73 %) and the involvement of three or more lung lobes (57 %). Although the synthesized evidence has limitations, it allows an updated approach to the available knowledge about the clinical symptoms of this new disease in the adult population. (AU)

Humans , Adult , Young Adult , Pneumonia, Viral/physiopathology , Coronavirus Infections/physiopathology , Betacoronavirus/pathogenicity , Pneumonia, Viral/complications , Pneumonia, Viral/etiology , Pneumonia, Viral/diagnostic imaging , Sputum , C-Reactive Protein/metabolism , China , Coronavirus Infections/complications , Coronavirus Infections/etiology , Coronavirus Infections/diagnostic imaging , Cough/diagnosis , Cough/physiopathology , Cough/blood , Dyspnea/diagnosis , Dyspnea/physiopathology , Dyspnea/blood , Fatigue/diagnosis , Fatigue/physiopathology , Fatigue/blood , Pandemics , Fever/diagnosis , Fever/physiopathology , Fever/blood , Myalgia/diagnosis , Myalgia/physiopathology , Myalgia/blood , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood , Lymphopenia/blood
Acta bioquím. clín. latinoam ; 53(4): 477-486, dic. 2019. graf, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1124025


En este estudio se evaluó el efecto de tomar mate en las pruebas bioquímicas de rutina. Se extrajo sangre a 32 mujeres voluntarias luego de 12 horas de ayuno y a la hora (T1), dos horas (T2) y tres horas (T3) posteriores a la toma de 5 mates. Se estudiaron parámetros hematológicos y analitos de química clínica. Los resultados se analizaron empleando pruebas estadísticas para muestras relacionadas. Se calculó la diferencia porcentual media (DM%) de cada analito en cada hora respecto del valor basal y se comparó con el valor de referencia del cambio (VRC). Una DM% mayor que el VRC se consideró clínicamente significativa. En T1, T2 y T3 los recuentos de neutrófilos, eosinófilos y linfocitos fueron más bajos que en T0, también los niveles de glucosa, urea, creatinina y cistatina C fueron más bajos que en T0, mientras que los valores de proteínas totales, colesterol transportado por lipoproteínas de baja densidad y la actividad enzimática de lactato deshidrogenasa fueron más altos que en T0. En todos los casos los cambios fueron estadísticamente significativos, aunque no lo fueron desde el punto de vista clínico. Tomar 5 mates antes de la flebotomía no interfiere en los resultados de las pruebas bioquímicas de rutina.

In the present study the effect of drinking mate in routine biochemical tests was evaluated. Blood was collected from 32 female volunteers after a 12 h fasting period. In addition, 1 hour (T1), 2 hours (T2), and 3 hours (T3) after drinking 5 mates, blood was collected again. Hematological parameters and clinical chemistry analytes were studied. The results were analyzed using statistical tests for related samples. Mean difference % (MD%) was calculated for each analyte and was further compared with reference change value (RCV). The MDs% higher than RCV were considered clinically significant. At T1, T2, and T3 the count neutrophils, eosinophils and lymphocytes were lower than at T0. Also glucose, urea, creatinine, and cystatin C values were lower than at T0 whereas total proteins, LDL-C, and LD enzymatic activity values were higher than at T0. In all cases, variability was statistically significant but not clinically significant. Drinking 5 mates prior to phlebotomy does not interfere with the results of routine biochemical tests.

Neste trabalho, o efeito de beber chimarrão foi avaliado em testes bioquímicos de rotina. O sangue foi extraído de 32 mulheres voluntárias após 12 horas de jejum, e uma hora (T1), duas horas (T2) e três horas (T3) após a tomada de 5 chimarrões. Parâmetros hematológicos e analitos de química clínica foram estudados. Os resultados foram analisados utilizando testes estatísticos para amostras relacionadas. A diferença percentual média% (DM%) de cada analito em cada hora foi calculada em relação ao valor basal e comparada com o valor de referência da modificação (VRM). Uma DM% maior que o VRM foi considerada clinicamente significativa. Em T1, T2 e T3 as contagens de neutrófilos, eosinófilos e linfócitos foram mais baixas que em T0, Também os níveis de glicose, ureia, creatinina e cistatina C foram mais baixos que em T0, ao passo que os valores de proteínas totais, colesterol transportado por lipoproteínas de baixa densidade e a atividade enzimática de lactato desidrogenase foram mais altos que em T0. Em todos os casos as alterações foram estatisticamente significativas, embora do ponto de vista clínico não o tenham sido. Tomar 5 chimarrões antes da flebotomia não interfere nos resultados dos testes bioquímicos de rotina.

Humans , Urea , Blood , Lymphocytes , Chemistry, Clinical , Fasting , Phlebotomy , Creatinine , Drinking , Cystatin C , Pre-Analytical Phase/methods , Glucose , Lipoproteins, LDL , Referral and Consultation , Rutin , Triiodothyronine , Women , Cholesterol , Data Collection , Eosinophils , Pre-Analytical Phase/statistics & numerical data , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Neutrophils
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 34(5): 517-524, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042055


Abstract Objective: To evaluate the effect of high-dose vitamin C on cardiac reperfusion injury and plasma levels of creatine kinase-muscle/brain (CK-MB), troponin I, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: This is a double-blind randomized clinical trial study. Fifty patients (50-80 years old) who had CABG surgery were selected. The intervention group received 5 g of intravenous vitamin C before anesthesia induction and 5 g of vitamin C in cardioplegic solution. The control group received the same amount of placebo (normal saline). Arterial blood samples were taken to determine the serum levels of CK-MB, troponin I, and LDH enzymes. Left ventricular ejection fraction was measured and hemodynamic parameters were recorded at intervals. Results: High doses of vitamin C in the treatment group led to improvement of ventricular function (ejection fraction [EF]) and low Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay. The cardiac enzymes level in the vitamin C group was lower than in the control group. These changes were not significant between the groups in different time intervals (anesthesia induction, end of bypass, 6 h after surgery, and 24 h after surgery) for CK-MB, LDH, and troponin I. Hemodynamic parameters, hematocrit, potassium, urinary output, blood transfusion, arrhythmia, and inotropic support showed no significant difference between the groups. Conclusion: Vitamin C has significantly improved the patients' ventricular function (EF) 72 h after surgery and reduced the length of ICU stay. No significant changes in cardiac biomarkers, including CK-MB, troponin I, and LDH, were seen over time in each group. IRCT code: IRCT2016053019470N33

Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Ascorbic Acid/administration & dosage , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/prevention & control , Coronary Artery Bypass/methods , Antioxidants/administration & dosage , Arrhythmias, Cardiac/prevention & control , Time Factors , Biomarkers/blood , Myocardial Reperfusion Injury/blood , Double-Blind Method , Reproducibility of Results , Ventricular Function/drug effects , Treatment Outcome , Statistics, Nonparametric , Troponin I/blood , Creatine Kinase, BB Form/blood , Creatine Kinase, MM Form/blood , Hemodynamics/drug effects , Intensive Care Units , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase/blood