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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888377

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the phenotypic and genetic characteristics of acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL) in young children accompany by WT1, MLL-PTD and EVI1, in order to improve the diagnosis level of AMKL.@*METHODS@#EDTA-K@*RESULTS@#White blood cell count was 12.3× 10@*CONCLUSION@#Acute megakaryocytic leukemia has unique and complex phenotypic and genetics characteristics.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Child , Child, Preschool , Chromosome Aberrations , Humans , Karyotyping , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/genetics , MDS1 and EVI1 Complex Locus Protein , Megakaryocytes , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion , WT1 Proteins
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To analyze the clinical characteristics and treatment effects of children with acute megakaryoblastic leukemia without down syndrome (non-DS-AMKL).@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 19 children with non-DS-AMKL treated in the Pediatric Hematology Ward in Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University from May 2008 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively. The clinical characteristics, laboratory test and treatment methods of the children were concluded. All patients were followed up to evaluate the effect of treatment.@*RESULTS@#The 19 cases of children included nine male and ten female, the median age of onset was 2 years old. The clinical manifestations showed nonspecific. The median white blood cell of peripheral blood was 15.88×10@*CONCLUSION@#Non-DS-AMKL was rare in children and difficult to be diagnosed. Determination of MICM classification as early as possible was helpful for diagnosis, and genetic testing played an important role for diagnosis and prognosis evaluation. Early hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in patients with CR after chemotherapy might be an effective way to cure AMKL.


Subject(s)
Child , Child, Preschool , DEAD-box RNA Helicases , DNA Helicases , Down Syndrome , Female , Humans , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/genetics , Male , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Trisomy
4.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 111(6): 0-0, dic. 2013. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-694698

ABSTRACT

Los pacientes con síndrome de Down tienen un riesgo más elevado de presentar leucemia megacarioblástica aguda (LMCA). Un 10% de los recién nacidos con ese síndrome presentan un cuadro de mielopoyesis anormal transitoria (MAT), indistinguible de la LMCA, que en general remite espontáneamente. En ambos grupos de pacientes se describió una alta incidencia de mutaciones en el gen GATA-1. Se analizaron 14 muestras de ADN de médula ósea (10 MAT/4 LMCA) correspondientes a 13 pacientes con Síndrome de Down mediante PCR y secuenciación, para describir la frecuencia y las características de las mutaciones en el gen GATA-1 en la población estudiada y sus consecuencias a nivel proteico. Se detectaron mutaciones en 10 de 10 MAT y en 3 de 4 LMCA, que a nivel proteico originarían un codón de terminación prematuro (n= 5), alteraciones en el sitio de corte y empalme (splicing) (n= 6) o cambio de secuencia (n= 3). Se confrmó la alta frecuencia de mutaciones en el gen GATA-1 en recién nacidos con Síndrome de Down y MAT o LMCA.


Patients with Down's Syndrome have a higher risk of developing acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AML). Ten per cent of newborn infants with this syndrome have transient abnormal myelopoiesis (TAM), indistinguishable from AML, which generally remits spontaneously. A high incidence of GATA-1 gene mutations was described in both groups of patients. Fourteen bone marrow DNA samples (10 ATM/4 AML) were analyzed by PCR and sequencing; these samples were obtained from 13 patients with Down's Syndrome to describe the rate and mutation characteristics of the GATA-1 gene in the studied population and its consequences at a protein level. Mutations were detected in 10 out of 10 TAM and in 3 out of 4 AML, which at a protein level would result in an early termination codon (n= 5), alterations in the splicing site (n= 6) or sequence change (n= 3). The high rate of GATA-1 gene mutations was confirmed in newborn infants with Down's Syndrome and MAT or AML.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Male , Down Syndrome/complications , Down Syndrome/genetics , GATA1 Transcription Factor/genetics , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/complications , Leukemia, Megakaryoblastic, Acute/genetics , Leukemoid Reaction/complications , Leukemoid Reaction/genetics , Mutation
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