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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(2): 14-26, Mar.-Apr. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1339330

ABSTRACT

Abstract The study investigated the relationship between genetic polymorphisms and the development of oral mucositis in pediatric patients undergoing chemotherapy involving methotrexate. A longitudinal study was conducted with 64 patients, and oral mucositis was evaluated by the modified Oral Assessment Guide, which aims to diagnose and classify oral mucositis. Epithelial cells were obtained by mouthwash and DNA was extracted. The polymorphisms MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) and ABCG2 (rs2231142) were analyzed by PCR-RFLP method. Demographic, hematological and biochemical data were collected from medical records. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS software adopting a p-value of 0.05. Male sex predominated (56.2%), and the mean age was 10.8 years (± 4.9). Oral mucositis affected 65.6% of the patients, of which 61.9% developed the severe form of the disease. For the ABCG2 gene (rs2231142), the rare A allele and CA genotype were more frequent in individuals with mucositis (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). The severity of the disease was mainly observed in younger patients (median = 9 years; p=0.02). Patients with severe oral mucositis presented lower leukocytes count (median = 2.150 mm3) compared to patients with the mild/moderate form (median = 4.200 mm3; p=0.03). Female patients and each 10,000-platelet increase were protective factors against the onset of oral mucositis (p=0.02). It is concluded that rs2231142 polymorphism increases the likelihood of oral mucositis and younger patients and patients with low leukocytes counts are more likely to develop severe form.


Resumo O presente estudo investigou a relação entre cinco polimorfismos genéticos e o desenvolvimento de mucosite oral em pacientes pediátricos recebendo quimioterapia com metrotexato. O estudo longitudinal foi conduzido com 64 pacientes e a mucosite oral avaliada pelo Oral Assessment Guide modificado, que tem como objetivo diagnosticar e classificar a mucosite oral. Células epiteliais bucais foram obtidas por bochecho e o DNA foi extraído. Os polimorfismos MTHFR (rs1801133), DNMT3B (rs2424913), ABCC2 (rs717620), ABCG2 (rs2231137) e ABCG2 (rs2231142), foram analisados pela técnica de PCR-RFLP. Dados demográficos, hematológicos e bioquímicos foram coletados a partir de registros médicos. Análise estatística foi realizada utilizando o software SPSS adotando um valor de p=0,05. Observou-se que, o sexo masculino foi predominante (56,2%), e a idade média foi de 10,8 anos (± 4.9). A mucosite oral acometeu 65,6% dos pacientes, dos quais, 61,9% desenvolveram a forma grave da doença. Para o gene ABCG2 (rs2231142), o alelo raro A e o genótipo CA foram mais frequentes em indivíduos com mucosite (p= 0.02; RR = 0.60; CI = 0.387 - 0.813). A gravidade da doença foi observada principalmente em pacientes mais jovens (mediana = 9 anos; p=0.02). Além disso, os pacientes com mucosite oral grave apresentaram menor contagem de leucócitos (mediana = 2150 mm3) em comparação aos pacientes com a forma leve/moderada (mediana = 4200 mm3; p=0.03). Pacientes do sexo feminino e aumento a cada 10.000 plaquetas foram fatores de proteção contra o aparecimento de mucosite oral (p=0.02). Concluiu-se que a presença do polimorfismo rs2231142 aumenta o risco de o paciente desenvolver a mucosite oral, bem como pacientes mais jovens e menor contagem de leucócitos contribui com a severidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Stomatitis/genetics , ATP Binding Cassette Transporter, Subfamily G, Member 2/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Longitudinal Studies , Leukocyte Count , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics
2.
Neotrop. ichthyol ; 19(1): e200136, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1287439

ABSTRACT

Pygocentrus nattereri is a carnivorous fish widely distributed in the Brazilian wetland and occupies different river strata. Based on the sexual maturity, the standard length (SL) has been used to categorize age and physiological attributes. However, hematological parameters and their relationship with age and growth features are unknow. Here, the aim was to evaluate the hematological profile and leukocyte data of juvenile and adult specimens, associating it with SL. Specimens of both sexes were weighted, and SL were measured for classify as juveniles (SL ≤16.0 cm) and adults (SL ≥16.1 cm). Blood was collected to perform the hemogram, for leukocyte quantification and ultrastructural descriptions. In general, hemogram values and leukocyte, lymphocyte, and monocyte counts were high in juveniles. Hemogram variables were negatively correlated with SL. Thrombocyte and neutrophil counts were higher in adults than in juveniles. SL was correlated with leukogram variables. Ultrastructural analysis showed that granular leukocyte count in P. nattereri was similar another fishes. PAS-positive granular leukocytes are slightly smaller than neutrophils and are characterized by dense elongated and semi-lunar shapes in the cytoplasm. Our results suggest that age-based SL may be useful for the analysis of the relationship between P. nattereri health status and wetland aquatic environments.(AU)


Pygocentrus nattereri é um peixe carnívoro amplamente distribuído no pantanal brasileiro e ocupa diferentes estratos de rios. Com base na maturidade sexual, o comprimento padrão (CP) tem sido usado para categorizar a idade e os atributos fisiológicos. No entanto, os parâmetros hematológicos e sua relação com a idade e características de crescimento são desconhecidos. O objetivo foi avaliar o perfil hematológico e leucocitário de espécimes juvenis e adultos, associando-o ao CP. Espécimes de ambos os sexos foram pesados e os CPs foram medidos para classificação em juvenis (CP ≤16,0 cm) e adultos (CP ≥16,1 cm). Foi coletado sangue para realização do hemograma, perfil e morfologia dos leucócitos. Em geral, os valores do hemograma e as contagens de leucócitos, linfócitos e monócitos foram maiores nos jovens. A contagem de trombócitos e neutrófilos foi maior em adultos do que em jovens. A análise ultraestrutural mostrou que a contagem de leucócitos granulares em P. nattereri foi semelhante a outros peixes. Os leucócitos granulares PAS-positivos são menores do que os neutrófilos, sendo caracterizados por formas alongadas e semilunares densas no citoplasma. Nossos resultados sugerem que CP é útil para a análise da relação entre o estado de saúde de P. nattereri em ambientes aquáticos alagados.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Blood Platelets , Reference Parameters , Characiformes/blood , Fishes , Leukocyte Count , Hematology
3.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 54: e05192020, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155590

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Dengue presents with a variable clinical course, ranging from mild illness to potentially fatal hemorrhage and shock. We aimed to evaluate the capabilities of various hematological parameters observed early in the course of illness for predicting the clinical outcomes of illness. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the records of children admitted in the pediatric inpatient services of the institute with dengue between 2017 and 2019. We determined the relationships between the hematological parameters observed during the first evaluation and the various clinical outcomes. RESULTS: We evaluated data from 613 patients (age range, 26 days to 17 years). Of these, 29.85% exhibited fever with warning signs, and 8.97% had severe dengue. Lower values of hemoglobin, platelet count, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration, and mean platelet volume, and higher values of total leukocyte count (TLC), hematocrit, and red cell distribution width variably correlated with numerous clinical outcomes-duration of hospital stay, development of complications, requirement of blood component transfusion, inotropic support, and mortality. Among the parameters, TLC ≥20,000/mL and initial platelet count ≤20,000/mL significantly associated with mortality, with odds ratios (95% confidence interval) of 11.81 (4.21-33.80) and 5.53 (1.90-16.09), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Hematological parameters observed early during dengue infection may predict its clinical outcomes in infected children. Initial high TLC and low platelet count are potential predictors of fatal outcomes in the course of disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Adult , Severe Dengue/diagnosis , Dengue/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Hematocrit , India/epidemiology , Leukocyte Count
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880177

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of spleen low molecular weight extracts on epileptics hydrochloride-induced leukopenia in mice and explore its mechanism.@*METHODS@#The model of leukopenia in mice was established by the injection of epirubicin hydrochloride (10 mg/kg). After the injection of chemotherapeutic drugs, leukocytopenia mice were treated with different doses of spleen low molecular weight extract, Ganoderma oral solution and recombinant granulocyte colony stimulating factor (rhG-CSF). The general survival status indicators such as body weight, coat color and athletic ability of mice in each group were recorded; the tail vein blood of mice in each group was collected and the white blood cell count in them was calculated; bone marrow of mice was taken and bone marrow smears were observed.@*RESULTS@#In the model group, the weight of the mice gradually decreased in the later period, their coat became dark and rough, and the ability to exercise decreased, while the mice in the treatment groups showed different degrees of improvement in their survival status except for the mice treated by rhG-CSF. There was no significant fluctuation in the white blood cell count of the blank control mice. After injection of epirubicin, the white blood cell count of peripheral blood in the model mice and treated mice were decreased. The white blood cell count was lower in the mice treated with high-dose low molecular weight extract and rhG-CSF than that in other experimental groups. Bone marrow smear showed that the proportion of bone marrow nucleated cells in the mice treated with the low molecular weight extract of the spleen was significantly higher than that of model mice (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The low molecular weight spleen extracts can significantly improve the hematopoietic state of mouse bone marrow, promote the proliferation of inhibited bone marrow cells, and thus has the effect of treating leukopenia in mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Epirubicin , Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Leukocyte Count , Leukopenia/drug therapy , Mice , Molecular Weight , Plant Extracts , Recombinant Proteins , Spleen
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879863

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the risk factors and treatment for neutropenia of late newborns (NLN).@*METHODS@#Related clinical data were collected from the preterm infants and critically ill neonates who were admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit from July 2019 to January 2020. A total of 46 newborns with a blood absolute neutrophil count (ANC) of 37 weeks. There was no significant difference between the two groups in the incidence rates of gestational hypertension, premature rupture of membranes > 18 hours and intrauterine distress, 5-minute Apgar score, the duration of positive pressure ventilation, the incidence rate of early-onset sepsis, and the type of initially used antibiotics (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The risk of NLN increases with the presence of late-onset sepsis and the increase in the duration of antibiotic use. NLN is generally a benign process. G-CSF appears to be safe and effective for NLN with severe disease conditions or severe reduction in ANC.


Subject(s)
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor , Humans , Infant , Infant, Newborn , Infant, Premature , Leukocyte Count , Neutropenia , Risk Factors , Sepsis
6.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(3): e893, jul.-set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1144430

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La apendicitis aguda es la urgencia quirúrgica más frecuente en cualquier hospital del mundo. Aunque la mayoría de las veces se trata de un proceso intrabdominal banal, en ocasiones presenta una no desdeñable morbilidad y todavía en la época actual. Esta morbimortalidad se asocia, en la mayoría de los casos, a estados avanzados de afección apendicular. Objetivo: Predecir, con la cifra de bilirrubina, la proteína C reactiva y el recuento leucocitario, el estado del proceso apendicular agudo que presentaban los pacientes. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional descriptivo en el que se han incluido aquellos pacientes intervenidos por sospecha de apendicitis aguda durante un periodo de 3 años (2017-2019) que cumplían los criterios de inclusión. Se analizó, como datos de laboratorio, la cifra de leucocitos, proteína C reactiva y bilirrubina. Resultados: Se observó un aumento de las cifras de proteína C reactiva y bilirrubina en los casos apendiculares avanzados, al igual que otros autores han evidenciado en la literatura. Así mismo, estos dos valores han resultado ser un factor de riesgo para presentar formas graves. El nivel de leucocitos sin embargo no ha demostrado relacionarse con la gravedad del proceso. Conclusiones: Vemos relevante el uso de los biomarcadores estudiados para predecir la gravedad apendicular con el objetivo de mejorar la asistencia en estos enfermos y disminuir las complicaciones derivadas del retraso terapéutico(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Acute appendicitis is the most frequent surgical emergency in any hospital worldwide. Although most of the time it is a trivial intraabdominal process, sometimes it presents an unneglectable morbidity. This morbidity and the subsequent mortality are associated, in most cases, with advanced stages of an appendicular disease. Objective: To predict, using the value corresponding to bilirubin, C-reactive protein and leukocyte count, the state of acute appendicular process presented by patients. Methods: A descriptive observational study was carried out, including patients operated on for suspected acute appendicitis during a period of three years (2017-2019) and who met the inclusion criteria. The values for leukocyte count, C-reactive protein, and bilirubin were analyzed as laboratory data. Results: An increase in the values of C-reactive protein and bilirubin levels was observed in advanced appendicular cases, as other authors have shown in the medical literature. Likewise, these two values ​​have turned out to be a risk factor for presenting severe forms. However, the level of leukocytes has not been shown to be related to the severity of the process. Conclusions: We consider the use of the biomarkers studied as relevant to predict appendicular severity in view of improving care of these patients and reducing complications derived from therapeutic delay(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Appendicitis/surgery , Bilirubin/adverse effects , C-Reactive Protein/adverse effects , Risk Factors , Leukocyte Count/methods , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Observational Studies as Topic
7.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 655-663, May-June, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1128611

ABSTRACT

This study was designed to evaluate the extent of the protection for bovine viral diarrhea virus type 2 (BVDV-2) infection, afforded by vaccination with a combo inactivated vaccine, which contains bovine viral diarrhea virus type 1 (BVDV-1) and infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus (IBRV). Five 3-4-month-old calves were intramuscularly vaccinated with a single dose of the combo vaccine and boosted with same dose three weeks after the first vaccination, with five mock immunized calves serving as a control group. Twenty-one days after the second vaccination, all calves were challenged with BVDV-2 SX08 strain by spray into nostril. The unvaccinated animals developed typical clinical signs of high rectal temperature, diarrhoea with erosions and a dramatic drop in leukocyte counts. These signs occured markedly less in all vaccinated animals, the rectal temperature, leukopenia and virarmia of which, were significantly less than the mock immunized calves. It can be concluded that vaccination with the combo inactivated vaccine affords cross-protection against clinical effects of a challenge-infection with BVDV-2 SX08 strain, although it was part protection.(AU)


Este estudo foi desenvolvido para avaliar a extensão da proteção contra a infecção pelo vírus da diarréia viral bovina tipo 2 (BVDV-2) através da vacinação com uma vacina combinada inativada contendo o vírus da diarréia viral bovina tipo 1 (BVDV-1) e vírus da rinotraqueíte de bovinos infecciosos (IBRV). Cinco bezerros com 3 a 4 meses de idade foram vacinados via intramuscular com uma dose única da vacina combinada e reforçados com a mesma dose três semanas após a primeira vacinação, com cinco bezerros imunizados em simulação servindo como grupo controle. Vinte e um dias após a segunda vacinação, todos os bezerros foram desafiados com a cepa BVDV-2 SX08 por spray na narina. Os animais não vacinados desenvolveram sinais clínicos típicos, como alta temperatura retal, diarréia com erosões e queda drástica na contagem de leucócitos. Estes sinais tiveram ocorrência significativamente menor em todos os animais vacinados, cuja temperatura retal, leucopenia e virarmia eram significativamente menores do que os bezerros simulados. É possível concluir que a vacinação com a vacina combinada inativada proporciona proteção cruzada contra os efeitos clínicos de uma infecção provocada pela cepa BVDV-2 SX08, embora tenha sido parcialmente protegida.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Vaccination , Vaccines, Combined/analysis , Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral/immunology , Diarrhea Virus 2, Bovine Viral/immunology , Cross Protection , Vaccines, Inactivated , Leukocyte Count
8.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(3): 889-894, May-June, 2020. ilus, tab
Article in English | ID: biblio-1129564

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to report the sanitary conditions through the hematological analysis of grouper E. itajara reared in captivity on estuarine conditions. Seven Goliath groupers (1,881.5±1,246.03g) were captured and kept in two tanks located on estuary. After 20 days, fish were collected for morphologic and hemato-physiologic evaluation. Two fish had clinical signs such as hemorrhagic spots and loss of scale due to agonistic behavior. Blood samples were collected, and the hematological parameters (biochemical, erythrogram and leukogram) were determined. Blood cells were characterized by their size, color and shape. Univariate statistic and principal components analysis were used to identify a hematological standard between fish with or without clinical signs. Four leukocyte types were found: lymphocyte, monocyte, neutrophil and basophil. Regardless of the clinical signs the cell morphology did not present any difference among the fish. However, there is a significant correlation between erythrocyte and lactate on fish with clinical signs. Thus, agonistics encountered among the fish is a stressing factor in captivity conditions making it necessary to have adequate management related to the size of fish and stocking density.(AU)


Este estudo avaliou as condições sanitárias do peixe mero E. itajara mantido sob cativeiro, em condições estuarinas, pelas análises hematológica e morfológica. Sete peixes (1.881,5±1.246,03g) foram capturados e mantidos em tanques localizados no estuário. Após 20 dias, os peixes foram coletados para avaliações morfológica e hematológica. Dois peixes tiveram sinais clínicos, como manchas hemorrágicas e perda de escamas devido ao comportamento agonístico entre os peixes. Amostras sanguíneas foram coletadas dos peixes anestesiados com auxílios de seringas umedecidas com EDTA 3%. Determinaram-se os parâmetros hematológicos (bioquímico, eritrograma e leucograma). Células sanguíneas foram caracterizadas por seu tamanho, cor e padrão. Estatística univariada e análises de componentes principais foram usadas para identificar um padrão hematológico entre os peixes com e sem sinais clínicos. Quatro tipos de leucócitos foram encontrados: linfócito, monócito, neutrófilo e basófilo. Os sinais clínicos não apresentaram diferença entre os peixes e a morfologia celular. Contudo, observou-se uma correlação entre os peixes com sinais clínicos e a quantidade de eritrócitos e lactato. Assim, encontros antagônicos entre os peixes são um fator estressante em condições de cativeiro, tornando-se necessário um manejo mais adequado relacionado ao tamanho dos indivíduos e à densidade de estocagem.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Perciformes , Erythrocyte Count/veterinary , Hematologic Tests/veterinary , Leukocyte Count/veterinary , Stress, Psychological
9.
Arq. bras. med. vet. zootec. (Online) ; 72(2): 505-516, Mar./Apr. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | ID: biblio-1128387

ABSTRACT

Objetivou-se avaliar os efeitos da manipulação da temperatura de incubação sobre a resposta imune de codornas desafiadas termicamente após eclosão. Para isso, foram utilizados 540 ovos, distribuídos em três incubadoras, com temperatura de 37,8°C e umidade de 60%. A partir do sexto dia de incubação até a eclosão, as temperaturas foram ajustadas em 37,8°C (padrão), 38,5°C (intermediária) e 39,5°C (alta). Após a eclosão as codornas foram pesadas e distribuídas, em delineamento inteiramente ao acaso, com três temperaturas de incubação (37,8, 38,5 e 39,5°C) e duas temperaturas de ambiente (estresse e termoneutro). Aos 10, 20, 30 e 40 dias, quatro codornas por tratamento foram eutanasiadas para coleta da bolsa cloacal, do fígado e do coração, para se determinar o peso absoluto (g), o peso relativo (%) e a área dos folículos bursais. Sangue foi coletado para realização do hemograma, do leucograma e da bioquímica sérica. Os dados foram analisados e as diferenças entre as médias foram determinadas pelo teste de Tukey a 5%. O estresse térmico por calor, a partir dos 20 dias, promove redução no peso absoluto do fígado, do coração, da bolsa cloacal e na área dos folículos bursais, além de heterofilia, linfopenia e aumento da relação heterófilo/linfócito. Em conclusão, o estresse térmico por calor após 10 dias de idade pode causar imunossupressão.(AU)


The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of manipulation of the incubation temperature on the immune response of quails challenged thermally after hatching. For this, 540 eggs were distributed in three incubators, with temperature of 37.8°C and 60% humidity. From the 6th day of incubation to hatching the temperatures were adjusted to 37.8°C (standard), 38.5°C (intermediate) and 39.5°C (high). After hatching the quails were weighed and distributed in a completely randomized design with three incubation temperatures (37.8, 38.5 and 39.5°C) and two ambient temperatures (stress and thermoneutral). At 10, 20, 30 and 40 days four quail per treatment were euthanized to collect the cloacal burse, liver and heart to determine the absolute weight (g), relative weight (%) and area of the bursal follicles. Blood was sampled for determination of hemogram, leukogram and serum biochemistry. The data were analyzed and the differences between the means were determined by the Tukey test at 5%. Heat stress from 20 days onwards promotes a reduction in the absolute weight of the liver, heart, cloacal sac and in the area of the follicles. In addition, there was heterofilia, lymphopenia and increased heterophile/lymphocyte ratio. In conclusion, heat stress after 10 days of age can cause immunosuppression.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Cloaca/physiology , Heat Stress Disorders/veterinary , Coturnix/physiology , Hot Temperature , Immune Tolerance , Incubators , Leukocyte Count/veterinary
10.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1271-1275, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877526

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the therapeutic effect and the mechanism of the adjuvant treatment with moxibustion on coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#A total of 95 patients with COVID-19 were randomly divided into a moxibustion group (45 cases) and a basic treatment group (50 cases). The routine treatment of western medicine was applied in the patients of both groups. In the moxibustion group, on the base of the treatment of western medicine, moxibustion was applied to Dazhui (GV 14), Feishu (BL 13), Qihai (CV 6) and Zusanli (ST 36), once daily and consecutively for 14 days. At the end of treatment courses, clinical symptom scores for cough, asthmatic breathing, chest oppression and short breath, as well as their remission rates were compared between the two groups before and after treatment. Before and after treatment, the white blood cell (WBC) count, the levels of c-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and the absolute number of T lymphocyte subsets, i.e. , and of the peripheral blood were compared in the patients between the two groups. The principal component analysis was adopted to analyze the common data extracted from the above 10 clinical indexes variables and comprehensively evaluate the differences in the therapeutic effect of two regimens.@*RESULTS@#The clinical symptom scores were all decreased after treatment in both of the moxibustion group and the basic treatment group as compared with those before treatment (@*CONCLUSION@#On the base of the routine treatment with western medicine, moxibustion therapy supplemented relieves the clinical symptoms, reduces the levels of inflammatory indexes, i.e. IL-6 and CRP as well as improves the absolute number of peripheral T lymphocyte subsets. The clinical therapeutic effect of such regimen with moxibustion supplemented is significantly better than the simple routine treatment of western medicine.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture Points , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , COVID-19/therapy , Humans , Inflammation/therapy , Interleukin-6/blood , Leukocyte Count , Moxibustion , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/cytology
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828977

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To investigate the relationship between human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection and peripheral blood CD14 CD16 monocytes in the pathogenesis of coronary heart disease (CHD), and to elucidate the mechanism of pathogenesis in CHD by analyzing the correlation between infection, inflammation, and CHD, to provide a basis for the prevention, evaluation, and treatment of the disease.@*Methods@#In total, 192 patients with CHD were divided into three groups: latent CHD, angina pectoris, and myocardial infarction. HCMV-IgM and -IgG antibodies were assessed using ELISA; CD14 CD16 monocytes were counted using a five-type automated hematology analyzer; mononuclear cells were assessed using fluorescence-activated cell sorting; and an automatic biochemical analyzer was used to measure the levels of triglyceride, cholesterol, high- and low-density lipoprotein cholesterols, lipoprotein, hs-CRp and Hcy.@*Results@#The positive rates of HCMV-IgM and -IgG were significantly higher in the CHD groups than in the control group. HCMV infection affects lipid metabolism to promote immune and inflammatory responses.@*Conclusion@#HCMV infection has a specific correlation with the occurrence and development of CHD. The expression of CD14 CD16 mononuclear cells in the CHD group was increased accordingly and correlated with acute HCMV infection. Thus, HCMV antibody as well as peripheral blood CD14 CD16 mononuclear cells can be used to monitor the occurrence and development of CHD.


Subject(s)
Angina Pectoris , Epidemiology , Virology , China , Epidemiology , Coronary Disease , Epidemiology , Virology , Cytomegalovirus , Physiology , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Humans , Incidence , Inflammation , Epidemiology , Leukocyte Count , Monocytes , Metabolism , Myocardial Infarction , Epidemiology , Virology
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the significance of CD20 combined with white blood cell (WBC) count at diagnosis in the prognosis assessment in children with B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL).@*METHODS@#A retrospective analysis was performed on the medical data of 821 B-ALL children who were treated with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen from April 2008 to April 2015. Their survival status was followed up.@*RESULTS@#Among the 821 children, 547 (66.6%) were negative, while 274 (33.4%) were positive for CD20 expression. Among 694 children with WBC50×10/L (higher WBC count), the 5-year EFS rates was 64.3%±7.7% and 53.7%±5.5% for CD20 positive and negative patients respectively (P=0.135); the 5-year OS rate was 81.4%±6.4% and 58.6%±5.6% for CD20 positive and negative patients respectively (P=0.022); CD20 positive expression was an independent protective factor for OS (HR=0.367, P=0.016).@*CONCLUSIONS@#In children with B-ALL who are treated with CCLG-ALL2008 regimen, those with CD20 positive expression in lower WBC count at diagnosis have a poor prognosis; however, those with CD20 positive expression in higher WBC count at diagnosis have a better long-time survival.


Subject(s)
Antigens, CD20 , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Precursor B-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Diagnosis , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828631

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the value of cleaved lymphocytes in peripheral blood smear in assisting the early diagnosis of pertussis.@*METHODS@#Nasopharyngeal swabs and peripheral blood samples were collected from 107 children with pertussis-like disease. PCR-flow fluorescent hybridization was used to detect the nucleic acids of Bordetella pertussis. Based on the detection results, the children were divided into two groups: pertussis (n=52) and non-pertussis (n=55). According to age, the pertussis group was divided into two subgroups: 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The detection of cleaved lymphocytes combined with peripheral blood cell counts provides a new option for the early diagnosis of pertussis in children.


Subject(s)
Bordetella pertussis , Humans , Infant , Leukocyte Count , Lymphocytes , Platelet Count , Whooping Cough
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of 71 patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).@*METHODS@#The general data, epidemiological data, laboratory tests, imaging examinations, and treatment of 71 patients with COVID-19 admitted to the Sixth People's Hospital of Zhengzhou from January 19, 2020 to March 3, 2020 were retrospectively analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Of the 71 COVID-19 patients, the ages were 4-84 (41.29±15.21) years, 38 (53.5%) patients were male, 33 (46.5%) were female, and 52 (73.2%) were in 22 clusters. The main clinical manifestations were fever (78.9%), cough (64.8%), and sputum (38.0%). The fever was mainly low and moderate, with 49 patients (69.0%) at 37.3-39.0 ℃. Most of the leukocytes, neutrophils, and lymphocytes were normal, accounting for 47 (66.2%), 51 (71.8%), and 51 (71.8%) patients, respectively; a few of them were decreased, accounting for 21 (29.6%), 16 (22.5%), and 20 (28.2%) patients, respectively. There were 38 (53.5%) and 31 (43.7%) patients with the decreased CD4 and CD8 T cell counts, respectively. There were 41 (57.7%), 38 (53.5%), 32 (45.1%), 26(36.6%), 22 (31.0%), 20 (28.2%), 14 (19.7%), 14 (19.7%), and 9 (12.7%) patients with the increased levels of C-reactive protein, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, procalcitonin, fibrinogen,interleukin 6, lactate dehydrogenase,-dimer,alanine aminotransferase, and aspartate aminotransferase, respectively. Of the 71 patients, the lung was involved in 60 (84.5%) patients, the double lung was involved in 47 (66.2%) patients, and the single lung was involved in 13 (18.3%) patients. The course of the disease was long, and the time from symptom onset to the second severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid negative transformation was (17.22±6.34) days.There were no significant differences in the incubation period (=-0.453, >0.05), the complicates (χ=0.042, >0.05), and the time from symptom onset to diagnosis (=-1.330, >0.05) in patients between the non-severe group and the severe group. The onset age, gender, SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid negative time, lymphocyte count, -dimer, C-reactive protein, total bilirubin, direct bilirubin, lactate dehydrogenase, calcium ion, CD4 T cell count, CD8 T cell count, calcitonin, procalcitonin, and troponin were significantly different between the severe group and the non-severe group (all <0.05). Among the 71 patients, 4 (5.6%) patients were mild, 59 (83.1%) were normal, and 8 (11.3%) were severe or critical.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The aggregation phenomenon of COVID-19 is obvious. Fever and cough are the main clinical manifestations. White blood cells, neutrophils, and lymphocytes in the most patients in the early onset are normal. Most COVID-19 patients are light and ordinary type, with good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Betacoronavirus , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Cough , Virology , Female , Fever , Virology , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Young Adult
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827390

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To describe the clinical characteristics and outcomes of severely ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019, and to investigate the relationship between plasma glucose level and the prognosis of severely ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019.@*METHODS@#We enrolled 52 severely ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Among them, 12 cases progressed to critical illness. The clinical and biochemical characteristics of severely and critically ill patients were compared.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the severely ill patients, critically ill patients had higher white blood cell and neutrophil counts, as well as higher levels of -dimer, IL-6 and C-reactive protein (all <0.05). Before treatment, the fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels were significantly higher in the critically ill patient's group [(10.23±3.71) mmol/L] compared to those in the severely ill patients [(7.12±3.35) mmol/L, <0.05]. After adjusting for age, gender, and course of the disease, fasting blood glucose at admission (OR=1.308, 95% CI 1.066 to 1.606, =0.01) and hyperglycemia at admission (OR=29.198, 95% CI 2.903 to 293.639, =0.004) were closely related to whether severely ill patients progressed to critical patients with coronavirus disease 2019. In our study, 15 (34.8%) of the severely ill and 10 (83.3%) critically ill patients received the steroid treatment. Compared with the severely ill patients, the FPG levels in critically ill patients were higher (<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Fasting hyperglycemia at admission is a significant predictor for the prognosis of severely ill patients with coronavirus disease 2019. Closely monitoring and the optimal management of hyperglycemia may improve the prognosis of patients with coronavirus disease 2019.


Subject(s)
Betacoronavirus , Blood Glucose , Coronavirus Infections , Blood , Diagnosis , Critical Illness , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Leukocyte Count , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Blood , Diagnosis , Prognosis
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827385

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To analyze the clinical characteristics of fecal severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) nucleic acid-positive in patients with coronavirus dasease 2019 (COVID-19) and to provide a scientific basis for the prevention and control of this disease.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 16 patients with fecal SARS-CoV-2 nucleic acid positive, who hospitalized in the North Branch of the First Hospital of Changsha (Changsha Public Health Rescue Center) from January to February 2020, were retrospectively analyzed. Their clinical manifestations, laboratory data and imaging data were summarized.@*RESULTS@#Among the 16 patients, there were 9 males (56.25%) and 7 females (43.75%), the ratio of males to females was 1∶1.29. The age of onset was (43.3±14.6) years. There were 15 patients with contact history of Wuhan, 1 patient with contact history of local patient.Twelve patients were common type (75%), and 4 patients were severe type (25%). Clinical symptoms included fever in 14 patients (87.5%), cough in 12 patients (75%), shortness of breath in 5 patients (31.25%), pharyngalgia in 10 patients (62.5%), fatigue in 7 patients (43.75%), and diarrhea in 4 patients (25%). There were 14 patients (87.5%) with normal or decreased white blood cell count, 11 patients (68.75%) with decreased lymphocyte count, 15 patients (93.75%) with increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate, 13 patients (81.25%) with increased hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, 5 patients (31.25%) with increased procalcitonin, and 8 patients (50%) with increased serum ferritin in peripheral blood, and stool routine was basically normal. Compared with the common type, there was significant difference in the white blood cell and lymphocyte counts in the severe type (0.05). Chest CT mainly showed patchy shadows and interstitial changes. According to imaging examination, 4 patients (25%) showed unilateral pneumonia and 12 patients (75%) showed bilateral pneumonia.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The patients have the clinical symptoms of COVID-19, but gastrointestinal symptoms (such as diarrhea) are more common, and the changes of white blood cell count, lymphocyte count, hypersensitivity C-reactive protein, ferritin are more obvious in severe patients.The positivity of fecal nucleic acid suggests the possibility of digestive tract transmission of SARS-CoV-2, and fecal nucleic acid testing can be used as a routine testing method in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Adult , Betacoronavirus , C-Reactive Protein , China , Coronavirus Infections , Diagnosis , Diarrhea , Virology , Feces , Virology , Female , Ferritins , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Male , Middle Aged , Pandemics , Pneumonia, Viral , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies
19.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1157-1161, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827147

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the expression of Peroxiredoxin-6 (Prdx6) gene in elderly patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#The expression level of Prdx6 in bone marrow cells of 33 cases of AML, 8 cases of CML and 11 cases of other blood diseases was detected by PCR. The correlation of the abnormal expression of Prdx6 with patient age and blood routine parameters was further analyzed.@*RESULTS@#the expression level of Prdx6 in elderly patients with AML (≥60 years) was significantly lower than that in younger patients (<60 years) (P<0.05); the expression level of Prdx6 in low WBC (≤1×10/L) group was lower than that in medium WBC (1-10×10/L) group or high WBC (>10×10/L) group (P<0.05); the proportion of WBC count (≤1×10/L) in elderly patients with AML reached 38.5%, which was significantly higher than that in younger patients (5%) (P<0.05); the overall survival (OS) rate of elderly patients was lower than that of younger patients (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The expression of Prdx6 in elderly patients with AML is low, moreover, it relates with low value of WBC in peripheral blood, suggesting that it may be one of poor prognostic factors for the elderly patients with AML.


Subject(s)
Aged , Bone Marrow Cells , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocyte Count , Peroxiredoxin VI , Genetics , Metabolism , Prognosis
20.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(Suppl 2): 65-70, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136391

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY INTRODUCTION This study aims to evaluate changes in hematological parameters after the follow-up of patients who received treatment with favipiravir due to COVID-19 infections. METHODS Sixty-two cases receiving favipiravir treatment for at least five days due to COVID-19 infection were evaluated retrospectively. Parameters including age, gender, nasopharyngeal swab positivity, and chronic diseases were analyzed. Hematologic parameters were analyzed before and after the treatment. RESULTS The mean age of the patients receiving treatment with favipiravir was 63.7±12.3 years. Nasopharyngeal swab positivity was detected in 67.7%. The most common comorbid conditions detected in patients were hypertension in 25 cases (40.3%) and diabetes in 16 cases (25.8%). In the statistical analysis of the hematological parameters before and after treatment with favipiravir, WBC, PT-PTT-INR levels were found to be unaffected; the mean RBC was found to have decreased from 4.33 ± 0.58 M/uL to 4.16 ± 0.54 M/uL (p:0.003); the median hemoglobin level was found to have decreased from 12.3 g/dl to 11.9 g/dl (p:0.041); the hematocrit level decreased from 38.1% ± 4.8 to 36.9% ± 4.2 (p:0.026); the median neutrophil count decreased from 4.57 K/uL to 3.85 K/uL (p:0.001); the mean lymphocyte count increased from 1.22 ± 0.53 K/uL to 1.84 ± 1.19 K/uL (p:0.000); and the mean platelet count increased from 244.1 ± 85.1 K/uL to 281.9 ± 103.3 K/uL (p:0.005). CONCLUSION We concluded that the pathological effect of treatment with favipiravir on the hematologic system was the suppression in the erythrocyte series, and there were no adverse effects in other hematologic parameters.


RESUMO INTRODUÇÃO Este estudo tem como objetivo avaliar as alterações nos parâmetros hematológicos após o acompanhamento de pacientes que receberam tratamento com favipiravir devido à infecção por Covid-19. MÉTODOS Sessenta e dois casos em tratamento com favipiravir por pelo menos cinco dias devido à infecção por Covid-19 foram avaliados retrospectivamente. Parâmetros como idade, sexo, positividade do swab nasofaríngeo e doenças crônicas foram analisados. Os parâmetros hematológicos foram analisados antes e após o tratamento. RESULTADOS A idade média dos pacientes que receberam tratamento com favipiravir foi de 63,7±12,3 anos. A positividade do swab nasofaríngeo foi detectada em 67,7%. As condições comórbidas mais comuns detectadas nos pacientes foram hipertensão em 25 casos (40,3%) e diabetes em 16 casos (25,8%). Na análise estatística dos parâmetros hematológicos antes e após o tratamento com favipiravir, os níveis de leucócitos, PT-PTT-INR não foram afetados. Verificou-se que o RBC médio diminuiu de 4,33±0,58 M/uL para 4,16±0,54 M/uL (p=0,003); o nível médio de hemoglobina foi reduzido de 12,3 g/dl para 11,9 g/dl (p=0,041); o nível de hematócrito diminuiu de 38,1%±4,8 para 36,9%±4,2 (p=0,026); a contagem mediana de neutrófilos diminuiu de 4,57 K/uL para 3,85 K/uL (p=0,001); a contagem média de linfócitos aumentou de 1,22±0,53 K/uL para 1,84±1,19 K/uL (p=0,000); a contagem média de plaquetas aumentou de 244,1±85,1 K/uL para 281,9±103,3 K/uL (p=0,005). CONCLUSÃO Concluiu-se que o efeito patológico do tratamento com favipiravir no sistema hematológico foi a supressão na série eritrocitária e que não houve efeitos adversos em outros parâmetros hematológicos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Pneumonia, Viral/drug therapy , Pyrazines/therapeutic use , Coronavirus Infections/drug therapy , Pandemics , Betacoronavirus , Amides/therapeutic use , Platelet Count , Pneumonia, Viral/epidemiology , Hemoglobins/analysis , Retrospective Studies , Coronavirus Infections , Coronavirus Infections/epidemiology , CD4 Lymphocyte Count , Leukocyte Count , Middle Aged
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