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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 52: 13-20, July. 2021. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1283173

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: In fish farming, the plant extracts containing antioxidant compounds have been added to the diet for enhancing pathogen resistance. In vitro studies evaluating the antioxidant effect of herbal extracts on fish cell models have focused on ROS production and the respiratory burst mechanism. However, the effects on enzymatic antioxidant defense on salmon leukocytes have not been evaluated. This study aims to evaluate the enzymatic antioxidant defense and ROS-induced cell damage in Salmon Head Kidney-1 (SHK-1) cell line exposed to polyphenol-enriched extract from Sambucus nigra flowers. RESULTS: Firstly, the Total Reactive Antioxidant Power (TRAP) assay of elderflower polyphenol (EP) was evaluated, showing 459 and 489 times more active than gallic acid and butyl hydroxy toluene (BHT), respectively. The toxic effect of EP on salmon cells was not significant at concentrations below 120 mg/ mL and no hemolysis activity was observed between 20 and 400 mg/mL. The treatment of SHK-1 cell line with EP decreased both the lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation induced by H2O2, which could be associated with decreasing oxidative stress in the SHK-1 cells since the GSH/GSSG ratio increased when only EP was added. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that plant extracts enriched with polyphenols could improve the enzymatic antioxidant defense of salmon leukocytes and protect the cells against ROS-induced cell damage


Subject(s)
Salmon , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Sambucus nigra/chemistry , Polyphenols/pharmacology , Lipid Peroxidation , Free Radical Scavengers , Reactive Oxygen Species , Aquaculture , Oxidative Stress , Salmo salar , Disease Resistance , Leukocytes , Antioxidants
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878317

ABSTRACT

Objective@#In the present study, the ABCA1 was used as a label to capture specific exosomes, the level of ABCA1-labeled exosomal microRNA-135a (miR-135a) was evaluated for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease (AD), especially in patients with early stages of AD.@*Methods@#This is a preliminary research focused on the levels of ABCA1 in WBCs, RBCs, HT-22 cells, and neuron cells. The diagnostic value of ABCA1-labeled exosomal miR-135a was examined using the CSF and serum of APP/PS1 double transgenic mice, and 152 patients with SCD, 131 patients with MCI, 198 patients with DAT, and 30 control subjects.@*Results@#The level of ABCA1 exosomes harvested from HT-22 cells and neuron culture medium was significantly higher compared to that of RBCs and WBCs ( @*Conclusion@#This study outlines a method to capture specific exosomes and detect them using immunological methods, which is more efficient for early diagnosis of AD.


Subject(s)
ATP Binding Cassette Transporter 1/cerebrospinal fluid , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Alzheimer Disease/cerebrospinal fluid , Animals , Biomarkers/cerebrospinal fluid , Cell Line , Cognitive Dysfunction/cerebrospinal fluid , Erythrocytes/metabolism , Exosomes , Female , Humans , Leukocytes/metabolism , Male , Mice, Transgenic , MicroRNAs/blood , Neurons/metabolism
3.
Pesqui. vet. bras ; 41: e06688, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | ID: biblio-1279535

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at performing cytometric phenotyping of the blood samples from free-living, young white-eyed parakeets (Psittacara leucophthalmus), stained with 3,3-dihexyloxacarbocyanine [DiOC6(3)]. DiOC6(3)-stained whole blood samples from 19 free-living, young white-eyed parakeets were analyzed by flow cytometry and cell types were distinguished by their typical fluorescence in blue laser channel (FL-1) and SSC (side scatter). It was possible to differentiate erythrocytes (58.3±13.6) from leukocytes (32.4±13.1) and some of the leucocyte subpopulations: lymphocytes/thrombocytes (29.7±7.7), monocytes (30.6±8.5), and granulocytes (5.9-26). However, lymphocytes and thrombocytes could not be sorted in the plots. Our study determined that the predominant population in white-eyed parakeet (P. leucophthalmus) was lymphocytes, thrombocytes, and monocytes in the leucocytes gates in comparison to the granulocyte population. The cytometry method and use of DiOC6(3) stain was available for parakeets blood samples and can be studied and applied to other species of parrots.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo realizar a fenotipagem citométrica com 3,3-di-hexiloxacarbocianina [DiOC6 (3)] de amostras de sangue de maritacas jovens de vida-livre (Psittacara leucophthalmus). As amostras de sangue total, coradas com DiOC6(3) de 19 maritacas de vida livre, foram analisadas por citometria de fluxo e os tipos de células foram distinguidos por sua fluorescência típica no canal laser azul (FL-1) e SSC (dispersão lateral). Foi possível diferenciar eritrócitos (58,3±13,6) de leucócitos (32,4±13,1) e algumas subpopulações de leucócitos: linfócitos/trombócitos (29,7±7,7), monócitos (30,6±8,5) e granulócitos (5,9-26), entretanto, linfócitos e trombócitos não puderam ser diferenciados em duas populações distintas. Nosso estudo determinou que a população predominante P. leucophthalmus foi mononuclear agranulocítica em comparação com a taxa de aquisição da população granulocítica. A metodologia de citometria de fluxo com uso da coloração de DiOC6(3) foi aplicável a amostras sanguíneas das maritacas e pode ser estudado e aplicado para outras espécies de psitacídeos.(AU)


Subject(s)
Animals , Parakeets , Parrots/blood , Flow Cytometry , Leukocytes , Phenotype
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880080

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the relationship between leukocytes derived microparticle (CD45@*METHODS@#The expression of CD45@*RESULTS@#The percentages of CD45@*CONCLUSION@#High level of CD45


Subject(s)
Flow Cytometry , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukocytes , Neoplasm, Residual , Prognosis
5.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 57(4): 366-374, Oct.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1142336

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: During the Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, the infiltration of the leukocytes into stomach mucosa is directed by locally produced chemokines that play a decisive role in infection outcome. The CagA is the most potent virulence factor of HP, so that the infection with CagA + strains is associated with more severe complications than infection with CagA - HP. OBJECTIVE: The aim was to determine the expression of chemokines CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 and CCL22, and their receptors by CagA + HP- and CagA - HP-derived crude extract (HP-CE)-stimulated peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from peptic ulcer (PU) patients. METHODS: The serum and the PBMCs were collected from 20 HP-infected PU patients, 20 HP-infected asymptomatic subjects (HIA) and 20 non-infected healthy subjects (NHS). The PBMCs were cultured in absence of stimulator or with 10 µg CagA + HP crude extract (CagA + CE), 10 µg CagA - HP crude extract (CagA - CE). Chemokines and receptors were measured by ELISA and real time-PCR respectively. RESULTS: In PU patients, the production of chemokines CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 and CCL22, and the expression of chemokine receptors CXCR3, CCR4 and CCR6 by CagA + CE-induced PBMCs were significantly higher than non-stimulated and CagA - CE stimulated cultures. The CXCL10 production by CagA + CE stimulated PBMCs from HIA subjects was significantly higher than the equal cultures from PU and NHS groups. The CCL17 and the CCL20 production by non-stimulated, CagA + CE stimulated, and CagA - CE stimulated PBMCs from PU subjects were significantly higher than the equal cultures from NHS and HIA groups. The CCL22 production by non-stimulated, CagA + CE stimulated and CagA - CE stimulated PBMCs from NHS group were significantly higher than the equal cultures from HIA and PU groups. The CagA + CE stimulated PBMCs from HIA subjects expressed lower amounts of CCR6 in comparison with CagA + CE stimulated PBMCs from NHS and PU groups. The serum levels CXCL10 and CCL20 in PU and HIA groups were significantly higher than NHS subjects. NHS and HIA groups displayed higher serum levels of CCL22 in comparison with PU patients. CONCLUSION: Results indicated that the CagA status of bacterium influence the expression of chemokines and receptors by HP-CE stimulated PBMCs from PU patients.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Durante a infecção por Helicobacter pylori (HP), a infiltração dos leucócitos na mucosa estomacal é dirigida por quimiocinas produzidas localmente que desempenham um papel decisivo no resultado da infecção. O CagA é o fator de virulência mais potente do HP, de modo que a infecção com cepas CagA + está associada a complicações mais graves do que a infecção com CagA - HP. OBJETIVO: O objetivo foi determinar a expressão das quimiocinas CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 e CCL22, e seus receptores por CagA + HP- e CagA - extrato bruto (EB) derivado de HP (HP-EB) de células mononucleares do sangue periférico (CMSP) de pacientes com úlcera péptica (UP). MÉTODOS: O soro e as CMSP foram coletados de 20 pacientes com UP infectados pelo HP, 20 indivíduos assintomáticos infectados pelo HP (AI-HP) e 20 indivíduos saudáveis não infectados pelo HP (NI-HP). As CMSP foram cultivadas na ausência de estimulador ou com extrato bruto CagA + HP de 10 μg (CagA + EB), 10 μg CagA - extrato bruto HP (CagA - EB). Quimiocinas e receptores foram medidos por ELISA e PCR em tempo real, respectivamente. RESULTADOS: Em pacientes com UP a produção de quimiocinas CXCL10, CCL17, CCL20 e CCL22, e a expressão dos receptores de quimiocina CXCR3, CCR4 e CCR6 por CagA + CMSP induzidos pelo EB foram significativamente maiores do que as culturas não estimuladas e CagA - EB estimulados. A produção de CXCL10 por CagA + EB estimulou as CMSP de sujeitos AI-HP em proporção significativamente maior do que as culturas iguais dos grupos UP e NI-HP. A produção de CCL17 e CCL20 por grupos não estimulados, CagA + EB estimulado, e CagA - EB estimulou CMSP de sujeitos com UP e foram significativamente superiores às culturas iguais dos grupos NI-HP e AI-HP. A produção de CCL22 por grupos não estimulados, CagA + EB estimulado e CagA - EB estimulado pelo grupo NI-HP foram significativamente maiores do que as culturas iguais dos grupos AI-HP e PU. O CagA + EB estimulou as CMSP dos sujeitos do AI-HP, expressando menores quantidades de CCR6 em comparação com as CMSP estimuladas pelo CagA + EB de grupos NI-HP e UP. Os níveis sanguíneos de CXCL10 e CCL20 nos grupos UP e AI-HP foram significativamente superiores aos dos sujeitos do NI-HP. Os grupos NI-HP e AI-HP apresentaram níveis sanguíneos mais elevados de CCL22 em comparação com pacientes com UP. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados indicaram que o estado CagA da bactéria influencia a expressão de quimiocinas e receptores por HP-EB estimulados CMSP de pacientes com UP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Peptic Ulcer , Helicobacter pylori , Bacterial Proteins , Leukocytes, Mononuclear , Helicobacter Infections , Virulence Factors , Chemokine CCL17 , Chemokine CCL20 , Chemokine CCL22 , Leukocytes , Antigens, Bacterial
6.
Rev. chil. neuro-psiquiatr ; 58(3): 221-229, set. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1138576

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción: La masticación emerge como un mecanismo fisiológico que modula diversos procesos encefálicos aún en proceso de entendimiento, entre dichos procesos se encuentra el estrés. El objetivo fue determinar la influencia del tipo de masticación sobre el estrés crónico en los niveles leucocitarios. Material y método: Se empleó 48 ratones machos de la cepa Balb/c que se dividieron en 4 grupos iguales: grupo N (masticación normal), grupo NE (Masticación normal + estrés), grupo D (masticación deficiente) y grupo DE (Masticación deficiente + estrés). Los niveles leucocitarios fueron evaluados a la cuarta y a la décima segunda semana de iniciado el experimento. Se sacrificó a cada ratón para obtener su muestra de sangre y evaluar su leucograma. Resultados: Se encontró, a la cuarta semana, linfocitopenia del grupo DE respecto al grupo D y al grupo N (p<0,05), y neutrofilia en el grupo DE respecto al grupo D (p<0,05). A la décima segunda semana se observó linfocitopenia y neutrofilia de los grupos DE y NE al compararlos con los grupos D y N (p<0,05), respectivamente. Conclusión: el estrés crónico produce linfocitopenia y neutrofilia, independiente del tipo de masticación.


Introduction: Chewing emerges as a physiological mechanism that modulates various processes in the brain, even in the process of understanding, among these processes is stress. The objective was to determine the influence of the type of chewing on chronic stress in leukocyte levels. Material and method: 48 male Balb/c mice were used that were divided into 4 equal groups: group N (normal chewing), group NE (normal chewing + stress), group D (poor chewing) and group DE (poor chewing + stress). The leukocyte levels were evaluated at the fourth and the twelfth week of beginning the experiment. Each mouse was sacrificed to obtain the blood sample and evaluate its leukogram. Results: At the fourth week, lymphocytopenia of the DE group regarding group D and group N (p <0.05), and neutrophilia were found in the DE group regarding group D (p <0.05). At the twelfth week, lymphocytopenia and neutrophilia of the DE and NE groups were observed when compared with groups D and N (p <0.05), respectively. Conclusion: Chronic stress produces lymphocytopenia and neutrophilia, regardless of the type of chewing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Stress, Physiological , Brain , Leukocytes , Mastication
7.
Dent. press endod ; 10(2): 67-72, maio-ago.2020. Tab, Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1344654

ABSTRACT

ntrodução: A cirurgia parendodôntica é uma alternativa ao tratamento endodôntico convencional, principalmente em casos envolvendo lesões perirradiculares associadas a processos osteolíticos, em que a terapia endodôntica convencional ou seu retratamento não obtiveram sucesso. Novos métodos terapêuticos têm ganhado espaço na clínica odontológica para esse tipo de caso, entre os quais se destaca a fibrina rica em plaquetas e leucócitos, que, ao concentrar e permitir uma liberação mais prolongada dos fatores de crescimento, promove uma modulação do processo reparador. Esse processo é baseado na otimização da regeneração tecidual através da inserção da membrana de fibrina. Objetivo: O objetivo do presente trabalho é apresentar, por meio do relato de um caso clínico, a utilização de fibrina rica em plaquetas e leucócitos em cirurgia parendodôntica, com intuito de reparo ósseo. Resultados: O acompanhamento clínico e tomográfico foi realizado após 190 dias, momento no qual foi constatada ausência de sintomatologia, bem como completo reparo da lesão e restabelecimento do osso cortical vestibular, além de ausência de lesão detectável em tomografia. Conclusão: No caso clínico relatado, houve uma completa regeneração tecidual da área envolvida na lesão (AU).


Introduction: Parendodontic surgery is an alternative to conventional endodontic treatment, especially in cases involving periradicular lesions associated with osteolytic processes, in which conventional endodontic therapy or retreatment was not successful. New therapeutic methods for the treatment of these cases have ground in clinical dentistry . For example, leukocyteand platelet-rich fibrin which has a higher concentration and more prolonged release of growth factors, modulates the repair process. This process is based on the optimization of tissue regeneration through the insertion of fibrin membrane. Objective: The objective of this study is to report a case in which leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin associated with parendodontic surgery was used for bone repair. Results: Clinical and tomographic follow-up was performed after 72 days, which revealed absence of any symptoms, complete repair of the lesion, buccal cortical bone regeneration, and absence of detectable lesion on tomography. Conclusion: There was complete tissue regeneration at the lesion site(AU).


Subject(s)
Dental Clinics , Platelet-Rich Fibrin , Regenerative Endodontics , Leukocytes , Apicoectomy , Retreatment , Methods
8.
Infectio ; 24(2): 103-107, abr.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, COLNAL | ID: biblio-1114849

ABSTRACT

Resumen Objetivo: establecer una metodología predictiva de aplicación clínica de recuentos de CD4+ en rangos de interés clínico a partir del recuento absoluto de leucocitos. Metodología: a partir de los valores secuenciales de leucocitos y linfocitos CD4+ de 9 pacientes, se observaron patrones matemáticos que posteriormente fueron aplicados en un estudio ciego con 71 casos para confirmar su capacidad predictiva, midiendo porcentajes de especificidad y sensibilidad. Resultados: se determinaron cinco patrones matemáticos que predicen en el 99% de los casos los distintos recuentos de CD4+ a partir de recuentos de leucocitos con valores de especificidad y sensibilidad del 99%. Conclusiones: los patrones matemáticos encontrados entre recuento de leucocitos y CD4+ sugieren que este fenómeno prácticamente es determinista.


Abstract Objective: To establish a predictive methodology of CD4+ counts for clinical application in ranges of clinical interest based on the absolute leukocyte count. Methodology: From sequential values of leukocytes and CD4+ lymphocytes of nine patients, mathematical patterns were observed and applied in a blind study with 71 cases to confirm their predictive capacity, measuring percentages of specificity and sensitivity. Results: Five mathematical patterns were determined that predict 99% of the cases in which CD4+ counts are obtained from leukocyte counts with specificity and sensitivity values of 99%. Conclusions: The mathematical patterns found between leukocytes and CD4 counts suggest that this phenomenon is practically deterministic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active , CD4 Antigens , Public Health , HIV , Flow Cytometry , Leukocytes
9.
Rev. bras. ciênc. mov ; 28(2): 123-128, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1127621

ABSTRACT

A obesidade pode influenciar no baixo desempenho da aptidão cardiorrespiratória (APCR), bem como colaborar com alterações nos níveis de indicadores hematológicos. Objetivo: Verificar se existe associação entre indicadores antropométricos, APCR e perfil hematológico de adolescentes no sul do Brasil. Método: Estudo transversal, em que foram avaliados 1 6 98 ado lescentes (742 do sexo masculino) com idade entre 10 e 17 anos, de escolas da rede pública e particular de Santa Cruz do Sul-RS. A avaliação antropométrica foi realizada, utilizando-se os seguintes parâmetros: IMC e circunferência da cintura (CC). Para o teste de APCR, foi utilizado o test e de co rrida/cam inha do s 6 minutos. Para reconhecimento do perfil hematológico, foram avaliados os seguintes parâmetros: leucócitos (WBC), eritrócitos (RBC), hemoglobina (HBC), hematócrito (HCT) e amplitude de distribuição dos glóbulos vermelhos (RDW). A associação entre as variáveis contínuas foi testada por meio da correlação de Pearson. Foram considerados significativos os valores de p<0,05. Resultados: Nos meninos, identificou-se relação fraca entre IMC com RBC (r=0,293; p<0,001) e com HCT (r=0,271; p <0,001 ). A CC também demonstrou associação fraca com estas duas variáveis hematológicas (RBC: r=0,311; p<0,001; HCT: r=0,291; p<0,001). Os níveis de APCR estiveram associados, também de fo rma fraca e direta, com HBC (r=0,224; p<0,001) e HCT (r=0,258; p<0,001). Para o sexo feminino, os níveis de W BC associaram-se, de forma fraca, com IMC (r=0,208; p<0,001) e com CC (r=0,185; <0,001). Conclusão: Os resultados obtidos no presente estudo evidenciam correlação positiva, porém fraca, entre o perfil hematológico dos adolescentes com as variáveis antropométricas e APCR...(AU)


Obesity might cause cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) to underperform, as well as collaborate with changes in hematological parameters. Aim: To investigate the asso ciation between anthropometric indicators, CRF, and the hematological profiles of adolescents in Southern Brazil. Method: A cross-sectional study of 1,698 adolescents (742 boys, 956 girls), aged between 10 and 17 from p ublic and private schools of Santa Cruz do Sul, State of Rio Grande do Sul, was conducted. Furt h ermore, an anthropometric evaluation of the following parameters was performed: body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC). CRF was evaluated using the 6-minute run/walk test. Hematolo gical p rofile was evaluated based on the following parameters: leucocytes (WBC), erythrocytes (RBC), hemoglobin (HGB), hematocrit (HCT), and red cell distribution width (RDW). The association of continuo us v ariables was tested through Pearson's correlation; p values lower than 0.05 were considered significant. Result s: The boys' BMI presented a weak correlation with RBC (r = 0.293; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.271; p < 0.001). Their WC also presented a weak correlation with both hematological variables (RBC: r = 0.311; p < 0.001; HCT: r = 0.291; p < 0.001). Their CRF levels exhibited a direct but weak asso ciatio n wit h HGB (r = 0.224; p < 0.001) and HCT (r = 0.258; p < 0.001). The WBC levels of girls were fo un d t o be weak ly associated with BMI (r = 0.208; p < 0.001) and WC (r = 0.185; p < 0 .0 01 ). Co nclusio n: Th e result s highlight a positively weak correlation of the hematological profile of adolescents with an throp ometric variables and CRF...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Hemoglobins , Body Mass Index , Erythrocytes , Walk Test , Cardiorespiratory Fitness , Hematocrit , Leukocytes , Obesity , Cross-Sectional Studies , Erythrocyte Indices , Reference Parameters , Waist Circumference , Indicators and Reagents
10.
Rev. bras. anal. clin ; 52(1): 77-81, 20200330. graf, ilus
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1116499

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: As infecções urinárias (ITU) acometem indivíduos no mundo inteiro e são causadas principalmente por bactérias Gram-negativas, sendo o diagnóstico laboratorial realizado pelo EAS e urocultura. Nesse estudo foram pesquisadas, em amostras de uroculturas positivas, as alterações apresentadas no exame de EAS, principalmente os marcadores de leucócitos e nitrito, e se estes poderiam contribuir para o diagnóstico da ITU. Também foram pesquisadas a faixa etária e a bactéria mais prevalente. Métodos: Um estudo retrospectivo foi realizado com base no levantamento de dados dos exames de urocultura realizados no Laboratório Clínico da PUC Goiás (LAC/PUC Goiás), no período de janeiro/2017 a agosto/2018, de acordo com idade, gênero do paciente e a espécie bacteriana isolada. Resultados: De 629 uroculturas positivas foi encontrada prevalência de ITU em adultos (63,3%), com predomínio no sexo feminino (85,8%), sendo a Escherichia coli (58,9%) a bactéria mais isolada. O nitrito foi detectado em 36,9% e a leucocitúria em 60,6% das amostras. Conclusão: Os resultados evidenciaram predomínio de ITU em adultos do sexo feminino, sendo a Escherichia coli a bactéria com maior prevalência. Quanto aos resultados do EAS, a leucocitúria revelou-se um marcador mais sensível para auxílio diagnóstico de ITU em relação ao nitrito, corroborando com a literatura científica especializada.


Objective: Urinary tract infections (UTI) affect individuals worldwide and are mainly caused by Gram-negative bacteria, and the laboratory diagnosis is performed by urinalysis and uroculture. In this study were investigated in samples of positive urocultures, the alterations presented in the examination of urinalysis, mainly leukocytes and nitrite, and if could contribute to the diagnosis of UTI. The most prevalent age group and bacteria were also investigated. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out based on data collection of uroculture examinations performed at the Clinical Laboratory of PUC Goiás (LAC/PUC Goiás), from january/2017 to august/2018, according to age, gender of patient and the isolated bacterial species. Results: Of 629 positive urocultures, the prevalence of UTI was found in adults (63,3%), with predominance in females (85,8%), and Escherichia coli (58,9%) was the most isolated bacteria. Nitrite was detected in 36,9% and leukocyturia in 60,6% of the samples. Conclusion: The results evidenced a predominance of UTI in female adults, and Escherichia coli was the most prevalent bacteria. Regarding the results of the urinalysis, leukocyturia proved to be a more sensitive marker for the diagnosis aid of UTI in relation to nitrite, corroborating with the literature.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Urinary Tract Infections , Urinalysis , Escherichia coli , Leukocytes
11.
Rev. ADM ; 77(1): 28-36, ene.-feb. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1087974

ABSTRACT

Las alteraciones hematológicas pueden tener el primer signo en la cavidad oral y los signos varían dependiendo de la línea celular que se encuentre afectada: eritrocitos, leucocitos y plaquetas. La formación de las células sanguíneas se lleva a cabo en la médula ósea a través de un proceso denominado hematopoyesis que se encarga de la formación, desarrollo y especialización de todas sus células sanguíneas funcionales, pasan de células troncales pluripotenciales a células hematopoyéticas maduras que emergen a la sangre periférica. El odontólogo debe ser capaz de identificar los distintos signos en la cavidad oral que podrían sugerir que el paciente padece un trastorno hematológico, el cual podría complicar el tratamiento dental. La identificación oportuna de estos signos a través de una minuciosa exploración física y la historia clínica completa evita que se presenten complicaciones en el paciente y que éstas puedan poner en riesgo su vida, por lo que al encontrar algún signo sugerente de un trastorno hematológico debe referirse al paciente con el hematólogo (AU)


Hematological alterations may be the first sign in the oral cavity and symptoms vary depending on the cell line that is affected: Erythrocytes, leukocytes and platelets. The formation of blood cells are held in the bone marrow through a process called hematopoiesis, which is responsible for training, development and specialization in all its functional blood cells, they move from pluripotent stem cell to hematopoietic cells mature emerging to peripheral blood. The dentist must be able to identify the different signs in the oral cavity that could suggest that the patient has a haematological disorder, which could complicate dental treatment. The timely identification of these signs through a thorough physical examination and the complete clinical history prevents complications from occurring in the patient and may put their lives at risk, so when finding any sign suggestive of a hematological disorder should refer to the patient with the hematologist (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Oral Manifestations , Blood Coagulation Disorders/classification , Hematologic Diseases , Periodontal Diseases , Blood Platelets , Dental Care for Chronically Ill , Oral Ulcer , Erythrocytes , Leukocytes
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 53(12): e9615, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1132513

ABSTRACT

The sympathetic nervous system (SNS) plays a fundamental role in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular diseases, including primary arterial hypertension. In this study, we aimed to investigate whether the expression of the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine synthesis, tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), and the β2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR) in immune cells from peripheral blood, reflect central SNS activity in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). TH expression in the lower brainstem and adrenal glands and β2-AR expression in the lower brainstem were analyzed by western blot analyses. In the leukocytes, TH and β2-AR expression was evaluated by flow cytometry before and after chronic treatment with the centrally-acting sympathoinhibitory drug clonidine. Western blot analyses showed increased TH and β2-AR expression in the lower brainstem and increased TH in adrenal glands from SHR compared to normotensive Wistar Kyoto rats (WKY). Lower brainstem from SHR treated with clonidine presented reduced TH and β2-AR levels, and adrenal glands had decreased TH expression compared to SHR treated with vehicle. Flow cytometry showed that the percentage of leukocytes that express β2-AR is higher in SHR than in WKY. However, the percentage of leukocytes that expressed TH was higher in WKY than in SHR. Moreover, chronic treatment with clonidine normalized the levels of TH and β2-AR in leukocytes from SHR to similar levels of those of WKY. Our study demonstrated that the percentage of leukocytes expressing TH and β2-AR was altered in arterial hypertension and can be modulated by central sympathetic inhibition with clonidine treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Hypertension/drug therapy , Rats, Inbred SHR , Rats, Inbred WKY , Sympathetic Nervous System , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase , Blood Pressure , Receptors, Adrenergic, beta-2 , Leukocytes
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762475

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Automated cellular analyzers are expected to improve the analytical performance in body fluid (BF) analysis. We evaluated the analytical performance of three automated cellular analyzers and established optimum reflex analysis guidelines. METHODS: A total of 542 BF samples (88 cerebrospinal fluid [CSF] samples and 454 non-CSF samples) were examined using manual counting and three automated cellular analyzers: UniCel DxH 800 (Beckman Coulter), XN-350 (Sysmex), and UF-5000 (Sysmex). Additionally, 2,779 BF analysis results were retrospectively reviewed. For malignant cell analysis, the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used, and the detection of high fluorescence-BF cells (HF-BFs) using the XN-350 analyzer was compared with cytology results. RESULTS: All three analyzers showed good agreement for total nucleated cell (TNC) and red blood cell (RBC) counts, except for the RBC count in CSF samples using the UniCel DxH 800. However, variable degrees of differences were observed during differential cell counting. For malignant cell analysis, the area under the curve was 0.63 for the XN-350 analyzer and 0.76 for manual counting. We established our own reflex analysis guidelines as follows: HF-BFs 83.4/100 WBCs or eosinophils >3.8% are the criteria for mandatory double check confirmation with 1,000× magnification examination. CONCLUSIONS: The three automated analyzers showed good analytical performances. Application of reflex analysis guidelines is recommended for eosinophils and HF-BFs, and manual confirmation is warranted.


Subject(s)
Body Fluids , Cell Count , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Eosinophils , Erythrocytes , Leukocytes , Reflex , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786145

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) is often accompanied by cardiac manifestations, such as valvular heart disease. In this prospective cohort study, we evaluated the incidence of cardiac abnormalities in Korean axSpA patients by echocardiography.METHODS: AxSpA patients were prospectively recruited from a single tertiary hospital. Baseline demographic, clinical, radiographic, and echocardiographic data were collected at the time of enrollment. Echocardiography evaluations were performed with a focus on valvular heart disease and systolic and diastolic function. Logistic regression analyses were used to identify factors associated with diastolic dysfunction in axSpA.RESULTS: A total of 357 axSpA patients were included in the analyses, of whom 78 (21.8%) exhibited diastolic dysfunction, with no reports of systolic dysfunction. Thirteen patients (3.6%) had valvular heart disease, and aortic valve regurgitation (n=5) and mitral valve regurgitation (n=6) were most common. Multivariable logistic regression analyses indicated that older age and higher body mass index (BMI) were positively associated with diastolic dysfunction, whereas human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-B27 positivity was negatively associated with diastolic dysfunction.CONCLUSION: Valvular heart disease is infrequent in Korean axSpA patients. However, diastolic dysfunction is common in axSpA patients, and is significantly associated with older age, higher BMI, and HLA-B27.


Subject(s)
Aortic Valve , Body Mass Index , Cohort Studies , Echocardiography , Heart Failure, Diastolic , Heart Valve Diseases , HLA-B27 Antigen , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Leukocytes , Logistic Models , Mitral Valve Insufficiency , Prospective Studies , Spondylarthropathies , Tertiary Care Centers
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785395

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Pyuria seems to be common in chronic kidney disease (CKD), irrespective of urinary tract infection (UTI). It has been hypothesized that sterile pyuria occurs in CKD because of chronic renal parenchymal inflammation. However, there are limited data on whether CKD increases the rate of pyuria or how pyuria in CKD should be interpreted. We investigated the prevalence and characteristics of asymptomatic pyuria (ASP) in CKD via urinary white blood cell (WBC) analysis.METHODS: Urine examination was performed for all stable hemodialysis (HD) and non-dialysis CKD patients of the outpatient clinic (total N=298). Patients with infection symptoms or recent history of antibiotic use were excluded. Urine culture and WBC analysis were performed when urinalysis revealed pyuria.RESULTS: The prevalence of ASP was 30.5% (24.1% in non-dialysis CKD and 51.4% in HD patients). Over 70% of the pyuria cases were sterile. The majority of urinary WBCs were neutrophils, even in sterile pyuria. However, the percentage of neutrophils was significantly lower in sterile pyuria. In multivariate logistic regression analysis, the degree of pyuria, percentage of neutrophils, and presence of urinary nitrites remained independently associated with sterile pyuria.CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ASP was higher in CKD patients and increased according to CKD stage. Most ASP in CKD was sterile. Ascertaining the number and distribution of urinary WBCs may be helpful for interpreting ASP in CKD.


Subject(s)
Ambulatory Care Facilities , Humans , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Logistic Models , Neutrophils , Nitrites , Prevalence , Pyuria , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic , Urinalysis , Urinary Tract Infections , Viperidae
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785340

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: While there is an urgent need for diagnosis and therapeutic intervention in patients with primary immunodeficiency diseases (PIDs), current genetic tests have drawbacks. We retrospectively reviewed the usefulness of flow cytometry (FCM) as a quick tool for immunophenotyping and functional assays in patients suspected to have PIDs at a single tertiary care institute.METHODS: Between January 2001 and June 2018, patients suspected of having PIDs were subjected to FCM tests, including lymphocyte subset analysis, detection of surface- or intracellular-target proteins, and functional analysis of immune cells, at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea. The genetic diagnosis was performed using Sanger or diagnostic exome sequencing.RESULTS: Of 60 patients diagnosed with definite or probable PID according to the European Society of Immune Deficiencies criteria, 24 patients were provided with useful information about immunological dysfunction after initial FCM testing. In 10 patients, the PID diagnosis was based on abnormal findings in FCM testing without genetic tests. The FCM findings provided strong evidence for the diagnosis of severe combined immunodeficiency (n = 6), X-linked chronic granulomatous diseases (CGD) (n = 6), leukocyte adhesion deficiency type 1 (n = 3), X-linked agammaglobulinemia (n = 11), autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome-FASLG (n = 1), and familial hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis type 2 (n = 1), and probable evidence for autosomal recessive-CGD (n = 2), autosomal dominant-hyper-immunoglobulin E (IgE)-syndrome (n = 1), and STAT1 gain-of-function mutation (n = 1). In PIDs derived from PIK3CD (n = 2), LRBA (n = 2), and CTLA4 mutations (n = 3), the FCM test provided useful evidence of immune abnormalities and a tool for treatment monitoring.CONCLUSIONS: The initial application of FCM, particularly with known protein targets on immune cells, would facilitate the timely diagnosis of PIDs and thus would support clinical decisions and improve the clinical outcome.


Subject(s)
Agammaglobulinemia , Diagnosis , Exome , Flow Cytometry , Genetic Testing , Granulomatous Disease, Chronic , Humans , Immunophenotyping , Korea , Leukocytes , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphohistiocytosis, Hemophagocytic , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Severe Combined Immunodeficiency , Tertiary Healthcare
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785337

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ-dependent Akt activation is known to play critical roles in various immune responses of white blood cells in which PI3K-δ isoform is mostly expressed in contrast to the classes IA PI3Ks p110α and p110β. However, the immunological role of PI3K-δ isoform is still controversial in airway epithelium under house dust mite (HDM)-induced allergic response. This study aimed to evaluate the role of PI3K-δ isoform in HDM-induced allergic responses, focusing on NLRP3 inflammasome activation in airway epithelium.METHODS: We used wild-type mice and PI3K-δ knock-out (KO) mice for HDM-induced asthma animal model and also performed in vitro experiments using primary cultured murine tracheal epithelial cells and human airway epithelial cells.RESULTS: PI3K-δ activated HDM-induced NLRP3 inflammasome and epithelial cell-derived cytokines in the lung including airway epithelial cells. PI3K-δ KO mice or knock-down of PI3K-δ using siRNA exhibited the significant reduction in allergic asthmatic features and the suppression of NLRP3 inflammasome assembly as well as epithelial cell-derived cytokines. Interestingly, significantly increased expression of PI3K-δ isoform was observed in stimulated airway epithelial cells and the increases in epithelial cell-derived cytokines were markedly suppressed by blocking PI3K-δ, while these cytokine levels were independent of NLRP3 inflammasome activation.CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study suggest that PI3K-δ-isoform can promote HDM-induced allergic airway inflammation via NLRP3 inflammasome-dependent response as well as via NLRP3 inflammasome-independent epithelial cell activation.


Subject(s)
Animals , Asthma , Cytokines , Dust , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Inflammasomes , Inflammation , Leukocytes , Lung , Mice , Models, Animal , Phosphotransferases , Pyroglyphidae , RNA, Small Interfering
19.
Bull. méd. Owendo (En ligne) ; 18(48): 26-33, 2020. tab
Article in French | AIM | ID: biblio-1260157

ABSTRACT

Introduction : les valeurs de référence peuvent être obtenues à partir des bases de données. Nous nous proposons de produire ces valeurs à partir d'une base de données hématologiques et de souligner les contraintes inhérentes à cette méthodologie. Matériel et méthodes: Il s'agit d'une étude rétrospective, réalisée du 1er janvier 2015 au 30 mars 2017, au Centre National de Transfusion Sanguine de Libreville. Les dossiers des donneurs, dont les sérologies (HIV, AgHBs, Ac HVC, VDRL et TPHA) étaient négatives ont été retenus. Les paramètres de l'hémogramme ont été notés pour chaque dossier. L'identification des valeurs aberrantes a été réalisée à l'aide de la méthode de Cook, la nature de la distribution a été étudiée grâce au test de normalité de Shapiro-Wilk. Les limites de référence à 95% et leurs intervalles de confiance à 90% ont été calculés. La recherche des partitions a été effectuée à l'aide du z-test. Les différences étaient considérées comme statistiquement significatives, pour une valeur de p inférieure à 0,05. Résultats: ce protocole a concerné 27022 dossiers, dont 2013 (7,4%) ont été exploités. L'intervalle de référence à 95% des leucocytes allait de 2,8.103 à 6,1.103/mm3, alors que celui des hématies allait de 4,3.106 à 5,3.106/mm3et celui des plaquettes de 129,7.103 à 258,0.103/mm3. De plus, les hématies allaient de 4,4.106 à 5,3.106/mm3chez les hommes contre 4,4.106 à 5,1.106/mm3pour les femmes de même tranche d'âge.Conclusion: la réalisation d'une telle étude nécessite une collaboration interdisciplinaire, une bonne tenue des bases de données et nous rappelle la primauté d'une différence biologique, par rapport à une différence statistique


Subject(s)
Blood Donors , Blood Platelets , Gabon , Hemagglutination , Hemoglobins , Leukocytes , Reference Values
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811273

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Pentoxifylline (PTX) is a methylxanthine derivative that has been implicated in the pathogenesis of peripheral vessel disease and intermittent lameness. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of PTX and tocopherol in patients diagnosed with osteoradionecrosis (ORN), bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), and chronic osteomyelitis using digital panoramic radiographs.MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed in 25 patients who were prescribed PTX and tocopherol for treatment of ORN, BRONJ, and chronic osteomyelitis between January 2014 and May 2018 in Seoul National University Dental Hospital. Radiographic densities of the dental panorama were compared prior to starting PTX and tocopherol, at 3 months, and at 6 months after prescription. Radiographic densities were measured using Adobe Photoshop CS6 (Adobe System Inc., USA). Blood sample tests showing the degree of inflammation at the initial visit were considered the baseline and compared with results after 3 to 6 months. Statistical analysis was performed using the Mann–Whitney test and repeated measurement ANOVA using IBM SPSS 23.0 (IBM Corp., USA).RESULTS: Eight patients were diagnosed with ORN, nine patients with BRONJ, and the other 8 patients with chronic osteomyelitis. Ten of the 25 patients were men, average age was 66.32±14.39 years, and average duration of medication was 151.8±80.65 days (range, 56–315 days). Statistically significant increases were observed in the changes between 3 and 6 months after prescription (P<0.05). There was no significant difference between ORN, BRONJ, and chronic osteomyelitis. Only erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was statistically significantly lower than before treatment (P<0.05) among the white blood cell (WBC), ESR, and absolute neutrophil count (ANC).CONCLUSION: Long-term use of PTX and tocopherol can be an auxiliary method in the treatment of ORN, BRONJ, or chronic osteomyelitis in jaw.


Subject(s)
Bisphosphonate-Associated Osteonecrosis of the Jaw , Blood Sedimentation , Humans , Inflammation , Jaw , Leukocytes , Male , Methods , Neutrophils , Osteomyelitis , Osteoradionecrosis , Pentoxifylline , Prescriptions , Radiography, Panoramic , Seoul , Tocopherols
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