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1.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(2): e20210041, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1286049

ABSTRACT

Eurytrema coelomaticum is a trematode reported in the pancreatic ducts of ruminants. It is conjectured that may cause disorders in the pancreas, as well as digestive and metabolic processes dependent on them. This study, determined if there is an impairment of exocrine pancreatic function, and correlated it with parasite burden. Pancreas, blood, and fecal samples were collected from 119 bovines at a abattoir. Stool samples were subjected to the gelatin and x-ray film digestion tests (to detect the presence of trypsin in feces). Using blood samples, the following biochemical tests were performed: amylase, lipase, glucose, fructosamine, cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, albumin, and globulins. Analyses were correlated with pancreatic parasite burden. Cattle with a high parasitic load presented higher incidence of negative tests in both gelatin digestion and x-ray film digestion tests (P < 0.001) when compared to non-parasitized animals and those with a low parasitic load. Changes in those tests only occurred if the parasitemia was moderate or severe. The activity of the amylase and lipase enzymes was significantly higher in animals with low parasitemia (P < 0.05), compared to non-parasitized animals and with a high parasitic burden. In this study, in cases of high parasitemia, negative results were observed in both gelatin and x-ray film in the feces digestion tests. However, the low infection of E. coelomaticum, higher levels of serum amylase and lipase that also indicated loss of pancreatic exocrine functions were reported.


Eurytrema coelomaticum, um trematódeo de ductos pancreáticos de ruminantes. Conjectura-se que possa ocasionar transtornos nas funções pancreáticas, mais especificamente nos processos digestivos e metabólicos dependentes destas. Neste estudo, o objetivo foi determinar se há comprometimento da função pancreática exócrina, correlacionado-a a carga parasitária. Foram utilizados pâncreas e respectivas amostras de sangue e fezes de 119 bovinos. As amostras de fezes foram submetidas aos testes de digestão da gelatina em tubo e digestão de filme radiográfico, ambos para detecção de tripsina nas fezes. Foram realizados os seguintes exames bioquímicos em amostras de sangue: amilase, lipase, glicemia, frutosamina, colesterol, triglicerídeos, proteínas totais, albumina e globulinas. Após isto, as análises bioquímicas foram correlacionadas com a quantidade numérica de parasitas encontrados no pâncreas (post-mortem). Houve maior quantidade de testes negativos (digestão do filme radiográfico e prova de digestão da gelatina) nos animais com alta carga parasitária (P < 0.001), quando comparados aos animais não parasitados e com baixa carga parasitária. Portanto, os exames supracitados se alteram somente se a quantidade de parasitas for moderada ou severa. As atividades das enzimas amilase e lipase foram significativamente maiores nos animais que apresentavam baixa parasitemia (P < 0.05), em comparação com os animais com alta carga parasitária e não parasitados. Conclui-se que em quadros de alta parasitemia há alteração significativa nos testes de digestão nas fezes, e que em quadros de baixa parasitemia há alterações significativas nos valores de amilase e lipase séricas, ambos comprovando alterações pancreáticas importantes, de acordo com o quadro de parasitemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency/parasitology , Pancreatitis/parasitology , Trematode Infections/complications , Trematode Infections/veterinary , Amylases/blood , Lipase/blood , Trematoda , Parasite Load/veterinary
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(3): 226-243, may. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342815

ABSTRACT

Several species of the Myrcia genus have been used in folk medicine to treat diabetes. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the inhibitory activity of α-glucosidase and pancreatic lipase in the crude extract (EBF) and in the ethyl acetate fraction (FFA) of Myrcia hatschbachii, as well as to identify isolated phenolic compounds and to evaluate the antioxidant property and preliminary in vitro toxicity against Artemia salina. EBF (IC50: 3.21 µg/mL) and FFA (IC50: 1.14 µg/mL) showed inhibitory activity superior to acarbose (IC50: 193.65 µg/mL). In addition, they showed inhibitory effects of pancreatic lipase (IC50: 556.58 µg/mL for EBF and 532.68 µg/mL for FFA), antioxidant potential, absence of preliminary toxicity and presence of gallic andellagic acids in FFA. The relevant results in the inhibition of α-glucosidase and pancreatic lipase motivate new studies for the development of herbal medicines that assist in the treatment of diabetic patients.


Varias especies del género Myrcia se han utilizado en la medicina popular para tratar la diabetes. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar la actividad inhibitoria de la α-glucosidasa y la lipasa pancreática en el extracto crudo (EBF) y en la fracción de acetato de etilo (FFA) de Myrcia hatschbachii, así como identificar compuestos fenólicos aislados y evaluar la propiedad antioxidante y toxicidad in vitro preliminar contra Artemia salina. EBF (IC50: 3.21 µg/mL) y FFA (IC50: 1.14 µg/mL) mostraron una actividad inhibitoria superior a la acarbosa (IC50: 193.65 µg/mL). Además, mostraron efectos inhibitorios de la lipasa pancreática (IC50: 556.58 µg/mL para EBF y 532.68 µg/mL para FFA), potencial antioxidante, ausencia de toxicidad preliminar y presencia de ácidos gálico y elágico en FFA. Los resultados relevantes en la inhibición de la α-glucosidasa y la lipasa pancreática motivan nuevos estudios para el desarrollo de medicamentos a base de hierbas que ayudan en el tratamiento de pacientes diabéticos.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Myrtaceae/chemistry , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Lipase/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Pancreas/enzymology , Phenols/analysis , X-Ray Diffraction , In Vitro Techniques , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers , Complex Mixtures , Ellagic Acid , Gallic Acid , Antioxidants/chemistry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878545

ABSTRACT

The formation of most proteins consists of two steps: the synthesis of precursor proteins and the synthesis of functional proteins. In these processes, propeptides play important roles in assisting protein folding or inhibiting its activity. As an important polypeptide chain coded by a gene sequence in lipase gene, propeptide usually functions as an intramolecular chaperone, assisting enzyme molecule folding. Meanwhile, some specific sites on propeptide such as glycosylated sites, have important effect on the activity, stability in extreme environment, methanol resistance and the substrate specificity of the lipase. Studying the mechanism of propeptide-mediated protein folding, as well as the influence of propeptide on lipases, will allow to regulate lipase by alternating the propeptide folding behavior and in turn pave new ways for protein engineering research.


Subject(s)
Lipase/metabolism , Molecular Chaperones/metabolism , Protein Folding , Protein Precursors , Substrate Specificity
4.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e620, oct.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156463

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La bioquímica, como ciencia particular dentro de las ciencias médicas, ha tenido un gran desarrollo. Las enzimas lipasas se obtienen de organismos vivos que abundan en la naturaleza y han sido utilizadas en la producción de alimentos, jabones, detergentes, aceites y otros productos industriales. Actualmente se han logrado nuevas clasificaciones de estas, subdivididas en grupos y subgrupos. Se aprecia además interés de utilizarlas en la producción de biodiesel y en la biotecnología y genética médica. Objetivo: Recopilar las principales consideraciones teóricas actualizadas acerca la caracterización, clasificación y usos de las enzimas lipasas. Método: La búsqueda y análisis de la información se realizó desde el primero de septiembre al 23 de diciembre de 2019, con un total de 50 artículos publicados en las bases de datos PubMed, Hinari, SciELO y Medline, mediante el gestor de búsqueda y administrador de referencias EndNote. se utilizaron 42 citas seleccionadas para realizar la revisión, de ellas 38 de los últimos cinco años. Conclusiones: Las enzimas lipasas son proteínas que catalizan procesos biológicos. son activas en un amplio rango de sustrato, realizan reacciones de síntesis, hidrólisis o de intercambio de grupos. Poseen diversas actividades catalíticas, son menos costosas y menos contaminantes, se obtienen en gran cantidad, se producen de forma regular. Son estables y su proceso de producción es más factible y seguro. Se caracterizan por su capacidad de catalizar reacciones de acidólisis, alcohólisis, aminólisis, esterificación, interesterificación y transesterificación, entre otras características(AU)


Introduction: Biochemistry has experienced great development as a particular medical science. Lipase enzymes are obtained from living organisms which are abundant in nature, and have been used in the manufacture of foods, soap, detergents, oils and other industrial products. New classifications are now available of lipase enzymes, and they have been subdivided into groups and subgroups. An interest is also noticed in using them for biodiesel production and in biotechnology and medical genetics. Objective: Collect the main updated theoretical considerations about the characterization, classification and uses of lipase enzymes. Method: The search for and analysis of the information extended from 1 September to 23 December 2019, for a total 50 papers published in the databases PubMed, Hinari, SciELO and Medline, using the search engine and reference manager EndNote. Forty-two citations were selected for the review, 38 of which were from the last five years. Conclusions: Lipase enzymes are proteins that catalyze biological processes. They are active in a wide range of substrates, performing synthesis reactions, hydrolysis or group exchanges. They display a variety of catalytic activities, are less costly and less contaminating, are obtained in large quantities and are produced in a regular manner. They are stable and their production process is more feasible and safer. They are characterized by their ability to catalyze reactions of acidolysis, alcoholysis, aminolysis, esterification, interesterification and transesterification, among other characteristics(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biochemistry , Biotechnology , Enzymes/analysis , Lipase/pharmacokinetics
5.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 10-16, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Liquid wax esters are widely used in cosmetic as well as pharmaceutical and other industries. The demand of organic and natural products is increasing nowadays. Coconut oil contains benefit fatty acids and has been mainly used for oil-based and moisturizer products. Liquid wax esters from coconut oil and unsaturated fatty alcohol can be synthesized by enzymatic reaction; and it is interesting for using as an alternative natural ingredient in these industries. RESULTS: Optimal condition for coconut oil based wax ester synthesis by immobilized lipase EQ3 was 10 U of enzyme, temperature at 30°C and molar ratio of coconut oil to oleyl alcohol at 1:3 (mol/mol) (0.33X) dissolved in isooctane for 12 h, while for Lipozyme RM IM optimal condition was 10 U of enzyme, temperature at 45°C and oil/alcohol molar ratio at 1:3 (0.33X) dissolved in isooctane for 3 h. Percentage of wax esters synthesized by both lipases reached more than 88%. Both immobilized lipases catalyzed high yield of wax esters within the 2nd batch; after that, the immobilized lipases showed reduced activity and synthesized b60% of wax esters from the 3rd to 5th batch. The main composition of wax esters was ~48% oleyl laurate with 10% degradation at ~250°C. CONCLUSIONS: The liquid wax ester synthesis by commercial Lipozyme RM IM had higher effect than immobilized lipase EQ3, but both catalysts were stable within 2 batches in the optimum condition. The characteristic properties of wax esters showed potential for use as components in cosmetics and skin care products.


Subject(s)
Waxes , Esters/metabolism , Palm Oil/chemical synthesis , Lipase/metabolism , Temperature , Enzymes, Immobilized , Cosmetic Industry
6.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 41(2): 165-176, jun./dez. 2020. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224275

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the production of lipases by a new strain of Pseudomonas sp. using fermentation medium containing byproducts of poultry meat or soybean oil industry. The results indicate that chicken fat and soybean gum induced 48.3 U/mL and 93.3 of lipase activity, respectively. However, the higher lipase production was obtained when the crude lecithin gum was used, archiving 272.6 U/ml of activity after 24 hours. The partial biochemical characterization of the enzyme showed that the optimum reaction conditions were pH 9.0 and 35 °C. The enzyme was stable at temperatures between 25 to 75 °C and at pH from 6 to 9. The enzyme also showed good stability in organic solvents, such as acetronitrile, hexane, ethanol and isopropanol. This study indicates that the byproducts tested are promising for the production of lipase and can contribute to the reduction of enzymatic production costs on a large scale, increase the value of these byproducts and reduce potential environmental impacts caused by its accumulation in nature.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a produção de lipases por uma nova cepa de Pseudomonas sp. utilizando meio de fermentação contendo subprodutos de industrialização de carne de frango e óleo de soja. Os resultados indicaram que a gordura de frango e a goma de soja induziram 48,3 U/mL e 93,3 U/ml de atividade lipásica, respectivamente. No entanto, a produção de lipase mais elevada foi obtida quando a goma de lecitina bruta foi utilizada, induzindo 272,6 U/ml de atividade após 24 horas. A caracterização bioquímica parcial da enzima mostrou que as condições de reação ótimas foram de pH 9,0 e 35 °C. A enzima foi estável nas temperaturas entre 25 a 75 °C e pH de 6 a 9. A enzima mostrou boa estabilidade em solventes orgânicos, tais como acetonitrila, hexano, etanol e isopropanol. Este estudo indicou que os subprodutos testados são promissores para a produção de lipase e podem contribuir para a redução dos custos de produção enzimática em larga escala, aumentar o valor desses subprodutos e reduzir potenciais impactos ambientais causados por sua acumulação na natureza.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas , Lipase , Lecithins , Fats , Fermentation
7.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180444, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132252

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fungi have always attracted a lot of attention as they are able to produce a vast repertoire of enzymes that find a broad spectrum of uses in biotechnological and industrial fields. Undoubtedly, one of the most promising biocatalysts is the lipase, which has been widely used for the biotransformation of a number of commercial products due to its high stability, high catalytic efficiency, versatility and selectivity, making it one of the most attractive and best-studied enzymes. In this study we report the isolation and molecular identification of new lipase-producing fungi from different environmental samples from Morocco. The production and activity of extracellular lipases, at different parameters, was evaluated using the Rhodamine B agar, submerged fermentation and biochemical methods. Two fungal strains Arthrographis curvata and Rhodosporidium babjevae, were isolated and found to produce large amounts of lipases. The optimal activity of the extracellular lipase was detected at 40°C and pH 9.0 for A. curvata and at 40 °C and pH 8.0 for R. babjevae. This study add new information at the growing list of fungal species producing lipases with improved physicochemical proprieties which could constitute a new line of research for further studies and to be exploited for industrial or bioremediation purposes.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Fungi/enzymology , Lipase/biosynthesis
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1386-1394, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-826838

ABSTRACT

We used CRISPR/Cas9 to delete plin1 of 3T3-L1 preadipocyte, to observe its effect on lipolysis in adipocytes and to explore regulatory pathways. We cultured 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, and the plin1 knockout vectors were transfected by electroporation. Puromycin culture was used to screen successfully transfected adipocytes, and survival rates were observed after transfection. The optimized "cocktail" method was used to differentiate 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. The glycerol and triglyceride contents were determined by enzymatic methods. The changes in lipid droplet form and size were observed by Oil red O staining. The protein expression of PLIN1, PPARγ, Fsp27, and lipases was measured by Western blotting. RT-PCR was used to measure the expression of PLIN1 and lipases mRNA. After the adipocytes in the control group were induced to differentiate, the quantity of tiny lipid droplets was decreased, and the quantity of unilocular lipid droplets was increased and arranged in a circle around the nucleus. Compared with the control group, the volume of unilocular lipid droplets decreased, and the quantity of tiny lipid droplets increased after induction of adipocytes in the knockout group. The expression of PLIN1 mRNA and protein in the adipocytes was significantly inhibited (P<0.05); glycerol levels increased significantly (0.098 4±0.007 6), TG levels decreased significantly (0.031 0±0.005 3); mRNA and protein expression of HSL and ATGL increased (P<0.05); PPARγ and Fsp27 expression unchanged in adipocytes. The above results indicate that the knockout of plin1 enhances the lipolysis of 3T3-L1 adipocytes by exposing lipids in lipid droplets and up-regulating lipases effects.


Subject(s)
3T3-L1 Cells , Adipocytes , Metabolism , Animals , CRISPR-Cas Systems , Gene Knockout Techniques , Lipase , Metabolism , Lipolysis , Genetics , Mice , Perilipin-1 , Genetics , Metabolism
9.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 39: 52-60, may. 2019. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052027

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Biologically active peptides produced from fish wastes are gaining attention because their health benefits. Proteases produced by halophilic microorganisms are considered as a source of active enzymes in high salt systems like fish residues. Hence, the aim of this study was the bioprospection of halophilic microorganisms for the production of proteases to prove their application for peptide production. RESULTS: Halophilic microorganisms were isolated from saline soils of Mexico and Bolivia. An enzymatic screening was carried out for the detection of lipases, esterases, pHB depolymerases, chitinases, and proteases. Most of the strains were able to produce lipases, esterases, and proteases, and larger hydrolysis halos were detected for protease activity. Halobacillus andaensis was selected to be studied for proteolytic activity production; the microorganism was able to grow on gelatin, yeast extract, skim milk, casein, peptone, fish muscle (Cyprinus carpio), and soy flour as protein sources, and among these sources, fish muscle protein was the best inducer of proteolytic activity, achieving a protease production of 571 U/mL. The extracellular protease was active at 50°C, pH 8, and 1.4 M NaCl and was inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonyl fluoride. The proteolytic activity of H. andaensis was used to hydrolyze fish muscle protein for peptide production. The peptides obtained showed a MW of 5.3 kDa and a radical scavenging ability of 10 to 30% on 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl and 2,2-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) and a ferric reducing ability of plasma. Conclusion: The use of noncommercial extracellular protease produced by H. andaensis for biologically active peptide production using fish muscle as the protein source presents a great opportunity for high-value peptide production.


Subject(s)
Peptide Hydrolases/metabolism , Peptides/metabolism , Fish Proteins/metabolism , Halobacillus/enzymology , Soil , Bacteria/isolation & purification , Bolivia , Esterases , Salinity , Hydrolysis , Lipase , Mexico , Muscle Proteins , Antioxidants
10.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 39: 91-97, may. 2019. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1052260

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Lipases are extensively exploited in lots of industrial fields; cold-adapted lipases with alkali-resistance are especially desired in detergent industry. Penicillium cyclopium lipase I (PCL) might be suitable for applications of detergent industry due to its high catalytic efficiency at low temperature and relatively good alkali stability. In this study, to better meet the requirements, the alkali stability of PCL was further improved via directed evolution with error-prone PCR. RESULTS: The mutant PCL (N157F) with an improved alkali stability was selected based on a high-throughput activity assay. After incubating at pH 11.0 for 120 min, N157F retained 70% of its initial activity, which was 23% higher than that of wild type PCL. Combined with the three-dimensional structure analysis, N157F exhibited an improved alkali stability under the high pH condition due to the interactions of hydrophilicity and ß-strand propensity. Conclusions: This work provided the theoretical foundation and preliminary data for improving alkali stability of PCL to meet the industrial requirements, which is also beneficial to improving alkali-tolerance ability of other industrial enzymes via molecular modification.


Subject(s)
Penicillium/enzymology , Enzyme Stability , Detergent Industry , Lipase/metabolism , Penicillium/isolation & purification , Penicillium/genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction/methods , Cold Temperature , Alkalies , Biocatalysis , Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration , Lipase/isolation & purification , Lipase/genetics , Mutation
11.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e190033, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1002684

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND Despite a highly efficacious vaccine, yellow fever (YF) is still a major threat in developing countries and a cause of outbreaks. In 2018, the Brazilian state of São Paulo witnessed a new YF outbreak in areas where the virus has not been detected before. OBJECTIVE The aim is to describe the clinical and laboratorial characteristics of severe cases of YF, evaluate viral to determine markers associated with fatal outcome. METHODS Acute severe YF cases (n = 62) were admitted to the Intensive Care Unit of a reference hospital and submitted to routine laboratorial evaluation on admission. YFV-RNA was detected in serum and urine by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and then sequenced. Patients were classified in two groups: survival or death. FINDINGS In the univariate analysis the following variables were associated with outcome: alanin aminotransferase (ALT), aspartat aminotransferase (AST), AST/ALT ratio, total bilirubin (TB), chronic kidney disease epidemiology collaboration (CKD-EPI), ammonia, lipase, factor V, international normalised ratio (INR), lactate and bicarbonate. Logistic regression model showed two independent variables associated with death: lipase [odds ratio (OR) 1.018, 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.007 to 1.030, p = 0.002], and factor V (OR -0.955, 95% CI 0.929 to 0.982, p = 0.001). The estimated lipase and factor V cut-off values that maximised sensitivity and specificity for death prediction were 147.5 U/L [area under the curve (AUC) = 0.879], and 56.5% (AUC = 0.913). MAIN CONCLUSIONS YF acute severe cases show a generalised involvement of different organs (liver, spleen, heart, kidneys, intestines and pancreas), and different parameters were related to outcome. Factor V and lipase are independent variables associated with death, reinforcing the importance of hemorrhagic events due to fulminant liver failure and pointing to pancreatitis as a relevant event in the outcome of the disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Yellow Fever/therapy , Factor V/supply & distribution , Viral Load/immunology , Lipase
12.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 62: e19180113, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039128

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the effects of variables on the process of lipases production by Aspergillus niger C by submerged fermentation (SmF). The production assays were performed in shake flasks for 72 hours at 150 rpm and 32°C. First, a fractional factorial design 25-1 (FFD) was carried out to evaluate the effect of the following process variables: sucrose, ammonium sulphate, soybean oil, yeast extract concentration and pH. After the selection of the variables that significantly influenced the lipase production, a central composite rotational design 22 (CCRD) was used, aiming to find the most favorable operational conditions. The selected assay condition (15.0 g.L-1 sucrose, 4.0 g.L-1 ammonium sulphate, 4.0 g.L-1 soybean oil and 1.0 g.L-1 yeast extract at pH 5.0) was the one that presented a lipase activity of 27.46 U.mL-1. It was very close to that best assay (30.76 U.mL-1), but using half of the inducer concentration, consequently reducing process cost. The kinetics of lipase production showed that the highest specific activity was 57.17 U.mg-1. The pH and temperature effects on lipase activity produced in this study was investigated. The optimum activity was found in a more acidic pH (5.0-6.0) and 55°C.


Subject(s)
Aspergillus niger/enzymology , Lipase/analysis , Research Design , Fermentation
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786519

ABSTRACT

Pancreatic injuries due to trauma in children are rare. An early diagnosis is difficult as the signs and symptoms are insidious, but delays in diagnosis can lead to significant complications. We report a case of a child who visited the emergency department with aggravating abdominal pain. The physicians first diagnosed the abdominal pain as being caused by a disease in the emergency department, but the patient was subsequently diagnosed with pancreatic injury. Clinicians should be aware of a possible trauma in children who complain of vague abdominal pain even in the absence of corresponding history.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Amylases , Child , Diagnosis , Early Diagnosis , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Humans , Lipase , Pancreas , Pancreatic Pseudocyst
14.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 446-453, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774833

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Adhesion, biofilm formation, yeast-hyphal transition, secretion of enzymes, and hemolytic activity are all considered important factors in Candida tropicalis infection. However, DNA sequence data for this pathogen are limited. In this study, the polymorphism and heterogeneity of genes agglutinin-like sequences (ALS)2, Lipase (LIP)1, LIP4, and secretory aspartyl proteinase tropicalis (SAPT)1-4 as well as the relationship between phenotype and genotype were analyzed.@*METHODS@#This study started in August 2013, and ended in July 2017. The complete length of ALS2, LIP1, LIP4, and SAPT1-4 of 68 clinical C. tropicalis isolates was sequenced. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) as well as insertions and deletions (indels) were identified within these genes. In addition, phenotypic characteristics of the virulent factors, including adhesion and the secretion of aspartyl proteinases and phospholipases, were determined.@*RESULTS@#There were 73, 24, 17, 16, 13, and 180 SNPs in the genes LIP1, LIP4, SAPT1, SAPT2, SAPT3, and SAPT4, respectively. Furthermore, 209 SNPs were identified in total for the gene ALS2. Interestingly, large fragment deletions and insertions were also found in ALS2. Isolate FXCT 01 obtained from blood had deletions on all 4 sites and showed the lowest adhesion ability on the polymethylpentene surface. In addition, isolates with deletions in the regions 1697 to 1925 and 2073 to 2272 bp displayed relatively low abilities for adhesion and biofilm formation, and this phenotype correlated with the deletions found in ALS2. LIP1, SAPT4, and ALS2 displayed great heterogeneity among the isolates. Large deletions found in gene ALS2 appeared to be associated with the low ability of adhesion and biofilm formation of C. tropicalis.@*CONCLUSION@#This study might be useful for deeper explorations of gene function and studying the virulent mechanisms of C. tropicalis.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Adhesion , Biofilms , Candida tropicalis , Genetics , Virulence , Lipase , Genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Virulence , Genetics
15.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 226-235, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771384

ABSTRACT

Pitch deposits have negative effects on product quality, machine performance and production line profitability during pulp and paper manufacture. As traditional pitch control technology cannot provide satisfactory solutions in the pitch deposits, the enzymatic treatment has been rapidly developed for its high efficiency and pollution-free property. In this review, the chemical composition and present form of the pitch in pulp is first introduced, followed by a description of the pitch control enzymes. The emphasis is on the current research on enzymatic solutions to pitch problems, including the reaction mechanism, technology, and the present main problems of lipase, sterol esterases, laccase and lipoxygenase. Finally, the technology prospects in this field are proposed.


Subject(s)
Laccase , Lipase , Lipoxygenase , Paper
16.
Mycobiology ; : 230-241, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760536

ABSTRACT

The Great Sebkha of Oran is a closed depression located in northwestern of Algeria. Despite the ranking of this sebkha among the wetlands of global importance by Ramsar Convention in 2002, no studies on the fungal community in this area have been carried out. In our study, samples were collected from two different regions. The first region is characterized by halophilic vegetation and cereal crops and the second by a total absence of vegetation. The isolated strains were identified morphologically then by molecular analysis. The biotechnological interest of the strains was evaluated by testing their ability to grow at different concentration of NaCl and to produce extracellular enzymes (i.e., lipase, amylase, protease, and cellulase) on solid medium. The results showed that the soil of sebkha is alkaline, with the exception of the soil of cereal crops that is neutral, and extremely saline. In this work, the species Gymnoascus halophilus, Trichoderma gamsii, the two phytopathogenic fungi, Fusarium brachygibbosum and Penicillium allii, and the teleomorphic form of P. longicatenatum observed for the first time in this species, were isolated for the first time in Algeria. The halotolerance test revealed that the majority of the isolated are halotolerant. Wallemia sp. and two strains of G. halophilus are the only obligate halophilic strains. All strains are capable to secrete at least one of the four tested enzymes. The most interesting species presenting the highest enzymatic index were Aspergillus sp. strain A4, Chaetomium sp. strain H1, P. vinaceum, G. halophilus, Wallemia sp. and Ustilago cynodontis.


Subject(s)
Algeria , Amylases , Aspergillus , Chaetomium , Depression , Edible Grain , Fungi , Fusarium , Lipase , Penicillium , Salt Tolerance , Soil , Trichoderma , Ustilago , Wetlands
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760164

ABSTRACT

Most cases of hypertriglyceridemia (HTG)-induced gestational pancreatitis occur when a person with hyperlipidemia is overweight due to pregnancy or has secondary triggers associated with triglycerides (TGs). In Korea, 6 cases of HTG-induced gestational pancreatitis have been reported, but none of the affected patients had TG levels below 1,000 mg/dL. A 36-year-old female at 30 weeks of gestation was admitted due to pain in her upper abdomen. Initial biochemical analysis revealed a TG level of 260 mg/dL, an amylase level of 2,951 U/L and a lipase level of 3,500 U/L. Abdominal ultrasonography showed pancreatic swelling with a hypoechogenic rim. After several days, the patient was discharged and had a normal delivery at 38 weeks of gestation. This case report is the first to describe acute pancreatitis occurring in the presence of type IV hyperlipoproteinemia even though the TG level was less than 500 mg/dL, contrary to findings in previously reported cases.


Subject(s)
Abdomen , Adult , Amylases , Female , Humans , Hyperlipidemias , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type IV , Hypertriglyceridemia , Korea , Lipase , Overweight , Pancreatitis , Pregnancy , Triglycerides , Ultrasonography
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758923

ABSTRACT

Chronic mitral valve disease (CMVD) is the most common cardiovascular disease in dogs, causing decreased cardiac output that results in poor tissue perfusion and tissue damage to kidneys, pancreas, and other organs. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the relationships between heart disease severity and N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and lipase in dogs with CMVD, as well as to evaluate longitudinal changes in these values. A total of 84 dogs participated in this 2015 to 2017 study. Serum values of NT-proBNP and lipase were analyzed; radiography was used to measure the vertebral heart score and assess various echocardiographic values. NT-proBNP showed a strong positive correlation with increasing stage of heart disease; lipase showed a mild positive correlation with heart disease stage. When the three values (NT-proBNP, lipase and month) were continuously measured at 6-month intervals, all showed a correlation with the increasing length of the disease.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cardiac Output , Cardiovascular Diseases , Dogs , Echocardiography , Heart , Heart Diseases , Kidney , Lipase , Mitral Valve , Natriuretic Peptide, Brain , Pancreas , Perfusion , Radiography
19.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 175-181, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to describe the diagnostic yield of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) in patients with isolated elevated levels of amylase and/or lipase. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted at a large academic medical center from 2000 to 2016. Patients were selected based on having elevated amylase, lipase, or both, but without a diagnosis of pancreatitis or known pancreatobiliary disease. Patients were excluded if they had abnormal liver function tests or abnormal imaging of the pancreas. RESULTS: Of 299 EUS procedures performed, 38 met inclusion criteria. Symptoms were present in 31 patients, most frequently abdominal pain (87%). In 20 patients (53%), initial EUS most commonly found chronic pancreatitis (n=7; 18%), sludge (5; 13%), or new diagnosis of pancreas divisum (3; 8%). In the asymptomatic patients (7), 3 had a finding on EUS, most importantly sludge (2), stone (1), and pancreas divisum (1). No patients were diagnosed with a mass or pancreatic cyst. During the follow up period, 6 patients (22%) had cholecystectomy. CONCLUSIONS: In our study of patients with isolated elevations in amylase and/or lipase without acute pancreatitis who underwent EUS, approximately 50% had a pancreatobiliary finding, most commonly chronic pancreatitis or biliary sludge.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Academic Medical Centers , Amylases , Bile , Cholecystectomy , Diagnosis , Endosonography , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lipase , Liver Function Tests , Pancreas , Pancreatic Cyst , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Chronic , Retrospective Studies , Sewage , Ultrasonography
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763041

ABSTRACT

Human breast cancer cell line, MDA-MB-231, is highly invasive and aggressive, compared to less invasive cell line, MCF-7. To explore the genes that might influence the malignancy of MDA-MB-231, DNA microarray analysis was performed. The results showed that G0/G1 switch 2 (G0S2) was one of the most highly expressed genes among the genes upregulated in MDA-MB-231. Although G0S2 acts as a direct inhibitor of adipose triglyceride lipase, action of G0S2 in cancer progression is not yet understood. To investigate whether G0S2 affects invasiveness of MDA-MB-231 cells, G0S2 expression was inhibited using siRNA, which led to decreased cell proliferation, migration, and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells. Consequently, G0S2 inhibition inactivated integrin-regulated FAK-Src signaling, which promoted Hippo signaling and inactivated ERK1/2 signaling. In addition, G0S2 downregulation decreased β-catenin expression, while E-cadherin expression was increased. It was demonstrated for the first time that G0S2 mediates the Hippo pathway and induces epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT). Taken together, our results suggest that G0S2 is a major factor contributing to cell survival and metastasis of MDA-MB-231 cells.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cadherins , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Down-Regulation , Humans , Lipase , Neoplasm Metastasis , Oligonucleotide Array Sequence Analysis , RNA, Small Interfering , Signal Transduction
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