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1.
São Paulo; s.n; s.n; 2023. 93 p. graf, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1437666

ABSTRACT

A quimioprevenção do câncer refere-se ao uso de compostos naturais ou sintéticos para prevenir o desenvolvimento das neoplasias antes do estabelecimento da malignidade. O ácido butirico (AB) atua como um potente quimiopreventivo na hepatocarcinogênese, reduzindo o número e o tamanho de lesões pré neoplásicas persistentes (pLPN), induzindo a apoptose e modulando mecanismos epigenéticos. Já o ácido caprílico (AC), além da sua atuação como potencializador de absorção, vem sendo investigado na área da prevenção do câncer. Neste cenário, o objetivo do trabalho visa avaliar a atividade quimiopreventiva de lipídios estruturados (EST) obtidos por interesterificação enzimática da tributirina com a tricaprilina, na fase de promoção da hepatocarcinogênese experimental. Após o processo de interesterificação, o produto final apresentou novos triacilgliceróis com composição de duas moléculas de ácido butírico para uma de ácido caprilíco. Ratos machos isogênicos da linhagem Fischer 344 foram submetidos ao modelo do hepatócito resistente, sendo distribuídos em dois grupos e tratados diariamente por via intragástrica com lipídios estruturados (EST) ou com o seu controle isocalórico, a maltodextrina (MD), durante a fase de promoção. Como esperado, não houve diferença estatística (p>0,05) em relação ao peso inicial e final dos animais dos grupos MD e EST, o que indica ausência de toxicidade dos compostos administrados. Na análise macroscópica do fígado, foi observada uma redução de 33,3% no grupo EST em relação ao número médio de nódulos macroscópicos em comparação ao grupo MD, porém essa redução não atingiu diferença estatística (p>0,05). Para a avaliação das lesões pré neoplásicas (LPN) foi utilizada a marcação imunoistoquímica para glutationa-S-transferase (GST-P). O grupo EST apresentou uma redução no número de lesões em remodelação e total GSTP-P+, quando comparado com o grupo MD (p<0,05). Quando avaliada a % de corpúsculos apoptóticos e índice de proliferação celular, não houve diferença estatística entre os grupos (p>0,05). Animais tratados com lipídios estruturados apresentaram maiores (p<0,05) concentrações de AC e AB por grama de tecido hepático em relação ao tratamento com maltodextrina. Em relação aos danos no DNA, o grupo EST resultou em cometas de comprimentos menores (p<0,05), menores níveis de γ-H2AX (p<0,05) e maiores concentrações de p53 nuclear, quando comparados aos animais que receberam maltodextrina, sugerindo uma proteção contra danos no DNA no grupo tratado com EST. Os resultados mostraram que o tratamento com EST resultou em ações efetivas na fase de promoção da hepatocarcinogênese experimental


Cancer chemoprevention refers to the use of natural or synthetic compounds to prevent the development of neoplasms before the establishment of malignancy. Butyric acid (AB) acts as a potent chemopreventive in hepatocarcinogenesis, reducing the number and size of persistent preneoplastic lesions (pLPN), inducing apoptosis and modulating epigenetic mechanisms. Caprylic acid (CA), in addition to its role as an absorption enhancer, has been investigated in the area of cancer prevention. In this scenario, the objective of this work was to evaluate the chemopreventive activity of structured lipids (EST) obtained by enzymatic interesterification of tributyrin with tricaprylin, in the phase of promotion experimental hepatocarcinogenesis. After the interesterification process, the final product presented new triacylglycerols with a composition of two molecules of butyric acid to one of caprylic acid. Isogenic male Fischer 344 rats were submitted to the resistant hepatocyte model, divided into two groups and treated daily intragastrically with structured lipids (EST) or with its isocaloric control, maltodextrin (MD), during the promotion phase. As expected, there was no statistical difference (p>0.05) in relation to the initial and final weight of the animals in the MD and EST groups, which indicates the absence of toxicity of the administered compounds. In the macroscopic analysis of the liver, a reduction of 33.3% was observed in the EST group in relation to the mean number of macroscopic nodules compared to the MD group, but this reduction did not reach a statistical difference (p>0.05). For the evaluation of pre-neoplastic lesions (PNL) immunohistochemical staining for glutathione-Stransferase (GST-P) was used. The EST group showed a reduction in the number of remodeling lesions and total GSTP-P+, when compared to the MD group (p<0.05). Animals treated with structured lipids had higher (p<0.05) concentrations of AC and AB per gram of liver tissue compared to treatment with maltodextrin. Regarding DNA damage, the EST group resulted in comets of shorter lengths (p<0.05), lower levels of γ-H2AX (p<0.05) and high concentration of nuclear p53, when compared to animals that received maltodextrin, suggesting protection against DNA damage in the EST treated group. The results showed that EST treatment resulted in effective actions in the promotion phase of experimental hepatocarcinogenesis


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Chemoprevention , Lipase/analysis , Neoplasms/pathology , Wounds and Injuries/complications , Biotechnology/classification , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Absenteeism
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 3481-3493, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1007971

ABSTRACT

Diacylglycerol (DAG) is an intermediate product in lipid metabolism and plays an important physiological role in human body. It is mainly prepared by hydrolyzing lipid with lipase. However, research on the detection method of 1, 2-diacylglycerol (1, 2-DAG) and 1, 3-diacylglycerol (1, 3-DAG) and catalytic specificity of lipase was not enough, which limits its wide application. To address these challenges, an efficient quantitative detection method was first established for 1, 2-DAG (0.025-0.200 g/L) and 1, 3-DAG (0.025-0.150 g/L) by combining supercritical fluid chromatography with evaporative light scattering detector and optimizing the detection and analysis parameters. Based on the molecular docking between Thermomyces lanuginosus lipase (TLL) and triolein, five potential substrate binding sites were selected for site-specific saturation mutation to construct a mutation library for enzyme activity and position specificity screening. The specificity of sn-1, 3 of the I202V mutant was the highest in the library, which was 11.7% higher than the specificity of the wild type TLL. In summary, the position specificity of TLL was modified based on a semi-rational design, and an efficient separation and detection method of DAG isomers was also established, which provided a reference for the study of the catalytic specificity of lipase.


Subject(s)
Humans , Diglycerides , Molecular Docking Simulation , Binding Sites , Catalysis , Lipase/genetics
3.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 716-721, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-984709

ABSTRACT

Objective: To identify and analyze 3D architecture of the mutational sites of susceptible genes in a pedigree with familial hypercholesterolemia-like phenotype (FHLP). Methods: This is a case series study. A pedigree with suspected familial hypercholesterolemia was surveyed. The proband admitted in Beijing Anzhen Hospital in April 2019. Whole-exome sequencing was performed to determine the mutational sites of susceptible genes in the proband. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) sequencing was used to verify the pathogenic variant on proband's relatives. The structural and functional changes of the proteins were analyzed and predicted by Discovery Studio 4.0 and PyMol 2.0. Results: The patients in the pedigree showed abnormal lipid profiles, especially elevated levels of total cholesterol(TC). The genetic screening detected the c.1330C>T SNP in the exon 8 of lipase C (LIPC) gene, this mutation leads to an amino acid substitution from arginine to cysteine at position 444 (Arg444Cys), in the proband and proband's father and brother. In this family, members with this mutation exhibited elevated TC, whereas lipid profile was normal from the proband's mother without this mutation. This finding indicated that LIPC: c.1330C>T mutation might be the mutational sites of susceptible genes. The analysis showed that Arg444Cys predominantly affected the ligand-binding property of the protein, but had a limited impact on catalytic function. Conclusion: LIPC: c.1330C>T is a new mutational site of susceptible genes in this FHLP pedigree.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Hyperlipoproteinemia Type II/genetics , Lipase/genetics , Lipids , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype , Proteins
4.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 229-235, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969871

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between extracellular enzymes activity and virulence of Candida glabrata clinical isolates based on the infection model of Galleria mellonella larvae. Methods: Using experimental research methods, 71 strains of non-repetitive Candida glabrata were collected from Qinghai Provincial People's Hospital from June 2021 to January 2022. Bovine serum protein agar medium, egg yolk agar medium, sheep blood agar medium, Tween-80 agar medium and triglyceride agar medium were used to detect the aspartyl protease activity, phospholipase activity, hemolysis activity, esterase activity and lipase activity of Candida glabrata. Median lethal concentration (LC50) was calculated by using 1.25×108 CFU/ml,2.50×108 CFU/ml,3.75×108 CFU/ml,5.00×108 CFU/ml suspension of Candida glabrata ATCC2001 to infect Galleria mellonella larvae. Histopathological and etiological analysis was performed to determine whether the infection model was successfully established. The clinical isolates of Candida glabrata were configured to infect Galleria mellonella larvae with LC50 concentration to detect the pathogenicity of Galleria mellonella larvae.Spearman test or Pearson test were used to analyze the correlation between the extracellular enzyme activity of Candida glabrata clinical isolates and the pathogenicity of Galleria mellonella larvae. Results: 71 strains of Candida glabrata isolated clinically were detected to have low hemolytic activity after 2 days of culture. Aspartyl protease was detected after 4 days of culture, among which 7 strains (9.86%), 19 strains (26.76%) and 45 strains (63.38%) showed low, medium and high aspartyl protease activity. After 7 days of culture, 71 strains did not detect phospholipase, esterase and lipase activities. Candida glabrata on Galleria mellonella larvae of LC50=2.5×108 CFU/ml Fungal spore were found in the intestinal tissue pathological section of Galleria mellonella larvae in the experimental group, and Candida glabrata was identified by the microbial Mass Spectrometry after culture, while no fungi were found in the pathological section and culture of the control group. Spearman test shows that, there was a linear positive correlation between aspartyl protease activity and the survival rate of Galleria mellonella larvae (r = 0.73, P<0.01), the difference was statistically significant.Pearson test shows that, there was no significant linear relationship between hemolytic activity and survival rate of Galleria mellonella larvae (r = 0.16, P = 0.34), the difference was not statistically significant. Conclusion: The clinical isolates of Candida glabrata in this study had aspartyl protease activity and low hemolytic activity, but no phospholipase, esterase and lipase activity. The activity of aspartyl aspartyl protease of Candida glabrata was positively correlated with the pathogenicity of Galleria mellonella larvae.


Subject(s)
Animals , Sheep , Larva/microbiology , Virulence , Candida glabrata , Agar , Moths/microbiology , Esterases , Aspartic Acid Proteases , Lipase
5.
Rev. med. Chile ; 150(7): 966-969, jul. 2022. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1424150

ABSTRACT

Lipase hypersecretion syndrome (LHS) is a rare paraneoplastic syndrome, associated with acinar cell carcinoma of the pancreas (ACCP) in 10% to 15% of patients. Clinically, LHS manifests itself with the appearance of subcutaneous fibrocystic nodules, associated with trophic changes in the overlying skin, such as ulcers or fistulas that are difficult to manage, mainly affecting the lower extremities. Additionally, lipolysis near the joints and in the intraosseous adipose tissue can cause bilateral arthralgias, especially of the knees and ankles. We report a 57-year-old man, with a history of insulin resistance and allergic rhinitis, who presented in June 2019 with multiple subcutaneous nodules in the lower extremities, predominantly in both ankles, associated with arthralgia in that region. Additionally, a CT scan of the abdomen revealed a significant abdominal mass, measuring approximately 17 cm and in contact with the body and tail of the pancreas, pathologically compatible with an ACCP. Treatment with capecitabine was started with a favorable progression. The patient currently presents a small left lateral retro malleolar fistula, which, given the analyzes, studies and reviewed literature is concluded to be a lesion in the context of LHS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/complications , Pancreatic Neoplasms/pathology , Pancreatic Neoplasms/diagnostic imaging , Skin Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/complications , Carcinoma, Acinar Cell/pathology , Pancreas/pathology , Acinar Cells/pathology , Abdomen/pathology , Lipase
6.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 38: e38039, Jan.-Dec. 2022. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1395957

ABSTRACT

Enzymes of the archaea living in extreme environments are resistant to the challenging conditions. Lipase is among the important enzymes used in the industry and agriculture. In this study, the extracellular lipase from extremely halophilic archaeon Halolamina sp. was characterized for the first time. Optimum temperature for the enzyme activity was determined as 70oC, optimum pH was 7.0, and the optimum salt concentration was 3.6 M. Additionally, more than 70% of the enzyme activity was remained between pH 3.0-10.0 for 48 h as well as incubation of the enzyme at 70oC for 30 min increased its activity for 44%, and no activity loss was observed after incubation at 80oC. Also, presence of the metals increased the enzyme activity up to 88%. The enzyme was highly resistant to the organic solvents acetone, methanol, and DMSO while strong inhibition was caused by n-butanol. Among the detergents, the enzyme kept its activity substantially in the presence of SDS; however, other detergents caused inhibition of the enzyme activity. This characterization study showed that the lipase from the haloarchaeon Halolamina sp. is highly stable at the wide ranges of temperature and pH values as well as in the presence of diverse inhibitors. This enzyme is promising to be used in biotechnological applications.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Stability , Halobacteriales , Archaea , Lipase
8.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1537-1553, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927799

ABSTRACT

Proteus mirabilis lipase (PML) features tolerance to organic solvents and great potential for biodiesel synthesis. However, the thermal stability of the enzyme needs to be improved before it can be used industrially. Various computational design strategies are emerging methods for the modification of enzyme thermal stability. In this paper, the complementary algorithm-based ABACUS, PROSS, and FoldX were employed for positive selection of PML mutations, and their pairwise intersections were further subjected to negative selection by PSSM and GREMLIN to narrow the mutation library. Thereby, 18 potential single-point mutants were screened out. According to experimental verification, 7 mutants had melting temperature (Tm) improved, and the ΔTm of K208G and G206D was the highest, which was 3.75 ℃ and 3.21 ℃, respectively. Five mutants with activity higher than the wild type (WT) were selected for combination by greedy accumulation. Finally, the Tm of the five-point combination mutant M10 increased by 10.63 ℃, and the relative activity was 140% that of the WT. K208G and G206D exhibited certain epistasis during the combination, which made a major contribution to the improvement of the thermal stability of M10. Molecular dynamics simulation indicated that new forces were generated at and around the mutation sites, and the rearrangement of forces near G206D/K208G might stabilize the Ca2+ binding site which played a key role in the stabilization of PML. This study provides an efficient and user-friendly computational design scheme for the thermal stability modification of natural enzymes and lays a foundation for the modification of PML and the expansion of its industrial applications.


Subject(s)
Enzyme Stability , Lipase/chemistry , Molecular Dynamics Simulation , Proteus mirabilis/metabolism , Solvents/chemistry
9.
Chinese Medical Sciences Journal ; (4): 349-352, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970700

ABSTRACT

Autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis (ARCI) is characterized by being born as collodion babies, hyperkeratosis, and skin scaling. We described a collodion baby at birth with mild ectropion, eclabium, and syndactyly. Whole exome sequencing showed a compound heterozygous variant c.[56C>A], p.(Ser19X) and c.[100G>A], p.(Ala34Thr) in the PNPLA1 gene [NM_001145717; exon 1]. The protein encoded by PNPLA1 acts as a unique transacylase that specifically transfers linoleic acid from triglyceride to ω-hydroxy fatty acid in ceramide, thus giving rise to ω-O-acylceramide, a particular class of sphingolipids that is essential for skin barrier function. The variant was located in the patatin core domain of PNPLA1 and resulted in a truncated protein which could disrupt the function of the protein. This case report highlights a novel compound heterozygous mutation in PNPLA1 identified in a Chinese child.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant, Newborn , Acyltransferases/genetics , Ceramides/metabolism , Collodion , Ichthyosis, Lamellar/genetics , Lipase/metabolism , Mutation , Phospholipases/genetics
10.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(2): e20210041, 2022. tab
Article in English | VETINDEX, LILACS | ID: biblio-1286049

ABSTRACT

Eurytrema coelomaticum is a trematode reported in the pancreatic ducts of ruminants. It is conjectured that may cause disorders in the pancreas, as well as digestive and metabolic processes dependent on them. This study, determined if there is an impairment of exocrine pancreatic function, and correlated it with parasite burden. Pancreas, blood, and fecal samples were collected from 119 bovines at a abattoir. Stool samples were subjected to the gelatin and x-ray film digestion tests (to detect the presence of trypsin in feces). Using blood samples, the following biochemical tests were performed: amylase, lipase, glucose, fructosamine, cholesterol, triglycerides, total protein, albumin, and globulins. Analyses were correlated with pancreatic parasite burden. Cattle with a high parasitic load presented higher incidence of negative tests in both gelatin digestion and x-ray film digestion tests (P < 0.001) when compared to non-parasitized animals and those with a low parasitic load. Changes in those tests only occurred if the parasitemia was moderate or severe. The activity of the amylase and lipase enzymes was significantly higher in animals with low parasitemia (P < 0.05), compared to non-parasitized animals and with a high parasitic burden. In this study, in cases of high parasitemia, negative results were observed in both gelatin and x-ray film in the feces digestion tests. However, the low infection of E. coelomaticum, higher levels of serum amylase and lipase that also indicated loss of pancreatic exocrine functions were reported.


Eurytrema coelomaticum, um trematódeo de ductos pancreáticos de ruminantes. Conjectura-se que possa ocasionar transtornos nas funções pancreáticas, mais especificamente nos processos digestivos e metabólicos dependentes destas. Neste estudo, o objetivo foi determinar se há comprometimento da função pancreática exócrina, correlacionado-a a carga parasitária. Foram utilizados pâncreas e respectivas amostras de sangue e fezes de 119 bovinos. As amostras de fezes foram submetidas aos testes de digestão da gelatina em tubo e digestão de filme radiográfico, ambos para detecção de tripsina nas fezes. Foram realizados os seguintes exames bioquímicos em amostras de sangue: amilase, lipase, glicemia, frutosamina, colesterol, triglicerídeos, proteínas totais, albumina e globulinas. Após isto, as análises bioquímicas foram correlacionadas com a quantidade numérica de parasitas encontrados no pâncreas (post-mortem). Houve maior quantidade de testes negativos (digestão do filme radiográfico e prova de digestão da gelatina) nos animais com alta carga parasitária (P < 0.001), quando comparados aos animais não parasitados e com baixa carga parasitária. Portanto, os exames supracitados se alteram somente se a quantidade de parasitas for moderada ou severa. As atividades das enzimas amilase e lipase foram significativamente maiores nos animais que apresentavam baixa parasitemia (P < 0.05), em comparação com os animais com alta carga parasitária e não parasitados. Conclui-se que em quadros de alta parasitemia há alteração significativa nos testes de digestão nas fezes, e que em quadros de baixa parasitemia há alterações significativas nos valores de amilase e lipase séricas, ambos comprovando alterações pancreáticas importantes, de acordo com o quadro de parasitemia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Exocrine Pancreatic Insufficiency/parasitology , Pancreatitis/parasitology , Trematode Infections/complications , Trematode Infections/veterinary , Amylases/blood , Lipase/blood , Trematoda , Parasite Load/veterinary
11.
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 561-567, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To assess the effect of early abdominal puncture drainage (APD) on autophagy and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and explore the possibile mechanism.@*METHODS@#Thirty-two male SD rats were randomly divided into sham-operated (SO) group, SAP group with retrograde injection of 4% sodium taurocholate, APD group with insertion of a drainage tube into the lower right abdomen after SAP induction, and APD + ZnPP group with intraperitoneal injection of 30 mg/kg ZnPP 12 h before APD modeling. Blood samples were collected from the rats 12 h after modeling for analysis of amylase and lipase levels and serum inflammatory factors. The pathological changes of the pancreatic tissue were observed with HE staining. Oxidative stress in the pancreatic tissue was detected with colorimetry, and sub-organelle structure and autophagy in pancreatic acinar cells were observed by transmission electron microscopy. The expressions of autophagy-related proteins and Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway were detected using RT-PCR and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#Compared with those in SAP group, the rats with APD treatment showed significantly alleviated pathologies in the pancreas, reduced serum levels of lipase, amylase and inflammatory factors, lowered levels of oxidative stress, and activated expressions of Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway in the pancreas. The ameliorating effect of ADP was significantly inhibited by ZnPP treatment before modeling. APD obviously reversed mitochondrial and endoplasmic reticulum damages and p62 accumulation induced by SAP.@*CONCLUSION@#APD treatment can suppress oxidative stress and repair impaired autophagy in rats with SAP by activating the Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway, thereby reducing the severity of SAP.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Acute Disease , Amylases/blood , Autophagy , Drainage , Heme Oxygenase (Decyclizing) , Lipase/blood , NF-E2-Related Factor 2 , Oxidative Stress , Pancreas/pathology , Pancreatitis/surgery , Punctures , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
12.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 53: 71-79, Sep.2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1451302

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND The extracellular expression of enzymes in a secretion host such as Bacillus subtilis is a useful strategy in reducing the cost of downstream processing of industrial enzymes. Here, we present the first report of the successful extracellular expression in Bacillus subtilis WB800 of Geobacillus stearothermophilus lipase (T1.2RQ), a novel industriallydesirable thermostable lipolytic enzyme which has an excellent hydrolytic and transesterification activity. Signal peptides of a-amylase, extracellular protease, and lipase A, as well as two different promoters, were used in the secretion and expression of lipase T1.2RQ. RESULTS Lipase activity assay using p-nitrophenyl laurate showed that all three signal peptides directed the secretion of lipase T1.2RQ into the extracellular medium. The signal peptide of lipase A, resulted in the highest extracellular yield of 5.6 U/ml, which corresponds to a 6-fold increase over the parent Bacillus subtilis WB800 strain. SDS-PAGE and zymogram analysis confirmed that lipase T1.2RQ was correctly processed and secreted in its original size of 44 kDa. A comparison of the expression levels of lipase T1.2RQ in rich medium and minimal media showed that the enzyme was better expressed in rich media, with up to an 8-fold higher yield over minimal media. An attempt to further increase the lipase expression level by promoter optimization showed that, contrary to expectation, the optimized promoter exhibited similar expression levels as the original one, suggesting the need for the optimization of downstream factors. CONCLUSIONS The successful extracellular secretion of lipase T1.2RQ in Bacillus subtilis represents a remarkable feat in the industrial-scale production of this enzyme


Subject(s)
Geobacillus stearothermophilus/metabolism , Geobacillus stearothermophilus/chemistry , Bacillus subtilis/metabolism , Bacillus subtilis/chemistry , Geobacillus stearothermophilus/isolation & purification , Geobacillus stearothermophilus/genetics , Bacillus subtilis/isolation & purification , Bacillus subtilis/genetics , Lipase/chemistry
13.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(3): 226-243, may. 2021. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1342815

ABSTRACT

Several species of the Myrcia genus have been used in folk medicine to treat diabetes. Therefore, the aim of this work was to investigate the inhibitory activity of α-glucosidase and pancreatic lipase in the crude extract (EBF) and in the ethyl acetate fraction (FFA) of Myrcia hatschbachii, as well as to identify isolated phenolic compounds and to evaluate the antioxidant property and preliminary in vitro toxicity against Artemia salina. EBF (IC50: 3.21 µg/mL) and FFA (IC50: 1.14 µg/mL) showed inhibitory activity superior to acarbose (IC50: 193.65 µg/mL). In addition, they showed inhibitory effects of pancreatic lipase (IC50: 556.58 µg/mL for EBF and 532.68 µg/mL for FFA), antioxidant potential, absence of preliminary toxicity and presence of gallic andellagic acids in FFA. The relevant results in the inhibition of α-glucosidase and pancreatic lipase motivate new studies for the development of herbal medicines that assist in the treatment of diabetic patients.


Varias especies del género Myrcia se han utilizado en la medicina popular para tratar la diabetes. Por lo tanto, el objetivo de este trabajo fue investigar la actividad inhibitoria de la α-glucosidasa y la lipasa pancreática en el extracto crudo (EBF) y en la fracción de acetato de etilo (FFA) de Myrcia hatschbachii, así como identificar compuestos fenólicos aislados y evaluar la propiedad antioxidante y toxicidad in vitro preliminar contra Artemia salina. EBF (IC50: 3.21 µg/mL) y FFA (IC50: 1.14 µg/mL) mostraron una actividad inhibitoria superior a la acarbosa (IC50: 193.65 µg/mL). Además, mostraron efectos inhibitorios de la lipasa pancreática (IC50: 556.58 µg/mL para EBF y 532.68 µg/mL para FFA), potencial antioxidante, ausencia de toxicidad preliminar y presencia de ácidos gálico y elágico en FFA. Los resultados relevantes en la inhibición de la α-glucosidasa y la lipasa pancreática motivan nuevos estudios para el desarrollo de medicamentos a base de hierbas que ayudan en el tratamiento de pacientes diabéticos.


Subject(s)
Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Myrtaceae/chemistry , Glycoside Hydrolase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Lipase/drug effects , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Pancreas/enzymology , Phenols/analysis , X-Ray Diffraction , In Vitro Techniques , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Free Radical Scavengers , Complex Mixtures , Ellagic Acid , Gallic Acid , Antioxidants/chemistry
14.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 88-99, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878545

ABSTRACT

The formation of most proteins consists of two steps: the synthesis of precursor proteins and the synthesis of functional proteins. In these processes, propeptides play important roles in assisting protein folding or inhibiting its activity. As an important polypeptide chain coded by a gene sequence in lipase gene, propeptide usually functions as an intramolecular chaperone, assisting enzyme molecule folding. Meanwhile, some specific sites on propeptide such as glycosylated sites, have important effect on the activity, stability in extreme environment, methanol resistance and the substrate specificity of the lipase. Studying the mechanism of propeptide-mediated protein folding, as well as the influence of propeptide on lipases, will allow to regulate lipase by alternating the propeptide folding behavior and in turn pave new ways for protein engineering research.


Subject(s)
Lipase/metabolism , Molecular Chaperones/metabolism , Protein Folding , Protein Precursors , Substrate Specificity
15.
Malaysian Journal of Microbiology ; : 277-285, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-972785

ABSTRACT

Aims@#Every year, an estimated 25 million tons of waste oil are produced worldwide, and the generation of waste oil is one of the biggest global environmental problems. The incorporation of oil as a substrate for lipase production has been studied and shown to have a positive impact on its production. Burkholderia sp. is one of the major lipase-producing bacteria with their ability in bioremediation of oil-contaminated soil. This study aims to compare the production of lipase by Burkholderia cenocepacia ST8 using waste cooking oil and unused cooking oil as feedstock.@*Methodology and results@#The effect of different types of waste cooking oil (sunflower oil and palm oil) and concentration (1-3%) of waste cooking oil, agitation speed (100-400 rpm) and initial dissolved oxygen concentration (10-50%) on lipase production by B. cenocepacia ST8 under batch fermentation mode were investigated. The major fatty acids of which had been consumed were determined using gas chromatography. Results showed that 2% (v/v) of single used sunflower cooking oil produced the highest lipase activity of 138.86 U/mL with a productivity of 2.10 U/mL/h; agitation speed of 300 rpm produced the highest lipase activity of 183.56 U/mL with a productivity of 3.06 U/mL/h while 30% initial concentration of dissolved oxygen produced a lipase activity of 176.45 U/mL with a productivity of 2.94 U/mL/h. Oleic acid and linoleic acid were found to be the most consumed by B. cenocepacia ST8 among other fatty acids. @*Conclusion, significance and impact of study@#This study shows that 2% (v/v) single used sunflower cooking oil was the better type and optimum concentration of carbon source for the production of lipase by the fermentation of B. cenocepacia under 300 rpm and 30% initial concentration dissolved oxygen. The incorporation of 2% (v/v) single used sunflower cooking oil may be a great alternative to reduce the cost for the production of lipase as well as reducing the amount of waste oil generation.


Subject(s)
Lipase , Burkholderia cenocepacia , Waste Management , Biodegradation, Environmental
16.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 39(4): e620, oct.-dic. 2020.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1156463

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La bioquímica, como ciencia particular dentro de las ciencias médicas, ha tenido un gran desarrollo. Las enzimas lipasas se obtienen de organismos vivos que abundan en la naturaleza y han sido utilizadas en la producción de alimentos, jabones, detergentes, aceites y otros productos industriales. Actualmente se han logrado nuevas clasificaciones de estas, subdivididas en grupos y subgrupos. Se aprecia además interés de utilizarlas en la producción de biodiesel y en la biotecnología y genética médica. Objetivo: Recopilar las principales consideraciones teóricas actualizadas acerca la caracterización, clasificación y usos de las enzimas lipasas. Método: La búsqueda y análisis de la información se realizó desde el primero de septiembre al 23 de diciembre de 2019, con un total de 50 artículos publicados en las bases de datos PubMed, Hinari, SciELO y Medline, mediante el gestor de búsqueda y administrador de referencias EndNote. se utilizaron 42 citas seleccionadas para realizar la revisión, de ellas 38 de los últimos cinco años. Conclusiones: Las enzimas lipasas son proteínas que catalizan procesos biológicos. son activas en un amplio rango de sustrato, realizan reacciones de síntesis, hidrólisis o de intercambio de grupos. Poseen diversas actividades catalíticas, son menos costosas y menos contaminantes, se obtienen en gran cantidad, se producen de forma regular. Son estables y su proceso de producción es más factible y seguro. Se caracterizan por su capacidad de catalizar reacciones de acidólisis, alcohólisis, aminólisis, esterificación, interesterificación y transesterificación, entre otras características(AU)


Introduction: Biochemistry has experienced great development as a particular medical science. Lipase enzymes are obtained from living organisms which are abundant in nature, and have been used in the manufacture of foods, soap, detergents, oils and other industrial products. New classifications are now available of lipase enzymes, and they have been subdivided into groups and subgroups. An interest is also noticed in using them for biodiesel production and in biotechnology and medical genetics. Objective: Collect the main updated theoretical considerations about the characterization, classification and uses of lipase enzymes. Method: The search for and analysis of the information extended from 1 September to 23 December 2019, for a total 50 papers published in the databases PubMed, Hinari, SciELO and Medline, using the search engine and reference manager EndNote. Forty-two citations were selected for the review, 38 of which were from the last five years. Conclusions: Lipase enzymes are proteins that catalyze biological processes. They are active in a wide range of substrates, performing synthesis reactions, hydrolysis or group exchanges. They display a variety of catalytic activities, are less costly and less contaminating, are obtained in large quantities and are produced in a regular manner. They are stable and their production process is more feasible and safer. They are characterized by their ability to catalyze reactions of acidolysis, alcoholysis, aminolysis, esterification, interesterification and transesterification, among other characteristics(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Biochemistry , Biotechnology , Enzymes/analysis , Lipase/pharmacokinetics
17.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Clín. Méd ; 18(4): 227-230, DEZ 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1361636

ABSTRACT

A ansa pancreática é uma variação anatômica rara dos ductos pancreáticos. Consiste numa comunicação entre o ducto pancreático principal (Wirsung) e o ducto pancreático acessório (Santorini). Recentemente, estudos têm demonstrado estar essa variação anatômica implicada como fator predisponente e significativamente associada a episódios recorrentes de pancreatite aguda. A pancreatite é uma entidade clínica pouco frequente na infância. Diferente dos adultos, as causas mais comuns incluem infecções virais, por ascaris, medicamentosas, traumas e anomalias estruturais. O objetivo deste estudo foi relatar um caso de pancreatite aguda grave não alcoólica e não biliar, em um paciente jovem de 15 anos, em cuja propedêutica imagenológica evidenciou-se alça, comunicando com os ductos pancreáticos ventral e dorsal, compatível com ansa pancreática.


Ansa pancreatica is a rare anatomical variation of the pancreatic ducts. It consists of communication between the main pancreatic duct (Wirsung) and the accessory pancreatic duct (Santorini). Recently, studies have shown that this anatomical variation is implicated as a predisposing factor and significantly associated with recurrent episodes of acute pancreatitis. Pancreatitis is a rare clinical entity in childhood. Different from that in the adults, the most common causes include viral and ascaris infections, drugs, traumas, and structural abnormalities. The objective of this study was to report a case of a severe non-alcoholic and non-biliary acute pancreatitis in a 15-year-old patient, whose propedeutic imaging showed a loop communicating with the ventral and dorsal pancreatic ducts, consistent with ansa pancreatica.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Pancreatic Ducts/abnormalities , Pancreatic Ducts/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatitis/etiology , Pancreatitis/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatic Pseudocyst/diagnostic imaging , Pancreatitis/complications , Pancreatitis/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Ichthyosis Vulgaris/diagnosis , Ultrasonography , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic/pathology , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/etiology , Pancreatitis, Acute Necrotizing/diagnostic imaging , Amylases/blood , Lipase/blood
18.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 47: 10-16, sept. 2020. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Liquid wax esters are widely used in cosmetic as well as pharmaceutical and other industries. The demand of organic and natural products is increasing nowadays. Coconut oil contains benefit fatty acids and has been mainly used for oil-based and moisturizer products. Liquid wax esters from coconut oil and unsaturated fatty alcohol can be synthesized by enzymatic reaction; and it is interesting for using as an alternative natural ingredient in these industries. RESULTS: Optimal condition for coconut oil based wax ester synthesis by immobilized lipase EQ3 was 10 U of enzyme, temperature at 30°C and molar ratio of coconut oil to oleyl alcohol at 1:3 (mol/mol) (0.33X) dissolved in isooctane for 12 h, while for Lipozyme RM IM optimal condition was 10 U of enzyme, temperature at 45°C and oil/alcohol molar ratio at 1:3 (0.33X) dissolved in isooctane for 3 h. Percentage of wax esters synthesized by both lipases reached more than 88%. Both immobilized lipases catalyzed high yield of wax esters within the 2nd batch; after that, the immobilized lipases showed reduced activity and synthesized b60% of wax esters from the 3rd to 5th batch. The main composition of wax esters was ~48% oleyl laurate with 10% degradation at ~250°C. CONCLUSIONS: The liquid wax ester synthesis by commercial Lipozyme RM IM had higher effect than immobilized lipase EQ3, but both catalysts were stable within 2 batches in the optimum condition. The characteristic properties of wax esters showed potential for use as components in cosmetics and skin care products.


Subject(s)
Waxes , Esters/metabolism , Palm Oil/chemical synthesis , Lipase/metabolism , Temperature , Enzymes, Immobilized , Cosmetic Industry
19.
Semina cienc. biol. saude ; 41(2): 165-176, jun./dez. 2020. Ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1224275

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to evaluate the production of lipases by a new strain of Pseudomonas sp. using fermentation medium containing byproducts of poultry meat or soybean oil industry. The results indicate that chicken fat and soybean gum induced 48.3 U/mL and 93.3 of lipase activity, respectively. However, the higher lipase production was obtained when the crude lecithin gum was used, archiving 272.6 U/ml of activity after 24 hours. The partial biochemical characterization of the enzyme showed that the optimum reaction conditions were pH 9.0 and 35 °C. The enzyme was stable at temperatures between 25 to 75 °C and at pH from 6 to 9. The enzyme also showed good stability in organic solvents, such as acetronitrile, hexane, ethanol and isopropanol. This study indicates that the byproducts tested are promising for the production of lipase and can contribute to the reduction of enzymatic production costs on a large scale, increase the value of these byproducts and reduce potential environmental impacts caused by its accumulation in nature.(AU)


Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a produção de lipases por uma nova cepa de Pseudomonas sp. utilizando meio de fermentação contendo subprodutos de industrialização de carne de frango e óleo de soja. Os resultados indicaram que a gordura de frango e a goma de soja induziram 48,3 U/mL e 93,3 U/ml de atividade lipásica, respectivamente. No entanto, a produção de lipase mais elevada foi obtida quando a goma de lecitina bruta foi utilizada, induzindo 272,6 U/ml de atividade após 24 horas. A caracterização bioquímica parcial da enzima mostrou que as condições de reação ótimas foram de pH 9,0 e 35 °C. A enzima foi estável nas temperaturas entre 25 a 75 °C e pH de 6 a 9. A enzima mostrou boa estabilidade em solventes orgânicos, tais como acetonitrila, hexano, etanol e isopropanol. Este estudo indicou que os subprodutos testados são promissores para a produção de lipase e podem contribuir para a redução dos custos de produção enzimática em larga escala, aumentar o valor desses subprodutos e reduzir potenciais impactos ambientais causados por sua acumulação na natureza.(AU)


Subject(s)
Pseudomonas , Lipase , Lecithins , Fats , Fermentation
20.
Braz. arch. biol. technol ; 63: e20180444, 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132252

ABSTRACT

Abstract Fungi have always attracted a lot of attention as they are able to produce a vast repertoire of enzymes that find a broad spectrum of uses in biotechnological and industrial fields. Undoubtedly, one of the most promising biocatalysts is the lipase, which has been widely used for the biotransformation of a number of commercial products due to its high stability, high catalytic efficiency, versatility and selectivity, making it one of the most attractive and best-studied enzymes. In this study we report the isolation and molecular identification of new lipase-producing fungi from different environmental samples from Morocco. The production and activity of extracellular lipases, at different parameters, was evaluated using the Rhodamine B agar, submerged fermentation and biochemical methods. Two fungal strains Arthrographis curvata and Rhodosporidium babjevae, were isolated and found to produce large amounts of lipases. The optimal activity of the extracellular lipase was detected at 40°C and pH 9.0 for A. curvata and at 40 °C and pH 8.0 for R. babjevae. This study add new information at the growing list of fungal species producing lipases with improved physicochemical proprieties which could constitute a new line of research for further studies and to be exploited for industrial or bioremediation purposes.


Subject(s)
Biotechnology , Fungi/enzymology , Lipase/biosynthesis
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