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Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 393-397, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982600


OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the effect of curcumin on renal mitochondrial oxidative stress, nuclear factor-κB/NOD-like receptor protein 3 (NF-κB/NLRP3) inflammatory body signaling pathway and tissue cell injury in rats with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).@*METHODS@#A total of 24 specific pathogen free (SPF)-grade healthy male Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats were randomly divided into control group, ARDS model group, and low-dose and high-dose curcumin groups, with 6 rats in each group. The ARDS rat model was reproduced by intratracheal administration of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 4 mg/kg via aerosol inhalation. The control group was given 2 mL/kg of normal saline. The low-dose and high-dose curcumin groups were administered 100 mg/kg or 200 mg/kg curcumin by gavage 24 hours after model reproduction, once a day. The control group and ARDS model group were given an equivalent amount of normal saline. After 7 days, blood samples were collected from the inferior vena cava, and the levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in serum were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The rats were sacrificed, and kidney tissues were collected. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were determined by ELISA, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was detected using the xanthine oxidase method, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels were determined by colorimetric method. The protein expressions of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α), caspase-3, NF-κB p65, and Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) were detected by Western blotting. The mRNA expressions of HIF-1α, NLRP3, and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) were detected by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Renal cell apoptosis was detected by TdT-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL). The morphological changes in renal tubular epithelial cells and mitochondria were observed under a transmission electron microscope.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control group, the ARDS model group exhibited kidney oxidative stress and inflammatory response, significantly elevated serum levels of kidney injury biomarker NGAL, activated NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway, increased kidney tissue cell apoptosis rate, and renal tubular epithelial cell damage and mitochondrial integrity destruction under transmission electron microscopy, indicating successful induction of kidney injury. Following curcumin intervention, the injury to renal tubular epithelial cells and mitochondria in the rats was significantly mitigated, along with a noticeable reduction in oxidative stress, inhibition of the NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway, and a significant decrease in kidney tissue cell apoptosis rate, demonstrating a certain dose-dependency. Compared with the ARDS model group, the high-dose curcumin group exhibited significantly reduced serum NGAL levels and kidney tissue MDA and ROS levels [NGAL (μg/L): 13.8±1.7 vs. 29.6±2.7, MDA (nmol/g): 115±18 vs. 300±47, ROS (kU/L): 75±19 vs. 260±15, all P < 0.05], significantly down-regulated protein expressions of HIF-1α, caspase-3, NF-κB p65, and TLR4 in the kidney tissue [HIF-1α protein (HIF-1α/β-actin): 0.515±0.064 vs. 0.888±0.055, caspase-3 protein (caspase-3/β-actin): 0.549±0.105 vs. 0.958±0.054, NF-κB p65 protein (NF-κB p65/β-actin): 0.428±0.166 vs. 0.900±0.059, TLR4 protein (TLR4/β-actin): 0.683±0.048 vs. 1.093±0.097, all P < 0.05], and significantly down-regulated mRNA expressions of HIF-1α, NLRP3, and IL-1β [HIF-1α mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 2.90±0.39 vs. 9.49±1.87, NLRP3 mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 2.07±0.21 vs. 6.13±1.32, IL-1β mRNA (2-ΔΔCt): 1.43±0.24 vs. 3.95±0.51, all P < 0.05], and significantly decreased kidney tissue cell apoptosis rate [(4.36±0.92)% vs. (27.75±8.31)%, P < 0.05], and significantly increased SOD activity (kU/g: 648±34 vs. 430±47, P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Curcumin can alleviate kidney injury in ARDS rats, and its mechanism may be related to the increasing in SOD activity, reduction of oxidative stress, and inhibition of the activation of the NF-κB/NLRP3 inflammasome signaling pathway.

Male , Rats , Animals , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , NF-kappa B , Actins , Caspase 3 , Curcumin , Lipocalin-2 , Toll-Like Receptor 4 , Inflammasomes , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Reactive Oxygen Species , Saline Solution , Kidney , Superoxide Dismutase
Journal of Central South University(Medical Sciences) ; (12): 40-48, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971369


OBJECTIVES@#The excretion of urinary vitamin D-binding protein (uVDBP) is related to the occurrence and development of early-stage renal damage in patients with Type 2 diabetes (T2DM). This study aims to explore the significance of detecting uVDBP in T2DM patients and its relationship with renal tubules, and to provide a new direction for the early diagnosis of T2DM renal damage.@*METHODS@#A total of 105 patients with T2DM, who met the inclusion criteria, were included as a patient group, and recruited 30 individuals as a normal control group. The general information and blood and urine biochemical indicators of all subjects were collected; the levels of uVDBP, and a marker of tubular injury [urine kidney injury molecule 1 (uKIM-1), urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) and urine retinol-binding protein (uRBP)] were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The results were corrected by urinary creatinine (Cr) to uVDBP/Cr, uKIM-1/Cr, uNGAL/Cr and uRBP/Cr. The Pearson's and Spearman's correlation tests were used to analyze the correlation between uVDBP/Cr and urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio (UACR), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and markers of tubular injury, and multivariate linear regression and receiver operating characteristic curve were used to analyze the correlation between uVDBP/Cr and UACR or eGFR.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the normal control group, the uVDBP/Cr level in the patient group was increased (P<0.05), and which was positively correlated with UACR (r=0.774, P<0.01), and negatively correlated with eGFR (r=-0.397, P<0.01). There were differences in the levels of uKIM-1/Cr, uNGAL/Cr, and uRBP/Cr between the 2 groups (all P<0.01). The uVDBP/Cr was positively correlated with uKIM-1/Cr (r=0.752, P<0.01), uNGAL/Cr (r=0.644, P<0.01) and uRBP/Cr (r=0.812, P<0.01). The sensitivity was 90.0% and the specificity was 82.9% (UACR>30 mg/g) for evaluation of uVDBP/Cr on T2DM patients with early-stage renal damage, while the sensitivity was 75.0% and the specificity was 72.6% for evaluation of eGFR on T2DM patients with early-stage renal damage.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The uVDBP/Cr can be used as a biomarker in early-stage renal damage in T2DM patients.

Humans , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/complications , Creatinine , Vitamin D-Binding Protein/urine , Lipocalin-2/urine , Kidney/metabolism , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Biomarkers
Braz. J. Anesth. (Impr.) ; 72(6): 720-728, Nov.-Dec. 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1420615


Abstract Background Hydroxyethyl starches are colloids used in fluid therapy that may reduce volume infusion compared with crystalloids, but they can affect renal function in critical care patients. This study aims to assess renal effects of starches using renal biomarkers in the perioperative setting. Methods This prospective, controlled, randomized study compared Hydroxyethyl starch 6% (HES) with Ringer's lactate (RL) in hysterectomy. Each episode of mean arterial pressure (MAP) below 60 mmHg guided the fluid replacement protocol. The RL group received 300 mL bolus of RL solution while the HES group received 150 mL of HES solution. All patients received RL (2−1.h−1) intraoperatively to replace insensible losses. Blood and urine samples were collected at three time points (preoperatively, 24 hours, and 40 days postoperatively) to assess urinary NGAL and KIM-1, as primary outcome, and other markers of renal function. Results Seventy patients were randomized and 60 completed the study. The RL group received a higher crystalloid volume (1,277 ± 812.7 mL vs. 630.4 ± 310.2 mL; p= 0.0002) with a higher fluid balance (780 ± 720 mL vs. 430 ± 440 mL; p= 0.03) and fluid overload (11.7% ± 10.4% vs. 7.0% ± 6.3%; p= 0.04) compared to the HES group. NGAL and KIM-1 did not differ between groups at each time point, however both biomarkers increased 24 hours postoperatively and returned to preoperative levels after 40 days in both groups. Conclusion HES did not increase renal biomarkers following open hysterectomy compared to RL. Moreover, HES provided better hemodynamic parameters using less volume, and reduced postoperative fluid balance and fluid overload.

Hydroxyethyl Starch Derivatives , Fluid Therapy/methods , Biomarkers , Prospective Studies , Plasma Substitutes , Colloids , Lipocalin-2 , Crystalloid Solutions , Ringer's Lactate , Hysterectomy , Isotonic Solutions , Kidney/physiology
Chinese Journal of Traumatology ; (6): 27-31, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922356


PURPOSE@#To investigate the clinical value of urine interleukin-18 (IL-8), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) for the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with ureteroscopic lithotripsy (URL) related urosepsis.@*METHODS@#A retrospective study was carried out in 157 patients with urosepsis after URL. The patients were divided into AKI group and non-AKI group according to the Kidigo guideline and urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 levels were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay at 0, 4, 12, 24 and 48 h after the surgery. Receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC) was used to evaluate the diagnostic value of these three biomarkers for postoperative AKI.@*RESULTS@#The level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in AKI group was significantly higher than that in non-AKI group at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h (p < 0.01). The ROC analysis showed the combined detection of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 at 12 h had a larger area under curve (AUC) than a single marker (0.997, 95% CI: 0.991-0.998), and the sensitivity and specificity were 98.2% and 96.7%, respectively. Pearson correlation analysis showed that the levels of urine NGAL at 4, 12, 24 and 48 h in AKI patients were positively correlated with the levels of urine KIM-1 and IL-18 (p < 0.01).@*CONCLUSION@#AKI could be quickly recognized by the elevated level of urine IL-8, NGAL and KIM-1 in patients with URL-related urosepsis. Combined detection of the three urine biomarkers at 12 h after surgery had a better diagnostic performance, which may be an important reference for the early diagnosis of AKI.

Humans , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Biomarkers , Early Diagnosis , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1 , Interleukin-18 , Interleukin-8 , Lipocalin-2 , Lithotripsy , Retrospective Studies , Ureteroscopy
Journal of Southern Medical University ; (12): 256-262, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936310


OBJECTIVE@#To explore the contribution of ferroptosis to myocardial injury in mouse models of sepsis and the role lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) in ferroptosis.@*METHODS@#Adult male C57BL/6 mice were randomized equally into sham-operated group, cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)-induced sepsis group, and CLP + Fer-1 group where the mice received intraperitoneal injection of 5 mg/mL Fer-1 (5 mg/kg) 1 h before CLP. The left ventricular functions (including LVEF%, LVFS%, LVIDd and LVIDs) of the mice were assessed by echocardiography at 24 h after CLP. Myocardial injury in the mice was observed with HE staining, and the changes of myocardial ultrastructure and mitochondria were observed using transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Serum TNF-α level was measured with ELISA, and the changes of myocardial iron content were detected using tissue iron kit. The protein expressions of myocardial Lcn2, glutathione peroxidase 4 (GPX4) and ferroptosis suppressor protein 1 (FSP1) were determined with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The septic mice showed significantly decreased LVEF%, LVFS% and LVIDd and increased LVIDs at 24 h after CLP (P < 0.05), and these changes were significantly improved by Fer-1 treatment. Sepsis caused obvious myocardial pathologies and changes in myocardial ultrastructure and mitochondria, which were significantly improved by Fer-1 treatment. Fer-1 treatment also significantly ameliorated sepsis-induced elevations of serum TNF-α level, myocardial tissue iron content, and Lcn2 protein expression and the reduction of GPX4 and FSP1 protein expression levels (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#GPX4- and FSP1-mediated ferroptosis are involved in myocardial injury in mice with CLP-induced sepsis, and inhibition of ferroptosis can attenuate septic myocardial injury, in which Lcn2 may play a role.

Animals , Male , Mice , Ferroptosis , Heart Injuries , Lipocalin-2 , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Sepsis/metabolism
Arq. bras. cardiol ; 116(4): 715-724, abr. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1285214


Resumo Fundamento: O agravamento da função renal (AFR) é frequentemente observado na terapia agressiva com diuréticos para o tratamento de insuficiência cardíaca aguda descompensada (ICAD) e está associado com piores desfechos em alguns estudos. Objetivo: Avaliar a relação de AFR e congestão na alta hospitalar com ocorrência de eventos (morte cardíaca ou internação por insuficiência cardíaca). Métodos: Oitenta pacientes com ICAD foram estudados. O AFR foi definido por um aumento absoluto (≥0,5 mg/dL) nos níveis séricos de creatinina a partir dos valores obtidos na admissão. Concentrações de peptídeo natriurético do tipo B (BNP) e lipocalina associada à gelatinase neutrofílica (NGAL) foram medidas na admissão e na alta hospitalar. Congestão foi avaliada na alta utilizando a análise vetorial de bioimpedância elétrica (BIVA). O desfecho primário foi o tempo para o primeiro evento, definido como uma combinação de morte cardíaca ou hospitalização por insuficiência cardíaca. Análise de curva Característica de Operação do Receptor (curva ROC) foi realizada para determinar o ponto de corte de IH mais adequado para predição de eventos. Curvas Kaplan-Meier de sobrevida livre de eventos foram construídas e comparadas usando o teste de log-rank. Modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox foram usados para investigar a associação com eventos. O critério para se estabelecer significância estatística foi um p<0.05. Resultados: A idade média foi 60,6 ± 15,0 anos, e 48 (60%) pacientes eram do sexo masculino. A fração de ejeção média foi 35,3±7,8%. O AFR ocorreu em 37,5% da amostra. A creatinina basal associou-se com AFR (p<0,001), mas nem BNP (p=0,35) nem NGAL (p=0,18) na admissão foram preditores de AFR. Usando modelos de riscos proporcionais de Cox, o índice de hidratação na alta, estimado por BIVA, associou-se significativamente com ocorrência de eventos (HR 1,39; IC95% 1,25-1,54, p<0,0001), mas não com AFR (HR 2,14; IC95% 0,62-7,35, p=0,22). Conclusão: A congestão persistente na alta associou-se com piores desfechos. O AFR parece estar relacionado com alterações hemodinâmicas durante o processo de descongestionamento, mas não com lesões renais.

Abstract Background: Worsening renal function (WRF) is frequently observed in the setting of aggressive diuresis for the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and is associated with poor outcomes in some studies. Objective: We sought to assess the relationship of WRF and congestion at discharge with events (cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization). Methods: Eighty patients with ADHF were studied. WRF was defined by an absolute increase in serum creatinine of ≥0.5 mg/dL from the values measured at the time of admission. B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were measured at admission and at discharge. Congestive state at discharge was assessed using bioelectrical impedance vector analysis (BIVA). Primary endpoint was time to first event defined as a combination of cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was used to determine the best hydration index cutoff to predict events. Kaplan-Meier event-free survival curves were constructed and compared using the log-rank test. Cox proportional hazards models were used to investigate the association with events. The criterion for determining statistical significance was p<0.05. Results: Mean age was 60.6±15 years, and 48 (60%) were male. Mean ejection fraction was 35.3±7.8%. WRF occurred in 37.5% of the sample. Baseline creatinine was associated with WRF (p<0.001), but neither admission BNP (p=0.35) nor admission NGAL (p=0.18) was predictor of WRF. Using Cox proportional hazard models, hydration index at discharge calculated with BIVA was significantly associated with events (HR 1.39, 95% CI 1.25-1.54, p<0.0001) but not WRF (HR 2.14, 95% CI 0.62-7.35, p=0.22). Conclusion: Persistent congestion at discharge was associated with worse outcomes. WRF seems to be related to hemodynamic changes during the decongestion process but not to kidney tubular injuries.

Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Heart Failure , Prognosis , Biomarkers , Acute Disease , Electric Impedance , Creatinine , Lipocalin-2 , Middle Aged
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(1): 20-27, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1154663


ABSTRACT Introduction: Emergence of acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with nephrotic syndrome (NS) requires prompt diagnosis and differentiation between acute tubular necrosis (ATN) and proliferative glomerulonephritis. We studied the potential use of commercial urinary biomarkers' tests in the diagnosis of AKI in patients with NS. Methods: A cross sectional estimate of urinary concentrations of KIM-1 and NGAL was performed in 40 patients with NS: 9 with proliferative glomerulopathy, being 4 with AKI and 31 without proliferative glomerulopathy, being 15 with AKI. AKI was defined using the KDIGO criteria. Results: The mean age was 35 ± 16 years. The main diagnoses were focal and segmental glomerulosclerosis (10, 25%), membranous glomerulopathy (10, 25%), minimal change disease (7, 18%), lupus nephritis (6, 15%), and proliferative glomerulonephritis (3, 8%). Patients with ATN had higher levels of urinary KIM-1 (P = 0.0157) and NGAL (P = 0.023) than patients without ATN. The urinary concentrations of KIM-1 (P= 0.009) and NGAL (P= 0.002) were higher in patients with AKI than in patients without AKI. Urinary NGAL and KIM-1 levels were significantly higher in patients with ATN without proliferative glomerulonephritis than in patients with proliferative glomerulonephritis (P = 0.003 and P=0.024, respectively). Conclusions: Neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule 1 (KIM-1) estimates correlated with histological signs of ATN and were able to discriminate patients with AKI even in conditions of NS. Furthermore, urinary levels of NGAL and KIM-1 may be useful in the differential diagnosis of acute tubular necrosis and exudative glomerulonephritis in patients with nephrotic syndrome.

RESUMO Introdução: O surgimento de lesão renal aguda (LRA) em pacientes com síndrome nefrótica (SN) requer diagnóstico imediato e diferenciação entre necrose tubular aguda (NTA) e glomerulonefrite proliferativa. Avaliamos o uso potencial de testes de biomarcadores urinários comerciais no diagnóstico de LRA em pacientes com SN. Métodos: Uma estimativa transversal das concentrações urinárias de KIM-1 e NGAL foi realizada em 40 pacientes com SN: 9 com glomerulopatia proliferativa, sendo 4 com LRA e 31 sem glomerulopatia proliferativa, sendo 15 com LRA. A LRA foi definida usando os critérios da KDIGO. Resultados: A média de idade foi de 35 ± 16 anos. Os principais diagnósticos foram glomeruloesclerose segmentar e focal (10, 25%), glomerulopatia membranosa (10, 25%), doença por lesão mínima (7, 18%), nefrite lúpica (6, 15%) e glomerulonefrite proliferativa (3, 8 %). Os pacientes com NTA apresentaram níveis mais elevados de KIM-1 urinário (P = 0,0157) e NGAL (P = 0,023) do que pacientes sem NTA. As concentrações urinárias de KIM-1 (P = 0,009) e NGAL (P = 0,002) foram maiores em pacientes com LRA do que em pacientes sem LRA. Os níveis urinários de NGAL e KIM-1 foram significativamente maiores em pacientes com NTA sem glomerulonefrite proliferativa do que em pacientes com glomerulonefrite proliferativa (P = 0,003 e P = 0,024, respectivamente). Conclusões: As estimativas de lipocalina associada a gelatinase de neutrófilos (NGAL) e molécula de lesão renal 1 (KIM-1) se correlacionaram com sinais histológicos de NTA, e foram capazes de discriminar pacientes com LRA mesmo em condições de SN. Além disso, os níveis urinários de NGAL e KIM-1 podem ser úteis no diagnóstico diferencial de necrose tubular aguda e glomerulonefrite exsudativa em pacientes com síndrome nefrótica.

Humans , Adult , Acute Kidney Injury/diagnosis , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Nephrotic Syndrome/complications , Biomarkers , Cross-Sectional Studies , Lipocalin-2 , Kidney Function Tests
Adv Rheumatol ; 61: 20, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1284985


Abstract Background: The most important finding that affects the prognosis in Familial Mediterranean Fever is renal amyloidosis. The aim of the present study was to analyze neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels in the urine, and to investigate whether it may be used as an early marker for renal involvement. Methods: Forty attack-free children followed by diagnosis of Familial Mediterranean Fever with age range of 5 and 18 years, and 38 healthy children with similar ages and genders were enrolled into the study. Hemogram, sedimentation, C-reactive protein, urine analysis, creatinine in the spot urine, microalbumin and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels were analyzed and evaluated statistically in the patients and controls. Results: There was not any statistically significant difference between the patient and control groups for age, gender, height and body weight. Although there was not any clinical sign of attack in the patient group, sedimentation, C-reactive protein and fibrinogen levels were significantly higher than the control group (p = 0.002, p = 0.023, and p = 0.006, respectively). Similarly, urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin level and urinary creatinine ratio were significantly higher in the patient group (p = 0.0001, p = 0.011, respectively). We found a positive correlation between uNGAL level and uNGAL/uCr ratio and number of attacks per year in FMF patients (r =0.743, p =0.001 and r =0.516, p =0.001; respectively). Conclusions: Detection of significantly higher levels of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin level and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin level to creatinine ratio were suggested as urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin level as a non-invasive marker for renal involvement better than microalbumin.

Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Familial Mediterranean Fever , Lipocalin-2 , Kidney Diseases , Familial Mediterranean Fever/diagnosis , Prognosis , Biomarkers/urine , Pilot Projects , Lipocalin-2/urine , Kidney Diseases/urine
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 906-912, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1143983


Abstract Objective: To investigate the correlation between cardiac output values and renal neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) levels as a biomarker of renal ischemia. Methods: Forty patients, who underwent off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) surgery and in whom the positioning of the heart was fixed with simple suspension sutures without a mechanical stabilizer, were included in the study. Continuous cardiac output (CO) measurements were recorded using the arterial pressure waveform analysis method (FloTrac sensor system) in the perioperative period. CO was recorded every minute during non-anatomical cardiac positioning for left anterior descending artery (LAD), diagonal artery (D), circumflex artery (Cx), and right coronary artery (RCA) bypasses. Serum NGAL samples were analyzed in the preoperative, perioperative, and postoperative periods. Results: The CO values measured at various non-anatomical cardiac positions during distal anastomosis for LAD, D, Cx, and RCA were significantly lower than pre- and postoperative values measured with the heart in normal anatomical position (3.45±0.78, 2.9±0.71, 3.11±0.56, 3.19±0.81, 5.03±1.4, and 4.85±0.78, respectively, P=0.008). There was no significant difference between CO values measured at various non-anatomical cardiac positions during distal anastomosis. Although there was no significant correlation between NGAL levels and age, duration of surgery, preoperative CO, D-CO, RCA-CO, and postoperative CO measurements, there was a significant correlation between NGAL levels and LAD-CO (P=0.044) and Cx-CO (P=0.018) at the postoperative 12th hour. Conclusion: Full revascularization may be achieved by employing the OPCAB technique while using simple suspension sutures without a mechanical stabilizer and by providing safe CO levels and low risk of renal ischemia.

Humans , Male , Coronary Artery Bypass, Off-Pump , Lipocalin-2/metabolism , Cardiac Output , Coronary Vessels , Kidney
J. bras. nefrol ; 42(3): 280-289, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134858


ABSTRACT Introduction: Glomerular hyperfiltration may lead to proteinuria and chronic kidney disease in unilateral multicystic dysplastic kidney (MCDK). We aimed to investigate the urine neutrophil-gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), netrin-1, hepcidin, and C-C motif chemokine ligand-2 (MCP-1/CCL-2) levels in patients with MCDK. Methods: Thirty-two patients and 25 controls were included. The urine hepcidin, netrin-1, NGAL, and MCP-1/CCL-2 levels were determined by ELISA. Results: The patients had higher serum creatinine (Cr) levels, urine albumin, and netrin-1/Cr ratio with lower GFR. There were positive correlations between urine protein/Cr, MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr, and netrin-1 with NGAL (r = 0.397, p = 0.031; r = 0.437, p = 0.041, r = 0.323, p = 0.042, respectively). Urine netrin-1/Cr was positively correlated with MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr (r = 0.356, p = 0.045). There were positive associations between the presence of proteinuria and netrin-1/Cr, MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr, and NGAL/Cr [Odds ratio (OR): 1.423, p = 0.037, OR: 1.553, p = 0.033, OR: 2.112, p = 0.027, respectively)]. ROC curve analysis showed that netrin-1/Cr, MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr, and NGAL/Cr had high predictive values for determining proteinuria p = 0.027, p = 0.041, p = 0.035, respectively). Urine hepcidin/Cr was negatively correlated with tubular phosphorus reabsorption and was positively correlated with urine NGAL/Cr (r = -0.418, p = 0.019; r = 0.682, p = 0.000; respectively). Conclusions: MCP-1/CCL-2 may play a role in the development of proteinuria in MCDK. Netrin-1 may be a protective factor against proteinuria-induced renal injury. Urine hepcidin/Cr may reflect proximal tubule damage in MCDK. Urine NGAL/Cr may be a predictor of tubule damage by proteinuria.

Resumo Introdução: A hiperfiltração glomerular pode causar proteinúria e doença renal crônica no rim displásico multicístico unilateral (RDM). Nosso objetivo foi investigar os níveis de lipocalina associada à gelatinase neutrofílica na urina (NGAL), netrina-1, hepcidina e quimiocina C-C com ligante-2 (MCP-1/CCL-2) em pacientes com RDM. Métodos: Trinta e dois pacientes e 25 controles foram incluídos. Os níveis urinários de hepcidina, netrin-1, NGAL e MCP-1/CCL-2 foram determinados por ELISA. Resultados: Os pacientes apresentaram níveis séricos mais elevados de creatinina (Cr), albumina na urina e relação netrina-1/Cr com menor TFG. Houve correlação positiva entre proteína na urina/Cr, MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr e netrina-1 com NGAL (r = 0,397, p = 0,031; r = 0,437, p = 0,041, r = 0,323, p = 0,042, respectivamente). A netrina-1/Cr na urina foi correlacionada positivamente com MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr (r = 0,356, p = 0,045). Houve associações positivas entre a presença de proteinúria e netrina-1/Cr, MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr e NGAL/Cr [Odds ratio (OR): 1,423, p = 0,037, OR: 1,553, p = 0,033, OR: 2,112, p = 0,027, respectivamente) ]. A análise da curva ROC mostrou que netrina-1/Cr, MCP-1/CCL-2/Cr e NGAL/Cr apresentaram altos valores preditivos para determinar a proteinúria p = 0,027, p = 0,041, p = 0,035, respectivamente). A hepcidina/Cr na urina foi correlacionada negativamente com a reabsorção tubular de fósforo e positivamente com a NGAL/Cr na urina (r = -0,418, p = 0,019; r = 0,682, p = 0,000; respectivamente). Conclusões: MCP-1/CCL-2 pode ter participação no desenvolvimento de proteinúria no RDM. A Netrina-1 pode ser um fator protetor contra lesão renal induzida por proteinúria. Hepcidina/Cr na urina pode refletir danos em túbulos proximais no RDM. O valor de NGAL/Cr urinário pode ser um preditor de danos nos túbulos por proteinúria.

Humans , Female , Multicystic Dysplastic Kidney/metabolism , Biomarkers , Proto-Oncogene Proteins , Chemokines , Creatinine , Hepcidins , Lipocalin-2 , Netrin-1 , Ligands
J. appl. oral sci ; 28: e20200276, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1134771


Abstract Objective: This study aimed to determine serum and salivary levels of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and evaluate NGAL correlation with key anti-interleukin 10 (IL-10) and pro-inflammatory (IL-1β) cytokines in different severities of periodontal diseases. We also calculated the systemic inflammation using the periodontal inflamed surface area (PISA) to evaluate its correlation with NGAL in the study groups. Methodology: Eighty systemically healthy and non-smoking individuals were separated into four groups of 20: clinically healthy (Group 1), gingivitis (Group 2), stage I generalized periodontitis (Group 3, Grade A), and stage III generalized periodontitis (Group 4, Grade A). Sociodemographic characteristics and periodontal parameters were recorded, and PISA was calculated. The serum and salivary levels of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-10, and NGAL were determined using the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Results: We observed a significant increase in serum and salivary NGAL levels from healthy to periodontitis groups (p=0.000). Group 2 presented significantly higher serum and salivary IL-10 levels and salivary IL-1β levels than Group 3 (p=0.000). Serum and salivary parameters (IL-1β, IL-10, and NGAL levels) were strongly positively correlated to periodontal parameters and PISA values (p=0.000). Groups 2 and 3 showed overlapping PISA values. Conclusion: The overlapping PISA values found in Groups 2 and 3 suggest that gingivitis might progress to a systemic inflammatory burden somewhat comparable to stage I periodontitis. This finding is supported by the higher serum and salivary cytokines/mediators levels in the gingivitis group than in stage I periodontitis group. Serum and salivary NGAL levels increased proportionally to disease severity and PISA. NGAL seems to play a role in the pathogenesis of periodontal disease, within the limitation of our study.

Humans , Female , Periodontal Diseases , Periodontitis , Lipocalin-2/metabolism , Gingivitis , Arteritis , Lipocalin-2/blood
Clinics ; 75: e1797, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1133410


OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether a restrictive compared to a liberal fluid therapy will increase postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in patients with severe preeclampsia. METHODS: A total of 46 patients (mean age, 32 years; standard deviation, 6.8 years) with severe preeclampsia were randomized to liberal (1500 ml of lactated Ringer's, n=23) or restrictive (250 ml of lactated Ringer's, n=23) intravenous fluid regimen during cesarean section. The primary outcome was the development of a postoperative renal dysfunction defined by AKI Network stage ≥1. Serum cystatin C and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) were evaluated at postoperative days 1 and 2. NCT02214186. RESULTS: The rate of postoperative AKI was 43.5% in the liberal fluid group and 43.5% in the restrictive fluid group (p=1.0). Intraoperative urine output was higher in the liberal (116 ml/h, IQR 69-191) than in the restrictive fluid group (80 ml/h, IQR 37-110, p<0.05). In both groups, serum cystatin C did not change from postoperative day 1 compared to the preoperative period and significantly decreased on postoperative day 2 compared to postoperative day 1 (p<0.05). In the restrictive fluid group, NGAL levels increased on postoperative day 1 compared to the preoperative period (p<0.05) and decreased on postoperative day 2 compared to postoperative day 1 (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Among patients with severe preeclampsia, a restrictive fluid regimen during cesarean section was not associated with increased postoperative AKI.

Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pre-Eclampsia , Acute Kidney Injury/etiology , Acute Kidney Injury/therapy , Biomarkers , Cesarean Section/adverse effects , Fluid Therapy , Lipocalin-2 , Ringer's Lactate
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 40: 17-21, July. 2019. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1053211


Background: Mastitis is one of the most serious diseases of dairy cattle, causing substantial financial losses. While predisposition to reduced somatic cell count in milk has been considered for in cattle breeding programs as the key indicator of udder health status, scientists are seeking genetic markers of innate immune response, which could be helpful in selecting cows with improved immunity to mastitis. Lipocalin-2 (LCN2) is a protein involved in the response of the immune system by eliminating iron ions which are necessary for the growth of pathogenic bacteria, so LCN2 may be considered as a natural bacteriostatic agent and could become a marker of infection. Results: A total of five SNPs were identified in LCN2 gene (one in the promoter, three in exon 1, and one in intron 1). A single haplotype block was identified. The locus g.98793763GNC was found to have a significant impact on protein levels in milk, and alleles of this locus were identified to have a significant positive dominance effect on this trait. None of the four analysed loci had a statistically significant impact on the milk yield, fat levels in milk or the somatic cell score. LCN-2 gene had no significant impact on the incidence of mastitis in the cows. Conclusions: Although the identified SNPs were not found to have any impact on the somatic cell count or the incidence of mastitis in cows, it seems that further research is necessary, covering a larger population of cattle, to confirm the association between lipocalin-2 and milk production traits and mastitis.

Animals , Cattle , Polymorphism, Genetic , Milk/immunology , Lipocalin-2/genetics , Mastitis, Bovine/genetics , Haplotypes , Breeding , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Alleles , Lipocalin-2/chemistry , Mammary Glands, Animal , Mastitis, Bovine/immunology
Acta cir. bras ; 33(6): 508-517, June 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-949360


Abstract Purpose: To compare the preventive effects of N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), ozone preconditioning and ozone treatment against contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) in an experimental rat model. Methods: Thirty adult male Wistar rats were randomly distributed into five groups (n=6 for each group). Group I served as control and Group II had only contrast agent, while Group III received NAC and Group IV received intraperitoneal ozone 6 hours before and 6 hours after introduction of contrast agent. Ozone treatment was applied for 5 days after the contrast agent was introduced in Group V. After induction of CIN, groups were compared in terms of serum levels of urea, creatinine, neutrophil gelatinase associated lipocalin, protein carbonyl, total antioxidant capacity (TAC) as well as degree of renal injury at histopathologic level. Results: Groups II-V displayed more obvious histopathological alterations such as hemorrhage and renal tubular injury compared with Group I. TAC (p=0.043) and creatinine (p=0.046) levels increased significantly in Group II after the intervention. In Group III, protein carbonyl level diminished remarkably (p=0.046), while creatinine level was increased (p=0.046) following the intervention. TAC level was higher in Group IV (p=0.028) and Group V (p=0.026) following the procedure. Conclusion: The N-acetyl cysteine and ozone treatment may alleviate the biochemical and histopathological deleterious effects of contrast-induced nephropathy via enhancement of total antioxidant capacity and decreasing oxidative stress.

Animals , Male , Ozone/pharmacology , Acetylcysteine/pharmacology , Contrast Media/adverse effects , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Kidney Diseases/prevention & control , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Reference Values , Spectrophotometry/methods , Urea/blood , Ioxaglic Acid/adverse effects , Random Allocation , Reproducibility of Results , Treatment Outcome , Rats, Wistar , Oxidative Stress/drug effects , Creatinine/blood , Protein Carbonylation , Lipocalin-2/blood , Kidney/drug effects , Kidney/pathology , Kidney Diseases/pathology
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 342-348, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772781


In aged patients, acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common clinical complication after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), highlighting the need for timely and certain diagnosis of this disease. A single centre, nested case-control study was conducted, which assessed the usefulness of urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (uL-FABP), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL), and kidney injury molecule-1 (uKIM-1) for early detection of AKI. One hundred and thirty-two patients at or over 60 years old undergoing PCI were included. Serum creatinine (SCr) was measured before PCI, 24 and 48 h after PCI; uL-FABP, uNGAL, and uKIM-1 were measured before PCI, 6, 24, and 48 h after PCI. We identified 16 AKI patients and selected 32 control patients matched by admission time (<1 week), age (±5 years), and gender. In the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis, the areas under the curve (AUCs) for the relative measurements of uL-FABP, uNGAL, and uKIM-1 were 0.809, 0.867, and 0.512 at 6 h after PCI, and 0.888, 0.840, and 0.676 at 24 h after PCI, respectively. AUC for the combination of uL-FABP and uNGAL was 0.899 at 6 h after PCI, and 0.917 at 24 h after PCI. Thus, measurement of uL-FABP and uNGAL levels at 6 and 24 h after PCI may be useful in detecting AKI in aged patients. Measurement of uKIM-1 levels provides inferior predictive power for early diagnosis of AKI.

Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Acute Kidney Injury , Diagnosis , Urine , Early Diagnosis , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins , Urine , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1 , Lipocalin-2 , Urine , Percutaneous Coronary Intervention
Int. braz. j. urol ; 43(5): 887-895, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-892897


ABSTRACT Aim: URS is a very commonly used procedure for treatment of ureter stones. Increased hydrostatic pressure in the collecting system linked to fluids used during the procedure may cause harmful effects on the kidney. The aim of this study is to determine whether the URS procedure has a negative effect on the kidney by investigating NGAL, KIM-1, FABP and Cys C levels in urine. Material and Methods: This study included 30 patients undergoing ureterorenoscopy (URS) for ureter stones. Urine samples were collected 5 times; before the URS procedure (control) and at 1, 3, 5 and 12 hours following the procedure. NGAL, KIM-1, FBAP and Cys C levels were measured in urine and compared with the control values. Results: The NGAL levels in urine before the procedure and at 1, 3, 5 and 12 hours after the procedure were 34.59±35.34; 62.72±142.32; 47.15±104.48; 45.23±163.16 and 44.99±60.79ng/mL, respectively (p=0.001). Similarly, the urinary KIM-1, FABP and Cys C levels were found to increase compared to control values; however this increase did not reach statistical significance (p >0.05). Conclusions: After the URS procedure, there were important changes in NGAL, FABP, KIM-1 and Cys C levels. These changes reached statistical significance for NGAL, but did not reach significance for the other parameters. In conclusion, the URS procedure significantly affects the kidney; however, this effect disappears over time.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Biomarkers/urine , Ureteral Calculi/surgery , Ureteroscopy/methods , Middle Aged , Ureteral Calculi/urine , Cystatins/urine , Ureteroscopy/adverse effects , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/urine , Lipocalin-2/urine , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1/analysis
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 50(5): e6106, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839292


Urinary biomarkers can predict the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). In this study, kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1), neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL), and N-acetyl-β-D-glucosaminidase (NAG) were correlated with the stages of CKD, and the association of these biomarkers with CKD progression and adverse outcomes was determined. A total of 250 patients, including 111 on hemodialysis, were studied. Urinary KIM-1, NGAL, and NAG were measured at baseline. Patients not on dialysis at baseline who progressed to a worse CKD stage were compared with those who did not progress. The association of each biomarker and selected covariates with progression to more advanced stages of CKD, end-stage kidney disease, or death was evaluated by Poisson regression. NGAL was moderately correlated (rs=0.467, P<0.001) with the five stages of CKD; KIM-1 and NAG were also correlated, but weakly. Sixty-four patients (46%) progressed to a more advanced stage of CKD. Compared to non-progressors, those patients exhibited a trend to higher levels of KIM-1 (P=0.064) and NGAL (P=0.065). In patients not on dialysis at baseline, NGAL was independently associated with progression of CKD, ESKD, or death (RR=1.022 for 300 ng/mL intervals; CI=1.007-1.037, P=0.004). In patients on dialysis, for each 300-ng/mL increase in urinary NGAL, there was a 1.3% increase in the risk of death (P=0.039). In conclusion, urinary NGAL was associated with adverse renal outcomes and increased risk of death in this cohort. If baseline urinary KIM-1 and NGAL predict progression to worse stages of CKD is something yet to be explored.

Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Acetylglucosaminidase/urine , Hepatitis A Virus Cellular Receptor 1/analysis , Lipocalin-2/urine , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/pathology , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/urine , Age Factors , Analysis of Variance , Biomarkers/urine , Creatinine/blood , Creatinine/urine , Disease Progression , Glomerular Filtration Rate , Predictive Value of Tests , Reference Standards , Reference Values , Renal Dialysis , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/complications , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic/physiopathology , Reproducibility of Results , Risk Factors , Sex Factors , Statistics, Nonparametric
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 770-775, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-297211


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the values of combination of urinary liver-type fatty acid-binding protein (L-FABP) and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) in early diagnosis of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery in children.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A total of 97 children with congenital heart disease undergoing cardiopulmonary bypass surgery were enrolled. Serum and urine samples were collected before and after surgery. Levels of serum creatinine (Scr), urinary L-FABP, and urinary NGAL from AKI group (n=18) and non-AKI group (n=79) were measured, and the postoperative dynamic changes in these markers were compared between the two groups. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve and the area under ROC curve (AUC) were used to assess the values of these markers alone or in combination in the prediction of postoperative AKI.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The levels of urinary L-FABP and NGAL in the AKI group were significantly higher than those in the non-AKI group at 2 and 6 hours after surgery, and the changes in their concentrations were earlier than Scr. The AUCs of urinary L-FABP alone in predicting AKI at 2 and 6 hours after surgery were 0.921 and 0.896 respectively, and those of urinary NGAL alone were 0.908 and 0.928 respectively. Those of their combination were 0.942 and 0.929 respectively.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Urinary L-FABP and NGAL significantly increase in the early stage of AKI after cardiac surgery in children, which are significantly earlier than the changes in Scr. They can be used to predict the occurrence of AKI in the early stage. A combination of the two biomarkers can further improve the accuracy of diagnosis.</p>

Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Acute Kidney Injury , Diagnosis , Urine , Cardiac Surgical Procedures , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Creatinine , Blood , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins , Urine , Lipocalin-2 , Urine
Egyptian Journal of Hospital Medicine [The]. 2017; 67 (2): 518-527
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-188435


Background: preeclampsia [PE] is a pregnancy related complication defined as a disease that begins in the placenta and ends at the maternal endothelium. It is a multi-stage disease that starts by utero-placental insufficiency and leads to generalized maternal endothelial dysfunction.Lipocalin2 [LCN2] is a 25kDasecretory glycoprotein implicated in many functions such as apoptosis and innate immunity. Also, it has been recognized to have potential effects in obesity, inflammation and insulin resistance in mice and humans. Many controversial studies about the changes in the plasma LCN2 levels in PE are reported. Aim: The current study was designed to perform an animal model of experimental PE in a trial to demonstrate the possible relationship between PE and the circulating LCN2 levels

Design: forty eight healthy adult female albino rats and eight adult male albino rats were used. The male rats were used for induction of pregnancy. The adult female rats [n=48] were divided into four equal groups: group I [control non-pregnant group], group II [non-pregnant treated with L-NAME], group III [normal pregnant group] and group IV [pregnant treated with L-NAME to induce a model of experimental PE]. In all groups, body weight, body mass index [BMI], blood pressure, circulating levels of urea, creatinine, triglycerides [TGs], IL-6, endothelin-l[ET-l], vitamin D [VD], LCN2 and D-dimers in addition to total urinary proteins are measured. Histopathological examination of placental sections was done in group III and group IV

Results: The results of the present study revealed a significant increase in the body weight, BMI, MAP, total urinary proteins, circulating levels of urea, creatinine, TGs, IL-6, ET-1, LCN2 and D-dimers in both group II and IV. In addition to a significant decrease in VD in the same two groups. In group III, there was a significant increase in body weight, BMI, total urinary proteins and circulating levels of TGS, D-dimers and LCN2. There was a significant decrease in VD and MAP. Moreover, there was a positive significant correlation between LCN2 and all measured parameters except VD in group IV together with a positive significant correlation between LCN2 and MAP, IL-6, ET-1 and D-dimers in group II.The results in group IV are supported by the histopathological examination results

Conclusion: L-NAME can be used for induction of experimental PE and plasma levels of LCN2 can be used as an indicator for the renal complications and coagulopathies in PE. Further studies are needed to ascertain this association

Animals, Laboratory , Female , Male , Adult , Lipocalin-2 , Rats , Pregnancy, Animal , Apoptosis , Immunity, Innate , Pregnancy Complications