Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 908
Filter
1.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 122(3): e202310084, jun. 2024. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1554954

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales son patologías poco frecuentes en pediatría. Dentro de ellas, se incluyen las disfunciones del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar, molécula anfipática cuya función es disminuir la tensión superficial y evitar el colapso alveolar. Se presenta el caso de un lactante de 6 meses, en seguimiento por bajo peso, que presentó dificultad respiratoria aguda y cianosis; la radiografía de tórax evidenció infiltrado intersticial, neumomediastino y neumotórax bilateral. Al interrogatorio, surgió antecedente materno de internación al año de vida, con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia prolongada y diagnóstico desconocido; presenta signos de hipoxia crónica. El paciente cursó internación con requerimiento de oxigenoterapia. Se realizaron estudios complementarios en búsqueda de etiología, sin resultados positivos. La tomografía de tórax evidenció opacidades en vidrio esmerilado, engrosamiento del intersticio septal y áreas de atrapamiento aéreo; con resultado de biopsia pulmonar y estudio genético se llegó al diagnóstico de disfunción del metabolismo del surfactante pulmonar.


Interstitial lung diseases are rare in pediatrics. They include dysfunctions in the metabolism of pulmonary surfactant, an amphipathic molecule that reduces surface tension and prevents alveolar collapse. Here we describe the case of a 6-month-old infant controlled for low weight, who presented with acute respiratory distress and cyanosis; his chest X-ray showed interstitial infiltrate, pneumomediastinum, and bilateral pneumothorax. During history-taking, it was noted that his mother had a history of hospitalization at 1 year old with unknown diagnosis, requiring prolonged oxygen therapy; she now shows signs of chronic hypoxia. The patient was hospitalized and required oxygen therapy. Ancillary tests were done to look for the etiology of the condition, with no positive results. A chest computed tomography showed groundglass opacities, thickening of the septal interstitium, and areas of air trapping; based on the results of a lung biopsy and a genetic study, pulmonary surfactant metabolism dysfunction was diagnosed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Pulmonary Surfactants , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/etiology , Oxygen , Radiography
2.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 6: 1-7, 30-01-2024.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1532702

ABSTRACT

El interrogatorio sobre hábito tabáquico no debe obviarse jamás, pues el abanico de posibilidades diagnósticas inherentes es amplio. Es un gesto clínico fundamental frente a individuos que consultan por síntomas y/o hallazgos radiológicos casuales. Presentamos tres casos clínicos: síndrome de combinación de fibrosis pulmonar y enfisema, neumonitis intersticial descamativa e histiocitosis de células de Langerhans, como parte del abanico de las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales difusas asociadas a tabaco (EPIDAT), donde la tomografía de alta resolución de tórax tiene un rol destacado. Palabras clave: tabaquismo; enfisema; enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales; histiocitosis de células de Langerhans


Questioning about smoking habits should never be ignored, since the range of inherent diagnostic possibilities is wide. It is a fundamental clinical step facing individuals who consult for symptoms and/or casual radiological findings. We present three clinical cases: the combined syndrome of pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema, desquamative interstitial pneumonitis, and Langerhans cell histiocytosis, as part of the range of tobacco-associated diffuse interstitial lung diseases (EPIDAT), where high-resolution chest tomography has a prominent role. Key words: smoking; emphysema; interstitial lung diseases; Langerhans cell histiocytosis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Aged , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Emphysema , Tobacco Use Disorder
3.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 263-278, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518685

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades respiratorias crónicas avanzadas son prevalentes y producen deterioro de la calidad de vida, en particular la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica (EPOC), las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales difusas (EPID) y las enfermedades neuromusculares progresivas con compromiso diafragmático (ENM). Quienes las padecen presentan síntomas persistentes que no son siempre adecuada-mente controlados por los tratamientos recomendados por las guías clínicas de mane-jo. El tratamiento paliativo de los síntomas persistentes es un punto relevante y suelen presentarse barreras para su implementación.Este artículo ofrece una revisión narrativa sobre una perspectiva latinoamericana acerca del rol de los cuidados paliativos en enfermedades respiratorias avanzadas.


Advanced chronic respiratory diseases are prevalent and cause deterioration in qual-ity of life, particularly chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diffuse intersti-tial lung diseases (ILD) and progressive neuromuscular diseases with diaphragmatic involvement (NMD). Those who suffer from them usually present persistent symptoms that are not always adequately controlled by the treatments recommended by the clinical management guidelines. Palliative treatment of persistent symptoms is a relevant point, but the pal-liative approach usually presents barriers to its implementation.This article offers a narrative review over Latin American perspective on the role of pal-liative care in advanced respiratory diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Palliative Care , Respiratory Tract Diseases/therapy , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/therapy , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Neuromuscular Diseases/therapy , Prevalence , Caregivers , Drug Therapy , Pain Management
5.
Medicentro (Villa Clara) ; 27(1)mar. 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1440519

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La ecografía es una técnica de imagen no invasiva que permite explorar diferentes órganos de manera inmediata, constituye un instrumento de alto valor diagnóstico al alcance del profesional de la salud, y es utilizada en todas las especialidades médicas. En los últimos años, la evolución tecnológica ha permitido que los aparatos de ecografía sean más pequeños, portátiles, y con una alta resolución, tal es el caso de la ecografía clínica o ecografía a pie de cama. La ecografía del paciente crítico ha cambiado la práctica médica; específicamente la ecografía pulmonar se debe realizar en todos los pacientes con enfermedad pulmonar aguda. Objetivo: Aportar el conocimiento teórico necesario para promover el uso de la ecografía pulmonar en la evaluación del paciente crítico, y contribuir, mediante su aplicación, a la disminución del riesgo de exposición a las radiografías. Métodos: Se efectuó una revisión de la literatura médica actualizada sobre el papel de la ecografía pulmonar en la evaluación del paciente crítico, en el período de julio a diciembre de 2021. Se utilizaron los siguientes motores de búsqueda: SciELO, Medigraphic y Google Académico. Conclusiones: En el contexto actual, la ecografía pulmonar ha adquirido un papel protagónico, pues su uso facilita una evaluación frecuente y no invasiva del paciente crítico con afección pleuropulmonar. Su aplicación garantiza la disminución del riesgo de exposición a las radiografías.


Introduction: ultrasound is a non-invasive imaging technique that allows us to explore different organs immediately; it constitutes an instrument of high diagnostic value within the reach of health professionals and used in all medical specialties. In recent years, technological evolution has allowed ultrasound devices to be smaller, portable and with high resolution, such is the case of clinical ultrasound or bedside ultrasound. Bedside ultrasound in critically ill patients has changed medical practice; specifically, lung ultrasound should be performed in all patients with acute lung disease. Objective: to provide the necessary theoretical knowledge in order to promote the use of lung ultrasound in the evaluation of critically ill patients, as well as to contribute, through its application, to reduce the risk of exposure to radiographs. Methods: a review of the updated medical literature on the role of lung ultrasound in the evaluation of the critically ill patients was performed from July to December 2021. SciELO, Medigraphic and Google Scholar were the search engines used. Conclusions: lung ultrasound has acquired a leading role in the current context, since its use facilitates a non-invasive and common evaluation of the criticall ill patients with pleuropulmonary disease. Its application guarantees the reduction of the risk of exposure to X-rays.


Subject(s)
Pulmonary Alveoli , Ultrasonography , Critical Illness , Lung Diseases, Interstitial
6.
Rev. cient. cienc. salud ; 5(1): 1-9, 26-01-2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDNPAR | ID: biblio-1437669

ABSTRACT

Una excesiva respuesta inmune a antígenos inhalados en algunos individuos susceptibles puede causar neumonitis por hipersensibilidad, considerada una entidad prevalente entre las enfermedades pulmonares intersticiales difusas. Recientemente, se ha propuesto un cambio radical en la clasificación de esta infravalorada entidad. En este reporte describimos las características clínicas y radiológicas de tres casos de neumonitis por hipersensibilidad fibrótica: pulmón de cuidador de aves, pulmón de almohada de plumas y alveolitis química. Se muestra una tabla con las probables ocupaciones o exposiciones de riesgo en nuestro medio y se realiza una revisión actualizada del tema. Palabras clave:neumonía; enfermedadespulmonaresintersticiales; alveolitis alérgica extrínseca


An excessive immune response to inhaled antigens in some susceptible individuals can cause hypersensitivity pneumonitis, considered a prevalent entity among diffuse interstitial lung diseases. A radical change in the classification of this undervalued entity has recently been proposed. In this report we describe the clinical and radiological characteristics of three cases of fibrotic hypersensitivity pneumonitis: bird keeper's lung, feather pillow lung, and chemical alveolitis. A table is shown with the probable occupations or risk exposures in our environment and an updated review of the subject is carried out.Key Words:pneumonia; interstitial lung diseases; extrinsic allergic alveolitis


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonia , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Alveolitis, Extrinsic Allergic
7.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 1004-1008, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010900

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a progressive and fatal interstitial lung disease, the cause is not yet clear. Pathological manifestations are abnormal repair changes resulting from sustained lung injury. Macrophages have been identified as playing a key role in IPF pathogenesis. In different local microenvironments, macrophages can exhibit either classically activated (M1) or alternately activated (M2) phenotypes. M1 plays a key role in promoting inflammatory response and is involved in the process of causing alveolar tissue injury. M2 is involved in wound healing and stopping lung inflammation. Previous studies have shown that activation of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) signaling is enhanced in pulmonary fibrosis and that 5-HT receptors play an important role in the observed pro-fibrotic effects. As a multifunctional signaling molecule, 5-HT is closely related to lung macrophage polarization, early lung tissue injury, abnormal proliferation and repair, and late extracellular matrix (ECM) deposition. This article reviewed the role of 5-HT and M2 macrophages in the pathogenesis of IPF and the possible regulatory mechanism of 5-HT, in order to provide a reference for further research.


Subject(s)
Humans , Serotonin , Macrophages , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/pathology , Lung/pathology , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis , Fibrosis
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1278-1290, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980923

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic progressive lung disease characterized by progressive lung fibrogenesis and histological features of usual interstitial pneumonia. IPF has a poor prognosis and presents a spectrum of disease courses ranging from slow evolving disease to rapid deterioration; thus, a differential diagnosis remains challenging. Several biomarkers have been identified to achieve a differential diagnosis; however, comprehensive reviews are lacking. This review summarizes over 100 biomarkers which can be divided into six categories according to their functions: differentially expressed biomarkers in the IPF compared to healthy controls; biomarkers distinguishing IPF from other types of interstitial lung disease; biomarkers differentiating acute exacerbation of IPF from stable disease; biomarkers predicting disease progression; biomarkers related to disease severity; and biomarkers related to treatment. Specimen used for the diagnosis of IPF included serum, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, lung tissue, and sputum. IPF-specific biomarkers are of great clinical value for the differential diagnosis of IPF. Currently, the physiological measurements used to evaluate the occurrence of acute exacerbation, disease progression, and disease severity have limitations. Combining physiological measurements with biomarkers may increase the accuracy and sensitivity of diagnosis and disease evaluation of IPF. Most biomarkers described in this review are not routinely used in clinical practice. Future large-scale multicenter studies are required to design and validate suitable biomarker panels that have diagnostic utility for IPF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis/diagnosis , Biomarkers , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Lung , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Disease Progression , Prognosis
9.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 68-72, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980383

ABSTRACT

@#A 60-year-old Filipino woman diagnosed with dermatomyositis was initially on prednisone and methotrexate. She eventually developed interstitial lung disease (ILD) and so methotrexate was shifted to azathioprine; however, azathioprine was discontinued due to cutaneous tuberculosis. Over eight years, the dermatomyositis was controlled by prednisone alone but the ILD worsened. This case demonstrated that the course of ILD may be independent of dermatomyositis.


Subject(s)
Dermatomyositis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Immunologic Factors
10.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 62-66, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970714

ABSTRACT

Pulmonary fibrosis is end-stage of variety of heterogeneous interstitial lung disease, characterizedby excessive proliferation of fibroblasts and extracellular matrix deposition and destruction of lung parenchyma. Thyroid and lung are derived from the same endodermal cells, thyroid hormone affect the occurrence、development and prognosis of the chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer and other lung diseases, This article reviews the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in pulmonary fibrosis in order to provide new idea for the study of the role and mechanism of thyroid hormone in silicosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Pulmonary Fibrosis/pathology , Lung/pathology , Silicosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial , Fibroblasts , Thyroid Hormones , Fibrosis
11.
Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases ; (12): 396-400, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986021

ABSTRACT

Interstitial lung abnormalities (ILAs) refer to the subtle or mild signs of ILAs pulmonary parenchyma on chest HRCT scans, which are not yet sufficient to diagnose a certain interstitial lung disease, may be potentially compatible an early stage of the diseases. The signs of ILAs usually includes ground-glass opacities, reticular abnormakicies, honeycombing, traction bronchiectasis or non-emphysematous cysts. This article reviews the research progreses in the definition and classification, risk factors, prognosis, comorbidities and management of ILAs in combination with domestic and foreign literatures.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung/diagnostic imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Prognosis , Diagnosis, Differential
12.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical sciences ; (6): 583-587, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009920

ABSTRACT

A 54-year-old, non-smoking woman was diagnosed as stage ⅣB adenocarcinoma with widespread bone metastasis (cT4N2M1c) in the First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine. Immunohistochemistry result showed the presence of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) gene rearrangement; next-generation sequencing (NGS) indicated EML4-ALK fusion (E6:A20) with concurrent CCDC148-ALK (C1:A20), PKDCC-ALK (Pintergenic:A20)and VIT-ALK (V15:A20) fusions. After 32 weeks of alectinib treatment, the patient complained cough and exertional chest distress but had no sign of infection. Computed tomography (CT) showed bilateral diffuse ground glass opacities, suggesting a diagnosis of alectinib-related interstitial lung disease (ILD). Following corticosteroid treatment and discontinuation of alectinib, clinical presentations and CT scan gradually improved, but the primary lung lesions enlarged during the regular follow-up. The administration of crizotinib was then initiated and the disease was stable for 25 months without recurrence of primary lung lesions and ILD.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Crizotinib/therapeutic use , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/therapeutic use , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis
13.
Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics ; (12): 1186-1190, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1009868

ABSTRACT

The patient is a female infant, 4 months and 9 days old, who was admitted to the hospital due to recurrent fever, cough, and hepatomegaly for over a month. The patient was a healthy full-term infant with a normal birth history. At 2 months and 22 days after birth, she developed recurrent fever, cough, and respiratory distress. Chest imaging revealed diffuse bilateral lung lesions, and fiberoptic bronchoscopy showed interstitial changes in both lungs. These suggested the presence of interstitial lung disease. The patient also presented with hepatomegaly, anemia, hyperlipidemia, hypothyroidism, and malnutrition. Genetic testing indicated compound heterozygous variations in the MARS1 gene. This mutation can cause interstitial lung and liver disease, which is a severe rare disorder that typically manifests in infancy or early childhood. It is inherited in an autosomal recessive manner and characterized by early-onset respiratory insufficiency and liver disease in infants or young children. Since its first reported case in 2013, as of June 2023, only 38 related cases have been reported worldwide. This article reports the multidisciplinary diagnosis and treatment of interstitial lung and liver disease in an infant caused by MARS1 gene mutation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infant , Cough , Hepatomegaly/pathology , Liver Diseases , Lung/pathology , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/pathology , Mutation
14.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 1022-1027, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010162

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression of plasma exosomal microRNA (miRNA) in systemic sclerosis (SSc), and to investigate its clinical significance.@*METHODS@#A total of 20 patients who were initially diagnosed with SSc and did not receive medication in Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of Meizhou People' s Hospital from January 2020 to January 2022 were recruited, as well as 15 healthy individuals whose gender and age matched with those of the SSc patients. Plasma exosomes were isolated using ultracentrifugation method. The expression levels of exosomal miR-34-5p, miR-92-3p and miR-142-3p were detected by quantative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Correlations between the expression levels of exosomal miRNAs and clinical characteristic were analyzed by Spearman's rank correlation coefficient test.@*RESULTS@#The mean age of 20 patients with SSc was (52.6±12.6) years, including 7 males and 13 females. Among the 20 SSc patients, 13 cases were diagnosed as limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis (lcSSc) and 7 cases were diagnosed as diffuse cutaneous systemic sclerosis (dcSSc) according to the extent of skin involvement. According to the findings of high resolution chest CT, 7 of 20 SSc patients were diagnosed with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and 13 SSc patients were diagnosed with non-ILD. The expression levels of exosomal miR-34-5p, miR-92-3p and miR-142-3p were significantly elevated in the SSc patients compared with those in the healthy controls group (P=0.003, P=0.000 1, and P=0.016, respectively). Compared with the SSc patients without ILD, the expression levels of miR-34-5p and miR-142-3p were significantly lower in the SSc patients with ILD (P=0.037 and P=0.015, respectively). The expression levels of exosomal miR-34-5p and miR-142-3p showed negative correlation with ILD (r=-0.48, P=0.031 and r=-0.55, P=0.011, respectively), and arthritis (r=-0.46, P=0.040 and r=-0.48, P=0.032, respectively). The expression levels of exosomal miR-142-3p showed a negative correlation with erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) (r=-0.55, P=0.012).@*CONCLUSION@#Plasma exosomal miR-34-5p, miR-92-3p and miR-142-3p were dysregulated in SSc. The dyregulation of exosomal miR-34-5p and miR-142-3p showed correlation with SSc associated ILD (SSc-ILD).


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Young Adult , Adult , Clinical Relevance , MicroRNAs/genetics , Scleroderma, Systemic/genetics , Lung Diseases, Interstitial
15.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 982-992, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010157

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To study the correlation between dyslipidemia and rheumatoid arthritis associa-ted interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) by retrospective analysis of the clinical data.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), who were hospitalized in the Department of Rheumatism and Immunology of Peking University Shenzhen Hospital from January 2015 to July 2020 and fulfilled the criteria of the 2010 Rheumatoid Arthritis Classification Criteria established by American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism collaborative initiative, were collected and analyzed.@*RESULTS@#There were 737 RA patients included, of whom 282(38.26%)were with interstitial lung disease (ILD). The median time from the onset of the first RA-related clinical symptoms to the onset of ILD was 13 years (95%CI 11.33-14.67). By multivariate Logistic regression analysis, we found that low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) was an independent risk factor for RA-ILD (OR 1.452, 95%CI 1.099-1.918, P=0.009), whereas high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) was a protective factor for RA-ILD (OR 0.056, 95%CI 0.025-0.125, P < 0.001). The RA patients with high LDL-C or low HDL-C had higher incidence of ILD than that of the RA patients with normal LDL-C or HDL-C(57.45% vs. 36.96%, P < 0.001; 47.33% vs. 33.81%, P < 0.001, respectively). The median time of ILD onset in the RA patients with low HDL-C was shorter than that of the RA patients with normal HDL-C [10.0(95%CI 9.33-10.67)years vs.17.0 (95%CI 14.58-19.42) years, P < 0.001]. HDL-C level was negatively correlated with disease activity. Among the RA-ILD patients, the patients with low HDL-C had higher percentage of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP) then that of the patients with normal HDL-C (60.00% vs. 53.29%, P=0.002). The RA-ILD patients with high LDL-C had higher incidence rate of decrease in forced vital capacity (FVC) than that of the RA-ILD patients with normal LDL-C (50.00% vs. 21.52%, P=0.015). The RA-ILD patients with low HDL-C had higher incidence rate of decrease in FVC (26.92% vs. 16.18%, P=0.003) and carbon monoxide diffusion (80.76% vs. 50.00%, P=0.010) than that of RA-ILD patients with normal HDL-C.@*CONCLUSION@#LDL-C was possibly a potential independent risk factor for RA-ILD. HDL-C was possibly a potential protective factor for RA-ILD. HDL-C level was negatively correlated with disease activity of RA. The median time of ILD onset in the RA patients with low HDL-C was significantly shorter than that of the RA patients with normal HDL-C.


Subject(s)
Humans , Retrospective Studies , Cholesterol, LDL , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Dyslipidemias/epidemiology
16.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 280-286, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970029

ABSTRACT

The lungs are one of the most common extra-articular organs involved in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), which is reported to occur in up to 60% to 80% of RA patients. Respiratory complications are the second leading cause of death due to RA. Although there is a wide spectrum of RA-associated respiratory diseases, interstitial lung disease is the most common manifestation and it impacts the prognosis of RA. There has been progress in understanding the management and progression of rheumatoid arthritis-associated interstitial lung disease (RA-ILD) and RA-associated respiratory diseases recently, for example, opportunistic pulmonary infectious diseases and toxicity from RA therapies. From a chest physicians' perspective, we will update the diagnosis and treatment of RA-associated ILD, methotrexate-associated lung disease, and the complication of Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia in RA in this review.


Subject(s)
Humans , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/complications , Methotrexate/therapeutic use , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Prognosis , Lung
17.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 39(1): 114-119, 2023. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515104

ABSTRACT

Se realiza revisión de la literatura y presentación de un caso clínico de Hiperplasia de Células Neuroendocrinas en paciente lactante masculino que inicia su padecimiento a los 3 meses de vida con dificultad respiratoria caracterizada por retracciones subcostales y taquipnea persistente, posterior-mente a los 8 meses de edad se agrega hipoxemia respirando aire ambiente que requiere uso de oxígeno suplementario continuo. Tiene antecedente de tres hospitalizaciones, con diagnóstico de Bronquiolitis y Neumonía atípica, realizándose panel viral respiratorio con reporte negativo. El paciente persiste con sintomatología respiratoria a pesar de tratamientos médicos, por lo que se deriva a neumología pediátrica, unidad de enfermedad pulmonar intersticial del lactante, iniciando protocolo de estudio, se realiza tomografía tórax de alta resolución, que evidencia imágenes en vidrio despulido en lóbulo medio y región lingular, además de atrapamiento aéreo. Se concluye el diagnóstico de Hiperplasia de Células neuroendocrinas con base a la clínica y hallazgos tomográficos. La Hiperplasia de Células Neuroendocrinas es una patología pulmonar intersticial poco frecuente, cuyo diagnóstico es clínico y radiológico, en la minoría de los casos se requiere biopsia pulmonar para confirmación. Puede ser fácilmente confundida con otras enfermedades respiratorias comunes, por lo que es importante sospecharla para realizar un diagnóstico precoz. La mayor parte de los casos evolucionan con declinación de los síntomas, mejorando espontáneamente en los primeros años de vida.


A review of the literature and presentation of a clinical case of Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia in a male infant patient who begins his condition at 3 months of age with respiratory distress characterized by subcostal retractions and persistent tachypnea is presented. After 8 months of age hypoxemia is added requiring continuous oxygen therapy. He has a history of three hospitalizations, with a diagnosis of bronchiolitis and atypical pneumonia, respiratory viral panel has a negative report. The patient persists with respiratory symptoms despite medical treatments, so it is referred to pediatric pulmonology, initiating study protocol for interstitial lung disease of the infant. A high resolution chest tomography is performed, which evidences images in polished glass in the middle lobe and lingular region, in addition to air entrapment. The diagnosis of neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia is concluded based on clinical and tomographic findings. Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia is a rare interstitial pulmonary pathology, whose diagnosis is clinical and radiological. Lung biopsy is required only in the minority of cases for confirming diagnosis. It can be easily confused with other common respiratory diseases, so it is important to suspect it to make an early diagnosis. Most cases evolve with decline in symptoms, improving spontaneously in the first years of life.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Infant , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Neuroendocrine Cells/pathology , Tachypnea/etiology , Hyperplasia/complications , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnostic imaging , Hyperplasia/diagnostic imaging
18.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 39(2): 138-143, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1515113

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales (EPI) afectan principalmente al intersticio pulmonar, con importante morbimortalidad asociada. Tienen un espectro de posibles etiologías que es cada vez más amplio. Hay una importante causalidad a partir de Enfermedades del Tejido Conectivo (ETC), describiéndose cada vez más casos asociados a Síndrome Antisintetasa, y con diversos patrones radiológicos según serología obtenida, agrupada en "Panel de Miositis" (PaM). El presente estudio de cohorte retrospectiva reúne PaMs realizados en el Hospital Santiago Oriente, correlacionando resultados con manifestaciones clínicas e imagenológicas. Material y Métodos: Se recuperaron 33 PaMs realizados entre 2017 y 2022, y a través de revisión de fichas de los pacientes de quienes provenían las PaMs se consignaron las principales manifestaciones clínicas, imagenológicas y de la serología reumatológica complementaria, estableciendo correlaciones entre múltiples variables. Resultados: Hubo 15 pacientes PaM positivos (45,4%), 8 de ellos (53%) ya contaban con alguna miopatía inflamatoria diagnosticada. Los principales hallazgos clínicos consignados fueron pápulas de Gottron, artritis, eritema heliotropo, Fenómeno de Raynaud y fiebre. El anticuerpo positivo más frecuente fue Ro-52. Se pudo objetivar ANA positivo en 10 casos (66,7%). Se identificó EPI en 66,7% de aquellos con PaM positivo, siendo la Neumonía Intersticial no específica fibrótica con Neumonía en Organización la manifestación más frecuente. No hubo asociación significativa entre manifestaciones imagenológicas y anticuerpos específicos. Se encontró ANA 1/80 en 66,7% de los casos, lo cual no se asoció a mayor riesgo de EPI. Conclusiones: Existe asociación entre varias ETC y las EPI. Destaca la importancia de los hallazgos clínicos para establecer un adecuado índice de sospecha, para dirigir oportunamente el estudio complementario (ej: PaM), y la eventual terapia específica.


Introduction: Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILD) mainly affect the pulmonary interstitium, with significant associated morbidity and mortality. They have a spectrum of possible etiologies that is increasingly broad. There is an important causality from Connective Tissue Diseases (CTD), describing more and more cases associated with Antisynthetase Syndrome, and with different radiological patterns according to the serology obtained, enclosed into "Panel of Myositis" (PaM). This retrospective cohort study gathers PaMs performed at Hospital Santiago Oriente, PaM results are correlated with clinical and imaging manifestations. Material and Methods: 33 PaMs performed between 2017 and 2022 were saved up and by reviewing the clinical records of the patients from whom the PaMs came, their clinical and radiological manifestations and the results of their complementary rheumatological serology were recorded to establish correlations between multiple variables. Results: There were 15 positive PaMs (45.4%), 8 (53%) of them already had some diagnosed inflammatory myopathy. The main clinical findings reported were Gottron's papules, arthritis, heliotrope erythema, Raynaud's phenomenon, and fever. The most frequent positive antibody detected was Ro-52. Positive ANA could be found in 10 cases (66.7%). PID was identified in 66.7% of those with a positive PaM, being non-specific fibrotic Interstitial Pneumonia with Organizing Pneumonia being the most frequent manifestation. There was no significant association between imaging manifestations and specific antibodies. ANA 1/80 was found in 6.7% of the cases, which was not associated with an increased risk of PID. Conclusions: There is association between several CTEs and EPIs. It is necessary to highlight the importance of the clinical findings to establish an adequate index of suspicion, in order to timely direct the complementary study (eg: PaM), and the eventual specific therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Myositis/diagnosis , Autoantibodies , Retrospective Studies , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/immunology , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnostic imaging , Connective Tissue Diseases , Amino Acyl-tRNA Synthetases , Myositis/immunology , Myositis/diagnostic imaging
19.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 18(3): 64-66, 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1512526

ABSTRACT

Las enfermedades restrictivas comprenden un grupo heterogéneo de trastornos que se caracterizan por una alteración en la distensibilidad pulmonar, generada por enfermedades del parénquima o intersticio pulmonar o por problemas extrapulmonares (alteraciones de la caja torácica o enfermedades neuromusculares). Presentan un patrón característico en las pruebas de función pulmonar, relación VEF1/ FVC normal o aumentada con CVF disminuida, VEF1 disminuido leve o normal y capacidad pulmonar total disminuida (CPT). Su manejo es complejo debido a la dificultad para establecer el diagnóstico diferencial, por lo que se recomienda una derivación precoz a un especialista en enfermedades respiratorias y el enfrentamiento por un equipo multidisciplinario.


Restrictive diseases comprise a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by an alteration in lung compliance, generated by diseases of the lung parenchyma or interstitium, as well as by extrapulmonary problems (abnormalities of the rib cage or neuromuscular diseases). They present a characteristic pattern in pulmonary function tests, with decreased FVC (forced vital capacity), slightly decreased or normal FEV1 (forced expiratory volume in 1 second), normal or increased FEV1/FVC ratio, and decreased total lung capacity. Its management is complex due to the difficulty in establishing the differential diagnosis, so early referral to a specialist in respiratory diseases and confrontation by a multidisciplinary team is recommended.


Subject(s)
Humans , Child , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/physiopathology , Respiratory Function Tests , Lung Compliance , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/diagnosis , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/therapy
20.
Rev. chil. enferm. respir ; 39(3): 203-215, 2023. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1521829

ABSTRACT

La enfermedad respiratoria aguda por coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) se ha convertido en un grave problema de salud pública a nivel mundial. Objetivos: Examinar el uso de recursos sanitarios, riesgo de complicaciones y muerte en pacientes adultos con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas atendidos por COVID-19. Métodos: Estudio clínico descriptivo prospectivo realizado en pacientes adultos atendidos por COVID-19 en la Red de Salud UC Christus entre el 1 de abril y 31 de diciembre de 2020. Resultados: Se evaluaron 2.160 pacientes adultos, edad: 47 ± 17 años (rango: 18-100), 51,3% sexo masculino, 43,8% tenía comorbilidades, especialmente hipertensión (23,2%), diabetes (11,7%) y enfermedades respiratorias crónicas: asma (5%), EPOC (1,4%) y enfermedad pulmonar difusa (EPD: 0,8%). Los pacientes adultos con enfermedades respiratorias crónicas tuvieron mayor riesgo de hospitalización y uso de oxígeno suplementario; sin embargo, la evolución de los pacientes asmáticos y la sobrevida a los doce meses fue similar a los pacientes sin comorbilidades atendidos por COVID-19, mientras que en los pacientes con EPOC y EPD la admisión a la unidad de paciente crítico y riesgo de muerte fueron más elevados. En el análisis multivariado, los principales predictores clínicos asociados al riesgo de muerte en el seguimiento a doce meses en pacientes adultos con COVID-19 fueron la edad y admisión al hospital, mientras que el asma fue un factor protector. Conclusión: Los pacientes asmáticos tuvieron bajo riesgo de complicaciones y muerte asociados a COVID-19; mientras que los pacientes con EPOC y EPD tuvieron mayor riesgo de complicaciones y muerte en el seguimiento a largo plazo.


The acute respiratory disease associated to coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) has become a serious public health problem worldwide. Objectives: To examine the use of healthcare resources, risk of complications and death in adult patients with chronic respiratory diseases treated for COVID-19. Methods: Prospective descriptive clinical study conducted in adult patients treated for COVID-19 in the UC Christus Healthcare Network between April 1 and December 31, 2020. Results: 2,160 adult patients were evaluated, age: 47 ± 17 years-old (range: 18-100), 51.3% male, 43.8% had comorbidities, especially hypertension (23.2%), diabetes (11.7%), and chronic respiratory diseases: asthma (5%), COPD (1,4%) and interstitial lung disease (ILD: 0.8%). Adult patients with chronic respiratory diseases were at higher risk for hospitalization and use of supplemental oxygen; however, the evolution of asthmatic patients and survival at twelve months was similar to that of adult patients without comorbidities treated for COVID-19, while in patients with COPD and ILD admission to the critical care unit and risk of death were higher. In the multivariate analysis, the main clinical predictors associated to 12-month mortality risk in adult patients with COVID-19 were age and hospital admission, while asthma was a protective factor. Conclusion: Asthmatic patients had minor risk of complications and mortality associated with COVID-19; while patients with COPD and ILD had a significant higher risk of complications and 12-month mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Asthma/complications , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/complications , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/complications , COVID-19/complications , Asthma/mortality , Asthma/therapy , Survival Analysis , Multivariate Analysis , Prospective Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/mortality , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/therapy , Risk Assessment , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/mortality , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/therapy , Protective Factors , SARS-CoV-2 , COVID-19/mortality , COVID-19/therapy
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL