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1.
Respirar (Ciudad Autón. B. Aires) ; 15(4): 279-284, Diciembre 2023.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, UNISALUD, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1518697

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El biliotórax es una condición infrecuente definida por la presencia de bilis en el espacio pleural. Actualmente, hay alrededor de 70 casos descritos en la litera-tura. Sigue siendo relativamente desconocido, por lo tanto, poco sospechado. Esta entidad suele ser el resultado de una lesión iatrogénica, a menudo secundaria a cirugías o traumatismos del tracto biliar, que conduce a la formación de una fístula pleurobiliar.


Introduction: Bilothorax is a rare condition defined by the presence of bile in the pleural space. Currently, there are around 70 cases described in the literature. It remains relatively unknown and, therefore, little suspected. This entity is usually the result of an iatrogenic injury, often secondary to surgery or trauma to the biliary tract, leading to the formation of a pleurobiliary fistula


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Pleural Effusion/complications , Bile , Empyema, Pleural/drug therapy , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Biliary Tract , Biopsy , Tomography , Pleural Cavity , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnosis
2.
Arch. argent. pediatr ; 121(3): e202202714, jun. 2023. ilus
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1436134

ABSTRACT

El sarcoma sinovial pleuropulmonar (SSPP) es un tumor primario de pulmón, maligno, infrecuente en pediatría (prevalencia 0,1-0,5 %) que afecta predominantemente a adolescentes y adultos jóvenes. Se ha descrito una sobrevida global cercana al 30 % a los 5 años. Se reporta el caso de un paciente de 12 años de edad, previamente sano, que presentó tos, dolor torácico y disnea de comienzo súbito, como manifestación inicial de neumotórax izquierdo, el que persistió a los 4 días y requirió resección quirúrgica de lesión bullosa pulmonar. Se realizó diagnóstico histológico de sarcoma sinovial pleuropulmonar confirmado por estudio molecular, que evidenció la translocación cromosómica entre el cromosoma X y el 18: t(X;18) (p11.2;q11.2) de la pieza quirúrgica extirpada. Ante pacientes con neumotórax persistente o recidivante, es importante descartar causas secundarias, entre ellas, sarcoma sinovial pleuropulmonar. Su ominoso pronóstico determina la necesidad de arribar a un diagnóstico temprano e implementar un tratamiento agresivo


Pleuropulmonary synovial sarcoma (PPSS) is a primary malignancy of the lung, uncommon in pediatrics (prevalence: 0.1­0.5%) that predominantly affects adolescents and young adults. Overall survival has been reported to be close to 30% at 5 years. Here we report the case of a previously healthy 12-year-old male patient who presented with cough, chest pain, and dyspnea of sudden onset as initial manifestation of left pneumothorax, which persisted after 4 days and required surgical resection of pulmonary bullous lesion. A histological diagnosis of pleuropulmonary synovial sarcoma was made and confirmed by molecular study, which showed chromosomal translocation between chromosomes X and 18: t(X;18) (p11.2;q11.2) in the surgical specimen removed. In patients with persistent or recurrent pneumothorax, it is important to rule out secondary causes, including pleuropulmonary synovial sarcoma. Such poor prognosis determines the need for early diagnosis and aggressive treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Pneumothorax/complications , Pneumothorax/etiology , Sarcoma, Synovial/complications , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , Sarcoma, Synovial/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/complications , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cough , Lung/pathology
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 41(1): 118-133, feb. 2023. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1430508

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: We investigated Tweety Family Member 3 (TTYH3) level in lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) and its relationship with immune infiltration in tumors by bioinformatics. Differential expressions of TTYH3 in lung cancer were analyzed with Oncomine, TIMER, GEO, UALCAN and HPA. Relationship of TTYH3 mRNA/protein levels with clinical parameters was analyzed by UALCAN. Co-expressed genes of TTYH3 in LUAD were analyzed using Cbioportal. Its relationship with LUAD prognosis was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier plotter. GO and KEGG analysis were performed. Correlation between TTYH3 and tumor immune infiltration were tested by TIMER, TISIDB and GEPIA. We found that TTYH3 was significantly increased in LUAD tissues. TTYH3 high expression was closely related to poor overall survival, post progression survival and first progression in LUAD patients. TTYH3 mRNA/protein levels were significantly associated with multiple pathways. Specifically, TTYH3 up-regulation was mostly related to biological regulation, metabolic process, protein blinding, extracellular matrix organization and pathways in cancer. Moreover, TTYH3 was positively associated with immune cell infiltration in LUAD. Finally, TTYH3 was highly expressed in LUAD as revealed by meta-analysis. TTYH3 is closely related to the prognosis of LUAD and immune cell infiltration, and it can be used as a prognostic biomarker for LUAD and immune infiltration.


Investigamos por bioinformática el nivel de Tweety Family Member 3 (TTYH3) con adenocarcinoma de pulmón (LUAD) y su relación con la infiltración inmune en tumores. Las expresiones diferenciales de TTYH3 en cáncer de pulmón se analizaron con Oncomine, TIMER, GEO, UALCAN y HPA. Con UALCAN se analizó la relación de los niveles de ARNm/proteína de TTYH3 con los parámetros clínicos. Los genes coexpresados de TTYH3 en LUAD se analizaron utilizando Cbioportal. Su relación con el pronóstico LUAD se analizó mediante plotter de Kaplan- Meier. Se realizaron análisis GO y KEGG. TIMER, TISIDB y GEPIA probaron la correlación entre TTYH3 y la infiltración inmune tumoral. Encontramos que TTYH3 aumentó significativamente en los tejidos LUAD. La alta expresión de TTYH3 estuvo estrechamente relacionada con una supervivencia general deficiente, supervivencia posterior a la progresión y primera progresión en pacientes con LUAD. Los niveles de ARNm/ proteína de TTYH3 se asociaron significativamente con múltiples vías. Específicamente, la regulación positiva de TTYH3 se relacionó principalmente con la regulación biológica, el proceso metabólico, el cegamiento de proteínas, la organización de la matriz extracelular y las vías en el cáncer. Además, TTYH3 se asoció positivamente con la infiltración de células inmunitarias en LUAD. Finalmente, TTYH3 se expresó altamente en LUAD como lo reveló el metanálisis. TTYH3 está estrechamente relacionado con el pronóstico de LUAD y la infiltración de células inmunitarias, y se puede utilizar como biomarcador pronóstico para LUAD y la infiltración de células inmunitarias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Chloride Channels/metabolism , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Prognosis , RNA, Messenger , Lymphocytes , Biomarkers, Tumor , Chloride Channels/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/immunology , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/metabolism , Lung Neoplasms/immunology , Lung Neoplasms/metabolism
4.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BDENF, CUMED | ID: biblio-1508162

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El cáncer de pulmón constituye un problema sanitario a nivel mundial, a pesar de los avances tecnológicos y terapéuticas en oncología, hay un alto porcentaje de personas que se diagnostican en estadios avanzados de la enfermedad, las cuales tienen una mayor demanda de cuidados continuos. Objetivo: Identificar la necesidad de cuidados continuos en personas con cáncer de pulmón avanzado. Métodos: Revisión sistemática realizada durante enero a julio del 2021. Se realizó análisis de contenido de documentos, que incluyó artículos originales y de revisión publicados desde 2010 hasta 2021 en las bases de datos SciELO, Google Scholar y Elsevier. Se elaboró la pregunta guía a través del acrónimo PICo. La estrategia de búsqueda se realizó mediante los descriptores en Ciencias de la Salud (DeCS) "Personal de enfermería", "Neoplasia de pulmón" y "cuidados de enfermería" y el operador booleano AND. Se utilizó el diagrama de flujo (PRISMA) para la formulación de la estrategia de búsqueda, se identificaron y revisaron 77 artículos, de los que fueron útiles 12 de la evolución de la categoría. Conclusiones: El análisis realizado referido a la necesidad de los cuidados continuos en personas con cáncer de pulmón avanzado permitió definición operativa de esta categoría, a partir de las características de esta entidad y la demanda que enfrentan los servicios de hospitalización y los profesionales de enfermería en correspondencia con la satisfacción de necesidades de estas personas, y permitió establecer un acercamiento en los referentes teóricos que sustentan el tema(AU)


Introduction: Lung cancer is a worldwide health problem; despite technological and therapeutic advances in oncology, there is a high percentage of people diagnosed in advanced stages of the disease, which have a greater demand for continuous care. Objective: To identify the need for continuous care in people with advanced lung cancer. Methods: A systematic review was conducted from January to July 2021. Document content analysis was performed, including original and review articles published from 2010 to 2021 in the SciELO, Google Scholar and Elsevier databases. The guiding question was elaborated using the acronym PICo. The search strategy was performed using the Health Sciences Descriptors (DeCS) Personal de enfermería [nursing personnel], Neoplasia de pulmón [lung neoplasia], and cuidados de enfermería [nursing care], together with the Boolean operator AND. The PRISMA flowchart was used for the formulation of the search strategy; 77 articles were identified and reviewed, of which 12 from the category evolution. Conclusions: The carried out analysis regarding the need for continuous care in people with advanced lung cancer allowed the operational definition of this category, based on the characteristics of this entity or the demand faced by hospitalization services and nursing professionals in correspondence with the satisfaction of needs of these people, as well as it allowed establishing an approach within the theoretical references that support the topic(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Review Literature as Topic , Databases, Bibliographic
5.
Rev. guatemalteca cir ; 28(1): 3-11, 2023. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, LIGCSA | ID: biblio-1413410

ABSTRACT

El cáncer pulmonar se establece como la segunda causa de muerte en países desarrollados y en algunos en vías de desarrollo. Su diagnóstico es tardío, sus opciones de resección y su curación aun con terapias adyuvantes son limitadas, lo que incide en la pobre sobrevida a 5 años, es por ello que se necesitan mayores esfuerzos para combatir el hábito del tabaco, principal agente etiológico. Material y Métodos: Se trata de un estudio descriptivo transversal en pacientes adultos atendidos de 01 de enero del 2011 al 31 de diciembre del 2021, ingresados al servicio de cirugía del Hospital San Vicente de Guatemala, con diagnósticos de cáncer pulmonar, masa pulmonar, derrame pleural o nódulo pulmonar solitario. Resultados: Se atendieron 202 pacientes con diagnósticos presuntivos de cáncer pulmonar, no encontrando diferencias significativas en relación al sexo. La edad mayormente afectada se estableció entre los 50 y 70 años. Prevalecieron los estadíos IIIA, IIIB y IV basados en los hallazgos clínicos, tomográficos y transoperatorios y solo al 10% se le sometió a una cirugía de resección pulmonar mayor. Los cánceres de células no pequeñas NSCLC fueron reportados en el 68.7% y el adenocarcinoma fue la variedad más frecuente con el 54.95% sobre el 7.29% del epidermoide. La mortalidad a los treinta días se estableció en 2.97%. Conclusión: El adenocarcinoma pulmonar ocupa el primer lugar en la incidencia de los cánceres pulmonares, desplazando así al carcinoma epidermoide popularizado desde la mitad del siglo pasado. Esta tendencia en el cambio histológico está firmemente asociado a las modificaciones en los hábitos del fumar (AU)


Lung cancer is established as the second cause of death in developed countries and in some developing ones. Its diagnosis is late, its resection options and its cure even with adjuvant therapies are limited, which affects the poor survival at 5 years, which is why greater efforts are needed to combat the tobacco habit, the main etiological agent. Material and Methods: This is a cross-sectional descriptive study in adult patients treated from January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2021, admitted to the surgery service of the Hospital San Vicente de Guatemala, with diagnoses of lung cancer, lung mass, effusion pleural or solitary pulmonary nodule. Results: 202 patients with presumptive diagnoses of lung cancer were treated, finding no significant differences in relation to sex and the most affected age was established between 50 and 70 years. Stages IIIA, IIIB, and IV prevailed based on clinical, tomographic, and intraoperative findings, and only 10% underwent major lung resection surgery. NSCLC non-small cell cancers were reported in 68.7% and adenocarcinoma was the most frequent variety with 54.95% over 7.29% of epidermoid. Thirty-day mortality was established at 2.97%. Conclusion: Pulmonary adenocarcinoma occupies the first place in the incidence of lung cancers, thus displacing squamous cell carcinoma popularized since the middle of the last century. This trend in histological change is strongly associated with changes in smoking habits.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/epidemiology , Histology/classification , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Pleural Effusion/complications , Bronchoscopy/instrumentation , Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/diagnostic imaging
6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 319-324, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982162

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is the most common in incidence and mortality worldwide. With the development of next generation sequencing (NGS) detection technology, more and more patients with rare anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion mutations were detected. A case of advanced lung adenocarcinoma with rare COX7A2L-ALK (C2:A20) fusion detected by NGS was reported in Peking Union Medical College Hospital, and all cases with rare ALK fusion mutations were searched from medical datebase from January 1, 2014 to March 31, 2021, to investigate the treatment of rare ALK fusion mutations with ALK inhibitors. The best response of the patient was assessed as partial response (PR) with Ceritinib treatment. By literature review, 22 cases of rare ALK fusion were reported in 19 articles. Combined with this case, 23 cases were analyzed. The objective response rate (ORR) was 82.6% (19/23) and disease control rate (DCR) was 95.7% (22/23) for rare ALK fusions patients treated with ALK inhibitors. Lung adenocarcinoma patients with rare ALK fusion could benefit from ALK inhibitors.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anaplastic Lymphoma Kinase/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Crizotinib , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/pharmacology , Oncogene Proteins, Fusion/genetics
7.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 61(2)jun. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408242

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La tasa de mortalidad de los tumores malignos de tráquea, bronquios y pulmón ocupa el segundo lugar en hombres y el primero en las mujeres. Según el anuario estadístico, hubo 5580 muertes por esta causa en 2020, con una tasa de mortalidad general en los hombres de 61,6 y de 38,1 en la mujer por 100 000 habitantes. Para el tratamiento del cáncer pulmonar en estadios tempranos la cirugía torácica videoasistida ha demostrado su seguridad y efectividad, con una baja morbilidad y una menor estancia posoperatoria. Objetivo: Mostrar los resultados de la lobectomía por cirugía torácica videoasistida en el Centro Nacional de Cirugía de Mínimo Acceso. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio prospectivo en una serie consecutiva de 29 pacientes operados con el diagnóstico de nódulo pulmonar. Para la obtención de la información se confeccionó una planilla de recolección para este fin y en todo momento se contó con el consentimiento informado de los pacientes. Se evaluaron las variables durante el pre, intra y posoperatorio. Resultados: Del total de 57 casos portadores de nódulos pulmonares, se realizó lobectomía por cirugía torácica videoasistida en 29, para un 50,9 por ciento; el 80 por ciento estaban en etapas I y II según el pTNM. Hubo un 31 por ciento de complicaciones y el índice de conversión fue del 20,7 por ciento. Conclusiones: La lobectomía por cirugía torácica video asistida es una técnica segura y de eficacia demostrada, factible de generalizar en nuestro medio(AU)


Introduction: The mortality rate of malignant tumors of the trachea, bronchi and lung ranks second in men and first in women. According to the Health Statistics Yearbook, there were 5,580 deaths from this cause in 2020, with a general mortality rate for men of 61.6 and 38.1 for women per 100,000 inhabitants. For the treatment of lung cancer in early stages, video-assisted thoracic surgery has demonstrated its safety and effectiveness, with low morbidity and a shorter postoperative stay. Objective: To show the results of video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy at the National Center for Minimal Invasive Surgery. Methods: A prospective study was carried out in a consecutive series of 29 patients operated on with a diagnosis of pulmonary nodule. A collection form was prepared to obtain the information and the informed consent of the patients was obtained at all times. The variables were evaluated during the pre, intra and postoperative period. Results: Fifty seven (57) cases with pulmonary nodules formed the total of this study. Twenty nine of them (29) underwent lobectomy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (50.9 percent). 80 percent were in stages I and II according to pTNM. There were 31 percent complications and the conversion rate was 20.7 percent. Conclusions: Video-assisted thoracic surgery lobectomy is a safe and proven technique, which is feasible to generalize in our setting(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pneumonectomy/methods , Health Statistics , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted , Informed Consent , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Data Collection/methods , Prospective Studies
8.
Rev. méd. Chile ; 150(1): 7-16, ene. 2022. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1389607

ABSTRACT

Background: Lung cancer is the world's leading cause of cancer death. Aim: To describe the clinical, staging and survival characteristics of lung cancer in a public Chilean regional hospital. Material and Methods: Analysis of a prospective database of a thoracic surgery service, retrieving histologically confirmed lung cancer cases from January 2010 to December 2019 and reviewing their medical records. Cases were re-staged by the TNM-8 system and variables were compared between periods 2010-2014 and 2015-2019. Results: We retrieved 551 lung cancer cases, 333 (60 %) men, with a mean age of 65 years. Distant metastases were found in 72% of cases (excluding lymphatic metastases). Of the non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLC), 50 (10%) cases were in stage I, 18 (4%) in stage II, 81 (16%) in stage III and 347 (70%) in stage IV. Global five-year survival was 18%, 20% for NSCLC, 71% for excised NSCLC, 8% for non-excised NSCLC, 88% for stage I and 92% for subgroup IA. Resective surgery was performed in 81 (14%) cases. When comparing 2010-2014 and 2015-2019 periods, the frequency of resective surgery increased from 7% to 20%. Conclusions: The diagnosis of lung cancer was frequently made in advanced stages. There was a significant increase in early diagnosis and frequency of surgeries with curative intent in the second observation period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/surgery , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/epidemiology , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Chile/epidemiology , Hospitals, Public , Neoplasm Staging
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935774

ABSTRACT

Objective: To provide scientific evidence for early lung cancer screening, to analyze the incidence of pulmonary nodules among petroleum company staffs in Sichuan-Chongqing Area. Methods: In January 2021 , 6002 petroleum company staffs in Sichuan-Chongqing Area which scanned by low-dose spiral computed tomography (LDCT) of chest in medical examination center in 2020 were retrospectively collected as objects. Their imaging and clinical data were collected. χ(2) test was used to analyze the differences in the detection rates of lung nodules and suspected lung cancer nodules among workers in petroleum company staffs of different genders, ages and types of work. Results: Among the 6002 objects, 3853 (64.2%) were male and 2149 (35.8%) were female, with an average age of (47.25±12.13) years old. A total of 431 cases (7.2%) of pulmonary nodules and 57 cases (0.9%) of suspected lung cancer nodules were detected. 45 cases were followed up with surgical treatment, and 41 cases (91.1%) of lung cancer were diagnosed by postoperative pathology. There were significant differences in the detection rates of pulmonary nodules and suspected lung cancer nodules between different age groups (χ(2)=51.23, 18.81 , P<0.001). The detection rates of pulmonary nodules in the age groups 51-60 years old and ≥61 years old were higher than those in the age groups≤40 years old and 41-50 years old (P<0.05). The detection rate of suspected lung cancer nodules in the age group≥ 61 years old was higher than those in the age groups≤40 years old, 41-50 years old and 51-60 years old (P< 0.05) . And the detection rate of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that of ordinary workers (P<0.05) . Among female objects, the detection rate of pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that in ordinary workers (χ(2)=8.09, P=0.004) . The detection rate of pulmonary nodules in oil workers aged ≥61 years old was higher than ordinary workers (χ(2)=37.94, P<0.001) . Among male objects, the detection rate of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers was higher than that in ordinary workers (χ(2)=8.42, P=0.004) . The detection rates of suspected lung cancer pulmonary nodules in oil workers aged 51-60 years old and ≥61 years old groups were higher than those of ordinary workers (χ(2)=4.70, 8.74; P=0.030, 0.003) . Conclusion: LDCT is suitable for early lung cancer screening for petroleum company staffs. During the clinical screening process, LDCT should be used as a routine physical examination item for petroleum workers older than 51 years old.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Early Detection of Cancer/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Mass Screening/methods , Multiple Pulmonary Nodules/diagnostic imaging , Petroleum , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, Spiral Computed
10.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 498-503, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935626

ABSTRACT

With the popularization of health screening and the widespread use of low-dose computed tomography, the detection rate of lung nodules has increased year after year. However, the false positive rates testified by surgery of these lung nodules are still high. Therefore, it is vital in clinical practice to avoid overtreatment or undertreatment. But a series of problems on how to make an accurate diagnosis, how to reduce the psychological pressure of patients and follow up with regular imaging, how to clarify the indications for surgery and adopt the most minimally invasive diagnosis and treatment methods, etc. remain unsolved. Over the past decade, the diagnostic techniques for pulmonary nodules have improved significantly, including imaging progress such as the optimization of traditional imaging techniques (CT, MRI) and the emergence of new technologies (radiomics, artificial intelligence). In addition, histological improvements including percutaneous transthoracic needle biopsy, bronchoscopy, and minimally invasive surgical biopsy, etc. have brought more reliable and precise options for characterization of pulmonary nodules.


Subject(s)
Humans , Artificial Intelligence , Biopsy, Needle/methods , Bronchoscopy , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
11.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(4)dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1408211

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La cirugía es el tratamiento de elección que ofrece la curación a un grupo de pacientes afectados de cáncer pulmonar, aun así, la supervivencia global para todos los estadios a 5 años se mantiene baja. Objetivo: Caracterizar los pacientes operados de cáncer pulmonar en el período comprendido desde el 1ro de marzo del 2015 hasta el 1ro de agosto del 2020. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio, observacional, retrospectivo de corte transversal, para describir el comportamiento de la morbimortalidad quirúrgica de los pacientes portadores de cáncer pulmonar en el Hospital Provincial Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" de la ciudad de Camagüey, desde marzo del 2015 y agosto del 2020. El universo de estudio se conformó por 211 pacientes operados con diagnóstico de cáncer pulmonar. Resultados: La edad que predominó fue entre 61 a 70 años y el sexo masculino. El adenocarcinoma y el carcinoma epidermoide fueron los diagnósticos histológicos más frecuentes. La lobectomía superior derecha fue la resección que con más frecuencia se realizó, así como algún tipo de linfadenectomía mediastinal fue realizada en más de la mitad de los casos. Las complicaciones más frecuentes fueron las relacionadas con la fuga de aire. El índice de fallecidos fue bajo encontrándose las complicaciones cardiovasculares y el tromboembolismo pulmonar, las causas de mayor frecuencia. Conclusiones: La cirugía en el cáncer pulmonar es el tratamiento de elección en etapas tempranas con una baja morbilidad y mortalidad en pacientes que reúnan las condiciones de operabilidad(AU)


Introduction: Surgery is the treatment of choice that offers cure to a group of patients affected by pulmonary cancer; yet five-year overall survival for all stages remains low. Objective: To characterize the patients operated on for pulmonary cancer in the period from March 1, 2015 to August 1, 2020. Methods: An observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out to describe the behavior of surgical morbidity and mortality since March 2015 and August 2020 in patients with pulmonary cancer at Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Provincial Hospital in Camagüey City. The study universe was made up of 211 patients operated on with a diagnosis of pulmonary cancer. Results: There was a predominance of the age 61-70 years and the male sex. Adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma were the most frequent histological diagnoses. Right upper lobectomy was the most frequently performed resection, as well as some type of mediastinal lymphadenectomy, performed in more than half of the cases. The most frequent complications were those related to air leakage. The death rate was low, with cardiovascular complications and pulmonary thromboembolism being the most frequent causes. Conclusions: Surgery is the treatment of choice for pulmonary cancer in early stages, with low morbidity and mortality in patients who meet operability conditions(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Pneumonectomy/methods , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/complications , Indicators of Morbidity and Mortality , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 60(3): e1187, 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1347390

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Los cambios en la tecnología médica abarcan todas las especialidades y dentro de ellas, en la cirugía general. Las técnicas mínimamente invasivas han ocupado un papel cimero en el diagnóstico y tratamiento de enfermedades en la cavidad torácica. Objetivo: Describir el uso de las técnicas mínimamente invasivas en el diagnóstico de enfermedades intratorácicas. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio observacional, retrospectivo de corte transversal para evaluar el uso de técnicas mínimamente invasivas en el diagnóstico de las enfermedades intratorácicas en el Hospital Universitario "Manuel Ascunce Domenech" desde enero de 2017 hasta mayo de 2020. El universo estuvo compuesto por 104 pacientes con sospecha diagnóstica de enfermedades benignas o malignas del tórax. Resultados: La mayor parte de los pacientes con enfermedades benignas y malignas del tórax tenían una edad de 49 (±7,05) años, sin significación intersexo. La hipertensión arterial predominó como principal comorbilidad. La videotoracoscopia fue la técnica mínimamente invasiva más empleada y la sospecha de cáncer pulmonar y enfermedad pleural constituyeron las indicaciones más frecuentes que motivaron el proceder. El diagnóstico posoperatorio que predominó en la serie fue el cáncer pulmonar. Las técnicas mínimamente invasivas empleadas mostraron una alta validez. La mayoría de los pacientes egresaron vivos y sin complicaciones. Conclusiones: El uso de técnicas mínimamente invasivas en varias enfermedades intratorácicas son de vital importancia para definir diagnóstico y tratamiento(AU)


Introduction: Changes in medical technology cover all specialties and, within them, general surgery. Minimally invasive techniques have played a paramount role in the diagnosis and treatment of thoracic cavity diseases. Objective: To describe the use of minimally invasive techniques in the diagnosis of intrathoracic diseases. Methods: An observational, retrospective and cross-sectional study was carried out, from January 2017 to May 2020, in order to assess the use of minimally invasive techniques in the diagnosis of intrathoracic diseases at Manuel Ascunce Domenech University Hospital. The universe was made up of 104 patients with suspected benign or malignant diseases of the chest. Results: Most of the patients with benign and malignant chest diseases were 49 (± 7.05) years old, without intersex significance. Arterial hypertension predominated as the main comorbidity. Videothoracoscopy was the most widely used minimally invasive technique, while suspicion of lung cancer and pleural disease were the most frequent indications that motivated the procedure. The postoperative diagnosis that predominated in the series was lung cancer. The minimally invasive techniques used showed high validity. Most of the patients were discharged alive and without complications. Conclusions: The use of minimally invasive techniques in various intrathoracic diseases are of vital importance to define diagnosis and treatment(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Pleural Diseases/etiology , Comorbidity , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/adverse effects , Thoracic Cavity/diagnostic imaging , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Observational Studies as Topic
13.
Rev. cuba. med ; 60(2): e1402, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1280357

ABSTRACT

Introducción: El melanoma maligno es un tumor de etiología multifactorial, cuando afecta al sistema respiratorio su origen es casi siempre metastásico, y como tumor primario es muy infrecuente, constituye el 0,07 por ciento de los tumores pulmonares malignos. Objetivo: Presentar un caso clínico con diagnóstico de melanoma maligno primario de pulmón. Presentación del caso: Se presenta el caso de una mujer de 64 años de edad, exfumadora, sin antecedentes de melanoma, que presenta tos seca asociada a disnea, los esfuerzos físicos y dolor torácico. Además de astenia y pérdida de peso. Se le realizó biopsia pulmonar mediante broncoscopia y se le diagnosticó melanoma. Conclusiones: El melanoma primario pulmonar es uno de los más raros del tipo de melanoma visceral, es una entidad neumológica infrecuente y el diagnóstico preciso requiere una investigación detallada y el cumplimiento de criterios clínicos y anatomopatológicos específicos(AU)


Introduction: Malignant melanoma is a tumor of multifactorial etiology, when it affects the respiratory system its origin is almost always metastatic, and as a primary tumor it is very infrequent, it constitutes 0.07 por ciento of malignant lung tumors. Objective: To report a clinical case with a diagnosis of primary malignant melanoma of the lung. Case report: We report the case of a 64-year-old woman, former smoker, with no history of melanoma, who had dry cough associated with dyspnea with physical exertion and chest pain. In addition to asthenia and weight loss, she had a lung biopsy by bronchoscopy and was diagnosed with melanoma. Conclusions: Primary pulmonary melanoma is one of the rarest of the visceral melanoma type, this is an infrequent pneumological entity and the precise diagnosis requires detailed investigation and the fulfillment of specific clinical and pathological criteria(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Bronchoscopy/methods , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Melanoma/diagnosis
14.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 55: 1-10, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1352183

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To present the overall survival rate for lung cancer and identify the factors associated with early diagnosis of stage I and II lung cancer. METHODS This is a retrospective cohort study including individuals diagnosed with lung cancer, from January 2009 to December 2017, according to the cancer registry at UMass Memorial Medical Center. Five-year overall survival and its associated factors were identified by Kaplan-Meier curves and Cox's proportional hazards model. Factors associated with diagnosing clinical stage I and II lung cancer were identified by bivariate and multivariate backward stepwise logistic regression (Log-likelihood ratio (LR)) at 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS The study was conducted with data on 2730 individuals aged 67.9 years on average, 51.5% of whom female, 92.3% white, and 6.6% never smoked. Five-year overall survival was 21%. Individuals diagnosed with early-stage disease had a 43% five-year survival rate compared to 8% for those diagnosed at late stages. Stage at diagnosis was the main factor associated with overall survival [HR = 4.08 (95%CI: 3.62-4.59)]. Factors associated with early diagnosis included patients older than 68 years [OR = 1.23 (95%CI: 1.04-1.45)], of the female gender [OR = 1.47 (95%CI: 1.24-1.73)], white [OR = 1.63 (95%CI: 1.16-2.30)], and never-smokers [OR = 1.37 (95%CI: 1.01-1.86)]; as well as tumors affecting the upper lobe [OR = 1.46 (95%CI: 1.24-1.73)]; adenocarcinoma [OR = 1.43 (95%CI: 1.21-1.69)]; and diagnosis after 2014 [OR = 1.61 (95%CI: 1.37-1.90)]. CONCLUSIONS Stage at diagnosis was the most decisive predictor for survival. Non-white and male individuals were more likely to be diagnosed at a late stage. Thus, promoting lung cancer early diagnosis by improving access to health care is vital to enhance overall survival for individuals with lung cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Brazil , Multivariate Analysis , Retrospective Studies , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Neoplasm Staging
15.
Montevideo; s.n; 2021. 41 p. tab, graf.
Thesis in Spanish | LILACS, UY-BNMED, BNUY | ID: biblio-1381381

ABSTRACT

El cáncer broncopulmonar es primero en mortalidad por cáncer, debido en parte al diagnóstico tardío, su agresividad inherente y la falta de marcadores específicos predictores de la respuesta a los tratamientos. Esto apoya la búsqueda de estrategias accesibles y poco invasivas para su detección precoz. Los pequeños ARN no codificantes (sRNA, del inglés small) son reguladores de la expresión génica involucrados en múltiples procesos biológicos, cuya expresión aberrante puede tener un rol central en la carcinogénesis. Estos pueden ser secretados al medio extracelular, circulando de forma estable en sangre y otros fluidos, donde son captados por células adyacentes o a distancia con funciones conservadas. Recientemente, se describieron nuevas clases de sRNA como las mitades derivadas de ARN de transferencia (tRNA-h, del inglés halves) y los Y-RNA (Y-ARN, nomenclatura universal en inglés). Su secreción al medio extracelular se ha vinculado a distintas respuestas regulatorias frente al estrés celular. El objetivo de este estudio fue caracterizar sRNA circulantes, 5'tRNA-h-Gly, 5'tRNA-h-Glu e Y4-RNA, como potenciales biomarcadores circulantes en el diagnóstico de cáncer de pulmón. Relacionar estos biomarcadores con determinadas características de la enfermedad. Los niveles de expresión relativa de cada marcador se cuantificaron mediante RT-qPCR, se construyeron curvas ROC para definir su valor como test diagnóstico. Se reclutaron 40 pacientes con cáncer de pulmón y 20 controles. Se observó una expresión tres veces mayor de 5'tRNA h-Gly circulante en pacientes con cáncer broncopulmonar en comparación con controles. Solo este fragmento se comportó como un potencial biomarcador circulante diagnóstico con significancia estadística. Este fue un mejor biomarcador en estadios avanzados de la enfermedad, lo que no pudo demostrarse para estadios precoces. Se observó una fuerte tendencia al aumento de las 5'tRNA-h-Gly en cáncer de pulmón no células pequeñas y de los 5'tRNA-h-Glu en tumores de células pequeñas. Es el primer estudio en analizar el rol de las 5'tRNA-h-Gly, 5'tRNA-Glu y Y4-RNA como biomarcadores circulantes en el diagnóstico de cáncer broncopulmonar. Este es un tema que requiere mayor desarrollo, por lo que las primeras aproximaciones pueden ayudar a comprender mejor su rol como moléculas circulantes y sentar las bases para estudios a mayor escala, venciendo las dificultades encontradas hasta el momento. La capacidad diagnóstica de los fragmentos estudiados debe ser analizada en una cohorte de validación con un mayor tamaño. Consideramos importante realizar en una siguiente etapa secuenciado masivo de sRNA en suero de muestras seleccionadas con el fin de identificar nuevos sRNA candidatos que no fueron analizados en este estudio


Subject(s)
Humans , RNA, Transfer, Glu , RNA, Transfer, Gly , Biomarkers , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis
16.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 24: e210044, 2021. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1288484

ABSTRACT

RESUMO: Objetivo: Estimar o grau de concordância e validade dos diagnósticos de neoplasias malignas relacionadas à exposição ao asbesto registrados no Sistema de Informação Hospitalar do Sistema Único de Saúde (SIH/SUS), em comparação aos Registros Hospitalares de Câncer do Estado de São Paulo (RHC/SP). Métodos: Óbitos com registros de neoplasias malignas associadas ao asbesto foram identificados e extraídos do SIH/SUS entre 2007 e 2014. Óbitos nos casos de câncer registrados na base do RHC/SP foram extraídos para o mesmo período. Essas bases foram unidas pelos mesmos indivíduos empregando-se o software Link Plus. Um único diagnóstico codificado pela CID-O3 ou CID-10 selecionado de cada sistema foi analisado. A proporção de concordância e a sensibilidade, especificidade e valores preditivos foram estimados. Resultados: Encontraram-se 19.458 pares com registros nas duas bases. A proporção de concordância foi elevada, variando de 92,4% para a localização primária desconhecida a 99,7% para o câncer de pleura. O índice Kappa variou de 0,05 (IC95% 0,04 - 0,07) para o câncer de pleura a 0,85 (IC95% 0,84 - 0,87) para o câncer de pulmão. A menor sensibilidade foi de 0,08 (IC95% 0,01 - 0,25), para o câncer de pleura, e a maior de 0,90 (IC95% 0,90 - 0,91), para o câncer de pulmão. Conclusão: Diagnósticos de neoplasias malignas associadas ao asbesto alcançaram maiores níveis de concordância e validade quando comuns. Os diagnósticos mais raros apresentaram baixa acurácia no SIH/SUS.


ABSTRACT: Objective: To estimate the degree of agreement and validity of diagnoses of asbestos-related malignant neoplasms registered in the Hospital Information System of the Brazilian Unified Health System (SIH/SUS), in comparison to the Hospital Cancer Registries of the State of São Paulo (HCR/SP). Methods: Deaths with records of malignant neoplasms associated with asbestos were identified and extracted from SIH/SUS between 2007 and 2014. Deaths in cases registered in the HCR/SP were extracted for the same period. The databases were linked using software Link Plus. A single ICD-10-coded diagnosis selected from each system was analyzed. The proportion of agreement, and the sensitivity, specificity and predictive values were estimated. Results: 19,458 pairs were found with records in both bases. The proportion of agreement was high, ranging from 92.4% for the unknown primary site, to 99.7% for cancer of the pleura. The Kappa Index ranged from 0.05 (95%CI 0.04 - 0.07) for cancer of the pleura to 0.85 (95%CI 0.84 - 0.87) for lung cancer. Sensitivity varied from 0.08 (95%CI 0.01 - 0.25) for cancer of the pleura, to 0.90 (95%CI 0.90 - 0.91) for lung cancer. Conclusion: Diagnosis of asbestos-related malignancies reached higher levels of agreement and validity when common. Rare diagnoses showed low accuracy in SIH/SUS.


Subject(s)
Humans , Asbestos , Hospital Information Systems , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/etiology , Lung Neoplasms/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Databases, Factual
17.
Neumol. pediátr. (En línea) ; 16(4): 172-176, 2021. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1362265

ABSTRACT

El sarcoma sinovial primario de pulmón (SSPP) localizado en bronquio, es una entidad no reportada en la edad pediátrica. Se presenta el caso de un niño de siete años con antecedente de aparentes neumonías recurrentes derechas de siete meses de evolución; en la evaluación por neumología pediátrica se destaca en las radiografías de tórax, la presencia de atelectasias recurrentes en lóbulo medio e inferior derecho, por lo que se realiza broncoscopia, donde se observa una masa obstruyendo el 100% de la luz del bronquio fuente derecho y se sospecha tumor carcinoide. Se realiza extirpación de masa endobronquial con fines diagnósticos y terapéuticos, incluyendo resección segmentaria bronquial y anastomosis término-terminal. El respectivo análisis inmunohistoquímico muestra hallazgos sugestivos de sarcoma sinovial monofásico. Se descarta compromiso tumoral extrapulmonar, por lo que se diagnostica como tumor primario de bronquio. Se administraron 7 ciclos de quimioterapia y 31 sesiones de radioterapia. Actualmente en control, sin evidencia de metástasis, tumores residuales o recidivas.


Primary Synovial Sarcoma of Lung (PSSL) located in the bronchus is an unreported entity in pediatric age. We present the case of a 7-year-old child with a history of apparent recurrent right pneumonia of 7 months of evolution; in the evaluation by pediatric pulmonology, the presence of recurrent atelectasis in the middle and lower right lobe is highlighted on chest X-rays, so bronchoscopy is performed, where a mass is observed obstructing 100% of the right bronchus lumen and carcinoid tumor is suspected. Endobronchial mass resection is performed for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, including bronchial segmental resection and termino-terminal anastomosis. The respective immunohistochemical analysis shows suggestive findings of monophasic synovial sarcoma. Extrapulmonary tumor involvement is ruled out, so it is diagnosed as a primary bronchial tumor. 7 cycles of chemotherapy and 31 sessions of radiation therapy are given. Currently in control, with no evidence of metastasis, residual tumors, or recurrence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Child , Sarcoma, Synovial/surgery , Sarcoma, Synovial/diagnosis , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Bronchoscopy , Radiography, Thoracic , Sarcoma, Synovial/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/pathology
18.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 867-873, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922153

ABSTRACT

The incidence rate of lung cancer is one of the highest incidence of malignancies in China. The gold standard for diagnosis requires pathological examination or cytological examination of biopsy. The invasive and sensitive nature of the two limits their use. Sputum contains a large number of nucleic acids and proteins, which is a good reflection of lung function. Lung cancer tissue will also affect the biological components in sputum. The detection of bioactive substances in sputum can contribute to the diagnosis of lung cancer. Based on the current research results at home and abroad, this paper reviews the bioactive substances in sputum that can be used for the diagnosis of lung cancer.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , China , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Sputum
19.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 796-803, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922149

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality globally, which is the biggest menace to the health and life of the population. Screening and early detection of lung cancer are effective in reducing its mortality, and the measurement of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) has become a promising clinical means for early detection, course detection and prognosis management of lung cancer, with advantages of rapid speed, non-invasiveness and convenience. Now, a variety of VOCs collection ways and analysis methods have emerged at home and abroad. This report summarized three aspects, including VOCs collection, multiple methods of analysis and progress in the diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. At last, we discussed the limitations and prospects of VOCs analysis.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Breath Tests , Early Detection of Cancer , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis , Volatile Organic Compounds
20.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 723-728, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922133

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer, with the highest incidence in China, is the leading cause of death in cancer patients. Of these, about 85% are patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Therefore, the diagnosis and treatment of patients with lung cancer have always been a top priority nowadays. Fluid biopsy has many advantages, such as safety, convenience, repeatability, low trauma and so on, which are not available in traditional invasive biopsy. In recent years, with the rapid progress of molecular biological detection technology, fluid biopsy, as a new technology, has become the focus of attention. What's more, it contributes to the development of precision treatment and individualized treatment of lung cancer. Liquid biopsy mainly detects circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA), circulating tumor cells (CTCs) and exosomes in peripheral blood. We will make an introduce to the detection and clinical applications of ctDNA, CTCs and exocrine in this article, in order that it can provide insights into future clinical treatment for NSCLC.
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Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/diagnosis , Circulating Tumor DNA , Liquid Biopsy , Lung Neoplasms/diagnosis
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