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1.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(5): e9700, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1180737

ABSTRACT

Lung adenocarcinomas are usually sensitive to radiation therapy, but some develop resistance. Radiation resistance can lead to poor patient prognosis. Studies have shown that lung adenocarcinoma cells (H1299 cells) can develop radioresistance through epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), and this process is regulated by miRNAs. However, it is unclear which miRNAs are involved in the process of EMT. In our present study, we found that miR-183 expression was increased in a radioresistant lung adenocarcinoma cell line (H1299R cells). We then explored the regulatory mechanism of miR-183 and found that it may be involved in the regulation of zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 1 (ZEB1) expression and mediate EMT in lung adenocarcinoma cells. qPCR results showed that miR-183, ZEB1, and vimentin were highly expressed in H1299R cells, whereas no difference was observed in E-cadherin expression. Western blot results showed that ZEB1 and vimentin were highly expressed in H1299R cells, while E-cadherin expression was decreased. When miR-183 expression was inhibited in H1299R cells, radiation resistance, proliferation, and cell migration were decreased. The expression of ZEB1 and vimentin in H1299R cells was decreased, while the expression of E-cadherin was increased. Moreover, miR-183 overexpression in H1299 cells enhanced radiation resistance, proliferative capacity, and cell migration ability. The expression of ZEB1 and vimentin in H1299 cells was increased, while that of E-cadherin was decreased. In conclusion, miR-183 may promote EMT and radioresistance in H1299 cells, and targeting the miR-183-ZEB1 signaling pathway may be a promising approach for lung cancer treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Adenocarcinoma of Lung/radiotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition
2.
Clinics ; 76: e2251, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153972

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. However, factors associated with the survival of patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) who received only hospice care are largely unclear. In this study, we aimed to determine the prognostic factors correlated with survival in patients with advanced NSCLC who had undergone hospice care only. METHODS: A total of 102 patients with recurrent stage III/IV NSCLC after traditional treatment failure were investigated. Survival was measured from the date of enrollment to December 2019 or the time of death. Tumor tissues were collected, and DNA sequencing was performed to identify somatic mutations. Data on clinical factors of patients were collected and analyzed by univariate and multivariate analyses. Overall survival analysis was conducted using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: The 6-month, 1-year, and 2-year overall survival rates of the 102 patients with metastatic NSCLC were 17.65%, 3.92%, and 0.98%, respectively. The median overall survival of the 102 patients was 3.15 months. Tumor location in the peripheral lung, epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) inhibitor history, low tumor mutation load, adenocarcinoma, and poor performance status score were associated with prolonged survival compared with tumor location in the central lung, no EGFR inhibitor history, high tumor mutation load, squamous cell carcinoma, and good performance status score (p=0.045, p=0.003, p=0.045, p=0.021, and p=0.0003, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: EGFR inhibitor treatment history and tumor mutation load are risk factors for the overall survival of patients with stage III/IV NSCLC who have undergone only hospice care. These results provide a critical clinical basis for further study of nontraditional anti-tumor responses induced by EGFR inhibitors.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/pathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Mutation , Neoplasm Staging
3.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(2): e9017, 2021. graf
Article in English | ColecionaSUS, LILACS, ColecionaSUS | ID: biblio-1142574

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-cancer effect of melittin on growth, migration, invasion, and apoptosis of non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. This study also explored the potential anti-cancer mechanism of melittin in NSCLC cells. The results demonstrated that melittin suppressed growth, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells in vitro. Melittin increased pro-apoptotic caspase-3 and Apaf-1 gene expression. Melittin inhibited tumor growth factor (TGF)-β expression and phosphorylated ERK/total ERK (pERK/tERK) in NSCLC cells. However, TGF-β overexpression (pTGF-β) abolished melittin-decreased TGF-β expression and pERK/tERK in NSCLC cells. Treatment with melittin suppressed tumor growth and prolonged mouse survival during the 120-day observation in vivo. Treatment with melittin increased TUNEL-positive cells and decreased expression levels of TGF-β and ERK in tumor tissue compared to the control group. In conclusion, the findings of this study indicated that melittin inhibited growth, migration, and invasion, and induced apoptosis of NSCLC cells through down-regulation of TGF-β-mediated ERK signaling pathway, suggesting melittin may be a promising anti-cancer agent for NSCLC therapy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rabbits , Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Melitten/pharmacology , Down-Regulation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Cell Movement , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Caspase 3 , Apoptotic Protease-Activating Factor 1 , Neoplasm Invasiveness
4.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 815-828, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922244

ABSTRACT

Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) fusion gene, as a tumor driver gene, was crucial for the occurrence and development of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Recently, targeted ALK fusion gene has become the main treatment method for ALK-positive NSCLC. The first and second generation ALK inhibitors (ALKi), such as crizotinib, ceritinib, alectinib and ensartinib have been approved in China. However, there was no guidance for the management of ALKi adverse reactions. Therefore, this "Recommendations from experts in the management of adverse reactions to ALK inhibitors (2021 version)" has been summarized, led by Lung Cancer Professional Committee of Sichuan Cancer Society and Sichuan Medical Quality Control Center for Tumor Diseases, to provide practical and feasible strategies for clinical ALKi management specification of adverse reactions.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Crizotinib , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects , Receptor Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/antagonists & inhibitors
5.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 739-742, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922241

ABSTRACT

45.7% of Chinese patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma were reported to harbour sensitizing epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations. Limited therapeutic options are left for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harbouring sensitizing EGFR mutations after failure of EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) therapy and chemotherapy, finding effective options for them is an unmet clinic need. Herein we reported a case that till January 12, 2021, an 82-year-old female with sensitizing EGFR-mutant advanced lung adenocarcinoma received a surprising progression-free survival (PFS) benefit of over 21 months from the combination therapy of pembrolizumab and anlotinib after her failure of treatments of osimertinib, chemotherapy and anlotinib-monotherapy.
.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Aged, 80 and over , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Humanized , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Female , Humans , Indoles , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Quinolines
6.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 808-814, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922151

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most malignant lung cancer with the highest mortality. At present, the first-line standard treatment is still based on Etoposide and Platinum chemotherapy. However, for SCLC that progresses after first-line therapy, the treatment options are still very limited. Since the molecular mechanism of first-line drug resistance of SCLC is still unclear, and the precision medicine strategy after first-line drug resistance is still in the pre-clinical stage. The proportion of secondary biopsy and genetic testing is very low after the progress of first-line treatment of SCLC. In this study, we report a case of a middle-aged woman who was first diagnosed with SCLC. Adenocarcinoma with sensitive gene mutations and repeated changes of small cell carcinoma were detected by multiple biopsies during the course of the disease, suggesting that the patient may be a special subtype of SCLC - mixed SCLC (M-SCLC). In this case, the patient has been treated with radiotherapy and chemotherapy, immunotherapy and targeted therapy successively, and the survival time has reached 2 years and 8 months. Through the case report and literature review retrospectively, this study aimed to explore the part patients may start to present hybrid histopathologic types or tissue type change after treatment of SCLC. Biopsy pathologic histology and genetic testing is necessary after disease progression to look for potential therapeutic targets, so as to give precise treatment based on molecular markers detection results and provide the patient with the benefit of survival for as long as possible.
.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Etoposide , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Middle Aged , Retrospective Studies , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics
7.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 804-807, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922150

ABSTRACT

Osimertinib-induced interstitial lung disease (ILD) is an uncommon, but fatal pulmonary toxicity in some patients. We report a case of a 64-year-old male with stage IV adeno-non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) harboring an exon 19 deletion in the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) treated with osimertinib 80 mg/d for first-line targeted therapy. On day 60 after initiating treatment of osimertinib, the patient developed ILD. Osimertinib was discontinued immediately and oral prednisone 60 mg/d was initiated, ILD improved within 13 d. After balancing the risk and benefit, osimertinib was restarted concurrently with prednisone. The patient showed neither disease progression nor a recurrence of ILD for more than 16 months. Based on our case and literature review, retreatment with osimertinib under steroid coverage could be considered as an effective treatment option after careful risk-benefit assessment for patients with EGFR-mutant NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Acrylamides/therapeutic use , Aniline Compounds/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Diseases, Interstitial/genetics , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Male , Middle Aged , Prednisone , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/adverse effects
8.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 874-880, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922140

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer ranks the first cancer-related morbidity and mortality in China. Tumor metastasis always predicts the poor prognosis for patients. Moreover, lymphatic metastasis is one of the most significant predictors of poor prognosis in patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and lymphangiogenesis represents the bridge that functionally facilitates tumor lymphatic metastasis. In this review, we first discussed the molecular mechanisms of tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis and the interaction between tumor microenvironment and lymphatic endothelial cells, then, summarized the role of non-coding RNA in regulating tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis in recent frontier studies, with the aim to provide some novel insights on NSCLC-related lymphangiogenesis research, diagnosis and treatment.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Disease Progression , Endothelial Cells , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Lymphangiogenesis , Lymphatic Metastasis , Lymphatic Vessels , Tumor Microenvironment , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor C
9.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 853-861, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922138

ABSTRACT

Rearranged during transfection (RET) fusions are found in 0.7% to 2% of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Fusions between RET gene and other domains represent the distinct biological and clinicopathological subtypes of NSCLC. Recent years have witnessed the remarkable advancement of RET fusion-positive advanced NSCLC therapy. Conventional chemotherapy produced moderate clinical benefits. Prior to the introduction of targeted therapy or in the context of unavailability, platinum-based systemic regimens are initial therapy options. Immunotherapy predicted minimal response in the presence of RET fusions while currently available data have been scarce, and the single-agent immunotherapy or in combination with chemotherapy regimens are not recommended as initial systemic therapy in this population. The repurpose of multi-target kinase inhibitors in patients with RET fusion-positive NSCLC showed encouraging therapeutic activity, with only cabozantinib and vandetanib being recommended as initial or subsequent options under certain circumstances. However, there are still unmet clinical needs. Pralsetinib and selpercatinib have been developed as tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKI) selectively targeting RET variation of fusions or mutations, and both agents significantly improved the prognosis of patients with RET fusion-positive NSCLC. Pralsetinib and selpercatinib have been established as preferred first-line therapy or subsequent therapy options. As observed with other TKIs treatment, resistance has also been associated with RET targeted inhibition, and the acquired resistance eventually affect the long-term therapeutic effectiveness, leading to limited subsequent treatment options. Therefore, it is essential to identify resistance mechanisms to TKI in RET fusion-positive advanced NSCLC to help reveal and establish new strategies to overcome resistance. Here, we review the advances in the treatment of RET fusion-positive advanced NSCLC.
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Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Protein Kinase Inhibitors/therapeutic use , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-ret/genetics
10.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 829-837, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922136

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#The anti-tumor effect of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) has been widely confirmed. However, the anti-tumor effect of its peptides is rarely reported. This study aims to investigate the effects of PEDF and its peptides on the apoptosis and migration of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).@*METHODS@#In this study, A549 cells and H1299 cells were selected as the research object, and the cells were divided into normal group, PEDF treatment group, 34 peptide treatment group, 44 peptide treatment group and 34+44 peptide treatment group by administering different drugs at the same concentration to the cells. The proliferation activity of cells in each group was detected by CCK-8 method; the migration ability of cells was detected by scratch test; the expression levels of apoptosis related proteins such as protein kinase 3 (RIP3) and cleaved-caspase-3 were detected by Western blot; the expression levels of epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers in each group, such as cadherin (E-cadherin) and α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) were detected by Western blot; the apoptosis rate of each group was detected by flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#The results of CCK-8 showed that PEDF and its peptides could inhibit cell proliferation, and the inhibitory effect of 34+44 peptide was the strongest (P<0.05); Observation under the microscope found that PEDF and its peptides can inhibit the proliferation and mesenchymal transformation of A549 cells and H1299 cells, and the inhibitory effect of the 34+44 peptide group is the most obvious; Western blot indicated that compared with other groups, the expressions of cleaved-caspase-3 and RIP3 in 34+44 peptide group were significantly higher (P<0.05), and the expressions of EMT protein E-cadherin were higher, the expression of α-SMA decreased (P<0.05); The results of flow cytometry showed that the apoptosis rate of 34+44 peptide group was significantly higher than those of other groups (P<0.05); The scratch test showed that compared with all the other groups, the healing rate of 34+44 peptide group was the lowest (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#34+44 combination peptide can better promote the apoptosis of NSCLC, inhibit the migration of NSCLC, and thereby inhibit the growth of NSCLC.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cadherins/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Caspase 3 , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition , Eye Proteins , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Nerve Growth Factors , Peptides/pharmacology , Serpins , Sincalide
11.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 734-738, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922135

ABSTRACT

Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is a highly aggressive and fatal malignant tumor. It has the characteristics of complex etiology, low differentiation, high malignancy, fast growth, strong invasiveness, early metastasis and acquired drug resistance, resulting in poor prognosis. In recent years, with the gradual deepening understanding on the molecular mechanism of SCLC and multi-omics data, it is proposed that molecular typing can be carried out according to the differential expression of key transcription factors, including SCLC-A, SCLC-N, SCLC-P and SCLC-I subtypes. Molecular typing of SCLC and its clinical application will help doctors to further optimize the detailed diagnosis and treatment plan of SCLC patients, so as to prolong the survival time and improve the quality of life of patients.
.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Molecular Typing , Quality of Life , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics , Transcription Factors
12.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 729-733, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922134

ABSTRACT

The transformation of non-small cell lung cancer to small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is one of the major resistant mechanisms, especially patients with epidermal growth factor receptor mutant lung adenocarcinoma. Translational SCLC has been found to have similar clinical features to primary SCLC. Chemotherapy was short-term effective for transformational SCLC, with a median survival of only about 1 year. The deletion of RB1 and the change of somatic copy number were associated with SCLC transformation. Although the molecular mechanism of SCLC transformation is still not fully understood. At the same time, the treatment of transformational SCLC also faces great challenges. Currently, chemotherapy regimens for SCLC are the main treatment options for transforming SCLC. Combination therapy, local treatment and strategies for prevention of SCLC transformatio are also being explored. This article will review research advances on the clinical features, molecular mechanism and treatment options of translational SCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Small Cell Lung Carcinoma/genetics
13.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 714-722, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922132

ABSTRACT

With the development of precision medicine, therapies of targeting driver genes have significantly prolonged survival in advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Among them, BRAF gene mutation is relatively rare, and the traditional regimen follows the treatment plan of NSCLC without driver gene mutation, which is far from meeting the clinical needs. In recent years, targeted therapy for NSCLC patients with BRAF V600E mutations has shown good efficacy when we are still exploring the better targeted therapies for other BRAF-mutated subtypes. Immunotherapy also showed positive antitumor activity in V600E and non-V600E subtypes of BRAF-mutated NSCLC. This article reviewed the progress of immunological and targeted therapy for patients with BRAF-mutated NSCLC.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Humans , Immunotherapy , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf/genetics
14.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 705-713, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922131

ABSTRACT

Patients with oncogenic driver alterations of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) can benefit from targeted therapy, but acquired resistance is inevitable ultimately. Epigenetic modifications, including DNA methylation, histone modifications, non-coding RNA-mediated regulate and chromatin remodeling, are important mechanisms of acquired resistance in targeted therapy of NSCLC. In recent years, studies have found that epigenetic modifications can effectively reverse drug resistance. Targeted therapy combined with epigenetic modifications may become a promising therapeutic strategy. Here, we review the progress of epigenetic mechanism in acquired resistance of targeted therapy in NSCLC, hoping to provide ideas for screening dominant population and overcoming resistance.
.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , DNA Methylation , Epigenesis, Genetic , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics
15.
Journal of Biomedical Engineering ; (6): 1111-1117, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921852

ABSTRACT

Using modular identification methods in gene-drug multiplex networks to infer new gene-drug associations can identify new therapeutic target genes for known drugs. In this paper, based on the gene expression data and drug response data of lung cancer in the genomics of drug sensitivity in cancer (GDSC) database, a multiple network algorithm is proposed. First, a heterogeneous network of genes of lung cancer and drugs in different cell lines is constructed, and then a network module identification method based on graph entropy is used. In this heterogeneous network, network modules are identified, and five lung cancer gene-drug association modules are identified through iterative convergence. Compared with other methods, the algorithm has better results in terms of running time, accuracy and robustness, and the identified modules have obvious biological significance. The research results in this article have guiding significance for the medication and treatment of lung cancer, and can provide references for the treatment of other diseases with the same targeted genes.


Subject(s)
Algorithms , Gene Expression Profiling , Genes, Neoplasm , Humans , Lung , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Pharmaceutical Preparations
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921784

ABSTRACT

To explore the mechanism of Hedyotis Diffusae Herba-Smilacis Glabrae Rhizoma(HDH-SGR) in treating lung adenocarcinoma based on big data bioinformatics combined with network pharmacology analysis and molecular docking technology. The chemical components and potential therapeutic targets of HDH-SGR were obtained from Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database and Analysis Platform(TCMSP). Lung adenocarcinoma-related genes were obtained from The Cancer Genome Atlas(TCGA), Therapeutic Target Database(TTD), Pharmacogenetics and Pharmacogenomics Knowledge Base(PharmGKB), Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man(OMIM), DrugBank, and GeneCards. "Drug component-target" network was constructed using Cytoscape to screen out key compounds. STRING was used to build protein-protein interaction(PPI) network and core targets were screened out by Cytoscape-CytoNCA topology analysis. Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) analyses of target genes were performed by R-clusterProfiler. Finally, key compounds were docked to core target genes using AutoDock. The results showed that 22 active compounds and 499 potential therapeutic targets were obtained from HDH-SGR. A total of 14 332 lung adenocarcinoma-related targets were screened out through six data platforms, including 182 common targets. Fifteen core targets were screened out from the PPI network. GO and KEGG analyses revealed significant enrichment of relevant target genes in various biological processes, cellular functions(e.g., response to lipopolysaccharide, nuclear receptor activity, and ligand-activated transcription factor activity) and close relationship between target genes and non-small cell lung cancer signaling pathways. Based on the results of molecular docking validation, diosgenin, quercetin, naringenin, taxifolin, 2-methoxy-3-methyl-9,10-anthraquinone, stigmasterol, and β-sitosterol were able to bind tightly to the core targets. HDH-SGR can intervene in lung adenocarcinoma through multiple targets and signaling pathways, such as non-small cell lung cancer signaling pathways. The binding of active components in Chinese medicine to key targets is presumedly one of the mechanisms that produce therapeutic effects.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Hedyotis , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Molecular Docking Simulation
17.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 893-900, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921293

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effect and potential mechanism of knockdown of sphingosine kinase-1 (SPHK1) on the proliferation, cell cycle and apoptosis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells. Quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) was used to detect SPHK1 mRNA expression in human healthy lung fibroblasts (MRC-5 cells) and four NSCLC cell lines. Then, A549 and H1299 cells were transfected with SPHK1-shRNA and corresponding negative control. CCK-8, Annexin V-FITC/PI dual staining and cell cycle assay were performed to evaluate cell proliferation, apoptosis and cell cycle distribution, respectively. JC-1 mitochondrial membrane potential measurement kit was adopted to measure mitochondrial membrane potential. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression levels of cell cycle and mitochondrial apoptotic pathway-related proteins, as well as MEK/ERK signaling pathway. The results showed that the mRNA expression of SPHK1 in NSCLC cells was higher than that in MRC-5 cells. SPHK1-shRNA significantly inhibited the proliferation of A549 and H1299 cells, blocked the cell cycle in G0/G1 phase, and promoted cell apoptosis through the mitochondrial pathway. Compared with the control group, the expression of p-MEK and p-ERK proteins in the SPHK1-shRNA group was significantly down-regulated. Moreover, MEK/ERK inhibitor could dramatically suppress cell proliferation and promote cell apoptosis. These results suggest that SPHK1 knockdown can inhibit the proliferation of NSCLC cells and might promote mitochondrial apoptotic pathway by inhibiting MEK/ERK signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Phosphotransferases (Alcohol Group Acceptor)/genetics
18.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2619-2628, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921210

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Microribose nucleic acids (miRNAs) are implicated in the progression of lung adenocarcinoma. MicroRNA-345-5p (miR-345-5p) is a recently identified anti-oncogene in some human cancers, but its functional role and possible molecular mechanism in lung adenocarcinoma remain unknown. This study aimed to identify the biological function and underlying mechanism of miR-345-5p in lung adenocarcinoma cells.@*METHODS@#In this study, lung adenocarcinoma tissues and adjacent tissues were collected in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui Medical University between April 2016 and February 2017. The expression of miR-345-5p and ras homolog family member A (RhoA) in lung adenocarcinoma tissues and human lung adenocarcinoma cell lines (A549, H1650, PC-9, and H441) was detected by reverse transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis. Functional assays including colony formation, flow cytometry analysis, wound healing, and transwell assays were performed to assess the proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. In addition, RNA pulldown and luciferase reporter assays were conducted to evaluate the relationship between miR-345-5p and RhoA. Difference between the two groups was analyzed with Student's t test, while that among multiple groups was analyzed with one-way analysis of variance.@*RESULTS@#MiR-345-5p expression displayed lower level in lung adenocarcinoma tissues (0.241 ± 0.095 vs.1.000 ± 0.233, t = 19.247, P < 0.001) and cell lines (F = 56.992, P < 0.001) than control tissues and cells. Functional experiments demonstrated that upregulation of miR-345-5p inhibited the malignant phenotypes of lung adenocarcinoma cells via suppressing cell proliferation, migration, invasion, and facilitating cell apoptosis. Additionally, RhoA was verified to be the downstream target of miR-345-5p. Expression of RhoA was downregulated by overexpression of miR-345-5p in PC-9 (0.321 ± 0.047 vs. 1.000 ± 0.127, t = 8.536, P < 0.001) and H1650 (0.398 ± 0.054 vs. 1.000 ± 0.156, t = 4.429, P = 0.011) cells. Rescue assays revealed that overexpression of RhoA rescued the suppressive effects of miR-345-5p upregulation on proliferation, migration, and invasion of lung adenocarcinoma cells. Further, miR-345-5p was found to regulate the Rho/Rho-associated protein kinase (ROCK) signaling pathway by downregulation of RhoA in lung adenocarcinoma cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#MiR-345-5p plays a tumor suppressor role in lung adenocarcinoma cells by downregulating RhoA to inactivate the Rho/ROCK pathway.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Up-Regulation/genetics , rho-Associated Kinases/genetics , rhoA GTP-Binding Protein/genetics
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2430-2437, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) is a promising biomarker for non-invasive epidermal growth factor receptor mutations (EGFRm) detection in lung cancer patients, but existing methods have limitations in sensitivity and availability. In this study, we used the ΔCt value (mutant cycle threshold [Ct] value-internal control Ct value) generated during the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to convert super-amplification-refractory mutation system (superARMS) from a qualitative method to a semi-quantitative method named reformed-superARMS (R-superARMS), and evaluated its performance in detecting EGFRm in plasma ctDNA in patients with advanced lung adenocarcinoma.@*METHODS@#A total of 41 pairs of tissues and plasma samples were obtained from lung adenocarcinoma patients who had known EGFRm in tumor tissue and were previously untreated. EGFRm in ctDNA was identified by using superARMS. Through making use of ΔCt value generated during the detection process of superARMS, we indirectly transform this qualitative detection method into a semi-quantitative PCR detection method, named R-superARMS. Both qualitative and quantitative analyses of the data were performed. Kaplan-Meier analysis was performed to estimate the progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Fisher exact test was used for categorical variables.@*RESULTS@#The concordance rate of EGFRm in tumor tissues and matched plasma samples was 68.3% (28/41). At baseline, EGFRm-positive patients were divided into two groups according to the cut-off ΔCt value of EGFRm set at 8.11. A significant difference in the median OS (mOS) between the two groups was observed (EGFRm ΔCt ≤8.11 vs. >8.11: not reached vs. 11.0 months; log-rank P = 0.024). Patients were divided into mutation clearance (MC) group and mutation incomplete clearance (MIC) group according to whether the ΔCt value of EGFRm test turned negative after 1 month of treatment. We found that there was also a significant difference in mOS (not reached vs. 10.4 months; log-rank P = 0.021) between MC group and MIC group. Although there was no significant difference in PFS between the two groups, the two curves were separated and the PFS of MC group tended to be higher than the MIC group (not reached vs. 27.5 months; log-rank P = 0.088). Furthermore, EGFRm-positive patients were divided into two groups according to the cut-off of the changes in ΔCt value of EGFRm after 1 month of treatment, which was set at 4.89. A significant difference in the mOS between the two groups was observed (change value of ΔCt >4.89 vs. ≤4.89: not reached vs. 11.0 months; log-rank P = 0.014).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Detecting EGFRm in ctDNA using R-superARMS can identify patients who are more likely sensitive to targeted therapy, reflect the molecular load of patients, and predict the therapeutic efficacy and clinical outcomes of patients.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Circulating Tumor DNA/genetics , ErbB Receptors/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Mutation/genetics , Protein Kinase Inhibitors
20.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 275-291, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880954

ABSTRACT

Although genome-wide association studies have identified more than eighty genetic variants associated with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) risk, biological mechanisms of these variants remain largely unknown. By integrating a large-scale genotype data of 15 581 lung adenocarcinoma (AD) cases, 8350 squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC) cases, and 27 355 controls, as well as multiple transcriptome and epigenomic databases, we conducted histology-specific meta-analyses and functional annotations of both reported and novel susceptibility variants. We identified 3064 credible risk variants for NSCLC, which were overrepresented in enhancer-like and promoter-like histone modification peaks as well as DNase I hypersensitive sites. Transcription factor enrichment analysis revealed that USF1 was AD-specific while CREB1 was SqCC-specific. Functional annotation and gene-based analysis implicated 894 target genes, including 274 specifics for AD and 123 for SqCC, which were overrepresented in somatic driver genes (ER = 1.95, P = 0.005). Pathway enrichment analysis and Gene-Set Enrichment Analysis revealed that AD genes were primarily involved in immune-related pathways, while SqCC genes were homologous recombination deficiency related. Our results illustrate the molecular basis of both well-studied and new susceptibility loci of NSCLC, providing not only novel insights into the genetic heterogeneity between AD and SqCC but also a set of plausible gene targets for post-GWAS functional experiments.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/genetics , Genetic Heterogeneity , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genome-Wide Association Study , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide
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