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1.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785427

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Major liver resection and radical lymph node dissection has been accepted as a definite treatment of choice for hilar cholangiocarcinoma (HC). However, the perioperative and survival outcomes of right hemihepatectomy (RH) and left hemihepatectomy (LH) still remain controversial. Thus, this study aimed to compare the surgical and oncological outcomes of RH and LH in HC patients.METHODS: From January 2000 to January 2018, a total of 326 patients underwent surgical resection for HC at Yonsei University College of Medicine in Seoul, Korea. Among the 326 patients, we excluded 130 patients and selected 196 patients, who underwent hemihepatectomy with caudate lobectomy. Among these 196 patients, 114 patients underwent RH, and 82 patients underwent LH. We compared the clinicopathological features as well as the surgical and oncologic outcomes of the RH and LH groups.RESULTS: There were no significant differences in disease-free survival (P = 0.473) or overall survival (P = 0.946) in the RH and LH groups. The LH group had fewer complications compared with the RH group, including postoperative ascites (RH: 15 [13.2%] vs. LH: 3 [3.7%], P = 0.023); however, the LH group had more bile leakage complications (RH: 5 [4.4%] vs. LH: 12 [14.6%], P = 0.012). The average time lag from portal vein embolization to operation was 25.80 ± 12.06 days (n = 45). There was no difference in postoperative liver failure (P = 0.402), although there were significantly more frequent ascites after RH (P = 0.023).CONCLUSION: LH might be a good alternative option for the surgical treatment of HC given appropriate tumor location and biliary anatomy indications.


Subject(s)
Ascites , Bile , Cholangiocarcinoma , Disease-Free Survival , Hepatectomy , Humans , Klatskin Tumor , Korea , Liver , Liver Failure , Lymph Node Excision , Portal Vein , Seoul , Treatment Outcome
2.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811213

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate survival and recurrence in stage II endometrial cancer in relation to uterine risk stratification. Outcome for stage II was compared before and after the introduction of lymph node (LN) resection and omission of all postoperative radiotherapy.METHODS: The cohort consisted of 4,380 endometrial carcinoma patients radically operated (no visual tumor, all distant metastasis removed) (2005–2012) including 461 stage II. Adjusted Cox regression was used to compare survival and actuarial recurrence rates.RESULTS: Uterine risk factors (low-, intermediate-, and high-) were the strongest predictors of survival and recurrence in stage II. Stage II low-risk having a prognosis comparable to low-risk stage I (grade 1–2, <50% myometrial invasion), whereas cervical invasion significantly increased the risk of recurrence and decreased cancer-specific survival in intermediate- and high-risk compared to the corresponding stage I risk groups. In 355 cases of 708 with cervical stromal invasion, LN-resection showed 27.9% with LN metastasis and upstaged 18.1% from stage II to IIIC resulting in longer survival and lower recurrence in LN-resected compared to non-LN resected stage II. Radical as compared to simple hysterectomy did not alter survival. Treatment with external beam radiotherapy decreased local recurrence without affecting survival.CONCLUSION: Uterine risk groups are the strongest predictors for survival and recurrence in stage II patients and should be considered when advising adjuvant therapy. LN-resected stage II had increased survival and decreased recurrence. Omitting radiotherapy increase vaginal recurrence without affecting survival.


Subject(s)
Cohort Studies , Endometrial Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Hysterectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Risk Factors
3.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811108

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The rare incidence of isolated para-aortic lymph node (PALN) recurrence of colorectal cancer has precluded the formulation of treatment guidelines. This study evaluated and compared the effects of different treatment modalities on survival outcomes in patients with PALN recurrence.METHODS: Patients diagnosed with isolated PALN recurrence after curative resection for primary colorectal cancer from January 2004 to December 2014 were evaluated retrospectively. Patients with isolated recurrence were selected using imaging modalities. Overall survival (OS) and survival after recurrence (SAR) were analyzed and compared between different treatments using the Kaplan-Meier method.RESULTS: The median OS was 64 months with a median follow-up time of 50 months. Of the 46 patients with PALN recurrence, 35 (76.1%) had isolated recurrences. Of these 35 patients, 16 underwent PALN resection and 19 received chemotherapy. Median SAR was significantly longer in patients who did than did not undergo resection (71 months vs. 39 months, P = 0.017). Median OS tended to be longer in patients who did than did not undergo resection (77 months vs. 62 months, P = 0.055). SAR was similar in patients who received radiotherapy and those who underwent resection (34 months vs. 46 months, P = 0.146). Three of 16 patients (18.8%) who underwent resection were found to be recurrence-free.CONCLUSION: Surgical resection of isolated PALN recurrence may benefit patients, with favorable survival outcomes and by providing definitive diagnosis for proper treatment planning.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Methods , Mortality , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
4.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-811107

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Radical lymph node dissection for right-sided colon cancer is technically challenging. No clear guideline is available for surgical resection of clinical stage I right-sided colon cancer. This study was designed to review the pathologic stage of clinical stage I right-sided colon cancer and determine the relevant extent of surgical resection.METHODS: Patients were treated for clinical stage I right-sided colon cancers (cecal, ascending, hepatic flexure, and proximal transverse colon) between July 2006 and December 2014 at a tertiary teaching hospital. Open surgery was not included because laparoscopic surgery is an initial major procedure in the institution.RESULTS: During the study period, 80 patients diagnosed with clinical stage I right-sided colon cancer were classified into 2 groups according to the pathology: stage 0/I and II/III. Tumor sizes were larger in the stage II/III group (P = 0.003). The stage II/III group had higher rates of vascular (P = 0.023) and lymphatic invasion (P = 0.023) and lower rates of well differentiation (P = 0.022). During follow-up, 1 case of local and 4 cases of systemic recurrences were found. Multivariate analysis to confirm odds ratios affecting change from clinical stage I to pathological stage II/III showed that tumor size (P = 0.010) and the number of retrieved lymph nodes (P = 0.046) were risk factors.CONCLUSION: For right-sided colon cancer, even with clinical stage I included, radical lymph node dissection should be performed for exact staging with sufficient number of lymph nodes. This will help determine appropriate adjuvant treatment, especially in large tumor sizes.


Subject(s)
Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colon, Transverse , Colonic Neoplasms , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitals, Teaching , Humans , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Pathology , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
5.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782159

ABSTRACT

Up to 50% of patients initially treated for prostate cancer in a curative intent experience biochemical recurrence, possibly requiring adjuvant treatment. However, salvage treatment decisions, such as lymph node dissection or radiation therapy, are typically based on prostate specific antigen (PSA) recurrence. Importantly, common imaging modalities (e.g., computed tomography [CT], magnetic resonance imaging, and bone scan) are limited and the detection of recurrent disease is particularly challenging if PSA is low. Prostate specific membrane antigen (PSMA) positron-emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) is a novel and promising imaging modality which aims to overcome the incapability of early identification of distant and regional metastases. Within this review, we summarize the current evidence related to PSMA-PET/CT in prostate cancer men diagnosed with biochemical recurrence after local treatment with curative intent. We discuss detection rates of PSMA-PET/CT stratified by PSA-levels and its impact on clinical decision making. Furthermore, we compare different image-fusion techniques such as PSMA-PET vs. F-/C-Choline-PET scans vs. PSMA-single photon emission computed tomography/CT. Finally, we touch upon the contemporary role of radio-guided-PSMA salvage lymphadenectomy.


Subject(s)
Clinical Decision-Making , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Membranes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Positron-Emission Tomography , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Salvage Therapy
6.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-782101

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the prognostic value of lymph node ratio (LNR) in women with 2018 International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics stage IIIC cervical cancer.METHODS: In this retrospective dual-institutional study, a total of 185 node-positive cervical cancer patients who had undergone radical hysterectomy with systematic pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy were included. All of the patients received adjuvant chemoradiation after surgery. LNR was defined as the ratio of positive lymph nodes (LNs) to the total number of LNs removed. The patients were categorized into 2 groups according to LNR; LNR <0.05 and LNR ≥0.05. The prognostic value of LNR was evaluated with univariate log-rank tests and multivariate Cox regression models.RESULTS: A total of 138 patients (74.6%) had stage IIIC1 disease and 47 (25.4%) patients had stage IIIC2 disease. With a median follow-up period of 45.5 months (range 3–135 months), the 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) rate was 62.5% whereas the 5-year overall survival (OS) rate was 70.4% for the entire study population. The 5-year DFS rates for LNR <0.05 and LNR ≥0.05 were 78.2%, and 48.4%, respectively (p<0.001). Additionally, the 5-year OS rates for LNR <0.05 and LNR ≥0.05 were 80.6%, and 61.2%, respectively (p=0.007). On multivariate analysis, LNR ≥0.05 was associated with a worse DFS (hazard ratio [HR]=2.12; 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.15–3.90; p=0.015) and OS (HR=1.95; 95% CI=1.01–3.77; p=0.046) in women with stage IIIC cervical cancer.CONCLUSIONS: LNR ≥0.05 seems to be an independent prognostic factor for decreased DFS and OS in stage IIIC cervical carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gynecology , Humans , Hysterectomy , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Obstetrics , Retrospective Studies , Survival Analysis , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
7.
Gac. méd. espirit ; 21(3): 51-61, sept.-dic. 2019. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1090443

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Fundamentación: En la provincia Sancti Spíritus no se reportan estudios sobre la supervivencia de pacientes con cáncer de pulmón sometidos a cirugía de resección con linfoadenectomía por muestreo. Objetivo: Evaluar la supervivencia de los pacientes con cáncer de pulmón sometidos a cirugía de resección pulmonar y linfadenectomía por muestreo. Metodología: Se realizó una investigación retrospectiva en el Hospital Provincial General Camilo Cienfuegos de Sancti Spíritus, desde el 1 de enero del 1996 al 31 de diciembre del 2007. Fueron incluidos 48 pacientes a los que se les realizó cirugía de resección pulmonar con linfadenectomía por muestreo. Como variable principal fue considerada la supervivencia global a los 5 y 10 años. Otras variables fueron: edad, sexo, clasificación histológica y estadio patológico del tumor primario. Resultados: Predominaron los pacientes del sexo masculino, los mayores de 50 años y con estadio patológico IB. La estirpe histológica predominante fue el carcinoma epidermoide. La mediana de supervivencia fue superior para los estadios tempranos. La mayor supervivencia a los 5 años correspondió a los estadios IA y IIA. A los 10 años no hubo diferencias en la supervivencia de los pacientes. Conclusiones: La mayor supervivencia a los 5 años de los pacientes sometidos a cirugía de resección pulmonar y linfadenectomía por muestreo correspondió a los que se encontraban en estadios con menor extensión de la enfermedad. Entre los 5 y 10 años después de la cirugía hubo una estabilización en la sobrevida de todos los pacientes, indistintamente del estadio patológico inicial.


ABSTRACT Background: In Sancti Spiritus province there are no reports on the survival of patients with lung cancer undergoing resection surgery with lymphadenectomy by sampling. Objective: To evaluate the survival of patients with lung cancer undergoing lung resection surgery and lymphadenectomy by sampling. Methodology: A retrospective investigation was conducted at Camilo Cienfuegos General Provincial Hospital of Sancti Spíritus, from January 1, 1996 to December 31, 2007. They were included 48 patients who underwent lung resection surgery with lymphadenectomy by sampling. The main variable was considered overall survival at 5 and 10 years. Other variables were: age, sex, histological classification and pathological stage of the primary tumor. Results: Male patients, those older than 50 years and with pathological stage IB predominated. The predominant histological line was squamous cell carcinoma. The median survival was higher for the early stages. The greatest survival at 5 years corresponded to stages IA and IIA. At 10 years there were no differences in patient survival. Conclusions: The greatest survival at 5 years of patients undergoing lung resection surgery and lymphadenectomy by sampling corresponded to those who were in stages with less extension of the disease. Between 5 and 10 years after surgery there was stabilization in the survival of all patients, regardless of the initial pathological stage.


Subject(s)
Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Lymph Node Excision , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Survivorship
8.
Rev. colomb. obstet. ginecol ; 70(2): 115-121, 20190723. tab, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1042834

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Objetivo: presentar el caso de una lesión del nervio obturador durante linfadenectomía laparoscópica y su reparación por la misma vía en el mismo tiempo quirúrgico, y realizar una revisión de la literatura de la presentación de este tipo de lesiones, así como de la técnica utilizada, el momento de su reparación y los resultados de la rehabilitación. Materiales y métodos: se presenta el caso de una mujer de 29 años atendida en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología en Bogotá, Colombia, con diagnóstico clínico de carcinoma escamocelular de cérvix estadio Ib1, a quien se le practicó traquelectomía radical más linfadenectomía pélvica bilateral por el deseo de preservar la fertilidad. Durante el procedimiento se advirtió una sección completa del nervio obturador, la cual se reparó inmediatamente por vía laparoscópica. Se realizó una búsqueda de la literatura en la base de datos Medline vía PubMed. Los términos utilizados para la búsqueda fueron: "Obturator Nerve", "Lymph Node Excision", "Trauma", "Nervous System". Se buscaron series y reportes de caso, cohortes y artículos de revisión desde 1968 hasta septiembre 2018. La búsqueda se limitó a idiomas español e inglés. Resultados: se incluyeron ocho estudios, todos reportes de caso. Un total de seis de los casos presentaron sección completa del nervio advertida intraquirúrgicamente. En cuatro casos se realizó la reparación por medio de anastomosis términoterminal, tres casos con reconstrucción utilizando injerto de nervio sural y un caso con neurolisis y anastomosis término-terminal, todos por vía laparoscópica. En el seguimiento a nueve meses, tres pacientes recuperaron totalmente la función. Conclusión: los estudios encontrados fueron reportes de caso, la lesión más frecuente es la sección completa del nervio; se encuentran varias técnicas de reparación del nervio. La recuperación al año no es total en un importante número de casos reportados


ABSTRACT Objective: To report a case of obturator nerve injury during laparoscopic lymphadenectomy and repair through the same approach during the same surgical procedure; and to present a review of the literature on this type of injury, techniques used, timing of the repair, and rehabilitation outcomes. Materials and Methods: Case presentation of a 29-year-old woman seen at the National Cancer Institute (Instituto Nacional de Cancerología) in Bogotá, Colombia. The patient had a clinical diagnosis of stage Ib1 squamous cell carcinoma of the cervix and was taken to radical trachelectomy plus bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy because of her wish to preserve fertility. During the procedure, a complete dissection of the obturator nerve was recognized and repaired immediately through the laparoscopic approach. A literature search was conducted in the Medline database via PubMed. The terms used for the search were "Obturator Nerve," "Lymph Node Excision," "Trauma," "Nervous System". The search was limited to publications in Spanish and English and included case series and reports, cohorts and review articles published between 1968 and September 2018. Results: Eight studies were included, all of them case reports. In six cases, complete sectioning of the nerve was recognized during surgery. In four cases, end-to-end anastomosis was used for repair; three cases were reconstructed using sural nerve grafting; and one case was managed with neurolysis and end-to-end anastomosis. All cases were approached laparoscopically. Over a nine-month follow-up period, three patients recovered full nerve function. Conclusion: The studies retrieved were all case reports, the most frequent injury being complete nerve sectioning. Several nerve repair techniques were used. Recovery after one year was not complete in a significant number of the cases reported.


Subject(s)
Female , Obturator Nerve , Laparoscopy , Lymph Node Excision
9.
Medisan ; 23(2)mar.-abr. 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS (Americas) | ID: biblio-1002639

ABSTRACT

Se describe el caso clínico de una paciente de 56 años que acudió a la consulta de Oncología del Hospital Gubernamental de Mbabane, en Swazilandia, por padecer una adenopatía en la axila izquierda de varios meses de evolución, confirmada por ecografía. Se realizó una biopsia por aspiración con aguja fina, cuyo resultado reveló la metástasis de un carcinoma ductal. Se completaron los estudios preoperatorios, se determinó el estadio de la entidad clínica (IIA) y se remitió a la paciente a la consulta de Cirugía para realizar una disección axilar y luego aplicar radioterapia en la axila y la mama


The clinical report of a 56 year-old patient who went to the Oncology Service of the Government Hospital from Mbabane, in Swaziland, for suffering an adenopathy in the left armpit with a clinical course of several months, confirmed by echography is described. An aspiration biopsy with fine needle was carried out whose result revealed the metastasis of a ductal carcinoma. The preoperative studies were completed, the stage of the clinical entity was determined (IIA) and the patient was referred to the Surgery service to carry out an axillary dissection and then to apply radiotherapy in the armpit and breast


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Unknown Primary , Carcinoma, Ductal/diagnosis , Lymphadenopathy/diagnostic imaging , Lymphatic Metastasis , Axilla , Breast Neoplasms , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Lymph Node Excision
10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1011-1021, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-763178

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) may be avoidable for breast cancer patients with 1-2 positive lymph nodes (LN) after breast-conserving therapy. However, the effects of ALND after mastectomy remain unclear because radiation is not routinely used. Herein, we compared the benefits of post-mastectomy ALND versus sentinel node biopsy (SNB) alone for breast cancer patients with 1-3 metastatic LNs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,697 patients with pN1 disease who underwent mastectomy during 2000-2015 were identified from an institutional database. Outcomes were compared using the inverse probability of treatment weighted method. RESULTS: Patients who underwent SNB tended to have smaller tumors, a lower histology grade, a lower number of positive LNs, and better immunohistochemical findings. After correcting all confounding factors regarding patient, tumor, and adjuvant treatment, the SNB and ALND groups did not differ in terms of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), distant metastasis and locoregional recurrence. The 10-year DFS and OS rates were 83% and 84%, respectively, during a median follow-up period of 93 months. CONCLUSION: ALND did not improve post-mastectomy survival outcomes among patients with N1 breast cancer, even after adjusting for all histopathologic and treatment-related factors.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
11.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762691

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) biopsy (SLNB) is widely performed for axillary staging in patients with breast cancer. Based on the results of frozen section examination (FSE), surgeons can decide to continue further axillary dissections. This study aimed to verify the accuracy of FSE for SLNs. METHODS: We reviewed the records of 4,219 patients who underwent SLNB for primary invasive breast cancer between 2007 and 2016 at the Severance Hospital. We evaluated factors associated with the false-negative results of FSE for SLNs using the Generalized Estimating Equations model. RESULTS: A total of 1,397 SLNs from 908 patients were confirmed to be metastatic. Seventy-one patients (1.7%) had confirmed pathologic N2 or N3 stage. Among metastatic SLNs, micrometastasis was found in 234 (16.8%). The overall accuracy of SLNB was 98.5%. The sensitivity and false-negative rate of FSE were 86.4% and 13.6%, respectively. Several clinicopathological factors, including the size of SLN metastases, suspicious preoperative axillary lymph nodes, and luminal B subtype, were associated with a higher rate of false-negative results. CONCLUSION: Most patients were not indicated for axillary lymph node dissection. Some patients may show transition in their permanent pathology due to the size of the metastatic node. However, the false-negative results of FSE for SLNs based on the size of the metastatic node did not change our practice. Therefore, intraoperative FSE for SLN should not be routinely performed for all breast cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , False Negative Reactions , Frozen Sections , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Pathology , Phenobarbital , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy , Surgeons
12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 174-180, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-762320

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Analysis of the sentinel lymph node (SLN) in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients was proposed for more accurate staging and tailored lymphadenectomy. The aim of this study was to assess the ability to predict lymph node (LN) involvement through analysis of the SLN with a one-step nucleic acid (OSNA) technique in combination with peritumoral injection of indocyanine green (ICG) and near-infrared (NIR) lymphangiography in CRC patients. METHODS: A total of 34 patients were enrolled. Overall, 51 LNs were analyzed with OSNA. LNs of 17 patients (50%) were examined simultaneously with hematoxylin and eosin (H&E) and OSNA. RESULTS: SLN analysis of 17 patients examined with H&E and OSNA revealed that OSNA had a higher sensitivity (1 vs. 0.55), higher negative predictive value (1 vs. 0.66) and higher accuracy (100% vs. 76.4%) in predicting LN involvement. Overall, OSNA showed a sensitivity of 0.69, specificity of 1, accuracy of 88.2%, and stage migration of 8.8%. Compared to those who were OSNA (−), OSNA (+) patients had a greater number of LN metastases (4.8 vs. 0.16, P = 0.04), higher G3 rate (44.4% vs. 4%, P = 0.01), more advanced stage of disease (stage III: 77.8% vs. 16%; P = 0.00) and were more rapidly subjected to adjuvant chemotherapy (39.1 days vs. 50.2 days, P = 0.01). CONCLUSION: SLN analysis with OSNA in combination with ICG-NIR lymphangiography is feasible and can detect LN involvement in CRC patients. Furthermore, it allows for more accurate staging reducing the delay between surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colorectal Neoplasms , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Fluorescence , Hematoxylin , Humans , Indocyanine Green , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphography , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sensitivity and Specificity
13.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740308

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to compare the oncologic and short-term outcomes of laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (LDG) and open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for advanced gastric cancer (AGC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: From July 2006 to November 2016, 384 patients underwent distal gastrectomy for AGC. Data on short- and long-term outcomes were prospectively collected and reviewed. Propensity score matching was applied at a ratio of 1:1 to compare the LDG and ODG groups. RESULTS: The operative times were longer for the LDG group than for the ODG group. However, the time to resumption of diet and the length of hospital stay were shorter in the LDG group than in the ODG group (4.7 vs. 5.6 days, P=0.049 and 9.6 vs. 11.5 days, P=0.035, respectively). The extent of lymph node dissection in the LDG group was more limited than in the ODG group (P=0.002), although there was no difference in the number of retrieved lymph nodes between the 2 groups. The 3-year overall survival rates were 98% and 86.9% (P=0.018), and the 3-year recurrence-free survival rates were 86.3% and 75.3% (P=0.259), respectively, in the LDG and ODG groups. CONCLUSIONS: LDG is safe and feasible for AGC, with earlier recovery after surgery and long-term oncologic outcomes comparable to those of ODG.


Subject(s)
Diet , Disease-Free Survival , Gastrectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Operative Time , Propensity Score , Prospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms , Survival Rate
14.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 102-110, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-740306

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Despite an increased acceptance of laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) in early gastric cancer (EGC), there is insufficient evidence for its oncological safety in advanced gastric cancer (AGC). This is a prospective phase II clinical trial to evaluate the feasibility of LG with D2 lymph node dissection (LND) in AGC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The primary endpoint was set as 3-year disease-free survival (DFS). The eligibility criteria were as follows: 20-80 years of age, cT2N0-cT4aN3, American Society of Anesthesiologists score of 3 or less, and no other malignancy. Patients were enrolled in this single-arm study between November 2008 and May 2012. Exclusion criteria included cT4b or M1, or having final pathologic results as EGC. All patients underwent D2 lymphadenectomy. Three-year DFS rates were estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 157 patients were enrolled. The overall local complication rate was 10.2%. Conversion to open surgery occurred in 11 patients (7.0%). The mean follow-up period was 55.0±20.4 months (1–81 months). The cumulative 3-year DFS rates were 76.3% for all stages, and 100%, 89.3%, 100%, 88.0%, 71.4%, and 35.3% for stage IB, IIA, IIB, IIIA, IIIB, and IIIC, respectively. Recurrence was observed in 37 patients (23.6%), including hematogenous (n=6), peritoneal (n=13), locoregional (n=1), distant node (n=8), and mixed recurrence (n=9). CONCLUSIONS: In addition to being technically feasible for treatment of AGC in terms of morbidity, LG with D2 LND for locally advanced gastric cancer showed acceptable 3-year DFS outcomes. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01441336


Subject(s)
Conversion to Open Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Methods , Prospective Studies , Recurrence , Stomach Neoplasms
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-786618

ABSTRACT

Gastric schwannoma, a rare mesenchymal tumor originating from the schwann cells of peripheral nerves, rarely occurs in the gastrointestinal tract. It accounts for only 0.2% of all gastric tumors and 2~6% of gastric mesenchymal tumors. Gastric schwannoma is observed as a subepithelial tumor on endoscopy; it is covered with normal mucosa, rendering its preoperative differential diagnosis difficult. An asymptomatic 43-year-old woman visited our hospital after a 7-cm ulcerofungating mass was detected in the lesser curvature of the gastric body on gastroscopy. Abdominal CT revealed multiple enlarged lymph nodes, and ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) PET demonstrated a subtle uptake of FDG, suggestive of advanced gastric cancer. After three failed attempts of endoscopic biopsy, the patient underwent total gastrectomy with lymphadenectomy and was subsequently diagnosed with gastric schwannoma. Herein, we report this case with a literature review.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Diagnosis, Differential , Endoscopy , Female , Gastrectomy , Gastrointestinal Tract , Gastroscopy , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mucous Membrane , Neurilemmoma , Peripheral Nerves , Schwann Cells , Stomach Neoplasms , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
16.
Intestinal Research ; : 561-564, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-785859

ABSTRACT

Primary malignant melanoma (PMM) of the gastrointestinal tract is rare. Reported cases of PMM of the lower gastrointestinal tract typically describe anal and rectal involvement rather than colonic lesions. This report describes a rare case of a 50-year-old woman with PMM originating in the colon. The patient presented to Inje University Busan Paik Hospital with a 3-day history of blood-tinged stools. She underwent colonoscopy for a diagnosis of hematochezia. The colonoscopic examination revealed a large-sized semi-pedunculated sigmoid colon polyp with a reddish-colored mucosal surface. Endoscopic mucosal resection was performed, and the final histopathological findings were consistent with a diagnosis of malignant melanoma. Systemic work-up was performed for assessment of metastasis and to identify the primary tumor considering the high metastatic rate of gastrointestinal malignant melanoma; however, no other malignant lesion was detected. Thus, she was diagnosed with colonic PMM. She underwent laparoscopic low anterior resection and lymph node dissection and has been recurrence-free for > 2 years.


Subject(s)
Colon , Colon, Sigmoid , Colonoscopy , Diagnosis , Female , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Lower Gastrointestinal Tract , Lymph Node Excision , Melanoma , Melanosis , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Metastasis , Polyps
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-776298

ABSTRACT

Lateral lymph node metastasis represents a major cause of local pelvic recurrence after curative resection for mid-low rectal cancer. Considerable controversies over issues remain among eastern and western countries, with respect to the diagnosis of lateral lymph node metastasis, the multidisciplinary management regime, indication for lateral pelvic lymph node dissection, and the prognosis of surgical dissection. The purpose of this expert consensus is to improve the understanding of this condition among Chinese specialists, and to help standardizing the diagnosis and therapeutic strategies for lateral lymph node metastasis. Each statement and recommendation in this consensus were generated based on suggestions from at least three experts, agreed by a majority of experts from the Chinese expert panel. The evaluation criteria by U.S. Preventive Services Task Force was adopted for the grading of recommendations. In respect to the aforementioned controversies, the present consensus produced 21 statements on diagnosis and treatment for lateral lymph node metastasis. The pending issues in this consensus need further high-quality clinical practice and research.


Subject(s)
China , Consensus , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Pathology , General Surgery , Lymphatic Metastasis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Pathology , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery
18.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-761874

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To explore the effect of radiation on metastatic lymph nodes (LNs) after neoadjuvant chemoradiation therapy (nCRT), we examined the metastatic features of LNs according to their inclusion in the radiation field. METHODS: The patient group included 88 men and 2 women, with a mean age of 61.1±8.1 years, who underwent esophagectomy and lymphadenectomy after nCRT. Dissected LNs were compared in terms of clinical suspicion of metastasis, nodal station, and inclusion in the radiation field. RESULTS: LN positivity did not differ between LNs that were inside (in-field [IF]) and outside (out-field [OF]) of the radiation field (IF: 40 of 465 [9%], OF: 40 of 420 [10%]; p=0.313). In clinical N+ nodal stations, IF stations had a lower incidence of metastasis than OF stations (IF/cN+: 16 of 142 [11%], OF/cN+: 9/30 [30%]; p=0.010). However, in clinical N- nodal stations, pathological positivity was not affected by whether the nodal stations were included in the radiation field (IF/cN-: 24 of 323 [7%], OF/cN-: 31 of 390 [8%]; p=0.447). CONCLUSION: Radiation therapy for nCRT could downstage clinically suspected nodal metastasis. However, such therapy was ineffective when used to treat nodes that were not suspicious for metastasis. Because significant numbers of residual metastases were identified irrespective of coverage by the radiation field, lymphadenectomy should be performed to ensure complete removal of residual nodal metastases after nCRT.


Subject(s)
Esophageal Neoplasms , Esophagectomy , Female , Humans , Incidence , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Male , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy
19.
Article in English | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-761513

ABSTRACT

Choriocarcinoma is an aggressively growing and widely metastasizing tumor that originates from trophoblastic cells. A primary gastric choriocarcinoma (PGC), however, is very rare. A 76-year-old female patient visited the emergency department of Wonkwang University Hospital with abdominal discomfort and melena. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed a huge ulceroinfiltrative mass lesion with blood clots on the boundary between the greater curvature side and the posterior wall side of the stomach lower body. CT showed a 3-cm exophytic mass lesion with heterogeneous enhancement, an ulcer lesion at the posterior wall side of the stomach lower body, and multiple enlarged lymph nodes at the splenic artery and left gastric artery nodal stations. She underwent a radical subtotal gastrectomy with a D2 lymph node dissection. The final diagnosis was PGC coexisting with adenocarcinoma based on the pathology results. This paper reports a rare case of primary gastric choriocarcinoma coexisting with adenocarcinoma and discusses the characteristics of this neoplasm with reference to the literature.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Aged , Arteries , Choriocarcinoma , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Diagnosis , Emergency Service, Hospital , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Female , Gastrectomy , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Melena , Pathology , Pregnancy , Splenic Artery , Stomach , Trophoblasts , Ulcer
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM (Western Pacific) | ID: wprim-761512

ABSTRACT

Intussusception is a common in pediatric age group. But it is rare in adults. And intussusception caused by tumor account for 1% of bowel obstructions in adult. Intussusception is an extremely rare cause of abdominal pain in pregnancy. In particular, cases of Intussusception due to colorectal cancer during pregnancy have never been reported in Korea. Our patient is a 34 years old woman who presented at 14 weeks of her second pregnancy. She presented with right lower abdominal discomfort and intermittent palpable mass which was usually spontaneously resolved. In the MRI study, pathologic asymmetric wall thickening was still noted and ileocolic intussusception was noted, and in colonoscopy, there was ulcerofungating mass around ileocecal valve which may be a leading point of intussusception. Biopsy was done. Pathologic finding was poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma. Under the patient agreement, we performed dilatation and curettage and laparoscopic right hemicolectomy and lymph node dissection. Now she is receiving a FOLFOX chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adenocarcinoma , Adult , Biopsy , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , Dilatation and Curettage , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Ileocecal Valve , Intussusception , Korea , Lymph Node Excision , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Pregnancy
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