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1.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 34-39, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012421

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathologic features and diagnosis of follicular lymphoma (FL) with a predominantly diffuse growth pattern (DFL) with 1p36 deletion. Methods: Eight cases of DFL with 1p36 deletion diagnosed at Department of Pathology, Beijing Friendship Hospital, Capital Medical University (n=5) and the Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Henan Cancer Hospital (n=3) from January 2017 to January 2023 were included. Their clinicopathologic features and follow-up data were analyzed. Immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were performed. Results: There were five males and three females, with a median age of 67 years, and inguinal lymphadenopathy was found as the main symptom. Histologically, similar morphologic features were sheared among all cases, with effaced nodal structure and characterized by proliferation of centrocytes in a diffuse pattern, with or without follicular components. The germinal center-related markers such as CD10 and/or bcl-6 were expressed in the tumor cells, and 1p36 deletion but not bcl-2 translocation was appreciable in these cases. Conclusions: DFL with 1p36 deletion is a rare subtype of FL, with some overlaps with other types of FL or indolent B-cell lymphomas in their pathologic features. An accurate diagnosis requires comprehensive considerations based on their clinical, pathologic, immunohistochemical, and molecular features.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Aged , Lymphoma, Follicular/pathology , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology , Chromosome Deletion , Cell Proliferation
3.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 1129-1132, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013235

ABSTRACT

Objective: To summarize the pathological diagnosis, clinical features, treatment methods and outcomes of pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL). Methods: Clinical data including the pathology, clinical features, treatment methods, and follow-up results of 9 PTFL patients admitted to Henan Cancer Hospital from February 2017 to February 2023 were analyzed retrospectively. Results: The age of onset in 9 children was 6 to 18 years, all the patients were males. The clinical manifestation was local painless lymph node enlargement in the head and neck, with a stage of Ⅰ-Ⅱ. The histomorphological characteristics of PTFL were similar to those of classic follicular lymphoma (FL). The germinal center of most follicles were enlarged, the mantle zone disappeared, centroblasts were easily visible, and the histological grade were mostly grade Ⅲ, which may be accompanied by the "starry sky" phenomenon. Monoclonal peaks can be seen in B cell clonal rearrangements (BCR). Immunohistochemistry (IHC) showed CD20 positive, CD10 positive, Bcl-6 positive, Bcl-2 negative, C-myc negative, and Ki-67 was 70%-95%. Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) test was negative for t (14, 18), Bcl-2 translocation, and C-myc translocation. Six cases underwent surgical resection, and 3 cases underwent surgical resection combined with chemotherapy. Up to February 2023, with a follow-up time of 45 to 72 months, all children survived without any recurrence and were in a complete remission state. Conclusions: PTFL is mainly characterized by adolescent male onset, with early clinical manifestations and pathological manifestations of high-level histological status, high proliferation index, and lack of t (14; 18)/Bcl-2 translocation and Bcl-2 expression. It is mainly treated by localized surgical excision and has a good prognosis.


Subject(s)
Child , Adolescent , Humans , Male , Female , Lymphoma, Follicular/pathology , Lymphoma, B-Cell/pathology , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Retrospective Studies , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/genetics
4.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 924-929, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1012258

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical, pathological, diagnostic, treatment, and prognostic features of children with mature B-cell lymphoma (MBCL) . Methods: This retrospective study included pediatric patients with MBCL with chromosome 11 long-arm abnormalities who were diagnosed and treated at our hospital from December 2018 to February 2023. Results: Among the 11 pediatric patients with MBCL, nine were male and two were female, with a median age of 9 (2-13) years and a median disease course of 1.8 (0.5-24) months. The clinical manifestations were cervical lymph node enlargement in four patients, nasal congestion and snoring in four patients, abdominal pain in two patients, and difficulty breathing in one patient. There were seven cases of Burkitt's lymphoma, two of follicular lymphoma, and two of advanced B-cell lymphoma according to the pathological morphology examination. No patients had central nervous system or bone marrow involvement, and no extensive metastasis was observed on B-ultrasound or positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT). One patient had a huge tumor lesion. The Revised International Pediatric Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Staging System classified four patients as stage Ⅱ, five as stage Ⅲ, and two as stage Ⅳ. 11q probe detection showed five cases of 11q gain, three of 11q loss, and three of both gain and loss. FISH showed positive MYC expression in three patients, including eight with advanced B-cell lymphoma with 11q abnormalities and three with Burkitt's lymphoma with 11q abnormalities. According to the 2019 edition of the National Health Commission's diagnostic and treatment guidelines for invasive MBCL in children, one patient was classified as Group A, two as Group B, and eight as Group C. Early evaluation of the efficacy showed complete remission. After mid-term evaluation, the intensity of chemotherapy was reduced in Group B and Group C. Among two cases of chemotherapy, the remaining nine cases had a median follow-up of 32 (6-45) months, and none had event-related survival. Conclusion: The incidence of MBCL with 11q abnormalities in children is low, clinical symptoms are mild, and progression is slow. The absence of MYC, BCL2, BCL6 rearrangements, C-MYC negative and 11q abnormalities on FISH is an important diagnostic indicator, and reducing the intensity of chemotherapy can improve prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Male , Child , Adolescent , Burkitt Lymphoma/genetics , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Lymphoma, Follicular , Chromosome Aberrations
5.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 581-584, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982098

ABSTRACT

Duodenal-type follicular lymphoma (DFL) is a unique subtype of follicular lymphoma (FL), which often involves the second portion of duodenum (descending part of duodenum). Due to its specific pathological features, such as lack of follicular dendritic cells meshwork and disappearance of activation-induced cytidine deaminase expression, DFL presents an inert clinical course and is often confined to the intestinal tract. Inflammation-related biomarkers suggest that the microenvironment may play a likely role in the pathogenesis and favorable prognosis of DFL. Since patients generally have no obvious clinical symptoms and low progression rate, the treatment regimen for DFL is mainly observation and waiting (W&W) strategy. This study will review the latest research progress of epidemiology, diagnosis, treatment and prognosis of DFL in recent years.


Subject(s)
Humans , Lymphoma, Follicular/drug therapy , Duodenal Neoplasms/pathology , Prognosis , Tumor Microenvironment
6.
Acta méd. costarric ; 64(3)sept. 2022.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, SaludCR | ID: biblio-1447058

ABSTRACT

El linfoma folicular de tiroides es una entidad rara que representa menos del 2% de los linfomas extranodales y cuyo principal factor de riesgo es la tiroiditis de Hashimoto. Suele afectar con mayor predisposición a pacientes adultos mayores, en los que con frecuencia se presenta como una masa de crecimiento rápido con compromiso de las estructuras adyacentes en el cuello. Sin embargo, dada su rara incidencia, esta patología debe ser sospechada por el clínico para un diagnóstico temprano oportuno. Aunque en la actualidad no existen guías de manejo estandarizadas para esta entidad, acostumbra tener buena respuesta a radioterapia y quimioterapia. El presente caso describe la historia de un paciente con una recaída de linfoma no Hodgkin de tipo folicular de alto grado localizado en tiroides que se presentó a urgencias con disfonía, parálisis bilateral de cuerdas vocales, cambio en el tono de la voz y disfagia, con el antecedente de un linfoma folicular de alto grado en localización retroperitoneal y en remisión luego de 8 ciclos de quimioterapia con rituximab, ciclofosfamida, doxorubicina, vincristina y prednisona, el cual presentó citorreducción luego del tratamiento con quimioterapia con el protocolo de rituximab, dexametasona, citarabina y cisplatino.


Follicular thyroid lymphoma is a rare entity that represents less than 2% of extranodal lymphomas; and whose main risk factor is Hashimoto's thyroiditis. This tends to affect older adult patients with greater predisposition, where it usually presents as a rapidly growing mass with compromise of the adjacent structures in the neck. However, given its rare incidence, this pathology should be suspected by the clinician for an early diagnosis. Although there are currently no standardized management guidelines for this entity, it usually responds well to radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The present case describes the history of a patient with a relapse of high-grade follicular-type NHL located in the thyroid who presented to the emergency room with dysphonia, bilateral paralysis of the vocal cords, change in tone of voice and dysphagia, with the history of high-grade follicular lymphoma in retroperitoneal location in remission after 8 cycles of chemotherapy with Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicin, Vincristine and Prednisone, which presented cytoreduction after treatment with chemotherapy with the protocol Rituximab, Dexamethasone, Cytarabine and Cisplatin.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnostic imaging , Lymphoma, Follicular/diagnostic imaging , Thyroid Gland , Costa Rica
8.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 627-630, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928765

ABSTRACT

Follicular lymphoma is an indolent malignant tumor originating from lymph nodes and lymphoid tissues, which may affect the patients' quality of survival due to the recurrence and progression. In recent years, with the deepening understand of the molecular biology and signaling pathways, many new targeted drugs for follicular lymphoma have been discovered, such as monoclonal antibodies, checkpoint inhibitors, epigenetic regulation related targeted therapies and signaling pathway inhibitors. In this review, the new progress of immunotherapy for follicular lymphoma is summarized briefly.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Agents/pharmacology , Epigenesis, Genetic , Immunologic Factors/therapeutic use , Immunotherapy , Lymphoma, Follicular/drug therapy
9.
Rev. pediatr. electrón ; 18(4): 16-17, dic. 2021.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1371165

ABSTRACT

El LF es una enfermedad heterogénea con muchos diferentes subgrupos, en términos de edad de inicio, órganos involucrados (especialmente sitios extranodales) y anormalidades genéticas. Con grandes variaciones en el curso clínico, algunas veces muy indolente o no; puede mostrar transformación a linfomas de alto grado, se han reportado transformaciones a Linfoma de Células Grandes B Difusas (siendo este el más común), de Burkitt, Leucemia/Linfoma, Linfoma Linfoblástico (reportado en raras ocasiones), con un curso clínico agresivo. En el 2008 la OMS estableció 3 nuevas variantes: 1) LF Pediátrico, 2) LF Primario Intestinal y 3) LF in situ. Patólogos y clínicos debemos considerar estas patologías cuando se decide el diagnóstico y el tratamiento. La transformación histológica se refiere al evento biológico que lleva al desarrollo de un Linfoma No Hodgkin agresivo de alto grado en pacientes con un LF subyacente. El Linfoma Folicular (LF) pediátrico es una neoplasia excesivamente rara, que difiere del LF del adulto.


FL is a heterogeneous disease with many different subgroups, in terms of age of onset, organs involved (especially extranodal sites) and genetic abnormalities. With great variations in the clinical course, sometimes very indolent or not; can show transformation to high-grade lymphomas, transformations to Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (this being the most common), Burkitt's, Leukemia / Lymphoma, Lymphoblastic. Lymphoma (reported rarely), with an aggressive clinical course have been reported. In 2008 the WHO established 3 new variants: 1) Pediatric FL, 2) Intestinal Primary FL and 3) in situ FL. Pathologists and clinicians must consider these pathologies when deciding on diagnosis and treatment. Histological transformation refers to the biological event that leads to the development of high-grade aggressive Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma in patients with an underlying FL. Pediatric Follicular Lymphoma (FL) is an excessively rare neoplasm, which differs from adult FL.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adolescent , Lymphoma, Follicular/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Follicular/pathology , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/diagnosis , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin/pathology
10.
Rev. colomb. gastroenterol ; 36(4): 525-528, oct.-dic. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360979

ABSTRACT

Resumen Los linfomas primarios del tracto gastrointestinal son infrecuentes; sin embargo, son la presentación extranodal más común de los linfomas no Hodgkin. El 30 % de los linfomas no Hodgkin corresponde a linfomas foliculares y, a su vez, cerca del 10 % de los linfomas foliculares se origina en el tracto gastrointestinal. Se han descrito factores de riesgo para el desarrollo de linfomas gastrointestinales como infección por Helicobacter pylori, inmunosupresión posterior a trasplante de órganos sólidos, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal e infección por virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). El linfoma duodenal folicular se reconoció como una variante del linfoma folicular en 2016 según la clasificación de la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), al considerar que se trata de una condición con características biológicas y clínicas particulares. Su diagnóstico suele ser incidental o se pueden presentar síntomas leves e inespecíficos. El grado histológico suele ser bajo y el curso clínico, benigno; por lo que en gran parte de los casos se ha adoptado el manejo expectante como una opción. Otras terapias con similar efectividad son la radioterapia, el uso de rituximab y la inmunoquimioterapia. No existe a la fecha suficiente evidencia para generar un protocolo único de manejo para esta patología.


Abstract Primary gastric lymphomas are rare diseases; however, they are the most common extranodal presentation of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. 30% of non-Hodgkin lymphomas correspond to follicular lymphomas and at the same time, nearly 10% of follicular lymphomas are produced in the gastrointestinal tract. Risk factors for gastric lymphomas such as Helicobacter pylori infection, immunosuppression after solid organ transplantation, inflammatory bowel disease, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection were described. Follicular duodenal lymphoma was recognized as a variant of follicular lymphoma in 2016 according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification, considering that it is a condition with special biological and clinical characteristics. Its diagnosis is usually incidental or mild and nonspecific symptoms may occur. The histological grade is usually low, and the clinical course is benign; Therefore, in most cases, expectant treatment has been adopted as an option. Other therapies with similar effectiveness are radiotherapy, the use of rituximab, and immunochemotherapy. There is not enough evidence to date to generate a single management protocol for this pathology.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoma, Follicular , Gastrointestinal Tract , Lymphoma , Therapeutics , Helicobacter pylori , HIV , Immunosuppression Therapy , Rituximab
11.
Clinics ; 76: e2059, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1153970

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES To evaluate the results of radiotherapy (RT) for follicular lymphoma (FL) under different management scenarios. METHODS We retrospectively assessed consecutive patients with FL who had undergone irradiation between 2010 and 2018. All patients had biopsy-proven FL and were positron emission tomography-staged, although some (35.3%) were reassessed with computed tomography after treatment alone. Rituximab was only available to FL patients after 2016. RESULTS Thirty-four patients were selected, with a mean age at diagnosis of 61.6 years (34-89 years). The median follow-up duration was 49.4 months. Most patients were female (58.8%) and showed good performance on the Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) scale (ECOG 0-55.9%). The mean overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival were 48.7 and 33.6 months, respectively, with four deaths reported. OS rates at 2 and 3 years were 94.1% and 91.2%, respectively. Four patients showed transformation into aggressive lymphomas and underwent rituximab-based systemic treatment. Transformation-free survival was 47.8 months, and all patients with transformed disease were alive at assessment. Five patients had in-field relapse, all of them also relapsed elsewhere, and the mean relapse-free survival time was 40.3 months. No median end points were reached on assessment. CONCLUSION FL is an indolent disease. Our findings show good outcomes for patients treated with radiation, with a low transformation rate and excellent management of relapsed disease. RT is an important part of these results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Lymphoma, Follicular/drug therapy , Lymphoma, Follicular/radiotherapy , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Disease-Free Survival , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Progression-Free Survival , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local
12.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1169-1174, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888534

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of primary follicular lymphoma (FL) patients with grade 3 or large B cell transformation, so as to provide more reference for the subsequent clinical diagnosis and treatment.@*METHODS@#Forty-seven primary FL patients with grade 3 or large B cell transformation from March 2010 to March 2018 were selected, the clinical characteristics and survival of patients were analyzed. Cox regression model were used to evaluate the related prognostic factors.@*RESULTS@#The cumulative progression-free survival rate and cumulative overall survival rate of 47 patients in 3-year follow-up reached to 55.32% (26/47) and 80.85% (38/47) respectively. There were significant differences in cumulative progression-free survival rate and cumulative overall survival rate among different subgroups of IPI, FLIPI-1 and FLIPI-2 in 3-year follow-up (P3 cm lymph node-involved site number≥3, extranodal lesion site number≥2, IPI score=2-3, FLIPI-1 score and FLIPI-2 score≥3 were the risk factors for progression-free survival (P<0.05); LDH≥240 U/ml, IPI score=2-3 and FLIPI-2 score≥3 were risk factors for overall survival (P<0.05). Cox regression model multivariate analysis showed that IPI score=2-3 was the independent risk factor for progression-free survival and overall survival (P<0.05). FLIPI-2 score≥3 was the independent risk factor for overall survival (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Primary FL patients with grade 3 or large B cell transformation by using the existing treatment regimen might be possibly curable, and the current treatment strategies and IPI score can be used to predict the clinical prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , B-Lymphocytes , Disease-Free Survival , Lymphoma, Follicular , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Survival Rate
13.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1141-1147, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888530

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To evaluate the safety and efficacy of C-CAR011 in the treatment of relapsed or refractory B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (R/R B-NHL) patients.@*METHODS@#B-NHL patients treated with C-CAR011 infusion following lympho-depletion were enrolled. All the patients were followed up for 1 year after C-CAR011 treatment(5.0×10@*RESULTS@#The ratio of the male and female of 6 patients was 1∶1, and the patients were treated with C-CAR011 at a dose of 5.0×10@*CONCLUSION@#C-CAR011 is a safe treatment option for R/R B-NHL; some patients could achieve long-term sustained responses after C-CAR011 infusion(ClinicalTiral.gov number, NCT03483688).


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Antigens, CD19/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , B-Lymphocytes , Lymphoma, Follicular , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/drug therapy , Treatment Outcome
15.
Blood Research ; : 163-163, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763082

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Chylous Ascites , Lymphoma, Follicular
16.
Blood Research ; : 84-84, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763068

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Liver Transplantation , Liver , Lymphoma, Follicular
17.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 393-397, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011999

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the characteristics in pathological diagnosis, clinical features, treatment and prognosis of adult patients with pediatric-type follicular lymphoma (PTFL) . Methods: The clinical and pathological features, laboratory examination, diagnosis and treatment, follow-up results of 5 adult PTFL patients admitted in Jiangsu Province Hospital were retrospectively analyzed, and literature review was conducted in combination with related reports. Results: All 5 patients developed PTFL in their adulthood with a median age of 22 years old (15-33 years) . The initial inanifestation of the disease was local painless lymphadenopathy with no fever, night sweats, emaciation or other systemic B symptoms. Pathological characteristics including typical large follicular structures and high proliferation index were found. Meanwhile, additional clonal rearrangement of immunoglobulin heavy chain gene was observed. However, there was no BCL-2 expression in histochemistry as well as BCL-2 gene abnormality in fluorescence in situ hybridization among these PTFL patients. These adult PTFL patients were all in stage Ⅰ-Ⅱ of the disease. For treatment, they were only treated with local surgical excision after diagnosis while didn't receive subsequent local radiotherapy or systemic immunochemotherapy. During a median follow-up of 27 months, the 5 cases of PTFL kept in a state of sustained complete remission. Conclusion: Adult-onset PTFL is characterized by high pathological proliferation index, while no BCL-2 expression or BCL-2 gene abnormality. Besides, PTFL is clinically manifested as a localized disease that can achieve a quite good prognosis through local surgical intervention. The aforementioned attributes of PTFL are distinctly different from classic adult follicular lymphoma.


Subject(s)
Adult , Child , Humans , Young Adult , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Follicular , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies
18.
Chinese Journal of Hematology ; (12): 46-51, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1011925

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the clinical characteristics of follicular lymphoma (FL) in the era of rituximab combined with chemotherapy and the prognostic significance of the follicular lymphoma international prognostic index (FLIPI), follicular lymphoma international prognostic index 2 (FLIPI2), international prognostic index (IPI), revised international prognostic index (R-IPI), National Comprehensive Cancer Network international prognostic index (NCCN-IPI) among Chinese patients. Methods: 229 FL patients who were treated initially with rituximab combined with CHOP-like (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisone) chemotherapy from November 2008 to April 2018 were analyzed retrospectively and all were scored by the above clinical index. Univariate and multivariate survival analysis were performed on 201 patients who completed the treatment and were followed regularly. Results: In the univariate survival analysis, age>60 years, hemoglobin<120 g/L, elevated serumβ(2)- macroglobulin, involvement of bone marrow and elevated CRP were the risk prognostic factors for overall survival (OS) and progression free survival (PFS). Moreover, the analysis of the OS and PFS between rituximab (R) maintenance (RM) group and non-maintenance (non-RM) group showed that the OS and PFS of RM group were better than those of non-RM. In the multivariate analysis of OS, hemoglobin<120 g/L, involvement of bone marrow, elevated CRP and non-RM were independent prognostic factors. In the multivariate analysis of PFS, hemoglobin<120 g/L, CRP and non-RM were independent prognostic factors. When FLIPI2 was included in the multivariate analysis, CRP and FLIPI2 were independent prognostic factors in both OS and PFS, and non-RM was independent prognostic factors in PFS. Conclusion: FLIPI2 is the better risk stratification in FL patients in the era of rituximab.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols , Cyclophosphamide , Disease-Free Survival , Doxorubicin , Lymphoma, Follicular/drug therapy , Prednisone , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Rituximab/therapeutic use , Vincristine
19.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1479-1487, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763213

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prognostic significance of total metabolic tumor volume (TMTV) and total lesion glycolysis (TLG) in patients with follicular lymphoma (FL) at baseline and mid-treatment with ¹⁸F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET-CT) scans. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study analyzed data from 48 patients with FL who were treated in Jiangsu Province Hospital and reviewed their baseline PET-CT scans. TMTV and TLG were computed by using the absolute value of 2.0, 2.5, and 3.0 thresholding method, respectively. RESULTS: Median age was 53 years, 75.0% of patients had stage III to IV disease, 43.8% had a Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index 1 (FLIPI1) score of 3 to 5 and 20.8% had a FLIPI2 score of 3 to 5. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values for TMTV3.0 and TLG3.0 were 476.4 (sensitivity, 85.7%; specificity, 78.0%; area under the curve [AUC], 0.760; p=0.003) and 2,676.9 (sensitivity, 71.4%; specificity, 78.0%; AUC, 0.760; p=0.003). On multivariable analysis, TMTV3.0 and TLG3.0 were independent predictors of both progression-free survival (PFS) (hazard ratio [HR], 5.406; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.326 to 22.040; p=0.019 and HR, 6.502; 95% CI, 1.079 to 39.182; p=0.042) and overall survival (OS) (HR, 4.111; 95% CI, 1.125 to 15.027; p=0.033 and HR, 5.885; 95% CI, 1.014 to 34.148; p=0.049). ROC curve analysis showed the optimal cut-off values for ΔTMTV3.0 and ΔTLG3.0 were 66.3% (sensitivity, 85.7%; specificity, 63.4%; AUC, 0.774; p 66.3%) and TLG (ΔTLG > 64.5%) reduction are valuable tools for early treatment response assessment in FL patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Area Under Curve , Disease-Free Survival , Electrons , Glycolysis , Lymphoma, Follicular , Methods , Prognosis , ROC Curve , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tumor Burden
20.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 547-555, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763139

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Duodenal-type follicular lymphoma (FL) is a rare variant of FL. There is still no consensus on the initial treatment, and clinical features including endoscopic findings are not familiar to most physicians. The objective of this study was to evaluate the outcome of patients who were initially treated with radiation therapy for duodenal-type FL. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 20 patients who were consecutively diagnosed with duodenal-type FL between 2008 and 2017. All patients received radiation therapywith curative intent. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 52 years (range, 26 to 66 years), and females were predominant. Most patients (n=18, 90%) had stage I disease, and were diagnosed by a regular health examination in an asymptomatic state. The histological grade was one in 19 patients (95%), and the endoscopic findings were diffuse nodular (n=8), whitish granular (n=8), and mixed pattern (n=4). Radiation therapy was delivered to 17 patients with 24 Gy in 12 fractions, and to three patients with 30.6-36 Gy in 18 fractions. All patients were evaluated with endoscopy for response to radiation therapy, and complete response was achieved in 19 patients (95%). At the time of analysis, all patients survived without any evidence of late toxicities related with radiation therapy. CONCLUSION: Taken together, radiation therapy alone could be effective in controlling duodenal lesion. A further study with longer follow-up duration is warranted to confirm our findings.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Asymptomatic Diseases , Consensus , Duodenum , Endoscopy , Follow-Up Studies , Lymphoma, Follicular , Retrospective Studies
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