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1.
Int. j. morphol ; 42(1): 28-34, feb. 2024. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1528823

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This work investigated the morphology of the root canal system of the mandibular first molar in a Malaysian subpopulation. Using micro-computed tomography with an isotropic resolution of 22 µm, 140 mandibular first molars were scanned. MIMICS software was used for segmentation, 3-D reconstruction and analysis of the acquired images. The canal configuration was described using Vertucci [supported by the supplementary configurations proposed by Sert & Bayirli (2004)] and Ahmed et al. (2027), coding systems. The chi-square test was used to assess the association between qualitative variables. By non-considering intercanal communications, Vertucci types IV (17.1%) and I (76.4%) were the most frequently reported configurations in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Of the reported configurations, 24.3% and 4.3% were non-classifiable by Vertucci system in the mesial and distal roots, respectively. Up to 63.6% and 9.3% of the reported configurations were non- classifiable, and type I was the most frequent when considering intercanal communications (7.1% and 76.4% in the mesial and distal roots, respectively). According to Ahmed et al., system, almost half of the sample had more than four digits (47.9%), followed by the 3-digits category (20.71%). In both systems, a significant association was found between the canal configuration and the root type (p<0.001). The mandibular first molar of this Malaysian subpopulation demonstrated a wide range of root canal morphology. When compared to the Vertucci system, the system developed by Ahmed et al., successfully classified all molars configurations despite their level of complexity. The complex canal anatomy of mandibular first molars in this subpopulation warrants special attention during root canal treatment procedures.


En este trabajo se investigó la morfología del sistema de conductos radiculares del primer molar mandibular en una subpoblación de Malasia. Utilizando tomografía microcomputada con una resolución isotrópica de 22 µm, se escanearon 140 primeros molares mandibulares. Se utilizó el software MIMICS para segmentar (enmascarar), reconstruir en 3D, visualizar y analizar las imágenes adquiridas. La configuración del canal se describió utilizando Vertucci respaldado por las configuraciones complementarias propuestas por Sert & Bayirli (2004)] y Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020), sistemas de codificación. Se utilizó la prueba de chi-cuadrado para evaluar la asociación entre variables cualitativas. Sin considerar las comunicaciones intercanales, los tipos Vertucci IV (17,1%) y I (76,4%) fueron las configuraciones reportadas con mayor frecuencia en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente. De las configuraciones reportadas, el 24,3 % y el 4,3 % fueron no clasificables por el sistema de Vertucci en las raíces mesial y distal, respectivamente. Hasta el 63,6 % y el 9,3 % de las configuraciones reportadas fueron no clasificables, siendo la tipo I la más frecuente al considerar las comunicaciones intercanales (7,1 % y 76,4 % en las raíces mesiales y distales, respectivamente). Según Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) en el sistema, casi la mitad de la muestra tenía más de cuatro dígitos (47,9 %), seguido por la categoría de 3 dígitos (20,71 %). En ambos sistemas se encontró una asociación significativa entre la configuración del canal y el tipo de raíz (p<0,001). El primer molar mandibular de esta subpoblación de Malasia demostró una amplia gama morfológica del conducto radicular. En comparación con el sistema Vertucci, el sistema desarrollado por Ahmed et al. (2017, 2020) clasificaron con éxito todas las configuraciones de los molares a pesar de su nivel de complejidad. La compleja anatomía del canal de los primeros molares mandibulares en esta subpoblación merece una atención especial durante los procedimientos de tratamiento de conducto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Pulp Cavity/diagnostic imaging , X-Ray Microtomography , Molar/diagnostic imaging , Dental Pulp Cavity/anatomy & histology , Malaysia , Molar/anatomy & histology
2.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 13(1)fev., 2023. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1531248

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: Complaints of arm, neck, and shoulder (CANS) have been recognized as an important cause of work disability. Therefore, it is essential to identify those health risk factors for the development of CANS before they escalate into a disabling musculoskeletal condition. This study aims to ascertain the association between individual, physical, and psychosocial risk factors and the occurrence of CANS among academics in Malaysia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was adopted, enrolling 296 academic staff working at a private university in Malaysia using a convenient sampling approach. A content-validated questionnaire was distributed among selected academic staff to gather their feedback on the prevalence and contributing factors of CANS, and the survey was conducted for a period of six months. The chi-square test was used to analyze the association between risk factors and CANS, and multiple logistic regression was used to predict the risk factors of CANS. This study links all the health risk factors to CANS in Malaysian academicians. RESULTS: Of the academic staff who participated in this study, 63.5% reported an annual prevalence of CANS. Physical risk factors, including work experience, adopting a static head-down posture, time spent per day in teaching, and the number of hours spent in front of a computer, are associated with CANS (p<0.05). However, the utility of back support (p=0.878) and footrests (p=0.078) does not show any association with the occurrence of CANS (p>0.05). Besides job demand, other psychosocial factors do not show any significant association with CANS. DISCUSSION: The study found that 63.5% of academic staff suffer from arm, shoulder and neck pain, which is linked to physical risk factors such as work experience, static posture, teaching time and computer use. Back support and footrests had no significant influence on the complaints. Addressing physical risk factors is key to reducing these conditions among academic staff.


OBJETIVOS: As queixas do braço, pescoço e ombro (CANS, na sigla em inglês) foram reconhecidas como uma importante causa de incapacidade no trabalho. Portanto, é essencial identificar aqueles fatores de risco para a saúde para o desenvolvimento de CANS antes que elas se tornem uma condição musculoesquelética desabilitante. Este estudo visa determinar a associação entre fatores de risco individuais, físicos e psicossociais e a ocorrência de CANS entre acadêmicos na Malásia. METODOS: Um projeto de estudo transversal foi adotado, matriculando 296 funcionários acadêmicos que trabalham em uma universidade privada na Malásia usando uma abordagem de amostragem conveniente. Um questionário validado pelo conteúdo foi distribuído entre os funcionários acadêmicos selecionados para reunir os seus comentários sobre a prevalência e os fatores que contribuíram para a doença, e o inquérito foi conduzido por um período de seis meses. O teste Chi-square foi usado para analisar a associação entre os fatores de risco e as CANS, e regressão logística múltipla foi utilizada para predizer os fatores de risco de CANS. Este estudo vincula todos os fatores de risco para a saúde às CANS em acadêmicos da Malásia. RESULTADOS: Dos acadêmicos que participaram deste estudo, 63.5% relataram uma prevalência anual de CANS. Os fatores de risco físicos, incluindo a experiência de trabalho, a adoção de uma postura estática de cabeça para baixo, o tempo gasto por dia no ensino e o número de horas passadas na frente de um computador, estão associados com CANS (p<0.05). No entanto, a utilidade do suporte traseiro (p=0.878) e dos suportes de rodapé (p =0.078) não mostra nenhuma associação com a ocorrência de CANS (p>0.05). Além da procura de emprego, outros fatores psicossociais não mostram qualquer associação significativa com a CANS. CONCLUSÃO: O estudo constatou que 63,5% dos docentes sofrem de dores nos braços, ombros e pescoço, o que está ligado a fatores de risco físicos, como experiência de trabalho, postura estática, tempo de ensino e uso do computador. O apoio para as costas e os apoios para os pés não tiveram influência significativa nas queixas. Abordar os fatores de risco físicos é fundamental para reduzir estas condições entre o pessoal acadêmico.


Subject(s)
Musculoskeletal Diseases , Faculty , Malaysia
3.
J. oral res. (Impresa) ; 11(1): 1-14, may. 11, 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1399600

ABSTRACT

Aim: To assess parental oral health knowledge, attitude, practice (KAP), perceptions of their children's oral health status, and explore the barriers to dental care utilization among Libyan parents living in Malaysia. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among Libyan parents of children aged 1- 7 years old who lived in Malaysia. A 63-items questionnaire was constructed, validated, and pretested. Six hundred self-administered questionnaires were distributed Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 22.0. A generalized Linear Model was used to test the possible relationships between KAP scores and different sociodemographic factors. A significant level for all the statistical tests was predetermined at p≤0.05. Results: A total of 381 questionnaires were included, of which fathers' responses constituted 189 (49.6%), and mothers' responses constituted 192 (50.4%). Most of the parents exhibited good oral health knowledge (77.2%), positive attitudes (86.4%), and were adherent to good oral health practice (78.7%) with mean values of 10.6 (SD=1.8), 9.5 (SD=1.5), and 7.9 (SD=1.4) respectively. Gender, age, and income had statistically significant relationships (p<0.05) with KAP scores. The majority (81.1%) of parents rated their child's oral health as good. More than one-third of parents (35.7%) perceived no need for dental care, and 18.6% perceived no need to treat the primary teeth as they will be replaced. Conclusion: Good Knowledge and positive attitudes towards oral health are not necessarily translated into favorable practices. The lack of perceived need and low value attributed to primary teeth created barriers to seek dental care services among the majority of surveyed parents. Attention must be directed to behavior change strategies rather than providing oral health education alone to improve the children's oral health outcomes.


Objetivo: Evaluar el conocimiento, la actitud y la práctica de la salud bucal de los padres (CAP), las percepciones del estado de salud bucal de sus hijos y explorar las barreras para la utilización de la atención dental entre los padres libios que viven en Malasia. Material y Métodos: Se realizó un estudio transversal entre padres libios de niños de 1 a 7 años que vivían en Malasia. Se construyó, validó y probó previamente un cuestionario de 63 ítems. Se distribuyeron 600 cuestionarios autoadministrados. Los datos se analizaron con IBM SPSS versión 22.0. Se utilizó un modelo lineal generalizado para probar las posibles relaciones entre las puntuaciones KAP y diferentes factores sociodemográficos. Se predeterminó un nivel de significancia para todas las pruebas estadísticas en p? 0,05. Resultados: Se incluyeron un total de 381 cuestionarios, de los cuales las respuestas de los padres constituyeron 189 (49,6%) y las respuestas de las madres 192 (50,4%). La mayoría de los padres exhibieron buenos conocimientos sobre salud bucal (77,2 %), actitudes positivas (86,4 %) y se adhirieron a buenas prácticas de salud bucal (78,7 %) con valores medios de 10,6 (DE=1,8), 9,5 (DE=1,5) , y 7,9 (DE=1,4) respectivamente. El género, la edad y los ingresos tuvieron relaciones estadísticamente significativas (p<0,05) con las puntuaciones KAP. La mayoría (81,1%) de los padres calificaron la salud bucal de sus hijos como buena. Más de un tercio de los padres (35,7%) no percibieron la necesidad de atención dental y el 18,6% no percibieron la necesidad de tratar los dientes primarios, ya que serán reemplazados. Conclusión: El buen conocimiento y las actitudes positivas hacia la salud bucal no necesariamente se traducen en prácticas favorables. La falta de necesidad percibida y el bajo valor atribuido a los dientes primarios crearon barreras para buscar servicios de atención dental entre la mayoría de los padres encuestados. La atención se debe dirigir a las estrategias de cambio de comportamiento en lugar de brindar educación sobre salud bucal únicamente para mejorar los resultados de salud bucal de los niños.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Oral Health , Parents , Perception , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dental Care , Sociodemographic Factors , Malaysia , Mothers
4.
Archives of Orofacial Sciences ; : 87-100, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962575

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT@#This study investigated personal and professional social media use among orthodontists in Malaysia, to determine marketing strategies and to identify potential determinants associated with their behaviours. A cross sectional study using an online questionnaire distributed to members of the Malaysian Association of Orthodontists (MAO). Data were analysed using SPSS software to derive descriptive statistics and analysis of variance was applied to compare responses between age groups and working sector. Responses to open ended questions were analysed using thematic analysis. A response rate of 41% was obtained (n = 72). Almost all respondents were social media users with Facebook being the most common online platform. Majority relied on traditional methods of marketing such as good service and image practice (94.4%), word of mouth (94.4%) and referrals (93.1%). Only 9.7% of respondents had adopted social media marketing but 23.6% had future plans to adopt it as their marketing strategy. Difference in knowledge of social media marketing was significantly different between age groups (p = 0.024). Concerns over patient confidentiality (p = 0.016) and risk of breaching online professional behaviour (p = 0.025), as reasons discouraging social media marketing was statistically significant between work sector groups. Most orthodontists in Malaysia use social media for personal use but only a minority incorporate it into their marketing strategies. Majority see its potential and predict its use will increase in the future.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Social Marketing , Malaysia
5.
Journal of the ASEAN Federation of Endocrine Societies ; : 75-82, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-962056

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This is a scoping review of Malaysian scientific studies on medication adherence among persons with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).@*Methodology@#We conducted a bibliographic search of PubMed, Scopus and Google Scholar using the following keywords: “medication adherence,” “drug compliance,” “DMTAC” and “Malaysia.” The search covered all publications up to 31 December 2021. Eligible articles were original studies conducted in Malaysia that measured or quantified medication adherence among persons with T2DM.@*Results@#We identified 64 eligible studies published between 2008 to 2021. Most studies included patients with T2DM in ambulatory facilities. Five studies were qualitative research. The quantitative research publications included clinical trials, and cross-sectional, validation, retrospective and prospective cohort studies. Thirty-eight studies used medication adherence scales. The Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-8, used in 20 studies) and Malaysian Medication Adherence Scale (MALMAS, used in 6 studies) were the most commonly used tools. There were 6 validation studies with 4 medication adherence scales. A meta-analysis of 10 studies using MMAS-8 or MALMAS revealed that the pooled prevalence of low medication adherence is 34.2% (95% CI: 27.4 to 41.2, random effects model). Eighteen publications evaluated various aspects of the Diabetes Medication Therapy Adherence Clinics (DMTAC).@*Conclusion@#This scoping review documented extensive research on medication adherence among persons with diabetes in Malaysia. The quantitative meta-analysis showed a pooled low medication adherence rate.


Subject(s)
Diabetes Mellitus , Medication Adherence , Malaysia
6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1422264

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine the oral health literacy (OHL) level and its associated factors among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM). Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 135 diabetic patients with a mean age of 62.6 years old (SD=9.05) who attended the Diabetes Outpatient Clinic at Hospital USM, a teaching hospital in the north-eastern corner of Peninsular Malaysia. The Malay version of the Oral Health Literacy Instrument (OHLI-M) was used to assess the level of OHL among respondents. An additional self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain other variables of interest. Systematic random sampling was applied in this study. The data were analyzed using an independent t-test and ANOVA to determine factors associated with oral health literacy among respondents. Results: Most respondents have at least one oral health problem (62.2%). The most common problem was cavitated tooth (42.2%). Other problems include toothache (17.8%), mobile tooth (17.8%), and swollen gums (16.3%). OHL level for most respondents (40.7%) was inadequate. The mean total OHLI-M score was 67.9 (SD=17.74). The OHL score was significantly lower in respondents with the following characteristics: female, no formal education or had primary education, unemployed, lower income group, never visited a dentist, and had swollen gums. Conclusion: The OHL of most patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus attending the Diabetes Outpatient Clinic, Hospital USM still need to be improved. Oral health problems were common in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in this study. This study also highlighted the link between OHL and socio-demographic factors. Improving the OHL of patients may increase their capability to obtain and understand oral health messages needed to take appropriate actions that will eventually prevent oral diseases associated with diabetes mellitus (AU).


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Oral Health/education , Health Education , Diabetes Mellitus , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Health Literacy , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Analysis of Variance , Malaysia/epidemiology
7.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 56: 55, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1390022

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe the reproductive health practices of immigrant Indonesian women working in Malaysia and their accessibility to health services. METHODS A cross-sectional study using a validated self-administered questionnaire was conducted with 593 immigrant Indonesian workers who stayed in Malaysia for at least six months and within the reproductive age group. RESULTS About 13.5% of the respondents have used health facilities for reproductive health-related problems. Less than half of the respondents preferred to use public health facilities. Only 15% used treatment available in health facilities related to irregular menstrual cycles (34.6%), severe dysmenorrhea (58.7%) and nonspecific symptoms related to menstruation (31.7%). Family planning services were the most required health service. However, only 31.5% met the needs for family planning services. One-third of the respondents had sexual reproductive health problems and required treatment, but only 9.9% sought reproductive health services when needed. CONCLUSIONS Strategies to improve the accessibility to sexual reproductive health services requires a collaboration between the Indonesian government representatives in Malaysia and non-governmental organizations to address the reproductive health issues among immigrant Indonesian women in Malaysia. Health policy related to immigrant workers is needed in order to enhance the accessibility to women's health needs for universal health coverage.


Subject(s)
Transients and Migrants , Women , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Reproductive Health Services , Reproductive Health , Health Services Accessibility , Malaysia
8.
Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences ; 32(5): 885-894, 5 September 2022. Tables
Article in English | AIM | ID: biblio-1398203

ABSTRACT

Vitamin D deficiency is common among women during pregnancy. This study aims to determine the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency and their shared modifiable environmental factors among pregnant women in Indonesia and Malaysia. METHODS: Blood samples of 844 third-trimester pregnant women (Indonesians: 311; Malaysians: 533) were collected to determine their serum 25(OH) D levels. Information on sun exposure and sun protection behaviours were obtained through face-to-face interviews. Dietary vitamin D intake was assessed by using a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of vitamin D deficiency (<30 nmol/L) among Indonesian and Malaysian pregnant women were 42.4% and 72.0%, respectively. Percentage of exposed body surface area was inversely associated with vitamin D deficiency among Indonesian pregnant women (OR = 0.21, 95% CI = 0.09-0.48). Among Malaysian pregnant women, higher intakes of dietary vitamin D were associated with lower risk of vitamin D deficiency (OR = 0.48, 95% CI = 0.29-0.81). Analysis of the combined cohorts revealed a lower risk of vitamin D deficiency among pregnant women who had a daily intake of at least 15 mcg vitamin D (OR = 0.58, 95% CI = 0.38-0.88) and exposure of more than 27% body surface area to the sunlight (OR = 0.30, 95% CI = 0.16-0.60). CONCLUSION: Despite abundant sunshine, vitamin D deficiency is prevalent among pregnant women in tropical countries. The present study suggests that nutrition education on vitamin D intake and sun exposure during pregnancy is necessary for primary prevention of vitamin D deficiency in pregnant women living in the tropical countries


Subject(s)
Vitamin D Deficiency , Body Surface Area , Prevalence , Pregnant Women , Prenatal Nutrition , Malaysia
9.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(6): 1776-1781, dic. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385549

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: The Q-angle is defined as the acute angle formed by the vectors for combined pull of the quadriceps femoris muscle and the patellar tendon. This study aimed to investigate the variations in Q angle with respect to race. Moreover, this study performed ultrasound to evaluate of the thickness of articular cartilage covering the medial and lateral femoral condyle in volunteers with an increased Q angle. The study included 487 Jordanian and 402 Malaysians with age range 18-23 years. Moreover, the study included 30 participants aged between 18 and 22 years, with a total of 15 volunteers with Q >14° and 15 patients with Q ≤14°. Both Q angle and condylar distance were measured by well-trained medical practitioners according to a well-established protocol. The thickness of articular cartilage covering the medial and lateral femoral condyle of the femoral bone was measured using ultrasound. Regardless of race, Q angle was greater in females. Furthermore, Q angle was significantly greater in Arab volunteers compared to Malay volunteers. Q angle significantly increase with increasing condylar distance in both races. Finally, the statistical analysis showed a significantly reduced thickness of articular cartilage on both medial and lateral femoral condyle (P = 0.05) in the Q >14° group. Multiple factors including race and condylar distance and even the articular cartilage of femoral condyle should be considered during the examination and management of knee fractures and condylar diseases.


RESUMEN: El ángulo Q se define como el ángulo agudo formado por los vectores de tracción combinada del músculo cuádriceps femoral y el tendón patelar. Este estudio tuvo como objetivo investigar las variaciones en el ángulo Q con respecto a la raza. Además, se realizó una ecografía para evaluar el grosor del cartílago articular que cubre los cóndilos femorales medial y lateral en voluntarios con un ángulo Q aumentado. El estudio incluyó a 487 jordanos y 402 malayos con un rango de edad de 18 a 23 años. Además, el estudio incluyó a 30 participantes con edades comprendidas entre 18 y 22 años, 15 voluntarios con Q> 14 ° y 15 pacientes con Q ≤ 14 °. Tanto el ángulo Q como la distancia condilar fueron medidos por médicos bien entrenados de acuerdo con un protocolo establecido. El grosor del cartílago articular que cubre los cóndilos femorales medial y lateral del fémur se midió mediante ecografía. Independientemente del grupo racial, el ángulo Q fue mayor en las mujeres. Además, el ángulo Q fue significativamente mayor en los voluntarios árabes en comparación con los voluntarios malayos. El ángulo Q se aumenta significativamente al incrementarse la distancia condilar en ambas grupos raciales. Finalmente, el análisis estadístico mostró una reducción significativa del grosor del cartílago articular en los cóndilos femorales medial y lateral (P = 0,05) en el grupo Q> 14. Durante la exploración y el tratamiento de las fracturas de rodilla y de las enfermedades condilares, se deben considerar múltiples factores, incluida la raza y la distancia condilar e incluso el cartílago articular del cóndilo femoral.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Young Adult , Cartilage, Articular/diagnostic imaging , Race Factors , Knee/diagnostic imaging , Cartilage, Articular/anatomy & histology , Retrospective Studies , Ultrasonography , Jordan , Knee/anatomy & histology , Malaysia
10.
Rev. Pesqui. Fisioter ; 11(3): 518-527, ago.2021. ilus, tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1292400

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVOS: Jogar videogames em dispositivos móveis tem aumentado rapidamente entre estudantes universitários, mais do que antes da pandemia do COVID-19. Isso é muito preocupante, pois pode desencadear vários problemas, como dores musculoesqueléticas e distúrbios de jogo. Vários estudos semelhantes foram realizados em vários países, mas limitados na Malásia. O presente estudo tem como objetivo investigar o efeito dos videogames móveis na dor musculoesquelética entre estudantes universitários em Selangor, Malásia. PARTICIPANTES E MÉTODOS: Este estudo foi conduzido online usando um questionário online auto-relatado por meio do Formulário Google e enviado a estudantes universitários em Selangor, Malásia. O vício em jogos dos participantes foi medido por meio do questionário Ten Item Internet Gaming Disorder test (IGDT-10) e a prevalência de dor musculoesquelética foi avaliada pelo Modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (MNMQ). RESULTADOS: A prevalência de Transtorno de Jogos na Internet entre estudantes universitários em Selangor, Malásia, é de 1,8% (n = 3). A região do pescoço (74,2%) foi a região do corpo mais comumente relatada com dor musculoesquelética, seguida pela região dos ombros (60,7%), região lombar (55,8%) e região superior das costas (50,9%). Houve associação significativa entre a posição corporal durante o videogame móvel (p = 0,002) e a dor musculoesquelética na região lombar. CONCLUSÃO: De acordo com os resultados deste estudo, a prevalência de Transtorno de Jogos na Internet entre estudantes universitários era baixa e não viciados em jogos no bloqueio Covid-19. Também descobrimos que os participantes que se sentaram enquanto jogavam videogames para celular tinham maior probabilidade de desenvolver dor lombar.


INTRODUCTION: Mobile video gaming among university students has increased rapidly, more than before the COVID-19 pandemic. This is very concerning as this could spark various problems, such as musculoskeletal pain and gaming disorders. OBJECTIVES: The present study is to identify the predictors of mobile video gaming on musculoskeletal pain among university students in Selangor, Malaysia. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This study was conducted online using a self-reported online questionnaire via Google Form and sent to university students in Selangor, Malaysia. Participants' gaming addiction was measured using the Ten Item Internet Gaming Disorder Test (IGDT-10) questionnaire, and the prevalence of musculoskeletal pain was assessed by the Modified Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire (MNMQ). The data was analyzed using SPSS version 25. A descriptive and binomial linear regression test was used to predict the variables. The statistical significance was set at p < 0.05, and odds ratios were calculated with confidence intervals of 95%. RESULTS: The prevalence of Internet Gaming Disorder among university students in Selangor, Malaysia is 1.8% (n=3). The neck region (74.2%) was the most commonly reported body region with musculoskeletal pain, followed by the shoulder region (60.7 %), lower back region (55.8 %), and upper back region (50.9 %). The body position was the only predictor of mobile video gaming with musculoskeletal pain (p = 0.002) in the lower back region. CONCLUSION: According to the findings of this study, the prevalence of Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) among university students was low and not addicted to gaming in the Covid-19 lockdown. We also found that participants who sat while playing mobile video games were more likely to develop low back pain. However, one of the limiting factors could be prolonged sitting in virtual classes during the lockdown, which causes low back pain.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Students , Video Games/adverse effects , Musculoskeletal Pain/etiology , Musculoskeletal Pain/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Malaysia/epidemiology
11.
Int. j. morphol ; 39(1): 192-197, feb. 2021. ilus, tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385329

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Accurate implant sizing is one of the major determinants in defining the success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Current TKA implants are based on Caucasian knee morphometry which is well documented to be larger than Asian knees. Even more, with regards to sizing, implant mismatch tends to be more evident in the female population. This study was designed to evaluate the distal femur dimensions of Malaysian female patients who underwent TKA in our institution and to compare them with the current prosthetic system in use. A total of 199 female patients (207 knees) who underwent TKA were enrolled in this study. Intraoperatively, the AP dimensions (medial and lateral condyles) and mediolateral (ML) width were measured. Known dimension of the femoral component of the prosthetic knee system currently in use were compared with the morphological data. The average femoral component overhang was 2.11 mm (SD 3.94 mm). There was significant difference between the mean ML width of the resected femur and the femoral component (p<0.01). Analysis also revealed a significant positive and weak relationship between both, AP (medial and lateral) and ML dimension. The aspect ratio (ML/AP) of the native femur was generally smaller than the implant aspect ratio which is likely to cause overhang in our population. In general, this study shows that the knees of our female sub-population are even narrower than the other Asian female knees from previous studies. Implants should be designed based on the morphological data of the local population. Implant manufactures should tailor them to accommodate a smaller change in ML width for an increment in the AP length and provide several ML widths for one AP length to obtain a better fitting prosthesis hence curbing the problem of ML overhang.


RESUMEN: El tamaño exacto del implante es uno de los principales determinantes para definir el éxito de la artroplastía total de rodilla (ATR). Los implantes de TKA se basan en la morfometría de rodilla caucásica, cuyo tamaño está reportado como mayor que las rodillas asiáticas. Más aún, en lo que respecta al tamaño, el desajuste de los implantes tiende a ser más evidente en la población femenina. Este estudio fue diseñado para evaluar las dimensiones del fémur distal de pacientes mujeres malasias que se sometieron a ATR en nuestra institución y compararlas con el sistema protésico actual. En este estudio se incluyeron un total de 199 pacientes (207 rodillas) que se sometieron a ATR. Intraoperatoriamente, se midieron las dimensiones AP (cóndilos medial y lateral) y el ancho mediolateral (ML). Se comparó la dimensión conocida del componente femoral del sistema protésico de rodilla actualmente en uso con los datos morfológicos. El voladizo o sobresaliencia del componente femoral fue de 2,11 mm (DE 3,94 mm). Hubo una diferencia significativa entre el ancho ML medio del fémur resecado y el componente femoral (p <0,01). El análisis también reveló una relación significativa positiva y débil entre las dimensiones AP (medial y lateral) y ML. La relación de aspecto (ML / AP) del fémur nativo fue más pequeña que la relación de aspecto del implante, lo que probablemente cause un voladizo en nuestra población. En general, este estudio muestra que las rodillas de nuestra subpoblación femenina son incluso más estrechas que otras rodillas de mujeres asiáticas reportadas en estudios anteriores. Los implantes deben ser diseñados en base a los datos morfológicos de la población local. Los fabricantes de implantes deben adaptarlos a un cambio más pequeño en el ancho de ML para un incremento en la longitud AP y proporcionar varios anchos ML para una longitud AP con el objetivo de obtener una prótesis de mejor ajuste y frenar el problema del voladizo ML.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Prostheses and Implants , Arthroplasty, Replacement, Knee , Femur/anatomy & histology , Knee/anatomy & histology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Intraoperative Period , Malaysia
12.
Malaysian Family Physician ; : 75-83, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875754

ABSTRACT

@#Background: The low detection rate of tuberculosis (TB) cases in Malaysia remains a challenge in the effort to end TB by 2030. The collaboration between private and public health care facilities is essential in addressing this issue. As of now, no private-public health care collaborative program in pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) screening exists in Malaysia. Aim: To determine the feasibility of a collaborative program between private general practitioners (GPs) and the public primary health clinics in PTB screening and to assess the yield of smearpositive PTB from this program. Methods: A prospective cohort study using convenient sampling was conducted involving GPs and public health clinics in the North-East District, Penang, from March 2018 to May 2019. In this study, GPs could direct all suspected PTB patients to perform a sputum acid fast bacilli (AFB) direct smear in any of the dedicated public primary health clinics. The satisfaction level of both the GPs and their patients were assessed using a self-administered client satisfaction questionnaire. IBM SPSS Statistical Software was used to analyze the data. Results: Out of a total of 31 patients who underwent the sputum investigation for PTB, one (3.2%) was diagnosed to have smear-positive PTB. Most of the patients (>90%) and GPs (66.7%) agreed to continue with this program in the future. Furthermore, most of the patients (>90%) were satisfied with the program structure. Conclusion: It is potentially feasible to involve GPs in combating TB. However, a more structured program addressing the identified issues is needed to make the collaborative program a success.


Subject(s)
Adult , Food Insecurity , Malaysia , Nutrition Surveys
13.
Malaysian Journal of Dermatology ; : 38-42, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961815

ABSTRACT

Background@#Phototherapy had been a less favourable treatment in recent years. Our study aims to audit the usage of NB-UVB phototherapy service in a tertiary hospital in East Malaysia.@*Methods@#This is a retrospective study. Phototherapy file of patients who underwent NB-UVB phototherapy between year 2016 and 8 March 2021 were reviewed. Demographic data, treatment history, and acute side effects were analysed.@*Results@#Forty eight subjects were recruited in this study. The majority (33.3%) of the subjects were in 20-29 age group. There was an equal number of male and female subjects. About 66.7% of the subjects had psoriasis and 18.8% of them had vitiligo. Nearly 36.6% of the subjects had 26-50% body surface area involved at initial phototherapy. Almost 54.2% of the subjects had <50 sessions of NB-UVB phototherapy. About 52.1% of the subjects had a cumulative dose of NB-UVB <25 J/cm2 while 26.7% of subjects had a cumulative dose >200 J/cm2. Acute side effects including burning (17.8%), pruritus (4.4%) and flare of psoriasis (2.2%).@*Discussion@#Low utilization rate of NB-UVB phototherapy was likely due to logistical and transportation factors. Psoriasis was the commonest indication for NB-UVB in our study followed by vitiligo. Annual skin malignancy surveillance should be done especially on patients received NB-UVB >350 sessions even after the discontinuation of treatment. Most patients tolerate NB-UVB phototherapy well with no major side effects.@*Conclusion@#In conclusion, NB-UVB phototherapy is a relatively safe yet underutilised treatment in our centre.


Subject(s)
Phototherapy , Tertiary Care Centers , Malaysia
14.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1250442

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To reconnoiter the IL-1A (-889) and IL-1RN (+2018) gene polymorphisms and their association with EARR. Material and Methods: The Science Direct, PubMed and Scopus databases were comprehensively searched by two independent reviewers. In addition, the bibliographies of all relevant publications and textbooks were searched manually. A meta-analysis was performed using data available up to May 9, 2020. Results: A total of 13 and 9 publications were selected for the systematic review and meta-analysis, respectively for both IL-1A and IL-1RN genes. Odds ratio (OR) was used to evaluate the association of the gene polymorphism and the risk of EARR. The risk of EARR was estimated using the overall OR from the published studies. No association was found for IL-1A gene for the risk of EARR. However, the dominant and co-dominant models of IL-1RN gene polymorphism were associated with the risk of EARR. Conclusion: More studies are warranted to determine the relationship between IL-1A and IL-1RN gene polymorphisms and EARR for a clearer understanding of their interactions.


Subject(s)
Orthodontics , Polymorphism, Genetic/immunology , Root Resorption , Genetic Heterogeneity , Interleukin 1 Receptor Antagonist Protein , Odds Ratio , Prospective Studies , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Interleukin-1 , Malaysia
15.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1180864

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the satisfaction with the dentist-patient interaction and factors associated with patient satisfaction among patients attending the outpatient dental clinic Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM). Material and Methods: This cross-sectional study involved 229 patients who attended outpatient dental clinic Hospital USM that located in the East Coast region of Malaysia. A self-administered Skala Kepuasan Interaksi Perubatan - 11 (SKIP-11) questionnaire was used to assess the satisfaction towards dentist-patient interaction. Systematic random sampling was applied in this study. The data were analyzed using simple logistic regression analysis to determine the factors associated with patient satisfaction with dentist-patient interaction. Results: The mean age of patients was 32.6 ± 13.9 years, 71.6% of them study up to tertiary level, 31.5% came to for dental check up and 23.6% of them had tooth decay. More than half (64.6%) of the patients were satisfactory with dentist-patient interaction. The satisfaction percentage in the distress relief domain was 60.7%, 56.8% in the rapport domain, and 53.7% in the interaction outcome domain. Satisfaction with dentist-patient interaction was significantly associated with the dentists' characteristics such as age (OR = 0.583, 95%CI 0.44-0.76, p=0.001), gender (OR = 0.386, 95% CI 0.22-0.69, p=0.001) and years of service (OR = 0.294, 95% CI 0.15-0.57, p=0.001). Conclusion: The result showed that slightly more than half of the patients who attended the outpatient dental clinic HUSM were satisfied with the dentist-patient interaction, which was found to be influenced by the characteristics of the dentists. Efforts to improve patient-dentist interaction are recommended to ensure delivery of good quality oral health care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Personal Satisfaction , Professional-Patient Relations , Patient Satisfaction , Dental Clinics , Malaysia/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Surveys and Questionnaires , Dentists
16.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1143397

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To determine the association of socio-demographic and clinic-pathological risk factors with oral cancer in Kelantan, Malaysia. Material and Methods: A 19-year cross-sectional survey was performed in Hospital Universiti Sains Malaysia (HUSM), Malaysia. Medical record of 301 oral cancer patients was retrieved from the Medical Records office. Results: The majority of the oral cancer cases were male (62.8%), non-smokers (57.5%), non-alcohol consumers (83.4%), non-betel quid chewers (96.7%), and belonged to Malay ethnicity (68.8%). At the time of diagnosis, most of the patients were at stage II (38.9%). Approximately one-third (30.6%) of the total OC patients experienced loco-regional/distant metastasis, whereas no metastasis was detected in around two-thirds of cases (69.4%). A combination of surgery and radiotherapy was the most commonly employed treatment modality (27.2%). At the time of this study, the survival status of most of the patients was alive (69.1%). The most frequently encountered oral cancer in the Kelantanese population was oral squamous cell carcinoma (70.1%), with the tongue being the most frequently involved oral cavity site (35.5%). Conclusion: More than three-fourths of the cases were alive at follow-up, which included the cases that did not undergo any form of treatment.


Subject(s)
Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Salivary Gland Neoplasms/pathology , Tongue Neoplasms/pathology , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Risk Factors , Medical Records , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck/pathology , Malaysia/epidemiology
17.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 42(11): 705-711, Nov. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1144171

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To determine pregnancy outcomes in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who were treated with hydroxychloroquine in a tertiary center. Methods: A retrospective study involving pregnant women with SLE who had antenatal follow-up and delivery in between 1 January 2007 and 1 January 2017. All participants were retrospectively enrolled and categorized into two groups based on hydroxychloroquine treatment during pregnancy. Results: There were 82 pregnancies included with 47 (57.3%) in the hydroxychloroquine group and 35 (42.7%) in the non-hydroxychloroquine group. Amongst hydroxychloroquine users, there were significantly more pregnancies with musculoskeletal involvement (p = 0.03), heavier mean neonatal birthweight (p = 0.02), and prolonged duration of pregnancy (p = 0.001). In non-hydroxychloroquine patients, there were significantly more recurrent miscarriages (p = 0.003), incidence of hypertension (p = 0.01) and gestational diabetes mellitus (p = 0.01) and concurrent medical illness (p = 0.005). Hydroxychloroquine use during pregnancy was protective against hypertension (p = 0.001), and the gestational age at delivery had significant effect on the neonatal birthweight (p = 0.001). However, duration of the disease had a significant negative effect on the neonatal birthweight (p = 0.016). Conclusion: Hydroxychloroquine enhanced better neonatal outcomes and reduced adverse pregnancy outcomes and antenatal complications such as hypertension and diabetes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Pregnancy , Adult , Pregnancy Complications/drug therapy , Prenatal Care , Hydroxychloroquine/therapeutic use , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic/drug therapy , Pregnancy Outcome , Retrospective Studies , Cohort Studies , Treatment Outcome , Tertiary Care Centers , Hydroxychloroquine/administration & dosage , Malaysia
18.
Trends psychiatry psychother. (Impr.) ; 42(1): 7-15, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1099397

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Use of the Screen for Child Anxiety Related Emotional Disorders (SCARED) has increased significantly since its publication. Although the validity of the SCARED is well established, most of the samples investigated primarily comprised Caucasian children and, where available, people from Asian cultures such as China. Furthermore, the instrument's utility for screening use in community samples has yet to be validated, although it is commonly advocated for this use. The present study addressed the psychometric properties of the SCARED in a community sample of Malaysian children and adolescents. Method A total of 386 participants from an urban area, aged between 8 and 17, completed the 41-item SCARED. Confirmatory factor analysis and exploratory factor analysis were performed to investigate the factor structure of the SCARED. Results Internal consistency ratings for the SCARED's total and subscale scores were good, except for School Avoidance. The validity of the SCARED was further demonstrated through a significant correlation with the Internalizing subscale of the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ). In contrast with the five-factor structure proposed for primarily Caucasian samples, factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure for this Malaysian sample. Conclusions These research findings support the validity of the SCARED and its utility as a screening tool in a community sample of Malaysian children and adolescents.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Anxiety Disorders/diagnosis , Psychiatric Status Rating Scales/standards , Psychometrics/standards , Psychometrics/instrumentation , Psychometrics/methods , Reproducibility of Results , Malaysia
19.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 823-834, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010560

ABSTRACT

Ecdysis is a common phenomenon that happens throughout the life phase of the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii. It is vital to better understand the correlation between cannibalism and biochemical compound that exists during the moulting process. The objective of the present study was to determine the amino acid profile released by M. rosenbergii during the ecdysis process that promotes cannibalism. To accomplish this, changes in amino acid levels (total amino acid (TAA) and free amino acid (FAA)) of tissue muscle, exoskeleton, and sample water of culture medium from the moulting (E-stage) and non-moulting (C-stage) prawns were analysed using high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Comparison study revealed that among the TAA compounds, proline and sarcosine of tissues from moulting prawn were found at the highest levels. The level of FAA from water that contains moulting prawns (E-stage) was dominated by tryptophan and proline. Significant values obtained in the present study suggested that these amino acid compounds act as a chemical cue to promote cannibalism in M. rosenbergii during ecdysis. The knowledge of compositions and compounds that were released during the moulting process should be helpful for better understanding of the mechanism and chemical cues that play roles on triggering cannibalism, and also for future dietary manipulation to improve feeding efficiencies and feeding management, which indirectly impacts productivity and profitability.


Subject(s)
Animals , Amino Acids/chemistry , Aquaculture , Cannibalism , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Feeding Behavior , Fresh Water , Malaysia , Molting , Palaemonidae/physiology , Proline/chemistry , Tryptophan/chemistry
20.
Malaysian Journal of Microbiology ; : 263-274, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964131

ABSTRACT

Aims@#Aquaculture has grown tremendously in Malaysia over the past decades. However, guaranteeing aquaculture sustainability is a big challenge in terms of maintaining continuous output with a safe environment. Furthermore, the cultured species should be free from antibiotic resistance bacterial and antibiotic residue. This study aimed to monitor the existence and prevalence of antibiotic resistant bacteria associated with aquaculture farms in Sarawak.@*Methodology and results@#Samples of water, sediment and fish were collected from five aquaculture farms within Sarawak. The samples were plated on trypticase soy agar and incubated at 28 °C for 24 h. A total of 204 bacterial isolates were isolated and analysed by (GTG)5-fingerprinting to determine genetic similarity among the bacterial isolates, so that representatives could be selected from similar clonal isolates. Based on the (GTG)5 profiles, 50 representative isolates were chosen for species identification using 16S rRNA sequencing. The identified bacteria were tested against 25 antibiotics using standard disk diffusion method. The 16S rRNA analysis revealed that the isolates constitute of 14 genera of bacteria including Bacillus (38%), Exiguobacterium (16%), Enterobacter (14%), Aeromonas (6%), Acinetobacter (4%), Citrobacter (4%), Staphylococcus (4%), Achromobacter (2%), Chitinophaga (2%), Fictibacillus (2%), Plesiomonas (2%), Pseudomonas (2%), Pseudoxanthomonas (2%) and Stenotrophomonas (2%). The antibiotic resistance analysis revealed that the highest percentage of resistance was recorded against streptomycin (75.0%), followed by ampicillin (66.0%), ceftriaxone (50.0%), rifampin (43.3%), aztreonam (36.8%) and ceftazidime (31.6%). Resistance to more than two antibiotics was observed in 40.0% of isolates with an overall multiple antibiotic resistant (MAR) index ranging from 0 to 0.79. @*Conclusion, significant and impact of study@#The variability of antibiotic resistance patterns exhibited by different bacterial species suggests a dependence on selective pressures exhibited in different geographical locations. Our results show that the occurrence of MAR bacteria in an aquaculture environment with unknown history of antibiotics usage in the aquaculture system is possible, indicating a need to continuously monitor the presence of antibiotic resistant bacteria in the aquaculture system.


Subject(s)
Drug Resistance, Microbial , Aquaculture , Malaysia
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