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1.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 68(1): 13-18, Jan. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1360716

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the perception of the aesthetic result of breast reconstruction surgery from the perspective of plastic surgeons compared with physicians who are not specialists in plastic surgery. METHODS: Twenty patients who underwent breast reconstruction after mastectomy had their aesthetic results evaluated by 16 plastic surgeons and 16 nonplastic physicians, yielding a total of 620 ratings (320 ratings from plastic surgeons and 320 ratings from other specialists). For all analyses, the level of rejection adopted for the null hypothesis was 5% (p-value <0.05). RESULTS: Significant differences were observed between the two groups. On average, medical professionals who specialized in plastic surgery always obtained higher scores than other physicians. However, no significant differences were found in the assessment of the aesthetic outcome of breast reconstruction according to the sex of the rating medical professional for any of the assessments considered in this study. A strong positive linear correlation between the time since training in the medical specialty of plastic surgery (r=0.750, p=0.001) and the mean aesthetic outcome score was observed in this study. CONCLUSION: Plastic surgeons assessed the aesthetic results of breast reconstruction more positively than nonplastic physicians.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Surgeons , Esthetics , Mastectomy
2.
Medisan ; 25(5)2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1346540

ABSTRACT

Introducción: La mastoplastia de reducción mediante la técnica de pedículo inferior es una de las intervenciones quirúrgicas estéticas más empleadas para corregir la hipertrofia mamaria. Objetivo: Caracterizar a las pacientes con hipertrofia mamaria, a quienes se les practicó mastoplastia de reducción con la técnica de pedículo inferior. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, observacional, transversal y retrospectivo de 185 pacientes entre 10 y 59 años de edad, con diagnóstico de hipertrofia mamaria, atendidas en el Servicio de Cirugía Plástica y Caumatología del Hospital General Docente Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja del municipio de Baracoa, a las cuales se les practicó mastoplastia de reducción por técnica de pedículo inferior, desde enero de 2004 hasta diciembre 2020. Resultados: En la serie predominaron las féminas entre 30-39 años de edad (42,8 %), los resultados estéticos evaluados de buenos (90,3 %), las complicaciones escasas (20,0 %), con primacía de la necrosis de la piel en el punto inferior de unión de los colgajos (7,0 %) y las pacientes satisfechas con el proceder (93,5 %). El tejido glandular resecado varió entre menos de 300 g y más de 1 200, según el grado de hipertrofia. Conclusiones: La técnica de reducción mamaria a pedículo inferior es versátil, segura y aplicable a todo tipo de hipertrofia, con una tasa de complicaciones baja; asimismo ofrece resultados estéticos favorables y alto grado de satisfacción.


Introduction: The reduction mastoplasty by means of the inferior pedicle technique is one of the most used cosmetic surgical interventions to correct mammary hypertrophy. Objective: To characterize the patients with mammary hypertrophy to whom reduction mastoplasty was practiced with the inferior pedicle technique. Methods: A descriptive, observational, cross-sectional and retrospective study of 185 patients between 10 and 59 years, with diagnosis of mammary hypertrophy was carried out. They were assisted in the Plastic Surgery and Caumatology Service of Octavio de la Concepción y de la Pedraja Teaching General Hospital from the municipality of Baracoa, to whom reduction mastoplasty by inferior pedicle technique was practiced, from January, 2004 to December, 2020. Results: In the series there was a prevalence of the females between 30-39 years (42.8 %), the cosmetic results with good evaluation (90.3 %), few complications (20.0 %), with primacy of the skin necrosis in the inferior space of the flap union (7.0 %) and the patients satisfied with the procedure (93.5 %). The dried up glandular tissue varied in less than 300 grams and more than 1 200, according to the degree of hypertrophy. Conclusions: The mammary reduction technique to inferior pedicle is versatile, safe and applicable to all types of hypertrophy, with a low rate of complications; also it offers favorable cosmetic results and high degree of satisfaction.


Subject(s)
Breast , Mammaplasty/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Hypertrophy
3.
Rev. bras. ginecol. obstet ; 43(9): 690-698, Sept. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351773

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective Infection and exposure of the implant are some of the most common and concerning complications after implant-based breast reconstruction. Currently, there is no consensus on the management of these complications. The aim of the present study was to review our cases and to present a clinical protocol. Methods We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive patients submitted to implant-based breast reconstruction between 2014 and 2016. All patients were managed according to a specific and structured protocol. Results Implant exposure occurred in 33 out of 277 (11.9%) implant-based reconstructions. Among these, two patients had history of radiotherapy and had their implant removed; Delayed reconstruction with a myocutaneous flap was performed in both cases. Signs of severe local infection were observed in 12 patients, and another 5 presented with extensive tissue necrosis, and they were all submitted to implant removal; of them, 8 underwent reconstruction with a tissue expander, and 2, with a myocutaneous flap. The remaining 14 patients had no signs of severe infection, previous irradiation or extensive tissue necrosis, and were submitted to primary suture as an attempt to salvage the implant. Of these, 8 cases (57.1%) managed to keep the Conclusion Our clinical protocol is based on three key points: history of radiotherapy, severe infection, and extensive tissue necrosis. It is a practical and potentially-reproducible method of managing one of the most common complications of implant-based breast reconstruction.


Resumo Objectivo Infecção e exposição da prótese são algumas das complicações mais comuns e preocupantes após reconstrução da mama com implantes. Atualmente, ainda não há consenso quanto ao manejo destas complicações. O objetivo deste estudo foi o de revisar os casos da nossa instituição e apresentar um protocolo clínico. Métodos Realizou-se uma revisão retrospectiva de todos os casos consecutivos submetidos a reconstrução mamária imediata com prótese entre 2014 e 2016. Todos os casos foram conduzidos de acordo com um protocolo específico e estruturado. Resultados A exposição do implante ocorreu em 33 de 227 reconstruções (11,9%). Dentre estas, duas pacientes tinham histórico de radioterapia, e foram submetidas a remoção da prótese e posterior reconstrução com retalho miocutâneo. Sinais de infecção local grave foram observados em 12 pacientes, e, em 5, necrose extensa de tecido, e todas foram submetidas a remoção dos implantes; destas, 8 foram recons truídas com expansor, e 2, com retalho miocutâneo. As 14 pacientes remanecentes não haviam sido submetidas previamente à radioterapia, não tinham sinais de infecção, nem necrose extensa; portanto, foram submetidas a sutura primária em uma tentativa de salvar a prótese. Dessas, 8 pacientes (57,1%) conseguiram manter os implantes originais. Conclusão Nosso protocolo clínico é baseado em três pontos principais: histórico de radioterapia, infecção grave, e necrose extensa de tecido. Ele constitui um método prático e potencialmente reprodutível de manejo de uma das complicações mais comuns da reconstrução mamária com implantes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty/adverse effects , Breast Implants/adverse effects , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Tissue Expansion Devices/adverse effects , Clinical Protocols , Retrospective Studies
4.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(7): 1069-1074, July 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1346959

ABSTRACT

Summary OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the publications authored by plastic surgeons with those from other specialties' surgeons on patient-reported outcomes of oncoplastic surgery. METHODS: A review was carried out on the Medline database, emcompassing five years (2015-2020). Studies about partial breast reconstruction after conservative treatment, immediate or delayed, by any technique, which presented patient-reported outcomes, were included. RESULTS: We found 292 articles, from which 142 met the eligibility criteria. Publications were stratified into groups 1 (plastic surgeons) and 2 (other surgical specialties), and also into groups A (only plastic surgeons), B (only other specialties) and C (both), and compared statistically. Most publications (60.6%) were attributed to specialties other than plastic surgery. Nineteen percent had only plastic surgeons as authors, 50% only other specialties' surgeons, and 31% had both. There was no difference between groups regarding the impact factor of the journals in any of the stratifications, and the majority was published in journals with impact factor ≤2. CONCLUSION: In the last years, surgeons from specialties other than plastic surgery published more about the results of the oncoplastic surgery reported by the patients. There was no statistical difference between the groups regarding the impact factor of the journals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Surgery, Plastic , Surgeons , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mammaplasty , Patient Reported Outcome Measures , Mastectomy
5.
Enferm. foco (Brasília) ; 12(1): 61-66, jun. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1254988

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: compreender os processos ou racionalidades dos fatores excludentes da reconstrução mamária em mulheres mastectomizadas. Métodos: trata-se de investigação do tipo exploratória e descritiva, com abordagem qualitativa, desenvolvido no hospital Napoleão Laureano em João Pessoa - Paraíba, com amostra de 10 mulheres mastectomizadas no pós-operatório imediato. Resultados: após a coleta dos depoimentos, estabeleceram­se as categorias a partir da análise de conteúdo, que foram: desconhecimento acerca da reconstrução mamária pós-mastectomia; medo de complicações posteriores e falta de desejo na colocação da prótese mamária. Quanto ao tipo de mastectomia, apenas 20% realizaram a reconstrução mamária imediata. Conclusão: evidenciou-se que houve falha de comunicação pelos profissionais em informar os direitos garantidos por leis a essas mulheres, mesmo que suas condições clínicas sejam impeditivas para a realização do procedimento. Apesar da conquista da Lei Federal que garante a reconstrução mamária, existem mulheres que optam pela não realização, seja por medo ou conformismo da cura. (AU)


Objective: to understand the processes or rationalities of excluding factors in breast reconstruction in mastectomized women. Method: this is an exploratory and descriptive research with a qualitative approach, developed at Napoleão Laureano hospital in João Pessoa - Paraíba, with a sample of 10 women who had mastectomies in the immediate postoperative period. Results: after collecting the testimonies, the categories were established from the content analysis, which were ignorance about breast reconstruction after mastectomy; fear of further complications and lack of desire for breast implant placement. regarding the type of mastectomy, only 20% underwent immediate breast reconstruction. Conclusion: it was evidenced that there was a failure of professionals to communicate the rights guaranteed by law to these women, even if their clinical conditions are impeding the performance of the procedure. Despite the achievement of the federal law that guarantees breast reconstruction, there are women who choose not to perform, either for fear or for conformity of the cure. (AU)


Objetivo: comprender los procesos o las racionalidades de los factores excluyentes en la reconstrucción mamaria en mujeres mastectomizadas. Método: esta es una investigación exploratoria y descriptiva con un enfoque cualitativo, desarrollada en el hospital Napoleão Laureano en João Pessoa - Paraíba, con una muestra de 10 mujeres que tuvieron mastectomías en el postoperatorio inmediato. Resultados: después de recopilar los testimonios, se establecieron las categorías a partir del análisis de contenido, que eran ignorancia sobre la reconstrucción mamaria después de la mastectomía; miedo a otras complicaciones y falta de deseo de colocar implantes mamarios. En cuanto al tipo de mastectomía, solo el 20% se sometió a reconstrucción mamaria inmediata. Conclusión: se evidenció que los profesionales no pudieron comunicar los derechos garantizados por la ley a estas mujeres, incluso si sus condiciones clínicas impiden la realización del procedimiento. A pesar del logro de la Ley Federal que garantiza la reconstrucción mamaria, hay mujeres que optan por no realizar, ya sea por miedo o por la conformidad de la cura. (AU)


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Health Education , Mammaplasty , Right to Health , Mastectomy
6.
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BNUY, UY-BNMED | ID: biblio-1248724

ABSTRACT

El síndrome de Poland constituye una malformacion que asocia diversos grados de anomalia toracica y a nivel del miembro superior, con una incidencia de 1 cada 30000 nacidos vivos. Esta patologia geenra ausencia de la glandula mamaria y del musculo pectroral mayor como malformacion mas frecuente. Lo cual produce una asimetria a nivel de torax con perdida de la armonia la cual lleva a una alteracion tanto fisica como psicologica a nivel de la paciente. Por esto es necesario resolver esta patologia con la menor morbilidad posible. El planteo de generar la menor morbilidad nos llevo a realizar una tecnica por abordaje unico sub axilar, a traves del cual se diseca el musculo dorsal ancho y se transpone de forma anterior, obteniendo una sola incision, la cual se mantiene oculta debajo del miembro superior adducido. Produciendo menor tiempo operatorio, menor tiempo de internacion, disminuyendo el número de incsiones y logrando una adecuada fijacion anterior del musculo dorsal ancho.


Poland's syndrome is a malformation associated with varying degrees of thoracic and upper limb abnormality, with an incidence of 1 in 30,000 live births. This pathology generates the absence of the mammary gland and the major pectoral muscle as the most frequent malformation. Which produces an asymmetry at the chest level with loss of harmony which leads to both physical and psychological alteration at the level of the patient. For this reason, it is necessary to resolve this pathology with the least possible morbidity. The proposal to generate the least morbidity led us to perform a single sub axillary approach technique, through which the latissimus dorsi muscle is dissected and transposed anteriorly, obtaining a single incision, which is kept hidden under the upper limb adduced. Producing less operative time, shorter hospitalization time, reducing the number of incisions and achieving an adequate anterior fixation of the latissimus dorsi muscle.


A síndrome de Poland é uma malformação associada a vários graus de anomalia torácica e de membros superiores, com uma incidência de 1 em 30.000 nascidos vivos. Essa patologia gera a ausência da glândula mamária e do músculo pectoral principal como a malformação mais frequente. O que produz uma assimetria ao nível do peito com perda de harmonia que conduz a alterações físicas e psicológicas ao nível do paciente. Por isso, é necessário resolver essa patologia com a menor morbidade possível. A proposta de gerar o mínimo de morbidade nos levou a realizar uma única técnica de abordagem subaxilar, por meio da qual o músculo grande dorsal é dissecado e transposto anteriormente, obtendo-se uma única incisão, que é mantida escondida sob o membro superior. aduzido. Produzindo menos tempo operatório, menor tempo de internação, reduzindo o número de incisões e conseguindo uma fixação anterior adequada do músculo grande dorsal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Poland Syndrome/surgery , Mammaplasty/methods , Follow-Up Studies , Treatment Outcome , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Thoracic Wall/abnormalities , Thoracic Wall/surgery
7.
Medisan ; 25(1)ene.-feb. 2021. ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1154861

ABSTRACT

El problema de la conformidad del ser humano con las características específicas de su cuerpo puede tener su origen en un problema estético o en un aspecto de carácter puramente físico que limita de manera marcada el desarrollo de sus actividades diarias. Ambos pueden tener solución mediante una cirugía, especialmente la estética. El objetivo de este trabajo es reafirmar que la cirugía plástica estética resuelve verdaderos problemas de salud tanto física como mental al reconocer la labor de los especialistas de cirugía plástica como evaluadores y consejeros de pacientes que acuden a consulta en busca de ayuda en nuestra provincia. Se revisó la literatura nacional e internacional sobre el tema y se concluyó que la cirugía plástica con fines estéticos constituye una solución, al satisfacer las expectativas tanto de las personas que reciben el tratamiento, como de los especialistas que realizan el trabajo.


The problem of dissagrement of the human being with the specific characteristics of his body may have its origin in an esthetical problem or in a purely physical character affair which limits, in a marked way, the development of his daily activities. Both may be solved through a surgery, specially, a esthetic surgery. The objective of this work is to reaffirm that the plastic esthetic surgery solves real physical or mental health problems, so as to recognize the work of plastic surgery specialists as evaluators and advisers of patients visiting the provincial department who look for help. National and international literature on the topic was reviewed and it was concluded that plastic surgery with esthetic aims is a solution, as it satisfies the expectatives either from people searching treatment, as from the specialists who give the service.


Subject(s)
Surgery, Plastic , Mammaplasty , Abdominoplasty , Patient Satisfaction , Cuba , Esthetics
8.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 806-813, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878036

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Mastectomy techniques have been extended to nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM). This study aimed to assess the actual application of NSM in China and identify the factors influencing postoperative complications.@*METHODS@#The clinical data of 615 patients (641 surgeries) undergoing NSM from January 1st, 2018 to December 31st, 2018 at 28 centers nationwide were retrospectively analyzed to obtain the rate of NSM and investigate factors related to NSM surgery.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of NSM surgery performed in this study was 2.67% (17/641). Malignant breast tumors accounted for the majority of NSM surgery (559/641, 87.2%). A total of 475 (77.3%) patients underwent NSM combined with reconstructive surgery. The rate of reconstruction decreased with age in our study, and implants were the most common option (344/641, 53.7%) in reconstruction. Radial incision was the most selected method regardless of reconstruction. However, for those who underwent reconstruction surgery, 18.4% (85/462) of cases also chose curvilinear incision, while in the simple NSM surgery group, more patients chose circumareolar incision (26/136, 19.1%). The tumor-to-nipple distance (TND) influenced postoperative complications (P = 0.004). There were no relationships between postoperative complications and tumor size, tumor location, histologic grade, molecular subtype, nipple discharge, and axillary lymph nodes.@*CONCLUSIONS@#NSM surgery is feasible and only TND influenced postoperative complications of NSM surgery. But the proportion of NSM surgery performed is still low in nationwide centers of China. The selection criteria for appropriate surgical methods are important for NSM in clinical practice. To optimize clinical applications of NSM, further multicenter prospective randomized controlled studies are needed.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#ChiCTR.org.cn, ChiCTR1900027423; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showprojen.aspx?proj=38739.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Nipples/surgery , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies
9.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(4): e1030, oct.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1149847

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción mamaria inmediata disminuye el impacto psicológico del cáncer de mama y mejora la calidad de vida de las pacientes. Objetivo: Evaluar la simetría en la reconstrucción mamaria inmediata en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba. Método: Se realizó un estudio analítico y prospectivo, de cohorte incidente, en el Servicio de Cirugía Reconstructiva del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de 2014 al 2017. Se incluyeron 41 pacientes que consintieron participar en el estudio. Se recogieron variables demográficas y onco-reconstructivas. Se utilizó un software creado en la institución para evaluar la simetría mamaria. Los datos se recogieron de la historia clínica. Se aplicaron el test de Chi-cuadrado corregido y la razón de momios para el análisis estadístico. Resultados: El 30,2 por ciento de mujeres reconstruidas pertenecieron al grupo de 30 a 39 años; el 46,3 por ciento tenían sobrepeso. La mejor simetría se encontró con las técnicas oncoplásticas (31,7 por ciento), seguida de la mastectomía ahorradora de piel. La técnica de expansión tisular con la mastectomía presentó mayores complicaciones (63,6 por ciento) y menor simetría. La necrosis parcial de piel fue la mayor complicación en 7,3 por ciento y estuvo relacionadas con las técnicas ahorradoras de piel. Conclusiones: Evaluar de forma objetiva la simetría mamaria permitió conocer la efectividad de las técnicas quirúrgicas reconstructivas. Con las técnicas de cirugía oncoplástica y mastectomía ahorradora de piel se obtuvieron los mejores resultados estéticos y pocas complicaciones. La expansión mamaria inmediata con una mastectomía radical modificada no ofrece ninguna ventaja(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Immediate breast reconstruction reduces the psychological impact of breast cancer and improves the quality of life of patients. Objective: To assess symmetry in immediate breast reconstruction at the of Cuba. Method: An analytical and prospective study of incident cohort was carried out in the reconstructive surgery service at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology (INOR), from 2014 to 2017. Forty-one patients who consented to participate in the study were included. Demographic and oncoreconstructive variables were collected. A software created in the institution was used to assess breast symmetry. The data were collected from the medical histories. The corrected chi-square test and odds ratio were applied for statistical analysis. Results: 30.2 percent of women who received reconstruction belonged to the age group 30-39 years; 46.3 percent were overweight. The best symmetry was found with oncoplastic techniques (31.7 percent), followed by skin-sparing mastectomy. The tissue expansion technique with mastectomy presented greater complications (63.6 percent) and less symmetry. Partial skin necrosis was the major complication, accounting for 7.3 percent of the cases, and was related to skin-sparing techniques. Conclusions: Objectively evaluating breast symmetry allowed us to know the effectiveness of reconstructive surgical techniques. With oncoplastic surgery and skin-sparing mastectomy techniques, the best aesthetic outcomes and few complications were obtained. Immediate breast expansion with a modified radical mastectomy offers no benefit(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Modified Radical/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures/methods , Quality of Life , Statistical Analysis , Prospective Studies , Cohort Studies
10.
Rev. argent. mastología ; 39(144): 78-100, sept. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1150866

ABSTRACT

Introducción: ¿La mastoplastia de aumento realizada por un cirujano no especialista en cirugía plástica debe ser vista como un acto de intrusismo o de competencia médica? Objetivo: Presentación de casos de mastoplastias de aumento realizadas por un ginecólogo mastólogo, su comparación con la bibliografía publicada por reconocidos cirujanos plásticos y discusión de la situación actual del tema. Material y método: Se describen retrospectivamente casos de mastoplastia de aumeeto recolectados en diez años de experiencia unipersonal, entre julio 2010 y abril de 2020, comparando resultados cosméticos y complicaciones con casuística publicada. Resultados: Se realizaron 144 casos de mastoplastia de aumento. Hubo 2.08% de complicaciones tempranas y 6.25% de complicaciones tardías, con 94.4% de satisfacción cosmética de las pacientes. No hubo diferencias significativas respecto a tasa de complicaciones quirúrgicas respecto a la serie comparada, encontrando equivalente el resultado cosmético. Conclusiones: La mastoplastia de aumento realizada por un cirujano mastólogo capacitado en el área cosmética, debería aceptarse dentro del alcance de su competencia, creando un marco regulatorio científico y legal adecuado.


Introduction: Can an augmentation mammoplasty performed by a surgeon who is not a plastic surgery specialist be cosidered as an act of presessional intusion, or within the scope of his competence? Objetive: Report of a gynecologist and breast specialist's experience comparing results and complications to the reported case studies published by renowned plastic surgeons and an argument about the topic. Material and method: The author reports retrospectively his ten years experience (january 2010 - april 2020) in augmentation mammoplasty. Cosmetic results and complications were compared with published reports. Results: 144 augmentation mammoplasties were performed between january 2010 and april 2020. There were 2.08% of early complications, 6.25% of late complication, and 94.4% of the patients were satisfied with the cosmetic result. The results show no significative difference about complications and an equivalent cosmetic satisfaction compared to the reported experience published. Conclusions: Augmentation mammoplasty surgery performed by a breast surgeon trained in cosmetic procedures must be considered within the scope of his competence, thus developing an adequate medical and legal regulatory framework.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Mammaplasty , Personal Satisfaction , Surgery, Plastic , Breast , Cosmetics , Surgeons
11.
Rev. argent. cir. plást ; 26(3): 127-133, 20200900. fig
Article in Spanish | LILACS, BINACIS | ID: biblio-1148269

ABSTRACT

La mastectomía bilateral en pacientes transexuales de mujer a hombre es uno de los primeros procedimientos quirúrgicos y cuyos resultados son la creación de una pared torácica para el paciente trans. Su anatomía diferente y sus componentes serán reubicados y correspondidos con el de un paciente femenino. Se obtiene, entonces, un tórax estéticamente agradable en el cual la base está en la ubicación del complejo areola pezón (CAP), que será reposicionado y se cambiará de tamaño acorde al sexo reasignado. La técnica quirúrgica elegida ha sido conservando la irrigación del pedículo inferior y con conservación del CAP, el cual luego será reposicionado y modificado con respecto a su tamaño. Y en segundo tiempo su conformación final. Revisión y actualización tanto de la estética como la satisfacción del paciente trans.


Bilateral mastectomy in female-to-male transsexual patients is one of the first surgical procedures and whose results are the creation of a thoracic wall for the trans patient, its different anatomical and its components will be relocated and matched with that of a patient female. An aesthetically pleasing thorax is then obtained in which the base is in the location of the nipple areola complex (CAP), it will be repositioned and it will be resized according to the reassigned sex. The surgical technique chosen has been conserving the irrigation of the lower pedicle and conserving the CAP, which will then be repositioned and modified with respect to its size. And in the second time its final conformation. Review and update of both the aesthetics and satisfaction of the trans patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Surgical Flaps , Mastectomy, Subcutaneous/methods , Treatment Outcome , Mammaplasty , Transgender Persons , Surgical Clearance , Gender Dysphoria/surgery
12.
Rev. cuba. cir ; 59(2): e952, abr.-jun. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1126417

ABSTRACT

RESUMEN Introducción: La reconstrucción mamaria por cáncer, mediante la técnica de expansión tisular es una técnica que proporciona piel de color, textura y sensibilidad naturales. Objetivo: Caracterizar la reconstrucción mamaria con el uso de expansores tisulares en el Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba. Método: Se realizó un estudio retrospectivo y longitudinal en el Servicio de Cirugía Reconstructiva del Instituto Nacional de Oncología y Radiobiología de Cuba del 2013 al 2017. La muestra de 93 pacientes se seleccionó de forma consecutiva del universo de pacientes. El análisis estadístico incluyó las pruebas de Chi-cuadrado, estimación de la razón de momios y regresión logística binaria, con nivel de significación p ≤ 0,05. Resultados: Predominó la reconstrucción en mujeres con un promedio de edad de 45,7 años, [IC95 por ciento (43,8-47,5) y desviación estándar 9.0]. La quimioterapia se administró a 74 pacientes y la radioterapia a 41. La reconstrucción diferida se realizó en el 51,6 por ciento de las cirugías, y en el 72,0 por ciento no se presentaron complicaciones. El cáncer en estadio III y el uso de quimioterapia y radioterapia neoadyuvante mostraron riesgo con significación estadística para las complicaciones posquirúrgicas. Conclusiones: La reconstrucción mamaria mediante el uso de expansores tisulares presentó características demográficas y clínicas similares a las descritas previamente en la población cubana y el resto del mundo, aunque con peculiaridades desde el punto de vista onco-reconstructivo. La realización de la cirugía reconstructiva inmediata luego de la radioterapia neoadyuvante resultó en un mayor riesgo de complicaciones(AU)


ABSTRACT Introduction: Breast reconstruction for cancer, using the tissue expansion technique, is a technique that provides skin of natural color, texture and sensitivity. Objective: To characterize breast reconstruction with the use of tissue expanders at the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Cuba. Method: A retrospective and longitudinal study was carried out in the Reconstructive Surgery Service of the National Institute of Oncology and Radiobiology of Cuba from 2013 to 2017. The sample of 93 patients was selected consecutively from the universe of patients. Statistical analysis included Chi-square tests, estimation of the odds ratio and binary logistic regression, with a significance level of p ≤ 0,05 Results: Reconstruction predominated in women with an average age of 45.7 years, [95 percent CI (43.8-47.5) and standard deviation 9.0]. Chemotherapy was administered to 74 patients and radiotherapy to 41. Delayed reconstruction was performed in 51.6 percent of the surgeries, and in 72.0 percent there were no complications. Stage III cancer and the use of neoadjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy showed a statistically significant risk for postoperative complications. Conclusions: Breast reconstruction by using tissue expanders presented demographic and clinical characteristics similar to those previously described in the Cuban population and the rest of the world, although with peculiarities from the onco-reconstructive point of view. Performing immediate reconstructive surgery after neoadjuvant radiation therapy resulted in an increased risk of complications(AU)


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Tissue Expansion Devices/adverse effects , Mammaplasty/methods , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Statistical Analysis , Longitudinal Studies
13.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(2): 118-125, abr. 2020. tab, ilus
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092902

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El tratamiento estándar del cáncer de mama es la cirugía conservadora, aunque actualmente existe un incremento de cirugías más radicales, incluyendo reconstrucción. Estas técnicas, aparentemente más complejas, pueden suponer mayor índice de complicaciones y, por ende, mayor intervalo de tiempo entre la cirugía y el inicio de terapias adyuvantes, lo que puede condicionar peores resultados de los tratamientos, traducido en el índice de recidivas locales y/o sistémicas o incluso de las tasas de supervivencia. Objetivo Revisar si la mastectomía bilateral con reconstrucción inmediata (MBRI) supone un retraso en el inicio del tratamiento adyuvante (TA). Materiales y Método Análisis retrospectivo de pacientes con MBRI como tratamiento de cáncer. Variables principales: tiempo transcurrido entre la cirugía y el inicio de la TA, definiendo retraso como más de 90 días. Otras variables: datos del paciente, tipo de intervención, complicaciones. Se analizan datos por tipo de intervención y si presentaban cirugía conservadora previa. Resultados 296 pacientes con MBRI, 171 (57,7%) por cáncer de novo y 125 (42,3%) por neoplasia recidivada o un segundo primario (ipsi o contralateral). La tasa general de complicaciones fue de 21% y no difirió entre los grupos con y sin radioterapia previa (p 0,05). La técnica quirúrgica asociada a una tasa mayor de complicaciones fue el patrón corto de Wise. No hubo diferencias en el resto. No existió un retraso significativo mayor de 90 días en los grupos con o sin radioterapia, ni según la técnica quirúrgica. Conclusiones La MBRI no ocasiona retrasos significativos en el inicio de TA.


Background Breast conserving surgery is already the standard treatment of breast cancer although mastectomy and radical techniques including reconstruction are currently increasing. These techniques, apparently more complex, can develop more complications and delay adjuvant therapies initiation, conditioning worst results of treatments, with higher rates of local and/or systemic recurrences or even survival rates. Aim Review whether bilateral mastectomy with immediate reconstruction (MBRI) conditionate a delay in the initiation of adjuvant therapy (TA). Materials and Method A retrospective analysis of patients with MBRI as a cancer treatment. Main variable: Time to TA, was defined as the number of days between surgery and the first dose of chemotherapy or radiotherapy. Other variables: patient data, type of intervention and complications. We analyzed the data by type of intervention and if they had been previously treated from another breast tumor. Results In all, 296 patients with MBRI were included, 171 with a Cancer de novo and 125 already treated that now have a relapsed neoplasia or a second primary (IPSI or contralateral). Overall complication rate was 21%. Complication rate did not differ between groups either or neither previous radiotherapy. The surgical technique associated with a higher rate of complications was the short Wise pattern, with no differences in the others. There was no delay greater than 90 days in the groups with radiotherapy or without, or according to the surgical technique. Conclusions MBRI does not cause significant delays in the beginning of adjuvant therapies.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Breast Neoplasms/epidemiology , Mammaplasty/methods , Mastectomy/methods , Postoperative Complications , Chi-Square Distribution , Comorbidity , Epidemiology, Descriptive , Retrospective Studies , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant
14.
Rev. cir. (Impr.) ; 72(2): 126-129, abr. 2020. ilus, graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1092903

ABSTRACT

Resumen Introducción El Breast-Q® módulo reconstrucción mamaria es un instrumento específico para evaluar la calidad de vida asociada a la cirugía mamaria desde el punto de vista del paciente. Objetivo Realizar la traducción y adaptación transcultural del Breast-Q® módulo reconstrucción mamaria Versión 2.0 al español chileno. Materiales y Método Se utilizaron las guías de validación lingüística del MAPI/TRUST Research Institute . El proceso consistió en traducción inglés-español, contra-traducción español-inglés, conciliación y aplicación piloto a 6 pacientes. Resultados Todas las pacientes comprendieron la encuesta y no existieron dudas sobre redacción y parámetros lingüísticos. No se requirieron más modificaciones. Conclusiones El proceso de traducción y adaptación cultural del instrumento fue completado exitosamente. El instrumento se encuentra listo para la validación lingüística.


Introduction The Breast Q Reconstruction Module is a specific instrument for assessing breast surgery related quality of life from the patient's perspective. Aim To carry out a transcultural translation and adaptation of version 2.0 to Chilean Spanish. Materials and Method Linguistic validation guides of the MAPI/TRUST Research Institute were used. The process consisted of English-Spanish translation, Spanish-English back translation, conciliation and pilot application of the scale in 6 patients. Results Patients had good understanding and no doubt about redaction and linguistic parameters. No further modifications were needed. Conclusions Traduction and cultural adaptation of the instrument was completed successfully in Chilean population. The instrument is ready for linguistic validation.


Subject(s)
Humans , Quality of Life , Surveys and Questionnaires , Mammaplasty/psychology , Translating , Mammaplasty/rehabilitation
15.
Rev. colomb. cancerol ; 24(1): 37-41, ene.-mar. 2020. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1115583

ABSTRACT

Resumen Se presentan casos clínicos operados con la técnica de reconstrucción mamaria de grande dorsal Vd, y se muestra un procedimiento quirúrgico que permite dar un mejor terminado en cuanto a simetría, volumen y proyección. Se muestran 4 casos de reconstrucción tardía, de los cuales 2 fueron reconstrucciones tardías propiamente dichas y los otros 2 con reconstrucciones previas con complicaciones (un caso de necrosis previa de TRAM y otro con mal posicionamiento de la prótesis). Se resalta la utilización de un sistema de cierre asistido por vacío (sistema de presión negativa), un sistema no invasivo y dinámico que ayuda a promover la cicatrización en el lugar de la herida, lo que favorece la reducción del área de la herida, eliminando el exceso de fluidos y estimulando la angiogénesis. Los 4 casos se atendieron en el Instituto Nacional de Cancerología de Colombia, la Clínica San Diego y el Hospital Departamental de Villavicencio.


Abstract There are clinical cases operated with the large dorsal breast reconstruction technique Vd, and a surgical procedure is shown that allows a better finish in terms of symmetry, volume and projection. Four cases of late reconstruction are shown, of which 2 were late reconstructions themselves and the other 2 with previous reconstructions with complications (one case of previous TRAM necrosis and another with poor positioning of the prosthesis). The use of a vacuum assisted closure system (negative pressure system), a non-invasive and dynamic system that helps promote healing at the site of the wound, which favors the reduction of the wound area, eliminating excess fluids and stimulating angiogenesis. The 4 cases were treated at the National Cancer Institute of Colombia, the San Diego Clinic and the Villavicencio Departmental Hospital.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Mastectomy , Mammaplasty , Breast Implantation , Myocutaneous Flap
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785436

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) has become increasingly popular due to improved cosmesis without compromising oncologic safety. Radial and inframammary incisions are usually used to achieve NSM, with periareolar incisions usually being avoided because of the risk to nipple-areola complex viability. In an attempt to maximize esthetic effects, we performed NSM through periareolar incision with immediate reconstruction. We report our initial experience.METHODS: This case series consisted of all consecutive patients (n = 34) who underwent NSM through a periareolar incision in our institution between August 2017 and December 2018. All patients underwent NSM through periareolar incision followed by immediate reconstruction with an implant or deep inferior epigastric perforator flap. Patient demographics, tumor and treatment characteristics, and short-term postoperative outcomes were reviewed.RESULTS: The mean patient age was 46.74 ± 6.69 years (range, 38–62 years), and the mean operation time was 96.68 ± 28.00 minutes. Indications included in situ cancer in 12 cases and invasive cancer in 22 cases. There was 1 major complication (postoperative hematoma) requiring operative reintervention. No other complications including fistula, implant exposure, or reconstruction failure was observed. At the time of writing, no case of local recurrence has been observed.CONCLUSION: Our initial report shows that NSM with immediate reconstruction may successfully be performed through periareolar incision. This method maximizes esthetic effects and may be an appropriate surgical option for NSM.


Subject(s)
Demography , Female , Fistula , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Subcutaneous , Methods , Perforator Flap , Recurrence , Writing
17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 107-112, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-811191

ABSTRACT

Minimal invasive surgical technique has been increasingly applied to breast surgery. Since the first robot-assisted nipple-sparing mastectomy was introduced, we have been performing nipple-sparing mastectomy using multi-port robotic surgical system. Last year, the new robotic surgical system with single port was introduced. We report the development of a robotic nipple-sparing mastectomy with immediate reconstruction through a single incision using the updated single-port surgical robot system for a patient with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). Breast reconstruction was performed using implants. Postoperative pathological examination revealed DCIS in both breasts. There were no major immediate complications, except for a minor skin burn on the right breast. Overall, the initial operation using the updated platform was safely performed.


Subject(s)
Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Burns , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Female , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Subcutaneous , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Robotic Surgical Procedures , Skin
19.
Rev. enferm. UFSM ; 10: 7, 2020.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1117935

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar potencialidades e fragilidades na rede de atenção à saúde para o acesso ao tratamento (cirúrgico, quimioterápico e ou radioterápico) de mulheres mastectomizadas. Método: estudo exploratório, descritivo, com abordagem qualitativa, com dez mulheres mastectomizadas. A coleta de dados realizou-se por meio de entrevistas semiestruturadas, analisadas conforme a análise de conteúdo. Resultados: a falta de profissionais qualificados para atender essa demanda e de informações sobre a doença foram citadas como problemas. Como potencialidades as mulheres referiram a oferta do tratamento gratuito pelo Sistema Único de Saúde e o acompanhamento realizado pela equipe multiprofissional. Conclusão: o atendimento dos profissionais e a reconstrução mamária destacaram-se como potencialidades no tratamento oncológico, enquanto a falta de informações e de profissionais qualificados foram fragilidades evidenciadas, cabendo a equipe multiprofissional e gestores reconhecerem as necessidades deste público para qualificação da assistência.


Objetivo: identificar las potencialidades y debilidades en la red de atención médica para el acceso al tratamiento (quirúrgico, quimioterapia y / o radioterapia) de mujeres mastectomizadas. Método: estudio exploratorio descriptivo con enfoque cualitativo con diez mujeres mastectomizadas. La recopilación de datos se realizó através de entrevistas semiestructuradas, analizadas de acuerdo con el Análisis de Contenido. Resultados: la falta de profesionales calificados para satisfacer esta demanda y la información sobre la enfermedad se mencionaron como problemas. Como potencialidades, las mujeres se refirieron a la oferta de tratamiento gratuito por parte del Sistema Único de Salud y al seguimiento realizado por el equipo multiprofesional. Conclusión: la atención profesional y la reconstrucción mamaria se destacaron como potencialidades en el tratamiento del cáncer, mientras que la falta de información y profesionales calificados fueron debilidades, y el equipo multiprofesional y los gerentes reconocen las necesidades de este público para la calificación de la atención.


Objective: identify potentialities and weaknesses in the health care network for access to treatment (surgical, chemotherapy and / or radiotherapy) of mastectomized women Method: exploratory descriptive study with a qualitative approach with ten mastectomized women. Data collection was performed through semi-structured interviews, analyzed according to content analysis. Results: the lack of qualified professionals to meet this demand and information about the disease were cited as problems. As potentialities, women referred to the offer of free treatment by the Unified Health System and the follow-up performed by the multi-professional team. Conclusion: professional care and breast reconstruction stood out as potentialities in cancer treatment, while the lack of information and qualified professionals were weaknesses, and the multiprofessional team and managers recognize the needs of this public for qualification of care.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Patient Care Team , Unified Health System , Mammaplasty , Comprehensive Health Care , Mastectomy
20.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 34(4): 567-570, oct.-dec. 2019. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1047930

ABSTRACT

O pioderma gangrenoso (PG) é doença inflamatória da pele, que pode se desenvolver espontaneamente, associado a certas doenças sistêmicas e neoplásicas, ou ao trauma cirúrgico, incluindo os das mamas. Há relatos cada vez mais frequentes, considerando o aumento desse procedimento nos dias atuais. A manifestação clínica das úlceras é característica e deve ser lembrada nas evoluções cicatriciais desfavoráveis com intensa reação inflamatória, perdas teciduais, secreção sanguinolenta e/ ou purulenta, fundo granuloso e bordas elevadas. Relatase o caso de paciente que teve pioderma gangrenoso após mamoplastia redutora. Respondeu ao corticosteroide sistêmico, e vem evoluindo sem recidivas até o momento.


Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is an inflammatory disease of the skin that may develop spontaneously. It is associated with certain systemic and neoplastic diseases, including those of the breasts. PG is also associated with surgical trauma. It has been increasingly reported, along with the increase in the incidence of reduction mammoplasty procedures. The clinical manifestation of ulcers is characteristic of PG and it should be considered in cases of poor healing with intense inflammatory reaction, tissue loss, bloody and/ or purulent secretion, granular background, and lesions with high edges. We describe a patient who developed PG after reduction mammoplasty. She has since responded to systemic corticosteroids and has had no relapse to date.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Middle Aged , History, 21st Century , Postoperative Complications , Skin Diseases , Autoimmune Diseases , Mammaplasty , Pyoderma Gangrenosum , Diagnosis, Differential , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Postoperative Complications/therapy , Skin Diseases/surgery , Skin Diseases/complications , Skin Diseases/therapy , Autoimmune Diseases/diagnosis , Autoimmune Diseases/therapy , Surgical Procedures, Operative , Surgical Procedures, Operative/methods , Mammaplasty/methods , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/surgery , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/complications , Pyoderma Gangrenosum/therapy
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