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1.
Rev. méd. hondur ; 88(2): 104-109, jul.-dic. 2020. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1152098

ABSTRACT

Antecedentes: El cáncer de mama es la malignidad más frecuentemente diagnosticada en mujeres, representando casi 1 de cada 4 casos de cáncer. Objetivo: Describir los resul-tados oncológicos de las pacientes tratadas con cirugía conser-vadora y adyuvancia por cáncer de mama estadios clínicos I-II, Hospital San Felipe, Tegucigalpa, 2017-2019. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo transversal retrospectivo. Extracción de información de expedientes clínicos de pacientes con diagnostico nuevo de cáncer de mama. Se registró datos sociodemográficos, estadio clínico pre- y post-operatorio, tratamiento y sobrevida. Resul-tados: De 49 pacientes, 59.2% (29) >50 años, 71.4% (35) pro-cedencia urbana, 61.2% (30) estadio IIA, las modalidades tera-péuticas fueron radioterapia 73.5% (36), hormonoterapia 69.4% (34), quimioterapia 40.8% (20). La combinación más frecuente fue radioterapia/hormonoterapia 46.9% (23); 26.5% (13) recibió monoterapia. El tiempo promedio de inicio de radioterapia fue 25 semanas (rango 4-90 semanas) y 13 semanas (rango 4-35 sema-nas) para quimioterapia. La sobrevida a 36 meses en estadio IA y IIB con adyuvancia fue 100.0% (5) y 86.0% (12), respectivamen-te. La sobrevida global a 36 meses fue 95.9% (47). Discusión: La sobrevida global identificada es comparable a estudios que si-guen las guías internacionales. Recomendamos implementar las recomendaciones de las guías internacionales para el manejo de cáncer de mama estadios tempranos, donde la adyuvancia debe iniciar en un periodo no mayor a 8 semanas postoperatorias. Este manejo contribuiría a reducir la morbilidad y el impacto psicoso-cial que presentan abordajes terapéuticos más radicales. Es ne-cesario y urgente contar con equipo y medicamentos adyuvantes de acuerdo a los avances científicos y tecnológicos...(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Mastectomy, Segmental/methods , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Surgical Oncology
2.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2660-2664, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877880

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Although breast-conserving surgery is one of the standard treatments for breast cancer, few studies have assessed its recent implementation in China. We aimed to clarify the current real-world status of breast-conserving surgery in China.@*METHODS@#This cross-sectional survey relied on data collected by the Chinese Society of Breast Surgery (CSBrS) to examine patients who underwent this surgery between January 2018 and December 2018. The survey was conducted using a uniform electronic questionnaire to collect information, including clinical and pathological data on these patients.@*RESULTS@#Overall, 4459 breast-conserving surgeries were performed in 34 member units of CSBrS, accounting for 14.6% of all breast cancer surgeries performed in these units during the study period. In patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery with information on tumor size available, more than half (61.2%) of the tumors were smaller than 2 cm in diameter, and only 87 (3.2%) tumors were larger than 4 cm in diameter. Among patients who underwent breast-conserving surgeries, 457 (10.2%) patients received neoadjuvant therapy before the surgery. Among patients with a reported margin width, 34 (2.0%) patients had a margin of ≤2 mm, and 1530 (88.2%) of them had a margin of >5 mm.@*CONCLUSIONS@#This study demonstrated the rates of breast-conserving surgery in member units of the CSBrS, and introduced the characteristics and surgical margins of patients who underwent this surgery. This information helps describe the real-world status of breast-conserving surgery in China.@*TRIAL REGISTRATION@#chictr.org.cn, ChiCTR1900026841; http://www.chictr.org.cn/showproj.aspx?proj=42783.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms/surgery , China , Cross-Sectional Studies , Humans , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Retrospective Studies
3.
Rev. bras. cancerol ; 66(4): e-15956, 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1140895

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O câncer de mama é a neoplasia que mais acomete o sexo feminino, sendo a primeira causa de morte por câncer em mulheres.O carcinoma mamário representa um grupo heterogêneo de doenças. Casos individuais diferem uns dos outros na morfologia, fenótipo e prognóstico. As patologias malignas das mamas podem se manifestar como tumores unifocais, multifocais e/ou multicêntricos. A incidência de tumores multifocais e multicêntricos no câncer de mama varia de 13% a 70%. Relato do caso: Paciente L.C., sexo feminino, 65 anos, com relato de nódulo palpável em mama direita em setembro de 2015. O estudo anatomopatológicodo nódulo mostrou carcinoma intraductal. Realizada quadrantectomia, com anatomopatológico que identificou carcinoma papilífero bem diferenciado intracístico e invasivo damama, associado a componente intraductal cribriforme e papilar, com margens e linfonodo sentinela livres e imuno-histoquímica compatível com perfil triplo-negativo. Em fevereiro de 2019, apresentou duas novas lesões em mama contralateral, identificadas como carcinoma ductal invasivo multifocal com papiloma intraductal associado, e carcinoma ductal invasivo associado a componente intraductal in situ dos tipos papilar, sólido e cribriforme, com imuno-histoquímica com perfis moleculares distintos entre si, sendo uma lesão do tipo luminal A e a outra, luminal híbrido. Conclusão: Este estudo relata um caso de uma paciente que apresentou lesões neoplásicas em ambas as mamas, em tempos distintos e com perfis histológicos e imuno-histoquímicos diferentes. Dessa forma, destacam-se a raridade do caso e a relevância da terapia dirigida a alvos específicos, uma vez que a paciente apresentava lesões com perfis moleculares distintos.


Introduction: Breast cancer is the neoplasm that most affects females, being the first cause of death by cancer in women. Breast carcinoma is a heterogeneous group of diseases. Individual cases differ from each other in morphology, phenotype and prognosis. Malignant breast pathologies can manifest as single, multifocal and/or multicentric tumors. The incidence of multifocal and multicentric tumors in breast cancer varies from 13% to 70%. Case report: Patient L.C., female, 65 years old, with a palpable nodule in the right breast in September 2015. The anatomopathological study of the nodule showed intraductal carcinoma. She underwent quadrantectomy, with anatomopathological examination that identified well-differentiated intracystic and invasive papillary carcinoma of the breast, associated with a cribriform and papillary intraductal component, with free sentinel lymph node and margins and immunohistochemistry compatible with triple negative profile. In February 2019, she presented two new lesions in contralateral breast, identified as invasive multifocal ductal carcinoma, with associated intraductal papilloma, and invasive ductal carcinoma, associated with an in situ intraductal component of the papillary, solid and cribriform types, with immunohistochemistry with different molecular profiles, being one lesion classified as luminal A and the other, hybrid luminal. Conclusion: This study reports a case of a patient who had neoplastic lesions in both breasts, at different times and with distinctive histological and immunohistochemical profiles. Thus, the rarity of the case and the relevance of the therapy aimed at specific targets are highlighted, since the patient presented lesions with different molecular profiles.


Introducción: El cáncer de mama es la neoplasia que más afecta a las mujeres, siendo la primera causa de muerte por cáncer en las mujeres. El carcinoma de mama representa un grupo heterogéneo de enfermedades. Los casos individuales difieren entre sí en morfología, fenotipo y pronóstico. Las patologías mamarias malignas pueden manifestarse como tumores únicos, multifocales y/o multicéntricos. La incidencia de tumores multifocales y multicéntricos en el cáncer de mama varía del 13% al 70%. Relato del caso: Paciente L.C., mujer, 65 años, con un nódulo palpable en el seno derecho en septiembre de 2015. El estudio anatomopatológico de la lesión mostró carcinoma intraductal. La paciente se sometió a una cuadrantectomía, con un examen anatomopatológico que identificó un carcinoma papilar invasivo e intraquístico bien diferenciado de mama, asociado con un componente intraductal cribiforme y papilar, con ganglio linfático y márgens libres y inmunohistoquímica compatible con perfil triple negativo. En febrero de 2019, presentó dos nuevas lesiones en el seno contralateral, identificadas como carcinoma ductal multifocal invasivo, con papiloma intraductal asociado y carcinoma ductal invasivo, asociado con un componente intraductal in situ de los tipos papilar, sólido y cribiforme, con inmunohistoquímica con diferentes perfiles moleculares, siendo una lesión del tipo luminal A y la otra, luminal híbrida. Conclusión: Este estudio reporta un caso de una paciente que tenía lesiones neoplásicas en ambos senos, en diferentes momentos y con diferentes perfiles histológicos e inmunohistoquímicos. Por lo tanto, se destaca la rareza del caso y la relevancia de la terapia dirigida a objetivos específicos, una vez que la paciente presentó lesiones con diferentes perfiles moleculares.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Ductal, Breast , Mastectomy, Segmental , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766011

ABSTRACT

We report a rare case of hilar squamous cell carcinoma. A 62-year-old Korean woman complaining of nausea was referred to our hospital. Her biliary computed tomography revealed a 28 mm-sized protruding solid mass in the proximal common bile duct. The patient underwent left hemihepatectomy with S1 segmentectomy and segmental excision of the common bile duct. Microscopically, the tumor was a moderately differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the extrahepatic bile duct, without any component of adenocarcinoma or metaplastic portion in the biliary epithelium. Immunohistochemically, the tumor was positive for cytokeratin (CK) 5/6, CK19, p40, and p63. Squamous cell carcinoma of the extrahepatic bile duct is rare. To date, only 24 cases of biliary squamous cell carcinomas have been reported. Here, we provide a clinicopathologic review of previously reported extrahepatic bile duct squamous cell carcinomas.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Bile Ducts, Extrahepatic , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Common Bile Duct , Drug Therapy , Epithelial Cells , Epithelium , Female , Hepatic Duct, Common , Humans , Keratins , Klatskin Tumor , Mastectomy, Segmental , Middle Aged , Nausea
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761867

ABSTRACT

Lobectomy is considered the standard strategy for early-stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, sublobar resection for NSCLC has recently received increased attention. The objective of this study was to compare 5-year survival, recurrence-free survival, postoperative mortality, and postoperative morbidities in patients who received segmentectomy versus those who received lobectomy through a meta-analysis. Sixteen studies were included and the combined hazard ratios or odds ratios were calculated. The results revealed that the 5-year survival rate after segmentectomy was comparable to that of lobectomy for stage IA NSCLC. However, segmentectomy for stage I NSCLC had lower rates of postoperative mortality and morbidities than lobectomy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Humans , Mastectomy, Segmental , Mortality , Odds Ratio , Survival Rate
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761855

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has proven safe and effective for pulmonary wedge resection and lobectomy. The objective of this study was to evaluate the safety and feasibility of uniportal VATS segmentectomy by comparing its outcomes with those of the multiportal approach at a single center. METHODS: The records of 84 patients who underwent VATS segmentectomy from August 2010 to August 2018, including 33 in the uniportal group and 51 in the multiportal group, were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Anesthesia and operative times were similar in the uniportal and multiportal groups (215 minutes vs. 220 minutes, respectively; p=0.276 and 180 minutes vs. 198 minutes, respectively; p=0.396). Blood loss was significantly lower in the uniportal group (50 mL vs. 100 mL, p=0.013) and chest tube duration and hospital stay were significantly shorter in the uniportal group (2 days vs. 3 days, p=0.003 and 4 days [range, 1–14 days] vs. 4 days [range, 1–62 days], p=0.011). The number of dissected lymph nodes tended to be lower in the uniportal group (5 vs. 8, p=0.056). CONCLUSION: Our preliminary experience indicates that uniportal VATS segmentectomy is safe and feasible in well-selected patients. A randomized, prospective study with a large group of patients and long-term follow-up is necessary to confirm these results.


Subject(s)
Anesthesia , Chest Tubes , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Ion Transport , Length of Stay , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy, Segmental , Operative Time , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Thoracic Surgery, Video-Assisted
7.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 81-84, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773015

ABSTRACT

To facilitate the progress of the standardization of performing breast-conserving therapy in China, the Chinese Association of Breast Surgery organized the Chinese experts to discuss the latest domestic and international breast surgical treatment guidelines and reached a consensus about breast-conserving surgery of early-stage breast cancer based on the actual clinical situation of China. The contents include recommendations about the indication and contraindications of breast-conserving surgery, preoperative imaging examinations, and standardized techniques of breast-conserving surgery. Meanwhile, the panel also discussed cutting-edges topics that lack of high-level evidence or consensus.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , General Surgery , China , Consensus , Female , Humans , Mastectomy, Segmental , Reference Standards , Neoplasm Staging , Practice Guidelines as Topic , Reference Standards
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719331

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the non-inferiority of omitting radiotherapy (RT) after breast-conserving surgery (BCS) for hormone receptor (HR)‒positive T1N0 breast cancer in elderly women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: From 2004 to 2014, HR-positive T1N0 breast cancer patients aged 50 years or older and receiving BCS were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End RESULTS: 18 database. After propensity score matching between the no-RT and RT groups, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed. Identified prognostic factors were used to stratify the risk groups. In each risk group, 10-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates were compared between the no-RT and RT groups. RESULTS: After propensity score matching, the numbers of patients in the no-RT and RT groups were both 18,586. For patients who satisfied both a tumor size of 1-10 mm and a tumor grade of 1-2, omitting RT did not decrease the CSS rate at any age group, ranging from ≥ 50 to ≥ 85 years; for patients aged ≥ 50 years, the 10-year CSS rates in the no-RT and RT groups were 97.2% and 96.8%, respectively (adjusted hazard ratio, 0.862; p=0.312). However, for patients with a tumor size of 11-20 mm or tumor grade of 3-4, RT significantly increased the CSS rate irrespective of age. CONCLUSION: RT after BCS for HR-positive T1N0 breast cancer in elderly women might be omitted without causing a decrease in the CSS rate, but only in patients who satisfy both a small tumor size (≤ 10 mm) and low tumor grade (1-2).


Subject(s)
Aged , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Propensity Score , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone
9.
Radiation Oncology Journal ; : 259-264, 2019.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786564

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Accurate localization of the lumpectomy cavity during accelerated partial breast radiation (APBR) is essential for daily setup to ensure the prescribed dose encompasses the target and avoids unnecessary irradiation to surrounding normal tissues. Three-dimensional ultrasound (3D-US) allows direct visualization of the lumpectomy cavity without additional radiation exposure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of 3D-US in daily target localization for APBR.MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-seven patients with stage I breast cancer who underwent breast conserving surgery were treated with a 2-week course of APBR. Patients with visible lumpectomy cavities on high quality 3D-US images were included in this analysis. Prior to each treatment, X-ray and 3D-US images were acquired and compared to images from simulation to confirm accurate position and determine shifts. Volume change of the lumpectomy cavity was determined daily with 3D-US.RESULTS: A total of 118 images of each modality from 12 eligible patients were analyzed. The average change in cavity volume was 7.8% (range, -24.1% to 14.4%) on 3D-US from simulation to the end-of-treatment. Based on 3D-US, significantly larger shifts were necessary compared to portal films in all three dimensions: anterior/posterior (p = 7E-11), left/right (p = 0.002), and superior/inferior (p = 0.004).CONCLUSION: Given that the lumpectomy cavity is not directly visible via X-ray images, accurate positioning may not be fully achieved by X-ray images. Therefore, when the lumpectomy cavity is visible on US, 3D-US can be considered as an alternative to X-ray imaging during daily positioning for selected patients treated with APBR, thus avoiding additional exposure to ionizing radiation.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Humans , Imaging, Three-Dimensional , Mastectomy, Segmental , Radiation Exposure , Radiation, Ionizing , Ultrasonography
10.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1370-1379, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763223

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This first Korean prospective study is to evaluate the feasibility of prone breast radiotherapy after breast conserving surgery for left breast cancer patients who have relatively small breast size and we present dosimetric comparison between prone and supine positions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifty patients underwent two computed tomography (CT) simulations in supine and prone positions. Whole breast, ipsilateral lung, heart, and left-anterior-descending coronary artery were contoured on each simulation CT images. Tangential-fields treatment plan in each position was designed with total 50 Gy in 2-Gy fractions, and then one of the positions was designated for the treatment by comparing target coverage and dose to normal organs. Also, interfractional and intrafractional motion was evaluated using portal images. RESULTS: In total 50 patients, 32 cases were decided as prone-position–beneficial group and 18 cases as supine-position–beneficial group based on dosimetric advantage. Target dose homogeneity was comparable, but target conformity in prone position was closer to optimal than in supine position. For both group, prone position significantly increased lung volume. However, heart volumewas decreased by prone position for prone-position–beneficial group but was comparable between two positions for supine-position–beneficial group. Lung and heart doses were significantly decreased by prone position for prone-position–beneficial group. However, prone position for supine-position–beneficial group increased heart dose while decreasing lung dose. Prone position showed larger interfractional motion but smaller intra-fractional motion than supine position. CONCLUSION: Prone breast radiotherapy could be beneficial to a subset of small breast patients since it substantially spared normal organs while achieving adequate target coverage.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Coronary Vessels , Feasibility Studies , Heart , Humans , Lung , Mastectomy, Segmental , Prone Position , Prospective Studies , Radiotherapy , Supine Position , Unilateral Breast Neoplasms
11.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1500-1508, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763211

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment outcomes of radiotherapy (RT) for breast cancer with ipsilateral supraclavicular (SCL) and/or internal mammary (IMN) lymph node involvement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 353 patients from 11 institutions were included. One hundred and thirty-six patients had SCL involvement, 148 had IMN involvement, and 69 had both. All patients received neoadjuvant systemic therapy followed by breast-conserving surgery or mastectomy, and postoperative RT to whole breast/chest wall. As for regional lymph node irradiation, SCL RT was given to 344 patients, and IMN RT to 236 patients. The median RT dose was 50.4 Gy. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration was 61 months (range, 7 to 173 months). In-field progression was present in SCL (n=20) and/or IMN (n=7). The 5-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival rates were 57.8% and 75.1%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, both SCL/IMN involvement, number of axillary lymph node ≥ 4, triple-negative subtype, and mastectomy were significant adverse prognosticators for DFS (p=0.022, p=0.001, p=0.001, and p=0.004, respectively). Regarding the impact of regional nodal irradiation, SCL RT dose ≥ 54 Gy was not associated with DFS (5-year rate, 52.9% vs. 50.9%; p=0.696) in SCL-involved patients, and the receipt of IMN RT was not associated with DFS (5-year rate, 56.1% vs. 78.1%; p=0.099) in IMN-involved patients. CONCLUSION: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by surgery and postoperative RT achieved an acceptable in-field regional control rate in patients with SCL and/or IMN involvement. However, a higher RT dose to SCL or IMN RT was not associated with the improved DFS in these patients.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
12.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1041-1051, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763175

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We compared the oncologic outcomes of breast-conserving surgery plus radiation therapy (BCS+RT) and modified radical mastectomy (MRM) under anthracycline plus taxane-based (AT) regimens and investigated the role of adjuvant radiation therapy (RT) in patients with pathologic N1 (pN1) breast cancer treated by mastectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 2,011 patients with pN1 breast cancer who underwent BCS+RT or MRM alone at 12 institutions between January 2006 and December 2010. Two-to-one propensity score matching was performed for balances in variables between the groups. RESULTS: The median follow-up duration for the total cohort was 69 months (range, 1 to 114 months). After propensity score matching, 1,074 patients (676 in the BCS+RT group and 398 in the MRM-alone group) were analyzed finally. The overall survival, disease-free survival, locoregional failure-free survival, and regional failure-free survival (RFFS) curves of the BCS+RT group vs. MRM-alone group were not significantly different. The subgroup analysis revealed that in the group with both lymphovascular invasion (LVI) and histologic grade (HG) III, the BCS+RT showed significantly superior RFFS (p=0.008). Lymphedema (p=0.007) and radiation pneumonitis (p=0.031) occurred more frequently in the BCS+RT group than in the MRM-alone group, significantly. CONCLUSION: There are no differences in oncologic outcomes between BCS+RT and MRM-alone groups under the AT chemotherapy regimens for pN1 breast cancer. However, BCS+RT group showed superior RFFS to MRM-alone group in the patients with LVI and HG III. Adjuvant RT might be considerable for pN1 breast cancer patients with LVI and HG III.


Subject(s)
Anthracyclines , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymphedema , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Mastectomy, Segmental , Medical Records , Propensity Score , Radiation Pneumonitis , Retrospective Studies
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762246

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thoracic interfascial plane block is useful as a component of multimodal analgesia in patients undergoing mastectomy. However, multimodal analgesia tends not to be provided during lumpectomy as it is one of the less aggressive procedures among breast cancer surgeries. Therefore, we investigated the effects of thoracic interfascial plane block as more effective analgesia after breast lumpectomy. METHODS: Forty six patients (20–80 years old, female) with breast cancer scheduled to undergo lumpectomy were randomly assigned to two groups. Postoperative pain control in the control group consisted only of intravenous patient-controlled analgesia (PCA). In the block group, intravenous PCA was used after serratus intercostal fascial plane block and pecto-intercostal fascial plane block. The primary outcome was the 24 h cumulative postoperative fentanyl consumption. Pain severity, additional rescue analgesic requirement, side effects, and patient satisfaction were also evaluated. RESULTS: Postoperative fentanyl consumption in the block group was significantly reduced compared with the control group (median, 88.8 [interquartile range, 48.0, 167.6] vs. 155.2 [88.8, 249.2], P = 0.022). The pain score was significantly lower in the block group only in the post-anesthesia care unit (2.9 ± 1.8 vs. 4.3 ± 2.3, P = 0.022). There were no differences in the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting and the requirement for additional analgesics between the groups. The satisfaction score was significantly higher in the block group. CONCLUSIONS: Thoracic interfascial plane block after lumpectomy reduces opioid usage and increases patient satisfaction with postoperative pain control. Thoracic interfascial plane block is useful for multimodal analgesia after lumpectomy.


Subject(s)
Analgesia , Analgesia, Patient-Controlled , Analgesics , Analgesics, Opioid , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Fentanyl , Humans , Incidence , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Nerve Block , Pain, Postoperative , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Patient Satisfaction , Postoperative Nausea and Vomiting
16.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 9-15, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764289

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Although surgery is the most frequently implemented treatment modality for breast cancer, many older patients with breast cancer are under- or untreated because of their high incidence of postoperative complications. We assessed the efficacy and safety of breast surgery under procedural sedation in older patients (aged >70 years) by comparing selected clinical and oncologic factors after surgery for breast cancer under general anesthesia versus procedural sedation. METHODS: Of 79 older patients with breast cancer, 49 underwent breast-conserving surgery, 30 under general anesthesia and 19 under procedural sedation, and relevant clinical and oncologic variables were compared and analyzed between groups. RESULTS: The mean age was younger in the general anesthesia group and the mean operation time, hospital stay, and fasting time shorter in the procedural sedation group. There were no statistically significant differences in oncologic results between the two groups during follow-up. CONCLUSION: Breast surgery under procedural sedation is a safe and effective means of reducing tumor burden in older patients with breast cancer when their American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status indicates a high risk of life-threatening perioperative complications associated with general anesthesia. And we also found that the oncologic results may be not inferior to same procedure under general anesthesia.


Subject(s)
Aged , Anesthesia, General , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Fasting , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Incidence , Length of Stay , Mastectomy, Segmental , Postoperative Complications , Tumor Burden
17.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 412-424, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764280

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is less effective for luminal breast cancer because luminal breast cancer has a lower rate of pathological complete response (pCR) after NAC than human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-type and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We investigated the efficacy of NAC and the predictive factors of a better response in luminal breast cancer. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, we retrieved data of 244 patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer who were treated with NAC followed by surgery from a prospectively collected database. We classified breast cancer into luminal HER2⁻ and non-luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer (luminal HER2⁺, HER2⁺, and TNBC types). We analyzed each subtype with respect to surgical outcomes, response to NAC, and determined variables associated with surgical outcomes and response in patients with luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer. RESULTS: The total, breast, and axillary pCR rates were significantly lower in 114 patients with luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer than in those with other subtypes (7.9%, 12.3%, and 22.8%, respectively). However, breast-conserving surgery (BCS) conversion and tumor response rates did not significantly differ between patients with luminal HER2⁻ and those with non-luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer (p = 0.836 and p = 0.180, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, high tumor response rate (≥ 46.4%) was significantly associated with an increased BCS conversion rate. In the subgroup analysis of luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer, the multivariate analysis showed that higher Ki67 expression and axilla pCR and BCS conversion rates were significantly associated with tumor response to NAC. CONCLUSION: Despite the low pCR rate, the tumor response and BCS conversion rates after NAC of luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer were similar to those of other subtypes. NAC has the potential benefit of reducing the size of breast cancer, thereby increasing the BCS conversion rate in luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Axilla , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Humans , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Phenobarbital , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , ErbB Receptors , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 453-463, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764277

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the clinical value of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in patients who underwent breast-conserving surgery (BCS). The degree of correlation between pathology size and MRI or ultrasonography (US) size was compared based on breast cancer subtypes. In addition, we investigated the positive margin rates. METHODS: Patients with invasive breast cancer who underwent preoperative breast MRI and US between 2011 and 2016 were included in the study. Lin's concordance correlation coefficient was used to measure the correlation between MRI or US andpathologic tumor extent. Tumor extent was defined as pathologic tumor size, including in situ carcinoma. Margin positivity was assessed based on frozen-section examination. RESULTS: A total of 516 patients with a single tumor who underwent BCS were included in the study. The correlation between pathologic size and MRI was significantly higher than that of US (r = 0.6975 vs. 0.6211, p = 0.001). The superiority of MRI over US in measuring the pathologic extent was only observed in triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC; r = 0.8089 vs. 0.6014, p < 0.001). The agreement between MRI or US and tumor extent was low for the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-positive subtype (MRI: 0.5243, US: 0.4898). Moreover, the positive margin rate was higher in the HER2-positive subtype than in the others (luminal/HER2-negative: 11.6%, HER2-positive: 23.2%, TNBC: 17.8%, p = 0.019). The post hoc analysis showed that the HER2-positive subtype was more likely to show positive margins than the luminal/HER2-negative subtype (p = 0.007). CONCLUSION: Breast MRI was superior to US in the preoperative assessment of the pathologic extent of tumor size; this was most evident in TNBC. For HER2-positive tumors, imaging-pathologic discordance resulted in higher positive margin rates than that with other subtypes.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mastectomy, Segmental , Pathology , ErbB Receptors , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms , Ultrasonography
19.
Rev. méd. Panamá ; 39(2): 46-54, 2019.
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1102118

ABSTRACT

El manejo de los pacientes con cáncer de mama temprano o localmente avanzado requiere de la evaluación inicial de un grupo de médicos familiarizados con el diagnóstico, estadificación y trata­mientos de estas enfermedades, de tal manera que se pueda optimizar los resultados no solamen­te oncológicos (Curación), sino también cosméticos. La decisión sobre el tratamiento local (cirugía y Radioterapia) y sistémico (Quimioterapia y Hormonoterapia) está basada en las características clí­nicas y moleculares de tumor, así como por las preferencias del paciente


The management of patients with earlyor locally advanced breast cancer requires the initial evalua­tion of a group of physicians familiar with the diagnosis, staging and treatment of these diseases, in order to optimize the results not only oncological (Healing), but also cosmetics. The decision on local treatment (surgery and Radiotherapy) and systemic treatment (Chemotherapy and Hormonot­herapy) is based on the clinical and molecular characteristics of the tumor, aswell as on the pa­tient's preferences


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Breast Neoplasms/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant/classification , Axilla/surgery , Breast Neoplasms/drug therapy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Medical Oncology
20.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 46(4): e20192210, 2019. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041127

ABSTRACT

RESUMO Objetivo: relatar nossa experiência inicial com a segmentectomia robótica, descrevendo a técnica operatória, a colocação preferencial dos portais, os resultados iniciais e desfechos. Métodos: dados clínicos de pacientes submetidos à segmentectomia robótica, entre janeiro de 2017 e dezembro de 2018, foram obtidos de um banco de dados prospectivo de cirurgia robótica. Todos os pacientes tinham câncer de pulmão, primário ou secundário, ou doenças benignas, e foram operados usando o sistema Da Vinci com a técnica de três portais mais uma incisão utilitária de 3cm. As estruturas hilares foram dissecadas individualmente e as ligaduras dos ramos arteriais e venosos, dos brônquios segmentares, assim como, a transecção do parênquima, realizadas com grampeadores endoscópicos. Dissecção sistemática dos linfonodos mediastinais foi realizada para os casos de câncer de pulmão não de pequenas células (CPNPC). Resultados: quarenta e nove pacientes, dos quais 33 mulheres, foram submetidos à segmentectomia robótica. A média de idade foi de 68 anos. A maioria dos pacientes tinha CPNPC (n=34), seguido de doença metastática (n=11) e doenças benignas (n=4). Não houve conversão para cirurgia aberta ou vídeo, ou conversão para lobectomia. A mediana do tempo operatório total foi de 160 minutos e do tempo de console foi de 117 minutos. Complicações pós-operatórias ocorreram em nove pacientes (18,3%), dos quais sete (14,2%) tiveram internação prolongada (>7 dias) devido à fístula aérea persistente (n=4; 8,1%) ou complicações abdominais (n=2; 4%). Conclusão: a segmentectomia robótica é um procedimento seguro e viável, oferecendo curto período de internação e baixa morbidade.


ABSTRACT Objective: to report our initial experience with pulmonary robotic segmentectomy, describing the surgical technique, the preferred positioning of portals, initial results and outcomes. Methods: we collected data, from a prospective robotic surgery database, on patients undergoing robotic segmentectomy between January 2017 and December 2018. All patients had lung cancer, primary or secondary, or benign diseases, and were operated on with the Da Vinci system, by the three portals technique plus one utilitarian incision of 3cm. We dissected the hilar structures individually and performed the ligatures of the arterial and venous branches, of the segmental bronchi, as well as a parenchymal transection, with endoscopic staplers. We carried out systematic dissection of mediastinal lymph nodes for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cases. Results: forty-nine patients, of whom 33 were women, underwent robotic segmentectomy. The average age was of 68 years. Most patients had NSCLC (n=34), followed by metastatic disease (n=11) and benign disease (n=4). There was no conversion to laparoscopic or open surgery, or to lobectomy. The median total operative time was 160 minutes, and the median console time, 117 minutes. Postoperative complications occurred in nine patients (18.3%), of whom seven (14.2%) had prolonged hospitalization (>7 days) due to persistent air fistula (n=4; 8.1%) or abdominal complications (n=2.4%). Conclusion: robotic segmentectomy is a safe and viable procedure, offering a short period of hospitalization and low morbidity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Pneumonectomy/methods , Robotics , Mastectomy, Segmental/methods , Robotic Surgical Procedures/methods , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Prospective Studies , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures/methods , Indocyanine Green , Lung Neoplasms/surgery , Middle Aged
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