Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 576
Filter
2.
Clin. biomed. res ; 41(2): 157-166, 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1341979

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A neuroinflamação associada às células gliais é um elemento importante do processo patológico da doença de Alzheimer (DA). Este estudo apresenta uma revisão dos marcadores gliais quitinase 3-like 1 (YKL-40), do receptor desencadeado expresso nas células mieloides 2 (Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 ­ TREM2), da proteína acídica fibrilar glial (GFAP) e da proteína B S100 ligante de cálcio (S100B). Métodos: Nesta revisão são analisados os marcadores gliais YKL-40, TREM2, GFAP e S100B presentes em sangue e/ou líquido cefalorraquidiano (LCR), a partir de estudos publicados até 2020 nos bancos de dados do PubMed, Medline e Periódicos Capes. Resultados: Foram recuperados 233 documentos, dentre os quais foram incluídos 60. Todos os marcadores se encontram aumentados na DA em LCR ­ YKL-40 e TREM2 solúvel (sTREM2), já na fase pré-clínica ­, e em sangue, e estão correlacionados ao declínio cognitivo. No entanto, nenhum dos marcadores analisados apresentou grande potencial para o diagnóstico diferencial. Além da proteína TREM2 solúvel no LCR, no sangue também se pode identificar alteração nos níveis do RNAm de TREM2. GFAP sanguíneo mostra ser o melhor em distinguir controles de pacientes com Alzheimer. Há evidências de um efeito protetivo da ativação glial em reação ao acúmulo amiloide. Conclusão: Os marcadores gliais no geral têm pouca utilidade para o diagnóstico diferencial, mas podem auxiliar no prognóstico e como biomarcadores inespecíficos para doenças neurodegenerativas. (AU)


Introduction: Glial cell-associated neuroinflammation is a driving force for the pathological process of Alzheimer's disease (AD). This study is a systematic review aimed to analyze the following glial markers: chitinase-3-like protein 1 (YKL-40), triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells 2 (TREM2), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B). Methods: The PubMed, MEDLINE and CAPES Journals databases were searched for studies published until 2020 that addressed blood and/or cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) levels of YKL-40, TREM2, GFAP and S100B. Results: A total of 233 articles were retrieved, of which 60 were included in this study. All CSF ­ YKL-40 and soluble TREM2 (sTREM2) in preclinical stage ­ and blood biomarker levels were elevated for AD and were correlated to cognitive decline. None of the analyzed biomarkers showed promising results for differential diagnosis. Besides CSF sTREM2 levels, blood TREM2 mRNA levels were also altered in AD. Blood GFAP levels seem to be the best option for distinguishing controls from AD patients.' There is evidence of a protective role of glial activation in amyloid accumulation. Conclusion: Glial markers in general are of little use for differential diagnosis but can assist in prognosis and as nonspecific biomarkers of neurodegenerative diseases. (AU)


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Neuroglia , Alzheimer Disease/diagnosis , Membrane Glycoproteins , Receptors, Immunologic , S100 Calcium Binding Protein beta Subunit , Chitinase-3-Like Protein 1 , Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879536

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a Chinese pedigree affected with amyloidosis cutis dyschromica.@*METHODS@#High-throughput sequencing was carried out for the proband. Bioinformatic analysis was used to identify the pathogenic variants. The result was verified by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#A homozygous nonsense variant c.565C>T (p.Arg189X) of the GPNMB gene was identified in the proband, his elder brother and younger sister, which resulted a truncated protein with loss of function. The father of the proband was a heterozygous carrier for the variant. The genotype of his mother was unknown since she had passed away. Based on the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the c.565C>T variant was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PS3+ PM2+ PP1+PP3).@*CONCLUSION@#The novel homozygous GPNMB variant probably underlay the amyloidosis cutis dyschromica in this pedigree. Above finding has expanded the spectrum of GPNMB gene variants.


Subject(s)
Amyloidosis, Familial/genetics , China , Female , Homozygote , Humans , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762462

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: JL1, a CD43 epitope and mucin family cell surface glycoprotein, is expressed on leukemic cells. An anti-JL1 antibody combined with a toxic substance can have targeted therapeutic effects against JL1-positive leukemia; however, JL1 expression on bone marrow (BM) lymphoma cells has not been assessed using flow cytometry. We investigated JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells from patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) to assess the potential of JL1 as a therapeutic target. METHODS: Patients with BM involvement of mature B-cell (N=44) or T- and natural killer (NK)-cell (N=4) lymphomas were enrolled from May 2015 to September 2016. JL1 expression on BM lymphoma cells was investigated using flow cytometry. Clinical, pathological, and cytogenetic characteristics, and treatment responses were compared according to JL1 expression status. RESULTS: Of the patients with NHL and BM involvement, 37.5% (18/48) were JL1-positive. Among mature B-cell lymphomas, 100%, 38.9%, 33.3%, 100%, and 25.0% of Burkitt lymphomas, diffuse large B-cell leukemias, mantle cell leukemias, Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia, and other B-cell lymphomas, respectively, were JL1-positive. Three mature T- and NK-cell NHLs were JL1-positive. JL1 expression was associated with age (P=0.045), complete response (P=0.004), and BM involvement at follow-up (P=0.017), but not with sex, performance status, the B symptoms, packed marrow pattern, cytogenetic abnormalities, or survival. CONCLUSIONS: JL1 positivity was associated with superior complete response and less BM involvement in NHL following chemotherapy.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Bone Marrow , Burkitt Lymphoma , Chromosome Aberrations , Cytogenetics , Drug Therapy , Flow Cytometry , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Leukemia , Leukemia, B-Cell , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Membrane Glycoproteins , Mucins , Therapeutic Uses , Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia
6.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 459-467, May-June 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012312

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Purpose: 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT imaging is a promising modality for the staging of recurrent prostate cancer (PCa). Current evidence suggests limited diagnostic value of the 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PSA-levels ≤0.3ng/mL. Experimental data have demonstrated an increase in PSMA-expression in PCa metastases by androgen deprivation in vitro. The aim of the current study was to investigate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA with low-dose androgen deprivation in patients with BCR and low PSA-levels. Materials and Methods: Five patients with PCa and BCR, following radical prostatectomy, underwent 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT. A consecutive 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was performed 6 to 11 days after injection of 80mg of Degarelix (Firmagon®). We recorded PSA and testosterone serum-levels and changes of PSMA-uptake in 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT images. Results: Median PSA prior 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT was 0.27ng/mL. All patients had a decrease in testosterone serum levels from median 2.95μg/l to 0.16μg/l following Degarelix injection. We observed an increase in the standardized uptake value (SUV) in PSMA-positive lymphogenous and osseous lesions in two patients following androgen deprivation. In another two patients, no PSMA positive signals were detected in either the first or the second scan. Conclusion: Our preliminary results of this feasibility assessment indicate a possible enhancing effect of PSMA-imaging induced by low-dose ADT. Despite several limitations and the small number of patients, this could be a new approach to improve staging by 68Ga-PSMA PET/CT in PCa patients with BCR after primary therapy. Further prospective studies with larger number of patients are needed to validate our findings.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Aged , Organometallic Compounds , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Membrane Glycoproteins , Radiopharmaceuticals , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography/methods , Androgen Antagonists/therapeutic use , Neoplasm Metastasis/diagnostic imaging , Oligopeptides/therapeutic use , Reference Values , Time Factors , Reproducibility of Results , Prostate-Specific Antigen/blood , Neoplasm Grading , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology
7.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1761-1766, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781400

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the apoptosis of CD34CD38-KG1a leukemia stem cells induced by Qinba selenium-mushroom extract(FA-2-b-β), and its related mechanism.@*METHODS@#CD34CD38--KG1a cells were isolated from KG1a cell line by magnetic activated cell sorting. The proliferation ability of KG1a stem cells treatd by various concentration of FA-2-b-β(1.2-2.4 mg/ml) in vitro for 24 and 48 hours were tested by cell counting Kit-8(CCK8). Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate of KG1a stem cells in each group after treated by FA-2-b-β in vitro. Expression of BAX,BCL-2,Casepase-3 and Cyclin D1 protein were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The proportion of CD34CD38--KG1a stem cells was (95.35±2.63)% after immunomagnetic isolation. The proliferation of KG1a stem cells was inhibited significantly by FA-2-b-β, which shows a time- and dose-dependent manner (24 h,r=0.943; 48 h,r=0.976). Flow cytometry shows that with the increasing of drug concentration, the apoptosis was also increased, when KG1a stem cells was treated by FA-2-b-β for 24 h. Western blot indicated that the expression of apoptosis-related protein BAX and Casepase-3 were up-regulated, the expression of BCL-2 and Cyclin D1 were down-regulated.@*CONCLUSION@#FA-2-b-β can regulate proliferation and apoptosis KG1a stem cells, the involved mechanism may be related with the activation of mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway.


Subject(s)
ADP-ribosyl Cyclase 1 , Antigens, CD34 , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Membrane Glycoproteins , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Selenium
8.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 471-485, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775426

ABSTRACT

Epilepsy is a chronic and severe neurological disorder that has negative effects on the autonomous activities of patients. Functionally, Trem2 (triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells-2) is an immunoglobulin receptor that affects neurological and psychiatric genetic diseases. Based on this rationale, we aimed to assess the potential role of Trem2 integration with the PI3K/Akt pathway in epilepsy. We used microarray-based gene expression profiling to identify epilepsy-related differentially-expressed genes. In a mouse hippocampal neuron model of epilepsy, neurons were treated with low-Mg extracellular fluid, and the protein and mRNA expression of Trem2 were determined. Using a gain-of-function approach with Trem2, neuronal apoptosis and its related factors were assessed by flow cytometry, RT-qPCR, and Western blot analysis. In a pilocarpine-induced epileptic mouse model, the malondialdehyde (MDA) and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG) content and superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione-peroxidase (GSH-Px) activity in the hippocampus were determined, and the protein expression of Trem2 was measured. In addition, the regulatory effect of Trem2 on the PI3K/Akt pathway was analyzed by inhibiting this pathway in both the cell and mouse models of epilepsy. Trem2 was found to occupy a core position and was correlated with epilepsy. Trem2 was decreased in the hippocampus of epileptic mice and epileptic hippocampal neurons. Of crucial importance, overexpression of Trem2 activated the PI3K/Akt pathway to inhibit neuronal apoptosis. Moreover, activation of the PI3K/Akt pathway through over-expression of Trem2 alleviated oxidative stress, as shown by the increased expression of SOD and GSH-Px and the decreased expression of MDA and 8-OHdG. The current study defines the potential role of Trem2 in inhibiting the development of epilepsy, indicating that Trem2 up-regulation alleviates hippocampal neuronal injury and oxidative stress, and inhibits neuronal apoptosis in epilepsy by activating the PI3K/Akt pathway.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Cells, Cultured , Epilepsy , Metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred ICR , Neurons , Metabolism , Oxidative Stress , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinase , Metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Metabolism , Receptors, Immunologic , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771985

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the clinical and genetic features of a Chinese boy suspected for Niemann-Pick disease type C.@*METHODS@#The patient underwent clinical examination and was subjected to next generation sequencing. Suspected mutations were validated by Sanger sequencing. Potential impact of the novel mutation was predicted by SIFT, PolyPhen-2 and MutationTaster software.@*RESULTS@#The child has featured hepatosplenomegaly, increased direct bilirubin, jaundiced skin and liver damage. DNA sequencing showed that he has carried compound heterozygous mutations of NPC1 gene, namely c.2728GG (p.P90R), which were inherited from his mother and father, respectively. The c.2728G>A (p.G910S) mutation was previously reported, while the c.269C>G (p.P90R) was a novel mutation.@*CONCLUSION@#The child has suffered from Niemann-Pick disease type C due to mutations of NPC1 gene. Above finding has enriched the spectrum of NPC1 mutations and provided a basis for genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Bilirubin , Carrier Proteins , Genetics , Child , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Male , Membrane Glycoproteins , Genetics , Mutation , Niemann-Pick Disease, Type C , Genetics
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e058, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019608

ABSTRACT

Abstract Cementum is the mineralized tissue covering the tooth root that functions in tooth attachment and post-eruptive adjustment of tooth position. It has been reported to be highly similar to bone in several respects but remains poorly understood in terms of development and regeneration. Here, we investigate whether cementocytes, the residing cells in cellular cementum, have the potential to be protagonist in cementum homeostasis, responding to endocrine signals and directing local cementum metabolism. Cells from healthy erupted human teeth were isolated using sequential collagenase/EDTA digestions, and maintained in standard cell culture conditions. A cementocyte-like cell line was cloned (HCY-23, for human cementocyte clone 23), which presented a cementocyte compatible gene expression signature, including the expression of dentin matrix protein 1 ( DMP1 ), sclerostin ( SOST ), and E11/gp38/podoplanin ( E11 ). In contrast, these cells did not express the odontoblast/dentin marker dentin sialoprotein ( DSPP ). HCY-23 cells produced mineral-like nodules in vitro under differentiation conditions, and were highly responsive to inorganic phosphate (Pi). Within the limits of the present study, it can be concluded that cementocytes are phosphate-responsive cells, and have the potential do play a key role in periodontal homeostasis and regeneration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Genetic Markers/genetics , Cell Culture Techniques/methods , Dental Cementum/cytology , Phosphates/pharmacology , Phosphoproteins/analysis , Phosphoproteins/genetics , Sialoglycoproteins/analysis , Sialoglycoproteins/genetics , Time Factors , Membrane Glycoproteins/analysis , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Gene Expression , Cell Line , Analysis of Variance , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/analysis , Bone Morphogenetic Proteins/genetics , Dental Cementum/metabolism , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing , Molar/cytology
11.
J. appl. oral sci ; 27: e20180348, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1019972

ABSTRACT

Abstract SOX2 is a transcription factor related to the maintenance of stem cells in a pluripotent state. Podoplanin is a type of transmembrane sialoglycoprotein, which plays an important role in tumor progression and metastasis. This study aims to determine association of SOX2 and podoplanin expression in the progression of oral squamous cell carcinomas and to elucidate the association between two proteins. Methodology: The immunohistochemical expression of SOX2 and podoplanin were evaluated in 60 cases of primary oral squamous cell carcinomas. The correlation between the SOX2 and podoplanin expression and the clinicopathological features of the tumors and the patient outcomes were assessed. Results: The expression of SOX2 was seen in 38/60 (63%) of the cases and the expression for podoplanin was seen in 45/60 (75%) cases. There was a significant inverse correlation between the expression of SOX2 and podoplanin with the tumor grade (p=0.002 and p=0.017, respectively). There was a high expression of SOX2 in 9/13 cases that presented with disease free survival. Survival analysis showed that a high expression of SOX2 correlated positively (p=0.043) with the disease-free survival. There was a significant positive association between the pattern of SOX2 and podoplanin expression (p=0.002). Conclusion: A high expression of SOX2 was associated with better disease-free survival. The expression of podoplanin was associated with the degree of differentiation of the tumors. Analysis of these biomarkers can aid in the prognosis and treatment of oral squamous cell carcinomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Mouth Neoplasms/pathology , Membrane Glycoproteins/analysis , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , SOXB1 Transcription Factors/analysis , Reference Values , Time Factors , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor/analysis , Statistics, Nonparametric , Disease Progression , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Staging
12.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 52(1): e7567, 2019. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-974265

ABSTRACT

Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers among women around the world. However, the underlying mechanism involved in cervical cancer progression is incompletely known. In the present study, we determined the role of glycoprotein nonmetastatic melanoma protein B (GPNMB) in tumorigenesis of cervical cancer. According to the GEO database, we found that GPNMB expression was significantly higher in cervical cancer than in normal cervix epithelium. A similar pattern was observed in GPNMB expression in cultured cervical cancer cells and normal cervical epithelial cells. Compared with the control, GPNMB knockdown significantly decreased the proliferation and migration capacity, but enhanced the apoptosis capacity of SiHa and HeLa cells. Additionally, the activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 were aberrantly increased in SiHa and HeLa cells compared with normal cervical epithelial cells, whereas their activities were strongly inhibited by GPNMB siRNA. Furthermore, Wnt/β-catenin signaling was activated by GPNMB in SiHa and HeLa cells. Increased MMP-2/MMP-9 expression was suppressed by Dkk-1, inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin signaling, while it was enhanced by stimulator BIO. The proliferation, migration, and apoptosis capacity of HeLa cells were found to be affected by Dkk-1 and BIO to different extents. In conclusion, we demonstrated that GPNMB contributed to the tumorigenesis of cervical cancer, at least in part, by regulating MMP-2/MMP-9 activity in tumor cells via activation of canonical Wnt/β-catenin signaling. This might be a potential therapeutic target for treating human cervical cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism , Wnt Signaling Pathway/genetics , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Cell Movement , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/genetics , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Blotting, Western , Apoptosis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2/metabolism , Matrix Metalloproteinase 9/metabolism , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , beta Catenin/genetics
13.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 303-311, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777061

ABSTRACT

Depression is a debilitating psychiatric disorder with a huge socioeconomic burden, and its treatment relies on antidepressants including selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs). Recently, the melatonergic system that is closely associated with the serotonergic system has been implicated in the pathophysiology and treatment of depression. However, it remains unknown whether combined treatment with SSRI and melatonin has synergistic antidepressant effects. In this study, we applied a sub-chronic restraint stress paradigm, and evaluated the potential antidepressant effects of combined fluoxetine and melatonin in adult male mice. Sub-chronic restraint stress (6 h/day for 10 days) induced depression-like behavior as shown by deteriorated fur state, increased latency to groom in the splash test, and increased immobility time in the forced-swim test. Repeated administration of either fluoxetine or melatonin at 10 mg/kg during stress exposure failed to prevent depression-like phenotypes. However, combined treatment with fluoxetine and melatonin at the selected dose attenuated stress-induced behavioral abnormalities. Moreover, we found that the antidepressant effects of combined treatment were associated with the normalization of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)-tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) signaling in the hippocampus, but not in the prefrontal cortex. Our findings suggest that combined fluoxetine and melatonin treatment exerts synergistic antidepressant effects possibly by restoring hippocampal BDNF-TrkB signaling.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antidepressive Agents , Pharmacology , Behavior, Animal , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Depression , Drug Synergism , Drug Therapy, Combination , Fluoxetine , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Male , Melatonin , Pharmacology , Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases , Metabolism , Restraint, Physical , Signal Transduction
14.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 747-758, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777020

ABSTRACT

Huntington's disease (HD) is a neurodegenerative disease caused by a polyglutamine expansion in the huntingtin (Htt) protein. Mutant Htt causes synaptic transmission dysfunctions by interfering in the expression of synaptic proteins, leading to early HD symptoms. Synaptic vesicle proteins 2 (SV2s), a family of synaptic vesicle proteins including 3 members, SV2A, SV2B, and SV2C, plays important roles in synaptic physiology. Here, we investigated whether the expression of SV2s is affected by mutant Htt in the brains of HD transgenic (TG) mice and Neuro2a mouse neuroblastoma cells (N2a cells) expressing mutant Htt. Western blot analysis showed that the protein levels of SV2A and SV2B were not significantly changed in the brains of HD TG mice expressing mutant Htt with 82 glutamine repeats. However, in the TG mouse brain there was a dramatic decrease in the protein level of SV2C, which has a restricted distribution pattern in regions particularly vulnerable in HD. Immunostaining revealed that the immunoreactivity of SV2C was progressively weakened in the basal ganglia and hippocampus of TG mice. RT-PCR demonstrated that the mRNA level of SV2C progressively declined in the TG mouse brain without detectable changes in the mRNA levels of SV2A and SV2B, indicating that mutant Htt selectively inhibits the transcriptional expression of SV2C. Furthermore, we found that only SV2C expression was progressively inhibited in N2a cells expressing a mutant Htt containing 120 glutamine repeats. These findings suggest that the synaptic dysfunction in HD results from the mutant Htt-mediated inhibition of SV2C transcriptional expression. These data also imply that the restricted distribution and decreased expression of SV2C contribute to the brain region-selective pathology of HD.


Subject(s)
Aging , Metabolism , Animals , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Cell Line, Tumor , Gene Expression , Physiology , Huntingtin Protein , Genetics , Metabolism , Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Transgenic , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Transcription, Genetic , Physiology
15.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 779-788, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775509

ABSTRACT

Neuroplastin 65 (Np65) is an immunoglobulin superfamily cell adhesion molecule involved in synaptic formation and plasticity. Our recent study showed that Np65-knockout (KO) mice exhibit abnormal cognition and emotional disorders. However, the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. In this study, we found 588 differentially-expressed genes in Np65-KO mice by microarray analysis. RT-PCR analysis also revealed the altered expression of genes associated with development and synaptic structure, such as Cdh1, Htr3a, and Kcnj9. In addition, the expression of Wnt-3, a Wnt protein involved in development, was decreased in Np65-KO mice as evidenced by western blotting. Surprisingly, MRI and DAPI staining showed a significant reduction in the lateral ventricular volume of Np65-KO mice. Together, these findings suggest that ablation of Np65 influences gene expression, which may contribute to abnormal brain development. These results provide clues to the mechanisms underlying the altered brain functions of Np65-deficient mice.


Subject(s)
Affective Symptoms , Metabolism , Animals , Brain , Diagnostic Imaging , Metabolism , Pathology , Cognition Disorders , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Membrane Glycoproteins , Genetics , Physiology , Mice, Knockout , Microarray Analysis , Organ Size , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Wnt3 Protein , Metabolism
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787018

ABSTRACT

Although radioiodine has been applied in thyroid diseases including carcinoma for over 70 years, it was only in 1996 that the basic molecular mechanism of iodine uptake was identified. Iodide is actively transported into the thyroid via a membrane glycoprotein known as sodium iodide symporter (NIS). NIS mediates radioiodine uptake into thyroid normal and cancer cells. The knowledge on NIS expression has provided scientific background to the empirical management of thyroid carcinoma. Based on recent studies of the NIS gene, this paper provides current clinical applications and future studies.


Subject(s)
Genetic Therapy , Humans , Iodine , Ion Transport , Membrane Glycoproteins , Sodium Iodide , Sodium , Theranostic Nanomedicine , Thyroid Diseases , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms
17.
Biol. Res ; 51: 21, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950905

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the precise mechanism of electroacupuncture (EA) to delay cognitive impairment in Alzheimer disease. Methods N -Acetylaspartate (NAA), glutamate (Glu) and myoinositol (mI) metabolism were measured by magnetic resonance spectroscopy, learning and memory of APP/PS1 mouse was evaluated by the Morris water maze test and the step-down avoidance test, neuron survival number and neuronal structure in the hippocampus were observed by Nissl staining, and BDNF and phosphorylated TrkB detected by Western blot. RESULTS: EA at DU20 acupuncture significantly improve learning and memory in behavioral tests, up-regulate NAA, Glu and mI metabolism, increase the surviving neurons in hippocampus, and promote the expression of BDNF and TrkB in the APP/PS1 transgenic mice. CONCLUSION: These findings suggested that EA is a potential therapeutic for ameliorate cognitive dysfunction, and it might be due to EA could improve NAA and Glu metabolism by upregulation of BDNF in APP/PS1 mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Electroacupuncture/methods , Aspartic Acid/analogs & derivatives , Glutamic Acid/metabolism , Hippocampus/chemistry , Learning/physiology , Memory/physiology , Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/analysis , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Membrane Glycoproteins/analysis , Mice, Transgenic , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Random Allocation , Blotting, Western , Aspartic Acid/metabolism , Maze Learning , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Models, Animal , Exercise Test , Hippocampus/diagnostic imaging , Inositol/analysis
18.
Biol. Res ; 51: 18, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950904

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Arsenic trioxide (As2O3), a drug that has been used in China for approximately two thousand years, induces cell death in a variety of cancer cell types, including neuroblastoma (NB). The tyrosine kinase receptor (Trk) family comprises three members, namely TrkA, TrkB and TrkC. Various studies have confirmed that TrkA and TrkC expression is associated with a good prognosis in NB, while TrkB overexpression can lead to tumor cell growth and invasive metastasis. Previous studies have shown that As2O3 can inhibit the growth and proliferation of a human NB cell line and can also affect the N-Myc mRNA expression. It remains unclear whether As2O3 regulates Trks for the purposes of treating NB. METHODS: The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of As2O3 on Trk expression in NB cell lines and its potential therapeutic efficacy. SK-N-SH cells were grown with increasing doses of As2O3 at different time points. We cultured SK-N-SH cells, which were treated with increasing doses of As2O3 at different time points. Trk expression in the NB samples was quantified by immunohistochemistry, and the cell cycle was analyzed by flow cytometry. TrkA, TrkB and TrkC mRNA expression was evaluated by real-time PCR analysis. RESULTS: Immunohistochemical and real-time PCR analyses indicated that TrkA and TrkC were over-expressed in NB, and specifically during stages 1, 2 and 4S of the disease progression. TrkB expression was increased in stage 3 and 4 NB. As2O3significantly arrested SK-N-SH cells in the G2/M phase. In addition, TrkA, TrkB and TrkC expression levels were significantly upregulated by higher concentrations of As2O3 treatment, notably in the 48-h treatment period. Our findings suggested that to achieve the maximum effect and appropriate regulation of Trk expression in NB stages 1, 2 and 4S, As2O3 treatment should be at relatively higher concentrations for longer delivery times;however, for NB stages 3 and 4, an appropriate concentration and infusion time for As2O3 must be carefully determined. CONCLUSION: The present findings suggested that As2O3 induced Trk expression in SK-N-SH cells to varying degrees and may be a promising adjuvant to current treatments for NB due to its apoptotic effects.


Subject(s)
Humans , Oxides/pharmacology , Arsenicals/pharmacology , Membrane Glycoproteins/drug effects , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic/drug effects , Receptor, trkB/drug effects , Cell Proliferation/drug effects , Cell Cycle Checkpoints/drug effects , Neuroblastoma/metabolism , Membrane Glycoproteins/metabolism , Receptor, trkB/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor/drug effects , Cell Line, Tumor/metabolism , Arsenic Trioxide , Neuroblastoma/pathology
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689541

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the expression and clinical significances of HGFA, Matriptase, HAI-1 and HAI-2 in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The bone marrow samples from 91 AML patients, 41 AML patients in complete remission, and 32 normal controls were collected. Real time fluorescence quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) was used to detect the mRNA expressions levels of HGFA, Matriptase, HAI-1, HAI-2 . The expressions of these genes were compared among AML untreated group, the complete remission group and the healthy control group. The correlation of their expression with clinical characteristics was analyzed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The level of HGFA in the AML untreated group was higher than that in the healthy control group(P<0.05), while the HAI-2 mRNA level was lower than that in the healthy control group(P<0.05). The mRNA levels of HAI-1 and Matriptase were not changed significantly in all groups. The HAI-2 mRNA expression level was significantly lower in the high white blood cell group (P<0.05).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The abnormal activation of HGF/c-Met signaling system in AML may result from the increase of HGFA expression and the decrease of HAI-2 expression of the upstream regulatory factors.</p>


Subject(s)
Hepatocyte Growth Factor , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Membrane Glycoproteins , Proteinase Inhibitory Proteins, Secretory , Serine Endopeptidases
20.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 21(4): 418-423, July-Aug. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888896

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: The present study was designed to investigate the association between rs8177374 polymorphism and malaria symptoms due to exposure of Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum. Materials and methods: A total of 454 samples were included in the study (228 malaria patients and 226 healthy individuals). Malaria patients, divided into P. vivax and P. falciparum groups on the basis of the causative species of Plasmodium, were categorized into mild and severe on the basis of clinical outcomes according to WHO criteria. Healthy individuals were used as controls. Allele specific PCR based strategy was used for the identification of rs8177374 SNP. Results: MyD88-adaptor-like gene polymorphism was associated with susceptibility to malaria (p < 0.001). C allele frequency (0.74) was higher in the population compared to T allele frequency (0.26). CT genotype increased the susceptibility of malaria (OR: 2.661; 95% CI: 1.722-4.113) and was positively associated with mild malaria (OR: 5.609; 95% CI: 3.479-9.044, p = 0.00). On the other hand, CC genotype was associated with severe malaria (OR: 3.116; 95% CI: 1.560-6.224, p = 0.00). P. vivax infection rate was higher in CT genotype carriers compared to other genotypes (OR: 3.616; 95% CI: 2.219-5.894, p < 0.001). Conclusion: MyD88-adaptor-like/TIR domain containing adaptor protein polymorphism for single nucleotide polymorphism rs8177374 is related with the susceptibility of malaria.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Membrane Glycoproteins/physiology , Malaria, Vivax/genetics , Malaria, Falciparum/genetics , Receptors, Interleukin-1/physiology , Genetic Predisposition to Disease/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Pakistan , Severity of Illness Index , Membrane Glycoproteins/genetics , Case-Control Studies , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Receptors, Interleukin-1/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL