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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940949

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To conduct eukaryotic expression of the leucine-rich repeat containing 15 (LRRC15), a differentially expressed protein in excretory secretory antigens of Taenia solium cysticercus, and predict its antigen epitope.@*METHODS@#The molecular weight, stability, amino acid sequence composition, isoelectric point and T lymphocyte epitope of the LRRC15 protein were predicted using the bioinformatics online softwares ExPASy-PortParam and Protean. The full-length splicing primers were designed using PCR-based accurate synthesis, and the LRRC15 gene was synthesized. The recombinant pcDNA3.4-LRRC15 plasmid was constructed and transfected into HEK293 cells to express the LRRC15 protein. In addition, the LRRC15 protein was characterized by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#The recombinant pcDNA3.4-LRRC15 plasmid was successfully constructed, which expressed the target LRRC15 protein with an approximately molecular weight of 70 kDa. Bioinformatics prediction with the ExPASy-PortParam software showed that LRRC15 was a hydrophilic protein, which was consisted of 644 amino acids and had a molecular weight of 69.89 kDa and an isoelectric point of 5.6. The molecular formula of the LRRC15 protein was C3073H4942N846O953S28 and had an instability coefficient is 50.3, indicating that LRRC15 was an instable protein. Bioinformatics prediction with the Protean software showed that the dominant T-cell antigen epitopes were located in 292 to 295, 353 to 361, 521 to 526 and 555 to 564 amino acids of the LRRC15 protein, and the T-cell antigen epitopes with a high hydrophilicity, good flexibility, high surface accessibility and high antigenicity index were found in 122 to 131, 216 to 233, 249 to 254, 333 to 343, 358 to 361, 368 to 372, 384 to 386, 407 to 412, 445 to 450, 469 to 481, 553 to 564, 588 to 594, 607 to 617 and 624 to 639 amino acids. Following transfection of the recombinant pcDNA3.4-LRRC15 plasmid into HEK293 cells, SDS-PAGE and Western blotting identified LRRC15 proteins in cell secretory culture media, cell lysis supernatants and sediments. The LRRC15-His fusion protein was purified from the cell culture medium, and SDS-PAGE identified a remarkable band at approximately 70 kDa, while Western blotting successfully recognized the band of the recombinant LRRC15 protein.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The eukaryotic expression and antigen epitope prediction of the LRRC15 protein in the excretory secretory antigens of T. solium cysticercus have been successfully performed, which provides insights into further understandings of its biological functions.


Subject(s)
Amino Acids , Animals , Antigens, Helminth/genetics , Cysticercus/genetics , Epitopes/genetics , Eukaryota , HEK293 Cells , Humans , Leucine-Rich Repeat Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Taenia solium/genetics
2.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 452-459, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939731

ABSTRACT

Mucin16 (MUC16), also known as carbohydrate antigen 125 (CA125), is a glycoprotein antigen that can be recognized by the monoclonal antibody OC125 detected from epithelial ovarian carcinoma antigen by Bast et al in 1981. CA125 is not present in normal ovarian tissue but is usually elevated in the serum of epithelial ovarian carcinoma patients. CA125 is the most commonly used serologic biomarker for the diagnosis and recurrence monitoring of epithelial ovarian carcinoma. MUC16 is highly expressed in varieties of tumors. MUC16 can interact with galectin-1/3, mesothelin, sialic acid-binding immunoglobulin-type lectins-9 (Siglec-9), and other ligands. MUC16 plays an important role in tumor genesis, proliferation, migration, invasion, and tumor immunity through various signaling pathways. Besides, therapies targeting MUC16 have some significant achievements. Related preclinical studies and clinical trials are in progress. MUC16 may be a potential novel target for tumor therapy. This article will review the mechanism of MUC16 in tumor genesis and progression, and focus on the research actuality of MUC16 in tumor therapy. This article also provides references for subsequent tumor therapy studies targeting MUC16.
.


Subject(s)
CA-125 Antigen/metabolism , Carcinoma, Ovarian Epithelial , Female , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Ovarian Neoplasms/pathology
3.
Chinese Journal of Lung Cancer ; (12): 385-395, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939722

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Reticulosome family gene 1 (RTN1) is a reticulosome-encoding gene associated with the endoplasmic reticulum. RTN1 plays a key role in membrane trafficking or neuroendocrine secretion of neuroendocrine cells, while RTN1 serves as a potential diagnostic/therapeutic marker for neurological diseases and cancer. However, the expression of RTN1 and its effect on the immune microenvironment in patients with lung adenocarcinoma have not been reported. In this study, we aimed to investigate the expression of RTN1 in lung adenocarcinoma and its correlation with immune infiltration and survival in lung adenocarcinoma using public databases and bioinformatics network tools.@*METHODS@#Expression levels of RTN1 mRNA in tumor and normal tissues were analyzed using Tumor Immune Estimation Resource 2.0 (TIMER 2.0) and Gene Expression Profiling Interactive Analysis 2 (GEPIA 2). RTN1 protein expression was examined using the Human Protein Atlas. The clinical prognostic significance of RTN1 was analyzed using the GEPIA2 plotter database. To further confirm the potential function of RTN1, the data were analyzed using gene set enrichment analysis. In addition, We performed dimensionality-reduced clustering analysis at the single-cell sequencing level on two datasets from the Tumor Immune Single-cell Hub (TISCH) database to observe the cellular clustering of RTN1 in different types of immune cells. Using the TIMER online tool to analyze and predict the infiltration abundance of different types of immune cells in the immune microenvironment of lung adenocarcinoma patients in the TCGA cohort; TIMER and CIBERSORT were used to study the relationship between genes co-expressed with RTN1 and its associated tumor-infiltrating immune cells; finally, TIMER was used to analyze the relationship between RTN1 and immune correlations between immune checkpoints.@*RESULTS@#We found that RTN1 expression was decreased in patients with lung adenocarcinoma and was closely related to patient prognosis. RTN1 is involved in the process of phagosome formation, hematopoietic cell formation and cell adhesion, and plays an important role in T cell activation. Using cBioPortal and TCGA data to analyze, it is found that RTN1 is significantly associated with BTK, CD4, ECSF1R, MNDA, NCKAP1L and SNX20. High expression of the above genes may cause significant upregulation of CD4+ T cells, mast cells, monocytes, myeloid dendritic cells and M1 macrophages. The expression of RTN1 is closely related to the common immune checkpoints CD274, CTLA4, HAVCR2, LAG3, PDCD1, PDCD1LG2, TIGIT and SIGLEC15 immune checkpoints.@*CONCLUSIONS@#RTN1 may act as a tumor suppressor gene and indicate better prognosis. Furthermore, RTN1 is associated with immune infiltration that may be involved in the immunotherapy response in LUAD. However, the related mechanism needs further research.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma of Lung/pathology , Biomarkers, Tumor/metabolism , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Mast Cells/pathology , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Prognosis , Sorting Nexins/metabolism , Tumor Microenvironment/genetics
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939676

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To express matrix remodeling associated 7 (MXRA7) in the human acute myeloid leukemia SHI-1 cell line and to assess the role of MXRA7 in the biological function of SHI-1 cells.@*METHODS@#The full-length cDNA sequence of human MXRA7 was synthesized and subcloned into the lentivirus shuttle vector pRRL-Venus. SHI-1 cells were transfected with the lentivirus which was packaged with 293T cells. The YFP-positive cells were sorted by flow cytometry and the stable cell lines were obtained by expanded culture. The expression and distribution of MXRA7 in SHI-1 cells were verified by real-time qPCR, Western blot and laser confocal techniques. Cell proliferation and cell cycle were measured by flow cytometry, and apoptosis was determined by Annexin V and 7-AAD staining. The expression of apoptosis related proteins were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The stable SHI-1 cell line overexpressing MXRA7 was established successfully. Laser confocal analysis confirmed that MXRA7 was expressed in the cytoplasm of SHI-1 cells. Compared with the control cell line, the overexpression of MXRA7 showed no effect on the cell proliferation and cell cycle, but reduced the percentage of apoptosis cells induced by methotrexate. Moreover, the expression of BCL-2 protein was increased by overexpression of MXRA7, which can inhibit cell apoptosis.@*CONCLUSION@#The SHI-1 stable cell line overexpressing MXRA7 was established successfully, and MXRA7 could inhibit drug-induced apoptosis through increasing the expression of BCL-2 protein.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement , Cell Proliferation , Humans , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism
5.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 435-441, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935716

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the heterogeneity and correlation of clinical phenotypes and genotypes in children with disorders of sex development (DSD). Methods: A retrospective study of 1 235 patients with clinically proposed DSD in 36 pediatric medical institutions across the country from January 2017 to May 2021. After capturing 277 DSD-related candidate genes, second-generation sequencing was performed to analyzed the heterogeneity and correlation combined with clinical phenotypes. Results: Among 1 235 children with clinically proposed DSD, 980 were males and 255 were females of social gender at the time of initial diagnosis with the age ranged from 1 day of age to 17.92 years. A total of 443 children with pathogenic variants were detected through molecular genetic studies, with a positive detection rate of 35.9%. The most common clinical phenotypes were micropenis (455 cases), hypospadias (321 cases), and cryptorchidism (172 cases) and common mutations detected were in SRD5A2 gene (80 cases), AR gene (53 cases) and CYP21A2 gene (44 cases). Among them, the SRD5A2 mutation is the most common in children with simple micropenis and simple hypospadias, while the AMH mutation is the most common in children with simple cryptorchidism. Conclusions: The SRD5A2 mutation is the most common genetic variant in Chinese children with DSD, and micropenis, cryptorchidism, and hypospadias are the most common clinical phenotypes. Molecular diagnosis can provide clues about the biological basis of DSD, and can also guide clinicians to perform specific clinical examinations. Target sequence capture probes and next-generation sequencing technology can provide effective and economical genetic diagnosis for children with DSD.


Subject(s)
3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase/genetics , Child , China/epidemiology , Cryptorchidism/genetics , Disorders of Sex Development/genetics , Female , Genital Diseases, Male , Genotype , Humans , Hypospadias/genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Penis/abnormalities , Phenotype , Retrospective Studies , Steroid 21-Hydroxylase/genetics
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928719

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the coexisting mutations and clinical significance of Homo sapiens neuroblastoma RAS viral oncogene homolog (NRAS) gene in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients.@*METHODS@#High-throughput DNA sequencing and Sanger sequencing were used to detect 51 gene mutations. The occurrence, clinical characteristics and treatment efficacy of coexisting genes with NRAS were investigated.@*RESULTS@#A total of 57 NRAS mutations (17.5%) were detected in 326 patients with AML. Compared with the patients in NRAS non-mutation group, patients in the mutant group were younger (P=0.018) and showed lower platelet count (P=0.033), but there was no significant difference in peripheral leukocyte count, hemoglobin, and sex. For FAB classification, NRAS mutation and M2 subtype showed mutually exclusive (P=0.038). Among 57 patients carried with NRAS mutation, 51 (89.5%) patients carried with other gene mutations, 25 (43.9%) carried with double gene mutations, 10 (17.5%) carried with 3 gene mutations, and 16 (28.1%) corried with ≥ 4 gene mutations. The most common coexisting gene mutation was KRAS (24.6%, 14/57), followed by FLT3-ITD (14.0%, 8/57), RUNX1 (12.3%, 7/57), NPM1 (10.5%, 6/57), PTPN11 (10.5%, 6/57), DNMT3A (10.5%, 6/57) and so on. The age (P=0.013, P=0.005) and peripheral platelet count (P=0.007, P=0.021) of patients with NPM1 or DNMT3A mutations were higher than those of the patients with wild type, but there was no significant difference in peripheral leukocyte count and hemoglobin. Also, there was no significant difference in age, peripheral leukocyte count, hemoglobin, and peripheral platelet count between the patients in KRAS, FLT3-ITD, RUNX1 or PTPN11 mutant group and the wild group. Patients with FLT3-ITD mutations showed a lower complete remission (CR) rate (P=0.044). However, there was no significant difference in CR rate between the patients with KRAS, NPM1, RUNX1, PTPN11 or DNMT3A mutations and the wild group. The CR rate of the patents with single gene mutation, double gene mutations, 3 gene mutations, and≥ 4 gene mutations were decreased gradually, and there was no significant difference in CR rate between pairwise comparisons.@*CONCLUSION@#The mutation rate of NRAS mutation is 17.5%, 89.5% of AML patients with NRAS mutation coexist with additional gene mutations. The type of coexisting mutations has a certain impact on clinical characteristics and CR rate of patients with AML.


Subject(s)
Core Binding Factor Alpha 2 Subunit/genetics , GTP Phosphohydrolases/genetics , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nucleophosmin , Prognosis , Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras)/genetics , fms-Like Tyrosine Kinase 3
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 231-237, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928555

ABSTRACT

Acephalic spermatozoa syndrome (ASS) is one of the most severe spermatogenic failures of all infertility in men. The cognition of ASS has experienced a tortuous process. Over the past years, with the in-depth understanding of spermatogenesis and the emergence of new genetic research technologies, the unraveling of the genetic causes of spermatogenic failure has become highly active. From these advances, we established a genetic background and made significant progress in the discovery of the genetic causes of ASS. It is important to identify pathogenic genes and mutations in ASS to determine the biological reasons for the occurrence of the disease as well as provide genetic diagnosis and treatment strategies for patients with this syndrome. In this review, we enumerate various technological developments, which have made a positive contribution to the discovery of candidate genes for ASS from the past to the present. Simultaneously, we summarize the known genetic etiology of this phenotype and the clinical outcomes of treatments in the present. Furthermore, we propose perspectives for further study and application of genetic diagnosis and assisted reproductive treatment in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infertility, Male/pathology , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Spermatogenesis/genetics , Spermatozoa/pathology
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 243-247, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928553

ABSTRACT

Thanks to tremendous advances in sequencing technologies and in particular to whole exome sequencing (WES), many genes have now been linked to severe sperm defects. A precise genetic diagnosis is obtained for a minority of patients and only for the most severe defects like azoospermia or macrozoospermia which is very often due to defects in the aurora kinase C (AURKC gene. Here, we studied a subject with a severe oligozoospermia and a phenotypic diagnosis of macrozoospermia. AURKC analysis did not reveal any deleterious variant. WES was then initiated which permitted to identify a homozygous loss of function variant in the zinc finger MYND-type containing 15 (ZMYND15 gene. ZMYND15 has been described to serve as a switch for haploid gene expression, and mice devoid of ZMYND15 were shown to be sterile due to nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA). In man, ZMYND15 has been associated with NOA and severe oligozoospermia. We confirm here that the presence of a bi-allelic ZMYND15 variant induces a severe oligozoospermia. In addition, we show that severe oligozoospermia can be associated macrozoospermia, and that a phenotypic misdiagnosis is possible, potentially delaying the genetic diagnosis. In conclusion, genetic defects in ZMYND15 can induce complete NOA or severe oligozoospermia associated with a very severe teratozoospermia. In our experience, severe oligozoospermia is often associated with severe teratozoospermia and can sometimes be misinterpreted as macrozoospermia or globozoospermia. In these instances, specific AURKC or dpy-19 like 2 (DPY19L2) diagnosis is usually negative and we recommend the direct use of a pan-genomic techniques such as WES.


Subject(s)
Animals , Azoospermia/genetics , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mice , Mutation , Oligospermia/genetics , Repressor Proteins/metabolism , Teratozoospermia/genetics
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 186-190, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928536

ABSTRACT

Nonobstructive azoospermia (NOA) is a common cause of infertility and is defined as the complete absence of sperm in ejaculation due to defective spermatogenesis. The aim of this study was to identify the genetic etiology of NOA in an infertile male from a Chinese consanguineous family. A homozygous missense variant of the membrane-bound O-acyltransferase domain-containing 1 (MBOAT1) gene (c.770C>T, p.Thr257Met) was found by whole-exome sequencing (WES). Bioinformatic analysis also showed that this variant was a pathogenic variant and that the amino acid residue in MBOAT1 was highly conserved in mammals. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) analysis showed that the mRNA level of MBOAT1 in the patient was 22.0% lower than that in his father. Furthermore, we screened variants of MBOAT1 in a broader population and found an additional homozygous variant of the MBOAT1 gene in 123 infertile men. Our data identified homozygous variants of the MBOAT1 gene associated with male infertility. This study will provide new insights for researchers to understand the molecular mechanisms of male infertility and will help clinicians make accurate diagnoses.


Subject(s)
Acetyltransferases/genetics , Animals , Azoospermia/genetics , Cell Cycle Proteins/genetics , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Mammals , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928381

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of circ-SFMBT2 on the biological behavior of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cells and its regulatory role on the miR-7-5p/ADAM10 axis.@*METHODS@#qRT-PCR and Western blotting were used to determine the expression of circ-SFMBT2, miR-7-5p, and ADAM10 in NSCLC tissues and adjacent tissues. Pearson analysis was used to analyze the correlation between circ-SFMBT2 and miR-7-5p, and between miR-7-5p and ADAM10. In vitro cultured human bronchial epithelial-like cells (HBE) and lung cancer cell lines H1650, H460, A549, H1299. CCK-8 and EdU methods were used to assess the ability of cell proliferation. Plate experiment was used to detect the clone formation ability. Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis rate. Transwell experiment was used to detect cell invasion ability. Dual luciferase reporter experiment detects the targeting relationship between circ-SFMBT2 and miR-7-5p, and between miR-7-5p and ADAM10. Transplanted tumor experiment in nude mice assessed the effect of knocking down circ-SFMBT2 on the growth of transplanted tumor. Immunohistochemical experiments were performed to detect the positive rates of ADAM10 and Ki67 proteins in transplanted tumor tissues.@*RESULTS@#The expression levels of circ-SFMBT2 and ADAM10 were increased in NSCLC tissues and cell lines, while decreased the expression of miR-7-5p. circ-SFMBT2 was negatively correlated with miR-7-5p, while miR-7-5p was negatively correlated with ADAM10. Silencing the overexpression of circ-SFMBT2 and miR-7-5p could inhibit cell proliferation, clone formation and invasion, and also promote apoptosis. circ-SFMBT2 could target miR-7-5p, and ADAM10 was the target gene of miR-7-5p. The combined effect of silencing circ-SFMBT2 and inhibition of miR-7-5p, as well as miR-7-5p overexpression and ADAM10 overexpression could promote cell proliferation, clone formation and invasion, and also suppress cell apoptosis. Silencing circ-SFMBT2 could inhibit the growth of transplanted tumors.@*CONCLUSION@#Silencing circ-SFMBT2 can suppress the proliferation, clone formation, invasion ability and induce apoptosis of NSCLC cells by regulating the miR-7-5p/ADAM10 axis.


Subject(s)
ADAM10 Protein/genetics , Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases/genetics , Animals , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/genetics , Cell Proliferation , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mice , Mice, Nude , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular , Repressor Proteins
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928206

ABSTRACT

Autophagy is a programmed cell degradation process that is involved in a variety of physiological and pathological processes including malignant tumors. Abnormal induction of autophagy plays a key role in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). We established a prognosis prediction model for hepatocellular carcinoma based on autophagy related genes. Two hundred and four differentially expressed autophagy related genes and basic information and clinical characteristics of 377 registered hepatocellular carcinoma patients were retrieved from the cancer genome atlas database. Cox risk regression analysis was used to identify autophagy-related genes associated with survival, and a prognostic model was constructed based on this. A total of 64 differentially expressed autophagy related genes were identified in hepatocellular carcinoma patients. Five risk factors related to the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma patients were determined by univariate and multivariate Cox regression analysis, including TMEM74, BIRC5, SQSTM1, CAPN10 and HSPB8. Age, gender, tumor grade and stage, and risk score were included as variables in multivariate Cox regression analysis. The results showed that risk score was an independent prognostic risk factor for patients with hepatocellular carcinoma ( HR = 1.475, 95% CI = 1.280-1.699, P < 0.001). In addition, the area under the curve of the prognostic risk model was 0.739, indicating that the model had a high accuracy in predicting the prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma. The results suggest that the new prognostic risk model for hepatocellular carcinoma, established by combining the molecular characteristics and clinical parameters of patients, can effectively predict the prognosis of patients.


Subject(s)
Autophagy/genetics , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/pathology , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Prognosis
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927870

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the clinical characteristics and genetic mutations in Kindler syndrome(KS)and provide a theoretical basis for the diagnosis and treatment of KS. Methods The clinical data of one case of KS from Peking Union Medical College Hospital and 185 cases reported in literature were collected. The gene mutation types,patient clinical data,and tumor characteristics were statistically analyzed. Results A total of 186 cases were enrolled,including 110 males and 76 females,with the mean age of(28±16)years. The data of gene mutation and specific clinical manifestations were available in 151 and 94 patients,respectively. The main clinical manifestations of KS included poikiloderma,occurrence of blister in childhood,and photosensitivity,and the secondary clinical manifestations included oral inflammation,palmoplantar keratoderma,webbing/pseudoainhum,dysphagia,urethral stricture and so on.Oral inflammation(r=0.234,P=0.023),palmoplantar keratoderma(r=0.325,P=0.001),webbing/pseudoainhum(r=0.247,P=0.016),dysphagia(r=0.333,P=0.001),urethral stricture(r=0.280,P=0.006)were significantly correlated with age,showing significantly higher incidence in the patients over 32 years old.Urethral stricture(χ2=11.292,P=0.001)and anal stenosis(χ2=4.014,P=0.045)were significantly correlated with sex,with higher incidence in males.Eighty different mutations were found in 151 patients,and the most common gene mutation was c.676C>T.Forty-one tumors occurred in 27 patients,among which squamous cell carcinoma accounted for 92.7%. The gene mutation site had no significant correlation with squamous cell carcinoma or patient country. Conclusions The c.676C>T in FERMT1 gene is the most common mutation in KS.The patients are prone to squamous cell carcinoma and mainly attacked at the exposure sites(hand and mouth).


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Ainhum , Blister , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Child , Constriction, Pathologic , Deglutition Disorders/complications , Epidermolysis Bullosa , Female , Humans , Inflammation , Keratoderma, Palmoplantar/complications , Male , Membrane Proteins , Mutation , Neoplasm Proteins/genetics , Periodontal Diseases , Photosensitivity Disorders , Urethral Stricture/complications , Young Adult
13.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 1173-1182, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927772

ABSTRACT

Opsin3 (OPN3) is a photoreceptor membrane protein with a typical seven-alpha helical transmembrane structure that belongs to the G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) superfamily and is widely expressed in brain. In recent years, it has been reported that OPN3 is also highly expressed in adipose tissue, and the protein is associated with the production of skin melanin. We found that the N82 site is the glycosylation site of OPN3. SNAP-tagTM has diverse functions and can be applied to a variety of different studies. By constructing a SNAP-tagged OPN3 recombinant protein, the distribution position of SNAP-OPN3 in cells can be clearly observed by fluorescence confocal microscopy using SNAP-Surface® 549 and SNAP-Cell® OregonGreen®, which provides a new method for studying the function of OPN3. It also shows that SNAP-tag does not affect the function of OPN3. Using the SNAP tag we found that OPN3 cannot be taken up to the cell membrane after glycosylation site mutation.


Subject(s)
Cell Membrane , Glycosylation , Melanins , Membrane Proteins , Skin
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936320

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Bax inhibitor 1 (BI- 1) and optic atrophy protein 1 (OPA1) on vascular calcification (VC).@*METHODS@#Mouse models of VC were established in ApoE-deficient (ApoE-/-) diabetic mice by high-fat diet feeding for 12 weeks followed by intraperitoneal injections with Nε-carboxymethyl-lysine for 16 weeks. ApoE-/- mice (control group), ApoE-/- diabetic mice (VC group), ApoE-/- diabetic mice with BI-1 overexpression (VC + BI-1TG group), and ApoE-/- diabetic mice with BI-1 overexpression and OPA1 knockout (VC+BI-1TG+OPA1-/- group) were obtained for examination of the degree of aortic calcification using von Kossa staining. The changes in calcium content in the aorta were analyzed using ELISA. The expressions of Runt-related transcription factor 2 (RUNX2) and bone morphogenetic protein 2 (BMP-2) were detected using immunohistochemistry, and the expression of cleaved caspase-3 was determined using Western blotting. Cultured mouse aortic smooth muscle cells were treated with 10 mmol/L β-glycerophosphate for 14 days to induce calcification, and the changes in BI-1 and OPA1 protein expressions were examined using Western blotting and cell apoptosis was detected using TUNEL staining.@*RESULTS@#ApoE-/- mice with VC showed significantly decreased expressions of BI-1 and OPA1 proteins in the aorta (P=0.0044) with obviously increased calcium deposition and expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and cleaved caspase-3 (P= 0.0041). Overexpression of BI-1 significantly promoted OPA1 protein expression and reduced calcium deposition and expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and cleaved caspase-3 (P=0.0006). OPA1 knockdown significantly increased calcium deposition and expressions of RUNX2, BMP-2 and cleaved caspase-3 in the aorta (P=0.0007).@*CONCLUSION@#BI-1 inhibits VC possibly by promoting the expression of OPA1, reducing calcium deposition and inhibiting osteogenic differentiation and apoptosis of the vascular smooth muscle cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apolipoproteins E/metabolism , Calcium/metabolism , Caspase 3/metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Core Binding Factor Alpha 1 Subunit/metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental/pathology , GTP Phosphohydrolases/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Knockout , Muscle, Smooth, Vascular/pathology , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/pathology , Optic Atrophy, Autosomal Dominant/pathology , Osteogenesis , Vascular Calcification/pathology , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
15.
J. bras. nefrol ; 43(4): 502-509, Dec. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350899

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Progressive structural changes in the peritoneal membrane occur over the course of treatment in peritoneal dialysis (PD), resulting in an increase in cytokines such as CCL2 and structural changes in peritoneal membrane triggering an increase in CA-125 in dialysate, which reflects a probable local inflammatory process, with possible loss of mesothelial cells. Thus, the current study aimed to evaluate the association between plasma and CCL2 and CA-125 dialysate levels in patients undergoing PD. Methods: Cross-sectional study was conducted with 41 patients undergoing PD. The assessments of CA-125 and CCL2 levels were performed using a capture ELISA. Correlations were estimated using Spearman's correlation and the investigation of the association between the explanatory variables (CCL2) and response variable (CA-125) was done for crude ratio of arithmetic means and adjusted utilizing generalized linear models. Results: A moderate positive correlation was observed between the levels of CA-125 and CCL2 in the dialysate (rho = 0.696). A statistically significant association was found between the levels in the CCL2 and CA-125 dialysate (RoM=1.31; CI = 1.20-1.43), which remained after adjustment for age (RoM = 1.31; CI=1.19-1.44) and for time in months of PD (RoM=1.34, CI=1.22-1.48). Conclusion: The association of CA-125 levels with CCL2 in the dialysate may indicate that the local inflammatory process leads to temporary or definitive changes in peritoneal membrane. A better understanding of this pathogenesis could contribute to the discovery of new inflammatory biomarkers.


Resumo Introdução: Alterações estruturais progressivas na membrana peritoneal ocorrem no decorrer do tratamento em diálise peritoneal (DP), resultando em um aumento de citocinas como CCL2 e alterações estruturais na membrana peritoneal desencadeando um aumento de CA-125 no dialisato, o que reflete um provável processo inflamatório local, com possível perda de células mesoteliais. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo avaliar a associação entre CCL2 e CA-125 no plasma e no dialisato de pacientes submetidos à DP. Métodos: Foi realizado um estudo transversal com 41 pacientes submetidos à DP. As avaliações dos níveis de CA-125 e CCL2 foram realizadas utilizando ELISA de captura. As correlações foram estimadas usando a correlação de Spearman, e a investigação da associação entre as variáveis explicativas (CCL2) e a variável resposta (CA-125) foi feita pela razão bruta das médias aritméticas e ajustada utilizando modelos lineares generalizados. Resultados: Foi observada uma correlação positiva moderada entre os níveis de CA-125 e CCL2 no dialisato (rho = 0,696). Foi encontrada uma associação estatisticamente significativa entre os níveis no dialisato de CCL2 e CA-125 (RoM=1,31; IC = 1,20-1,43), que permaneceu após ajuste por idade (RoM = 1,31; IC=1,19-1,44) e pelo tempo de DP em meses (RoM=1,34, IC=1,22-1,48). Conclusão: A associação dos níveis de CA-125 com CCL2 no dialisato pode indicar que o processo inflamatório local leva a alterações temporárias ou definitivas na membrana peritoneal. Uma melhor compreensão desta patogênese pode contribuir para a descoberta de novos biomarcadores inflamatórios.


Subject(s)
Humans , Infant , Peritoneal Dialysis , CA-125 Antigen/blood , Chemokine CCL2/blood , Peritoneum , Dialysis Solutions , Cross-Sectional Studies , Inflammation , Membrane Proteins
16.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 58-66, May. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343388

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transmembrane protein 95 (TMEM95) plays a role in male fertility. Previous studies showed that genes with a significant impact on reproductive traits can also affect the growth traits of livestock. Thus, we speculated that the genetic variation of TMEM95 gene may have effects on growth traits of cattle. RESULTS: Two SNPs were genotyped. The rs136174626 and rs41904693 were in the intron 4 and 30 -untranslated region, respectively. The linkage disequilibrium analysis illustrated that these two loci were not linked. The rs136174626 was associated with six growth traits of Nanyang cattle, four traits of Luxi cattle, and three traits of Ji'an cattle. For rs41904693 locus, the GG individuals had greater body height and abdominal girth in Ji' an cattle than TT and TG individuals. In Jinnan cattle, GG and TT individuals had greater body height, height at hip cross, body length, and heart girth than TG individuals. The potential splice site prediction results suggest that the rs136174626 may influence the splicing efficiency of TMEM95, and the miRNA binding site prediction results showed that the rs41904693 may influence the expression of TMEM95 by affecting the binding efficiency of Bta-miR-1584 and TMEM95 30 -UTR. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study suggested that the two SNPs in TMEM95 could be a reliable basis for molecular breeding in cattle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cattle/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Genetic Variation , Cattle/growth & development , DNA Shuffling , Livestock , Genotyping Techniques , Gene Frequency
17.
Rev. cuba. invest. bioméd ; 40(1): e930, ene.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS, CUMED | ID: biblio-1289453

ABSTRACT

Introducción: Las enfermedades infecciosas del tracto respiratorio se encuentran entre las primeras causas de entidades respiratorias en edades extremas de la vida. Objetivo: Describir las bases inmunológicas de la enfermedad y el nuevo candidato vacunal conjugado antineumocócico PCV7-TT desarrollado en Cuba. Métodos: Se realizó una búsqueda en las bases de datos Medline, Pubmed, SciELO, LILACS, Cochrane Library y Web of Science, de documentos publicados entre mayo del 2018 y marzo del 2020. Se seleccionaron los 64 artículos de mayor relevancia y novedad. Resultados: Streptococcus pneumoniae es el agente etiológico de la enfermedad neumocócica; se le atribuye alrededor de un millón de defunciones anuales, principalmente en países en vías de desarrollo. Es un coco Gram-positivo, anaerobio facultativo y encapsulado que se encuentra dividido en 48 serogrupos y 97 serotipos tipificados. Presenta varios factores de virulencia que garantizan su mecanismo de patogenicidad; uno de los más importantes es el polisacárido capsular que constituye la diana de las vacunas antineumocócicas conjugadas y no conjugadas existentes. En el presente artículo se consideró la proteína de superficie C del neumococo como un posible candidato en la investigación y desarrollo de vacunas preventivas. Asimismo, las vesículas extracelulares podría ser un posible candidato para adyuvante vacunal con fines preventivos y terapéuticos. Conclusiones: El neumococo es un problema de salud a nivel global y el uso de vacunas conjugadas antineumocócicas constituye la herramienta más eficaz para su prevención. El candidato vacunal PCV7-TT desarrollado en Cuba es seguro, bien tolerado, inmunogénico y no inferior a las vacunas actualmente registradas(AU)


Introduction: Infectious diseases of the respiratory tract are among the leading causes of respiratory conditions in patients at extreme ages. Objective: Describe the immunological bases of the disease and the new conjugate pneumococcal vaccine candidate PCV7-TT developed in Cuba. Methods: A search was conducted in the databases Medline, Pubmed, SciELO, LILACS, Cochrane Library and Web of Science for documents published from May 2018 to March 2020. The 64 most relevant and novel papers were selected. Results: Streptococcus pneumoniae is the causative agent of pneumococcal disease, a condition causing about one million deaths a year worldwide, mainly in developing countries. It is a Gram-positive facultative anaerobic encapsulated coccus divided into 48 serogroups and 97 typified serotypes. Several virulence factors ensure its pathogenicity mechanism. One of the most important of these is the capsular polysaccharide constituting the target of the existing conjugate and non-conjugate pneumococcal vaccines. The study considered pneumococcal surface protein C as a possible candidate for the research and development of preventive vaccines. On the other hand, extracellular vesicles could be a possible vaccine adjuvant candidate for preventive and therapeutic use. Conclusions: Pneumococcus is a global health problem, and the use of conjugate pneumococcal vaccines is the most effective tool for its prevention. The vaccine candidate PCV7-TT developed in Cuba is safe, well-tolerated, immunogenic and not inferior to the vaccines so far registered(AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Polysaccharides , Streptococcus pneumoniae , Communicable Diseases , Pneumococcal Vaccines , Virulence Factors , Extracellular Vesicles , Membrane Proteins
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942576

ABSTRACT

Objective: To compare the expression and difference of melastatin-related transient receptor potential 8(TRPM8) among chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps and normal mucosa tissues. And to explore the significant expression of TRPM8 among CRSwNP. Methods: Fifty-one patients underwent endoscopic sinus surgery in the Department of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery of Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University from February 2019 to January 2020 were recruited, including 33 males and 18 females, aged from 14 to 65 years old (34.55±1.689).Immunohistochemistry was used to detected the expression of TRPM8 protein among CRSsNP(17),CRSwNP (17) and control tissuses(17). In addition, the correlation between the expression of TRPM8 protein in CRSwNP patients and preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and preoperative VAS scores and sinonasal outcome test-20 scores was analyzed, respectively. The primary human nasal epithelial cells were cultured in vitro and the expression of TRPM8 was detected by quantitative real-time PCR and western blotting . The tissue in control group, chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps (CRSsNP) group and the CRSwNP group were collected and grinded into tissue homogenized. The expression of TRPM8 protein was detected by western blotting after 24 h stimulation after homogenate was added into the medium of RPMI 2650 and primary nasal epithelial cells. Results: Compared with the control, the expression of TRPM8 was significantly up-regulated in nasal polyps (t=6.852, P<0.05). TRPM8 was mainly expressed in epithelial cells. The expression of TRPM8 in the epithelial cells of CRSsNP had no difference with the control group (t=1.980, P>0.05). In addition, the expression of TRPM8 in CRSwNP patients was positively correlated with the preoperative CT Lund-Mackay scores and VAS scores and SNOT-20 scores (r=0.512, P<0.05;r=0.853, P<0.01;r=0.814, P<0.01). After cultured primary epithelial cells in vitro, the expression level of TRPM8 in epithelial cells derived from nasal polyp was significantly higher than that in control group (t=8.845, P<0.05). By adding the homogenization of control and CRSsNP and CRSwNP tissues, the expression of TRPM8 in RPMI 2650 cells and primary nasal epithelial cells was changed and that was significantly increased after adding the homogenization of the group of CRSwNP. Conclusion: TRPM8 is highly expressed in nasal polyps epithelial cells, suggesting that TRPM8 may be involved in the pathogenesis of nasal polyps regulated by nasal epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Chronic Disease , Endoscopy , Female , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins , Middle Aged , Nasal Polyps , Rhinitis , Sinusitis , TRPM Cation Channels , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942257

ABSTRACT

To explore the genetic causes of 3 male infertility patients with acephalospermia and the outcome of assisted reproductive technology. Clinical diagnosis, sperm morphology examination, sperm transmission electron microscopy examination were performed on 3 patients, and the whole exome sequencing technology was used for screening, Sanger sequencing verification, mutation pathogenicity analysis, and protein sequence homology comparison. Assisted reproductive technology was implemented to assist pregnancy treatment. The 3 patients were all sporadic infertile men, aged 25, 42 and 26 years, and there was no obvious abnormality in the general physical examination. Male external genitalia developed normally, bilateral testicles were normal in volume, and bilateral epididymis and spermatic vein were palpated without nodules, cysts, and tenderness. Repeated semen analysis showed that a large number of immature sperm could be seen, and they had the ability to move. The SUN5 gene of the 3 male infertile patients was a case of homozygous missense mutation c.7C>T (p.Arg3Trp), a case of compound heterozygous missense mutation c.1067G>A (p.Arg356His) and nonsense mutation c.216G>A (p.Trp72*) and a case of homozygous missense mutation c.1043A>T (p.Asn348Ile), of which c.7C>T (p.Arg3Trp) and c.1067G>A (p.Arg356His) were new variants that had not been reported. SIFT, Mutation Taster and PolyPhen-2 software function prediction results were all harmful, the nonsense mutation c.216G>A (p.Trp72*) led to the premature termination of peptide chain synthesis which might have a greater impact on protein function. The homology regions in the protein sequence homology alignment were all highly conserved.The 3 male patients and their spouses obtained 4 biological offspring through intracytoplasmic sperm injection, all of which were boys, and one of them was a twin.Three male infertile patients might be caused by SUN5 gene mutations. Such patients could obtain their biological offspring through assisted reproductive technology. It was still necessary to pay attention to the genetic risk of ASS, it was recommended that both men and women conduct genetic counseling and screening at the same time. In clinical diagnosis, whole exome sequencing technology could be used to perform auxiliary examinations to determine the treatment plan and assisted reproductive methods as soon as possible to reduce the burden on the family and society. The newly discovered mutation sites of SUN5 gene provided clues and directions for elucidating the pathogenic mechanism, and at the same time expanded the pathogenic mutation spectrum of ASS.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Infertility, Male/genetics , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Pregnancy , Sperm Injections, Intracytoplasmic , Spermatozoa
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942241

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#LAPTM4B-35 protein is one of the isoforms that are encoded by a cancer driver gene, LAPTM4B. This gene was primarily found and identified in our lab of Peking University School of Basic Medical Sciences. The LAPTM4B-35 protein and its encoded mRNA are significantly over-expressed in a variety of cancers, such as hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), lung cancers (including non small-cell lung cancer and small-cell lung cancer), stomach cancer, colorectal carcinoma, pancreatic cancer, gallbladder cancer, cholangiocarcinoma, breast cancer, prostate cancer, ovarian cancer, cervical cancer, endometrial cancer, and so on. It has firmly demonstrated through lab experiments either in vivo or in vitro, as well as clinical studies that the over-expression of LAPTM4B-35 can promote cancer growth, metastasis, and multidrug resistance. Specially, the expressive level of LAPTM4B-35 is associa-ted with recurrence of HCC. The aim of this study is to identify the release of LAPTM4B-35 protein from hepatocellular carcinoma into blood of HCC patients and into the medium of cultured HCC cells, and to identify its possible form of LAPTM4B-35 protein existed in blood and cell culture medium, as well as to explore the possibility of LAPTM4B-35 protein as a novel HCC biomarker for diagnosis of HCC and prognosis of HCC patients.@*METHODS@#Immunobloting (Western blot) and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) were used for identification of LAPTM4B-35 protein in the blood of HCC patients and normal individuals. Ultrafiltration and ultracentrifugation were used to isolate and purify exosomes from the culture medium of HCC cells.@*RESULTS@#LAPTM4B-35 protein existed in the blood from HCC patients and normal donors that were demonstrated through Western blot and ELISA. LAPTM4B-35 was also released into the culture medium of HCC cells in the form of exosomes. Preliminary experiments showed that the average and the median of LAPTM4B-35 protein level in the blood of HCC patients (n=43) were both significantly higher than that in the blood of normal donors (n=33) through sandwich ELISA.@*CONCLUSION@#It is promising that the LAPTM4B-35 protein which is released from HCC cells in the form of exosomes into their extraenvironment may be exploited as a novel cancer biomarker for HCC serological diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/diagnosis , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/diagnosis , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Oncogene Proteins , Prognosis
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