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1.
Electron. j. biotechnol ; 51: 58-66, May. 2021. tab, ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1343388

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Transmembrane protein 95 (TMEM95) plays a role in male fertility. Previous studies showed that genes with a significant impact on reproductive traits can also affect the growth traits of livestock. Thus, we speculated that the genetic variation of TMEM95 gene may have effects on growth traits of cattle. RESULTS: Two SNPs were genotyped. The rs136174626 and rs41904693 were in the intron 4 and 30 -untranslated region, respectively. The linkage disequilibrium analysis illustrated that these two loci were not linked. The rs136174626 was associated with six growth traits of Nanyang cattle, four traits of Luxi cattle, and three traits of Ji'an cattle. For rs41904693 locus, the GG individuals had greater body height and abdominal girth in Ji' an cattle than TT and TG individuals. In Jinnan cattle, GG and TT individuals had greater body height, height at hip cross, body length, and heart girth than TG individuals. The potential splice site prediction results suggest that the rs136174626 may influence the splicing efficiency of TMEM95, and the miRNA binding site prediction results showed that the rs41904693 may influence the expression of TMEM95 by affecting the binding efficiency of Bta-miR-1584 and TMEM95 30 -UTR. CONCLUSIONS: The findings of the study suggested that the two SNPs in TMEM95 could be a reliable basis for molecular breeding in cattle.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cattle/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Genetic Variation , Cattle/growth & development , DNA Shuffling , Livestock , Genotyping Techniques , Gene Frequency
2.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 877-886, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922515

ABSTRACT

Proline-rich transmembrane protein 2 (PRRT2) is the leading cause of paroxysmal kinesigenic dyskinesia (PKD), benign familial infantile epilepsy (BFIE), and infantile convulsions with choreoathetosis (ICCA). Reduced penetrance of PRRT2 has been observed in previous studies, whereas the exact penetrance has not been evaluated well. The objective of this study was to estimate the penetrance of PRRT2 and determine its influencing factors. We screened 222 PKD index patients and their available relatives, identified 39 families with pathogenic or likely pathogenic (P/LP) PRRT2 variants via Sanger sequencing, and obtained 184 PKD/BFIE/ICCA families with P/LP PRRT2 variants from the literature. Penetrance was estimated as the proportion of affected variant carriers. PRRT2 penetrance estimate was 77.6% (95% confidence interval (CI) 74.5%-80.7%) in relatives and 74.5% (95% CI 70.2%-78.8%) in obligate carriers. In addition, we first observed that penetrance was higher in truncated than in non-truncated variants (75.8% versus 50.0%, P = 0.01), higher in Asian than in Caucasian carriers (81.5% versus 68.5%, P = 0.004), and exhibited no difference in gender or parental transmission. Our results are meaningful for genetic counseling, implying that approximately three-quarters of PRRT2 variant carriers will develop PRRT2-related disorders, with patients from Asia or carrying truncated variants at a higher risk.


Subject(s)
Dystonia , Epilepsy, Benign Neonatal/genetics , Humans , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Pedigree , Penetrance , Seizures/genetics
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-922031

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the clinical characteristics and genetic basis of a child with 5α-reductase type 2 deficiency.@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the child was retrospectively analyzed. Targeted capture-next generation sequencing and Sanger sequencing were carried out to detect potential variants.@*RESULTS@#The patient's main features included micropenis and hypospadia. He was found to harbor compound heterozygous c.680G>A (p.R227Q) and c.3G>T (p.M1I) variants of the SRD5A2 gene. Among these, c.680G>A (p.R227Q) was inherited from his father and was a known pathogenic mutation, while c.3G>T (p.M1I) was inherited from his mother and was unreported previously.@*CONCLUSION@#The compound heterozygous variants of the SRD5A2 gene probably underlay the disease in this child, who was eventually diagnosed with 5α-reductase 2 deficiency.


Subject(s)
3-Oxo-5-alpha-Steroid 4-Dehydrogenase/genetics , Child , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY , Female , Humans , Hypospadias , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Retrospective Studies , Steroid Metabolism, Inborn Errors , Steroids
4.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1019-1027, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888513

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect the expression of different transcripts of lactamase β(LACTB) gene in leukemic cell lines.@*METHODS@#NCBI website and DNAstar software were used to detect the Bioinformatics analysis of LACTB. The expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines (THP-1, HL60, K562, U937, Jurkat and Raji) was detected by reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR), DNA and clone sequencing; the expression of different transcripts of LACTB gene in leukemic cell lines was detected by Quantitative Real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#There were a variety of splicing isomers in LACTB, and it could produce a variety of protein isomers with conserved N-terminal and different C-terminal, moreover, there were many splice isoforms of LACTB in leukemia cell lines, and there were different expression patterns in different cell lines, including XR1, V1, V2 and V3. The expression of total LACTB showed high in HL60 cells, while low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The V1 was high expression in U937 cells but low in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). V2 was high expression in HL60 cells but lowly in Raji cells, and the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). The expression of V3 was low in THP-1 cells, which was significantly different as compared with that in normal bone marrow (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#The reaserch found that there are many splice isomers of LACTB in leukemic cell lines, and there are different expression patterns in different cell lines.


Subject(s)
Alternative Splicing , HL-60 Cells , Humans , Leukemia/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , RNA Splicing , U937 Cells , beta-Lactamases/genetics
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888389

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a child with moderate non-syndromic hearing loss.@*METHODS@#Next generation sequencing was carried out for the child. Co-segregation of the phenotype and candidate variants was verified among his family members by Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#The child was found to harbor biallelic variants of the OTOGL gene, namely c.2773C>T (p.Arg925Ter) and c.2826C>G (p.Tyr942Ter), which were respectively inherited from his phenotypically normal father and mother. Both variants were predicted to cause premature termination of protein synthesis and be disease causing by MutationTaster software. The c.2826C>G (p.Tyr942Ter) variant has not been recorded in the Human Gene Mutation Database. Based on the guidelines of the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics, both variants were predicted to be pathogenic (PVS1+PM2+PM4+PP3+PP5 and PVS1+PM2+PM4+PP3, respectively).@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2773C>T (p.Arg925Ter) and c.2826C>G (p.Tyr942Ter) variants of the OTOGL gene probably underlay the hearing loss in this child.


Subject(s)
Child , Deafness , Family , Genomics , Humans , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Phenotype
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879551

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of a pedigree affected with peroneal muscular atrophy.@*METHODS@#Neuroelectrophysiological examination and whole exome sequencing were carried out for the proband, a six-year-and-ten-month-old boy. Suspected variant was verified in his family members through Sanger sequencing. Bioinformatic analysis was carried to predict the conservation of amino acid sequence and impact of the variant on the protein structure and function.@*RESULTS@#Electrophysiological examination showed demyelination and axonal changes of motor and sensory nerve fibers. A heterozygous missense c.1066A>G (p. Thr356Ala) variant was found in exon 11 of the MFN2 gene in the proband and his mother, but not in his sister and father. Bioinformatic analysis using PolyPhen-2 and Mutation Taster software predicted the variant to be pathogenic, and that the sequence of variation site was highly conserved among various species. Based no the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics standards and guidelines, the c.1066A>G (p. Thr356Ala) variant of MFN2 gene was predicted to be likely pathogenic (PS1+ PM2+ PP3+ PP4).@*CONCLUSION@#The heterozygous missense c.1066A>G (p.Thr356Ala) variant of the MFN2 gene probably underlay the disease in the proband, and the results have enabled genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for this family.


Subject(s)
Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease/genetics , Child , China , Drosophila Proteins/genetics , Exons , Female , Heterozygote , Humans , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Whole Exome Sequencing
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879518

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis of four Chinese families affected with deafness.@*METHODS@#All probands were subjected to next generation sequencing (NGS). Suspected variant were verified by Sanger sequencing among the family members. Prenatal diagnosis was provided for three couples through Sanger sequencing.@*RESULTS@#All probands were found to carry pathogenic variants of the TMC1 gene, which included c.100C>T (p.R34X) and c.642+4A>C in family 1, c.582G>A (p.W194X) and c.589G>A (p.G197R) in family 2, c.1396_1398delAAC and c.1571T>C (p.F524S) in family 3, and homozygosity of c.2050G>C (p.D684H) in family 4. All parents were heterozygous carriers of the variants. The c.642+4A>C and c.1571T>C (p.F524S) were unreported previously. Prenatal diagnosis revealed that none of the fetuses were affected. Follow-up confirmed that all newborns had normal hearing.@*CONCLUSION@#Variant of the TMC1 gene probably underlay the deafness in the four families. Above findings have enhanced our understanding of the function of the TMC1 gene and enriched its variant spectrum. The results also facilitated genetic counseling and prenatal diagnosis for the families.


Subject(s)
China , Deafness/genetics , Female , Genetic Variation , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Pedigree , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879504

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To detect genetic variant in a sib-pair with Finnish type congenital nephrotic syndrome (CNF).@*METHODS@#Clinical data of the sib-pair was reviewed. Coding regions of the NPHS1 gene was analyzed for the sib-pair and both parents.@*RESULTS@#The sister and brother respectively developed severe proteinuria 1 month and 28 days after birth, in addition with low serum albumin, hypercholesterolemia and severe edema, which were suggestive of CNF. Genetic testing identified that the sib-pair has both carried two heterozygous variants of NPHS1 gene, namely c.2605G>C (p.P869>A) and c.-61G>A, for which their father and mother were heterozygous carriers.@*CONCLUSION@#The c.2605G>C (p.869P>A) and c.-61G>A variants of the NHPS1 gene probably underlay the CNF in both sibs. The c.2605G>C(p.869P>A) was unreported previously.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Male , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nephrotic Syndrome/genetics , Siblings
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To screen for Vel- rare blood type donors and determine the frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del allele in Yili Prefecture of Xinjiang, China.@*METHODS@#DNA pooling and PCR-sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSP) was conducted to screen individuals carrying the SMIM1 c.64_80del variant, and Sanger sequencing of SMIM1 exon 3 was carried out to verify the genotype of those with the variation. SMIM1 intron 2 was also sequenced to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) that may affect the expression of Vel antigen.@*RESULTS@#Among 3328 blood donors, 14 were identified as heterozygotes for the SMIM1 c.64_80del allele, its allele frequency was 0.21%; no homozygous SMIM1 c.64_80 deletions was found. For SNP rs1175550, all of the 14 individuals had an AA genotype, among whom 5 carried heterozygous 7111ins GCA variant in intron 2.@*CONCLUSION@#The allelic frequency of SMIM1 c.64_80del in Yili area is approximately 0.21%, which is reported for the first time.


Subject(s)
Alleles , Blood Group Antigens/genetics , China , Gene Frequency , Genetic Variation/genetics , Genotype , Humans , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide/genetics
10.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 438-444, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019366

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pubertal timing in humans is determined by complex interactions including hormonal, metabolic, environmental, ethnic, and genetic factors. Central precocious puberty (CPP) is defined as the premature reactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, starting before the ages of 8 and 9 years in girls and boys, respectively; familial CPP is defined by the occurrence of CPP in two or more family members. Pioneering studies have evidenced the participation of genetic factors in pubertal timing, mainly identifying genetic causes of CPP in sporadic and familial cases. In this context, rare activating mutations were identified in genes of the kisspeptin excitatory pathway (KISS1R and KISS1 mutations). More recently, loss-of-function mutations in two imprinted genes (MKRN3 and DLK1) have been identified as important causes of familial CPP, describing novel players in the modulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in physiological and pathological conditions. MKRN3 mutations are the most common cause of familial CPP, and patients with MKRN3 mutations present clinical features indistinguishable from idiopathic CPP. Meanwhile, adult patients with DLK1 mutations present high frequency of metabolic alterations (overweight/obesity, early onset type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia), indicating that DLK1 may be a novel link between reproduction and metabolism. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2019;63(4):438-44


Subject(s)
Humans , Puberty, Precocious/genetics , Phenotype , Puberty, Precocious/etiology , Ribonucleoproteins/genetics , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Gene Silencing , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Kisspeptins/genetics , Receptors, Kisspeptin-1/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Methylation , Mutation
11.
Rev. bras. parasitol. vet ; 28(3): 451-457, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1042527

ABSTRACT

Abstract The msp4 gene of A. marginale is unicodon, stable and mostly homogeneous, being considered as a useful marker for phylogeographic characterization of this bacterium. The objective of this work was to analyze the phylogeography of A. marginale based on the msp4 gene in beef cattle from the Brazilian Pantanal, compared to those found in other regions worldwide. The blood samples investigated were collected from 400 animals (200 cows and 200 calves) reared in five extensive breeding farms in this region. The results indicated that of the evaluated samples, 56.75% (227/400) were positive for A. marginale based on the msp1β gene by quantitatitve PCR (qPCR), while 8.37% (19/227) were positive for the msp4 gene in the conventional PCR. In the Network distance analysis, 14 sequences from the Brazilian Pantanal were grouped into a single group with those from Thailand, India, Spain, Colombia, Parana (Brazil), Mexico, Portugal, Argentina, China, Venezuela, Australia, Italy and Minas Gerais (Brazil). Among 68 sequences from Brazil and the world, 15 genotypes were present while genotype number one (#1) was the most distributed worldwide. Both Splitstree and network analyses showed that the A. marginale msp4 sequences detected in beef cattle from the Brazilian Pantanal showed low polymorphism, with the formation of one genogroup phylogenetically related to those found in ruminants from South and Central America, Europe, and Asia.


Resumo O gene msp4 de A. marginale é unicodon, estável e pouco heterogêneo, sendo considerado como um marcador útil para caracterização filogeográfica desta bactéria. Este trabalho teve como objetivo analisar a filogeografia de A. marginale com base no gene msp4 em bovinos de corte do Pantanal Brasileiro, comparativamente a outra regiões do mundo. Alíquotas de sangue foram colhidas de 400 bovinos (200 vacas e 200 bezerros) em cinco propriedades de cria e recria extensiva. Como resultado, 56,75% (227/400) mostraram-se positivas para A. marginale pela qPCR para o gene msp1β e destas, 8,37% (19/227) amostras foram positivas na PCR convencional para o gene msp4. Na análise de distância Network, 14 sequências do Pantanal brasileiro foram agrupadas em um único grupo com as da Thailândia, Índia, Espanha, Colômbia, Paraná (Brasil), México, Portugal, Argentina, China, Venezuela, Austrália, Italia e Minas Gerais (Brasil). Dentre 68 sequências do Brasil e do mundo, constatou-se a presença de 15 genótipos, sendo o genótipo número um (#1) o mais distribuído. As sequências msp4 de A. marginale detectadas em bovinos de corte no Pantanal brasileiro apresentaram baixo polimorfismo com formação de dois genogrupos filogeneticamente relacionados àqueles encontrados em ruminantes de países das América do Sul e Central, Europa e Ásia.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Female , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Cattle/microbiology , Anaplasma marginale/genetics , Phylogeography/methods , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Asia , Americas , Brazil , DNA, Bacterial/genetics , Molecular Sequence Data , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Amino Acid Sequence , Anaplasma marginale/isolation & purification , Europe , Genotype
12.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 225-231, April.-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839393

ABSTRACT

Abstract Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most frequent opportunistic pathogens worldwide. DNA processing protein A (DprA) is an important factor involved in bacterial uptake and DNA integration into bacterial genome, but its role in S. pneumoniae virulence remains unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of the pneumococcal dprA gene on the pathogenesis of S. pneumoniae. To construct a dprA-deficient pneumococcal strain, the dprA gene of the S. pneumoniae strain D39 was inactivated. The virulence of this dprA-deficient strain, designated ΔD39, was compared with that of the wild-type strain by evaluating their respective capabilities to adhere to human pulmonary epithelial cells (PEC-A549) and by analyzing their choline-binding protein expression levels. In addition, the expression profiles of genes associated with virulence and host survival assays were also conducted with the mutant and the wild-type strain. Our results indicate that the capability of ΔD39 to adhere to the PEC-A549 airway cells was significantly lower (p < 0.01) compared with D39. Additionally, the 100-KD choline-binding protein was not detected in ΔD39. The addition of competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) lead to a significantly reduction of psaA mRNA expression in the dprA-deficient mutant and an increased level of psaA transcripts in the wild-type strain (p < 0.01). The median survival time of mice intraperitoneally infected with ΔD39 was significantly higher (p < 0.01) than that of mice infected with D39. The results of this study suggest that DprA has a significant effect on virulence characteristics of S. pneumoniae by influencing the expression of choline-binding protein and PsaA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Pneumococcal Infections/pathology , Streptococcus pneumoniae/pathogenicity , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Bacterial Adhesion , Virulence Factors/analysis , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Pneumococcal Infections/microbiology , Streptococcus pneumoniae/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/analysis , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Survival Analysis , Cell Line , Virulence Factors/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Gene Knockout Techniques , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mice
13.
Ann. hepatol ; 16(1): 77-85, Jan.-Feb. 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-838089

ABSTRACT

Abstract: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of chronic liver disease worldwide. We have previously shown that hepatic reticuloendothelial system (RES) iron deposition is associated with an advanced degree of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) in humans. In this study, we aimed to determine differentially expressed genes related to iron overload, inflammation and oxidative stress pathways, with the goal of identifying factors associated with NASH progression. Seventy five patients with NAFLD were evaluated for their biochemical parameters and their liver tissue analyzed for NASH histological characteristics. Gene expression analysis of pathways related to iron homeostasis, inflammation and oxidative stress was performed using real-time PCR. Gene expression was compared between subjects based on disease status and presence of hepatic iron staining. We observed increased gene expression of hepcidin (HAMP) (2.3 fold, p = 0.027), transmembrane serine proteinase 6 (TMPRSS6) (8.4 fold, p = 0.003), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) (5.5 fold, p = 0.004), proinflammatory cytokines; IL-1β (2.7 fold, p = 0.046) and TNF-α (3.8 fold, p = 0.001) in patients with NASH. TMPRSS6, a negative regulator of HAMP, is overexpressed in patients with NASH and HIF1α (hypoxia inducible factor-1) is downregulated. NAFLD patients with hepatic iron deposition exhibited higher hepcidin expression (3.1 fold, p = 0.04) but lower expression of cytokines. In conclusion, we observed elevated hepatic HAMP expression in patients with NASH and in NAFLD patients who had hepatic iron deposition, while proinflammatory cytokines displayed elevated expression only in patients with NASH, suggesting a regulatory role for hepcidin in NAFL to NASH transition and in mitigating inflammatory responses.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Oxidative Stress/genetics , Iron Overload/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Inflammation/genetics , Iron/analysis , Liver/chemistry , Serine Endopeptidases/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/genetics , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Inflammation Mediators/blood , Iron Overload/diagnosis , Iron Overload/blood , STAT3 Transcription Factor/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-1beta/blood , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , Hepcidins/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/diagnosis , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Inflammation/diagnosis , Inflammation/blood , Liver/pathology , Membrane Proteins/genetics
14.
IBJ-Iranian Biomedical Journal. 2017; 21 (4): 261-269
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-189235

ABSTRACT

Background: Obesity is a very common disorder resulting from an imbalance between food intake and energy expenditure, and it has a substantial impact on the development of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to examine the association of INSIG2 [rs7566605] gene polymorphism with obesity and obesity associated phenotypes in North Indian subjects


Methods: The variants were investigated for association in 642 obese and non-obese individuals. The genotyping of INSIG2 [rs7566605] single nucleotide polymorphism was analyzed by the TaqMan allelic discrimination protocol


Results: A significant association was observed for INSIG2 [rs7566605] single nucleotide polymorphism with obesity and obesity-related phenotypes. Furthermore, a significant relationship was found between the rs7566605 and insulin, homeostasis model of assessment-insulin resistance, the percentage of body fat, fat mass, leptin, and adiponectin


Conclusion: The present study observed significant association between INSIG2 [rs7566605] single nucleotide polymorphism and obesity, as well as obesity associated phenotypes in North Indian population


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic , Phenotype , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Body Mass Index , Insulin , Insulin Resistance
16.
Rev. chil. pediatr ; 87(1): 31-36, feb. 2016. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-779471

ABSTRACT

Resumen: La podocina es una proteína localizada en el diafragma de filtración glomerular donde participa en la regulación de la filtración glomerular. Las mutaciones del gen NPHS2, que codifica a la podocina, son la principal causa de síndrome nefrótico corticorresistente (SNCR) autosómico recesivo en niños. Objetivos: Identificar mutaciones de NPHS2 en niños chilenos con SNCR, y establecer la prevalencia de las variantes más frecuentes en un grupo de adultos sanos. Pacientes y método: Análisis mutacional de NPHS2 en 34 niños chilenos con SNCR. Una vez identificadas las dos variantes de NPHS2 de mayor frecuencia, se realizó un screening de estas mutaciones en 223 adultos sanos. El análisis mutacional se realizó por secuenciación directa de los ocho exones codificantes amplificados por reacción de polimerasa en cadena. La secuenciación del DNA se realizó mediante método fluorométrico y las secuencias fueron evaluadas con el software SeqPilot. La asociación entre la presencia de variantes de NPHS2 y SNCR se calculó comparando las frecuencias alélicas entre los pacientes con SNCR y los voluntarios sanos utilizando prueba exacta de Fisher. Se consideró significativo p < 0,05. Resultados: Se detectaron mutaciones patogénicas de NPHS2 en siete de los 34 pacientes (21%) estudiados, de los cuales seis resultaron heterocigotos para p.R229Q y p.A284 V. En voluntarios sanos la prevalencia de p.R229Q fue de 2,46%. Conclusiones: Este estudio muestra que p.R229Q y p.A284 V son las variantes de NPHS2 más frecuentes en niños chilenos con SNCR. Por primera vez se describe esta asociación en niños chilenos, en base a la cual es posible proponer una estrategia de screening para estudio genético en pacientes con SNCR y sus familias. Se propone una estrategia de búsqueda de p.R229Q y p.A284 V en forma paralela o secuencial en estos pacientes.


Abstract: Podocin is a protein located in the glomerular slit diaphragm where it takes part in the regulation of glomerular filtration. Mutations of the NPHS2 gene that codes podocin are the main cause of autosomal recessive steroid resistant nephrotic syndrome (SRNS). Objectives: To identify the NPHS2 mutations in Chilean children with SRNS, and to determine the prevalence of the most common variants in a group of healthy adults. Patients and methods: Mutation analysis of NPHS2 in 34 Chilean children with SRNS. Once the two most common variants of NPHS2 were identified, screening for these mutations was performed on 233 healthy adults. The mutation analysis was performed by the direct sequencing of the eight coding exons by polymerase chain reaction amplification. The DNA sequencing was performed using a fluorometric method, and then evaluated with SeqPilot™ software. The relationship between the presence of NPHS2 variants and SRNS was calculated by comparing the allele frequency between patients with SRNS and those of the healthy volunteers using the exact Fisher test. A P < .05 was considered significant. Results: Pathogenic NPHS2 mutations were detected in 7 (21%) of the 34 patients studied, of which 6 were heterozygotes for p.R229Q and p.A284 V. The presence of p.R229Q was 2.46% in the healthy volunteers. Conclusions: This study shows that p.R229Q and p.A284 V are the most frequent variants in Chilean children with SRNS. It is the first time that this relationship has been reported in Chilean children. Based on this, a screening strategy is proposed for the genetic study in patients with SRNS and their families. A parallel or sequential search strategy for p.R229Q and p.A284 V in these patients is proposed.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mutation , Nephrotic Syndrome/congenital , DNA Mutational Analysis , Chile , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Exons , Cross-Sectional Studies , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Fluorometry , Gene Frequency , Nephrotic Syndrome/genetics
17.
An. bras. dermatol ; 91(1): 45-48, Jan.-Feb. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-776428

ABSTRACT

Abstract BACKGROUND: Recent mutation analysis identified several missense mutations in CARD14 in psoriasis. OBJECTIVES: We performed the genomic sequence analysis on CARD14 in southern Chinese Han Cantonese with Psoriasis Vulgaris (PsV) to reveal more causative missense mutations. METHODS: A total of 131 patients with PsV and 207 matched controls were included. We conducted sequence analysis of all the exon and exon-intron boundaries of CARD14 in the group of PsV patients and subsequent case control analysis of potential sequence variants of significance. RESULTS: We found five rare mutations and four of them are annotated or reported. Only the variant (c.1291C>G) has not been reported and annotated, but the variant was also found in controls. No significant difference was detected among all rare variant allele frequencies of patients and controls. CONCLUSION: None of the new definite variants were pathogenic. The other pathogenic mutations for PsV are still elusive in our cohort.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Humans , Middle Aged , Young Adult , CARD Signaling Adaptor Proteins/genetics , Guanylate Cyclase/genetics , Mutation, Missense , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Psoriasis/genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA , Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , Case-Control Studies , China , Cohort Studies , Gene Frequency , Genotyping Techniques , Predictive Value of Tests
18.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-12, 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The olfactomedin-like domain (OLFML) is present in at least four families of proteins, including OLFML2A and OLFML2B, which are expressed in adult rat retina cells. However, no expression of their orthologous has ever been reported in human and baboon. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of OLFML2A and OLFML2B in ocular tissues of baboons (Papio hamadryas) and humans, as a key to elucidate OLFML function in eye physiology. METHODS: OLFML2A and OLFML2B cDNA detection in ocular tissues of these species was performed by RT-PCR. The amplicons were cloned and sequenced, phylogenetically analyzed and their proteins products were confirmed by immunofluorescence assays. RESULTS: OLFML2A and OLFML2B transcripts were found in human cornea, lens and retina and in baboon cornea, lens, iris and retina. The baboon OLFML2A and OLFML2B ORF sequences have 96% similarity with their human's orthologous. OLFML2A and OLFML2B evolution fits the hypothesis of purifying selection. Phylogenetic analysis shows clear orthology in OLFML2A genes, while OLFML2B orthology is not clear. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of OLFML2A and OLFML2B in human and baboon ocular tissues, including their high similarity, make the baboon a powerful model to deduce the physiological and/or metabolic function of these proteins in the eye.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Glycoproteins/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/metabolism , Eye/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Papio , Reference Values , Glycoproteins/analysis , Glycoproteins/genetics , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/methods , Evolution, Molecular , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Reverse Transcription , Eye/chemistry , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Membrane Proteins/analysis , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Ocular Physiological Phenomena
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200500

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: A newborn screening (NBS) program has been utilized to detect asymptomatic newborns with inherited metabolic diseases (IMDs). There have been some bottlenecks such as false-positives and imprecision in the current NBS tests. To overcome these issues, we developed a multigene panel for IMD testing and investigated the utility of our integrated screening model in a routine NBS environment. We also evaluated the genetic epidemiologic characteristics of IMDs in a Korean population. METHODS: In total, 269 dried blood spots with positive results from current NBS tests were collected from 120,700 consecutive newborns. We screened 97 genes related to NBS in Korea and detected IMDs, using an integrated screening model based on biochemical tests and next-generation sequencing (NGS) called NewbornSeq. Haplotype analysis was conducted to detect founder effects. RESULTS: The overall positive rate of IMDs was 20%. We identified 10 additional newborns with preventable IMDs that would not have been detected prior to the implementation of our NGS-based platform NewbornSeq. The incidence of IMDs was approximately 1 in 2,235 births. Haplotype analysis demonstrated founder effects in p.Y138X in DUOXA2, p.R885Q in DUOX2, p.Y439C in PCCB, p.R285Pfs*2 in SLC25A13, and p.R224Q in GALT. CONCLUSIONS: Through a population-based study in the NBS environment, we highlight the screening and epidemiological implications of NGS. The integrated screening model will effectively contribute to public health by enabling faster and more accurate IMD detection through NBS. This study suggested founder mutations as an explanation for recurrent IMD-causing mutations in the Korean population.


Subject(s)
Computational Biology , DNA/chemistry , Dried Blood Spot Testing , Galactokinase , Genomics , Haplotypes , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Incidence , Infant, Newborn , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Metabolic Diseases/diagnosis , Metabolism, Inborn Errors/diagnosis , Mitochondrial Membrane Transport Proteins/genetics , Neonatal Screening , Polymorphism, Genetic , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Sequence Analysis, DNA
20.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 110(6): 732-738, Sept. 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-763098

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate an enzyme-linked immunoassay with recombinant rhoptry protein 2 (ELISA-rROP2) for its ability to detectToxoplasma gondii ROP2-specific IgG in samples from pregnant women. The study included 236 samples that were divided into groups according to serological screening profiles for toxoplasmosis: unexposed (n = 65), probable acute infection (n = 48), possible acute infection (n = 58) and exposed to the parasite (n = 65). When an indirect immunofluorescence assay forT. gondii-specific IgG was considered as a reference test, the ELISA-rROP2 had a sensitivity of 61.8%, specificity of 62.8%, predictive positive value of 76.6% and predictive negative value of 45.4% (p = 0.0002). The ELISA-rROP2 reacted with 62.5% of the samples from pregnant women with probable acute infection and 40% of the samples from pregnant women with previous exposure (p = 0.0180). Seropositivity was observed in 50/57 (87.7%) pregnant women with possible infection. The results underscored that T. gondii rROP2 is recognised by specific IgG antibodies in both the acute and chronic phases of toxoplasmosis acquired during pregnancy. However, the sensitivity of the ELISA-rROP2 was higher in the pregnant women with probable and possible acute infections and IgM reactivity.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Antigens, Protozoan/immunology , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/methods , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Membrane Proteins/immunology , Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic/diagnosis , Protozoan Proteins/immunology , Toxoplasmosis/diagnosis , Antigens, Protozoan/blood , Confidence Intervals , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay/standards , Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect , Immunoglobulin G/isolation & purification , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Immunoglobulin M/isolation & purification , Inventions/standards , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Predictive Value of Tests , Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic/blood , Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic/immunology , Protozoan Proteins/genetics , Recombinant Proteins , Reference Standards , Sensitivity and Specificity , Toxoplasma/immunology , Toxoplasmosis/blood , Toxoplasmosis/immunology
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