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1.
Braz. dent. j ; 31(2): 122-126, Mar.-Apr. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1132280

ABSTRACT

Abstract Although periodontitis is one of the commonest infectious inflammatory diseases in humans, the mechanisms involved with its immunopathology remain ill understood. Numerous molecules may induce inflammation and lead to bone resorption, secondary to activation of monocytes into osteoclasts. TACE (TNF-α converting enzyme) and DC-STAMP (dendritic cell-specific transmembrane protein) appear to play a role on bone resorption since TACE induces the release of sRANKL (soluble receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa-β ligand) whereas DC-STAMP is a key factor in osteoclast induction. The present study evaluated the levels of TACE and DC-STAMP in patients with and without periodontitis. Twenty individuals were selected: 10 periodontally healthy participants undergoing gingivectomy for esthetic reasons and 10 diagnosed with periodontitis. Protein levels of such molecules in gingival tissue were established using Western blotting. Protein levels of both TACE and DC-STAMP were higher in the periodontitis group than in the control group (p<0.05; Student t-test). In conclusion, TACE and DC-STAMP protein levels are elevated in patients with periodontitis, favoring progression of bone resorption.


Resumo Apesar de a periodontite ser uma das doenças infecto inflamatórias humanas mais comuns, os mecanismos que conduzem à imunopatologia não estão bem definidos. Inúmeras moléculas induzem atividade inflamatória que levam à perda óssea. Para que haja a reabsorção óssea, células monocíticas são ativadas e se transformam em osteoclastos. As moléculas TACE (Enzima conversora de TNF-α) e DC-STAMP (Proteína transmembrana específica de célula dendrítica) parecem atuar no processo de reabsorção óssea uma vez que a TACE induz a liberação de sRANKL (ativador do receptor do fator nuclear kappa-β ligante solúvel), enquanto a DC-STAMP é um fator chave na indução dos osteoclastos. Diante disso, o presente estudo avaliou a expressão gênica das moléculas TACE e DC-STAMP em pacientes com e sem periodontite uma vez que o papel destas moléculas no curso do desenvolvimento da periodontite ainda é pouco explorado. Foram selecionados 20 indivíduos, sendo 10 com saúde periodontal e com indicação para remoção de tecido gengival por motivos estéticos e 10 pacientes com periodontite. As análises da expressão das moléculas no tecido gengival foram realizadas por meio de western blotting. Os níveis proteicos tanto de TACE quanto de DC-STAMP, foram maiores nos tecidos do grupo com periodontite em comparação aos do grupo controle (p<0.05; Student' t-test). Portanto, os dados demonstram que a expressão protéica das moléculas TACE e DC-STAMP estão elevados em pacientes com periodontite, favorecendo a progressão da reabsorção óssea nesta patologia.


Subject(s)
Humans , Periodontitis , Bone Resorption , Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing/metabolism , ADAM17 Protein/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Osteoclasts , Cell Differentiation
2.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 63(4): 438-444, July-Aug. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1019366

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Pubertal timing in humans is determined by complex interactions including hormonal, metabolic, environmental, ethnic, and genetic factors. Central precocious puberty (CPP) is defined as the premature reactivation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, starting before the ages of 8 and 9 years in girls and boys, respectively; familial CPP is defined by the occurrence of CPP in two or more family members. Pioneering studies have evidenced the participation of genetic factors in pubertal timing, mainly identifying genetic causes of CPP in sporadic and familial cases. In this context, rare activating mutations were identified in genes of the kisspeptin excitatory pathway (KISS1R and KISS1 mutations). More recently, loss-of-function mutations in two imprinted genes (MKRN3 and DLK1) have been identified as important causes of familial CPP, describing novel players in the modulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis in physiological and pathological conditions. MKRN3 mutations are the most common cause of familial CPP, and patients with MKRN3 mutations present clinical features indistinguishable from idiopathic CPP. Meanwhile, adult patients with DLK1 mutations present high frequency of metabolic alterations (overweight/obesity, early onset type 2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia), indicating that DLK1 may be a novel link between reproduction and metabolism. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2019;63(4):438-44


Subject(s)
Humans , Puberty, Precocious/genetics , Phenotype , Puberty, Precocious/etiology , Ribonucleoproteins/genetics , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Gene Silencing , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/genetics , Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins/metabolism , Kisspeptins/genetics , Receptors, Kisspeptin-1/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Methylation , Mutation
3.
Rev. chil. cardiol ; 38(1): 29-36, abr. 2019. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1003635

ABSTRACT

Resumen: Antecedentes: La muerte de los cardiomiocitos es determinante en el desarrollo de patologías cardiacas posteriores al infarto del miocardio y la insuficiencia cardiaca. Las variaciones en la expresión de la familia de proteínas BCL-2 regulan vías, tanto de muerte, como de sobrevida celular. Así, BCL-2 es una proteína anti- apoptótica y NIX una proteína que induce la necrosis y/o la apoptosis celular. La Policistina-1 (PC1) es un mecanosensor vital para la función contráctil cardiaca; sin embargo, se desconoce su papel en la sobrevida de los cardiomiocitos durante el estrés mecánico. Objetivo: Determinar si PC-1 previene la muerte de los cardiomiocitos inducida por estrés mecánico y las proteínas BCL-2 y NIX. Métodos: Se utilizó cultivo de cardiomiocitos de ratas neonatas controles o deficientes en la expresión de PC1, estimulados con solución hiposmótica (HS), como modelo de estrés mecánico. Se midió la muerte por necrosis y apoptosis y los niveles de BCL-2 y NIX. Resultados: La deficiencia de la PC1 en los cardiomiocitos induce un aumento de la necrosis y los niveles proteicos de NIX en las células estimuladas con HS. El estrés mecánico induce la apoptosis basal relacionada a una disminución de BCL- 2, independiente de la expresión de la PC1. Conclusiones: La PC1 protege a los cardiomiocitos de la necrosis por estrés mecánico, lo que podría deberse en parte a su papel en la regulación de los niveles de las proteínas NIX.


Abstracts: Background: Cardiomyocytes death is a determining factor in the development of cardiac dysfunction after myocardial infarction and heart failure. The change in BCL-2 family protein expression regulates both cell death and survival pathways, whereas BCL-2 is an anti-apoptotic protein and NIX induces necrosis and/or apoptosis. Polycystin-1 (PC1) is a crucial mechanosensor for cardiac contractile function. However, its role in cardiomyocyte survival during mechanical stress is unknown. Aim: To study the relationship of PC1 with mechanical stretch-death in cardiomyocytes and the BCL-2, and NIX proteins. Methods. Controls or deficient expression of PC1 neonatal rat ventricular myocytes were stimulated with hypoosmotic solution (HS) and used as a model of mechanical stress. Necrosis or apoptosis cell death, BCL-2 and NIX protein levels were measured. Results: Deficient expression of PC1 increases cardiomyocyte necrosis and NIX protein levels in cells stimulated with HS. Mechanical stress induces basal apoptosis related to a decrease in BCL-2, independent of PC1 expression. Conclusion: PC1 protects cardiomyocytes from mechanical stress necrosis, at least in part, by regulating NIX protein levels.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac/metabolism , TRPP Cation Channels/metabolism , Necrosis/prevention & control , Stress, Mechanical , Blotting, Western , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis , Flow Cytometry , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
4.
Biol. Res ; 52: 8, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011404

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cervical cancer (CC) ranks third in the morbidity and mortality of female cancer around the world. Derlin1 has been found to be overexpressed in several human cancers. However, it is still unclear about its roles in CC. The research aims to explore the relationship between Derlin1 and CC. METHODS: We purchased a human CC tissues microarray, which contained CC tissues and corresponding para-cancerous tissues from 93 patients with primary cervical squamous cell carcinoma. Immunohistochemical staining was used to confirm the expression of Derlin1 in these tissues. And we detected the differential expression of Derlin1 in cervical cancer cell lines and normal cervical epithelial cells (H8). Further, the cervical cancer cell lines SiHa and C33A were used as an in vitro model, which was down-regulated the expression of Derlin1 using siRNA interference technology. The effects of Derlin1 down-regulating in CC cell lines on cell proliferation and migration were detected by CCK8 assay and transwell assay, respectively. The effect of Derlin1 down-regulating on apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry, and apoptosis-related proteins were detected using western blotting. In-depth mechanisms were studied using western blotting. In addition, the effects of Derlin1 up-regulating in normal cervical epithelial cells also were exposed. RESULTS: Derlin1 was significantly elevated in CC tissues (81.7%, 76/93), and the expression of Derlin 1 was positively correlated with the tumor size, pathological grade, and lymph node metastasis in CC patients. And Derlin 1 was high expressed in cervical cancer cell lines compared to H8 cells. Knockdown of Derlin 1 in cervical cancer cell lines inhibited cell proliferation and migration. Moreover, knockdown of Derlin 1 induced apoptosis and affected the expression of apoptosis-related proteins, including Bcl-2, Bax, Bim, caspase3 and caspase9. Further experiments showed that AKT/mTOR signal pathway might be involve in this processes that knockdown of Derlin 1 inhibited the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR. Over-expression of Derlin 1 in H8 cells promoted cell proliferation and migration via up-regulated the expression of p-AKT and p-mTOR. CONCLUSION: Derlin 1 is an oncogene in CC via AKT/mTOR pathway. It might be a potential therapeutic target for CC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/metabolism , Signal Transduction/physiology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/pathology , Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/pathology , Apoptosis , Protein Array Analysis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/physiology
5.
Appl. cancer res ; 39: 1-8, 2019. Ilustr., Tab.
Article in English | LILACS, Inca | ID: biblio-1015366

ABSTRACT

Background: The capacity for prognostic prediction of cutaneous melanoma, one of the most aggressive cancers, is still difficult due to the tumor heterogeneity and lack of reliable tumor markers. The objective of this study is to correlate, through immunohistochemistry, a Ki-67 and Kindlin-1 staining in malignant melanomas with the prognosis of the disease. Methods: A historical cohort study. Immunohistochemistry, using mouse anti-human Kindlin-1 and Ki-67 monoclonal antibodies, was performed using tissue blocks from primary cutaneous melanoma patients treated between 2006 and 2014 at our institution. Information regarding pathological data and outcomes were retrieved from medical records. Statistical analyses were conducted in SPSS version 18.0. Results: Thirty patients were included. The median age was from 50.93 ± 15.31 years old. The expression of Ki-67 was detected in all patients with primary cutaneous melanoma, while Kindlin-1 was negative in two. Kindlin expression was not significantly correlated with Ki-67 expression by Spearman's rank correlation analysis (P = 0.46), as well as the expression of both markers and the clinical stage (P = 0.34 and 0.18, respectively). Breslow, Clark and mitotic rate were significantly correlated with AJCC stage (P = 0.001). Conclusion: Other studies investigating clinical evolution are needed to further test the potential of these markers as possible prognostic markers (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Middle Aged , Aged , Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism , Melanoma/pathology , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Prognosis , Staining and Labeling , Immunohistochemistry , Biomarkers, Tumor , Cohort Studies , Melanoma/diagnosis , Neoplasm Staging
6.
Biol. Res ; 51: 22, 2018. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950906

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Our study aimed to investigate the roles of autophagy against high glucose induced response in retinal pigment epithelium (ARPE-19 cells). METHODS: The morphological changes and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation in ARPE-19 cells under high glucose treatment were respectively detected using the transmission electron microscopy and flow cytometry. The expression levels of Parkin, PINK1, BNIP3L, LC3-I and LC3-II in ARPE-19 cells received high glucose treatment were measured by western blot after pretreatment of carbonyl cyanide m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP), 3-methyladenine (3-MA), N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) or cyclosporin A (CsA) followed by high glucose treatment. RESULTS: ARPE-19 cells subjected to high glucose stress showed an obvious reduction in the LC3-I expression and significant increase in the number of autophagosomes, in the intracellular ROS level, and in the expression levels of Parkin, PINK1, BNIP3L and LC3-II (p < 0.05). Pretreatment with CCCP significantly reduced the LC3-I expression and increased the expression levels of Parkin, PINK1, BNIP3L and LC3-II (p < 0.05). ARPE-19 cells pretreated with CsA under high glucose stress showed markedly down-regulated expressions of Parkin, PINK1 and BNIP3L compared with the cells treated with high glucose (p < 0.05). Pretreatment of ARPE-19 cells with NAC or 3-MA under high glucose stress resulted in a marked reduction in the expression levels of PINK1, BNIP3L and LC3-II (p < 0.05). Meanwhile, the expression level of Parkin in the ARPE-19 cells pretreated with NAC under high glucose stress was comparable with that in the control cells. CONCLUSION: Autophagy might have protective roles against high glucose induced injury in ARPE19 cells via regulating PINK1/Parkin pathway and BNIP3L.


Subject(s)
Humans , Protein Kinases/drug effects , Autophagy/drug effects , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/drug effects , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/drug effects , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/drug effects , Retinal Pigment Epithelium/drug effects , Glucose/pharmacology , Membrane Proteins/drug effects , Protein Kinases/metabolism , Autophagy/physiology , Signal Transduction/physiology , Cell Line , Proto-Oncogene Proteins/metabolism , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases/metabolism , Microscopy, Electron, Transmission , Retinal Pigment Epithelium/cytology , Flow Cytometry , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
7.
Braz. j. microbiol ; 48(2): 225-231, April.-June 2017. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-839393

ABSTRACT

Abstract Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most frequent opportunistic pathogens worldwide. DNA processing protein A (DprA) is an important factor involved in bacterial uptake and DNA integration into bacterial genome, but its role in S. pneumoniae virulence remains unclear. The aim of this study was to characterize the effects of the pneumococcal dprA gene on the pathogenesis of S. pneumoniae. To construct a dprA-deficient pneumococcal strain, the dprA gene of the S. pneumoniae strain D39 was inactivated. The virulence of this dprA-deficient strain, designated ΔD39, was compared with that of the wild-type strain by evaluating their respective capabilities to adhere to human pulmonary epithelial cells (PEC-A549) and by analyzing their choline-binding protein expression levels. In addition, the expression profiles of genes associated with virulence and host survival assays were also conducted with the mutant and the wild-type strain. Our results indicate that the capability of ΔD39 to adhere to the PEC-A549 airway cells was significantly lower (p < 0.01) compared with D39. Additionally, the 100-KD choline-binding protein was not detected in ΔD39. The addition of competence-stimulating peptide (CSP) lead to a significantly reduction of psaA mRNA expression in the dprA-deficient mutant and an increased level of psaA transcripts in the wild-type strain (p < 0.01). The median survival time of mice intraperitoneally infected with ΔD39 was significantly higher (p < 0.01) than that of mice infected with D39. The results of this study suggest that DprA has a significant effect on virulence characteristics of S. pneumoniae by influencing the expression of choline-binding protein and PsaA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Pneumococcal Infections/pathology , Streptococcus pneumoniae/pathogenicity , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Bacterial Adhesion , Virulence Factors/analysis , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Pneumococcal Infections/microbiology , Streptococcus pneumoniae/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/analysis , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Survival Analysis , Cell Line , Virulence Factors/genetics , Disease Models, Animal , Epithelial Cells/microbiology , Gene Knockout Techniques , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Mice
8.
Nutrire Rev. Soc. Bras. Aliment. Nutr ; 41: 1-10, Dec. 2016. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-880608

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Eight Lactobacillus reuteri strains, previously isolated from breast-fed human infant feces, were selected to assess the potential contribution of their surface proteins in probiotic activity. These strains were treated with 5 M LiCl to remove their surface proteins, and their tolerance to simulated stomach-duodenum passage, cell surface characteristics, auto aggregation, adhesion, and inhibition of pathogen adhesion to Caco-2 cells were compared with untreated strains. RESULTS: The survival rates, auto aggregation, and adhesion abilities of the LiCl-treated L. Reuteri strains decreased significantly (p< 0.05) compared to that of the untreated cells. The inhibition ability of selected L. reuteri strains, untreated or LiCl treated, against adherence of Escherichia coli 25922 and Salmonella typh iNCDC113 to Caco-2 was evaluated in vitro with L. reuteri ATCC55730 strain as a positive control. Among the selected eight strains of L.reuteri, LR6 showed maximum inhibition against the E. Coli ATCC25922 and S. typhiNCDC113. After treatment with 5 M LiCl to remove surface protein, the inhibition activities of the lactobacilli against pathogens decreased significantly (p< 0.05). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis indicated thatLR6 strains had several bands with molecular weight ranging from 10 to 100 KDa, and their characterization and functions need to be confirmed. CONCLUSIONS: The results revealed that the cell surface proteins of L. reuteri play an important role in their survivability, adhesion, and competitive exclusion of pathogen to epithelial cells.


Subject(s)
Lactobacillus reuteri/chemistry , Lactobacillus reuteri/immunology , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Probiotics/therapeutic use
9.
Acta cir. bras ; 31(5): 314-319, May 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-783800

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT PURPOSE : To evaluate the effects of platelet rich plasma (PRP) on the healing of fascia wherein peritonitis has been created. METHODS: Twenty eight Wistar Albino rats were divided into four groups. Only a primary fascial repair following laparotomy was performed on Group 1, a primary fascial repair performed and PRP treatment applied following laparotomy on Group 2, and a fecal peritonitis created following laparotomy and a primary fascial repair carried out on Group 3. A fecal peritonitis was created following laparotomy and primary fascial repair and PRP treatment on the fascia was carried out on Group 4. RESULTS: TNF-α was found to be significantly lower in the control group (Group 1). It was detected at the highest level in the group in which fecal peritonitis was created and PRP applied (Group 4). TGF-β was determined as being significantly higher only in Group 4. Histopathologically, the differences between the groups in terms of cell infiltration and collagen deposition were not found to be significant. CONCLUSION: When platelet rich plasma was given histologically and biochemicaly as wound healing parameters cellular infiltration, collagen accumulation, and tissue hydroxyiproline levels were not increased but neovascularization, fibroblast activation and TNF Alfa levels were increased and PRP accelerated wound healing.


Subject(s)
Animals , Peritonitis/complications , Wound Healing , Platelet-Rich Plasma , Fascia/physiology , Peritonitis/metabolism , Serine Endopeptidases/metabolism , Random Allocation , Transforming Growth Factor beta/analysis , Transforming Growth Factor beta/metabolism , Collagen/drug effects , Collagen/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/analysis , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Rats, Wistar , Gelatinases/metabolism , Neovascularization, Physiologic , Models, Animal , Fascia/blood supply , Hydroxyproline/analysis , Hydroxyproline/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism
10.
Biol. Res ; 49: 1-12, 2016. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-950870

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The olfactomedin-like domain (OLFML) is present in at least four families of proteins, including OLFML2A and OLFML2B, which are expressed in adult rat retina cells. However, no expression of their orthologous has ever been reported in human and baboon. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of OLFML2A and OLFML2B in ocular tissues of baboons (Papio hamadryas) and humans, as a key to elucidate OLFML function in eye physiology. METHODS: OLFML2A and OLFML2B cDNA detection in ocular tissues of these species was performed by RT-PCR. The amplicons were cloned and sequenced, phylogenetically analyzed and their proteins products were confirmed by immunofluorescence assays. RESULTS: OLFML2A and OLFML2B transcripts were found in human cornea, lens and retina and in baboon cornea, lens, iris and retina. The baboon OLFML2A and OLFML2B ORF sequences have 96% similarity with their human's orthologous. OLFML2A and OLFML2B evolution fits the hypothesis of purifying selection. Phylogenetic analysis shows clear orthology in OLFML2A genes, while OLFML2B orthology is not clear. CONCLUSIONS: Expression of OLFML2A and OLFML2B in human and baboon ocular tissues, including their high similarity, make the baboon a powerful model to deduce the physiological and/or metabolic function of these proteins in the eye.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Glycoproteins/metabolism , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/metabolism , Eye/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Papio , Reference Values , Glycoproteins/analysis , Glycoproteins/genetics , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/analysis , Extracellular Matrix Proteins/genetics , Fluorescent Antibody Technique/methods , Evolution, Molecular , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Sequence Analysis, Protein , Reverse Transcription , Eye/chemistry , DNA Barcoding, Taxonomic , Membrane Proteins/analysis , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Ocular Physiological Phenomena
11.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 48(7): 588-594, 07/2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751349

ABSTRACT

Staphylococcus aureus is highly prevalent among patients with atopic dermatitis (AD), and this pathogen may trigger and aggravate AD lesions. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of S. aureus in the nares of pediatric subjects and verify the phenotypic and molecular characteristics of the isolates in pediatric patients with AD. Isolates were tested for antimicrobial susceptibility, SCCmec typing, and Panton-Valentine Leukocidin (PVL) genes. Lineages were determined by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). AD severity was assessed with the Scoring Atopic Dermatitis (SCORAD) index. Among 106 patients, 90 (85%) presented S. aureus isolates in their nares, and 8 also presented the pathogen in their skin infections. Two patients had two positive lesions, making a total of 10 S. aureus isolates from skin infections. Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) was detected in 24 (26.6%) patients, and PVL genes were identified in 21 (23.3%), including 6 (75%) of the 8 patients with skin lesions but mainly in patients with severe and moderate SCORAD values (P=0.0095). All 24 MRSA isolates were susceptible to trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole, while 8 isolates had a minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) to mupirocin >1024 μg/mL. High lineage diversity was found among the isolates including USA1100/ST30, USA400/ST1, USA800/ST5, ST83, ST188, ST718, ST1635, and ST2791. There was a high prevalence of MRSA and PVL genes among the isolates recovered in this study. PVL genes were found mostly among patients with severe and moderate SCORAD values. These findings can help clinicians improve the therapies and strategies for the management of pediatric patients with AD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Rats , Kidney Diseases/metabolism , Kidney/metabolism , Podocytes/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Cells, Cultured , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/metabolism , Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases/metabolism , Gene Expression , Gene Regulatory Networks , Immunoblotting , Kidney Diseases/chemically induced , Kidney Diseases/genetics , Kidney/pathology , Kidney/physiopathology , Microscopy, Electron , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Microfilament Proteins/genetics , Microfilament Proteins/metabolism , Puromycin , Podocytes/pathology , Podocytes/ultrastructure , Proteomics/methods , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Arch. endocrinol. metab. (Online) ; 59(3): 245-251, 06/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-751309

ABSTRACT

Objective Evaluate the effect of glycemic index (GI) on biochemical parameters, food intake, energy metabolism, anthropometric measures and body composition in overweight subjects.Materials and methods Simple blind study, in which nineteen subjects were randomly assigned to consume in the laboratory two daily low GI (n = 10) or high GI (n = 9) meals, for forty-five consecutive days. Habitual food intake was assessed at baseline. Food intake, anthropometric measures and body composition were assessed at each 15 days. Energy metabolism and biochemical parameters were evaluated at baseline and the end of the study.Results Low GI meals increased fat oxidation, and reduced waist circumference and HOMA-IR, while high GI meals increased daily dietary fiber and energy intake compared to baseline. There was a higher reduction on waist circumference and body fat, and a higher increase on postprandial fat oxidation in response to the LGI meals than after high GI meals. High GI meals increased fasting respiratory coefficient compared to baseline and low GI meals.Conclusion The results of the present study showed that the consumption of two daily low GI meals for forty-five consecutive days has a positive effect on obesity control, whereas, the consumption of high GI meals result has the opposite effect. Arch Endocrinol Metab. 2015;59(3):245-51.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Proteins/chemistry , Escherichia coli/enzymology , Membrane Proteins/chemistry , Phenylalanine/chemistry , Amino Acid Motifs , Amino Acid Sequence , Bacterial Proteins/genetics , Bacterial Proteins/metabolism , Chemotaxis , Conserved Sequence , Dimerization , Escherichia coli/chemistry , Escherichia coli/genetics , Escherichia coli/physiology , Molecular Sequence Data , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Protein Conformation , Phenylalanine/genetics , Phenylalanine/metabolism
14.
Dental press j. orthod. (Impr.) ; 20(2): 35-41, Mar-Apr/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-745851

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate, comparatively, the periodontal response during orthodontic treatment performed with self-ligating and conventional brackets. METHODS: Sixteen Caucasian individuals of both sexes, aged between 12 and 16 years old and in permanent dentition were selected. Eight individuals were treated with conventional brackets installed on the lower dental arch and self-ligating brackets on the upper arch. Another eight individuals received self-ligating brackets in the lower arch and conventional brackets in the upper arch. The subjects received material and instructions for oral hygiene. Visible plaque index (VPI), gingival bleeding index (GBI) and clinical attachment level (CAL) were evaluated just after installation of orthodontic appliances, and 30, 60 and 180 days later. Mann-Whitney test was used to compare differences between groups (self-ligating and conventional), two-way ANOVA followed by Tukey's test was used to assess CAL at each site of each tooth. Significance level was set at 5%. RESULTS: No significant changes were found with regard to the assessed parameters (VPI, GBI and CAL) in either one of the systems. CONCLUSION: No significant changes were found with regard to the periodontal response to orthodontic treatment for the variables assessed and between subjects receiving passive self-ligating and conventional brackets. All individuals had received oral hygiene instructions and had their periodontal conditions monitored. .


OBJETIVO: o objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar, comparativamente, a resposta periodontal durante o tratamento ortodôntico realizado com braquetes autoligáveis e convencionais. MÉTODOS: dezesseis indivíduos, leucodermas, em dentição permanente, de ambos os sexos, com idades de 12 a 16 anos, foram selecionados. Oito foram tratados com braquetes convencionais instalados na arcada inferior, e braquetes autoligáveis na arcada superior. Os outros oito indivíduos receberam braquetes autoligáveis na arcada inferior e braquetes convencionais na arcada superior. Os pacientes receberam materiais e instruções sobre higiene bucal. O índice de placa visível (IPV), o índice de sangramento gengival (ISG) e o nível de inserção clínica (NIC) foram avaliados logo após a instalação do aparelho e 30, 60 e 180 dias mais tarde. Para comparar as diferenças entre os grupos (braquetes autoligáveis e convencionais), foi utilizado o teste Mann-Whitney; para analisar o NIC em cada local de cada dente, foi utilizada a análise de variância de duas vias, seguida do teste de Tukey, com nível de significância a 5%. RESULTADOS: não houve alteração significativa nos parâmetros avaliados (IPV, ISG e NIC), em nenhum dos dois sistemas. CONCLUSÃO: a resposta periodontal ao tratamento ortodôntico não apresentou diferenças significativas, para nenhuma das variáveis analisadas, entre os indivíduos tratados com braquetes autoligáveis passivos e braquetes convencionais, os quais receberam instruções quanto à adequada higienização bucal e foram submetidos ao monitoramento das condições periodontais. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Glucose Transporter Type 1/metabolism , Neoplasms/metabolism , CpG Islands , DNA Methylation , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Glycolysis , Glucose Transporter Type 1/genetics , Mice, Nude , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Neoplasms/genetics , Oxygen/metabolism , Promoter Regions, Genetic , Proteolysis
15.
Ciênc. saúde coletiva ; 20(3): 841-850, 03/2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742239

ABSTRACT

This study sought to confirm the structure and to investigate the psychometric properties of an experimental Portuguese version of the York Cardiac Beliefs Questionnaire (YCBQ) in a general population sample. It also set out to identify the prevalent misconceptions in the community and to assess the differences according to socio-demographic characteristics. It involved a cross-sectional survey in which both test and validation samples were collected (n = 476), including participants aged between 18 and 40, recruited via e-mail and social networks. The Confirmatory Factor Analysis on both samples suggested a shorter, three factor version of the YCBQ. Also, misconceptions differed significantly according to sociodemographic variables. The validation of the YCBQ for samples in the community constitutes an important starting point to promote research on misconceptions held in the community by specific groups, as well as to provide key points for health promotion.


Este estudo teve como objetivo confirmar a estrutura e investigar as propriedades psicométricas de uma versão experimental portuguesa do York Cardiac Beliefs Questionnaire numa amostra da população geral; identificar as crenças erróneas mais fortes na comunidade; e avaliar as diferenças de acordo com características sociodemográficas. Trata-se de um estudo transversal com uma amostra de teste e outra de validação, incluindo um total de 476 participantes, com idade entre 18 e 40 anos, recrutados via e-mail e nas redes sociais. A Análise Fatorial Confirmatória em ambas as amostras indicou uma versão reduzida do YCBQ de três factores. As crenças erróneas diferiram significativamente de acordo com as variáveis sociodemográficas. A validação do YCBQ para amostras da comunidade constitui um importante ponto de partida para promover a investigação sobre crenças erróneas em grupos específicos da comunidade, assim como fornecer indicadores relevantes para a promoção da saúde.


Subject(s)
Humans , Calcium/metabolism , Inflammation/metabolism , /metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Muscle, Smooth/metabolism , Neoplasm Proteins/metabolism , Respiratory System/embryology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/metabolism , Binding Sites , Cells, Cultured , Calcium Channels/metabolism , Cell Membrane/metabolism , Myocytes, Smooth Muscle/metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism
16.
Salud colect ; 11(1): 99-114, ene.-mar. 2015. ilus, tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: lil-746687

ABSTRACT

El Consejo Federal de Medicina de Brasil (CFM) -órgano normativo y fiscalizador del ejercicio ético de la medicina- prohibió, en 2008, la participación de médicos brasileños en investigaciones que utilizaran placebo para enfermedades con tratamiento eficaz y efectivo, en contraposición a la Declaración de Helsinki, que permite su uso en condiciones metodológicamente justificadas. Con el objetivo de verificar si la normativa ética del CFM modificó el uso de placebo en ensayos clínicos de fase III en Brasil, se analizaron varias características de sus registros en el ClinicalTrials.gov, en los períodos de 2003 a 2007 y de 2009 a 2013. Se concluye que: a) la normativa promulgada por el CFM en 2008 fue ineficaz y prevaleció la posición adoptada por la Declaración de Helsinki; b) el patrocinio de ensayos con placebo por parte de la industria farmacéutica multinacional fue significativo; c) predominaron las investigaciones de fármacos para enfermedades crónicas, y fueron poco significativas para las enfermedades postergadas, de importancia para Brasil.


In 2008, Brazil's Federal Council of Medicine [Conselho Federal de Medicina] (CFM) - regulatory and supervisory agency on the ethical practice of medicine - banned the participation of Brazilian doctors in studies using placebos for diseases with efficient and effective treatment. This position differs with the Helsinki Declaration, which allows the use of placebos in methodologically justified conditions. To ascertain whether the CMF's ethical regulation modified the use of placebos in phase III clinical trials in Brazil, characteristics of the records in ClinicalTrials.gov were researched in the periods from 2003 to 2007 and from 2009 to 2013. The conclusions reached were: a) the regulations issued by the CFM in 2008 were ineffective and the position adopted by the Helsinki Declaration prevails; b) there was significant sponsorship by the multinational pharmaceutical industry of trials with placebos; c) the research was predominantly on new drugs for chronic diseases, with little study done of the neglected diseases which are of great importance to Brazil.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Apoptosis/genetics , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/genetics , Heme/deficiency , Nerve Degeneration/genetics , Neurons/metabolism , Porphyrias/complications , Apoptosis/drug effects , Caspases/drug effects , Caspases/metabolism , Cell Survival/drug effects , Cell Survival/genetics , Collagen Type XI/drug effects , Collagen Type XI/metabolism , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/drug effects , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/genetics , Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/metabolism , Down-Regulation/drug effects , Down-Regulation/physiology , Enzyme Inhibitors , Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic/drug effects , Heptanoates , Heme/biosynthesis , MAP Kinase Signaling System/drug effects , MAP Kinase Signaling System/physiology , Membrane Proteins/drug effects , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Nerve Degeneration/metabolism , Nerve Degeneration/physiopathology , Nerve Tissue Proteins/drug effects , Nerve Tissue Proteins/genetics , Nerve Tissue Proteins/metabolism , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/drug effects , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/genetics , Neural Cell Adhesion Molecules/metabolism , Neurons/drug effects , Neurons/pathology , Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases , Porphyrias/metabolism , Porphyrias/physiopathology , RNA, Messenger/drug effects , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , RNA-Binding Proteins/drug effects , RNA-Binding Proteins/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/metabolism , SMN Complex Proteins , Up-Regulation/drug effects , Up-Regulation/physiology , Vesicular Transport Proteins/drug effects , Vesicular Transport Proteins/genetics , Vesicular Transport Proteins/metabolism
18.
Gut and Liver ; : 370-380, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203889

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study investigated the expression of T cell immunoglobulin- and mucin-domain-containing molecule 3 (TIM-3), human beta-defensin (HBD)-2, forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3), and the frequency of CD4+ CD25+ FOXP3+ regulatory T cells (Tregs) in children with Crohn's disease (CD) during infliximab therapy. METHODS: We enrolled 20 CD patients who received infliximab treatment for 1 year. Peripheral blood and colonic mucosal specimens were collected from all CD patients and from healthy control individuals. RESULTS: A significant difference in TIM-3 mRNA expression was evident in peripheral blood mononuclear cells and colonic mucosa between CD patients before infliximab therapy and the healthy controls (p<0.001 and p=0.005, respectively). A significant difference in HBD-2 mRNA expression was found in colonic mucosa between CD patients before infliximab therapy and the healthy controls (p=0.013). In the active phase of CD, at baseline, the median percentage of T cells that were CD25+ FOXP3+ was 1.5% (range, 0.32% to 3.49%), which increased after inflixmab treatment for 1 year to 2.2% (range, 0.54% to 5.02%) (p=0.008). CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that both the adaptive and innate immune systems are closely linked to each other in CD pathogenesis. And the results of our study indicate that it could be a useful therapeutic tool, where restoration of TIM-3, HBD-2 and the function of Tregs may repair the dysfunctional immunoregulation in CD.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Case-Control Studies , Colon/immunology , Crohn Disease/drug therapy , Female , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Gastrointestinal Agents/therapeutic use , Humans , Infliximab/therapeutic use , Intestinal Mucosa/immunology , Leukocytes, Mononuclear/metabolism , Male , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , beta-Defensins/metabolism
19.
Indian J Biochem Biophys ; 2014 Oct; 51(5): 378-387
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-154267

ABSTRACT

Study was carried out to understand and compare architecture of the proteins of erythrocyte cell surface of some mammals viz., Homo sapiens (human), Sus scorfa domestica (pig) and Bos taurus domestica (cow). In this study, we investigated the action of proteinases viz., trypsin and chymotrypsin and neuraminidase on the erythrocyte surface proteins and erythrocyte agglutination tendency with a lectin (concanavalin A). The electrophoretic pattern of membrane proteins and glycophorins (analyzed by SDS-PAGE and visualized by Coomassie brilliant blue and periodic acid-schiff stains, respectively) and concanavalin A (Con A) agglutinability revealed that: (i) There were variations in the number and molecular weights of glycophorins in human, pig and cow, (ii) trypsin action on pig and cow erythrocyte membrane proteins was similar, unlike human, (iii) glycophorins degradation by trypsin and chymotrypsin was not similar in pig, as compared to that of human and cow, (iv) erythrocytes agglutination with Con A was significantly different due to differences in membrane composition and alterations in the surface proteins after enzyme treatment, (v) a direct correlation was found between degradation of glycophorins and Con A agglutinability, and (vi) removal of erythrocyte surface sialic acids by neuraminidase specifically indicated an increase in Con A agglutinability of pig and cow erythrocytes, similar to human.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Cells, Cultured , Concanavalin A/metabolism , Erythrocyte Membrane/drug effects , Erythrocyte Membrane/metabolism , Hemagglutination/drug effects , Hemagglutination/physiology , Humans , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Peptide Hydrolases/pharmacology , Swine
20.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(5): 416-419, Sep-Oct/2014. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-731058

ABSTRACT

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) associated with a surfactant. Seventy single-rooted extracted human teeth were inoculated with Enterococcus faecalis, and incubated for 21 days (37 °C). The groups were distributed according to the irrigation solution used during root canal preparation: 5%, 2.5% and 1% NaOCl; 5%, 2.5% and 1% Hypoclean(r), a solution containing a surfactant (cetrimide) associated with NaOCl. Three microbiological samples were collected from each tooth: S1 - before instrumentation; S2 - immediately after instrumentation; and S3 - after a seven-day period. Data were submitted to ANOVA and Tukey test with 5% significance level. The results showed that immediately after root canal preparation (S2), E. faecalis was eliminated in all the experimental groups. However, after 7 days (S3), only the groups in which Hypoclean was used, remained contamination-free, including Hypoclean associated with 1% NaOCl, while the root canals irrigated with 1% NaOCl only, presented the highest percentage of bacterial growth. In conclusion, the addition of surfactant increased the antimicrobial activity of 1% NaOCl to levels similar to 5% NaOCl.


O objetivo da presente pesquisa foi avaliar a atividade antimicrobiana de hipoclorito de sódio (NaOCl), associado a um tensoativo. Setenta dentes humanos monorradiculares extraídos foram inoculados com Enterococcus faecalis e incubados durante 21 dias (37 °C). Os grupos foram distribuídos de acordo com a solução irrigadora utilizada no preparo do canal: hipoclorito de sódio a 5%, 2,5% e 1%; Hypoclean(r) a 5%, 2,5% e 1% - uma solução contendo um surfactante (cetrimida) associado com NaOCl. Três amostras microbiológicas foram coletadas de cada dente: S1 - antes de instrumentação; S2 - imediatamente após a instrumentação; e S3 - após um período de sete dias. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância e teste de Tukey com 5% de nível de significância. Os resultados mostraram que imediatamente após o preparo do canal radicular (S2), o E. faecalis foi eliminado em todos os grupos experimentais. No entanto, após 7 dias (S3), apenas os grupos em que se utilizou Hypoclean permaneceram livres de contaminação, incluindo Hypoclean 1%, enquanto que os canais radiculares irrigados apenas com hipoclorito de sódio 1% apresentaram a mais elevada percentagem de crescimento bacteriano. Em conclusão, a adição de surfactante aumentou a atividade antimicrobiana de 1% de NaOCl a níveis semelhantes aos do NaOCl 5% .


Subject(s)
Animals , Drosophila Proteins , Insect Proteins/metabolism , Membrane Proteins/metabolism , Nucleoside-Phosphate Kinase/metabolism , Synapses/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/metabolism , Drosophila melanogaster , Guanylate Kinases , Insect Proteins/genetics , Membrane Proteins/genetics , Nucleoside-Phosphate Kinase/genetics , Tumor Suppressor Proteins/genetics
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