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1.
Journal of Integrative Medicine ; (12): 453-462, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939897

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) progression is associated with the balance of T-regulatory (Treg) and T-helper 17 (Th17) cells, while the role of microRNAs (miRs) in regulating Treg/Th17 cell balance has not been clarified. This study aimed to assess whether moxibustion could regulate Treg/Th17 cell balance by modulating the miR-221/suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS3) axis in the RA mouse model.@*METHODS@#A mouse model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was established in male DBA/1J mice. Twenty-two days after CIA induction, the mice received daily treatment with moxibustion for 12 times. Pathological scores were assessed according to the levels of synovial hyperplasia. The expression levels of cytokines interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α), interferon-γ (IFN-γ), IL-17 and IL-10 were analyzed in serum by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The cluster of differentiation 4 (CD4+) splenocytes was analyzed by fluorescence-activated cell sorting. The expression levels of RA-related miRs and target genes were subsequently detected, and the target of miR-221 was confirmed by the dual-luciferase reporter assay.@*RESULTS@#It was revealed that moxibustion treatment decreased the pathological scores and downregulated the expression levels of IL-1β, IL-6, TNF-α, IFN-γ and IL-17, while upregulated the expression level of IL-10. The Treg/Th17 cell balance was regulated by moxibustion treatment. The expression level of miR-221 was suppressed by moxibustion treatment. Furthermore, SOCS3 was found as the direct target of miR-221, which mediated the function of moxibustion by regulating the Treg/Th17 cell balance.@*CONCLUSION@#Moxibustion therapy regulated the Treg/Th17 cell balance by modulating the miR-221/SOCS3 axis in the RA mouse model.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/therapy , Cytokines , Disease Models, Animal , Interleukin-10 , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-6 , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , MicroRNAs/genetics , Moxibustion , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells/pathology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928989

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease. MicroRNA has been shown to play an important role in RA. MicroRNA-124a (miR-124a) has anti-proliferative and anti-inflammatory effects in RA fibroblast synovial cells. This study aims to explore the effects of miR-124a overexpression on arthritis in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice and the underlying mechanisms.@*METHODS@#Bovine type II collagen and complete Ferris adjuvant were used to induce CIA model from DBA/1 mice. Twenty-eight days after initial immunization (D28), CIA mice were randomly divided into a model group, a miR-124a treatment group, and a negative control (NC) group. Physiological saline, miR-124a agomir, and miR-124a agomir NC were injected into the skin at the tail root of mice every 3 days for 4 times, respectively. The degree of joint swelling and arthritis index of mice were recorded accordingly. Sixty-three days after initial immunization (D63), the mice were sacrificed to obtain the synovial tissue of ankle joint. HE staining was used to observe the proliferation of synovial cell, infiltration of inflammatory cell, pannus, and bone erosion of synovial tissues; TUNEL staining was used to detect cell apoptosis; qRT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression of miR-124a, phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase catalytic subunit alpha (PIK3CA) and its downstream genes Bcl-2 and Bax. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the protein expression of PIK3CA, Bcl-2, and Bax protein in synovial tissues of each group.@*RESULTS@#Different degrees of swelling presented in the paws of DBA/1 mice at D28, which indicated the CIA model was constructed successfully. Forty-eight days after initial immunization (D48), the paws of mice in the miR-124a treatment group were only slightly red and swollen, while the paws of mice in the model group and the NC group were obviously red and swollen. The arthritis index of mice in the miR-124a treatment group were decreased significantly compared to the NC group at D51, D53, D59, and D62 (51, 53, 59, 62 days after initial immunization) (all P<0.05). Sixty-three days after initial immunization (D63), HE staining indicated that the scores of synovial cell proliferation, inflammatory cell infiltration, synovial pannus, and bone erosion were significantly reduced in the miR-124a treatment group (P<0.05 or P<0.01), while cell apoptosis was increased in the miR-124a treatment group compared with the model group and NC group (P<0.01 or P<0.001). Besides, the expression of miR-124a and Bax in the synovial tissue in miR-124a treatment group was significantly higher than those in the model group and NC group (P<0.01 or P<0.001), while the expressions of PIK3CA and Bcl-2 were decreased (P<0.05 or P<0.01 or P<0.001), and the ratio of Bcl-2 to Bax was significantly decreased (P<0.01 or P<0.001).@*CONCLUSIONS@#Overexpression of miR-124a can reduce arthritis in CIA mice bacause it could promote synovial cell apoptosis and inhibit synovial cell proliferation via targeting PIK3CA and regulating its downstream pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/metabolism , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/genetics , Cattle , Cell Proliferation , Class I Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2/metabolism , Synovial Membrane , bcl-2-Associated X Protein/metabolism
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921711

ABSTRACT

Sophorae Flavescentis Radix, the root of Sophora flavescens Ait., has been widely applied in the medical field due to its anti-inflammatory, analgesic, bacteriostatic, antiviral, antitumor, and other pharmacological effects. The present study investigated the anti-rheumatoid arthritis effect of oxymatrine(OMT), the active component of Sophorae Flavescentis Radix by observing its effect on the function of B lymphocytes in collagen-induced arthritis(CIA) mice through the Toll-like receptor 9(TLR9)/myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88)/signal transducer and activator of transcription 3(STAT3) pathway. The CIA model in DBA/1 J mice was induced by bovine type Ⅱ collagen and complete Freund's adjuvant(CFA). Fifteen days after the primary immunization, mice were treated with OMT for 30 days by intraperitoneal injection. Paw swelling and arthritis index(AI) score were evaluated every 3 days. Joint histopathologic changes were observed by HE staining. Magnetic-activated cell sorting(MACS) was used to isolate B lymphocytes from the spleen of CIA mice spleen. The serum expression level of interleukin(IL)-21 was examined by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay(ELISA). The expression of TLR9, STAT3, p-STAT3, and IL-21 in B lymphocytes was detected by Western blot. The mRNA expression of TLR9, STAT3, and IL-21 in B lymphocytes was detected by real-time fluorescence-based quantitative PCR(qRT-PCR). The results showed that OMT could significantly alleviate the paw swelling, decrease the AI score, relieve synovial inflammatory cell infiltration and hyperplasia, reduce the level of inflammatory cytokines, and inhibit the expression of TLR9, STAT3, p-STAT3, and IL-21 of B lymphocytes in CIA mice. Therefore, OMT may alleviate rheumatoid arthritis by regulating TLR9/MyD88/STAT3 pathway in B lymphocytes, providing a valuable reference for the application of OMT in the clinical treatment of rheumatoid arthritis.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/genetics , Cattle , Cytokines , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Quinolizines
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-942167

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the therapeutic effect of gene silencing peptidyl arginine deaminase 4 (PAD4) on pulmonary interstitial lesions induced by collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice, and possible mechanisms.@*METHODS@#A CIA mouse model was established in DBA/1 mice, followed by a tail vein injection of the virus solution prepared by the PAD4-siRNA expression vector once a week for 8 times. The mice were sacrificed at the end of the experiment. The expression of PAD4 mRNA in lungs was detected by real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR). The expression of PAD4 protein was detected by tissue immunohistochemistry. Cell culture was performed by spleen tissue. Flow cytometry changes in the ratio of Tfh cells to Tfr cells were examined; lung staining was performed in the lungs to observe changes in lung pathology.@*RESULTS@#(1) Compared with the blank group, the expression of PAD4 mRNA in the lung tissue of the model group increased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). PAD4 mRNA in the lung tissue of the CIA mice after PAD4-siRNA treatment. The expression level was significantly lower than that of the model group and the negative control group, and the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). (2) Red fluorescence was less in the lung tissue of the blank group, while more red fluorescence was observed in the inflammatory cell infiltration area and trachea around the lung tissue of the model group and the negative control group, and the red fluorescence of the three groups after PAD4-siRNA treatment was significantly reduced; (3) Compared with the blank group, the proportion of Tfh cells in the model group increased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05), the proportion of Tfh cells in spleen cells of the CIA mice after PAD4-siRNA treatment was significantly lower than that of the model group and the negative control group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); compared with the blank group, in the mouse spleen cells in the model group the proportion of Tfr cells was slightly decreased, but the difference was not statistically signifi-cant. The proportion of Tfr cells in the spleen cells of the mice increased after PAD4-siRNA treatment, but the difference was statistically significant only in the PAD4-siRNA2 group compared with the model group and the negative control group (P < 0.05); (4) The proportion of Tfh/Tfr in the spleen cells of the model group was increased, compared with the blank group, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); the ratio of Tfh/Tfr in the three groups after PAD4-siRNA treatment all decreased, the difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05); (5) Compared with the blank group, the alveolar wall of the lung tissue of the model group was thickened, the inflammatory cell infiltration was increased, and the lung tissue destruction and inflammatory infiltration of the CIA mice were decreased after PAD4-siRNA treatment. The degree of reduction was reduced.@*CONCLUSION@#Gene silencing of PAD4 can reduce the proportion of Tfh cells, increase the proportion of Tfr cells, reverse the proportion of Tfh/Tfr, and reduce the degree of interstitial lesions and inflammatory infiltration of lung tissue.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arginine , Arthritis, Experimental/therapy , Gene Silencing , Lung , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880777

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the mechanism of @*METHODS@#Healthy male DBA/1 mice were used for CIA modeling. Twenty-five CIA mice with successful modeling and similar arthritis index (AI) scores were randomized equally into model group (CIA), methotrexate (MTX) group, and low-, medium-, and high-dose XWGD groups (0.975, 1.95, and 3.9 g/mL, respectively), with another 5 normal mice as the normal control group. The mice in normal control and CIA groups were given saline once a day, those in MTX group were given 0.1 mg/mL MTX once a week, and those in XWGD groups were treated daily via garage of XWGD containing crude drugs of different doses for 28 consecutive days. The AI score and HE staining were used to evaluate the changes in the joints of the CIA mice. The effect of XWGD on Th1, Th17, MDSC, G-MDSC and M-MDSC cells were evaluated with flow cytometry.@*RESULTS@#Treatment with MTX and different doses of XWGD significantly decreased the AI score of the mice and relieved joint inflammation as compared with the model group (@*CONCLUSIONS@#XWGD can improve joint inflammation in CIA mice by increasing the percentages of G-MDSC cells and decreasing the percentages of M-MDSC, Th1 and Th17 cells, and a high dose of XWGD can produce an equivalent therapeutic effect to methotrexate but with better safety.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Male , Methotrexate , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Th17 Cells
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941833

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of Ter cells in the development of the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), we detected their quantity changes in the spleen of different stages of CIA mice and analyzed the correlation between Ter cells and the joint scores, and we also analyzed the correlation between Ter cells and the frequencies of T and B cell subsets, so as to further understand the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis.@*METHODS@#The six to eight weeks DBA/1 mice were used to prepare CIA model. After the second immunization, we began to evaluate the joint score. According to the time of CIA onset and the joint score, the CIA mice were divided into three stages: early, peak and late stages. According to the final joint score, the CIA mice at the peak stage were subdivided into the high score group (score>8) and the low score group (score≤8). The frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the naïve mice and the CIA mice at various stages and the frequencies of T and B cell subsets in the spleen of the CIA mice at the peak stage were detected by flow cytometry, then we carried on the correlation analysis.@*RESULTS@#The frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the CIA mice was significantly higher than those of the naïve mice (8.522%±2.645% vs. 1.937%±0.725%, P<0.01), the frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was significantly lower than those of the low score group (6.217%±0.841% vs. 10.827%±0.917%, P<0.01). The frequencies of Th1 cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was significantly higher than those of the low score group mice (1.337%±0.110% vs. 0.727%±0.223%, P<0.05). The frequencies of Th17 cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was higher than those of the low score group mice (0.750%±0.171% vs. 0.477%±0.051%, P=0.099). The frequencies of germinal center B cells in the spleen of the high score group mice was significantly higher than those of the low score group mice (1.243%±0.057% vs. 1.097%±0.015%, P<0.05). Correlation analysis results showed that the frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the CIA mice at the peak stage was strongly negatively correlated with the frequencies of CD4+ T, Th1, Th17, and germinal center B cells, and was strongly positively correlated with the frequencies of B10 cells, indicating that these cells might have a protective effect in CIA. Studies on dynamic changes showed that the frequencies of Ter cells in the spleen of the CIA mice at the late stage was significantly lower than those at the peak stage (0.917%±0.588% vs. 8.522%±2.645%, P<0.001), suggesting the protective effect of these cells in arthritis.@*CONCLUSION@#Ter cells were significantly increased in the spleen of the CIA mice at peak stage, and were negatively correlated with joint scores and pathogenic immune cells, and positively correlated with protective immune cells. Ter cells were significantly decreased in the spleen of the CIA mice at the late stage. What we mentioned above suggests that Ter cells might be involved in the progression of rheumatoid arthritis as an immunomodulatory cell,but further in vivo and in vitro experiments are needed to verify its specific effects and mechanism.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental , Erythroblasts , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Th17 Cells
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773506

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To observe the therapeutic effect of tetramethylpyrazine on immune-mediated bone marrow failure (BMF) induced by different doses of X-ray exposure in C57 mice.@*METHODS@#C57BL6 mice were randomized into 4 groups, including a blank control group and 3 X-ray exposure groups with X-ray exposure at low (5.0 Gy), moderate (5.75 Gy), and high (6.5 Gy) doses. After total body irradiation with 0.98 Gy/min X-ray. The mice as recipient received injections of 4×10 lymphocytes from DBA/2 mice via the tail vein within 4 h. The survival rate of the recipient mice, peripheral blood cell counts, bone marrow nucleated cell count, and bone marrow pathology were examined at 14 days after the exposure. In the subsequent experiment, C57 mice were exposed to 5.0 Gy X-ray and treated with intraperitoneal injection of tetramethylpyrazine at the low (5 mg/mL), moderate (10 mg/mL), or high (20 mg/mL) doses (12 mice in each group) for 14 consecutive days, and the changes in BMF were observed.@*RESULTS@#X-ray exposure, especially at the high dose, resulted in significantly lowered survival rate in the mouse models of BMF at 14 days. As the X-ray dose increased, the mice showed significantly reduced peripheral blood counts of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and lowered bone marrow nucleated cell counts with obvious bone marrow congestion and reduction of nucleated cells ( < 0.05 or 0.001). In the mice exposed to 5.0 Gy X-ray, tetramethylpyrazine at the high dose most obviously increased bone marrow nucleated cells ( < 0.01) and red blood cells ( < 0.001), and even at the low dose, tetramethylpyrazine significantly increased the counts of white blood cells ( < 0.05) and platelets ( < 0.01) following the exposure. Tetramethylpyrazine dose-dependently alleviated bone marrow hyperemia, increased bone marrow nucleated cell counts, and lowered Fas protein expression in the bone marrow.@*CONCLUSIONS@#X-ray irradiation at 5.0 Gy is suitable for establish mouse models of immune-mediated BMF. Tetramethylpyrazine promotes bone marrow repair by regulating Fas cell apoptosis signals, which further expands the traditional Chinese medicine theory of "removing blood stasis to create new."


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred DBA , Pyrazines , Whole-Body Irradiation
8.
Biol. Res ; 52: 9, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1011411

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Fava beans (FBs) have long been used as food, and their principal disadvantage is derived from their haemotoxicity. We hypothesized that FB ingestion alters the intestinal gene expression pattern, thereby inducing an immune response. RESULTS: In-depth sequence analysis identified 769 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) associated with the intestine in FB-treated DBA/1 mouse intestines. The identified genes were shown to be associated with biological processes (such as response to stimulus and immune system processes), human disease pathways (such as infectious diseases, endocrine and metabolic diseases, and immune diseases), and organismal system pathways (such as the digestive system, endocrine system, environmental adaptation, and immune system). Moreover, plasma total immunoglobulin E (IgE), histamine, interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-13 levels were significantly increased when the mice were treated with FBs. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrated that FBs affect the intestinal immune response and IgE and cytokine secretion in DBA/1 mice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Mice , Vicia faba/adverse effects , Immunity, Humoral/immunology , Intestinal Mucosa/immunology , Signal Transduction , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , Gene Expression Profiling , Vicia faba/immunology , Favism/etiology , Mice, Inbred DBA
9.
An. acad. bras. ciênc ; 89(1,supl): 635-647, May. 2017. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886672

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT The development of DBA/2J mouse strain embryos is nearly 12 h - or 6 somite pairs - delayed as compared to the outbred NMRI mouse embryos of the same age on gestation days (GD) 8-12. To evaluate inter-strain differences in susceptibility to teratogens, dams were treated with methylnitrosourea (MNU, 5 mg/kg body weight i.p.) on defined gestation days (NMRI: GD 9, 91/2 or 10; DBA/2J: GD 10 or 101/2). Skeletal anomalies produced by MNU on both mouse strains varied with the GD of treatment. The pattern of anomalies produced by MNU on a given GD markedly differed between the two mouse strains, yet they were similar -with a few exceptions- when exposures at equivalent embryonic stages are compared. Findings from this study indicated that strain-dependent differences in the developmental stage of mouse embryos of the same gestational age occur, a possibility that has been often neglected when inter-strain differences in susceptibility to developmental toxicants are interpreted.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Pregnancy , Rats , Skeleton/abnormalities , Teratogens/toxicity , Somites/abnormalities , Embryonic Development/drug effects , Embryo, Mammalian/abnormalities , Methylnitrosourea/toxicity , Skeleton/drug effects , Skeleton/embryology , Somites/drug effects , Somites/embryology , Embryo, Mammalian/drug effects , Mice, Inbred DBA
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-32082

ABSTRACT

The tongue has 4 kinds of papillae, which are filiform, fungiform (FU), foliate (FO) and circumvallate papilla (CV). Tongue papillae except filiform papilla include taste buds. The papillae differ in taste sensitivities, likely due to differential expression of taste receptors. In this study, we evaluated differences in the expression levels of taste receptors in FU, FO and CV. Male DBA2 mice, 42-60 days old, were used in the study. Messenger RNAs were extracted from the murine epithelial tissues including FU, FO and CV. Cloned DNAs were synthesized by reverse transcription. Quantitative PCRs (qPCRs) were performed to determine mRNA expression levels of taste receptors. Results of qPCR revealed that the relative expression levels and patterns were different among FU, FO and CV. All three type 1 taste receptors were expressed FU, FO and CV at varying relative expression levels. All 35 kinds of type 2 taste receptors showed higher expression in FO and CV than in FU. Tas2r108 and Tas2r137 showed the two highest expression levels in all tested papillae. The differential expression levels and patterns of taste receptors among the three papillae could contribute to the different physiological sensitivities by tongue areas. Additional studies such as in situ hybridization or taste receptor cell activity recording is necessary to elucidate the functional relationship between expression levels of taste receptors and taste sensitivity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Clone Cells , DNA , Humans , In Situ Hybridization , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Reverse Transcription , RNA, Messenger , Taste Buds , Tongue
11.
Rio de Janeiro; s.n; 2016. 77 p. graf, ilus, tab.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-983642

ABSTRACT

Fatores que alteram os níveis plasmáticos de substâncias químicas e, por conseguinte, modificam a sua cinética, como por exemplo, a gravidez, podem ter impactos sobre a segurança e eficácia de medicamentos. Em estudo recente, realizado por Carmo (2015), no Laboratório de Toxicologia Ambiental do Departamento de Biologia da Escola Nacional de Saúde Pública da Fundação Oswaldo Cruz (ENSP/FIOCRUZ), foi observado que a concentração plasmática do antimalárico difosfato de primaquina em camundongos fêmeas grávidas DBA/2 era menor do que a concentração do fármaco registrada em igual intervalo de tempo pós-adminstração em camundongos fêmeas não grávidas. Vários estudos sugerem que a diminuição da concentração plasmática de fármacos na gestante pode se dever a um retardo no esvaziamento gástrico e/ou um aumento no volume de distribuição. Alterações do trânsito no trato gastrintestinal podem influenciar diretamente a absorção de fármacos, resultando em absorção mais rápida ou mais lenta. O fármaco analgésico e antipirético paracetamol é absorvido quase que exclusivamente no intestino. Assim a velocidade da sua absorção depende do tempo de esvaziamento gástrico. Fatores tais como alimentação, idade, gravidez e/ou o uso de fármacos que promovem aceleração (metoclopramida) ou o retardo (morfina) da motilidade gastrointestinal, podem influenciar em sua absorção. O objetivo desse trabalho foi desenvolver e padronizar uma metodologia de análise do paracetamol que permitisse investigar o efeito da gravidez sobre o esvaziamento gástrico sobre a cinética de fármacos administrados em pequenos roedores. O método empregado para determinar as concentrações plasmáticas de paracetamol foi a cromatografia em fase líquida de alta eficiência com detector por arranjo de diodos e visualização no ultravioleta (CLAE-DAD-UV), em equipamento Shimadzu Class-VP...


Factors that affect plasma levels of chemicals, and consequently their kinetics, such as pregnancy, can impact on the safety and efficacy of medicines. In a recent study, conducted by Carmo (2015) at the laboratory of Environmental Toxicology (Department of Biological Sciences, National School Public Health, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation -ENSP / FIOCRUZ), it was shown that plasma concentrations of the anti-malarial drug primaquine diphosphate in pregnant female DBA/2 mice were lower than levels found in non pregnant female mice. During pregnancy a delayed gastric emptying and/or an increased volume of distribution may result in lower drug plasma concentrations. Pregnancy-produced changes in the gastrointestinal transit may influence drug absorption. Depending on whether gastric emptying is accelerated or slowed and on the place where drug absorption takes place (stomach or intestines) absorption can be accelerated or slowed. Paracetamol, an analgesic and antipyretic drug, is absorbed almost exclusively in the intestines and is used to investigate the effects of treatment on the gastric emptying rate. Factors such as diet, age, pregnancy or the administration of drugs which accelerate (metoclopramide) or delay (morphine) gastric emptying influence the absorption of paracetamol. The aim of this study was to develop and standardize a methodology to investigate the effect of gastric emptying on the kinetics of drugs administered in small rodents. The methodology used in the analysis of plasma concentrations of paracetamol was High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled to diode-array detector and visualization on ultraviolet range (HPLC-DAD-UV), using a Shimadzu Class-VP equipment...


Subject(s)
Animals , Acetaminophen , Gastric Emptying , Pregnancy , Rats, Wistar , Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Pharmacokinetics
12.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 23(4): 571-577, July-Aug. 2015. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: lil-761703

ABSTRACT

AbstractObjective: to analyze the process of tissue repair in patients with venous ulcers using inelastic compression therapy (the Unna Boot), in comparison with the use of the elastic bandage.Method: a controlled randomized clinical trial in which the patients (n=18) were allocated to two groups, those who used the Unna Boot (group B) and those who used the elastic bandage (group A). The study's follow-up period was 13 weeks.Results: a significant reduction took place, at the level of 5%, in the area, in square centimeters, of the ulcers of group B (p<0.0001) throughout the treatment, and there was a tendency of group A for reduction in the area of the ulcer, in centimeters squared (p=0.06), only after the fifth week.Conclusion: the treatment with the Unna Boot presented better results in venous ulcers with areas over 10cm², and the elastic bandage with Petrolatum(r) gauze in venous ulcers below 10cm². Brazilian Clinical Trials Register: Trial (req: 195) and WHO UTN U1111-1122-5489.


ResumoObjetivo:analisar o processo de reparo tecidual de pacientes com úlcera venosa em uso da terapia compressiva inelástica (Bota de Unna), em comparação ao uso da bandagem elástica.Método:ensaio clínico controlado randomizado em que os pacientes (n=18) foram alocados em dois grupos, os que utilizavam a Bota de Unna (grupo B) e os que utilizavam a atadura elástica (grupo A). O tempo de seguimento da pesquisa foi de treze semanas.Resultados:ocorreu redução significativa, no nível de 5%, na área, em centímetros quadrados, das úlceras do grupo B (p<0,0001) ao longo de todo o tratamento, e tendência do grupo A à redução, na área da úlcera, em centímetros quadrados (p=0,06), apenas após a quinta semana.Conclusão:o tratamento com a Bota de Unna apresentou melhor resultado em úlceras venosas com áreas superiores a 10cm², e a atadura elástica com a gaze Petrolatum(r)em úlceras venosas inferiores a 10cm². Registro Brasileiro de Ensaios Clínicos: Trial (req: 195) e WHO UTN U1111-1122-5489.


ResumenObjetivo:analizar el proceso de reparación del tejido de pacientes con úlcera venosa que usan la terapia compresiva inelástica (Bota de Unna), en comparación con el uso del vendaje elástico.Método:ensayo clínico controlado aleatorio en que los pacientes (n=18) fueron designados en dos grupos, los que utilizaban la Bota de Unna (grupo B) y los que utilizaban el vendaje elástico (grupo A). El tiempo de duración de la investigación fue de trece semanas.Resultados:se constató reducción significativa, al nivel de 5%, en el área, en centímetros cuadrados, de las úlceras del grupo B (p<0,0001) a lo largo de todo el tratamiento; y tendencia del grupo A a la reducción, en el área de la úlcera, en centímetros cuadrados (p=0,06), solamente después de la quinta semana.Conclusión:el tratamiento con la Bota de Unna presentó mejor resultado en úlceras venosas con áreas superiores a 10cm², y el vendaje elástico con la gasa Petrolatum(r)en úlceras venosas inferiores a 10cm². Registro Brasileño de Ensayos Clínicos: Trial (req: 195) y WHO UTN U1111-1122-5489.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Graft vs Host Disease , Kidney Neoplasms , Lymphocyte Transfusion , Stem Cell Transplantation , Allografts , Cell Line, Tumor , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , Graft vs Host Disease/pathology , Graft vs Host Disease/therapy , Kidney Neoplasms/immunology , Kidney Neoplasms/pathology , Kidney Neoplasms/therapy , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred DBA , Neoplasm Metastasis
13.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 28(1): 48-52, 2015. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-742757

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Few studies evaluated the association between nutritional disorders, quality of life and weight loss in patients undergoing bariatric surgery. AIM: To identify nutritional changes in patients undergoing bariatric surgery and correlate them with weight loss, control of comorbidities and quality of life. METHOD: A prospective cohort, analytical and descriptive study involving 59 patients undergoing bariatric surgery was done. Data were collected preoperatively at three and six months postoperatively, evaluating nutritional aspects and outcomes using BAROS questionnaire. The data had a confidence interval of 95%. RESULTS: The majority of patients was composed of women, 47 (79.7%), with 55.9% of the series with BMI between 40 to 49.9 kg/m². In the sixth month after surgery scores of quality of life were significantly higher than preoperatively (p<0.05) and 27 (67.5 %) patients had comorbidities resolved, 48 (81.3 %) presented BAROS scores of very good or excellent. After three and six months of surgery 16 and 23 presented some nutritional disorder, respectively. There was no relationship between the loss of excess weight and quality of life among patients with or without nutritional disorders. CONCLUSION: Nutritional disorders are uncommon in the early postoperative period and, when present, have little or no influence on quality of life and loss of excess weight. .


RACIONAL: Poucos estudos avaliam a associação entre distúrbios nutricionais, qualidade de vida e perda de peso em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. OBJETIVO: Identificar alterações nutricionais em pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica e correlacioná-las com perda de peso, controle de comorbidades e qualidade de vida. MÉTODO: Estudo de coorte, prospectivo, analítico e descritivo envolvendo 59 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. Os dados foram coletados no pré-operatório e aos três e seis meses pós- operatórios, quantificando aspectos nutricionais e utilizando o Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcomes System (BAROS) como ferramenta de sucesso. Os dados usaram intervalo de confiança de 95%. RESULTADOS: O total de mulheres foi 47 (79,7%), sendo 55,9% com IMC entre 40-49,9 kg/m². No sexto mês depois da operação os escores de qualidade de vida foram significativamente maiores do que no pré-operatório (p<0,05) e 27 (67,5%) pacientes tinham todas comorbidades resolvidas, 48 (81,3%) apresentaram conceito BAROS muito bom ou excelente. Após três e seis meses 16 e 23 pacientes apresentaram algum distúrbio nutricional, respectivamente. Não houve relação entre a perda do excesso de peso e qualidade de vida entre pacientes com ou sem distúrbio nutricional. CONCLUSÃO: os distúrbios nutricionais são pouco frequentes no pós-operatório precoce e, quando presentes, têm pouca ou nenhuma influência na qualidade de vida e na perda do excesso de peso. .


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology , Antigens, Tumor-Associated, Carbohydrate/immunology , Neoplasms/immunology , Polysaccharides/immunology , Antibody-Dependent Cell Cytotoxicity , Cell Line, Tumor , Epitopes , Fas Ligand Protein/analysis , Fas Ligand Protein/immunology , Glycosylation , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred DBA , Mannose/analysis , Vaccination
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223789

ABSTRACT

Eupatilin is the main active component of DA-9601, an extract from Artemisia. Recently, eupatilin was reported to have anti-inflammatory properties. We investigated the anti-arthritic effect of eupatilin in a murine arthritis model and human rheumatoid synoviocytes. DA-9601 was injected into collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) mice. Arthritis score was regularly evaluated. Mouse monocytes were differentiated into osteoclasts when eupatilin was added simultaneously. Osteoclasts were stained with tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase and then manually counted. Rheumatoid synoviocytes were stimulated with TNF-alpha and then treated with eupatilin, and the levels of IL-6 and IL-1beta mRNA expression in synoviocytes were measured by RT-PCR. Intraperitoneal injection of DA-9601 reduced arthritis scores in CIA mice. TNF-alpha treatment of synoviocytes increased the expression of IL-6 and IL-1beta mRNAs, which was inhibited by eupatilin. Eupatilin decreased the number of osteoclasts in a concentration dependent manner. These findings, showing that eupatilin and DA-9601 inhibited the expression of inflammatory cytokines and the differentiation of osteoclasts, suggest that eupatilin and DA-9601 is a candidate anti-inflammatory agent.


Subject(s)
Animals , Anti-Inflammatory Agents/pharmacology , Arthritis, Experimental/chemically induced , Arthritis, Rheumatoid/drug therapy , Cell Differentiation/drug effects , Cells, Cultured , Collagen Type II , Cytokines/biosynthesis , Disease Models, Animal , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Female , Flavonoids/pharmacology , Humans , Inflammation/drug therapy , Interleukin-1beta/genetics , Interleukin-6/genetics , Lymph Nodes/cytology , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Monocytes/cytology , Osteoclasts/cytology , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , RNA, Messenger/biosynthesis , Synovial Membrane/cytology , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/cytology , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/pharmacology
15.
Braz. dent. j ; 25(6): 565-570, Nov-Dec/2014. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-732255

ABSTRACT

The passive fit of implant-supported dentures is fundamental to the rehabilitation success due the absence of the periodontal ligament in osseointegrated implants. Many techniques to obtain passive fit have been reported in the literature, some inaccessible for the clinicians and dental laboratories. This case report presents a technique to fabricate fixed complete dentures aiming at obtain passive fit with reduced time and cost, but without demerit for the aesthetics, function and longevity. A 40-year-old woman was referred for treatment presenting some teeth in the maxilla and an edentulous mandible, reporting eating problems related to instability and little retention of the mandibular complete denture. Treatment based on the reverse planning was performed to guide the rehabilitation with a complete mandibular fixed complete denture and maxillary occlusal plane adjustment. The framework of the fixed complete denture was manufactured luting a cast metal bar above the prepared titanium cylinder abutments using resin cement. The aim of this technique was to obtain a fixed complete denture with passive fit presenting positive esthetic and functional outcomes after 2 years of follow-up.


A adaptação passiva de próteses implantossuportadas é fundamental para o sucesso da reabilitação devido à inexistência de ligamento periodontal em implantes osseointegrados. Inúmeras técnicas de confecção da infraestrutura destas próteses tem sido relatadas na literatura, algumas inacessíveis para os clínicos e laboratórios de prótese. Este relato de caso apresenta uma técnica para confecção de próteses totais fixas visando obtenção de adaptação passiva com tempo e custo reduzido, porém sem demérito à estética, função e longevidade. Uma paciente de 40 anos se apresentou para tratamento apresentando alguns dentes na maxila e mandíbula edêntula, relatando dificuldades na mastigação relacionados a instabilidade e falta de retenção da prótese total inferior. Foi realizado um planejamento reverso para orientar a reabilitação com prótese total mandibular fixa e adequação do plano oclusal da maxila. A infraestrutura da prótese total fixa foi confeccionada pela cimentação de uma barra metálica em cilindros de titânio preparados com cimento resinoso. O objetivo desta técnica foi obter uma prótese total fixa com adaptação passiva apresentando resultados positivos em termos de estética e função após 2 anos de acompanhamento.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Adenocarcinoma/drug therapy , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Floxuridine/therapeutic use , Fluorouracil/therapeutic use , Adenocarcinoma/pathology , Adenocarcinoma/radiotherapy , Bone Marrow/pathology , Combined Modality Therapy , Colonic Neoplasms/pathology , Colonic Neoplasms/radiotherapy , Floxuridine/administration & dosage , Floxuridine/toxicity , Fluorouracil/administration & dosage , Fluorouracil/toxicity , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred DBA , Spleen/pathology , Thymus Gland/pathology , Weight Gain
16.
Journal of Experimental Hematology ; (6): 1115-1119, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-302337

ABSTRACT

This study was aimed to investigate the effect of different irradiation doses on the establishment of murine cGVHD model after MHC matched spleen stem cell transplantation. The male mouse BALB/c(H)-2d was totally irradiated with different radiation dose of (60)Co (TBI), then was infused with the same number of splenocytes from MHC matched DBA/2 male mice. After transplantation, the bodyweight, general appearance, hair changes, survival time and pathological damage were observed. The results indicated that compared to the control group (0 Gy) and the 7.0 Gy group, the mice irradiated with 7.5 Gy and 8.0 Gy showed cGVHD symptoms and obvious pathological damage. At the end of experiments (60 d after transplantation), all mice irradiated by 7.5 Gy survived while only 60% animals survived in the 8.0 Gy group. It is concluded that under infusion of 10(8) MHC matched splenocytes per mouse, 7.5 Gy irradiation is appropriate to efficiently establish cGVHD model. This study laid an important foundation for further studying the pathogenesis, biological characteristics, and intervention factors of cGVHD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Graft Survival , Radiation Effects , Graft vs Host Disease , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred DBA , Radiation Dosage , Spleen , Cell Biology , Stem Cell Transplantation , Transplantation Conditioning , Transplantation, Homologous , Whole-Body Irradiation
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243476

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>We used an animal model of collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) to study changes and roles of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) expressed by CD4+ T cell subsets, and then explore the relationship between CD4+ T cell subset-derived catecholamines and inflammatory responses in CIA.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-six male DBA/1 mice were randomly divided into control group, CIA model group (day 35) and CIA model group (day 55) (n = 12). CIA model was induced by type II collagen (CII) in DBA/1 mice. On the 35th and 55th day following primary immunization, the joints of the mice were observed for clinical score of swelling and the level of anti-CII IgG antibody in serum was examined. Expression of specific transcription factors and cytokines of Th1, Th17, Th2 and Treg cells and TH in mesenteric lymph nodes was measured by means of Western blot. The changes of TH expressed by CD4+ T cell subsets in mesenteric lymph nodes were determined by flow cytometry.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Clinical score and anti-CII antibody level increased in CIA compared with that in intact mice. Specific transcription factors and cytokines expressed by Th1 and Th17 cells were upregulated and cytokines expressed by Th2 and Treg cells were downregulated in mesenteric lymph nodes in CIA mice. Expression of TH was upregulated and the increased expression of TH in CD4+ T cells was attributed to Th1 and Th17 cells in mesenteric lymph nodes of CIA.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The increase in catecholamines from CD4+ T cell subsets in mesenteric lymph nodes of CIA may be related to inflammatory alleviation in CIA progression.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental , Allergy and Immunology , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Collagen Type II , Cytokines , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Lymph Nodes , Allergy and Immunology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , T-Lymphocyte Subsets , Allergy and Immunology , Transcription Factors , Metabolism , Tyrosine 3-Monooxygenase , Metabolism
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-223714

ABSTRACT

Interleukin (IL)-27 is a novel cytokine of the IL-6/IL-12 family that has been reported to be involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases and has a pivotal role as both a pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokine. We investigated the in vivo effects of IL-27 on arthritis severity in a murine collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) model and its mechanism of action regarding control of regulatory T (Tregs) and IL-17-producing T helper 17 (Th17) cells. IL-27-Fc-treated CIA mice showed a lower severity of arthritis. IL-17 expression in the spleens was significantly decreased in IL-27-Fc-treated CIA mice compared with that in the CIA model. The Th17 population was decreased in the spleens of IL-27-Fc-treated CIA mice, whereas the CD4+CD25+Foxp3+ Treg population increased. In vitro studies revealed that IL-27 inhibited IL-17 production in murine CD4+ T cells, and the effect was associated with retinoic acid-related orphan receptor gammaT and signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 inhibition. In contrast, fluorescein isothiocyanate-labeled forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) and IL-10 were profoundly augmented by IL-27 treatment. Regarding the suppressive capacity of Treg cells, the proportions of CTLA-4+ (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4), PD-1+ (programmed cell death protein 1) and GITR+ (glucocorticoid-induced tumor necrosis factor receptor) Tregs increased in the spleens of IL-27-Fc-treated CIA mice. Furthermore, in vitro differentiated Treg cells with IL-27 exerted a more suppressive capacity on T-cell proliferation. We found that IL-27 acts as a reciprocal regulator of the Th17 and Treg populations in CD4+ cells isolated from healthy human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), as well as from humans with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) PBMCs. Our study suggests that IL-27 has the potential to ameliorate overwhelming inflammation in patients with RA through a reciprocal regulation of Th17 and Treg cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Arthritis, Experimental/drug therapy , Cells, Cultured , Humans , Interleukins/immunology , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred DBA , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory/immunology , Th17 Cells/immunology
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-347113

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of sodium copper chlorophyllin (SCC) on the proliferation, differentiation and immunomodulatory function of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) from mice with aplastic anemia.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A mouse model of aplastic anemia was established by exposure of BALB/c mice to sublethal doses of 5.0 Gy Co60 γ radiation, followed by transplantation of 2×10(6) lymph node cells from DBA/2 donor mice within 4 h after radiation. Aplastic anemic BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups: the treated groups, which received 25, 50, or 100 mg/kg/day SCC, respectively; a positive control group treated with cyclosporine A (CsA); and an untreated model control group (model group); while, the non-irradiated mice as the normal control group. SCC or CsA were administered by gastrogavage for 20 days, starting on day 4 after irradiation. Peripheral blood cells were counted and colony-forming fibroblasts (CFU-F) in the bone marrow were assayed. The ability of MSCs to form calcium nodes after culture in osteoinductive medium was also observed. The immunosuppressive effect of MSCs on T lymphocytes was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry, to evaluate the efficacy of SCC in mice with aplastic anemia.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Peripheral blood white cell and platelet counts were increased by medium and high SCC doses, compared with the untreated control. CFU-Fs were also increased compared with the untreated control, and the numbers of calcium nodes in MSCs in osteoinductive medium were elevated in response to SCC treatment. The percentage of Forkhead box protein 3 (FOXP3(+)) T cells was increased in T cell-MSC cocultures, and the cytokine transforming growth factor β1 was up-regulated in SCC-treated groups.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The results of this study suggest that SCC not only promotes the proliferation and differentiation of MSCs, but also improves their immunoregulatory capacity in mice with aplastic anemia.</p>


Subject(s)
Anemia, Aplastic , Blood , Pathology , Therapeutics , Animals , Anthraquinones , Metabolism , Biomarkers , Metabolism , Bone Marrow Cells , Pathology , Calcium , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Chlorophyllides , Pharmacology , Colony-Forming Units Assay , Female , Immunosuppression Therapy , Leukocyte Count , Male , Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Mice, Inbred DBA , Osteoblasts , Pathology , Platelet Count , T-Lymphocytes
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-286016

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To establish a simple and highly effective isolation and culture system of mouse spermatogonial stem cells(SSCs)and detect the expression of stem cell-related markers in the isolated cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The structures of seminiferous tubules of neonatal(6-8 days of age)and adult(26-28 weeks)DBA/2 mice were compared using histochemical examination. Testes of neonatal mice were selected for preparing primary cells. The digestive efficiency of different enzymes was compared. SSCs were isolated according to the different binding abilities of testicle somatic cells and SSCs to gelatin matrix. The effects of different base culture media such as StemPro34 and α-MEM,gelatin,and serum on the SSCs binding activity and growth were studied. The cell morphology was observed during the culture process. Immunofluorescence was used to detect the expression of SSCs and cancer stem cells(CSCs)-related markers in SSCs.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The content of SSCs in the testes of neonatal mice was relatively higher than that in adult mice. Trypsin showed the highest digestive efficiency. In StemPro34 supplemented with 1% fetal bovine serum and on the gelatin matrix,testicular somatic cells could bind with the plate efficiently. Spermatogonial cells grew well when using mitomycin C-treated testicular somatic cells as feeder cells and showed typical characteristic of SSCs. After 13 days of culture,spermatogonial cells formed cell clusters. Immunofluorescence assay showed that SSCs markers glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor(GDNF)family receptor α1(GFRα1)and VASA protein were highly expressed in the cell clusters. CSCs marker CD44 was expressed in the As,Apr,Aal and the inner cells of the cell clusters,while seldom expressed in the somatic cells.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>An isolation and culture system of SSCs derived from DBA/2 mice was established. CD44 is highly expressed in the early stage of spermatogonial cell development.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Biomarkers , Metabolism , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Differentiation , Cells, Cultured , Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Hyaluronan Receptors , Metabolism , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred DBA , Spermatogonia , Cell Biology , Stem Cells , Cell Biology
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