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1.
Braz. j. biol ; 83: e242708, 2023. tab
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339382

ABSTRACT

Abstract MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are essential nonprotein-coding genes. In a range of organisms, miRNAs has been reported to play an essential role in regulating gene expressions at post-transcriptional level. They participate in most of the stress responsive processes in plants. Drought is an ultimate abiotic stress that affects the crop production. Therefore understanding drought stress responses are essential to improve the production of agricultural crops. Throughout evolution, plants have developed their own defense systems to cope with the adversities of environmental stresses. Among defensive mechanisms include the regulations of gene expression by miRNAs. Drought stress regulates the expression of some of the functionally conserved miRNAs in different plants. The given properties of miRNAs provide an insight to genetic alterations and enhancing drought resistance in cereal crops. The current review gives a summary to regulatory mechanisms in plants as well as miRNAs response to drought stresses in cereal crops. Some possible approaches and guidelines for the exploitation of drought stress miRNA responses to improve cereal crops are also described.


Resumo MicroRNAs (miRNAs) são genes essenciais não codificadores de proteínas. Em uma variedade de organismos, foi relatado que miRNAs desempenham papel essencial na regulação da expressão gênica em nível pós-transcricional. Eles participam da maioria dos processos responsivos ao estresse nas plantas. A seca é um estresse abiótico final que afeta a produção agrícola. Portanto, compreender as respostas ao estresse da seca é essencial para melhorar a produção de safras agrícolas. Ao longo da evolução, as plantas desenvolveram seus próprios sistemas de defesa para lidar com as adversidades do estresse ambiental. Entre os mecanismos de defesa está a regulação da expressão gênica por miRNAs. O estresse hídrico regula a expressão de alguns dos miRNAs funcionalmente conservados em diferentes plantas. As propriedades dadas dos miRNAs fornecem uma visão das alterações genéticas e aumentam a resistência à seca nas safras de cereais. A revisão atual apresenta um resumo dos mecanismos regulatórios nas plantas, bem como a resposta dos miRNAs ao estresse hídrico nas plantações de cereais. Algumas abordagens e diretrizes possíveis para a exploração das respostas do miRNA ao estresse da seca para melhorar as safras de cereais também são descritas.


Subject(s)
MicroRNAs/genetics , Droughts , Stress, Physiological/genetics , Crops, Agricultural/genetics , Crop Production
2.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(3): 735-741, jun. 2022. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1385656

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: This study is to investigate the regulation of Notch1 and Foxp1 by miR-34a in the development of psoriasis vulgaris. RT-PCR was used to compare the levels of miR-34a in the skin lesions of 20 patients with psoriasis vulgaris and 20 normal skin tissues. Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of Notch1 and Foxp1 in 51 patients with psoriasis vulgaris, which were further compared with that in 29 normal control tissues. In addition, in HaCaT cells, we used miR-34a mimics and inhibitors to overexpress and inhibit miR-34a, respectively, and detected the mRNA and protein levels of miR-34a, Notch1, and Foxp1. The level of miR-34a in the skin lesions of patients with psoriasis vulgaris was significantly higher than that in normal skin tissues (t=2.192, P<0.05). The positive rate of Notch1 in the skin lesions of patients with psoriasis vulgaris was 76.47 %, which was significantly higher than that in normal skin tissues (13.79 %) (t=29.215, P<0.01). The positive rate of FOXP1 in the psoriasis vulgaris group was 92.16 %, which was also significantly higher than that in the normal skin group (65.52 %) (t=9.087, P<0.01). In addition, overexpression of miR-34a significantly promoted the expression of Notch1 and Foxp1. However, inhibition of miR-34a significantly reduced Notch1 and Foxp1 levels. miR- 34a is highly expressed in the skin tissues of patients with psoriasis vulgaris, and may participate in the development of psoriasis vulgaris by regulating Notch1 and Foxp1.


RESUMEN: El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la regulación de Notch1 y Foxp1 por miR-34a en el desarrollo de la psoriasis vulgar. Se utilizó RT-PCR con el fin de comparar los niveles de miR-34a en las lesiones cutáneas de 20 pacientes con psoriasis vulgar y 20 tejidos de piel normales. Se utilizó inmunohistoquímica para detectar la expresión de Notch1 y Foxp1 en 51 pacientes con psoriasis vulgar, que se compararon además con la de 29 tejidos normales control. Además, en las células HaCaT, usamos miméticos e inhibidores de miR-34a para sobreexpresar e inhibir miR-34a, respectivamente, y detectamos los niveles de ARNm y proteína de miR-34a, Notch1 y Foxp1. El nivel de miR- 34a en las lesiones cutáneas de pacientes con psoriasis vulgar fue significativamente mayor que en los tejidos normales de la piel (t=2,192, P<0,05). La tasa de positividad de Notch1 en las lesiones cutáneas de pacientes con psoriasis vulgar fue del 76,47 %, que fue significativamente mayor que la de los tejidos normales de la piel (13,79 %) (t=29,215, P<0,01). La tasa positiva de FOXP1 en el grupo de psoriasis vulgar fue del 92,16 %, que también fue significativamente mayor que la del grupo de piel normal (65,52 %) (t=9,087, P<0,01). Además, la sobreexpresión de miR-34a promovió significativamente la expresión de Notch1 y Foxp1. Sin embargo, la inhibición de miR-34a redujo de manera importante los niveles de Notch1 y Foxp1. miR-34a se expresa en gran medida en los tejidos de la piel en pacientes con psoriasis vulgar y puede participar en el desarrollo de la psoriasis vulgar mediante la regulación de Notch1 y Foxp1.


Subject(s)
Humans , Psoriasis/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Forkhead Transcription Factors/genetics , Receptor, Notch1/genetics , Psoriasis/metabolism , Immunohistochemistry , Transfection , Blotting, Western , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Forkhead Transcription Factors/metabolism , Receptor, Notch1/metabolism
3.
Int. j. morphol ; 40(5): 1174-1180, 2022. ilus, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1405293

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY: Ingestion of an overdose of paracetamol (also called acetaminophen, or APAP) induces hepatotoxicity that can lead to liver failure. The link between the pro-inflammatory microRNA-155 (miR-155) and leukocyte infiltration (CD45) in APAP- antioxidant depletion and liver toxicity with and without the natural polyphenolic compounds, quercetin (QUR) plus resveratrol (RES) has not been previously studied. Therefore, acute hepatic injury was induced in rats by 2 g/kg APAP (single dose, orally) and another group started QUR (50 mg/kg) plus RES (30 mg/kg) treatment one week prior to APAP ingestion. Animals were culled 24 hours post the paracetamol treatment. APAP overdose induced hepatic and blood levels of miR-155 expression, CD45 (leukocyte common antigen) immunostaining, degenerated hepatocytes, and hepatic injury enzymes; alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), which were markedly decreased by QUR+RES. Whereas, APAP intoxication ameliorated liver tissue levels of the antioxidants, glutathione peroxidase and superoxide dismutase that were augmented by QUR+RES. Moreover, a significant (p<0.05) correlation between miR-155/CD45 axis and liver tissue injury was observed. These findings show that paracetamol intoxication augments miR- 155/CD45 axis-mediated modulation of antioxidants and liver injury in rats, and is protected by QUR+RES.


RESUMEN: La ingestión de una sobredosis de paracetamol (también llamado acetaminofeno o APAP) induce hepatotoxicidad que puede provocar insuficiencia hepática. El vínculo entre el microARN-155 proinflamatorio (miR-155) y la infiltración de leucocitos (CD45) en el agotamiento de APAP- antioxidante y la toxicidad hepática con y sin los compuestos polifenólicos naturales, quercetina (QUR) más resveratrol (RES) no ha sido previamente investigado. En este estudio, se indujo daño hepático agudo en ratas con 2 g/kg de APAP (dosis única, por vía oral) y otro grupo comenzó el tratamiento con QUR (50 mg/ kg) más RES (30 mg/kg) una semana antes de la ingestión de APAP. Los animales se sacrificaron 24 horas después del tratamiento con paracetamol. La sobredosis de APAP indujo niveles hepáticos y sanguíneos de expresión de miR-155, inmunotinción de CD45 (antígeno leucocitario común), degeneración de los hepatocitos y daño hepático enzimático; alanina aminotransferasa (ALT) y aspartato aminotransferasa (AST), disminuyeron notablemente con QUR+RES. Mientras que la intoxicación con APAP mejoró los niveles de antioxidantes, glutatión peroxidasa y superóxido dismutasa en el tejido hepático los que aumentaron con QUR+RES. Además, se observó una correlación significativa (p<0,05) entre el eje miR-155/CD45 y la lesión del tejido hepático. Estos hallazgos muestran que la intoxicación por paracetamol aumenta la modulación mediada por el eje miR-155/CD45 de los antioxidantes y la lesión hepática en ratas, y está protegida por QUR+RES.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Quercetin/pharmacology , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury , Resveratrol/pharmacology , Acetaminophen/toxicity , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Leukocyte Common Antigens/drug effects , MicroRNAs/drug effects
4.
São Paulo; s.n; 2022. 84 p.
Thesis in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1400479

ABSTRACT

Introdução: O padrão da dieta ocidental, caracterizado pela ingestão elevada de açúcares e lipídios, está relacionado à gênese da inflamação metabólica, a qual é caracterizada por um quadro de inflamação crônica, sistêmica e de baixa intensidade. A inflamação metabólica contribui para o desenvolvimento de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis (DCNT), as quais representam a principal causa de morte no mundo. Por outro lado, a ingestão de uma dieta saudável, rica em frutas e hortaliças, é relevante para a redução do risco das DCNT. Nesse contexto, destaca-se o suco de uva, bebida rica em compostos bioativos, que possui potencial efeito anti-inflamatório. Estudos recentes sugerem que nutrientes e compostos bioativos dos alimentos possam atenuar a inflamação por meio da modulação da expressão de microRNA, os quais representam novos biomarcadores inflamatórios, contribuindo para a identificação do risco de desenvolvimento de doenças cardiometabólicas. Objetivo: Investigar o efeito da ingestão de suco de uva integral sobre a expressão de microRNA no plasma e em células mononucleares do sangue periférico (PBMC) e sua relação com a resposta inflamatória. Métodos: Estudo intervencional, no qual, durante quatro semanas, as voluntárias ingeriram 500 mL diários de suco de uva integral, com coletas de sangue no momento basal, 2 e 4 semanas após o início da ingestão da bebida. A população do estudo foi composta por mulheres saudáveis (n = 20), com idade entre 18 e 40 anos e índice de massa corpórea classificado como sobrepeso (25,0 - 29,9 kg/m2). Foram avaliados o perfil lipídico, o hemograma e as concentrações plasmáticas de glicose, insulina, leptina, adiponectina, lipopolissacarídeos e seus ligantes plasmáticos LBP e sCD14 e biomarcadores inflamatórios (IL-10, IL-6, TNF-α, proteína C reativa, MCP-1, VCAM-1 e ICAM-1), bem como a concentração dos principais compostos bioativos presentes no suco de uva. Dois painéis de microRNA, sendo um plasmático e outro de PBMC, de 8 indivíduos foram avaliados, em todos os tempos, pelo ensaio de PCR em tempo real. Posteriormente, foram selecionados os microRNA relacionados à resposta inflamatória e à endotoxemia metabólica, os quais foram avaliados no restante das voluntárias. As proteínas-alvo dos microRNA em PBMC foram analisadas por Western Blotting. O consumo alimentar foi avaliado pela análise de três recordatórios de 24 horas coletados em todos os tempos experimentais. Resultados: A ingestão de suco de uva, após 4 semanas de intervenção, em PBMC, promoveu redução da expressão gênica do TNF-α, IL-6 e das subunidades p50 e p65, as quais compõem o fator de transcrição NF-kB. Em relação ao conteúdo de proteínas nestas células, houve apenas diminuição da fosforilação da TAK-1 em relação ao seu conteúdo total. Dentre os miRNA analisados, o miR-144-5p e o miR-144-3p tiveram a sua expressão aumentada no plasma e em PBMC, respectivamente. A concentração plasmática de sICAM-1 reduziu significativamente na semana 4 em relação a semana 2, enquanto, a concentração plasmática de gama glutamil transferase aumentou significativamente na última semana. As voluntárias apresentaram menor pressão arterial diastólica no final do estudo em relação ao momento basal. Conclusão: A ingestão do suco de uva, após 4 semanas de intervenção, influenciou a concentração de biomarcadores relacionados ao processo inflamatório mediado pela via do fator de transcrição NF-kB em mulheres com sobrepeso.


Introduction: The Western diet pattern, characterized by excessive ingestion of sugars and lipids, is related to the genesis of metabolic inflammation, which is characterized by a condition of a chronic, systemic, and low-grade inflammation. Metabolic inflammation contributes to the development of chronic non-communicable diseases (NCDs), the leading cause of death in the world. On the other hand, the adoption of a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables is relevant to reduce the risk of NCDs. Grape juice is a beverage rich in bioactive compounds which have a potential anti-inflammatory effect. Recent studies suggest that nutrients can modulate inflammation through microRNAs action, which have been highlighted because they are new inflammatory biomarkers, contributing to the identification of the risk of cardiometabolics diseases. Objective: Investigate the effect of the grape juice ingestion on microRNA expression in plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and its relationship with the development of the inflammatory process. Methods: Interventional study, in which, for four weeks, the volunteers ingested 500 mL of whole grape juice daily, with blood drawn at baseline, 2 and 4 weeks after the intake. The study population consisted of healthy women (n = 20), aged between 18 and 40 years and body mass index classified as overweight (25.0 - 29.9 kg/m2). The lipid profile, blood count and plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, leptin, adiponectin, lipopolysaccharides, and their plasma ligands LBP and sCD14 and inflammatory biomarkers (IL-10, IL-6, TNF-α, C-reactive protein, MCP-1, VCAM-1 and ICAM-1) were evaluated, as well as the concentration of the main bioactive compounds present in grape juice. Two microRNA panels, one plasma and the other PBMC, from 8 individuals were evaluated, at all times, by real-time PCR. Subsequently, microRNAs related to the inflammatory response and metabolic endotoxemia were selected, which were evaluated in the rest of the volunteers. MicroRNA target proteins in PBMC were analyzed by Western Blotting. Food consumption was assessed by analyzing three 24-hour recalls collected at all experimental times. Results: The intake of grape juice, after 4 weeks of intervention, in PBMC, promoted a reduction in gene expression of TNF-α, IL-6 and p50 and p65 subunits, which composes the NF-kB transcription factor. Regarding the protein content in these cells, there was only a decrease in TAK-1 phosphorylation in relation to its total content. Among the analyzed miRNAs, miR-144-5p and miR-144-3p had their expression increased in plasma and in PBMC, respectively. The plasma concentration of sICAM-1 significantly reduced in week 4 compared to week 2, while the plasma concentration of gamma glutamyl transferase increased significantly in the last week. The volunteers had lower diastolic blood pressure at the end of the study compared to baseline. Conclusion: The intake of grape juice after 4 weeks of intervention influenced the concentration of biomarkers related to the inflammatory process mediated by the transcription factor NF-kB pathway in overweight women.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Endotoxemia , Vitis , MicroRNAs , Fruit and Vegetable Juices , Inflammation , Phytochemicals
5.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 58: e19946, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1383979

ABSTRACT

Abstract The present study evaluated 56 patients diagnosed with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL) and a control group of 44 clinically healthy subjects with no previous history of leukemia. Genetic expressions of AKT and microRNAs were evaluated by quantitative PCR (qPCR). A significant increase in AKT gene expression in patients when compared to controls was observed (p = 0.017). When the patients were stratified according to Binet subgroups, a significant difference was observed between the subgroups, with this protein kinase appearing more expressed in the B+C subgroup (p = 0.013). Regarding miRNA expression, miR-let-7b and miR-26a were reduced in CLL patients, when compared to controls. However, no significant differences were observed in these microRNA expressions between the Binet subgroups (A versus B+C). By contrast, miR-21 to miR-27a oncogenes showed no expression difference between CLL patients and controls. AKT protein kinase is involved in the signaling cascade that occurs with BCR receptor activation, leading to increased lymphocyte survival and protection against the induction of cell death in CLL. Thus, increased AKT protein kinase expression and the reduction of miR-let-7b and miR-26a, both tumor suppressors, may explain increased lymphocyte survival in CLL patients and may be promising markers for the prognostic evaluation of this disease.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Protein Kinases , Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell/pathology , Patients , Gene Expression/genetics , Apoptosis , MicroRNAs/pharmacology , Healthy Volunteers
6.
Rev. Hosp. Clin. Univ. Chile ; 33(2): 108-119, 2022. tab
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1401171

ABSTRACT

Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease (VKH) is an autoimmune multisystemic syndrome that includes bilateral intraocular inflammation, associated with exudative retinal detachments, and systemic manifestations in the auditory, integumentary, and central nervous systems. The frequency of VKH disease in the world is variable, but in Santiago, Chile, it causes approximately 17% of non-infectious uveitis, an incidence 2 to 3-fold greater than in the USA or European countries. The evidence shows that the pathogenesis of VKH would be caused by cell-mediated autoimmunity directed against melanocytes present in the uveal tissue. CD4+ T lymphocytes (especially hyperactivity of Th17 and Th1 cells), B lymphocytes, cytokines (e.g., TGF-ß, IL-2, IL-6, IL-23 and INF-γ) and chemokines appear to play an important role in the development of VKH. Several lines of evidence support that the pathogenesis of uveitis observed in VKH involves an altered pattern of micro-ribonucleic acids (miRNA) expression, driving the loss of immunological tolerance. In this review, we discuss the evidence related to regulation and altered expression of miRNA associated with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada and other autoimmune diseases. (AU)


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome/physiopathology , MicroRNAs/genetics , Autoimmune Diseases/physiopathology , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome/genetics , Uveomeningoencephalitic Syndrome/epidemiology
7.
Fisioter. Mov. (Online) ; 35: e35109, 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1364856

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) figure among the most significant causes of morbidity and mortality in the world and, among genetic factors, the literature has demonstrated the crucial role of miRNAs and the relationship of physical activity with this pathology. Objective: To investigate the relationship between the functional capacity of exercise, the level of physical activity, and the polymorphism in the miRNA-146a gene in elderly individuals with and without CVD. Methods: This study, developed in a city in the southern region of Brazil, is characterized as cross-sectional. The sample for this study comprised 342 participants, aged 60 or over. The following aspects were analyzed: anthropometric characteristics, genetic profiles, diagnosis of CVD, functional capacity, and the level of physical activity. Results: A statistically significant association was observed between CVD and body mass index (BMI) (א² = 14.278; p = 0.0003), and 40.6% of elderly individuals with CVD were obese, while 31.5% of the normally developed elderly participants presented normal BMI. However, the genotype frequencies (p = 0.546; א² = 1.211) and 6MWT (p = 0.311; א² = 1.025) did not show a statistically signifi-cant association with CVD. Conclusion: Our results suggest that the polymorphism in the miRNA-146A (rs2910164) and functional capacity are not associated with CVD in the elderly. However, the BMI did demonstrate an association with this disease.


Resumo Introdução: As doenças cardiovasculares (DCV) figuram entre as causas mais significativas de morbimortalidade no mundo e, dentre os fatores genéticos, a literatura tem demonstrado o papel crucial dos miRNAs e a relação da atividade física com essa patologia. Objetivo: Investigar a relação entre a capacidade funcional do exercício, o nível de atividade física e o polimorfismo no gene miRNA-146a em idosos com e sem DCV. Métodos: Este estudo, desenvolvido em um município da região sul do Brasil, caracteriza-se como transversal. A amostra deste estudo foi composta por 342 participantes, com idade igual ou superior a 60 anos. Foram analisados ​​os seguintes aspectos: características antropométricas, perfis genéticos, diagnóstico de DCV, capacidade funcional e nível de atividade física. Resultados: Observou-se associação estatisticamente significativa entre DCV e índice de massa corporal (IMC) (א² = 14,278; p = 0,0003), sendo que 40,6% dos idosos com DCV eram obesos, enquanto 31,5% dos idosos normalmente desenvolvidos apresentaram IMC normal. No entanto, as frequências genotípicas (p = 0,546; א² = 1,211) e TC6 (p = 0,311; א² = 1,025) não mostraram associação estatisticamente significante com DCV. Conclusão: Os resultados do presente estudo sugerem que o polimorfismo no miRNA-146A (rs2910164) e a capacidade funcional não estão associados à DCV em idosos; no entanto, o IMC demonstrou associação com essa doença.


Subject(s)
Humans , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Polymorphism, Genetic , Cardiovascular Diseases , MicroRNAs , Exercise
8.
Ciênc. rural (Online) ; 52(10): e20210171, 2022. tab, graf, ilus
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1364719

ABSTRACT

LIN28 is a RNA-binding protein including two highly conserved homologous, LIN28A and LIN28B. Proto-oncogenes such as LIN28A and LIN28B are generally targeted by the let-7 miRNAs in different types of human cancers. Here, we determined the expression of LIN28A in canine mammary tumor samples and the LIN28/let-7 pathway in canine mammary cell lines. In those cell lines, we identified a functional LIN28/let-7 pathway which exhibited high expression of let-7 members and low expression of its targets, including LIN28A and LIN28B. However, the mammary carcinoma tissue samples showed a frequent expression of LIN28A being expressed mainly in the epithelial cells. No association was observed between LIN28A expression and histopathological classification and grade, TNM and survival time. Our results suggested a possible role of the LIN28A protein in the development of canine mammary carcinomas due to the high frequency observed in the tumor samples (28 of 32). The in vitro experiments suggested that the LIN28/let-7 pathway is active in the tumor cells evaluated. However, more studies are necessary to elucidate the exact role of LIN28/let-7 pathway in canine mammary carcinomas.


LIN28 é uma proteína de ligação ao RNA, com duas formas homólogas altamente conservadas, LIN28A e LIN28B. Os proto-oncogenes LIN28A e LIN28B são regulados pela família de miRNAs let-7 em diferentes tipos de cânceres em humanos. No presente trabalho, o objetivo foi determinar a expressão de LIN28A em amostras de tumor mamário de cadelas e a via LIN28/let-7 em linhagens celulares mamárias caninas. Nestas linhagens, através das técnicas de qPCR e RNAseq, foi identificado que a via LIN28/let-7 apresenta-se funcional, com alta expressão dos membros da família let-7 e baixa expressão de seus alvos, entre eles LIN28A e LIN28B. No entanto, as amostras de tecidos de carcinomas mamários caninos demonstraram expressão frequente de LIN28A, sendo observada principalmente em células epiteliais. Não foram observadas associações entre expressão de LIN28A com classificação e gradação histopatológicas, TNM e tempo de sobrevida. Nossos resultados sugerem uma possível relação da proteína LIN28A no desenvolvimento de carcinomas mamários caninos devido à alta frequência observada nas amostras tumorais (28 de 32). Os experimentos in vitro sugerem que a via LIN28/let-7 é ativa nas linhagens celulares caninas avaliadas. Entretanto, estudos funcionais ainda são necessários para elucidar a função exata da via LIN28/let-7 nos carcinomas mamários caninos.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Dogs , Mammary Neoplasms, Animal/genetics , RNA-Binding Proteins/analysis , MicroRNAs/analysis , Polymerase Chain Reaction
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936367

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the role of miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC).@*METHODS@#We examined the expression levels of miR-744-5p in 65 pairs of ccRCC and adjacent tissue specimens and in 5 ccRCC cell lines and human renal tubular epithelial (HK2) cells using qRT-PCR. The ccRCC cell lines 786-O and OSRC2 were transfected with miR-744-5p mimic, CCND1 mimic, or their negative control mimics, and the changes in cell proliferation, migration, and invasion were evaluated with CCK-8, wound healing, and Transwell assays. The downstream target molecules of miR-744-5p were predicted by bioinformatics analysis, and the expression level of CCND1 in ccRCC cells was verified by qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The relationship between miR-744-5p and CCND1 was further validated by dual luciferase reporter assay, and the role of the miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis in ccRCC was explored by rescue experiments.@*RESULTS@#MiR-744-5p was significantly downregulated in ccRCC tissues and cell lines (all P < 0.05), and its overexpression inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of ccRCC cells (all P < 0.05). Bioinformatics analysis and dual luciferase reporter assay showed that CCND1 was a downstream target of miR-744-5p. The results of rescue experiments showed that upregulation of CCND1 could partially reverse the inhibitory effect of miR-744-5p overexpression on ccRCC cell proliferation, migration, and invasion (all P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-744-5p inhibits the malignant phenotype of ccRCC cells by targeting CCND1, and the miR-744-5p/CCND1 axis may be a novel target for diagnosis and treatment of ccRCC.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell/metabolism , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Movement/genetics , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cyclin D1/genetics , Humans , Kidney Neoplasms/metabolism , MicroRNAs/metabolism
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936349

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the molecular mechanism by which miR-20a-5p regulates HOXB13 gene expression and inhibits lung cancer cell proliferation.@*METHODS@#The expression levels of HOXB13 mRNA and protein in lung cancer A549 cells transfected with HOXB13 overexpression plasmid or HOXB13 siRNA were detected with real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) and Western blotting. CCK-8 and EdU assays were used to examine the effect of modulation of HOXB13 expression on cell proliferation. We screened possible binding miRNAs of HOXB13 by bioinformatics analysis. In A549 cells transfected with miR-20a-5p mimic or miR-20a-5p inhibitor, the expression level of miR-20a-5p was detected by qRT-PCR and the protein expression of HOXB13 was determined with Western blotting. CCK-8 and EdU assays were used to assess the effect of miR-20a-5p overexpression on the proliferation of A549 cells. miR-20a-5p mimic and HOXB13 overexpression plasmids were co-transfected into A549 cells, and the changes in cell proliferation were evaluated with CCK-8 and EdU assays.@*RESULTS@#HOXB13 overexpression obviously promoted the proliferation of A549 cells (P < 0.05). miR-20a-5p was identified as the potential binding miRNA of HOXB13. Overexpression of miR-20a-5p in A549 cells significantly decreased the expression of HOXB13 protein (P < 0.05), while interference of miR-20a-5p obviously increased HOXB13 expression (P < 0.05). The results of cell proliferation experiment showed that miR-20a-5p and HOXB13 had opposite effects on cell proliferation, and the cells overexpressing both miR-20a-5p and HOXB13 showed a lower proliferation activity than the cells overexpressing HOXB13 but higher than the cells overexpressing miR-20a-5p alone (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#miR-20a-5p inhibits proliferation of lung cancer cells by down-regulating the expression of HOXB13.


Subject(s)
A549 Cells , Apoptosis , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , Homeodomain Proteins/genetics , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/genetics , MicroRNAs/genetics , Sincalide
11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify the miRNAs targeting vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene and their effect on parathyroid hormone (PTH) secretion in secondary hyperparathyroidism.@*METHODS@#Primary parathyroid cells with secondary hyperparathyroidism were isolated by collagenase digestion and cultured. The miRNAs targeting VDR were screened by bioinformatics methods and full transcriptome sequencing, and dual-luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the targeting relationship between VDR and the screened miRNA. The effects of overexpression or inhibition of the candidate miRNA on VDR mRNA and protein expressions and PTH secretion were evaluated using qRT-PCR and Western blotting. The expression levels of the candidate miRNAs and VDR mRNA in clinical specimens of parathyroid tissues were verified by qRT-PCR, and the expression of VDR protein was detected by immunohistochemistry.@*RESULTS@#We successfully isolated primary parathyroid cells. Dual-luciferase reporter assay verified the targeting relationship of hsa-miR-149-5p, hsa-miR-221-5p, hsa-miR-222-3p, hsa-miR-29a-5p, hsa-miR-301a-5p, hsa-miR-873-5p, hsa-miR-93-3p with VDR, and among them, the overexpression of hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p significantly increased PTH secretion in the parathyroid cells. In patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism, hsa-miR-149-5p was highly expressed in the parathyroid tissues (P=0.046), where the expressions of VDR mRNA (P=0.0267) and protein were both decreased.@*CONCLUSION@#The two miRNAs, hsa-miR-149-5p and hsa-miR-301a-5p, may promote the secretion of PTH in patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism by down-regulating the expression of VDR gene.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hyperparathyroidism, Secondary/genetics , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Parathyroid Hormone , RNA, Messenger , Receptors, Calcitriol/genetics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936332

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To identify new biomarkers and molecular pathogenesis of Down syndrome (DS) by analyzing differentially expressed miRNAs in the placentas and their biological pathways.@*METHODS@#Whole transcriptome sequencing was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs in DS (n=3) and normal placental samples (n=3) diagnosed by prenatal diagnosis. The target genes were predicted using miRWalk, Targetscan and miRDB, and GO and KEGG pathway analyses were performed for gene enrichment studies.@*RESULTS@#We identified a total of 82 differentially expressed miRNAs in the placental tissues of DS, including 29 up-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05) and 15 down-regulated miRNAs (fold change ≥2, P < 0.05), among which 10 miRNAs with relatively high expression abundance were selected for further analysis, including 4 up-regulated and 6 down-regulated miRNAs. These selected miRNAs shared the common target genes BTBD3 and AUTS2, both of which were associated with neurodevelopment. GO analysis showed that the target genes of the selected miRNAs were mainly enriched in protein binding, hydrolytic enzymes, metal ion binding protein combining, transferase activity, nucleotide, cytoplasmic constituents, nucleus composition, transcriptional regulation, RNA metabolism regulation, DNA-dependent RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcriptional regulation, eye development, and sensory organ development. KEGG enrichment analysis showed that the target genes of these differentially expressed miRNAs were involved in the signaling pathways including tumor-related signaling pathway, PI3K-Akt signaling pathway, Ras signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway, cytoskeletal regulatory signaling pathway, purine metabolization-related signaling pathway and P53 signaling pathway.@*CONCLUSION@#The differentially expressed miRNAs may play important roles in placental damage and pregnancy pathology in DS and provide clues for the prevention and treatment of mental retardation-related diseases.


Subject(s)
Cytoskeletal Proteins/metabolism , Down Syndrome/metabolism , Female , Gene Expression Profiling , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Nerve Tissue Proteins , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Placenta/metabolism , Pregnancy , Transcription Factors/metabolism , Transcriptome , Whole Exome Sequencing
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936315

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the role of miRNAs in amniotic fluid exosomes in growth and development of fetuses with Down syndrome (DS).@*METHODS@#Amniotic fluid were collected from 20 fetuses with DS and 20 normal fetuses (control) to extract amniotic exosome miRNA. MicroRNA sequencing technique was used to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs between the two groups, for which gene ontology (GO) and pathway analysis was performed. Three differentially expressed miRNAs with the strongest correlation with DS phenotype were selected for qPCR verification. Dual luciferase reporter assay was used to verify the activity of let-7d-5p for targeted regulation of BACH1.@*RESULTS@#We identified 15 differentially expressed miRNAs in DS as compared with the control group, among which 7 miRNAs were up-regulated and 8 were down-regulated. Target gene prediction results showed that the differentially expressed miRNAs targeted 17 DS-related genes. GO analysis revealed that the main functions of the target genes involved protein binding, protein transport, ATP binding, transferase activity and synapses. Pathway analysis revealed that the functional pathways were closely related with the development of the nervous system. qPCR results showed that the expression levels of miR-140-3p and let-7d-5p were significantly lower in DS group than in the control group (P < 0.05), as was consistent with miRNA sequencing results; the expression level of miR-4512 was significantly higher in DS group than in control group (P < 0.05), which was contrary to miRNA sequencing results. The results of double luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that let-7d-5p was capable of targeted regulation of BACH1 expression.@*CONCLUSION@#Let-7d-5p in amniotic fluid exosomes may promote oxidative stress events in the brain of fetuses with DS by regulating BACH1 expression.


Subject(s)
Amniotic Fluid/metabolism , Down Syndrome/genetics , Exosomes , Female , Humans , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Pregnancy
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936303

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the effect of dihydromyricetin on the expression of miR-98-5p and its mechanism in the development of Herceptin resistance in SKBR3 cells.@*METHODS@#The expression of IGF2 and miR-98-5p and their interaction relationship were analyzed by bioinformatics analysis through TargetScan online databases. SKBR3 cells and drug-resistant SKBR3-R cells were cultured in cell experiments. Xenograft tumor mice were constructed by SKBR3 and SKBR3-R cells. Proteins were detected by western blotting and immunohistochemistry. Transfected cells were constructed by shRNA lentivirus vectors. RT-QPCR was used to detect RNA. Cell proliferation was detected by MTS method. Cell jnvasion was detected by Transwell assay. Luciferase reporting assays were used to verify RNA interactions. IGF-1R/HER2 heterodimer was determined by immunocoprecipitation.@*RESULTS@#The expression of IGF2, p-IGF1R, p-Akt and p-S6K in SKBR3-R cells were significantly higher than those in SKBR3 cells, while the expression of PTEN protein was lower in SKBR3-R cells (P < 0.05). IGF1R/HER2 heterodimer in SKBR3-R cells was significantly increased (P < 0.01).The expression of IGF2 and invasion ability were significantly reduced while transfected with miR-98-5p in SKBR3-R cells (P < 0.05), but the IGF2 mRNA were no difference in both cells (P > 0.05). The expression of miR-98-5p was up-regulated and IGF2 was decreased in drug-resistant xenograft tumor mice after feeding with dihydromyricetin, and the tumor became more sensitivity to Herceptin (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dihydromyricetin could induce the expression of miR-98-5p, which binds to IGF2 mRNA to reduce IGF2 expression, inhibit the IGF-1R/HER2 formation, thereby reversing cell resistance to Herceptin in SKBR3-R cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Line, Tumor , Flavonols/pharmacology , Humans , Mice , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Receptor, IGF Type 1 , Trastuzumab
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936296

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the expression of microRNA-132 (miR-132) and its potential role in the development of atherosclerosis (AS).@*METHODS@#Thirty AS samples and 30 samples of normal peripheral vessels were collected from atherosclerotic patients undergoing peripheral angiostomy in our hospital for detecting the expression level of miR-132 using RT-qPCR. The expression of miR-132 in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) was up-regulated by liposome transfection, and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS), localization relationship between ROS and mitochondria, functional changes of mitochondrial reactive oxygen superoxide species (mtROS), mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) and opening of mitochondrial permeability transition pore (mPTP) were analyzed by flow cytometry and laser confocal microscopy. The activity of mitochondrial redox respiratory chain complex (type I, II, III, IV and V) in HUVECs was detected using ELISA, and the expression levels of key iron death proteins were detected with Western blotting.@*RESULTS@#RT-qPCR results showed that miR-132 was significantly up-regulated in atherosclerotic plaques compared with normal vascular samples (P < 0.001). Compared with control HUVECs, HUVECs overexpressing miR-132 showed a significantly increased level of intracellular ROS (P < 0.001), and most of ROS was colocalized with mitochondria. HUVECs overexpressing miR-132 also showed significantly decreased MMP (P < 0.001) and obviously increased mtROS (P < 0.001) and opening of mPTP (P < 0.001), which led to mitochondrial REDOX respiratory chain stress disorder. The key iron death protein GPX4 was significantly down-regulated and the oxidized protein NOX4 was significantly increased in miR-132-overexpressing HUVECs (P < 0.001).@*CONCLUSION@#MiR-132 promotes atherosclerosis by inducing mitochondrial oxidative stress-mediated ferroptosis, which may serve as a promising therapeutic target for AS.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Atherosclerosis/genetics , Ferroptosis , Human Umbilical Vein Endothelial Cells/metabolism , Humans , Membrane Potential, Mitochondrial , MicroRNAs/metabolism , Mitochondria/metabolism , Oxidation-Reduction , Oxidative Stress , Reactive Oxygen Species/metabolism
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936283

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To construct the regulatory network of survival-related onco-miRNAs and their target genes in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and verify the interactions between the key miRNAs and their targets.@*METHODS@#We screened survival-related miRNAs in HCC in OncomiR and Oncolnc databases, predicted their target genes using miRNet, and conducted survival and expression analysis using GEPIA2 and Ualcan, respectively. The miRNA-target gene co-expression analysis was performed and the miRNA-target network was constructed. Enrichment analysis was performed in Enrichr and protein-protein interaction analysis in STRING database. We tested the effects of transfection with the mimic or inhibitor of hsa-miR-1226-3p or hsa-miR-221-5p on proliferation of HepG2 cells using CCK8 assay and examined the changes in the expressions of the target genes using RT-qPCR. The effect of transfection with hsa-miR-221-5p mimic or inhibitor on protein expressions of the target genes was examined using Western blotting in. A dual luciferase reporter assay was used to test the interaction between hsa-miR-221-5p and its potential target gene GCDH. We further examined the effect of transfection with hsa-miR-221-5p mimic and pEGFP N1-GCDH, alone or in combination, on proliferation, migration and invasion of HepG2 cells.@*RESULTS@#We identified 223 survival-related miRNAs in HCC from OncomiR and 146 miRNAs from Oncolnc with an intersection of 131 miRNAs, and 48 miRNAs were identified as onco-miRNAs in HCC after survival and expression analysis. Twenty-seven eligible target genes were identified after miRNA-mRNA co-expression analysis. The constructed miRNA-target gene network consisted of 25 miRNAs and 27 target genes. The most enriched term was fatty acid metabolism for the target genes. In HepG2 cells, transfection with the mimic or inhibitor of hsa-miR-1226-3p or hsa-miR-221-5p caused significant changes of the mRNA and protein levels of their respective target genes (P < 0.05). The results of dual luciferase reporter assay confirmed the targeting relationship between hsa-miR-221-5p and GCDH gene (P < 0.05). Transfection with hsa-miR-221-5p mimic significantly suppressed the proliferation, migration and invasion of HepG2 cells, but this effect was obviously relieved by co-transformation with pEGFP N1-GCDH (P < 0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Fatty acid metabolism might be one of the most crucial pathways that mediate the effect of the oncomiRNAs in HCC, and the hsa-miR-221-5p/GCDH axis is an important molecular mechanism for HCC progression.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/genetics , Gene Regulatory Networks , Humans , Liver Neoplasms/pathology , MicroRNAs/metabolism , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
17.
Frontiers of Medicine ; (4): 240-250, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929208

ABSTRACT

The continuing discoveries of novel classes of RNA modifications in various organisms have raised the need for improving sensitive, convenient, and reliable methods for quantifying RNA modifications. In particular, a subset of small RNAs, including microRNAs (miRNAs) and Piwi-interacting RNAs (piRNAs), are modified at their 3'-terminal nucleotides via 2'-O-methylation. However, quantifying the levels of these small RNAs is difficult because 2'-O-methylation at the RNA 3'-terminus inhibits the activity of polyadenylate polymerase and T4 RNA ligase. These two enzymes are indispensable for RNA labeling or ligation in conventional miRNA quantification assays. In this study, we profiled 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl plant miRNAs in the livers of rice-fed mice by oxidative deep sequencing and detected increasing amounts of plant miRNAs with prolonged oxidation treatment. We further compared the efficiency of stem-loop and poly(A)-tailed RT-qPCR in quantifying plant miRNAs in animal tissues and identified stem-loop RT-qPCR as the only suitable approach. Likewise, stem-loop RT-qPCR was superior to poly(A)-tailed RT-qPCR in quantifying 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl piRNAs in human seminal plasma. In summary, this study established a standard procedure for quantifying the levels of 3'-terminal 2'-O-methyl miRNAs in plants and piRNAs. Accurate measurement of the 3'-terminal 2'-O-methylation of small RNAs has profound implications for understanding their pathophysiologic roles in biological systems.


Subject(s)
Animals , High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing , Humans , Methylation , Mice , MicroRNAs/genetics , Oxidative Stress , RNA, Small Interfering/metabolism , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929073

ABSTRACT

Objective Circular RNAs (circRNAs) are non-coding RNAs (ncRNA) circularized without a 3' polyadenylation [poly-(A)] tail or a 5' cap, resulting in a covalently closed loop structure. circRNAs were first discovered in RNA viruses in the 1970s, but only a small number of circRNAs were discovered at that time due to limitations in traditional polyadenylated transcriptome analyses. With the development of specific biochemical and computational methods, recent studies have shown the presence of abundant circRNAs in eukaryotic transcriptomes. circRNAs play vital roles in many physiological and pathological processes, such as acting as miRNA sponges, binding to RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), acting as transcriptional regulatory factors, and even serving as translation templates. Current evidence has shown that circRNAs can be potentially used as excellent biomarkers for diagnosis, therapeutic effect evaluation, and prognostic assessment of a variety of diseases, and they may also provide effective therapeutic targets due to their stability and tissue and development-stage specificity. This review focuses on the properties of circRNAs and their immune relationship to disease, and explores the role of circRNAs in immune-related diseases and the directions of future research.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , MicroRNAs/genetics , RNA, Circular , Transcriptome
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929071

ABSTRACT

As a group of nonspecific inflammatory diseases affecting the intestine, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) exhibits the characteristics of chronic recurring inflammation, and was proven to be increasing in incidence (Kaplan, 2015). IBD induced by genetic background, environmental changes, immune functions, microbial composition, and toxin exposures (Sasson et al., 2021) primarily includes ulcerative colitis (UC) and Crohn's disease (CD) with complicated clinical symptoms featured by abdominal pain, diarrhea, and even blood in stools (Fan et al., 2021; Huang et al., 2021). UC is mainly limited to the rectum and the colon, while CD usually impacts the terminal ileum and colon in a discontinuous manner (Ordás et al., 2012; Panés and Rimola, 2017). In recent years, many studies have suggested the lack of effective measures in the diagnosis and treatment of IBD, prompting an urgent need for new strategies to understand the mechanisms of and offer promising therapies for IBD.


Subject(s)
Chronic Disease , Colitis, Ulcerative/therapy , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Diarrhea , Homeodomain Proteins , Humans , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Mesenchymal Stem Cells/cytology , MicroRNAs , RNA, Long Noncoding , Recurrence , Umbilical Cord/cytology
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929011

ABSTRACT

YWHAE gene is located on chromosome 17p13.3, and its product 14-3-3epsilon protein belongs to 14-3-3 protein family. As a molecular scaffold, YWHAE participates in biological processes such as cell adhesion, cell cycle regulation, signal transduction and malignant transformation, and is closely related to many diseases. Overexpression of YWHAE in breast cancer can increase the ability of proliferation, migration and invasion of breast cancer cells. In gastric cancer, YWHAE acts as a negative regulator of MYC and CDC25B, which reduces their expression and inhibits the proliferation, migration, and invasion of gastric cancer cells, and enhances YWHAE-mediated transactivation of NF-κB through CagA. In colorectal cancer, YWHAE lncRNA, as a sponge molecule of miR-323a-3p and miR-532-5p, can compete for endogenous RNA through direct interaction with miR-323a-3p and miR-532-5p, thus up-regulating K-RAS/ERK/1/2 and PI3K-AKT signaling pathways and promoting the cell cycle progression of the colorectal cancer. YWHAE not only mediates tumorigenesis as a competitive endogenous RNA, but also affects gene expression through chromosome variation. For example, the FAM22B-YWHAE fusion gene caused by t(10; 17) (q22; p13) may be associated with the development of endometrial stromal sarcoma. At the same time, the fusion transcript of YWHAE and NUTM2B/E may also lead to the occurrence of endometrial stromal sarcoma. To understand the relationship between YWHAE, NUTM2A, and NUTM2B gene rearrangement/fusion and malignant tumor, YWHAE-FAM22 fusion gene/translocation and tumor, YWHAE gene polymorphism and mental illness, as well as the relationship between 17p13.3 region change and disease occurrence. It provides new idea and basis for understanding the effect of YWHAE gene molecular mechanism and genetic variation on the disease progression, and for the targeted for the diseases.


Subject(s)
14-3-3 Proteins/metabolism , Breast Neoplasms/genetics , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation/genetics , Cell Transformation, Neoplastic/genetics , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Endometrial Neoplasms , Female , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Humans , MicroRNAs/genetics , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , Sarcoma, Endometrial Stromal/pathology , Stomach Neoplasms/genetics , Transcription Factors/genetics , Translocation, Genetic
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