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1.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 1025-1034, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921307

ABSTRACT

Cells selectively scavenge redundant or damaged mitochondria by mitophagy, which is an important mechanism of mitochondrial quality control. Recent studies have shown that mitophagy is mainly regulated by autophagy-related genes (Atgs) in yeast cells, while mitochondrial membrane associated proteins such as PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1), NIX/BNIP3L, BNIP3, FUN14 domain containing 1 (FUNDC1), FKBP8/FKBP38, Bcl-2-like protein 13 (Bcl2L13), nucleotide binding domain and leucine-rich-repeat-containing proteins X1 (NLRX1), prohibitin 2 (PHB2) and lipids such as cardiolipin (CL) are the key mitophagic receptors in mammalian cells, which can selectively recognize damaged mitochondria, recruit them into isolation membranes by binding to microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) or γ-aminobutyric acid receptor-associated protein (GABARAP), and then fuse with lysosomes to eliminate the trapped mitochondria. This article reviews recent research progress of mitophagy-related receptor proteins.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins , Autophagy , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Mitochondria , Mitochondrial Proteins/genetics , Mitophagy
2.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 901-908, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921294

ABSTRACT

The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on acute liver injury induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/D-galactosamine (D-Gal) and the underlying mechanism. Male BALB/c mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS/D-Gal to induce acute liver injury model, and pretreated with DEX or in combination with the autophagy inhibitor, 3-methyladenine (3-MA) 30 min before injection. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) activity, as well as myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity in liver tissue were determined with the corresponding kits. Serum tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels were determined by ELISA. The protein expression levels of LC3-II and P62 in liver tissue were determined by Western blot. Liver histopathological changes were detected by HE staining. The results showed that, compared with control group, LPS/D-Gal enhanced ALT and AST activity, increased TNF-α and IL-6 levels, as well as MPO activity, up-regulated LC3-II and P62 protein expression levels, and significantly induced pathological damage in liver tissue. DEX reversed the above changes in the LPS/D-Gal group, whereas these protective effects of DEX were blocked by 3-MA. The above results suggest that DEX alleviates LPS/D-Gal-induced acute liver injury, which may be associated with the up-regulation of LC3-II protein expression and the activation of autophagy.


Subject(s)
Alanine Transaminase , Animals , Chemical and Drug Induced Liver Injury/drug therapy , Dexmedetomidine/pharmacology , Galactosamine/toxicity , Interleukin-6/blood , Lipopolysaccharides/toxicity , Liver , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha/blood , Up-Regulation
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879526

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To explore the genetic basis for a fetus with lissencephaly.@*METHODS@#Genomic DNA was extracted from amniotic fluid sample and subjected to copy number variation (CNV) analysis.@*RESULTS@#The fetus was found to harbor a heterozygous 5.2 Mb deletion at 17p13.3p13.2, which encompassed the whole critical region of Miller-Dieker syndrome (MDS) (chr17: 1-2 588 909).@*CONCLUSION@#The fetus was diagnosed with MDS. Deletion of the PAFAH1B1 gene may account for the lissencephaly found in the fetus.


Subject(s)
1-Alkyl-2-acetylglycerophosphocholine Esterase/genetics , Chromosome Deletion , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17/genetics , Classical Lissencephalies and Subcortical Band Heterotopias/genetics , Female , Fetus , Genetic Testing , Humans , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/genetics , Pregnancy , Prenatal Diagnosis
4.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 54(7): e10236, 2021. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249317

ABSTRACT

This work aimed to research the function of MARVEL domain-containing protein 1 (MARVELD1) in glioma as well as its functioning mode. Bioinformatics analysis was utilized to assess the MARVELD1 expression in glioma tissues and its relationship with grade and prognosis, based on The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), and Chinese Glioma Genome Atlas (CGGA) databases. Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8), colony formation, and Transwell assays were carried out to determine the impact of MARVELD1 on malignant biological behavior of glioma, such as proliferation, invasion, and migration. qRT-PCR was carried out to test the mRNA level of MARVELD1. Western blot assay was performed to measure the protein expression of MARVELD1 and JAK/STAT pathway-related proteins. MARVELD1 was expressed at high levels in glioma tissues and cell lines. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis revealed that the higher MARVELD1 expression, the shorter the survival time of patients with glioma. Also, the MARVELD1 expression in WHO IV was significantly enhanced compared to that in WHO II and WHO III. Furthermore, the functional analysis of MARVELD1 in vitro revealed that knockdown of MARVELD1 in U251 cells restrained cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, while up-regulation of MARVELD1 in U87 cells presented opposite outcomes. Finally, we found that JAK/STAT signaling pathway mediated the function of MARVELD1 in glioma. MARVELD1 contributed to promoting the malignant progression of glioma, which is the key driver of activation of JAK/STAT signaling pathway in gliomas.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Rats , Brain Neoplasms , Glioma , Phenotype , Signal Transduction , Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic , Up-Regulation , Cell Movement , Cell Line, Tumor , Cell Proliferation , MARVEL Domain-Containing Proteins , Membrane Proteins , Mice, Nude , Microtubule-Associated Proteins
5.
Rev. bras. anestesiol ; 70(6): 627-634, Nov.-Dec. 2020. graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155766

ABSTRACT

Abstract Background and objectives The mechanisms by which local anesthetics cause neurotoxicity are very complicated. Apoptosis and autophagy are highly coordinated mechanisms that maintain cellular homeostasis against stress. Studies have shown that autophagy activation serves as a protective mechanism in vitro. However, whether it also plays the same role in vivo is unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the role of autophagy in local anesthetic-induced neurotoxicity and to elucidate the mechanism of neurotoxicity in an intrathecally injected rat model. Methods Eighteen healthy adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into three groups. Before receiving an intrathecal injection of 1% bupivacaine, each rat received an intraperitoneal injection of vehicle or rapamycin (1 mg.kg-1) once a day for 3 days. The pathological changes were examined by Haematoxylin and Eosin (HE) staining. Apoptosis was analysed by TdT-mediated dUTP Nick-End Labelling (TUNEL) staining. Caspase-3, Beclin1 and LC3 expression was examined by Immunohistochemical (IHC) staining. Beclin1 and LC3 expression and the LC3-II/LC3-I ratio were detected by western blot analysis. Results After bupivacaine was injected intrathecally, pathological damage occurred in spinal cord neurons, and the levels of apoptosis and caspase-3 increased. Enhancement of autophagy with rapamycin markedly alleviated the pathological changes and decreased the levels of apoptosis and caspase-3 while increasing the expression of LC3 and Beclin1 and the ratio of LC3-II to LC3-I. Conclusions Enhancement of autophagy decreases caspase-3-dependent apoptosis and improves neuronal survivalin vivo. Activation of autophagy may be a potential therapeutic strategy for local anaesthetic-induced neurotoxicity.


Resumo Introdução e objetivos Os mecanismos de neurotoxicidade dos anestésicos locais são complexos. A apoptose e a autofagia são mecanismos altamente organizados que mantêm a homeostase celular durante o estresse. Estudos revelam que a ativação da autofagia atua como mecanismo de proteção in vitro. Não está claro se a autofagia também desempenha essa função in vivo. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o papel da autofagia na neurotoxicidade induzida por anestésico local e esclarecer o mecanismo dessa neurotoxicidade utilizando um modelo de injeção intratecal em ratos. Métodos Dezoito ratos Sprague‐Dawley machos adultos saudáveis foram divididos aleatoriamente em três grupos. Antes de receber a injeção intratecal de bupivacaína a 1%, cada rato recebeu injeção intraperitoneal de veículo ou rapamicina (1 mg.kg‐1) uma vez ao dia durante 3 dias. As alterações patológicas foram examinadas por coloração com Hematoxilina e Eosina (HE). A apoptose foi analisada por coloração com o método dUTP Nick‐End Labeling (TUNEL) mediado por TdT. A expressão de caspase‐3, Beclin1 e LC3 foram examinadas por coloração Imunohistoquímica (IHQ). A expressão de Beclin1 e LC3 e a razão LC3‐II/LC3‐I foram detectadas por análise de western blot. Resultados Após a injeção intratecal de bupivacaína, ocorreu lesão patológica nos neurônios da medula espinhal e os níveis de apoptose e caspase‐3 aumentaram. A ativação da autofagia causada pela rapamicina mitigou de forma expressiva as alterações patológicas e diminuiu os níveis de apoptose e caspase‐3, aumentando a expressão de LC3 e Beclin1 e a razão LC3‐II/LC3‐I. Conclusões O aumento da autofagia diminui a apoptose dependente da caspase‐3 e melhora a sobrevivência neuronal in vivo. A ativação da autofagia pode ser uma estratégia terapêutica potencial para a neurotoxicidade induzida por anestésicos locais.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Autophagy/drug effects , Bupivacaine/toxicity , Neurotoxicity Syndromes/prevention & control , Caspase 3/metabolism , Anesthetics, Local/toxicity , Neurons/drug effects , Spinal Cord/drug effects , Autophagy/physiology , Bupivacaine/administration & dosage , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Apoptosis/drug effects , Sirolimus/administration & dosage , In Situ Nick-End Labeling , Beclin-1/metabolism , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/metabolism , Neurons/pathology
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-781295

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To delineate the clinical features,inheritance pattern, and genotype-phenotype correlation of a Chinese patient with a 17q25.3 duplication.@*METHODS@#Whole exome sequencing(WES), chromosomal microarray analysis (CMA), chromosomal karyotyping and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) were employed for the analysis of the proband and his family members.@*RESULTS@#A 5.7 Mb duplication at 17q25.3→qter was identified by WES and CMA in the 4-year-old boy with multiple congenital anomalies, which was classified as a clinically pathogenic variant. This duplication was confirmed by FISH, and was inherited from his unaffected mother who carried a balanced translocation. Further study revealed that his grandmother also carried the balanced translocation but had gestated three healthy children and had no abortion history. His uncle also carried the balanced translocation, while his aunt was normal.@*CONCLUSION@#Above results have enriched the clinical phenotypes of 17q25.3 duplication. Genetic counseling was provided for the family. P4HB, ACTG1, BAIAP2 and TBCD genes may underlie the clinical features for the 17q25.3 duplication.


Subject(s)
Abnormalities, Multiple , Genetics , Adult , Child, Preschool , China , Chromosome Duplication , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , Genetics , Developmental Disabilities , Genetics , Humans , In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence , Karyotyping , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Translocation, Genetic
8.
Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992) ; 66(5): 673-679, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136258

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY OBJECTIVE Analyze the over expression of neural precursor cell expressed developmentally down-regulated protein 9 (NEDD-9) deregulated associated with a poor prognosis in various carcinomas. Our objective was to investigate the relationship between the levels of NEDD-9, CA 15-3, and CEA and PET (SUVmax, MTV40, TLG40) with the clinical parameters of patients with breast cancer (BC). METHODS One hundred and eleven patients (82 BC patients who underwent 18F-FDG PET/CT and 29 healthy controls) were evaluated. SUVmax, MTV, and TLG of the primary tumor were compared with the molecular and histopathological subtypes. 18F-FDG, MTV, and TLG were evaluated based on the clinical data, i.e., nodal involvement, distant metastasis, ER and PR status, Ki-67, serum levels of NEDD-9, CA15-3, and CEA. We compared the NEDD-9 in the BC and healthy control groups. RESULTS The mean ± SD of SUVmax in the 82 patients was 13.0 ± 8.6. A statistically significant relationship (p = 0.022) was found between the molecular subtypes and 18F-FDG uptake. The relationship between 18F-FDG uptake and TLG measured in patients <50 years, ER-PR negativity, and HER2 positivity were statistically significant (p=0.015, 0.007, 0.046, and 0.001, respectively). MTV40, TLG40, and CA 15-3 in metastatic patients were statistically significant (p=0.004, 0.005, and 0.003, respectively). NEDD-9 in the BC group was significantly higher than in the healthy group (p=0.017). There was a positive correlation between SUVmax and Ki67 and CA 15-3; MTV40 and CEA; CA 15-3, CEA, SUVmax, and MTV40; a negative correlation was found between CEA, TLG40, and age. CONCLUSION The use of SUVmax, MTV40, and TLG40 parameters with NEDD-9 and tumor markers has been shown to provide a high diagnostic, predictive, and prognostic value for the management of BC. This is considered to be the basis of interventions focused on the treatment objectives related to NEDD-9.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Analisar a associação da superrexpressão das células NEDD-9 ao prognóstico negativo em vários tipos de carcinoma. Nosso objetivo foi investigar a relação entre os níveis de NEDD-9, CA 15-3 e CEA e PET (SUVmax, MTV40, TLG) e os parâmetros clínicos em pacientes com câncer de mama (CM). MÉTODOS Cento e onze pacientes (82 pacientes de CM submetidos a 18F-FDG PET/TC e 29 controles saudáveis) foram avaliados. SUVmax, MTV, e TLG do tumor primário foram comparados nos subtipos molecular e histopatológico. A captação de 18F-FDG, MTV, e TLG foi avaliada com base em dados clínicos (envolvimento nodal, metástase distante, status de ER e PR, Ki-67, níveis séricos de NEDD-9, CA15-3 e CEA). Foi comparada a NEDD-9 do grupo de CM e o controle saudável. RESULTADOS A média ± DP de SUVmax de 82 pacientes foi de 13,0 ± 8,6. Uma relação estatisticamente significativa (p=0,022) foi encontrada entre subtipos moleculares e captação de 18F-FDG. A relação entre captação de 18F-FDG e TLG medida em pacientes com idade <50 anos, ER-PR negativo e HER2 positivo foi estatisticamente significativa (p=0,015; 0,007; 0,046; e 0,001, respectivamente). MTV40, TLG40 e CA 15-3 em pacientes metastáticos foram estatisticamente significantes (p=0,004, 0,005 e 0,003, respectivamente). NEDD-9 no grupo BC foi significativamente maior do que no grupo saudável (p=0,017). Uma correlação positiva foi encontrada entre SUVmax e Ki67 e CA 15-3; MTV40 e CEA; CA 15-3, CEA, SUVmax e MTV40; uma correlação negativa foi encontrada entre CEA, TLG40 e idade. CONCLUSÃO O uso dos parâmetros SUVmax, MTV40 e TLG40 com NEDD-9 e marcadores tumorais demonstrou um alto valor diagnóstico, preditivo e prognóstico para o manejo do CM. Isso é considerado a base para intervenções focadas nos objetivos de tratamento relacionados às NEDD9.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms/blood , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis , Carcinoembryonic Antigen/blood , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Retrospective Studies , Mucin-1/blood , Radiopharmaceuticals , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Positron-Emission Tomography , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/blood
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-813288

ABSTRACT

To investigate the expression of zinc finger protein 207 (ZNF207) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) tissues, and analyze the correlation of ZNF207 with clinicopathological factors and HCC patients' survival.
 Methods: Real-time PCR was used to detect ZNF207 mRNA expression in 10 paired fresh HCC and adjacent non-tumor liver tissue samples. Immunohistochemical (IHC) analysis was used to detect ZNF207 protein expression in 135 cases of randomly selected paraffin-embedded HCC tissues. The correlation of ZNF207 expression with clinicopathological factors and survival of HCC was analyzed.
 Results: The ZNF207 mRNA expression level in HCC was significantly higher than that in the adjacent non-tumor liver tissue (P<0.01). IHC results showed that ZNF207 protein level was elevated in HCC tissues and ZNF207 expression was correlated with cirrhosis, nodule number, tumor capsule, vascular invasion, and TNM stage (P<0.05). Survival analysis showed that patients with high ZNF207 expression had poorer overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) than those with the low ZNF207 expression (P<0.01), and ZNF207 was an independent risk factor for OS and DFS of HCC (P<0.05).
 Conclusion: ZNF207 expression is elevated in HCC and associated with adverse clinicopathological factors, indicating poor prognosis for HCC.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers, Tumor , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Liver Neoplasms , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Prognosis
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776540

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effects of Notch signal on hypoxic induction factor (HIF-1α) and autophagy-associated genes Beclin1, LC3I, LC3II in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) induced myocardial cell injury.@*METHODS@#The OGD model was established using hypoxic culture box and hypoglycemic DMEM medium. The cells were divided into normal control group, OGD group, OGD + NC siRNA group, OGD + Notch1 siRNA group and OGD + HIF-1α siRNA group. Western blot was used to detect the interference effects of HIF-1α siRNA and Notch1 siRNA. The effects of Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA on the activity of myocardial cells in OGD model were detected by the CCK-8 assay. The effects of Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA on autophage-associated genes Beclin1, LC3I and LC3II expression were detected by Western blot.@*RESULTS@#The results of Western blot showed that HIF-1α siRNA could effectively knock down the expression of HIF-1α in myocardial cells in OGD model, and Notch1 siRNA could effectively knock down the expression of Notch1 and HIF-1α in myocardial cells in OGD model. The result of CCK-8 assay showed that Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA reduced the activity of myocardial cells in OGD model, and there was no statistical difference between the two groups. Western blot results showed that Notch1 siRNA and HIF-1α siRNA could reduce the expressions of the autophagy-associated genes Beclin1, LC3I and LC3II, and reduce the ratio of LC3II to LC3I at mRNA level.@*CONCLUSION@#Notch1 plays a role in myocardial protection by regulating the expression of HIF-1α to regulate the autophagy in OGD model cells.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Metabolism , Cell Hypoxia , Cells, Cultured , Glucose , Humans , Hypoxia-Inducible Factor 1, alpha Subunit , Metabolism , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Cell Biology , Pathology , Oxygen , Receptors, Notch , Metabolism , Signal Transduction
11.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 336-346, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775445

ABSTRACT

We have previously reported that Cystatin C (CysC) is a pivotal mediator in the neuroprotection induced by hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) preconditioning; however, the underlying mechanism and how CysC changes after stroke are not clear. In the present study, we demonstrated that CysC expression was elevated as early as 3 h after reperfusion, and this was further enhanced by HBO preconditioning. Concurrently, LC3-II and Beclin-1, two positive-markers for autophagy induction, exhibited increases similar to CysC, while knockdown of CysC blocked these elevations. As a marker of autophagy inhibition, p62 was downregulated by HBO preconditioning and this was blocked by CysC knockdown. Besides, the beneficial effects of preserving lysosomal membrane integrity and enhancing autolysosome formation induced by HBO preconditioning were abolished in CysC rats. Furthermore, we demonstrated that exogenous CysC reduced the neurological deficits and infarct volume after brain ischemic injury, while 3-methyladenine partially reversed this neuroprotection. In the present study, we showed that CysC is biochemically and morphologically essential for promoting autophagic flux, and highlighted the translational potential of HBO preconditioning and CysC for stroke treatment.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Physiology , Beclin-1 , Metabolism , Brain , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain Ischemia , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics , Cystatin C , Genetics , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Gene Expression , Gene Knockdown Techniques , Hyperbaric Oxygenation , Lysosomes , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Neurons , Metabolism , Pathology , Neuroprotection , Physiology , Oxygen , Therapeutic Uses , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Rats, Transgenic , Reperfusion Injury , Metabolism , Pathology , Therapeutics
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772680

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the expression of autophagy-related protein Beclin-1 and microtubule-associated protein 2 light chain 3 (LC3Ⅱ) in periodontal ligament cells in orthodontic tooth pressure areas.@*METHODS@#Sixty male SD rats were randomly divided into a blank control group and nine experimental groups. In the experimental groups, 0.392 N orthodontic force was used to move the first right upper molars for 15 min, 30 min, 1 h, 2 h, 4 h, 12 h, 1 d, 3 d, or 7 d. The blank control group did not receive any treatment. The rats were euthanized. Changes in the morphology of the periodontal membrane in the pressure areas were observed through hematoxylin and eosin (HE) staining. The expression levels of Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ were detected by immunohistochemical staining, and tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) staining was performed for the counting of osteoclasts.@*RESULTS@#The HE stains showed that the hyalinization of the periodontal ligament appeared in the pressure areas after 1 day of exertion and was gradually aggravated. The immunohistochemical stains showed that the expression levels of Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ in the experimental groups gradually increased, peaked after 1 h, and then gradually decreased. The expression levels peaked again after 1 d, then decreased to baseline levels at 7 d of exertion. Beclin-1 and LC3Ⅱ were expressed in the osteoclasts. The TRAP stains indicated that the number of osteoclasts started to increase after 1 day.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Autophagy may participate in the process of periodontal ligament reconstruction in orthodontic tooth pressure areas by mediating the hyalinization of periodontal ligament and affecting the biological effects of osteoclasts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Metabolism , Male , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Osteoclasts , Periodontal Ligament , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Tooth Movement Techniques
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772430

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#This study aimed to investigate the expression patterns and relationship of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3B) and mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in oral leukoplakia (OLK) in smokers and never-smokers. This work also analyzed the relationship between smoking and the carcinogenic potential of OLK.@*METHODS@#Immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of LC3B and mTOR in 120 patients with OLK. Clinical data from 120 smokers and never-smokers with OLK were analyzed. Subsequently, the relationships among LC3B and mTOR expression, clinical factors, and smoking were analyzed.@*RESULTS@#Smoking and nonsmoking patients with OLK differed in terms of gender, age, lesion location, pathological typing, and carcinogenic situation. The positive rate of LC3B in never-smokers was higher than that in smokers. Whereas the positive rate of mTOR in smokers was higher than that in the corresponding never-smokers, and the differences were statistically significant (P<0.05). Smoking was positively correlated with the positive rate of mTOR (P<0.05), and had no significant correlation with LC3B expression. The positive rates of LC3B and mTOR were negatively correlated with the intensity of smoking (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The effect of smoking habits on OLK may be linked to the expression of proteins that are directly associated with autophagy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autophagy , Humans , Leukoplakia, Oral , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Smokers , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772108

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of estradiol (E2)/estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) on the proliferation of human chondrocytes and explore the molecular mechanism.@*METHODS@#The Ad-Easy adenovirus packaging system was used to construct and package the ESR1-overexpressing adenovirus Ad-ESR1. Western blotting and qPCR were used to detect the expression of ESR1 protein and mRNA in human chondrocyte C28I2 cells. In the cells treated with different adenoviruses, the effects of E2 were tested on the expressions of proteins related with cell autophagy and apoptosis and the phosphorylation of ERK signaling pathway using Western blotting. Immunofluorescence assay was used to observe the intracellular autophagic flow, flow cytometry was performed to analyze the cell apoptosis rate and the cell cycle changes, and qPCR was used to detect the expressions of PCNA, cyclin B1 and cyclin D1 mRNAs. The inhibitory effect of the specific inhibitor of ERK on the expressions of autophagy- and apoptosis-related genes at both the protein and mRNA levels were detected using Western blotting and qPCR.@*RESULTS@#Transfection with the recombinant adenovirus overexpressing ESR1 and E2 treatment of C28I2 cells significantly enhanced the expressions of autophagy-related proteins LC3, ATG7, promoted the colocalization of LC3 and LAMP1 in the cytoplasm, increased the expressions of the proliferation-related marker genes PCNA, cyclin B1 and cyclin D1, and supressed the expressions of cleaved caspase-3, caspase-12 and pERK. RNA interference of ESR1 obviously lowered the expression levels of autophagy-related proteins in C28I2 cells, causing also suppression of the autophagic flow, increments of the expressions of apoptosis-related proteins and pERK, and down-regulated the expressions of the proliferation marker genes. Blocking ERK activation with the ERK inhibitor obviously inhibited the effects of E2/ESR1 on autophagy, proliferationrelated gene expressions and cell apoptosis.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The targeted binding of E2 with ESR1 promotes the proliferation of human chondrocytes possibly by inhibiting the activation of ERK signaling pathway to promote cell autophagy and induce cell apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Adenoviridae , Metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein 7 , Metabolism , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Chondrocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Estradiol , Metabolism , Estrogen Receptor alpha , Metabolism , Humans , Lysosome-Associated Membrane Glycoproteins , Metabolism , MAP Kinase Signaling System , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Transfection
15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772049

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate whether autophagy mediates the effects of aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) on the proliferation of neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts cultured in high glucose.@*METHODS@#Cardiac fibroblasts were isolated from neonatal (within 3 days) SD rats and subcultured. The fibroblasts of the third passage, after identification with immunofluorescence staining for vimentin, were treated with 5.5 mmol/L glucose (control group), 30 mmol/L glucose (high glucose group), or 30 mmol/L glucose in the presence of Alda-1 (an ALDH2 agonist), daidzin (an ALDH2 2 inhibitor), or both. Western blotting was employed to detect ALDH2, microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3B subunit (LC3B) and Beclin-1 in the cells, and a hydroxyproline detection kit was used for determining hydroxyproline content in cell culture medium; CCK- 8 kit was used for assessing the proliferation ability of the cardiac fibroblasts after the treatments.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the control cells, the cells exposed to high glucose exhibited obviously decreased expressions of ALDH2, Beclin-1 and LC3B and increased cell number and hydroxyproline content in the culture medium. Treatment of the high glucose-exposed cells with Alda-1 significantly increased Beclin-1, LC3B, and ALDH2 protein expressions and lowered the cell number and intracellular hydroxyproline content, whereas the application of daidzin resulted in reverse changes in the expressions of ALDH2, Beclin-1 and LC3B, viable cell number and intracellular hydroxyproline content in high glucose-exposed cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Mitochondrial ALDH2 inhibits the proliferation of neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts induced by high glucose, and the effect is possibly mediated by the up-regulation of autophagy-related proteins Beclin-1 and LC3B.


Subject(s)
Aldehyde Dehydrogenase , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial , Metabolism , Animals , Animals, Newborn , Autophagy , Beclin-1 , Physiology , Fibroblasts , Glucose , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Mitochondrial Proteins , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774030

ABSTRACT

Nephronophthisis (NPHP) is a group of autosomal recessive tubulointerstitial cystic kidney disorders. This article reports a case of NPHP type 12 caused by TTC21B mutations. The girl had an insidious onset, with moderate proteinuria, renal dysfunction, stage 2 hypertension, situs inversus, and short phalanges when she visited the hospital for the first time at the age of 3 years and 6 months. The renal lesions progressed to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) before she was 4 years old. Urine protein electrophoresis showed glomerular proteinuria. There were significant increases in urinary β2-microglobulin and α1-microglobulin. Gene detection revealed two compound heterozygous mutations, c.1552T>C (p.C518R) and c.752T>G (p.M251R), in the TTC21B gene, which came from her father and mother respectively. The c.752T>G mutation was a novel mutation. It is concluded that besides typical tubular changes of NPHP, marked glomerular damage is also observed in patients with TTC21B gene mutations.


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Genotype , Humans , Kidney , Kidney Diseases, Cystic , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Genetics , Mutation , Nephrosis , Genetics
17.
Acta cir. bras ; 33(3): 223-230, Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-886270

ABSTRACT

Abstract Purpose: To investigate the impact of different hypoxia reoxygenation (HR) times on autophagy of rat cardiomyocytes (H9C2). Methods: Rat cardiomyocytes were randomly divided into normal control group (group A), hypoxia group (group B), 2 h HR group (group C), 12 h HR group (group D), and 24 h HR group (group E). LC3 II/LC3 I was determined via western blotting, and cell viabilities of cardiomyocytes were measured using methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium (MTT) assay. Results: Cell viabilities in HR model groups were significantly lower than those of group A (P<0.05). LC3 II/LC3 I levels in groups B to D were significantly higher than those of group A (P<0.05), and group D showed the highest LC3 II/LC3 I levels. Cell viabilities in groups B to D were significantly lower than those of group A (P<0.05), with group D showing the lowest cell viabilities (P<0.05). Conclusions: Hypoxia can induce autophagy in rat cardiomyocytes, which can be further activated by reoxygenation; most notable after 12 h. Hypoxia-induced cell injury can be aggravated by reoxygenation. The lowest cell viability was observed at 12 h after reoxygenation; however, cell viability can be recovered after 24 h.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Autophagy/physiology , Cell Hypoxia/physiology , Cell Survival/physiology , Apoptosis/physiology , Microtubule-Associated Proteins/physiology , Time Factors , Random Allocation , Cell Line , Myocytes, Cardiac/cytology
18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771459

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect of sodium valproate (VPA) on activation of miR-34c-5p/ATG4B signaling pathway and autophagy in SH-SY5Y cells.@*METHODS@#Routinely cultured SH-SY5Y cells were treated with VPA at different doses for 24 h, and the changes in the mRNA levels of ATG4B and miR-34c-5p and the protein expression of ATG4B were assessed using qRTPCR and immunoblotting, respectively. The effect of transfection with a plasmid containing ATG4B promoter on the promoter activity of ATG4B in VPA-treated SH-SY5Y cells was assessed using the reporter gene assay. The stability of ATG4B mRNA was analyzed with qPCR in SH-SY5Y cells treated with VPA alone or with VPA combined with the transcription inhibitor actinomycin D. The expression level of miR-34c-5p was detected using qPCR in SH-SY5Y cells treated with VPA alone or with VPA combined with miR-34c-5p mimics or antagonist, and the role of miR-34c-5p in VPA-induced ATG4B down-regulation was evaluated. The changes in the level of autophagy were evaluated by detecting LC3-Ⅱ expression in the cells after treatment with VPA or VPA combined with miR-34c-5p antagonist.@*RESULTS@#VPA dose-dependently down-regulated the expression of ATG4B at both the mRNA and protein levels in SH-SY5Y cells. VPA treatment did not significantly affect the promoter activity of ATG4B, but obviously lowered the mRNA stability of ATG4B in SH-SY5Y cells. VPA treatment up-regulated the expression of miR-34c-5p, and the miR-34c-5p antagonist reversed VPA-induced down-regulation of ATG4B in SH-SY5Y cells. VPA also down-regulated the expression level of LC3-Ⅱ in SH-SY5Y cells.@*CONCLUSIONS@#VPA suppresses autophagy in SH-SY5Y cells possibly via activating miR-34c-5p/ATG4B signaling pathway.


Subject(s)
Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Proteins , Genetics , Metabolism , Cell Line , Cysteine Endopeptidases , Genetics , Metabolism , Dactinomycin , Pharmacology , Down-Regulation , Genes, Reporter , Humans , MicroRNAs , Metabolism , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , RNA, Messenger , Metabolism , Signal Transduction , Transfection , Valproic Acid , Pharmacology
19.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 689-695, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690555

ABSTRACT

<p><b>Background</b>Glehnia littoralis has been used for traditional Asian medicine, which has diverse therapeutic activities. However, studies regarding neurogenic effects of G. littoralis have not yet been considered. Therefore, in this study, we examined effects of G. littoralis extract on cell proliferation, neuroblast differentiation, and the maturation of newborn neurons in the hippocampus of adult mice.</p><p><b>Methods</b>A total of 39 male ICR mice (12 weeks old) were randomly assigned to vehicle-treated and 100 and 200 mg/kg G. littoralis extract-treated groups (n = 13 in each group). Vehicle and G. littoralis extract were orally administrated for 28 days. To examine neurogenic effects of G. littoralis extract, we performed immunohistochemistry for 5-bromo-2-deoxyuridine (BrdU, an indicator for cell proliferation) and doublecortin (DCX, an immature neuronal marker) and double immunofluorescence staining for BrdU and neuronal nuclear antigen (NeuN, a mature neuronal marker). In addition, we examined expressional changes of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and its major receptor tropomyosin-related kinase B (TrkB) using Western blotting analysis.</p><p><b>Results</b>Treatment with 200 mg/kg, not 100 mg/kg, significantly increased number of BrdU-immunoreactive () and DCX cells (48.0 ± 3.1 and 72.0 ± 3.8 cells/section, respectively) in the subgranular zone (SGZ) of the dentate gyrus (DG) and BrdU/NeuN cells (17.0 ± 1.5 cells/section) in the granule cell layer as well as in the SGZ. In addition, protein levels of BDNF and TrkB (about 232% and 244% of the vehicle-treated group, respectively) were significantly increased in the DG of the mice treated with 200 mg/kg of G. littoralis extract.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>G. littoralis extract promots cell proliferation, neuroblast differentiation, and neuronal maturation in the hippocampal DG, and neurogenic effects might be closely related to increases of BDNF and TrkB proteins by G. littoralis extract treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Apiaceae , Chemistry , Blotting, Western , Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor , Metabolism , Cell Differentiation , Cell Proliferation , Dentate Gyrus , Cell Biology , Hippocampus , Cell Biology , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Mice , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Neurogenesis , Neuropeptides , Metabolism , Plant Extracts , Pharmacology , Receptor, trkB , Metabolism
20.
Neuroscience Bulletin ; (6): 1119-1126, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777009

ABSTRACT

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication, along with repetitive and restrictive patterns of behaviors or interests. Normal brain development is crucial to behavior and cognition in adulthood. Abnormal brain development, such as synaptic and myelin dysfunction, is involved in the pathogenesis of ASD. Microtubules and microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) are important in regulating the processes of brain development, including neuron production and synaptic formation, as well as myelination. Increasing evidence suggests that the level of MAPs are changed in autistic patients and mouse models of ASD. Here, we discuss the roles of MAPs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Autism Spectrum Disorder , Metabolism , Autistic Disorder , Metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Humans , Microtubule-Associated Proteins , Metabolism , Neurons , Metabolism , Social Behavior
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