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1.
Hig. Aliment. (Online) ; 37(297): e1122, jul.-dez. 2023. ilus, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1531976

ABSTRACT

Várias pesquisas mostram o interesse na aplicação de materiais de revestimento na superfície de cascas de ovos para preservar a qualidade interior dos ovos, bem como para prolongar sua vida útil. No presente trabalho verificou-se a qualidade interna de 100 ovos galinhas para o consumo. Os ovos foram revestidos externamente na casca com tratamento de óleo mineral e timol 10%, e um grupo controle, que não sofreu nenhum tipo de tratamento. Um total de 10 ovos de cada grupo (controle e tratado) foram avaliados no dia 7, 14, 21 dias de armazenamento em relação aos seus parâmetros internos de qualidade. Os parâmetros físico-químicos de qualidade dos ovos avaliados foram Perda de peso dos ovos (g), Porcentagem da gema (%), Porcentagem do albúmen (%), Índice de gema, pH do Albúmen, pH da gema e Unidades Haugh (UH). Foi observada diminuição da qualidade interna dos ovos durante os períodos de armazenamento principalmente no grupo controle. Os ovos do grupo controle, que não receberam nenhum tipo de revestimento apresentaram a maior perda de peso e os valores da unidade Haugh diminuíram ao longo do armazenamento, o que não foi observado nos dois grupos tratados. A unidade Haugh dos grupos tratados não apresentaram diferenças significativas entre si. Concluiu-se que os ovos tratados com óleo mineral e timol a 10%, o revestimento da casca contribuiu para a preservação dos ovos mantendo positivamente a qualidade interna dos ovos ao longo do período de estocagem, o que pode contribuir para o aumento da vida de prateleira de ovos.


Several researchers show interest in the application of coating materials on the surface of eggshells to preserve the interior quality of the eggs, as well as to prolong their shelf life. In the present work, the internal quality of 100 chicken eggs for consumption was verified. The eggs were coated externally in the shell with mineral oil and 10% thymol treatment, and a control group did not undergo any type of treatment. a total of 10 eggs from each group (control and treated) were evaluated on day 7, 14, 21 of storage in relation to their internal quality parameters. The physicochemical parameters of egg quality evaluated were egg weight loss (g), yolk percentage (%), albumen percentage (%), yolk index, albumen pH, yolk ph and haugh units (uh). decreased internal egg quality was observed during storage periods, mainly in the control group. The eggs in the control group, which did not receive any kind of coating, showed the greatest weight loss and the haugh unit values decreased during storage, which was not observed in the two treated groups. The haugh unit of the treated groups did not show significant differences between them. It was concluded that in eggs treated with mineral oil and 10% thymol, the shell coating contributed to the preservation of the eggs, positively maintaining the internal quality of the eggs throughout the storage period, which may contribute to an increase in shelf life of eggs.


Subject(s)
Chickens , Egg Shell , Eggs , Date of Validity of Products , Thymol , Mineral Oil
2.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 130-138, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927698

ABSTRACT

In order to obtain virus-like particles (VLPs) for prevention of bovine viral diarrhea virus 1 (BVDV-1), the C-Erns-E1-E2 region was cloned into a pFastBacDaul vector for generating the recombinant Bacmid-BVDV-1 in DH10Bac Escherichia coli. The recombinant baculovirus Baculo-BVDV-1 was produced by transfecting the Sf9 cells with Bacmid-BVDV-1. The expressed protein and the assembled VLPs were determined by immunofluorescence, Western blotting and electron microscopy. Guinea pigs were immunized with inactivated VLPs coupled with the Montanide ISA-201 adjuvant. The immunogenicity of VLPs was evaluated by monitoring the humoral immune response with neutralizing antibody titer determination, as well as by analyzing the cell-mediated immune response with lymphocyte proliferation assay. The protective efficacy of VLPs was evaluated by challenging with 106 TCID50 virulent BVDV-1 strain AV69. The results showed that the recombinant Baculo-BVDV-1 efficiently expressed BVDV structural protein and form VLPs in infected Sf9 cells. The immunization of guinea pigs with VLPs resulted in a high titer (1:144) of neutralizing antibody, indicating an activated cellular immunity. Significantly lower viral RNA in the blood of the post-challenged immunized guinea pigs was observed. The successful preparation of BVDV VLPs with insect cell expression system and the observation of the associated immunogenicity may facilitate further development of a VLPs-based vaccine against BVD.


Subject(s)
Animals , Antibodies, Viral , Diarrhea , Diarrhea Virus 1, Bovine Viral , Guinea Pigs , Mineral Oil , Viral Envelope Proteins , Viral Vaccines
3.
Biol. Res ; 54: 28-28, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1505816

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Improving the nutritional condition of grapevine in spring to regulate bloom, fruit set, and yield is among the management goals of vineyards. METHODS: In the present study, the early season spray of calcium sulfate (C; 0.00 and 2.00%), potassium sulfate (K; 0.00 and 3.00%), and agricultural grade mineral oil (V; 0.00 and 1.00%) on flower and fruit phenology, nutrient concentration, and cluster biophysical indices and yield of Sultana grapevine ( Vitis vinifera L.) were investigated for two consecutive years. RESULTS: Based on the results, the spray of this nutrient combined with mineral oil significantly affected all the treatments except cluster length, berry length, and phosphorus concentration. The highest concentrations of potassium, calcium, and magnesium were obtained in the vines treated with V0K1C1, and the highest concentrations of zinc and iron were obtained only in the vines treated with mineral oil. In treatments containing mineral oil, especially in combination with the second level of calcium and potassium (V1K1C1), bloom time, berries pea-sized time, and harvest time were delayed by 3, 3, and 6 days compared with control vines. While in vines treated with a combination of the second level of potassium and calcium (V0K1C1), bloom time, berries pea-sized time, and harvest time were advanced by 5, 4, and 1.50 days, respectively, compared with control vines. Regarding the biophysical indices of the cluster, it was found that the vines treated with V1K1C1 had higher cluster weight, berry weight, fruit, and raisins yield than other treatments. Also, the highest berry quality, including total soluble solids, titratable acidity, and total phenol content, were obtained in the vines treated with V0K1C1. However, the lowest berry quality was observed in the vines treated with mineral oil. CONCLUSIONS: Therefore, the combination of nutrients with mineral oil can alleviate the adverse effect of mineral oil solely on some phenological indices and berry quality-related traits in vineyards.


Subject(s)
Vitis , Potassium , Calcium Sulfate , Mineral Oil , Fruit
4.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 359-361, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941821

ABSTRACT

Here we reported a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia from Peking University Third Hospital. A 62-year-old male presented with chronic cough and expectoration for 8 years, without chest pain, hemoptysis or short of breath. He was an ex-smoker. In his past medical history, the patient reported chronic rhinitis sicca for 20 years. Chest computed tomography (CT) showed patchy ground glass opacities in his bilateral lower lobe. In recent 3 years, his symptoms showed slowly deteriorative changes, as did his chest CT findings. No improvement of the patient's symptoms was observed, although he had been treated with many antibiotics. Then he was referred to our hospital for a detailed investigation for interstitial lung disease. On admission, the physical examination showed no abnormal findings except for inspiratory fine crackles in his bilateral lower lung field on auscultation. The results of the laboratory analysis, including complete blood cell count, biochemistry, arterial blood gas, urinalysis, antinuclear antibody (ANA), antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) and tumor markers were all within normal ranges. To exclude the possibility of infectious or malignant conditions, bronchoscopy was performed. Secretions from the left lower lobe bronchus were collected for bacterial, fungal and fast-acid cultures, which were all negative. A bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed in the left lower lobe with a 30% recovery. The total cell count of the BAL fluid was 6.5×104/mL, and the cellularity differential revealed increased neutrophils (20%) and lymphocytes (17%). The cytological examination in the BAL fluid showed no malignant cells. All the clinical data above did not reveal any conclusive information. However, the pathological findings of his transbronchial lung biopsy (TBLB) were highlighted with lipid-laden macrophages engulfed by large vacuoles occupying almost completely the cytoplasm of the cells, which were consistent with those of exogenous lipoid pneumonia. Given these findings, it emerged that the patient was taking twice daily inhalations of a compound menthol nasal drops (essential oil of camphor, menthol and liquid paraffin) for his chronic rhinitis sicca for at least 10 years. Then he discontinued oil nasal sprays and showed gradual improvement 3 months later without intensive treatment. The presenting case report emphasizes the fact that chronic inhalation of nasal sprays and decongestants containing mineral oils was a cause of exogenous lipoid pneumonia, and clinicians should bear it in mind.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Menthol , Mineral Oil , Pneumonia, Lipid
5.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 335-343, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979027

ABSTRACT

Background@#Xerosis is one of the most common dermatologic complaints in the elderly. People in the tropics, including the Philippines, have effectively used coconut oil as a traditional moisturizer for centuries. Its film-forming qualities allow it to act as a skin moisturizer and as a protectant against moisture loss. To date, only one randomized clinical trial has proven the efficacy and safety of coconut oil as a skin moisturizer for xerosis. With the increasing number of VCO products in the market, this study aimed to validate the use of an indigenous agricultural product, virgin coconut oil, for senile xerosis. With its moisturizing, antioxidant, and antiseptic effects, VCO may be superior and more cost-effective compared to the frequently used synthetic mineral oil.@*Objective@#This study aimed to determine the efficacy and safety of virgin coconut oil compared to mineral oil for the treatment of senile xerosis.@*Methods@#This was a community-based assessor-blinded, randomized controlled trial, which included elderly patients with mild to moderate senile xerosis of the legs. Participants were instructed to apply the test oil twice daily to the legs for 2 weeks. The following primary outcomes were measured at baseline and 2-weeks post treatment: skin dryness (over-all dry skin score, ODSS), skin hydration (corneometer readings), skin lipid content (sebumeter readings), and quality of life (Dermatology Life Quality Index). Secondary outcomes like patient-assessed clinical efficacy and adverse effects were also measured.@*Results@#A total of 148 participants (59 males, 89 females) with mean age of 68 years (SD 6.02) were included in the study. Eighty-one (81) were assigned under the VCO group and 67 under the mineral oil group. There was a total of 25 dropouts, 7 in the virgin coconut oil group, and 18 in the mineral oil group. The distribution of the patients’ ODSS after treatment with VCO and mineral oil showed a trend towards improvement: 43% in the VCO group had no visible signs of leg xerosis versus 22.4% in the mineral oil group. The proportion of participants with>1 point decrease in ODSS, was statistically greater in the VCO group at 74% (60/81) compared to the mineral oil group, 34% (23/67) (p<0.0001). VCO showed significantly greater skin hydration at 74% (60/81) as compared to 46% (31/67) in the mineral oil group (p<0.0010). Improvement in the skin lipid content using the sebumeter showed 82.7% (67/81) in the VCO group compared to 61.2% (41/67) in the mineral oil group (p=0.6591). Moreover, the patients’ perceived efficacy of the oil applied on their skin was 29.6% (24/81) in the VCO group compared to 5.9% (4/67) in the mineral oil group (p=0.0030). Baseline DLQI scores showed no significant difference in the assessed quality of life of the patients between the two treatments (p=0.0161).Over all, the VCO group showed 32.1% (26/81) treatment success compared to 8.9% (6/67) in the mineral oil group (p=0.004614). Adverse events in the 2 groups were all mild and transient with 8% (6/74) patients in the VCO group and 26.5% (13/49) in the mineral oil group (p=0.089).@*Conclusion@#Among elderly patients with mild to moderate xerosis, 2-week topical application of VCO was superior to mineral oil in the immediate improvement of leg xerosis based on primary outcome measures of the Over-all Dry Skin Score (ODSS), corneometer, sebumeter readings, and the Dermatology Life Quality Index.


Subject(s)
Palm Oil , Mineral Oil
6.
Journal of Peking University(Health Sciences) ; (6): 921-923, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-941725

ABSTRACT

Lipoid pneumonia (LP) is an uncommon form of pneumonia that is characterized by the presence of intra-alveolar lipid and lipid-laden macrophages on microscopy. It categorized as exogenous lipoid pneumonia (ExLP) and endogenous lipoid pneumonia (EnLP). Exogenous lipoid pneumonia caused by inhalation of liposuction substances (animal fat, vegetable oil, or mineral oil), mostly, in adult cases, they were medicines for constipation or rhinopharyngitis. Most of these patients showed mild clinical manifestations, and chronic medical condition. There were reports of lipoid pneumonia being successfully treated with corticosteroids, immunoglobulins and whole lung lavage. We report a case of exogenous lipoid pneumonia characterized by high fever and acute medical condition. A 77-year-old woman with hypertension and diabetes mellitus, accepted paraffin oil treatment for "incomplete intestinal obstruction", then, an accident of aspiration happened, as she went through the history of coughing while eating, followed by persistent hyperthermia and increases of white blood cells (WBC). Chest CT showed progressive ground-glass opacities, accompanied with fusion of consolidation, her sputum etiological examination was negative, and the therapy of broad-spectrum antibiotic was invalid. The patient was subjected to bronchofibroscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). The bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) appeared colorless and transparent, and did not show a milky appearence. Total cell count of the BALF was 2.0×109 cell/mL, including 7.2% macrophages and 92.8% neutrophils. Cultures of the BALF were negative for bacterial, fungal, and mycobacterial pathogens. The BALF cytologic findings showed vacuolated lipid-laden macrophages (Oil Red O staining). These findings revealed exogenous lipoid pneumonia. There were reports of lipoid pneumonia being successfully treated with corticosteroids, immunoglobulins, and whole-lung lavage. So this patient was treated with methylprednisolone 120 mg/d for 3 days and 80 mg/d for 6 days, at the same time, immunoglobulins was given to infusion, but the daily peak temperature of the patients fluctuated between 38 and 39 degrees. Then, whole lung lavage was performed 28 days after admission. Unfortunately, acute pulmonary edema occurred during the operation, as the tracheal intubation problems, and 6 days later, the patient died at last. The clinical manifestations of exogenous lipid pneumonia vary greatly, from asymptomatic to life-threatening symptoms, and as febrile low fever is the main manifestation, but hyperthermia may also be the remarkable presentation.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Bronchoalveolar Lavage , Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid , Mineral Oil , Pneumonia, Lipid/therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
7.
The World Journal of Men's Health ; : 129-132, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-156104

ABSTRACT

A paraffinoma is a type of inflammatory lipogranuloma that develops after the injection of an artificial mineral oil, such as paraffin or silicon, into the foreskin or the subcutaneous tissue of the penis for the purpose of penis enlargement, cosmetics, or prosthesis. The authors experienced a case of macro-paraffinoma associated with sexual dysfunction, voiding dysfunction, and pain caused by a buried glans penis after a paraffin injection for penis enlargement that had been performed 35 years previously. Herein, this case is presented with a literature review.


Subject(s)
Male , Foreskin , Granuloma , Mineral Oil , Oils , Paraffin , Penis , Prostheses and Implants , Silicon , Subcutaneous Tissue
9.
Rev. bras. cir. plást ; 31(1): 136-139, jan.-mar. 2016. ilus
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1540

ABSTRACT

O número de frequentadores de academia que utilizam injeções de substâncias oleosas para aumentar o volume muscular artificialmente, buscando, com essa prática, uma melhora cosmética dos músculos que não responderiam aos treinamentos, vem aumentando. Apesar dos efeitos imediatos e dos bons resultados estéticos como aumento de volume ou modificação do contorno de várias áreas do corpo, a infiltração de óleo pode levar a diversas complicações a curto e longo prazo, que muitas vezes são irreversíveis. A conscientização e atuação das entidades de classes médicas e sanitárias tornam-se fundamentais na profilaxia e controle deste problema. Neste artigo revisamos as complicações e ainda relatamos o caso de um paciente com complicações locais importantes secundárias a injeção de óleo.


The number of gym goers who self-inject oily substances to increase muscle volume artificially and thereby improve the aesthetic appearance of their muscles that are unresponsive to training is increasing. Although immediate effects and satisfactory aesthetic results such as increased volume or changes in the contour of several areas of the body might be observed, oil infiltration might cause several short- and long-term complications, which are often irreversible. The awareness and actions of medical and health professional societies are fundamental for the prevention and control of this problem. In this article, possible complications are reviewed, and the case of a patient with severe local complications caused by oil injection is reported.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , History, 21st Century , Case Reports , Mineral Oil , Infiltration-Percolation , Review , Chemical Compounds , Disease Prevention , Drugs on Basis of Vitamins and Minerals , Injections , Mineral Oil/therapeutic use , Infiltration-Percolation/methods , Chemical Compounds/adverse effects , Chemical Compounds/methods , Injections/instrumentation
10.
Mycobiology ; : 105-111, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-729445

ABSTRACT

Paclitaxel (taxol) has long been used as a potent anticancer agent for the treatment of many cancers. Ever since the fungal species Taxomyces andreanae was first shown to produce taxol in 1993, many endophytic fungal species have been recognized as taxol accumulators. In this study, we analyzed the taxol-producing capacity of different Colletotrichum spp. to determine the distribution of a taxol biosynthetic gene within this genus. Distribution of the taxadiene synthase (TS) gene, which cyclizes geranylgeranyl diphosphate to produce taxadiene, was analyzed in 12 Colletotrichum spp., of which 8 were found to contain the unique skeletal core structure of paclitaxel. However, distribution of the gene was not limited to closely related species. The production of taxol by Colletotrichum dematium, which causes pepper anthracnose, depended on the method in which the fungus was stored, with the highest production being in samples stored under mineral oil. Based on its distribution among Colletotrichum spp., the TS gene was either integrated into or deleted from the bacterial genome in a species-specific manner. In addition to their taxol-producing capacity, the simple genome structure and easy gene manipulation of these endophytic fungal species make them valuable resources for identifying genes in the taxol biosynthetic pathway.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Colletotrichum , Fungi , Gene Transfer, Horizontal , Genome , Genome, Bacterial , Methods , Mineral Oil , Paclitaxel
11.
ABCS health sci ; 40(1): 53-58, jan.-abr. 2015. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-746718

ABSTRACT

INTRODUÇÃO: O crescente culto ao corpo na sociedade atual tem levado diversos frequentadores de academia à prática sistemática de injetar óleos por via intramuscular, procedimento denominado doping cosmético. Assim, o presente estudo teve como objetivo verificar a prevalência de doping cosmético na região do Vale do São Francisco, buscando estabelecer os perfis sociodemográfico e clínico desse grupo de indivíduos. RELATO DE CASO: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo e documental, com análise dos registros de 346 frequentadores de academias de ginástica, dos quais sete relataram utilização de doping cosmético. Destes registros, foram coletados dados sociodemográficos, cineantropométricos, hemodinâmicos, história patológica pessoal e familiar pregressa e de consumo de drogas lícitas e ilícitas. A prevalência de doping cosmético foi 2,0% (IC95% 0,8–4,1), e a maioria dos usuários são adultos jovens com segundo grau completo, trabalhadores de classe média, sendo considerados ativos com baixo percentual de gordura. Eles utilizam suplementos alimentares, esteroides anabolizantes e outras drogas ilícitas. CONCLUSÃO: Os achados contribuem na determinação do perfil dessa população, demonstrando que os usuários de doping cosmético são adultos jovens preocupados com a estética corporal. As características sociodemográficas encontradas diferem de estudos prévios quanto ao nível de escolaridade, renda e ocupação. Nesse sentido, ações voltadas para a conscientização dessa população quanto aos riscos e perigos da utilização do doping cosmético devem ser apoiadas o mais breve possível.


INTRODUCTION: The rise in the cult of the body in modern society has led many fitness-centers customers to the systematic practice of intramuscular oil injections, procedure called cosmetic doping. Therefore, this study aimed to determine the prevalence of cosmetic doping in the São Francisco Valley region, in order to establish the sociodemographic and clinical profiles of this group of individuals. CASE REPORT: This is a retrospective documentary study with analysis of 346 records from fitness-centers customers, of which 7 reported use of cosmetic doping. Sociodemographic, kinanthropometric, hemodynamic, personal and family past medical history and the consumption of licit and illicit drug data were collected from these records. The prevalence of cosmetic doping was 2.0% (95%CI 0.8–4.1), and most of the users are young adults with high school graduates, middle-class workers, and are considered physically active with low body fat mass. They use concomitantly dietary supplements, anabolic steroids and other illicit drug. CONCLUSION: The findings of the study contribute in determining the profile of this population, demonstrating that users of cosmetic doping are young adults concerned with aesthetic body. The sociodemographic characteristics found in this study differ from previous studies in the level of education, income and occupation. In this sense, actions to raise awareness of this population about the risks and dangers of the cosmetic doping should be supported as soon as possible.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Fitness Centers , Doping in Sports , Risk Factors , Injections, Intramuscular , Mineral Oil , Plant Oils
12.
Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging ; : 127-130, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-71452

ABSTRACT

Direct injection of foreign material, such as liquid paraffin and silicone, into the breast can induce a foreign body granulomatous reaction and fibrosis, resulting in hard, nodular breast masses and architectural distortion that can mimic neoplasm. Conventional methods, including physical examination, mammography, and ultrasonography are of little use to differentiate between foreign body-induced mastopathy and breast cancer. In patients with foreign body injection such as breast augmentation, dynamic contrast enhanced MR imaging is an excellent imaging modality. Here, the authors report the MR imaging and pathological findings of ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) with multicystic changes in a 41-year-old woman with a previous history of interstitial mammoplasty by paraffin injection.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Breast , Breast Neoplasms , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Fibrosis , Foreign Bodies , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Mammaplasty , Mammography , Mineral Oil , Paraffin , Physical Examination , Silicones , Ultrasonography
13.
Korean Journal of Ophthalmology ; : 131-137, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-170373

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the therapeutic effects of mineral oil (MO) and hyaluronic acid (HA) mixture eye drops on the tear film and ocular surface in a mouse model of experimental dry eye (EDE). METHODS: Eye drops consisting of 0.1% HA alone or mixed with 0.1%, 0.5%, or 5.0% MO were applied to desiccating stress-induced murine dry eyes. Tear volume, corneal irregularity score, tear film break-up time (TBUT), and corneal fluorescein staining scores were measured at 5 and 10 days after treatment. Ten days after treatment, goblet cells in the conjunctiva were counted after Periodic acid-Schiff staining. RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the tear volume between desiccating stress-induced groups. The corneal irregularity score was lower in the 0.5% MO group compared with the EDE and HA groups. The 0.5% and 5.0% MO groups showed a significant improvement in TBUT compared with the EDE group. Mice treated with 0.1% and 0.5% MO mixture eye drops showed a significant improvement in fluorescein staining scores compared with the EDE group and the HA group. The conjunctival goblet cell count was higher in the 0.5% MO group compared with the EDE group and HA group. CONCLUSIONS: The MO and HA mixture eye drops had a beneficial effect on the tear films and ocular surface of murine dry eye. The application of 0.5% MO and 0.1% HA mixture eye drops could improve corneal irregularity, the corneal fluorescein staining score, and conjunctival goblet cell count compared with 0.1% HA eye drops in the treatment of EDE.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Conjunctiva/drug effects , Cornea/metabolism , Disease Models, Animal , Drug Combinations , Dry Eye Syndromes/drug therapy , Emollients/administration & dosage , Goblet Cells/drug effects , Hyaluronic Acid/administration & dosage , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mineral Oil/administration & dosage , Ophthalmic Solutions , Tears/metabolism , Viscosupplements/administration & dosage
14.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 205-208, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-288763

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate clinical characteristics and changes of pulmonary imaging of mineral oil aspiration pneumonia in children.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The clinical features, CT findings, and effects of corticosteroid therapy were analyzed in 16 children with mineral oil aspiration pneumonia, who were hospitalized in our hospital from January 2003 to July 2013.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>All patients with mineral oil aspiration pneumonia had a history of mineral oil administration.Four patients had no clinical manifestations. Ten cases presented fever, and 8 of the 10 patients had fever in 4-8 h after taking mineral oil, and the temperature was between 39-40 °C. There were wheezing in 2 cases, shortness of breath in 6 cases, cyanosis in 1 case, dyspnea in 3 cases, and moaning in 2 cases, chest pain in 1 case, headache and abnormal EEG in 1 case.Six patients had rales in lungs. Peripheral blood white cells increased in 10 cases, and C- reactive protein elevated in 7 patients. Chest CT examination showed abnormal findings in 6 children, and the earliest CT was performed within 2 h after the accident. The rest 10 children got chest X-ray, and 9 of 10 children had abnormal findings. The earliest X-ray was done within 3 h after the accident. And the remaining 1 of 10 children showed no significant changes in the first chest X-ray 2-3 h after the accident until 3 days. All of the patients received corticosteroid and antibiotic treatments, 4 cases underwent bronchoalveolar lavage, 3 patients were given albumin, 6 cases received intravenous immunoglobulin. Three cases delayed in treatment with hormone because of misdiagnosis, and 2 of them had clearly secondary infections. Twelve patients recovered completely from oil aspiration pneumonia after 8 days to 5.5 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Oil aspiration pneumonia in children occurs in almost all cases after mineral oil aspiration. Pulmonary opacities can be found by chest CT in most patients within 24 hours after mineral oil aspiration. Corticosteroids therapy was effective for patients with exogenous lipid pneumonia, which may inhibit the inflammatory response and possible pulmonary fibrosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Therapeutic Uses , C-Reactive Protein , Diagnosis, Differential , Fever , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Glucocorticoids , Therapeutic Uses , Lung , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Mineral Oil , Pneumonia, Lipid , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Radiography, Thoracic , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
15.
Acta Medica Philippina ; : 35-42, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-633736

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Uremic xerosis is the most common dermatologic condition present in patients with chronic kidney disease. Emollients were shown to be beneficial and are considered to be the first-line of treatment.OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of virgin coconut oil (VCO) compared to mineral oil as a therapeutic mosturizer for uremic xerosis.METHODS: Adult patients undergoing hemadialysis who have uremic xerosis were randomized using a computer-generated list and were instructed to apply either VCO or mineral oil twice daily on the legs for 4 weeks. Primary outcome measures included investigator-assessed clinical efficacy based on overall dry skin score (ODSS), change in skin hydration (corneometer readings), change in skin lipids (sebumeter readings), and quality of life scores. Secondary outcome measures included patient-assessed efficacy and advent of adverse effects. Overall therapeutic response was determined in which treatment success was defined as total clearance of xerosis or reduction of ODSS score and increased objective measurements (i.e., corneometer and sebumeter readings) plus moderate to marked patient-assessed efficacy, while treatment failure was defined as failure in any one of these parameters.RESULTS: A total of 45 (22 VCO group, 23 mineral oil group) were recruited and 36 (18 VCO group, 18 mineral oil group) completed the study. The majority of patients in both treatment groups showed improved ODSS, corneometer readings, and quality of life scores. Most patients considered both treatment oils to be moderately to markedly effective. Analysis of overall therapeutic response revealed treatment success of 4 out of 22 in the VCO group and 4 out of 23 in the mineral oil group. VCO demostrated a trend to benefit in improving xerotic skin (RRR = 1.0%, 95% CI: -30, 26.3; RR = 0.99, 95% CI: 0.76, 1.3) but results are inconclusive due to the wide confidence interval.CONCLUSION: The application of VCO or mineral oil for 4 weeks may be equally beneficial and safe in improving uremic xerosis. VCO showed a trend to benefit compared to mineral oil in terms of overall therapeutic response but this needs to be confirmed in larger randomized controlled trials.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Palm Oil , Emollients , Mineral Oil , Lipids , Plant Oils , Treatment Outcome , Skin , Treatment Failure , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
16.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 783-789, 2014.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-38787

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Scabies is a common parasitic infestation that is an important public-health problem in many resource-poor regions. The incidence of scabies decreased during the past 20 years, but it has been increasing with the increase in the number of elderly people and nursing hospitals in Korea. OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to evaluate and compare the clinical aspects and etiologic factors between outpatients and inpatients diagnosed with scabies. Also, we tried to investigate the clinical efficacy of topical therapies for the treatment of scabies. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of the medical records of 200 patients who were diagnosed with scabies with a mineral oil test or skin biopsy between September 2009 and August 2013. RESULTS: Of 200 patients, 91 (45.5%) were men and 109 (54.5%) were women. The mean age of the patients was 59.2+/-26.6 years (men: 54.9+/-27.6 years/women: 62.8+/-25.2 years), and 61% of patients were aged >60 years. There was no seasonal variation in occurrence. Common primary lesions were papules and burrows in both inpatients and outpatients. Also, hyperkeratotic lesions were more commonly observed in inpatients (60%) than in outpatients (16.4%). The majority of the suspected routes of infection were transmissions through the nursing homes or hospitals (outpatients: 37.6%, inpatients: 71.4%). The mean time to diagnosis was 59+/-85.1 days (outpatients: 62.97+/-92.11 days, inpatients: 40.6+/-32.2 days) and to complete treatment was 31.87+/-49.2 days (outpatients: 35.3+/-53.14 days, inpatients: 14.8+/-13.87 days). CONCLUSION: We confirmed that nursing homes or hospitals are sources of herd infection. Therefore, dermatologists should educate the medical team and caregivers who work in nursing homes and hospitals about the clinical aspects and treatments of scabies.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Biopsy , Caregivers , Diagnosis , Incidence , Inpatients , Korea , Medical Records , Mineral Oil , Nursing , Nursing Homes , Outpatients , Retrospective Studies , Scabies , Seasons , Skin
17.
Rev. Inst. Med. Trop. Säo Paulo ; 55(1): 7-11, Jan.-Feb. 2013. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-661096

ABSTRACT

Coccidioidomycosis is an emerging fungal disease in Brazil; adequate maintenance and authentication of Coccidioides isolates are essential for research into genetic diversity of the environmental organisms, as well as for understanding the human disease. Seventeen Coccidioides isolates maintained under mineral oil since 1975 in the Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo (IMTSP) culture collection, Brazil, were evaluated with respect to their viability, morphological characteristics and genetic features in order to authenticate these fungal cultures. Only five isolates were viable after almost 30 years, showing typical morphological characteristics, and sequencing analysis using Coi-F and Coi-R primers revealed 99% identity with Coccidioides genera. These five isolates were then preserved in liquid nitrogen and sterile water, and remained viable after two years of storage under these conditions, maintaining the same features.


Coccidioidomicose é uma doença emergente no Brasil; a manutenção adequada e autenticação de isolados de Coccidioides spp são essenciais para a pesquisa em diversidade genética de micro-organismos, bem como para a compreensão da doença em humanos. Dezessete isolados de Coccidioides preservados em óleo mineral desde 1975 na coleção de culturas do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo (IMTSP) foram avaliados com relação à viabilidade, características morfológicas e genéticas, com o objetivo de autenticação das culturas fúngicas. Dos 17 isolados, apenas cinco foram viáveis após quase 30 anos mantidos em óleo mineral, apresentando características morfológicas e moleculares típicas do gênero, o sequenciamento utilizando os oligonucleotídeos Coi-F e Coi-R revelou identidade de 99% com isolados de Coccidioides. Estes cinco isolados foram preservados em nitrogênio líquido e água destilada esterilizada, e permaneceram viáveis após dois anos de armazenamento sob estas condições, mantendo as mesmas características.


Subject(s)
Humans , Coccidioides/physiology , Microbial Viability , Preservation, Biological/methods , Brazil , Coccidioides/genetics , Genotype , Mineral Oil , Phenotype , Time Factors
18.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 673-677, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Scabies is an ectoparasite caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei var. hominis, an obligate human parasite. Although its incidence has been decreasing, it is not a rare dermatologic disease and is difficult to diagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of scabies patients and find out etiologic factors in transmission. METHODS: Two hundred and ninety-five patients who were diagnosed with scabies at the Dermatologic Department, Myongji Hospital, Goyang city, Korea were enrolled. Medical records were evaluated in a retrospective manner. RESULTS: We studied 295 scabies patients who were diagnosed by the mineral oil test or skin biopsy. The mean age of the patients was 58.2 (male: 56.7/female: 61.2), and 74% of patients were over 60 years. There was seasonal variation in occurrence, and scabies was found to be most common in winter. The majority of suspected routes of infection were transmission through convalescent hospitals (38.1%) and caregivers (15.2%). Nosocomial infection and communal living were the major causes. 73.8% of scabies patients had underlying medical disease, such as hypertension (32.2%) and dementia (11.9%). CONCLUSION: Currently, scabies prevalence is still increasing in Goyang city, because of the increased number of convalescent hospitals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Caregivers , Cross Infection , Dementia , Hospitals, Convalescent , Hypertension , Incidence , Korea , Medical Records , Mineral Oil , Mites , Parasites , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Sarcoptes scabiei , Scabies , Seasons , Skin
20.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 106(8): 1052-1054, Dec. 2011. graf
Article in English | LILACS, SES-SP | ID: lil-610986

ABSTRACT

Vaccination is the method of choice for the prevention of influenza infection. However, the quantity of the antigen available, especially in the case of pandemics, often fails to meet the global demand. However, improved adjuvants can overcome this problem. Preliminary results obtained in this study revealed that one year after a single subcutaneous immunisation with influenza A H3N2 virus in an oil-based carrier, VaxcineTM, outbreed mice produced a high immunoglobulin G response that lasted for up to one year and exhibited less variation in titre compared with the response of the control group treated with alum. The haemagglutination-inhibition titres induced by VaxcineTM were also higher than those generated by alum. These data indicate that VaxcineTM is a good adjuvant candidate for seasonal influenza vaccines.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Mice , Adjuvants, Immunologic/therapeutic use , /immunology , Influenza Vaccines/therapeutic use , Orthomyxoviridae Infections/prevention & control , Antibodies, Viral/blood , Antibodies, Viral/immunology , Hemagglutination Inhibition Tests , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin G/immunology , Mineral Oil/therapeutic use , Orthomyxoviridae Infections/immunology
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